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Message ID: 2417     Entry time: Tue Dec 15 00:02:10 2009
Author: rana 
Type: Update 
Category: PEM 
Subject: Noise of the Ranger SS-1 Seismometer 

I wanted to see what the noise of the Ranger seismometer should be. I used LISO and file ranger.fil (in our LISO SVN) to calculate the voltage noise referred to the input. In this model, we represent the EMF from the moving magnet in the coil as a voltage source at 'nin' which drives the coil impedance. This is the same approach that Brian Lantz uses in his noise modeling of the GS-13 (PDF is on our Ranger wiki page).

In the simulation, I used the OP27 as a placeholder for the SR560 that we use (I don't know the current noise of the SR560). To do this, I use the new 'inputnoise' feature in LISO (its in the README, but not in the manual).

You can see that we would be limited by the input current noise of the OP27. So we would do a lot better if we used an FET based readout amp like the AD743 (or equivalent) or even better using the new multi-FET readout circuit that Rich Abbott has developed. Clearly, its also silly to have a load resistance in there - I put it in because the manual says to do it, but all it does is damp the mass and reduce the size of the signal.

#  Noise sim for the Ranger SS-1 seismometer
#                            \
#                           | \            
#           n2- - - ----  - |  \          
#            |    |         | op1>-- n4 - r4 -- no
#           Rg   RL     n3- |  /     |           
#       n1 - |    |     |   | /      |                
#           Lg    |     |    /       |                        
#            |    |     | - - - R2 - -                    
#           nin  gnd   R1 
#                       |
#                      gnd

We previously measured the Ranger's self noise by locking it down.

The 1/f^3 noise that we see below 1 Hz is roughly consistent with the noise model: to get from my plot into meters you have to multiply by:

(1 + f)^2


340 * f^2

P.S. Secret PDF handshake: You can make your non-compliant applications like LISO or DTT produce a thumbnailing PDF by using Acrobat to open the file and export it as PDF/A.

In the second attachment, I have used an OPA827 (new low-noise FET input amp from TI) as the readout amplifier. This seems like a good choice - main drawback is that Digikey backordered my OPA827s by 19 weeks!

Attachment 1: rangerx.pdf  549 kB  | Hide | Hide all
Attachment 2: ranger827.pdf  80 kB  Uploaded Tue Dec 15 02:15:23 2009  | Hide | Hide all
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