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ID Date Author Type Category Subject
  22   Tue Jan 29 12:47:44 2008 DmassLaserGeneralStrange Noise
Something on the table or under it is periodically making a squeeking noise. Stefan claims this is not new though neither of us can localize it (it's < 1sec duration). Unsure as to what is the offending noisemaker.

[Update - the noise happens when the laser is off, comes from side of table (possibly beneath) opposite laser]
  21   Mon Jan 28 18:02:04 2008 Stefan BallmerLaserGeneral1.2MHz Laser intensity oscillation
While working on the PDH loop for the PMC I noticed
a 1.2MHz oscillation on the laser intensity:

- It seems to be a bistable state: it was generally
started by some transient in the piezo input of the laser.
- The oscillation persists even when all control inputs to the laser
(EOM, PZT, AOM) are disconnected.
- It's extremely strong: about 20% fractional modulation
- Power-cycling the laser usually fixes the problem.
  20   Mon Jan 28 16:51:06 2008 Stefan BallmerLaserPSLPDH locked pre-mode cleaner
Since we suspect that the ISS might be jitter-noise limited I started looking at the Pre-Mode Cleaner (PMC).

- Did a rough mode-matching with one lense into the PMC
- Aligned the PMC. Note that the camera is now in transmission of the PMC.
- Used 3MHz drive to the laser's EOM and a photo diode in reflection of the PMC for
PDH locking. Successfully closed the loop using a mixer and SR560, driving
the laser's piezo - however only on a 2-0 mode.
- The 30V power supply I currenctly use to pre-set the PMC PZT does not have
enough range to scan a full FSR, and I can't get the 00 mode into range.

David - feel free to dismantle the path into the PMC and properly measure the beam parameters.
  19   Thu Jan 24 19:43:53 2008 StefanElectronicsISSISS servo work
- Modified ISS: Bypassed differential driver & moved 2kHz pole to the first summing opamp.
- Installed an out-of-loop diode.
- Out-of-loop noise at 90Hz: ~8e-8 RIN/rtHz

Plot 1 shows the OLG.
The loop gain was set to 150kHz - just because I
didn't have the gain adjust hooked up.

Plot 2 shows the out-of-loop intesnity noise.
It is acoustic noise limited (except for the power lines).
Attachment 1: ISSOLG.pdf
Attachment 2: ISSnoise.pdf
  18   Wed Jan 2 15:10:24 2008 tobinLab InfrastructureHVACLab Temperature
The lab temperature appears to have been stable over the holiday, always between 68.5 and 70.0 degrees F. (There is no data from Dec 28-29 due to a computer reboot.)
  17   Wed Dec 26 21:30:05 2007 ranaLaserPSLlaser power
I have rewired the laser power so now the Diode Box goes directly to one of the
overhead umbilicals (circuit #29) which is energized by the wall switch which
is marked as "Master Laser". Cutting off that switch is NOT the desired way to
power down the laser; use the Beckoff touchpad instead. The wall switch is the
emergency cutoff.

The HEPA fans on the laser table are both routed to power strips on the table now.

With the laser on, the beam looks well clipped. As far as I can tell this comes
from inside the box so the next thing is to do a little more re-alignment inside
the box.

Also need some more lenses for cameras and more IR cards.

And we should slice the tires of anyone who borrows equipment without leaving a note!
  16   Fri Dec 21 21:27:12 2007 tobinLab InfrastructureHVACLab Temperature
Extech: 67.9F, 26%RH. Met One: 68F, 20%RH. Clear & cold outside.

Particle counter log looks stable.
  15   Tue Dec 18 13:49:50 2007 tobinLab InfrastructureHVACLab Temperature
Extech: 68.6F, 57%RH. Met One: 68F, 53%RH. Drizzling outside.

Particle counter log shows stable temperature 67.5-69.5F over the last four days.
Attachment 1: temperature-20071218.pdf
  14   Thu Dec 13 18:47:02 2007 tobinLab InfrastructureHVACLab Temperature
Extech: 66.8F, 25%RH. Met One: 68F, 20%RH.

Here is the datalogger's contents:
A  121307 161942 0100 0.3 000000 0.5 000000 TMP 000680 R/H 000130 LOC 000000 C/S 000E54
A  121307 164641 0100 0.3 000000 0.5 000000 TMP 000680 R/H 000130 LOC 000000 C/S 000E53
A  121307 171340 0100 0.3 000000 0.5 000000 TMP 000685 R/H 000130 LOC 000000 C/S 000E52
A  121307 174039 0100 0.3 000000 0.5 000000 TMP 000680 R/H 000200 LOC 000000 C/S 000E53
A  121307 180738 0100 0.3 000000 0.5 000000 TMP 000680 R/H 000210 LOC 000000 C/S 000E57
A  121307 183437 0100 0.3 000000 0.5 000000 TMP 000680 R/H 000210 LOC 000000 C/S 000E56
A  121307 190136 0100 0.3 000000 0.5 000000 TMP 000680 R/H 000195 LOC 000000 C/S 000E5C
A  121307 192835 0100 0.3 000000 0.5 000000 TMP 000685 R/H 000195 LOC 000000 C/S 000E69
I'm not sure why it only starts at 12:13pm today. Also, looks like its clock is 50 minutes fast.
  13   Wed Dec 12 16:19:00 2007 tobinLab InfrastructureHVACLab Temperature
I connected the particle counter to the Dell computer for PEM data logging (temperature, humidity, and particle count). The data shows that while the temperature is comfortable right now, it was quite warm in here yesterday (78 degrees). A plot is attached.

For this I made a serial cable using two DB9-to-RJ45 converters and a length of Cat5 ethernet cable. The computer end of the cable has a female connector; the particle counter end of the cable has a male connector. Only three conductors are connected: transmit (pin 2), receive (pin 3), and ground (pin 7 on the particle connector, pin 5 on the computer). I used the USB-to-serial dongle, which shows up in Linux as /dev/ttyUSB0.

Someone later can write a script to automatically poll the particle counter for new data. For now, I just emptied its internal buffer, which stores the last 200 measurements. The secret to communicating with the particle counter, which I learned by examining the c1psl statecode at the 40m, is to first transmit the letter "U". After this, the particle counter will listen to you and do what you say. In particular, sending a capital letter "A" will cause the counter to emit the next measurement from its buffer, until there are none left, at which time it will just respond with "#". To read the data I just ran a "cat /dev/ttyUSB0" command in one terminal, while in another terminal I ran a loop "while 1; echo -n A > /dev/ttyUSB0; sleep 1; end". I set the serial port parameters (9600BPS, 8N1) using Minicom.

Also, there's a Matlab script to parse and plot the output, in ~controls/tobin.
Attachment 1: temperature.pdf
  12   Wed Dec 12 16:10:19 2007 tobinLab InfrastructureHVACLab Temperature
The lab temperature at 2pm was a comfortable 69 degrees.
  11   Wed Nov 28 16:20:04 2007 Andrey Lab InfrastructureGeneralEnclosure cleaning
Previous Tuesday, Nov. 20, I tried to wipe the curtain plastic enclosure around the optical table with the laser using methanol. It turned out, though, that methanol damages the surface of the enclosure, dissolving it and leaving lines/ traces. I stopped my activities with methanol after I realized that negative effect on three corner strips of enclosure.


I tried 25% solution of isopropil alcohol in water on Wednesday, Nov. 21, and such mixture did not have any bad effect on the surface of the enclosure. I wiped the curtains, so they should be clean of dust now.

  10   Tue Nov 13 19:06:18 2007 ranaLaserPSLISS servo work
400 kHz !? Wow.

We should lower the resistors in the PD head so that we can put ~20-30 mA per diode
and use the ISS style diodes for both the in-the-loop as well as out-of-loop diodes.

Then we have to dump the beams reflecting off the diodes onto razor dumps and also
put in a lens so that the beam has a 0.3 mm dia. on the diodes.

Then we make an acrylic box with an entrance hole for the beam and put it over both
  9   Mon Nov 12 21:33:41 2007 StefanLaserPSLISS servo work
I fixed a few things on the ISS board:
- Fixed the input THS4131 on the ISS board
- Fixed all monitoring point cables for the inner loop part.

With that I was able to lock the ISS with up to 400kHz UGF (limited by variable gain at max).

The sensing noise is about 60nV/rtHz at 100Hz without light, but there is some additional noise pick-up when the VCO driver is connected.

The In-loop noise, with 6V DC (~8mWatt on the diode) and a UGF of 400kHz is
100Hz: 170nV/rtHz (2.8e-8/rtHz)
200Hz: 60nV/rtHz (1.0e-8/rtHz)
500Hz: 50nV/rtHz (8.3e-9/rtHz)

The out-of loop noise is still a lot worse ( a few e-7/rtHz at 100Hz), but that's not surprising:
The table is quite noisy and not much care went into choosing good mounts.
  8   Thu Nov 8 18:54:41 2007 StefanLaserPSL35W laser ISS loop closed with LIGO ISS electronics
I closed the ISS loop using a iLIGO type ISS board, with an additional 2kHz pole at the last stage.

I haven't carefully measured noise or OLG yet, but it is not famous yet:
Looking at the in-loop diode I get a RIN of ~3e-7/rtHz at 100Hz, and ~1e-8 at 10kHz.

The gain is limited by two sharp resonances that rise at ~40kHz when the gain is increased.

- Fix the ISS test point wiring - these cables have 800Ohm resistance!
(No not impedance... shield to core measures 800Ohms at DC...)
This brought back painful mamories from ~3years ago when we installed
the H1 ISS... apparently the known problem wasn't fixed on all versions.
- Measure OLG, in particular check whether weird AOM transfer function still
exists - it could be killing our gain.
- Measure sensing noise in-situ
- Install sensitive OL PD
  7   Thu Nov 8 01:58:37 2007 dmassLaserGeneralTip Tilt Frequency Response

Here are screens of the Tip Tilt mirrors transfer function and associated xml files. Prettier unified plots will follow. The first one has the wrong header, the 071024 file is displayed with the 071014 header.

Here are the plots with more useful units, and a doodle of the 'experimental' set-up at the end

Scroll down for a close up in the HF range.

The embedded .jpg is also available at the bottom of this entry as PitYaw.pdf
Attachment 1: allfour.jpg
Attachment 2: TTstruc.JPG
Attachment 3: Pit_Yaw.pdf
  6   Sun Nov 4 23:44:36 2007 ranaLaserPSLMore Laser setup info
Brought over a PMC mount from the 40m which Nergis is letting us borrow. Steve has made up a plate to
adapt that up to a 4" height from 3".

Still to do to get the optics of it set up:

  • RF Amp to boost the 35.5 MHz Wenzel
  • Attenuators to get the splitter output to not destroy the LO
  • Bandpass filters for 35.5 MHz
  • RFPD to take the PMC reflection and do locking
  • 2 steering mirrors
  • Mode matching lenses
  5   Fri Oct 26 15:38:43 2007 Tobin FrickeLaserPSLPolarizer
On Tuesday we installed a &lambda;/2 plate and a polarized beamsplitter after the laser aperture; attached to this entry is a measurement of transmitted power versus polarizer angle.
Attachment 1: polarizer.pdf
Attachment 2: polarizer.m
% Polarizer calibration / Rana's lab
% Tobin Fricke 2007-10-26

% Experimental setup:
%                                [Dump]   
%                                  |
%  +-------+                       |
%  | Laser |-------|lambda/2|----|PBS|----[Power Meter]
%  +-------+ 
... 53 more lines ...
  4   Wed Oct 24 23:50:27 2007 dmassLaserGeneralTip Tilt Frequency Response
Here are screens of the Tip Tilt mirrors transfer function and associated xml files. Prettier unified plots will follow. The first one has the wrong header, the 071024 file is displayed with the 071014 header.
Attachment 1: TTL_low_freq.png
Attachment 2: TTL_mid_freq.png
Attachment 3: TTL_high_freq.png
Attachment 4: AngleTF_UL-071019.xml.zip
Attachment 5: AngleTF_UL-071020.xml.zip
Attachment 6: AngleTF_UL-071024.xml.zip
  3   Mon Oct 22 20:04:28 2007 ranaMiscGeneralMagnetic Levitation

Wikipedia article

Virgo Magnetic Suspension Idea from Monica

A paper by Giazotto on electrostatic mirrors is attached here.

And a document from Ron Drever on his magnetic levitation scheme:

Fender produces electric guitar pickups using Samarium Cobalt Noiseless (SCN) pickups.
Attachment 1: Giazotto-ESmirror.pdf
Giazotto-ESmirror.pdf Giazotto-ESmirror.pdf Giazotto-ESmirror.pdf Giazotto-ESmirror.pdf Giazotto-ESmirror.pdf Giazotto-ESmirror.pdf
  2   Sun Oct 21 23:11:20 2007 ranaLaserMOPALaser Turn on report
When the laser was first turned on (slowly, as per the manual), the output power was only ~14 W instead of 35.

Some tweaking of the mirrors M4 & M5 (~1 full turn each in both pitch and yaw) restored the power. The peak
power was 37.0 W as measured on the Big Head. Cool

The beam is also not centered on the monitor PD and so its more likely a small shift of some earlier
mount than such large shifts of those last two mirrors.

With the cold temperature, the power has drooped to 35.5 W. Frown
  1   Sun Oct 21 23:06:49 2007 ranaLab InfrastructureHVACIts too cold again
Friday evening it was a pleasant 70 deg F in the lab.

Tonight (Sunday evening) its back down to 61 deg F.

This happened ~a week ago; emailed Jeanne and Jo Ann and it got fixed. Will
try again and post results here.
  2705   Wed Dec 31 15:59:59 1969 StephenDailyProgressCryo vacuum chamberRadiative Cooling of Si Mass, with worse inner shield inner surface emissivity - retry run was successful

This post will host plots and trends from this radiative cooling run (QIL/2704).

Preliminarily, it looks like the reconfiguration to remove a hardware mistake or two led to a healthier run. The comparison below clarifies the two runs:

  • QIL/2702 - conductive link between inner shield and outer shield (twisted pair from an RTD lead accidentally clamped); possibly another conductive link between outer shield and baseplate (outer shield more wobbly than usual on spacers)
    • this data set should only be used to study the impact of a known conductive link between inner and outer shields.
    • this run demonstrates that there will be more effective, faster cooling if the outer shield is conductively cooled!
  • QIL/2704 - resolved above mistakes!
    • this data set may be used to gain understanding of the impact of emissivity changes to the inner surface of the inner shield.
    • may be compared to QIL/2695, a run that is equivalent except with a higher emissivity inner surface of the inner shield

Run ended with cryocooler shutdown at 12:27 pm (actual duration just under 92 hours). System will warm up with pumps on for the rest of the break, unless I am inspired to come in and run one of the next intended runs discussed in QIL/2704. I did not run any heat input test for this data set, as I am not planning to come in frequently enough to monitor the heating safely.


Attachment 1 compares QIL/2704 (solid) to QIL/2702 (dashed). As expected, the outer shield temperature from the latter run stays warm since the conductive short was resolved. Due to the reduction of the inner shield's thermal load, the inner shield is able to cool faster and plateau at a colder temperature. As Stephen pointed out, however, the test mass is not cooled as efficiently compared to when the outer shield was conductively cooled.

Fitting Results:

Attachment 2 is a current model diagram of the various components being considered, and their thermal couplings. Attachment 3 plots the fitted model (dashed) over the temperature data (solid). The fit parameters were the following emissivities: aluminum foil, rough aluminum, and aquadag. Notes from the fit:

1. With the conductive shorting of the outer shield resolved, the model (which considers only radiative cooling of the OS) is well fit to the OS temperature data

2. The inner shield model is missing some key term(s) affecting its time constant and steady state temperature.

3. The above error propagates to the test mass model (I believe). 

Given these caveats, the fit results are as follows: aquadag e = 0.92, Al foil e = 0.04, rough Al e = 0.19. These all initially seem reasonable, and I'm happy to see that the aquadag emissivity is higher than previously estimated.

Next steps:

1. Separate the cold plate from the inner shield, and model their conductive and radiative link. Also model the radiative link between the cold plate and the test mass.

2. Cover the test mass in foil (to best of our ability) to refine the radiative link between the test mass and inner shield. Doing so will mean both elements have the same emissivity, so there is only one unknown parameter.

Attachment 1: cooldown_12-21_vs_12-10.pdf
Attachment 2: Megastat_Heat_Load_Sketch.png
Attachment 3: 12_21_cooldown_fit.png
  2363   Wed Dec 31 15:59:59 1969 ShubhabrotoDailyProgress Little PMC Assembly
I collected the following things to assemble one unit of little PMC (attachment 1)
Item NameQuantity
Aluminium Spacer1
Curved Mirror1
Plane Mirror2
Piezoelectric Transducer (PZT) 1
O ring 2
Epoxy 30 CL 1

    1. Start by assembling the plane mirror to the clamp. First, put an O ring inside the clamp envelope(attachment 2) and then gently place the flat mirror on that(attachment 3). Rotate it 45 degrees and bolt this setup with the metal spacer using screws and Allen Key, Follow the same procedure for another plane mirror as well. The plane mirror is 99% reflecting on one side and transmitting on the other. The reflecting surface should be placed facing inside the clamp. An easy method to find the coating of the mirror is to hold it from the sides (never touch the middle part) and then checking if the bottom surface of the mirror is visible. If the bottom part is visible, then the side facing you transmits light and hence should be towards the outside. After this stage of assembly, it will look similar to attachment 4. Note: 3/8'' screw was used for this step.

    2. Next, proceed to assemble the endcap unit. The PZT should be glued centered on the endcap and the curved mirror should be glued centered on the PZT. As is it very difficult to align them properly, a jig can be used for gluing purpose. The external space has the same diameter of the PZT, the internal one has the same diameter of the curved mirror. The slots on the edges are used for the wires of the PZT. Epoxy 30 CL can be used for this purpose. A necessary support system can be assembled as per need.

I was assembling two units of the little PMC yesterday night. I followed step 1 of the procedure. It went uneventful. While assembling the 2nd unit, an unfortunate incident happened.
I was working on attaching the plane mirror between the spacer and the clamp(with O-ring). I bolted all the 3 bolts then observed a small crack in the mirror. To investigate further I opened the bolts. Then I observed that one of the bolts broke inside. The exact cause of the breaking of the bolt is not known. One possibility could be that it was a bit misaligned as it was the first bolt to be bolted and in the process got stuck to something. Not knowing what to do further, I wrapped up everything, kept all the things at their appropriate places, locked the lab and left.
Attachment 5 shows the broken screw on the left and a normal screw on the right. Attachment 6 shows a cracked mirror. Attachment 7 shows the broken screw fixed inside the spacer.

Today morning, Anchal and I went back to investigate the situation. It is quite unlucky to have a bolt broken from very near to the edge and getting it stuck in the spacer. Further investigation is required on how to take the broken screw out.
Attachment 1: Materials_Required.jpg
Attachment 2: O_ring.jpg
Attachment 3: Mirror_in_clamp.jpg
Attachment 4: Mirror_placed.jpg
Attachment 5: Bolt.jpg
Attachment 6: Cracked_Mirror.jpg
Attachment 7: Broken_Bolt_inside_spacer.jpg
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