40m QIL Cryo_Lab CTN SUS_Lab TCS_Lab OMC_Lab CRIME_Lab FEA ENG_Labs OptContFac Mariner WBEEShop
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ID Date Authordown Type Category Subject
  17422   Wed Jan 25 16:58:19 2023 AlexUpdateCamerasRecording CCD cameras

Thus far, the software needed for the Magewell video encoder has been successfully installed on Donatella. OBS studio has also been installed and works correctly. OBS will be the video recording software that can be interfaced via command line once the SDI video encoder starts working. (https://github.com/muesli/obs-cli)

So far, the camera can not be connected to the Magewell encoder. The encoder continues to have a pulsing error light that indicates "no signal" or "signal not locked". I have begun testing on a secondary camera, directly connected to the Magewell encoder with similar errors. This may be able to be resolved once more information about the camera and its specifications/resolution is uncovered. At this time I have not found any details on the LCL-902K by Watec that was given to me by Koji. I will begin looking into the model used in the 40 meter next.

  17441   Wed Feb 1 16:53:55 2023 AlexSummaryGeneralShadowing Anchal on developing a change for the c1ioo CDS computer

During my time shadowing Anchal, we discussed the need for digital control systems on the suspension systems for the 40 meter optics. The controls and diagnostics system (CDS) allows us to develop our own feedback controls and filters for the suspension systems by taking in analog signals from the shadow sensors. The feedback control system developed in the CDS then utilizes the OSEM actuators to dampen harmonic motion and noise on the suspension lines. While improving these feedback loops is an ongoing challenge, it is a problem that is likely non-linear, meaning the system must be understood on a much higher level to make further improvements. This brings us to the new addition of a wavefront sensor in the 40m lab, which will allow for constant monitoring of the active wavefront in the interferometer. The wavefront will soon be used for gathering training data for a neural net that will help further analyze the non-linear effects within the suspension and damping system. What Anchal was working on today was an update within a CDS model for clioo to allow for the integration of the wavefront sensor such that he may use a switch to change between connections in the mode cleaner and the arm cavity. The CDS models may be edited and updated using Matlab/Simulink to arrange blocks and code in a robust and visual manner. The final system designed in Simulink can then be saved and compiled using the real-time code generator (RCG), which cross-compiles the Simulink file into C code that can be read by the CDS system to assign inputs, outputs, and various logic or algorithms for filtering.

  1947   Tue Aug 25 23:16:09 2009 Alberto, ranaConfigurationComputerselog moved in to the cvs path

In nodus, I moved the elog from /export to /cvs/cds/caltech. So now it is in the cvs path instead of a local directory on nodus.

For a while, I'll leave a copy of the old directory containing the logbook subdirectory where it was. If everything works fine, I'll delete that.

I also updated the reboot instructions in the wiki. some of it also is now in the SVN.

  2887   Thu May 6 17:47:01 2010 Alberto, kiwamu, Jc The 3rd (aka The Drigg)OmnistructureTMIMinutes from the Lab Organization Commitee meeting

Today we met and we finally come up with a lot of cool, clever, brilliant, outstanding ideas to organize the lab.

You can find them on the Wiki page created for the occasion.

http://lhocds.ligo-wa.caltech.edu:8000/40m/40m_Internals/Lab_Organization

Enjoy!

  3049   Fri Jun 4 11:32:51 2010 Alberto, kiwamuUpdateIOOMC MMT1 Mirror Tests
[Alberto, Kiwamu]
Last Wednesday, we measured the beam profile after the MC mode matching telescope n.1 (MMT1). We found that the reflected beam had an irregular profile when observed with the beam scan. Fringes also appeared on an IR card.
We thought that such effect could be due to interference of the main reflected beam with the beam reflected by the back surface of the mirror.
 
To test the hypothesis we checked the transmitted and the reflected beams of a spare optic identical to MMT1. (This was the same optic that got dropped during the cleaning/baking process.)
 
We tested it on the PSL table, using a 200mW beam coming from the new 2W Innolight  laser. To maximize the separation between the two beams, we tested MMT1 at 45 degrees. The setup we used is shown here:
 
MCMMT1spareOpticsTestSetup.png
 
We looked at the beam reflected by MMT1 about 5 meters from the mirror. At that distance the beam spot had a size of about 1-2cm. it didn't look perfectly round, but it showed no fringes, as it had happened with original MMT1 inside the MC chamber.
At the transmission, the second ghost beam due to the back surface reflection (see picture above) was very week. In order to be able to see it on an IR card, we had to increase the laser pumping current from 1A to about 1.5A.
 
We are now thinking of a way to measure the relative power between the two. The problem is that they run very close to each other and it's not easy to resolve them with a power meter or a photodiode.
  1193   Thu Dec 18 19:15:54 2008 Alberto, YoichiConfigurationSUSMode Cleaner Cavity Alignment

Quote:
This morning I found the MC locked to the 10 mode. When I locked it on the 00 mode, it was unstable and eventually it always got locked to the wrong mode.

I looked at the Drift Mon MEDM screen, which shows a reference record for position, pitch and yaw of each mirror, and I found that the MC optics were in a different status. Moving the sliders of the mirrors' actuators, I brought them back to the reference position. Then the lock got engaged and it was stable, although the MC reflection from the photodiode, with the wave front sensors (WFS) off, was about 2V. That's higher than the 0.5V the it could get when we aligned the cavity and the input periscope last time.

With the WFS on, the reflection dropped to 0.3V and, so far, the the cavity has been stably locked.


This evening the mode cleaner was again locking on a higher mode so we tweaked the mirrors' actuators by their sliders on the MEDM screen until we improved the reflection to 0.3V.

Then we went inside and, on the AS table, we centered the beam on the wave front sensors.

Now the mode cleaner is locked, the reflection is less than 0.3V and the transmission about 3V, tha is it is in ideal conditions. We'll see if it holds.
  1195   Fri Dec 19 11:29:16 2008 Alberto, YoichiConfigurationMZMZ Trans PD
Lately, it seems that the matching of the input beam to the Mode Cleaner has changed. Also, it is drifting such that it has become necessary to continuously adjust the MC cavity alignment for it to lock properly.

Looking for causes we stopped on the Mach Zehnder. We found that the monitor channel:
C1:PSL-MZ_MZTRANSPD

which supposedly reads the voltage from some photodiode measuring the transmitted power from the Mach Zehnder, is totally unreliable and actually not related to any beam at all.

Blocking either the MZ input or output beam does not change the channel's readout. The reflection channel readout responds well, so it seems ok.
  2477   Tue Jan 5 10:26:32 2010 Alberto, SteveOmnistructureEnvironmentAdded new wall cable-racks

we hung two new WALL cable racks. One is on the pillar next to the Sp table, the other is next to the PSL computer rack.

To do that we had to drill holes in the wall since the simple screws weren't strong enough to keep them up.

One of the racks, the yellow, is dedicated to 4-pin lemos and other thick cables.

DSC_1068-1.JPGDSC_1070-1.JPG

  2106   Fri Oct 16 16:44:39 2009 Alberto, SanjitUpdateComputerselog restarted

This afternoon the elog crashed. We just restarted it.

  1162   Tue Nov 25 18:38:03 2008 Alberto, RobUpdatePSLMC Periscope Alignment
This morning when I came in I found the MC cleaner unlocked and the autolocker script could not lock it. The reflected beam was quite off and showed in the bottom left corner of the IMCR camera. After turning off the WFS locking, I started slightly changing the alignment of the steering mirrors on the MC periscope, waiting for the LSC servo to lock the cavity. It didn't work. At some point I lost the beam from the IMCR camera and that is how someone might have found it when I left it for about one hour.

When I came back and tried again adjusting the steering mirrors, I noticed that the autolocker was working and was trying to lock the cavity. After just a bit of adjustment, the MC got easily locked.

After that, I spent a couple of hours trying to improve the alignment of the periscope to minimize the reflection and maximize the transmission. I started with a transmission of 0.4 V but, despite all the tweaking (I used the technique of turning both yaw knobs at the same time), I couldn't get more than 1.2 V (and 2.4 V at the reflection) if only the LSC servo was on. Looking at the camera, I moved the beam around to look for a more favorable spot but the MC wouldn't lock with the beam in other places. Maybe I could do better or maybe not because the cavity is not aligned. I'm going to try again tomorrow.
  1166   Tue Dec 2 17:56:56 2008 Alberto, RanaConfigurationPSLMC Alignment
In the attempt to maximize the Mode Cleaner transmission and minimize the reflection from the steering mirrors of the MC periscope, we could not get more ~2 V at the MC Trans PD and ~ 0.5 V at MC REFL_DC. As it turned out from the SUS Drift Monitor, the reason was that the MC optics had been somehow displaced from the optimal position.

After restoring the reference position values for the mirrors and tweaking again the periscope, we got ~3V at the MC TransPD and 0.5V at the reflection.
The beam was then probably clipped at the REFL PD so that we had to adjust the alignment of one of the BS in the transmitted beam path on the AS table.
We also zeroed the WFS PDs, but not before reducing the power from the MZ, for their QPDs not to saturate.

After relocking, the transmission was 3V and the reflection ~0.3V.

The beam isnow centered on the Trans PD and REFL PD and the Mode Cleaner locked. More details on the procedure will follow.
  1883   Mon Aug 10 20:49:13 2009 Alberto, RanaUpdatePSLPMC Mode Matching Lenses Tuning

Rana, Alberto

This afternoon we tried to improve the mode matching of the beam to the PMC. To do that we tuned the positions of the two lenses on the PSL table that come before the PMC.

We moved the first lens back an forth the without noticing any improvement on the PMC transmitted and reflected power. Then we moved the first backwards by about one cm (the order is set according to how the beam propagates). That made the things worse so we moved also the second lens in the same direction so that the distance in between the two didn't change significantly. After that, and some more adjustments on the steering mirrors all we could gain was about 0.2V on the PMC transmission.

We suspect that after the problems with the laser chiller of two months ago, the beam size changed and so the mode matching optics is not adequate anymore.

We have to replace the mode matching lenses with other ones.

 

  2468   Wed Dec 30 18:01:03 2009 Alberto, RanaUpdateGeneralAll watchdogs tripped this morning

WQuote:

This morning I found all the watchdogs had tripped during the night.

I restored them all.

I can't damp ITMX. I noticed that its driving matrix is all 1s and -1s as the the right values had been lost in some previous burtrestoring.

 

Rana fixed the problem. He found that the side damping was saturating. He lowered the gain a little for a while, waited for the the damping to slow down the optic and then he brought the gain back where it was.

He also upadted the MEDM screen snapshot.

  3029   Wed Jun 2 01:47:28 2010 Alberto, KiwamuUpdateIOOmode measurement of new input optics

The mode profile of the new input optics was measured.

Although the distance between each optic was not exactly the same as the design because of narrow space,

we measured the profile after the curved mirror (MMT1) that Jenne and Kevin put in the last week.

 


(interference from MMT1)

Below is a sketch of the current optical path inside of the chamber.

inside_vac_2.png

 

In the beginning of this measurement, the angle between the incident and the reflection on MMT1 (denoted as theta on the sketch) was relatively big (~40deg) although MMT1 was actually made for 0deg incident.

At that time we found a spatially large interference imposed on the Gaussian beam at the beam scan. This is not good for mode measurement

This bad interference can be caused by an extra reflection from the back surface of MMT1 because the interference completely vanished by removing MMT1  .

In order to reduce the interference we decreased the angle theta as small as possible. Actually we made it less than 10deg which was our best due to narrow space. 

Now the interference got less and the spot looks better.

The picture below shows an example of the beam shape taken by using the beam scan.

Top panel represents the horizontal mode and bottom panel represents the vertical mode.

You can see some bumps caused by the interference on the horizontal mode, these bumps may lead to overestimation of the horizontal spot size .

 

beam_profile.png

 

(result)

 afterMMT1.png

 The above plot shows the result of the mode measurement.

 Here are the parameter obtained by fitting. The data is also attached as attachment:4

waist size for vertical  w0v [mm]  0.509 +/-0.0237
waist size for horizontal

w0h  [mm]

 0.537  +/- 0.0150
waist position from MMT1 for vertical  xv[m]  -2.91 +/- 0.214
waist position from MMT1 for horizontal xh[m]   -2.90 +/-  0.127


  3046   Thu Jun 3 14:40:28 2010 Alberto, KiwamuUpdateIOOmode measurement of new input optics

Quote:

inside_vac_2.png

 

For the record, we wanted to check whether the fringes on the beam spot were caused by SM2 (see diagram above). We tried two different mirrors for SM2,

The first was one of the flat, 45 degree ones that were already on the BS table. The last, which is the one currently in place, was inside the plastic box with the clean optics that Jenne left us .

The fringes were present in both cases.

  1261   Fri Jan 30 17:30:31 2009 Alberto, JosephbConfigurationComputersNew computer Ottavia set up
Alberto, Joseph,

Today we installed the computer that some time ago Joe bought for his GigE cameras. It was baptized "OTTAVIA".

Ottavia is black, weighs about 20 lbs and it's all her sister, Allegra (who also pays for bad taste in picking names). She runs an Intel Core 2 Quad and has 4GB of RAM. We expect much from her.

Some typical post-natal operations were necessary.

1) Editing of the user ID
  • By means of the command "./usermod -u 1001 controls" we set the user ID of the user controls to 1001, as it is supposed to be.

2) Connection to the Martian network
  • Ottavia was given IP address 131.215.113.097 by editing the file /etc/sysconfig/networ-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 (we also edited the netmask and the gateway address as in the Wiki)
  • In linux1, which serves as name server, in the directory /var/named/chroot/var/named, we modified both the IP-to-name and name-to-IP register files 131.215.113.in-addr.arpa.zone and 131.215.11in-addr.martian.zone.
  • We set the file /etc/resolv.conf so that the OS knows who is the name server.

3) Mounting of the /cvs/cds path
  • We created locally the empty directories /cvs/cds
  • We edited the files /etc/fstab adding the line "linux1:/home/cds /cvs/cds nfs rw,bg,soft 0 0"
  • We implemented the common variables of the controls environment by sourcing the cshrc.40m: in the file /home/controls/.cshrc we added the two lines "source /cvs/cds/caltech/cshrc.40m" and "setenv PATH ${PATH}:/cvs/cds/caltech/apps/linux64/matlab/bin/"
  2490   Fri Jan 8 20:13:49 2010 Alberto, JoBConfigurationComputersThe 40m Kaiser Permanent Reboot Marathon
This morning after Alex and Jo's tinkering with Megatron the RFM network crashed and it brought down also some computers. The effect was that it was not possible to lock the mode cleaner anymore.
A few computers crashed and things didn't come back to their origianl state.
After an endless day of rebooting and fixing problems with the single front ends (in particular with c1susvme1), eventually the mode cleaner got locked again.
Among my weapons I also used the Nuclear Option (TM).
Maybe I'll include more details in a future elog entry.
Anyway, in the end I burtrestored everything to Jan 8 2009 at 9:00.

pasadena_marathon.JPG

  2971   Fri May 21 16:41:38 2010 Alberto, JoUpdateComputersIt's a boy!

Today the new Dell computer for the GSCS (General SURF Computing Side) arrived.

We put it together and hooked it up to a monitor. And guess what? It works!

I'm totally impressed by how the Windows get blurred on Windows 7 when you move them around. Good job Microsoft! Totally worth 5 years of R&D.

  2520   Mon Jan 18 09:44:36 2010 Alberto, BobOmnistructureEnvironmentNo rain water infiltrations so far

It has rained continuously for the last 24 hours. Bob walked through the lab looking for possible water infiltrations. The floor looked dry: no puddles or leaks anywhere so far.

  131   Wed Nov 28 16:18:15 2007 AlbertoMetaphysicsEnvironmentso clean you can eat on it
I tidied up the desks in the lab, brought the Spectrum Analyzers back to the Salumeria (you don't want to know about that), sorted a lot of stuff and boxed up what I didn't know (you can find it in a couple of carton boxes on the table).
The blackmail with the pie might not work next time.
Please, preserve the common sort.


Alberto
  142   Thu Nov 29 18:10:13 2007 AlbertoHowToComputer Scripts / ProgramsGPIB Scripts
I've spent a lot of time trying to configurate the GPIB-USB interface for the HP4195. After installing 1) the Agilent libraries, 2) the drivers, 3) the matlab Instrument Toolbox, 4) Jamie script, 5) Alice's script the computer can see the HP but still they can't 'talk' to each other.
I give up. I asked Alice Wang how she managed to get data. I'm not sure she used the GPIB interace. Rob said she might have used the old fashion floppy disks that we can't read anymore here.
I would really appreciate any suggestion by anyone who happened to have the same problems.
  246   Thu Jan 17 18:22:14 2008 AlbertoUpdateElectronicsRF Monitor Band-pass Filter
After we finalized the schematic for the RF monitor board based on buffered LC resonators, on Richard Abbott's suggestion to avoid the complication brought in by the fast op-amps, we gave another chance to the a passive configuration of the band-pass filter based on a Chebyshev topology. Rich and Ben gave me an old but very powerful software tool to design that kind of filters and showed me the way to circumvent many hassles in making RF test boards.

I made a test circuit for the 166MHz line (see attached schematic), using tunable inductors. The TF are also attached.
We get more than 20 dB of isolation after 33MHz (with a loss of only few dB at the resonance - it could be less), which is enough for all the other frequencies (33,133,199 MHz) but we would like more for the 166. We are going to add one or two extra orders to the filter.

We also have to understand the spike at about 320Mhz and eventually somehow get rid of it.


Alberto
  248   Fri Jan 18 11:53:50 2008 AlbertoUpdateElectronicsRF Monitor Band-pass Filter
The response is asymmetric and on the left side of the peak, we have at least 33dB within 33Mhz, which is enough for all the frequencies. We probably don't need an higher order filter but just low pass filters in series.

The spike at 320MHz doesn't depend on the circuit board. It's either the cables, their connection, or the splitters.

Note that the frequency of this test circuit has still to be tuned exactly at 166MHz (now it's 149).


Alberto



Quote:
After we finalized the schematic for the RF monitor board based on buffered LC resonators, on Richard Abbott's suggestion to avoid the complication brought in by the fast op-amps, we gave another chance to the a passive configuration of the band-pass filter based on a Chebyshev topology. Rich and Ben gave me an old but very powerful software tool to design that kind of filters and showed me the way to circumvent many hassles in making RF test boards.

I made a test circuit for the 166MHz line (see attached schematic), using tunable inductors. The TF are also attached.
We get more than 20 dB of isolation after 33MHz (with a loss of only few dB at the resonance - it could be less), which is enough for all the other frequencies (33,133,199 MHz) but we would like more for the 166. We are going to add one or two extra orders to the filter.

We also have to understand the spike at about 320Mhz and eventually somehow get rid of it.


Alberto
  268   Fri Jan 25 15:53:59 2008 AlbertoUpdateElectronics40 dB from the 3rd order Chebyschev
I managed to tune the 7 knobs in the 3rd order Chebyshev bandpass filter obtaining the tranfer function attached to this entry. We have now 40 dB of attenuation between 166 Mhz and 133 and 199. With this tuning the insertion loss is rather high. We need a better one.


Alberto
  285   Wed Jan 30 11:49:30 2008 AlbertoSummaryElectronicsRF monitor's filters final schematics and transfer functions
These are the final schematics for the 6th order Chebyshev filters of the RF monitor board. I'm also attaching the TF as I measured. The tuning is probably not optimal, less insertion noise could be achieved.
  314   Wed Feb 13 11:41:00 2008 AlbertoUpdateElectronicsSome characterization of the RF Monitor Box (StocMon)
I'm attaching a table with some measurements and the power spectrum from the pd to help evaluate the numbers.

The box output ranges from 0.5V to 2.1V. The coefficient between power and voltage is negative so higher voltage means lower power.

The red numbers are the outputs from each channel at their resonant frequencies. As one can see these are not very well centered on the dynamic range of the power detectors.

The cross coupling seems to be not a problem.

Even if the 166 filter, which handles the smallest of the frequencies and is also the most lossy (for construction reason), mounts a preamplifier, the output is still rather small. this explain also the high bias due to the noise amplification at the maximum power (13dB). A better insertion loss either remaking the filter or re-tuning that one would simplify many problems, i.e. there is not much room in the metal pomona box to fit the amplifier. I might want to consider, after everything else is ready and if I have time before leaving next week, to work on a new 166 filter.
  321   Mon Feb 18 12:04:39 2008 AlbertoUpdateElectronicsRF Monitor (StocMon)
I put the amplifiers next to the monitor on the PSL table, layed the power and the RF SMA cables out to the rack. I'm powering the box and the amplifiers with the power supply, waiting for someone to show me tomorrow how to connect it to the Sorensen (Steve, Ben?).

I'm ready to hook up the channels into EPICS.
  331   Fri Feb 22 08:29:07 2008 AlbertoUpdateElectronicsRF Monitor (StocMon)

Quote:
I put the amplifiers next to the monitor on the PSL table, layed the power and the RF SMA cables out to the rack. I'm powering the box and the amplifiers with the power supply, waiting for someone to show me tomorrow how to connect it to the Sorensen (Steve, Ben?).

I'm ready to hook up the channels into EPICS.


Me and Ben Abbot were plugging the cables that power that RF Monitor box into the PSL rack when inadvertently we made some arcs spark between the pins on the back of one of the ADC. Somehow that made the laser shut down although the MOPA stayed on. We also notice some smell of burn.

Later on, after several failed attempts, Rob, Ben and Steve could restart the laser. It took some times because the written procedure to start the chiller is not very precise.
  332   Fri Feb 22 08:33:18 2008 AlbertoUpdateElectronicsRF Monitor (StocMon)

Quote:
I put the amplifiers next to the monitor on the PSL table, layed the power and the RF SMA cables out to the rack. I'm powering the box and the amplifiers with the power supply, waiting for someone to show me tomorrow how to connect it to the Sorensen (Steve, Ben?).

I'm ready to hook up the channels into EPICS.


With Ben, we hooked up the RF Monitor box into the PSL rack and created 4 EPICS channels for the outputs:

C1:IOO_RF_STOC_MON_33
C1:IOO_RF_STOC_MON_133
C1:IOO_RF_STOC_MON_166
C1:IOO_RF_STOC_MON_199

The power cable bringing +15V to the preamplifier on the PSL table should be replaced eventually.
  545   Thu Jun 19 15:52:06 2008 AlbertoConfigurationComputersMeasure of the current absorbed by the new Megatron Computer
Together with Rich Abbot, sam Abbot and I measured the current absorbed by the new Megatron computer that we installed yesterday in the 1Y3 rack. The computer alone absorbs 8.1A at the startup and then goes down to 5.9A at regime. The rest of the rack took 5.2A without the computer so the all rack needs 13.3 at the startup and the 11.1A.

We also measured the current for the 1Y6 rack where an other similar Sun machine has been installed as temporary frame builder and we get 6.5A.


Alberto, Rich and Sam Abbot
  555   Mon Jun 23 21:51:19 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralArm Cavity Length Measurement
We measured the arm cavity lengths sweeping the ETM mirror position and looking at the reflected demodulated output. We excited the mirror by a sine wave of 0.2 Hz and amplitude of 30000 counts. From the time series of the occurrences of the resonances of the sidebands and of the carrier we evaluated the free spectral range of the cavities and thus the lengths. The details of the procedure are explained in the attached document. As discussed in it, for each cavity we obtain two possible values of the length depending on which of the sideband resonances is that corresponding to the upper sideband and which corresponds to the lower one instead. The numbers are:
Lx=(38.30 +/- 0.08)m / (38.45 +/- 0.08)m
Ly=(38.16 +/- 0.08)m / (38.70 +/- 0.08)m

Since the difference between the two possibilities is quite large, we should be able to decide which one is correct by somehow measuring directly the cavity length. We want to try it tomorrow by a tape meter.


Alberto and Koji
  621   Wed Jul 2 06:46:05 2008 AlbertoConfigurationGeneralNPRO on to warm up
This morning I turned on the NPRO on the AP table so that it can warm up for a few hours before I start using it today.
The flipping mirror is down so no beam is injected in to the IFO.


Alberto
  627   Wed Jul 2 19:15:52 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralStatus of the alignment of the NPRO beam for the Absolute Length Measurement
Today I've tried to bring the frequency of the NPRO laser close enough to that of the IFO beam so that the beat between the two beams can be at a detectable frequency for the photodiode. The way I've been changing the frequency is by the NPRO's temperature control on its driver.

Looking at the signal from the AS OSA should enable us to monitor the direction in which the frequency is changing. Every time the resonances of the IFO beam and of the NPRO beam overlap, we know that the frequencies of the two beams are some FSR of the OSA away from each other. At the overlapping of the resonances, if the difference of frequency is within the detectable range of the photodiode, we should see a peak in the network/spectrum analyzer.

This way turned out not very easy in practice because from the AS OSA one can hardly distinguish the resonances of the primary beam from those of the secondary beam. The cause is mainly the flashing of the IFO beam at the AS port which produces a pattern of resonances of different amplitude. Also for some reason, triggering the output signal from the OSA at the oscilloscope doesn't work very well.

However, even if we didn't have these problems, I think that the two beams are not very well aligned, at least not anymore. I'm attaching some pictures from the AS port. The bright spot on the left is the NPRO beam and the one in the center which flashes is the IFO beam. We probably need some more work in the alignment of the NRPO beam.
  634   Thu Jul 3 18:48:09 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralBeats of the two lasers in the absolute length measurement observed
I adjusted the alignment of the flipper mirror as suggested by Koji making the two beam spots match. I also aligned all the IFO mirrors (ITMs, PRM, SRM, ETMs) to have more power for the IFO signal at the AS port. When I did that I could see the beats at the AS OSA. Then I explored the range of temperature of the NPRO from 35deg (C) to 51.2807deg and at that point I could observe a peak corresponding to the beat at about 10MHz on the network analyzer. The peak tends to drift because the laser takes probably a longer time to actually thermalize and it moves very rapidly changing the temperature of the laser.
  637   Mon Jul 7 11:22:02 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralBeats of the two lasers in the absolute length measurement observed
I didn't post a screenshot from the RF SA because I had troubles with the interface with the computer (unfortunately the network SA cannot export the data either).

There is problem with the PLL circuit. The signal, beside the beat, also contains peaks at 33, 66 and 99 MHz, so we should think about filtering those out.


Quote:
Great! Conguraturation! I wish if I could see it! It's nice if you can put the photo or anything of the RF spectrum analyzer.

Next step:
o You can try to maximize the beat amplitude by the tuning of the Injection steering mirrors.

o At the south end of the SP table, I prepared a frequency mixer. You can put the beat signal into the RF input, and an oscillator (which you can bring from somewhere) to the LO input in order to obtain the error signal of the PLL. Put the IF output of the mixer in a SR560, and please try to lock it by a simple 6db/oct (1st order) LPF of the SR560. For the actuator you can use the fast-pzt input of the NPRO.


Quote:
Then I explored the range of temperature of the NPRO from 35deg (C) to 51.2807deg and at that point I could observe a peak corresponding to the beat at about 10MHz on the network analyzer.
  643   Mon Jul 7 19:15:38 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralOptics alignement on the ABS length experiment
Today I started setting up the PLL instruments to lock the frequency of the NPRO beam to the IFO beam. with no need of a new alignment after the weekend I was able to see the beat again, although this time I found at a different temperature of the NPRO laser of about 54 degrees (vs 51 of the last time).
I've got the Marconi as local oscillator (LO), the mixer Koji suggetsed, the SR560 and a 5 MHz low pass filter to cut the 33, 66 and 99 MHz present in the output signal from the PD. The filter worked well and I was able to single out only the beat resonance from the power spectrum.
In the attempt to enhance the amplitude of the beat, as Koji suggested, I tried to work on the alignment of the steering mirrors. While I was doing that, for some reason the pre-modecleaner lost the alignment and I had to ask John to help me lock it again. during the process I lost the old alignment but at the end I got a new one, apparently (from the camera) even better than the other. Although after that the beats were gone. Actually after the lock-in of the PMC the IFO beam didn't look as good as before, so it might be also for that reason.

I'll try again tomorrow, after that probably tonight Rob is going to reset the alignments of the interferometers.
  656   Thu Jul 10 19:12:07 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralabs cavity length measurement experiment
Yesterday morning, when I started, I found the IFO beam on a different position and the beam spot at the AS port looked very deformed. The overlapping with the secondary beam was not good enough to observe the beats anymore. Restoring the alignments of the interferometers did not work because, as John found out later, some of the photodiodes had offsets and gain which made the restore script ineffective. After resetting the parameters, we had to align every mirror of the interferometers and save the configuration twice. The second times was because on the first time the alignment had been done with the illuminators on. To avoid that in the future, John wrote an alarm to warn about the status of the lights.

After that we fixed the IFO beam, I had to realign the optics in the table to match the secondary beam to the IFO beam. I got the two beam overlapping and, even though the NPRO spot looked distorted, I could observe again some signal of the beat. To do that it was also necessary to have all the interferometer mirrors aligned so that we had more power from the ifo beam although it also made the spot flash. Ideally, to avoid the flashing (which we would also impede the PLL to work) we should work with the interferometer locked. Since that doesn't seem actually possible, we should just keep one of the ITM aligned and improve the beam matching so that we can observe the beats even with less power.

Today I spent the day trying to improve the alignement of the optics to observe the beats with only the ITM aligned, resetting the alignment of both beams with the ireses, with the Farady and all the rest. It was a rather long and tiring process but I think I'm close to the target and maybe tomorrow.
  668   Mon Jul 14 19:15:43 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralabs cavity length measurement experiment
Lately I've been dealing with the alignment of the interferometer to have a good beam spot at the AS port. Today the alignment script kept failing because of computer problems (failure of the frame builder) and also because the IFO was probably too far from the range where the automatic alignment works.

An other problem I keep having with the alignment of the optics on the AP table is with multiple reflection beams of the NPRO beam at the Farady.
Although I believe that now the two beams are quite well aligned, I don't see any reflection of the secondary beam from the IFO anymore.

It's like the more I try to improve the alignment, the worse I get from the beam matching. I'll keep working on this.
  669   Mon Jul 14 21:34:10 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralabs cavity length measurement experiment

Quote:
Lately I've been dealing with the alignment of the interferometer to have a good beam spot at the AS port. Today the alignment script kept failing because of computer problems (failure of the frame builder) and also because the IFO was probably too far from the range where the automatic alignment works.

An other problem I keep having with the alignment of the optics on the AP table is with multiple reflection beams of the NPRO beam at the Farady.
Although I believe that now the two beams are quite well aligned, I don't see any reflection of the secondary beam from the IFO anymore.

It's like the more I try to improve the alignment, the worse I get from the beam matching. I'll keep working on this.


Realigning the OSA I also had to move a little bit the mirror that reflects the IFO beam of at the AS port in order to raise the beam height. This had the effect of changing the position of the AS spot on the camera and on the monitors.

Tonight with John, we made sure that the AS beam was still aligned to the PD.
  683   Wed Jul 16 16:59:07 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralAligment
I think the two beams are aligned again - they both pass the Faraday, they match at the irises and all along the optical path on the AP table. Although the NPRO beam does not show up at the AS port.
  724   Wed Jul 23 16:31:02 2008 AlbertoConfigurationComputersMegatron connected
Joe, Rana, Alberto,

we found out the password for Megatron so we could log in and set a new one so that now it's the same as that for controls.
The IP address is 131.215.113.59.

We had to switch to another LAN ports to actually connect it.
  725   Wed Jul 23 17:19:48 2008 AlbertoConfigurationComputersMegatron connected
We changed the IP address. Ther new one is 131.215.113.95.

Joe, Alberto


Quote:
Joe, Rana, Alberto,

we found out the password for Megatron so we could log in and set a new one so that now it's the same as that for controls.
The IP address is 131.215.113.59.

We had to switch to another LAN ports to actually connect it.
  798   Tue Aug 5 10:56:05 2008 AlbertoConfigurationGeneralITMX chamber opened and mirror released
D-Mass, Steve, Rana, Koji, Yoichi, Alberto,
We opened the ITMX chamber to check the optics after last week earthquake. In particular, from the spectra, ITMX seemed to be stuck and had to be released again. When we inspected the mirror, we found that it wasnít necessary to touch it. It had become free again during the vent thanks to the change of conductivity in the air inside during the vent.
We checked the magnets and they seemed to be fine.
A couple of stop screws had lost the rubber on their tips, although we donít know if that was due to the earthquake.
We also took advantage of the opening to center the LR and the left OSEMs in the mirror to their zero.
Inspecting the table we found a couple of things not totally clear on the configuration of the optics in the table. In particular we found a beam dump located too close to the ifo beam. Eventually we found out that the dump was meant to block a ghost beam coming from the ITM. A better location should probably be figured out for that. We also found that the POXM1 mirror designed to have the maximum reflectivity for the P polarization of the beam at 45 degrees is mounted so that the incident beam is at 22 degrees. This cause the beam to be 90% transmitted and only 10 percent reflected to POX. The transmitted beam appears at ther BSC chamber.

The ifo beam passes so close to the POXM1 mirror so that it can be clipped by its large metal frame ring. The beam at that point is about 6mm large and the ring is about 1cm thick so that we could gain some distance with a different mount.
  800   Tue Aug 5 17:56:23 2008 AlbertoConfigurationGeneralSRM and PRM inspection
Yoichi, Koji, Rana, Steve, Alberto

Today we opened the BSC to inspect the optics, and in particular the SRM and PRM.
We found that one of the side magnets of the SRM was broken and a piece of it fell and got stuck to the LR magnet.
We removed the LR OSEM and took off the broken part with tweezers. Since we couldnít replace the magnet on the side,
we decided to just switch the OSEM to the other side were a second magnet was available. Then we centered the OSEMs.
Using the optical levers we aligned both the ITMX and the SRM so that now we have to center again the OSEMs on both.

The PRM was visibly tilted and it was out of the range of the OSEMs. To try to fix the tilt we lift it up a little
with the screws on the bottom and pushed it with the third screw on top. That had the effect of making the mirror
tilt to the opposite direction. We looked at the wires (see attached picture) and it seemed centered on the side
of the mirror.

Tomorrow we are going to reset the OSEMs on ITMX and SRM and then weíre going to try to fix the tilt on PRM.
  805   Wed Aug 6 19:01:15 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralITMX and SRM OSEM post-earthquake diagnostic
Koji, Yoichi, Alberto

Today we reset the OSEMs on ITMX and SRM in order to be centered when the mirrors are aligned to the IFO beam. Since the PRM is still out of order, we used the beam from NPRO laser of the absolute length measurement experiment as it is injected through the AS port.
Thatís how we did it:

1) We aligned the SRM so that the reflected beam from the NPRO was at the camera after at the AS port.

2) We traded off the alignment of SRM in order for the reflected beam at the camera to have a nice shape, avoiding any clipping from the optics, and for the optical lever to be not too far from zero. The final alignment for SRM, as read on the sliders on the MDM screen, is: Pitch=1.1650, Yaw=1.4674.

3) We aligned ITMX checking out by an IR card that the incoming and the reflected main beam in between ITMX and the BS matched. The alignment of the two beams was improved checking the matching after the SRM. The final alignment for ITMX, as read on the sliders on the MDM screen, is: Pitch=-1.2937, Yaw=-0.9890.

4) After the alignment of SRM and ITMX these were the voltages at the OSEMs:

SRM
UL=0.957
UR=1.254
LR=0.768
LL=0.620
Side=0.958

ITMX
UL=1.144
UR=1.360
LR=0.591
LL=0.325
Side=-----

5) Finally we centered the OSEMs on both mirrors and we read these voltages:

SRM
UL=0.939
UR=0.994
LR=0.782
LL=0.938
Side=0.953

ITMX
UL=0.918
UR=0.891
LR=0.887
LL=0.875
Side=0.883
  916   Wed Sep 3 18:45:01 2008 AlbertoConfiguration PD3 gain
Alberto, Yoichi,

We found that the PD3 servo was unstable with a gain of 1, so we switched it to 0.5
  940   Wed Sep 10 19:53:53 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralabs length experiment
Update of the last days work on the experiment to measure the absolute length of the cavities.

I'm trying to repeat the same measurement that Koji did on the Y arm, before switching to the X arm.

I switched to the PHD universal box for the PLL control between the main laser and the secondary laser. I found a good gain value for the servo and now I can set the frequency of the beat to any value as long as I do it slowly turning the LO frequency from the knob on the Marconi.

I laid down a 50m BNC cable from the Y end to near the BS chamber, where all the abs length equipment is. I matched the two laser beams changing the alignment of the injection steering mirror at the the dark port on the AP table. I then locked the Y arm cavity. When I first tried to do that, the locking script didn't work because the beam was off of the 'sweet spot' where Rob had set it on Monday. It turned out that aborting the script during one of its previous run, had changed the alignment of the PZT steering mirrors. So with Rob I brought them back near the positions as in the snapshot and then saved a new one with the latest values.

Eventually I could set the beat frequency to the FSR of the arm cavity and saw it in transmission at the ETMY.

Now I'm working on the LabView interface for the GPIB data acquisition board.
  944   Fri Sep 12 11:09:20 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralabs cavity length experiment
I'm leaving the lab for a couple of hours. I shut the NPRO. The interferometer is available to anyone.
  945   Sat Sep 13 23:13:01 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralabs cavity length experiment
The Y arm was locked all time today but, suddenly, this afternoon it lost lock and since then I've been unable to restore it. I tried unsuccessfully the Restore and the Align scripts several times, although the position of PZT steering mirrors were good (as in the snapshot). I tried things like unlocking/locking the MC, the FSS reference cavity, the PMC but it didn't work. Then I decided to switch to the X arm. Locking it was a piece of cake compare to Y. I'm going to start measuring the FSR of the X arm.
  946   Sun Sep 14 18:30:32 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralABSL: measured X arm
Today I measured the X arm FSR.
Hi moved the fast PD (Thor Labs PDA255) from the Y end table to the X end table. I had to use a beam splitter to pick out the transmitted beam from the cavity beam and send it to the PD. I did not want to interpose the BS before the TRANS X PD, so I had to move the ETMXT camera to an other place in the table to gain some room. Now the beam that used to go directly to the camera is 50% split and goes also to the PD. I had to put a lens to focus the beam on the PD. The transmitted beam is currently not aligned to the ETMXT camera, I need to fix the alignment of the BS before.
I'm now doing a rough scan of a frequency range 5 times as large as the FSR. I'll post the results soon.
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