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ID Date Authorup Type Category Subject
  11364   Fri Jun 19 01:55:35 2015 ericqUpdateGreen LockingBeatBox Assay: not looking good

But, it has no whitening. Can we do the whitening part externally? Perhaps we can run the RF signals from the output of the beat RF Amps over to the LSC rack and then put the outputs into the LSC Whitening board and acquire the signals in the LSC ?

I like this idea; it gives us more control over the whitening, and saves the IPC delay. We could use the currently vacant AS165 and POP55 channels. 

We'd only have to move the phase trackers to c1lsc, which means 12 more FMs total. This is really the only part of the c1als model our current system uses, the rest is from before the ALS->LSC integration. 

  11365   Fri Jun 19 03:00:56 2015 ericqUpdateCDSLibrary Model Parts examined

All simulink diagrams being used at the 40m are now under version control. I have compiled, installed, and restarted all current models to make sure that the files are all in a working state, which they seem to be. I have checked the latest version of the userapps svn repository to /opt/rtcds/userapps2.9, to compare the files therein with our current state. 

Surprisingly, only two files in the userapps svn have been changed since they were checked out here, and only one of these is a real change of any kind. 

LSC_TRIGGER.mdl was edited at some point simply to align some drawn lines; no functionality was changed. 

SCHMITTTRIGGER.mdl was edited to change the "INVERT" epics channel from an arbitrary EPICS input, to binary (true/false) input. This does not change the connectivity diagram, and in fact, I don't think we use this option in any of our scripts, nor is it exposed on our medm screens. 

Thus, I think that the only place for block changes can bite us is changes in the fundamental blocks in CDS_PARTS that are used in our custom 40m library parts. 

For posterity, these are the files used in compiling all of our running models. (Path base: /opt/rtcds/userapps/release)

  11368   Mon Jun 22 12:57:09 2015 ericqSummaryLSCX/Y green beat mode overlap measurement redone

I took measurements at the green beat setup on the PSL table, and found that our power / mode overlap situation is still consistent with what Koji and Manasa measured last September [ELOG 10492]. I also measured the powers at the BBPDs with the Ophir power meter.

Both mode overlaps are around 50%, which is fine. 

The beatnote amplitudes at the BBPD outputs at a frequency of about 50MHz are -20.0 and -27.5 dBm for the X and Y beats, respectively. This is consistent with the measured optical power levels and a PD response of ~0.25 A/W at 532nm. The main reason for the disparity is that there is much more X green light than Y green light on the table (factor of ~20), and the greater amount of green PSL light on the Y BBPD (factor of ~3) does not quite make up for it. 

One way to punch up the Y beat a little might be to adjust the pickoff optics. Of 25uW of Y arm transmitted green light incident on the polarizing beamsplitter that seperates the X and Y beams, only 13uW makes it to the Y BBPD, but this would only win us a couple dBms at most. 

In any case, with the beat setup as it exists, it looks like we should design the next beatbox iteration to accept RF inputs of around -20 to -30 dBm. 

In the style of the referenced ELOG, here are today's numbers. 

            XARM   YARM 
o BBPD DC output (mV)
 V_DARK:   +  1.0  + 2.2
 V_PSL:    +  7.1  +21.3
 V_ARM:    +165.0  + 8.2

o BBPD DC photocurrent (uA)
I_DC = V_DC / R_DC ... R_DC: DC transimpedance (2kOhm)

 I_PSL:       3.6   10.7
 I_ARM:      82.5    4.1

o Expected beat note amplitude
I_beat_full = I1 + I2 + 2 sqrt(e I1 I2) cos(w t) ... e: mode overwrap (in power)

I_beat_RF = 2 sqrt(e I1 I2)

V_RF = 2 R sqrt(e I1 I2) ... R: RF transimpedance (2kOhm)

P_RF = V_RF^2/2/50 [Watt]
     = 10 log10(V_RF^2/2/50*1000) [dBm]

     = 10 log10(e I1 I2) + 82.0412 [dBm]
     = 10 log10(e) +10 log10(I1 I2) + 82.0412 [dBm]

for e=1, the expected RF power at the PDs [dBm]
 P_RF:      -13.2  -21.5

o Measured beat note power (no alignment done)     
 P_RF:      -20.0  -27.5  [dBm] (53.0MHz and 46.5MHz) 
    e:       45.7   50.1  [%]                         


  11371   Mon Jun 22 20:59:19 2015 ericqUpdateLSCDFD Delay length

I've been thinking a bit about what the ideal cable length / delay time for the upgraded ALS beatbox should be. Here are some thoughts, but no conclusions yet. 

If you're not running your beatbox mixer in compression, there are two competing effects when you change the cable length. At first, more delay gives better sensitivity, but this does not go on to infinity, because cable attenuation eventually kills your signal. It turns out that the ideal length can be derived to be whatever length gives you 20/ln(10) = -8.7dB of attenuation. Frank found this out in PSL ELOG 825, and I found an HP document that derives this (and other useful DFD math) to the wiki, here.

In PSL ELOG 826, Frank calculated this ideal length for a 160MHz carrier in various kinds of cables. 

However, this is not the end of the story. In the case of the DFD, we actually benefit from operating the mixer in compression, as makes our sensitivity less sensitive to flucuations in the beat amplitude. In this situation, the HP doc states "For maximum sensitivity, more delay can be added until the signal level out of the delay line is 8.7dB below the phase detector (mixer) compression point." I'm not sure I really understand the logic behind this statement, though. 

Lastly, Koji mentioned the fact that the splitter in the demod board does not split at exactly 90 degrees, making the trajectory in the IQ plane an ellipse. This means that if the beat signal is moving around the ellipse a lot, or even wrapping around it, we can suffer from some nonlinear signal conversion. Also, if the raw DFD sensitivity is very high, the free swinging mirrors will cause the signal to swing around faster than the phase tracker can keep up. This should be easy to avoid, however; I doubt we will use so much cable that the beat would move by so much. 

I intend to take all of this into account when picking a cable length! Jessica is going to help us make a nice box for them, too. 

  11374   Wed Jun 24 17:30:45 2015 ericqUpdateLSCDFD Delay length

This afternoon, I had a fruitful conversation with Rich Abbott about various kinds of cables.

I've sent an email to Steve to ask him to buy 2 x 50m LMR-195 cables, with male SMA connectors. Rich highly recommends these for their polyethylene insulation, which makes them less microphonic and less susceptible to thermal expansion, low loss, and multi-ply bonded foil shielding.

50m means that the peak to peak mixer output swing corresponds to about a MHz. 1nV of mixer output noise looks like ~6mHz frequency noise, for a Level 3 mixer appropriately driven. As a comparison, the lowest our in-loop green PDH error signals get is 0.1Hz/rtHz. 

The cable attenuation should be around 4.2dB at 50MHz, and 7.3dB at 150MHz, according to the data sheet. Thus, we should not be in the regieme where we are losing sensitivity to the attenuation. 

By my rough geometric estimation, these two should fit in the 2U box I got ahold of today fine. Jessica is designing the front panel. 

We currently have ~30m of RG-408 and RG-142 as our delay lines. 

  11378   Thu Jun 25 18:20:15 2015 ericqUpdateLSCALS reconstruction in progress

I've been working on getting a working ALS up and running. Things are in a bit of a transient state right now; I'm off to softball and dinner, and will resume work tonight. There will be a more detailed ELOG then, but here are some quick notes:

  • c1als has been gutted, phase trackers are working successfully in c1lsc frontend. All channel names remain the same. 
  • BEATX is on the ADC channels where AS165 used to live, BEATY at POP55. 
  • Used a marconi to drive the aLIGO LSC demod board in the LSC rack, was able to lock digital phase tracker on two channels
  • Noise looks pretty cruddy. Lots of 60Hz harmonics on both channels, maybe from marconi drive? Pickup in the delay line?
  • BEATX whitening filter maybe has something fishy going on; excess noise at 2kHz
  • Unclear if BEATY whitening filter is actually doing anything. 
  • Whitening gain switching works fine for both, though. Haven't revisited the switching code, so its controlled in the old RFPD place for now.
  • Whitening triggering is not set up, will require some thought and model work that isn't neccesary yet. 
  • Agilent analyzer, marconi, and old delay lines are currently stashed behind the LSC rack; I will resume work with them tonight. 

The main thing left to do is to install the RF amplifiers at the PSL table and route the green beat signals over to the LSC rack. I fear that some investigation into the whitening filters will be neccesary to make the performance adequate, however. 

  11379   Fri Jun 26 03:24:18 2015 ericqUpdateLSCALS reconstruction in progress

Too sleepy to make full ELOG. Stay tuned. 

Two 25dB amplifiers (with fins!) are living in the top shelf on the PSL table, inputs currently grounded. I broke out the fused 24V power from the AOM driver to power the two amps and the AOM driver. I used the POP55 and AS165 heliax cables to get their outputs to the LSC rack, through delay lines, into demod board. 

Driving with -20dBm at 55MHz, the BEATX signal chain has about 60Hz RMS noise, which is about what I measured for driving the old beatbox with a marconi. High frequency noise is a much nicer shape, though. The BEATY signal didn't seem to be getting through, will double check soon. 

Still old delay cables, not nicely shielded or isolated or anything. We'll have to pipe the monitor signal from the LSC rack over to the control room analyzer now. 


  11381   Mon Jun 29 12:28:45 2015 ericqUpdateLSCALS reconstruction in progress

Turns out the reason that the BEATY signal wasn't working is that one of the two RF amplifiers (both of which are model ZHL-32A), isn't amplifying. Voltage at the pins is fine, so maybe its just broken. When the ZHL-3As that Rana ordered arrive, I'll install those. 

Switching the working amplifier between the two channels, and using a Marconi driving -20dBm (the Y green beatnote amplitude), the phase tracker output RMSs are 70Hz and 150Hz for X and Y, respectively, which isn't too exciting. There is enough whitening gain and filtering that I don't think ADC noise is an issue (The magnitude of the phase tracker Q is ~10kcounts after +6dB whitening gain). 

The RMS in both channels mostly comes from a whole mess of 60Hz harmonics. I'll see what I can do by taking better care of the delay line cables, but it is kind of weird that this would be worse now, given that there was little care given to them before either.

Also, for now, so I don't have to lug the marconi around everywhere, I'm currently driving both channels of the demod board with a spare 55MHz LO output of the LSC LO distribution box, which ends up being a factor of 5 smaller phase tracker error signal, but the noise level is about the same as with the marconi. 

  11403   Mon Jul 13 14:08:10 2015 ericqUpdateElectronicsNew RF amps, housed

I made a little box for the new RF amplifiers we'll be using for the green beatnotes, to keep things tidy on the PSL table. They are both Minicircuits model ZHL-3A-S.

I took TFs of their response with the agilient analyzer (calibrating out the cables, splitters, etc.) Powered at +24V, we get a solid ~27dB of gain up to around 200MHz, which is fine for our needs. The phase profile is mostly a 6-7 nsec delay, which is negligible for ALS. Data files are attached. 

Koji looked at me like I was crazy for using a BNC connector for the DC power. I haven't yet been able to find panel mount banana connectors, but when I do, I'll replace it. 


Attachment 1: ampBox.jpg
Attachment 2: ampTFs.png
Attachment 3: ampTFs.zip
Attachment 4: ampBox2.jpg
  11408   Tue Jul 14 10:28:02 2015 ericqSummaryCDSCDS upgrade: left running in semi-stable configuration

There remains a pattern to some of the restarts, the following times are all reported as restart times. (There are others in between, however.)

daqd: Tue Jul 14 00:02:48 PDT 2015
daqd: Tue Jul 14 01:02:32 PDT 2015
daqd: Tue Jul 14 03:02:33 PDT 2015
daqd: Tue Jul 14 05:02:46 PDT 2015
daqd: Tue Jul 14 06:01:57 PDT 2015
daqd: Tue Jul 14 07:02:19 PDT 2015
daqd: Tue Jul 14 08:02:44 PDT 2015
daqd: Tue Jul 14 09:02:24 PDT 2015
daqd: Tue Jul 14 10:02:03 PDT 2015

Before the upgrade, we suffered from hourly crashes too:

daqd_start Sun Jun 21 00:01:06 PDT 2015
daqd_start Sun Jun 21 01:03:47 PDT 2015
daqd_start Sun Jun 21 02:04:04 PDT 2015
daqd_start Sun Jun 21 03:04:35 PDT 2015
daqd_start Sun Jun 21 04:04:04 PDT 2015
daqd_start Sun Jun 21 05:03:45 PDT 2015
daqd_start Sun Jun 21 06:02:43 PDT 2015
daqd_start Sun Jun 21 07:04:42 PDT 2015
daqd_start Sun Jun 21 08:04:34 PDT 2015
daqd_start Sun Jun 21 09:03:30 PDT 2015
daqd_start Sun Jun 21 10:04:11 PDT 2015

So, this isn't neccesarily new behavior, just something that remains unfixed. 

  11418   Thu Jul 16 01:04:21 2015 ericqUpdateGeneralStarting IFO recovery, DAC troubles

I've been trying to start recovering IFO functionality, but quickly hit a frustrating roadblock. 

Upon opening the PSL shutter, and deactivating the MC mirror watchdogs, I saw the MC reflected beam moving way more than normal. 

A series of investigations revealed no signals coming out of c1sus's DAC.  crying

The IOP (c1x02) shows two of its DAC-related statewords (DAC and DK) in a fault mode, which means (quoting T1100625):

"As of RCG V2.7, if an error is detected in oneor more DAC modules, the IOP will continue to run but only write zero values to the DAC modules as a protective measure. This can only be cleared by restarting the IOP and all applications running on the affected computer."

The offending card may be DAC1, which has its fourth bit red even with only the IOP running, which corresponds to a "FIFO error". /proc/c1x02/status states, in part:

DAC #0 16-bit fifo_status=2 (OK)
DAC #1 16-bit fifo_status=3 (empty)
DAC #2 16-bit fifo_status=2 (OK)

Squishing cables and restarting the frontend have not helped anything. 

c1lsc, c1isce[x/y] are not suffering from this problem, and appear to be happily using their DACs. c1ioo does not use any DAC channels. 

As a further headache, any time I restart any of the models on the c1sus frontend, the BURT restore is totally bunk. Moreover, using burtgooey to restore a good snapshot to the c1sus model triggers a timing overflow and model crash, maybe not so surprising since the model seems to be averaging ~56usec or so. 

  11419   Thu Jul 16 03:01:57 2015 ericqUpdateLSCOld beatbox hooked back up

I was having issues trying to get reasonable noise performance out of the aLIGO demod board as an ALS DFD. Terminating the inputs to the LSC whitening inputs did not show much 60Hz noise, and an RMS in the single Hz range. 

A 60Hz line of hundreds of uV was visible in the power spectrum of the single ended BNC and double-ended DB25 outputs of the board no matter how I drove or terminated.

So, I tried out hooking up the ALS beatbox. It turns out to work better for the time being; not only is the 60Hz line in the analog outputs about ten times smaller, the broadband noise floor in the resultant beat spectrum when driven by a 55MHz LO on the LSC rack is a fair bit lower too. I wonder if this is due to not driving the aLIGO board LO at the +10dBm it expects. With the amplifiers and beat note amplitudes we have, we'd only be able to supply around 0 dBm anyways. 

Here's a comparison of the aLIGO board (black) and ALS beatbox (dark green) driven with the 55MHz LO, both going through the LSC whitening filters for a resultant magnitude of 3kCounts in the I-Q plane. The RMS sensing noise is about 30 times lower for the beatbox. (Note, this is with the old delay cables. When we switch to the 50m cables, we'll win further frequency noise sensitivity through the better degrees->Hz calibration.) I'm very interested to see what the green beat spectrum looks like with this setup. 

Not only is the 60Hz line smaller, there is simply less junk in the beatbox signal. I did not expect this to be the case. 

There were some indications of funky status of the aLIGO board: channels 3 and 4 are totally nonfunctioning, so who knows what's going on in there. I've pulled it out, to take a gander if I can figure out how to make it suitiable for our purposes. 

Attachment 1: beat_comparison.png
Attachment 2: aLIGO_vs_beatbox.xml.zip
  11422   Thu Jul 16 16:46:18 2015 ericqUpdateGeneralStarting IFO recovery, DAC troubles

Jamie showed me how to use the SDF system. We created new safe.snap files for all of the running models based on the autoburts from the morning of July 1st, before the upgrade began, and then pruned them of invalid channels. 

Now all of the models start up without having to race for the BURT button. yes

We saw that c1sus was timing out all over the place once the filter settings had been restored. I was thinking I would move one of the vertex optics into c1mcs, but instead I found it easier to remove the global damping parts. Now the c1sus model runs at ~50usec.

The c1sus frontend's DAC is still nonfunctional. Jamie is seeking advice. 

  11430   Mon Jul 20 11:57:17 2015 ericqUpdateGeneralArm Locking recovered

The interferometer is warming up!

I had some issues locking the IMC at first. It turned out that the MC3 side OSEM signal wasn't getting to the ADC. A satellite box sqush fixed it. 

I touched up the PMC alignment; the best I could do is 0.75V, probably due to the AOM being in place. 

I haven't touched the WFS offsets, but the current ones seem to be doing ok. I'll touch them up tonight when the seismic activity has calmed. 

I made some changes to the state of the PZT/PC crossover gain in the mcdown script, resulting in the IMC catching lock quicker. 

Thankfully, the tip tilt pointing stayed good during the upgrade. I barely had to touch the ETM alignment to lock the arms. ETMX is showing some errant motion, though... 

  11435   Wed Jul 22 14:10:04 2015 ericqUpdateCDSRCG Diagnostics

Now that we've seemed to landed on a working configuration, I've re-ran the tests first described in ELOG 11347. I've also compared the real filtering of filter modules to their designs. 

TL;DR: No adverse, or even observable, differences have been witnessed.

As a reminder: In c1tst, there are three loops, called LOOPA, LOOPB, and LOOPC.

  • LOOPA is a filter module feeding back onto its own input, with a unit time delay block
  • LOOPB is a FM whose output goes to the DAC. In meatspace, the AI output is hooked up directly to an AA chassis input, and back to the FM in CDS
  • LOOPC includes RFM connections to c1rfm and back again. 

Here are the loop delay results, which measure the slope of the phase response of the OLTF. For the purely digital loops (A, C), we know the number of cycles we expect to compare the delay to.

At this time, I haven't done the adding up of cycles, zero-order-holds, etc. to get the delay we expect from the analog loop (B), so I've just looked at whether it changed at all. 

Anyways, I've attached the code that analyzes data from DTT-exported text files containing the continuous phase data from the loop measurements. 


Single Model loop cycles: 1.0000000+/-0.0000006, disparity: -0.00+/-0.25 nsec
2 Model RFM loop cycles: 1.9999999+/-0.0000013, disparity: 0.0+/-0.5 nsec
ADC->DAC loop time: 338.2+/-0.4 usec


Single Model loop cycles: 0.9999999+/-0.0000008, disparity: 0.02+/-0.29 nsec
2 Model RFM loop cycles: 2.0000001+/-0.0000011, disparity: -0.0+/-0.4 nsec
ADC->DAC loop time: 338.18+/-0.35 usec

So, the digital loops take the number of cycles we expect, and there are no real differences after the upgrade. 

Additionally, for all three loops, I created a simple 100:10 filter in foton, and injected broadband noise with awggui, to measure the real TF applied by the FM code. I want to turn this whole process into a single script that will switch the filter on and off, read the foton file, and compare the measured TF to the ideal shape. 

In our system, before and after the upgrade, all three loops showed no appreciable difference from the designed filter shape, other than some tiny uptick in phase when approaching the nyquist frequency. This may be due to the fact that I'm comparing to the ideal analog filter, rather than what a 16kHz digital filter looks like. 

What I've plotted below is the devitation from the ideal zpk(100Hz, 10Hz, 0.1) frequency response, i.e. Hmeasured / Hideal. The code to do this analysis is also attached, it estimates the TF by dividing the CSD of the filter input and output by the PSD of the input. The single worst coherence in any bin of all the measurements is 0.997, so I didn't really bother to estimate the error of the TF estimate. 

Attachment 1: filterShapes.png
Attachment 2: CDS_diag_codes.zip
  11436   Wed Jul 22 15:09:40 2015 ericqUpdateGeneralIMC work

The other night, I spent some time with the mode cleaner. 

First, I made some model changes to the MC_TRANS part of c1mcs.mdl. Specifically, I brought in the userapps QPD part that we are using for the transmon and oplev QPDs. My main motivation for doing so was to have FMs for the pitch and yaw values, to be able to set offsets. Up until now, we have used a QPD centering servo in conjunction with the WFS, but the center of the QPD is not perfectly aligned to represent the center of MC2. Using offsets at the servo isn't really practical, since there are integrators. 

I then spent some time manually aligning the mode cleaner mirrors with WFS off, followed by centering the in-lock MC REFL beam on the WFS QPDs, and setting the WFS and MC_TRANS offsets. (I updated the WFS offset script, and made one for MC_TRANS in scripts/MC/WFS. They now use averaging instead of servoing to zero, a la LSC PD offset script). 

The resultant intracavity power and RIN was an improvement over the older offsets. (RMS RIN went down by half, I think.)

Since Monday, the autolocker seems to be having some trouble. At first, I suspected the changes I made weren't so hot after all, but I've now noticed a pattern. Often when I come to manually lock the mode cleaner due to a long unlocked period, I find that the sliders are not in the state specified by the mcdown script. Furthermore, it's not the same channels every time; sometimes the servo gain is left high, sometimes the boosts are left on. I fear that some of the caput commands are failing to execute. Ugh. 

  11438   Thu Jul 23 03:09:05 2015 ericqUpdateLSCaLIGO demod board lives!

I'm a little mystified. Peeking inside the aLIGO demod board, I saw that the reason that two of the channels weren't working was that their power connectors weren't plugged in, so no real mystery there. 

I hooked up the board at the electronics bench, and found the noise to be completely well behaved, in contrast to the measurements I made when it was in the LSC rack. I've taken it back out to the LSC rack, and given it the X beatnote, and it seems to be performing pretty well. 

I switched between the aLIGO demod board and beatbox during the same lock / beat. The LSC board performs margnially better from 3-100 Hz. The high frequency noise comes from the green PDH loop (coherence is near one above a few hundred Hz), so we don't expect any difference there. 

To me, the beatbox noise looks like there is a broad feature that is roughly the same level as the real cavity motion in the 10-100 Hz range. So, I think we should use the aLIGO board afterall, presuming the noise doesn't shoot back up when I remount it in the rack...

The ALS noise is getting low enough where our normal approach of measuring ALS sensing noise by simply taking the PSD of the signal when the arm is PDH locked is not quite valid anymore, as it is sensing the real cavity fluctuations. Doing a frequency domain coherent subtration of the PSDs suggests a sensing noise RMS of ~150Hz for ALSX. 

When the X arm is locked on ALS, POX sees about 250Hz RMS out of loop noise, which isn't the greatest; however, I used to be happy with 500Hz. By eye, sweeping through IR resonance is smoother. The real test is to get the Y arm ALS running, and swing it through PRFPMI resonance...

Fair warning, the LSC rack area is not so tidy right now, the demod board is resting on a stool (but not in the way of walking down the arm). I'll clean this up tomorrow. 

Attachment 1: beatbox_vs_aLIGO.png
  11445   Fri Jul 24 20:32:15 2015 ericqUpdateElectronicsLSC LO distribution box power button replaced

As happened with the RF distribution box in the IOO rack a while back, the shiny blue power button in the LSC LO distribution box failed today. I replaced it with a simple switch, but since the original was a double throw, the replacement was way too big to fit without major panel surgery. So, instead, I installed it in the grille on the roof of the chassis. It a tight press/snap fit, though; I don't think it is at risk of easily coming loose. 

After reinstalling the box, I confirmed that POX POY and AS55 could all lock arms, so I deem the operation a success.



Attachment 1: 2015-07-24_15.43.56.jpg
Attachment 2: 2015-07-24_16.57.19.jpg
  11447   Mon Jul 27 16:47:53 2015 ericqUpdateIOOMC2 -> MCL Actuator TF

Our noise cancellation SURFS will be doing online subtraction on the mode cleaner length, among other things. 

I made a measurement of the MC2 actuator transfer function by injecting noise from 1-100Hz into LSC_MC2_EXC for about 15 minutes, then estimating the TF from MC2_OUT to IOO_MC_L with CSD/PSD. The inverse of this TF will be applied to their Wiener target data to give us the direct subtration filter we want. 

I figured I would post the results here for posterity. The last time this seems to have been done is in ELOG 5900. There are some differences found here, the effective Q of the 1Hz pendulum resonance seems lower, and the behavior above 20Hz has definitely changed. 

IIR fits will be done by one of the SURFs to be used in their Wiener filter calculations. 

Data attached!

Attachment 1: mc2_2_mcl.png
Attachment 2: MC2_2_MCL_TF.txt.zip
  11463   Thu Jul 30 03:19:24 2015 ericqUpdateLSCBack towards PRFPMI

The refreshed ALS didn't look so bad today (elog forthcoming), so I decided to give PRFPMI locking a shot tonight. I was able to hold the PRMI while swinging through resonsance, but transitions to RF signals failed. Demod angles / whitening gains/ etc. etc. all need to be rechecked

Some little things here and there that got cleaned up...

  • The PRM oplev beam was being blocked. Why? I removed the block. Should recheck OLTF/spot size on QPD. 
  • ALS -> CARM, DARM signs changed, maybe because I've used the delayed beat as the RF input on the demod board, whereas I imagine it may have been the LO in the beatbox. No big deal.
  • REFL165 whitening gain and input matrix updated. Should recheck demod angles.
  • PRMI triggering settings weren't being set in the script. It's important to include arm transmission signals, since POP2F signals can momentarily dive when swinging through resonance. 
  • I should revisit phase tracker UGF normalization. I/Q amplitudes are varying quite a bit from lock to lock. 
  • PRC angular feedforward disabled for now; need to remeasure the witness/target data with DC coupled ITM oplevs
  • I think there has been a little bit of MC servo tweaking since our last locks, may need to recheck AO TF / gains. 
  11468   Thu Jul 30 14:42:03 2015 ericqUpdateLSCaLIGO demod board lives!

ALS is not currently limited by the demod board or whitening electronics.

The noise budget in the green locking paper shows the main noise sources to be these two, plus the residual fluctuations of the green PDH loop. 

So, one next step is AUX PDH noise budget. 

However, I wonder how much of the low frequency noise can be explained by instability of the beat alignement on the PSL table, and how this might be quantified. 

Yesterday, I put together a few measurements to asses whether the new demod board has moved us in the right direction. Specifically I measured the output of the phase tracker in the following states, adjusting the phase tracker gain to maintain a ~2kHz UGH (but no boost on):

  • Whitening chassis inputs terminated. BEAT_I input channels were given a 3000 count offset to give the phase tracker something to work with. This is a typical beatnote amplitude with the new RF amplifiers. 
  • aLIGO LSC demod board driven with an SRS SD345 at 30MHz. (First with +3dBm into the splitter, which is about what it sees with the green beatnotes, then with +13dBm into the splitter, to give the board the +10dBm LO it expects)
  • Arms locked with POX, POY. AUX laser temperature servos on. Green beatnotes in the 20-40MHz range. 

Results: The beat frequency spectrum is above the measured demod board and whitening chassis/ADC noise at all frequencies. It's a little close at 10Hz. 

One nice feature is that the beat spectra are far more similar to each other than they used to be. RMS noise is in the 300-400Hz range, which isn't mindblowing, but not terrible. On the order of 50 pm for each arm. Most of this comes from below 10Hz. 

Another thing to note is that, when we switch in the 50m cables, we should win a fair bit of Hz/V gain and push down these noises futher. (We're currently using 30m cables.)

By looking at some coherences, we can attribute some of the noise when IR locked to both colors of PDH loops. 

Specifically, the coherence with the Green PDH error implicates the residual frequency noise of the AUX laser above a few hundred Hz, whereas the feature from 20-50Hz is probably real cavity motion, not ALS sensing noise. Some of the 1-3Hz noise is from real suspension/stack resonances too. 

If it turns out that we do want to push the demod board noise down further, we could think about increasing the RF amplification. Driving the board harder translates directly to better noise performance. The 60Hz harmonics aren't so exciting, but not the end of the world.

Data files are attached, if you're in to that sort of thing. 

Attachment 1: partialALSbudget.png
Attachment 2: demodDriveLevels.png
Attachment 3: ALScoherences.png
Attachment 4: partialALSbudget.zip
  11470   Thu Jul 30 15:58:00 2015 ericqUpdateLSCBeat note Alignment fluctuation effects measured

However, I wonder how much of the low frequency noise can be explained by instability of the beat alignement on the PSL table, and how this might be quantified. 

I followed my hunch, and the truth comes out.

I recalled that the aLIGO demod board has a handy DB9 output on the back panel for the detected power at the RF and LO inputs. I hooked this up into the BEATY ADC channels while checking the ALSX spectrum in IR lock. 

This is assuredly the limiting factor in our ALS sensitivity.

Note: I'm calling the fluctuations of the beatnote amplitude "RF Amplitude RIN," to put things in reasonble units. I haven't looked up the board's conversion of dBm to V, but the LO should be around 0dBm in this measurement. 

The coherence between the phase tracker output and the LO amplitude is significant over a broad range, mostly dipping where real cavity motion peeks up into the spectrum. 

Also, the feature from 10-100Hz in the RIN spectrum is one I've often seen directly in ALS spectra when beatnote alignement is bad or the beatnote frequency is high, convincing me further that this is what's to blame. 

So: what do we do? Is there anything we can do to make the green alignment more stable?

Attachment 1: RF_RIN.png
Attachment 2: RF_RINspec.png
Attachment 3: RFampCoh.xml.zip
  11478   Tue Aug 4 03:02:30 2015 ericqUpdateLSCBeat note Alignment fluctuation effects measured

Notes from tonight's work:

  • PMC alignment tweaked. Not much gained
  • WFS/MC2 offsets tweaked after recentering beams on WFS and some hand alignment. 
  • Vertex oplevs realigned for the first time in forever
  • With an RF coupler, measured the X green beatnote to be +5dBm into the splitter. This resulted in -33dBm at the control room analyzer. 
  • Switched the ALS demod board inputs, from piping the delayed signal to the RF input, to sendingit to the LO input. This was motivated by wanting the mixer closer to compression, hopefully to reduce beatnote amplitude fluctuation sensitivity. This won some noise >100Hz.
    • This led to record ALS noise levels - X:217Hz, Y:203Hz yes
    • +2dBm into the board still leaves us some headroom for futher amplification. Board schematic lists +10dBm LO as "nominal," but maybe this isn't worth it... 
  • PRFPMI locking is still stalled at bringing in the RF signals. Debugging continues.
  • Some beatnote amplitude fluctuation investigations (see below)
  • Note to self: demod board schematics include an unspecified RF lowpass. Check out what got stuffed in there. 

I've explored the beatnote fluctuations a bit further. 

First, I realized that we already had a channel than functions much like an RF level monitor: the phase tracker Q output. I verified that indeed, the Q signal agrees with the RF monitor signals from the demod board within the phase tracker bandwidth. This simplifies things a little.

I also found that the Y beat suffers a fair bit less from these effects; which isn't too surprising given our experience with the alignment stability.

One possible caveat to my earlier conclusions is that the beatnote amplitude could be fluctuating due to real RIN of the green light transmitted through the cavity. In fact, this effect is indeed present, but can't explain all of the coherence. If it did, we would expect the DC green PDs (ALS-TR[X/Y]) to show the same coherence profile as the RF monitors, which they don't.  

The next thing I was interested was whether the noise level predicted via coherence was realistic. 

To this end, I implemented a least-squares subtraction of the RF level signal from the phase tracker output. I included a quadratic term of the RF power, but this turned out to be insiginficant. 

Indeed, using the right gain, it is possible to subtract some noise, reproducing nearly the same spectrum as the coherence based estimate. The discrepency at 1Hz is possible from 1Hz cavity RIN, as suggested by the presence of some coherence with TRX. 

However, this is actually kind of weird. In reality, I would've expected the coupling of RF level fluctuations to be more like a bilinear coupling; changing the gain of the mixer, rather than directly introducing a linearly added noise component. Maybe I just discovered the linear part, and the bilinear coupling is the left over low frequency noise... I need to think this over a little more.  

Attachment 1: coherences.png
Attachment 2: linX.png
  11479   Wed Aug 5 10:56:07 2015 ericqUpdateCDSMany models crashed

Last night around 1AM, many of the the frontend models crashed due to an ADC timeout. (But none of the IOPs, and all the c1lsc models were fine.)

First, on c1sus (Wed Aug  5 00:56:46 PDT 2015)
[1502036.695639] c1rfm: ADC TIMEOUT 0 46281 9 46153
[1502036.945259] c1pem: ADC TIMEOUT 0 56631 55 56695
[1502036.965969] c1mcs: ADC TIMEOUT 1 56706 2 56770
[1502036.965971] c1sus: ADC TIMEOUT 1 56706 2 56770

Then, simultaneously on c1ioo, c1iscex, and c1iscey. (Wed Aug  5 01:10:53 PDT 2015)

[1509007.391124] c1ioo: ADC TIMEOUT 0 46329 57 46201
[1509007.702792] c1als: ADC TIMEOUT 1 63128 24 63192

[2448096.252002] c1scx: ADC TIMEOUT 0 46293 21 46165
[2448096.258001] c1asx: ADC TIMEOUT 0 46669 13 46541

[1674945.583003] c1scy: ADC TIMEOUT 0 46297 25 46169
[1674945.685002] c1tst: ADC TIMEOUT 0 52993 1 52865

I'm still working on getting things back up and running. Just restarting models wasn't working, so I'm trying some soft reboots...

UPDATE: A soft reboot of all frontends seems to have worked,

Attachment 1: crashes.png
  11481   Thu Aug 6 01:38:19 2015 ericqUpdateComputer Scripts / ProgramsChiara gets new Ethernet card

Since Chiara's onboard ethernet card has a reputation to be flaky in Linux, Koji suggested we could just buy a new ethernet card and throw it in there, since they're cheap. 

I've installed a Intel EXPI9301CT ethernet card in Chiara, which detected it without problems. I changed over the network settings in /etc/networking/interfaces to use eth1 instead of eth0, restarted nfs and bind9, and everything looked fine. 

Sadly, EPICS/network slowdowns are still happening. :(

  11482   Thu Aug 6 04:36:41 2015 ericqUpdateASCReviving PRC angular feedforward

Tonight, I've taken a bunch of data where the PRC is carrier locked and the ITM oplevs have the DC coupling FM turned on, as we use during locking. This is to inform new feedforward filters to stabilize the PRC angular motion, by using Wiener filtering with the POP QPD as the target, and local seismometers/accelerometers as witnesses. So far I've looked at the 1800 seconds leading up to GPS time 1122885600, but there has been plenty of locked time tonight if I need to retrieve more. 

I've also measured the PRM ASC output torque -> POP QPD spot motion with high (>0.95) coherence from 0.1Hz to 10Hz. 

Prefiltering so far consists of a 4th order elliptic LP at 5 Hz, with the target subtraction band being the 1-3Hz range. 

With offline FIR filtering, the RMS pitch motion is reduced by a factor of 3 just with the STS1_X data. IIR fitting remains to be done. 

The PRC yaw motion, which is marginally noisier, is a little more tangled up across X and Y. 

Plots / filters forthcoming pending more analysis. 

  11486   Mon Aug 10 11:57:45 2015 ericqUpdateGeneralIMC work

Often when I come to manually lock the mode cleaner due to a long unlocked period, I find that the sliders are not in the state specified by the mcdown script. Furthermore, it's not the same channels every time; sometimes the servo gain is left high, sometimes the boosts are left on. I fear that some of the caput commands are failing to execute. Ugh. 

This continues to happen. I believe the network latency boogeyman is to blame. 

There was a long unlocked period because the enable switch for the MC servo fast path (FASTSW) was left off. Running the mcdown script fixed this, but included the error message:

Channel connect timed out: 'C1:IOO-MC_REFL_GAIN' not found.
CA Client Library: Ignored duplicate create channel response from CA server?

which means the IN1 gain didn't get touched. A second pass of the script produced no errors. 

I'm thinking of adding some logic that if the autolocker has failed to lock for some period (5 minutes?), it should rerun mcdown. 

  11489   Tue Aug 11 02:26:46 2015 ericqUpdateASCPRC Angular FF Lives!

PRC Angular FF is back in action!

Short and sweet of it:

  • Took witness (T240 channels) and target (POP QPD) with DC coupled oplevs on. About 25 minutes of nice stationary data.
  • Downsampled everything to 32Hz, since coherence suggests subtraction only really possible from 1-5Hz. 
  • Prefiltering done by detrending and ellip(3,3,40,5Hz)
  • 4 second FIR impulse time was enough
  • Filtered target by inverse actuator TF before sending to wiener code. The only difference between this and filtering the witnesses with the actuator TF directly is an effective RMS cost function, i.e. prefiltering. 
  • Spending time tweaking IIR fitting pays off. Divided out zpk(0, [p3, p3*],1), where p3 is some well fit stack/suspension resonance, so that vectfit fits remaining portion with equal numbers of poles and zeros, guaranteeing AC coupling and 1/f rolloff to prevent noise injection
  • Quack->foton->OAF all worked fine
  • All in all, seems to work well. POPDC RMS goes down by a factor of 2 yes

  • Code used lives in /users/ericq/2015-08-PRCFF and the NoiseCancellation github repo

Fit example:

Subtraction spectra

Subtraction prediction vs. reality (positive dB is good)

Attachment 1: fitExample.png
Attachment 2: FFspectra.png
Attachment 3: PITsub.png
Attachment 4: YAWsub.png
  11490   Tue Aug 11 02:40:29 2015 ericqUpdateLSC50m delay lines - Rough calibrations

Jessica will soon ELOG about some measurements suggesting that the conductive connector-ized ALS delay line enclosure is the way to go, when considering crosstalk between the delay lines. It is currently mounted and hooked up on the LSC rack, though I need to make a bunch of new SMA cables now that I think a semi-permanent arrangement has been reached. 

I did a rough re-calibration of the phase tracker output, since the increased cable delay changes the degree/Hz gain. This was done by fitting a line to a slow sawtooth FM of the SRS DS345's (1Hz rate, 10kHz deviation, 30MHz carrier). This resulted in the following calibration updates

  • ALSX: 19230 -> 13051 Hz/count, 3.4dB more sensitive

  • ALSY: 19425 -> 12585 Hz/count, 3.8db more sensitive

Again, this is a rough calibration. Nevertheless, it is not so surprising we don't get the 50m/30m = 4.4dB increase we would expect just from the lengths; the (I presume) increased cable loss matters. Also, the loss' frequency dependance is an additional reason that the phase tracker calibration is not constant over all frequencies. 

I took spectra with the arms in IR lock, but didn't see any real improvement beyond a possible dip in the floor from 100-200Hz. This doesn't surprise me too much, however, since I don't believe that we are currently dominated by electronic noises that this gain increase would help overcome. 

Last week, Koji mentioned the ALS phase noise added due to the post-cavity table motion the arm-transmitted green beams experience before hitting the beat PD. I should estimate the size of this effect for our situation. 

  11497   Wed Aug 12 11:44:13 2015 ericqUpdatePEMGur2 Channels still wonky

In previous elogs, we saw that the X and Y spectra out of GUR2 (X end Guralp seismometer) looked strange (i.e. inconsistent with the GUR1 spectra). 

This morning, Steve and I brought the handheld control unit to the Guralp to center the test mass, by adjusting the centering potentiometers inside the unit while monitoring the voltage readout corresponding to the DC mass position (manual has instructions). 

At first glance, this seemed like the likely culprit, as the offsets for the horizontal directions were much larger than the vertical one. We zeroed all three to within a mV or two. Unfortuntately, the spectra look the same as they did 10 hours ago. no

Since we already had the kit out, we checked the offsets for GUR1. Only the "East/West" had an offset over 50mV, so we zeroed that one, but left the others alone. 

Attachment 1: gur2_centered.png
  11498   Wed Aug 12 14:35:46 2015 ericqUpdateComputer Scripts / ProgramsPDFs in ELOG

I've tweaked the ELOG code to allow uploading of PDFs by drag-and-drop into the main editor window. Once again we can bask in the glory of 

(You may have to clear your browser's cache to load the new javascript)

Attachment 1: smooth.pdf
  11513   Tue Aug 18 03:56:09 2015 ericqUpdateLSClocking efforts

Now that the updated ALS is stable, and the PRC angular FF is revived, I've been working on relocking PRFPMI. While the RMS arm fluctuations are surely smaller than they used to be, there is no noticible difference to the ears when buzzing around resonance, but this doesn't really mean much. 

Frustratingly, I am not able to stably blend in any RF CARM error signal into the slow length control path (i.e. CARM_B). Bringing AS55 Q into DARM with the 20:0 integrator is working fine, but we really need to supress CARM to get anywhere. I'm not sure why this isn't working; poking around into the settings that were used when we were regularly locking didn't turn up any differences as far as I could tell. Investigations continue... 

Some minor changes to the locking script were made, to account for the increased ALS displacement sensitivity from the longer delay line. 

Since the ALS is now in a fairly stable state, I've updated the calibrated PSD template at /users/Templates/ALS/ALS_outOfLoop_Ref.xml, and added some coherence plots for some commonly coupled quantities (beat signal amplitude, IR error signal, green PDH error signal and green transmission). 

Attachment 1: newALSref.pdf
Attachment 2: xCoh.pdf
Attachment 3: yCoh.pdf
  11518   Thu Aug 20 02:31:09 2015 ericqUpdateLSCPRFPMI is back

PRFPMI locking has been revived.

I've had 6 5min+ locks so far; arm powers usually hit ~125 for a recycling gain of about 7; visibility is about 75%

The locking script takes a little under 4 minutes to take you from POX/POY lock to PRFPMI if you don't have to stop and adjust anything.

At Koji's suggestion, I used digital REFL11 instead of CM_SLOW, which got me to a semistable lock with some RF, at which time I could check the CM_SLOW situtation. It seemed like the whitening Binary IO switch got out of sync with the digital FM status somehow... 

I've been making the neccesary changes to the carm_cm_up script. I also added a small script which uses the magnitude of the I and Q signals to set the phase tracker gain automatically based on some algebra Koji posted in an ELOG some years ago. 

The RF transition seems much smoother now, most likely due to the improved PRC and ALS stability. In fact, it is possible to hold at arm powers of >100 solely on the digital servos; I don't think we were able to do this before until the AO had kicked in. 

Right now I'm losing lock when trying to engage the CARM super boost. I also haven't switched the PRMI over to 1F signals yet. Would be good to hook the SR785 back up for a loop TF, but I'll stop here for tonight since our SURFs are presenting bright and early tomorrow morning. 

Attachment 1: lock.pdf
  11525   Mon Aug 24 14:05:47 2015 ericqUpdateSUSEricG Investigating L2A

This afternoon, I showed Eric Gustafson some of the basics of making swept sine measurements with DTT. We turned off the f2a filters and oplev damping on the BS and made a cursory measurement of the transfer function from position drive to the oplev signals. 

He will be in the lab periodically to continue this line of investigations. 

  11526   Mon Aug 24 16:10:07 2015 ericqUpdateSUSETMY Oplev laser power is falling

Today I noticed the box around the ETMY oplev sum flashing red, as it dipped below 1k. I don't recall seeing this recently, so I wanted to look up the history.

However, we've been having trouble with our minute (and longer) trend data, so I had to hack it out a bit... Here is the unfortunate result:

I think we can be fairly confident that this is not due to alignment drifts, we generally keep the QPD reasonably well centered. I also recentered it today, and the counts remained at ~1k. 

Details of the hack that got me this data:

I ended up looking at the BURT snapshots from every night at midnight, which report a number for ETMY_OL_SUM_OUT16, and making a text file with dates and values with the following BASH spaghetti:

find /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/burt/autoburt/snapshots/2015 -wholename "*00*/*scy*" |xargs ack --nogroup "ETMY_OL_SUM_OUT16 1" |  sed -e 's/.*2015/2015/g' -e 's/\/c1.*\([0-9]\..*$\)/, \1/g' -e 's/\//-/g'  > ETMYsum.txt

This produces a file full of unsorted lines like: 2015-Aug-23-00:07, 1.106459228515625e+03

The python package pandas is good at parsing dates and automatically plotting time series: 

olsum = pandas.read_csv('ETMYsum.txt', index_col=0, parse_dates=True)
Attachment 1: ETMYsum_trend.pdf
  11527   Mon Aug 24 16:46:49 2015 ericqUpdateSUSETMY Oplev laser power is falling

Repeated for all optics, ETMY seems like the only one sharply dropping for now (PRM is all over the place and hard to gauge, since we often leave it partially- or mis-aligned):


Hacky bits:


find /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/burt/autoburt/snapshots/2015 -wholename "*00:0*"
| xargs ack --nogroup "OL_SUM_OUT16 1"
| grep -v 'SUS-MC'
| sed -e 's/.*2015/2015/g' -e 's/\/c1.*C1:SUS-/, /g' -e 's/_OL.*\([0-9]\..*$\)/, \1/g' -e 's/\//-/g'
| sort | uniq > allOL.txt

qontrols@pianosa|~ > head allOL.txt 
2015-Apr-10-00:07, BS, 1.146766113281250e+03
2015-Apr-10-00:07, ETMX, 1.597261328125000e+04
2015-Apr-10-00:07, ETMY, 4.331762207031250e+03
2015-Apr-10-00:07, ITMX, 6.488521484375000e+03
2015-Apr-10-00:07, ITMY, 1.387590234375000e+04
2015-Apr-10-00:07, PRM, 8.352053833007812e+02
2015-Apr-10-00:07, SRM, 6.099560928344727e+01
2015-Apr-1-00:07, BS, 1.180478149414062e+03
2015-Apr-1-00:07, ETMX, 1.584842480468750e+04



olsum = pd.read_csv('allOL.txt',parse_dates=True, names=['Date','Optic','Sum'])
olsum['Date'] = pd.to_datetime(olsum['Date']) # Automatic parsing didn't work for some reason
olpivot = olsum.pivot(index='Date',columns='Optic',values='Sum')
Attachment 1: OLsum_trend.pdf
  11528   Tue Aug 25 04:15:51 2015 ericqUpdateLSCPRFPMI is back

More PRFPMI locks tonight. Right now, it's been locked for 22+ minutes, though with the PRMI still on 3F signals. I think the MC2/AO crossover needs some reshaping; there's a whole bunch of noise injected into CARM around 600 Hz, which is where the two paths differ by 180deg. (Addendum: broke lock at ~27 minutes, 4:16AM)

For most of this lock, sensing matrix excitations have been running for daytime analysis. 

The nominal IMC loop gain / EOM crossover were making the AO path very marginal. I've adjusted the nominal settings and autolocker scripts. 

There was some weird behavior of X green PDH earlier... Broadband RIN seen in ALS-TRX, coherent with the DC output of the beat PD, so really on the light. I fiddled with the end setup, and it mostly went away, though I didn't intentionally change anything. Disconcerting. 

  11529   Tue Aug 25 16:09:54 2015 ericqUpdateIOOIMC Tweak

A little more information about the IMC loop tweak...

I increased the overall IMC loop gain by 4dB, and decreased the FAST gain (which determines the PZT/EOM crossover) by 3dB. This changed the AO transfer function from the blue trace to the green trace in the first plot. This changed the CARM loop open loop TF shape from the unfortunate blue shape to the more pleasing green shape in the second plot. The red trace is the addition of one super boost. 


Oddly, these transfer functions look a bit different than what I measured in March (ELOG 11167), which itself differed from the shaping done December of 2014 (ELOG 10841). 

I haven't yet attempted any 1F handoff of the PRMI since relocking, but back when Jenne and I did so in April, the lock was definitely less stable. My suspicion is that we may need more CARM supression; we never computed the loop gain requirement that ensures that the residual CARM fluctuations witnessed by, say, REFL55 are small enough to use as a reliable PRMI sensor.

I should be able to come up with this with data from last night. 

Attachment 1: imcTweak.pdf
Attachment 2: CARM_TF.pdf
  11533   Thu Aug 27 02:09:14 2015 ericqUpdateLSCAUX X Laser Current Changed

I spent some time tonight chasing down the cause of huge RIN in the X green PDH transmitted light, which I had started seeing on Monday. This was preventing robust locking, since the ALS sensing noise was ~10x worse above 50Hz, thus making the AO transition much flakier (though, impressively, not impossible!)

I went down to the X end, and found that turning the laser diode current down by 0.1A (from 2.0 to 1.9) smoothed things out completely. Unfortunately, this causes the power to drop, from GTRX of 0.45 to 0.3, but the ALSX sensitivity is unchanged, as compared with the recenent "out of loop" template. 

This also seems to have changed the temperatures of the good modes, as no beat was evident at the previously good temperature. Beats were found at +5400 and +10500 counts on the slow servo offset slider; I suspect the third lies around the edge of the DAC range which is why I couldn't uncover it. In any case, I've parked it at 10500 for now, and will continue locking; nailing it down more precisely and offloading the slider offset to the laser controller will happen during daytime work...

  11534   Thu Aug 27 04:23:04 2015 ericqUpdateLSCPRFPMI is back

Got to a 40 minute lock tonight. All other locks broke because of me poking something. 

I redid some sensing excitations, right after carefully measuring the CARM OLG at its excitation frequency, so I can get at the open loop PD response. 

I also used a MCL feedforward filter of Ignacio's which did not inject any observable noise into the CARM error signal during PRFPMI lock. He will make some elog about this. 

  11544   Sun Aug 30 12:20:08 2015 ericqUpdateIOOMCL Wiener Feedforward Final Results

Big thumbnails? Could it have been this? elog:11498.

Ignacio is correct; I forgot to shrink the value back down after testing the PDF thumbnails. Default thumbnail size is now back to 600px. 

  11548   Mon Aug 31 07:49:11 2015 ericqUpdateIOOMC2 -> MCL Actuator TF

I think what happened here is you forgot to undo the MC_F whitening filter which is the Generic Pentek Interface board next to the MC servo board. I suggest you guys measure this on Monday so you can correctly estimate the MC length noise. And then perhaps undo the whitening in the anti-whitening filter of this filter bank so that the signal which is recorded is in units of kHz.

This should allow your online subtraction filter to be more correct: roughly speaking, the phase shift below a pole or zero is going to be 45*(f/fp) deg. Since we expect there to be 2 zeros at 15 Hz, it would be 9 deg phase shift at 1.5 Hz and limit the subtraction to ~80%.

While it is true that the whitening filter was incorrectly handled, I don't think this should change the subtraction performance since the MC_L data used for the Wiener filter training was also taken without undoing the whitening filter.

  11555   Tue Sep 1 11:56:56 2015 ericqUpdateIOOIMC loop shapes

I took some transfer functions of the IMC loop and crossover, being careful that the PC drive never exceeding 1V during the measurements. 

I then did some algebra to try and back out the individual loop paths, without having to make assumptions/approximations about the loop gain being high enough. This only really works in the region where both the open loop and crossover measurements have coherence. 

It seems to me that the PZT path has pretty low phase margin on its own, but maybe this is ok, since its never really meant to run solo. The EOM path shape is harder to understand.


The data I took, and code that made the above plot is attached. This afternoon, I'll post an update comparing the measured OLG and crossover to earlier measurements. 

Attachment 1: IMCshapes_Aug31_2015.pdf
Attachment 2: IMC_Aug31_2015.zip
  11556   Tue Sep 1 17:07:06 2015 ericqUpdateLSCIR beatnote confusion

There has been some discussion here and there of using fiber coupled IR beats for ALS. A few weeks ago, and again today with Eric G, I poked around a bit with the fiber box Manasa set up for the FOL scheme. 

Somehow, the IR beatnote is ~1000 times smaller than expected, both with the Thorlabs fiber coupled PD and a fiber coupled NF 1611.

In essence, after the fiber combiner, there is on the order of hundreds of uW each of PSL and AUX X IR light. The output of the fiber from each source looks nice and gaussian. The DC output of the 1611 indicates that it is seeing the right level of light. The green beatnote exists with good SNR at twice the IR beat frequency, so we know that the IR beat isn't some junky modes beating. 

For the 1611, we would expect an RF signal of ~1mW*0.9A/W*700V/A -> .6V / +8dBm. Instead we see ~2mV / -40dBm.

Incidentally, there is some 20mV / -20dBm signal at ~400kHz, presumably from the green PDH modulation at ~200k. 

(The level out of the thorlabs PD is similarly tiny; it doesn't have a DC output though, so we don't know the DC power that the active surface really sees. Not that I expect it to be much different, but the NF just makes it easier to estimate.)

The only things that should be able to cause the beat to be smaller than expected from the power levels are mode matching and polarization matching. All the fibers are single mode, so mode matching should be effectively 100%. Maybe somthing fishy is happening with the polarizations, but they'd have to be really maliciously close to orthogonal to cause this level of mismatch. 

Maybe we just don't understand the splitter/combiners. Mysterious.

  11557   Tue Sep 1 17:38:58 2015 ericqUpdateLSCIR beatnote confusion

Maybe we just don't understand the splitter/combiners.

After an email from Eric G, I think this is the case.

If you read the text at Thorlabs about Fiber-Based Polarization Beam Combiners/Splitters, it suggests that these things take input beams both aligned to their slow axes, and outputs one field along the slow, and one orthogonal to it on the fast axis. Which is exactly what we don't want for a beat. 

  11558   Wed Sep 2 01:31:22 2015 ericqUpdateIOOIMC loop shapes

The promised historical comparisons follow. The crossover looks mostly the same as before. There is a new feature in the OLG at 50-60kHz; what could've changed about the EOM path in that time?


Attachment 1: imc_olg_trend.pdf
Attachment 2: imc_xover_trend.pdf
  11559   Wed Sep 2 13:44:04 2015 ericqUpdateLSCIR beatnote confusion

From the AFW website about our product, the POBC-64-C-1-7-2-25dB:

port1 slow axis -> port3 slow axis 
port2 slow axis -> port3 fast axis


  11568   Thu Sep 3 17:15:26 2015 ericqUpdateLSCIR beatnote confusion

I was thinking that the "FOSC" product line (which is called a "coupler" instead of a "splitter/combiner") was what we wanted. 

Koji brought to my attention that the 90/10 splitters we already have are of this line. So, I rigged a few up to shine a hopefully beating pair of fields on the fiber coupled thorlabs PD. 

I was able to get ~80uW each of PSL and AUX X light on the PD, which produced a -10dBm beatnoteyes Thus, I think these FOSC splitters are indeed what we want. 

I then threw this IR beatnote at our ALS signal chain. The beatnote was too big to throw through our ~+27dB RF amps, so I just sent the -10dBm over to the LSC rack.

The IR beat spectrum is somwhat noisier from 10-100Hz, but, more interesting, is that the sub-4Hz noise is identical in the two beats, and very coherent. This excludes ALS noise arising from anything happening in the green beat optics on the PSL table.

Obviously, the high frequency noise is largely the same and coherent too, but also coherent with the AUX X PDH control signal, so it is understood. 

Attachment 1: GREENvIRbeats.pdf
  11571   Fri Sep 4 04:05:51 2015 ericqUpdateLSCDRMI locked on 1F and 3F

Thanks to some expertly timed coffee from Ignacio, I have been able to achieve indefnite locks of the DRMI, first on a 1F/3F mix (P:REFL11, S: REFL165, M:AS55), and then purely on 3F (P:REFL33, S:REFL165, S:REFL165). MICH is currently actuated on the ITMs. 

I saved a snapshot of the current settings so I don't lose my settings. I think one thing that prevented earlier recipies from working is that whitening gains may have changed, which we don't typically note down when reporting input matrix settings

My current settings for 3F locking:


+30dB whitening gain, +136 demod phase

PRCL = 9 x I - 200 counts


+24dB whitening gain, +3 demod phase

SRCL = 1 x I, MICH = 5 x Q - 1000counts

MICH: G=-0.03; Acq FM4/5; Trig 2/3/6/9

PRCL: G=-0.003; Acq FM4/5; Trig 1/2/6/9

SRCL: G=0.2; Acq FM4/5; Trig 2/3/6/9

I've injected excitations into the control filter outputs via the LSC-FFC FMS (and notched the frequencies in the control filters themselves), and noted GPS times for offline sensing analysis. (Namely the 10 minutes following 1125398900)

Handing off to pure 3F was a little finicky at first, I needed to use some pretty large offsets in the MICH_B and PRCL_B FMs. (-1000 and -200 counts respectively). Once these offsets were found, the DRMI can acquire on 3F. Alignment is pretty important, too.  Acquiring is much faster when the loop gains are "too high." i.e. I see a fair amount of gain peaking at ~300Hz. Nevertheless, things are stable enough as is that I didn't feel like digging into reducing the gains to quieter values. 

  11572   Fri Sep 4 04:12:05 2015 ericqUpdateComputer Scripts / ProgramsMATLAB down on all workstations

There seems to be something funny going on with MATLAB's license authentication on the control room workstations. Earlier today, I was able to start MATLAB on pianosa, but now attempting to run /cvs/cds/caltech/apps/linux64/matlab/bin/matlab -desktop results in the message: 

License checkout failed.
License Manager Error -15
MATLAB is unable to connect to the license server. 
Check that the license manager has been started, and that the MATLAB client machine can communicate
with the license server.

Troubleshoot this issue by visiting: 

Diagnostic Information:
Feature: MATLAB 
License path: /home/controls/.matlab/R2013a_licenses:/cvs/cds/caltech/apps/linux64/matlab/licenses/license.dat:/cv
Licensing error: -15,570. System Error: 115

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