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  17128   Fri Sep 2 15:26:42 2022 YehonathanUpdateGeneralSOS and other stuff in the clean room

{Paco, Yehonathan}

BHD Optics box was put into the x-arm last clean cabinet. (attachment 5)

OSEMs were double bagged in a labeled box on the x-arm wire racks. (attachment 1)

SOS Parts (wire clamps, winches, suspension blocks, etc.) were put in a box on the x-arm wire rack. (attachment 3)

2"->3" optic adapter parts were put in a box and stored on the xarm wire rack. (attachment 3)

Magnet gluing parts box was labeled and stored on the xarm rack. (attachment 2)

TT SUS with the optics were stored on the flow bench at the x end. Note: one of the TT SUS was found unsuspended. (attachment 4)

InVac parts were double bagged and stored in a labeled box on the x arm wire rack. (attachment 2)

Attachment 1: osem_sus.jpeg
osem_sus.jpeg
Attachment 2: magnet_gluing.jpeg
magnet_gluing.jpeg
Attachment 3: 2-3inch_adapter_parts.jpeg
2-3inch_adapter_parts.jpeg
Attachment 4: TTs.jpeg
TTs.jpeg
Attachment 5: BHD_optics.jpeg
BHD_optics.jpeg
  17129   Fri Sep 2 15:30:10 2022 AnchalUpdateGeneralAlong the X arm part 1

[Anchal, Radhika]

Attachment 2: The custom cables which were part of the intermediate setup between old electronics architecture and new electronics architecture were found.
These include:

  • 2 DB37 cables with custom wiring at their connectors to connect between vacuum flange and new Sat amp box, marked J4-J5 and J6-J7.
  • 2 DB15 to dual head DB9 (like a Hydra) cables used to interface between old coil drivers and new sat amp box.

A copy of these cables are in use for MC1 right now. These are spare cables. We put them in a cardboard box and marked the box appropriately.
The box is under the vacuum tube along Yarm near the center.

 

  17130   Fri Sep 2 15:35:19 2022 AnchalUpdateGeneralAlong the Y arm part 2

[Anchal, Radhika]

The cables in USPS open box were important cables that are part of the new electronics architecture. These are 3 ft D2100103 DB15F to DB9M Reducer Cable that go between coil driver output (DB15M on back) to satellite amplifier coil driver in (DB9F on the front). These have been placed in a separate plastic box, labeled, and kept with the rest of the D-sub cable plastic boxes that are part of the upgrade wiring behind the tube on YARM across 1Y2. I believe JC would eventually store these dsub cable boxes together somewhere later.

  17132   Tue Sep 6 09:57:26 2022 JCSummaryGeneralLab cleaning

DB9 Cables have been assorted and placed behind the Y-Arm. Long BNC Cables and Ethernet Cables have been stored under the Y-Arm. 

Quote:

We held the lab cleaning for the first time since the campus reopening (Attachment 1).
Now we can use some of the desks for the people to live! Thanks for the cooperation.

We relocated a lot of items into the lab.

  • The entrance area was cleaned up. We believe that there is no 40m lab stuff left.
    • BHD BS optics was moved to the south optics cabinet. (Attachment 2)
    • DSUB feedthrough flanges were moved to the vacuum area (Attachment 3)
  • Some instruments were moved into the lab.
    • The Zurich instrument box
    • KEPCO HV supplies
    • Matsusada HV supplies
  • We moved the large pile of SUPERMICROs in the lab. They are around MC2 while the PPE boxes there were moved behind the tube around MC2 area. (Attachment 4)
  • We have moved PPE boxes behind the beam tube on XARM behind the SUPERMICRO computer boxes. (Attachment 7)
  • ISC/WFS left over components were moved to the pile of the BHD electronics.
    • Front panels (Attachment 5)
    • Components in the boxes (Attachment 6)

We still want to make some more cleaning:

- Electronics workbenches
- Stray setup (cart/wagon in the lab)
- Some leftover on the desks
- Instruments scattered all over the lab
- Ewaste removal

 

Attachment 1: 982146B2-02E5-4C19-B137-E7CC598C262F.jpeg
982146B2-02E5-4C19-B137-E7CC598C262F.jpeg
Attachment 2: 0FBB61AC-E882-458D-A891-7B11F35588FF.jpeg
0FBB61AC-E882-458D-A891-7B11F35588FF.jpeg
  17143   Mon Sep 19 17:02:57 2022 PacoSummaryGeneralPower Outage 220916 -- restored all

Restore lab

[Paco, Tega, JC, Yehonathan]

We followed the instructions here. There were no major issues, apart from the fb1 ntp server sync taking long time after rebooting once.


ETMY damping

[Yehonathan, Paco]

We noticed that ETMY had to much RMS motion when the OpLevs were off. We played with it a bit and noticed two things: Cheby4 filter was on for SUS_POS and the limiter on ULCOIL was on at 0 limit. We turned both off.

We did some damping test and observed that the PIT and YAW motion were overdamped. We tune the gain of the filters in the following way:

SUSSIDE_GAIN 1250->50

SUSPOS_GAIN 200->150

SUSYAW_GAIN 60->30

These action seem to make things better.

  17145   Tue Sep 20 07:03:04 2022 PacoSummaryGeneralPower Outage 220916 -- restored all

[JC, Tega, Paco ]

I would like to mention that during the Vacuum startup, after the AUX pump was turned on, Tega and I were walking away while the pressure decreases. While we were, valves opened on their own. Nobody was near the VAC Desktop during this. I asked Koji if this may be an automatic startup, but he said the valves shouldn't open unless they are explicitely told to do so. Has anyone encountered this before?

Quote:

Restore lab

[Paco, Tega, JC, Yehonathan]

We followed the instructions here. There were no major issues, apart from the fb1 ntp server sync taking long time after rebooting once.


ETMY damping

[Yehonathan, Paco]

We noticed that ETMY had to much RMS motion when the OpLevs were off. We played with it a bit and noticed two things: Cheby4 filter was on for SUS_POS and the limiter on ULCOIL was on at 0 limit. We turned both off.

We did some damping test and observed that the PIT and YAW motion were overdamped. We tune the gain of the filters in the following way:

SUSSIDE_GAIN 1250->50

SUSPOS_GAIN 200->150

SUSYAW_GAIN 60->30

These action seem to make things better.

 

  17162   Wed Sep 28 19:15:56 2022 KojiUpdateGeneralTesting 950nm laser found in trash pile

I don't know what was wrong with the past setup but the 950nm laser (QPHOTONICS QFLD-950-3S) just worked fine up to ~300MHz with basically the same setup.

A 20dB coupler picks up a small amount of the driving signal from the source signal of the network analyzer. This was fed to CHR. The fiber-coupled NewFocus PD RF output was connected to CHA.
The calibration of the response was done with the thru response (connect the source signal to the CHA via all the long cables).

Attachment 1 shows the response CHA/CHR. The output is somewhat flat up to 20MHz and goes down towards 100MHz, but still active up to 500MHz as long as the normalization with the New Focus PD works.
The structure around 200MHz~300MHz changes with how the wires of the clips are arranged. I have twisted and coiled them as shown and the notch disappeared. For the permanent setup we should keep the lines as short as possible and take care of the stray capacitance and the inductance.

Attachment 2 shows the setup at the network analyzer side. Nothing special.

Attachment 3 shows the setup at the laser side. The DB9 connector on the Jenne's laser has the negative output of the LD driver connected to the coax core and the positive output connected to the shield of the coax. Therefore the coax core (red clip) has to be connected to Pin 9 and the coax shield (black clip) to PIn 5.

Attachment 1: PXL_20220929_013850989.MP.jpg
PXL_20220929_013850989.MP.jpg
Attachment 2: PXL_20220929_013859439.jpg
PXL_20220929_013859439.jpg
Attachment 3: PXL_20220929_013911125.jpg
PXL_20220929_013911125.jpg
  14518   Fri Apr 5 11:40:57 2019 AnjaliUpdateFrequency noise measurementFrequency noise measurement of 1 micron source
  • Attachment #1 shows the present experimental setup. The photodiode is now replaced with PDA255. The farther end of the fiber (output of the delayed arm) is coupled through a collimator and aligned such that the beam from the delayed path fall on the detector along with the undelayed path of MZI. We tried to measure the frequency noise of the laser with this setup, but we didn’t get anything sensible.
  • One of the main draw backs of the measurement was the polarisation was not aligned properly in the setup. So, then the next step was to identify the polarisation at different locations in the beam path and to maximise the polarisation to either S or P component.

  • So, we introduced HWP at the input beam path after isolator as shown in attachment #1. Also, the polarisation was tested at positions P1, P2, P3, and P4 shown in attachment #1 by placing a polarisation beam splitter at these locations and then by observing the transmitted (P component) and reflected light (S component) using power meter.

  • The observations at different locations are as the follows

Position Input power (mW) P component (mW) S component (mW)
P1 279 145 123
P2 255 113 137
P3 129 67 58
P4 124 66 53

 

  • These observations show that the P and S components are almost equal, and this is not a good polarisation arrangement. At this point, we also had to check whether the incoming beam is linearly polarised or not.

  • To test the same, the PBS was placed at position P1 and the P and S components were observed with power meter as the HWP is rotated.Attachment # 2 shows the results of the same, that is the variation in P and S component as the HWP is rotated.

  • This result clearly shows that the input beam is linearly polarised. The HWP was then adjusted such that the P component is maximum and coupled to the MZI. With this orientation of HWP, the polarisation observed at different positions P1, P2, P3, and P4 are as follows.

Position Input (mW) P component (mW) S component (mW)
P1 283 276 5
P2 248 228 7
P3 126 121 2
P4 128 117 1
  • This shows that the polarisation is linearly polarised as well as it is oriented along the P direction (parallel to the optical table).

  • We have the polarisation maintaining fiber (PM 980) as the delay fiber. The polarisation of the light as it propagates through a PM fiber depends on how well the input beam is coupled to the axis (slow or fast) of the fiber. So, the next task was to couple the light to one of the axes of the fiber.

  • The alignment key on the fiber is a good indication of the axis of the fiber. In our case, the alignment key lines up with the slow axis of the fiber. We decided to couple the light to the fast axis of the fiber. Since the incoming beam is P polarised, the output fiber coupler was  aligned such that the fast axis is parallel to optical table as possible.

  • A PBS was then introduced after the fiber output collimator . There is a HWP (marked as HWP2 in attachment 1) in front of the input coupler of the fiber as well. This HWP was then rotated and observed the P and S component from the PBS that is now placed after the output coupler with a power meter.The idea was , when the light is coupled to the fast axis of the fiber, we will see the maximum at the P componet at the output

  • Attachment # 3 shows the observation. 

  • In this way I tried to find the orientation of the HWP2 such that the P component is maximum at the output. But I was not succeeded in this method and observed that the output was fluctuating when the fiber was disturbed. One  doubt we had was whether the fiber is PM or not . Thus we checked the fiber end with fiber microscope and confirmed that it is PM fiber. 

  • Thus, we modifed the setup as shown in attachement # 4.The photodetector (PDA55) was monitoring the S component and the output of the detector was observed on an oscilloscope. We rotated the HWP2 such that the S component is almost minimum. At the same time, we were disturbing the fiber and was observing whether the output is fluctuating. The HWP2 angle was tweaked around the minimum of S component and observed the output with disturbing the fiber. This way we found the orientation of HWP2  such that the light is coupled to the fast axis of the fiber and the output was not fluctuating while we disturb the fiber. We tested it  by heating the fiber with a heat gun as well and confirmed that the output is not fluctuating and thus the light is coupled to the fast axis of the fiber.

Attachment 1: Modified_experimental_setup.JPG
Modified_experimental_setup.JPG
Attachment 2: Checking_polarisation.pdf
Checking_polarisation.pdf
Attachment 3: Checking_the_polarisation_alignment_of_the_delay_fiber.pdf
Checking_the_polarisation_alignment_of_the_delay_fiber.pdf
Attachment 4: Setup_to_test_the_polarisation_alignment_of_delay_fiber.JPG
Setup_to_test_the_polarisation_alignment_of_delay_fiber.JPG
  14520   Sat Apr 6 02:07:40 2019 AnjaliUpdateFrequency noise measurementFrequency noise measurement of 1 micron source
  • The alignment of the output beam from the delayed path of MZI to the photodetector was disturbed when we did the polarisation characterisation yesterday. So, today we tried to align the output beam from the delayed path of MZI to the detector .
  • We then observed the beat output from the detector on oscilloscope.We initialy observed a dc shift . We then applied a frequency modulation on the input laser and observed the output on oscilloscope. We expected to see variation in output frequency in accordance with variation of input frequency modulation. But we didnt observe this and we were not really getting the interference pattern. 
  • We tried to make the alignment better. With a better alignment, we could see the interference pattern. We also observed that the output frequency was varying in accordance with variation in the input frequency modulation. We would expect a better result with proper mode matching of the two beams on the photodetector.
  14529   Wed Apr 10 00:33:09 2019 AnjaliUpdateFrequency noise measurementFrequency noise measurement of 1 micron source
  • Attachement #1 shows the input (ch4-green) modulation frequency and the photodiode output (ch1-yellow) when the modulation frequency is about 100 Hz
  • Attachement #2 shows the input (ch4-green) modulation frequency and the photodiode output (ch1-yellow) when the modulation frequency is about 30 Hz
  • The output frequency is varying in accordance with variation in modulation frequency. It is observed that, for a given modulation frequency also, the output frequency is fluctuating. There could be multiple reasons for this behaviour. One of the main reasons is the frequency noise of the laser itself. Also, there could be acoustic noise coupled to the system (eg, by change in length of the fiber).
  • The experimental setup is then modified as shown in attachment #3. The thick beam spliiter is replaced with a thinner one. The mount is also changed such that the transmitted beam can be now coupled to an other photodiode (earlier  the transmitted light was blocked by the mount). One more photodiode (PDA55) is introduced .So now the two photodiodes in the setup are PDA520 and PDA 55. 
  • We then applied frequency modulation on the input laser and observed the output of the two photodiodes. But we didn't get the results as we expected and observed earlier (shown in attachment #1 &2). Looks like, the problem is poor mode matching between the two beams. 
Quote:
  • The alignment of the output beam from the delayed path of MZI to the photodetector was disturbed when we did the polarisation characterisation yesterday. So, today we tried to align the output beam from the delayed path of MZI to the detector .
  • We then observed the beat output from the detector on oscilloscope.We initialy observed a dc shift . We then applied a frequency modulation on the input laser and observed the output on oscilloscope. We expected to see variation in output frequency in accordance with variation of input frequency modulation. But we didnt observe this and we were not really getting the interference pattern. 
  • We tried to make the alignment better. With a better alignment, we could see the interference pattern. We also observed that the output frequency was varying in accordance with variation in the input frequency modulation. We would expect a better result with proper mode matching of the two beams on the photodetector.
Attachment 1: Modulation_frequency_100Hz.jpg
Modulation_frequency_100Hz.jpg
Attachment 2: Modulation_frequency_30Hz.jpg
Modulation_frequency_30Hz.jpg
Attachment 3: Modified_setup.JPG
Modified_setup.JPG
  14540   Fri Apr 12 01:22:27 2019 AnjaliUpdateFrequency noise measurementFrequency noise measurement of 1 micron source

The alignement was disturbed after the replcement of the beam splitter. We tried to get the alignment back . But we are not succeeded yet in getting good interfernce pattern. This is mainly because of poor mode matching of two beams. We will also try with the spooled fiber.

Quote:

 

  • The experimental setup is then modified as shown in attachment #3. The thick beam spliiter is replaced with a thinner one. The mount is also changed such that the transmitted beam can be now coupled to an other photodiode (earlier  the transmitted light was blocked by the mount). One more photodiode (PDA55) is introduced .So now the two photodiodes in the setup are PDA520 and PDA 55. 
 
 
  14544   Mon Apr 15 22:39:10 2019 gautamUpdateFrequency noise measurementAlternate setup with PSL pickoff

[anjali, gautam]

just main points, anajli is going to fill out the details.

To rule out mode-matching as the reason for non-ideal output from the MZ, I suggested using the setup I have on the NW side of the PSL enclosure for the measurement. This uses two identical fiber collimators, and the distance between collimator and recombination BS is approximately the same, so the spatial modes should be pretty well matched. 

The spooled fiber we found was not suitable for use as it had a wide key connector and I couldn't find any wide-key FC/PC to narrow-key FC/APC adaptors. So we decided to give the fiber going to the Y end and back (~90m estimated length) a shot. We connected the two fibers at the EY table using a fiber mating sleeve (so the fiber usually bringing the IR pickoff from EY to the PSL table was disconnected from its collimator). 

In summary, we cannot explain why the contrast of the MZ is <5%. Spatial mode-overlap is definitely not to blame. Power asymmetry in the two arms of the MZ is one possible explanation, could also be unstable polarization, even though we think the entire fiber chain is PM. Anjali is investigating.

 


We saw today that the Thorlabs PM beam splitters (borrowed from Andrew until our AFW components arrive) do not treat the two special axes (fast and slow) of the fiber on equal footing. When we coupled light into the fast axis, we saw huge asymmetry between the two split arms of the beamsplitter (3:1 ratio in power instead of the expected 1:1 for a 50/50 BS). Looking at the patch cord with an IR viewer, we also saw light leaking through the core along it. Turns out this part is meant to be used with light coupled to the slow axis only.

  14547   Wed Apr 17 00:43:38 2019 gautamUpdateFrequency noise measurementMZ interferometer ---> DAQ
  1. Delay fiber was replaced with 5m (~30 nsec delay)
    • The fringing of the MZ was way too large even with the free running NPRO (~3 fringes / sec)
    • Since the V/Hz is proportional to the delay, I borrowed a 5m patch cable from Andrew/ATF lab, wrapped it around a spool, and hooked it up to the setup
    • Much more satisfactory fringing rate (~1 wrap every 20 sec) was observed with no control to the NPRO
  2. MZ readout PDs hooked up to ALS channels
    • To facilitate further quantitative study, I hooked up the two PDs monitoring the two ports of the MZ to the channels normally used for ALS X.
    • ZHL3-A amps inputs were disconnected and were turned off. Then cables to their outputs were highjacked to pipe the DC PD signals to the 1Y3 rack
    • Unfortunately there isn't a DQ-ed fast version of this data (would require a model restart of c1lsc which can be tricky), but we can already infer the low freq fringing rate from overnight EPICS data and also use short segments of 16k data downloaded "live" for the frequency noise measurement.
    • Channels are C1:ALS-BEATX_FINE_I_IN1 and C1:ALS-BEATX_FINE_Q_IN1 for 16k data, and C1:ALS-BEATX_FINE_I_INMON and C1:ALS-BEATX_FINE_I_INMON for 16 Hz.

At some point I'd like to reclaim this setup for ALS, but meantime, Anjali can work on characterization/noise budgeting. Since we have some CDS signals, we can even think of temperature control of the NPRO using pythonPID to keep the fringe in the linear regime for an extended period of time.

  14571   Thu Apr 25 03:32:25 2019 AnjaliUpdateFrequency noise measurementMZ interferometer ---> DAQ
  • Attachment #1 shows the time domain output from this measurement. The contrast between the maximum and minimum is better in this case compared to the previous trials.
  • We also tried to extract the frequency noise of the laser from this measurement. Attachment #2 shows the frequency noise spectrum. The experimental result is compared with the theoretical value of frequency noise. Above 10 Hz, the trend is comparable to the expected 1/f characteristics, but there are other peak also appearing. Similarly, below 10 Hz, the experimentally observed value is higher compared to the theory.
  • One of the uncertainties in this result is because of the length fluctuation of the fiber. The phase fluctuation in the system could be either because of the frequency noise of the laser or because of the length fluctuation of the fiber.  So,one of the reasons for the discrepancy between the experimental result and theory could be because of  fiber length fluctuation. Also, there were no locking method been applied to operate the MZI in the linear range.
  • The next step would be to do a heterodyne measurement. Attachment #3 shows the schematic for the heterodyne measurement. A free space AOM can be inserted in one of the arms to do the frequency shift. At the output of photodiode, a RF heterodyne method as shown in attachment #3 can be applied to separate the inphase and quadrature component. These components need to be saved with a deep memory system. Then the phase and thus the frequency noise can be extracted.
  • Attachment #4 shows the noise budget prepared for the heterodyne setup. The length of the fiber considered is 60 m and the photodiode is PDA255. I also have to add the frequency noise of the RF driver and the intensity noise of the laser in the noise budget.
Quote:
  1. Delay fiber was replaced with 5m (~30 nsec delay)
    • The fringing of the MZ was way too large even with the free running NPRO (~3 fringes / sec)
    • Since the V/Hz is proportional to the delay, I borrowed a 5m patch cable from Andrew/ATF lab, wrapped it around a spool, and hooked it up to the setup
    • Much more satisfactory fringing rate (~1 wrap every 20 sec) was observed with no control to the NPRO
  2. MZ readout PDs hooked up to ALS channels
    • To facilitate further quantitative study, I hooked up the two PDs monitoring the two ports of the MZ to the channels normally used for ALS X.
    • ZHL3-A amps inputs were disconnected and were turned off. Then cables to their outputs were highjacked to pipe the DC PD signals to the 1Y3 rack
    • Unfortunately there isn't a DQ-ed fast version of this data (would require a model restart of c1lsc which can be tricky), but we can already infer the low freq fringing rate from overnight EPICS data and also use short segments of 16k data downloaded "live" for the frequency noise measurement.
    • Channels are C1:ALS-BEATX_FINE_I_IN1 and C1:ALS-BEATX_FINE_Q_IN1 for 16k data, and C1:ALS-BEATX_FINE_I_INMON and C1:ALS-BEATX_FINE_I_INMON for 16 Hz.

At some point I'd like to reclaim this setup for ALS, but meantime, Anjali can work on characterization/noise budgeting. Since we have some CDS signals, we can even think of temperature control of the NPRO using pythonPID to keep the fringe in the linear regime for an extended period of time.

Attachment 1: Time_domain_output.pdf
Time_domain_output.pdf
Attachment 2: Frequency_noise.pdf
Frequency_noise.pdf
Attachment 3: schematic_heterodyne_setup.png
schematic_heterodyne_setup.png
Attachment 4: Noise_budget_1_micron_in_Hz_per_rtHz.pdf
Noise_budget_1_micron_in_Hz_per_rtHz.pdf
  14573   Thu Apr 25 10:25:19 2019 gautamUpdateFrequency noise measurementHomodyne v Heterodyne

If I understand correctly, the Mach-Zehnder readout port power is only a function of the differential phase accumulated between the two interfering light beams. In the homodyne setup, this phase difference can come about because of either fiber length change OR laser frequency change. We cannot directly separate the two effects. Can you help me understand what advantage, if any, the heterodyne setup offers in this regard? Or is the point of going to heterodyne mainly for the feedback control, as there is presumably some easy way to combine the I and Q outputs of the heterodyne measurement to always produce an error signal that is a linear function of the differential phase, as opposed to the sin^2 in the free-running homodyne setup? What is the scheme for doing this operation in a high bandwidth way (i.e. what is supposed to happen to the demodulated outputs in Attachment #3 of your elog)? What is the advantage of the heterodyne scheme over applying temperature feedback to the NPRO with 0.5 Hz tracking bandwidth so that we always stay in the linear regime of the homodyne readout?

Also, what is the functional form of the curve labelled "Theory" in Attachment #2? How did you convert from voltage units in Attachment #1 to frequency units in Attachment #2? Does it make sense that you're apparently measuring laser frequency noise above 10 Hz? i.e. where do the "Dark Current Noise" and "Shot Noise" traces for the experiment lie relative to the blue curve in Attachment #2? Can you point to where the data is stored, and also add a photo of the setup?

  14576   Thu Apr 25 15:47:54 2019 AnjaliUpdateFrequency noise measurementHomodyne v Heterodyne

My understanding is that the main advantage in going to the heterodyne scheme is that we can extract the frequecy noise information without worrying about locking to the linear region of MZI. Arctan of the ratio of the inphase and quadrature component will give us phase as a function of time, with a frequency offset. We need to to correct for this frequency offset. Then the frequency noise can be deduced. But still the frequency noise value extracted would have the contribution from both the frequency noise of the laser as well as from fiber length fluctuation. I have not understood the method of giving temperature feedback to the NPRO.I would like to discuss the same.

The functional form used for the curve labeled as theory is 5x104/f. The power spectral density (V2/Hz) of the the data in attachment #1 is found using the pwelch function in Matlab and square root of the same gives y axis in V/rtHz. From the experimental data, we get the value of Vmax and Vmin. To ride from Vmax to Vmin , the corrsponding phase change is pi. From this information, V/rad can be calculated. This value is then multiplied with 2*pi*time dealy to get the quantity in V/Hz. Dividing V/rtHz value with V/Hz value gives  y axis in Hz/rtHz. The calculated value of shot noise and dark current noise are way below (of the order of 10-4 Hz/rtHz) in this frequency range. 

I forgor to take the picture of the setup at that time. Now Andrew has taken the fiber beam splitter back for his experiment. Attachment #1 shows the current view of the setup. The data from the previous trial is saved in /users/anjali/MZ/MZdata_20190417.hdf5

 

Quote:

If I understand correctly, the Mach-Zehnder readout port power is only a function of the differential phase accumulated between the two interfering light beams. In the homodyne setup, this phase difference can come about because of either fiber length change OR laser frequency change. We cannot directly separate the two effects. Can you help me understand what advantage, if any, the heterodyne setup offers in this regard? Or is the point of going to heterodyne mainly for the feedback control, as there is presumably some easy way to combine the I and Q outputs of the heterodyne measurement to always produce an error signal that is a linear function of the differential phase, as opposed to the sin^2 in the free-running homodyne setup? What is the scheme for doing this operation in a high bandwidth way (i.e. what is supposed to happen to the demodulated outputs in Attachment #3 of your elog)? What is the advantage of the heterodyne scheme over applying temperature feedback to the NPRO with 0.5 Hz tracking bandwidth so that we always stay in the linear regime of the homodyne readout?

Also, what is the functional form of the curve labelled "Theory" in Attachment #2? How did you convert from voltage units in Attachment #1 to frequency units in Attachment #2? Does it make sense that you're apparently measuring laser frequency noise above 10 Hz? i.e. where do the "Dark Current Noise" and "Shot Noise" traces for the experiment lie relative to the blue curve in Attachment #2? Can you point to where the data is stored, and also add a photo of the setup?

 

Attachment 1: Experimental_setup.JPG
Experimental_setup.JPG
  14579   Fri Apr 26 12:10:08 2019 AnjaliUpdateFrequency noise measurementFrequency noise measurement of 1 micron source

From the earlier results with homodyne measurement,the Vmax and Vmin values observed were comparable with the expected results . So in the time interval between these two points, the MZI is assumed to be in the linear region and I tried to find the frequency noise based  on data available in this region.This results is not significantly different from that we got before when we took the complete time series to calculate the frequency noise. Attachment #1 shows the time domain data considered and attachment #2 shows the frequecy noise extracted from that. 

As discussed, we will be trying the heterodyne method next. Initialy, we will be trying to save the data with two channel ADC with 16 kHz sampling rate. With this setup, we can get the information only upto 8 kHz. 

Attachment 1: Time_domain_data.pdf
Time_domain_data.pdf
Attachment 2: Frequency_noise_from_data_in_linear_region.pdf
Frequency_noise_from_data_in_linear_region.pdf
  14586   Tue Apr 30 17:27:35 2019 AnjaliUpdateFrequency noise measurementFrequency noise measurement of 1 micron source

We repeated the homodyne measurement to check whether we are measuring the actual frequency noise of the laser. The idea was to repeat the experiment when the laser is not locked and when the laser is locked to IMC.The frequency noise of the laser is expected to be reduced at higher frequency  (the expected value is about 0.1 Hz/rtHz at 100 Hz ) when it is locked to IMC . In this measurement, the fiber beam splitter used is Non PM. Following are the observations

1. Time domain output_laser unlocked.pdf : Time domain output when the laser is not locked. The frequency noise is estimated from data corresponds to the linear regime. Following time intervals are considered to calculate the frequency noise (a) 104-116 s (b) 164-167 s (c) 285-289 s

2. Frequency_noise_laser_unlocked.pdf: Frequency noise when the laser is not locked. The model used has the functional form of 5x104/f as we did before. Compared to our previous results, the closeness of the experimental results to the model is less from this measurement. In both the cases, we have the uncertainty because of the fiber length fluctuation. Moreover, this measurement could have effect of polarisation fluctuation as well.

3.Time domain output_laser locked.pdf :Time domain output when the laser is locked. Following time intervals are considered to calculate the frequency noise (a) 70-73 s (b) 142-145 s (c) 266-269 s. 

4. Frequency_noise_laser_locked.pdf : Frequency noise when the laser is locked

5. Frequency noise_comparison.pdf : Comparison of frequency noise in two cases. The two values are not significantly different above 10 Hz. We would expect reduction in frequency noise at higher frequency once the laser is locked to IMC. But this result may indicate that we are not really measuring the actual frequency noise of the laser.

Attachment 1: Homodyne_repeated_measurement.zip
  12828   Tue Feb 14 10:43:06 2017 gautamBureaucracyEquipment loanEquipment to Cryo Lab

PZT Buzzer Box (Thorlabs HV Supply + Manual + 2*PZT Buzzers) ---> Cryo Lab (Brittany + Aaron)

  13324   Wed Sep 20 16:14:17 2017 gautamUpdateEquipment loanImpedance test kit borrowed from Downs

I borrowed the HP impedance test kit from Rich Abbott today. The purpose is to profile the impedance of the NPRO PZTs, as part of the AUX PDH servo investigations. It is presently at the X-end. I will do the test in the coming days.
 

  14170   Mon Aug 20 14:04:53 2018 johannesBureaucracyEquipment loanTwo C30642G PDs removed

EDIT: After discussing with Koji and checking the existing M2ISS PDs I put the two C30642G back and took two C30665GH (active diameter: 3mm) diodes. Only one of this type remains in storage.

I removed two C30642G photodiodes from the stash for the new M2ISS hardware and updated the wiki page accordingly.

  14174   Tue Aug 21 17:32:51 2018 awadeBureaucracyEquipment loanOne P-810.10 Piezo Actuators element removed

I've taken a PI Piezo Actuator (P-810.10) from the 40m collection. I forgot to note it on the equipment checklist by the door, will do so when I next drop by.

  14565   Wed Apr 24 11:22:59 2019 awadeBureaucracyEquipment loanBorrowed Zurich HF2LI Lock in Amplifer to QIL

Borrowed Zurich HF2LI Lock in Amplifer to QIL lab Wed Apr 24 11:25:11 2019.

  14616   Fri May 17 10:12:07 2019 AnjaliSummaryEquipment loanBorrowed component

I borrowed one Marconi (2023 B) from 40 m lab to QIL lab.

  14618   Fri May 17 16:07:25 2019 gautamSummaryEquipment loanBorrowed component

ZHL-3A (2 units) —-> QIL

Quote:

I borrowed one Marconi (2023 B) from 40 m lab to QIL lab.

  14753   Thu Jul 11 17:58:38 2019 gautamUpdateEquipment loanTT suspension --> Downs

Arnaud has taken 1 TT suspension from the 40m clean lab to Downs for modal testing. Estimated time of return is tomorrow evening.

  14822   Thu Aug 1 13:55:34 2019 DuoBureaucracyEquipment loanGpib module taken to QIL lab

vanna --> QIL.

gautam 20190804: The GPIB module + power supply were returned to me by Duo ~5pm today at the 40m.

  15529   Mon Aug 17 15:18:26 2020 gautamUpdateEquipment loanBeam Profiler + peripherals --> 40m

Gabriele left the DataRay beam profiler + peripherals (see Attachment #1) in his office. I picked them up just now and brought them over to the 40m.

Attachment 1: IMG_8719.JPG
IMG_8719.JPG
  15561   Sun Sep 6 14:17:18 2020 JonUpdateEquipment loanZurich Instruments analyzer

On Friday, I grabbed the Zurich Instruments HF2LI lock-in amplifier and brought it home. As time permits, I will work towards developing a similar readout script as we have for the SR785.

  15678   Mon Nov 16 16:00:19 2020 gautamUpdateEquipment loanLB1005-->Cryo lab

Shruti picked it up @4pm.

  15728   Thu Dec 10 16:24:13 2020 gautamUpdateEquipment loanNoliac PZT --> Paco

I gave one Noliac PZT from the two spare in the metal PMC kit to Paco. There is one spare left in the kit.

  15879   Mon Mar 8 12:54:54 2021 gautamUpdateEquipment loan40m-->Cryo
  1. Busby box
  2. SR554 transformer preamplifier
  16176   Wed Jun 2 17:50:50 2021 PacoUpdateEquipment loanBorrow red cart

I borrowed the little red cart 🛒 to help clear the path for new optical tables in B252 West Bridge. Will return once I am done with it.  

Attachment 1: IMG_20210602_172858.jpg
IMG_20210602_172858.jpg
  16180   Thu Jun 3 17:49:46 2021 PacoUpdateEquipment loanBorrow red cart

Returned today.

Quote:

I borrowed the little red cart 🛒 to help clear the path for new optical tables in B252 West Bridge. Will return once I am done with it.  

 

  16226   Fri Jun 25 19:14:45 2021 JonUpdateEquipment loanZurich Instruments analyzer

I returned the Zurich Instruments analyzer I borrowed some time ago to test out at home. It is sitting on first table across from Steve's old desk.

Attachment 1: ZI.JPG
ZI.JPG
  33   Tue Oct 30 20:15:24 2007 tobinOtherEnvironmentearthquake
Rana, Tobin

Largish (M5.6) earthquake in San Francisco sent our optics swinging.
  47   Thu Nov 1 16:42:48 2007 Andrey RodionovSummaryEnvironmentEnd of Daylight Saving Time this weekend
Useful information for everyone, as a friendly reminder:

According to the web-page

http://www.energy.ca.gov/daylightsaving.html,

this coming weekend there will be the end of Daylight Saving Time.

Clocks will be adjusted backward one hour.
  100   Wed Nov 14 12:33:35 2007 tobinAoGEnvironmentconstruction
The construction crews are running a jack-hammer right outside of the control room.
Attachment 1: DSC_0172.JPG
DSC_0172.JPG
  131   Wed Nov 28 16:18:15 2007 AlbertoMetaphysicsEnvironmentso clean you can eat on it
I tidied up the desks in the lab, brought the Spectrum Analyzers back to the Salumeria (you don't want to know about that), sorted a lot of stuff and boxed up what I didn't know (you can find it in a couple of carton boxes on the table).
The blackmail with the pie might not work next time.
Please, preserve the common sort.


Alberto
Attachment 1: DSC_0180.JPG
DSC_0180.JPG
Attachment 2: DSC_0181.JPG
DSC_0181.JPG
  212   Sat Dec 22 15:32:11 2007 tobinAoGEnvironmentants
Ants are everywhere: on the PSL table, on the circuit board I'm soldering...

I believe I have discovered their energy source.
Attachment 1: DSC_0361.JPG
DSC_0361.JPG
  239   Tue Jan 15 13:15:27 2008 tobinUpdateEnvironmentlots of noise
They're throwing concrete around at the construction site.
  257   Wed Jan 23 20:52:40 2008 ranaSummaryEnvironmentFlooding from construction area
We noticed tonight around 7 PM that there was a lot of brown water in the control room and also in the interferometer area mostly concentrated around the north wall between the LSC rack and the AP table.

The leak was mainly in the NW corner of the interferometer area.

The construction crew had set up sandbags, plastic sheet, and gravel to block the drains outside of the 40m along the north wall. The rain had produced ponds and lakes outside in the construction area. Once the level got high enough this leaked through holes in the 40m building walls (these are crappy walls).

We called the on-call facilities team (1 guy). He showed up, cut through the construction fence lock, and then unblocked the drains. This guy was pretty good (although inscrutable); he adjusted the sandbags to control the flow of the lake into the drains. He went along the wall and unblocked all 3 drains; there were mini-lakes forming there which he felt would eventually start leaks all along our north wall.

In the morning we'll need volunteers to move equipment around under Steve's direction while the floor gets mopped up. There's dirt and mud all over, underneath the chambers and racks.

Luckily Alberto spotted this early and he, Jon, Andrey and Steve kept the water from spreading and then scooped it all up with a wet-vac that the facilities guy brought over.
Extra Napoleon to them for late evening mud clearing work.

Many pictures were taken: Update and pictures will appear later.
Attachment 1: Shop-Vac_Action.MOV
Attachment 2: Flooding.pdf
Flooding.pdf Flooding.pdf Flooding.pdf Flooding.pdf Flooding.pdf
  290   Fri Feb 1 10:43:05 2008 JohnUpdateEnvironmentConstruction work
The boys next door have some bigger noisier toys.
Attachment 1: DSC_0433.JPG
DSC_0433.JPG
  340   Sun Feb 24 10:51:58 2008 tfFrogsEnvironment40m in phdcomics?
  374   Thu Mar 13 03:07:19 2008 LisaMetaphysicsEnvironmentCoolness at the 40m
My first (and hopefully not last) week at the 40m lab is ending Frown
I found this lab really cool, the people working here really cool as well, and this e-log....
this e-log is not just cool, it is FANTASTIC!!!

LISA
  410   Thu Apr 3 18:33:17 2008 AndreySummaryEnvironmentStatus of Weather Station

During the last two days some things related to weather station have been improved.

1) Startup file for the computer (processor) 'c1pem1' was changed so that now 'c1pem1' can be rebooted from "Linux1". Computer 'c1pem1' is responsible for communicating data between 'Weather Monitor' and control UNIX machines. Before April 1st it was impossible to reboot the computer 'c1pem1'. Now 'c1pem1' runs without difficulties.

2) It was determined that some ethernet cables of category "cat 5" were bad. I replaced one short cat 5 cable between 'c1pem1' and 'network-switch board' in the neighboring computer rack, and I still need to replace the internet ending of another long (~20 meters) cat 5 cable after Alex Ivanov will bring the tool for that.

3) 'Weather monitor' and 'WeatherLink' are temporarily moved away from their "nested" positions on the north wall, and they are now in the proximity of processor 'c1pem1'. Thus the signal about "Inside Temperature" goes into 'c1pem1' computer without any additional ethernet cables, and "inside temperature" is correctly displayed on the "Checklist" adl. MEDM screen on the control UNIX machines. The cable with a signal from the roof sensors (which might be dead due their 7-year age) is temporarily disconnected from the 'Weather Monitor'.

Result: 'Weather Monitor' and computer (processsor) 'c1pem1' are alive, they communicate reasonable "Inside Temperature" to the control UNIX-machines.

The fate of the outside sensors is currently unknown, I plan to go to the roof together with Mr. Steve Vass tomorrow and try to determine what should be done with them.

I am also writing (right now) a wiki-40 page which explains what is the "Weather Station" and what is its status.
  414   Fri Apr 4 16:54:06 2008 AndreySummaryEnvironmentWeather station is fully alive

After today's trip to the roof of our building the weather station seems to be completely resurrected!

We went to the roof together with Steve Vass, and we discovered that:

(1) Sensors of wind speed, wind direction and the bowl that measures the amount of precipitation do not have any visible defects, so there is no problem with all those sensors even after being outside for seven years.

(2) We discovered that there are cable junctions located on the roof, and those junctions were located close to the rim (edge) of the roof, before the cables go inside of 40-meter lab room. The taping in the place of the junction was not good due to the age, and the connections between the cables were disrupted (cable endings were out of the connectors). Therefore, no signal from the roof sensors could be transferred to the 'Weather Monitor'. It was not wise from the person who installed the weather station to leave the fragile cable connections outside, on the roof, because the length of the cables allowed to locate those three connectors inside of the building.

See the attached PDF-file with pictures.

(3) After the cables were plugged into the connectors, these cable junctions were gently pulled into the inside of the 40-meter interferometer room. These cable junctions should not be located outside of the building!

Immediately after all the above-mentioned steps, the reasonable indications of outside temperature, humidity, pressure, wind speed and direction appeared on the 'Weather Monitor'.

In order to see if there is any problem of communication between the 'Weather Monitor' and UNIX control computers through 'c1pem1', I rolled out two brand new black cat-5 ethernet cables on the floor of the interferometer room (they are on the floor temporarily, the ethernet cable will go from the floor into the ceiling cable tray eventually), connected the two cables together through freshly purchased from Caltech bookstore cable connectors, and thus connected the 'Weather Monitor' to the processor 'c1pem1'.

Result: Now we can see reasonable indications of outside temperature, pressure, amount of precipitation, wind speed and direction on the EPICS screen! Moreover, these indications are changing with time.

As a reminder for everyone: standard atmospheric pressure is about 101kPa, so the indications of pressure as 99900Pa is quite reasonable.

One thing is not clear for me yet: wind speed on the 'Weather Monitor' is fluctuating between 2 and 4 mph, while MEDM EPICS-screen values are fluctuation in the range between 0 and 3mph.

Many thanks to Steve Vass and Alexander Ivanov for their help.
Attachment 1: Work_on_the_Roof.pdf
Work_on_the_Roof.pdf Work_on_the_Roof.pdf Work_on_the_Roof.pdf Work_on_the_Roof.pdf
  666   Mon Jul 14 10:57:00 2008 KojiFrogsEnvironmentSomeone at 40M sent LHO water of life
Someone at the 40m sent Mike@LHO a pound of peets coffee with the name of Koji Arai.
It was a good surprise! Thanks, we will enjoy it!
I will return to Pasadena next week. See you then.
  716   Tue Jul 22 16:50:09 2008 steveMetaphysicsEnvironmentprofessorial clean up of work bench
Atm1: is showing the spiritual satisfaction after work bench clean up by the professor himself.

Atm2: some items are still waiting to be placed back to their location
Attachment 1: ranaclup.png
ranaclup.png
Attachment 2: cleanup2.png
cleanup2.png
  743   Sun Jul 27 20:25:49 2008 ranaConfigurationEnvironmentOffice Temperature increased to 75 F
Since we have the chiller for the PSL chiller now, I've just increased the office area
temperature set point by 2 F
to 75 F to see if the laser will still behave.
ELOG V3.1.3-