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ID Date Authorup Type Category Subject
  159   Thu Jun 7 00:23:11 2012 Aditi MittalMiscLIGO 3GSummary June 5 and June 6, 2012

 June 5

-Discussed the actual project outline 

-Installed Comsol on the system

-Learned the basics of Comsol with the help of tutorials available on 40m wiki

and others.


June 6

-Made few simple models in Comsol 

-Studied LIGO GWADW slides for a better understanding of the project.

-Setup SVN to access remote repository.




  161   Thu Jun 7 23:24:56 2012 Aditi MittalMiscLIGO 3GSummary June 7, 2012

-Created a COMSOL model for variation of temperature in two mass system.

-Used the above model for cryogenic conditions.

-checked it analytically.

  163   Fri Jun 8 23:51:13 2012 Aditi MittalMiscLIGO 3GSummary June 8, 2012

-Created a COMSOL model for cryogenically shielded test mass with compensation plate.

-Analyzed the behavior of the model in different size configurations.

  165   Mon Jun 11 20:53:31 2012 Aditi MittalMiscLIGO 3GSummary June 11, 2012

 -Continued with the same cryogenic model created and varied the length of  outer shield and studied the temperature variation inside.

-Compared the temperature difference given by COMSOL with manually calculated one.

  167   Thu Jun 14 05:37:30 2012 Aditi MittalMiscLIGO 3GSummary June 13, 2012

-Derived formula for manual calculation of temperature due to total influx.

-Compared the results by COMSOL and by the formula.

  170   Mon Jun 18 23:42:39 2012 Aditi MittalMiscLIGO 3GCryogenic Shielding

 -Read about blue team design for maximum power budget.

-Read third generation talks to get a better understanding of the work. 

  173   Thu Jun 21 11:16:27 2012 Aditi MittalMiscLIGO 3GSummary June 19 and 20, 2012

 -Attented LIGO orientation meeting and safety session.

-Prepared 3 week report


Attachment 1: temp_of_test_mass.png
  175   Thu Jun 21 18:35:44 2012 Aditi MittalMiscLIGO 3GSummary June 21, 2012

 -Updated 3 week progress report with new additions and deletions.

-Attended LIGO lecture which was very interesting and full of information.

  176   Tue Jun 26 17:55:44 2012 Aditi MittalMiscLIGO 3GSummary June 26, 2012

- Discussed the further project with Dr. Brooks.

-Tried to derive formula for the test mass inside cryogenic shield(infinitely long shield from one side)




  179   Fri Jun 29 15:51:24 2012 Aditi MittalMiscLIGO 3GSummary June 28 and 29, 2012

 -Discussed the project outline for next 6 weeks.

-made a write up for the tasks. (attached)

-Analyzed the variation of temperature of the test mass with input power for different lengths of the shield. 

Attachment 1: pipelength_power.xlsx
Attachment 2: 6week_plan.doc
  1   Fri Nov 6 20:09:47 2009 AidanLaserLaserTest

 Does this work?

  3   Mon Dec 28 14:48:29 2009 AidanComputingDAQVME crate has a "new" CPU - needs to be configured

I installed a recycled VME crate in the electronics rack. It currently has a Baja 4700E CPU card in it - and this needs to be configured. We also have the following cards, which are not plugged in right now.

1. ICS-110A-32 Analogue-to-Digital Converter - the jumpers need to be set on this to give it a unique memory address in the VME bus.

2. D000186 LIGO-type Anti Image card.

The CPU card needs to be configured to search it's OS binaries on the network (in this case we're going to store them on the framebuilder in Rana's lab). These settings are accessed by plugging a serial cable into the front of the card and using a terminal window to access the menu system. There are some screen caps of this below. As the card is reset we get the Start-up screen and then we can either do nothing (and a full boot will take place) or we can press a key and access the menu. From there we can restart the boot process by entering "@" or we can change the boot settings by entering "c". These are shown below:



Attachment 1: VME_boot_02.jpg
Attachment 2: VME_boot_01.JPG
Attachment 3: VME_boot_03.jpg
  5   Tue Dec 29 17:50:57 2009 AidanComputingDAQVME crate has proper boot settings

We fixed the start-up settings on the VME crate to look for a TCS startup file on fb0. The settings on the Baja 4700 are now:

Attachment 1: VME_tcs_boot_settings.jpg
  6   Fri Jan 29 10:02:15 2010 AidanComputingDAQNew DAQ ordered

 On the advice of Ben Abbott, I've ordered the Diamond Systems Athena II computer w/DAQ, as well as an I/O board, solid state disk and housing for it. The delivery time is 4-6 weeks.

Diamond Systems Athena II


  7   Thu Feb 4 14:05:59 2010 AidanElectronicsRing HeaterRing heater transfer function measurement 240mHz-5Hz

I've been trying to measure the ring heater transfer function (current to emitted power) by sweeping the supply voltage and measuring the emitted power with a photodector positioned right next to the ring heater.

Last night the voltage was sweeping with a 1000mV setting on the SR785 which was fed into the Voltage Control of the Kepco Bipolar Operational Power Supply/Amplifier which was biased around 10V.

The results are very, very strange. The magnitude of the transfer function decreases at lower frequency. I'll post the data just as soon as I can (ASCII dumps 13 and 14 on the disk from the SR785).

The circuit looks like this:


SR785 drive ----> Amplifier ----> Ring Heater : Photodetector ---> SR560 (5000x gain) ----> SR785 input



  8   Thu Feb 4 15:26:37 2010 AidanElectronicsRing HeaterRing heater transfer function measurement 240mHz-5Hz


I've been trying to measure the ring heater transfer function (current to emitted power) by sweeping the supply voltage and measuring the emitted power with a photodector positioned right next to the ring heater.

Last night the voltage was sweeping with a 1000mV setting on the SR785 which was fed into the Voltage Control of the Kepco Bipolar Operational Power Supply/Amplifier which was biased around 10V.

The results are very, very strange. The magnitude of the transfer function decreases at lower frequency. I'll post the data just as soon as I can (ASCII dumps 13 and 14 on the disk from the SR785).

The circuit looks like this:


SR785 drive ----> Amplifier ----> Ring Heater : Photodetector ---> SR560 (5000x gain) ----> SR785 input



 This is wrong. It turns out the SR785 was wired up incorrectly.

  9   Thu Feb 4 19:45:56 2010 AidanMiscRing HeaterRing heater transfer function - increasing collection area

I mounted the thinner Aluminium Watlow heater inside a 14" long, 1" inner diameter cylinder. The inner surface was lined with Aluminium foil to provide a very low emissivity surface and scatter a lot of radiation out of the end. ZEMAX simulations show this could increase the flux on a PD by 60-100x. 

There was 40V across the heater and around 0.21A being drawn. The #9005 HgCdTe photo-detector was placed at one end of the cylinder to measure the far-IR. (Bear in mind this is a 1mmx1mm detector in an open aperture of approximately 490 mm^2), The measured voltage difference between OFF and the steady-state ON solution, after a 5000x gain stage, was around 270mV. This corresponds to 0.054mV at the photo-diode. Using the responsivity of the PD ~= 0.05V/W then this corresponds to about 10mW incident on the PD.


Attachment 1: low-emissivity-tube.jpg
  12   Mon Feb 8 17:44:38 2010 AidanElectronicsPre-amplifierreplace Pot with fixed Resistor



            Preamp for Bulls eye detector                
  It was felt that the Pot used at the input stage to remove offset added Noise            
  To test this the Pot was replaced with a fixed resistor and the offset removed at the second stage        
  Noise was measured after the first stage and at the monitor point first with the pot and then with the pot replaced with a Resistor  
              First stage gain =1+500/10 test point 1 gain = 51      
              second stage gain=10K/1K test point 2 gain = 510    
  1K Pot (R19) is present                      
  Chan #1                          
    dbVrms/Hz       nV/Hz       Referred Input Noise  nV/Hz      
                    gain = 51        
    200Hz 100Hz 50Hz   200Hz 100Hz 50Hz   200Hz 100Hz 50Hz    
  Test Point #1 -141.1 -140.0 -136.8   88.1 100.0 144.5   1.7 2.0 2.8    
                    gain = 510        
  Test Point #2 -119.4 -120.4 -118.4   1071.5 955.0 1202.3   2.1 1.9 2.4    
  Pot replaced with Resistor (R4)                    
  Chan #1                          
    dbVrms/Hz       nV/Hz       RIN        
                    gain = 50        
    200Hz 100Hz 50Hz   200Hz 100Hz 50Hz   200Hz 100Hz 50Hz    
  Test Point #1 -142.7 -142.7 -141.9   73.7 73.3 80.8   1.4 1.4 1.6    
                    gain = 500        
  Test Point #2 -122.0 -121.1 -120.7   794.3 881.0 922.6   1.6 1.7 1.8    
  When the Pot was replaced with R4, the offset was removed with the Pot at the second gain stage          
  R4 was not a thin film metal resistor                    


Just a note: this board was for the QPD not the Bull's eye detector.


  13   Thu Feb 11 18:04:08 2010 AidanLaserRing HeaterRing heater time constant

I've been looking to see what the time constant of the ring heater is. The attached plot shows the voltage measured by the photodiode in response to the heater turning on and off with a period of 30 minutes.

The time constant looks to be on the order of 600s.

  14   Thu Feb 11 21:46:23 2010 AidanElectronicsRing HeaterRing heater time constant measurement - start time

After leaving the ring heater off for several hours I turned on a 40V, 0.2A supply at a gps time of 949 988 700

The channel recording the PD response is C2:ATF-TCS_PD_HGCDTE_OUT.

However, there is a delay between the time at which something is supposed to be recorded and the time at which it is recorded. I looked at the GPS clock and it read that time when I started the heater voltage. If you play the channel back in dataviewer you see the temperature start to increase around 80s BEFORE the heater current was switched on. This needs to be calibrated away!!!

  15   Fri Feb 12 11:39:28 2010 AidanElectronicsRing HeaterRing heater transfer function

I applied a step function to the silver WATLOW heater and measured the response with the photodiode. The power spectrum of the derivative of the PD response is attached. The voltage isn't calibrated, but that's okay because right now we're just interested in the shape of the transfer function. It looks like a single pole around 850uHz. The noise floor is too great above 4 or 5 mHz to say anything about the transfer function.



Attachment 1: watlow_heater_transfer_fn.jpg
  16   Fri Feb 12 21:00:06 2010 AidanElectronicsRing HeaterRing heater step function response - time series

Hideously slow internet at airport is making me write a brief entry. This is the times series of the hesilver watlow heater radiative response to a step function.

Laso United airlines are a bit cheap ....

Attachment 1: silver_watlow_heater_step_function_response_2010-02-12.pdf
  17   Mon Apr 12 08:55:37 2010 AidanComputingHartmann sensorEDT frame grabber is here

 The EDT PCIe4 DV C-Link frame grabber arrived this morning. There is a CD of drivers and software with it that I'll back up to the wiki or 40m svn sometime soon.

  18   Mon Apr 12 17:25:01 2010 AidanElectronicsHartmann sensorFiber-Camera Link demonstration

 I installed the EDT PCIe4 DV C-Link frame grabber in a spare Windows XP PC and connected the Dalsa 1M60 camera directly to it via the CameraLink cable. In this configuration I was able to access the menu system in the camera using the supplied serial_cmd.exe routine.

PC --> Frame-Grabber --> Camera-Link Cable --> Dalsa 1M60: works OK

Next, I attached the RCX C-Link: Fiber to Camera Link converters to either end of a 300' fiber, plugged them into the PC and the Dalsa 1M60 and then supplied them with 5V of power. Once again, I was able to access the on-board menu system in the camera (as the attached screen-capture shows). I also did a quick-test using the in-built video display program and verified that I could get an image from the camera - by waving around my hand in front of the CCD I was able to modulate the light in the image on the computer. This, therefore, demonstrates that the camera can be easily accessed and run at a distance of at least 300' via optical fiber.


PC --> Frame-Grabber --> RCX C-Link --> 300' optical fiber --> RCX C-Link --> Dalsa 1M60works OK

The attached images:

 hartman_sensor.JPG: a screencap of the Dalsa 1M60 on-board menu system captured with the C-Link to fiber connector running

Fiber_Camera_Link_1.jpg: A RCX C-Link and one end of the 300' fiber connected to the Dalsa 1M60


Fiber_Camera_Link_3.jpg: A RCX C-Link and the other end of the 300' fiber connected to the PC






Attachment 1: hartmann_sensor.JPG
Attachment 2: Fiber_Camera_Link_1.jpg
Attachment 3: Fiber_Camera_Link_3.jpg
  20   Tue Apr 20 18:05:24 2010 AidanComputingHartmann sensorImages off the Dalsa Camera in CentOS

 I installed CentOS on the machine with the EDT frame-grabber. I then installed the frame-grabber software from the CD.

In the /opt/EDTpdv/ directory the camconfig program was run and I entered "331" to start the frame-grabber and run with the Dalsa 1M60 settings ... this was necessary to get the frame grabber running, but didn't seem to force pdvshow, installed at a later point, to use this configuration file. At this point I could access the camera menu with the serial_cmd program.


After some effort, which will be detailed shortly, I managed to finally get the pdv_show GUI program compiled and installed. I found that trying to run that program with the dalsa_1m60.cfg configuration file resulted in a segmentation fault.

However, when I ran it with the default Dalsa configuration file, pantera11m4fr.cfg, and selected "Continuous Exposure" I got a stream of illuminated pixels on the screen. It was clear that the display was displaying the pixels coming back from the camera in the wrong way (for instance, trying to load a 1024x1024 image into a 1440x900 array), however, by changing the frame rate on the camera to 20Hz and waving my hand around in front of the camera I was able to modulate the intensity of the hash of pixels being displayed. This means that the frame-grabber is successfully getting data - it just isn't interpreting it correctly yet.

Here are a couple of images from pdv_show (hit Alt+PrtScrn to get a screenshot of the active window):

 1. Screenshot-PCI_DV_Display.png - the image on the computer with the camera running unobscured

2. Screenshot-PCI_DV_Display-1.png - the image on the computer with me covering the camera with my hand.

3. -opt-EDTpdv.png - the camera parameters at the time of this test (running serial_cmd)


Attachment 1: Screenshot-PCI_DV_Display.png
Attachment 2: Screenshot-PCI_DV_Display-1.png
Attachment 3: -opt-EDTpdv.png
  21   Wed Apr 21 06:49:51 2010 AidanComputingFrame GrabberInstalling CentOS 5.3 and the EDT frame-grabber - Part 1

Yesterday, I installed CentOS 5.3 on the Gateway GT5482 machine that housed the EDT frame-grabber.

  1. I installed CentOS 5.3 with all the default options
  2. As recommended by the README.lnx_pkg_reqs, I tried and failed to install the "Development Tools", "Development Libraries" and the "X Software Development" using the Add/Remove Software.
  3. I copied the entire install CD to ~/fgdriver on the hard disk.
  4. Installed the following packages at the command line

> yum install gcc

> yum install make

> yum install tk

> yum install kernel


I tried to run ~/fgdriver/linux.go at this point to install the EDT driver, but the installation failed about halfway through with the message "problem making the driver module". An investigation revealed that this was the due to the failure of ~/fgdriver/linux/module/makefile. I tried running that makefile separately to build the driver module and it crashed with the message: Can't find /lib/modules/2.6.18-128.el5/source/include/linux/mm.h. I concluded that the kernel source code wasn't installed

  • Added "Development Libraries" with Add/Remove Software
  • Ran the following command lines

> yum install kernel-devel

> yum install kernel-xen-devel

 And then I followed the instructions at the link: http://wiki.centos.org/HowTos/I_need_the_Kernel_Source

from: > yum install rpm-build redhat-rpm-config unifdef

 to:  > rpm -i http://mirror.centos.org/centos/5/updates/SRPMS/kernel-2.6.18-164.15.1.el5.src.rpm 2>&1 | grep -v mockb

and at the latter point the rpm build  pissed and moaned that it couldn't find the file kernel-2.6.18-164.15.1.el5.src.rpm

However, some combination of the above must have worked. I rebooted the computer and logged in again as root. At this point the install script ~/fgdriver/linux.go ran from start to finish without complaining. A quick test of the resulting /opt/EDTpdv/camconfig and then /opt/EDTpdv/serial_cmd showed that I could access the Dalsa 1M60 camera through the frame grabber.







  23   Thu Apr 22 08:20:51 2010 AidanComputingHartmann sensorInstalled MATLAB and Windows XP Virtualization on Hartmann machine

I installed a Windows XP virtualization on the Hartmann machine. It can be accessed from the desktop, or by running virt-manager at the command line. Once the virtualization manager starts the virtualization of Windows needs to be started. It runs quite slowly.

I also installed MATLAB on this machine in /apps/. TThis was intended to be /apps/MATLAB/ but apparently the install program doesn't add a top directory called MATLAB as you might expect. I had to run a yum install libXp because it was complaining that "/apps/bin/glnxa64/MATLAB: error while loading shared libraries: libXp.so.6: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory"

  24   Thu Apr 22 08:22:18 2010 AidanComputingFrame Grabberfrom the manual install.pdf



Regarding the installation of EDT software, I overlooked a note from the install.pdf  file.


The gist of it is that if the scripts do not run, then remount the CD-ROM by typing the



mount /mnt/cdrom -o remount,exec


which will then allow the scripts to be run. The directory /mnt/cdrom should be changed if

the cdrom is mounted somewhere else. (The note can be found in the page 1 of the file



Unfortunately I don't have linux installed at the moment so I cannot test this. My computer was

reinstalled with Windows XP, the previous CentOS system being wiped out. However if this works,

then there is probably no need to copy the files to the hard drive. 


I saw this and tried it when i was installing, but I had more flexibility when I copied the files directly to the hard drive.


  25   Mon May 3 17:42:20 2010 AidanComputingEPICSEPICS install by Alex

Alex Ivanov came in on Friday and demonstrated his EPICS kung-fu. His EPICS knig-fu is strong.

We fixed the IP address of the Hartmann machine, renamed it hartmann, and mounted the cvs drives from the frame builder. - including the EPICS base from that machine. In principle, with a new softIoc, this should have been enough to run EPICS on the hartmann machine. However, whilst the softIoc would start, it wouldn't broadcast any channels. Eventually we figured out that this was because of the Windows Virtualization adding another IP address to the hartmann machine (revealed with /sbin/ifconfig). So we removed the virtualization system and then EPICS seemed to broadcast much better.

The minutia of install isshown in the history files for the controls and root users - attached.


Attachment 1: history.txt
    1  cd
    2  mkdir -p rpmbuild/{BUILD,RPMS,SOURCES,SPECS,SRPMS}
    3  echo '%_topdir %(echo $HOME)/rpmbuild' > .rpmacros
    4  ls
    5  cd rpmbuild/
    6  rpm -i http://mirror.centos.org/centos/5/updates/SRPMS/kernel- 2
    7  cd ..
    8  rpm -i http://mirror.centos.org/centos/5/updates/SRPMS/kernel- 2>&1 | grep -v mockb
    9  rpm -i http://mirror.centos.org/centos/5/updates/SRPMS/kernel-2.6.18-164.15.1.e15.src.rpm 2>&1 | grep -v mockb
   10  rpm -i http://mirror.centos.org/centos/5/updates/SRPMS/kernel-2.6.18-164.15.1.e15.src.rpm 2>&1 | grep -v mockb
... 183 more lines ...
Attachment 2: history_root.txt
    1  yum
    2  yum install gcc
    3  yum install make
    4  yum install tk
    5  yum install tcl
    6  yum install mm
    7  yum install kernel
    8  yum install source
    9  yum install include
   10  yum install kernel-source
... 797 more lines ...
  26   Mon May 3 17:43:48 2010 AidanComputingFrame GrabberSuccessful image capture with EDT frame grabber

I noticed that when i ran /opt/EDTpdv/camconfig and selected camera 331, which appeared to be closest to the Dalsa Pantera 1M60 camera, the software loaded the configuration file pantera11m4fr.cfg.

I tried to locate which entry in the camconfig list corresponded to the dalsa_1m60.cfg configuration file, but none of them seemed to. I couldn't select any entry and get it to report that it was using the 1m60 config file.

Next I noticed that there were 659 configuration files in the /opt/EDTpdv/camera_config directory but only 460 configuration options in camconfig. This seemed like 1/3 of the config files were somehow not formatted correctly, including,possibly the 1M60 config file.

By editing the pantera11m4fr.cfg I verified that the name of the camera, as it appears in the camconfig program, is the second line in the configuration file. For that file it was:

# CAMERA_MODEL 	"Dalsa Pantera 12 bit single channel camera link"
where the first line is just a single hash. The dalsa_1m60.cfg file did not have a name formatted in the same way as above: it was originally as shown below:

# Dalsa 1m60 config file (freerun)
so i changed the name in that configuration file to the following and it was suddenly available in the list when ./camconfig was run

# CAMERA_MODEL "Dalsa 1m60 config file (freerun)"

I selected that camera (number 53 in the list). Once this was done I ran pdv_flshow/pdvshow again the image that was displayed from the camera appeared to be correctlty demodulated.

Actually, the very first time i ran pdvshow the image was demodulated correctly but it appeared that the origin was offset and then the image wrapped around a little at the edges. However, every successive time I've run pdvshow since then I've had a perfectly demodulated image.

I ran some test patterns by changing the video mode using the serial communications menu in the camera. I also illuminated the Hartmann sensor with a torch/flashlight and got some spot patterns - see attached images.

Also, I've attached the dalsa_1m60.cfg file.



Attachment 1: 20100503_dalsa1m60_configuration_notes.txt
Configuring HWS to get image in CentOS

9:34AM - Dalsa 1m60 turned on

$ /opt/EDTpdv
$ ./serial_cmd
%%this starts the serial communications device in the EDT FG but it isn't configured.

... 123 more lines ...
Attachment 2: 2010-05-03_dalsa1m60_image_test_pattern_and_spots.tif
Attachment 3: 2010-05-03_dalsa1m60_image_test_pattern_right_side.tif
Attachment 4: dalsa_1m60.cfg
# CAMERA_MODEL "Dalsa 1m60 config file (freerun)"

# camera name/description
camera_class:                  "Dalsa"
camera_model:                  "1M60"
camera_info:                   "12 bit dual channel camera link"

... 39 more lines ...
  27   Tue May 4 09:18:15 2010 AidanComputingHartmann sensorAdded aliases and icons for EPICS commands and dataviewer etc. to hartmann

I updated the .bashrc file in controls@hartmann to include aliases for the ezca EPICS commands and a few others. Details shown below:

Also added launchers to the top panel for MATLAB, sitemap, dataviewer and StripTool. The icons for the launchers are located in:


Changes to .bashrc

alias dv="/cvs/opt/apps/Linux/dataviewer/dataviewer"
alias StripTool = "/cvs/opt/apps/Linux/medm/bin/StripTool"
alias medm="/cvs/opt/apps/Linux/medm/bin/medm"
alias sitemap='medm -x /cvs/cds/caltech/medm/c2/atf/C2ATF_MASTER.adl'

# EPICS aliases
alias ezcademod="/cvs/opt/apps/Linux/gds/bin/ezcademod"
alias ezcaread="/cvs/opt/apps/Linux/gds/bin/ezcaread"
alias ezcaservo="/cvs/opt/apps/Linux/gds/bin/ezcaservo"
alias ezcastep="/cvs/opt/apps/Linux/gds/bin/ezcastep"
alias ezcaswitch="/cvs/opt/apps/Linux/gds/bin/ezcaswitch"
alias ezcawrite="/cvs/opt/apps/Linux/gds/bin/ezcawrite"

  28   Tue May 4 10:30:07 2010 AidanComputingHartmann sensorEPICS and MEDM screen for Hartmann sensor

I added the Dalsa 1M60 temperature measurements to EPICS. The break down is as follows:

  Digitizer Board Temperature Sensor Board Temperature
Dalsa 1M60 menu command vt vt

Response from 1M60

Camera Temperature on Digitizer Board: 47.2 Celsius Camera Temperature on Sensor Board: 39.4 Celsius
Menu accessed via MATLAB: unix('/opt/EDTpdv/serial_cmd vt') MATLAB: unix('/opt/EDTpdv/serial_cmd vt')
Temperature stored in MATLAB: local variable called DBtemp (from the numerical sub-string) MATLAB: local variable called SBtemp (from the numerical sub-string)
EPICS channel written via MATLAB: unix(['ezcawrite {channel-name} ' num2str(DBtemp)]) MATLAB: unix(['ezcawrite {channel-name} ' num2str(SBtemp)])
EPICS channel defined in HWS.db HWS.db

I added a softIoc called HWS to /cvs/cds/caltech/target/softIoc. It added the channels following channels: C4:TCS-HWS_TEMP_DIGITIZER and C4:TCS-HWS_TEMP_SENSOR. The ioc (input/output controller) is run with the following command:


/cvs/opt/epics-3.14.10-RC2-i386/base/bin/linux-x86/softIoc HWS.cmd

although this doesn't execute it in the background. The MATLAB routine /home/controls/matlab_scripts/read_dalsa_temperature_write_to_epics.m is run continuously to access the serial port, get the temperature data and to write it to the EPICS channels. These were then available to read in the Hartmann sensor MEDM screen which is shown below. Also shown is a StripTool monitoring the temperatures. I had just turned off a fan that was cooling the 1M60 which is why the temperature is rising.



Attachment 1: Screenshot-C4HWS_medm_21.adl_(edited).png
Attachment 2: Screenshot-StripTool_Graph_Window.png
Attachment 3: HWS.db

Attachment 4: HWS.cmd
dbLoadRecords "HWS.db"
Attachment 5: read_dalsa_temperature_write_to_epics.m
% get the temperature off the 1M60
% written by Aidan Brooks. 22nd Apr 2010

% define aliases
ezcawrite = '/cvs/opt/apps/Linux/gds/bin/ezcawrite';

ii = 1;
while ii == 1
    [s, r] = unix('/opt/EDTpdv/serial_cmd vt');
... 54 more lines ...
  29   Tue May 4 13:35:13 2010 AidanComputingHartmann sensorHartmann temperature channels in frame builder

 I've added the digitizer and sensor board temperature readings from the HWS to the frames. This was done in the following way

1. Create a new file /cvs/cds/caltech/chans/daq/C4TCS.ini - with the channels in it - see below

2.  open /cvs/cds/caltech/target/fb1/master

3. add a line that includes the C4TCS.ini file when the frame builder starts

4. restart frame-builder by killing the daq daemon - kill <process id for daqd> (this is the only thing that needs to be entered as it will automatically restart)






















  30   Wed May 5 09:04:01 2010 AidanComputingHartmann sensorAdded /home/controls/scripts/modules directory to PYTHONPATH on hartmann

 I added the following line to ~/.bashrc


export PYTHONPATH=/home/controls/scripts/modules:/usr/local/lib/python

This adds the above directory to PYTHONPATH and allows those modules in that directory to be access from anywhere.


  31   Wed May 5 18:45:51 2010 AidanComputingHartmann sensorPython code to interface the Dalsa1M60 and export the temperature to EPICS

Python script

I wrote a Python script, ~/scripts/dalsa_to_epics.py that reads the temperature off the camera using serial_cmd vt and then it writes this to the EPICS channels using ezcawrite. See attached. It is now running continuously in the background as dalsa_to_epics.

Dalsa1M60 baud rate

Also I accessed the menu of the 1M60 and changed the baud rate to 115200 using sbr 115200. Then I edited the dalsa_1m60.cfg file to set the baud rate to 115200 in that file. Finally, I changed the settings on the camera so that it will boot with the new baud rate when it is turned off and on again - this was with wus in the camera menu.

All the files are attached.




Attachment 1: dalsa_to_epics.py

# Import the Dalsa1M60 packzge
import Dalsa1M60, subprocess

# define the serial command location
serial_cmd_location = '/opt/EDTpdv/serial_cmd'

# start a loop that continually gets the temperatures
getTemperatures = 1
... 18 more lines ...
Attachment 2: VerifyTemperature.py

# part of the Dalsa1M60 package
# a module for verifying the temperature of the Dalsa 1M60
# The serial command 'vt' is sent to the camera. The camera responds as follow
#    > vt
#    Camera Temperature on Digitzer Board: 47.2 Celsius
#    Camera Temperature on Sensor Board: 39.4 Celsius
... 65 more lines ...
Attachment 3: dalsa_1m60.cfg
# CAMERA_MODEL "Dalsa 1m60 config file (freerun)"

# camera name/description
camera_class:                  "Dalsa"
camera_model:                  "1M60"
camera_info:                   "12 bit dual channel camera link"

... 51 more lines ...
  32   Thu May 6 10:34:38 2010 AidanComputingHartmann sensorEPICS and MEDM screen for Hartmann sensor - part 2

I added the camera parameters to EPICS and the MEDM screen. These are available as channels now in EPICS and eventually there will be a python script that writes the EPICS value to those channels, but right now it is just a python script that reads the values off the Dalsa camera.

I updated the channels in /cvs/cds/caltech/chans/daq/C4TCS.ini so that these are saved to the daq and I also restarted the daq daemon.

The python script that gets the camera parameters is here: scripts/Dalsa1M60/GetCameraParameters.py and the script that writes the parameters to the EPICS channels is here scripts/dalsa_to_epics.py.

These are attached as is C4TCS.ini and HWS.db which defines the new channels.

Attachment 1: dalsa_to_epics.py

# Import the Dalsa1M60 packzge
import Dalsa1M60, subprocess

# define the serial command location
serial_cmd_location = '/opt/EDTpdv/serial_cmd'

# start a loop that continually gets the temperatures
getTemperatures = 1
... 75 more lines ...
Attachment 2: GetCameraParameters.py

#       GetCameraParameters - a module for getting the Dalsa 1M60 parameters
#       Part of the Dalsa1M60 python package
#       GetCameraParameters( serial_cmd_location  )
... 412 more lines ...
Attachment 3: HWS.db
record(ai, "C4:TCS-HWS_TAP1GAIN")
record(ai, "C4:TCS-HWS_TAP2GAIN")
record(ai, "C4:TCS-HWS_PRETRIGGER")
record(ai, "C4:TCS-HWS_DATA_MODE")
record(ai, "C4:TCS-HWS_BINNING_MODE")
record(ai, "C4:TCS-HWS_GAIN_MODE")
record(ai, "C4:TCS-HWS_OUTPUT_CONFIG")
record(ai, "C4:TCS-HWS_EXPOSURE_MODE")
... 27 more lines ...
Attachment 4: C4TCS.ini
... 14 more lines ...
  33   Thu May 6 12:32:11 2010 AidanComputingHartmann sensordalsa_to_epics Python script crashed ...

Here's the error:


 Traceback (most recent call last):

  File "./dalsa_to_epics.py", line 81, in ?
    stdout = subprocess.PIPE)    
  File "/usr/lib64/python2.4/subprocess.py", line 550, in __init__
    errread, errwrite)
  File "/usr/lib64/python2.4/subprocess.py", line 916, in _execute_child
    errpipe_read, errpipe_write = os.pipe()
OSError: [Errno 24] Too many open files

[2]+  Exit 1                  ./dalsa_to_epics.py  (wd: ~/scripts)
(wd now: /cvs/users/abrooks/advLigo/HWS)
  35   Tue May 11 10:32:00 2010 AidanComputingHartmann sensorPeak detection and centroiding code - review

This looks really efficient! However, I think there's a systematic error in the calculation. I tested it on some simulated data and it had trouble getting the centroids exactly right. I need to better understand the functions that are called to get an idea of what might be the problem.





Attached is .m file of the custom function that I wrote and used to automatically detect peaks in a Hartmann image,
and calculate the centroid corrdinates of each of those peaks.

A simple example of its usage,  provided that myimage is a two-dimensional image array obtained from the camera, is


radius = 10;

peak_positions = detect_peaks_uml(myimage,radius);

no_of_peaks = length(peak_positions);

centroids_array = zeros(no_of_peaks);

for k = 1:no_of_peaks

  centroids_array(k,1) = peak_positions(k).WeightedCentroid(1);

  centroids_array(k,2) = peak_positions(k).WeightedCentroid(2);



I chose my value of radius by looking at spots in a sample image and counting the number of pixels across a peak. It may be 
more useful to automatically obtain a value for the
radius. I may run some tests to see how different choices of radius
affect the centroid calculations. 

I may also need to add some error checking and/or image validating codes, but so far I have not encountered any problems. 

Please let me know if anyone needs more explanation!





Attachment 1: test_centroid_code.m
% generate an blank image
imarr = zeros(1024, 1024);

% get the background and intensity levels
bckgrd = 700.0;
I1 = 56000.0;

% get the 2D coordinate arrays
x = 1:1024;
... 61 more lines ...
  36   Thu May 13 16:54:46 2010 AidanComputingHartmann sensorRunning MATLAB programs in C on CentOS - only use R2008b for less hassle

 After much effort trying to get a MATLAB routine to compile in C I discovered the following pieces of information.

1. CentOS will not install a gcc compiler more recent than 4.1.2 with yum install. This is circa 2007. If you want a more recent compiler it must be installed manually.

2. To compile and link C programs that call the MATLAB engine, they must be compiled in MATLAB using the mex command. Every version of MATLAB after R2008b requires the gcc compiler 4.2.3.

3. Building gcc 4.2.3 takes a lot more than 1 hour of compile time. I accidentally killed the build process and gave it up as a lost cause. 


  37   Mon May 17 19:41:13 2010 AidanComputingFrame GrabberC code that calls MATLAB engine and centroiding algorithms

This is an amended version of simple_take.c.


The files below are all in the directory /opt/EDTpdv/hartmann/src

  1. simple_hartmann.c   - the C code to access the frame grabber, retrieve an image, load the MATLAB engine and pass the image to MATLAB for centroiding
  2. centroid_image.m  - the MATLAB routine that centroids the image
  3. get_defocus.m - the MATLAB function that determines the defocus in the centroids
  4. build_simple_hartmann.sh - a shell script I wrote that contains the compile and link options to build the thing correctly 
Attachment 1: simple_hartmann.c
 * @file
 * An example program to show usage of EDT PCI DV library to acquire and
 * optionally save single or multiple images from devices connected to EDT
 * high speed digital video interface such as the PCI DV C-Link or PCI DV
 * FOX / RCX.
 * Provided as a starting point example for adding digital video acquisition
 * to a user application.  Includes optimization strategies that take
 * advantage of the EDT ring buffer library subroutines for pipelining image
... 521 more lines ...
Attachment 2: centroid_image.m
function centroids = centroid_image(image, centroids)
% This function centroids a supplied image. It returns a centroids structure
% 'centroids' structure
% --------------------
% centroids.image_background_level  - the background intensity of an image
%                                     with no illumination on it
%          .spot_radius             - the radius of a hartmann spot
%          .spot_threshold_level    - the minimum intensity of pixels used to
... 98 more lines ...
Attachment 3: get_defocus.m
function defocus = get_defocus(centroids)
% a function to extract the defocus of the gradient field
% 'centroids' structure
% --------------------
% centroids.image_background_level  - the background intensity of an image
%                                     with no illumination on it
%          .spot_radius             - the radius of a hartmann spot
%          .spot_threshold_level    - the minimum intensity of pixels used to
... 56 more lines ...
Attachment 4: build_simple_hartmann.sh

gcc -O2 -I/opt/EDTpdv -I/apps/matlab_R2008b/extern/include -I/apps/matlab_R2008b/simulink/include -DMATLAB_MEX_FILE -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -fexceptions -I/apps/matlab_R2008b/extern/include -DMX_COMPAT_32 -O -DNDEBUG simple_hartmann.c

gcc -O2 -I/opt/EDTpdv -I/apps/matlab_R2008b/extern/include -I/apps/matlab_R2008b/simulink/include -DMATLAB_MEX_FILE -c -D_GNU_SOURCE -fexceptions -I/apps/matlab_R2008b/extern/include -DMX_COMPAT_32 -O -DNDEBUG /apps/matlab_R2008b/extern/src/mexversion.c

gcc -O2 -O -I/opt/EDTpdv -o /opt/EDTpdv/hartmann/bin/simple_hartmann simple_hartmann.o mexversion.o -L/opt/EDTpdv -lpdv -lpthread -lm -ldl -Wl,-rpath-link,/apps/matlab_R2008b/bin/glnxa64 -L/apps/matlab_R2008b/bin/glnxa64 -leng -lmx -lstdc++
  38   Tue May 18 09:33:44 2010 AidanComputingEPICSAdded defocus and other Hartmann sensor channels to EPICS and DAQ

 I've added the following channels to the HWS softIoc in /cvs/cds/caltech/target/softIoc/HWS.db



EPICS and DAQ restart procedure

  1. Kill the existing softIoc. Use a "ps -e | grep softIoc" command to determine the process id.
  2. After editing the HWS.db file restart the softIoc with the following command:
[controls@hartmann softIoc]$  /cvs/opt/epics-3.14.10-RC2-i386/base/bin/linux-x86/softIoc -S  HWS.cmd &
[3] 11280
[controls@hartmann softIoc]$ dbLoadRecords "HWS.db"
Starting iocInit
## EPICS R3.14.10- $R3-14-10-RC2$ $2008/10/10 15:01:51$
## EPICS Base built Oct 28 2009
iocRun: All initialization complete

        3. Edit the /cvs/cds/caltech/chans/daq/C4TCS.ini file and kill the daqd process on fb1. It should restart automatically.



  39   Thu May 20 08:20:54 2010 AidanComputingHartmann sensorCentroiding algorithm and code to generate simulated data

 Here's a copy of an email I distributed today that describes the centroid and simulation code I wrote.

Hi Won,

I've written some code that generates an image of Gaussian spots and provides you with the coordinates of the centers used to generate those spots. There is the facility to turn on i) photo-electron shot noise, ii) random displacement of the nominal positions of the centers from a regular array and iii) 12-bit digitization to more accurately model the output from a CCD.

I've included an example routine that calls this function and then centroids those spots using a variant of your centroiding algorithm.

You should be able to use this to generate reliable simulated data to test versions of your centroiding algorithm.


Attached files: 
1. test_spot_generation_and_centroiding.m     - the example routine. Run this first
2. generate_simulated_spots.m         - the function to generate the simulated spots in an image and as a set of positions
3. centroid_image.m - the function to centroid an image

Attachment 1: test_spot_generation_and_centroiding.m
% example usage of generate_simulated_spots and centroid_image

clear all
close all

%% example 1 - 
npixels = 1024;          % the number of pixels in the image
... 143 more lines ...
Attachment 2: generate_simulated_spots.m
function output = generate_simulated_spots(npixels, digitizeFLAG, ...
                          IntensityNoiseFLAG, positionNoiseFLAG)
% a function to generate an image of spots to centroid and to provide the original 
% locations of the spots. 
% input
% -----
% npixels - pixels in output image
% digitizeFLAG:          0 - floating point array is output
... 160 more lines ...
Attachment 3: centroid_image.m
function centroids = centroid_image(image, centroids)
% This function centroids a supplied image. It returns a centroids structure
% 'centroids' structure
% --------------------
% centroids.image_background_level  - the background intensity of an image
%                                     with no illumination on it
%          .spot_radius             - the radius of a hartmann spot
%          .spot_threshold_level    - the minimum intensity of pixels used to
... 95 more lines ...
  40   Thu May 20 10:44:13 2010 AidanElectronicsSLEDQPhotonics 980nm source power

dV = 0.385V

Responsivity= 0.65A/W

Transimpedance = 1.5E4 V/A

therefore power= 0.385V / (1.5E4 * 0.65 V/W) = 40uW



  41   Thu May 20 17:08:36 2010 AidanElectronicsSLEDSLED module - and driver - LIGO D1000892 - and Hartmann sensor

Verified that the test-point for the current limit pot on the driver (Wavelength Electronics - LDTC 0520) was at 0.5V. Driver is set to INTERNAL set point at the moment. This is down about 10% below the current limited point.

Voltage across TP7 and TP9 = 0.970V = LD Current Mon

Voltage across TP2 and TP3 = 0.017V = LD P Mon


--- Hartmann sensor ---

-set the sampling rate on the CCD to 16HZ. With the current alignment and intensity this gives as maximum intensity of around 3850 out of 4095. Thus the pixels are not saturated.

- centroid_image located some of the spots - see attached image of spots where those located by the algorithm and circled. I need to play with the threshold level and spot_radius to get this to work properly.



Attachment 1: 2010-05-20_hartmann_image_and_located_spot.jpg
  42   Mon May 24 19:17:32 2010 AidanLaserHartmann sensorReplaced Brass Plate with Invar Hartmann Plate

I just replaced the brass Hartmann plate with the Invar one. The camera was off during the process but has been turned on again. The camera is now warming up again. I've manually set the temperature in the EPICS channels by looking at the on-board temperature via the serial communications.

 I also made sure the front plate was secured tightly.

  43   Wed May 26 06:47:02 2010 AidanLaserSLEDSwitched off SLED - 6:40AM
  44   Wed May 26 14:58:04 2010 AidanMiscHartmann sensorHartmann sensor cooling fins added

14:55 -  Mindy stopped by with the copper heater spreaders and the cooling fins for the Hartmann sensor. We've set them all up and have turned on the camera to see what temperature above ambient is achieves.

17:10 - Temperature of the HWS with no active cooling( Digitizer = 44.1C, Sensor = 36.0C, Ambient = 21.4C)


Attachment 1: HWS_CONFIG1.jpg
  45   Thu May 27 08:25:37 2010 AidanElectronicsHartmann sensorHartmann sensor cooling fins added - base piece removed

 8:10AM - I removed the base plate from the Hartmann sensor. I want to know what steady-state temperature the HWS achieves without the plate.

The photo below shows the current configuration.

11:22AM - (Digitizer - 52.2C, Sensor - 43.8C, Ambient - 21.8C)

Attachment 1: HWS_CONFIG2.jpg
  46   Thu May 27 13:18:51 2010 AidanElectronicsHartmann sensorRemoved Cooling fins from Hartmann sensor

I removed the cooling fins from the Hartmann sensor to see what steady-state temperature it reached without any passive cooling elements. I also dropped the set-point temperature for the lab to help keep for getting too hot.

After nearly 3 hours the temperature is:

(Digitizer: 54.3C, Sensor: 46.6C, Ambient: 19.6C)



Attachment 1: HWS_CONFIG3.jpg
  47   Thu May 27 15:42:06 2010 AidanElectronicsHartmann sensorHartmann sensor with just the base piece

I switched in just the base piece of the Hartmann sensor. The cooling fins are removed. I bolted the camera securely to the base plate and I bolted the plate securely to the table.

 5:00PM - (Digitizer = 41.9C, Sensor = 33.8C, Ambient = 19.3C)


Attachment 1: HWS_CONFIG4.jpg
ELOG V3.1.3-