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Message ID: 1970     Entry time: Mon Jul 13 16:47:46 2015
Author: Arjun 
Type: Misc 
Category: PD noise 
Subject: Noise Plots 

The plot in the previous eLog was all mixed up, hence I am attaching another plot for the relative voltage noise observed in the photodiodes.I increased the number spans of measurement from 3(100Hz, 1kHz and 50kHz) to 6(100Hz,1kHz,3kHz,10kHz,25kHz and 50kHz). The plot this time is much cleaner then the jaggered one I got yesterday.

First, the relative voltage noise plots for the 2 PDs, the very noise at low frequency(~500mHz) is becuase the spectrum analyzer was set in the DC coupled mode and the Pds were biased at 1V, thats what is being seen there.

noise suppression

I have been thinking on the intensity noise suppression, suggestions from Zach,Rana and Gabrielle were extremely helpful in this regard. What I have in mind is a AC coupled feedback loop, AC coupled because if we have a high Gain at DC, we will have to prodive an additional stable reference to the circuit so the the DC power coming from the laser is not suppressed. Additionally, if we went with DC coupled feedback, we would have to change the reference everytime we change the power going into photodiodes and making a tuneable reference is easy. Rather we could ignore the DC drift of the laser. Our region of interest would be to know the excess noise in photodiodes beyond 10Hz and upto a 1000Hz. So we could provide very high gain in this region and supress these fluctuations in the laser. This is precisely what did today.I used the outputs of one of the PDs and amplified it using 2 SR560's and fed this back to the modulation port of Marconi FG which drove these to supress the intensity flcutuation in the other PD. The schematic is shown is shown below:- 

As mentioned before, I assumed our region of interest to be 1Hz to 1000Hz and owing to the fact that its AC-coupled feedback, I used to bandpassed filter configurations in SR560's. In the first one I used a bandpass with cutoffs 0.3Hz and 1KHz with a roll-off of -6dB/octave and a gain of 20, anymore gain overloads this amplifier. This was cascaded with another SR560, with a bandpass configuration of 1Hz to 100Hz. The gain in this was incresed slowly in steps from 100 to 1000.The total gain in the region of interest being 10,000 Anymore gain and this SR560 gets overloaded. It is very importnant to keep an eye out for large fluctuations, as these immidiately overload the amplifiers, making the whole loop crazy and one has to reduce the gain first and then re-stablize it. Also the power output of the Marconi FG must be kept low as a large amplified feedback signal could harm the AOM which has a input power limit of 2W. In the end I was able to achieve around 2 orders of supression! See associated images below for the configuration that seemed to be stable for quite some time(~1hr and counting).

  

  The final suppressed noise spectrum is presented below.

My plan next is to simulate and design this loop more efficiently, probably by adding a few boost stages. With -15V to 15V rails in opamps I should be able to give this feedback loop even more gain and maybe supress the fluctuations by another order or so. Once I simulate the circuit I can probably start putting it together, also in my cicuit I will have to give a port for adding the modultaion, this could be done using a summing amplifier. 

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