I re-measured the power levels today.
We have ~205mW out of the NPRO, and ~190mW after the Faraday. It doesn't look like the situation is going to improve dramatically. I'm going to work on a revised layout with the Innolight as soon as I've profiled the beam from it, and hopefully, by Monday, we can decide that we are going ahead with using the Innolight.
I've performed the temperature sweep of PSL vs Innolight 1W AUX laser.
It remains to measure the output power vs diode current, and the beam profile. I will do the latter on the SP table where there is a little more space. Because we have 1W from this NPRO, the knife-edge method requires a power meter that has a large dynamic range and is sensitive enough to profile the beam accurately. After consulting the datasheets of the power meters we have available (Scientech, Ophir and Coherent) together with Koji, I have concluded that the Coherent calorimeter will be suitable. Its datasheet claims it can accurately measure incident powers of up to 100uW, although I think the threshold is more like 5-10mW, but this should still be plenty to get sufficient resolution for a Gaussian intensity profile with peak intensity of 1W. We also checked that the maximum likely power density we are likely to have during the waist measurement process (1W in a beam of diameter 160um) is within the 6kW/cm^2 quoted on the datasheet.
The free running PSL+AUX beat frequency noise spectrum has been measured via PLL. AUX laser PZT PM and AM responses were measured too.
Rough notes about these measurements:
Laser -> QWP -> HWP -> PBS -> 10% BS -> Beat
3.4Vpp out of PD, (40% contrast)
20dB Coupler, output to analyzer, coupled output to Mixer (-a few dBm, didn't check specifically)
Mixer: ZP-3+, BLP-5.1 at output
LO: OCXO @ 36MHz 13dBm->5dB Att-> +8dBm LO at Mixer
Got ~65mVpp out of Mixer
Mixer out -> SR560, LP 3Hz, G=500 -> Pomona Summing node -> Laser PZT
~30kHz UGF ~30 deg phase
Spectra, OLG via SR785 taken with free running PSL, anthropomorphic temperature servo. Data sheet calibration used for PZT. SR560 output noise dominates over analyzer, mixer, PD. Spectrum looks ok, I think.
PM measured with AG4395. High impedance probe used for laser PZT, otherwise couldn't lock. PM calibrated via mixer voltage span for fringe-to-fringe.
PSL beam blocked, AUX power increased to read 8.0V, AM measured with AG4395.
AM/PM doesn't look to dissimilar to old measurements on wiki. ~230kHz looks like a fine modulation freq.
Still to be done to AUX laser:
- joint PSL/AUX temperature sweeps
- Output power vs. diode current
- Beam profile
Just a heads up that some equipment is hooked up at the PSL table for the repaired AUX laser PLL measurement, I plan to continue with it tonight.
I've taken a few spectra that, along with the PZT coefficient from the repair sheet, that suggest the noise level is ok (incoherent sum of AUX and PSL at about ~3e4 / f Hz/rtHz), but calibrated plots, etc. will follow in time.
Lightwave NPRO information:
Serial Number: 337
Manufactured: December 1998!!
Details of checks performed:
Koji tuned the parameters on the laser controller and we observed the following:
Ericq has begun the characterization of the repaired Innolight. We checked that it outputs 1W of power. We will now have to perform the following measurements:
All of these will have to be done before installing this laser at the endtable.
I believe the consensus as of now is to go ahead with carrying out the above measurements. Meanwhile, we will keep the Lightwave NPRO on and see if there is some miraculous improvement. So the decision as to whether to use the Innolight is deferred for a day or two.
ETMX optical table is grounded to ETMX chamber through 1 Mohms
The doubling oven temp controller is installed to reach its cable.
Over the last couple of days, I've been working on restoring the optical layout on the X-endtable. Some notes about the status as of today:
Lightwave NPRO output power
The output power from the lightwave NPRO is about 210mW (as measured with the calorimeter). This is significantly lower than the value of ~300mW reported in this elog. It may be that the laser crystal temperature has changed compared to that measurement, but the "ADJ" parameter is at 0, both today and in that measurement. The laser has also been on for more than a day now, that should be sufficient time for the crystal to equilibriate to its final operating state? Is such a large change in output power possible just because of a change in laser crystal temperature? Or did the laser really lose ~1/3rd of its output power over the last two months?
Alignment into IR Faraday, and changes to the planned layout
I've set up the layout until steering the beam through the IR faraday. The input power into the IR Faraday is ~210mW. The output power is ~186mW, after optimizing the angle of the HWP. These numbers seem consistent with what I had reported in this elog (although this was for the Innolight NPRO). The alignment looks reasonably good to the eye as well.
I've made one change to the planned layout (latest version here). Y1 is now a 2" 99% reflective for S polarization beam splitter, instead of a 1" HR mirror. I made this change because we want some light from the NPRO to be transmitted through this optic to couple into the fiber eventually, for the IR beat. I measured the transmitted power to be ~1.5mW, which is around what we were coupling into the fiber before, and should suffice now. The Lightwave NPRO datasheet (page 4) suggests that the polarization of the output of the laser is S, and the measured power before and after this optic suggests that it is working as advertised. This means that HWP 1 also has to be moved downstream (to rotate the polarization so as to maximize transmission through the IR faraday). Space constraints meant that I could not mount HWP 1 on the baseplate+3/4" OD post assembly which is what we want where possible on the new table, so for this optic, I used a 1" OD post and a fork. There may be a couple of other optics in the final layout where space constraints dictate we compromise in this way.
I've also installed beam dumps for the rejected light from the Faraday. For now, these are the old beam dumps. They looked reasonably intact. I believe we have a bunch of new beam dumps on hand as well, so these can be swapped out if deemed necessary.
Cleaning of optics
All the optics are being cleaned using first contact before being installed on the table.
As I found out the hard way, it is not a good idea to clean small optics like half-wave plates while in their mounts. The first contact tends to bond to the frame while drying, and doesn't come off cleanly. Koji helped me clean the offending pieces (he used tweezers to manually remove the residual first contact, and then some acetone to clean up any remaining residue). Subsequently, he re-cleaned these optics, again using first contact, but this time being careful not to extend all the way out to the edge of the optic. The idea is to cover as much area as possible with first contact, while staying clear of the edge. This approach worked reasonably well.
The next major step is to achieve optimal alignment into the doubler. I've placed the doubler on the table in it's approximate final position, I wanted to make sure the enclosure support wasn't in the way (it isn't). The cable from the oven won't run all the way to the Thorlabs temperature controller in it's usual place, we need to either extend the cable, or figure out a new place where we can keep the temperature controller.
Did it again.
PMC Trans ~0.739
IMC Trans ~15000
The ruby wire standoff V groove cuts are looking good.
I will request free sample of sapphire prizm where one side would have SOS's R cylindrical surface.
The present plan to have the v-groove on this prism.
The laser is back. Test report is in the 40m wiki as New Pump Diode Mephisto 1000
It will go on the PSL table.
I have copied over the complete frame files from two DRFPMI lock acquisitions + locks to /frames/archive. The data should be safe from the wiper script here.
One, under the subfolder DRFPMI_Mar29_cal is the lock where the CAL-DARM channel is properly calibrated at GPS time 1143274087.
The other lock, under DRFPMI_MAR29_nocal, does not have the calibration set up yet, but was a much quicker acquistion (<2 min from ALS acquisition to DRFPMI) and longer lock (~8min).
X arm resonating after alignment, beam height on ETMX optical table ~4.75"
Steve has finished installing the enclosure on the new endtable. So Eric and I decided to try and lock the X arm and measure the beam height of the transmitted IR beam relative to the endtable. We initially thought of using POX DC as a the LSC trigger but this did not work as there was no significant change in it when the arm was flashing. Eric then tried misaligning the ITM and using AS110 as a trigger - this worked. We then recompiled the ASS model to take AS110 as an input, and ran the dither alignment. After doing so, I measured the beam height at two points on the new endtable.
So the beam is about 0.7" higher relative to the endtable than we'd like it to be. What do we do about this?
I've also placed two irides extending the cavity axis on the endtable. These should be helpful in aligning the green to the arm eventually.
The new TMC 4' x 3' x4" optical table and enclosure is installed - aligned- leveled.
Atm2, Picture is taken ~42" from the window at 3.75 camera height. The leveled table height is wthin 1/4 at the center of the window.
I think this is close enough to move on with the installation of the optics.
We can raise the loaded table in the future if it is needed.
Atm4, Optical table height to floor 33" at the south west corner
Atm3, Enclosure top cover transmission at 1064 nm, 1mm beam size, power level 157 mW, 0 degree incident angle, T 1.3% Metal shield is required above 100 mW hitting the wall of the enclosure!
Atm5, window to enclosure Kapton seal
I've begun cleaning the optics that will eventually go back onto the newly installed X-endtable. We decided that First Contact was the way to go (as opposed to methanol drag wiping). Koji demonstrated the application of the (red) First Contact solution onto a 2" mirror - I then proceeded to work on the rest of the optics. We are broadly following the procedure in E1000079 - first one coat of First Contact solution is applied, then a small piece of PEEK is embedded by applying a second layer of solution over it (this will enable us to pull off the First Contact once we are ready - the plan is to do this after roughly placing the optic on the table. As of now, I've finished coating most of the optics that are part of the IR Transmon path - I will continue later in the evening.
The new endtable is almost ready for re-population. Steve just needs to shim the enclosure which will be done tomorrow morning. The game-plan as discussed at the meeting today is to first try and set up the IR Transmon path. This will allow us to verify that the endtable height is such that we can maintain a beam height of 4" everywhere on the table (I suspect we may have to compromise at some poing and do some fine adjustment of 1/4 to 1/2" somewhere though). It will also allow me to define the cavity axis relative to the table, which will be useful to place the green steering optics eventually. Doing this will be challenging though as right now, I can't see any of the arm flashes on the endtable using an IR card. Ideally, we want to somehow lock the X arm and then do the checks mentioned at the endtable, before beginning to put the endtable back together.
As discussed in a Wednesday meeting some time ago, we don't need to be writing channels from BLRMS filter modules to frames at 16k (we suspect this is leading to the frequent daqd crashes which were seen the last time we tried setting BLRMS up for all the suspensions). EricQ pointed out to me that there conveniently exists a library block that is much better suited to our purposes, called BLRMS_2k. I've replaced all the BLRMS library blocks in the sus_single_BLRMS library block that I made with there BLRMS_2k blocks. I need to check that the filters used by the BLRMS_2k block (which reside in /opt/rtcds/userapps/release/cds/common/src/BLRMSFILTER.c) are appropriate, after which we can give setting up BLRMS for all the suspensions a second try...
There is currently no table at the X end!
We have moved the vast majority of the optics to a temporary storage breadbord, and moved the end table itself to the workbench at the end.
Steve says Transportation is coming at 1PM to put the new table in.
Local earth quake 3.1 magnitude in Valencia, Ca did not trip our suspensions.
I'm planning to start removing components from the X endtable tomorrow morning at ~10AM - if anyone thinks I should hold off and do some further checks/planning, let me know before this so that I can do the needful.
I realized I had overlooked an important constraint in the layout, which is that the enclosure will have two supports that occupy some region of the table - these are denoted in blue in v3 of the layout (Attachment #1). I measured the dimensions for these from the existing Y-endtable. The main subsystem this has affected is the IR transmission monitors, but I've been able to move the photodiodes a little to accommodate this constraint.
I've also done the mode-matching calculations explicitly for the proposed new layout (Attachments #2 and #3, code in Attachment #4). While the layout was largely adopted from what Andres posted in this elog, I found that some of the parameters he used in his a la mode code were probably incorrect (e.g. distance between the 750mm lens and the ETM). More critically, I think the Gouy phase for the optimized solution in the same elog is more like 60 degrees. I found that I could get a (calculated) Gouy phase difference between the two PZT mirrors of ~81 degrees by changing the green path slightly, and making the two PZT mirrors Y7 and Y8 (instead of Y7 and Y11, for which the Gouy phase difference is more like 50 degrees). But this way the two steering mirrors are much closer to each other than they were before. Other misc. remarks about the mode matching calculations:
These changes also necessitated minor changes to the transmitted IR beampath and the Oplev system, but these changes are minor. I've also switched the positions of the AUX IR power monitoring PD and the fiber coupler as suggested by Koji. The shutter has also been included.
I've been banging my head against bilinear noise subtraction, and figured I needed to test things on some real hardware to see if what I'm doing makes sense.
I ran the ASS dither alignment on the Y arm, which ensures that the beam spots are centered on both mirrors.
I then drove ITMY in yaw with some noise bandpassed from 30-40 Hz. It showed the expected bilinear upconversion that you expect from angular noise on a centered beam, which you can see from 60-80 Hz below
I looked at the length signal, as the noise subtraction target, and the ITMY oplev yaw signal plus the transmon QPD yaw signal as witnesses.
There is some linear coupling to length, which means the the centering isn't perfect, and the drive is maybe large enough to displace it off center. However, the important part is the upconverted noise which is present only in the length signal. The QPD and oplev signals show no increased noise from 60-80Hz above the reference traces where no drive is applied
I then compared the multicoherence of those two angular witnesses vs. the multicoherence of the two (linear) witnesses plus their (bilinear) product. Including the bilinear term clearly shows coherence, and thereby subtraction potential, at the upconverted noise hump.
So, it looks like the way I'm generating the bilinear signals and calculating coherence in my code isn't totally crazy.
The major changes from the previous layout:
Does any part of this layout need a radical redesign?
Beam colors: 1064 nm red, 514 nm green and 633 nm yellow.
There should be room for lens in front of the pd at red3 and a mirror for alignment in the new layout.
This picture may help you how to improve the new ETMX 4' x 3' optical layout.
Attachment 1: This is a photo of the current X end table optical layout with the beampaths of the various sub-systems overlaid. For the labels, see Attachment #2.
Attachment 2: This is a summary of all the optical components that are currently being used. I've noted some things we may want to change when we effect the swap. The important ones are:
Have I missed anything important?
Attachment #3: I've made a CAD drawing of the proposed new layout and have overlaid the beampath in an amateur way because I couldn't figure OptoCad out - I figure this will suffice for now. I have adopted elements from the current Y-end layout, but have used Anders' mode-matching solution (same lenses, same positions of optics) to make sure we have good Guoy phase separation between the two PZT steering mirrors. Some notes:
Steve says the table is ready - so if we are happy with this layout, we can move forward...
I haven't found any data files for the DARM spectrum of the previous generation of 40m, but with some GIMP-fu, I have plotted Monday's spectrum (green) on top of one of the figures from Rob's thesis.
Three RF-only locks longer than a minute tonight, out of 5 total attempts.
Last week, I determined that the beam spot on the RF POP PD is too large. This still needs to be fixed. I updated the ASS model to use REFLDC as a PRCL dither error signal; it works.
There seems to be some excess angular motion of ETMY tonight. This is evident in the oplev spectra (as compared to ETMX), and the GTRY camera, and even the retroreflected beam from a misalgined ETMY on the ITMY face when the PRC is carrier locked.
Gautam and I mostly focused on setting up the CAL-DARM_CINV block to produce this (mostly) calibrated spectrum starting from GPS 1143274087. [Darm on unwhitened AS55, DRMI on 3F, one CARM boost]
Here are the control and error signal spectra:
[DTT files attached]
Note to self: archive some of this data
I configured three more mini wifi extender. They are ready to use.
We should add these to the host table (I forgot where it is)
Recent EQ 4.8 mag San Felipe, Mexico trips PRM sus damping.
PRM damping restored. PMC locked.
Elogd have been restarted several times today because it died everytime I submit something.
Here is the copy of the log.
Something seems not right. The Guralp response should be flat in velocity from 0.05-30 Hz. Why is there any feature at 1 Hz? Saturation of some kind?
Calibration of Guralp Seismometers
Procedure & Results
Sinusoidal current of known frequency and amplitude was injected to the Seismometer calibration coil using signal generator and handheld control unit & corresponding Magnitude and Phase response were recorded. For Guralp B, system response was also estimated with a FFT Spectrum Analyzer.
Frequnecy Range: 0.1 Hz to 45 Hz.
Equivalent Input Velocity was derived from the Input Voltage measurements using the relation: v = V/ (2*pi*f*R*K) , V is the peak to peak Calibration Signal voltage, f is the calibration signal frequency, R is the calibration resistor and K is the feedback coil constant. [See Appendix for R & K values]
Velocity Sensitity at the required frequency is obtained by dividing the Output Response Voltage by the Equivalent Input Velocity.
The obtained Velocity Sensitivity is used to convert the recorded Volatge PSD to Velocity PSD as shown below. The obtained results are compared to gloabl high noise model [NHNM] and USGS New Low Noise Model [NLNM,Peterson 1993] which gives the lowest observed vertical seismic noise levels across the seismic frequency band. Plot legend NLNM shows both the high & low levels.
Guralp A [X Arm] Low Velocity Output
Guralp B [Y Arm] Low Velocity Output
DTT Power Spectrum
Both the Seismometers were connected to the 40 M Control and Data Acquisition System (CDS) and Power Spectrum was estimated for the Vertical, North/South & East/West Channels using Diagnostic Test Tool (DTT) software.
CMG-40T Guralp A Calibration Sheet
Calibration Resistor: 51000
CMG-40T Guralp B Calibration Sheet
Calibration Resistor: 51000
All Guralp instruments and digitisers are provided with calibration documentation. Should you require a copy of calibration information for any product, email firstname.lastname@example.org with the serial number of the product in the subject field and calibration information will be sent to you through email.
See data in the 40m wiki
1W Innolight is NOT getting Noise Eater as it was decided yesterday at the 40m meeting. Corrected 3-25-2016
Repair quote with adding noise eater is in 40m wiki
After adjusting the alignment of the two beams onto the PD, I managed to recover a stronger beatnote of ~ -10dBm. I managed to take some measurements with the PLL locked, and will put up a more detailed post later in the evening. I turned the IMC autolocker off, turned the 11MHz Marconi output off, and closed the PSL shutter for the duration of my work, but have reverted these to their nominal state now. The are a few extra cables running from the PSL table to the area near the IOO rack where I was doing the measurements from, I've left these as is for now in case I need to take some more data later in the evening...I
Innolight 1W 1064nm, sn 1634 was purchased in 9-18-2006 at CIT. It came to the 40m around 2010
It's diodes should be replaced, based on it's age and performance.
RIN and noise eater bad. I will get a quote on this job.
The Innolight Manual frequency noise plot is the same as Lightwave' elog 11956
Diagnoses from Glasglow:
“So far we have analyzed the laser. The pump diode is degraded. Next we would replace it with a new diode. We would realign the diode output beam into the laser crystal. We check all the relevant laser parameters over the whole tuning range. Parameters include single direction operation of the ring resonator, single frequency operation, beam profile and others. If one of them is out of spec, then we would take actions accordingly. We would also monitor the output power stability over one night. Then we repackage and ship the laser.”
We have one calibration sheet of GUR- B, from 26 June 2008, model CMG-T40-0008, sn T4157 at ETMY east, interface box input 1
I'm looking for calibration paper of GUR- A, model CMG-T40-0053, sn T4Q17 at ETMX south, interface box input 2
I measured the guralp raw outputs and the TFs using the handheld unit and an FFT analyzer.
The handheld unit was connected to each guralp with the same cable which is confirmed t be functional with the Yend Guralp.
The signal for Z, N, and E directions are obtained from the banana connectors on the handheld unit. Each direction has mass, low gain velocity, and high gain velocity output. The PSDs of the signals were measured with an FFT analyzer. The transfer function from the mass signal to the low/high gain signals were also measured for each direction.
The adjustment screw for the E output of the Xend does not work. I had to tilt the Xend Guralp using the leg screws to bring the E signal to zero.
Attachment 1: Raw voltage PSD for all outputs
Attachment 2: Comparison of the low gain vel outputs
- All of the mass output show similar PSDs.
- Low gain velocity outputs shows somewhat similar levels. I still need to check if the output is really the ground velocity or not.
- High gain velocity outputs are either not high gain, broken, or not implemented.
- We need to calibrate the low gain output using signal injection, huddle test, or something else.
Attachment 3: TFs between each mass output and the low or high gain outputs
- TFs between the mass signal and the low vel signals show the similar transfer functions between the channels.
- The high gain outputs show low or no transfer function with regard to the mass signals.
Batteries replaced in control room UPS after 3 years from replaceUPSbattery.com
The alignment of the PMC adjusted on the PSL table: Trans 0.737->0.749
The alignment of the IMC adjusrted on the sliders: Trans 14300->15300
WFS offset has been reset by /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/scripts/MC/WFS/WFSoffsets
The 2W Innolight was turned on.
The enclosure top piece in the middle is still in the machine shop.
The carpenter who helps in the built just left for one week vacation.
The unit will be ready on April 1
I'd prefer doing the installation with the enclosure on the new table.
It's the only way to minimize the resonances of the enclosure with shimming.
Kate Dooley picked up this item today.
It looks almost OK, but we need a bit sharper picture for both the groove and thw wire.
Ruby wire standoff 1 mm od. with V-groove test cut. SOS sus wire 0.0017" od. is in the background.
It's may be the janitor's doing.
I noticed that the HEPA filers were off. They are turned on at 20%
Steve should be able to get another copy of the EY doubler mount made up if we really don't have another one sitting in the Manasa end table box which Koji mentioned.
I located the second doubler mount, it was sitting inside a cabinet along the Y-arm. So this will not have to be machined. The doubling oven mount is black in colour.
So as things stand now, the only thing that needs to be machined is a non-green mount for the IR faraday (IO-5-1064-HP) - is it possible to just coat the existing mount with a different color? I've got a drawing for this part ready, but it seems unnecessary to machine the whole thing from scratch when only the color is an issue. Steve was talking about dipping this in some sort of solution and taking the green off. But if this isn't possible, I'll send Steve the drawings tomorrow so that he can place the order with the machine shop...
I will work on the mode-matching calculations over the next couple of days to make sure we have all the mirrors and lenses we need.
Found it locked on TEM01 mode.
Sweets in the fridge for non-PhD holders, courtesy of the highest levels of Caltech.
Johannes found dripping water at the vac rack. It is safe. It is not catching anything. Actual precipitation was only 0.62"
Its not a good idea to use green mounts with green lasers. Steve should be able to get another copy of the EY doubler mount made up if we really don't have another one sitting in the Manasa end table box which Koji mentioned.
I did a quick sweep of the lab to find out what hardware has already been acquired for the X-end table upgrade. The attached PDF is an inventory check in the spirit of this elog.
Some things we have to decide:
I have not gotten around to planning the layout or doing drawings. I will try and first work through a mode-matching solution to make sure we have all the required lenses. It may be that we need some 1" or 2" mirrors as well. The beam from the lightwave NPRO is quite elliptical, but we have a number of cylindrical lenses in hand already if we decide we want to use these, so I guess we don't have to worry about this...
This is quite a preliminary list, and I will add/update over the coming days as I do more detailed planning, but have I missed out anything obvious?