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ID Date Author Type Categoryup Subject
  8418   Fri Apr 5 01:28:56 2013 ManasaUpdate40m UpgradingEndtable upgrade for auxiliary green laser : populating the table

I started populating the end table; the TRY path to start with. I found that I need to redo the cables/electronics layout around the table as we have only one cable feedthrough hole with the new box right now. I need another hand with this and will have Annalisa help me tomorrow.

P.S. I misaligned PRM and restored ETMY to get TRY flashes. I tweaked ETMY to see strong TEM00 flashes.

Old slider positions on medm screen in case we need to restore them:

        TT1    TT2     ITMY    ETMY

P   -1.3586  0.8443   0.9114   -3.7693

Y   0.3049   1.1507  -0.2823  -0.2761

 

  8419   Sat Apr 6 09:21:36 2013 ranaUpdate40m UpgradingNot a fan of the new plastic box yet

 

 1) We still need to drill and install the thumbscrew latches which secure the lids to the table. We cannot use the tables as an acoustic enclosure with loose lids.

2) For the camera issue, the idea is to put the longpass filters on the front of the cameras: then they are only sensitive to light with wavelength > 800 nm.

3) Whenever any interferometer work is happening the light switches must be in the positions which have been marked on them (and which most everyone ignores foolishly). We have never been insensitive to the room lights; the black table enclosures just give us a false sense of security. Room lights impact the interferometer noise.

  8423   Mon Apr 8 16:37:26 2013 SteveUpdate40m UpgradingETMY enclosure wall transmission

 

 Enclosure cover #1 transmission measured  in 1064 nm,  156 mW,  P polarization and beam size ~ 1 mm

As condition:  fully assembled, protective layer removed, tinted- adhesive activated on yellow acrylic on top of each other.

T = 1.2 % in 20 minutes exposure test. This agrees with the test measurement of 6-18-2012

There is a reflected  2-3 cm circular glare that is barely visible on sensor card. It is well below 1 mW level

As we are installing the NPRO with ~350 mW of power we have to address what additional shield should be installed.

The June 2012 test with 1W power burned through of the 3 layer  IR coated films in 3-4 hours.

We 'll use Aluminum shields in the high power path till we come up with better solution.

  8425   Tue Apr 9 00:15:18 2013 ManasaUpdate40m UpgradingEndtable upgrade for auxiliary green laser : populating the table

[Den, Annalisa, Manasa]

The Alberto laser was moved from the PSL table. The height of the heat sink rendered a beam height of only 3 inches. I did not want to deal with changing beam height at the table. So, we went ahead and used the old heat sink. I used the beam scan to make measurements of the beam width to match my mode-matching calculations and found some mismatch with the measurements done earlier. So I will measure the beam width again before alignment.

I will also have to change the layout because of the supporting posts that have come up with the new box. Annalisa is doing a COMSOL model to check what the thickness of these supporting posts should be so that the box stays stiff.

  8427   Tue Apr 9 00:32:57 2013 ManasaUpdate40m UpgradingEndtable upgrade for auxiliary green laser : TRY temporarily in place

The TRY path on the end table is temporarily in place to help IFO locking.
The Y arm transmission was steered to get TRY back on the PD and the camera. I found that TRY is a couple of inches off in yaw at the end table (comparing to the CAD layout and the earlier layout) and I believe it is because of the changes in input pointing.
I've used a Y1 mirror to steer the Y transmission to an R98% BS. The reflected beam falls on PDA520 and the transmitted beam is steered to the camera. The earlier normalization of TRY is no more valid as the power distribution at the PD has changed.

  8430   Tue Apr 9 08:37:54 2013 SteveUpdate40m UpgradingEndtable upgrade for auxiliary green laser : TRY temporarily in place

Quote:

The TRY path on the end table is temporarily in place to help IFO locking.
The Y arm transmission was steered to get TRY back on the PD and the camera. I found that TRY is a couple of inches off in yaw at the end table (comparing to the CAD layout and the earlier layout) and I believe it is because of the changes in input pointing.
I've used a Y1 mirror to steer the Y transmission to an R98% BS. The reflected beam falls on PDA520 and the transmitted beam is steered to the camera. The earlier normalization of TRY is no more valid as the power distribution at the PD has changed.

Temporary  acrylic wind guard added between enclosure and ETMY transmission window to help IFO locking

  8432   Tue Apr 9 21:27:48 2013 JenneUpdate40m Upgrading TRY temporarily in place

Quote:

I've used a Y1 mirror to steer the Y transmission to an R98% BS. The reflected beam falls on PDA520 and the transmitted beam is steered to the camera. The earlier normalization of TRY is no more valid as the power distribution at the PD has changed.

 To take this into account, last night, I reduced the TRY gain by a factor of 2.  This is not exactly correct - when the layout is finalized we need to figure out what the pickoff situation used to be (we think, based on the Xend, that it could have been 0.5*0.9), and do the correct normalization.

  8436   Wed Apr 10 14:25:04 2013 ManasaUpdate40m UpgradingEndtable upgrade for auxiliary green laser : LWE Alberto laser beam profile

I measured the beam profile of the Alberto laser (that will be the ETMY end laser) as I found the data inconsistent with the measurements done earlier.

Method

The laser was set to nominal current (ADJ =0) and the output measured 330mW. I used a 99% BS and measured the beam profile of the transmitted light at several points along propagation using Beamscan. I am attaching the data and matlab script for the fit for future reference.

LWE_Alberto_BP.png

Attachment 2: beam_waist.zip
  8458   Wed Apr 17 02:20:13 2013 ManasaUpdate40m UpgradingEndtable upgrade for auxiliary green laser : progress

 

Assembly progress:

1. ETMY oplev setup has been put together. Because of the shift in the TRY path, I had to modify the oplev path on the table as well.

TRY_OPL.jpg

2. Green laser setup coming together:
    (i) Used a HWP after the NPRO to convert s-polarization to p-polarization. (Verified by introducing a PBS after the HWP and then removed later).
    (ii) Lens focuses the beam into the Faraday.
    (iii) Used steering mirrors to align the beam to the faraday. With 320mW before the Faraday, I was able to get 240mW after the output aperture. The spec sheet for the faraday specifies a 93% transmission; but what I measure is only 75%.

GRY.jpg

 

  8472   Mon Apr 22 17:43:09 2013 SteveUpdate40m Upgrading ETMY optical table & enclosure is ready for optics

Quote:

Quote:

 Enclosure is at the east end. It has it's bottom o-ring in place. It will be ready for optics tomorrow around 5pm

I have to shim out the enclosure, finish leveling the table and cut surgical tubing O-ring for the top.

 

 Glued surgical latex tubing with super glue into O-ring shape. The existing in place tubing K-100, OD 0.125" (actual size 0.140"), wall 0.031", ID 0.062".

I have just found out that tolerances on tubing OD are + - 0.026" by the manufacturer. I'm getting larger tubing for better fit.

The table is ready for optics.

Things left to do:

1, finalize o-ring size  2, finish cable feedthrough  3, finalize window connection 4, IR-Thermashield strips for bridge sides 5, replace bridge support post with solid one

 

 I'm working on to improve the quality of the enclosure.

The short comings are: more cable feedthroughs needed, latches to anchor top covers air tight and posts to support bending bridges.

Red triangles are compression latches at 10 places to hold the top air tight on surgical tubing

Green lines represent 4  posts of Al 1" OD to support the covers and maximize their eigenfrequencies.

Black crosses are 4 spring loaded push-bottom quick release pins to anchor the top covers to the bridges. This connection will  not be air tight.

(quarter-turn wing head fastener have the same problem) I'm thinking of some solution to minimize the leak.    

Violet _ steel plate (1" wide, 15" long, 0.125" thick)  between the two posts will anchor the quick release pins and make bridge rigid.

Blue rectangle is an other cable feedthrough exiting on the chamber side.

Planning to substitute window with soft - air tight ( Aluminized thin wall hose )  connection to vacuum view port where white circle is representing the Al adaptor ring.

Updated after Wednesday meeting 4-24-2013

 

Attachment 1: more2.jpg
more2.jpg
  8473   Mon Apr 22 19:48:56 2013 JenneUpdate40m Upgrading4 pins enough?

Are 4 of these spring loaded pins enough?  I'm not sure how one pin can hold 2 lids at each point.  It seems like we need 8 pins.

  8475   Tue Apr 23 15:00:20 2013 JenneUpdate40m Upgrading4 pins enough?

Quote:

Are 4 of these spring loaded pins enough?  I'm not sure how one pin can hold 2 lids at each point.  It seems like we need 8 pins.

 Steve has explained to me that the pins will go in between the 2 lids, with a big washer, so that one pin holds both lids at the same time.  4 is the right number.

  8486   Wed Apr 24 15:27:59 2013 ManasaUpdate40m UpgradingEndtable upgrade for auxiliary green laser : progress: New layout

Layout that will be improved upon over the next few days.

Things that need to be updated:
1. Waist size at all optics
2. Beam size at detectors and choice of lenses
3. IPANG & green PD proposed positions

 ETMY_endtable_New.png

  8522   Thu May 2 01:19:41 2013 ManasaUpdate40m UpgradingEndtable upgrade for auxiliary green laser : progress

I started to put together optics at the endtable. I am attaching the layout with the green blocks showing the optics that are assembled and will not be moved henceforth unless somebody contradicts.

1. Power after HWP = 314mW
    Power before faraday = 310mW
    Power after faraday = 300mW (the power loss while aligning the faraday earlier was due to the AR coating on the focusing lens before the faraday - it was AR coated for visible and that accounted to the power lost)

2. Since we do not know the length of TGG inside faraday, I measured the beam profile after the faraday so that I can trace the beam without any errors to calculate exact mode matching solutions.

3. The NPRO beam seems to be obviously elliptical as seen on the IR card and also from beam profile measurement. So we cannot skip including cylindrical lenses in the layout.

ETMY_0502.png

 

  8543   Tue May 7 19:06:45 2013 ManasaUpdate40m UpgradingEndtable upgrade for auxiliary green laser : progress

I have updated the waists (W)  and beam diameters (D) at 1064nm optics on the endtable.

I am not able to locate the characteristics of QPD-Y and oplev PD and hence took the beam diameter to be half of the detector surface area to determine their positions.

Beam diameter on PDA520 used for TRY was calculated using the transimpedance and responsivity of the PD from an old elog in 2004.

ETMY_endtable_New.png 

  8556   Thu May 9 01:36:32 2013 ManasaUpdate40m UpgradingEndtable upgrade for auxiliary green laser : progress

Progress with end table:

Parts in green show assembled optics that will not require any changes. Parts in yellow are in place but will need either change of lenses in their optical path or change in position.

0509.png 

  8560   Thu May 9 22:29:23 2013 ManasaUpdate40m UpgradingEndtable upgrade for auxiliary green laser : progress

[Annalisa, Manasa]

More optics have been put on the table. Direction of the rejected beam from the 532nm faraday estimated to be ~1.7 deg along -y axis.

Transmon QPD, TRY and camera have beams on them for locking Y arm. Oplev configuration is waiting for it's lens to arrive.

 

  8561   Fri May 10 20:05:21 2013 AnnalisaUpdate40m UpgradingEndtable upgrade for auxiliary green laser : progress

I rotated some mounts along the green beam path, and I started aligning the beam again.

The beam is aligned up to the waveplate just before the doubler crystal, even if I couldn't reach more than 88% transmission for the Faraday. Next week I will finish the alignment and I'll put the lenses that Manasa already ordered.

 

  8565   Mon May 13 21:35:55 2013 AnnalisaUpdate40m UpgradingEndtable upgrade for auxiliary green laser : progress

Yend table - Current status

OPLEV

Today the 2m focal length lens along the oplev path (just after the laser) has been added. In Manasa's layout it allows to have a beam waist of 3.8mm on the OPLEV QPD, even if it seems to be smaller.

The laser is closer to the box wall than the layout shows (it's on the line n.1 instead of line n.9), so maybe it has to be moved in the position shown in the layout, as Steve suggests, to leave empty space just before the window.

Rana suggests a 2mm diameter beam on the QPD, so a new calculation has to be done to add a second lens.

GREEN

The beam has been aligned until the doubler, but after the crystal it it has a small tilt, so a better alignment has to be done.

Moreover, the beam waist has to be measured after the Faraday for the green, in way to choose the focal length of the lenses necessary for the mode matching.

Then the three steering mirrors to send the beam into the arm have to be put.

TRANSMON PATH

A lens which has to be put on the Transmon path (already ordered) has to be added, and the beam alignment on the QPD-y and on the PDA520 has to be done.

  8568   Tue May 14 01:13:35 2013 JenneUpdate40m UpgradingTRY realigned

Koji noticed that earlier this afternoon the Yarm ASS was working, but then after dinner it was no longer working.  I saw that the ETMY trans camera beam was clipped.  These things precipitated a visit to the Yend station. 

I saw that the beam on the optic that steers the camera beam to the camera was very, very low, almost falling off the optic.  The only mirror which steers to this optic is the harmonic separator which reflects the IR, and transmits the green.  I turned the pitch knobs on the harmonic separator until the beam was roughly centered on all 3 optics between the separator and the camera (BS to QPD, BS to TRYDC and Y1 for camera).  The yaw was fine, so I didn't touch it.

I then adjusted the steering mirror to the camera, and the BS pointing to the DC PD.  I have not touched the BS pointing to the QPD.  Once the beam was on the TRY PD, Koji ran the ASS script, and I recentered the beam on the DC PD.  During this time, Koji had the Yarm triggering using -1 in the POYDC element of the matrix.

The harmonic separator is not mounted in a nice way (I'm assuming that Annalisa is in the middle of things, and she'll get back to it after the green work), so the TRY PD and camera will need to be aligned again, so I didn't do any ASS-recentering-ASS iteration tonight.

The Yarm ASS works nicely again, getting TRY to ~0.89 . 

  8571   Tue May 14 14:24:56 2013 SteveUpdate40m Upgradingenclosure removal

 

 I'm planning to remove the ETMY optical table enclosure and move it over to CES Shop 8am Thursday morning.

We'll install spring loaded lathes, hooks and quick release pins.

The bridge will be reinforced with steel plate to support release pins on posts.

There will be an other cut out for cable feedtrough as it is shown on elog #8472

Let me know if this timing does not fit your work.

  8576   Tue May 14 21:03:15 2013 AnnalisaUpdate40m UpgradingEndtable upgrade for auxiliary green laser : progress

 

GREEN

The new lenses arrived, and I put the right 250mm before the doubler. I'm still not so confident with the alignment, because I cannot get more than 11-12 uW out from the "green" Faraday, with more than 200uW going in.

TRANSMON

I replaced the Y1 mirror with an HR1064-HT532. The alignment has to be done. Today the 50cm focal length lens arrived, and I'm going to put in tomorrow.

 

  8584   Wed May 15 21:27:39 2013 AnnalisaUpdate40m UpgradingEndtable upgrade for auxiliary green laser : progress

 

GREEN

I still have problems in maximizing the power out from the doubler. I realized that the real green power I obtain is about 30 uW, and it is the power which really enters the Faraday.

Before I was measuring it just after the Harmonic separator, and there was some residual IR beam which increased the power on the power meter, that's why I obtained about 200 uW.

I also tried to slightly vary the position of the mode matching lens, but I was not able to get more than 30 uW on the power meter.

TRANSMON PATH

The 50 cm focal length lens has been added in the position shown on Manasa's layout, and the beam has been focused on the PD.

 

 

  10130   Sat Jul 5 04:18:45 2014 AndresUpdate40m Xend Table upgradeAdding Two Lenses After the Second Steering Mirror in Order Two Increase the Gouy Phase Difference Between the Sterring Mirrors

I had been working on the Xend table optical layout update. Since the two steering mirrors in the Xend green are too close to each, there is a very small Gouy Phase different between these two mirrors. It was suggested to place two lenses so that we can increase the Gouy Phase. I have been working with Nick on this problem, and we had found a solution by using a la mode. We had written an a la mode code that optimize the Gouy Phase and the Mode Matching at the same time. After trying different lenses, we found the following results: a mode matching of 0.9939 as it is show in the first attachment below, and we found a Gouy Phase different between the two mirrors of about 60 degrees. I took photos of the Xend Table. The first photo is the Xend table as we had it right now. In the second photo, I moved the 2nd lens, and I placed the two more lenses that we need it, with more or lenses the correct position where they will be placed. The three old lenses will be replaced by three lenses of different focal length as it can be seen in the first attachment below. The first lens and third lens will stay in the same position where the old first lens and old third lens are, and the second lens will be moved by about half of an inch. We might have one or two of the lenses that we need, but we will have to order the rest of the lenses that need. My plan is to verify the lenses that we already have. Then, I need to let Nick know with lenses we need to order. Hopefully, we will be able to update the table by the end of this week if everything turn out fine.

Attachment 1: OverlapAndComponentsOfTheSolution.png
OverlapAndComponentsOfTheSolution.png
Attachment 2: CloseLookToTheGouyPhaseBetweenMirr1AndMirr2.jpg
CloseLookToTheGouyPhaseBetweenMirr1AndMirr2.jpg
Attachment 3: EntireRangeOfBeamPath.jpg
EntireRangeOfBeamPath.jpg
Attachment 4: XendTableWithTwoNeedLensesAdding.JPG
XendTableWithTwoNeedLensesAdding.JPG
Attachment 5: SchematicOfSolutionForTheLensesGouyPhase.jpeg
SchematicOfSolutionForTheLensesGouyPhase.jpeg
Attachment 6: XendGreenModeMatchingAndGouyPhaseOptimization.m
clear all
% In this code we are using a la mode to optimatize the mode matching and
% to optimatize the Gouy phase between mirror 1 and mirror 2. All the units
% are in meter

w0=2.943*1e-5; % The Waist of the laser measured before the faraday
z0_laser=-0.039; % position measured where the waist is located 
lamb= 532*10^-9; % wavelength of green light in mm
lFaraday=.0638; % Length of the faraday

... 148 more lines ...
Attachment 7: BeforeIncludingLensesORMovingLenses.JPG
BeforeIncludingLensesORMovingLenses.JPG
  10191   Sun Jul 13 17:06:35 2014 AndresUpdate40m Xend Table upgradeXarm Table Upgrade Calculation and Diagrams of possible new table layout

 Current Mode Matching and Gouy Phase Between Steering Mirrors

We found in 40m elog ID 3330 ( http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/40m/3330a documentation done by Kiwamu, where he measured the waist of the green. The waist of the green is about 35µm. Using a la mode, I was able to calculate the current mode matching, and the Gouy phase between the steering mirrors. In a la mode, I used the optical distances,which is just the distance measured times its index of refraction. I contacted someone from ThorLabs (which is the company that bought Optics For Research), and that person told that the Faraday IO-5-532-LP has a Terbium Gallium Garnet crystal of a length of 7mm and its index of refraction is 1.95. The current mode matching is 0.9343, and the current Gouy phase between steering mirrors is 0.2023 degrees. On Monday, Nick and I are planning to measure the actual mode matching. The attached below is the current X-arm optical layout. 

 

 

Calculation For the New Optical Layout

 

Since the current Gouy phase between the steering mirror is essentially zero, we need to find a way how to increase the Gouy Phase. We tried to add two more lenses after the second steering mirror, and we found that increasing the Gouy phase result in a dramatically decrease in mode matching. For instance, a Gouy phase of about 50 degrees results in a mode matching of about .2, which is awful. We removed the first lens after the faraday, and we added two more mirrors and two more lenses after the second steering mirror. I modified the photo that I took and I place where the new lenses and new mirrors should go as shown in the second pictures attached below. Using a la mode, we found the following solution:

 label                         z (m)            type                       parameters         

 -----                          -----              ----                        ----------         

 lens 1                       0.0800          lens                      focalLength: 0.1000

 First mirror              0.1550          flat mirror            none:            

 Second mirror         0.2800          flat mirror            none:            

 lens 2                      0.4275           lens                      focalLength: Inf   

 lens 3                     0.6549            lens                      focalLength: 0.3000

lens 4                      0.8968            lens                      focalLength: -0.250

Third mirror           1.0675            flat mirror            none:            

Fourth mirror         1.4183            flat mirror            none:            

lens 5                      1.6384            lens                     focalLength: -0.100

Fifth mirror            1.7351            flat mirror           none:            

Sixth mirror           2.0859            flat mirror           none:            

lens 6                     2.1621            lens                     focalLength: 0.6000

ETM                      2.7407            lens                    focalLength: -129.7

ITM                       40.5307          flat mirror          none:             

The mode matching is 0.9786. The different Gouy phase different between Third Mirror and Fourth Mirror is 69.59 degrees, Gouy Phase between Fourth and Fifth 18.80 degrees, Gouy phase between Fifth and Sixth mirrors is 1.28 degrees, Gouy phase between Third and Fifth 88.38 degrees, and the Gouy phase between Fourth and Sixth is 20.08 degrees. Bellow attached the a la Mode code and the Plots.

 

 

Plan for this week

I don't  think we have the lenses that we need for this new setup. Mostly, we will need to order the lenses on Monday. As I mention, Nick and I are going to measure the actual mode matching on Monday. If everything look good, then we will move on and do the Upgrade.

 

Attachment 1: CurrentOpticalLayout.png
CurrentOpticalLayout.png
Attachment 2: NewSetUp.PNG
NewSetUp.PNG
Attachment 3: AlaModeSolutionplots.png
AlaModeSolutionplots.png
Attachment 4: EntireScaleRangeAlaModeSolution.png
EntireScaleRangeAlaModeSolution.png
Attachment 5: NewXarmOptimizationFromFaraday.m
close all
clear all
% In this code we are using a la mode to optimatize the mode matching and
% to optimatize the Gouy phase between mirror 1 and mirror 2. All the units
% are in meter

w0=(50*1e-6)/sqrt(2); % The Waist of the laser measured after SHG
z0_laser=-0.0083; % position measured where the waist is located 
lamb= 532*10^-9; % wavelength of green light in mm
lFaraday=.0638; % Length of the faraday
... 209 more lines ...
  10195   Mon Jul 14 16:19:41 2014 AndresUpdate40m Xend Table upgradeTook the measurement for the Mode Matching

 Nick and I measured the reflected power of the green light in locked and unlocked. I'm working on the calculation of the mode matching. Tonight, I'll be posted my calculation I'm still working on it.

JCD:  Andres forgot to mention that they closed the PSL shutter, so that they could look at the green light that is reflected off the harmonic separator toward the IR trans path.  Also, the Xarm (and the Yarm) were aligned to IR using the ASS, and then ASX was used to align the green beam to the cavity.

  10207   Tue Jul 15 22:23:51 2014 AndresUpdate40m Xend Table upgradeScan the Xarm for the mode matching

 Nick and I with the help of Jenne scan the green light when the cavity is unlocked. Nick placed a Beam dump on the IR so that we can just scan the green, but it was removed as soon as we finished with the measurement. I'm working on the calculation, and i'll be posted solution tonight.

  10226   Thu Jul 17 02:57:32 2014 AndresUpdate40m Xend Table upgradeFInish Calculation on Current X-arm mode Matching

Data and Calculation for the Xarm Current Mode Matching

Two days ago, Nick, Jenne, and I took a measurement for the Green Transmission for the X-arm. I took the data and I analyzed it. The first figure attached below is the raw data plotted. I used the function findpeaks in Matlab, and I found all the peaks. Then, by taking close look at the plot, I chose two peaks as shown in the second figure attached below. I took the ratio of the TEM00 and the High order mode, and I average them. This gave me a Mode Matching of 0.9215, which this value is pretty close to the value that I predicted by using a la Mode in http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/40m/10191, which is 0.9343. Nick and I measured the reflected power when the cavity is unlocked and when the cavity is locked, so we measured the PreflUnLocked=52+1µW and PreflOnLocked=16+2µW and the backgroundNoise=0.761µW. Using this information we calculated  Prefl/Pin=0.297. Now, since Prefl/Pin=|Eref/Ein|2, we looked at the electric fields component by using the reflectivity of the mirror we calculated 0.67. The number doesn't agree, but this is because we didn't take into account the losses when making this calculation. I'm working in the calculation that will include the losses.

Today, Nick and I ordered the lenses and the mirrors. I'm working in putting together a representation of how much improvement the new design will give us in comparison to the current setup.

Attachment 1: RawDataForTheModeGreenScan.png
RawDataForTheModeGreenScan.png
Attachment 2: ResultForModeMatching.png
ResultForModeMatching.png
Attachment 3: DataAndCalculationOfModeMismatch.zip
  10237   Fri Jul 18 16:52:56 2014 AndresUpdate40m Xend Table upgradeFInish Calculation on Current X-arm mode Matching

Quote:

Data and Calculation for the Xarm Current Mode Matching

Two days ago, Nick, Jenne, and I took a measurement for the Green Transmission for the X-arm. I took the data and I analyzed it. The first figure attached below is the raw data plotted. I used the function findpeaks in Matlab, and I found all the peaks. Then, by taking close look at the plot, I chose two peaks as shown in the second figure attached below. I took the ratio of the TEM00 and the High order mode, and I average them. This gave me a Mode Matching of 0.9215, which this value is pretty close to the value that I predicted by using a la Mode in http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/40m/10191, which is 0.9343. Nick and I measured the reflected power when the cavity is unlocked and when the cavity is locked, so we measured the PreflUnLocked=52+1µW and PreflOnLocked=16+2µW and the backgroundNoise=0.761µW. Using this information we calculated  Prefl/Pin=0.297. Now, since Prefl/Pin=|Eref/Ein|2, we looked at the electric fields component by using the reflectivity of the mirror we calculated 0.67. The number doesn't agree, but this is because we didn't take into account the losses when making this calculation. I'm working in the calculation that will include the losses.

Today, Nick and I ordered the lenses and the mirrors. I'm working in putting together a representation of how much improvement the new design will give us in comparison to the current setup.

We want to be able to graphically see how much better it is the new optical table setup in comparison to the current optical table setup. In other words, we want to be able to see how displacement of the beam and how much angle change can be obtained at the ETM from changing the mirrors angles independently. Depending on the spread of the mirrors' vectors we can observe whether the Gouy phase is good. In the plot below, the dotted lines correspond to the current set up, and we can see that the lines are not spread from each other, which essentially mean that changing the angles of the two mirrors just contribute to small change in angle and in the displacement of the beam at the ETM, and therefore the Gouy phase is not good. Now on the other hand. The other solid lines correspond to the new setup mirrors. We can observe that the spread of the line of mirror 1 and mirror 4 is almost 90 degrees, which just implies that there is a good Gouy phase different between these two mirrors. For the angles chosen in the plot, I looked at how much the PZT yaw the mirrors from the elog http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/40m/8912. In this elog, they give a plot in mrad/v for the pitch and yaw, so I took the range that the PZT can yaw the mirrors, and I converted into mdegrees/v and then I plotted as shown below. I plot for the current setup and for the new setup in the same plot. The matlab code is also attached below.

Attachment 1: OldAndNewSetupPlotsOfDisplacementAndAngleAtTheETM.png
OldAndNewSetupPlotsOfDisplacementAndAngleAtTheETM.png
Attachment 2: OldSetUpDisplacementAndNewSetup.m.zip
  10290   Tue Jul 29 20:14:08 2014 AndresUpdate40m Xend Table upgradeXarm Green steering mirror upgrade

 Xarm Green Steering Mirror Upgrade

Nick and I did the upgrade for the green steering mirror today. We locked in the TEM00 mode.
We placed the shutter and everything. We move the OL, but we placed it back. Tonight, I'll be doing a more complete elog with more details.

  10291   Tue Jul 29 20:14:10 2014 KojiUpdate40m Xend Table upgradeXarm Green steering mirror upgrade

That was super fast! Great job, Andres and Nic!

  10296   Wed Jul 30 10:16:54 2014 AndresUpdate40m Xend Table upgradeGreen Steering Mirror Upgrade completed

Green Steering Mirror Update

Yesterday, Nick and I completed the green steering mirrors upgrade. I attached the file that contained the procedure that we plan before we did the upgrade. We placed an iris at the input of the OL and we place another iris before the harmonic separator. We did not use the beam scanner because someone was using it, so what we did was to assume that the cavity is well align and place the iris so that we can recover the alignment. We used the measuring tape to approximate as close as we could the position where the lenses were supposed to go. I did a measurement of the derivative of the waist size in terms of the position of the lens and the derivative of the waist Position in terms of the lenses position at the optimum solution that a la mode give us. Because of this plot, we decide to mount lens 3 and lens 5 into translational stages. After mounting each lenses and mirrors we worked on the alignment of the beam into the cavity. We were able to align the green into the cavity and we were able to locked the cavity to the TEM00 mode. We started to work on the optimization of the mode matching. However, the maximum mode matching that we got was around 0.6, which we need to work a little bit more on the tuning of the mode matching. We leave the iris mounted on the table. I took a picture of the table, and I attached below. For the OL, we just make sure that the output where somehow hitting the QPD, but we didn't really I aligned it. We need to work a little bit more on the alignment of the OL and the tuning of the mirror to maximize the green mode matching.

Attachment 1: XarmUpgrade.pdf
XarmUpgrade.pdf XarmUpgrade.pdf XarmUpgrade.pdf XarmUpgrade.pdf XarmUpgrade.pdf XarmUpgrade.pdf
Attachment 2: dWaistSize_dlensVsdWaistPosition_dlens.png
dWaistSize_dlensVsdWaistPosition_dlens.png
Attachment 3: XarmNewOpticalSetup.PNG
XarmNewOpticalSetup.PNG
  8590   Thu May 16 08:32:05 2013 SteveUpdate40m upgradingETMY op table disabled

 

All ETMY optical table electronics- lasers-pds turned off, disconnected in order to remove enclosure.

linguaa.jpg

  8594   Fri May 17 00:32:32 2013 AnnalisaUpdate40m upgradingETMY - progress

[Rana, Annalisa] 

 GREEN

 The alignment for the green has been improved, so that we have much more green power.

The first lens position along the IR path has been changed in way to have the beam waist at the center of the first Faraday. In this way we had about 91% of the input power out from it.

The two cylindrical lenses which were used to correct the ellipticity of the beam have been replaced by a single lens. Its focal length is intermediate between the focal lengths of the two cylindrical. 

Moving the position of the lens before the doubler crystal and improving the alignment we got about 1mW of green light (0.35% of the incoming IR beam).

TO DO

 

After aligning the green beam through the second Faraday, the beam waist of the outgoing beam has to be measured and the mode matching calculation has to be done to choose the two MM lenses. Then the steering mirrors will be placed to send the beam into the arm.

Attachment 1: IMG_0536.JPG
IMG_0536.JPG
  8595   Fri May 17 15:38:51 2013 SteveUpdate40m upgradingETMY enclosure is on the way back

 

 It  will arrive around 10 am Monday morning.

 

  8596   Fri May 17 16:06:14 2013 ranaUpdate40m upgradingETMY op table disabled

 

 TODO:

  1. We need to replace all of the floppy anodized Al dumps with clean razor blade dumps on stiff mounts. BOTH of the rejected ports of the 1064 FI need some kind of custom dump.
  2. All of the leakthrough beams of the HR mirrors also need razor dumps. A good rule of thumb is that your first notion of how to implement the beam dump is NOT good enough.
  3. The whole lens / modematching situation for the 1064 and 532 paths will have to be redone so as to put the beam waists inside the Faraday crystal (NOT outside). The beam waist in the 4.7 mm diameter Faraday should be ~0.3-0.4 mm.
  4. The efficiency that we got for the doubling shows that we don't need the cylindrical lenses - they are nice, but not needed to get 90% of the max power.
  5. The lenses between the 1064 FI and the doubler should be put onto a base that can be used to adjust the lens position for MM optimization. Nothing fancy, just something slideable.
  6. For this iteration of the table, we can do as Annalisa has written so as to get the green MM lenses ordered ASAP. After next week we can come up with a new plan before dismantling the EX table.
  8597   Fri May 17 18:24:04 2013 AnnalisaUpdate40m upgradingETMY - progress

I aligned the green beam into the Faraday. I needed an HWP to have the right polarization for the light entering the Faraday itself.

I tried to dump as much beams as possible with razor dumps, but eventually I had to use some "temporary solutions" for higher beams, because I didn't find the right mounts for razor dumps.

I measured the beam waist after the Faraday with the beam scan. Analysis and MM calculation to follow.

  8622   Thu May 23 00:16:32 2013 AnnalisaUpdate40m upgradingETMY - progress

 [Annalisa, Koji] 

 GREEN

I aligned back the beam (we lost part of the alignment after we put back the box and after the posts were installed). The green beam out from the crystal is still low, but anyway I get about 1.2 mW of green out from the Faraday. 

TO DO 

Mode Matching calculation (tomorrow)

Fix the dumping situation

Replace some of the mounts with more solid ones (in the future)

TRANSMON PATH

 QPD, PD and Camera have been rotated as Rana suggested last Wednesday. A 1m focal length lens is on the main beam transmitted path (before the harmonic separator), and the beam diameter on the QPD is about 5mm. We put another lens with a shorter focal length to put the PD very close to the beam waist and in way to have a reasonable beam size on the camera. Tomorrow I will write down all the correct sizes of the beams.

OPLEV 

(for Steve) I marked a possible beam path for the Oplev (the laser is not in the right place in the picture, but I left it in the correct place on the table). I also put the QPD for the IP-ANG, so we know in which part of the table the beam can be steered.

The space in the red rectangle (right corner) has to be left empty to put a PD for the rejected beam from the green Faraday.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Attachment 1: TransMonAndOplev.jpg
TransMonAndOplev.jpg
  8637   Fri May 24 02:12:50 2013 AnnalisaUpdate40m upgradingETMY - Mode Matching for green

 

 Mode Matching calculation for green beam - Yarm

After measuring the beam radius out from the Faraday for the green, I made the calculation to match the green beam mode with the IR mode inside the arm.

The beam waist after the Faraday is elliptical, and I found the following value for the waist:

w0x = 3.55e-5 m @ z0x = -0.042 m

w0y = 2.44e-5 m @ z0y = -0.036 m

(the origin of the z axis is the output of the Faraday, so the waist is inside the Faraday itself)

I did the calculation using a la mode, using as beam waist and its position the following values:

w0 = sqrt(w0x*w0y) = 2.943e-5 m @ z0 = (z0x+z0y)/2 = -0.039 m

The results are shown in the attached plots.

                      Focal length (m)             position (m)

lens1            0.125                                0.1416

lens2            0.100                                0.5225

L                    1.000                                1.5748 (fixed lens used to focus transmitted beam)

 

As the first plot shows, the green beam size on the ETMY is about 6mm. My concern is that it could be too big.

The third plot shows the X and Y section of the beam. It is strongly elliptical, but nevertheless the coupling factor calculated with Koji's formula  gives C=0.936 for the astigmatic beam, and C=0.985 for the non astigmatic beam, so it seems to be still ok.

 

 

Attachment 1: ModeMatchingGreen.jpg
ModeMatchingGreen.jpg
Attachment 2: ModeMatchingGreenZoom.jpg
ModeMatchingGreenZoom.jpg
Attachment 3: XYpath.jpg
XYpath.jpg
  8638   Fri May 24 11:38:00 2013 KojiUpdate40m upgradingETMY - Mode Matching for green

I got confused. Is the mode calculation in the cavity correct?
Are you sure the wavelength in the code is 532nm?

The first plot says "the waist radius at ITMY is 2.15mm". This number is already very close to
the waist size of the cavity mode (2.1mm@ITM, 3.7mm@ETM), but the spot radius at ETMY is 6mm.
They are inconsistent.

 

  8639   Fri May 24 12:50:25 2013 AnnalisaUpdate40m upgradingETMY - Mode Matching for green

Quote:

I got confused. Is the mode calculation in the cavity correct?
Are you sure the wavelength in the code is 532nm?

The first plot says "the waist radius at ITMY is 2.15mm". This number is already very close to
the waist size of the cavity mode (2.1mm@ITM, 3.7mm@ETM), but the spot radius at ETMY is 6mm.
They are inconsistent.

 

 Jenne and I just realized that a la mode has 1064e-9 m as default value. I'll change it and make the calculation again.

  8645   Sat May 25 02:03:48 2013 AnnalisaUpdate40m upgradingETMY - Mode Matching for green - new calculation

 Mode matching calculation for green - Yarm

I did again the mode matching calculation. The previous one was using 1064nm as wavelength, so it was wrong.

The seed beam waist and its position are the same as in elog 8637. The new results are shown in the attached graphs.

I got the following values for focal lengths and positions of the two Mode Matching lenses:

 

                    Focal length (m)             Distance from the Faraday output (m)

lens1            0.125                                                  0.1829

lens2           -0.200                                                  0.4398

L                   1.000                                                  1.4986 (fixed)

The position of the lens L has changed because the path lengh has been slightly  reduced. 

The Coupling factor for he astigmatic beam is C = 0.959 (it is C = 0.9974 if we consider the beam as non astigmatic).

I put the lenses and aligned the beam up to the shutter, which has been moved from its initial position because the beam size on it was too large. 

TO DO

The green beam needs to be aligned and sent into the arm cavity. 

Polarization has to be checked.

Many beams still have to be dumped, both in IR and Green paths. 

 

 

 

 

Attachment 1: ModeMatchingGreenNEW.jpg
ModeMatchingGreenNEW.jpg
Attachment 2: ModeMatchingGreenZoomNEW.jpg
ModeMatchingGreenZoomNEW.jpg
Attachment 3: XYpathNEW.jpg
XYpathNEW.jpg
Attachment 4: photo1.JPG
photo1.JPG
Attachment 5: photo2.JPG
photo2.JPG
  8646   Mon May 27 21:38:53 2013 AnnalisaUpdate40m upgradingETMY - Beam Dumps

 

I put many razor dumps along the IR/green path. The rejected beam from the IR Faraday needs to be dumped (about 1.5 mW). I used all the new razor blade I had, so I need one more for that beam.

The IR reflection of the Harmonic separator right after the doubler needs to be dumped in a better way. At the moment there is a black screen, but we need something suitable to dump more than 300 mW.

After the second steering mirror along the green beam path there is a very small transmission (about 6 uW), which is difficult to dump because there is no space enough. Can it be dumped with a black screen?

 

The Oplev has a lot of reflection hitting the central BS (The BS for the transmitted beam). It is very difficult to dump them without intercepting the main beam path. Maybe we have to slightly change the Oplev beam angle to avoid so many reflections.

 

  8652   Tue May 28 22:11:23 2013 AnnalisaUpdate40m upgradingETMY - Yarm shutter cable

 

 For some strange reason the Yarm shutter cable runs up to the POY table, where it is connected to another cable going to the rack. It has to be put off from the table, at least. It would be better to have only one cable going directly to the rack.

I roughly aligned the green into the Yarm and I've seen the green beam flashing on the PSL table, but the mode matching is not so good and I get an higher order mode, so I'm going to fix the mode matching tomorrow.

  11521   Thu Aug 20 18:08:28 2015 IgnacioFrogs40m upgradingFatality. Something broke.

So I made coffee at 1547 and was astonished to find the above. Its a sad, very sad day.

At first I thought that something (a gravity wave?) or someone, accidentally hit the thing and it fell and broke. But Koji told me that the janitor was cleaning around the thing and it did indeed fell accidentally.

  12625   Fri Nov 18 00:25:08 2016 JohannesOmnistructure40m upgradingAcromag Chassis Development

I had Rich show me his approach to a chassis for the Acromag modules. The document tree for his design can be found on the DCC. Note that he's using the high densitymodel ES series, which is available as a bare board variant with pluggable screw terminals:

He can fit up to 4 of these in a 2U chassis and has outsourced the wiring from front panel Dsubs to the board connectors to an external company. At the 40m (and in West Bridge) we currently only have the rail mounted XT series

At first glance the specs are very similar. Both A/D and D/A flavors have 16-bit precision in both cases. The high density ES series with Rich's layout can achieve 128 A/D per 2U, 64 D/A per 2U, or 384 DIO per 2U. Into a 4U chassis of the type we have currently we can fit ~32 XT modules (assuming two rows), which results in very similar numbers, except for the DAC, of which we could fit more.

XT1221-000 (8 diff. channel 16-bit ADC)                          $495.00      $61.88/ch
XT1541-000 (8 channel 16-bit DAC and 4 discrete I/O )    $525.00      $65.63/ch
XT1120-000 (16 channel DIO)                                         $320.00     $20.00/ch

ES2162-0010 (32 diff. channel 16-bit ADC)                     $2050.00    $64.06/ch
ES2172-0010 (16 channel 16-bit DAC)                           $1400.00    $87.50/ch
ES2113-0010 (96 channel DIO)                                      $1100.00    $11.46/ch

It's cheaper to stick with the current XT models, but they need the bulkier 4U chassis. The good news is that actually all these models have 16 bit precision, which wasn't clear to me before. Lydia and I will work out what connectors we want on the boxes, and how many modules/channels we need where. Rich also got me in touch with Keith Thorne, who handles the analog I/O Acromag at LLO, and I will ask him for advice. From his documents on the DCC it seems that he is using yet another series: EN. The 968EN-4008 for example is a rail-mounted ADC with pluggable connections, but looses quite clearly in price per channel.

For a generic multipurpose DAQ interface box the ES series is the best approach in my opinion, because it offers a more compact design. We could for example fit 1 ADC, 2 DAC, 1 DIO in a 2U chassis for 32/32/96 channels. The combined price tag for this scenario would be ~$6k.

 

 

  12634   Tue Nov 22 13:55:32 2016 JohannesOmnistructure40m upgradingAcromag Chassis

Current Acromag chassis status:

I found out that Acromag offers DIN rail mounting kits for the open boards, so we can actually fit both XT series and ES/EN series in the same boxes, depending on the signal needs. The primary design driver will be the ES footprint, but if we find we don't need that many channels in some of the units, it's interchangable. For the wiring to the front panel - for which we will have a standard front panel express design, but may order modified ones for the custom needs of the 40m, I will contract the same company that Rich used for the wiring in his DIO box (Panel mount connectors terminating in loose wires/pre-routed plugs for Acromag units). We will either run a single DIN rail along the length of the chassis, or have two in parallel across.

Lydia and I took close looks at the breakout arrangements on the rack sides, and determined that because of the many cross-connects between non-DAQ ports it is not possible to redo and debug this in a reasonable amount of time without essentially shutting down the interferometer. So instead, we will connect the chassis directly to the slots that were previously leading to the slow machines. They come in two different flavors: The ADC modules have 64 pins, while the DIO and DAC ones have 50. There are a couple things we can do:

  • For ADC: Put favorite 64+ pin connector on front panel. I would advocate for the 68 pin VHDIC (SCSI-5). This standard ist widely used, has a sturdy connector, and usually off-the-shelf cables have twisted pair leads.
  • For DAC+DIO: Either use favorite 50 pin connector (there are 50-pin DSUB connectors, and also 50-pin IDC connectors with backshell), or also send the signals through VHDIC connectors, tolerating a few unused lanes. I would prefer the second option, after all it all goes to some 64 pin VME-crate backplane connector in the end, so if we ever get rid of the rack-side breakouts the wiring will much more uniform.
  • For good measure, we will add a few (16 maybe) BNC connectors to the front panel.
  • A standardized front panel could have a variety of different connectors by default: DSUBs, BNCs, etc., to be used when needed with some initial default wiring.
  • Note that THEORETICALLY we could even connect all backplane EUROCARD ports to the Acromag chassis and do the cross-connect wiring entirely inside, although that would make the inside extremely messy.

Based on Rich's design I will get started on a parts list and wiring diagrams to send out to the cable company.

Attachment 1: acroplan.pdf
acroplan.pdf
  2053   Mon Oct 5 14:37:29 2009 AlbertoUpdateABSLAbsolute Length Meaasurement NPRO is on

In the revival of the experiement length measurement for the recycling cavities, I turned the auxiliary NPRO back on. The shutter is closed.

I also recollected all the equipment of the experiment after that during the summer it had been scattered around the lab to be used for other purposes (Joe and Zach's cameras and Stephanie and Koji's work with the new EOM).

  2209   Mon Nov 9 11:14:57 2009 AlbertoUpdateABSLStarted working on the PSL table

I'm working on the PSL table to set up the PLL setup for the AbsL experiment.

  2211   Mon Nov 9 13:17:07 2009 AlbertoConfigurationABSLNPRO on

I turned the auxialiary NPRO for the AbsL Experiment on. Its shutter stays closed.

ELOG V3.1.3-