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Entry  Wed Jun 26 11:45:09 2019, Koji, Summary, 2micronLasers, 2um PD transimpedance PD_model.pdfAMP2_Noise.pdfAMP_Noises.pdfPD_noise.pdfPD_TF.pdf
    Reply  Mon Jul 1 21:20:55 2019, Koji, Summary, 2micronLasers, The PDs delivered to the lab 
Message ID: 2366     Entry time: Wed Jun 26 11:45:09 2019     Reply to this: 2368
Author: Koji 
Type: Summary 
Category: 2micronLasers 
Subject: 2um PD transimpedance 

The transimpedance amps for the 2um (unamped) InGaAs detectors were made and evaluated.

Attachment 1: The circuit diagram

The usual transimpedance configuration. The detector (Thorlabs DET-10D) is an extended InGaAs which is sensitive up to 2.2um. I believe the detector is biased to 1.8V although it is not obvious and the 12V battery is used. The feedback resistor was chosen to be 5kOhm so that the circuit can handle up to ~2mA (~1.7mW). The feedback capacitance pf 100pF for compensation was chosen kind of arbitrary to keep the circuit stable and also the RC cut off to be more than 100kHz. The output resistance is 100Ohm. The selection of the opamp is described below.

Attachment 2: The amplifier noise Part I

The amplifier noise (the first unit called Amp #2)  was evaluated with the opamp swapped with OP27 (BJT), LT1128 (BJT), OPA604 (FET), and LT1792 (FET), chosen from the 40m stock. For the given environment, the FET amps exhibited better performance while the BJT amps suffered from more line noise coupling and the larger 1/f noise. Particularly, LT1792 reached at the level of ~2pA/rtHz, with lower line noises. This looks the best among them. Note that the 5kOhm feedback resistor gives 1.8pA/rtHz current noise. 

Attachment 3: The amplifier noise Part II

Then the second unit (called Amp #1) was made. This unit has more high-frequency noise. It turned out that the noise was coming from the power supply which was the +/-12V from the rear panel of an SR560 which was connected to the AC power. The noise dramatically went away with the battery mode operation of SR560 (by disconnecting the AC power). The floor level was 2.2pA/rtHz and it was slightly higher than the quadratic sum of Johnson noise of 5kOhm and the voltage noise of the amp (4nV/rtHz). This noise level was just sufficient for the purpose of the 2um detector.

Attachment 4: The detector noise levels

Now the detector #1 and #2 were paired with the amp #1 and #2, respectively. In fact the detector 1/f noise was way too large compared to the amplifier noise. There is no hope to detect shot noise level of the mA photocurrent. 

Attachment 5: The detector response

The detector response of each PD+AMP pair was measured using Jenne's laser and Thorlabs PD10A (~150MHz). There was some systematic error of the absolute level calibration, therefore the transfer functions were adjusted so that they have 5kOhm transimpedance at ~1kHz. The phase delay is ~30deg at 100kHz. This partially comes from the combination of 100pF//5kOhm and the ~4MHz bandwidth gain of the opamp. If we want faster response we need to modify these.


Attachment 1: PD_model.pdf  20 kB  Uploaded Wed Jun 26 13:16:42 2019  | Hide | Hide all
Attachment 2: AMP2_Noise.pdf  1.216 MB  Uploaded Wed Jun 26 13:16:56 2019  | Hide | Hide all
Attachment 3: AMP_Noises.pdf  1.130 MB  Uploaded Wed Jun 26 13:17:05 2019  | Hide | Hide all
Attachment 4: PD_noise.pdf  1.195 MB  Uploaded Wed Jun 26 13:17:16 2019  | Hide | Hide all
Attachment 5: PD_TF.pdf  663 kB  Uploaded Wed Jun 26 13:17:16 2019  | Hide | Hide all
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