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ID Date Author Type Categoryup Subject
  1137   Fri Nov 14 20:35:47 2008 ranaUpdatePSLReference cavity ring down
To make the DEI pulser make a fast pulse on the EO shutter EOMs, we had to make sure:

1) the cable had a high voltage rated dielectric. cheap dielectrics show the 'corona'
effect, especially when there is a bend in the cable.

2) the EO has to have a resistor on it to prevent ringing due to the impedance mismatch.

3) We needed ~3.5 kV to get the EO shutter crystal to flip the light by 90 deg.
  1138   Fri Nov 14 22:40:51 2008 YoichiUpdatePSLReference cavity ring down

Quote:

To make the DEI pulser make a fast pulse on the EO shutter EOMs, we had to make sure:

1) the cable had a high voltage rated dielectric. cheap dielectrics show the 'corona'
effect, especially when there is a bend in the cable.


I'll check it with Bob.


Quote:

2) the EO has to have a resistor on it to prevent ringing due to the impedance mismatch.


Did you use a shunt or series resistor ?
If shunt, I guess it has to have a huge heat sink.
Actually, DEI says the pulser does not require any external shunt/series resistors or impedance-matching network.
Looks like it is not true ...


Quote:

3) We needed ~3.5 kV to get the EO shutter crystal to flip the light by 90 deg.


Yes, I adjusted the voltage to maximize the power change and it was about 3.5kV.
  1140   Mon Nov 17 15:07:06 2008 YoichiUpdatePSLReference cavity ring down
I used MATLAB's system identification tool box to estimate the response of the reference cavity, i.e. cavity pole.
What I did was basically to estimate a model of the RC using the time series of the measured input and output power.

First, I prepared the input and output time series for model estimation.
The input is the input power to the RC, which I produced by inverting the PBS reflected light power and adding an offset
so that the signal is zero at t=0. Offset removal was necessary to make sure that the input time series does not give an
unintentional step at t=0.
The output time series is the transmission power of the RC. I also added an offset to make it zero at t=0.
Then I commanded MATLAB to compute the response of a first order low-pass filter to the input and try to fit
the computed response to the measured output by iteratively changing the gain and the cut-off frequency.
("pem" is the name of the command to use if you are interested in).

The result is shown in the attachment.
Blue curve is the input signal (I added a vertical offset to show it separately from the output).
The green curve is the measured output (RC transmission). The red curve is the response of the estimated model.
The estimated cut-off frequency was about 45kHz.

You can see that the red curve deviates a lot from the green curve after t=15usec.
By looking at this, I realized that the bandwidth of the RC cavity servo was too high.
The time scale we are looking at is about 50kHz whereas the FSS bandwidth is about 400kHz.
So when the input light was cut off, the error signal of the FSS becomes meaning less and the
input laser frequency was quickly moved away from the resonance. This is why the green curve does not
respond to the large peaks in the blue curve (input). The cavity was already off-resonance when the input power
showed bumps.

Since the red curve matches nicely with the green curve at the very beginning of the ring down, the estimated 45kHz
cavity pole is probably not that a bad estimate.

To make a better measurement, I will try to reduce the bandwidth of the RC servo by using only the PZT actuator.
If there were no ringing in the input light power, we wouldn't have to worry about the bandwidth of the servo because our
feedback is all made to the laser, not the cavity length.
In order to reduce the ringing in the input power, I asked Bob to make new HV cables using HV grade coax cables.
  1149   Thu Nov 20 09:37:39 2008 steveUpdatePSLMZ vs temp
This 12 days plot shows that it can hold lock if the daily temp variation is not more than 3/4 of a degree C
The MZ is happy if it's HV is above 100V
  1151   Fri Nov 21 16:11:26 2008 rana, alberto, robUpdatePSLMach Zender alignment
The Mach Zender's dark port DC voltage had gone up too high (~0.5 V)and was turning yellow
on the screen. I re-aligned by touching the knobs on the 166 MHz path. Doing alignment after the
166 EOM had very little effect. The main improvement came from doing yaw on the turning mirror
just ahead of the 166 MHz EOM; this is the one which as no adjustment knobs (duh).

During this procedure, I had the MC off, the ISS off, and the MC autolocker off. After finishing
the alignment, the power on the ISS PDs had railed and the dark port power was ~0.29 V. So we
put in a ND0.2 on the ISS path and now the voltages are OK (~2 V on each PD). We have to remove the
ND filters and change the first ISS turning mirror into a ~10-20% reflector.


So now the MZ alignment seems good; Alberto is on the MC periscope alignment like a cheap suit.
  1155   Fri Nov 21 20:29:43 2008 rana, alberto, robUpdatePSLMach Zender alignment

Quote:
So now the MZ alignment seems good; Alberto is on the MC periscope alignment like a cheap suit.


And alignment is now mostly done - MC locks on the TEM00.
                 REFL_DC

Unlocked           4.50  V
Locked noWFS       1.30  V
Locked + WFS       0.42  V
and the 29.5 MHz modulation depth is really small.

We should be able to rerun the Wiener analysis on this weekends MC data.

I don't know what our nominal StochMon numbers now are, but after Alberto tweaks up the alignment he can tell us if the RFAM has gotten any better.
  1160   Mon Nov 24 17:14:44 2008 ranaUpdatePSLMach Zender trends
It looks like the MZ has gotten less drifty after the alignment on Friday.
  1162   Tue Nov 25 18:38:03 2008 Alberto, RobUpdatePSLMC Periscope Alignment
This morning when I came in I found the MC cleaner unlocked and the autolocker script could not lock it. The reflected beam was quite off and showed in the bottom left corner of the IMCR camera. After turning off the WFS locking, I started slightly changing the alignment of the steering mirrors on the MC periscope, waiting for the LSC servo to lock the cavity. It didn't work. At some point I lost the beam from the IMCR camera and that is how someone might have found it when I left it for about one hour.

When I came back and tried again adjusting the steering mirrors, I noticed that the autolocker was working and was trying to lock the cavity. After just a bit of adjustment, the MC got easily locked.

After that, I spent a couple of hours trying to improve the alignment of the periscope to minimize the reflection and maximize the transmission. I started with a transmission of 0.4 V but, despite all the tweaking (I used the technique of turning both yaw knobs at the same time), I couldn't get more than 1.2 V (and 2.4 V at the reflection) if only the LSC servo was on. Looking at the camera, I moved the beam around to look for a more favorable spot but the MC wouldn't lock with the beam in other places. Maybe I could do better or maybe not because the cavity is not aligned. I'm going to try again tomorrow.
  1166   Tue Dec 2 17:56:56 2008 Alberto, RanaConfigurationPSLMC Alignment
In the attempt to maximize the Mode Cleaner transmission and minimize the reflection from the steering mirrors of the MC periscope, we could not get more ~2 V at the MC Trans PD and ~ 0.5 V at MC REFL_DC. As it turned out from the SUS Drift Monitor, the reason was that the MC optics had been somehow displaced from the optimal position.

After restoring the reference position values for the mirrors and tweaking again the periscope, we got ~3V at the MC TransPD and 0.5V at the reflection.
The beam was then probably clipped at the REFL PD so that we had to adjust the alignment of one of the BS in the transmitted beam path on the AS table.
We also zeroed the WFS PDs, but not before reducing the power from the MZ, for their QPDs not to saturate.

After relocking, the transmission was 3V and the reflection ~0.3V.

The beam isnow centered on the Trans PD and REFL PD and the Mode Cleaner locked. More details on the procedure will follow.
  1169   Wed Dec 3 11:58:10 2008 AlbertoUpdatePSLMC Alignment
Rana, Alberto,

more details on the MC alignment we did yesterday.


Last week Rana re-aligned the Mach Zender (MZ) on the PSL table to reduce the power at the dark port (see elog entry #1151). After that, the beam was aligned to the MZ but not properly aligned to the Mode Cleaner (MC) anymore. As a result the MC could not lock or did it on unwanted transverse modes. To fix that we decided to change the alignment of the MC input periscope on the PSL table.


The ultimate goal of the operation was to align the MC transmitted beam to the IFO and to maximize the power.
Such a condition depends on:
a) a good cavity alignment and
b) input beam matching to the cavity TEM00 mode.


Since the MZ alignment had only affected the input beam, we assumed the cavity alignment was still good, or at least it had not changed, and we focused on the input beam.

The IOO computer, by the MC autolocker script, is able to change the cavity alignment and the length to match the input beam and lock the cavity. Although both the length servo (LSC) and the alignment servo (WFS) have a limited effective operating range. So for the script to work properly and at best, input beam and cavity matching have to be not far from that range.

The MC periscope has two mirrors which control the pitch and yaw input angles. By changing either yaw or pitch of both mirrors together (“two-knob" technique) one can change the input angle without moving the injection point on the cavity input mirror (MC1). So this is the procedure that we followed:

  • 1) turned of the autolocker running the MC-down script
    2) brought the reflected beam spot back on the MC-reflection camera and on the reflection photodiode (REFL-PD)
    3) turned on the LSC servo
    4) tweaked the periscope's mirrors until the cavity got locked on a TEM00 mode
    5) tweaked the periscope aiming at ~0.3V from the REFL-PD and ~3V on the transmission photodiode (TRANS-PD).


Following the steps above we got ~0.5 V on the REFL-PD and ~2V on the TRANS-PD but no better than that.

Looking at the Drift Monitor MEDM screen, we found that the cavity was not in the reference optimal position, as we initially assumed, thus limiting the matching of the beam to the MC.

We restored the optics reference position and repeated the alignment procedure as above. This time we got ~3V on the TRANS-PD and ~0.5 on the REFL-PD. We thought that the reason for still such a relatively high reflection was that the beam was not well centered on the REFL-PD (high order modes pick-up?).

On the AS table we centered the REFL-PD by aligning a beam splitter in the optical path followed by the light to reach the photodiode.

We also centered the beam on the reflection Wave Front Sensors (WFS). To do that we halved the power on the MZ to reduce the sidebands power and prevent the WFS QPD from saturating. We then aligned the beam splitters on the QPD by balancing the power among the quadrants. Finally we restored the power on the MZ.

As a last thing, we also centered the transmitted beam on the TRANS-QPD.


The MC is now aligned and happily locked with 3V at the TRANS-PD and 0.3V at REFL-PD.
  1190   Fri Dec 12 22:51:23 2008 YoichiUpdatePSLReference cavity ring down measurement again
Bob made new HV-cables with HV compatible coaxes. The coax cable is rated for 2kV, which was as high as Bob
could found. I used it with 3kV hoping it was ok.
I also put a series resistor to the pockels cell to tame down the ripples I saw in elog:1136.

Despite those efforts, I still observed large ringings.
I tried several resistor values (2.5k, 1k, 330ohm), and found that 330ohm gives a slightly better result.
(When the resistance is larger, the edge of the PBS Refl. becomes dull).
Since the shape of the ringing does not change at all even when the pulse voltage is lowered to less than 1kV,
I'm now suspicious of the DEI pulser.

Anyway, I estimated the cavity pole using the MATLAB's system identification toolbox again.
This time, I locked the reference cavity using only the PZT feedback, which makes the UGF about a few kHz.
So, within the time scale shown in the plot below, the servo does not have enough time to respond, thus the laser
frequency stays tuned with the cavity. This was necessary to avoid non-linear behavior of the transmitted power
caused by the servo disturbing the laser frequency. With this treatment, I was able to approximate the response of
the cavity with a simple linear model (one pole low-pass filter).

MATLAB estimated the cavity pole to be 47.5kHz.
The blue curve in the plot is the measured RC transmitted power.
The incident power to the cavity can be inferred from the inverse of the red curve (the PBS reflection power).
The brown curve is the response of the first order low-pass filter with fc=47.5kHz to the input power variation.
The blue and brown curves match well for the first 10usec. Even after that the phases match well.
So the estimated 47.5kHz is probably a reasonable number. I don't know yet how to estimate the error of this measurement.

According to http://www.ligo.caltech.edu/~ajw/PSLFRC.png the designed transmission of the reference cavity mirrors is 300ppm (i.e.
the round trip loss (RTL) is 600ppm).
This number yields fc=35kHz. In the same picture, it was stated that fc=38.74kHz (I guess this is a measured number at some point).
The current fc=47.5kHz means, the RTL has increased by 200ppm from the design and 150ppm from the time fc=38.74kHz was measured.
  1191   Tue Dec 16 19:06:01 2008 YoichiUpdatePSLReference cavity ring down repeated many times
Today, I repeated the reference cavity ring down measurement many times to see how much the results vary.

I repeated the ring down for 20 times and the first attachment shows the comparison of the measured and estimated cavity transmission power.
The blue curve is the measured one, and the red curve is the estimated one. There are only 10 plots because I made a mistake when transferring data
from the oscilloscope to the PC, and one measurement data was lost.

The second attachment shows the histogram of the histogram of the estimated cavity pole frequencies.
I admit that there are not enough samples to treat it statistically.
Anyway, the mean and the standard deviation of the estimated frequencies are 47.6kHz and 2.4kHz.
Assuming a Gaussian distribution and zero systematic error, both of which are bold assumptions though, the result is 47.6(+/-0.6)kHz.

Now I removed the Pockels Cell from the RC input beam path.
I maximized the transmission by tweaking the steering mirrors and rotating the HWP.
Since the transmission PD was saturated without an ND filter on it, I reduced the VCO RF power slider to 2.85.
Accordingly, I changed the nominal common gain of the FSS servo to 10.5dB.
  1228   Wed Jan 14 15:53:32 2009 steveDAQPSLMC temperature sensor

Quote:
I added a channel for the temperature sensor on the MC1/MC3 chamber: C1:PSL-MC_TEMP_SEN.
To do that I had to reboot the frame builder. The slow servo of the FSS had to get restarted, the reference cavity locked and so the PMC and MZ.


Where is this channel?
  1244   Thu Jan 22 11:54:09 2009 AlbertoConfigurationPSLMach Zehnder Output Beam QPD
I rotated by 180 degrees the 10% beam splitter that it is used to fold the beam coming from the Mach Zehnder (directed to the MC) on to the QPD.

The alignment of the beam with that QPD has so been lost. I'll adjust it later on.

The rotation of the BS had the (surprising) effect of amplifying the Absolute Length experiment's beat by 9 times. Maybe because of a polarizing effect of the Beam Splitter which could have increased the beating efficiency between the PSL and the NPRO beams?
  1246   Thu Jan 22 14:38:41 2009 carynDAQPSLMC temperature sensor

Quote:

Quote:
I added a channel for the temperature sensor on the MC1/MC3 chamber: C1:PSL-MC_TEMP_SEN.
To do that I had to reboot the frame builder. The slow servo of the FSS had to get restarted, the reference cavity locked and so the PMC and MZ.


Where is this channel?


That's not the name of the channel anymore. The channel name is PEM-MC1_TEMPS. It's written in a later entry.
  1248   Fri Jan 23 10:00:21 2009 steveUpdatePSLPMC transmission is down
The PMC transmission is going down.
I have not relocked the PMC yet.
  1250   Fri Jan 23 14:00:02 2009 YoichiUpdatePSLPMC transmission is down

Quote:
The PMC transmission is going down.
I have not relocked the PMC yet.


I tweaked the alignment to the PMC.
The transmission got back to 2.65. But it is still not as good as it was 3 days ago (more than 3).

It is interesting that the PMC transmission is inversely proportional to the NPRO output.
My theory is that the increased NPRO power changed the heat distribution inside the power amplifier.
Thus the output mode shape changed and the coupling into the PMC got worse.
MOPA output shows a peak around Jan-21, whereas the NPRO power was still climbing up.
This could also be caused by the thermal lensing decreasing the amplification efficiency.
  1254   Wed Jan 28 12:42:51 2009 YoichiUpdatePSLMOPA dying
Yoichi, Jenne, Peter

As most of you know, the MOPA output power has been declining rapidly since Jan 21. (See the attachment 1)
There was also an increase in the NPRO power observed in LMON, which is an internal power monitor of the NPRO.
Similar trend can be seen in 126MON, which picks up some scattered light from the NPRO but there may be some contributions from the PA output.

The drop in the AMPMON, LMON and CURMON (NPRO current) from the middle of Jan 26 to the end of Jan27 was caused by me.
I tried to decrease the NPRO current to put the NPRO power back to the level when the MOPA output was higher. But it did not bring back the MOPA power.
So I put back the current after an hour. This caused the sharp power drop on Jan26.
By mistake, I did not fully recover the current at that time and left it like that for a day. This accounts for the long power drop period continued until Jan27.

Shortly after I tweaked the current, the MOPA output power started to fluctuate a lot. This drives the ISS crazy.
To see if this was caused by the NPRO or power amplifier,
we decided to fix the 126MON to monitor the real NPRO power.
We opened the MOPA box and installed a mirror to direct a picked off NPRO beam to the outside of the box through an unused hole.
We set up a lens and a PD outside of the MOPA box to receive this beam. The output from the PD is connected to the 126MON cable.
So 126MON is now serving as the real monitor of the NPRO power. It has not yet been calibrated.

The second attachment shows a short time series of the MOPA power and NPRO power. When the beam is blocked, the 126MON goes to -22.
So the RIN of the NPRO is less than 1%, whereas the MOPA power fluctuates about 5%. There is also no clear correlation between the power fluctuation of the MOPA and the NPRO. So probably the MOPA power fluctuation is not caused by NPRO.

At this moment, all the feedback signals (current shunt, slow and fast actuators) are physically disconnected from MOPA box so that we can see the behavior of MOPA itself.
  1256   Wed Jan 28 19:08:50 2009 YoichiUpdatePSLLaser is back (sort of)
Yoichi, Peter, Jenne

Summary:
We found that the chiller water is not going to the NPRO base. It was hot whereas it was cold when I touched it a few months ago.
I twisted the needle valve on the water line to the NPRO base. Then we heard gargling noise in the pipe and the water started to flow.
The laser power is now climbing up slowly. The noisiness of the MOPA output is reduced.

I will post more detailed entry explaining my theory of what actually happened later.
  1257   Thu Jan 29 13:52:34 2009 YoichiUpdatePSLLaser is back (sort of)
Here is what I think has happened to the laser.

After the chiller line to the NPRO base clogged, the FSS slow slider went down to keep the laser frequency constant.
It is evident in the attachment 1 that the behavior of the slow slider and the DTEC (diode temp. stabilization feedback signal) are almost the same except for the direction. This means the slow servo was fighting against the increased heat caused by the lack of the cooling from the bottom.
DTEC was doing the same thing to keep the diode temperature constant.

Even though the slow actuator (a Peltier on the crystal) worked hard to keep the laser frequency constant, one can imagine that there was a large temperature gradient in the crystal and the mode shape may have changed.

Probably this made the coupling of the NPRO beam to the PA worse. It may also have put the NPRO in a mode hopping region, which could be the cause of the noisiness.

Right now, the MOPA power is 2.7W.
The FSS, PMC, MZ are locked. At first, the PMC locked on a sideband. I had to twiddle the phase flip button of the PMC servo to lock the PMC. Probably this is another sticky channel, which needs to be tweaked after a reboot of c1psl. I added a code to do this in /cvs/cds/caltech/scripts/Admin/slider_twiddle.

Currently the ISS is unstable. Kakeru and I are now taking OPLTF of the servo.
Looks like the phase margin at the lower UGF is too small.
  1260   Thu Jan 29 18:10:13 2009 YoichiUpdatePSLISS Bad
Kakeru, Yoichi

As we noted before, the ISS is unstable. You can see the laser power oscillation around 3Hz.
We took the open-loop transfer function of the ISS around the lower UGF.
The phase margin is almost non-existent.
It was measured with the ISS gain slider at 2dB (usually it was set to 7dB).
So if we increase it by 3dB, it is guaranteed to be unstable.

The higher UGF has also a small phase margin (about 12deg.).
With the ISS gain slider at 2dB, the upper UGF is too low, i.e. the UGF is located at the beginning of the 1/f region.
So we if we make the lower UGF stable by lowering the gain, the upper UGF becomes unstable.

We took out the ISS box from the PSL table.
Kakeru and Peter are now trying to modify the filter circuit to give more phase margin at the lower UGF.
  1262   Fri Jan 30 19:38:57 2009 KakeruUpdatePSLISS Bad
Kakeru, Peter

We try to improve ISS bord, but there isn't circuit diagram with correct parameters.
We are to measure transfar function and guess each parameter before we desogn new circuit parameters.
  1270   Tue Feb 3 23:44:44 2009 Kakeru, Peter, YoichiUpdatePSLISS unstability

We found that one OP-amp used in ISS servo oscillated in 10 MHz, 100mV.

Moreover, we found another OP-amp had big noise.

We guess that these oscilation or noise cause saturation in high frequency, and they effect to lower frequency to cause 

 Attached files are open loop transfar function of ISS.

The blue points are open loop TF, and the green line is product of TF of ISS servo filter and TF of current shunt TF of servo filter.

This two must be same in principle, but They have difference f<2Hz and f>5kHz.

  1276   Thu Feb 5 21:42:28 2009 YoichiUpdatePSLMy thoughts on ISS

Today, I worked with Kakeru on ISS.

The problem is sort of elusive. Some time, the laser power looks fine, but after a while you may see many sharp drops in the power. Some times, the power drops happen so often that they look almost like an oscillation.

We made several measurements today and Kakeru is now putting the data together. Meanwhile, I will put my speculations on the ISS problem here.

The other day, Kakeru took the transfer function of the ISS feedback filter (he is supposed to post it soon). The filter shape itself has a large phase margin ( more than 50deg ?) at the lower UGF (~3Hz) if we assume the response of the current shunt to be flat. However, when we took the whole open loop transfer function of the ISS loop, the phase margin was only 20deg. This leads to the amplification of the intensity noise around the UGF. The attached plot is the spectrum of the ISS monitor PD. You can see a broad peak around 2.7Hz. In time series, this amplified intensity noise looks like semi-oscillation around this frequency.

Since it is very unlikely that the PD has a large phase advance at low frequencies, the additional phase advance has to be in the current shunt. We measured the response of the current shunt (see Kakeru's coming post). It had a slight high-pass shape below 100Hz (a few dB/dec). This high-pass response produces additional phase advance in the loop.

There seems to be no element to produce such a high-pass response in the current shunt circuit ( http://www.ligo.caltech.edu/docs/D/D040542-A1.pdf )

This Jamie's document shows a similar high-pass response of the current ( http://www.ligo.caltech.edu/docs/G/G030476-00.pdf  page 7 )

Now the question is what causes this high-pass response. Here is my very fishy hypothesis :-)

The PA output depends not only on the pump diode current but also on the mode matching with the NPRO beam, which can be changed by the thermal lensing. If the thermal lensing is in such a condition that an increase in the temperature would reduce the mode matching, then the temperature increase associated with a pump current increase could cancel the power increase. This thermal effect would be bigger at lower frequencies. Therefore, the intensity modulation efficiency decreases at lower frequencies (high-pass behavior). If this model is true, this could explain the elusiveness of the problem, as the cancellation amount depends on the operation point of the PA. 

To test this hypothesis, we can change the pump current level to see if the current shunt response changes. However, the PA current slider on the MEDM screen does not work (Rob told me it's been like this for a while). Also the front panel of the MOPA power supply does not work (Steve told me it's been like this for a while). We tried to connect to the MOPA power supply from a PC through RS-232C port, which did not work neither. We will try to fix the MEDM slider tomorrow.

  1277   Fri Feb 6 09:52:35 2009 KakeruUpdatePSLCurrent shunt transfar function

I attach the transfar function of the current shunt.
There is a little gap at 10 Hz for phase, but it is a ploblem of measurement and not real one.
 

  1278   Fri Feb 6 09:56:11 2009 KakeruUpdatePSLISS servo transfar function

I attache the transfar function of ISS servo.

The 4th stage and variable gain amplifier has alomost same transfar function, so their lines pile up.

  1279   Fri Feb 6 10:46:40 2009 KakeruUpdatePSLISS servo and noise
I measured the output noise of eache stage of ISS servo, and calcurated the noise ratio between input and 
output of each stage.
Generaly, each noise ratio corresponds to their transfar function. This means servo filter works well, not 
adding extra noise.

I attache example of them.
For 2nd stage, the noise ratio is smaller than transfar function with a few factor. This is because the 
input noise is coverd by analyser's noise and ratio between output and input looks small.
This means the input noise of 2nd stage was enough small and all stage before 2nd stage work well
  1281   Fri Feb 6 16:20:52 2009 YoichiUpdatePSLMOPA current slider fixed

I fixed the broken slider to change the current of the PA.

The problem was that the EPICS database assigned a wrong channel of the DAC to the slider.

I found that the PA current adjustment signal lines are connected to the CH3 &CH4 of VMIC4116 #1. However in the database file (/cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1psl/psl.db), the slider channel (C1:PSL-126MOPA_DCAMP) was assigned to CH2. I fixed the database file and rebooted c1psl. Then the PA current started to follow the slider value.

I moved the slider back and forth by +/-0.3V while the ISS loop was on. I observed that the amount of the low frequency fluctuation of the MOPA power changed with the slider position. At some current levels, the ISS instability problem went away.

Kakeru is now taking open-loop TFs and current shunt responses at different slider settings.

  1283   Fri Feb 6 23:23:48 2009 Kakeru, YoichiUpdatePSLISS is fixed

Yoichi and me found that the transfar function of the current shunt changed with the current of PA.
We changed PA current and fixed the unstability of ISS.
Now, laser power is stabilized finely, with band of about 1 Hz.
Yoich will post the stabilized noise spectrum.

There looks to be some non-linear relation between PA current and  the TF of current shunt.
It had changed from the TF which we measured yesterday, so it might change again.

I try to write scripts to sweep PA current and measure the laser power and its rms automatically.
It will be apply for auto-adjustment of PA current.


Attached files are the transfar function of the current shunt with changing PA.
They have difference in lower frequency.

  1284   Mon Feb 9 16:02:42 2009 YoichiUpdatePSLPSL relative intensity noise
I attached the relative intensity noise of the PSL.
There is no bump around the lower UGF (~1Hz), but at the higher UGF (~30kHz) there is a clear bump.
When the ISS gain slider was moved up to 21dB, the peak got milder, because there is larger phase margin at higher frequencies with the current filter design.
We may want to optimize the filter later.
  1287   Mon Feb 9 19:50:48 2009 YoichiConfigurationPSLISS disconnected
We are doing measurements on ISS.
The ISS feedback connector is disconnected and the beam to the MC is blocked.
  1289   Tue Feb 10 23:36:25 2009 KakeruUpdatePSLPA current and laser output
I changed the PA current and measured laser output power (monitor PD signal).
The gain of ISS is 13dB
Attached figure is the relation of PA current and the average and standard diviation of laser output.
The average of output power decreas as current increase. It looks something is wrong with PA.
When current is -0.125, 0, 0.5, ISS become ocsilating. This looks to be changed from previous measurement.

I wrote matlab code for this measurement. The code is
/cvs/cds/caltech/users/kakeru/scripts/CS_evaluate.m
This function uses
/cvs/cds/caltech/users/kakeru/scripts/moveCS.m
  1291   Wed Feb 11 07:28:25 2009 YoichiUpdatePSLPA current and laser output
I think we should also plot the laser power at the MOPA output. The horizontal axis should be the absolute current value read from the PA current monitor channel, not the slider value.

This result is consistent with my hypothesis that the thermal effect is canceling the power change at low frequencies (see elog:1276).
But if it is really caused by thermal effect or not is still unknown.

I'd like to see a larger scan into the lower current region.


Quote:
I changed the PA current and measured laser output power (monitor PD signal).
The gain of ISS is 13dB
Attached figure is the relation of PA current and the average and standard diviation of laser output.
The average of output power decreas as current increase. It looks something is wrong with PA.
When current is -0.125, 0, 0.5, ISS become ocsilating. This looks to be changed from previous measurement.

I wrote matlab code for this measurement. The code is
/cvs/cds/caltech/users/kakeru/scripts/CS_evaluate.m
This function uses
/cvs/cds/caltech/users/kakeru/scripts/moveCS.m
  1295   Wed Feb 11 23:51:53 2009 KakeruUpdatePSLPA current and laser output
I attached a plot of ISS monitor PD and MOPA output to PA current.
The both end of PA current (26.0353[A] and 28.4144[A]) correspond to the slider value of -2.0 and 1.0 .
It looks that we must use MOPA with PA current below 27.5[A].
  1299   Thu Feb 12 18:35:10 2009 KakeruConfigurationPSLPA current limitter


I added a PA current limiter.
It is only a voltage devider (composed with 3.09k and 1.02k resiste) between DAC and PA current adjustment input.
The output range of DAC is +/- 10[V] and  the conversion factor of PA current adjustment is 0.84[A/V] (measured value), so the PA current adjustment is limited +/- 2.1[A] ( 10[V]*1.02k/(1.02k+3.09k)*0.84[A/V] ).


Actually, the manual of the PA tells that the conversion factor is 0.25[A/V].
There is 3 possibility.
1) There are some mistakes in channels of digital system.
2) The PA manual is wrong.
  2-1) The conversion factor of current adjustment is wrong.
  2-2) The conversion factor of current monitor is wrong.
I measured the signal of current adjustment and current monitor directly, and confirm that they are consistent to the value monitord from MEDM.
Hence the PA manual must be wrong, but I don't know which factor is wrong (or both?).
If the suspect 2-2) is guilty, it means we adjust PA current with very small range.
This is a completly safety way, but a wast of resource.


Now, the slider to control current adjustment indicate the output of DAC.
I will improve this to indicate  current adjustment input, but it takes some time for me to learn about EPICS.

  1357   Wed Mar 4 23:42:45 2009 ranaConfigurationPSLpsl db change

I made the following change to correct the sign of the 126MON channel:

allegra:c1aux>ezcawrite C1:PSL-126MOPA_126MON.EGUF -410
C1:PSL-126MOPA_126MON.EGUF = -410
allegra:c1aux>ezcawrite C1:PSL-126MOPA_126MON.EGUL 410
C1:PSL-126MOPA_126MON.EGUL = 410
allegra:c1aux>

  1395   Thu Mar 12 18:44:02 2009 YoichiUpdatePSLMZ aligned
The MC lost the alignment somehow this afternoon.
So I thought it was good time to touch the MZ because I had to align the MC using the periscope anyway.

I mainly touched the mirror with a PZT. The MZ reflection went down from 0.5 to 0.3.
  1421   Tue Mar 24 13:10:07 2009 AlbertoConfigurationPSLnew mirror installed on the AP table

New flipping mirror installed on the AP table on the beam path to the REFL199 PD.

If you're missing the double demod signal, please check that it is actually down.

  1431   Thu Mar 26 04:01:24 2009 YoichiUpdatePSLFSS Open Loop Gain
Yoichi, Peter, Jenne

Attached is the open loop transfer function of the FSS as of today with the common gain = 12dB and the fast gain = 16dB.
The UGF is only 250kHz. If we increase the common gain, the PC goes crazy. Exactly the same symptom as before I fixed the oscillating op-amp.

I wanted to check the cross over frequency but there is no excitation point in the fast path nor PC path. Therefore, it is not easy.
  1470   Fri Apr 10 18:11:18 2009 JenneUpdatePSLISS has a bad cable?

[Rob, Jenne]

I noticed that the ISS Mean Value and CS Saturation were both RED and unhappy. (The alarms were going off, and they were both red on the MEDM screen).  None of the MEDM settings seemed off kilter, so we went out to take a look at the PSL table. 

Rob checked that light is indeed going to both of the ISS photodiodes (Morag and Siobhan).  Next we checked that all the cables were good, and that the power to the ISS box was plugged in. In this process, Rob wiggled all the cables to check that they were plugged in.  Just after doing this, the Mean Value and CS Sat were happy again.  Rob thinks the current shunt connection might be bad, but we don't really know which one it was since all of the cables were jiggled between our checking the screens. 

Right now, everything is happy again, but as with all bad-cabling-problems, we'll probably see this one again.

 

 

I don't know why in particular the connection decided to spaz out this afternoon...I don't think anyone opened the PSL table before Rob and I went to investigate.  I was working on the PMC servo (checking the LO levels...to be posted in a couple minutes), but didn't have anything to do with the ISS. After I was done, I put everything back, and locked the PMC and the MC, and everything was good, until some time later when the ISS started flipping out.

  1471   Fri Apr 10 19:09:48 2009 JenneUpdatePSLPMC LO Calibration
I measured the RF LO output level from the PMC's LO board which goes directly into the LO input on the PMC Servo board. This goes hand-in-hand with Rana's thoughts
that we might be giving the PMC mixer a too-low LO value, and we might need to switch out the mixer. Steve ordered some new mixers today to try out.

The RF Output Adjust slider (on the C1:PSL_PMC_PS screen) goes from 0-10V; The nominal value (or at least the value I found it at today) is 2.014V.

To measure the RF level: I unlocked the Mode Cleaner and turned off the ISS servo per Yoichi's suggestion. I then unplugged the input to the PMC servo board's LO input,
and put that cable into a 300MHz 'scope, with 12dB attenuation. The 'scope was AC coupled, with the input set to 50Ohms.

I then changed the RF Output Adjust slider in increments of 0.5, and measured the peak-to-peak values on the scope. In the table and on the plots, I've taken into account
the 12dB attenuation. i.e I actually measured 964mV, so 964mV*10^.6 = 3838mV.


RF Output AdjustOutput measured on scopeOscillator Output Monitor
[V]
[Vpp]
[no units given on MEDM screen]
All \pm 0.0159 all of this column is NEGATIVE
0.00003.8380.007
0.50003.8540.007
1.00003.8380.006
1.50003.8380.007
2.00003.8380.006
2.50003.8380.007
3.00003.8380.007
3.50003.8380.007
4.00003.8380.007
4.50003.8220.007
5.00003.8220.012
5.50003.7900.076
6.00003.7580.257
6.50003.6940.555
7.00003.6150.931
7.50003.5351.277
8.00003.4561.532
8.50003.3921.709
9.00003.3441.829
9.50003.3121.908
10.00003.2961.966


I think it's kind of funky that it's so flat for ~half the slider. Also, the third column includes the Oscillator Output Monitor value from the MEDM screen at various RF Adjust slider values. All of these should be negative (i.e. -0.007), but the TABLE function doesn't like "-" signs. I don't know if this information is degenerate with the 'scope measurements, or if it's an indicator of what (might be) wrong.

After finishing, I plugged the cable back into the PMC servo board as it was, turned back on the ISS and relocked the PMC and the MC.
  1473   Sat Apr 11 00:45:41 2009 YoichiUpdatePSLPMC LO Calibration

Quote:

I then changed the RF Output Adjust slider in increments of 0.5, and measured the peak-to-peak values on the scope. In the table and on the plots, I've taken into account the 12dB attenuation. i.e I actually measured 964mV, so 964mV*10^.6 = 3838mV.


3.8Vpp is about 16dBm.
The mixer for the PMC demodulator is level 23. So 16dBm is insufficient.
What is the level of the new mixer Steve ordered ? 13 ?
  1475   Sun Apr 12 19:27:20 2009 ranaUpdatePSLPMC LO Calibration

Quote:

3.8Vpp is about 16dBm.
The mixer for the PMC demodulator is level 23. So 16dBm is insufficient.
What is the level of the new mixer Steve ordered ? 13 ?


Since Steve and Jenne were on it, I'm sure they ordered the optimum values...

From the table, it looks like the drive level adjuster is busted. Its not supposed to just give a
1-2 dB change over the full range. We'll have to think about what exactly to do, but we should
probably install the level 13 mixer and put in the right attenuation to make the LO be ~13.5 dBm
including the filter. Also need to calibrate the LO readback on the board like what Peter did for
the FSS.
  1477   Mon Apr 13 08:59:57 2009 steveUpdatePSLmixers on order

Quote:

Quote:

I then changed the RF Output Adjust slider in increments of 0.5, and measured the peak-to-peak values on the scope. In the table and on the plots, I've taken into account the 12dB attenuation. i.e I actually measured 964mV, so 964mV*10^.6 = 3838mV.


3.8Vpp is about 16dBm.
The mixer for the PMC demodulator is level 23. So 16dBm is insufficient.
What is the level of the new mixer Steve ordered ? 13 ?



I ordered mixers level 13, 17 on Friday and level 23 now.
They should be here Tuesday

NOTE: level 23 power is illegal to use in the 40m lab
They get hot
  1478   Mon Apr 13 17:55:37 2009 JenneUpdatePSLPMC LO Mon Calibration

I have calibrated the PMC LO Mon (C1:PSL-PMC_LODET) on the PMC's EPICS screen, by inputting different RF LO levels into the LO input of the PMC servo board.

 

Since the RF output adjust slider on the PMC's Phase Shifter screen doesn't do a whole lot (see elog 1471), I used a combination of attenuators and the slider to achieve different LO levels. I measured the level of the attenuated RF out of the LO board using the 4395A in spectrum analyzer mode, with the units in dBm, with 50dB attenuation to make it stop complaining about being overloaded.  For each row in the table I measured the RF level using the 4395, then plugged the cable back into the PMC servo board to get the EPICS screen's reading.

The last 2 columns of the table below are the 'settings' I used to get the given RF LO level. 

RF LO Input to PMC Servo Board [dBm] LO Mon on EPICS Screen [no units] RF Output Adjust Slider [V] Attenuators used [dB]
16.004 +- 0.008 0.1200 +- 0.0003 0 0
15.001 +- 0.004 0.0708 +- 0.0008 0 1
14.079 +- 0.008 0.0318 +- 0.0001 8 1
13.002 +- 0.006 0.0126 +- 0.0004 0 3
11.992 +- 0.010 0.0024 +- 0.0008 0 4
10.994 +- 0.010 -0.0024 +- 0.0003 0 4+1=5
9.993 +- 0.008 -0.0047 +- 0.0007 0 3+3=6

 

When the new mixers that Steve ordered come in (tomorrow hopefully), I'll put in a Level 13 mixer in place of the current Level 23 mixer that we have.  Also, Rana suggested increasing the gain on the op-amp which is read out as the LO Mon so that 13dBm looks like 1V.  To do this, it looks like I'll need to increase the gain by ~80.  

  1487   Wed Apr 15 17:11:37 2009 JenneUpdatePSLEdited c1psl.db to calibrate PMC's LO mon


Following the method in Peter's Elog, 

I edited c1psl.db to include the following: 


grecord(calc, "C1:PSL-PMC_LOCALC")
{
        field(INPB,"C1:PSL-PMC_LODET")
        field(SCAN,".1 second")
        field(PREC,"4")
        field(CALC,".955*LOGE(B)-17.11")
}

 

I restarted c1psl (had to go hit the physical reset button since it didn't come back after telnet-ing and "reboot"ing) to make this take effect.

Next step is to tell the PMC screen to look at this _LOCALC rather than _LODET, and the screen will be calibrated into dBm. 

Right now, the screen is as it always has been, because after relooking at the calibration, I no longer believe it.  This calibration claimes -19dBm for an LOmon value of 0.1200, when I actually measured +16dBm for this LOmon value.  So I've screwed something up in doing my MatLAB calibration.  I'll fix it tomorrow, and put in the correct calibration before I change the PMC screen.

 

RefCav, PMC, MC are all back and locked after my shenanigans. 

  1488   Thu Apr 16 11:17:56 2009 JenneUpdatePSLEdited c1psl.db to calibrate PMC's LO mon

Quote:

I edited c1psl.db to include the following: 


grecord(calc, "C1:PSL-PMC_LOCALC")
{
        field(INPB,"C1:PSL-PMC_LODET")
        field(SCAN,".1 second")
        field(PREC,"4")
        field(CALC,".955*LOGE(B)-17.11")
}

 

 As it turns out, I apparently can't tell X from Y when fitting a function in a rush.  The real calibration stuff which is now in c1psl.db is:

 

 

grecord(calc, "C1:PSL-PMC_LOCALC")
{
        field(INPB,"C1:PSL-PMC_LODET")
        field(SCAN,".1 second")
        field(PREC,"4")
        field(CALC,"1.004*LOGE(B)+17.76")
}

I restarted c1psl (again, had to go hit the physical reset button since it didn't come back after a telnet-reboot) to have it take in the changes.  The psl.db file that was in place before yesterday (before I touched it) is saved as psl.db.15Apr2009 just in case.

I edited the PMC EPICS screen to have the LO mon look at C1:PSL-PMC_LOCALC, which is the calibrated channel in dBm.  I also stuck a little label on the screen saying what units it's in, because everyone likes to know what units they're looking at.
  1502   Mon Apr 20 19:51:51 2009 JenneConfigurationPSLPMC has new Level 13 Mixer installed

The new Level 13 mixer on the PMC servo board is installed (minicircuits SRA-3MH).   Since the RF output of the LO board was ~16dBm, I put a 3dB attenuator between the LO board and the LO input on the servo board.  Since the previous cable was *just* the right length, this required adding a tiny bit of cable.  I found a very short cable, which worked out nicely, and didin't leave bunches of extra cable between the two boards.  One of these days if I have time (i.e. if it is necessary), I'll make a new cable for this purpose, so that we don't have 2 cables daisy-chained. 

A note on the Mixer-replacement:  The mixer on the PMC servo board is soldered in a set of 8 through-holes, not stuck in a socket.  So I had to desolder the old Level 23 Mixer (minicircuits RAY-3) which was a total pain.  Unfortunately, in this process, I lifted one of the pads off the back side of the board.  Once the old mixer was removed, it became clear that the pin for the pad I had lifted was shorted via a trace on the front side of the board to the pin directly across from it.  So when installing the new mixer, I did my best to get some solder into the through-hole for the lifted-pad-pin, and then tied it using a jumper wire to the pin that it's shorted to on the front of the board.  You can't see the trace that shorts the two pins because it's underneath the mixer, when the mixer is installed.  (Sidenote: after talking with Rana, this should be okie-dokie, especially if these are ground pins).

The PMC and MC locked nice and happily after I replaced the board and turned all the HV supplies back on, so I call this a success!

I also measured the OLG of the PMC servo after today's adventures in mixer-land.  I get a UGF of 1.4kHz, with 66 degrees of phase margin.  The method for this is in elog 924.

I checked the phase slider setting of the PMC phase screen by putting 30kHz at 100mV into the Ext DC input of the servo board, and looking at the 30kHz peak output of the Mixer Out.  I fiddled with the phase slider, and chose the value for which the 30kHz peak was maximized.  The phase slider is now set to 5.0V. 

  1568   Sat May 9 00:15:21 2009 YoichiUpdatePSLLaser head temperature oscillation
After the laser cooling pipe was unclogged, the laser head temperature has been oscillating in 24h period.
The laser power shows the same oscillation.
Moreover, there is a trend that the temperature is slowly creeping up.
We have to do something to stop this.
Or Rob has to finish his measurements before the laser dies.
  1569   Sat May 9 02:20:11 2009 JenneUpdatePSLLaser head temperature oscillation

Quote:
After the laser cooling pipe was unclogged, the laser head temperature has been oscillating in 24h period.
The laser power shows the same oscillation.
Moreover, there is a trend that the temperature is slowly creeping up.
We have to do something to stop this.
Or Rob has to finish his measurements before the laser dies.


How's DTEC doing? I thought DTEC was kind of in charge of dealing with these kinds of things, but after our laser-cooling-"fixing", DTEC has been railed at 0, aka no range.

After glancing at DTEC with Dataviewer along with HTEMP and AMPMON (my internet is too slow to want to post the pic while ssh-ed into nodus), it looks like DTEC is oscillating along with HTEMP in terms of frequency, but perhaps DTEC is running out of range because it is so close to zero? Maybe?
ELOG V3.1.3-