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  15399   Fri Jun 12 19:33:31 2020 gautamUpdateVACPumpspool UPS needs battery replacement

Didn't mean to sound whiny. I will wait until the vacuum team tells me it is okay.

Quote:

The vacuum safety policy and design are not clear to me, and I don't know what the first and second defense is. Since we had limited time and bandwidth during the remotely-supported recovery work today, we wanted to work step by step.

The pressure rising rate is 20mtorr/day, and turning on TP3 early next week will resume the main-volume pumping without too much hustle. If you need the IFO time now, contact with Jon and use backing with TP3.

  15404   Wed Jun 17 16:27:51 2020 gautamUpdateVACQuestions/comments on vacuum

I missed the vacuum discussion on the call today, but I have some questions/comments:

  • Isn’t it true that we didn’t digitally monitor any of the TP diagnostic channels before 2018 December? I don’t have the full history but certainly there wasn’t any failure of the vacuum system connected to pump current/temp/speed from Sep 2015-Dec2018, whereas we have had 2 interruptions in 6 months because of flaky serial communications.
  • According to the manuals, the turbo-pumps have their own internal logic to shut off the pump when either bearing temperature exceeds 60C or current exceeds 1.5A. I agree its good to have some redundancy, but do we really expect that our outer interlock loops will function if the internal ones fail?
  • In what scenario do we expect that all our pressure gauge readbacks fail, but not the TP readbacks? If so, won’t the differential pressure conditions protect the vacuum envelope, and the TPs internal shutoffs will protect the pumps? Except during the pump down phase perhaps, when we want to give a little more headroom to the small TPs to stress them less?

At the very least, I think we should consider making the interlock code have levels (like interrupts on a micro controller). So if the pressure gauges are communicating and are reporting acceptable pressure readings, we should be able to reject unphysical readbacks from the TP controllers.

I still don’t understand why TP2 can’t back TP1, but we just disable all the software interlock conditions contingent on TP2 readbacks. This pump is far newer than TP3, and unless I’ve misunderstood something major about the vacuum infrastructure, I don’t really see why we should trust this flaky serial readbacks for any actionable interlocks, at least without some AND logic (since temperature, current and speed aren’t really independent variables).

I also think we should finally implement the email alert in the event the vacuum interlock is tripped. I can implement this if no one else volunteers.

This might also be a good reminder to get the documentation in order about the new vacuum system.

  15407   Thu Jun 18 12:00:36 2020 gautamUpdateVACQuestions/comments on vacuum

I agree there were MEDM fields, but I can't find any record of these channels being recorded till 2018 December, so I don't agree that they were being digitally monitored. You can also look back in the elog (e.g. here and here) and see that the display fields are just blank. I would then assume that no interlocks were dependent on these channels, because otherwise the vacuum interlocks would be perpetually tripped.

Looking at images of the old vac screens, the TP2/3 rotation speed and status string were digitally monitored. However I don't know if there were software interlocks predicated on those.

Sorry but I'm having trouble imagining a scenario how the pressure gauges wouldn't register this before the IFO volume is compromised. Is there some back of the envelope calculations I can do to understand this? Since both the pressure gauges and the TP diagnostic channels are being monitored via EPICS, the refresh rate is similar, so I don't see how we can have a pump temperature / speed / current threshold tripped but NOT have this be registered on all the pressure gauges, seems like a bit of a contrived scenario to me. Our thresholds currently seem to be arbitrary numbers anyway, or are they based on some expected backstreaming rate? Isn't this scenario degenerate with a leak elsewhere in the vacuum envelope that would be caught by the differential pressure interlocks?

The temperature and current interlocks are implemented precisely because the pumps can shut themselves off. The concern is not about damaging the pumps (their internal logic protects against that); it's that a pump could automatically shut down and back-vent the IFO to atmosphere. Another interlock (e.g., the pressure differentials) might catch it, but it would depend on the back-vent rate and the scenario has never been tested. The temperature and current interlocks are set to trip just before the pump reaches its internal shut-down threshold.

For the email alert, can you expose a soft channel that is a flag - if this flag is not 1, then the service will send out an email.

That would be awesome if you're willing to volunteer. I agree this would be great to have.
  15410   Thu Jun 18 15:46:34 2020 gautamUpdateVACQuestions/comments on vacuum

So why not just have a special mode for the interlock code during pumpdown and venting, and during normal operation we expect the main volume pressure to be <100uTorr so the interlock trips if this condition is violated? These can just be EPICS buttons on the Vac control MEDM screen. Both of these procedures are not "business as usual", and even if we script them in the future, it's likely to have some operator supervising, so I don't think it's unreasonable to have to switch between these modes. I just think the pressure gauges have demonstrated themselves to be much more reliable than these TP serial readbacks (as you say, they worked once upon a time, but that is already evidence of its flakiness?). The Pirani gauges are not ultra-reliable, they have failed in the past, but at least less frequently than this serial comm glitching. In fact, if these readbacks are so flaky, it's not impossible that they don't signal a TP shutdown? I just think the real power of having these multi-channel diagnostics is lost without some AND logic - a turbopump failure is likely to result in an increase in pump current and temperature increase and pump speed decrease, so it's not the individual channel values that should be determining if an interlock is tripped.

I definitely think that protecting the vacuum envelope is a priority - but I don't think it should be at the expense of commissioning time. But if you think these extra interlocks are essential to the safety of the vacuum system, I withdraw my request.

I don't disagree that the pressure gauges would register the change. What I'm not sure about is whether the change would violate any of the existing interlock conditions, triggering a shutdown. Looking at what we have now, the only non-pump-related conditions I see that might catch it are the diffpres conditions:

It would be better to have a flag channel, might be useful for the summary pages too. I will make it if it is too much trouble.

There's already a channel C1:Vac-error_status, where if the value is anything other than an empty string, there is an interlock tripped. Does that work?
  15415   Fri Jun 19 09:57:35 2020 gautamUpdateVACQuestions/comments on vacuum

For this particular email service, ideally the email should be sent out as soon as the interlock is tripped, so this would require a line of code to be added to the main interlock code. Which I guess would require a restart of the interlock service. So let me know when you guys plan to do the dry-pump tip seal replacement operation (when I presume valves will be closed anyways) so that we can do this in a minimally invasive way.

Quote:

Ok, this can be added pretty easily. Its value will just be toggled between 1 and 0 every time the interlock server raises/clears the existing string channel. Adding the channel will require restarting the whole vac IOC, so I'll do it at a time when Jordan is on hand in case something fails to come back up.

  15418   Fri Jun 19 16:30:09 2020 gautamUpdateASCSome thoughts about ASC

Summary:

In ELOG 15368, I had claimed that the POP QPD based feedback servo actuating on the PRM stabilized the lock. I now believe this scheme of sensing using the POP QPD and feeding back to the PRM is not a good topology for stabilizing the PRC angular motion.

Details:

  • I was never able to get a measurement of the OLTF of this loop that made sense 
    • the loop was initally commissioned with the PRMI locked on the carrier, and the settings hence inferred to give a ~5 Hz UGF loop were used in the PRFPMI lock.
    • In the PRFPMI configuration, however, the loop gain seemed way too low when I measured using the usual IN1/IN2 method.
    • So it is critical for the lock stability that the angular feedforward works well, which it kind of does now (not that I have changed anything, but the glitches in the seismometer have not resurfaced recently).
    • Hopefully, this becomes less of an issue once we replace the TTs with SOS and OSEM based damping.
  • To get some more insight, I did some finesse modeling
    • Attachment #1 shows the sensing response at the QPDs we have available currently (POP and TR). 
    • I included the telescopes (propagation distances, in-air lenses) to these QPDs as best as I could.
    • A simplified model (3 mirror coupled cavity) is used, so there isn't really a common/differential mode in this picture, but we still get some insight I think.
    • Specifically, once the full lock is realized, the PRC optic motion isn't sensed well with our QPDs, and so it was some fluke that turning on these PRC angular feedback loops worked. 
    • Attachment #2 shows the same info as Attachment #1, but with the pendulum transfer functions (and radiation pressure effects) included. The SOS suspensions are modelled as f0=0.7/0.8 Hz (for P/Y), Q=5, while the tip-tilts have f0~5 Hz, Q~10. The high frequency phase is 0 degrees and not 180 as expected because of the pendulum complex pole pair because of the way the quantity is computed in Finesse.
  • The current scheme I use is:
    • DC couple the ITM oplevs, using their individual Oplev QPDs.
    • Use the TR QPDs, mixed to actuate on the ETMs in a common/differential way.
    • I think the system is under-determined with the sensors we currently have - we wan't to sense the 10 angular modes - PIT and YAW for the PRC, Csoft, Chard, Dsoft and Dhard (using the terminology from Kate's thesis), but we only have 6 sensors of the same field (POP, TRX and TRY QPDs, PIT and YAW from each).
    • So we need more sensors?
  • One thing that can easily be improved I think is to make the ASS system work at high power. 
    • think this should be as simple as scaling the gain for the loops to work for the high power.
    • Then we can counteract the input pointing drift at least.
    • But the ITM Oplev DC coupling would need to be turned OFF and then ON again, I'm not sure if this will introduce some transient that will destroy the lock...

I would also like to bring up the topic of implementing some WFS for the interferometer fields again, there doesn't seem to be any mention of this in the procurement/planning for the BHD. It is not obvious to me yet that we need WFS and not just DC QPDs from a noise point of view, but at least we should discuss this.

Attachment 1: sensingResponse.pdf
sensingResponse.pdf
Attachment 2: sensingResponse_torque.pdf
sensingResponse_torque.pdf
  15419   Fri Jun 19 17:06:50 2020 gautamUpdateLSCWhat should the short-term commissioning goals be?

Summary:

I want some input about what the short-term (next two weeks) commissioning goals should be.

Details:

Before the vacuum fracas, the locking was pretty robust. With some human servoing of the input beam, I could maintain locks for ~1 hour. My primary goals were:

  1. Transition the vertex length DoF control from 3f signals to 1f signals.
  2. Turn on some MICH-->DARM feedforward cancellation, because the noise between ~100 Hz and ~1kHz is dominated by this cross-coupling.

I didn't succeed in either so far.

  1. I find that there is poor separation of the length DoFs in the 1f sensors, which makes this transition hopeless.
    • Why should this be? I can't get any sensing matrix in Finesse to line up with what I measure in-lock.
    • One hypothesis I came up with (but haven't yet tested) is that the offsets from the 3f photodiodes are changing from time to time, which somehow changes the projection of the various DoFs onto the photodiode quadratures. 
    • The attached GIF shows the variation in the measured sensing matrix on two days - while the sensing of MICH/PRCL in the 3f photodiodes have hardly changed, they are significantly different in the 1f photodiodes. Note that the I and Q have changed for REFL11 and REFL55 between the two days because I changed the demod phase.
    • I also thought that maybe the CARM suppression isn't sufficient for REFL11 to be used as a PRCL sensor - but even after engaging a CM board SuperBoost, I was unable to realize the PRCL 3f-->1f transition, even though the CARM-->REFL11 coupling did get smaller in the measured sensing matrix (red line in the GIF). I don't think we can juice up the CARM gain much more without modifying the CM board boosts, see Attachment #1.
  2. I was able to measure the MICH CTRL --> DARM ERR transfer function with somewhat high coherence (~0.98).
    • I then used the infrastructure available in the LSC model to try and implement some cancellation, but didn't really see any effect.
    • Perhaps the TF needs to be measured with higher coherence.
    • It may also be that if I am able to successfully execute the 3f-->1f transition, the coupling gets smaller because the 1f sensing noise is lower?

I guess apart from this, we want to run the ALS scan to try and infer something about the absorption-induced thermal lens. I guess at this point, the costs outweigh the benefits in trying to bring in the SRC as well, since we will be changing the SRC config?

Attachment 1: CARM_superBoost.pdf
CARM_superBoost.pdf
  15420   Fri Jun 19 19:21:25 2020 gautamUpdateGeneralPSL shutter re-opened

The PSL shutter was closed from the vacuum interlock trip. Today, I did the following:

  • Re-aligned input beam to PMC to recover high transmission / low reflection.
  • Re-set the LSC offsets.
  • ETMX watchdog was tripped. Reset it.
  • Opened the PSL shutter, IMC autolocker was able to lock the cavity almost immediately.
  • Tested POX/POY locking, ran the ASS to maximize single arm transmission.

All looks good for now. I will probably get back to PRFPMI locking Monday.

  15423   Mon Jun 22 17:51:50 2020 gautamUpdateCDSc1iscaux was down

The machine needed a hard reboot as it was un-ssh-able. 

The exact time that the machine went down is unknown because the blinkys were not DQ-ed. I've now added these to the EDCU to make these channels actually useful, and we may look back on the reliability (or otherwise) of the Acromag system. To my memory, this is the ~5th time one of the new Acromag servers has needed a hard reboot. While this may be less frequent (?) than the VME machines, perhaps there is some other reason for these dropouts. Maybe something to do with the martian network?

Anyway the machine is back up and running now.

  15427   Wed Jun 24 17:20:16 2020 gautamUpdateLSCWhat should the short-term commissioning goals be?

Per the discussion at the meeting today, the plan of action is:

  1. Lock the PRMI on carrier and measure the sensing matrix, see if the MICH and PRCL signals look sensible in 1f and 3f photodiodes.
  2. Try locking CARM on POP55 (since there is currently no POP55 photodiode, can we use POX/POY as an intermediary?).
  3. For the ASC, can we hijack one of the IMC WFS heads to study what the AS port WFS signals would look like, and maybe close a feedback loop on the ETMs?
    • My guess is no, because currently, the L2A is so poorly tuned on MC2 that the CARM length control messes with the alignment of the IMC significantly.
    • So we need the IMC WFS loops to maintain the pointing.
    • Of course, the MC2 L2A can be tuned to mitigate this problem. 
    • I also believe there is something funky going on with the WFS heads. More to follow on that in a later elog.
    • Apart from these issues, for this scheme to be tested, some mods to the c1ioo model will have to be made so that we can route the servo output to the ETMs (as opposed to the IMC mirrors as is the usual case).

If I missed something, please add here.

Quote:

Summary:

I want some input about what the short-term (next two weeks) commissioning goals should be.

  15428   Wed Jun 24 22:33:44 2020 gautamUpdateSUSEQ tripped all suspensions

This earthquake tripped all suspensions and ITMX got stuck. The watchdogs were restored and the stuck optic was released. The IFO was re-aligned, POX/POY and PRMI on carrier locking all work okay.

  15431   Thu Jun 25 15:11:00 2020 gautamUpdateSUSMC1 coil driver resistance quartered

I implemented this change today. We only had 100 ohm, 3W resistors in stock (no 200 ohm with adequate power rating). Assuming 10 V is dropped across this resistor, the power dissipation is V^2/R ~ 1 W, so we should have sufficient margin. DCC entry has been updated with new schematic and photo of the component side of the board. Note that the series resistance of the fast actuation path was untouched.

As expected, the requested voltage no longer exceeds the Acromag DAC range, it is now more like 2.5 V. However, I still notice that the MC REFL spot moves somewhat diagonally on the camera image - so maybe the coil gains are seriously imbalanced? Anyway, the WFS control signals can once again be safely offloaded to the slow bias voltages once again, preserving the fast ADC range for other actuation.

The Johnson noise of the series resistor has now increased by a factor of 2, from ~6.4 pA/rtHz to 12.8 pA/rtHz. Assuming a current to force coefficient of 1.6 mN/A per coil, the length noise of the cavity is expected to be 12.8e-12 * 0.064/0.25/(2*pi*100)^2 ~ 8e-18 m/rtHz at 100 Hz. In frequency units, this is 80 uHz/rtHz. I think our IMC noise is at least 10 times higher than this at 100 Hz (in any case, the noise of the coil driver is NOT dominated by the series resistance). Attachment #1 confirms that there isn't any significant MCF noise increase, and I will check with the arm cavity too. Nevertheless, we should, if possible, align the optic better and use as high a series resistance as possible.

The watchdog for MC1 was disabled and the board was pulled out for this work. After it was replaced, the IMC re-locks readily.

Quote:

But this does not solve the MC1 issue. Only we can do right now is to make the output resister half, for example.

Attachment 1: MCF.pdf
MCF.pdf
  15433   Fri Jun 26 16:53:38 2020 gautamUpdateElectronicsRFPD characterization

Summary:

While the vacuum system was knocked out, I measured the RF transimpedance (using the AM laser setup, didn't do the shot noise intercept current measurement for now) of all the RFPDs (except PMC REFL). At the very least, the following photodiodes are suspect:

  1. WFS heads - expected transimpedance is 50 kohm unattenuated, and 5 kohm attenuated. I measure values that are x10 lower than this, and the segments are significantly imbalanced. Morover, the attenuators for some quadrants appear to do nothing. This could be a problem with the Acromag system I guess, but the measured transimpedance is nowhere close to the "expected" value. See Attachments #1 and #2. You can also see that the response at 55 MHz is significantly attenuated, so I'm guessing trying to measure the AS port ASC sensing response is going to be difficult.

    Note that I assumed a 1kohm DC transimpedance, which is what I expect from the schematic and also is consistent with the DC voltage I measured, knowing the approximate optical power incident on the photodiode.
  2. POP 22/ POP 110 - this is a Thorlabs PDA10CF diode. It should have a flat gain profile out to ~100 MHz, but I measure some weird features. The other PDA10CF we use, at AS110, shows a more reasonable response. See Attachment #3. I don't know what kind of failure mode this is? Anyway I'll try testing another PDA10CF and if it looks more reasonable, I'll switch out this diode. FWIW, the measured AS110 gain is ~3kohms, whereas the datasheet tells us to expect 5 kohms.

For the remaining photodiodes, I measure a transimpedance that is within ~20% of what is on the wiki page. The notches may benefit from some retuning. While I have the data, I will fit this and post a more complete report on the wiki.

Update July 6 1145am: WFS response plots now have legends mapping quadrants, and I've also added the response of a spare PDA10CF (which is now the new POP22/POP110 photodiode).

Attachment 1: WFS1.pdf
WFS1.pdf
Attachment 2: WFS2.pdf
WFS2.pdf
Attachment 3: buildupMons.pdf
buildupMons.pdf
  15434   Sun Jun 28 15:30:52 2020 gautamUpdateSUSMC1 sat-box de-lidded

Judging by the summary pages, some 18 hours after this change was made and the board re-installed, the MC1 shadow sensors began to report frequent glitches. I can't think of a plausible causal connection, especially given the 18 hour time lag, but also hard to believe there isn't one? As a result, the IMC is no longer able to stay locked for extended periods of time. I did the usual cable squishing, and also took off the lid to see if that helps the situation.

While the reduced series resistance means there is more current flowing through the slow path

  1. There isn't actually an increase in the net current flowing through the satellite box - this change just re-allocates the current from the fast path to the slow path, but by the time it reaches the satellite box, the current is flowing through the same conductor.
  2. afaik, the current buffers on the coil driver aren't overdriven - they are rated for 300 mA. No individual coil is drawing more than 30 mA.
  3. the resistors themselves should be running sufficiently below their rated power of 3W (I estimate 2.5 V ^2 / 100 ohms ~ 60 mW).
  4. The highest current should be through the UL and LR coils according to the voltage outputs from the Acromag. But the UL coil doesn't show significant glitching, and the LL one does despite drawing negligible DC current.

The attached FLIR camera image re-inforces what we already know, that the thermal environment inside the satellite box is horrible. The absolute temperature calibration may be off, but it was difficult to touch the components with a bare finger, so I'd say its definitely > 70 C.

Quote:

I implemented this change today. We only had 100 ohm, 3W resistors in stock (no 200 ohm with adequate power rating). Assuming 10 V is dropped across this resistor, the power dissipation is V^2/R ~ 1 W, so we should have sufficient margin. DCC entry has been updated with new schematic and photo of the component side of the board. Note that the series resistance of the fast actuation path was untouched.

Attachment 1: 20200628T144138.jpg
20200628T144138.jpg
  15436   Sun Jun 28 17:36:35 2020 gautamUpdateSUSMC1 sat-box de-lidded

Hmm I can't seem to export with the colorbar, might be just my phone though. I tried to add some "cursors" with the temperature at a few spots, but the font color contrast is poor so you have to squint really hard to see the temperatures in the photo I attached.

I'll leave the MC1 box open overnight and see if that improves the situation, and if not, I'll switch in the SRM satellite box tomorrow.

Quote:

does the FLIR have an option to export image with a colorbar?

How about just leave the lid open? or more open? I don't know what else can be done in the near term. Maybe swap with the SRM sat box to see if that helps?

  15438   Mon Jun 29 11:55:46 2020 gautamUpdateSUSMC1 sat-box de-lidded

There was no improvement to the situation overnight. So, I did the following today:

  1. Ramped bias voltages for SRM and MC1 to 0, shutdown watchdogs.
  2. Switched SRM and MC1 satellite boxes. The SRM satellite box lid was opened, while the MC1 lid was left open. The boxes have also been re-labelled lest there be some confusion about which box belongs where.
  3. Restored watchdogs and bias voltages. Curiously, the MC1 optic now only requires half the bias voltages it did before to have the correct DC alignment for the optic. The Satellite box is just supposed to be a passive conduit for the drive current, so this is indicative of some PCB traces/cabling being damaged inside what was previously the MC1 satellite box?

IMC is now locked again, I will monitor for glitching/stability.

Update 6pm PDT: as shown in Attachment #1, there is a huge difference in the stability of the lock after the sat box swap. Let's hope it stays this way for a while...

Quote:

I'll leave the MC1 box open overnight and see if that improves the situation, and if not, I'll switch in the SRM satellite box tomorrow.

Attachment 1: SatBoxSwap.jpg
SatBoxSwap.jpg
  15439   Mon Jun 29 15:56:02 2020 gautamUpdateElectronicsRFPD characterization

A more comprehensive report has been uploaded here. I'll zip the data files and add them there too. In summary:

  1. There are several problems with the WFS heads
    • Some attenuators don't seem to work. This could be a problem with the Acromag BIO, or with the relay on the head itself.
    • The measured transimpedance at 29.5 MHz is much lower than expected. We expect ~50 kohms with no attenuation, and 5 kohms without. I measure 100 ohm - 2 kohm with the attenuation disabled, and ~200 ohms with it enabled.
    • Quadrant #3 on both WFS heads behaves differently from the others. There is also evidence of a 200 MHz oscillation for quadrant 3.
    • For some reason, there is a relative minus sign between the TFs measured for the WFS and for the RFPDs. I don't understand where this is coming from - all the OpAmps in the LSC PDs and WFS heads are configured as non-inverting, so why should there be a minus sign? Is this indicative of the polarity of the LEMO output being somehow flipped?
  2. POX 11 photodiode does not have a notch at 22 MHz.
  3. AS55 resonance appears to have shifted closer to 60 MHz, would benefit from a retuning. But the notches appear fine.
  4. PDA10CF photodiode used as the POP22/POP110 readback appears broken in some strange way. As shown in the linked document, a spare PDA10CF in the lab has a much more reasonable response, so I am going to switch out the POP22/POP110 diode with this spare.

I'll upload the data and analysis notebook + liso fit files to the wiki as well shortly. The data, a Jupyter notebook making the plots, and the LISO fit files have been uploaded here.

I didn't do it this time but it'd be nice to also do the noise measurement and get an estimate for the shot-noise intercept current.

Quote:

While I have the data, I will fit this and post a more complete report on the wiki.

  15442   Tue Jun 30 10:59:16 2020 gautamUpdateLSCThree sensing matrices

Summary:

I injected some sensing lines and measured their responses in the various photodiodes, with the interferometer in a few different configurations. The results are summarized in Attachments #1 - #3. Even with the PRMI (no arm cavities) locked on 1f error signals, the MICH and PRCL signals show up in nearly the same quadrature in the REFL port photodiodes, except REFL165. I am now thinking if the output (actuation) matrix has something to do with this - part of the MICH control signal is fed back to the PRM in order to minimize the appearance of the MICH dither in the PRCL error signal, but maybe this matrix element is somehow horribly mistuned?

Details:

Attachment #1:

  • ETMs were misaligned and the PRMI was locked with the carrier resonant in the cavity (i.e. sidebands reflected).
  • The locking scheme was AS55_Q --> MICH and REFL11_I --> PRCL.

Attachment #2:

  • The PRFPMI was locked. The vertex DoFs were still under control using 3f error signals (REFL165_I for PRCL and REFL165_Q for MICH).
  • Still, the MICH/PRCL degeneracy in all photodiodes except REFL165 persists.

Attachment #3:

  • Nearly identical configuration to Attachment #2.
  • The main difference here is that I applied some offsets to the MICH and PRCL error points.
  • The offsets were chosen so that the appearance of a ~300 Hz dither in the length of MICH/PRCL was nulled in the AS110_Q / POP22_I signals respectively.
  • For the latter, the appearance of this peak in the POP110_I signal was also nulled, as it should be if our macroscopic PRC length is set correctly.
  • The offsets that best nulled the peak were 110 cts for PRCL, 25 cts for MICH. The measured sensing response is 1e12 cts/m for PRCL in REFL165_I and 9.2e11 cts/m for MICH in REFL165_Q. So these offsets, in physical units, are: 110 pm for PRCL and 27 pm for MICH. They seem like reasonable numbers to me - the PRC linewidth is ~7.5 nm, so the detuning without any digital offset applied is only 1.5% of the linewidth.
  • Note that I changed the POP22/POP110 demod phases to maximize the signal in the I quadrature. The final numbers were -124 degrees / -10 degrees respectively.
  • Yet another piece of evidence suggesting these were the correct offsets is that the DC value of POX and POY were zero on average after these offsets were applied.
  • However, the MICH/PRCL responses in the 1f REFL port photodiodes remain nearly degenerate.

Some other mysteries that I will investigate further:

  1. While POP22 indicated stable buildup of 11 MHz power in the PRC, I couldn't make any sense of the AS110 signals at the dark port - there was large variation of the signal content in the two quadratures, so unlike the POP signals, I couldn't find a digital demod phase that consistently had all the signal in one of the two quadratures. This is all due to angular fluctuations?
  2. My ASC simulations suggest that the POP QPD is a poor sensor of PRM motion when the PRFPMI is locked. However, I find that turning on a feedback loop with the POP QPD as a sensor and the PRM as the actuator dramatically reduces the low-frequency fluctuations of the arm cavity carrier buildup. 🤔

I blew the long lock last night because I forgot to not clear the ASS offsets when trying to find the right settings for running the ASS system at high power. Will try again tonight...

Quote:

Lock the PRMI on carrier and measure the sensing matrix, see if the MICH and PRCL signals look sensible in 1f and 3f photodiodes.

Attachment 1: PRMI_1f_20200625sensMat.pdf
PRMI_1f_20200625sensMat.pdf
Attachment 2: PRFPMI_20200629sensMat.pdf
PRFPMI_20200629sensMat.pdf
Attachment 3: PRFPMI_20200629sensMat_wOffset.pdf
PRFPMI_20200629sensMat_wOffset.pdf
  15443   Tue Jun 30 22:00:04 2020 gautamUpdateElectronicsGlitchy POX resurfaces

This problem reared its ugly head again. I am inclined to believe the problem is electronic and not on the light, since the POY channels seem immune to this issue (see Attachment #1). I will investigate in the daytime tomorrow. Note that while the POX photodiode head has ~twice the transimpedance than POY (per measurement), the POY signal gets amplified by a ZHL-500-HLN amplifier before heading to the demod electronics (nominal gain is 19dB = x9). There is also some imbalance in the light level at the photodiodes I guess, because overall, the PDH fringe is ~twice as large for the Y arm as the X arm. Basically, the y-axes of the attached plot cannot be directly compared between POX and POY.

Mostly this is an annoyance - right now, the POX signal is only used for locking and dither aligning the X arm cavity, and so once that is done, the locking can proceed (as long as the other channels, e.g. REFL11, aren't glitching as well...)

Attachment 1: glitchyPOX.jpg
glitchyPOX.jpg
  15445   Wed Jul 1 12:50:40 2020 gautamUpdatePEMMC1 accelerometers plugged in

I re-connected the 3 accelerometers located near the MC1/MC3 chamber. It was a bit tedious to get the cabling sorted - I estimate the cable is ~80m long, and the excess length had to be wound around a spool (see Attachment #1), which wasn't really a 1 person job. It's neat-ish for now, but I'm not entirely satisfied. I think we should get shorter cables (~20m), and also mount the pre-amp/power units in a rack instead of leaving it on the floor. The pre-amp settings are x100 for all three channels. The MC2 channels are powered, but are unconnected to the seismometers - it was too tedious to unroll the other spool yesterday. Apart from this, the cable for the "Z" channel had to be re-seated in the strain relief clamp.

I did not enable any of the CDS filters that convert the raw signal into physical units, so for now, these channels are just recording raw counts.

Update 7pm: the spectra in the current config are here - not sure what to make of the MC2_Z channel appearing to show lower noise?

Update July 13 2020 430pm: This afternoon, I hooked up the MC2 accelerometer channels too...

Attachment 1: IMG_8617.JPG
IMG_8617.JPG
Attachment 2: IMG_8616.JPG
IMG_8616.JPG
  15447   Wed Jul 1 18:16:09 2020 gautamUpdateComputersrossa re-re-revival

In an effort to make a second usable workstation, I did the following (remotely) on rossa today (not necessarily in this order, I wasn't maintaining a live log so I forgot):

  1. Fixed /etc/resolv.conf, so that the other martian machines can be found.
  2. Copied over .bashrc file, and the appropriate lines from /etc/fstab from pianosa to rossa.
  3. Ran sudo apt install nfs-common. Then ran sudo mount -a to get /cvs/cds mounted.
  4. Made symlinks for /users and /opt/rtcds , and /ligo. All of these are used by various environment-setting scripts and I chose to preserve the structure, though why we need so many symlinks, I don't know...
  5. Set up the shell variable $NDSSERVER using export NDSSERVER=fb:8088. I'm not sure how, but I believe DTT, awggui etc use this on startup to get the channel list (any
  6. Followed instructions from Erik von Reis at LHO to install the cds workstation packages and dependencies. Worked like a charm 🎃
  7. As a test, I plotted the accelerometer spectra in DTT, see Attachment #1. I also launched foton from inside awggui, and confirmed that the sample rate is inherited and I could designate a filter. But I haven't yet run the noise injection to test it, I'll do that the next time I'm in the lab.
  8. Also checked that medm, StripTool and ndscope, and anaconda python all seem to work 👍🏾.

So, in summary, rossa is now all set up for use during lock acquisition. However, until this machine has undergone a few months of testing, we should freeze the pianosa config and not mess with it.

Note that this version of the "crtools" is rather new. Please, use them and if there is an issue, report the errors! I am going to occassionally try lock acquisition using rossa. 

Quote:

wiped and install Debian 10 on rossa today

still to be done: config it as CDS workstation

please don't try to "fix" it in the meantime

Attachment 1: MCacc.pdf
MCacc.pdf
  15452   Mon Jul 6 00:37:28 2020 gautamUpdateComputersrossa: lib symlink

This is strange - I was definitely able to launch medm when I was working on this machine remotely on Friday. But now, there does seem to be a problem with this shared library being missing.

First of all, I installed mlocate to find where the shared library files are installed. Then I made the symlink, and now sitemap seems to work again.

Weirdly, my changes to /etc/resolv.conf got overwritten somehow. Was this machine rebooted? Uptime suggests it's only been running for ~6 hours at the time of writing of this elog.

sudo apt install mlocate
sudo updatedb
sudo ln -s /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libreadline.so.7 /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libreadline.so.6
Quote:

when I try 'sitemap' on rossa I get:

medm: error while loading shared libraries: libreadline.so.6: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

  15455   Mon Jul 6 12:51:41 2020 gautamUpdateComputersrossa: resolvconf installed

Indeed, this is now fixed by following instructions from here. I rebooted rossa at ~1250 PDT and confirmed that resolv.conf didn't get overwritten. The resolv.conf file also now has the following useful lines at the head:

~>cat /etc/resolv.conf
# Dynamic resolv.conf(5) file for glibc resolver(3) generated by resolvconf(8)
#     DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE BY HAND -- YOUR CHANGES WILL BE OVERWRITTEN
Quote:

yes, I rebooted yesterday to fix the 'steaking white lines' problem in the video/display

maybe we're supposed to edit something besides resolv.conf since that gets over-written on boot for some linux OS

  15457   Mon Jul 6 17:41:19 2020 gautamUpdateLSCAn LSC puzzler

Last Tuesday evening, while attempting the PRFPMI locking, I noticed a strange feature in the LSC signals, which is shown in Attachment #1 (the PDF exported by dataviewer is 14MB so I upload the jpeg instead). As best as I can tell, the REFL33 and POP22 channels show an abrupt jump in the signal levels, while the other channels do not. POP110 shows a slight jump at around the same time, and the large excursion in AS110_Q actually occurs a few seconds later, and is probably some angular excursion of the PRC/BS. I'm struggling to interpret how this can be explained by some interferometric mechanism, but haven't come up with anything yet. The LO for the 3f error signals is the 2f field, but then why doesn't the POP110 channel show a similar jump if there is some abrupt change in the resonant condition? Is such a change even feasible from a cavity length change point of view? Or did the sideband frequency somehow abruptly jump? But if so, why is the jump much more clearly visible in one sideband than the other?

Does anyone have any ideas as to what could be going on here? This may give some clue as to what's up with the weird sensing matrices, but may also be something boring like broken electronics... 

Attachment 1: LSCsignals.jpg
LSCsignals.jpg
  15458   Tue Jul 7 14:06:10 2020 gautamUpdateASCSome more thoughts about ASC

Summary:

I want to be able to run the dither alignment servo with the PRFPMI locked - I've been thinking about what the scheme should be, and I list here some questions I had while thinking about this.

Details:

  1. ITM Oplev DC coupling
    • In the current scheme, I DC couple the ITM Oplev servos after the arms have been aligned to maximize POX/POY transmission.
    • However, looking back at data from when the CARM offset is reduced (e.g. Attachment #1), it looks like the ITMs are being torqued quite a bit during this process (ITMX PIT changes by ~20urad, ITMY YAW by ~10urad in this particular lock attempt). 
    • So the spots are not actually being centered on the test-masses? I guess the spot position on ITMX isn't actually controlled because we have only one actuator (BS) for the XARM beam axis. Is it unexpected that ITMY gets torqued so much? 
    • It is unclear what would happen if the ITM Oplev servos are not DC coupled. I wonder if I'd still be able to reach the high circulating powers and then rely solely on the TR QPDs for the arm cavity angular control.
    • Another possibility is to offload the DC part of the control signal to the optic's slow bias voltage slider, and then turn off the DC coupling. After that, the dither alignment can optimize the cavity alignment.
  2. Dither alignment at high circulating power
    • think that the system should work with the same settings as for the POX/POY locking, with the following changes:
      • Scale the overall loop gain by the arm transmission.
      • Change LSC2ASS matrix element from XARM/YARM ---> DARM.
        Does this sound right?
    • In light of the above, I was thinking that we should introduce a gain scaling field in the c1ass RTCDS model (like we have for the LSC power normalization matrix). Is it worth to go through the somewhat invasive process of model recompilation etc?
    • With the PRFPMI locked, I am wondering if I can simultaneously run the dither alignment loops for all the DoFs. Probably not, especially for MICH, since the actuator is the BS, which is also the actuator for the XARM loop?
Attachment 1: ITM_OL_DCcoupling.png
ITM_OL_DCcoupling.png
  15460   Wed Jul 8 22:50:33 2020 gautamUpdateComputersrossa: more symlinks

I wanted to try using rossa as my locking workstation today. However, a few problems became quickly evident. Basically, any of our scripts that rely on the cdsutils package (there are MANY) will not work on rossa, because of some library error. This machine is running Debian 10, while the cdsutils package is being loaded from a pre-compiled install on the shared drive, so perhaps this isn't surprising?

Digging a little more, I found that actually, a version of cdsutils that actually works with python3 is actually shipped with the standard cds-workstation meta-package. This is great news, and we should try and use this where possible I guess. Deferring further debugging for daytime work.

Anyway, I added a symlink: sudo ln -s /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libncurses.so.6 /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libncurses.so.5, and installed wmctrl using sudo apt install wmctrl

  15463   Thu Jul 9 16:16:20 2020 gautamUpdateComputersrossa: graphics driver issues?

I noticed these streaky lines again today (but they were not a problem last night). It is annoying if we have to reboot this machine all the time. I wonder if this has something to do with missing drivers. When I ran sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade, I got several lines like (this isn't the whole stack trace)

W: Possible missing firmware /lib/firmware/nvidia/gp108/acr/ucode_unload.bin for module nouveau
W: Possible missing firmware /lib/firmware/nvidia/gp108/acr/ucode_load.bin for module nouveau
W: Possible missing firmware /lib/firmware/nvidia/gp108/acr/unload_bl.bin for module nouveau
W: Possible missing firmware /lib/firmware/nvidia/gp108/acr/bl.bin for module nouveau

Is this indicative of the graphics drivers being installed incorrectly? I am hesitant to mess with this because I think in the past, it was always trying to update some graphics driver that crashed the whole machine into some weird state where we have to wipe the drive and do a fresh re-install of the OS.

Should we just follow these instructions? The graphics card is apparently Quadro P400, which is one of the supported ones according to the list of supported devices.

Or just swap donatella and rossa monitors and defer the problem for later?

Quote:

yes, I rebooted yesterday to fix the 'steaking white lines' problem in the video/display

  15464   Thu Jul 9 17:12:52 2020 gautamUpdateBHDIn-air BHD

Summary:

We can probably learn something about the interferometer / top level BHD plan with an in-air BHD setup, even if the noise is bad. Here are some thoughts about how we would do it. 

LO delivery:

For this first attempt, we don't really care about the PRC filtering. So possible places to pick off an LO beam are:

LO beam pickoff options
Location Pros Cons
IP POS
  • Filtered by IMC
  • Medium level of invasiveness  
  • We lose the IP POS diagnostic, which is kind of useful nowadays given the drifty TTs.
  • Only few mW LO power available
PSL table IR beam currently going to green doubling setup
  • Least invasive w.r.t. normal IFO operation
  • Plenty of light (~100 mW) available. But how much can we safely couple into fiber?
  • Beam not filtered by IMC (although it is filtered by the PMC)
POX/POY
  • Since this beam is extracted from inside the PRC, probably enjoys the best filtering.
  • Possibly drifts a lot, so tricky to reliably couple into a fiber?
  • Maximally invasive w.r.t. regular IFO operations.

In all cases, I think the easiest option to actually route whatever beam we choose into a fiber, and then bring it over to whatever cavity we choose to use for an OMC. I'm assuming whatever phase control technique we end up using can cancel the fiber phase noise at relevant frequencies.

LO phase control

  • Stress the fiber? This will require us to purchase some custom hardware, and interface it to the CDS system.
  • PZT mirror? We should have sufficient hardware available to drive a PI style PZT mirror.

There is a question about the range, but I think these are the only two realistic options we can implement on a reasonable time scale.

OMC:

Again, there are a few options. Here are some pros and cons that come to my mind.

OMC cavity options
Option Pros Cons
Old copper OMC
  • Probably the simplest option in terms of the peripherals.
  • PZT driver recently verified to work
  • We can get the OMMT and DCPDs out as well.
  • Allows us to not compromise on the RF darm optical gain (not sure if locking will be as easy if we cut the power to the AS55 photodiode by 50-75%).
  • Requires a vent.
  • Probably not the most efficient use of the space on the AP table.
  • Filtering performance isn't quantified.
Spare PMC
  • Doesn't require a vent.
  • Compact footprint.
  • Need to build the cavity.
  • Need to check if the drive electronics from the old copper OMC can easily be interfaced with whatever PZT we use on this cavity.
  • Filtering performance kind of unknown?
Custom cavity with spare mirrors
  • Doesn't require a vent.
  • Probably no more difficult than the spare PMC option?
  • We need at least one actuatable mirror, so we'd need some PZT mounted optic + associated drive electronics.

If we can do a vent (we'd just need a single chamber open), I'd go for the option of getting the copper OMC out and using that. Attachment #1 shows the approximate sizes of the various components (OMMT, OMC cavity, DCPDs), while Attachment #2 shows a rough sketch of where things would go on the AP table, with the rectangles approximately to scale.

CDS:

I'd made a c1omc model sometime ago. Basically, I think we have sufficient ADC/DAC channels in the c1ioo machine for any of the options listed above - but using the copper OMC and associated peripherals would allow the easiest interfacing.

Criticisms/comments/thoughts please.

Attachment 1: OMCchamber.pdf
OMCchamber.pdf
Attachment 2: AP_Table_20180328.pdf
AP_Table_20180328.pdf
  15466   Fri Jul 10 01:25:28 2020 gautamUpdateLSCLocking notes

More tomorrow, but I tried the following tonight:

  1. Dither alignment for PRC / MICH seems to work when the PRFPMI is locked. Unfortunately, the correct settings for the arm cavity dither alignment loops continue to elude me.
  2. I tried some arm ASC loop characterization by stepping the error points of these loops - I saw some weird cross coupling between the loops that needs investigation.
  3. I'm unable to turn an integrator on for the "Common YAW" QPD loop - unclear why this is, but every time I attempt to engage said integrator, the lock is immediately blown. Needs some investigation of the signals.
  4. With the PRC / MICH angular DoFs aligned with the dither alignemnt, and the arm ASC loops hand tuned, I was able to get the darkest dark port I've seen. In terms of ASDC counts, it was ~ 200, which after undoing all the digital gains etc corresponds to ~100 uW of light. I think we can get a rough estimate of the contrast defect by accounting for (i) T_SRM, (ii) OMC pickoff fraction (iii) other losses between the BS dark port and the AP table (iv) 50/50 BS between AS55 and AS110 PD (the ASDC signal is derived from the former) and (v) the throughput of the 55 MHz sideband to the dark port, although there are many uncertainties. 
  15468   Fri Jul 10 15:26:28 2020 gautamUpdateLSCMC2 coils need DC balancing?

I was looking at some signals from last night, see Attachment #1.

  • It looks like as the DC control signal to the MC2 suspension increases, the MC transmission decreases.
    • I confirmed that the IMC REFL level doesn't correspondingly trend up, but didn't include it here for plot compactness, so I think the cavity length isn't being detuned.
    • So the problem is suggestive of some L2A coupling, and the MC2 coil actuators need to be balanced better at DC?
    • You can see from the IMC WFS control signals that the WFS servo is presumably trying to counteract this L2A action, but doesn't succeed, probably because the servo isn't tuned correctly.
    • This is a problem that is distinct from the drifting TT alignment. So it complicates the alignment situation.
    • Ideally, if the dither alignment servos could be made to work for the arm cavities when locked in the PRFPMI config, this wouldn't be so much of a problem, as the TTs would just adjust the beam pointing to match the cavity axes of the arms. But since I haven't managed to get that servo working yet...
  • But why should MC2 need such a large DC control signal ever?
    • In the PRFPMI lock, the CARM servo is supposed to match the laser frequency to the average length of the two arm cavities.
    • The MC2 suspension is used as a frequency actuator in order to realize this matching.
    • But, as you can see, the digital CARM control signal picks up a significant DC offset the deeper we go into the lock.
    • Can't we offload this DC signal to the laser crystal temperature servo? Is there going to be some weird interaction with the existing slow loop? Or is the idea itself flawed?

Attachment #2 shows some ASC metrics. My conclusion here is that running the PRCL and MICH dither alignment servos (former demodulating REFLDC and latter demodulating ASDC to get an error signal) that running the dither alignment servo and hand tuning the arm ASC loop offsets improves the mode matching to the IFO, because:

  1. The arm transmission increases.
  2. POPDC increases.
  3. ASDC decreases.

The REFLDC behavior needs a bit more interpretation I think, because if the IFO is overcoupled (as I claim it is), then better alignment would at some point actually result in REFLDC increasing. 

All the DC signals recorded by the fast system come from the backplane P2 connector of the PD interface boards. According to the schematic, these signals have a voltage gain of 2. The LSC photodiodes themselves have a nominal DC gain of 50 ohms. So, the conversion from power to digital counts is: 0.8 A/W * 50 V/A * 2 * 3276.8 cts/V * whtGain. Inverting, I get 3.8 uW/ct for a whitening gain of 1. This is power measured at the photodiode - optical losses upstream of the photodiode will have to be accounted for separately.

Assuming a modulation depth of 0.2, the 55 MHz sideband power should be ~20 mW. The Schnupp asymmetry is supposed to give us O(1) transmission of this field to the AS port. Then, the SRM will attenuate the field by a factor of 10, so we expect ~2 mW at the AS port. Let's assume 80 % throughput of this field to the AP table, and then there is a 50/50 beamsplitter dividing the light between the AS55 and AS110 photodiodes. So, we expect there to be ~700 uW of power in the TEM00 mode 55 MHz sideband field. This corresponds to 1600 cts according to the above calibration (the ASDC whitening gain is set to 18 dB). The fact that much smaller numbers were seen for ASDC indicates that (i) the schnupp asymmetry is not so perfectly tuned and the actual transmission of the sideband field to the dark port is smaller, or (ii) one or more optical splitting fractions assumed above is wrong. If the former is true, we can still probably infer the contrast defect if we can somehow get an accurate measurement of the sideband transmission to the dark port.

Attachment 1: MC2_balancing.png
MC2_balancing.png
Attachment 2: ASDC.png
ASDC.png
  15469   Sat Jul 11 00:10:22 2020 gautamUpdateComputersrossa: more developmental work

After some consultation with Erik von Reis at LHO, this workstation is progressing towards being usable for most commissioning tasks. DTT, awggui, foton, and MEDM are all now working well. The main limitation now comes from the fact that many of our python scripts are written for python2, and rossa doesn't have many dependencies installed for python2. I see no reason to build these dependencies on rossa for python2, we should not have to work with an unsupported language. But at the same time, I don't want to completely wipe all our python2 scripts, and make them python3, because this would involve a lot of tedious testing that I'm not prepared to undertake at the moment (the problem is compounded by the fact that pianosa does not have many dependencies installed for python3).

So what I have done in the interim is make python3 versions of the most important scripts I need to get the PRFPMI locking working - they are in the scripts directory and have the same names as their python2 counterparts, but have a 3 appended to their names. So when working on rossa, these are the scripts that are called. Eventually, after a lot more testing, we can depracate the old scripts. Currently, where applicable, the MEDM screens allow for either the python2 or python3 version of the script to be called.

Please, for the time being, do not try and install any new packages on rossa unless you are prepared to debug any problems caused and return the machine to a workable state. If you find some issue with a missing package on rossa, (i) make a note of it on the elog, and (ii) if possible, set up your own conda environment for testing and install dependencies to that environment only.

  15471   Sun Jul 12 02:42:01 2020 gautamUpdateLSCLocking (on rossa)

Main goals tonight were:

  1. Check if I can lock the interferometer by working on rossa - indeed, I could! It is much snappier than the ageing pianosa. The viewing angle of the CRT monitors from this corner isn't so good though.
  2. Measure step responses for the arm ASC loops to see if any insight can be gained into these loops. Analysis forthcoming...
Attachment 1: ASCsteps.png
ASCsteps.png
  15472   Sun Jul 12 22:40:35 2020 gautamUpdateElectronicsWFS characterization - old SURF report

After some hunting, I found this old SURF report with the WFS head measurements. The y-axes don't make much sense to me, and I can't find the actual data anywhere (her wiki page doesn't actually exist). So I think it's still unknown if these heads ever had the advertised transimpedance gain, or if the measured transimpedance of ~1kohm was what it always was.

  15475   Mon Jul 13 12:37:05 2020 gautamUpdateComputersrossa: more developmental work

In fact, all these utilities are now available in python3. There may be some bugs (e.g. this), but I've checked basic functionality and things look usable enough for development to proceed. While we can have a python2 env on rossa, I think it's unnecessary.

Quote:

I too, would prefer py3 for everything, but aren't all the cdsutils / gaurdian things still python2?

  15476   Tue Jul 14 00:06:09 2020 gautamUpdateLSCLocking with POX for CARM

I tried using the POX_I error signal for the DC CARM_B path today a couple of times. Got to a point where the AO path could be engaged and the arm powers stabilized somewhat, but I couldn't turn the CARM_A path off without blowing the lock. Now the IMC has entered a temperemental state, so I'm abandoning efforts for tonight, but things to try tomorrow are:

  1. Check that the demod phase is set correctly
  2. With the CARM_B path engaged, measure some CARM OLTFs. Tonight, I was a bit over-optimistic I think, by expecting the scripted transition to take me all the way, but I think I'll have to fiddle around with the gains a bit.
  3. Check for offsets. The AO path should be AC coupled, but maybe the POX signal has some offset?

I have some data from a couple of days ago when the PRFPMI was locked as usual (CARM_B on REFL for both DC and AO paths), and the sensing lines were on, so I can measure the relative strength of the sensing lines in POX/REFL and get an estimate of what the correct digital gain should be.

The motivation here is to see if the sensing matrix looks any different with a modified locking scheme.

  15479   Tue Jul 14 15:29:25 2020 gautamUpdateBHDIn-air BHD - DCPD amplifier noise

For the first pass, it's probably easiest to use the existing DCPD amplifier. Looking at the gain and noise performance in Attachment #1, seems totally fine, the electronics noise will not be limiting if we have ~10mW of LO power. I assumed a transimpedance resistor of 1 kohm, and all other numbers as on the schematic (though who knows if the schematic is accurate). The noise should be measured to confirm that the box is performing as expected...

Attachment 1: DCPDamp.pdf
DCPDamp.pdf
  15480   Tue Jul 14 16:52:47 2020 gautamUpdateElectronicsCoil drivers for the test masses

Summary:

Koji and I had a discussion last Friday about the suspension electronics. I think there are still a few open questions - see Attachment #1. We should probably make a decision on these soon.

Other useful links:

  1. High-voltage coil driver circuit - D1900163
    • This board is ready to be fabricated and tested on the bench.
    • The way the connectors J2 and J3 are designed currently is meant to interface with the existing coil driver electronics.
    • Depending on the eventual coil driver we choose for the fast path, it may be benificial to change the signals on the connectors J2 and J3, to avoid the need for a custom interface board.
  2. HAM-A coil driver noise analysis.
    • The linked attachment evaluates the noise for the design value of the fast path series resistor, which is 1.2 kohms.
    • Iff we still have ambitions of measuring ponderomotive squeezing, we will need the resistance to be much higher, ~10 kohms (in the linked noise budget, only the Johnson noise of the series resistor is considered, but in reality, the OpAmp voltage and current noises also matter). 
    • This corresponds to a maximum current of 10V/10kohms = 100uA
    • Looking at signals to the ETMs from the current lock acquisition sequence, the RMS current to a single coil is approximately _____ (to be filled in later).
    • So we may need a version of the fast coil driver that supports a low noise mode (with large series resistance) and a high-range mode (with lower series resistance for lock acquisition).
  3. You can follow the links to DCC entries for other parts from Attachment #1.
Attachment 1: coilDriverSchem.pdf
coilDriverSchem.pdf
  15481   Tue Jul 14 17:28:29 2020 gautamUpdateLSCLocking with POX for CARM

From Attachment #1, looks like the phasing and gain for CARM on POX11 is nearly the same as CARM of REFL11, which is probably why I was able to execute a partial transition last night. The response in POY11 is ~10 times greater than POX11, as expected - though the two photodiodes have similar RF transimpedance, there is a ZFL-500-HLN at the POY11 output. The actual numerical values are 2.5e10 cts/m for CARM-->REFL11_I, 2.6e10 cts/m for CARM-->POX11_I, and 3.2e11 cts/m for CARM-->POY11_I.

So I think I'll just have to fiddle around with the transition settings a little more tonight. 

One possible concern is that the POX and POY signals are digitized without preamplificatio, maybe this explains the larger uncertainty ellipse for the POX and POY photodiodes relative to the REFL11 photodiode? Maybe the high frequency noise is worse and is injecting junk in the AO path? I think it's valid to directly compare the POX and REFL spectra in Attachment #2, without correcting for any loops, because this signal is digitized from the LSC demodulator board output (not the preamplified one, which is what goes to the CM board, and hence, is suppressed by the CARM loop). Hard to be sure though, because while the heads are supposed to have similar transimpedance, and the POX photodiode has +12dB more whitening gain than REFL11, and I don't know what the relative light levels on these photodiodes are in lock.

Quote:

I have some data from a couple of days ago when the PRFPMI was locked as usual (CARM_B on REFL for both DC and AO paths), and the sensing lines were on, so I can measure the relative strength of the sensing lines in POX/REFL and get an estimate of what the correct digital gain should be

Attachment 1: PRFPMI_2020712sensMat.pdf
PRFPMI_2020712sensMat.pdf
Attachment 2: LSCerrSigs.pdf
LSCerrSigs.pdf
  15483   Wed Jul 15 19:11:40 2020 gautamUpdateBHDIn-air BHD - alignment into OMC

I forgot about the pointing - probably we will need another actuator to control the pointing of the AS beam onto the DCPDs. I found a few old PI PZTs (model number is S-320, which is a retired part), one is labelled broken but the others don't indicate a-priori that they are broken. I'll post a more detailed hardware survey later.

  Draft   Wed Jul 15 19:17:09 2020 gautamUpdateBHDIn-air BHD - alignment into OMC

You can activate all 3axis

 

  15485   Wed Jul 15 19:23:44 2020 gautamUpdateGeneralEmergency light on in control room

The emergency lamps above the exit sign on the NW entrance to the control room are on. I tried opening and closing the door, but it remains on. Probably nothing to worry about, but noting here anyway.

  15487   Wed Jul 15 20:58:40 2020 gautamUpdateGeneralEmergency light on in control room

True - it is now not on anymore.

Quote:

It happened before too. Doesn't it say it has occasional self-testing or something?

  15488   Wed Jul 15 21:08:43 2020 gautamUpdateElectronicsETM coil outputs DQed

To facilitate this investigation, I've DQed the 4 face coil outputs for the two ETMs. EX is currently running with 5 times the series resistance of EY, so it'll be a nice consistency check. Compilation, installation etc went smooth. But when restarting the c1scx model, there was a weird issue - the foton file, C1SCX.txt, got completely wiped (all filter coefficients were empty, even though the filter module names themselves existed). I just copied the chiara backup version, restarted the model, and all was well again.

This corresponds to 8 additional channels, recorded at 16k as float 32 numbers, so in the worst case (neglecting any clever compression algorithms), we are using disk space at a rate of ~4 MB/s more. Seems okay, but anyway, I will remove these DQ channels in a few days, once we're happy we have enough info to inform the coil driver design.

spoke too soon - there was an RFM error for the TRX channel, and restarting that model on c1sus took down all the vertex FEs. Anyways, now, things are back to normal I think. The remaining red light in c1lsc is from the DNN model not running - I forgot to remove those channels, this would've been a good chance! Anyways, given that there is an MLTI in construction, I'm removing these channels from the c1lsc model, so the next time we restart, the changes will be propagated.

For whatever reason, my usual locking scripts aren't able to get me to the PRFPMI locked state - some EPICS channel value must not have been set correctly after the model reboot 😞. I'll debug in the coming days.

Fun times lie ahead for getting the new BHD FEs installed I guess 🤡 ....

Quote:
 

Looking at signals to the ETMs from the current lock acquisition sequence, the RMS current to a single coil is approximately _____ (to be filled in later).

So we may need a version of the fast coil driver that supports a low noise mode (with large series resistance) and a high-range mode (with lower series resistance for lock acquisition).

Attachment 1: CDS.png
CDS.png
Attachment 2: coilOutDQed.png
coilOutDQed.png
  15489   Thu Jul 16 01:12:22 2020 gautamUpdateBHDIn-air BHD - preparing the LO path

Attachment #1 - The 80mW pickoff was getting clipped on a BNC cable, and not making it to the doubling oven. 😢 .

  • Since the PSL doubled beam isn't used for locking these days, I just didn't notice.
  • I blame the ringdown team, this crazy tee arrangement wasn't the case before.
  • I fixed the situation by changing the cabling such that the beam clears the cables comfortably.

Attachment #2 - PSL green shutter removed. Alignment into the doubling oven is extremely tedious, and so I opted to preserve the capability of recovering the green beam by simply removing a single mirror.

Attachment #3 - The beam path for coupling the LO beam into a fiber.

  • Primary goal was to have easy access to some steering mirrors so that I can optimize alignment into the fiber collimator.
  • I opted to use the NW corner of the PSL table - that's where most of our existing fiber hardware is anyways, and there was sufficient space and easy access over there.
  • 3 Y1 mirrors were installed, using the preferred Polaris mounts and 3/4" post + baseplate hardware. They were labelled Y1-1037-45P so that future workers need not be un-necessarily tortured. The third mirror is not visible in this photograph.
  • Once the collimator arrives, I will mode match this beam into the fiber. Plan is to use the fiber originally used for the mode spectroscopy project. It needs to be moved to the NW corner of the PSL table, and the other end needs to be routed to the AP table (it was brought back to the PSL table to facilitate Anjali's fiber MZ experiment). 
  • There is plenty of space in the beam path for mode-matching lens(es) and polarization control optics.

Attachment #4 shows the BHD photodiodes taken from QIL. 

  • Unfortunately, we could not find the readout electronics. 
  • In the worst case, we can just interface these PDs with the existing Satellite box (associated with the copper OMC).
  • It might be that the OMC cavity can simply be placed on this breadboard, making the whole setup nice and portable.
  • We may want to consider having an OFI between the OMC and the IFO AS beam at some point...
Attachment 1: IMG_8626.JPG
IMG_8626.JPG
Attachment 2: IMG_8627.JPG
IMG_8627.JPG
Attachment 3: IMG_8628.JPG
IMG_8628.JPG
Attachment 4: IMG_8629.JPG
IMG_8629.JPG
  15490   Thu Jul 16 14:41:22 2020 gautamUpdateGeneralFire extinguisher inspection

The (masked) tech accessed all areas in the lab (office area, control room, VEA) between ~230pm-3pm. The laser safety goggles he used have been kept aside for appropriate sanitaiton.

  15491   Fri Jul 17 00:18:13 2020 gautamUpdateGeneralLocking updat
  1. I found that an EPICS channel wasn't reset to the correct value by burtrestore after the FE bootfest yesterday.
    • This cost me the whole of last night, found it finally tonight. 
    • I'll try and modify the locking scripts to better capture such errors, but ideally, we should just use Guardian or something since it's made for this purpose already.
    • Anyways, tonight I was able to re-acquire the PRFPMI lock in a completely scripted way.
  2. Locking CARM on POX remains out of reach.
    • I think this has to do with the fact that the zero-crossing of the CARM and REFL error signals are dependent on the 3f PRCL/MICH error point offsets.
    • So even if the DC gain is right, the fact that we use POX for the digital AO path and REFL for the analog AO path is leading to some conflict I think.
    • Ran out of energy tonight, I'll try again tomorrow.

The DQ channels of the ETM coils were active tonight, so I'll make the coil driver actuation budget over the next couple of days.

  15493   Sun Jul 19 15:40:15 2020 gautamUpdateBHDIn-air BHD - CDS and wiring summary

Attachment #1 shows the proposed wiring and CDS topology for the in air BHD setup. The PDF document has hyperlinks you can follow to the DCC entries. Main points:

  1. I think we should run the realtime model on c1lsc. This will negate the need for any IPC between c1ioo and c1lsc machines.
  2. I think we have most of the electronics we need already, though I am still in the process of testing the various boards, especially the HV ones.
  3. We may choose to use the switchable whitening feature for the M2 ISS board
    • This would require some BIO channels
    • There are plenty spare in c1lsc, so it's not going to be a show stopper
    • This is why I've not explicitly included a whitening board for now...
  4. The main job seems to be to make a whole bunch of custom cables. For the most part, I think we have the long (~20m) long D9 cables, so I propose just snipping off the connector at one end, and soldering on the appropriate connectors to the correct conductors.
  5. For the homodyne phase control - the proposal is to use a PI PZT with 3 piezoelectric elements. We would drive the 3 elements with the same voltage, by shorting the conductors together (at least that's how I understood Koji's comment), so we'd only need a single DAC channel for this purpose.
    • Need to confirm that the parallel PZT capacitances (each element is ~300 nF so 3 in parallel would be ~900 nF) still allows sufficient actuation bandwidth.
    • If the relative actuation strength of the 3 elements needs to be individually tuned, we may have to use three DAC channels. The D980323 board will allow the driving of 3 independent channels. I have one of these boards in hand, but need to check if it works, and also implement the changes outlined here.
  6. The alignment control has not yet been accounted for
    • We could consider using the in-vacuum PZTs, these were verified to be working ~2018.
    • If we use only 1 steering PZT mirror, we have sufficient free DAC channels available in c1lsc. But if we need both (to avoid clipping for example), then we need more DAC channels - we can either free up one DAFI channel, or install a DAC in the c1lsc expansion chassis
  7. We may want to expand to have a second OMC at some point. In which case we'd need, at the very least
    • 1 more DAC card
    • A HV driver for the second OMC length (could use the Trek driver if we use D980323 for the homodyne phase control).

Please comment if I've overlooked something.

Attachment 1: wiringDiagram.pdf
wiringDiagram.pdf
  15494   Mon Jul 20 17:23:46 2020 gautamUpdateElectronicsCoil drivers for the test masses

Summary:

Looking at the signals to the test mass coils, it seems borderline to me that we will be able to acquire lock and run in a low noise configuration with the same series resistor in the coil driver circuit. The way I see it, options are:

  1. Use a moderately high series resistance (e.g. 5 kohms) for the time being, and go ahead with the HAM-A coil driver.
    • This will mean a current noise of ~3pA/rtHz, which translates to ~3e-18 m/rtHz @ 100 Hz in DARM displacement noise (assuming the ITMs have much higher series resistance than the ETMs).
    • If the lock acquisiton looks smooth, double the resistance to 10 kohms.
    • With 5 kohm series resistance, there is negligible possibility of measuring ponderomotive squeezing for any of the input powers we consider feasible, but this is under the assumption that we will expose coil driver noise, which is very optimistic imho.
  2. Re-design a new coil driver that allows switchable impedance, so we can have a higher noise acquisition mode for acquiring and holding the ALS lock, then transition to a lower noise, lower range config once the RF / BHD lock has been acquired.
    • On paper, this solves all the problems, but the design of such a circuit is probably pretty non-trivial and time consuming.

Details:

I only looked at the ETMs for this study. The assumption is that we will have no length actuation on the ITMs, only local damping and Oplev loops (and maybe some ASC actuation?), which can be sufficiently low-pass filtered such that even with coil de-whitening, we won't have any range issues.

Attachment #1 shows the time-domain traces of the coil driver signals as we transition from POX/POY lock to the ALS lock. There are some transients, but I think we will be able to hold the lock even with a 5 kohm resistor (~twice what is on ETMX right now). From just these numbers, it would seem we can even go up to 10 kohms right away and still be able to acquire lock, especially if we re-design the digital feedback loop to have better low-pass filtering of the high-frequency ALS noise, see the next attachment.

Attachment #2 shows the f-domain picture, once the arm lengths are fully under ALS control (~25 seconds onwards in Attachment #1). The RMS is dominated by high frequency ALS length loop noise, which we can possibly improve with better design of the digital control loop.

Finally, Attachment #3 shows the situation once DARM control has been transitioned over to AS55_Q. Note that the vertex DoFs are still under 3f control, so there is the possibility that we can make this even lower noise. However, one thing that is not factored in here is that we will have to de-whiten these signals to low-pass filter the DAC noise (unless there is some demonstrated clever technique with noise-mons or something to subtract the DAC noise digitally). Nevertheless, it seems like we can run safely with 5 kohms on each ETM coil and still only use ~2000 cts RMS, which is ~1/10th the DAC range (to allow for dealing with spurious transients etc). 

Quote:

Looking at signals to the ETMs from the current lock acquisition sequence, the RMS current to a single coil is approximately _____ (to be filled in later).

Attachment 1: ALSlock_timeDomain.pdf
ALSlock_timeDomain.pdf
Attachment 2: ALSlock.pdf
ALSlock.pdf
Attachment 3: RFlock.pdf
RFlock.pdf
  15495   Mon Jul 20 17:55:15 2020 gautamUpdateBHDIn-air BHD - preparing the LO path

The LO pickoff has been coupled into a fiber with ~90% MM (8 mW / 9 mW input). While I wait for the DCPD electronics to be found in the Cryo lab, I want to monitor the stability of the pointing, polarization etc, so I'd like to clear some space on the AP table that was occupied for the mode spectroscopy project. If there are no objections before 2pm tomorrow July 21 2020, I will commence this work.

  15497   Tue Jul 21 00:30:24 2020 gautamUpdateBHDIn-air BHD - LO RIN

Attachment #1 shows the RIN of the local oscillator beam delivered to the AP table via fiber. I used a PDA520 to make this measurement, while the electronics for the DCPDs are pending. I don't really have an explanation for the difference between the locked IFO trace vs the not locked trace - we don't have an ISS running (but this first test suggests we should) and the beam is picked off before any cavities etc, so this is a reflection of the state of the FSS servo at the times of measurement?


Tried locking CARM using the hybrid REFL (for AO path) and POX 11 (for MCL path) scheme a bunch of times today, but I had no luck. When the CARM offset is zeroed, the PRMI lock is lost almost immediately. Maybe this is indicative of some excess noise in the POX data stream relative to the REFL signal? The one thing I haven't tried is to take the IFO all the way to the locked state, and then transition the MCL actuation from CM_SLOW to POX11_I.


An SR785 is sitting on the North side of the AP table in the walkway - I will clear it tomorrow.

Attachment 1: LO_RIN.pdf
LO_RIN.pdf
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