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Entry  Wed May 15 20:08:01 2019, Anjali, Update, 2micronLasers, PLL loop for frequency noise measurement 7x
    Reply  Thu May 16 13:40:13 2019, anchal, Update, 2micronLasers, PLL loop for frequency noise measurement 
    Reply  Sun May 19 22:08:09 2019, Anjali, Update, 2micronLasers, PLL loop for frequency noise measurement setup_close_loop_transfer_function.pngActuation_slope_10kHzV_diff_gain.pdfgain_10_different_actuation_slope.pdfFM_noise_AFG_Actuation_30kHzV_diff_gain.pdfFM_noise_AFG_gain_10_different_actuation_slope.pdf
Message ID: 2343     Entry time: Wed May 15 20:08:01 2019     Reply to this: 2344     2347
Author: Anjali 
Type: Update 
Category: 2micronLasers 
Subject: PLL loop for frequency noise measurement 
  • We are trying to setup the phase locked loop (PLL) for the frequency noise measurement of 2 micron laser. We started with a sample experiment in which we were trying to lock an arbitrary function generator (AFG) with the Marconi using PLL. Attachment #1 shows the schematic of the PLL setup. We are using a level 7 mixer (ZFM-3-S+). The RF port is connected to  AFG and LO port to Marconi. Output of mixer is passing through a low pass filter with cut off frequency at 1.9 MHz (SLP-1.9 +). The output of LPF is fed into input A of SR 560. SR560 is set with 1 MHz low pass. Initially, we set a gain value of 10 dB and actuation slope of 100 kHz/V in SR 560 and Marconi respectively. The 50 Ohm output  of SR 560 was connected to Marconi and the 600 Ohm output was connected to an oscilloscope to check the performance of PLL. The carrier frequency from AWG and Marconi were set close to each other (~ 11 MHz). We observed  a dc output at about 60 mV on the oscilloscope. This ensures that PLL is working.
  • We then attempted to measure the band width. To do that, the source output from SR785 was fed into input B of SR560. Part of the source output was fed into channel 1 of SR 785, through T connector, for the transfer function measurement. We also used a T connector at the input A port of SR 560 and one of the ports of this T connector was fed into channel B of SR785. I still must interpret most of the results that we got.

  • Attachment # 2: Closed loop transfer function (a) Magnitude (b) Phase, at different gain values  in SR 560 when the Marconi actuation slope is 10 kHz/V.

  • Attachment # 3: Closed loop transfer function at different actuation slope value in Marconi when the gain is 7 dB.  The increase in noise at lower frequency in phase plot (b) may indicate that the phase/frequency noise of the Marconi increases if the actuation slope value is increased. 

  • Attachment # 4: Closed loop transfer function at different actuation slope value set in Marconi when the gain is 10 dB. The transfer function measured for the case of gain = 10 dB and actuation slope = 100 kHz/V (that is the product of gain and actuation slope is larger) shows significantly different characteristics.

  • Using the SSUserFn option in SR785, we tried to get the open loop transfer function as well from SR 785. The functional form was \frac{x}{1-x}

  • Attachment # 5: Open loop transfer function at different gain values set in SR 560 when the Marconi actuation slope is 10 kHz/V. The unity gain band width are 0.9 kHz, 2.8 kHz and 5.8 kHz respectively when the gain values are 3 dB, 7 dB and 10 dB

  • Attachment # 6 : Closed loop transfer function at different actuation slope value set in Marconi when the gain is 7 dB. The unity gain band width are 3 kHz, 9 kHz and 30 kHz respectively when the actuation slope values are 10 kHz/V, 30 kHz/V, and 100 kHz/V.

  • We also tried to estimate the open loop transfer function from the closed loop transfer function using the equation G_{ol}=\frac{G_{cl}}{1-G_{cl}}

  • Attachment # 7 : Comparison of Open loop transfer function that is measured from SR 785 and that is estimated from the closed loop transfer function using the above expression. These two values are significantly different. Kindly correct me.

Attachment 1: PLL_setup.png  48 kB  | Hide | Hide all
PLL_setup.png
Attachment 2: closed_loop_FM_dvn_10kHz_diff_gain.pdf  183 kB  | Hide | Hide all
closed_loop_FM_dvn_10kHz_diff_gain.pdf
Attachment 3: closed_loop_gain_5_diff_FM_dvn.pdf  185 kB  | Hide | Hide all
closed_loop_gain_5_diff_FM_dvn.pdf
Attachment 4: closed_loop_gain_10_diff_FM_dvn.pdf  204 kB  | Hide | Hide all
closed_loop_gain_10_diff_FM_dvn.pdf
Attachment 5: open_loop_FM_dvn_10kHz_diff_gain.pdf  214 kB  | Hide | Hide all
open_loop_FM_dvn_10kHz_diff_gain.pdf
Attachment 6: open_loop_gain_5_diff_FM_dvn.pdf  206 kB  | Hide | Hide all
open_loop_gain_5_diff_FM_dvn.pdf
Attachment 7: Comparison_measured_estimated_open_loop.pdf  243 kB  | Hide | Hide all
Comparison_measured_estimated_open_loop.pdf
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