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  40m Log, Page 283 of 344  Not logged in ELOG logo
ID Date Authorup Type Category Subject
  1867   Sat Aug 8 15:08:14 2009 ranaConfigurationPSLSMOO settings updated in psl.db and SVN updated

I have added/modified SMOO settings to all of the records in psl.db appropriately. Changes checked in to SVN.

As a reminder, you should check in to the SVN all changes you make to any of the .db files or any of the .ini files in chans.

  1868   Sat Aug 8 17:19:07 2009 ranaUpdatePEMTwo Guralps plugged in, prepped for huddle test

 I found that several of the cables are unlabeled so I'm not sure what's plugged in. In the end, I found that the TEMP_2, _3, & _44 channels were working and so I plugged in anything that looked seismic into there.

TEMP_2 is now apparently the X channel of the 2nd Guralp. If someone can figure out which cable belongs to the Y channel, please plug it into TEMP_3 and then we can fix the channel names.

I also removed (gently) all of the accelerometers from MC2's chamber. This didn't break the lock, but I intentionally broke it to make sure it reacquired fine. It did and the MC TRANS QPD showed no significant shift afterwards.

Attachment 1: Untitled.png
  1869   Sat Aug 8 17:23:29 2009 ranaUpdatePEMoffensive 2 Hz sine wave removed

Friday, we were seeing a 2 Hz harmonic series in all of the PEM channels. Today I found that some bad person had put in a 4V (!) signal into one of the channels with a signal generator. The generator was also sneakily stuck way back inside the DCU rack. NO SECRET SIGNAL INJECTIONS!

Since the ADC has a 2Vpk range, this was saturating and putting in harmonics in all the adjacent channels. I disconnected it and turned off the function generator.

  1870   Sun Aug 9 16:32:18 2009 ranaUpdateComputersRCG work. MDC MDP open loop transfer function

This is very nice. We have, for the first time, a real time plant with which we can test our changes of the control system. From my understanding, we have a control system with the usual POS/PIT/YAW matrices and filter banks. The outputs go to a separate real-time system which is running something similar and where we have loaded the pendulum TF as a filter. Cross-couplings, AA & AI filters, and saturations to come later.

The attached plot is just the same as what Peter posted earlier, but with more resolution. I drove at the input to the SUSPOS filter bank and measured the open loop with the loop closed. The loop wants an overall gain of -0.003 or so to be stable.

Attachment 1: a.png
  1887   Tue Aug 11 23:17:21 2009 ranaSummaryComputersNodus rebooted / SVN down

Looks like someone rebooted nodus at ~3 PM today but did not elog it. Also the SVN is not running. Why?

  1897   Thu Aug 13 09:22:06 2009 ranaUpdatePEMranger

Rana, Jan, Jenne

We noticed that the Ranger data was all bogus at low frequencies. So we checked it and found that the proper procedure had not been used when changing it from horizontal to vertical last week. So the huddle test data from the weekend is not valid for the ranger; we will have to repeat it sometime.

So we used the manual, and extended the hanger rod on top of the Ranger to free the mass. It now has good response and coherence with the Guralps down to 0.1 Hz. See attached plot soon.


  1912   Sat Aug 15 18:57:48 2009 ranaUpdateVACUPS failed

As Rob noted last Friday, the UPS which powers the Vacuum rack failed. When we were trying to move the plugs around to debug it, it made a sizzling sound and a pop. Bad smells came out of it.

Ben came over this week and measured the quiescent power consumption. The low power draw level was 11.9 A and during the reboot its 12.2 A. He measured this by ??? (Rob inserts method here).

So what we want is a 120 V * 12.2 A  ~ 1.4 kVA UPS with ~30-50% margin. We look for this on the APC-UPS site:

On Monday, we will order the SUA2200 from APC. It should last for ~25 minutes during an outage. Its $1300. The next step down is $200 cheaper and gives 10 minutes less uptime.

  1920   Mon Aug 17 17:43:11 2009 ranaSummaryGeneralconlogger restarted

Added the conlog directory to the SVN, minus the enormous data directory. We are now free to make changes to the conlog code.

  1927   Wed Aug 19 02:17:52 2009 ranaOmnistructureEnvironmentControl Room Workstation desks lowered to human height

There were no injuries...Now we need to get some new chairs.

  1938   Tue Aug 25 00:35:04 2009 ranaUpdateGeneralTransfer function of Mode Cleaner Stacks

Looks like all of the accelerometers and seismometers have been disconnected since early AM last Monday when Clara disconnected them for her sensor noise measurement.

Attachment 1: Untitled.png
  1939   Tue Aug 25 01:27:09 2009 ranaConfigurationComputersRaid update to Framebuilder (not quite)


The RAID array servicing the Frame builder was finally switched over to JetStor Sata 16 Bay raid array. Each bay contains a 1 TB drive.  The raid is configured such that 13 TB is available, and the rest is used for fault protection.

The old Fibrenetix FX-606-U4, a 5 bay raid array which only had 1.5 TB space, has been moved over to linux1 and will be used to store /cvs/cds/.

This upgrade provides an increase in look up times from 3-4 days for all channels out to about 30 days.  Final copying of old data occured on August 5th, 2009, and was switched over on that date.

 Sadly, this was only true in theory and we didn't actually check to make sure anything happened.

We are not able to get lookback of more than ~3 days using our new huge disk. Doing a 'du -h' it seems that this is because we have not yet set the framebuilder to keep more than its old amount of frames. Whoever sees Joe or Alex next should ask them to fix us up.

  1940   Tue Aug 25 02:37:53 2009 ranaConfigurationComputer Scripts / ProgramsFirefox 3.5 installed for 64 bit linux in apps/
Attachment 1: DSC_0620.JPG
  1942   Tue Aug 25 11:02:39 2009 ranaSummaryPSLTemperature Box

The PSL Temperature Box (D980400-B-C, what kind of numbering scheme is that?) modified at LHO/LLO ~8 years ago to have better resolution on the in-loop temperature sensors.

I haven't been able to find a DCN / ECN on this, but there's an elog entry from Hugh Radkins here.  I'm also attaching the PDF of the latest drawing (circa 2000) from the DCC.

The schematic doesn't show it, but I am guessing that the T_SENSE inputs are connected to the AD590 chips, and that 4 of these are attached somehow to the RefCav can. IF this is true, I don't understand why there are input resistors on the LT1125 of U1; the AD590 is supposed to be a current source ?

Peter King is supposed to be coming over to work on this today so whoever spots him should force/cajole/entice him to elog what he's done. Film him if necessary.


I also think R1-8 should be swapped into metal film resistors for stability. The datasheet says that it puts out 1 uA/K, so the opamps put out 10 mV/K.

J8 and JP1 should be shorted to disable both the tidal and VME control input. Both are unused and a potential source of drift.

Attachment 1: D980400-B.pdf
  1946   Tue Aug 25 21:55:11 2009 ranaUpdatePSLreference cavity temp box temporarly out of order

There's no elog entry about what work has gone on today, but it looks like Peter took apart the reference cavity temperature control around 2PM.

I touched the reference cavity by putting my finger up underneath its sweater and it was nearly too hot to keep my finger in there. I looked at the heater power supply front panel and it seems that it was railed at 30 V and 3 A. The nominal value according to the sticker on the front is 11.5 V and 1 A.

So I turned down the current on the front panel and then switched it off. Otherwise, it would take it a couple of days to cool down once we get the temperature box back in. So for tonight there will definitely be no locking. The original settings are in the attached photo. We should turn this back on with its 1A setting in the morning before Peter starts so that the RC is at a stable temp by the evening. Its important NOT to turn it back on and let it just rail. Use the current limit to set it to 1 A. After the temperature box is back in the current limit can be turned back up to 2A or so. We never need the range for 3A, don't know why anyone set it so high.

Attachment 1: Untitled.png
Attachment 2: rc-heater.jpg
  1956   Thu Aug 27 13:42:08 2009 ranaSummaryPSLReference Cavity Temperature Control: psl.db changes

I made the changes to the psl.db to handle the new Temperature box hardware. The calibrations (EGUF/EGUL) are just copied directly from the LHO .db file (I have rsync'd their entire target area to here).

allegra:c1psl>diff psl.db~ psl.db
< grecord(ai,"C1:PSL-FSS_TIDALOUT")
< {
<       field(DESC,"TIDALOUT- drive to the reference cavity heater")
<       field(DISV,"1")
<         field(SCAN,".5 second")
<       field(DTYP,"VMIVME-3113")
<       field(INP,"#C0 S28 @")
<       field(EGUF,"10")
<       field(EGUL,"-10")
<       field(EGU,"volts")
<       field(LOPR,"-10")
<       field(AOFF,"0")
< }
<         field(EGUF,"285.675")
<         field(EGUL,"-214.325")
>         field(EGUF,"67.02")
>         field(EGUL,"7.96")
<         field(EGUF,"726.85")
<         field(EGUL,"-1273.15")
>         field(EGUF,"75.57")
>         field(EGUL,"12.31")
<         field(EGUF,"726.85")
<         field(EGUL,"-1273.15")
>         field(EGUF,"75.57")
>         field(EGUL,"12.31")
< grecord(ai,"C1:PSL-FSS_TIDALINPUT")
< {
<       field(DESC,"TIDALINPUT- tidal actuator input")
<       field(DISV,"1")
<         field(SCAN,".5 second")
<       field(DTYP,"VMIVME-3123")
<       field(INP,"#C0 S3 @")
<       field(EGUF,"10")
<       field(EGUL,"-10")
<       field(EGU,"volts")
<       field(LOPR,"-10")
<       field(AOFF,"0")
< }
> grecord(ai,"C1:PSL-FSS_TIDALINPUT")
> {
>       field(DESC,"TIDALINPUT- tidal actuator input")
>       field(DISV,"1")
>         field(SCAN,".5 second")
>       field(DTYP,"VMIVME-3123")
>       field(INP,"#C0 S3 @")
>       field(EGUF,"10")
>       field(EGUL,"-10")
>       field(EGU,"volts")
>       field(LOPR,"-10")
>       field(AOFF,"0")
> }
> grecord(ai,"C1:PSL-FSS_TIDALOUT")
> {
>       field(DESC,"TIDALOUT- drive to the reference cavity heater")
>       field(DISV,"1")
>         field(SCAN,".5 second")
>       field(DTYP,"VMIVME-3113")
>       field(INP,"#C0 S28 @")
>       field(EGUF,"10")
>       field(EGUL,"-10")
>       field(EGU,"volts")
>       field(LOPR,"-10")
>       field(AOFF,"0")
> }
<         field(HOPR,"0.010")
<         field(LOPR,"-0.010")
>         field(HOPR,"2")
>         field(LOPR,"0")

  1957   Thu Aug 27 14:00:33 2009 ranaUpdatePSLRC thermal servo impulse response

I stepped the TIDALSET and looked at what happened. Loop was closed with the very low gain.

The RED guy tells us the step/impulse response of the RC can to a step in the heater voltage.

The GREY SLOWDC tells us how much the actual glass spacer of the reference cavity lags the outside can temperature.

Since MINCOMEAS is our error signal, I have upped his SCAN period from 0.5 to 0.1 seconds in the database and reduced its SMOO from 0.9 to 0.0. I've also copied over the Fricke SLOW code and started making a perl PID loop for the reference cavity.

Attachment 1: Untitled.png
  1968   Mon Sep 7 20:05:18 2009 ranaUpdatePSLRCTEMP v. RMTEMP

Since ~Aug. 27, the reference cavity has been running with no thermal control. This is not really a problem at the 40m; a 1 deg change of the glass cavity

will produce a 5 x 10-7 strain in the arm cavity. That's around 20 microns of length change.

This open loop time gave us the opportunity to see how good our cavity's vacuum can insulation is.



The first plot below shows the RCTEMP sensors and the RMTEMP sensor. RMTEMP is screwed down to the table close to the can and RCTEMP is on the can, underneath the insulation. I have added a 15 deg offset to RMTEMP so that it would line up with RCTEMP and allow us to see, by eye, what's happening.

There's not enough data here to get a good TF estimate, but if we treat the room temperature as a single frequency (1 / 24 hours) sine wave source, then we can measure the delay and treat it as a phase shift. There's a ~3 hour delay between the RMTEMP and RCTEMP. If the foam acts like a single pole low pass filter, then the phase delay of (3/24)*360 = 45 deg implies a pole at a ~3 hour period. I am not so sure that this is a good foam model, however.

The colorful plot is a scatter plot of RCTEMP v. RMTEMP. The color denotes the time axis - it starts out blue and then becomes red after ten days.

  1970   Mon Sep 7 23:35:03 2009 ranaUpdatePSLRC thermal servo: PID script modified, database + screen added

I have added the records for the RC thermal PID servo into the psl/slowpid.db file which also holds the records for the SLOW servo that uses the NPRO-SLOW to minimize the NPRO-FAST. This new database will take effect upon the next PSL boot.

The perl script which runs the servo is scripts/PSL/FSS/RCthermalPID.pl. Right now it is using hard-coded PID parameters - I will modify it to use the on-screen values after we reboot c1psl.

The new screen C1PSL_FSS_RCPID.adl, the script, and the .db have been added to the SVN.

I have got some preliminary PID parameters which seem to be pretty good: The RCTEMP recovers in ~10 minutes from a 1 deg temperature step and the closed loop system is underdamped with a Q of ~1-2.

I'm leaving it running on op340m for now - if it goes crazy feel free to do a 'pkill RCthermalPID.pl'.

Attachment 1: Untitled.png
  1971   Mon Sep 7 23:51:48 2009 ranaConfigurationComputersmatlab installed: 64-bit linux

I have wiped out the 2008a install of 64-bit linux matlab and installed 2009a in its place. Enjoy.

  1976   Tue Sep 8 19:30:33 2009 ranaUpdatePSLc1psl rebooted for new RCPID database settings

The RC thermal PID is now controllable from its own MEDM screen which is reachable from the FSS screen. The slowpid.db and psl.db have been modified to add these records and all seems to be working fine.

Also, I've attached the c1psl startup output that we got on the terminal. This is just for posterity.

I'm also done tuning the PID for now. Using Kp = -1.0, Ki = -0.01, and Kd = 0, the can servo now has a time constant of ~10 minutes and good damping as can be seen in the StripTool snap below. These values are also now in the saverestore.req so hopefully its fully commissioned.

I bet that its much better now than the MINCO at holding against the 24 hour cycle and can nicely handle impulses (like when Steve scans the table). Lets revisit this in a week to see if it requires more tuning.

Attachment 1: c1psl-term-dump.txt.gz
Attachment 2: C1PSL_FSS_RCPID.png
Attachment 3: Picture_1.png
  1983   Thu Sep 10 18:25:15 2009 ranaUpdatePSLc1psl rebooted for new RCPID database settings

I added a new database record (C1:PSL-FSS_RCPID_SETPOINT) to allow for changing of the RC setpoint while the loop is on. This will enable us to step the can's temperature and see the result in the NRPO's SLOWDC.


  1986   Sat Sep 12 15:40:15 2009 ranaUpdatePSLRC response v. can temperature

I stepped the RC can temperature to see the response in the laser frequency. This gives a true measure of the thermal time constant of the RC. Its ~4 hours.

Since the RCPID screen now has a setpoint field, I can remotely type in 1 deg steps. The NPRO SLOW actuator locks the NPRO to the RC at long time scales and so we can use C1:PSL-FSS_SLOWDC to measure the RC length. By knowing what the step response time constant is, we can estimate the transfer function from can temperature to frequency noise and thereby make a better heater circuit.

 Does the observed temperature shift make any sense? Well, John Miller and I measured the SLOW calibration to be 1054 +/- 30 MHz / V.

We know that the thermal expansion coefficient of fused silica, alpha = 5.5 x 10-7 (dL/L)/deg. So the frequency shift ought to be alpha * c / lambda = 155 MHz / deg.

Instead we see something like 110 MHz / deg. We have to take more data to see if the frequency shift will actually asymptote to the right value or not. If it doesn't, one possibility is that we are seeing the effect of temperature on the reflection phase of the mirror coatings through the dn/dT and the thermal expansion of the dielectric layers. I don't know what these parameters are for the Ta2O5 layers.

A more useful measure of the frequency noise can be gotten by just looking at the derivative in the first 30 minutes of the step, since that short time scale is much more relevant for us. Its 0.04 V / hour / (2 deg) =>  860 (Hz/s)/deg.

In the frequency domain this comes out to be dnu/dT = 860 Hz/deg @ 0.16 Hz or dnu/dT = 137 *(1/f) Hz / deg.

Our goal for the reference cavity frequency noise is 0.01 * (1/f) Hz/rHz. So the temperature noise of the can needs to be < 0.1 mdeg / rHz.

Attachment 1: Picture_2.png
Attachment 2: Untitled.pdf
  1995   Wed Sep 23 19:36:41 2009 ranaUpdatePSLRC temperature performance

This first plot shows the RC temperature channels' performance from 40 days ago, before we disabled the MINCO PID controller. Although RCTEMP is supposed to be the out of loop sensor, what we really care about is the cavity length and so I've plotted the SLOW. To get the SLOW on the same scale, I've multiplied the channel by 10 and then adjusted the offset to get it on the same scale.

 The second plot shows a period after that where there is no temperature control of the can at all. Same gain scaling has been applied to SLOW as above, so that instead of the usual 1 GHz/V this plot shows it in 0.1 GHz/V.

The third plot shows it after the new PID was setup.

Summary: Even though the PID loop has more gain, the true limit to the daily fluctuations in the cavity temperature and the laser frequency are due to the in-loop sensors measuring the wrong thing. i.e. the out-of-loop temperature is too different from the in-loop sensor. This can possibly be cured with better foam and better placement of the temperature sensors. Its possible that we're now just limited by the temperature gradients on the can.

Attachment 1: Untitled.png
Attachment 2: Untitled.png
Attachment 3: e.png
  1998   Thu Sep 24 19:35:20 2009 ranaHowToPhotos40m Google account

I've created a 40m Google account. Please post all the 40m related photos to this site. If you don't already have it, download Picasa to make this easier.

40m Installation Photos">

the password is in the usual password place.

  1999   Thu Sep 24 20:17:05 2009 ranaSummaryLSCComparison of Material Properties for the new RFPD Mounts
  Steel Brass Aluminum Delrin
Density (kg/m^3) 7850 8500 2700 1420
CTE (ppm/C) 12 19 23 100




200 110 69 2
Color grey gold light silver any


  2005   Fri Sep 25 19:56:08 2009 ranaConfigurationComputersNTPD restarted on c1dcuepics (to fix the MEDM screen times)
restarted ntp on op440m using this syntax
>/etc/init.d/xntpd start -c /etc/inet/ntp.conf

gettting the time on scipe25 (for the MEDM screen time) working was tougher. The /etc/ntp.conf file was pointing
to the wrong server. Our NAT / Firewall settings require some of our internal machines to go through the gateway
to get NTPD to work. Curiously, some of the linux workstations don't have this issue.
The internal network machines should all have the same file as scipe25's /etc/ntp.conf:

server nodus

and here's how to check that its working:

[root@c1dcuepics sbin]# ./ntpq -p
     remote           refid      st t when poll reach   delay   offset  jitter
 nodus.ligo.calt         16 u    -   64    0    0.000    0.000 4000.00
*nodus.ligo.calt usno.pa-x.dec.c  2 u   29   64  377    1.688  -65.616   6.647
-lime7.adamantsy clock.trit.net   3 u   32   64  377   37.448  -72.104   4.641
-montpelier.ilan .USNO.           1 u   19   64  377   18.122  -74.984   8.305
+spamd-0.gac.edu nss.nts.umn.edu  3 u   28   64  377   72.086  -66.787   0.540
-mighty.poclabs. time.nist.gov    2 u   30   64  377   71.202  -61.127   4.067
+monitor.xenscal clock.sjc.he.ne  2 u   16   64  377   11.855  -67.105   6.368
  2007   Sun Sep 27 12:52:56 2009 ranaUpdateMOPAIncreasing the power from the MOPA

This is a trend of the last 20 days. After our work with the NPRO, we have recovered only 5% in PMC trans power, although there's an apparent 15% increase in AMPMON.

The AMPMON increase is partly fake; the AMPMON PD has too much of an ND filter in front of it and it has a strong angle dependence. In the future, we should not use this filter in a permanent setup. This is not a humidity dependence.

The recovery of the refcav power mainly came from tweaking the two steering mirrors just before and just after the 21.5 MHz PC. I used those knobs because that is the part of the refcav path closest to the initial disturbance (NPRO).

BTW, the cost of a 1W Innolight NPRO is $35k and a 2W Innolight NPRO is $53k. Since Jenne is on fellowship this year, we can afford the 2W laser, but she has to be given priority in naming the laser.

Attachment 1: Picture_3.png
  2010   Sun Sep 27 23:21:14 2009 ranaUpdatePSLSLOWscan result


What I like to try:
a) Change the NPRO temp to more cold side.
b) Change the MOPA head temp to a bit hot side.
c) Tweak the MOPA current (is it difficult?)

 I think that the AMPMON ND problem was just that the responsivity changes with angle. So when I aligned it a little we got some few% improvement in the signal which is not a real power increase.

I don't think we can adjust any of the MOPA parameters because the controller is broken, but we can try the NPRO crystal temperature.

  2011   Mon Sep 28 02:24:05 2009 ranaUpdateLockingMC1/3 Dewhitening found OFF: Turned back ON

While trying to make the OAF work, I found that the XYCOM switches for MC1/3 have been set in the bad way for awhile. This means that the hardware filters were bypassed and that MC1 & MC3 were moving around too much at high frequency and possibly causing trouble with the locking. I have put them back into the default position.

On Friday, Jenne and I were playing around with turning the dewhitening off/on to see if it efffected the OAF stability. At the time, I didn't pay too much attention to what the state was. Looks like it was in the wrong state (hardware bypassed) when we found it. For the OAF work, we generally want it in that bypassed state, but its bad because it makes noise in the interferometer. The bits in question are bits 16-23 on the XYCOM screen.

I have updated the snapshot and set the screen in the appropriate settings. I used a swept sine measurement to verify the filter state. In the attached plot, green corresponds to XYCOM green and red corresponds to red.

Attachment 1: C1SUS_SRM_XYCOM1.png
Attachment 2: Untitled.png
  2021   Tue Sep 29 21:37:09 2009 ranaUpdateMZMZ work done : some noise checking

Since we used to run with a gain slider setting of +15 dB on the MZ, I wanted to check that the new setting of +30dB was OK. It is.

To check it I turned it up and looked for some excess noise in the ISS or in the MC. There was none. I also set the input offset slider by unlocking the PMC and zeroing the mixer monitor readback. The new slider setting is -6.5V.

I don't know why we would need more gain on the MZ loop, but we can have some if we want it by turning up the gain before the servo (optical or RF). The attached plot shows the MC_F and ISS signals with the ISS loop on and off. There was no change in either of these spectra with the MZ gain high or low.

Attachment 1: fsm.pdf
  2025   Tue Sep 29 23:43:49 2009 ranaAoGall down cond.Cosmic


cosmic rays in cars

  2041   Fri Oct 2 14:52:55 2009 ranaUpdateComputersc1susvme2 timing problems update

The attached shows the 200 day '10-minute' trend of the CPU meters and also the room temperature.

To my eye there is no correlation between the signals. Its clear that c1susvme2 (SRM LOAD) is going up and no evidence that its temperature.


Attachment 1: Untitled.png
  2061   Wed Oct 7 03:49:49 2009 ranaUpdateAdaptive FilteringAttempts to take a TF of the OAF system

 Here's a plot of the spectra of the seismometers and MCL. The coherence shows which axes are aligned right now: MC1_X is coherent with GUR_NS which means that its mis-oriented.

I've now swapped the "MC1" cables: so the old "NS" now goes into EW and the old EW now goes into NS. VERT is unchanged.

Also fixed the channel names - the Guralp previously named MC1 is now GUR1 and the other one is GUR2. Also no more EW, NS, & VERT. Its all XYZ.

DAQD restarted with the new channel names.

Attachment 1: Untitled.png
  2062   Wed Oct 7 06:26:09 2009 ranaHowToIOOMC_L calibration + some DTT lore

I drove MC2 in POS and used the resulting response in MC_F to calibrate the IOO-MC_L channel.

Yoichi did an excellent job of calibrating MC_F last year. I have used his calibration of MC_F (220 Hz/count @ DC) to get the MC_L calibration at DC as well as at high frequencies. The hardware dewhitening was OFF for all these measurements.


1. For the DC measurement I excited C1:SUS-MC2_MCL_EXC at 0.0731 Hz. At these frequencies, the MC_L path has much more gain than the MC_F path. So this excitation at the error point makes the length path to drive itself to cancel the digital excitation. Since the overall MC servo gain is huge, this causes the MC_F path to compensate the residual MC_L motion. One can simply take the ratio of MC_L/MC_F to get the calibration of MC_L in Hz.

2. For the AC measurement, I engaged FM9 of the MC2_MCL filter bank. This guy is an elliptic LP with a notch at 660.38 Hz. I then drove MC2_LSC at 660.38 Hz with a sine wave of 500 counts amplitude. The notch makes the gain of the MC_L feedback zero at that frequency. So MC_F has to do all the work. We can simply measure the ratio of MC2_LSC/MC_F to get the AC calibration of MC2_MCL_OUT (aka IOO-MC_L) and MC2_LSC_OUT (aka LSC-MC_L).



MCF/MCL @ 0.0731 Hz = 569.4. So the MC_L calibration at DC is 220 x 569.4 = 125 kHz/count or 6.02 nm/count.

From this we would expect the AC calibration to be (6 nm/count)*(660.38/f_pend)^2 = 13.0 x10^-15 m/count.

The AC measurement gave 1445 counts_peak** of MC_F for the 500 counts (peak) excitation in MC2_LSC. From Yoichi's entry we get that the high frequency calibration of MC_F should be 0.089 Hz/count. So the MC_L calibration at 660 Hz is 0.089*1445/500 = 0.25 Hz / count or 12.3 x 10^-15 m/count. So the AC/DC ratio is close to 1.

Splitting the difference, the new official MC_L calibration is 5.87 nm/counts @ DC with a complex pole pair at 0.972 Hz.


** note:  To convert from the peak height observed in DTT with a 50% Overlap Hanning window you must use the following intuitive formula:  counts_peak = (counts / rHz) * sqrt(2 * BW). In this case, BW is the number that DTT reports as BW on the screen, NOT the BW that you asked for on the measurement tab.

*** note: when measuring peak heights in a DTT FFT, make sure to unclick the box for 'Bin' under the config tab. Bin suppresses peaks in a plot with a lot of points and is ON by default.

**** note: I have updated the MCF reference in the Templates directory with the Yoichi calibration - spectrum attached. This is probably the most accurate MCF spectrum we have ever put in the elog in the history of the 40m. The implication is that the VCO phase noise is ~5 mHz/rHz. Not bad.

***** note: with the OAF off, I drove a 1.55 Hz sine wave into MC1 and measured the ratio of MC1_MCL_OUT/IOO-MC_L. This gives the DC calibration of MC1_MCL_OUT = 7.98 nm/count.

Attachment 1: mcl-cal.png
Attachment 2: a.png
  2063   Wed Oct 7 07:42:55 2009 ranaUpdateAdaptive FilteringAttempts to take a TF of the OAF system

I remeasured the OAF time delay using the OAF-TF template from the Templates/ directory.

Troublingly, I found the MC1 dewhitening switches set OFF - please make sure that the MC1 dewhitening is back ON after each OAF tuning so that the interferometer locking is not hosed.

The OAF-TF template had the excitation amplitude set ~20x too high. I reduced it and the coherence was still > 0.95. The phase at 32 Hz was still ~126 deg as Jenne had measured, but since the phase at DC is 180 deg, the overall phase lag is just 180-126 = 54 deg. So the delay should be 54/180 * 32 = 9.7 => 10. Luckily, Jenne is working on an instructional manual for OAF that will make all of this crystal clear.

  2066   Wed Oct 7 20:32:21 2009 ranaUpdateAdaptive Filteringextra delay and noise in PEM -> ASS/OAF system

[Rana, Jenne]

There is some craziness going on with the delay in the PEM path for the OAF.  We plot the difference between the C1:PEM-SEIS_GUR1_X and C1:ASS-TOP_PEM_10.  These are physically the same channel, plugged into the PEM ADCU, and then the signal is used as a regular PEM channel, and is also sent to the ASS computer and used there for the OAF system.  As you can see in the blue trace on the bottom plot, there is a huge amount of delay, and it's very noisy.  We also plot the _GUR2_X / ASS-TOP_PEM_2 pair (red), and it has a similar amount of delay, but it is not nearly as fuzzy and noisy.  For comparison, we plot the SUS-MC2_MCL (which is identical to IOO-MC_L) and ASS-TOP_ERR_MCL pair (green), and they don't have any big overall delay problems, so it's not totally a problem with the signals getting to the ASS computer.

This problem was present during/after all of the following attempts to fix it:

* The sample rate on the ASS computer is 2048.  The PEM channels were being acquired the ADCU at 512.  We changed the ADCU sampling rate to 2048 to match.

* We soft rebooted the ASS computer, in case it was a timing problem.

* Doing a "sudo shutdown -r now" while logged in as controls.

We might also try resetting/power cycling c0dcu in the morning.  Alex has been emailed to help us try to figure this out.


In other news, the time delay that we measure from the plot gives us 180degrees in ~210Hz.  This corresponds to a little more than 2msec of delay, with the C1:ASS version lagging behind the C1:PEM version.  (2 samples at 840Hz) Converting to the 2048 sampling rate, we have a delay of 4.8, so 5 front-end cycles.  Since Rana measured this morning that the delay indicated by the transfer function is 10 cycles, and this delay shows that the ASS lags the actual seismometer signal by 5 cycles, we should subtract this 5 from the 10 from the transfer function, giving us a final sample-and-hold delay of 5.  Coincidentally(?), 5 is the delay that was found in the C1:ASS-TOP screen, after it's one year of dormancy.  The point of the delay feature in the code is to help match the delay in the two signal paths: the PEM path and the output path of the filter.  Since the output has a lag of 10, and the PEM path has a lag of 5, to make them match, we artificially put in a delay of 5.

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  2072   Thu Oct 8 22:17:15 2009 ranaConfigurationDMFinput channels changed

I changed the input channels of the DMF recently so that it now uses 3 Guralp channels in addition to the 3 ACC and 1 Ranger.

op440m:seisblrms>diff seisBLRMS-datachans.txt~ seisBLRMS-datachans.txt

The seisBLRMS channels still have the wrong names of IX and EX, but I have chosen to keep them like this so that we have a long trend. When looking at the historical seisBLRMS trend, we just have to remember that all of the sensors have been around the MC since last summer.

  2073   Fri Oct 9 01:31:56 2009 ranaConfigurationDAQtpchn mystery

Does anyone know if this master file is the real thing that's in use now? Are we really using a file called tpchn_C1_new.par? If anyone sees Alex, please get to the bottom of this.

allegra:daq>more master

  2079   Sun Oct 11 04:12:44 2009 ranaUpdatePEMAccelerometers relocated

Some of these channels are not like the others.

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  2088   Mon Oct 12 22:15:15 2009 ranaConfigurationPSLStray beam blocking

You can remove the RFAM measuring setup. Once we upgrade, we will no longer have a MZ or the related problems.

  2093   Wed Oct 14 23:02:41 2009 ranaUpdateLockingdaytime locking

This is huge.    Five hours of lock only interrupted by intentional break from transfer function abuse.

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  2094   Thu Oct 15 01:21:31 2009 ranaSummaryCOCThermal Lensing in the ITM

Thermal lensing formula:


from (T090018 by A. Abramovici (which references another doc).

In the above equation:

w        1/e^2 beam radius

k        thermal conductivity (not the wave vector) = 1.3 W / m/ K

alpha    absorption coefficient (~10 ppm/cm for our glass)

NP       power in the glass (alpha*NP = absorbed power)

dn/dT    index of refraction change per deg  (12 ppm/K)

d        mirror thickness (25 mm for all of our SOS)

I'm attaching a plot showing the focal length as a function of recycling cavity power for both our current MOS and future SOS designs.

I've assumed a 10 ppm/cm absorption here. It may actually be less for our current ITMs which are made of Heraeus low absorption glass - our new ITMs are Corning 7980-A (measured to have an absorption of 13 ppm/cm ala the iLIGO COC FDD). I expect that our thermal lens focal length will always be longer than 1 km and so I guess this isn't an issue.

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  2096   Thu Oct 15 02:41:04 2009 ranaUpdateCOCChoice of folding mirrors in the RC cavities

In addition to the main mirrors (PRM, SRM) we will also have fold mirrors (called PR1, PR2, SR1, SR2). I am curious to see if we can get away with just using commercial optics; I think that the CVI Y1S coatings may do the trick.


The above plots show the reflectivities v. wavelength. I've asked the sales rep to give us specs on the reflectivity v. angle. I bet that we can guess what the answer will be from these plots.

  2100   Thu Oct 15 17:12:00 2009 ranaSummaryLockingnever had it so good


  2107   Fri Oct 16 18:46:36 2009 ranaConfigurationASCloop opened on PZT2 YAW at 3:40 pm


I pushed the "closed loop" button on PZT2 YAW around 3:40 pm today, then roughly recentered it using the DC Offset knob on the PiezoJena controller and the IP ANG QPD readbacks.  There was a large DC shift.    We'll watch and see how much it drifts in this state.

 Here's the trend.

The transient at ~22:40 is Rob switching to 'Open Loop' on the Piezo Jena PZTs. I don't see any qualitative change in the drift after this event.

At 05:55 UTC, I removed an iris that was blocking the IP POS beam (the sum goes up from 2 to 6.5) without disturbing the mirrors who's oplev beam are on that table. Steve has conceded one sugar Napoleon after betting against my ninja-like iris skills.

We should recenter the beam on IP POS now that its unclipped - I'll let it sit this way overnight just to get more drift data.

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  2109   Sun Oct 18 16:09:34 2009 ranaConfigurationASCloop opened on PZT2 YAW at 3:40 pm


I wanted to see how long our IP POS beam has been badly clipped - turns out its since April 1, 2007.

Steve's April Fool's joke is chronicled then. The attached trend shows that the drop in IP POS is coincident with that event.

In trying to align IPPOS, I noticed that someone has placed a ND2.0 filter (factor of 100 attenuation) in front of it. This is kind of a waste - I have removed IPPOS to fix its resistors and avoid this bad optic. Also the beam coming onto the table is too big for the 1" diameter optics being used; we need to replace it with a 2" diamter optic (Y1-2037-45P).


IP ANG dropped by a factor of 2 back in early August of '08.

We need this guy on the investigation:


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  2110   Sun Oct 18 19:55:45 2009 ranaConfigurationElectronicsIP POS is back: ND filter gone, new resistors in

Its back in and re-centered. Our next move on IPPOS should be to replace its steering mirror with something bigger and more rigid.

Electronics changes:

20K -> 3.65 K  (R6, R20, R42, R31) (unused)

20K -> 3.65 K  (R7, R21, R32, R43, R11, R24, R35, R46)

If you look in the schematic (D990272), you see that its an AD797 transimpedance stage with a couple of LT1125 stages set to give some switchable gain. It looks like some of these

switches are on and some are not, but I am not sure where it would be controlled from. I've attached a snapshot of one quadrant of the schematic below.

The schematic shows the switches in the so-called 'normally closed' configuration. This is what the switches do with zero volts applied to the control inputs. As the schematic also shows,

just disconnecting the 'switch' inputs cause the switch's control inputs to go high (normally open configuration, i.e. pins 2-3 connected, pin4 open). For the record, the default positions of the IPPOS switches are:

switch1   high

switch2   low

switch3   low

switch4   high


** EDIT (Nov 2, 2009): I forgot to attach the before and after images; here they are:


  2112   Sun Oct 18 22:06:15 2009 ranaConfigurationElectronicsIP POS is back: ND filter gone, new resistors in

I tried to compare the IP_POS time series with the IPANG and MC_TRANS but was foiled at first:

1) The IPANG scan rate was set to 0.5 second, so it doesn't resolve the pendulum motions well. Fixed in the .db file.

2) Someone had used a Windows/DOS editor to edit the .db file and it was filled with "^M" characters. I have removed them all using this command:   tr -d "\r" <ETMXaux.db > new.db

3) The MC_TRANS P/Y channels were on the MC Lock screen but had never been added to the DAQ. Remember, if there's a useful readback on an EPICS screen. its not necessarily in the frames unless you add it to the C0EDCU file. I have done that now and restarted the fb daqd. Channels now exist.

4) Changed the PREC of the IPPOS channels to 3 from 2.

5) changed the sign for the IBQPD (aka IPANG) so that bigger signal is positive on the EPICS screen.

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  2139   Sat Oct 24 04:57:33 2009 ranaUpdateloremarconi phase


So, it appears that one doesn't even have to change the Marconi set frequency to alter the phase of the output signal.  It appears that other front panel actions (turning external modulations on/off, changing the modulation type) can do it as well.  At least that's what I conclude from earlier this morning, when after setting up the f2 Marconi (166MHz) for external AM, the double-demod handoff in the DRMI no longer worked.  Luckily this isn't a real problem now that we have the setDDphases and senseDRM scripts. 

 The real problem is that we are using frequency synthesizers to make the beat signals (133 and 199) instead of mixers. Luckily, the future 40m will not use beat signals (?) or synthesizers.

  2157   Wed Oct 28 17:20:21 2009 ranaSummaryCOCETM HR reflectivity plot

This is a plot of the R and T of the existing ETM's HR coating. I have only used 1/4 wave layers (in addition to the standard 1/2 wave SiO2 cap on the top) to get the required T.

The spec is a T = 15 ppm +/- 5 ppm. The calculation gives 8 ppm which is close enough. The calculated reflectivity for 532 nm is 3%. If the ITM reflectivity is similar, the signal for the 532 nm locking of the arm would look like a Michelson using the existing optics.


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