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ID Date Author Typeup Category Subject
  670   Tue Jul 15 09:47:09 2008 steveUpdatePEMlab temps and particles
All air condtion units were serviced last Friday.
AC filters are trying to control our particle counts but they have no capacity to match bad Pasadena conditions.
IFO room filters at CES were really clean.
Air make up filters inside and outside were dirty.
They showed the construction effect.
Control room and clean assembly units needed all filters replaced.

Note: the PSL-FSS_RCTEMP droped o.1C when enclouser HEPAs were turned back on
The RC temp controller should be better than that!
Attachment 1: temps24d.jpg
temps24d.jpg
  672   Tue Jul 15 10:24:57 2008 steveUpdatePSLPMC temp & pzt voltage
The PMC pzt HV was happy with no HEPA temp stability.
Can we thermally insulate the pmc ?
Attachment 1: pmctemp.jpg
pmctemp.jpg
  674   Tue Jul 15 12:23:22 2008 JenneUpdateGeneralMC2 Watchdog tripped
Alberto, Jenne

Mode Cleaner was unlocked. We checked, and found that MC2's watchdog was tripped. It didn't look like anything bad was going on, so we turned the optic back on, and tried to relock the MC. It looks like the Mode Cleaner is now locked, but the lock bit on the LockMC screen is still red. I don't know what's up.
  677   Wed Jul 16 09:27:17 2008 steveUpdateALARMPSL-FSS_RMTEMP alarm is false
Morning alarm sound is good for people who does not drink coffee.
Our 40m alarm is on every morning.
Those whom are not here in the morning thinks that this beeping sound is inspirational.
Would someone change this sound into less punishing form, like mockingbird chirp....

The C1PSL_SETTINGS.adl (40mm PSL Settings ) indicating that
C1:PSL-FSS_INOFFSET (Input Offset Adjust ) should be 0.3 +-0.05 V (red warning tag )

Alarm Handler: 40M pointing to yellow grade warning of PSL-FSS_RMTEM
This is a false alarm.

Two years trend of these channels are here:
Attachment 1: frmtemp2y.jpg
frmtemp2y.jpg
  679   Wed Jul 16 11:00:15 2008 MashaUpdateAuxiliary lockingimproving ADC input for the mach zehnder setup and completely unrelated happenings
For most of last week, the SURFs + Jenne were helping Mike and Ken with "stray light control for
Enhanced LIGO", i.e. cleaning and baking many many baffles which will catch scattered light in the
interferometer.

Otherwise, the two channels of the Mach Zehnder which will be used to measure fibre noise were
balanced, which should reduce the effect of laser amplitude noise in phase noise detection. I have
set up two digital channels to collect time series data from the two photodiodes and took some
preliminary noise measurements. I will be using Matlab to combine the signals as to directly measure
the phase noise, and I wrote some Matlab code to speed up this process: loading the files,
manipulating time series data, and converting into frequency domain. Currently I am building a
filter that will attenuate the signal at frequencies below 1Hz and amplify at higher frequencies in
order to whiten the spectra and reduce ADC noise.
  680   Wed Jul 16 11:26:47 2008 Max JonesUpdate This Week
Baffles.

I got a battery for the magnetometer today which is slightly too large (~2 mm) in one dimension. Not sure what I'm going to do.

I'm attempting to calibrate the magnetometer but I'm having a hard time calibrating the axis that I cannot simply put through a coil parallel to the coils length. I have attempted to use the end fields of the solenoid but the measurements from the magnetometer are significantly different from the theoretical calculations.

I would appreciate suggestions. - Max.
  683   Wed Jul 16 16:59:07 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralAligment
I think the two beams are aligned again - they both pass the Faraday, they match at the irises and all along the optical path on the AP table. Although the NPRO beam does not show up at the AS port.
  685   Wed Jul 16 17:51:58 2008 MashaUpdateAuxiliary lockinglong measurement
I'm taking a measurement on the SR785 spectrum analyzer at low frequencies, so I'm going to leave it by the symmetric port table for a while. Please don't move it!
  686   Wed Jul 16 22:29:05 2008 MashaUpdateAuxiliary lockinglong measurement

Quote:
I'm taking a measurement on the SR785 spectrum analyzer at low frequencies, so I'm going to leave it by the symmetric port table for a while. Please don't move it!


all done thanks.
  688   Thu Jul 17 08:30:15 2008 steveUpdatePSLPMC relocked manually
The PMC pzt HV and the servo gain adj. are railing at max this morning

Why is it on the decreasing side of FSS_RTTEMP slope?
Attachment 1: pmc4d.jpg
pmc4d.jpg
  689   Thu Jul 17 12:15:21 2008 EricUpdatePSLSwept PMC PZT voltage range
I unlocked the PMC and swept over C1:PSL-PMC_RAMP's full range a couple of times this morning.  The PMC should now be relocked and returned 
to normal.
  691   Thu Jul 17 16:39:58 2008 Max JonesUpdateDAQMagnetometer Installed
Today I installed the magnetometer near the beam splitter chamber. It is located on the BSC chamber at head height on the inner part of the interferometer (meaning I had to crawl under the arms to install it). I don't think I disturbed anything during installation but I think that's it's probably prudent to tell everyone that I was back there just in case. I plan to run 3 BNC cables (one for each axis) from the magnetometer to the DAQ input either tonight or tomorrow. Suggestions are appreciated. - Max.
  692   Thu Jul 17 20:13:34 2008 YoichiUpdatePSLPMC alignment/mode matching effort
I'm working to improve the mode matching of PMC.
Because I noticed that the beam was hitting the aperture of the EOM for PMC, I moved the EOM a little bit to maximize the transmission.
This did not change the alignment to the reference cavity but changed the alignment of the PMC a lot.
So I adjusted it back.
The alignment of the PMC can be easily optimized but the Hermite 02 mode still remains. This means the mode matching is bad.
Moving the lenses by a small amount (a few mm) did not change the height of 02 mode.
I'm planning to move the lenses by a large amount tomorrow. But it will destroy the alignment to the PMC.
So I installed two irises in the beam path after the lenses to remember the alignment roughly.
Right now the PMC transmission is slightly worse than before because the lens positions are not good.
  694   Fri Jul 18 16:57:37 2008 JenneUpdateIOOCalibrated MC_F
I have calibrated MC_F. The conversion factor is 137.49 MHz/count.

The calibration data taken is attached, along with a calibrated power spectrum.

On the data plot, the x axis is volts from the C1:IOO-MC_FAST_MON channel, with the calibration between FAST_MON and MC_F = -788.18 volts/count.
The linear term of the fit line = -0.085MHz/volt. Error bars are +/- 1 in the last digit of what the spectrum analyzer gave me for frequency (+/- 0.01MHz).

The net conversion factor is then (-788.18)*(-0.085)*(2) = 137.49 MHz/count. The factor of 2 is because the light passes through the AOM twice.

On the power spectrum,
REF0 and REF1 = MC unlocked, HEPAs on, MC Refl gain = 22
REF2 and REF3 = MC locked, HEPAs on, MC Refl gain = 22
REF4 and REF5 = MC locked, HEPAs on, MC Refl gain = 19
REF6 and REF7 = MC locked, HEPAs off, MC Refl gain = 19
Attachment 1: MC_Fcalib.png
MC_Fcalib.png
Attachment 2: 20080717MC_F-MC_I.pdf
20080717MC_F-MC_I.pdf
  695   Fri Jul 18 17:06:20 2008 JenneUpdateComputersComputers down for most of the day, but back up now
[Sharon, Alex, Rob, Alberto, Jenne]

Sharon and I have been having trouble with the C1ASS computer the past couple of days. She has been corresponding with Alex, who has been rebooting the computers for us. At some point this afternoon, as a result of this work, or other stuff (I'm not totally sure which) about half of the computers' status lights on the MEDM screen were red. Alberto and Sharon spoke to Alex, who then fixed all of them except C1ASC. Alberto and I couldn't telnet into C1ASC to follow the restart procedures on the Wiki, so Rob helped us hook up a monitor and keyboard to the computer and restart it the old fashioned way.

It seems like C1ASC has some confusion as to what its IP address is, or some other computer is now using C1ASC's IP address.

As of now, all the computers are back up.
  696   Fri Jul 18 17:12:35 2008 JenneUpdateIOOChecking out the MC Servo Board
[Jenne, Max]

One of the things that Rana thinks that might be causing my MC_F calibration to be off is that the MC Servo Board's filters don't match those on the schematics. Max and I pulled the MC servo board today to check resistor and capacitor values. Alberto needed the Mode Cleaner, so we put the board back before finishing checking values. We will probably pull the board again next week to finish checking the values.

I haven't checked to ensure that the MC still locks, because Yoichi is doing stuff on the PSL table, but I didn't change anything on the board, and hooked all the cables back where they were, so hopefully it's all okay.
  697   Fri Jul 18 19:15:15 2008 JenneUpdateIOOChecking out the MC Servo Board

Quote:
[Jenne, Max]

I haven't checked to ensure that the MC still locks, because Yoichi is doing stuff on the PSL table, but I didn't change anything on the board, and hooked all the cables back where they were, so hopefully it's all okay.


I put the PMC back and the MC now locks.
  698   Fri Jul 18 19:30:20 2008 MashaUpdateAuxiliary lockingmoving from 40m
I will be working in the basement of Bridge probably starting next week; I moved the NPRO laser and some of the optics from my mach zehnder setup on the SP table to Bridge. Thanks for your help!
  699   Fri Jul 18 19:41:09 2008 YoichiUpdatePSLPMC PZT investigation
I measured the HV coming to the PMC PZT by plugging it off from the PZT and hooking it up to a DVM.
The reading of DVM is pretty much consistent with the reading on EPICS. I got 287V on the DVM when the EPICS says 290V.

Then I used a T to monitor the same voltage while it is connected to the PZT. I attached a plot of the actual voltage measured by the DVM vs the EPICS reading.
It shows a hysteresis.
Also the actual voltage drops by more than a half when the PZT is connected. The output impedance of the HV amp is 64k (according to the schematic). If I believe this number, the impedance of the PZT should also be 64k. The current flowing the PZT is 1.6mA at 200V EPICS reading.
The impedance of the PZT directly measured by the DVM is 1.5M ohm, which is significantly different from the value expected above. I will check the actual output impedance of the HV amp later.
The capacitance of the PZT measured by the DVM is 300nF. I don't know if I can believe the DVM's ability to measure C.

I noticed that when a high voltage is applied, the actual voltage across the PZT shows a decay.
The second plot shows the step response of the actual voltage.
The voltage coming to the PZT was T-ed and reduced by a factor of 30 using a high impedance voltage divider to be recorded by an ADC.
The PMCTRANSPD channel is temporarily used to monitor this signal.
After the voltage applied to the PZT was increased abruptly (to ~230V), the actual voltage starts to exponentially decrease.
When the HV was reduced to ~30V, the actual voltage goes up. This behavior explains the weird exponential motion of the PZT feedback signal when the PMC is locked.
The cause of the actual voltage drop is not understood yet.
From the above measurements, we can almost certainly conclude that the problem of the PMC is in the PZT, not in the HV amp nor the read back.
Attachment 1: Hysteresis.png
Hysteresis.png
Attachment 2: StepResponse.png
StepResponse.png
  701   Fri Jul 18 23:24:24 2008 robUpdatePSLPMC PZT investigation

Quote:
I measured the HV coming to the PMC PZT by plugging it off from the PZT and hooking it up to a DVM.
The reading of DVM is pretty much consistent with the reading on EPICS. I got 287V on the DVM when the EPICS says 290V.

Then I used a T to monitor the same voltage while it is connected to the PZT. I attached a plot of the actual voltage measured by the DVM vs the EPICS reading.
It shows a hysteresis.
Also the actual voltage drops by more than a half when the PZT is connected. The output impedance of the HV amp is 64k (according to the schematic). If I believe this number, the impedance of the PZT should also be 64k. The current flowing the PZT is 1.6mA at 200V EPICS reading.
The impedance of the PZT directly measured by the DVM is 1.5M ohm, which is significantly different from the value expected above. I will check the actual output impedance of the HV amp later.
The capacitance of the PZT measured by the DVM is 300nF. I don't know if I can believe the DVM's ability to measure C.

I noticed that when a high voltage is applied, the actual voltage across the PZT shows a decay.
The second plot shows the step response of the actual voltage.
The voltage coming to the PZT was T-ed and reduced by a factor of 30 using a high impedance voltage divider to be recorded by an ADC.
The PMCTRANSPD channel is temporarily used to monitor this signal.
After the voltage applied to the PZT was increased abruptly (to ~230V), the actual voltage starts to exponentially decrease.
When the HV was reduced to ~30V, the actual voltage goes up. This behavior explains the weird exponential motion of the PZT feedback signal when the PMC is locked.
The cause of the actual voltage drop is not understood yet.
From the above measurements, we can almost certainly conclude that the problem of the PMC is in the PZT, not in the HV amp nor the read back.


I'd believe the Fluke's measurement of capacitance. Here's some info from PK about the PZT:


Quote:

But the PMC ones were something like
0.750 in. thick x 0.287 in. thick. 2 microns per 200 V displacement,
resonant frequency greater than 65 kHz. Typical capacitance is around 0.66
uF.


If the PZT capacitance has dropped by a factor of two, that seems like a bad sign. I don't know what to expect for a resistance value of the PZT, but I wouldn't be surprised if it's non-Ohmic. The 64k is the series resistor after the PA85, not the modeled resistance of the PZT itself.
  702   Sat Jul 19 19:39:44 2008 robUpdatePSLPMC PZT investigation

Quote:

Quote:
The 64k is the series resistor after the PA85, not the modeled resistance of the PZT itself.

Yes. What I meant was that because the measured voltage across the PZT was a half of the open voltage of the HV amp, the DC impedance of the PZT is expected to be similar to the output impedance of the HV amp. Of course, I don't think the DC impedance of a normal PZT should be such low.
I'm puzzled by the discrepancy between this expected DC impedance and the directly measured impedance by the Fluke DVM (1.5M Ohm).
One possibility is that the PZT leaks current only when a high voltage is applied.
  704   Mon Jul 21 09:52:05 2008 SharonUpdate Adaptive code changes
Thanks to Alex, we now save the coefficients of the adaptive filter every cycle. When we choose ENABLE: OFF on the MEDM screen, suppressing the signal to the MC1, we stop and save the last coefficients. When enabling it again, it starts from the last coefficients saved. I will take some measurements today to check how this contributes to the adaptation rate. If you change the number of taps or the number of AUX channels, the coefficients are again set to zero.
  705   Mon Jul 21 10:00:42 2008 steveUpdatePEMifo room temp
Five years of temp trend with 5 C fluctuation. The campus chilled water supply was upgraded ~ 1 year ago.

I requested our thermostats to be calibrated.
Attachment 1: temp5y.jpg
temp5y.jpg
  706   Mon Jul 21 11:54:00 2008 JenneUpdateGeneralMC Servo Board
I pulled the MC Servo Board again, to check the components that are on the board, and compare them with the schematics. The filters that I'm interested in on the Fast Path haven't been changed. The high pass filters on the Fast Path have been changed.
Component      Schematic      Actual
---------      ---------      ------
C140           10u            open
C144           10u            open
C149           open           a gray Cap.  value unknown
C141           10u            open
C145           10u            open
R97            1.58K          0
R99            open           1130
R103           open           1130
R100           open           0
R104           100            1130
R98            1.58K          open
R109           367            365

Board is back in, and MC locks.
  709   Mon Jul 21 19:48:57 2008 SharonUpdate how tp restart C1ASS
How to restart C1ASS:

1. reboot
2. as root: caltech/target/c1ass:> ./startass
3. no need for root: burtgooey

that's it...
  711   Tue Jul 22 03:03:22 2008 John, RobUpdatePSLFSS open loop transfer function
With the common gain slider maxed out the unity gain frequency is 58kHz.

The reference cavity refl diode appears to be okay. RF OUT/ TEST IN transfer function was normal.
There is a ~220mV offset in the RF out. We removed this using a coupler - no change. We also checked the
diode->FSS cable.

Tomorrow I'll take a closer look at the board.
  712   Tue Jul 22 09:24:17 2008 steveUpdatePSLlaser power
Laser power reality of 120 days
Attachment 1: power120d.jpg
power120d.jpg
  713   Tue Jul 22 11:55:22 2008 ranaUpdatePSLNote from R. Abbott re: the PMC
an email from Rich:
Your PZT is broken.

R
  714   Tue Jul 22 13:15:14 2008 robUpdatePSLNote from R. Abbott re: the PMC

Quote:
an email from Rich:
Your PZT is broken.

R


Quelle surprise

Frown
  715   Tue Jul 22 13:16:09 2008 John, RobUpdatePSLFSS open loop transfer function

Quote:
With the common gain slider maxed out the unity gain frequency is 58kHz.

The reference cavity refl diode appears to be okay. RF OUT/ TEST IN transfer function was normal.
There is a ~220mV offset in the RF out. We removed this using a coupler - no change. We also checked the
diode->FSS cable.

Tomorrow I'll take a closer look at the board.


Should note that the UGF of 58kHz was measured with the test cable (from RFPD to board), so the demod phase was presumably sub-optimal.
  717   Tue Jul 22 22:11:58 2008 YoichiUpdateLSCX-arm g factor measurement
Alberto, Yoichi

We measured the g factor of the X-arm by slightly shifting the 166MHz sideband frequency:

We first locked the X-arm to TEM00 mode. Then misaligned the ETMX in yaw a little bit until the transmitted power is a half of the normal value.
In this way, we can expect that TEM01 mode will be resonated in the arm if a sideband with a suitable frequency is introduced.
To add such a sideband, we used the 166MHz EOM. According to John's calculation (ELog entry 690), the TEM01 mode of the 166MHz upper sideband is only about 100kHz away from the resonance. So by changing the 166MHz modulation frequency, we should be able to see the 166MHz upper sideband resonating in the X-arm.
We used the 166MHz PD at the AS to find the resonance.
When we modulated the 166MHz RF frequency by +/- 100kHz, we could see spikes in the AS166_I signal.
Then we fine tuned the RF frequency slowly by hand to find the exact resonant frequency. At that time, the X-arm PDH servo was oscillating at ~480Hz.
So the resonance was determined by maximizing this signal in the AS166_I.
The 166MHz signal was originally at 165.977195 MHz. I found the resonance around 165.985MHz. It is surprisingly close to the original modulation frequency (only 7.3kHz away). This number yields the g factor of 0.626 and the transverse mode interval of 0.285*FSR. I used the arm length of 38.5750m in this calculation. Because of the 480Hz oscillation, it was difficult to precisely determine the resonant frequency. We will try this again tomorrow after mitigating the oscillation.
Although the resonance of the 166MHz upper sideband is located at a lower frequency in John's prediction, we found a resonance at a higher frequency.
This can be interpreted as the discrepancy between the actual g-factor and the designed g-factor.

To confirm what we saw was really an arm cavity resonance, we will try to do the same thing with the arm cavities all mis-aligned.
(We expect no signal in this configuration.)

Appendix: the expected signal from AS166 port when the 166MHz upper sideband passes by a resonance of the arm cavity.
Since the carrier is resonating in the cavity and kept there by the PDH feedback using 33MHz sideband, its phase is virtually fixed at the AS166 port. The lower sideband's phase also does not change much because it is off resonance. The upper sideband get a large phase change when approaching to the resonance. This effectively rotates the modulation angle of the 166MHz sidebands, which was orthogonal to the carrier when off resonance (i.e. phase modulation), to create 166MHz amplitude modulation. Because the sideband axis is rotated, the signal should appear both in I and Q phases.
  718   Tue Jul 22 22:25:31 2008 ranaUpdateLSCLooptickle for existing 40m
John and I have adapted the Stefan-Looptickle model of the 40m upgrade to have the parameters of the old one.
(old one = what we have had for the last 4 years).

Its in the /cvs/cds/caltech/iscmodeling directory on the CDS computers but you can also check it out from the
MIT CVS repo; its part of the whole shebang.

It makes the attached theoretical NB. Feel free to modify it.
Attachment 1: nb.png
nb.png
  720   Wed Jul 23 10:47:05 2008 SharonUpdate Weekly update
This week I spent some time with Alex who updated the adaptive code to save the filter's coeffs all the time, stop when I open the loop, and reload the latest coeffs. when I start it again.
The point was to minimize the adaptation rate. Unfortunately, seems it is making some filters go wild, so it is not in use yet.
After taking some more measurements with the adaptive filter running, I have noticed a new peak in the signal around 22-23 Hz. My first assumption was that this is caused due to internal resonance of MC1 (which is driven when the adaptive code is running, and not when it's not). Therefore, I drove MC1 without the adaptive filter looking for the same peak... which wasn't there.
This sent me back to the adaptive code... Seems there is a matrix in the simulink file of the adaptive filter which doesn't have an MEDM screen. I am now working on making this screen. Once I am done with that, and make sure there is correlation between simulink and MEDM, I'll keep on chasing the peak in the code.
  721   Wed Jul 23 10:49:37 2008 MaxUpdateComputer Scripts / ProgramsWeekly Progress Report
This week I installed the magnetometer. The channels seem to be reading correctly. I'm back to working on noise budget and have added the MICH and will soon add the PRC source. The various source-specific scripts still need to be adjusted and the transfer functions remeasured since they do not match in any reasonable manner the SRD Rana put out in the e-log yesterday.
  723   Wed Jul 23 13:52:26 2008 SharonUpdate MEDM changes
There is a new MEDM screen now when you go from c1ass>top>pem.
Instead of having 12 "mini filters" screens go to 8 outputs (with the wrong correlation impression from the table), we have a 24X8 matrix.
This matrix is there so you could choose which noise signals you want to send to the adaptive code. When you indicate the number of noise channels you are going to use
on the nAUX option on the screen top, you are choosing the channels 1 to nAUX. Channels 15-22 are the seismic and accelerometers we are now using. (you can see the order in Jenne's post 673).
Hope this will make things clearer.
Attachment 1: matrix
  726   Wed Jul 23 18:42:18 2008 JenneUpdatePSLAlignment of AOM
[Rana, Yoichi, Jenne]

Short Version: We are selecting the wrong diffracted beam on the 2nd pass through the AOM (we use the 2nd order rather than the first). This will be fixed tomorrow.

Long Version of AOM activities:

We checked the amount of power going to the AOM, through the AOM on the first pass, and then through the AOM on the second pass, and saw that we get about 50% through on the first pass, but only about 10% on the 2nd pass. Before the AOM=60mW, after the first pass=38mW, after the 2nd pass=4mW. Clearly the alignment through the AOM is really sketchy.

We translated the AOM so the beam goes through the center of the crystal while we align things. We see that we only get the first order beam, which is good. We twiddled the 4 adjust screws on the side of the AOM to maximize the power at the curved mirror for the 1st order of the first pass, which was 49.6mW. We then looked at the DC output of the Reference Cavity's Refl. PD, and saw 150mV on the 'scope. The power measured after the polarizing beam splitter and the next wave plate was still 4mW. Adjusting the curved mirror, we got up to 246mV on the 'scope for the Refl. PD, and 5.16mW after the PBS+Waveplate. We adjusted the 4 side screws of the AOM again, and the tip/tilt of the PBS, and got up to 288mV on the 'scope.

Then we looked at the beam that we keep after the 2nd pass through the AOM, and send to the reference cavity, and we find that we are keeping the SECOND order beam after the second pass. This is bad news. Yoichi and I will fix this in the morning. We checked that we were seeing a higher order beam by modulating the Offset of the MC servo board with a triangle wave, and watching the beam move on the camera. If we were chosing the correct beam, there would be no movement because of the symmetry of 2 passes through the AOM.

I took some sweet video of the beam spot moving, which I'll upload later, if I can figure out how to get the movies off my cell phone.
  728   Wed Jul 23 22:34:07 2008 YoichiUpdateLSCArm cavity g-factor measurement
I tried the same thing as the X-arm to the Y-arm.
I'm puzzled. I found exactly the same behavior as the X-arm in the AS166 demodulated signals, whereas I expected different resonance frequency because of the arm length difference.

Here is more detailed account of the measurement today.

I locked the Y-arm and mis-aligned the end mirror in Yaw until the transmission power gets half.
Then I injected a 30Hz sinusoid into the error point of the Y-arm servo to shake the ETMY.
I observed AS166_I and AS166_Q as I changed the 166MHz frequency.

At 165.977MHz, both AS166_I and AS166_Q showed the 30Hz signal (15cnt p-p).
At 165.981MHz, Only I phase showed the 30Hz signal (40cnt p-p). No signal in Q.
At 165.984MHz, I and Q became the same amplitude again (20cnt p-p).
At 165.987MHz, Only Q phase showed the 30Hz signal (40cnt p-p). No signal in I.

Outside the above range, the signal decreases as the frequency go away. I think this is (at least partly) because the 166MHz sidebands no longer go through the MC at those frequencies.

I then locked the X-arm to the TEM01 mode. I saw exactly the same behavior as described above. This could be the resonance of TEM02 mode. I was expecting to see the resonance of TEM00 mode at the opposite side, but nothing there.

I unlocked the arm cavities and tried the same frequency scan of the 166MHz with one of the end mirrors shaken at 30Hz. I saw no signal at the AS166 port.
I also tried locking Y-arm and shaking the ETMX. No signal.
So it has to be something to do with the cavity resonance.

Since the MC transmission curve for 166MHz is folded in the measurement, it makes the interpretation of the results harder.
  730   Thu Jul 24 01:27:00 2008 KojiUpdateLSCArm cavity g-factor measurement

Quote:
I locked the Y-arm and mis-aligned the end mirror in Yaw until the transmission power gets half.
Then I injected a 30Hz sinusoid into the error point of the Y-arm servo to shake the ETMY.
I observed AS166_I and AS166_Q as I changed the 166MHz frequency.


A-ha! Do you always expect the 30Hz signal, don't you?
Because this is the PDH technique.

---------------
Recipe:
You have a carrier and phase modulation sidebands at 166MHz this time.
Inject them into a cavity. Detect the reflection by a photo detector.
Demodulate the photocurrent at 166MHz.

This is the PDH technique.

A 30Hz sinusoid was injected to the error point of the cavity lock.
This means that the cavity length was fluctuated at 30Hz.

We should see the 30Hz signal at the error signal of the 166MHz demodulation, regardless of the tuning of the modulation frequency!
In other words, the 30Hz signal in the demod signal at the 166MHz is also understandable as the beating between the 30Hz sidebands and the 166MHz sidebands.

---------------

So, now I feel that the method for the TEM01 quest should be reconsidered.

If we have any unbalanced resonance for the phase modulation sidebands, the offset of the error signal is to be observed even with the carrier exactly at the resonance. We don't need to shake or move the cavity mirrors.

Presence of the MC makes the things more complicated. Changing the frequency of the modulation that should go throgh the MC is a bit tricky as the detuning produces FM-AM conversion. i.e. The beam incident on the arm cavity may be not only phase modulated but also amplitude modulated. This makes the measurement of the offset described above difficult.

The setup of the abs length measurement (FSR measurement) will be easily used for the measurement of the transverse mode spacings. But it needs some more time to be realized.
  731   Thu Jul 24 02:57:26 2008 robUpdateLSCArm cavity g-factor measurement

Quote:

So, now I feel that the method for the TEM01 quest should be reconsidered.

If we have any unbalanced resonance for the phase modulation sidebands, the offset of the error signal is to be observed even with the carrier exactly at the resonance. We don't need to shake or move the cavity mirrors.

Presence of the MC makes the things more complicated. Changing the frequency of the modulation that should go throgh the MC is a bit tricky as the detuning produces FM-AM conversion. i.e. The beam incident on the arm cavity may be not only phase modulated but also amplitude modulated. This makes the measurement of the offset described above difficult.

The setup of the abs length measurement (FSR measurement) will be easily used for the measurement of the transverse mode spacings. But it needs some more time to be realized.


We should be able to see 166MHz sideband resonances using the double demodulated photodetectors. With these, the 33MHz sidebands will be acting as LO when the 166MHz sideband (or mode) resonates. Some modeling may be necessary to determine if the SNR will be good enough to make this worthwhile, however.
  732   Thu Jul 24 03:08:20 2008 robUpdateLocking+f2 DRMI+2ARMS

rob, john, yoichi

Tonight we tried to move the 166MHz (f2) sideband frequency by changing the settings on the Marconi. Reducing the frequency by 4kHz reduced the amplitude of the 166MHz sidebands, but we were still able to lock the DRMI with the +-f2 sidebands by electronically compensating for the gain decrease, and also to lock the DRMI+2ARMs while resonating the -f2 sideband. No luck with the +f2.

Then we larkily tried increasing the frequency by 4kHz, which ~doubled the f2 sideband transmission through the MC. This means our frequencies/MC length have been mismatched for months. Apparently I explained the level of the f2 sidebands by just imagining that I'd (or someone) had set the modulation depth at that level some time in the past.

It's a miracle any locking worked at all in this state. Once this was done and we worked out a few kinks in the script, adjusting some gains to compensate, we managed to get the DRMI+2ARMS to lock a couple of times while resonating the +f2 sideband. It takes a while, but at least it happens. Tomorrow we'll measure the length of the mode cleaner properly and then try again. No need to vent just yet.
  733   Thu Jul 24 08:09:26 2008 YoichiUpdateLSCArm cavity g-factor measurement

Quote:

A-ha! Do you always expect the 30Hz signal, don't you?
Because this is the PDH technique.


Yes you are right. I realized this when I was thinking about it in the bed Smile
The 30Hz signal should always be present because the carrier is phase shifted at 30Hz by the cavity length change.
I think the change in the signal ratio between I and Q happened because as the 166MHz sidebands get phase change when they move around the MC transmission peak due to the cavity pole of the MC. It changes the optimal demodulation phase for the 166MHz PDH signal at the AS port.


Quote:

We should be able to see 166MHz sideband resonances using the double demodulated photodetectors. With these, the 33MHz sidebands will be acting as LO when the 166MHz sideband (or mode) resonates. Some modeling may be necessary to determine if the SNR will be good enough to make this worthwhile, however.


I will try, but at 100kHz away from the MC FSR (the number predicted by John's calculation), the transmission of the 166MHz sidebands is very weak. I did not see any signal when I swept it +/- 500kHz. Unfortunately, the Marconi's output level is almost at its maximum. So we don't have much room for increasing the sideband power.
  736   Thu Jul 24 21:04:58 2008 ranaUpdatePSLFSS
Since Jenne and Yoichi are going to finish up their refcav/FSS work in the morning I decided to
look at the trends. I set the RF modulation level from 10.0 back down to 7.5 so that we would
have the same RF modulation depth as before. I also set the FSS common gain and its nominal to
1.0 dB since it seemed more stable this way.

With 7.5, the transmission of the refcav is ~6.9 V. It was around 0.7 V before so there's already
been a factor of 10 improvement in the power since the work started. In addition to the mode matching
work which is about to commence, we should attenuate the RC TRANS with a real mirror (not ND) so that
the camera and PD don't saturate. We should also do the same for the REFL PD and camera and make sure
to put in a steering mirror for the REFL PD and orient REFL so that it faces West (so that we can
look at its face with a viewer) and dumps its reflection.

Since the common gain is so low now, I expect that we will want less light in total. We can achieve
this by turning down the RF drive to the VCO.

I also fixed the MC down script which was putting the FSS common gain to the unstable +10 dB level
during the MC locking process.
  738   Fri Jul 25 10:48:13 2008 KojiUpdateGeneralAbs. Len. Meas. ~ Realignment / beating / PLL trial
Alberto and Koji

o We worked for the abs length measurement setup on Thursday night.
o At the last of the work Koji left the 40m lab at 2AM. "Last autoalignment" was restored. The flipper for the 
inj beam was down. The shutter for the NPRO was closed.

----
o The alignment of the injection beam (NPRO) was re-adjusted.
o The laser crystal temp (LT) of the NPRO was scanned.
o After a long struggle the beat was found at about LT=61deg(!). I think this is almost at the maximum temp 
for the NPRO. Note that this is not the diode temp, and therefore it will not damage the laser as far as the 
TEC for the crystal works.

o Only the X arm was aligned.
o The alignment of the injection beam was adjusted such that the beating amplitude got maximum.
o At the faraday of the NPRO, we had 2.4V_DC and 1.8V_DC with and without the inj beam, respectively. The 
beating amplitude was 200mVpp (at around 2.4V).
o With a simple calculation, the mode overlapping of tghe injection beam is only 0.0023. Ahhh. It is too weak. 
In the modematching or something must be wrong. 
o The position of the mode matching lens was tweaked a little. It did not help to increase the beat ampitude. 
Even worse. (The lens was restored and the values above was obatined with the latest setting.) 

o Then tried to build a PLL. It locks easily. 
  - Put the beat signal into the mixer RF input.
  - Connect 10dBm @1MHz-10MHz from the marconi oscillator to the LO input. The supposed nominal LO level was 
not checked so far. Just used 10dBm.
  - The IF output was connected to an SR560 with 10Hz LPF (6dB/oct) with G=500 or so.We don't need to care 
about the sign.
  - The output of the SR560 was connected to FAST PZT input of the NPRO.
o The problem was that there was strong intermodulations because of 33MHz. No LPFwas used before the mixer. 
Because of this spourious modulations, the PLL servo locks at the local zero crossings. These will be solved 
next time. 

o Eventually left the 40m lab at 2AM. "Last autoalignment" was restored. The flipper for the inj beam was 
down. The shutter for the NPRO was closed.
  739   Fri Jul 25 13:30:53 2008 SharonUpdate Changes in ASS computer
I editted the simulink diagram of the ASS computer so it now has 2 more channels reading 2 sets of the FIR coefficients to match Alex's changes in the C code.
The new simulink has already been compiled and can be found in /cvs/cds/caltech/users/alex/cds/advLigo/src/epics/simLink/ass.mdl
I backed up the old file and it's also in that folder under ass_BAK_24_jul.mdl

There is also a backup of the old ASS.ini file in caltech/chans/daq/C1ASS_BAK_24_jul.ini

Will update once it's all set and running
  740   Fri Jul 25 17:32:46 2008 SharonUpdate ASS computer
So, it seems a bit too complicated getting the coefficients the way I wanted it to happen (simulink-.ini...).
I returned everything to the way it was and it's all working. The new plan is to choose the specific channel I want to find its instantanous coefficients, let the adaptive code run for a while, setting mu and tau to zero (freezing the coefficients), and exciting the noise signal channel taking the transfer function. This way I can find the filter I want to simulate with an IIR filter.
Once I have the mode cleaner to myself, I'll start posting results.
  741   Fri Jul 25 19:57:18 2008 JenneUpdatePSLRef Cav & PMC
"PMC is in, but is still being worked on. Leave it alone." ---Rana

Ref. Cavity is locked again. Still a work in progress. I think we're ready to mode match on Monday. ---Jenne
  742   Sat Jul 26 15:09:57 2008 AidanUpdateComputersReboot of op440m

I was reviewing the PSL Overview screen this afternoon and op440m completely froze when I center-clicked on the REF CAVITY TRANSMISSION indicator. It was unresponsive to any keyboard or mouse control. The moon button had no effect to shut the machine down.

Called Alberto in and we logged into op440m from rosalba. From there we logged in as 'root' and run a shutdown script '/usr/sbin/shutdown -i S -g 1'. The medm screens started disappearing from the op440m display and we were eventually asked to enter System Maintenance Mode. From here we selected RUN LEVEL 5: "state 5: Shut the machine down so that it is safe to remove the power". Following this the machine turned itself off.

We powered it back on, logged back in as controls and restarted the medm screens. Everything seems to be running fine now.
Aidan.
  745   Sun Jul 27 23:06:17 2008 ranaUpdatePSLPMC, MZ, MC-MMT, etc.
With the new PMC now in I aligned the MZ to the new beam (there is sadly no steering
between the PMC and the MZ).

I also removed the pickoff that we had put before the MZ just in case we wanted to
move the FSS pickoff to there - its been 2 years now so I guess its not going to happen.


The new PMC's cavity axis seems to be a few hundred microns higher than the old one. So I
tried to move the MZ EOMs to compensate but ended up also steering all of the MZ's mirrors
to get the contrast good, the beam onto the ISS PDs, centered (sort of) onto the MMT lenses
and onto the periscope.

Along the way I also removed some of the vestigial squeezer stuff around the power control
PBS. The output of the PBS now goes directly into the high power dump with no steering. This
eliminated around a dozen clamps, bases, etc. and a couple of mirrors.


The MC is locked on the low power beam we have running through everything. I restored the
PSL launch beam just using the MC-WFS and it locked on a TEM00. So now we know that we
really don't need the PSL quads for this as long as the MC1 angle is stable.

The good news is that the PMC PZT voltage is now flat: the problem must have really been with
the PZT
and not the cabling or notch box like I had wondered about.

Todo:
-----
1) Continue mode matching into the PMC. Its transmission now is around the same as the
   old one.

2) Put a UHV foil covered lead brick onto the PMC to quiet it down.

3) Characterize the PMC loop and retune the body notch for the new body.

4) Tweak the MZ alignment to minimize the RFAM. We can use StochMon to do this as
   long as we have the MC WFS turned off or we can put in a flipper to take the
   beam before the MC and send it to the StochMon RFPD.

5) Re-align onto the ISS.

6) Install irises around the periscope for the beam. The old iris there is way off.

7) Fix PSL ANG and center both POS and ANG.
  746   Mon Jul 28 11:20:13 2008 JenneUpdatePSLWork on the FSS and Reference Cavity
[Yoichi, Jenne, Koji]

The Reference Cavity's saga continues....

Thursday, Yoichi and I worked to change the beam that we chose from the 2nd pass through the AOM, to the first order beam rather than the 2nd order beam (see elog #726). After choosing the correct beam, we get 29mW incident on the reference cavity (compared with 4mW before any work began). We adjusted the angle of the AOM in the plane of the table, and got up to 30.6mW. We adjusted the tip/tilt of the AOM and got to 30.7mW (the tip/tilt adjustment made a more significant difference in the work described in elog #726, but after that work, it was probably already pretty close to optimized). We noticed that for the above measurements, we had 2 beams through the Polarizing Beam Splitter and Waveplate (one very dim), so after excluding that beam, the power meter read 30.4mW. We adjusted the curved mirror a little, and got 30.8mW incident on the reference cavity.

We then put a triangle wave into the offset of the MC Servo Board using the "trianglewave <channel> <center> <amplitude> <period> <runtime>" command in a terminal screen. This changes the voltage to the VCO, and thus the frequency response of the AOM. We watch the diffracted spots from the second pass through the AOM, and confirm that the beam we have chosen is not moving, and all the others are. By symmetry, if we chose the first order beam after the first pass through the AOM, and then again chose the first order beam after the second pass, the resulting beam will not move with the frequency change of the AOM.

We saw 1.50V (Refl. PD, unlocked) on the 'scope after aligning the optics to make the newly chosen beam hit the input mirror of the reference cavity. Order of operations for this alignment:
  • Recenter the beam on the 2 lenses that are just after the PBS and the waveplate
  • Adjust pitch and yaw of the two steering mirrors until the beam reflected off the input mirror of the reference cavity is parallel to the incident beam
    • Use a sensor card to check the alignment of the incident and reflected beams, and adjust the steering mirrors to get the alignment close
      • Note the amplitude of the DC output of the Refl. PD with the iris completely open. Close the iris until the signal decreases by ~50%, then adjust the steering mirrors until the original amplitude is regained. Repeat until the iris can be almost completely closed but the Refl. PD signal doesn't change
    • Watch the DC output of the Refl. PD, and maximize the signal on a 'scope
    • Sweep the PZT of the laser using a function generator into the RAMP input on the FSS board (~10Vpp at ~1Hz), OR sweep the temperature of the laser using the trianglewave function on the SLOW FSS channel (amplitude~0.5, period~50)
    • Watch the modes that resonate in the cavity, and adjust pitch and yaw of the steering mirrors to get closer to the TEM00 mode
    • When the TEM00 mode appears in the sweep, stop the sweep, and lock the cavity
    • Watch the DC output of the Transmitted PD, and maximize the signal on a 'scope
  • Celebrate!

After all of this adjusting,
Refl. PD (unlocked) = 1.48V
Refl. PD (locked) = 680mV
Trans. PD (locked) = 6.28V
Power reflected (unlocked) = 26.28mW
Power transmitted (locked) = 13.89mW
Thus, 53% transmission

Next: check the amount of power transmitted by reducing the amplitude of the RF modulator. This reduces the amount of power used by the sidebands, and so should increase the transmission.
Power incident = 27mW
Power transmitted = 17.2mW
Thus, 64% transmission
We then put the RF modulator back where it was originally.

We then replaced the lens mounts for the f=802 and f=687 lenses between the AOM and the reference cavity, to the new mounts that Yoichi bought. Koji helped me realign into the reference cavity, and we got:
Refl. PD (unlocked) = 1.48V
Refl. PD (locked) = 880mV
Trans PD (locked) = 4.64V
Power incident = 26.97mW
Power transmitted = 10.39mW
39% transmission
Since more mode matching etc. is in the works, we left this for the night.

On Friday, we changed the setup of the cameras and PDs for both reflection and transmission, to avoid saturating the PDs and cameras.

On the Refl. side of the reference cavity, we put a W2-PW-1025-UV-1064-45P pickoff between the last mirror and lens before the camera and PD. We moved the camera to the pickoff side of the new optic. We then replaced teh 45UNP beam splitter that split the beam between the PD and the camera with a Y1-1037-45P highly reflective mirror, and put the PD in the old camera location.

On the Trans. side of the ref. cavity, we replaced the BSI-1064-50-1025-45S with a W2 pickoff, and replaced the Y1-1037-45-P highly reflective mirror with the 50/50 beam splitter that was replaced by the W2.

Now we have:
Refl. PD (unlocked) = 1.68V
Refl. PD (locked) = 640mV
Trans PD (locked) = 4.24V
Power incident = 25mW
Power transmitted = 14.48mW
58% transmission

Koji pointed out that when remounting, I had put the f=802 lens ~2cm away from its original position (along the z-axis), so I moved the lens back to where it should be, and realigned into the reference cavity. Since Rana was working on the PMC at the same time, the laser was turned down by about a factor of 100, so my starting measurements were:
Refl. PD (unlocked) = 23.6mV
Refl. PD (locked) = 10.2mV
Trans PD (locked) = 56mV
Power incident = 0.35mW
Power transmitted = 0.16mW
46% transmission

Since it was late on Friday by the time everything was realigned into the ref. cavity (I'm still working on my optics aligning skills), I forgot to measure the transmission after all of my work. I'll do that today (Monday) as soon as Sharon/Koji are done working with the IFO this morning. Also, I'll put up before/after pictures as soon as I find the camera...it seems to have walked off.

UPDATE:
Ref. Cav. measurements after Friday's alignment (and after turning the laser power back up to normal):
Refl. PD (unlocked) = 1.58V
Refl. PD (locked) = 304mV
Trans PD (locked) = 3.68V
Power incident = 24.96mW
Power transmitted = 16.45mW
66% transmission


To do: Start the actual mode-matching into the reference cavity.
  747   Mon Jul 28 12:02:32 2008 SharonUpdate accelerometers settings
Jenne, Sharon


We looked again at the channels of the accelerometers and there are some updates. Last time when we reported, we crossed the ADAP channels and the accelerometer. Now that there is a new MEDM screen, with which you can control which channels goes to which adaptive channels, this has no meaning...
Therefore, the channels that go with the noise source channels are:

PEM 15 MC1_X
PEM 16 MC1_Y
PEM 17 MC1_Z
PEM 18 MC2_X
PEM 19 MC2_Y
PEM 20 MC2_Z
PEM 21 SEIS

disregard the last post regarding these channels by Jenne, since I am changing the ADAP channels all the time...
ELOG V3.1.3-