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Entry  Thu Oct 22 11:19:44 2020, anchal, Summary, ECDL, Prospects of using ECDL for Auxiliary laser AUX_Loop_Study_With_ECDL.pdf
    Reply  Fri Oct 23 12:19:19 2020, anchal, Summary, ECDL, Effects of chosen AUX finesse and source on Calibration requirements AUX_Finesse_and_Source_Study.pdf
       Reply  Wed Oct 28 14:05:19 2020, rana, Summary, ECDL, Effects of chosen AUX finesse and source on Calibration requirements 
Message ID: 2509     Entry time: Thu Oct 22 11:19:44 2020     Reply to this: 2510
Author: anchal 
Type: Summary 
Category: ECDL 
Subject: Prospects of using ECDL for Auxiliary laser 

We can use Thorlabs SAF1450S2 gain chip to generate 1418 nm light using an ECDL design similar to the one described in Kapasi et al. Optics Express Vol. 28, Issue 3, pp. 3280-3288 (2020) (ANU 2um ECDL design).

PZT Transfer function

I have contacted Disha and Johannes to get the actual measured data for the PZT transfer function of this ECDL design. Fig.5b in their paper plots the transfer function of the PZT. Since, in ECDL PZT directly changes the cavity length, it has a more powerful actuation strength (2 orders of magnitude more) with actuation of 560 MHz.V upto 1 kHz. It however had a very low pole at 1 kHz and two mechanical resonance-antiresonance pairs near 1 kHz and 2 kHz. I modeled a transfer function by eye using Fig.5b of the paper. Page 1 in the attached pdf shows this modelled transfer function.


Next, we need to change the PDH loop for the auxiliary laser lock with the 40m cavity since the PZT has changed. I modelled one from scratch. This simple analog loop's performance is shown in orange in pages 2-5. This loop seemed stable from all the metrics I know, viz: phase margin of about 55 degrees (Page 2), no strong peak in close loop transfer function (page 3), and no remanant oscillations in time domain response (page 4).

I also modeled a similar loop but with digital compensation of the resonance-antiresonance features. This loop is plotted in green on pages 2-5. Both these loops have 300 kHz of bandwidth just by using PZT. I beleive this could be increased but I have not taken into account any saturation of PZT.

ECDL Frequency Noise

From Fig.4. of the paper gives a frequency noise estimate for free running ECDL. They mentioned that a roll-off below 10 Hz was due to their thermal feedback to remain in linear range of their frequency noise emasruement method. I modeled the noise of ECDL hence by
\frac{10^4}{f} + 15\, Hz/\sqrt{Hz}
where the flicker noise contribution is similar to NPRO noise but ECDL has a white noise of 15 Hz/rtHz due to natural linewidth of spontaneous emission or Schawlow-Townes linewidth (with several broadening factors). I think this is an inherent limitation of ECDLs.

Page 5 shows both unsuppressed and suppressed frequency noise estimate for ECDL with the loops mentioned above and current values of NPRO noise are also plotted for comparison.


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