All the details and data will be included in the wiki page (and so also the results for AS55). Here I just show the comparison of the transfer functions that I measured and that I modeled.
I applied an approximate calibration to the data so that all the measurements would refer to the transfer function of Vout / PD Photocurrent. Here's how they look like. (also the calibration will be explained in the wiki)
The ratio between the amplitude of the 55Mhz modulation over the 11MHz is ~ 90dB
The electronics TF doesn't provide a faithful reproduction of the optical response.
REFL55 has been installed on the AP table. REFL11 has been moved to make space for a 50% beam splitter. The reflected beam from this splitter is about 30% of the transmitted beam power. The reflected beam goes to REFL11 in the current configuration. The DC levels are 1.2V on REFL 11 and 3.5V on the REFL55.
I redid some of the cabling on the table because the we need to choose the heliax cables such that they end up close to the demod board location. As per the 1Y2 (LSC) rack layout given here, some of the PD signals have to arrive at the top and others at the bottom of the LSC rack.
Currently the PDs are connected as follows:
REFL11 PD --> Heliax (ASDD133) (arriving at the top of LSC rack) --> REFL11 Demod Board
REFL55 PD --> Heliax (REFL166) (arriving at the top of LSC rack) --> AS55 Demod Board
AS55 PD --> Heliax (AS166) (arriving at the top of the LSC rack) --> not connected.
We are waiting for the Minicircuits parts to modify the rest of the demod boards.
The heliax cables arriving at the LSC rack are not yet fixed properly. I hope to get this done with Steve's help today.
As the POP55 demod board is actually demodulating the REFL55 signal, I have connected its outputs to the REFL55 ADC inputs. Now, we can go back to using the REFL55 input matrix elements, and the data will be recorded.
I have changed the relevant lines in the locking script to reflect this change.
We did an ingenious checkup of the whitening board tonight.
I've restored all connections at that we messed with at the LSC rack to their original positions.
The TT alignment seems to be drifting around more than usual after we disconnected one of the channels - when I came in today afternoon, the spot on the AS camera had drifted by ~1 spot diameter so I had to manually re-align TT1.
Based on my tests, everything on the Demod board seems to work as expected. I need to think more about what else could be happening here - specifically do a more direct test on the whitening board.
I repeated the usual whitening board characterization test of:
Attachment #1 suggests that the steps are equal (3dB) in size, but note that the "Q" channel shows only ~half the response of the I channel. The drive is derived from a channel of an unused AI+dewhite board in 1Y2, split with a BNC Tee, and fed to the two inputs on the whitening filter. The impedance is expected to be the same on each channel, and so each channel should see the same signal, but I see a large asymmetry. All of this checked out a couple of weeks ago (since we saw ellipses and not circles) so not sure what changed in the meantime, or if this is symptomatic of some deeper problem.
Usually, doing this and then restoring the cabling returns the signal levels of REFL55 to nominal levels. Today it did not - at the nominal whitening gain setting of +18dB flat gain, when the PRMI is fringing, the REFL55 inputs are frequently reporting ADC overflows. Needless to say, all my attempts today evening to transition the length control of the vertex from REFL165 to REFL55 failed.
I suppose we could try shifting the channels to (physical) Ch5 and Ch6 which were formerly used to digitize the ALS DFD outputs and are currently unused (from Ch3, Ch4) on this whitening filter and see if that improves the situation, but this will require a recompile of the RTCDS model and consequent CDS bootfest, which I'm not willing to undertake today. If anyone decides to do this test, let's also take the opportunity to debug the BIO switching for the delay line.
This problem has re-surfaced. Is this indicative of some problem with the on-board VGA? Even with 0dB of whitening gain, I see PDH horns that are 10,000 ADC counts in amplitude, whereas the nominal whitening gain for this channel is +18dB. I'll look at it in the daytime, not planning to use REFL55 for any locking tonight.
Last night after checking cabling and turning on ISS, we tried several times to handoff to REFL_DC but it didn't work at all.
Still no success tonight
My previous eigenfrequency analysis was incorrect by two orders of magnitude due to the misuse of Young's Modulus information for Viton. After editing this parameter (as documented on 7/14 19:00), the eigenmodes became much more reasonable. I also discovered the Deformation option under the Surface Plotting Options, which makes the eigenmodes of the single stack much more apparant.
Attached are pictures of the first four eigenmodes:
First Eigenmode: y-translational, 7.49 Hz
Second Eigenmode: x-translational, 7.55 Hz
Third Eigenmode: z-rotational, 8.63 Hz
Fourth Eigenmode: z-translational, 18.26 Hz
Today I measured the max output power at the EOM output of one of the RF AM Stabilizers that we use to control the modulation depth. I needed to know that number for the designing of the new RF system.
When the EPICS slider of the 166 MHz modulation depth is at 0 the modulation depth is max (the slider's values are reversed : 0 is max, 5 is min; it is also 0 for any value above 5, sepite it range from 0 to 10).
I measured 9.5V from the EOM output, that is 32 dBm on a 50 Ohm impedance.
We pulled out the RF AM stabilization box from the 1X2 rack. PSL shutter was closed, marconi output, RF distribution box and RF AM stabilization box were turned off in that order. We had to remove the 4 rack nut screws on the RF distribution box because of the stiff cables which prevented the RF AM stabilization box extraction. I've left the marconi output and the RF distribution boxes off, and have terminated all open SMA connections with 50 ohm terminators just in case. Rack nuts for RF distribution box have been removed, it is currently sitting on a metal plate that is itself screwed onto the rack. I deemed this a stable enough ledge for the box to sit on in the short run, while we debug the RF AM stabilization box. We will work on the debugging and re-install the box as soon as we are done...
We looked at the RF AM stabilizer box to see if we could find out 1) Why the output power is so low, and 2) Why it can't be changed with the DC input "MOD CONT IN." Details to follow, attached is the annotated schematic from DCC document D000037.
We are not returning the box tonight so the PSL shutter remains closed.
> What is the probe situation? Ought to use a high impedance FET probe to measure this or else the scope would load the circuit.
We did indeed use the active probe, with the 100:1 attenuator in place. The values Lydia has quoted have 40dB added to account for this.
> What kind of HELA are the HELA amplifiers? Please a link to the data sheet if you can find it. I wonder what the gain and NF are at 30 MHz. I think the HELA-10D should be a good variant
The HELA is marked as HELA-10. It doesn't have the '+' suffix but according to the datasheet, it seems like it is just not RoHS compliant. It isn't indicated which of the varieties (A-D) is used either on the schematic or the IC, only B and D are 50ohms. For all of them, the typical gain is 11-12dB, and NF of 3.5dB.
[rana, gautam, lydia]
Today we looked at the schematics for the RF AM stabilizer box and decided that there were an unnecessary amount of attenuators and amplifiers cancelling each other out and adding noise. At the end of the path are 2 HELA-10D amplifiers which we guessed based on the plots for the B version would have an acceptable amount of compression if the output of the second one is ~27dBm. This means the input to the first one should be a few dBm. This should be achieved with as simple a path as possible.
This begged the question, do we need the amplitude to be stabilized at all? Maybe it's good enough already when it comes into this box from the RF distribution box. So I tried to measure the AM noise of the 29.5 MHz signal that usually goes into the AM stabilizer:
It seems like I'm getting mostly noise from the SR560. Maybe it would be better to use an SR785 to take data instead of DAQ, and then skip the SR560? At low frequencies it seems like the AM noise measurement may be actually meaningful. In any case, if the actual AM noise from the crystal is lower than any of these other noise sources, it means we probably don't need to stabilize the amplitude with a servo, which means we can simplify the AM stabilizer board considerably to just amplify what it gets to 27 dBm.
For a comparison: OMC ELOG 238
I've added the schematic of the RF AM stabilization board to the 40m PSL document tree, after having created a new DCC document for our 40m edits. Pictures of the board before and after modification will also be uploaded here...
Here's what I'm planning to do to the RF AM stabilizer box. I'm going to take out several of the components along the path to the EOM (comments in green), including the dead ERA-4 and ERA-5 amplifiers, the variable attenuator which is controlled by a switch that can't be accessed outside the box, and the feedback path from the daughter board servo. I'm arranging things so that the output of the HELA-10 does not exceed the maximum output power.
I wasn't quite as sure what to do about the path to the ASC box (comments in blue). I talked with Gautam and he said this gets split equally between several singals, one of which goes to the LO of the demod board which expects -10 dBm and currently gets -12 dBm (can go up to -8 by turning switch). So maybe we don't actually want the signal to be anywhere near +27 dBm at the output. The plans for the box are here, it looks like +27 in will end up with +10 at each output, which is way more than what's currently coming out. But maybe this needs to be increased to match the other path?
Also we haven't measured the actual response of the variable attenuator U4 for various switch positions; it's the same model as the one I'm removing from the EOM path and that one had slightly different behavior for different switch positions than what the spec sheet says. Same goes for the HELA-10 units along this path: what is their actual gain? So perhaps these should be measured and then a single attenuator should be chosen to get the right output signal level. Alternatively it could just be left alone, if it is at an OK level right now. Advice on what to do here would be appreciated.
I'll work on the EOM path tonight and wait for feedback on the rest of it.
EDIT: Gautam pointed out that there's some insertion loss from the components I'll be removing that hasn't been accounted for. Also the plans have been updated to reflect that I'm replacing AT5 with a 1dB attenuator (from 6 dB).
I think this then allows us to have the low noise OCXO signals everywhere with enough oomph.
I made some of the changes. Gautam and I will finish tomorrow.
While I was soldering the sharpest tip of the soldering iron (the one whose power supply shows the temperature) stopped working and I switched to a different one. Not sure how to fix this.
Do we want to replace all of the removed ERA's with 50 Ohm resistors, or just the one along the spare output path? I shorted one of them with a piece of wire and left all the others open.
I couldn't get one of the attenuators off (AT1, at beginning of ASC path). In trying I messed up the solder pad. Part of the connecting trace on the PCB board is exposed so we should be able to fix it.
After Steve pointed out the 'deep hoop' issue, we decided to examine putting an RF Amp on the PSL table, between the RF combiner and the triple resonant box.
This will reduce the chances of standing waves in the cables and reduce the radiation induced pick-up in the RF PD and Demod electronics.
We would like to send ~10 dBm from the distribution box to the combiner. We also want to able to get as much as ~33 dBm of drive at 11 and 55 MHz. So the amp should have a gain of ~20-30 dB and an operating range of 10-100 MHz.
Also desirable are low distortion (high IP3) and good reverse isolation ( > 40 dB).
Some possibilities so far (please add your RF Google Results here):
1) Mini-Circuits ZHL-1-2W-S: G = +32 dB, Max Out = +33 dBm, NF = 6 dB, Directivity = 25 dB
2) Mini-Circuits TIA-1000-1R8: G=+40 dB, Max Out = +36 dBm, NF = 15 dB (AC Powered, Inst. Amp), Directivity = 58 dB.
3) Mini-Circuits ZHL-2-8: G = +27dB, Max out = +29 dBm, NF = 6dB, Directivity = 32 dB
4) RFbay MPA-10-40: G = +40dB, Max Out = + 30 dBm, NF = 3.3 dB, Rev Iso = 23 dB
5) No proper stuff from Teledyne Couger
By looking at what Daniel used in the low noise EOM Driver for aLIGO, we found the A2CP2596 from Cougar.
G = +24 dB, NF = 5 dB, Max Out = +37 dBm. It comes in a 2-stage SMA connector package. I've asked Steve to order 2 of them with the appropriate heatsinks.
I have installed a ZFL-500LN on the RF output of POY11. This should reduce the effect of the CM board voltage offsets by increasing the size of the error signal coming into the board. Checking with an oscilloscope at the LSC rack, the single arm PDH peak to peak voltage was something like 4mV, now it is something like 80mV.
The setup is similar to the REFL165 situation, but with the amplifier in proximity with the PD, instead of at the end of a long cable at the LSC rack.
The PD RF output is T'd between an 11MHz minicircuits bandpass filter and a 50 Ohm terminator (which makes sure that signals outside of the filter's passband don't get reflected back into the PD). The output of the filter is connected directly to the input of the ZFL-500LN, which is powered (temporarily) by picking off the +15V from the PD interface cable via Dsub15 breakout. (I say temporarily, as Koji is going to pick out some fancy pi-filter feedthrough which we can use to make a permanent power terminal on the PD housing.)
The max current draw of this amplifier is 60mA. Gazing at the LSC interface (D990543), I think the +15V on the DSUB cable is being passed from the eurocard crate; I don't see any 15V regulator, so maybe this is ok...
The free swinging PDH signal looked clean enough on a scope. Jamie is doing stuff with the framebuilder, so I can't look at spectra right now. However, turning the POY whitening gain down to +18dB from +45dB lets the Y arm lock on POY with all other settings nominal, which is about what we expect from the nominal +23dB gain of the amplifier.
I would see CM board offsets of ~5mV before, which was more a little more than a linewidth before this change. Now it will be 5% of that, and hopefully more manageable.
We started to clean up the RF cables (heliax and PD interface cables) at the LSC rack.
We have pulled out all the RF cables from the small hole on the side-board close to floor. Passing the cables through this hole makes some of the cables much too short for good strain relief. So we removed the side panel on the vacuum tube side and are going to pass the cables into the rack from there at about waist height. We now have plenty of cable lengths to tie them off to the rack at several points.
We have traced all the available Heliax cables and have attached blank tags to them. We have allocated some cables to REFL11, REFL55 and AS55. These are therefore back in working order. We have also taken stock of the available PD interface cables. They do not have consistent names on both ends of the cable and we will identify and label the ends tomorrow.
MC is locked. The auto-locker works fine.
Handing over the system for night time interferometer work now. Will continue with the cabling tomorrow.
The Distribution box is several steps nearer to completion.
1) Soldered capacitors and DC power lines for four units of the distribution box.
2) mounted all the components in their respective places.
3) Tomorrow we prepare the RF cables and that is the last step of the mechanical assembly.
4) we plan to test both the generator and distributon parts together.
Kevin took a transfer function of the newly assembled PD and noticed that the frequency has shifted to 14.99 freom 11. MHz.
We needed to find the current RLC combination. So we removed the ferrite core from L5 rendiring it to its aircore value of 0.96/muH. We then used this to find the Capacitance of the PD (117pF)
We used this value to compute the inductance required to achieve 11.065MHz which turned out to be 1.75microH.
This was not reachable with the current L5 which is of the type 143-20J12L (nominal H=1.4 micro Henry).
We therefore changed the inductor to SLOT 10 -3-03. It is a ferrite core, shielded inductor with a plasitc sleeve. Its nomial valie is 1.75 microH
We then tested the DC output to see if here is a response to light. There was nonel. l
The problem was traced to the new inductor. Surprisingly the inductor coil had lost contact with the pins.
I then replacd the inductor and checked again. The elecronics seems to work okay.. but there is a very small signal 0.8mV for 500microW.
There seems to be still something wrong with the PD or its electronics.
RF Distribution box has been mounted in the 1Y2 rack and is ready for use.
The box receives 11 and 55 MHz Demod Signals from the RF source located in the 1X2 rack.
We wish to have roughly 2 dBm of output power on each line coming out of the RF distribution box. So I adjusted the attenuators inside the box to get this.
I also looked at why the 2x output looked so distorted and found that the input power was around 17 dBm whereas the maximum allowed (as per the datasheet of Minicircuits MK-2) is 15dBm. So I increased the attentuation on its input line to 5dBm (up by 2dBm) The input power levels are around 14.6dBm now and the distortion has come down considerably. However the net output on the 2x lines is now down to 0.7dBm. We will have to amplify this if we need more power.
The schematic and the power output are now like this:
The mechanical assembly of RF distribution box is 99% complete. Some of the components may be bolted to the teflon base plate if needed.
All RF cables and DC voltage supply lines have been installed and tested. I removed the terminal block which was acting as a distribution box for the common zero voltage line. Instead I have used the threaded holes in the body of each voltage regulator. This allows us to keep the supply lines twisted right up to the regulator and keeps the wiring neater. The three regulator bodies have been wired together to provide a common zero potential point.
I did a preliminary test to see if everything is functioning. All units are functioning well. The output power levels may need to be adjusted by changing the attenuators.
The 2x frequency multiplier outputs are not neat sine waves. They seem to produce some harmonics, unlike the rest of the components.
I will post the measured power output at each point tomorrow. The RF power meter could not be found in the 40m lab. We suspect that it has found its way back to the PSL lab.
Frank is recommending these PhaseTrack-210 as phase stable low loss rf coax cables.
Last week I noticed that the high power amplifiers in the Frequency Generation Box became hot after 2 hours of continuous operation with the lid of the box closed. When I measured their temperature it was 57C, and it was still slowly increasing (~< 1K/hr).
According to the data sheet, their maximum recommended temperature is 65C. Above that their performances are not guaranteed anymore.
These amplifiers aren't properly dissipating the heat they produce since they sit on a plastic surface (Teflon), and also because their wing heat dissipator can't do much when the box is closed. I had to come up with some way to take out their heat.
The solution that I used for the voltage regulators (installing them on the back panel, guaranteeing thermal conduction but electrical isolation at the same time) wouldn't be applicable to the amplifiers.
I discussed the problem with Steve and Koji and we thought of building a heat sink that would put the amplifier in direct contact with the metal walls of the box.
After that, on Friday I've got Mike of the machine shop next door to make me this kind of L-shaped copper heat sink:
On Saturday, I completely removed the wing heat dissipator, and I only installed the copper heat sink on top of the amplifier. I used thermal paste at the interface.
I turned on the power, left the lid open and monitored the temperature again. After 2 hours the temperature of the amplifier had stabilized at 47C.
Today I added the wing dissipator too, and monitored again the temperature with the lid open. then, after a few hours, I closed the the box.
I tracked the temperature of the amplifier using the temperature sensors that I installed in the box and which I have attached to the heat sink.
I connected the box temperature output to C1:IOO-MC_DRUM1. With the calibration of the channel (32250 Counts/Volt), and Caryn's calibration of the temperature sensor (~110F/Volt - see LIGO DOC # T0900287-00-R), the trend that I measured was this:
The heat sink is avoiding the amplifier to overheat. The temperature is now compatible with that of the other component in the box (i.e., crystal oscilaltors, frequency multiplier).
Even with the lid closed the temperature is not too high.
Two things remain untested yet:
1) effect of adding a MICA interface sheet between the heat sink and the wall of the chassis. (necessary for gorund isolation)
2) effect of having all 3 amplifiers on at the same time
I am considering opening air circulation "gills" on the side and bottom of the chassis.
Also we might leave the box open and who ever wants can re- engineer the heat sink.
- Ideally we would like that the heat sink had the largest section area. A brick of metal on top the amplifier would be more effective. Although it would have added several pounds to the weight of the box.
- We need these amplifiers in order to have the capability to change the modulation depth up to 0.2, at least. The Mini-Circuit ZHL-2X-S are the only one available off-the-shelf, with a sufficiently low noise figure, and sufficiently high output power.
There were several parts in this box which did not have shunting capacitors across their input power lines. Only the four RF amps (ZHL-2) had them.
I soldered two capacitors (100 microF electrolytic and 150pF dipped mica) across the power supply lines of each of the following units: 11MHz oscillator, 29.5 MHz oscillator, Wenzel 5x frequency multiplier and the 12x RF amplifier (ZHL-1HAD).
It was quite difficult to reach the power inputs of these units as some of them were very close to the inner walls of the box. To access them I undid the front panel and found that there were several very taut RF cables which prevented me from moving the front panel even a little.
I had to undo some of the RF cables and swap them around till I found a solution in which all of them had some slack. At the end I checked to make sure that the wiring is in accordance with the schematic present here.
This is how the RF generation box might soon look like:
A dedicated wiki page shows the state of the work:
The RF multiplexer is configured as shown in the figure. It is now effectively a 15x1 RF mux.
To select a required channel:
Run the script as shown below
>python rfMux.py ch11
For channel 10 to 16, you can just enter the required channel number and it is routed to the output.
For channel 1 to 8, you only need to input the required channel number as above. No need to run the code again to select ch9 after selecting ch1-8
How the NI-8100 controller works:
Whenever any channel of one switch is selected, the output of the other switch is set to its ch0 (ch1 and ch9 in the figure).
So selecting ch1-8 will automatically select ch9 as output for the other switch. IF you send a command to select ch9 afterwards, the first switch will be automatically set to ch1 and not stay on what you had selected before.
This post pertains to the fiber-coupled diode laser mounted in rack 1Y1.
To turn the laser on, first turn the power supply's key (red) to the clockwise. Then make sure that the laser is in "current" mode by checking that the LED next to "I" in the "Laser Mode" box in lit up. If the light is not on, press the button to the right of the "I" light until it is. Now press the output button (green). This is like removing the safety for the laser. Then turn the dial (blue) until you have your desired current. Presently, the current limit is set to around 92 mA.
To turn the laser off, dial the current back down to 0mA and turn the key (red) counterclockwise.
All of the LSC RF PDs have been aligned. I didn't really change much of anything, since for all of them, the beam was already pretty close to center. But they all got the treatment of attaching a Voltmeter to the DC out, and adjusting the steering mirror in both pitch and yaw, finding where you fall off the PD in each direction, and then leave the optic in the middle of the two 'edges'.
Before aligning each set (PO, Refl, AS), I followed the procedure in Rob's new RF photodiode Wiki Page.
Also, for superstitious reasons, and in case I actually bumped them, I squished all of the ribbon cable connectors into the PDs, just in case.
REFL33, AS55, REFL55,REFL165,REFL11,POX11,POP22
There were quite a few more demodulator units labelled with PD names. Do any of them need to be included in the automated frequency response measurement system? Please let me know so that I can include them to the RF switch and check them for proper illumination, which i will do for all the above PDs next week.
In the order that makes more sense to me, it looks like you have:
REFL11, REFL33, REFL55, REFL165,
We don't really need POP22 right now, although we do want the facility to do both POP22 and POP110 for when we (eventually) put in a better PD there. Also, we want cabling for POP55, so that we can illuminate it after we re-install it. If we're working on 2f PDs, we might as well consider AS110 also, although I don't know that there was a fiber layed for it. The big one that you're missing is POY11.
A new RF cable has been included for POY11. Cabling for POP55 and POP110 might or might not exist. I will check and report it.
[Koji, Jenne, Kevin]
Jenne worked on fixing REFL11 last week (see elog 4034) and was able to measure an electrical transfer function. Today, I tried to measure an optical transfer function but REFL11 is still not responding to any optical input. I tried shining both the laser and a flashlight on the PD but could not get any DC voltage.
I also completed the characterizations of POX. I redid the optical transfer function and shot noise measurements. I also took a time series of the RF output from the PD when it was powered on with no light. This measurement shows oscillations at about 225 MHz. I also measured the spectrum with no light which also shows the oscillations at 225 MHz and smaller oscillations at ~455 MHz.
The plots can be found at http://lhocds.ligo-wa.caltech.edu:8000/40m/Electronics/POX?action=show.