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Message ID: 190     Entry time: Wed Oct 11 20:19:06 2017
Author: Jon Richardson 
Type: Lab Infrastructure 
Category: Hartmann sensor 
Subject: Initial Characterization of the SRM Adaptive Wavefront Control 

Today I made the first characterization measurements of the mocked-up adaptive wavefront control system planned for the signal recycling mirrors.

The Setup

Inside the light-tight enclosure on the center table, I've assembled and aligned a 10.2 micron CO2 projector which provides a heating beam of up to 150 mW incident on an SRM-like test optic. A co-aligned 633 nm probe beam and Hartmann wavefront sensor are used to measure the resulting thermal lens. I've written and installed new software on the machine hws ( for viewing the wavefront distortion in real time, as shown in the below screenshot. This viewer is launched from the terminal via the command $stream_gradient_CIT

Screenshot of a thermal lens forming on the test optic, as viewed from the real-time software.
To the right is the induced optical path difference across the surface of the test optic, and to the left is its gradient.  

There is also a second utility program for displaying the raw Hartmann sensor CCD image in real time, which is useful for aligning the probe beam. It is launched by the terminal command $stream_intensity_CIT

Initial Thermal Lens Measurements

Lens Formation Time Scale

First, I made a time-resolved measurement of the thermal lens formation on the test optic at maximum heating beam power (150 mW). The lens appears to reach steady-state after 30 s of heating. When the heating beam is turned off, the lens decays on a very similar time scale.

Lens Strength v. Incident Heating Power

Second, I measured the thermal lens strength as a function of incident heating beam power, which I measured via a power meter placed directly in front of the test optic. Below is the approximate maximum optical path difference induced at several heating beam powers.

Incident Power (mW) Maximum Optical Path Difference (nm)
150 +/- 15 35 +/- 5
85 +/- 2 25 +/- 5
50 +/- 4 15 +/- 5
10 +/- 1 5 +/- 5

The above optical path differences are approximate and were read-off from the live display. I recorded Hartmann sensor frame data during all of these measurements and will be analyzing it further.

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