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Entry  Mon Aug 10 02:11:47 2015, Koji, Electronics, AM Stabilized EOM Driver, RF AM Measurement Unit E1500151 IMG_20150803_223403975.jpgIMG_20150803_221210816_HDR.jpgIMG_20150803_223420267.jpg
    Reply  Mon Aug 10 11:39:40 2015, Koji, Electronics, AM Stabilized EOM Driver, RF AM Measurement Unit E1500151 
       Reply  Mon Aug 10 11:57:17 2015, Koji, Electronics, AM Stabilized EOM Driver, RF AM Measurement Unit E1500151 screen_shot.png
          Reply  Mon Aug 10 12:09:49 2015, Koji, Electronics, AM Stabilized EOM Driver, RF AM Measurement Unit E1500151 IMG_20150809_215628585_HDR.jpg
             Reply  Fri Aug 28 01:08:14 2015, Koji, Electronics, AM Stabilized EOM Driver, RF AM Measurement Unit E1500151 ~ Calibration RFAM_detector_calib.pdfRFAM_detector_calib_spectra.pdf
                Reply  Fri Aug 28 02:14:53 2015, Koji, Electronics, AM Stabilized EOM Driver, RF AM Measurement Unit E1500151 ~ 37MHz OCXO AM measurement OCXO_AM_noise.pdf
                   Reply  Tue Sep 8 10:55:31 2015, Koji, Electronics, AM Stabilized EOM Driver, RF AM Measurement Unit E1500151 ~ 37MHz OCXO AM measurement 
Message ID: 238     Entry time: Fri Aug 28 02:14:53 2015     In reply to: 237     Reply to this: 240
Author: Koji 
Type: Electronics 
Category: AM Stabilized EOM Driver 
Subject: RF AM Measurement Unit E1500151 ~ 37MHz OCXO AM measurement 

In order to check the noise level of the RFAM detector, the power and cross spectra for the same signal source
were simultaneously measured with the two RFAM detectors.


As a signal source, 37MHz OCXO using a wenzel oscillator was used. The output from the signal source
was equaly splitted by a power splitter and fed to the RFAM detector CHB(Mon1) and CHA(Mon2).

The error signal for CHB (Mon1) were monitored by an oscilloscope to find an appropriate bias value.
The bias for CHA are adjusted automatically by the slow bias servo.

The spectra were measured with two different power settings:

Low Power setting: The signal source with 6+5dB attenuation was used. This yielded 10.3dBm at the each unit input.
The calibration of the low power setting is dBc = 20*log10(Vrms/108). (See previous elog entry)

High Power setting: The signal source was used without any attenuation. This yielded 22.4dBm at the each unit input.
The calibration for the high power setting was measured upon the measurement.
SR785 was set to have 1kHz sinusoidal output with the amplitude of 10mVpk and the offset of 4.1V.
This modulation signal was fed to DS345 at 30.2MHz with 24.00dBm
The network analyzer measured the carrier and sideband power levels
30.2MHz 21.865dBm
USB    -37.047dBm
LSB    -37.080dBm  ==> -58.9285 dBc (= 0.0011313)

The RF signal was fed to the input and the signal amplitude at Mon1 and Mon2 were measured
MON1 => 505   mVrms => 446.392 Vrms/ratio
MON2 => 505.7 mVrms => 447.011 Vrms/ratio
dBc = 20*log10(Vrms/446.5).


Using the cross specrum (or coherence)of the two signals, we can infer the noise level of the detector.

Suppose there are two time-series x(t) and y(t) that contain the same signal s(t) and independent but same size of noise n(t) and m(t)

x(t) = n(t) + s(t)
y(t) = m(t) + s(t)

Since n, m, s are not correlated, PSDs of x and y are

Pxx = Pnn + Pss
Pyy = Pmm+Pss = Pnn+Pss

The coherence between x(t) and y(t) is defined by

Cxy = |Pxy|^2/Pxx/Pyy = |Pxy|^2/Pxx^2

In fact |Pxy| = Pss. Therefore

sqrt(Cxy) = Pss/Pxx

What we want to know is Pnn

Pnn = Pxx - Pss = Pxx[1 - sqrt(Cxy)]
=> Snn = sqrt(Pnn) = Sxx * sqrt[1 - sqrt(Cxy)]

This is slightly different from the case where you don't have the noise in one of the time series (e.g. feedforward cancellation or bruco)


Measurement results

 

Power spectra:
Mon1 and Mon2 for both input power levels exhibited the same PSD between 10Hz to 1kHz. This basically supports that the calibration for the 22dBm input (at least relative to the calibration for 10dBm input) was corrected. Abobe 1kHz and below 10Hz, some reduction of the noise by the increase of the input power was observed. From the coherence analysis, the floor level for the 10dBm input was -178, -175, -155dBc/Hz at 1kHz, 100Hz, and 10Hz, respectively. For the 22dBm input, they are improved down to -188, -182, and -167dBc/Hz at 1kHz, 100Hz, and 10Hz, respectively.

 

Attachment 1: OCXO_AM_noise.pdf  1001 kB  Uploaded Fri Aug 28 10:46:17 2015  | Show | Show all
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