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Message ID: 3126     Entry time: Mon Jun 28 11:27:08 2010
Author: Megan 
Type: Update 
Category: Electronics 
Subject: Marconi Phase Noise 

Using the three Marconis in 40m at 11.1 MHz, the Three Cornered Hat technique was used to find the individual noise of each Marconi with different offset ranges and the direct/indirect frequency source of the rubidium clock.

Rana explained the TCH technique earlier - by measuring the phase noise of each pair of Marconis, the individual phase noise can be calculated by:

S1 = sqrt( (S12^2 + S13^2 - S23^2) / 2)

S2 = sqrt( (S12^2 + S23^2 - S13^2) / 2)

S3 = sqrt( (S13^2 + S23^2 - S12^2) / 2)

I measured the phase noise for offset ranges of 1Hz, 10Hz, 1kHz, and 100kHz (the maximum allowed for a frequency of 11.1Mhz) and calculated the individual phase noise for each source (using 7 averages, which gives all the spikes in the individual noise curves). The noise from each source is very similar, although not quite identical, while the noise is greater at higher frequencies for higher offset ranges, so the lowest possible offset range should be used. It appears the noise below a range of 10Hz is fairly constant, with a smoother curve at 10Hz.

The phase noise for direct vs indirect frequency source was measured with an offset range of 10Hz. While very similar at high and low frequencies for all 3 Marconis, the indirect source was consistently noisier in the middle frequencies, indicating that any Marconis connected to the rubidium clock should use the rubidium clock as a direct frequency reference.

Since I can't adjust settings of the Marconis at the moment, I have yet to finish measurements of the phase noise at 160 MHz and 80 MHz (those used in the PSL lab), but using the data I have for only the first 2 Marconis (so I can't finish the TCH technique), the phase noise appears to be lowest using the 100kHz offset except at the higher frequencies. The 160 MHz signal so far is noisier than the 11.1 MHz signal with offset ranges of 1 kHz and 10 Hz, but less noisy with a 100 kHz offset.

I still haven't measured anything at 80 MHz and have to finish taking more data to be able to use the TCH technique at 160 MHz, then the individual phase noise data will be used to measure the noise of the function generators used in the PSL lab.

Attachment 1: IndividualNoise11100kHzAllRanges.jpg  254 kB  | Hide | Hide all | Show all
Attachment 2: IndividualNoise11100kHzSeparate.jpg  143 kB  | Hide | Hide all | Show all
Attachment 3: DirectvsIndirectNoise.jpg  134 kB  | Hide | Hide all | Show all
Attachment 4: FG12Noise.jpg  197 kB  | Show | Hide all | Show all
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