The temperature control output channel for the XEND seismometer wasn't working properly. The EPICS channel existed, could be written to and read from, but no physical voltage was observed on the (confirmed properly) wired connector.
The Acromag DAC that outputs this channel was completely spare in the original scheme and does not serve any other channels at the moment. We found it to be unresponsive to ping from the host machine (reminder: the Acromags are on their own subnet with IPs 192.168.114.xxx connected to the secondary ethernet adapter of c1auxex), while all others returned the ping just fine. The modules have daisy-chained ethernet connections, and the one Acromag unit behind the unresponsive one in the chain was still responding to ping and its channels were working, so it couldn't have been a problem with the (ethernet) cabling.
Gautam and I power-cycled the chassis and server, which resolved the issue. The channel is now outputting the requested voltage on the Out1 BNC connector of the chassis (front). When I was setting up the whole system and did frequent rebooting and IP-redefinitions I have seen network issues arise between server and Acromags. In particular, when changing the network settings server-side, the Acromags needed to reboot occasionally. So this whole problem was probably due to the recent server-swap, as the chassis had not been power-cycled since.
During the debugging we also found that the c1psl2 channels were not working. This was because I had overlooked to update the epics environment variables for the modbus path defined in /cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1psl2/npro_config.cmd from the local installation /opt/epics/ (which doesn't exist on the new server anymore) to the network location /cvs/cds/rtapps/epics-22.214.171.124_long/. This has been fixed and the slow diagnostic PSL channels are recording again.
I made a list of all the physical c1psl channels to get a better idea for how many acromags we need to replace it eventually. There 3123 unit is the one whose failure had prevented c1psl from booting, which is why it was unplugged (elog post 12852), and its channels have been inactive since. Are the 126MOPA channels used for the current mephisto? 126 tells me it's for an old lightwave laser, but I was checking a few and found that they have non-zero, changing values, so they may have been rewired.
It also hosts some virtual channels for the ISS with root C1:PSL-ISS_ defined in iss.db and dc.db, the PSL particle counter with root C1:PEM- defined in PCount.db and a whole lot of PSL status channels defined in pslstatus.db. Transfering these virtual channels to a different machine is almost trivial, but the serial readout of the particle counter would have to find a new home.
Long story short - we need:
Turns out, there is no RPM for XmGrace on Scientific Linux 7. Since this is the graphic output of dataviewer, we can't use dataviewer through X windows until this gets fixed. CDS is looking into a xmGrace replacement, but it would be better if we can hijack a alt RH repo to steal a temporary xmgrace RPM. KT has been pinged.
Using Gautam's Finesse file and the cad files for the 40m optical setup I propagated the arm mode out of the AS port. For the location of the 3.04 mm waist I used the average distance to the ITMs, which is 11.321 m from the beam spot on the 2 inch mirror on the AS table close to the viewport. The 2inch lens focuses the IFO mode to a 82.6 μm waist at a distance of 81 cm, which is what we have to match the aux laser fiber output to.
I profiled the fiber output and obtained a waist of 289.4 μm at a distance of 93.3 cm from the front edge of the base of the fiber mount. Next step is to figure out the lens placement and how to merge the beam paths. We could use a simple mirror if we don't need AS110 and AS55, we could use a polarizing BS and work with s polarization, or we find a Faraday Isolator.
While doing a beam scan with the razor blade method I noticed that the aux laser has significant intensity noise. This is seen on the New Focus 1611 that is used for the beat signal between PSL and aux laser, as well as on the fiber output PD. There is a strong oscillation around 210 kHz. The oscillation frequency decreases when the output power is turned down, the noise eater has no effect. Koji suggested it could be light scattering back into the laser because I couldn't find a usable Faraday Isolator back when I installed the aux laser in the PSL enclosure. I'll have to investigate this a little further, look at the spectrum, etc. This intensity noise will appear as amplitude noise of the beat note, which worries me a little.
For the arm cavity ringdowns, I guess we don't need AS55/AS110 (although I think the camera will still be useful for alignment). But for something like RC Gouy phase characterization, I'd imagine we need the AS detectors to lock various cavities. So I think we should go for a solution that doesn't disturb the AS PD beams.
It's hard to tell from the plot in the manual (pg 52) what exactly the relaxation oscillation frequency is, but I think it's closer to 600 kHz (is this characteristic of NdYAG NPROs)?? Is the high RIN on the light straight out of the NPRO?
We could use a simple mirror if we don't need AS110 and AS55, we could use a polarizing BS and work with s polarization, or we find a Faraday Isolator.
There is a strong oscillation around 210 kHz. The oscillation frequency decreases when the output power is turned down, the noise eater has no effect.
I suspect that the LD of the aux laser is dying.
- The max power we obtain from this laser (700mW NPRO) is 33mW. Yes, 33mW. (See attachment 1)
- The intensity noise is likely to be relaxation oscillation and the frequency is so low as the pump power is low. When the ADJ is adjusted to 0, the peak moved even lower. (Attachment 2, compare purple and red)
- What the NE (noise eater) doing? Almost nothing. I suspect the ISS gain is too low because of the low output power. (Attachment 2, compare green and red)
In September 2017 I measured ~150mW output power, which was already kind of low. What are the chances of getting this one repaired? Steve, can you please check the serial number? It's probably too old like the other ones.
I suspect that the LD of the aux laser is dying.
- The max power we obtain from this laser (700mW NPRO) is 33mW. Yes, 33mW. (See attachment 1)
Motivation: I want to make another measurement of the out-of-loop ALS beat noise, with improved MM into both the PSL and EX fibers and also better polarization control. For this, I want to make a few changes at the EX table.
Barring objections, I will start working on these changes later today.
I started working on the EX table. Work is ongoing so I will finish this up later in the evening, but in case anyone is wondering why there is no green light...
To do in the eve:
gautam 1245am: Fiber cleaning was done - I'll upload pics tomorrow, but it seems like the fiber was in need of a good cleaning. I did some initial mode-matching attempts, but peaked at 10% MM. Koji suggested not going for the final precisely tunable lens mounting solution while trying to perfect the MM. So I'll use easier to move mounts for the initial tuning and then swap out the DT12s once I have achieved good MM. Note that without any attenuation optics in place, 24.81mW of power is incident on the collimator. In order to facilitate easy debugging, I have connected the spare fiber from PSL to EX at the PSL table to the main EX fiber - this allows me to continuously monitor the power coupled into the fiber at the EX table while I tweak lens positions and alignment. After a bit of struggle, I noticed I had neglected a f=150mm lens in my earlier calculation - I've now included it again, and happily, there seems to be a solution which yields the theoretical 100% MM efficiency. I'll work on implementing this tomorrow..
I implemented most of the things outlined in my previous elog. Implementing the a la mode solution after including all lenses, I managed to achieve >90% mode-matching into the fiber. Power monitor PD has not been re-installed yet, neither has the bracket I removed. The polarization monitoring setup on the PSL table has now been hooked up to the EX fiber, let's see how it does overnight. All quoted power measurements in this elog were made with the Ophir power meter (filter off).
Attachment #1 shows the implemented MM solution. I did not include the PBS substrate in the calculation, maybe that will help a little.
Attachment #2 shows the new layout. The beam is a little low on the PBS and HWP - I will swap these out to mounts with slightly lower height, that should improve the situation a little. There is no evidence of clipping, and the beam clears all edges by at least 3 beam diameters.
Attachments #3 and #4 show the EX fiber before and after cleaning respectively. Seems like the cleaning was successful.
Attachment #5 shows the beam incident on the coupler with on an IR card. This beam only goes through a QWP, lens, BS and 45 degree steering mirror, so I'm not sure what's responsible for the large halo around the main beam. There is significant power in the halo too - I measured 25mW right before the coupler, but if I use an iris to try and cut off the halo, the power is measured to be ~19mW.
Here is a first look at the overnight stability. For the temperature, I used the calibration I found in the old psl database file, seems to give sensible results. It's only 15 hours of data plotted, so we don't see the full 24 hour temperature swing, but I think it is safe to say that for the EX fiber, the dominant cause of the "waveplate effect" is not in fact temperature drift. The polarization extinction is still better than 10dB in the entire period of observation though... I'm going to push ahead with a beat spectrum measurement, though there is room for improvement in the input coupling alignment to fiber special axes.
The apparent increase in these plots towards the end of the 15 hour period is because the lights on the PSL table were switched on.
Annoyingly, it seems like the PSL NPRO channels (which I have hijacked to do this test) do not have minute trend data directly accessible from NDS2. Not sure whether this is an NDS2 problem, or something missing in the way the channels are setup with Acromag. Probably the former, as I am able to generate minute trend plots with dataviewer. I forget whether this is the same as the infamous minute trend problem. Second trend data is available though, and is what I used to make these plots...
My goal was to do some further characterization of the IR ALS system tonight. With POX as an OOL sensor, I measured an RMS displacement noise of 8 pm with the arm under ALS control. I calculated the CARM linewidth to be 77 Hz (=10.3 pm) for the 40m parameters, assuming 30ppm arm loss. Fuurthermore, this number is 3x better than the 24 pm RMS quoted in the Izumi et. al. paper. Of course I am quoting the best results from my efforts tonight. Conclusions:
Since the stability and noise seemed quite good, I decided to collect some arm scan data to give to our modeSpec SURFs to practice fitting (which is the short dip in TRX in Attachment #4). Although after the discussion with Rana today, I think it may be that we want to do this measurement in reflection and not transmission, and look for a zero crossing in the PDH signal. In any case, I was able to scan 7 FSRs without any issues. I will upload the data to some git repo. GPS start time is 1208850775, sweep was 3mins long.
I think the next step here is to noise-budget this curve. At least the DFD noises
[Jon, Gautam, Johannes]
Summary: In support of making a proof-of-concept RF measurement of the SRC Gouy phase, we've implemented a PLL of the aux. 700mW NPRO laser frequency to the PSL. The lock was demonstrated to hold for minutes time scales, at which point the slow (currently uncontrolled) thermal drift of the aux. laser appears to exceed the PZT dynamic range. New (temporary) hardware is set up on an analyzer cart beside the PSL launch table.
- Characterize PLL stability and noise performance (transfer functions).
- Align and mode-match aux. beam from the AS table into the interferometer.
- With the IFO locked in a signal-recycled Michelson configuration, inject broadband (swept) AM sidebands via the aux. laser AOM. Coherently measure the reflection of the driven AM from the SRC.
- Experiment with methods of creating higher-order modes (partially occluding the beam vs. misaligning into, e.g., the output Faraday isolator). The goal is identify a viable techinque that is also possible at the sites, where the squeezer laser serves as the aux. laser.
The full measurement idea is sketched in the attached PDF.
The new K6XS mounts I ordered have arrived. I want to install one of them at the Y-end. I can't find a picture of the current layout but it exists as there is a hardcopy affixed to the ETMY chamber door, Steve, can we dig this up and put it in the wiki? In any case, the current beam going into the fiber is the pickoff from the post-SHG harmonic separator. I'd like to change the layout a bit, and use a pickoff before the doubling oven, but looking at the optical table, this seems like a pretty involved task and would probably require large scale optical hardware rearrangement. In any case, the MM of the green beam into the Y-arm is <50%, so I would like to redo that as well. Does anyone know of a measurement of the mode from the Lightwave NPRO that is installed at EY? I think Annalisa is the one who installed this stuff, but I can't find an actual NPRO mode measurement in her elog thread.
Found it: elog4874, elog8436. I updated the laser inventory page to link the lasers in use to the most recent mode measurements I could find on the elog. I guess ideally we should also link the AM/PM response measurements.
SV ETMY optical table layout
as of 3-31-2016
The oplev path was optimized with AR coated lenses and new He/Ne laser Jan 24, 2017
Instead of trying to couple the fiber output into the interferometer, I'm doing the reverse and maximize the amount of interferometer light going into the fiber. I set up the mode-matching solution shown in attachment #1 and started tweaking the lens positions. Attachment #2 shows the setup on the AS table. After the initial placement I kept moving the lenses in the green arrow directions and got more and more light into the fiber.
When I stopped this work yesterday I measured 86% of the AS port light coming out the other fiber end, and I have not yet reached a turning point with moving the lenses, so it's possible I can tickle out a little more than that.
It occured to me though that I may have been a little hasty with the placement of the mirror that in attachment #2 redirects the beam which would ordinarily go to AS55. For my arm ringdown measurements this doesn't matter, I could actually place it even before the 50/50 beamsplitter that sends light onto AS110 and double the amount of light going into the IFO. What signals are needed for the Guoy phase measurement? Is AS 110 sufficient, or do we need AS55?
I think we need AS55 for locking the configuration Jon suggested - AS55 I and Q were used to lock the SRMI previously, and so I'd like to start from those settings but perhaps there is a way to do this with AS110 I and Q as well.
What signals are needed for the Guoy phase measurement? Is AS 110 sufficient, or do we need AS55?
Some notes about the setup and work at the PSL table today, Jon can add to / correct me.
Attached are final details of the phase-locked loop (PLL) implementation we'll use for slaving the AUX 700 mW NPRO laser to the PSL.
The first image is a schematic of the electronics used to create the analog loop. They are curently housed on an analyzer cart beside the PSL table. If this setup is made permanent, we will move them to a location inside the PSL table enclosure.
The second image is the measured transfer function of the closed loop. It achieves approximately 20 dB of noise suppression at low frequencies, with a UGF of 50 kHz. In this configuration, locks were observed to hold for 10s of minutes.
this doesn't make much sense to me; the phase to frequency conversion (mixer-demod to PZT ) should give us a 1/f loop as Johannes mentioned in the meeting. That doesn't agree with your loop shape.
How about give us some more details of the setup including photos and signal/power levels? And maybe measure the LB1005 TF by itself to find out what's wrong with the loop.
I have been puzzled about the beat note level we get out of the BeatMouth for some time.
I have pulled the box out in order to re-characterize the DC power levels incident on the PD, and also to change the gain setting on the PD to the lower gain which is more compatible with the level of optical power we have going into the BeatMouth. The modern catalog for the FPD310 (see wiki) suggests that the maximum output voltage swing of the PD is 1Vpp driving a 50ohm load. With 50% overlapping efficiency between the PSL and AUX beams, and 400 uW of optical power from each beam, I expect an output of 0.5Vpp. Even with perfect overlap, I expect 0.8Vpp. So these numbers seem reasonable.
I also plan to check the scaling of electrical beat amplitude to optical power for a couple of levels to see that these scale as expected...
I did some more BeatMouth characterization. My primary objective was to do a power budget. Specifically, to measure the insertion loss of the mating sleeves and of the fiber beam splitters. All power numbers quoted in this elog are measured with the fiber power meter. Main takeaways:
Remarks / Questions:
[jon, steve, gautam]
Some points which Jon will elaborate upon (and put photos of) in his detailed elog about this setup:
We are now in a state where the PLL can be locked remotely from the control room by tweaking the AUX laser temperature . Tomorrow, Keerthana will work on getting Craig's/Johannes' Digital Frequency Counter script working here, I think we can easily implement a PLL autolocker if we have some diagostic that tells us if the PLL us locked or not.
Steve informed me that there is an acoustic hum inside the PSL enclosure which wasn't there before. Indeed, it is at ~295Hz, and is from the Bench power supply used to power the ZFL500HLN amplifier. This will have to go...
As I suspected, when the SR560 is operated in 1 Hz, first order LPF mode, the (electronic) transfer function has a zero at ~5kHz (!!!).
This is what allowed the PLL to be locked with this setting with UGF of ~30kHz. On the evidence of Attachment #3, there is also some flattening of the electrical TF at low frequencies when the SR560 is driving the NPRO PZT. I'm pretty sure the flattening is not a data download error but since this issue needs further investigation anyway, I'm not reading too much into it. I fit the model with LISO but since we don't have low frequency (~1Hz) data, the fit isn't great, so I'm excluding it from the plots.
We also did some PLL loop characterization. We decided that the higher output range (10Vp bs 10Vpp for the SR560) of the LB1005 controller means it is a better option for the PLL. The lock state can also be triggered remotely. It was locked with UGF ~ 60kHz, PM ~45deg.
We also measured the actuation coefficient of the NPRO laser PZT to be 4.89 +/- 0.02 MHz/V. Quoted error is (1-sigma) from the fit of the linear part of the measured transfer function to a single pole at DC with unknown gain. I used the "clean" part of the measurement that extends to lower frequencies for the fit, as can be seen from the residuals plot. Good to know that even though the LDs are dying, the PZT is still going strong :D.
Remaining loop characterization (i.e. verification of correct scaling of in loop suppression with loop gain etc.) is left to Jon.
Some other remarks:
Attached is supporting documentation for the AUX-PSL PLL electronics installed in the lower PSL shelf, as referenced in #13845.
Some initial loop measurements by Gautam and Koji (#13848) compare the performance of the LB1005 vs. an SR560 as the controller, and find the LB1005 to be advantageous (a higher UGF and phase margin). I have some additional measurements which I'll post separately.
Pickoffs of the AUX and PSL beams are routed onto a broadband-sensitive New Focus 1811 PD. The AUX laser temperature is tuned to place the optical beat note of the two fields near 50 MHz. The RF beat note is sensed by the AC-coupled PD channel, amplified, and mixed-down with a 50 MHz RF source to obtain a DC error signal. The down-converted term is isolated via a 1.9-MHz low-pass filter in parallel with a 50 Ohm resistor and fed into a Newport LB1005 proportional-integral (PI) servo controller. Controller settings are documented in the below schematic. The resulting control signal is fed back into the fast PZT actuator input of the AUX laser.
I setup a basic MEDM screen for remote control of the PLL.
The Slow control voltage slider allows the frequency of the laser to be moved around via the front panel slow control BNC.
The TTL signal slider provides 0/5V to allow triggering of the servo. Eventually this functionality will be transferred to the buttons (which do not work for now).
The screen can be accessed from the PSL dropdown menu in sitemap. We can make this better eventually, but this should suffice for initial setup.
Below is analysis of measurements I had taken of the AUX-PSL PLL using an SR560 as the servo controller (1 Hz single-pole low-pass, gain varied 100-500). The resulting transfer function is in good agreement with that found by Gautam and Koji (#13848). The optimal gain is found to be 200, which places the UGF at 15 kHz with a 45 deg phase margin.
For now I have reverted the PLL to use the SR560 instead of the LB1005. The issue with the LB1005 is that the TTL input for remote control only "freezes" the integrator, but does not actually reset it. This is fine if the lock is disabled in a controlled way (i.e., via the medm interface). However, if the lock is lost uncontrollably, the integrator is stuck in a garbage state that prevents re-locking. The only way to reset this integrator is to manually flip a switch on the controller box (no remote reset). Rana suggests we might be able to find a workaround using a remote-controlled relay before the controller.
Since we've been hijacking channels like there is no tomorrow for the AUX-PLL setup, I'm documenting the channel names here. The next time c1psl requires a reboot, I'll rename these channels to something more sensible. To find the channel mapping, Koji suggested I use this. Has worked well for us so far... We've labelled all pairs of wires pulled out of the cross connects and insulation taped the stripped ends, in case we ever need to go back to the original config.
To mitigate integrator railing
I was planning to set up the additions to the AS table that are outlined in Attachment #1. Unfortunately the beam is too large for the 2mm clear aperture Faraday rotators that we have available at that position. I checked the 40m and QIL and found 5 Faraday isolators/rotators for 1064 nm total, but none have large enough aperture for the current setup. Some options for buying a larger aperture isolator are:
I wanted to leave the rest of the setup undisturbed at first, but I think a much easier solution would be to move the 2" focusing lens up by about 12", which moves the beam focus away from AS55 to where the Faraday will be placed, but we can re-focus it with another lens. I may have to change the mode-matching for the aux laser fiber slightly to accomodate this change, but if there are no other concerns I would like to start this work tomorrow (Wednesday).
Details and discussion: (diagrams to follow)
I find this hard to believe.
As I see it, the possibilities are:
I guess #3 can be tested by varying the polarization content of one of the input beams through 90 degrees.
A couple of months ago, I took 21 measurements of the delay line transfer function. As shown in Attachment #2, the unwrapped phase is more consistent with a cable length closer to 45m rather than 50m (assuming speed of light is 0.75c in the cable, as the datasheet says it is).
Attachment #1 shows the TF magnitude for the same measurements. There are some ripples consistent with reflections, so something in this system is not impedance matched. I believe I used the same power splitter to split the RF source between delayed and undelayed paths to make these TFs as is used in the current DFD setup to split the RF beatnote.
I had made some TF measurements of the delay sometime ago, need to dig up the data and see what number that measurement yields.
Attached are gain-variation measurements of the final, in situ AUX-to-PSL phase-locked loop (PLL).
Attachment 1: Figure of open-loop transfer function
Attachment 2: Raw network analyzer data
The figure shows the open-loop transfer function measured at several gain settings of the LB1005 PI servo controller. The shaded regions denote the 1-sigma sample variance inferred from 10 sweeps per gain setting. This analysis supercedes previous posts as it reflects the final loop architecture, which was slightly modified (now has a 90 dB low-frequency gain limit) as a workaround to make the LB1005 remotely operable. The measurements are also extended from 100 kHz to 1 MHz to resolve the PZT resonances of the AUX laser.
Shorewall (http://shorewall.net/), a tool to configure iptables, was installed on nodus.
The description about shorewall setting on nodus can be found here: https://wiki-40m.ligo.caltech.edu/NodusShorewallSetting
NDS (31200) on megatoron is not enabled outside of the firewall yet.
Thanks to a discussion yesterday with Joe Betzweiser, I was able to identify and fix the remaining problem with the LLO GigE camera software. It is working now, currently only on rossa, but can be set up on all the machines. I've started a wiki page with documentation and usage instructions here:
This page is also linked from the main 40m wiki page under "Electronics."
This software has the ability to both stream live camera feeds and to record feeds as .avi files. It is described more on the wiki page.
We replaced the NAT router between martian and the campus net. We have the administrative web page available for the NAT router, but it is accessible from inside (=martian) as expected.
We changed the IP address registration of nodus for the internet so that the packets to nodus is directed to the NAT router. Then the NAT router forwards the packets to actual nodus only for the allowed ports. Because of this change of the IP we had a few confusions. First of all, martian net, which relies on chiara for DNS resolution. The 40m wifi router seemed to have internal DNS cache and required to reboot to make the IP change effective.
The WAN side cable of nodus was removed.
We needed to run "sudo rndc flush" to force chiara's bind9 to refresh the cache. We also needed to restart httpd ("sudo systemctl restart httpd") on nodus to make the port 8081 work properly.
So far, ssh (22), web services (30889), and elog (8081, 8080) were tested. We also need to test megatron NDS port forwarding and rsync for nodus, too.
Finally I turned off the firewall rules of shorewall on nodus as it is no longer necessary.
More details are found on the wiki page. https://wiki-40m.ligo.caltech.edu/FirewallSetting
In order to use the 0th-order deflection beam from the AOM for cavity mode scans, I've coaligned this beam to the existing mode-matching/launch optics set up for the 1st-order beam.
Instead of being dumped, the 0th-order beam is now steered by two 45-degree mirrors into the existing beam path. The second mirror is on a flip mount so that we can quickly switch between 0th-order/1st-order injections. None of the existing optics were touched, so the 1st-order beam alignment should still be undisturbed.
Currently the 0th-order beam is being injected into the IFO. After attenuating so as to not exceed 100 mW incident on the fiber, approximately 50 mW of power reaches the AS table. That coupling efficiency is similar to what we have with the 1st-order beam. With the Y-arm cavity locked and the AUX PLL locked at RF offset = 47.60 MHz (an Y-arm FSR), I observed a -50 dBm beat note at Y-end transmission.
I tried to put together a rudimentary heater setup.
As a heating element, I used the soldering iron tip heated up to ~800°C.
To make a reflector, I used the small basket which holds the cork of champains battles (see figure 1), and I covered it with alumnum foil. Of course, it cannot be really considered as a parabolic reflector, but it's something close (see figure 2).
Then, I put a ZnSe 1 inch lens, 3.5 inch FL (borrowed from TCS lab) right after the reflector, in order to collect as much as possible the radiation and focus it onto an image (figure 3). In principle, if the heat is collimated by the reflector, the lens should focus it in a pretty small image. Finally, in order to see the image, I put a screen and a small piece of packaging sponge (because it shouldn't diffuse too much), and I tried to see the projected pattern with a thermal camera (also borrowed from Aidan). However, putting the screen in the lens focal plane didn't really give a sharp image, maybe because the reflector is not exactly parabolic and the heater not in its focus. However, light is still focused on the focal plane, although the image appears still blurred. Perahps I should find a better material (with less dispersion) to project the thermal image onto. (figure 4)
Finally, I measured the transmitted power with a broadband power meter, which resulted to be around 10mW in the focal plane.
I made some simulation to study the change that the heater setup can induce on the Radius of Curvature of the ETM.
First, I used a non-sequential ray tracing software (Zemax) to calculate the heat pattern. I made a CAD of the elliptical reflector and I put a radiative element inside it (similar to the rod-heater 30mm long, 3.8mm diameter that we ordered), placing it in such a way that the heater tip is as close as possible to the ellipse first focus. (figure 1)
Then, by putting a screen at the second focus of the ellipse (where we suppose to place the mirror HR surface), I could find the projected heat pattern, as shown in figure 2 and 3 (section). Notice that the scale is in INCH, even if the label says mm. As you can see, the heat pattern is pretty broad, but still enough to induce a RoC change.
In order to compute the mirror deformation induced by this kind of pattern, I used this map produced with Zemax as absorption map in COMSOL. I considered ~1W total power absorbed by the mirror (just to have a unitary number).
The mirror temperature and deformation maps induced by this heat pattern are shown in figures 4 and 5.
RoC change evaluation
Then I had to evaluate the RoC change. In particular, I did it by fitting the Radius of Curvature over a circle of radius:
where is the waist of tha Gaussian mode on the ETMY (5mm) and n is the mode order. This is a way to approximately know which is the Radius of Curvature as "seen" by each HOM, and is shown in figure 6 (the RoC of the cold mirror is set to be 57.37m). Of course, besides being very tiny, the difference in RoC strongly depends on the heat pattern.
Gouy phase variation
Considering this absorbed power, the cavity Gouy phase variation between hot and cold state is roughly 15kHz (I leave to the SURFs the details of the calculation).
So the still unaswered questions are:
- which is the minimum variation we are able to resolve with our measurement
- how much heating power do we expect to be projected onto the mirror surface (I'll make another entry on that)
Today both the heater and the reflector were delivered, and we set down the setup to make some first test.
The schematic is the usual: the rod heater (30mm long, 3.8 mm diameter) is set inside the elliptical reflector, as close as possible to the first focus. In the second focus we put the power meter in order to measure the radiated power. The broadband power meter wavelength calibration has been set at 4µm: indeed, the heater emits all over the spectrum with the Black Body radiation distribution, and the broadband power meter measures all of them, but only starting from 4µm they will be actually absorbed my the mirror, that's why that calibration was chosen.
We measured the cold resistance of the heater, and it was about 3.5 Ohm. The heater was powered with the BK precision DC power supply 1735, and we took measurements at different input current.
We also aimed at measuring the heater temperature at each step, but the Fluke thermal camera is sensitive up to 300°C and also the FLIR seems to have a very limited temperature range (150°C?). We thought about using a thermocouple, but we tested its response and it seems definitely too slow.
Some pictures of the setup are shown in figures 1 and 6.
Then we put an absorbing screen in the suspension mount to see the heat pattern, in such a way to get an idea of the heat spot position and size on the ETMY. (figure 2)
The projected pattern is shown in figures 3-4-5
The optimal position of the heater which minimizes the heat beam spot seems when the heater inserted by 2/3 in the reflector (1/3 out). However, this is just a qualitative evaluation.
Finally, two more pictures showing the DB connector on the flange and the in-vacuum cables.
[Annalisa, Terra, Koji, Gautam]
Summary: We find a configuration for arm scans which significantly reduces phase noise. We run several arm scans and we were able to resolve several HOM peaks; analysis to come.
As first, we made a measurement with the already established setup and, as Jon already pointed out, we found lots of phase noise. We hypothesized that it could either come from the PLL or from the motion of the optics between the AUX injection point (AS port) and the Y arm.
In this configuration, we were able to do arm scans where the phase variation at each peak was pretty clear and well defined. We took several 10MHz scan, we also zoomed around some specific HOM peak, and we were able to resolve some frequency split.
We add some pictures of the setup and of the scan.
The data are saved in users/OLD/annalisa/Yscans. More analysis and plots will follow tomorrow.
In order to power the heater setup to be installed in the ETMY chamber, we took the Sorensen DSC33-33E power supply from the Xend rack which was supposed to power the heater for the seismometer setup.
We modified the J3 connector behind in such a way to allow a remote control (unsoldered pins 9 and 8).
Now pins 9 and 12 need to be connected to a BNC cable running to the EPICS.
RXA update: the Sorensen's have the capability to be controlled by an external current source, voltage source, or resistive load. We have configured it so that 0-5V moves the output from 0-33 V. There is also the possibility to make it a current source and have the output current (rather than voltage) follow the control voltage. This might be useful since out heater resistance is changing with temperature.
We installed two heaters setup on the ETMY bench in order to try inducing some radius of curvature change and therefore HOMs frequency shift.
We installed two heaters setup.
Elliptic reflector setup (H1): heater put in the focus of the elliptical reflector: this will make a heat pattern as descirbed in the elogs #14043 and #14050.
Lenses setup (H2): heater put in a cylndrical reflector (made up with aluminum foil) 1'' diameter, and 2 ZnSe lenses telescope, composed by a 1.5'' and a 1'' diameter respectively, both 3.5'' focal length. The telescope is designed in such a way to focus the heat map on the mirror HR surface. For this latter the schematic was supposed to be the following:
This setup will project on the mirror a heat pattern like this:
which is very convenient if we want to see a different radius of curvature for different HOMs. However, the power that we are supposed to have absorbed by the mirror with this setup is very low (order of 40-ish mW with 18V, 1.2A) which is probably not enough to see an effect. Moreover, mostly for space reasons (post base too big), the distances were not fully kept, and we ended up with the following setup:
In this configuration we won't probably have a perfect focusing of the heat pattern on the mirror.
See Koji's elog #14077 for the final pin connection details. In summary, in vacuum the pins are:
13 to 8 --> cable bunch 0
7 to 2 --> cable bunch 2
25 to 20 --> cable bunch 1
19 to 14 --> cable bunch 3
where Elliptic reflector setup (H1) is connected to cables 0 and 1, and the lenses setup is connected to cables 2 and 3.
This is the installed setup as seen from above:
I recently realized that the PLL is only using about 20% of the available actuation range of the AUX PZT. The +/-10 V control signal from the LB1005 is being directly inputted into the fast AUX PZT channel, which has an input range of +/-50 V.
I recommend to install a PZT driver (amplifier) between the controller and laser to use the full available actuator range. For cavity scans, this will increase the available sweep range from +/-50 MHz to +/-250MHz. This has a unique advantage even if slow temperature feedback is also implemented. To sample faster than the timescale of most of the angular noise, scans generally need to be made with a total sweep time <1 sec. This is faster than the PLL offset can be offloaded via the slow temperature control, so the only way to scan more than 100 MHz in one measurement is with a larger dynamic range.
After this work, I've been having some trouble getting data with Python NDS. Eventually, I figured out that the nds connection request has to be pointed at '126.96.36.199' (the address of the NAT router which faces the outside world), port 31200 (it used to work with 'nds40.ligo.caltech.edu' or '188.8.131.52'). So the following snippet in python allows a connection to be opened. Offline access of frame data via NDS2 now seems possible.
So far, ssh (22), web services (30889), and elog (8081, 8080) were tested. We also need to test megatron NDS port forwarding and rsync for nodus, too.Finally I turned off the firewall rules of shorewall on nodus as it is no longer necessary.
I've started putting together a list of things we'll need to buy to do BHD readout. I'm still messing around with more detailed optics layouts, but wanted to get a list started here so people can let me know if I'm missing any big, obvious categories of goods.
My current plan makes minimal changes to the signal path going to the OMC, and tries to just get the LO beam into the OMC with minimal optics. I'm not thinking of any of the optics as suspended, and it requires several reflections of the LO beam, so probably this is not an excellent configuration, but it's a start for getting the parts list:
I started making a layout of this scheme, but it's probably not going to work so I'm going to make a quick layout of this more major modification instead:
These are mostly just miscellaneous
Can we use the leakage beam from MMT2 on the OMC table as the LO beam? I can't find the spec for this optic, but the leakage beam was clearly visible on an IR card even with the IMC locked with 100 mW input power so presumably there's enough light there, and this is a cavity transmission beam which presumably has some HOM content filtered out.
My current thought is to use the MC reflection, the beam that heads from MC1 to MCR1, as the LO beam
That seems fine, I wasn't thinking of that beam. in that case could we just have a PBS directly behind MMT2 and send both beams to the same OMMT?
Alternatively we can move OM5 and the beam path OMPO-OMMTSM towards -y, then put the LO-OMMT parallel to the existing OMMT but displaced in +x... we'd have to move the existing OMC and BHD towards +x as well.
I've attached the diagram of what I mean.
There are a couple caveats and changes that would have to be made that are not included in this diagram, because they would be made on different tables.
Gautam also had some questions about the BHD/OMC timeline and plan. I feel somewhat on shaky ground with the answers, but figured I'd post them so I can be corrected once and for all.