40m QIL Cryo_Lab CTN SUS_Lab TCS_Lab OMC_Lab CRIME_Lab FEA ENG_Labs OptContFac Mariner WBEEShop
  ATF eLog  Not logged in ELOG logo
Entry  Wed Feb 20 10:38:46 2019, awade, DailyProgress, WOPO, Fixing 532 nm polarization linearity issues 
    Reply  Thu Feb 28 16:00:59 2019, awade, DailyProgress, WOPO, Pol launch into PM fiber 19-02-26_19-46-51_5122.jpgPMFiber.pdf19-02-28_17-52-41_5131.jpg
       Reply  Tue Mar 12 16:35:43 2019, awade, DailyProgress, WOPO, Pol launch into PM fiber 1064 nm 
          Reply  Wed Mar 13 12:44:41 2019, awade, anchal, DailyProgress, WOPO, Pol launch into PM fiber 1064 nm IMG_5149.JPG
Message ID: 2296     Entry time: Wed Feb 20 10:38:46 2019     Reply to this: 2300
Author: awade 
Type: DailyProgress 
Category: WOPO 
Subject: Fixing 532 nm polarization linearity issues 

Alignment of the pumping 532 nm polarization into the WOPO is important to getting the correct phase matching condition.  For the periodically polled Lithium Niobate (LN) waveguide the phase matching is type-0: and pumping and fundamental wavelengths are in the same polarization.  The AdvR non-linear device is coupled with polarization maintaining fibers (Panda style), which are keyed at their FC/APC ends.  This means that with the correct launch polarization we should be correctly aligned with the proper crystal axis for degenerate down conversion (at the right chip temperature). 

Replacing Broadband PBS

Till now I was using non-pol maintaining patches to coupling into the WOPO fiber ends.  This should have been ok, but it is hard to figure out exactly which polarization is optimal so I switched to a pol-maintaining patch because it can be aligned separately and then the keyed connectors give you automatic alignment.  I had some issues trying to find the optimal polarization going into the fiber and I've now traced this back to the polarizing beam cubes.  I've been using Thorlabs PBS101 which is a 10x10x10 mm^3 beam cube that is supposed to be broad-band (420-680 nm).  When I checked the extinction ratio I saw Pmax=150 mW, Pmin=0.413 mW on transmission between extremes.  This is an extinction ratio of Tp:Ts = 393:1 which is much less than the spec of >1000:1.  Not sure what's going on here, the light going into the BS is coming directly from a Faraday isolator and a half-wave plate.  With some adjustment to the angle of the wave plate I can do a little better but it should be nicely linearly polarized to start with.

I've switched out the PSB101 for the laser line PBS12-1064 I remeasured extinction ratio (Pmax=150 mW, Pmin=27.6 µW) Tp:Ts = 5471:1 (better than the quoted 3000:1 spec).  This is good, at least now I know what is going on. I am also putting in an order for a 532 nm zero order quarter-wave plate, so that we can be absolutely sure we are launching in linear light always.  

Aligning light into pol-maintaining fiber

I previously thought I might be able to use the frequency modulation technique to align the light through the polarization maintaining fiber.  There is a birefringence in PM460-HP fiber of  3.5 x 10-4.  The phase between ordinary and extraordinary axes over the whole fiber length is

\Delta\phi = \frac{2 \pi \Delta n L}{c}f

Where L is fiber length, \Delta n is the birefringence and f is the laser frequency.  The idea is to launch linearly polarized light into the fiber and then at the readout place a polarizer rotated to be 90°: ramping frequency will produce an amplitude modulation on the dark fringe.  However, even with 1 GHz of frequency ramp this is only a 15 mrad effect for a 2 m fiber, its likely to be too small to see over other effects.  This is not enough to be able to fine align polarization.  

Instead I'll use the heat gun method.  I'll fire linearly polarized light into the fiber and measure the output with a crossed polarizer.  If the input polarization is correct there should be no power changes on the output as the fiber is thermally cycled. Its only two meters long so hopefully this effect is easy to see.

ELOG V3.1.3-