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ID Date Author Type Category Subjectup
  11520   Thu Aug 20 11:31:55 2015 KojiUpdatePEMGur interface box

As reported previously, the transfer functions of the channels look fine. (i.e. All channels almost identical.)
I checked the chain from the unit input to the DAQ BNC connectors. They were all OK.

Today I have been checking the signals on the unit with the long DB37 cables connected.
I could not see anything on the Gur2 channels on the board. I looked at the DB37 for Gur2 and felt something is wrong.

I opened the housing of the cable and realized that all the pins are not fully inserted.
The wires were crimped improperly and prevents them to be fully inserted.

=> We need to redo the crimping to insert them.
=> We need to check the other side too.

Attachment 1: IMG_1958.JPG
IMG_1958.JPG
  11523   Fri Aug 21 17:15:13 2015 SteveUpdatePEMGur interface box

 

Quote:

As reported previously, the transfer functions of the channels look fine. (i.e. All channels almost identical.)
I checked the chain from the unit input to the DAQ BNC connectors. They were all OK.

Today I have been checking the signals on the unit with the long DB37 cables connected.
I could not see anything on the Gur2 channels on the board. I looked at the DB37 for Gur2 and felt something is wrong.

I opened the housing of the cable and realized that all the pins are not fully inserted.
The wires were crimped improperly and prevents them to be fully inserted.

=> We need to redo the crimping to insert them.
=> We need to check the other side too.

I'm making a new long cable. Both connector ends of this X arm long cable were terrible. It was removed from the cable tray yesterday.

The Y arm Guralp is running fine. The interface box is open in front of 1X1 on a cart and it is alive!    Please be aware of it !

  11537   Fri Aug 28 17:04:12 2015 SteveUpdatePEMGur interface box cable
Ara! Onara suru tsu-mori datta keh-do, un-chi ga de-chatta...
Quote:

 

Quote:

As reported previously, the transfer functions of the channels look fine. (i.e. All channels almost identical.)
I checked the chain from the unit input to the DAQ BNC connectors. They were all OK.

Today I have been checking the signals on the unit with the long DB37 cables connected.
I could not see anything on the Gur2 channels on the board. I looked at the DB37 for Gur2 and felt something is wrong.

I opened the housing of the cable and realized that all the pins are not fully inserted.
The wires were crimped improperly and prevents them to be fully inserted.

=> We need to redo the crimping to insert them.
=> We need to check the other side too.

I'm making a new long cable. Both connector ends of this X arm long cable were terrible. It was removed from the cable tray yesterday.

The Y arm Guralp is running fine. The interface box is open in front of 1X1 on a cart and it is alive!    Please be aware of it !

The new cable was made this way:

Pins were located with ohm meter for locations and both ends were cut off.The Belden 1424A cable than was soldered to DB37 and Guralp circular connector " IKPT06F16-26S-ND "

This cable will connect the ADC interface box CCD# DO 60506 to Guralp seismometer at the sout end.

The Guralp's each 3 axies will be connected through a twisted pair to the differential input op amp

Gur  ouput  vertical axis + -  on circular connector   A, B  to DB37 pin 1 &20

Gur output        N/S axis + -  on circular connector   C, D to DB37 pin 2 & 21

Gur output       E/W axis + -  on circular connector   E, F to DB37 pin 3 & 22

Power +12 VDC  from DB37 pin 29 to Gur circular connector pin c (lower case)

Power -12 VDC  from DB37 pin 24 to Gur circular connector pin  M Note: this connection was absent at the first test of this cable!

Ground              from DB37 pin 10 to Gur circular connector pin b (lower case)

Summery: I may destored the opamp  at the Guralp A at the south end.

 

 

Attachment 1: fixedNewLongCable.png
fixedNewLongCable.png
  11540   Fri Aug 28 20:20:26 2015 ranaUpdatePEMGur interface box cable

To help find out if Steve really melted the inside of our precious seismometer, lets hook it up using the handheld seismo wand and see if it produces volts when we shake the ground.

Also, please stop using names like GurA or Gur1 or GurSuzy. We have GurX and GurY because they are at those ends. Anything else is confusing.

  11505   Fri Aug 14 09:07:45 2015 SteveUpdatePEMGur interface box is wonky

Atm1, Before cable swap

Atm2, The long cables were swapped at the input of the interface box.

We can conclude that the problem is in the interface box

I wonder if interface box input 3 is wired?

Attachment 1: Gur1&2.png
Gur1&2.png
Attachment 2: longCablesSwapped.png
longCablesSwapped.png
  11506   Fri Aug 14 12:10:08 2015 KojiUpdatePEMGur interface box is wonky

Let's dismantle the I/F unit from the rack and connect the cable with the lid open.
We need to trace the signal.
 

  11507   Fri Aug 14 17:20:01 2015 JenneUpdatePEMGur interface box is wonky

IIRC, the Guralp box's 3rd set of channels do not have all of the modifications that were made on channels 1 and 2.

  11514   Tue Aug 18 11:16:17 2015 SteveUpdatePEMGur interface box is wonky

The Guralp ADC  interface box  D060506 is ready for inspection. It is in front of 1X1 with open top and running.cool

Obviously c7 as 1 miroF cap is missing.blush

Quote:

Let's dismantle the I/F unit from the rack and connect the cable with the lid open.
We need to trace the signal.

 

Attachment 1: IMG_0009.JPG
IMG_0009.JPG
  3205   Tue Jul 13 11:51:19 2010 JenneUpdatePEMGur1 has no signal?!?!?!?!

[Sanjit, Jenne]

Sanjit discovered that the Gur1 channels are all digital 0.  We determined that this began on July8, 04:00 UTC (~9pm on the 7th?).

It's digital zero, so we suspect a software thing.  Just to check, we put a sine wave in, and didn't see anything.  Gur2 seems totally fine, and the sine wave input showed up nicely on dataviewer.  What's going on? Sabotage to prevent this paper from getting done?  Dmass trying to get his paper done before me???

Investigations are ongoing.... Joe claims it's not his fault, since his shenanigans near the PEM rack were on days before, and days after this, but not on the 7th.  

Attachment 1: Gur1_noSignal_13Jul2010.png
Gur1_noSignal_13Jul2010.png
  3211   Tue Jul 13 23:20:37 2010 JenneUpdatePEMGur1 has no signal?!?!?!?!

Quote:

[Sanjit, Jenne]

Sanjit discovered that the Gur1 channels are all digital 0.  We determined that this began on July8, 04:00 UTC (~9pm on the 7th?).

It's digital zero, so we suspect a software thing.  Just to check, we put a sine wave in, and didn't see anything.  Gur2 seems totally fine, and the sine wave input showed up nicely on dataviewer.  What's going on? Sabotage to prevent this paper from getting done?  Dmass trying to get his paper done before me???

Investigations are ongoing.... Joe claims it's not his fault, since his shenanigans near the PEM rack were on days before, and days after this, but not on the 7th.  

 I just rebooted c0dcu1, which didn't help anything.  Joe said he'd try to give me a hand tomorrow.

  11497   Wed Aug 12 11:44:13 2015 ericqUpdatePEMGur2 Channels still wonky

In previous elogs, we saw that the X and Y spectra out of GUR2 (X end Guralp seismometer) looked strange (i.e. inconsistent with the GUR1 spectra). 

This morning, Steve and I brought the handheld control unit to the Guralp to center the test mass, by adjusting the centering potentiometers inside the unit while monitoring the voltage readout corresponding to the DC mass position (manual has instructions). 

At first glance, this seemed like the likely culprit, as the offsets for the horizontal directions were much larger than the vertical one. We zeroed all three to within a mV or two. Unfortuntately, the spectra look the same as they did 10 hours ago. no

Since we already had the kit out, we checked the offsets for GUR1. Only the "East/West" had an offset over 50mV, so we zeroed that one, but left the others alone. 

Attachment 1: gur2_centered.png
gur2_centered.png
  2170   Mon Nov 2 15:27:08 2009 JenneUpdatePEMGur2 cables have been moved

The cables labeled "Gur2" which were connected to channels 2,3,4 of the PEM-ADCU have been moved to the PCIX ADC which is connected directly to the ASS machine.  This means that until I (a) put the cables back or (b) figure out how to route channels from the ASS ADC to the RFM, we won't be able to use these channels for environmental monitoring, nor will they be saved. 

The Gur2_X, Gur2_Y, Gur2_Z channels are now connected to the 2nd, 3rd and 4th ADC channels respectively, on the ASS ADC (the first channel / TP1 is ADC0_0, which is the 1pps signal.).  The sketchy thing about the setup is the connection between the cables and the new ADC board.  The PCIX card is connected to the ASS via a white ribbon cable, and the board is just sitting on top of the computer box.  The 1pps (which has been hooked up for a long time) goes into the board via clip-doodles.  The regular channels have a SCSI cable connector, so I used a SCSI cable to connect up the ADC tester board, and connected my seismometer inputs to this tester board via more clip doodles.  Clearly this is a sketchy solution, and not okay for more than a day or so.  But we'll see how it goes. 

I'm going to, on the SimuLink Diagram, change the input source of these channels, from the RFMN to the ADC.  Then we'll see if that fixes our timing problem, and magically makes everything relating to the OAF work, and subtract huge amounts of noise. 

  2503   Mon Jan 11 14:16:59 2010 JenneUpdatePEMGur2 cables reconnected to the PEM ADCU

So that we can use both Guralps for Adaptive stuff, and so that I can look at the differential ground motion spectra, I've reconnected the Guralp Seismometers to the PEM ADCU, instead of where they've been sitting for a while connected to the ASS ADC.  I redid the ASS.mdl file, so that the PEM and PEMIIR matricies know where to look for the Gur2 data.  I followed the 'make ass' procedure in the wiki.  The spectra of the Gur1 and Gur2 seismometers look pretty much the same, so everything should be all good.

There's a problem with DataViewer though:  After selecting signals to plot, whenever I hit the "Start" button for the realtime plots, DataViewer closes abruptly. 

When I open dataviewer in terminal, I get the following output:

allegra:~>dataviewer
Warning: communication protocol revision mismatch: expected 11.3, received 11.4
Warning: Not all children have same parent in XtManageChildren
Warning: Not all children have same parent in XtManageChildren
Warning: Not all children have same parent in XtManageChildren
Warning: Not all children have same parent in XtManageChildren
Warning: Not all children have same parent in XtManageChildren
Warning: communication protocol revision mismatch: expected 11.3, received 11.4
msgget: No space left on device
allegra:~>framer4 msgget:msqid: No space left on device

Does anyone have any inspiration for why this is, or what the story is?  I have GR class, but I'll try to follow up later this afternoon.

  786   Sun Aug 3 20:53:54 2008 ranaConfigurationPEMGuralp
We got our repaired Guralp back in the mail from England (s/n T4157). I plugged it in
to Ben's 3-Guralp breakout box (http://www.ligo.caltech.edu/docs/D/D060506-00.pdf) and
verified that it is not oscillating (like it was before) and that it responds to us
jumping around.

The breakout box has way too much gain, however. The ADC wants +/-2 V and the box puts out
~5 Vpk in the night time.

Looking at the schematic, it has a DC gain of 200 and a double whitener (50,50:10,10) so that
there's a gain of 5000 from 50-2000 Hz. The Guralp has a transduction gain of 800 V/(m/s) and
so we can just calculate what the frequency dependent noise figure of the box has to be. I've
pulled it out, put it on the bench, and started reworking it. I am looking for a soldering/
testing volunteer.

The other kink in the problem is that since we want to use this for the adaptive noise cancellation,
we have to make the noise floor of the readout better than the ambient noise by the same factor
with which we want to cancel the noise.
  1760   Fri Jul 17 18:04:54 2009 ClaraUpdatePEMGuralp Box Fail

I've been trying for most of the week to get noise measurements on the output of the Guralp box as well as scross the AD640 chip. The measurements haven't really been making sense, and, being at a loss as to what else I should try, I decided to redo the resistors on the N/S 2 and E/W 2 channels. (I had been comparing the VERT1 and VERT2 channels, as VERT1 has been restuffed and VERT2 has not.) I don't need all three of the second set of channels to do more measurements, so it seemed like a good use of time.

The first thing I noticed was that the VERT2 channel was missing two resistors (R24 and R25). I probably should have noticed this sooner, as they are right by the output points I had been measuring across, but it didn't occur to me that anyone did anything to the VERT2 channel at all. So, probably the measurements on VERT2 are no good.

VERT2_missing_resistors.png

Note the existence of 100 kOhm resistors on the top channel, and none on the bottom channel (VERT2).

 

Then, while I was soldering in some 100 Ohm resistors, I happened to notice that the resistors I was using had a different number (1001) on them than the corresponding ones on the already redone channels (1003). I checked the resistance, and the ones on the already redone channels turned out to be 100 kOhm resistors, rather than 100 Ohms. So, I double checked the circuit diagram to make sure that I had read it correctly, and there were a number of resistors that had been relabeled as 100 Ohms and several relabeled as 100 kOhms. On the board, however, they were ALL 100 kOhms. Clearly, one of them is wrong, and I suspect that it is the circuitboard, but I don't know for sure.

resistors_diagram.png

resistors_board.png

The diagram clearly shows that R6 should be a 100k resistor, while R5 and R8 should be 100 Ohm resistors, but they are all the same (100k) on the board. I suspect this may have something to do with larger-than-expected noise measurements. But, it's possible the diagram is wrong, not the board. In any case, I didn't really know what to do, since I wasn't sure which was right, so I just replaced all the resistors I was sure about and removed the 100k and 100 Ohm resistors without replacing them with anything. Incidentally, the box of 100kOhm resistors seems to be missing, so I wouldn't have been able to finish those anyway.

  1761   Sat Jul 18 19:49:48 2009 ranaUpdatePEMGuralp Box Fail
That's terrible: R5 & R8 should definitely be 100 Ohm and not 100kOhm. 100k would make it a noise disaster. They should also be metal film (from the expensive box, not from the standard box). This is the same for all channels so might as well stuff them.

The circuit diagram between TP3 and TP4 appears to be designed to make the whitening not work. That's why R6 & R7 should be 100k. And R2 should be metal film too.

Basically, every time we want good low frequency performance we have to use the metal film or metal foil or wirewound resistors. Everything else produces a lot of crackling noise under the influence of DC current.

I'm also attaching the voltage and current noise spectra for the AD620 from the datasheet. These should allow us to compare our measurements to a reasonable baseline.
Attachment 1: Picture_1.png
Picture_1.png
Attachment 2: Picture_2.png
Picture_2.png
Attachment 3: AD620.pdf
AD620.pdf AD620.pdf AD620.pdf AD620.pdf AD620.pdf AD620.pdf AD620.pdf AD620.pdf
  1765   Mon Jul 20 17:06:29 2009 JenneUpdatePEMGuralp Box Fail

Quote:
That's terrible: R5 & R8 should definitely be 100 Ohm and not 100kOhm. 100k would make it a noise disaster. They should also be metal film (from the expensive box, not from the standard box). This is the same for all channels so might as well stuff them.

The circuit diagram between TP3 and TP4 appears to be designed to make the whitening not work. That's why R6 & R7 should be 100k. And R2 should be metal film too.

Basically, every time we want good low frequency performance we have to use the metal film or metal foil or wirewound resistors. Everything else produces a lot of crackling noise under the influence of DC current.

I'm also attaching the voltage and current noise spectra for the AD620 from the datasheet. These should allow us to compare our measurements to a reasonable baseline.


While we're comparing things to other things, Ben Abbott just emailed me his measurement of the AD620 from back in the day. Clara's going to use this along with the specs to make sure that (a) we're not taking crazy measurements and (b) our AD620s aren't broken and in need of replacement. In this plot, we're looking at the GOLD trace, which has the AD620 set up with a gain of 10, which is how our AD620's are set up in the Guralp breakout box.

Just picking a single point to compare, it looks like at 1Hz, Ben saw ~130dBVrms/rtHz. Converting this to regular units [ 10^(#dB/20)*1Vrms = Vrms ], this is about 3*10^-7 Vrms. That means that Clara's measurements of our AD620 noise is within a factor of 2 of Ben's. Maybe the way we're connecting them up just isn't allowing us to achieve the ~50nV/rtHz that is claimed.
Attachment 1: AD620noise_BenAbbott.pdf
AD620noise_BenAbbott.pdf
  1767   Tue Jul 21 13:55:08 2009 ClaraUpdatePEMGuralp Box Success!

There managed to be just enough 100 kOhm resistors to stuff all the "2" channels (VERT2, N/S2, E/W2) with the fancy low-noise resistors. The first six channels (VERT 1/2, NS 1/2, EW 1/2) are now completely done with the thin-film resistors, taking into account the changes that were made on the circuit diagram. I also replaced the C8 capacitor with the fancy Garrett ones and added capacitors on top of R4 and R13 (after painstakingly making sure that the capacitances are exactly the same for each pair) for the "2" channels. It looks like the capacitors on the "1" channels are the cheaper ones. I will compare the noise measurements later to see if there is any difference - if so, I can replace those as well (although, we're out of the 1 uF capacitors needed for C8).

Speaking of, we are now out of or very low on several types of the Garrett resistors/capacitors: 1 uF, 1kOhm, 100 Ohm, 14.0 Ohm, and 100 kOhm. I left the specifics on Steve's desk so that more can be ordered for the eventual time when the third set of channels needs to be restuffed.

  1131   Wed Nov 12 11:36:13 2008 JenneUpdatePEMGuralp Breakout Box is ~50% hooked up
The Guralp box is about halfway hooked up now. The seismometer is under the BSC, and the long cable from the seismometer to the breakout box is connected to "Guralps 1 Input" on the front panel. This corresponds to the set of 3 channels that Caryn stuffed with the new fancy-pants resistors few weeks ago. (When we finally get the other Guralp back from the company, we'll have to stuff the next set of 3 channels).

The Breakout Box is on the very top of 1Y1, sitting on top of the black power supplies. This should be fine, but it's pretty toasty hot up there, so if we find that there are problems with running the box at higher-than-room-temperature, step 1 will be to find a new spot for the box. (I'm not at this time anticipating a problem, but you never know....) Steve put a little foot between the Guralp box and the power supply to get some air circulation.

The ADC Octopus cable that Bob made is connected, and going up through the top of the rack. I am now going on a BNC cable hunt to extend this cable over to the PEM ADC. The PEM ADC is in 1Y7, so I'll need some medium-long BNC cable to get there.

The power cable is also ready to be connected to the rack's +/- 15VDC. I'll talk to Bob about getting this done.

Next step: pick some channels on the PEM ADC, and create them in the .ini files
  2802   Fri Apr 16 17:26:23 2010 JenneUpdatePEMGuralp Breakout Box pulled

I pulled the Guralp breakout box from the rack, and it's sitting on the EE bench here.  The game plan is to check out the Gur2X channel.  

Rana and Steve have been investigating, and found that the X channel has been funky (which has been known for ~a month or two) when the seismometer has been plugged in, and also when the seismometers have been unplugged, but the box is left on.  The funkyness goes away when the box is turned off.  Since it's not there when the box is off, it seems that it's not a problem with the cable from the box to the ADC, or in the ADC channel.  Since it is there when the box is on, but the seismometer is unplugged, it's clear that it's probably in the box itself.  

Preliminarily, I've connected a set of BNC clipdoodles to the input testpoints, and another set to the output.  They're both connected to a 'scope (which is on it's battery so it's not connected to any Ground), and when I tap on the circuit board the input trace is totally unchanged, but the output trace goes kind of crazy, and gets more fuzzy, and picks up a DC offset.  Koji is concerned that some of the big capacitors may have an iffy connection to the board. 

Investigations will continue Monday morning. 

  2811   Tue Apr 20 00:32:30 2010 JenneUpdatePEMGuralp Breakout Box put back

Quote:

I pulled the Guralp breakout box from the rack, and it's sitting on the EE bench here.  The game plan is to check out the Gur2X channel.  

Rana and Steve have been investigating, and found that the X channel has been funky (which has been known for ~a month or two) when the seismometer has been plugged in, and also when the seismometers have been unplugged, but the box is left on.  The funkyness goes away when the box is turned off.  Since it's not there when the box is off, it seems that it's not a problem with the cable from the box to the ADC, or in the ADC channel.  Since it is there when the box is on, but the seismometer is unplugged, it's clear that it's probably in the box itself.  

Preliminarily, I've connected a set of BNC clipdoodles to the input testpoints, and another set to the output.  They're both connected to a 'scope (which is on it's battery so it's not connected to any Ground), and when I tap on the circuit board the input trace is totally unchanged, but the output trace goes kind of crazy, and gets more fuzzy, and picks up a DC offset.  Koji is concerned that some of the big capacitors may have an iffy connection to the board. 

Investigations will continue Monday morning. 

 The Guralp Box appears to be back in working order.  It's reinstalled with the 2 seismometers plugged in.

In order:

* Koji suggested retouching the through-board solder joints on the broken channel (EW2 = Gur2X) with a bit of solder to ensure the connections were good.  Check.

* "C7", one of the giant 1uF capacitors on each channel is totally bypassed, and since that was one of the original suspects, Rana removed the (possibly) offending capacitor from EW2.

* Rana and I isolated the craziness to the final differential output stage.  We tried each of the testpoints after the individual gain / filter stages, and found that the signals were all fine, until after the output stage.

* I started to remove the resistors in the output stage (with the plan to go through the resistors, capacitors, and even the amplifier chip if neccessary), and noticed that 2 of the 1k resistors came off too easily, as if they were just barely connected in the first place.  After replacing only the 4 1k resistors, the craziness seemed to be gone.  I poked and gently bent the board, but the output wouldn't go crazy.  I declared victory.

* I reinstalled the box in its normal spot, and put Gur2 (which had been out by the bench for use as a test signal) back next to the other seismometers.  We are in nominal condition, and should be able to do a huddle test this week.

 

I looked at the time traces of all the seismometer channels, and they all looked good.  I'll put a spectra in in the morning....I'm too impatient to wait around for the low frequency FFTs.

 

Attached are the before and after pictures of the output stage of EW2 / Gur2X.  The "before" is the one with the OUT+ and OUT- words upsidedown.  The "after" picture has them right side up.

Attachment 1: Gur2X_before_20Apr2010.jpg
Gur2X_before_20Apr2010.jpg
Attachment 2: Gur2X_after_replace_100k_resistors_20Apr2010.jpg
Gur2X_after_replace_100k_resistors_20Apr2010.jpg
  12374   Thu Aug 4 17:29:17 2016 PrafulUpdateGeneralGuralp Cable

The Guralp cable has been pulled and put in the corner to the left of the water cooler:

 

Ben came by today before the cable had been pulled but he said he'll be back tomorrow.

  12387   Tue Aug 9 15:50:30 2016 PrafulUpdateGeneralGuralp Cable

The Guralp cable has been reconnected and powered after having the connector changed out.
 

  12000   Fri Feb 19 15:12:38 2016 KojiSummaryPEMGuralp Health Check

I measured the guralp raw outputs and the TFs using the handheld unit and an FFT analyzer.

[Setup]

The handheld unit was connected to each guralp with the same cable which is confirmed t be functional with the Yend Guralp.

The signal for Z, N, and E directions are obtained from the banana connectors on the handheld unit. Each direction has mass, low gain velocity, and high gain velocity output. The PSDs of the signals were measured with an FFT analyzer. The transfer function from the mass signal to the low/high gain signals were also measured for each direction.

The adjustment screw for the E output of the Xend does not work. I had to tilt the Xend Guralp using the leg screws to bring the E signal to zero.

[Result]

Attachment 1: Raw voltage PSD for all outputs
Attachment 2: Comparison of the low gain vel outputs

- All of the mass output show similar PSDs.
- Low gain velocity outputs shows somewhat similar levels. I still need to check if the output is really the ground velocity or not.
- High gain velocity outputs are either not high gain, broken, or not implemented.

- We need to calibrate the low gain output using signal injection, huddle test, or something else.

Attachment 3: TFs between each mass output and the low or high gain outputs

- TFs between the mass signal and the low vel signals show the similar transfer functions between the channels.
- The high gain outputs show low or no transfer function with regard to the mass signals.
 

Attachment 1: Guralp_Raw_PSD.pdf
Guralp_Raw_PSD.pdf
Attachment 2: low_vel_comparison.pdf
low_vel_comparison.pdf
Attachment 3: Guralp_TF.pdf
Guralp_TF.pdf
  2660   Sun Mar 7 07:01:21 2010 ranaUpdateWienerFilteringGuralp Huddle Test software

We need to do a new huddle test of the Guralps for the Wiener filtering paper. The last test had miserable results.

I tried to use recent data to do this, but it looks like we forgot to turn the Guralp box back on after the power outage or that they're far off center.

So instead I got data from after the previous power outage recovery.

I tried to use our usual Wiener filter method to subtract Guralp1-Z from Guralp2-Z, but that didn't work so well. It was very sensitive to the pre-weighting.

Instead I used the new .m file that Dmass wrote for subtracting the phase noise from his doubling noise MZ. That worked very well. It does all of the subtraction in the frequency domain and so doesn't have to worry about making a stable or causal filter. As you can see, it beats our weighted Wiener filter at all frequencies.

huddlez.png

The attached plot shows the Guralp spectra (red & green), the residual using time-domain Wiener filtering (black) and the Dmass f-domain code (yellow).

As soon as Jenne brings in her beer cooler, we're ready to redo the Huddle Test.

 

  2672   Sat Mar 13 22:16:03 2010 ranaUpdateWienerFilteringGuralp Huddle Test software

I used some recent better data to try for better Z subtraction.

Dmass helped me understand that sqrt(1-Coherence) is a good estimate of the theoretical best noise subtraction residual. This should be added to DTT. For reference the Jan statistic is the inverse of this.

This should get better once Steve centers the Guralps. 

Attachment 1: guralpznoise.png
guralpznoise.png
  1800   Tue Jul 28 16:03:14 2009 ClaraUpdatePEMGuralp Seismometer cable pin diagram

I mapped out the corresponding pins on both ends of the Guralp seismometer cable. Here is the diagram:

guralp_pin_diagram.png

The circular 26-pin end of the cable (that plugs into the seismometer) is labeled as above. The other end (the 39-pin end) is not physically numbered, so I just came up with a numbering system. They are both pictured on the non-cable end of the connector. The colored circles indicate the pin pairs.

 

FROM JENNE, 30JULY2009:  the Dsub end is 37 pin, not 39.

  12047   Fri Mar 25 19:17:28 2016 NikhilUpdatePEMGuralp Seismometers

Calibration of Guralp Seismometers

Objective

  • Estimate transfer functions of Guralp A ( near ETMX) and Guralp B ( near ETMY)
  • Calibrate the instruments by estimating Velocity Sensitity Parameter
  • Convert previously measured Voltage Spectrum to Velocity Spectrum

Instruments Used

  • Guralp CMG-40 T Seimometers  : Guralp A (Serial Number: T4Q17)
  • Guralp CMG-40 T Seimometers  : Guralp B (Serial Number: T4157)
  • Guralp Handheld Control Unit (HCU)
  • FFT Spectrum Analyzer: Model SR785: 2 Channel Dynamic Signal Analyzer
  • Oscilloscope: TDS 3014B
  • Function Generator: DS 345

Procedure & Results

Sinusoidal current of known frequency and amplitude was injected to the Seismometer calibration coil using signal generator and handheld control unit & corresponding Magnitude and Phase response were recorded.  For  Guralp B, system response was also estimated with a FFT Spectrum Analyzer. 

 

    

Frequnecy Range: 0.1 Hz to 45 Hz.

Equivalent Input Velocity was derived from the Input Voltage measurements using the relation: v = V/ (2*pi*f*R*K) , V is the peak to peak Calibration Signal voltage, f is the calibration signal frequency, R is the calibration resistor and K is the feedback coil constant.  [See Appendix for R & K values]                                     

Velocity Sensitity at the required frequency is obtained by dividing the Output Response Voltage by the Equivalent Input Velocity.

               

The obtained Velocity Sensitivity is used to convert the recorded Volatge PSD to Velocity PSD as shown below. The obtained results are compared to gloabl high noise model [NHNM] and USGS New Low Noise Model [NLNM,Peterson 1993] which gives the lowest observed vertical seismic noise levels across the seismic frequency band. Plot legend NLNM shows both the high & low levels.

 

                                                                    Guralp A [X Arm] Low Velocity Output                                          

                  

                                                                    Guralp B [Y Arm] Low Velocity Output                                          

            

                                                                            DTT Power Spectrum                                                             

Both the Seismometers were connected to the 40 M Control and Data Acquisition System (CDS) and Power Spectrum was estimated for the Vertical, North/South & East/West Channels using Diagnostic Test Tool (DTT) software.

                                                            

Comments

  •  The transfer function from Guralp A [ETMX] looks similar to that of Guralp B [ETMY] in both magnitude and phase but with a lower gain.                                                                                                                                                                                                  
  • Velocity Sensitivity of Guralp A is comparable to the value provided in the Calibration Data Sheet [~ 400] for all the channels [Vertical, North/South, East/West] after 1 Hz. For Guralp B, Velocity Sensitivity is a factor of 2.5 higher [all channels] than the specification [~ 400] after 1 HZ.Below 1 Hz Sensitivity drops down for both sensors. I am not ruling out a missing common factor in the calculation, but anyway, test shows that Guralp B has ~2.5 times better Velocity Sensitivity than Guralp A.                                                                                                                                                               
  • The Calibrated Seismic Velocity Spectrum for Guralp B is within the Globally Observed High and Low Noise Seismic Spectrum while Guralp A's Spectrum is more noisier above 1 Hz [Anthropogenic Activity normally contributes the most in 1 Hz to 10 Hz frequency band].                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
  • Concurrently acquired Power Spectrum using DTT [Diagnostic Test Tools] shows that Guralp A Spectrum behaves rather strangely. The system response seems to be completely different from the one we obtained locally using signal generator. While Guralp B functionality seems normal. One reason for this erratic beahvior might be faulty cables used for data acquisition from Guralp A. This needs to be verified.                                                                                                                        

Appendix

                                                                            CMG-40T Guralp A Calibration Sheet                                                           

  Velocity Output: V/m/s (Differential) Mass Position Output (Acceleration Output) : V/m/s^2  Feedback Coil Constant : Amp/m/s^2
Vertical 2 x 400 19 0.00397
North/South 2 x 398 23 0.00486
East/West 2 x 401 23 0.00479                 

Calibration Resistor: 51000

                                                                            CMG-40T Guralp B Calibration Sheet                                                           

  Velocity Output: V/m/s (Differential) Mass Position Output (Acceleration Output) : V/m/s^2  Feedback Coil Constant : Amp/m/s^2
Vertical 2 x 401 19 0.00408
North/South 2 x 400 20 0.00421
East/West 2 x 404 22

0.00466

Calibration Resistor: 51000 

Attachment 3: VelSens_XArm_Guralp_A.png
VelSens_XArm_Guralp_A.png
Attachment 4: VelSens_XArm_Guralp_A.png
VelSens_XArm_Guralp_A.png
Attachment 5: VelSens_YArm_Guralp_B.png
VelSens_YArm_Guralp_B.png
Attachment 8: Vel_PSD_XArm_GurB_E.png
Vel_PSD_XArm_GurB_E.png
Attachment 9: Vel_PSD_XArm_GurB_N.png
Vel_PSD_XArm_GurB_N.png
Attachment 16: Guralp_PowerSpectrum.pdf
Guralp_PowerSpectrum.pdf
  12048   Fri Mar 25 23:54:04 2016 ranaUpdatePEMGuralp Seismometers

Something seems not right. The Guralp response should be flat in velocity from 0.05-30 Hz. Why is there any feature at 1 Hz? Saturation of some kind?

  1885   Tue Aug 11 02:15:20 2009 ClaraUpdatePEMGuralp breakout box circuit diagram

While writing my progress report, I redrew the Guralp breakout box circuit diagram with all the changes marked. Since only one hard copy exists, I thought it might be useful to post my drawing up in case it is needed for any reason. The two drawings are the same - the second has just been broken into two parts to make it easier to fit on a normal 8.5 x 11 or A4 sheet of paper. The gains for each opamp have not been marked, but they could very easily be added in if necessary. The black resistances and capacitances are the originals. All changes have been indicated in blue.

Guralp_circuit_whole.png

Guralp_circuit_broken.png

  1859   Fri Aug 7 16:53:35 2009 ClaraUpdatePEMGuralp breakout box noise, finally

After many issues, I finally have some Guralp box noise. I did not measure every single channel with high resolution at the low frequencies because that would have taken about 3 years, but I could perhaps take some faster measurements for all of them if necessary.

output_vallwr2_ns3_1.png

tp3gnd_vallwr2_ns3.png

  11290   Wed May 13 13:33:34 2015 SteveFrogsPEMGuralp breakout box recovered

COD_Sugar napolion is due to Steve:  Item delivered, model CMG-SCU-0013, sn G9536

Quote:

Reward being offered for the safe return of this thing:

 

  11289   Wed May 13 10:07:36 2015 ranaFrogsPEMGuralp breakout paddle

Reward being offered for the safe return of this thing:

  10776   Wed Dec 10 21:05:56 2014 KateUpdateSEIGuralp briefly powered down

 Kate & Jenne

About 2:30 this afternoon, we briefly powered off the Guralp (C1:PEM-SEIS_GUR1_{X,Y,Z}) in order to better align it with the other seismometers along its marked N/S direction. It had been visibly off by a few degrees. 

  1540   Sat May 2 16:34:31 2009 carynDAQPEMGuralp channels plugged back in

I plugged the Guralp cables back into the PEM ADCU

       Guralp NS1b ---> #11

       Guralp Vert1b --->#10

       Guralp EW1b --->#12

  9699   Thu Mar 6 11:43:17 2014 steveUpdateGeneralGuralp control unit

CMG-40T handheld controller unit is missing its power supply. In order to zero the instrument one has to apply plus and minus DC voltage.

The wiring on this 10 pin Amphenol PT02E-12-10P is shown.

Attachment 1: GuralpCU.jpg
GuralpCU.jpg
Attachment 2: BAH.jpg
BAH.jpg
  2743   Wed Mar 31 16:31:44 2010 steveUpdatePEMGuralp interface box turned off

Quote:

Quote:

I went and double-checked and aligned the styrofoam cooler at ~5:00 UTC. It was fine, but we really need a better huddling box. Where's that granite anyway?

Here's the new Huddle Test output. This time I show the X-axis since there's some coherence now below 0.1 Hz.

You'll also notice that the Wiener filter is now beating the FD subtraction. This happened when I increased the # of taps to 8000. Looks like the noise keeps getting lower as I increase the number of taps, but this is really a kind of cheat if you think about it carefully.

 The same thing happening again.  The intermittent offset upstream of the seismometer that never got fixed.

The granite plate and ball bearings are in. I will place seismometers on it.

 

Attachment 1: grlpntrfcbxoff.jpg
grlpntrfcbxoff.jpg
  2764   Mon Apr 5 01:02:07 2010 ranaUpdatePEMGuralp interface box turned off

I was checking into the Guralp situation today. I put the rubber balls underneath the granite block (the Q is too high), but found unfortunately that Jenne's styrofoam box is too short to cover the Guralps on top of the granite. If the box was skinny enough to fit on the block or taller by ~6 inches, it would be perfect. We need some new Seismo boxes.

 

Here's the story of the Gur2 noise so far. We need to pull out and repair the breakout box.

1) At some point we noticed that the Guralp2 X channel was behaving badly.

2) Steve tried recentering with just a +12V supply - this didn't work. Jenne then centered it using the +/- 12V supply. This was OK.

3) Around noon on March 24, the channel 'goes bad' again.

4) On the afternoon of the 25th, most of the channels go to zero, but the GUR2X channel stays bad. There's NO ENTRY in the elog about this. This is UNACCEPTABLE. Apparently, the seismometers were disconnected without shutting off the power to the box. You MUST elog everything - otherwise, go home and sit on your hands.

5) On the evening of the 31st, Steve turns off the Guralp breakout box. From the trend, you can see that the signals all go to zero at that time.

6) From then until today, there is no noise in the GUR2X channel. From these tests we can guess that the problem is in the GUR2X channel of the breakout box, but not in the AA Chassis or the ADC, since those showed no excess noise with the box turned OFF. Its hard to be sure without elog entries, but I assume that 3/25-3/31 was a 'seismometer disconnected', but 'box on' state.

Attachment 1: Untitled.png
Untitled.png
  1453   Fri Apr 3 14:52:38 2009 JenneOmnistructurePEMGuralp is finally back!

After many, many "it'll be there in 2 weeks" from the Guralp people, our seismometer is finally back!

I have it plugged into the Guralp breakout box's Channel 1xyz (so I have unplugged the other Guralp).  Both of the Guralp's are currently sitting under the MC1/MC3 chamber.

Before we can have both Guralps up and running, I need to stuff the next 3 channels of the breakout box (back in the fall, I only had Caryn do 1x, 1y, 1z, and now I need 2x, 2y and 2z done with the fancy low-noise resistors), so all the gains match between the 2 sets of channels.

I'm leaving the new Guralp plugged in so we can see how it behaves for the next couple days, until I take out the breakout box for stuffing.

  11295   Sat May 16 21:40:29 2015 ranaUpdatePEMGuralp maintenance

Tried swapping cables at the Guralp interface box side. It seems that all of our seismic signal problems have to do with the GUR2 cable being flaky (not surprising since it looks like it was patched with Orange Electrical tape!! rather than proper mechanical strain relief).

After swapping the cables today, the GUR2 DAQ channels all look fine: i.e. GUR1 (the one at the Y end) is fine, as is its cable and the GUR2 analog channels inside the interface box.

OTOH, the GUR1 DAQ channels (which have GUR2 (EX) connected into it) are too small by a factor of ~1000. Seems like that end of the cable will need to be remade. Luckily Jenne is still around this week and can point us to the pinout / instructions. Looks like there could be some shorting inside the backshell, so I've left it disconnected rather than risk damaging the seismometer. We should get a GUR1 style backshell to remake this cable. It might also be possible that the end at the seismometer is bad - Steve was supposed to swap the screws on the granite-aluminum plate on Thursday; I'll double check.

Attachment 1: GurPost_150516.png
GurPost_150516.png
  9154   Sun Sep 22 23:04:52 2013 ranaUpdatePEMGuralp needs recentering

 After seeing all of these spikes in the BLRMS at high frequency for awhile, I power cycled the Guralp interface box (@ 10:21 PM) to see if it would randomly recenter in a different place and stop glitching.

It did - needs to be better centered (using the paddle). Plot shows how the Z channel gets better after power cycle.

Attachment 1: seis.pdf
seis.pdf
  6693   Sat May 26 23:57:11 2012 DenUpdatePEMGuralp noise

I've looked through the Guralp manual to figure out what noise do they declare. They present it in acceleration units in dB relative to 1 m2 / s4 / Hz. I've converted my measurements to this units and got

noises.png

They declare much better noise. May be linoleum makes an effort. Do we have any isolation boxes?

  6697   Tue May 29 00:39:52 2012 DenUpdatePEMGuralp noise

I've connected Guralp output to the ADC without readout box. I've got the same noise at low frequencies and even worse noise at high frequencies. However, readout box was still used as DC supply and the signal was read from INPUT test points. I'll do the same experiment without touching readout box at all.

in_out.png

  6712   Tue May 29 22:48:37 2012 DenUpdatePEMGuralp noise

I've checked whether the Guralp noise that we see comes not from seismometer but from ADC or readout box. I did 2 separate measurements . First, I've split 1 signal from Guralp into 2 before the input to AA board and subtracted one from another using Wiener filter. Second, I've connected inputs of channels 1 and 4 of the seismometer readout box and put the signal from seismometer to channel 1.

split_noises.png

The plot shows that ADC and readout box do not contribute too much to the Guralp noise.

  6691   Sat May 26 15:59:19 2012 DenUpdateIOOGuralp noise is high

As I've mentioned in yesterday's elog MC mirrors start to move in a synchronistic manner. I've plotted DELTA_GUR = GUR1_X - alpha * GUR2_X, where alpha = const to make the transfer functions SEISMOMETER -> ADC equal for each channel. I've noticed that DELTA_GUR decreases below 10 Hz compared to GUR1_X as theoretically predicted. But starting from 1 Hz DELTA_GUR starts to increase. I decided that this is Guralp noise floor. Today I checked this, this is indeed the case.

In the frequency range 0.01 - 1.5 Hz Gur noise is comparable to the signal DELTA_GUR. For that reason we see low coherence between MC_F and GUR1_X in this frequency range. 

gur_noise.png    MCF_GUR.png

Guralp noise floor was determined by placing 2 seimometers close to each other and subtracting by Wiener filtering.

DSC_4306.JPG

Conclusion: To filter seismic noise out of MC_F we need more sensitive seimometeres.

 

  1153   Fri Nov 21 17:27:47 2008 JenneUpdatePEMGuralp noise measurement
Here is the data from the Guralp Seismometer for the past day or so, before I fixed the VERT-1 channel. The NS and EW show what's going on in the world, and VERT is measuring essentially the noise of the box, through the ADC, in counts.
Attachment 1: guralp_vert_shorted.jpg
guralp_vert_shorted.jpg
  1154   Fri Nov 21 19:47:26 2008 ranaUpdatePEMGuralp noise measurement
and here's the spectra with them connected - from the coherences, it looks like it needs to be rotated by 90 deg.

I'll next rename the channels to fix this so that we get good seismic data over the weekend with the MC.
Attachment 1: a.png
a.png
  1156   Fri Nov 21 21:20:24 2008 ranaUpdatePEMGuralp noise measurement
This is the spectra and time series of the Guralp channels along with the Ranger (MC2). Looks like we could reduce the gain
on the ranger. The Guralp channels run into ADC noise around 40 Hz (which is OK). We'll have to look at the weekday trends
to see if they saturate.
Attachment 1: a.png
a.png
  3267   Thu Jul 22 13:44:47 2010 JennaUpdatePEMGuralp seismometer

One of the Guralps [Gur2] has been taken to the atf gyro lab, along with the breakout box.

 

Edit by Jenne:  This means that we have no working seismometers in the 40m lab right now, so don't worry if you're looking for seismo data and you can't find any.  The 6 accelerometers should all still be up and running.

  1152   Fri Nov 21 16:52:48 2008 JenneUpdatePEMGuralp seismometer's Channel Problems are solved
PROBLEM noticed earlier this week: It looked like one of the seismometer channels (VERT-1) wasn't working, no matter how I put which channel into which input of the PEM ADCU. Watching the channel on Dataviewer, it looked like the ADC was measuring VERT-1 to be zero (actually measuring zero, not digital noise-type zero). I had checked the ADC by putting in a sine wave with a function generator, and saw on Dataviewer the wave I expected, so I knew that I had the correct channel, and that the channel was good.

SOLUTION: This afternoon I took the box out of the rack and opened it up. As soon as I opened it, I saw that I had left something inside the box which was causing the problem. Back when we were measuring the noise of the box, to ensure that it is lower than the ADC's noise, Rana and I had shorted the test points on the input of the VERT-1 channel with a little piece of wire. It turns out that I had closed up the box without remembering to remove the wire.

CONCLUSION of the story: I took out the piece of wire, and now all three seismometer channels (VERT-1, N/S-1, E/W-1) all work, and all detect me jumping around near the BSC. Since the seismometer breakout box reads a differential measurement, and since the input test points were connected, it was indeed measuring zero. Zero equals zero is all well and good, but it's even better now that it's measuring actual seismic motion.
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