OMC Unit 4 Build Machined Parts are currently located in Stephen's office. See image of large blue box from office, below.
Loaned item D1100855-V1-00-OMC08Q004 to Don Griffith for work in semi-clean HDS assy.
This includes mass mounting brackets, cable brackets, balance masses, etc. For full inventory, refer to ICS load Bake-9527 (mixed polymers) and Bake-9495 (mixed metals).
Inventory includes all items except cables. Plasma sprayed components with slight chipping were deemed acceptable for Unit 4 use. Cable components (including flex circuit) are ready to advance to fabrication, with a bit more planning and ID of appropriate wiring.
Item loan: SRS LCR meter SRS720 borrowed from Downs. The unit is at the 40m right now for testing with an excelitas PD. Once it is done, the setup will be moved to the OMC lab for testing the high QE PDs
Attachment 1: System diagram. The reverse bias voltage is controlled by DS335. This can produce a voltage offset up to 10V. A G=+2 opamp circuit was inserted so that a bias of up to +15V can be produced. The capacitances of the photodiodes were measured with SR720 LCR meter with a probe. DS335 and SR720 were controlled from PC/Mac via serial connections.
Attachment 2: Overview
Attachment 3: How was the probe attached to the photodiode under the test
Attachment 4: The bias circuitry and the power supply
Attachment 5: G=+2 amp
The capacitance at no bias was 460~500pF. This goes down to below 300pF at 1.0~1.5V reverse bias. At maximum +15V, the capacitance goes down to 200~220pF.
On this opportunity, the capacitances of a couple of Excelitas C30665 photodiodes were measured. In Attachment 2, the result was compared with one of the results from the high QE PDs. In general the capacitance of C30665 is lower than the one from the high QE PDs.
More explicit insights into the inventory for the Unit 4 build. Image of inventory included below.
ref: E1900034 and other associated documents.
I've cleared the small optical table and wondered how to move it out of the room. Fortunately, the north side of the big table had wide enough clearance and let the 36" wide table go through. This was easy without moving other heavy stuff.
From here to the door, a bit of work is required. A possibility is to roll the laser blocking wall to the south side of the big table. This will require moving the shelving in the entrance area but it's not a lot of work compared to disassembling a part of the wall.
If this does not work somehow, we will consider removing the last panel of the wall and it will definitely allow the table to get out from the door.
The table width was an inch too large compared to the door width. We need to tilt the table and it seemed too much for us. Let's ask the transportation for handling.
Photo courtesy by Juan
- The lab is chilly (18degC)
- Cleaned the lab and the optical table a bit so that the delicate work can be done. The diode test rig (borrowed from Downs - see OMC ELOG 408 and OMC ELOG 409) was removed from the table and brought to the office (to return on Monday)
- The rack electronics were energized.
- The OMC mirrors in use were returned to the cases and stored in the plastic box.
- The optical table was also cleaned. Removed the old Al foils. The table was wiped with IPA
- The OMC #4 was moved to the other part of the table, and then OMC #2 was placed in the nominal place (Attachment 1). Note that the "legs" were migrated from #4 to #2. There are three poles that defines the location of the OMC Transportation
- The lid was removed and the OMC was inspected (Attachment 2). Immediately found some more delamination of the epoxy beneath the cable bracket (Attachment 3). This needs to be taken care of before shipment.
- The cavity was already flashing as usual, and a bit of alignment made the TEM00 flashing.
- The locking was a little tricky because the LB unit seemed to have a gain-dependent offset. After some adjustment, robust locks were achieved. The cavity was then finely adjusted. Attachment 4 shows the CCD image of the reflection. The core of the spot is more or less axisymmetric as usual. There is also a large helo around the spot. I was not aware of this before. I may need to wipe some of the mirrors of the input path.
- As the satisfactory lock was achieved, I called a day by taking a picture of the table (Attachment 5).
== Initial Preparation ==
== Measurements ==
== Repair / Preparation ==
== Shipping ==
o Power Budget (2022/07/18)
NPRO ADJ -50 (min)
Fiber incident 62.8mW
Fiber output 45.1mW
Matching to the fiber 72%
DCPD T = 8.90 +/- 0.01 mW
REFPD = 3.760 +/- 0.001 V
DCPD R = 8.82 +/- 0.01 V
REFPD = 3.760 +/- 0.001 V
CM1 = 81.4 +/- 0.1 uW
REFPD = 3.767 +/- 0.001 V
CM2 = 86.6 +/- 0.1 uW
REFPD = 3.767 +/- 0.001 V
OFS = -6.214 +/- 0.001 mV (beam blocked)
LOCKED = 57.5 +/- 0.5 mV
REFPD = 3.970 +/- 0.003 V
UNLOCK = 2.816 +/- 0.003 V
REFPD = 3.943 +/- 0.001 V
P_Inc = 20.04 +/- 0.01 mW
REFPD = 3.946 +/- 0.001 V
- Cavity coupling 0.989 (1.1% junk&sidebands)
- Cavity R&T: R=756ppm, T=0.946
- OMC Throughput (Cavity T x First BS R): T=0.939
- Cavity loss per mirror 90 ppm / Round Trip Loss 432ppm
o Power Budget after FirstContact cleaning (2022/07/20)
NPRO ADJ -50 (min)
Fiber incident --.-mW
Fiber output --.-mW
Matching to the fiber ??%
DCPD T = 8.62 +/- 0.01 mW
REFPD = 3.549 +/- 0.001 V
DCPD R = 9.46 +/- 0.01 V
REFPD = 3.562 +/- 0.001 V
CM1 = 74.5 +/- 0.1 uW
REFPD = 3.585 +/- 0.001 V
CM2 = 81.7 +/- 0.1 uW
REFPD = 3.585 +/- 0.001 V
vOFS = -6.197 +/- 0.001 mV (beam blocked)
LOCKED = 47.6 +/- 0.2 mV
REFPD = 3.596 +/- 0.003 V
UNLOCK = 2.700 +/- 0.003 V
REFPD = 3.590 +/- 0.001 V
P_Inc = 19.36 +/- 0.001 mW
REFPD = 3.594 +/- 0.001 V
- Cavity coupling 0.980 (2.0% junk&sidebands)
- Cavity R&T: R=229ppm, T=0.970 (previous T=0.946, 2.4% UP!)
- OMC Throughput (Cavity T x First BS R): T=0.963
- Cavity loss per mirror 42.8 ppm / Round Trip Loss 238ppm
Bond reinforcement blocks for the invar brackets:
The backscatter beam is supposed to appear in the backpropagation path. The transmission of the OMC has a couple of optics, it's not easy to access that beam.
To try to deflect the beam either horizontally or vertically, small optical pieces were made. (Attachment)
These are the combination of the optics
- Thorlabs PF05-03 Fused Silica Mirror Blank (dia12.7mm x t 6.0mm) + Thorlabs 1/2"sq BB Dielectric Mirror BBSQ05-E03
- Thorlabs PF05-03 Fused Silica Mirror Blank (dia12.7mm x t 6.0mm) + Thorlabs ME05-G01 Protected Al Mirror (dia12.7mm x t 3.2mm) + Thorlabs MRA10-K13 Right-Angle Prism Nd:YAG 10mm
Torr seal was used as the bonding epoxy. It uses a 1:2 volume mixture (not easy because of the viscosity) and is relatively fast to cure (in a couple of hours).
The test piece showed some softness after 3~4 hours so I left the parts cured overnight at room temp (i.e. 18degC)
The profile of the beam incident on the fiber input
The fiber input was deflected by a 45deg mirror. The beam profile was measured with WincamD. The beam was too strong (~60mW) even at the smallest pump power (ADJ -50) of the NPRO. So the two ND20 filters were added to the lens right before the 45 deg mirror and the camera.
The measured profile had some deviation from the nice TEM00 particularly around the waist. This could be a problem of the too small beam on the ND filter and the CCD.
This is not an issue as we just want to know the approximate shape of the beam.
For the fiber coupling, if we have the beam waist radius of ~200um it is sufficient for decent coupling.
Measure the power ratio between the forward-propagating and reverse-propagating beams.
- To increase the incident laser power, NPRO Current ADJ was set to be 0 (increased from -50)
- 1st: Without the baffle 0.373 +/- 0.001 uW / With the baffle 0.318 +/- 0.001 uW
- 2nd: Without the baffle 0.370 +/- 0.001 uW / With the baffle 0.318 +/- 0.001 uW
- 3rd: Without the baffle 0.370 +/- 0.001 uW / With the baffle 0.317 +/- 0.001 uW
==> 53.3 +/- 0.6 nW
- The main transmission was 84.0mW
==> Backpropagation ratio was 0.634+/-0.007 ppm
- Direct measurement of the OMC was after BS 96.6mW
==> Backpropagation power from the cavity: 61.3 +/- 0.7 nW
- Cavity transmission for the matched beam is Tcav RinputBS = 0.963
==> Incident resonant TEM00 power 100.3mW
- Reflection 61.3+/-0.7 nW x RinputBS = 60.8+/-0.7 nW
-> The effective reflectivity for the mode-matched resonant TEM00 beam incident on the OMC (1st steering mirror) is 0.606+/-0.007 ppm
SRS LCR meter SRS720 was returned to Downs as before.
OMC Reinforcement blocks
1. P/N D1600316; Version v4; Type 01; Qty 30; Source Chemistry Machine Shop
2. P/N D1600316; Version v4; Type 02; Qty 15; Source Chemistry Machine Shop
3. P/N D1600316; Version v4; Type 01; Qty 40; Source Resource MFG PO S422806
4. P/N D1600316; Version v4; Type 02; Qty 40; Source Resource MFG PO S422806
Stephen asked Srinath for the ICS entry.
Stephen made the C&B request https://cleanandbake.ligo.caltech.edu/clean_and_bake/request/1708/
Madeline was asked to take care of the C&B.
Also, the Torr Seal box was returned to Madeline.
More epoxy delamination check:
DCPD R (Attachment 1): Found half delaminated
DCPD T (Attachment 2): Found half delaminated
QPD1/QPD2 (Attachment 3): Looks fine
In total we need to fix bonding of three invar bases (including the one for the cable bracket)
- Installed the High QE PDs to OMC #002
Upon the installation, the legs of the PDs were cut by 3mm. Also, the tab of the PD could not be embedded in the DCPD housing. Therefore, the tabs were cut.
The alignment looked just fine. The weak reflections are directed to the black glass beam dumps.
- After the installation, the QEs were measured.
It is so confusing. So I decided to make the QE test setup.
Ophir RM9 with chopper (+/-5%): 8.97mW
Thorlabs S140C integrating sphere (+/-7%): 9.11mW
Thorlabs S130C PD power meter (+/-7%): 9.15mW
Thorlabs S401C thermal power meter (+/-3%): 8.90mW
So there looks ~3% discrepancy between S130C and S401C
Then tried to measure the QE of C1-03@Cage B3 with Ophir RM9
- Initial state: QE=0.95
- First FirstContact application: QE went up to 0.973
- Second FirstContact application: QE = 0.974, basically no change
- Calibrate the trans-impedance amp with Keithley
- Apply FC to B1-22 and B1-23 to see if there is an improvement
- The power should be measured with S401C because the accuracy seems better (+/-3%).
- Take photos of the PD FC process
General To Do:
- Backscatter test 2nd trial
- Start applying the first contact to the optical surfaces
- Beam dump cleaning
- Apply FC cap to the PDs
- Delamination repair (light side)
- Delamination repair (dark side)
- Cable bracket replace (dark side)
- 4 CLASS A wire clamp obtained from the OMC spare
- 4 more DIRTY wire clamp obtained from WB experiments (they no longer use these)
Once the later ones are C&Bed, we have enough.
- DLPCA-200 trans-impedance amplifier was calibrated.
Keithley source meter 2450 was connected to the amp. Provide current and read the output voltage with the precision digital voltage meter (Agilent/Keysight).
Gain: 999.7V/A@7mA, 999.6V/A@8mA
- From the power meter spec, Thorlabs S401C seemed the best (+/-3%). So the QEs of the 9 PDs were checked with this power meter again.
- All PDs exhibited the QE of 0.95~0.96. It's all relative as the power meter has a systematic error.
- Tried to clean B1-22 and B1-23 PDs. They didn't show significant improvement after the cleaning. To avoid the unnecessary risk of damaging the PDs, further cleaning was not performed. (Some photos were attached)
- What we can do is use this result as the relative measurements.
- For OMC#2, B1-22 is the DCPD(T) and B1-23 is the DCPD(R). C1-03 and C1-12 are the spares, according to this latest result.
- At LLO, we track down the source of the throughput reduction (-10%). The QEs of the PDs are going to be tested in the same setup at once to compare their PDs and our PDs.
The optical surfaces were coated with FirstContact to keep them clean / somewhat protected during the transportation.
The PD aperture was sealed with FirstContact "caps" (made by Kate in 2016?).
- D1300052-V3 SN001 is going to be used (Attachment 1)
- This is the PEEK version of the cable bracket (Attachment 2). The side thread holes have no Helicoils inserted. This needs to be done!
Connector arrangement check / cable routing check
Attachment 3: Connector Arrangement from the Northside
Attachment 4: Connector Arrangement from the South side
Attachment 5: Cable routing (Northside down)
At this point, the delamination of the V shape beam dumps was visible. This is the subject of bonding reinforcement.
- (Attachment 1) The connector nut rings were removed using an angled needle nose plier. The connector shell has a tight dimension relative to the hole on the bracket. But of course, they could be extracted.
- The 4 screws mounting the bracket to the invar blocks were successfully removed. No extra damage to the bonding.
- (Attachment 2) The plan was to remove the cable pegs by unfastening the button head 1/4-20 screws from the bracket and then just replace the bracket with the new one. However, these screws were really tight. The two were successfully removed without cutting the PEEK cable ties. Two cable ties were necessary to be cut to detach the bracket+pegs from the fragile OMC. Then one screw was removed. However, the final one could not be unfastened. This is not a problem as we are not going to recycle the metal cable bracket... as long as we have spare parts for the new bracket.
- (Attachment 3) Right now, the new bracket is waiting for the helicoils to be inserted. So the OMC lid was closed with the cables piled up. Just be careful when the lid is open.
Checking the spare parts
- Conclusion for OMC#2: need PEEK cable ties
- for more OMCs: need more BHCS / PEEK cable ties / Helicoils
Loan Record: I borrowed a PD can opener from Rich => Antonio Returned Sep 9, 2016
Tungsten Carbide Engraver (permanently given to the OMC lab)
KEITHLEY SOURCE METER + Laptop
Antonio borrowed: Rich's PD cutter (returned), Ohir power meter(returned), Thorlabs power meter head, Chopper
QPD matrix circuit
+/-18V power supply cable
I’ve borrowed the black and decker toaster oven to dry some sonicated parts. It is temporarly located in the QIL lab.
From Cryo Cav setup
Borrowed LB1005 Servo box -> OMC
Black and Decker Glue Baking Oven came back to the OMC lab on Aug 10, 2020, Georgia had lent the unit for the SAMS assembly/testing.