I updated the figures. I think it's easier to read now.
Let Loren help you make your Oplev data readable to humans.
While trying to resolve the strange SRCL loop shape seen yesterday (which has been resolved, eric will elog about it later), we got a chance to put in the correct filters to the "CINV" branch in the C1CAL model for MICH, PRCL, and SRCL - so we have some calibrated spectra now (Attachment #1). The procedure followed was as follows:
The final set of gains used were:
MICH: -247 dB
PRCL: -256 dB
SRCL: -212 dB
and the gain-only filters in the CINV filter banks are all called "DRMI1f".
Once we are able to lock the DRFPMI again, we can do the same for CARM and DARM as well...
I've made several changes to the C1MCS model and C1PEM model, and have installed BLRMS filters for the MC mirror coils, which are now running. The main idea behind this test was to see how much CPU time was added as a result of setting up IPC channels to take the signals from C1MCS to C1PEM (where the BLRMS filtering happens) - I checked the average CPU time before and after installing the BLRMS filters, and saw that the increase was about 1 usec for 15 IPC channels installed (it increased from ~27usec to 28usec). A direct scaling would suggest that setting up the BLRMS for the vertex optics might push the c1sus model close to timing out - it is at ~50usec right now, and I would need, per optic, 12 IPC channels, and so for the 5 vertex optics, this would suggest that the CPU timing would be ~55usec. I have not committed either of the changed models to the SVN just yet.
Now that I have a procedure in place to install the BLRMS filters, we can do so for other channels as well, such as for the coils and Oplevs of the vertex optics, and the remaining PEM channels (SEIS, accelerometers, microphones?). For the vertex optics though, I am not sure if we need to do some rearrangement to the c1sus model to make sure it does not time out...
I checked how POXDC level changes when the angle of ITMX is varied. ETMX was misaligned.
Then I found that in YAW direction the POXDC level is maximized but it doesnt have plateau, and in PIT direction it is not maximized so that it is at the slope and it doesnt have plateau, as shown in attached figures. These results indicate that the beam size on POX11 is not small enough compared to the size of the diode and it is not centered well.
I disconnected the cable that was connected to CH6 of the whitening filter in 1Y2, then connected POXDC cable to there (CH6). This channel is where POXDC used to connect.
Then I turned on the whitening filter for POXDC and POYDC (C1:LSC-POXDC FM1, C1:LSC-POYDC FM1) and changed the gain of analog whitening filter for POXDC and POYDC from 0 dB to 45 dB and from 0 dB to 39 dB, respectively (C1:LSC-POXDC_WhiteGain, C1:LSC-POYDC_WhiteGain).
Somehow, the controls user account on donatella lost its membership to the sudoers group, which meant doing anything that needs root authentication was impossible.
I fixed this by booting up from a Linux install USB drive, mounting the HD, and running useradd controls sudo
useradd controls sudo
Since ETMX seems to have been on good behavior lately, we tried to fire the IFO back up.
We had a fair amount of trouble locking the DRMI with the arms held off resonance. For reasons yet to be understood, we discovered that the SRCL OLG looks totally bananas. It isn't possible to hold the DRMI for very long with this shape, obviously.
With the arms misaligned and the DRMI locked on 1F, the loop shape is totally normal. I haven't yet tried 3F locking with the arms misaligned, but this is a logical next step; I just need to look up the old demod angles used for this, since it wasn't quickly possible with the 3F demod angles that are currently set for the DRFPMI.
MC Autolocker got stack somewhere. I had to go to megatron and kill MC Autolocker.
init relaunched the autolocker automatically, and now it started properly.
SLOWDC servo was dead. I followed EricQ's instruction.
We've been talking about putting in BLRMS filters for several channels - it would be a pain to manually copy over the correct bandpass and lowpass filter coefficients into the newly created filter banks, and so I've set up a script (attached) that can do the job. As template filters, I'vm using the filters rana detailed here. Essentially, what the script does is identify the (empty on creation) block of text for a given filter: e.g. RMS_STS1Z_BP_0p01_0p03 for STS1Z), and appends the template filter coefficients. To test my script, I first backed up the original C1PEM.txt file from /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/chans, removed all the filter coefficients for the STS1Z BLRMS filters, and then replaced it with one generated using my script. I then loaded the coefficients for all the filters in the C1PEM modules, without any obvious error messages being generated. I also checked that foton could read the new file, and checked tmake sure that sensible filter shapes were seen for some channels. Since this seems to be working, I'm going to start putting in BLRMS blocks into the models tomorrow.
Q adjusted the Dataviewer so it is not chopping of data any more. Thanks.
Cold cathode gauge reading of 10 years.
With the same method as reported in elog 11785, I calibrated oplevs for ITMX/ETMX.
According to this measurement, ratio of the calibration factor derived with this measurement (NEW) and the calibration factor for now (OLD), i.e. NEW/OLD was:
The calibration factors of the oplevs for ETMY/ITMY are NOT UPDATED YET. I updated on Dec 11, 2015
Dataviewer x axis end is not there.
On ( 2600 days) longer plots it is missing 8 moths and on (100 days) shorther plot it is missing 1 month.
It wasn't fully mentioned in ELOG 11814.
We checked the PD first and this behavior didn't change after the realignment of the AS55PD.
Yutaro confirmed that this effect is happening in the vacuum chamber.
With captured images of ETMYF, I measured the shift of the beam spot on ETMY.
The conclusions are:
the baffle would have almost no effect on loss map measurement and
the calibration of beam spot shift is confirmed to be not so bad.
What I did:
I captured ETMYF images in the cases that (i)beam spot is centered on ETMY, beam spot is at the rightest and lowest point of my loss map measurement (corresponding to [0,0] component of the matrix shown in elog 11818), and beam spot is at the leftest and highest point of my loss map measurement ([4,4] component). Each captured image is attached.
Then using ImageJ, I measured the shift of the beam spot. I calibrated lengh in horizontal direction and vertical direction with the diameter of the mirror.
The amount of the beam shift was 7.2 mm and 8.0 mm for each case.
These values indicate that clapping loss due to the baffle is less than 10 ppm in a round trip.
Today's results support the previous calibration with oplev, which says the amount of the beam shift is 7.0 mm. Two values derived by different calibrations coincide within ~10 % though they are totally different methods. This also support the calibration of the oplev for ETMY (elog 11785) indirectly.
One possible explanation of this behavior is simply poor centering of the AS beam on AS55 (whose DC level provides ASDC, if memory serves me correctly).
I misaligned ETMY, and moved ITMY through its current nominal alignment while looking at the POYDC and ASDC levels.
In both pitch and yaw, the nominal alignment is fairly close to the "plateau" in which the AS beam is fully within the PD active surface. I.e. it doesn't take much angular motion to start to lose part of the beam, and thus introduce a first order coupling of angle to power. (Look at the plateaus at around -2min and -0.5min, and where the rapidly changing oplev trace crosses zero)
Furthermore, POYDC seems to be in some weird condition where it is actually possible to increase the reported powerwhen misaligning in pitch, but somehow there is more angular coupling in this state.
In any case, I would advise that the POY11 and AS55 RFPDs have their spots recentered with optics in their nominal aligned states. In fact, given how we found REFL11 alingment to be less-than-ideal not so long ago, all of the RFPDs could probably use a checkup.
T1000461 tells us that the nominal LO input is 2dBm although we don't know what's the LO level is at the mixers in the demod boards.
I checked the RF levels at the LSC LO distribution box, with the agilent scope and a handful of couplers. This was all done with the Marconi at +13dBm.
I only checked the channels that are currently in use, since the analyzer only measures 3 channels at a time, and rewiring involves walking back and forth to the IOO rack to make sure unpowered amps aren't driven, and I was getting hungry.
For the most part, the LO levels coming into the LSC demod boards are all around +1.5dBm (i.e. I measured around -18.0dBm out of the ZFDC-20-5 coupler, which has a nominal 19.5dB coupling factor)
The inputs piped over from the IOO rack, labeled as "+6dBm" were found to be 4.7dBm and 2.9dBm for 11Mhz and 55MHz, respectively.
The 2F signals were generally about 40dB lower, with two exceptions:
Here are the raw numbers I measured out of the couplers, all in dBm:
11MHz in: -14.8
55MHz in: -16.6
POP55: -18.8 (this port is used as the REFL55 LO)
On VIDEO.adl, Image Capture and Video Capture did not seem to work and gave me some errors, so I fixed following two things:
1. just put one side of a USB cable to Pianosa the other side of which was connected to Sensoray; I don't know why but this was unconnected.
2. slightly fixed /users/sensoray/sdk_2253_1.2.2_linux/imsub/display-image.py as fpllows
L52: pix[j, i] = R, G, B -> pix[j, i] = int(R), int(G), int(B)
It seems to work, at least for some cameras including ETMYF and ITMYF.
It might have, so I think I need to estimate shift of beam spot more preciely.
According to Steve's drawing, radius of the hole of the baffle is 19.8 mm.
Intensity distribution of fundamental mode in x axis direction is this (y is integrated out):
With the radius of curvature of ETMY of 60 m and the arm length of 37.78 m, the beam width on ETMY is estimated to be 5.14 mm. From this expression of the intensity, , for example. If round trip loss is considered, these values are doubled.
Although maximum shift of beam spot from the ideal spot on ETMY is estimated to be sqrt(6.0^2+(1.7+1.7)^2)=6.9 mm, this value could have error of several tens of % because I am not sure to what exten the calibration is precise, which means that the maximum shift could be ~10 mm and seperation between the baffle and the beam could be ~10 mm.
Therefore, I need to check how much the beam spot shifts with another way, maybe with captured image of the CCD camera.
I'm not claiming we need to modify the frequency source immediately as we are not limited by the oscillator amplitude or phase noise.
I just wanted to note something in mind before it goes away quickly.
Alberto's T1000461 tells us that the oscillator and phase noise are degraded by factor of ~3 and ~5 due to the RF chanin.
My diagram is possible removal of up-down situation of the chain.
Maybe more direct improvement would be:
- Removal of two amplifiers out of four. The heat condition of the box is touch thought it is not critical.
- The modification will allow us to have a spare 11MHz channel at 1X2 rack that would be useful for 3f modulation.
I need some more hints to understand the improvement, although its generally good to re-build it considering the sad state of the assembly/installation that you found.
I see that the current design brings the 11 MHz signal to -2 dBm before intering the first ZHL-2+, but since that has a NF of 9 dB, that seems to only degrade the phase noise to -2 - (-174 +9) = -163 dBc. That seems OK since we only need -160 dBc from this system. Probably the AM noise is worse than this already (we should remember to hook up a simple AM stabilizer in 2016, as well as the ISS).
What else are the main features of this improvement? I can reward a good summary with some Wagonga.
I found that TRY level degraded and the beam shape seen with CCD camera at AS port was splitted when the beam spot on ETMY was not close to the center. This was because dither started not working well. I suspect so because in such a case TRY level went up when I did iteration with TT1 and TT2 after freezing dither. Splitted beam shape indicates that incident light did not match well with the cavity mode.
TRY level for each point was this:
[[ 0.6573 0.8301 0.8983 0.8684 0.6773 ]
[ 0.7555 0.8904 0.9394 0.8521 0.6779 ]
[ 0.6844 0.8438 0.9318 0.8834 0.6593 ]
[ 0.7429 0.8688 0.9254 0.8427 0.6474 ]
[ 0.7034 0.8447 0.8834 0.8147 0.6966 ]]
In the worst case, TRY level was 70 % of the maximum level. Assuming that this degrade was totally due to the mode mismatch, this corresponds to ~50 urad difference between the angle of incident light and resonant lighe in the arm (see elog 11819).
Here, I upload data I took last night, including the power of reflected power (locked/misaligned) and transmitted power for each point (attachement 1).
And I would like to write about possible reason why the loss I measured with POYDC and the loss I measured with ASDC are different by about 60 - 70 ppm (elog 11810 and 11818). The conclusion I have reached is:
It could be due to the strange bahavior of ASDC level.
This difference corresponds to the error of ~2% in the value of P_L/P_M. As reported in elog 11815, ASDC level changes when angle of the light reflected by ITMY changes, and 2% change of ASDC level corresponds to 10 urad change of the angle of the light according to my rough estimation with the figure shown in elog 11815 and attachment 2. This means that 2% error in P_L/P_M could occur if the angle of the light incident to YARM and that of resonant light in YARM differ by 10 urad. Since the waist width of the beam is ~3 mm, with the 10 urad difference, the ratio of the power of TEM10 mode is , where . This value is reasonable; in elog 11743 Gautam reported that the ratio of the power of TEM10 was ~ 0.03, from the result of cavity scan. Therefore it is possible that the angle of the light incident to YARM and that of resonant light in YARM differ by 10 urad and this difference causes the error of ~2% in P_L/P_M, which could exlain the 60 - 70 ppm difference.
Tonight I measured "loss map" of ETMY. The method to calculate round trip loss is same as written in elog 11810, except that I used POYDC instead of ASDC this time.
How I changed beam spot on ETMY is: elog 11779.
I measured round trip loss for 5 x 5 points. The result is below.
494.9 +/- 7.6 356.8 +/- 6.0 253.9 +/- 7.9 250.3 +/- 8.2 290.6 +/- 5.1
215.7 +/- 4.8 225.6 +/- 5.7 235.1 +/- 7.0 284.4 +/- 5.4 294.7 +/- 4.5
205.2 +/- 6.0 227.9 +/- 5.8 229.4 +/- 7.2 280.5 +/- 6.3 320.9 +/- 4.3
227.9 +/- 5.7 230.5 +/- 5.5 262.1 +/- 5.9 315.3 +/- 4.7 346.8 +/- 4.2
239.7 +/- 4.5 260.7 +/- 5.3 281.2 +/- 5.8 333.7 +/- 5.0 373.8 +/- 4.9
The correspondence between the loss shown above and the beam spot on ETMY is shown in the following figure. In the figure, "downward" and "left" indicate direction of shift of the beam spot when you watch it via the camera (ex. 494.9 ppm corresponds to the lowest and rightest point).
Edited below on 28th Nov.
To shift the beam spot on ETMY, I added offset in YARM dither loop. The offset was [-30,-15,0,15,30]x[-10,-5,0,5,10] for pitch and yaw, respectively. How I calibrated the beam spot is basically based on elog 11779, but I multiplied 5.3922 for vertical direction and 4.6205 for horizontal direction which I had obtained by caliblation of oplev (elog 11785).
Edited above on 28 th Nov.
I will report the detail later.
Uploaded on T1000461 too.
Due to the strange behavior (elog 11815) of ASDC level, we checked if it is possible to use POYDC instead of ASDC to measure the power of reflected light of YARM. Attached below is the spectrum of them when the arm is locked. This spectrum shows that it is not bad to use POYDC, in terms of noise. The spectrum of them when ETMY is misaligned looked similar.
So I am going to use POYDC instead of ASDC to measure arm loss of YARM.
Ed by KA:
The spectra of POYDC and ASDC were measured. We foudn that they have coherence at around 1Hz (good).
It told us that POYDC is about 1/50 smaller than ASDC. Therefore in the attached plot, POYDC x50 is shown.
That's the meaning of the vertical axis unit "ASDC".
I noticed that ASDC level changes depending on the angle of ITMY when trying to take some data for loss map of YARM. We finally found that ASDC level behaves strangely when the angle of ITMY in yaw direction is varied, as you can see in Attachment 1. Now, AS port recieved only the reflection of ITMY.
NOTE: This behavior indicates that angular motion could couple to length signal in AS port.
Koji suggested that this behavior might be caused by interference at SR2 or SR3 between main path light and the light reflected by the AR surface. By rough estimation, we confirmed that this scenario would be possible. So it would be better to measure AR reflection of the same mirror to ones used for SR2 and SR3 in term of incident angle.
Ed by KA: This senario could be true if the AR reflection of teh G&H mirrors have several % due to large angle of incidence. But then we still need think about the overlap between the ghost beam and the main beam. It's not so trivial.
I slightly changed the orientation of a few mirrors on AS table that are used to make the AS light get into PDs, in order to confirm that the strange behavior of ASDC (I will report later) is not caused by clipping related to these mirrors or miscentering on PDs.
Then output level of ASDC, AS55, and AS165 could have changed.
So take care of this possible change when you do something related to them. But the relative change of them would be at most several %, I think.
We disconnected the cable that was connected to CH5 of the whitening filter in 1Y2, then connected POYDC cable to there (CH5). This channel is where POYDC used to connect.
Then we turned on the whitening filter for POYDC (C1:LSC-POYDC FM1) and changed the gain of analog whitening filter for POYDC from 0 dB to 39 dB (C1:LSC-POYDC_WhiteGain).
Perhaps we can replace T1 with a mini-circuits hybrid 0-90 deg splitter and then remove the trim caps. (JSPQ-80, JYPQ-30, SCPQ-50)
Awwww. I found that the demod board has the power splitter (PSCJ-2-1) with one output unterminated.
This power splitter should be removed.
I measured round trip loss of Y arm. The alignment of relevant mirrors was set ideal with dithering (no offset).
round trip loss of Y arm: 166.2 +/- 9.3 ppm
(In the error, only statistic error is included.)
How I measured it:
I compared the power of light reflected by Y arm (measured at AS) when the arm was locked (P_L) and when ETMY was misaligned (P_M). P_L and P_M can be described as
The reason why P_L takes this form is: (1-alpha)*4T_ITM/(T_tot)^2 is intracavity power and then product of intracavity power and loss describes the power of light that is not reflected back. Here, alpha is power ratio of light that does not resonate in the arm (power of mismatched mode and modulated sideband), and T_tot is T_ITM+T_loss. Transmissivity of ETM is included in T_loss. I assumed alpha = 7%(mode mismatch) + 2 % (modulation) (elog 11745)
After some calculation we get
Here, higher order terms of T_ITM and (T_loss/T_ITM) are ignored. Then we get
Using this formula, I calculated T_loss. P_L and P_M were measured 100 times (each measurement consisted of 1.5 sec ave.) each and I took average of them. T_ETM =13.7 ppm is used.
-- This value is not so different from the value ericq reported in July (elog 10248).
-- This method of measuring arm loss is NOT sensitive to T_ITM. In contrast, the method in which loss is obtained from finesse (for example, elog 11740) is sensitive to T_ITM.
In the method I'm now reporting,
but in the method with finesse,
In the latter case, if relative error of T_ITM is 10%, error of T_loss would be 1000 ppm.
So it would be better to use power of reflected light when you want to measure arm loss.
I noticed that all the models running on C1LSC had crashed when I came in earlier today. I restarted all of them by ssh-ing into C1LSC and running rtcds restart all. The models seem to be running fine now.
I didn't finish making the DCC entry for this module yet.
But the attenuators are
- AT1: 10dB. There is a sign that it was 3dB before --- a 3dB chip was also attached on the boardnext to 10dB.
- AT2/3: Removed. They were replaced with 0Ohm resistors.
Currently the input is -8dBm. The input and output of the first ERA-5 are -17dBm and +7dBm, respectively.
Then the input and output of the second ERA-5 are -2dBm and 17dB, respectively.
In order to remove the second amplification stage, the first stage has to produce 26dBm. This is too much for either ERA-5 or any chips that fits on the foot print. If we use low gain but high output amp like GVA-81 (G=10dB, DF782 package), it is doable
Input 0dBm - [ATTN 3] - -3dBm - [ERA-5 G=20dB] - +16~+17dBm - [Circuits -9dB] - +7dBm - [Attn 0dB] - +7dBm - [GVA-81 G=10dB] - +17dBm
I think we should check the conditions of all the LSC demods.
Hmmm. Very non-standard demod. From the photo, looks like someone did some surgery with the attenuators (AT1, AT2, AT3) in the LO path. (might be me from a long time ago).
-8 dBm input to a circuit is a not a low noise situation. It would be best to remove the amplifiers in the I&Q paths and just have a single amplifier in the main path. Ideally we want the LO to never go below -3 dBm and certainly not below 0 dBm while outside of the board.
I doubt that all of the LSC demods were modified in this way - this one ought to get some sharpie or stickers to show its difference.
I misaligned ITMX. The oplev servo for ITMX is now turned off. You can restore ITMX alignment by running "restore".
I made the beam spot on QPD for the oplev of ITMY centered by changing the orientation of the mirror just before the QPD.
Before doing this, I ran dithering for Y arm and froze the output of ASS for Y arm.
Sorry, I completely forgot to turn the Marconi on...
Gautam couldn't observe a Y green beatnote earlier, so we checked things out, fixed things up, and performance is back to nominal based on past references.
In order to check the proper LO level, the IMC demod board was checked. As a short summary, -8dBm is the proper input for the IMC demod board. This was realized when the variable attenuator of the RF AM Stabilizer was set up be -7dB.
Initially, I tried to do the measurement using the extender board. But every board had the issue of +15V not working. After several extender boards were tried, I noticed that the current draw of the demod board burned the 15V line of the extender board.
Then I moved to the work bench. The signals were checked with the 10:1 probe. It's not properly the 50Ohm system, exactly to say.
I found that the LO signals at the mixers have huge distortion as it reaches the nominal 17dBm, and I wondered if ERA-5s were gone. Just in case I replaced the ERA-5s but didn't see any significant change. Then I thought it is due to the mixer itself. The mixer was removed and replaced with a 50Ohm SMD resister. Then the output of the last ERA-5 became sinusoidal, and the level was adjusted to be ~17dBm (4.52 Vpp) when the input power was measured to be -7.7dBm with the RF power meter. Once the mixer was reinstalled, it was confirmed that the waveform becase rectangular like, with the similar amplitude (4.42Vpp).
Now the module was returned to the rack. The RF level at the LO input was adjusted to be -8dBm by setting the attenuator level to be 7dBm.
Once the IMC is locked with this setting, the open loop transfer function was measured. The optical gain seemed almost unchanged compared with the recent nominal. The UGF and PM were measured to be 144kHz and 30deg.
The trouble we had: the 29.5 MHz source had an output of 6 dBm instead of 13 dBm.
The cause of the issue: A short cable inside had its shield cut and had no connection of the return.
- The frequency source box was dismantled.
- The power supply voltages of +28 and +18 were provided from bench supplies.
- The 29.5 MHz output of 5~6 dBm was confirmed on the work bench.
- The 11 MHz OCXO out (unused) had an output of 13 dBm.
- Once the lid was opened, it was immediately found that the output cable for the 29.5 MHz source had a sharp cut of the shield (Attachment1).
- OK. This cable was replaced. The output of 13 dBm was recovered.
- But wait. Why is the decoupling capacitor on the 29.5 MHz OCXO bulging? The polarity of the electrolytic capacitor was wrong!
- OK. This capacitor was replaced. It was 100 uF 35 V but now it is 100 uF 50 V.
- I further found some cables which had flaky shields. Some of them were twisted. When the panel cable s connected, the feedthroughs were rotated. This twists internally connected cables. Solder balls were added to the connector to reinforce the cable end.
- When the box was dismantled, it was already noticed that some of the plastic screws to mount the internal copper heat sinks for ZHL-2's were broken.
They seemed to be degraded because of the silicone grease. I didn't try to replace all as it was expected to take too much time, so only the broken screws
were replaced with steel screws with shoulder washers at the both side of the box.
- After confirming the circuit diagram, the box was returned to the rack. The 29.5 MHz output of 13 dBm there was confirmed.
The frequency source was fixed. The IMC LO level was adjusted.
IMC is locked => OLTF measured UGF 144kHz PM 30deg.
COMSOL 5.1 has been installed at: /cvs/cds/caltech/apps/linux64/comsol51/bin/comsol
MATLAB 2015b has been installed at: /cvs/cds/caltech/apps/linux64/matlab15b/bin/matlab
This has not replaced the default matlab on the workstations, which remains at 2013a. If some testing reveals that the upgrade is ok, we can rename the folders to switch.
Well. I thought a bit more and now I think it is likely that this is just the servo bump as you can see in the closed-loop TF.
6. Broad feature from 40kHz to 200kHz. The IMC loop is adding the noise. This is the frequency range of the PC drive. Is something in the PC drive noisy???
Done (Nov 23, 2015) - Check if the attenuator is still there in the input chain
Done (Nov 23, 2015) - Check if the actual LO levels at the 17dBm mixers are reasonable.
- Check if the actual LO levels for the LSC demods are OK too
On the demod board there is a 10 dB attenuator (AT1), which lowers the level to -10 dBm before the ERA-5. Then it should be 10 dBm before going to the rest of the parts. But I guess the ERA-5 chips which come later on in the circuit could be decaying like the ones in the PMC LO board.
Later at home, I thought this nominal LO level of 0dBm could have been wrong.
Here is the comparison before and after the fix.
Before the work, the UGF was ~40kHz. The phase margin was ~5deg. This caused huge bump of the frequency noise.
After the LO power increase, I had to reduce the MC loop gain (VCO Gain) from 18dB to 6dB. This resulted 4dB (x2.5) increase of the OLTF. This means that my fix increased the optical gain by 16dB (x6.3). The resulting UGF and phase mergin were measured to be 117kHz and 31deg, respectively.
Now I was curious to see if the PMC err shows reasonable improvement when the IMC is locked. Attachment 2 shows the latest comparison of the PMC err with and without the IMC locked. The PMC error has been taken up to 500kHz. The errors were divided by 17.5kHz LPF and 150kHz LPF to compensate the sensing response. The PMC cavity pole was ignored in this calculation. T990025 saids the PMC finesse is 4400 and the cavity pole is 174kHz. If this is true, this also needs to be applied.
1. Now we can see improvement of the PMC error in the region between 10kHz to 70kHz.
2. The sharp peak at 8kHz is due to the marginally stable PMC servo. We should implement another notch there. T990025 suggests that the body resonance of the PMC spacer is somewhere around there. We might be able to damp it by placing a lossy material on it.
3. Similarly, the features at 12kHz and 28kHz is coming from the PMC. They are seen in the OLTF of the PMC loop.
4. The large peak at 36kHz does not change with the IMC state. This does mean that it is coming from the laser itself, or anything high-Q of the PMC. This signal is seen in the IMC error too.
5. 72kHz, 108kHz, 144kHz: Harmonics of 36kHz?
6. Broad feature from 40kHz to 200kHz. The IMC loop is adding the noise. This is the frequency range of the PC drive. Is something in the PC drive noisy???
7. The feature at 130kHz. Unknown. Seems not related to IMC. The laser noise or the PMC noise.
Remaining IMC issues:
Done (Nov 23, 2015) - 29.5MHz oscillator output degraded. Possibly unstable and noisy. Do we have any replacement? Can we take a Marconi back from one of the labs?
Done (Nov 23, 2015) - Too high LO?
- Large 36kHz peak in the IMC
- IMC loop shape optimization
- IMC locking issue. The lock streatch is not long.
- IMC PC drive issue. Could be related to the above issue.
Maybe not relevant - PC drive noise?
Based on the observation of the PMC error signal, I started measuring the IMC OLTF. Immediately, it was found that the overall IMC loop gain was too low.
The UGF was ~40kHz, which was really marginal. It had been >100kHz when I have adjusted it about a year ago. (Next entry for the detail)
The first obvious thing was that the SMA cables around the IMC servo have visible degradation (Attatched photos).
I jiggled the signal cable from the demodulator Q_out to the MC servo. The openloop gain seemed fluctuating (increased) based on the cabling.
I decided to repair these cables by adding solder on the shield.
Even after the repair, the open loop TF didn't show any improvement. I checked the LO level and found that it was -16.7dBm.
I traced the problem down to the frequency generator unit (T1000461). The front panel of the unit indicates the output power for the 29.5MHz output is 13dBm,
while measurement showed it was 6~8dBm (fluctuating). The T1000461 document describes that there is only a wenzel oscillator inside. Does this mean the oscillatorwas degraded??? We need to open the box.
I was not sure what was the LO level. I naively assumed the input is 0dBm. Reducing the attenuation of the dial on the AM Stabilizer unit from 12dB attn to 0dB.
This made the LO level -3.3dBm.
The demodulator circuit (D990511) has the amplifier ERA-5 (G=~20dB) at the input. Between the input and the ERA-5 there is a pattern for an attenuator.
Assuming we have no attenuator, the ERA-5 has to spit out 20dBm. That is too much for this chip. I need to pull out the box to see how much is the nominal LO for this box using an active probe.
This decrease/increase of the LO level affects the WFS demod too. According to D980233-B, the input stage has the comparator chip AD96687, which can handle differential voltage of 5.5V.
Therefore the effect is minimal.