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ID Date Author Typeup Category Subject
  12779   Tue Jan 31 20:25:26 2017 ericqSummaryCDSMinute Trend Koan
Quote:

Someone installed "Debian" on allegra. Why? Dataviewer doesn't work on there. Is there some advantage to making this thing have a different OS than the others? Any objections to going back to Ubuntu12?

My elog negligence punchcard is getting pretty full... It's pretty much for the same reason as using Debian for optimus; much of the workstation software is getting packaged for Debian, which could offload our need for setting things up in a custom 40m way. Hacking the debian-focused software.ligo.org repos into Ubuntu has caused me headaches in the past. Allegra wasn't being used often, so I figured it was a good test bed for trying things out.

The dataviewer issue was dataviewer's inability to pull the `fb` out of `fb:8088` in the NDSSERVER env variable. I made a quick fix for it in the dataviewer launching script, but there is probably a better way to do it.

  12791   Thu Feb 2 18:28:29 2017 ranaSummaryCDSMinute Trend Koan

and the song remains the same...

the version of SVN on these workstations is ahead of the one on the other workstations so now we can't do 'svn up' on any of the Ubuntu12 machines. One allegra and optimus I get this error:

controls@allegra|GWsummaries> svn up
Updating '.':
svn: E180001: Unable to connect to a repository at URL 'file:///cvs/cds/caltech/svn/trunk/GWsummaries'
svn: E180001: Unable to open an ra_local session to URL
svn: E180001: Unable to open repository 'file:///cvs/cds/caltech/svn/trunk/GWsummaries'

Quote:
Quote:

Someone installed "Debian" on allegra. Why? Dataviewer doesn't work on there. Is there some advantage to making this thing have a different OS than the others? Any objections to going back to Ubuntu12?

My elog negligence punchcard is getting pretty full... It's pretty much for the same reason as using Debian for optimus; much of the workstation software is getting packaged for Debian, which could offload our need for setting things up in a custom 40m way. Hacking the debian-focused software.ligo.org repos into Ubuntu has caused me headaches in the past. Allegra wasn't being used often, so I figured it was a good test bed for trying things out.

The dataviewer issue was dataviewer's inability to pull the `fb` out of `fb:8088` in the NDSSERVER env variable. I made a quick fix for it in the dataviewer launching script, but there is probably a better way to do it.

I'm not sure if its possible to downgrade our chans repo back to the old one, but I highly recommend that no one do 'svn upgrade' in any of our repos until we remove all of the Debian installs in the 40m lab or hire a full-time sysadmin.

  12792   Thu Feb 2 18:32:51 2017 ranaSummaryPSLPMC alignment

Re-aligned the beam going into the PMC today around 5 PM. I noticed that its all in pitch and since I moved both of the mirrors by the same amount it is essentially a vertical translation.

I wonder if the PMC is just moving up and down due to thermal expansion in the mount? How else would we get a pure vertical translation? Need to remember next time if the beam goes up or down, and by how many knob turns, and see how it correlates to the lab temperature.

  12796   Fri Feb 3 11:40:34 2017 ericqSummaryCDS/cvs/cds/caltech/chans back on svn1.6

I was able to bring back svn 1.6 formatting to /cvs/cds/caltech/chans by doing the following on nodus:

cd /cvs/cds/caltech
mkdir newchans
cd newchans
svn co https://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:30889/svn/trunk/chans ./
rm -rf ../chans/.svn
mv ./.svn ../chans/

Note that I used the http address for the repository. The svn repository doesn't live at file:///cvs/cds/caltech/svn anymore; all of our checkouts (e.g. in the scripts directory) use http to get the one true repo location, regardless of where it lives on nodus' filesystem. (I suppose we could also use https://nodus.martian:30889/svn to stick to the local network, but I don't think we're that limited by the caltech network speed)

Presumably, at some point we will want to introduce a newer operating system into the 40m, as ubuntu 12.04 hits end-of-life in April 2017. Ubuntu 16.04 includes svn 1.8, so we'll also hit this issue if we choose that OS. 


Aside from the svn issues, this directory (/cvs/cds/caltech/chans) only contains pre-2010 channels. Filters and DAQ ini files currently live in /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/chans, which is not under version control. It's also not clear to me why summary page configurations should be kept in this /cvs/cds place.

  12797   Sat Feb 4 12:00:59 2017 ranaSummaryCDS/cvs/cds/caltech/chans back on svn1.6

True - its an issue. Koji and I are updating zita into Ubuntu16 LTS. If it looks like its OK with various tools we'll swap over the others into it. Until then I figure we're best off turning allegra back into Ubuntu12 to avoid a repeat of this kind of conflict. Once the workstations in the LLO control room are running smoothly on a new OS for a year, we can transfer into that. I don't think any of us wants to be the CDS beta tester for DV or DTT.

  12798   Sat Feb 4 12:20:39 2017 jamieSummaryCDS/cvs/cds/caltech/chans back on svn1.6
Quote:

True - its an issue. Koji and I are updating zita into Ubuntu16 LTS. If it looks like its OK with various tools we'll swap over the others into it. Until then I figure we're best off turning allegra back into Ubuntu12 to avoid a repeat of this kind of conflict. Once the workstations in the LLO control room are running smoothly on a new OS for a year, we can transfer into that. I don't think any of us wants to be the CDS beta tester for DV or DTT.

Just to be clear, since there seems to be some confusion, the SVN issue has nothing to do with Debian vs. Ubuntu.  SVN made non-backwards compatible changes to their working copy data format that breaks newer checkouts with older clients.  You will run into the exact same problem with newer Ubuntu versions.

I recommend the 40m start moving towards the reference operating systems (Debian 8 or SL7) as that's where CDS is moving.  By moving to newer Ubuntu versions you're moving away from CDS support, not towards it.

  12799   Sat Feb 4 12:29:20 2017 jamieSummaryCDS/cvs/cds/caltech/chans back on svn1.6

No, not confused on that point. We just will not be testing OS versions at the 40m or running multiple OS's on our workstations. As I've said before, we will only move to so-called 'reference' systems once they've been in use for a long time.

Quote:
Quote:

True - its an issue. Koji and I are updating zita into Ubuntu16 LTS. If it looks like its OK with various tools we'll swap over the others into it. Until then I figure we're best off turning allegra back into Ubuntu12 to avoid a repeat of this kind of conflict. Once the workstations in the LLO control room are running smoothly on a new OS for a year, we can transfer into that. I don't think any of us wants to be the CDS beta tester for DV or DTT.

Just to be clear, since there seems to be some confusion, the SVN issue has nothing to do with Debian vs. Ubuntu.  SVN made non-backwards compatible changes to their working copy data format that breaks newer checkouts with older clients.  You will run into the exact same problem with newer Ubuntu versions.

I recommend the 40m start moving towards the reference operating systems (Debian 8 or SL7) as that's where CDS is moving.  By moving to newer Ubuntu versions you're moving away from CDS support, not towards it.

 

  12800   Sat Feb 4 12:50:01 2017 jamieSummaryCDS/cvs/cds/caltech/chans back on svn1.6
Quote:

No, not confused on that point. We just will not be testing OS versions at the 40m or running multiple OS's on our workstations. As I've said before, we will only move to so-called 'reference' systems once they've been in use for a long time.

Ubuntu16 is not to my knowledge used for any CDS system anywhere.  I'm not sure how you expect to have better support for that.  There are no pre-compiled packages of any kind available for Ubuntu16.  Good luck, you big smelly doofuses. Nyah, nyah, nyah.

  12834   Thu Feb 16 13:29:38 2017 gautamSummaryGeneralAlternative Calibration Scheme

Summary:

Craig and I have been trying to put together a Simulink diagram of the proposed alternative calibration scheme. Each time I talk the idea over with someone, I convince myself it makes sense, but then I try and explain it to someone else and get more confused. Probably I am not even thinking about this in the right way. So I am putting what I have here for comments/suggestions.

What's the general idea?

Suppose the PSL is locked to the MC cavity, and the AUX laser is locked to the arm cavity (with sufficiently high BW). Then by driving a line in the arm cavity length, and beating the PSL and AUX lasers, we can determine how much we are modulating the arm cavity length in metres by reading out the beat frequency between the two lasers, provided the arm cavity length is precisely known.

So we need:

  1. Both lasers to be stabilized to be able to sense the line we are driving
  2. A high bandwidth PDH loop for locking the AUX laser to the arm cavity such that the AUX laser frequency is able to track the line we are driving
  3. An accurate and precise way to read out the beat frequency (the proposal here is to use an FPGA based readout)
  4. An accurate measurement of the arm length (I think we know the arm lengths to <0.1% so this shouldn't dominate any systematic error).

To be able to sense a 1kHz line being driven at 1e-16 m amplitude, I estimate we need a beat note stability of ~1mHz/rtHz at 1kHz.

Requirements and what we have currently:

  • The PSL is locked to the mode-cleaner, and the arm cavity is locked to the PSL. The former PDH loop is high BW, and so we expect the stabilized PSL to have frequency noise of ~1mHz/rtHz at about 1kHz (to be measured and confirmed)
  • The AUX laser is locked to the arm cavity with a medium-BW (~10kHz UGF) PDH servo. From past out-of-loop ALS beat measurements, I estimate the expected frequency noise of the AUX laser at 1kHz to be ~1Hz/rtHz with the current PDH setup
  • Rana suggested we "borrow" the stability of the PSL by locking the AUX laser and PSL in a high bandwidth PLL - if we want this loop to have ~300kHz BW, then we need to use an EOM as an actuator. The attached Simulink diagram (schematic representation only, though I think I have measurements of many of those transfer functions/gains anyways) shows the topology I had in mind. Perhaps I did not understand this correctly, but if we have such a loop with high gain at 1kHz, and the error signal being the beat between PSL and AUX, won't it squish the modulation we are applying @1kHz?
  • Is it feasible to instead add a parallel path to the end PDH loop with an EOM as an actuator (similar to what we do for the IMC locking)? Ideally, what we want is an end PDH loop which squishes the free-running NPRO noise to ~1mHz/rtHz at 1kHz instead of the 1Hz/rtHz we have currently. This loop would then also have negligible tracking error at 1kHz. Then, we could have a low bandwidth PLL offloading onto the temperature of the crystal to keep the beat between the two lasers hovering around the PSL frequency.

Hardware:

On the hardware side of things, we need:

  • Broadband EOM
  • FSS box to drive the EOM (Rana mentioned there is a spare available in the Cryo lab)

Koji and I briefly looked through the fiber inventory we have yesterday. We have some couplers (one mounted) and short (5m) patch fibers. But I think the fiber infrastructure we have in place currently is adequate - we have the AUX light brought to the PSL table, and there is a spare fiber running the other way if we want to bring the PSL IR to the end as well.

I need to also think about where we can stick the EOM in given physical constraints on the EX table and the beam diameter/aperture of EOM...

Attachment 1: AltCal.pdf
AltCal.pdf
  12835   Thu Feb 16 21:55:47 2017 ranaSummaryGeneralAlternative Calibration Scheme

Question for Craig: What does the SNR of our lines have to be? IF we're only trying to calibrate the actuator in the audio band over long time scales, it seems we could get by with more frequency noise. Assuming we want a 1% calibration at 50-500 Hz, what is the requirement on the frequency noise PSD curve?

  12842   Tue Feb 21 13:51:35 2017 CraigSummaryGeneralAlternative Calibration Scheme

We get SNR in two ways: the amplitude of applied force and the integration time.  So we are limited in two ways: stability of the lock to applied forces and time of locklosses / calibration fluctuations.

At the sites, you probably know that we blow our spectrum out of the water with the calibration lines, with SNRs of about 100 on the scale of about 10 seconds.  For us this might be impossible, since we aren't as quiet.

If we want 1% calibration on our sweeps, we'll need  0.01 = Uncertainty = sqrt( (1 - COH^2)/(2 * Navg * COH^2) ), where COH is the coherence of the transfer function measurement and Navg is the number of measurements at a specific frequency.  This equation comes from Bendat and Piersol, and is subject to a bunch of assumptions which may not be true for us (particularly, that the plant is stationary in time).

If we let Navg = 10, then COH ~ 0.999.

Coherence = Gxy^2/(Gxx * Gyy), where x(t) and y(t) are the input signal and output signal of the transfer function measurement, Gxx and Gyy are the spectral densities of x and y, and Gxy is the cross-spectral density.  

Usually SNR = P_signal / P_noise, but for us SNR = A_signal / A_noise.

Eric Q and Evan H helped me find the relationship between Coherence and SNR:

P = Pn + Pc, Pn = P * (1 - Coh), Pc = P * Coh

==> SNR = sqrt( Pc / Pn ) = sqrt( Coh / 1 - Coh )

From Coh ~ 0.999, SNR ~ 30.

Quote:

Question for Craig: What does the SNR of our lines have to be? IF we're only trying to calibrate the actuator in the audio band over long time scales, it seems we could get by with more frequency noise. Assuming we want a 1% calibration at 50-500 Hz, what is the requirement on the frequency noise PSD curve?

 

  12845   Wed Feb 22 10:16:54 2017 ranaSummaryGeneralAlternative Calibration Scheme

OK, but the questions still stands: "Assuming we want a 1% calibration at 50-500 Hz, what is the requirement on the frequency noise PSD curve?"

Quote:

We get SNR in two ways: the amplitude of applied force and the integration time.  So we are limited in two ways: stability of the lock to applied forces and time of locklosses / calibration fluctuations.

  12857   Tue Feb 28 21:05:44 2017 ranaSummaryIOOMC Length offset changes MCWFS offsets

The input offset on the MC length servo board changes the lock point of the length loop (by how much? need to calibrate this slider into meters & Hz).

The SUM signal on the MC WFS is ~few 1000. This is several times larger than the pit/yaw signals. This is bad. it means that the TEM00 mode on the WFS (or what the WFS interperets as a TEM00) is larger than the TEM01/10 that its supposed to measure.

So if the beam moves on the WFS head it will convert this large common mode signal into a differential one.

We moved the MC Servo offset around from -3 to +3 V today and saw that it does affect the transmitted light level, but we need to think more to see how to put the offset at the real center of the resonance. This is complicated by the fact that the MCWFS loops seem to have some several minutes time constant so things are essentially always drifting.

  1. Characterize and juice up the WFS loops.
  2. Figure out how to set the MC length loop offset. Is this bad offset changing the zero point of the MC WFS loops?
  3. If so, it may be a source of excess jitter noise in the interferometer.

I changed the McREFL SMOO to make it easier to use this noisy channel to diagnose small alignment changes:

caput C1:IOO-MC_RFPD_DCMON.SMOO 0.1

  12869   Mon Mar 6 12:34:30 2017 johannesSummaryASSASS light injection scenarios

What we want from the light source for the AS port light injection:

  • Frequency control for locking and maintaining known offset from arm cavity resonances -> see below
  • Fast extinguishing light in the IFO -> AOM first order switching

We have four possible laser sources that we can use for the injection of 1064 nm from the back:

  • There are ~65 mW of IR power coming from the PSL doubling oven, of which ~2mW are used for the fiber beat box. The remaining light is currently dumped on the PSL table and would be available. It is picked off after the PMC and does not have any of the sidebands.
  • There is a ~200 mW Lightwave NPRO on the PSL table that is currently unused.
  • Koji said he has a ~500mW NPRO in the OMC lab that has no PZT actuation. I contacted a couple companies about fiber-coupled variable AOM frequency shifters that we can pair with this laser.
  • I don't think using the high power beam of the PSL itself is a good idea, especially if we want to map the loss on the optics, because' we'll need it for the dither locking

I think for maximum flexibility it's best to fiber-couple whichever source we choose on the PSL table and then just collimate it out of a fiber on the AS table. This way if we want to add fiber-coupled modulators of any kind it's a plug-and-play modification.

Different frequency control schemes are:

  • Modulate sidebands on the light and stabilize directly to the arm, using POX/Y or back-reflection at AS
    • Free-space resonant EOM
    • Free-space broadband EOM with Rich's resonant amplifier attachment
    • Fiber-coupled EOM
  • Offset phaselock:
    • PSL IR: Transfer mode-cleaner stability
      • Can lock arms while measurement in progress, but will have PSL IR light on PDs
    • Green from the end;
      • Broadly tunable laser frequency and no interference from IR.

Either way we'll need a few things:

  • Faraday Isolator
    • required for PDH locking, optional if we phaselock instead
  • AOM
    • We have free-space available, looking into fiber-coupled ones with frequency tuning
    • Fast switching electronics
  • Various fiber stuff
    • We have enough to set up the fiber coupling of one light source. I'm starting with the 200 mW NPRO but this is technically interchangable.

I'm working on how to best set this up at the AS port and interfere with normal operation as little as possible. Ideally we use a Faraday just like for squeezed light injection, but this requires some modification of the layout, although nothing that involves mode-matching.

 

 

  12892   Fri Mar 17 15:30:39 2017 SteveSummarySUSoplev laser summary updated

         March  17,  2017         ETMX laser replaced at LT 3y with 1103P, sn T8070866

Attachment 1: oplev_sums.png
oplev_sums.png
  12905   Fri Mar 24 12:21:27 2017 gautamSummaryIOOMCL / MCF / Calibration

I repeated this measurement as follows:

  1. Added a filter in the MC_F filterbank (FM9) to account for the Pomona box between the PZT control signal and the laser PZT (pole@2.9Hz). So the filter bank at the time of TF measurement looks like this:
  2. Measured TF from driving MC2 (with C1:SUS-MC2_MCL_OUT channel) to C1:IOO-MC_F, which is the output of the above filter bank. The response is the expected 1/f^2 shape of the free optic
     
  3. From this transfer function, the magnitude is 0.0316 ct/ct. Using the value of 6nm/ct for the MC2 actuator gain that I found in a previous elog entry, I calibrated the MC_F output into Hz using the calibration factor 3.95MHz/ct (FM10 in the above filterbank).

Here is a calibrated MC_F spectrum:

RXA: I've added this plot of the free-running noise of the Lightwave NPRO which is probably similar to our Innolight Mephisto. Seems like the laser is quieter than MC_F everywhere below 100 Hz.

Attachment 2: MCF_cal.pdf
MCF_cal.pdf
Attachment 3: MCFTF_mag.pdf
MCFTF_mag.pdf
Attachment 4: MCFTF_phase.pdf
MCFTF_phase.pdf
Attachment 5: MCFTF_coh.pdf
MCFTF_coh.pdf
Attachment 6: FreqNoiseReq.pdf
FreqNoiseReq.pdf
  12907   Mon Mar 27 12:48:36 2017 ranaSummaryIOOMCL / MCF / Calibration

What readouts do we have for the PMC length? If we could have a calibrated & whitened error and control signal for the PMC up to 16 kHz, perhaps we could see at what frequencies we can use it as a faux-RefCav.

  12910   Mon Mar 27 20:29:05 2017 ranaSummaryDetCharSummary pages broken again

Going to the summary pages and looking at 'Today' seems to break it and crash the browser. Other tabs are OK, but 'summary' is our default page.

I've noticed this happening for a couple of days now. Today, I moved the .ini files which define the config for the pages from the old chans/ location into the /users/public_html/detcharsummary/ConfigFiles/ dir. Somehow, we should be maintaining version control of detcharsummary, but I think right now its loose and free.

  12912   Mon Mar 27 22:40:44 2017 KojiSummaryIOOMCL / MCF / Calibration

In http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/40m/11793 I posted the calibrated PMC free-running displcament with/without IMC locked. Unfortunately, this measurement was done with a part of the IMC electronics not perfect (https://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8081/40m/11794). I did the same measurement after the fix, but there is no low freq data http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/40m/11795.

Assuming we have the similar error signal leve in the low freq band as The entry 11793, the IMC is considered to be noisier than the PMC between 0.8 and 4Hz. But we should do the same measurement with the current electronics.

The PMC calibration can be found in this entry http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/40m/11780

  12914   Tue Mar 28 21:06:53 2017 ranaSummaryCDS/cvs/cds/caltech/chans back on svn1.6

Debian doesn't like EPICS. Or our XY plots of beam spots...Sad!

Quote:
Quote:

No, not confused on that point. We just will not be testing OS versions at the 40m or running multiple OS's on our workstations. As I've said before, we will only move to so-called 'reference' systems once they've been in use for a long time.

Ubuntu16 is not to my knowledge used for any CDS system anywhere.  I'm not sure how you expect to have better support for that.  There are no pre-compiled packages of any kind available for Ubuntu16.  Good luck, you big smelly doofuses. Nyah, nyah, nyah.

  12933   Mon Apr 10 09:58:35 2017 SteveSummarySUSoplev laser summary updated

 

Quote:

                    Oct.  5, 2015              ETMY He/Ne replaced by 1103P, sr P919645,  made Dec 2014, after 2 years

                   Jan. 24, 2017              ETMY He/Ne replaced by 1103P,  sr P947049,  made Apr 2016,  after 477 hrs running hot

    Jan. 26,  2017              RIN test stared with P947034, made Apr. 2016  

    Apr.  10,  2017              purchased two 1103P from Edmund:  sr P964438 & sr P964431, made 02/2017

   

  12949   Fri Apr 21 13:59:47 2017 Eric GustafsonSummary 1064 nm Semiconductor Laser Fiber Distribution System and Mirror Tomography

1064 nm Semiconductor Laser Fiber Distribution System and Mirror Tomography

Below threshold these Semiconductor Fabry-Perot lasers have an axial mode structure with a spacing of about a THz. As you turn up the current to above threshold the first mode to oscillate saturates the gain down on all the modes and only it oscillates.  The laser I have here in my office (a backup for the one you have at the 40 meter) has a wavelength of 1064.9 nm at 70 Degrees C.  We should be able to temperature tune it down to 1064.3 nm although this could be a bit tedious the first time we do it. The specifications claim a "spectrum width" of 1.097 nm which I believe is the temperature tuning range.  I don’t know what the line width is but it will be single frequency and we shouldn’t have mode hoping problems.  So we should be able to use it in the “Mirror Tomography” experiment.  You might want to use some sort of polarization diversity to avoid the problems of fiber polarization drift.

There have been 2 student projects on using the fiber distributed PD frequency response at1064 nm laser.

“Automated Photodiode Frequency Response Measurement System,” Alexander Cole - T1300618

“Final Report: Automated Photodiode Frequency Response Measurement System for Caltech 40m lab,” Nichin Sreekantaswamy - P140021

I’ll look up a few more references and add include them in the next elog.

Eric

 

  12963   Wed May 3 16:00:00 2017 gautamSummaryGeneralNetwork Topology Check

[johannes, gautam]

I forgot we had done this last year already, but we updated the control room network switch labels and double checked all the connections. Here is the status of the connections and labels as of today:

There are a few minor changes w.r.t. labeling and port numbers compared to the Dec 2015 entry. But it looks like there was no IP clash between Rossa and anything (which was one of the motivations behind embarking on this cleanup). We confirmed by detatching the cable at the PC end of Rossa, and noticed the break in the ping signals. Plugging the cable back in returned the pings. Because Rossa is currently un-bootable, I couldn't check the MAC address.

We also confirmed all of this by using the web browser interface for the switch (IP = 192.168.113.249).

Attachment 1: Network_topology_3May2017.pdf
Network_topology_3May2017.pdf
  12977   Mon May 8 21:53:56 2017 ranaSummarySEIattempt to get seismic BLRMS minute trend

I tried to get some minute trend data today, but was unable to get it from inside or outside the control room using our matlab or python tools.

It seems the NDS2 interface will not work anywhere since it needs our minute trends to be written as frames; in the last version that Jamie left us, our minute trend frame files are not being written since they lead to periodic daqd crashes.

From inside the control room, we can get the minute trend (only with DataViewer). I've attached 30 days of BS_X just to show its real.

We can get the numerical data from the Grace plot window using the menu option Data->Export->ASCII.

You must select all of the 'Write Sets' to get all of the traces in the plot window. The resulting ascii file is not in a great format, but its not terrible.

Attachment 1: BLRMS_trend.png
BLRMS_trend.png
  12998   Thu May 18 15:20:29 2017 jigyasaSummarytelescope designTelescope Design for the Gig-E cameras

With the objective of designing a telescope system for the Gig-E, a system of two lenses is implemented. A rough schematic of the telescope system is attached. Variables in the system include the focal lengths of the two spherical lenses(f1, f2), distance between the lenses(t), distance between the test mass and the lens combination(u), distance between the other lens and the sensor(v). Also the size of the object to be desired ranges from 3’’ which is the size of the test mass to 1’’ which is approximately focusing on the beam spot implying that the required magnification ranges from 0.06089 to 0.1826 (since the sensor image circle size if ¼”)
The lenses are selected to be 2” in diameter so as to ensure sufficient collected power.

Going through the focal lengths available, namely 50, 100, 150, 200, 250 mm, and noting that the object distance would be within the ranges of 1500 to 2500 mm, plots of various accessible u and v for different values of t were obtained. This optimization was done to ensure the proper selection of the lenses. Additionally, a sensitivity analysis was performed and plots depicting the dependence of magnification on the precision limiting measurements of u (1 mm) and t (5 mm) were obtained. (These were scatter plots quantifying the deviation from the desired magnification ranges). The plots depict the error term induced on the magnification if there was an error in measuring the distance between the lenses as 5mm and if the precision in measuring the object to lens distance by 1mm.

The telescope design might be limited by spherical aberrations and coma, which might be resolved by either using aspherical lenses or by increasing the f-number (typically with an f number around 5 or 6). The use of aspherical lenses particularly parabolic lenses was considered, however this was found to be quite an expensive route. 

Analyzing the plots and taking into consideration the restrictions of the slotted lens tubes, the precision in measurement of the distances, a 150 mm- 250mm focal length solution is proposed. With a diameter of 2”, the f number is computed to be 2.95 and 4.92. With this combination and the object distances lying between 1500 to 2500 mm, the image distance to the sensor varies between 51 to 100mm. So a slotted lens tube controlling the distance between the lenses would be required.

I also considered a combination of focal lengths 250mm and 250mm, as then both of the lenses would at least have an f number of 4.92. The results for this combination are also attached. The image distance from the lens combination is about a 100 to a 140 mm. However, this would require much longer slotted length tubes thereby adding to the cost of the system. The number of accessible u-v points is the same as that for the 150-250 combination. 

I am still trying to search for a much more concrete way of quantifying aberrations.

Attachment 1: ray.png
ray.png
Attachment 2: Schematic.png
Schematic.png
Attachment 3: 150-250uv.png
150-250uv.png
Attachment 4: 150-250error.png
150-250error.png
Attachment 5: 250-250.png
250-250.png
Attachment 6: 250-250error.png
250-250error.png
  12999   Fri May 19 19:18:53 2017 KaustubhSummaryGeneralTesting of the new Photo Detectors ET-3010 and ET-3040

Motivation:

I got some hands-on-experience on using RF photodetectors and the Network Analyzer from Koji. There were newly purchased RF photodetectors from Electro-Optics Technology, Inc.. These were InGaAs Photodetectors with model no.: 120-10050-0001(ET-3010) and 120-10056-0001(ET-3040). The User Guide for the two detectors can be found here. This is the first time we bought the ET-3010 model PD for the 40m lab. It has an operation bandwith >1.5GHz(not tested yet), much higher than other PDs of its kind. This can be used for detecting the output as we 'sweep' the laser frequency for getting data on the optical cavities and the resonating modes inside the cavity. We just tested out the ET-3040 model today but will test out the ET-3010 next week.

Tools and Machines Used:

We worked on the optical bench right in front of the main entrance to the lab. We put the cables, power chords, etc. to their respective places. We used screws, poles, T's, I's, multimeter, Network/Spectrum Analyzer(along with the moving table), a lab computer, Oscilloscope, power supply and the aforementioned PDs for our testing. We took these items from the stack of tools at the Y-arm and the boxes of various different labelled palced near the X-arm. We moved the Network Analyzer(along with the bench) from near the Y-arm to our workplace.

Procedure:

I will include a rough schematic of the setup later.

We alligned the reference PD(High Speed Photoreceiver model 1611) and the test PD(ET-3040 in this case) to get optimal power output. We had set the pump current for the laser at 19.5mA which produced a power of 1.00mW at the output of the fiber couple. At the reference detector the measured voltage was about 1.8V and at the DUT it was about 15mV. The DC transimpedance for the reference detector is 10kOhm and its responsivity to 1064 nm is around 0.75A/W. Using this we calculate the power at the reference detector to be 0.24mW. The DC transimpedance for the DUT is 50Ohm and the responsivity of about 0.9A/W. This amounts to a power of about 0.33mW. After measuring the DC voltages, we connected the laser input to the Network Analyzer and gave in an RF signal with -10dBm and frequency modulation from 100 kHz to 500 MHz. The RF output from the Analyzer is coupled to the Reference Channel(CHR) of the analyzer via a 20dB directional coupler. The AC output of the reference detector is given at Channel A(CHA) and the output from the DUT is given to Channel B(CHB). We got plots of the ratios between the reference detector, DUT and the coupled refernce for the Transfer Function and the Phase. We found that the cut-off frequency for the ET3040 model was at arounf 55 MHz(stated as >50MHz in the data sheet). We have stored the data using the lab PC in the directory .../scripts/general/netgpibdata/data.

Result:

The bandwidth of the ET-3040 PD is as stated in the data sheet, >50 MHz.

Precaution:

These PDs have an internal power supply of 3V for ET-3040 and 6V for ET-3010. Do not leave these connected to any instruments after the experiments have been performed or else the batteries will get drained if there is any photocurrent on the PDs.

To Do:

A similar procedure has to be followed in order to test the ET-3010 PD. I will be doing this tentatively on Monday.

Attachment 1: IMG_20170519_173247922.jpg
IMG_20170519_173247922.jpg
Attachment 2: IMG_20170519_173253252.jpg
IMG_20170519_173253252.jpg
Attachment 3: IMG_20170519_173300174.jpg
IMG_20170519_173300174.jpg
Attachment 4: PD_test_setup.png
PD_test_setup.png
  13000   Mon May 22 10:15:14 2017 jigyasaSummarytelescope designLens tubes and object distances

Since the f numbers of the lenses in the proposed design with biconvex lenses are a little less than 5 and the conjugate ratio(that is the ratio of object to image distance) is greater than 5, I explored the use of plano convex lenses, but with the same focal lengths, the accessible u-v range is restricted with the planoconvex rather than biconvex lenses.
On Friday, I had a discussion with Gautam and Steve about the hardware that is the cylindrical enclosures for the camera and the telescope and we examined two such aluminum cylindrical enclosures. One of them was the one being currently employed for the cameras. The dimensions were measured and the length was found to be 8’’ and an outer diameter of 26 cm within an error of 0.5 cm.
The other enclosure was longer with a length of 52 cm(±0.5 cm), outer diameter of 10”(±0.1”) and an inner diameter of 23.7cm(±0.1cm). Pictures of these enclosures are attached.
Both of these enclosures have internal optical rail to mount the camera and the telescope system. Depending on the weight of the telescope system(that includes the weight of the slotted lens tubes, the lenses), it might be more efficient to clamp the telescope system itself on the rails with the low weight camera mounted on the lens tube.
I also went around to get an idea of distance of the GigE from the test masses. This was just a step to verify if the object distances were really in the ranges being taken into consideration, that is between 1500 and 2500 mm. I also tried to cross check the measurements with the CAD drawing of the 40m. However, as I have been informed, the distances in the CAD version are not updated.

The distances from the optic to the CCD detector would range from around 75.1 cm for MC2, 94.01 cm for ITMX, 97.21 cm for ETMX, 117.19 cm for ITMY and 88.463 cm for ETMY. The illuminator for the ETMY was disconnected, so Gautam helped me access the manual lamp control to enable me to take measurements.
The values for ETMX, MC2 and ITMY are subject to an error of ±1’’. Due to a lot of obstructions, the values for ETMY and ITMX may be subject to a lot more error. Even so, these distances are clearly less than 2 meters, prompting me to run the simulations again and verify that the chosen combination is still useful.

As for the slotted lens tubes to mount the 2” lenses, the following options are available on the Thorlabs catalog. CVI and Edmunds do not seem to offer much of the stackable lens tubes.

SM2L30C is a lens tube onto which the optic can be mounted without the need of a spanner wrench. It also has a length of 3”. However, it has a rotatable slip shield which can be rotated open as and when the access to optic is required. However, there might be a slight compromise with rigidity here.

SM2L30 is a lens tube with internal thread depth of 3”, the optic can be mounted using spanner wrench and a retainer ring. The optic cannot be accessed from both ends of the tube here.
SM2M30 is a lens tube with no external threads, therefore lens tube couplers would be required to stack the tubes. The optic is accessible from both ends here though.

Considering the merits and demerits of all these available options, the use of SM2L30 might be considered as it provides a quick and efficient way of stacking multiple lens tubes. As for accessing the optic from both sides, using multiple tubes helps overcome the problem and still ensures that we are able to access a number of separation distances as per requirement.
Thorlabs also offers an internal C to external SM2 adapter so that the lens tube could be fixed onto the C mount of the camera. 

I would be examining the use of 1" diameter lenses for the eyepiece as suggested by Rana, as that might give us more flexibility. 

Attachment 1: Pictures1.pdf
Pictures1.pdf Pictures1.pdf Pictures1.pdf Pictures1.pdf
  13005   Mon May 22 18:20:27 2017 KaustubhSummaryGeneralTesting of the new Photo Detectors ET-3010 and ET-3040

I am adding the text files with the data readings and paramater settings along with the Bode Plot of the data. I plotted these graphs using matplotlib module with python 2.7.

Quote:

Motivation:

I got some hands-on-experience on using RF photodetectors and the Network Analyzer from Koji. There were newly purchased RF photodetectors from Electro-Optics Technology, Inc.. These were InGaAs Photodetectors with model no.: 120-10050-0001(ET-3010) and 120-10056-0001(ET-3040). The User Guide for the two detectors can be found here. This is the first time we bought the ET-3010 model PD for the 40m lab. It has an operation bandwith >1.5GHz(not tested yet), much higher than other PDs of its kind. This can be used for detecting the output as we 'sweep' the laser frequency for getting data on the optical cavities and the resonating modes inside the cavity. We just tested out the ET-3040 model today but will test out the ET-3010 next week...

 

Attachment 1: ET-3040_test.zip
Attachment 2: ET-3040_test.pdf
ET-3040_test.pdf
  13020   Tue May 30 17:45:35 2017 jigyasaSummaryCamerasGigE configuration

To verify the Pylon Installation on the shared drive, I tried connecting the Basler acA640-100gm to the PoE connector and running it through Allegra.

Each time the camera was opened, I got a message on Terminal saying ‘Failed to get the node ‘AcquisitionFrameRate’ from the device’s nodemap’.

Yet, I was able to capture images in single shot and continuous shot mode. I tried to emulate the analog controls (gain at 360, Black level 121) as in Johannes’ elog  12617 and varied the exposure rate from 1 to 5 milliseconds. The camera had the Rainbow 50mm lens with which I was able to focus on some markings on the white board, however the image was extremely magnified and this lens was extremely sensitive which meant that the image went quickly out of focus.
I checked the CCD cabinet in the 40m to find 12 mm lenses which couldn’t focus properly. So I couldn’t quite get an image as Johannes had been able to obtain! I also got an image of a cable in focus but it is very dark due to the exposure time.
 WIth the components for the telescope design arriving(hopefully) by tomorrow, I should be able to assemble the telescope and capture some more images.

From Joe B’s paper and discussion with Gautam and Johannes, I came up with three models for configuring the GigE’s. Three configuration models for the GigE have been proposed which connect the camera to a computer network. While the first model is just involves connecting the camera directly to a PC with Pylon installation using a Power over Ethernet adapter, it would be only efficient in the basic IP configuration of the camera without involving a complex network. The second model describes the integration of the camera to 'Martian'. The third model combines the creation of a separate camera subnetwork and integrating this network with the main network in the lab through a switch. This model would be more efficient to employ as the number of cameras increases. The same purpose could be achieved by using a PC with two network ports one of which connects to the camera subnet while another links it to the Martian where the computers running the client script could stream desired frames.

 

Attachment 1: GigEconfiguration.pdf
GigEconfiguration.pdf GigEconfiguration.pdf GigEconfiguration.pdf
  13024   Wed May 31 18:17:28 2017 jigyasaSummaryCamerasGigE configuration

This evening I was able to obtain some images with the same lens on the GigE. 
The problem earlier, as Johannes pointed out, was that we were using too many adapters on the camera and so it was able to focus at really shallow distances or at really low depths of focus. 
So after removing the adapters we were able to focus on objects at much larger distances.

The mug for example was at a distance greater than 1.5 meters from the camera.

Here are some images that were captured on Allegra by plugging in the GigE to the PoE connector connected to the Martian. 

Quote:

I tried to emulate the analog controls (gain at 360, Black level 121) as in Johannes’ elog  12617 and varied the exposure rate from 1 to 5 milliseconds. The camera had the Rainbow 50mm lens with which I was able to focus on some markings on the white board, however the image was extremely magnified and this lens was extremely sensitive which meant that the image went quickly out of focus.

 

Attachment 1: PictureswithPylon.pdf
PictureswithPylon.pdf PictureswithPylon.pdf
  13025   Wed May 31 19:18:53 2017 jigyasaSummaryCamerasGigE configuration

And here's another picture of Kaustubh, my fellow SURF, captured in all his glory by Rana! :)

 

Quote:

This evening I was able to obtain some images with the same lens on the GigE. 
The problem earlier, as Johannes pointed out, was that we were using too many adapters on the camera and so it was able to focus at really shallow distances or at really low depths of focus. 
So after removing the adapters we were able to focus on objects at much larger distances.

The mug for example was at a distance greater than 1.5 meters from the camera.

Here are some images that were captured on Allegra by plugging in the GigE to the PoE connector connected to the Martian. 

Quote:

I tried to emulate the analog controls (gain at 360, Black level 121) as in Johannes’ elog  12617 and varied the exposure rate from 1 to 5 milliseconds. The camera had the Rainbow 50mm lens with which I was able to focus on some markings on the white board, however the image was extremely magnified and this lens was extremely sensitive which meant that the image went quickly out of focus.

 

 

Attachment 1: Image__2017-05-31__18-49-37.bmp
  13080   Mon Jun 26 09:39:15 2017 NaomiSummaryGeneralMeasure transfer functions of Mini-Circuits filters

I have spent my first few days as a SURF getting experience working with the Network/Spectrum Analyzer (AG 4395A). After an introduction to the 40m by Koji, I was tasked with using the AG4395A to measure the transfer function of several filters (for example, Mini-Circuits Low Pass Filter SLP-30). I am now familiar with configuring the AG 4395A, taking a single set of data using a command from one of the control computers, and plotting the dataset as a Bode plot (separate plots for magnitude and phase) using Python.

To Do:

  • Use AGmeasure to take multiple datasets with a single command.
  • Plot multiple datasets for each filter on a single Bode plot and perform some statistical analysis. 

To experiment with plotting multiple datasets on a single Bode plot, I used a single dataset from the Network Analyzer using the SLP-30 filter and added random noise to create ten datasets to plot. I am attaching the resulting Bode plot, which has the ten generated sets of data plotted along with their average.

We discussed with Rana and Koji how to interpret this type of dataset from the Network Analyzer. Instead of considering the magnitude and phase as separate quantities, we should consider them together as a single complex number in the form H(f) = M exp(iπP/180), where M is the magnitude and P is the phase in degrees. We can then find the average value of the measured quantity in its complex number form (x + iy), as opposed to just taking the average of the magnitude and phase separately.  

Attachment 1: Bode_Plot.png
Bode_Plot.png
  13099   Fri Jul 7 09:03:40 2017 SteveSummaryHistoryas it was in 1994


 

Attachment 1: 1994.PDF
1994.PDF 1994.PDF
  13116   Thu Jul 13 16:10:34 2017 KaustubhSummaryComputer Scripts / ProgramsCavity Scan Simulation Code

The code to produce a cavity scan simulation and then fitting the data and re-evaluating the initiallt set parameters can be found in this git repo.


The 'CavitScanSimulation' python script now produces a cavity scan with custom parameters which can be easily modified. It also introduces the first TEMs(n+m=0,1,2,3,4) to the laser with power going as (1/(2(n+m)+1))^2 {Selected carefully}. The only care that needs to be taken is that the frequency span should be somewhere near an integral multiple of the FSR so that there are equal number of resonances for all modes and sidebands. This code, as of now also calls the 'FitCavityScan' script which performs the fitting procedure on the data generated above{This data is actually written in a '.mat' file} and generates the Fit parameter data files. The Simulation code then calls the 'CalculatingPhysicalParameters' script which evaluates the data based on the Fit parameters and outputs some physically relevant results like the FSR, Finesse, Modulation Depths, TMS{Current Output is the Estimated RoCs of the two mirrors which isn't something we want directly, so it can be modified a bit to output TMS based on the HOMs}. The scripts do some 'Linearity' checks which might not really be of much significance but can be seen as a reference. Also, the ipython notebook will show all intermediate plots for the actual data and data with custom noise, fit data, FSR fitting, linearity checks, Bessel Ratio plot with mod_depths.

 

Note: The scripts should be run using either an IDE like 'spyder'{for .py files}{Comes with Anaconda} or using an ipython notebook{for .ipynb files}.
  13126   Wed Jul 19 12:47:43 2017 SteveSummarySUSoplev laser summary updated

1103P, sn P893518 of  2013 vintage is dead at the sus  fiber demo

Quote:

 

Quote:

                    Oct.  5, 2015              ETMY He/Ne replaced by 1103P, sr P919645,  made Dec 2014, after 2 years

                   Jan. 24, 2017              ETMY He/Ne replaced by 1103P,  sr P947049,  made Apr 2016,  after 477 hrs running hot

    Jan. 26,  2017              RIN test stared with P947034, made Apr. 2016  

    Apr.  10,  2017              purchased two 1103P from Edmund:  sr P964438 & sr P964431, made 02/2017

   

     July  19,  2017             1103P, sn P964438 as new installed at the south end for the glass fiber illumination. Turn laser off when you are done.

  13128   Wed Jul 19 18:24:15 2017 ranaSummarySUSoplev laser summary updated

The $1000 HeNe should not be used for illuminating fibers.

You should purchase these (total price per laser less than $6):

  1. 10 red laser diodes for $2.39 total
  2. 3-5 Vdc adapters
  13129   Fri Jul 21 08:05:07 2017 SteveSummarySUSred, blue, green laser diodes ordered

Also ordered 1 ea.

Blue 20mW

Green 10mW

IR 780nm 3mW

Quote:

The $1000 HeNe should not be used for illuminating fibers.

You should purchase these (total price per laser less than $6):

  1. 10 red laser diodes for $2.39 total
  2. 3-5 Vdc adapters

HeNe 1103P 2mW Recertified

  13131   Fri Jul 21 19:44:58 2017 NaomiSummaryComputer Scripts / ProgramsUsing PyKat to run Finesse

I have been working on using PyKat to run Finesse. There appear to be several ways to run an equivalent simulation using Finesse:

1: .kat only

Run a .kat file directly from the terminal. For example, if in the directory containing the Finesse kat.ini file, run the command ‘./kat file.kat’. This method does not use PyKat.

To edit the simulation using this method, one must directly edit the .kat file. This is not ideal, as all parameters must be hard-coded, and there is no looping method for duplicate commands.


Both of the following methods use PyKat in some manner. To run Finesse using PyKat from a .py file, the command ‘from pykat import finesse’ should be included. In addition, two environment variables must be defined:

  • FINESSE_DIR': directory containing ‘kat’ executable
  • KATINI’: location and name of kat.ini file

Within a .py file running PyKat, the kat object contains all of the optical components and their states. To create a kat object, we use the command:

kat = finesse.kat()


2: .kat + .py

To load Finesse commands from a .kat file, we can use the command loadKatFile(). For example, using the kat object as defined above:

kat.loadKatFile(‘file.kat’)

The kat object now contains any components defined in the .kat file. The states of these components can be altered using PyKat. For example, if in the .kat file, we defined a mirror named ‘ITM’, with R = 0.9, T = 0.1, phi = 0, and with nodes 1 and 2 to its left and right, respectively, using the Finesse command

m ITM 0.9 0.1 0 n1 n2

we can now alter the state of the mirror using a PyKat command such as

kat.ITM.phi = 30

which changes the ‘phi’ property of the mirror to 30 degrees. Once all alterations to objects are made, we can run Finesse using the command

out = kat.run()

which stores the output of the Finesse simulation in the variable out.


3: .py only

We can also run a Finesse simulation without any .kat file. There are two ways to define Finesse objects within a .py file.

- Parse a string containing Finesse commands, as would be found in a .kat file, using the command parseCommands(). For example,

            kat.parseCommands(‘m ITM 0.9 0.1 0 n1 n2’)

defines the same mirror as above. This object can now be altered using pyKat in the same manner as above.

- Define an object using the classes defined in PyKat. For example, to define the same ITM mirror, we can use:

ITM = mirror(‘ITM’, ‘n1’, ‘n2’, 0.9, 0.1, 0)

kat.add(ITM)

The syntax for these classes can be found in the files included in the PyKat package named ‘commands.py’, ‘detectors.py’, and ‘components.py’.

We can also run Finesse commands (rather than just defining components) using their respective classes. These must also be added to the kat object. For example:

x = xaxis(‘lin’, [‘-4M’, ‘4M’], ‘f’, 1000, ‘laser’)

kat.add(x)

This runs the command ‘xaxis’, which sets the x-axis of the output data to run from freq = -4 MHz to 4 MHz, in 1000 steps. This is equivalent to the following Finesse command:

xaxis laser f lin -4M 4M 1000

In theory, we should be able to use PyKat to run any Finesse command. However, not all Finesse commands appear to be defined in PyKat; one example is the Finesse command ‘yaxis’, which I cannot locate in PyKat. In addition, I have had difficulty running some commands such as ‘cav’ and ‘pd’, despite following their class definitions in the PyKat files. However, these commands can still be easily run in PyKat using parseCommands().

  13154   Mon Jul 31 20:35:42 2017 KojiSummaryComputersChiara backup situation summary

Summary
- CDS Shared files system: backed up
- Chiara system itself: not backed up


controls@chiara|~> df -m
Filesystem     1M-blocks    Used Available Use% Mounted on
/dev/sda1         450420   11039    416501   3% /
udev               15543       1     15543   1% /dev
tmpfs               3111       1      3110   1% /run
none                   5       0         5   0% /run/lock
none               15554       1     15554   1% /run/shm
/dev/sdb1        2064245 1718929    240459  88% /home/cds
/dev/sdd1        1877792 1426378    356028  81% /media/fb9bba0d-7024-41a6-9d29-b14e631a2628
/dev/sdc1        1877764 1686420     95960  95% /media/40mBackup

/dev/sda1 : System boot disk
/dev/sdb1 : main cds disk file system 2TB partition of 3TB disk (1TB vacant)
/dev/sdc1 : Daily backup of /dev/sdb1 via a cron job (/opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/scripts/backup/localbackup)

/dev/sdd1 : 2014 snap shot of cds. Not actively used. USB

https://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8081/40m/11640

 

  13159   Wed Aug 2 14:47:20 2017 KojiSummaryComputersChiara backup situation summary

I further made the burt snapshot directories compressed along with ELOG 11640. This freed up additional ~130GB. This will eventually help to give more space to the local backup (/dev/sdc1)

controls@chiara|~> df -m
Filesystem     1M-blocks    Used Available Use% Mounted on
/dev/sda1         450420   11039    416501   3% /
udev               15543       1     15543   1% /dev
tmpfs               3111       1      3110   1% /run
none                   5       0         5   0% /run/lock
none               15554       1     15554   1% /run/shm
/dev/sdb1        2064245 1581871    377517  81% /home/cds
/dev/sdd1        1877792 1426378    356028  81% /media/fb9bba0d-7024-41a6-9d29-b14e631a2628
/dev/sdc1        1877764 1698489     83891  96% /media/40mBackup

 

 

  13183   Thu Aug 10 14:13:23 2017 KiraSummaryPEMtemperature sensor

Goal is to build a temperature sensor accurate to 1 mK. Schematic is shown below. This does not take into account the DC gain that occurs.

Parts that would be used for this: LM317 regulator, AD592 temperature transducer, OP amp (low input noise and high impedance), 100K (or maybe 10k) resistor. This is what is currently proposed, but the exact parts we use could be changed to better fit the sensor. The resistor and the OP amp will be decided depending on the output of the AD592.

Once this is built, I would like to create a few copies of it and put them into an insulated container and measure the output from each one. This would allow us to calculate the temperature noise of the circuit, as we can take out the variations due to temperature changes inside the container by comparing the outputs.

I can also model the noise in the circuit to see how much noise there is before building it. There are three terms to the noise that we have, and we need to decide which one dominates at low frequencies.

Our final goal is to create an additional circuit that could cancel out the DC gain. I have attached an additional schematic proposed by Rana that would help with this issue. I will leave this second half for when the first part works.

Attachment 1: IMG_20170810_121637~2.jpg
IMG_20170810_121637~2.jpg
Attachment 2: IMG_20170810_134422~2.jpg
IMG_20170810_134422~2.jpg
  13188   Thu Aug 10 21:22:06 2017 ranaSummaryPEMtemperature sensor
  • Should we use the AD590 or the AD592? They're sort of the same, but have slightly different packages and specs.
  • Given the sensitivity of the AD590 to power supply drift, I would recommend using a precision voltage reference like the AD581 or AD587. Take a look at the datasheets and order a few different varieties so we can see what works best for us. I believe that the voltage regulators have too much drift to use for precision temperature control.
  • The AD590 datasheet has a few example circuits showing how we can subtract off the offset which comes the 1 uA/K coefficient of the AD590 (i.e. we would have 295 uA at room temperature, trying to stabilize to +/- 0.1 K)
  • For the first prototypes its fine to use some solderable protoboard assembly, but we will eventually have to figure out how to package this thing and interface it with our Acromag slow controls system.

also, I've attached some temperature noise spectra from the LISA group at the AEI in Hannover. It will be interesting to see if we get the same results.

Attachment 1: tempsensnoise2.pdf
tempsensnoise2.pdf
Attachment 2: tempnoise_final.pdf
tempnoise_final.pdf
  13209   Tue Aug 15 11:50:21 2017 KiraSummaryPEMtemp sensor packaging/mount

For the final packaging/mounting of the sensor to the seismometer, I have thought of two options.

1. Attach circuit to a PCB board and place it inside the can, while leaving the AD590 open to the air inside the can.

  • This makes sure that the sensor gets a direct measurement of the temperature of the air in the can, as it is exposed to the air. 
  • But, it takes a limited area of measurement, so it could be the case that the area we place it in happens to be a hot or cold pocket, and the measurement would be inaccurate.
  • This can be solved by placing multiple copies of the circuit in various places of the can and averaging the values.

2. Attach the AD590 to a copper plate with thermal paste and put it into a pomona box.

  • This solves the problem of having a limited sample area the first option had, as the copper plate should have a uniform temp distribution, thus we are sampling the temp of that whole area.
  • Need to make sure that the response time to the temperature variations of copper is less than the frequency that we are measuring.
  • This can be calculated using equations for heat transfer (listed below).

If anyone has input on which method is preferred or any additional options that we may have, I would appreciate it.

Heat transfer:

q = k A dT / s

  • k = thermal conductivity
  • A = area
  • dT = temperature gradient
  • s = thickness

For copper, k = 401 W/mK, x = 1.27 mm, A = 2.66x10^-3 m^2 (for the particular copper plate I measured), dT = 1K (assume). Thus the heat transfer will be 839 J/s.

I'm not completely sure what to do with this yet, but it could help us decide whether the copper plate option will be useful for us.

 

  13235   Mon Aug 21 20:11:25 2017 johannesSummaryGeneralLoss measurements plan

There are three methods we (will soon) have available to evaluate the round-trip dissipative losses in the arms that do not suffer from the ITM loss dominance:

  • DC reflection method:
    • Compare reflected light levels from [ITM only] vs [arm cavity on resonance]
  • Basler CCDs:
    • Infer large (or small) angle scatter loss with calibrated CCDs
  • Reflection ringdowns:
    • Need AS port light injection, principle is similar to DC method but better (?)

DCREFL

The DC method comparing reflectivities has been used in the past and is relatively easy to do. After the recent vacuum troubles the first step should be to re-perform these as CDS permits (needs some ASS functionality and of course the MC to behave). It wouldn't hurt to know the parameters this depends on, aka mode overlap and modulation depths with better certainty. Maybe the SURF scripts for mode-spectroscopy can be applied?

CCDs

With the new CCD cameras calibrated, pre-vent we can determine the magnitude of the large-angle scatter loss (assuming isotropic scatter) of ETMX and possibly ETMY. Can we look past ETMX/ETMY from the viewports? Then we can probably also look at the small angle scatter of ITMX and ITMY. If not, once we open one of the chambers there's the option of installing mirrors as close as possible to the main beam path. The easiest is probably to look at ITMX, since there is plenty of space in the XEND chamber, and the camera is already installed.

ASPORT

This requires a lot of up-front work. We decided to use the spare 200mW NPRO. It will be placed on the PSL table and injected into an optical fiber, which terminates on the AS table. The again free space beam there needs to be sort-of mode-matched into the SRC ("sort-of" because mode-spectroscopy). We want to be able to phaselock this secondary beam to the PSL with at least a couple kHz bandwidth and also completely extinguish the beam on time-scales of a few microseconds. We will likely need to purchase a few components that we can salvage from other labs, I'm still going through the inventory and will know more soon (more detailed post to follow). We need to settle for the polarization we want to send in from the back.

 

Tentative Schedule (aggressive)

Week Aug 21 - Aug 27:

  • Update mode-overlap estimates
  • Obtain current DC refl estimates
  • Spatial profile of auxiliary NPRO
  • Fiber setup concept; purchasing
  • CCD software prep work

Week Aug 28 - Sep 3:

  • Re-evaluate modulation indices if necessary
  • Optical beat AS Port Auxiliary Laser (ASAL) - PSL
  • PLL setup
  • CCD large angle prep work

Week Sep 4 - Sep 10:

  • PLL CDS integration
  • Amplitude-modulation preparation
  • CCD large angles

Week Sep 11 - Sep 17:

  • Fiber-injection
  • AS table preliminary mode-matching
  • Faraday setup
  • CCD small angle prep work

Week Sep 18 - Sep 24:

  • ASAL amplitude switching
  • CCD small angles

Week Sep 25 - Oct 1:

  • AS port ringdowns

 

  13236   Mon Aug 21 21:26:41 2017 gautamSummaryGeneralLoss measurements plan

In case you want to use it, I had profiled the Lightwave NPRO sometime back, and we were even using it as the AUX X laser for a short period of time. 

As for using the AS laser for mode spectroscopy: don't we want to match the beam into the cavity as best as possible, and then use some technique to disturb the input mode (like the dental tooth scraper technique from Chris Mueller's thesis)? 

Johannes and I did an arm scan of the X arm today (arm controlled with ALS, monitoring IR transmission) - only 2 IR FSRs were scanned, but there should be sufficient information in there to extract the modulation depth and mode matching - can we use Kaustubh's/Naomi's code?. The Y arm ALS needs to be touched up so I don't have a Y arm scan yet. Note that to get a good arm scan measurement, the High Gain Thorlabs PD should be used as the transmission PD.

Quote:
 

Week Aug 21 - Aug 27:

  • Update mode-overlap estimates
  • Obtain current DC refl estimates
  • Spatial profile of auxiliary NPRO
  • Fiber setup concept; purchasing
  • CCD software prep work

 

  13241   Tue Aug 22 16:56:54 2017 johannesSummaryGeneralAS laser existing components inventory

I surveyed the lab today to see what we may need to buy for the AS laser setup.

We have:

NPRO 200 mW + Driver

Faraday Isolator from cabinet

ISOMET Model 1201E: This is a free space AOM I found in the modulator cabinet. It needs to be driven at 40MHz (to be confirmed) with ~6W of electrical power. For a 500 micron beam it can allegedly achieve rise times of '93' [units not specified, could this be nanoseconds?]. I did not find a dedicated driver for it, however there was a 5W minicircuits amplifier ZHL-5W-1 in the RF cabinet and a switch ZSDR-230, which has a typical switch time of 2 microseconds, however I'm not sure how this translates to rise/fall times of the deflected power. It seems we have everything to set this up, so we'll by the end of the week if we can use a combination of these things or if we need to buy additional driver electronics.

New Focus model 4004 broadband phase modulator which is labeled as dusty, and in fact quite dirty when looking through. We should attempt to clean this thing and maybe we can use it here or at the ends.

Probably all the optics we need for the PSL table setup.

 

We need:

Beat PD: How about one of these: EOT ET-3000A? I didn't find a broadband PD for the beat with the PSL

Fiber Stuff: coupler & polarization maintaining fiber 20m & collimator. There are a couple options here, which we can discuss in the meeting.

Faraday Isolator: If we want to inject P-polarization. If S is okay we can use a polarizing plate beamsplitter instead.

Possibly some large lenses for mode-matching to IFO (TBD)

 

 

  13250   Thu Aug 24 18:02:16 2017 GabrieleSummaryLSCFirst cavity length reconstruction with a neural network

1) Introduction

In brief, I trained a deep neural network (DNN) to recosntuct the cavity length, using as input only the transmitted power and the reflection PDH signals. The training was performed with simulated data, computed along 0.25s long trajectories sampled at 8kHz, with random ending point in the [-lambda/4, lambda/4] unique region and with random velocity.

The goal of thsi work is to validate the whole approach of length reconstruction witn DNN in the Fabry-Perot case, by comparing the DNN reconstruction with the ALS caivity lenght measurement. The final target is to deploy a system to lock PRMI and DRMI. Actually, the Fabry-Perot cavity problem is harder for a DNN: the cavity linewidth is quite narrow, forcing me to use very high sampling frequency (8kHz) to be able to capture a few samples at each resonance crossing. I'm using a recurrent neural network (RNN), in the input layers of the DNN, and this is traine using truncated backpropagation in time (TBPT): during training each layer of RNN is unrolled into as many copies as there are input time samples (8192 * 0.25 = 2048). So in practice I'm training a DNN with >2000 layers! The limit here is computational, mostly the GPU memory. That's why I'm not able to use longer data stretches.

But in brief, the DNN reconstruction is performing well for the first attempt.

2) Training simulation

In the results shown below, I'm using a pre-trained network with parameters that do not match very well the actual data, in particular for the distribution of mirror velocity and the sensing noises. I'm working on improving the training.

I used the following parameters for the Fabry-Perot cavity:

The uncertaint is assumed to be the 90% confidence level of a gaussian distribution. The DNN is trained on 100000 examples, each one a 0.25/8kHz long trajectory with random velocity between 0.1 and 5 um/s, and ending point distributed as follow: 33% uniform on the [-lambda/4, lambda/4] region, plus 33% gaussian distribution peaked at the center with 5 nm width. In addition there are 33% more static examples, distributed near the center. 

For each point along the trajectory, the signals TRA, POX11_I and POX11_Q are computed and used as input to the DNN.

3) Experimental data

Gautam collected about 10 minutes of data with the free swinging cavity, with ALS locked on the arm. Some more data were collected with the cavity driven, to increase the motion. I used the driven dataset in the analysis below.

3.1) ALS calibration

The ALS signal is calibrated in green Hz. After converting it to meters, I checked the calibration by measuring the distance between carrier peaks. It turned out that the ALS signal is undercalibrated by about 26%. After correcting for this, I found that there is a small non-linearity in the ALS response over multiple FSR. So I binned the ALS signal over the entire range and averaged the TRA power in each bin, to get the transmission signals as a function of ALS (in nm) below:

I used a peak detection algorithm to extract the carrier and 11 MHz sideband peaks, and compared them with the nominal positions. The difference between the expected and measured peak positions as a function of the ALS signal is shown below, with a quadratic fit that I used to improve the ALS calibration

The result is

z_initial = 1e9 * L*lamba/c *1.26. * ALS
z_corrected = 2.1e-06 z^2  -1.9e-02 z  -6.91e+02

The ALS calibrated z error from the peak position is of the order of 3 nm (one sigma)

3.2) Mirror velocity

Using the calibrated ALS signal, I computed the cavity length velocity. The histogram below shows that this is well described by a gaussian with width of about 3 um/s. In my DNN training I used a different velocity distribution, but this shouldn't have a big impact. I'm retraining with a different distirbution.

4) DNN results

The plot below shows a stretch of time domain DNN reconstruction, compared with the ALS calibrated signal. The DNN output is limited in the [-lambda/4, lambda/4] region, so the ALS signal is also wrapped in the same region. In general the DNN reconstruction follows reasonably well the real motion, mostly failing when the velocity is small and the cavity is simultanously out of resonance. This is a limitation that i see also in simulation, and it is due to the short training time of 0.25s.

I did not hand-pick a good period, this is representative of the average performance. To get a better understanding of the performance, here's a histogram of the error for 100 seconds of data:

The central peak was fitted with a gaussian, just to give a rough idea of its width, although the tails are much wider. A more interesting plot is the hisrogram below of the reconstructed position as a function of the ALS position, Ideally one would expect a perfect diagonal. The result isn't too far from the expectation:

The largest off diagonal peak is at (-27, 125) and marked with the red cross. Its origin is more clear in the plot below, which shows the mean, RMS and maximum error as a function of the cavity length. The second peak corresponds to where the 55 MHz sideband resonate. In my training model, there were no 55 MHz sidebands nor higher order modes. 

5) Conclusions and next steps

The DNN reconstruction performance is already quite good, considering that the DNN couldn't be trained optimally because of computation power limitations. This is a validation of the whole idea of training the DNN offline on a simulation and then deploy the system online.

I'm working to improve the results by

  • training on a more realistic distribution of velocity
  • adding the 55 MHz sidebands
  • maybe adding HOMs
  • tune the DNN architecture

However I won't spend too much time on this, since I think the idea has been already validated.

 

  13251   Thu Aug 24 18:51:57 2017 KojiSummaryLSCFirst cavity length reconstruction with a neural network

Phenomenal!

  13256   Sat Aug 26 09:56:34 2017 GabrieleSummaryLSCFirst cavity length reconstruction with a neural network

Update

I included the 55 MHz sideband and higher order modes in my training examples. To keep things simple, I just assumed there are higher order modes up to n+m=4 in the input beam. The power in each HOM is randomly chosen from a random gaussian distribution with width determined from experimental cavity scans. I used a value of 0.913+-0.01 rad for the Gouy phase (again estimated from cavity scans, but in reasonable agreement with the nominal radius of curvature of ETMX)

Results are improved. The plot belows show the performance of the neural network on 100s of experimental data

For reference, the plots below show the performance of the same network on simulated data (that includes sensing noise but no higher order modes)

  13258   Mon Aug 28 08:47:32 2017 JamieSummaryLSCFirst cavity length reconstruction with a neural network
Quote:

Phenomenal!

truly.

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