I believe the aLIGO style invac dsub cables and the conventional 40m ones are incompatible.
While the aLIGO spec is that Pin1 (in-vac) is connected to the shield, Pin13 (in-vac) is the one for the conventional cable. I still have to check if Pin13 is really connected to the shield, but we had trouble before for the IO TTs https://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8081/40m/7864.
(At least one of the existing end cables did not show this Pin13-chamber connection. However, the cables OMC/IMC chambers indicated this feature. So the cables are already inhomogenious.)
- Which way do we want to go? Our electronics are updated with aLIGO spec (New Sat amp, OMC electronics, etc), so I think we should start making the shift to the aLIGO spec.
- Attachment Top: The new coil drivers can be used together with the old cables using a custom DB25 cable (in-air).
- Attachment Mid: The combination of the conventional OSEM wiring and the aLIGO in-vac cable cause the conflict. The pin1 which is connected to the shield is used for the PD bias.
- Attachment Bottom: This can be solved by shifting the OSEMs by one pin.
o The aLIGO cables have 12 twisted pair wires, but paired signals do not share a twisted pair.
--- No. This can't be solved by rotating the connectors.
o This modification should be done only for the new suspension.
--- In principle, we can apply this change to any SOSs. However, this action involves the vent. We probably want to install the new electronics for the existing suspensions before the vent.
o ^- This means that we have to have two types of custom DB25 in-air cables.
--- Each cable should handle "Shield wire" from the sat amp correctly.
Active TT Pin Issue
and the thread
Active TT Pin Swapping (December 21, 2012)
TT Wiring Diagram (Wiki)
I had asked Chub to order 100ft ea of 9, 15 and 25 conductor ribbon cable. These arrived today and are stored in the VEA alongside the rest of the electronics/chassis awaiting assembly.
I uploaded the annotated schematics (to be more convenient than the noise analysis notes linked from the DCC page) for the HAM-A coil driver and Satellite Amplifier.
When we're debugging our RF system, either due to weird demod phases, or low SNR, or non-stationary noise in the PDH signals, its good to have some baseline measurements of the RF levels in the lab.
I got this cheap USB dongle (RTL-SDR.COM) that seems to be capable of this and also has a bunch of open source code on GitHub to support it. It also comes mith an SMA coax and rabbit ear antenna with a flexi-tripod.
I used CubicSDR, which has free .dmg downloads for MacOS.It would be cool to have a student write some python code (perhaps starting with RTL_Power) for this to let us hop between the diffierent RF frequencies we care about and monitor the power in a small band around them.
I think the only part missing for assembly now are 4 2U chassis. The PA95s need to be soldered on as well (they didn't arrive in time to send to SC). The stuffed boards are stored under my desk. I inspected one board, looks fine, but of course we will need to run some actual bench tests to be sure.
I've worked on packing the components for the following chassis
- 5 16bit AI chassis
- 4 18bit AI chassis
- 7 16bit AA chassis
- 8 HAM-A coil driver chassis
They are "almost" ready for shipment. Almost means some small parts are missing. We can ship the boxes to the company while we wait for these small parts.
And some more additional items to fill the emptying stock.
We have received 9x 18bit DAC adapter boards (D1000654)
We could not find problems with any individual piece of the REFL55 electronics chain, from photodiode to ADC. Nevertheless, the PRMI fringes witnessed by REFL55 is ~x10 higher than ~two weeks ago, when the PRMI could be repeatably and reliably locked using REFL55 signals (ETMs misaligned).
Discussion and next steps:
Q: Koji asked me what is the problem with this apparent increased optical gain - can't we just compensate by decreasing the whitening gain?
A: I am unable to transition control of the PRMI (no ETMs) from 3f to 1f, even after reducing the whitening gain on the REFL55 channels to prevent the saturation. So I think we need to get to the bottom of whatever the problem is here.
Q: Why do we need to transfer the control of the vertex to the 1f signals at all?
A: I haven't got a plot in the elog, but from when I had the PRFPMI locked last year, the DARM noise between 100-1kHz had high coherence with the MICH control signal. I tried some feedforward to try and cancel it but never got anywhere. It isn't a quantitative statement but the 1f signals are expected to be cleaner?
Koji pointed out that the MICH signal is visible in the REFL55 channels even when the PRM is misaligned, so I'm gonna look back at the trend data to see if I can identify when this apparent increase in the signal levels occurred and if I can identify some event in the lab that caused it. We also discussed using the ratio of MICH signals in REFL and AS to better estimate the losses in the REFL path - the Faraday losses in particular are a total unknown, but in the AS path, there is less uncertainty since we know the SRM transmission quite precisely, and I guess the 6 output steering mirrors can be assumed to be R=99%.
I've occcupied the southernmost electronics bench for assembling the 4 production version HV coil driver chassis. I estimate it will take me 3 days, and have left a sign indicating as much. Once the chassis assembly is done, I will need to occupy the northernmost bench where bench supplies are to run some functionality tests / noise measurements, and so unless there are objections, I will move the Acromag box which has been sitting there.
New HV power supply from Company 'M' has been delivered. So I decided to compare the noise levels of some HV supplies in the lab. There are three models from companies 'H', 'K', and 'M'.
The noise level was measured with SR785 via Gautam's HP filter with protection diodes.
'H' is a fully analog HV supply and the indicator is analog meters.
'K' is a model with a LCD digital display and numerical keypad.
'M' is a model with a knob and digital displays.
All the models showed that the noise levels increased with increased output voltage.
Among these three, H showed the lowest noise. (<~1uV/rtHz@10Hz and <50nV/rtHz@100Hz) (Attachment 1)
K is quite noisy all over the measured freq range and the level was <50uV/rtHz. Also the PSD has lots of 5Hz harmonics. (Attachment 2)
M has a modest noise level (<~30uV/rtHz@10Hz and <1uV/rtHz@100Hz)except for the noticeable line noise (ripple). (Attachment 3)
The comparison of the three models at 300V is Attachment 4. The other day Gautam and I checked the power spectrum of the HV coil driver with KEPCO and the output noise level of the coil driver was acceptable. So I expect that we will be able to use the HV supply from Company M. Next step is to check the HV driver noise with the model by M used as the supply.
I believe I did the identical test with the one in [40m ELOG 15786]. The + input of PA95 was shorted to the ground to exclude the noise from the bias input. The voltage noise at TP6 was measured with +/-300V supply by two HP6209 and two Matsusada R4G360.
With R4G360, the floor level was identical and 60Hz line peaks were less. It looks like R4G360 is cheap, easier and precise to handle, and sufficiently low noise.
HP HV power supply ( HP6209 ) were returned to Downs
DC Power Strip Assemblies delivered and stored behind the Y arm tube (Attachment 1)
I also moved the spare 1U Chassis to the same place.
- High priority units: 2x 18AI / 1x 16AI / 3x 16AA
All six are reworked and on the electronics workbench. The rest should be ready by the end of the week.
All remaining chasses have been reworked and placed on the floor along the west wall in Room 104.
I was preparing a short write-up / test procedure for the custom HV coil driver, when I thought of something I can't resolve. I'm probably missing some really basic physics here - but why do we not account for the shot noise from DC current flowing through the series resistor? For a 4kohm resistor, the Johnson current noise is ~2pA/rtHz. This is the target we were trying to beat with our custom designed HV bias circuit. But if there is a 1 mA DC current flowing through this resistor, the shot noise of this current is 18pA/rtHz, which is ~9 times larger than the Johnson noise of the same resistor. One could question the applicability of this formula to calculate the shot noise of a DC current through a wire-wound resistor - e.g. maybe the electron transport is not really "ballistic", and so the assumption that the electrons transported through it are independent and non-interacting isn't valid. There are some modified formulae for the shot noise through a metal resistor, which evaluates to 10pA/rtHz for the same 4kohm resistor, which is still ~5x the Johnson noise.
In the case of the HV coil driver circuit, the passive filtering stage I added at the output to filter out the excess PA95 noise unwittingly helps us - the pole at ~0.7 Hz filters the shot noise (but not the Johnson noise) such that at ~10 Hz, the Johnson noise does indeed dominate the total contribution. So, for this circuit, I think we don't have to worry about some un-budgeted noise. However, I am concerned about the fast actuation path - we were all along assuming that this path would be dominated by the Johnson noise of the 4kohm series resistor. But if we need even 1mA of current to null some DC DARM drift, then we'd have the shot noise contribution become comparable, or even dominant?
I looked through the iLIGO literature, where single-stage suspensions were being used, e.g. Rana's manifesto, but I cannot find any mention of shot noise due to DC current, so probably there is a simple explanation why - but it eludes me, at least for the moment. The iLIGO coil drivers did not have a passive filter at the output of the coil driver circuit (at least, not till this work), and there isn't any feedback gain for the DARM loop at >100 Hz (where we hope to measure squeezing) to significantly squash this noise.
Attachment #1 shows schematic topologies of the iLIGO and proposed 40m configs. It may be that I have completely misunderstood the iLIGO config and what I've drawn there is wrong. Since we are mainly interested in the noise from the resistor, I've assumed everything upstream of the final op-amp is noiseless (equivalently, we assume we can sufficiently pre-filter these noises).
Attachment #2 shows the relative magnitudes of shot noise due to a DC current, and thermal noise of the series resistor, as a function of frequency, for a few representative currents, for the slow bias path assuming a 0.7Hz corner from the 4kohm/3uF RC filter at the output of the PA95.
Some lit review suggests that it's actually pretty hard to measure shot noise in a resistor - so I'm guessing that's what it is, the mean free path of electrons is short compared to the length of the resistor such that the assumption that electrons arrive independently and randomly isn't valid. So Ohm's law dictates and that's what sets the current noise. See, for example, pg 432 of Horowitz and Hill.
25 HAM-A coil driver units were fabricated by Todd and I've transported them to the 40m.
2 units we already have received earlier.
The last (1) unit has been completed, but Luis wants to use it for some A+ testing. So 1 more unit is coming.
Running update of Sat Amp modification work, which involves the following procedure (x8) per unit:
TP4 @ LED1,2 on PCB S2100568 is 13V instead of 5V
TP4 @ LED4 on PCB S2100559 is 13V instead of 5V
Decided to do a quick check of the remaining Sat Amp units before component replacement to identify any unit with defective LED circuits. Managed to examine 5 out of 10 units, so still have 5 units remaining. Also installed the photodiode bias voltage jumper (JP1) on all the units processed so far.
TP4 @ LED3 on chan 1-4 PCB was ~0.7 V instead of 5V
Koji checked the solder connections of the various components, then swapped out the IC OPAMP. Removed DB9 connections to the front panel to get access to the bottom of the board. Upon close inspection, it looked like an issue of a short connection between the Emitter & Base legs of the Q1 transistor.
Solution - Remove the short connection between the Emitter & Base legs of the Q1 transistor legs.
This issue was caused by a short connection between the Emitter & Base legs of the Q1 transistor.
Solution - Remove the short connection between the Emitter & Base legs of the Q1 transistor legs.
Defective unit with updated resistors and capacitors in the previous elog
This issue was caused by a short between the Collector & Base legs of the Q1 transistor.
Solution - Remove the short connection between the Collector & Base legs of the Q1 transistor legs
Complications - During the process of flipping the board to get access to the bottom of the board, a connector holding the two middle black wires, on P1, came loose. I resecured the wires to the connector and checked all TP4s on the board afterwards to make sure things are as expected.
All units now have the correct TP4 voltage reading needed to drive a nominal current of 35 mA through to OSEM LED. The next step is to go ahead and replace the components and test afterward that everything is OK.
This issue was caused by a short between the Emitter & Base legs of the Q1 transistor.
Solution - Remove the short connection between the Emitter & Base legs of the Q1 transistor legs
Complications - I was extra careful this time because of the problem of loose cable from the last flip-over of the right PCB containing chan 5-8. Anyways, after I was done I noticed one of the pink wires (it carries the +14V to the left PCB) had come off on P1. At least this time I could also see that the corresponding front panel green LED turn off as a result. So I resecured the wire to the connector (using solder as my last attempt yesterday to reattach the via crimping didn't work after a long time trying. I hope this is not a problem.) and checked the front panel LED turns on when the unit is powered before closing the unit. These connectors are quite flimsy.
I have finished assembling the 1U adapters from 8 to 5 DB9 conn. for the satellite amp boxes. One thing I had to "hack" was the corners of the front panel end of the PCB. Because the PCB was a bit too wide, it wasn't really flush against the front panel (see Attachment #1), so I just filed the corners by ~ 3 mm and covered with kapton tape to prevent contact between ground planes and the chassis. After this, I made DB9 cables, connected everything in place and attached to the rear panel (Attachment #2). Four units are resting near the CAD machine (next to the bench area), see Attachment #3.
Thanks. You should be able to find the chassis-related hardware on the left side of the benchtop drawers at the middle workbench.
Hardware: The special low profile 4-40 standoff screw / 1U handles / screws and washers for the chassis / flat-top screws for chassis panels and lids
Trying to finish 2 more Sat Amp units so that we have the 7 units needed for the X-arm install.
S2100736 - All good
S2100737 - This unit presented with an issue on the PD1 circuit of channel 1-4 PCB where the voltage reading on TP6, TP7 and TP8 are -15.1V, -14.2V, and +14.7V respectively, instead of ~0V. The unit also has an issue on the PD2 circuit of channel 1-4 PCB because the voltage reading on TP7 and TP8 are -14.2V, and +14.25V respectively, instead of ~0V.
Make sure the inputs for the PD amps are open. This is the current amplifier and we want to leave the input pins open for the test of this circuit.
TP6 is the first stage of the amps (TIA). So this stage has the issue. Usual check if the power is properly supplied / if the pins are properly connected/isolated / If the opamp is alive or not.
For TP8, if TP8 get railed. TP5 and TP7 are going to be railed too. Is that the case, if so, check this whitening stage in the same way as above.
If the problem is only in the TP5 and/or TP7 it is the differential driver issue. Check the final stage as above. Replacing the opamp could help.
(S2100737) - Debugging showed that the opamp, AD822ARZ, for PD2 circuit was not working as expected so we replaced with a spare and this fixed the problem. Somehow, the PD1 circuit no longer presents any issues, so everything is now fine with the unit.
(S2100741) - All good.
The 4 units of Satellite Amp Adapter were done:
- The ears were fixed with the screws
- The handles were attached (The stock of the handles is low)
- The boards are now supported by plastic stand-offs. (The chassis were drilled)
- The front and rear panels were fixed to the chassis
- The front and rear connectors were fixed with the low profile 4-40 stand-off screws (3M 3341-1S)
[S2100738, S2100745, S2100751] Completed three more Sat Amp units modification with seven remaining.
Modifications and testing of SatAmp units COMPLETE. Attachments 1 & 2 show all 19 units, one installed unit and the remaining 18 units are stacked and ready for install. Detailed notes of the modification for each unit are presented in the summary document in the dcc.
1. We have a rack at the 40m storage. We are free to take it to the lab. If there is a tag, tell the info to Liz. Let's move it to the lab tomorrow right after the meeting.
2. We have a few racks in WB B1 (Attachment 1). Liz and I checked a rack which looks suitable for us. 46U height. Caltech transport will move it to the lab.
1. The rack we cleaned today (came from West Bridge) will be placed between 1X3 and 1X4, right next to 1X4 (after removing the plastic boxes). (Attachment 1)
For easier work at the side of the 1X4, the side panel of the 1X4 should be removed before placing the new rack. Note that this rack is imperial and has 10-32 threads
2. In terms of the other rack for the Y arm, we found the rack in the storage is quite dirty. Anchal pointed out that we have a few racks standing along the Y arm (as the storage of the old VME/Euro card electronics) (Attachments 2/3)
They are not too dirty and also doing nothing there. Let's vacate one of them (the one right next to the optics preparation table). Use this space as a new storage area placing a wire shelving rack for something.
BTW, I thought it is good to have the rack at the vertex side of 1Y1 (as 1Y0?), but the floor has "KEEP OUT" marking. I have no idea why we have this marking. Is this for crane operation??? Does any one know?
The ITMX 10" flange with four DSUB-25 feedthroughs has been install with the cables connected at the in-vac side. See photo; as requested, LO1-1 and LO1-2 are connected to the top row of feedthroughs from left to right respectively and the opposite ends of the cables placed left to right on the laser table. PR2-1 and PR2-2 are connected to the lower row of feedthroughs from left to right respectively, with the opposite ends placed on the surface below the laser from left to right. This seemed the easiest way to keep the cable orientation clear.
Thanks for the installation.
With regard to the connector convention, let's use the attached arrangement so that it will be consistent with the existing flange DSUB configuration. Not a big deal.
[Anchal, Yehonathan, Chub]
We today laid down 14 70 ft long DB25 cables from 1Y1 (6), 1Y0 (8) to ITMY Chamber (4), BS Chamber (6) and ITMX Chamber (4). The cables have been connected to respective satellite amplifier on the racks and the other ends are connected to the vacuum flange feedthru on ITMX for LO1 and PR2, while the others have been kept near the planned flange postions. LO1 is now ready to be connected to CDS by connecting the in-vacuum cable inside ITMX chamber to the OSEMs.
The ITMY 10" flange with 10 DSUB-25 feedthroughs has been installed with the cables connected at the in-vac side. This is the first of two flanges, and includes 5 cables ordered vertically in stacks of 3 & 2 for [[OMC-DCPDs, OMC-QPDs, OMC-PZTs/Pico]] and [[SRM1, SRM2]] respectively from right to left. During installation, two 12-point silver plated bolts were stripped, so Chub had to replace them.
The ITMY 10" flange with 4 DSUB-25 feedthroughs has been installed with the cables connected at the in-vac side. This is the second of two flanges, and includes 4 cables ordered vertically in stacks of 2 & 2 for [[AS1-1, AS1-2, AS4-1, AS4-2]] respectively. No major incidents during this one, except maybe a note that all the bolts were extremely dirty and covered with gunk, so we gave a quick swipe with wet cloths before reinstalling them.
[Paco, Yehonathan, Chub]
The BS chamber 10" flange with 4 DSUB-25 feedthroughs has been installed with the cables connected at the in-vac side. This is the second of two flanges, and includes 4 cables ordered vertically in stacks of 2 & 2 for [[LO2-1, LO2-2, PR3-1, PR3-2]] respectively.
I labeled all the newly installed flanges and connected the in-air cables (40m/16530) to appropriate ports. These cables are connected to the CDS system on 1Y1/1Y0 racks through the satellite amplifiers. So all new optics now can be damped as soon as they are placed. We need to make more DB9 plugs for setting "Acquire" mode on the HAM-A coil drivers since our Binary input system is not ready yet. Right now, we only have 2 such plugs which means only one optic and be damped at a time.
The Xilinx RFSoC 2x2 board arrived right before the winter break, so this is kind of an overdue elog. I unboxed it, it came with two ~15 cm SMA M-M cables, an SD card preloaded with the ARM processor and a few overlay jupyter notebooks, a two-piece AC/DC adapter (kind of like a laptop charger), and a USB 3.0 cable. I got a 1U box, lid, and assembled a prototype box to hold this board, but this need not be a permanent solution (see Attachment #1). I drilled 4 thru holes on the bottom of the box to hold the board in place. A large component exceeds the 1U height, but is thin enough to clear one of the thin slits at the top (I believe this is a fuse of some sort). Then, I found a brand new front panel, and drilled 4x 13/32 thru holes in the front for SMA F-F connectors.
I powered the board, and quickly accessed its tutorial notebooks, including a spectrum analyzer and signal generators just to quickly check it works normally. The board has 2 fast RFADCs and 2 RFDACs exposed, 12 and 14 bit respectively, running at up to 4 GSps.
Received the new 1100VA APC UPS today and placed it at the bottom of the valve rack. I'd connected the battery and plugged the unit into the AC outlet, but did not turn it on due to the power outage this weekend.
Since last week I've worked with tommy on getting the RFSoC 2x2 board to get some TFs from simple minicircuits type filters. The first thing I did was set up the board (which is in the office area) for remote access. I hooked up the TCP/IP port to a wall ethernet socket (LIGO-04) and the caltech network assiggned some IP address to our box. I guess eventually we can put this behind the lab network for internal use only.
After fiddling around with the tone-generators and spectrum analyzer tools in loopback configuration (DAC --> ADC direct connection), we noticed that lower frequency (~ 1 MHz) signals were hardly making it out/back into the board... so we looked at some of the schematics found here and saw that both RF data converters (ADC & DAC) interfaces are AC coupled through a BALUN network in the 10 - 8000 MHz band (see Attachment #1). This is in principle not great news if we want to get this board ready for audio-band DSP.
We decided that while Tommy works on measuring TFs for SHP-200 all the way up to ~ 2 GHz (which is possible with the board as is) I will design and put together an analog modulation/demodulation frontend so we can upconvert all our "slow" signals < 1MHz for fast, wideband DSP. and demodulate them back into the audio band. The BALUN network is pictured in Attachment #2 on the board, I'm afraid it's not very simple to bypass without damaging the PCB or causing some other unwanted effect on the high-speed DSP.
To access the board remotely through the 40m lab ethernet port, use
ssh -N -L localhost:1137:localhost:9090 xilinx@<ip_address>
Then in the browser go to
Other SSH commands using different ports or without the -N -L seemed to fail to open Jupyter. This way has been successful thereafter.
In the "Tommy" sub folder, I created a new notebook called "SimpleToneGenerator". This tunes the DAC and ADC mixers to a single frequency and reads off the Time Series and Fourier components. We can alos easily check the demodulation scheme and implement butterworth filters to check their function.
In this file (under Tommy), we have a notebook which runs through a spectrum of frequencies and determines the gain response of the attached filter. Below we have the output of a high pass filter. We use IQ demodulation to change IQ componets to DC. Then using a butterworth filter, we read out the DC components and determine the gain's magnitude and phase. However, the phase seems very noisy. This is because the oscillators in the different tiles are independent and a random phase is introduced by changing the mixer frequency in individual tiles. To resolve this we need Multi Tile Synchronization or "MTS".
Original Pynq Support Forum Query: https://discuss.pynq.io/t/rfsoc-2x2-phase-measurement/3892
We also have the code to fit a resposne function using IIRregular, but this is not as useful without proper phase data.
Seems like it should be possible to just remove the transformer (aka as a BALUN ... BALanced, UNbalanced), or replace it with a lower frequency part. Its just a usual mini-circuits part. Maybe you can ask Chris Stoughton about this and ask Tommy to checkout some of the RFSoC user forums for how to go to DC.
Here are a few options for replacement BALUNs from Mini Circuits and specs:
Current. TCM1-83X+, 10-8000 MHz, 50 Ohms, Impedance Ratio 1, Configuration K
1. Z7550-..., DC-2500 MHz (some DC-2300), 50/75 Ohms, Impedance Ratio 1.5, Configuration Q. There are various types of the Z7550 which have different connectors (SMA and BNCs). These have much larger dimensions than the TCM1-83X. Can handle up to 5A DC current with matching loss 0.6 dB.
2. SFMP-5075+, DC-2500 MHz, 50/75 Ohms, Impedance Ratio 1.5, Configuration D. This is an SMA connected BALUN. It can handle 350mA, has a matching loss 0.4 dB, and has 1W power handling.
We recieved an overlay from Chris Stoughton which he used for a ZCU11 board. The overlay is supposed to be compatible with the RFSoC 2x2 and help enable the Multi-Tile Synchronization (MTS) we need. He also provides a .py with the necessary low level connection to the board and its memory along with a few sample notebooks.
Progress So Far:
We connected a 8 MHz signal generator to the device in order to sync up the ADCs and DACs and hopefully get phase data.
Some things to note:
Xilinx RF Manual: https://docs.xilinx.com/v/u/2.4-English/pg269-rf-data-converter
We followed the manual's guide for setting up MTS to sync on external signal. In the xrfdc package, we update the RFdc class to have RunMTS, SysRefEnable, and SysRefDisable functions as prescribed on page 180 of the manual. Then, we attempted to run the new functions in the notebook and read the DAC signal outputs on an oscilloscope. The DACs were not synced. We were also unable to get FIFOlatency readings.
Finished building power spectrum analyzer for the RFSoC. There are two things that I would like to address down the road. First is that there is an oscillation between positive and negative voltages at the ADC sampling frequency. This creates an undesirable frequency component at the sampling rate. I have not yet figured out the cause of this positive to negative oscillation and have simply removed half of the samples in order to recover the frequency. Therefore, I would like to figure out the root of this oscillation and remove it. Also, we have a decimation factor of 2 as default by the board which we would like to remove but have been unable to do so.
Example: 8 MHz Square Wave from SRL signal generator.