We found that one OP-amp used in ISS servo oscillated in 10 MHz, 100mV.
Moreover, we found another OP-amp had big noise.
We guess that these oscilation or noise cause saturation in high frequency, and they effect to lower frequency to cause
Attached files are open loop transfar function of ISS.
The blue points are open loop TF, and the green line is product of TF of ISS servo filter and TF of current shunt TF of servo filter.
This two must be same in principle, but They have difference f<2Hz and f>5kHz.
Today, I worked with Kakeru on ISS.
The problem is sort of elusive. Some time, the laser power looks fine, but after a while you may see many sharp drops in the power. Some times, the power drops happen so often that they look almost like an oscillation.
We made several measurements today and Kakeru is now putting the data together. Meanwhile, I will put my speculations on the ISS problem here.
The other day, Kakeru took the transfer function of the ISS feedback filter (he is supposed to post it soon). The filter shape itself has a large phase margin ( more than 50deg ?) at the lower UGF (~3Hz) if we assume the response of the current shunt to be flat. However, when we took the whole open loop transfer function of the ISS loop, the phase margin was only 20deg. This leads to the amplification of the intensity noise around the UGF. The attached plot is the spectrum of the ISS monitor PD. You can see a broad peak around 2.7Hz. In time series, this amplified intensity noise looks like semi-oscillation around this frequency.
Since it is very unlikely that the PD has a large phase advance at low frequencies, the additional phase advance has to be in the current shunt. We measured the response of the current shunt (see Kakeru's coming post). It had a slight high-pass shape below 100Hz (a few dB/dec). This high-pass response produces additional phase advance in the loop.
There seems to be no element to produce such a high-pass response in the current shunt circuit ( http://www.ligo.caltech.edu/docs/D/D040542-A1.pdf )
This Jamie's document shows a similar high-pass response of the current ( http://www.ligo.caltech.edu/docs/G/G030476-00.pdf page 7 )
Now the question is what causes this high-pass response. Here is my very fishy hypothesis :-)
The PA output depends not only on the pump diode current but also on the mode matching with the NPRO beam, which can be changed by the thermal lensing. If the thermal lensing is in such a condition that an increase in the temperature would reduce the mode matching, then the temperature increase associated with a pump current increase could cancel the power increase. This thermal effect would be bigger at lower frequencies. Therefore, the intensity modulation efficiency decreases at lower frequencies (high-pass behavior). If this model is true, this could explain the elusiveness of the problem, as the cancellation amount depends on the operation point of the PA.
To test this hypothesis, we can change the pump current level to see if the current shunt response changes. However, the PA current slider on the MEDM screen does not work (Rob told me it's been like this for a while). Also the front panel of the MOPA power supply does not work (Steve told me it's been like this for a while). We tried to connect to the MOPA power supply from a PC through RS-232C port, which did not work neither. We will try to fix the MEDM slider tomorrow.
I attach the transfar function of the current shunt.
There is a little gap at 10 Hz for phase, but it is a ploblem of measurement and not real one.
I attache the transfar function of ISS servo.
The 4th stage and variable gain amplifier has alomost same transfar function, so their lines pile up.
I measured the output noise of eache stage of ISS servo, and calcurated the noise ratio between input and
output of each stage.
Generaly, each noise ratio corresponds to their transfar function. This means servo filter works well, not
adding extra noise.
I attache example of them.
For 2nd stage, the noise ratio is smaller than transfar function with a few factor. This is because the
input noise is coverd by analyser's noise and ratio between output and input looks small.
This means the input noise of 2nd stage was enough small and all stage before 2nd stage work well
I fixed the broken slider to change the current of the PA.
The problem was that the EPICS database assigned a wrong channel of the DAC to the slider.
I found that the PA current adjustment signal lines are connected to the CH3 &CH4 of VMIC4116 #1. However in the database file (/cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1psl/psl.db), the slider channel (C1:PSL-126MOPA_DCAMP) was assigned to CH2. I fixed the database file and rebooted c1psl. Then the PA current started to follow the slider value.
I moved the slider back and forth by +/-0.3V while the ISS loop was on. I observed that the amount of the low frequency fluctuation of the MOPA power changed with the slider position. At some current levels, the ISS instability problem went away.
Kakeru is now taking open-loop TFs and current shunt responses at different slider settings.
MOPAs and their settings, powers of 7 years in the 40m
Yoichi and me found that the transfar function of the current shunt changed with the current of PA.
We changed PA current and fixed the unstability of ISS.
Now, laser power is stabilized finely, with band of about 1 Hz.
Yoich will post the stabilized noise spectrum.
There looks to be some non-linear relation between PA current and the TF of current shunt.
It had changed from the TF which we measured yesterday, so it might change again.
I try to write scripts to sweep PA current and measure the laser power and its rms automatically.
It will be apply for auto-adjustment of PA current.
Attached files are the transfar function of the current shunt with changing PA.
They have difference in lower frequency.
After the ISS work, I aligned the IFO and confirmed that DRMI locks with good SPOB and AS166 values.
So, near 2 of the trashcans in the control room and underneath a desk there are hundrends of ants. Is this normal?