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ID Date Authorup Type Category Subject
  3315   Thu Jul 29 10:39:43 2010 kiwamuUpdateSUSRe: installation of in-vac optics

I updated the last entry about the in-vac work (see here)

  3316   Thu Jul 29 11:33:38 2010 kiwamuUpdateCDSPCI5565 driver for RFM

 Yesterday I installed a PCI-5565 driver on new C1SUS in order to test the RFM.

Since the RFM on the new CDS is not working, we had to test it by using some softwares.

I installed a driver for PCI-5565 on C1SUS and ran a test script wich is one of the packaged test scripts in the driver.

So far the RFM card on C1SUS looked correctly mounted, but I didn't check the memory location and the sending/ receiving functions.

This test will continue sometime on August because right now the RFM test is not higher priority.


Some notes:

Driver package

      Alex suggested to use a driver package for PIC-5565 called "RFM2g Linux 32/64-bit PCIE/PCI/PMC driver for x86 kernels R7.03" , which is available on  this web site.

And the package contains some useful test scripts which exactly we want to run for RFM test.


Installation and test script

      I downloaded the driver and put it on C1SUS.  

After doing usual "unzip", "tar" and "make" things, I ran one of the test script called "rfm2g_util".

Currently it lives under /home/controls/Desktop/162-RFM2G-DRV-LNX-R07_03-000/rfm2g/diags/rfm2g_util on C1SUS.

It invokes an interactive shell and firstly it asks the mount point of the RFM card.

I eventually found the card was mounted on #1 which means the card is correctly mounted.


Some detail procedures will be summarized on the wiki later.

  3317   Thu Jul 29 12:13:28 2010 kiwamuSummaryCDSnear term plan

 [Joe and Kiwamu]


  3327   Thu Jul 29 22:58:25 2010 kiwamuUpdateGreen Lockingwaist positon of Gaussian beam in PPKTP crystals

- As you said, I just calculated the waist position in the crystal because the speed of light changes in a medium and eventually the waist position also changes.

- Yes, I did. Once you get a beam with the right waist size, you just put your crystal at the waist position with the offset.

  In fact you don't have to think about the rayleigh range inside of the crystal because what we care is the waist size and it doesn't change.


 If I understand your elog, you are just calculating the the offset in position space that you get by having a refractive index.

Did you end up changing the mode matching so that the rayleigh range (which changes with refractive index) was confocally focused inside the crystal (e.g. Zr = 15 mm?

  3330   Fri Jul 30 09:51:58 2010 kiwamuUpdateGreen LockingRe: waist positon of Gaussian beam in PPKTP crystals

Okay, I guess I understand what you want to know. I did the following steps.

1. calculated the conversion efficiency as a function of the waist size. I found w~50um was the optimum waist.

  Note: the confocal relation Zr = pi * wo^2/(lamba/n) = L/2  gives us almost the same optimum waist. 

elog #2735


  2.  Did mode matching to get w=50um

elog #2959

elog #3188



  3. calculated the offset

elog #2850


 4. Moved the ovens



I thought we cared about satisfying the confocal focusing parameter, that is to say we want to set Zr = 2L_crystal. If Zr changes inside the crystal, this is the number we care about..isn't it NOT the waist size, but the rayleigh range we care about? I am not entirely sure what youre response is saying you did...

  1. Calculate Zr = pi * wo^2/(lamba/n)
  2. Do mode matching to get this wo in free space
  3. Calculate the offset you need to move the oven by using n
  4. Move hte ovens


  1. Calculate Zr = pi*wo^2/(lamba)
  2. Do mode matching to get this in free space
  3. Calculate the offset you need to move your ovens using n
  4. Move your ovens

I guess the waist size would also let me know - are you using 69 um or 53 um waist size?


  3340   Sat Jul 31 10:12:05 2010 kiwamuUpdateVACRe: How to stop and start slow pumpdown

I resumed the pumping down. It started from 9:55 am.

  3341   Sat Jul 31 14:59:33 2010 kiwamuUpdateVACRe: How to stop and start slow pumpdown

I stopped the pumping at 14:50 pm because I was going back home. I did the same procedure as Koji wrote down (see here).

The P1 pressure reached 32 Torr.

Koji will take over the pumping shift tonight. 

  3353   Tue Aug 3 11:17:10 2010 kiwamuUpdateCDSDiagrams for Cables needed for CDS test

Current Wiring Setup for the Suspension Controls


New Wiring Plan for the Suspension Controls  with the New CDS  


Missing Stuff for the CDS test

Ideally we can reuse the existing cables, but some of them may not be long enough for the new wiring.

The diagram below shows extremely non-ideal case.


Some more information will be summarized on the wiki later.


  3405   Thu Aug 12 11:19:04 2010 kiwamuUpdateCDScurrent status

Current status of the new CDS test (summaries can be found on the wiki)

- Cables 

  All the necessary cables are in our hands, such as SCSIs, 37 pin D-sub and 3 pin power cables.

  With a big help from Jenne and Koji, we made 37 pin F/M cables and 3 pin power cables on the last Tuesday.

  Now all the cables are connected to the machines except for the 3 pin power cables.

  To install the power cables I will switch off Sorensens at new 1X5  for a minute.


- Suspension model file 

  The model file named C1SUS was made and I succeeded in compiling and building it. So it is ready for the test.

  But some medm screens look like not correctly complied.

  For example the channel names which are listed on C1SUS_MONITOR_ADC0.adl aren't correctly assigned.


- ADCs 

 All the ADC channels are working. Also the channel assignments are correct.

 I checked all the ADC channels if it was working while I ran the front end realtime code C1SUS.

 By injecting a signal from a function generator directly to the SCSIs, I could clearly see the numbers hopping on medm screens.


- DACs 

  None of them are working although the computer can recognize that all three DAC cards are mounted.

  I think something in the IOP file and the model file may be wrong because this symptom looks similar to that of C1ISCEX we tested two weeks before ( see this entry ) 

  I have to fix it anyhow because the DACs are very necessary part for this damping test.


- Binary Outputs

  They didn't work at all. Even the computer didn't recognize the binary output cards.

  I think I should put some magical components on the model files.


- Conversion of the filter coefficients 

  The conversion of the filter coefficients has been doen yesterday.

  It looks running well because I can load and unload these filters on medm screens.

  I manually copied the filter coefficients from the current suspension filter file to that of new filter file.

 The current file can be found under /cvs/cds/caltech/chans/,  and the new one is under /cvs/cds/rtcds/caltech/c1/chans

Suspended works

   - Binary Outputs

   - simlink realtime model with the new CDS PARTS ( see the notice from Joe )


To be done

   - let DACs work

   - damping tests


  3407   Thu Aug 12 11:59:31 2010 kiwamuHowToCDSset up ntp daemom

(sad story)

When I was working on a new front end machine c1sus, I found that make command didn't run and gave the following message.

      "make:warning:clock skew detected.Your build may be incomplete"

This was caused by a clock difference between the nfs (nodus) and the terminal machine (c1sus).

I had to set up ntp daemon to synchronize them. Here is a procedure to set up it


(how to)

- log in to a front end machine

              ssh c1sus

- enable the ntp daemon

              sudo ntsysv

- configure the ntpd

              vi (emacs)  /etc/ntp.conf

- below is the contents I wrote on ntp.conf

             server  minpoll 4 maxpoll 4 iburst

      driftfile /var/lib/ntp/drift

 - let the daemon run
            sudo service ntpd start
- check it if it's running
             ntpq -p
  3414   Thu Aug 12 18:30:08 2010 kiwamuUpdateCDSRe: current status


The medm screen C1SUS_GDS_TP.adl showed some numbers which correspond to that I wrote  on the outputs.

But I still could not get any physical voltage coming from the DACs.


 When you write outputs on DAC_0 or DAC_1 is the C1SUS GDS TP screen showing anything? 

  3456   Mon Aug 23 15:24:24 2010 kiwamuConfigurationSUSwatchdogs off

For the new CDS test, I turned off the watchdogs for PRM, SRM, BS, ITMs and MCs.

I will restore these watchdogs after several hours from now.


  3457   Mon Aug 23 18:18:22 2010 kiwamuConfigurationSUSRe:watchdogs off

Now watchdogs are back.

The suspensions are well damped.

  3458   Mon Aug 23 19:55:31 2010 kiwamuUpdateCDSsome progress

 {Joe, Kiwamu}

Today we did the following works in order to get ready for the new CDS test.

 - solved the DAC issue.

 - checked all the channel assignments of the ADC and the DAC.

 - preparation for modification of the AA filter chassis. 

 - checked DAC cable length.

 - connected the power cables of the BO boards to Sorensens.


Although we performed those works, we still couldn't do the actual damping tests.

To do the damping tests, we have to modify the AA chassis to let the SCSIs go in it. Now Joe and Steve are working for this issue.

 Also we found that we should make three more 37pin Dsub - 40pin IDC cables.  

But this is not a critical issue because the cables and the connectors are already in our hands. So we can make them any time later.



 (DAC issue)

  Now all the DAC channels are working correctly.  

There had been a combination of some issues.

  When I posted the elog entry last time, the DAC was not working at all (see here).

 But in the last week Joe found that the IO process didn't correctly run. He modified the IOP file named 'c1x02.mdl' and ran it after compiling and installing it.

 This made the situation better because we then were able to see the most of the signals coming out from the DACs.

     However we never saw any signals associated with SIDE_COILs.

 We checked the DAC cards, their slots and their timing signals. But they all were fine.

At that time we were bit confused and spent a couple of days because the DAC signals appeared at a different slot some time after we rebooted the computer. Actually this issue still remains unsolved...

Finally we found that SIDE_COILs had an input matrix which didn't show up in the medm screen.

We put 1 in the matrix and we successfully got the signal coming out from the DAC.


(channel assignments)

We checked all the channel assignments of the DACs and the ADCs.

All the channels are assigned correctly (i.e. pin number and channel name).


(AA chassis)

 We have been planning to put the SCSI cables into the AA chassis to get the ADC signals.

As Joe said in the past entry (see here) , we need a modification on the AA chassis to let the SCSIs go in it.

Joe and Steve will put an extension component so that we can make the chassis wider and eventually SCSI can go in.



(DAC cable length)

 In the default plan we are going to reuse some DAC cables which are connected to the existing systems.

To reuse them we had to make sure that the length of those cables are long enough for the new CDS.

After stopping the watchdogs, we disconnected those DAC cables and confirmed they were long enough.

Now those cables are connected to the original place where they have been before.

The same test will be performed for the binary outputs.


(power cables to Sorensens)

 Since the binary output boards need +/- 15V power, we hooked up the power cables to Sorensens sitting on the new 1X5 rack.

After cabling them, we turned on the power and successfully saw the green LEDs shining on the back panel of the boards.

  3460   Mon Aug 23 22:11:52 2010 kiwamuUpdateTreasureRe:Seriously?

Woops, I am sorry about that. I've just cleaned them up.


Bad CDS team. Bad. 

  3474   Thu Aug 26 17:10:26 2010 kiwamuUpdateCDSnew CDS test

[Joe, Kiwamu] 

Woooo Yeaaaah

With the new CDS we succeeded in damping of PRM and BS !!

  3478   Fri Aug 27 13:41:02 2010 kiwamuUpdateSUSfix watchdogs

 [Joe, Kiwamu]

We found that the vertex watchdogs were not correctly running.

After I powercycled c1susaux, the problem was fixed successfully.


The symptom: the watchdogs didn't disable the coil signal even when PD_VAR signals went larger than the threshold values PD_MAX_VAR.

Also we replaced the label by the correct name "C1SUSAUX" on a tag which was tied to the front end machine mounted on the new 1X5 rack.

  3479   Fri Aug 27 14:03:43 2010 kiwamuUpdateCDSWatch dogs for Vertex optics turned off

For a futher damping test, I again turned off the vertex optics watchdogs temporarily, including BS, ITMs, SRM, PRM, MCs.

  3480   Fri Aug 27 17:27:41 2010 kiwamuUpdateCDSnew CDS test

 { Joe, Kiwamu }

Yes !

We now are damping all of the vertex suspensions including PRM, BS, ITMs and MCs by the new CDS

( Note that we are not damping SRM because we don't have it in the chamber. )

 (things to be done)

- Make the binary outputs work.

- Make DTT work

  3486   Mon Aug 30 11:41:34 2010 kiwamuUpdateComputersdisable sendmail and isdn

 {Rana and Kiwamu}

Yesterday we disabled the sendmail daemon and the isdn daemon on allegra because we don't need these daemons always running.


-   How to disable/enable daemons:

sudo ntsysv

  3490   Mon Aug 30 22:45:49 2010 kiwamuUpdateCDSbinary outputs for the new CDS

{ Joe and Kiwamu }

Today we made some efforts to get the binary outputs (BOs) working.

They still are not working but the situation is getting better.

    So far the BO cards were not recognized by any realtime codes when we ran the codes on the new front end machine C1SUS.

We put some printk commands in an initialization code like Yoichi did (see this entry) to confirm if the initialization of the BOs properly happens or not.

Then we found that we had to put the BO modules also in an IOP model file which controls all the ADCs and the DACs.

We put the BO modules in the IOP file and then BOs started being recognized by the IOP, however they still are not fully recognized by the realtime control process.

We continue this work...


[Some notes]

[front end code]

First of all we looked at the front end c-code c1sus.c living under /cvs/cds/calech/cds/advLigoRTS/src/fe/c1sus/.

It was okay because there was a proper BO statement like

CDS_CARDS cards_used[] = { {CON_32DO,0}, {CON_32DO,2}};


[initialization code]

 There is an initialization code called map.c living under /cvs/cds/calech/cds/advLigoRTS/src/fe.

This code is complied when we do the make commands as described on the wiki.

Eventually the initialization code is executed only when the IOP starts up. This happens when we type startc1x02 at /cvs/cds/rtcs/caltech/c1/script/.


[printk statments]

   We made a backup file named map_20100830.c.back for map.c. Then we added to map.c some pintk statements in a while loop which looks for available BOs.   

After running the make commands for the IOP file and startc1x02, we basically can check the results of those printk statements by using dmesg.

We found that map.c was running correctly because  map.c went in the while loop 4 times which is exactly the same number as the BOs we put in the model file.

However the code failed to install the BOs each time.


[BO modules in IOP file]

  Joe pointed out the failure in map.c was caused by lack of the BO modules in the IOP file c1x02.mdl.

Indeed putting the BO modules in the IOP fixed the problem. 

Another thing we found at this time is that there is a maximum number of BOs we can put in a model file.

The maximum number is 4, which is not enough for us because we need to put 5 of them including a 16bit BIO and four 32bit BOs.

Now Joe is asking to Alex about this issue.

Anyway now the IOP can recognize the BO cards, this fact can be found if you look at the log file /cvs/cds/rtcds/caltech/c1/target/c1x02/logs/log.txt.

The log file saids "3 Contec 32ch PCIe DO cards found", which is a good sign. 


[BO modules in realtime code] 

Although the IOP started seeing the BO cards, the realtime code c1sus still didn't fully recognize the BO cards.

If we look at the log file log.txt at /cvs/cds/rtcds/caltech/c1/target/c1sus/logs/, there is an evidence that the code found some cards.

The log file saids  

   Model 6 = 10

   Model 7 = 4

   Model 8 = 4

   Model 9 = 4

   Model 10 = 0.

 It looks like these corresponds to the BO cards.

So the code found some cards, but doesn't know what they are.

We need few more debugging for the BOs... 

  3492   Tue Aug 31 02:50:45 2010 kiwamuUpdateCDSvertex suspensions controlled by the new CDS

I plugged the new CDS to the vertex suspensions. 

Now PRM, SRM, ITMs, MCs and BS are under the control of the new CDS. 

From now on we will never go back to the old system.


Though,  the watchdogs are still running on the old system.

So if you need to turn on/off the watchdogs, you can simply enable/disable them from the usual medm screens.

  3494   Tue Aug 31 11:50:14 2010 kiwamuUpdateCDSmaximum number of BIOs

 { Joe and Kiwamu },

 Now we  are able to compile the model file with more than 4 binary input/outputs (BIOs).

 As I wrote in a past entry (see here), the number of the BIOs was limited to 4, which is not enough for us.


  We modified a header file called "cdsHardware.h"  in order to allow model files having more than four BIOs.

The header file lives under /cvs/cds/caltech/advLigoRTS/src/include/drv/.

There was a sentence defining the maximum number in the file:

 #define MAX_DIO_MODULES         4.

We changed this to

 #define MAX_DIO_MODULES         8.

  3544   Wed Sep 8 11:46:53 2010 kiwamuUpdatePSLupdate of the layout

I put some green stuff on the layout drawing.

I continue to refine the positions of these stuff.


Notes :

 1. I flipped the reference cavity. So now the cavity is sitting on the left hand side of the layout.

  2. I removed the ISS stuf. We should think about where ISS should be.


Also, Kiwamu has modified the layout drawing to add the green PLL stuff. This has collapsed the reference cavity's wave function placing it close to its original position.

WE (maybe Valera and Steve) can now put the reference cavity back on the table.


Attachment 1: 40mPSL.png
  3545   Wed Sep 8 11:56:24 2010 kiwamuSummaryCDSSeptember CDS test plan

 Joe and Kiwamu

We discussed about our CDS plan for this September. The summary of the plan and "to do list" are now on the wiki page;



  Basically there are three major missions that we will do in this month;

1. complete damping of the vertex suspensions
2. Preparation for Green locking
3. Development of Simulated Plants

 We also try to keep updating the wiki page.

  3548   Thu Sep 9 05:58:04 2010 kiwamuUpdatePSLmode matching from PMC to IMC

 I started mode matching of the beam going to IMC. The work is still going on.

According to Rana's calculation (see here), I put the first lens (f=200mm) in between two steering mirrors after PMC.

The distance from PMC to the first lens was adjusted by using a metal ruler.  So I believe the accuracy is something like 1mm.

I aligned the beam path going through the broadband EOM and the mode matching lenses.


  I could find the optimum position for the second lens  (f=-150mm) by sliding the position of the lens and measuring the mode after it.

But the optimum position looked a bit far from the EOM. It's off by about 3-4 inch from the designed position.

Somehow I feel that the beam before the second lens goes with a smaller divergence angle than that of designed.

So tomorrow I am going to restart the work from checking the mode before the second lens.

Maybe at first I should measure the mode without going through the EOM because it changes the waist position and makes the system not straightforward.

  3566   Mon Sep 13 11:49:34 2010 kiwamuUpdatePSLmode matching from PMC to IMC

I have been working on the mode matching lenses which are sitting after the boradband EOM.

Last Friday I checked the mode profile after the first mode matching lens (f=-150mm). The measured mode was good.

According to the calculation done by ABCD software, the waist size is supposed to be 80.9 um after that lens.

The measured waists are 80.5 um for the vertical mode and 79.4 um for the horizontal mode.

The screenshot of the ABCD's result and the plot for the mode measurement are shown below.

I didn't  carefully check the mode after the last convex lens (f=200mm), but it must be already good because the beam looks having a long rayleigh range.

Now the beam is reflected back from MC1 and goes to the AP table since I coarsely aligned the beam axis to the MC.

newMM.png  psl_mmt1.png


/****  fitting result ****/

w0_v =  80.4615      +/- 0.1695 [um] 

w0_h =  79.4468      +/- 0.1889 [um]

z_v =  -0.115234        +/- 0.0005206  [m]

z_h =  -0.109722        +/- 0.0005753 [m]


  3567   Mon Sep 13 12:09:42 2010 kiwamuSummaryGeneralelog restarted

 Elog didn't respond, so I restarted it with the script.

Before killing the process somehow two elog daemons were running at the same time. I killed those two manually. 

  3569   Mon Sep 13 21:52:53 2010 kiwamuUpdateGreen Lockingthe X end laser is ON

 I turned ON the laser at the X end station, which had been OFF for several weeks because of the crane business.

Now the green beam hits the ITMX and I got a reflection back to the end table.   

This green beam will be a nice reference when we install the green periscope in the chamber.

If it's necessary, feel free to correct the alignment of the green beam during my absence.

  3614   Tue Sep 28 00:07:45 2010 kiwamuConfigurationVACRe: slow vent has started

(Koji, Yuta, Kiwamu)


Now the pressure at P1 is 740 torr, which is close to the atmospheric pressure of 760 torr.

We changed the air cylinder twice in this evening, and the last cylinder ran out at about 23:00 pm.

We left it as it is. Steve is going to make a final touch for it tomorrow morning.

  3621   Wed Sep 29 15:34:46 2010 kiwamuUpdateGeneralfixing vertex crane
From Vertex crane -- fixing


The vertex crane drive is overheating, it stopped functioning. Service man will be here tomorrow morning.

I crane was just turned  on for for may be  about 5 minutes. The vertical drive was fine for a while, but the horizontal did not worked at all.

The crane is tagged out again and the controller box is cooling down.


  3647   Tue Oct 5 11:42:20 2010 kiwamuSummaryGreen Lockingdeveloping green locking plant

 With a help from Joe, I made a diagram of the simulated plant for green locking in order to get better understanding and consensus.

Eventually these simulated plants will help us developing (sometimes debugging) the digital control systems.

Here is the diagram which tells us how we will setup and link the control/plant models and on which machine they will be running.



Basically upper side represents the realtime control, and the lower side is the simulated plant.

The models are talking to each other via either a local shared memory (orange line) or the reflective memory network (purple line).

 Each model is stil not systematically named, at some point we have to have an absolute standard for naming the models.


- current model names -

  GCV = Green Control model at Vertex

  GCX(Y) = Green Control model at X (Y) end

  GPV = Green Plant model at Vertex


 - things to be done -

1. let the RFM work

2. revise the old plant models : SUP, SPX(Y) and LSP


  3663   Wed Oct 6 22:46:36 2010 kiwamuUpdateGreen LockingSHG at PSL table

 I put some optics to get the green SHG on the PSL table.

Now a green light successfully comes out from the doubling crystal.

Since the optical layout of the PSL table was dramatically changed, I had to re-setup the green SHG stuff. 


 - what I did

I put a steering mirror after the 90/10% pick off mirror, and then a half wave plate and a convex lens.

The lens is approximately on the right place.

 To get the green beam easily, temporarily I raised the current of the NPRO up to 2 A.

I connected the oven to the heat controller, set the temperature to 36.8 deg which is the set point previously used.

After putting and aligning the oven, I finally obtained the green beam.

At the end of the work I set the NPRO current back to 0.9 A and relocked the PMC.


- things to be done

 1. more precise mode matching

 2. optimization of the temperature 

  3686   Sun Oct 10 18:28:25 2010 kiwamuSummarySUSITMX OSEM offsets

Because of the in-vac work on Oct. 4th (see this entry) , ITMX's OSEM offsets were changed.

The two upper OSEMs are still fine, but LL and LR seem to be out of the OSEM's range. 

The plot below shows the trends of LL's and LR's readouts for about two weeks. (The channel name are in the old convention, i.e. ITMY)


 Some data were missing due to the upgrade of the frame builder.

 It is apparent that the offsets are changed after the in-vac work on Oct. 4th, and now they just show almost zero numbers.


The damping of ITMX can still work, if LL and LR are disabled.

At some point before pumping down, we have to check the leveling of the ITMX table again.

  3693   Mon Oct 11 22:45:16 2010 kiwamuUpdateComputerssolid works 2010 installed


Solid works 2010 was installed to m3, an windows machine in the control room.

Have fun !

  3695   Tue Oct 12 01:54:32 2010 kiwamuUpdateGreen Lockingmode matching to doubling crystal on PSL table

I improved the mode matching of the incident beam to the doubling crystal on the PSL table.

As a result it apparently got better (i.e. brighter green beam), but it's not the best because now the beam is a little too tightly focused on the crystal. 

I am going to work on it again someday after seeing the beat note signal.


- The measured waist sizes are

    41.94 [um] for vertical mode

   42.20 [um] for horizontal mode

while the optimum waist size is 50 um (see entry #3330).

The plot below shows the beam scan data which I took after improving the mode match.


  3703   Wed Oct 13 00:35:26 2010 kiwamuUpdateGreen LockingPSL beat note setup

[ Kevin and Kiwamu ]

 We made the setup for the green PLL stuff on the PSL table.

 Now the two green beams are happily going to the RFPD.

Tomorrow we try to catch the beat note signal 


  - - - what we did

 * took the two light doors out from the OMC and the MC chamber in order to let the green light go through there.

 * using aluminum foils we covered the space between the OMC and the MC chamber in order to protect from dust

 * aligned the steering mirrors inside of the chamber because the height of the green light coming out from the chamber had been a little bit low at the PSL table.

 * at the PSL table we put several steering mirrors and a beam splitter which combines the two green lights

 * installed Hartmut's RFPD and applied -150V bias on it.

 * put a lens on each path of the green beam in order to make the beam size approximately the same at the RFPD

 * closed the light doors


- - - Notes

 * At the beginning, an output signal from the RFPD was pretty small ( less than 1mV at DC ), so I replaced a feedback resistor that was 241 Ohm by 24 kOhm.

   As a result the signal became about 10mV when the green lights go into the PD.

* Actually the power of the green beams are so weak.

  I measured them by using a Newport power meter, it said something like 4 uW for both of the green lights. 

  One of the reasons is that the transmitted light from the PMC which generates one of the green lights is already weak. It's about 480 mW ( while more than 600 mW was reflected by the PMC ! ).

  I am going to make sure if these numbers are reasonable or not.


  3709   Wed Oct 13 21:08:40 2010 kiwamuUpdatePSLNPRO is still alive

 The NPRO at the PSL table still can generate 2W laser !  He is still alive.

  When I reduced the temperature to  25 deg, the output power increased to 2W successfully.

  As Steve wrote down in his last entry (see here), the NPRO output was at 1.6 W currently, which is supposed to be 2W.

We were suspicious about the laser crystal's temperature because the current temperature looks a bit high.

In fact the setpoint of the temperature was 45.9 deg instead of 25 deg that is the previous setpoint.


  3711   Thu Oct 14 00:53:44 2010 kiwamuUpdateSUSwhat's wrong with MC2

It turned out that the DC alignment of MC2 from epics doesn't helathily work.

For example, the pitch slider does drive the yaw alignment as well.


Is this somehow related to the unknown MC2 jump happened around September 10th ?? (see the trend below)


  3727   Fri Oct 15 06:31:52 2010 kiwamuUpdateGreen LockingPSL beat note setup: part II

 I made some KAIZENs (what does kaizen mean ? ) for the PSL green setup.

I replaced the lenses for the modematching of the two green lights at the PSL table, and the beams now look pretty identical.

Also I tuned the temperature setpoint of the doubling crystal and eventually the green light increased to 14 uW at the PSL table.

Once I finish the modification of the RFPD tomorrow, I am going to search for the beat note signal.


( details )

 - In-vac green mirrors

   I found one of the green steering mirror, which stands at the corner of the MC table, was clipping the green light.

  So I steered another mirror, which sends the beam to the clipping mirror after the downward periscope.

 I touched also the last steering mirror in the OMC chamber to correct the alignment.


 - temperature of the doubling crystal

   I took a quick temperature scan in order to find an optimum point for the crystal temperature.

  The scan was performed by just turning the heater off after I heated up the crystal up to 40 deg. 

  Using the NewPort power meter I found the optimum point around 37.3 deg. So I set the temperature to that point.


 - mode matching lenses

 As written in this entry , Kevin and I had put some lenses to make the two green beam almost the same size at the RFPD.

 But today while I was checking these mode-profiles by using a sensor card, I found they were not so matched.

 Therefore I replaced these lenses to match them more.

The idea of this replacement is t to let them have a long Rayleigh range, such that they can efficiently and easily interfere because of the flatness of their wave fronts along a distant.

 For the green light from the chamber, I put one more lens to form a Keplerian beam shrinker (see here about the Keplerian lens configuration).

 They look pretty identical now.


  3731   Fri Oct 15 22:16:22 2010 kiwamuUpdateSUSwhat's wrong with MC2

[Yuta, Suresh, Rana and Kiwamu]

 The DC alignment problem of MC2 was fixed.

There were some loosely connected cables on the backside of a VME rack which contains the MC2 SOS driver.

We pushed those connectors to make them tightly connected.  And then the problem disappeared.


(voltage unbalance on coils)

 Before fixing it Yuta opened the satellite box and measured the voltage across the coils using a voltmeter.

At that time UL and LR showed 20 times smaller voltages than that of the other two when we moved the DC alignment slider from min. to max. on the medm screen.

This behavior is exactly consistent with the wired motion of a beam spot which we saw when we were aligning MC2. 


(diagnostic using optical lever)

 After pushing the connectors, we made an optical lever using a red laser pointer in order to check the actual motion of MC2.

We confirmed that MC2 respond correctly to the alignment slider.



It turned out that the DC alignment of MC2 from epics doesn't helathily work.

For example, the pitch slider does drive the yaw alignment as well.


  3750   Thu Oct 21 05:51:10 2010 kiwamuUpdateLockingno green beat note

 Still I didn't see any beat note signals..

 With a help from Suresh, Yuta and Rana, I tried searching for the green beat note by changing the temperature of the X end NPRO.

The noise level after it goes through an RF amplifier (G=23dB) was about -70dBm at 50MHz.

This noise may cover the beat note signal.

I am going to post some details later.

  3754   Thu Oct 21 15:59:28 2010 kiwamuUpdateLockingno green beat note : details

Last night I tried searching for a beat note signal with two different PD trans impedance gains.

Although I didn't find a  beat note signal.



- (1. trans impedance gain = 2400)

 I started with a trans impedance resistance of R=2.4k, which is 10 times bigger resistance than the original.

The total PD gain should be about 960 [V/W] theoretically if we assume the responsibility of the PD is 0.4 [A/W].

Then I checked the bandwidth of the RFPD using Jenne laser.

The bandwidth was about 30MHz, which is 3 times narrower than the original. And it agrees with our expectation.

As Koji and I mentioned at the last weekly meeting, the cut off frequency of an RFPD follows inverse square root of the trans impedance resistance R.



where C is a capacitance of the photo diode. (See this)

I was expecting the signal level of  -50 dBm / rtHz with a 23dB RF amplifier, assuming the line width of the signal is 10kHz.



- (2. trans impedance gain = 240) 

 I also tried it with the original trans impedance gain (see this entry). 

 R = 240 [Ohm]

 G = 96 [V/W]

 BW = 100 [MHz]  (I didn't measure it in this time)

 expected signal level = -70 dBm/rtHz


 Still I didn't see any beat note signals..


  3763   Fri Oct 22 18:15:21 2010 kiwamuUpdateLockingGreen era: found a green beat note finally

finally we found it !


  3771   Sun Oct 24 18:06:35 2010 kiwamuSummaryLockingsetup for green beat


(notes on signal level)

 The signal level of the observed peak was -48dBm.

However I was expecting it is like -28dBm with some ideal assumptions.

There may be a 20dB unknown loss which sounds big to me.


The expectation was calculated by using the following simple math.

                       SIGNAL = A x Z x G_RF x sqrt(P1 / 2) x sqrt (P2 / 2)

 where A is the responsibility of the PD and Z is the trans impedance gain. G_RF is a gain of the RF amplifier.

The laser powers of green beams, P1 and P2, are divided by 2 due to a beam splitter. 

I was assuming the parameters are like:

           A = 0.39 [A/W]   (assuming 90% quantum efficiency at 532nm)

           Z = 240 [V/A]  

           P1 = 17 uW  (measured by Newport power meter)

           P2 = 30 uW (measured by Newport power meter)

           G_RF = 23 dB


  3773   Sun Oct 24 19:55:50 2010 kiwamuUpdateElectronicslonely RF amplifier on ITMX table
(Rana, Kiwamu)

Last Friday we found a lonely RF amplifier ZHL-3A on the ITMX table.
When we found him we were very sad because he's been setup unacceptably

For example, the signal input was disconnected although a 24V DC was still applied. So he has been making just a heat for a long time.
The power connector was a BNC style which is not official way.
The leg of a decoupling capacitor attached to the DC connector was apparently broken and etc,..

We salvaged him and then cleaned up those cables and the DC power supply.

We don't say like 'don't make a temporary setup', but please clean up them after finishing the work every time.
  3791   Wed Oct 27 02:26:15 2010 kiwamuUpdateIOOMC locked

(Rana, Koji, Suresh, Yuta, Thanh, Kiwamu)

 MC was locked successfully !

 Instead of feeding back the signal to the MC length we just injected it to the NPRO pzt with a high voltage (HV) amplifier.

So now we can move on to an in-vac work which needs the main beam to align the stuff.


(mode matching to MC)

Suresh and Thanh (a visitor from ANU) improved the mode matching to the MC. 

As written in the entry #3779  the beam after the mode matching lenses were diverging.

It is supposed to converge from 1.7mm radius at the last lens to 1.6 mm radius at the middle point of MC1 and MC2.

They slided the last lens toward the MC to make it more collimated and roughly measured the beam size using a sensor card.

As a fine tuning, they looked at some higher order modes showing up in the MC2 camera, and tried reducing the higher order modes by slightly sliding the last lens.

(assuming the lens position doesn't so much change the alignment)

During the work we removed a steering mirror for green locking because it was on the way of the lens slider.


- - measured optics' distances - - 

25.5 cm  from 1st lens to the front surface of the EOM

5.5 cm  length of the EOM

24.5 cm from the front surface of the EOM to the 2nd lens (concave)

15.5 cm  from the 2nd lens to the 1st steering mirror in the zig-zag path

20.5 cm  from the steering mirror to the last lens


(preparation for locking) 

Rana, Yuta and Koji prepared an old instant amplifier which can produce +/-13V output instead of usual SR560s.

We added an offset (~5V) on the signal to make it within 0-10V which is the input range of the HV amplifier.

If we take SR560, it's probably not sufficiently wide range because they can handle handle only about +/-4V.


We strung a cable from Marconi via the RF stabilizer to the wideband EOM in order to drive the EOM at 24.5MHz.

SInce the EOM doesn't have 50 Ohm input impedance we had to put a 50 Ohm load just before the EOM in order to drive it efficiently.

From a medm screen we set the driving RF amplitude slider (C1:IOO_MCRF_AMPADJ) to 0.0, which provides the maximum RF power on it.


(locking mode cleaner)

At first we unlocked the PMC to see an offset in the error signal without any lights on the MC_REFL PD.

Then we adjusted the offset to zero on the MC servo screen.

At the beginning of the locking the PMC was not stable for some reasons during the MC was locked.

But after increasing the laser power to the MC twice bigger, it looks like the PMC and the MC are quite stable.



  3803   Thu Oct 28 03:07:53 2010 kiwamuUpdateGreen Locking80MHz VCO for green PLL : a health check

 I did a health check for a 80MHz VCO box. 

I started taking care with the black VCO box, which has been sitting on the SP table and will be used for converting the green beat signal from frequency to voltage.

The circuit in the box basically consists of three parts: low pass filters (LPFs), a VCO and RF amplifiers.

Today I checked the LPF stage. It looks pretty healthy.

Tomorrow I will check the VCO part, especially I am curious about the VCO range.



 Since somebody ( surf students ?) removed some resistors, the VCO was just freely running without being applied any voltage.

I put some resistors back on the circuit board by soldering them.

Now the resistors are placed in the same configuration as the original schematic (link to LIGO DCC) except for the wideband signal path, which has a differential input.

I left the wideband path disconnected from the VCO.


(transfer function measurement)

The LPF part in 'external mod' path contains two stages in series:

one is for cutting off demodulated signals above fc=80MHz and the other one is for PLL servo with pole=1Hz, zero=40Hz.

In order to activate this path I shorted 10th pin of the analog switch: MAX333A.

During the transfer function measurement I injected signals to 'external mod' input and took the output signal from a test point pin TP7.

The plot below shows a fitting result of the measured transfer function of the whole LPF stage. I used liso for the fitting.

The measured filter's shape agreed with the design. (though I haven't checked 80MHz cut off)


  3819   Fri Oct 29 05:40:51 2010 kiwamuUpdatePSLwideband EOM aligned : AM decreased by 24dB

At the PSL table I aligned the wideband EOM more carefully.

Amplitude modulation (AM) components in the main beam at 29.5MHz were successfully diminished by 24 dB. 

Last night when we were locking the MC, we noticed that the reflected light had AM which somewhat disturbes the Pound-Drever-Hall locking of the MC.

So I aligned the wideband EOM to reduce the AM components.



  In order to observe AMs I put a photodiode PDA255 whose bandwidth is 50MHz after the wideband EOM.

Before the PD I also put a convex lens together with a stack of ND filters and put a steering mirror to control the beam spot on the PD.


First I aligned the EOM such that the DC voltage from the PD was maximized. This process corresponds to a coarse alignment.

And then I tried reducing a peak at 29.5MHz seen in the spectrum analyzer. 



At the beginning the AM peak in the spectrum analyzer was at about -48 dBm.

After the alignment of the EOM it went down below the PD's dark noise floor of -72 dBm.

I checked the alignment also with an IR viewer, it looks quite good.

  3820   Fri Oct 29 06:20:20 2010 kiwamuUpdateGreen Locking80MHz VCO for green PLL : VCO calibration

 I calibrated the VCO frequency as a function of the applied input voltage.

The range is approximately +/- 5 MHz, which is large enough to cover the arm's FSR of 3.75MHz.


======== measured parameters ======

center frequency: 79.5 MHz

VCO range: 74MHz - 84MHz

coefficient : 1.22MHz/ V (+/- 2V range)

nominal RF power: -0.66 dBm

(Note: The measurement was done by using Giga-tronics hand-hold power meter.)

Quote from #3803

Tomorrow I will check the VCO part, especially I am curious about the VCO range.

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