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ID Date Author Type Category Subject
  10   Mon Jul 23 17:15:14 2012 KojiCleanGeneralTalking with Margot

I consulted with Margot about the cleaning of the optics

  • Optics are considered as a clean object. Large dusts can be removed by ionized N2 flow etc.
  • Barrel of optics can be wiped with Acetone.
  • Optical surfaces are best to be cleaned by First Contact.
  • A peek mesh should be embedded in the first contact so that the First Contact sheet can be easily removed.
  • When peeling a F.C. sheet from a mirror surface, ionized N2 should be brown for discharging.
  • If there are residuals visible on the mirror surface, it should be removed by Acetone. Don't use alchols.
  • Use paper lens tissue for wiping as the lint free wipe can be eaten by Acetone.
  • In fact, All of the procedure is described in a certain document.
  • For a small amount, Margot can provide us a bottle of F.C. and some PEEK meshes.

Details of the Ionized N2 system

  • This N2 should have higher purity than 4N (UHP - Ultra High Purity). This means we should use 4N - UHP or 5N - Research Grade.
  • The ionized gun used in the clean room at Downs: made by Terra Universal.com
  • Flow path: N2 cylinder - Filter - Gun
  9   Sun Jul 22 15:56:53 2012 ZachOpticsCharacterizationRoC measurement setup

Here is a more detailed version of the setup, so that we can gather the parts we will need.

detailed_RoC_setup.png

Parts list:

  • Optics, etc.:
    • 1 NPRO
    • 2 QWP
    • 3 HWP
    • 2 PBS
    • 2 EOM (at least one broadband)
    • 2 RFPD (at least one very-high-bandwidth for TRANS, e.g., 1611)
    • 1 CCD camera
    • OMC curved mirrors to be tested
    • 1 low-loss flat reference mirror with appropriate transmission (e.g., G&H, ATF, etc.)
    • ~3 long-ish lenses for MMT, EOM focusing
    • ~2 short lenses for PD focusing
    • 1 R ~ 80% power splitter for TRANS (can be more or less)
    • ~7 steering mirrors
    • ~3 beam dumps
    • Mounts, bases, clamps, hardware
  • Electronics:
    • 1 fixed RF oscillator (e.g., DS345, etc.)
    • 1 VCO (e.g., Marconi, Tektronix, etc.)
    • 2 Minicircuits RF mixers
    • 2 Minicircuits RF splitters
    • 2 SMA inline LPFs
    • Locking servo (SR560? uPDH? PDH2?)
    • Some digital acquisition/FG system
    • Power supplies, wiring and cabling.

Quote:

Here is the proposed RoC measurement setup. Koji tells me that this is referred to as "Anderson's method".

We would like to use a linear cavity to measure the RoC of the curved mirrors independently (before forming the ring cavity), since the degeneracy of HOMs will make the fitting easier.

  • An NPRO is PDH locked to a linear cavity formed of a high-quality flat mirror on one end, and the OMC curved optic on the other.
  • A second, broadband EOM is placed after the first one, and its frequency is swept with a VCO to generate symmetric sidebands about the carrier
  • A TRANS RFPD's signal is demodulated at the secondary EOM frequency, to give a DC signal proportional to HOM transmission
  • This HOM scan is fit to a model, with RoC the free parameter. Since there are two sidebands, the HOM spectrum of the model must be folded about the carrier frequency.
  • To get a good signal, we should slightly misalign the input beam, allowing for higher overlap with HOMs.

 

  8   Wed Jul 18 23:20:13 2012 KojiOpticsCharacterizationMode scan results of ELIGO

Nic Smith sent me a bunch of elog lists where the results of the mode scan can be found.

From Nic:

There have been many mode scan analyses done at LLO:
http://ilog.ligo-la.caltech.edu/ilog/pub/ilog.cgi?group=detector&date_to_view=06/07/2008&anchor_to_scroll_to=2008:06:07:20:55:41-jrsmith
http://ilog.ligo-la.caltech.edu/ilog/pub/ilog.cgi?group=detector&date_to_view=06/16/2008&anchor_to_scroll_to=2008:06:16:17:47:11-waldman
http://ilog.ligo-la.caltech.edu/ilog/pub/ilog.cgi?group=detector&date_to_view=08/06/2009&anchor_to_scroll_to=2009:08:06:12:23:16-kissel
http://ilog.ligo-la.caltech.edu/ilog/pub/ilog.cgi?group=detector&date_to_view=09/25/2009&anchor_to_scroll_to=2009:09:25:20:57:47-kate

We didn't do as much of this at LHO. At some point we were trying to figure out how the arm cavity mode was different from the carrier mode:
http://ilog.ligo-wa.caltech.edu/ilog/pub/ilog.cgi?group=detector&date_to_view=04/17/2009&anchor_to_scroll_to=2009:04:17:23:15:05-kawabe
http://ilog.ligo-wa.caltech.edu/ilog/pub/ilog.cgi?group=detector&date_to_view=03/27/2009&anchor_to_scroll_to=2009:03:27:21:38:14-kawabe

http://ilog.ligo-wa.caltech.edu/ilog/pub/ilog.cgi?group=detector&date_to_view=02/18/2009&anchor_to_scroll_to=2009:02:18:20:15:00-kawabe

Here's a long mode scan that was done, and the data is attached to the elog, but none of the amplitudes are analyzed.
http://ilog.ligo-wa.caltech.edu/ilog/pub/ilog.cgi?group=detector&date_to_view=07/08/2009&anchor_to_scroll_to=2009:07:08:17:02:19-nicolas

  7   Sat Jul 14 02:16:07 2012 KojiGeneralGeneralPlan Update: July

Facility/Supplies

  • Work in progress
    • Floor cleaning
    • Plug slits on the roof of the HEPA booth - blanking panels have been ordered (Peter)
    • Install laser safety barrier (Peter is working on this)
    • Place a sticky mat
       
  • Work to be done
    • Replacing a file cabinet next to the south wall by a lockable cabinet
    • Replacing a lab desk at the west side of the room. (Vladimir's)
    • Replacing Vladimir's rack with nicer one.
    • Laser sign
    • Safety glass holder
    • Prepare clean supplies (Shoes/Coverall/Hats/Gloves) => go to VWR stock room
      • glove 8.5,9,9.5
         
    • Label maker (P-Touch) & Tape
        
  • Design
    • Optical layout - Laser SOP
    • Additional HEPA stage
       
  • Test
    • Confirm particle level
       
  • Note: Optical Table W96" x D48" x H27"

Beaurocracy

  • Laser SOP
  • HV use?
  • UV?

Mechanics

  • Ongoing Work 
    • Cone-shaped wire clamp design (at the OMC end) - Jeff
       
  • Design
    • Wire preparation fixture - Jeff
    • How do we hold the PDs, QPDs, and black glass - we put 2 PDs and 2 QPDs on the PD mounting blacket. - Jeff
    • Integrated solidwork model - Sam
      • Q: How the wires are clamped at the top side?
      • Q: How much the length of the wire should be?
      • Q: Locations of the wire mounts on the plate
    • Cabling investigation:
      • Where do the cables from the feed-thrus anchored? - Sam
      • List of the current internal cables and their lengths - Sam
      • List of the required internal cables and their lengths
      • Can we route the intermediate stage of the suspension? Do we need new cables?
    • Dummy intermediate stage structure
       
    • Metal templates
      • First, decide an optical design
      • takes at least a month
         
    • Weights how heavy / how many
       
  • Test
    • Cone-shaped wire clamp test - Jeff/Koji 
    • Balancing the plates
      • The Faraday isolator cage isn't clean
    • Dummy metal payload test at the sites???
       
  • Procedures to be decided
    • PZT alignment
    • Prototyping with metal parts?
    • UV glue? (heat) / gluing test
    • Balance

Optics

  • Ongoing Work 
    • Mirrors to be delivered ~Aug
       
    • Design down select - Between "Single output & BS" vs "Two outputs & no BS"
    • Down selecting procedure:
      1. Assume ELIGO beam component
      2. Assume amount of 9MHz / 45MHz sidebands at the OMC input
      3. Calculate transmitted power
      4. Require HOM to be smaller than the TEM00 offset 
         
    • UV cured epoxy (Quate obtained)
  • Design
    • Mode design for HAM6 layout
    • Finalization of scattering paths
       
  • Tests
    • Measurement of PD angles
    • R&T of each mirror
    • Curvature of the curved mirrors
    • Cavity ref/trans/finesse
    • PD Q.E. & Reflectivity measurement vs incident angle
       
  • Things to be decided / confirmed
    • How to handle optics / assemblies (Talk to the prev people)
    • First contact? (Margot: applicable to a short Rc of ~2.5m)
    • Gluing templates to be designed (how to handle it?)
       
  • PDs
  • Misc
    • CCD beam analyzer (Zach: It is fixed.)
    • Are two PZTs used?
      • YES, for redundancy, range, upconversion tests.
         
  • Things to buy
  • Need to buy a fiber for mode cleaning?
  • Mode content of the ELIGO dark beam?
  • Jitter noise?
  • How to determine the design?
  • Why Fused Silica? (How much is the temp fluctuation in the chamber?)
  • How to align the cavity mirrors, input mirrors, QPDs, PDs, beam dumps.
     

Electronics

  • Thorough scrutinization of cabling / wiring / electronics
  • Electronics / CDS electronics / software
  • Things to be tested
    • QPD/PD pre-selections (QE/noise)
    • Functionality test of QPD/PD/PZT

Shipping, storage etc


Jun/July
    - Lab renovtion
    - Mechanics design
    - Glue training
Aug
    - Mirror delivery
    - Basic optics test
Sept
    - Cavity test
    - Suspending test
NOV~DEC
    - Shipping to LLO

Open questions
    Two optical designs
    Procedure
    Modeling
    Clamp design / stencil design
    gluing-installation procedure

 


July:Facility/Supplies

  6   Fri Jun 29 11:26:04 2012 ZachOpticsCharacterizationRoC measurement setup

Here is the proposed RoC measurement setup. Koji tells me that this is referred to as "Anderson's method".

We would like to use a linear cavity to measure the RoC of the curved mirrors independently (before forming the ring cavity), since the degeneracy of HOMs will make the fitting easier.

  • An NPRO is PDH locked to a linear cavity formed of a high-quality flat mirror on one end, and the OMC curved optic on the other.
  • A second, broadband EOM is placed after the first one, and its frequency is swept with a VCO to generate symmetric sidebands about the carrier
  • A TRANS RFPD's signal is demodulated at the secondary EOM frequency, to give a DC signal proportional to HOM transmission
  • This HOM scan is fit to a model, with RoC the free parameter. Since there are two sidebands, the HOM spectrum of the model must be folded about the carrier frequency.
  • To get a good signal, we should slightly misalign the input beam, allowing for higher overlap with HOMs.

If we decided that the symmetric sidebands are too unwieldy, or that we have issues from sidebands on sidebands, we can accomplish the same style measurement using an AOM-shifted pickoff of the pre-PDH EOM beam. The advantage of the former method is that we don't have to use any polarization tricks.

RoC_measurement_setup.png

  5   Thu Jun 21 03:07:27 2012 ZachOpticsConfigurationParameter selection / mode definition

EDIT 2 (ZK): As with the previous post, all plots and calculations here are done with my MATLAB cavity modeling utility, ArbCav.

EDIT (ZK): Added input q parameters for OMMT 

found the nice result that the variation in the optimal length vs. variation in the mirror RoC is roughly linear within the ±1% RoC tolerance. So, we can choose two baseline mode definitions (one for each mirror topology) and then adjust as necessary following our RoC measurements.

Bowtie

For R = 2.5 m, the optimal length (see previous post) is LRT = 1.150 m, and the variation in this is dLRT/dR ~ +0.44 m/m.

Here is an illustration of the geometry:

geom_bowtie.png

The input q parameters, defined at the point over the edge of the OMC slab where the beam first crosses---(40mm, 150mm) on the OptoCad drawing---are, in meters:

  • qix = - 0.2276 + 0.6955 i
  • qiy = - 0.2276 + 0.6980 i

 

Non-bowtie

For R = 2.5 m, the optimal length is LRT = 1.246 m, and the variation in this is also dLRT/dR ~ +0.44 m/m.

Geometry:

geom_non-bowtie.png

q parameters, defined as above:

  • qix = - 0.0830 + 0.8245 i
  • qiy = - 0.0830 + 0.8268 i
  4   Wed Jun 20 20:37:45 2012 ZachOpticsConfigurationTopology / parameter selection

EDIT (ZK): All the plots here were generated using my MATLAB cavity modeling tool, ArbCav. The utility description is below. The higher-order mode resonance plots are direct outputs of the function. The overlap plots were made by modifying the function to output a list of all HOM resonant frequencies, and then plotting the closest one as a function of cavity length. This was done for various values of highest mode order to consider, as described in the original entry.

Description:

This function calculates information about an arbitrary optical cavity. It can plot the cavity geometry, calculate the transmission/reflection spectrum, and generate the higher-order mode spectrum for the carrier and up to 2 sets of sidebands.

The code accepts any number of mirrors with any radius of curvature and transmission, and includes any astigmatic effects in its output.

As opposed to the previous version, which converted a limited number of cavity shapes into linear cavities before performing the calculation, this version explicitly propagates the gouy phase of the beam around each leg of the cavity, and is therefore truly able to handle an arbitrary geometry.

----------------Original Post----------------

I expressed concern that arbitrarily choosing some maximum HOM order above which not to consider makes us vulnerable to sitting directly on a slightly-higher-order mode. At first, I figured the best way around this is to apply an appropriate weighting function to the computed HOM frequency spacing. Since this will also have some arbitrariness to it, I have decided to do it in a more straightforward way. Namely, look at the spacing for different values of the maximum mode number, nmax, and then use this extra information to better select the length.

Assumptions:

  • The curved mirror RoC is the design value of 2.50±0.025 m
  • The ±9 MHz sidebands will have ~1% the power of the other fields at the dark port. Accordingly, as in Sam's note, their calculated spacing is artificially increased by 10 linewidths.
  • The opening angle of 4º is FIXED, and the total length is scaled accordingly

Below are the spacing plots for the bowtie (flat-flat-curved-curved) and non-bowtie (flat-curved-flat-curved) configurations. Points on each line should be read out as "there are are no modes of order N or lower within [Y value] linewidths of the carrier TEM00 transmission", where N is the nmax appropriate for that trace. Intuitively, as more orders are included, the maxima go down, because more orders are added to the calculation.

*All calculations are done using my cavity simulation function, ArbCav. The mode spacing is calculated for each particular geometry by explicitly propagating the gouy phase through each leg of the cavity, rather than by finding an equivalent linear cavity*

 ovlp_bowtie.pngovlp_non-bowtie.png

Since achievable HOM rejection is only one of the criteria that should be used to choose between the two topologies, the idea is to pick one length solution for EACH topology. Basically, one maximum should be chosen for each plot, based on how how high an order we care about.

Bowtie

For the bowtie, the nmax = 20 maximum at L = 1.145 m is attractive, because there are no n < 20 modes within 5 linewidths, and no n < 25 modes within ~4.5 linewidths. However, this means that there are also n < 10 modes within 5 linewidths, while they could be pushed (BLUE line) to ~8.5 linewidths at the expense of proximity to n > 15 modes.

Therefore, it's probably best to pick something between the red and green maxima: 1.145 m < L < 1.152 m.

By manually inspecting the HOM spectrum for nmax = 20, it seems that L = 1.150 m is the best choice. In the HOM zoom plot below and the one to follow, the legend is as follows

  • BLUE: Carrier
  • GREEN: +9 MHz
  • RED: -9 MHz
  • CYAN: +45 MHz
  • BLACK: -45 MHz

spect_zoom_bowtie.png

Non-bowtie

Following the same logic as above, the most obvious choice for the non-bowtie is somewhere between the red maximum at 1.241 m and the magenta maximum at 1.248 m. This still allows for reasonable suppression of the n < 10 modes without sacrificing the n < 15 mode suppression completely.

Upon inspection, I suggest L = 1.246 m

spect_zoom_non-bowtie.png

I reiterate that these calculations are taking into account modes of up to n ~ 20. If there is a reason we really only care about a lower order than this, then we can do better. Otherwise, this is a nice compromise between full low-order mode isolation and not sitting directly on slightly higher modes.

 

RoC dependence

One complication that arises is that all of these are highly dependent on the actual RoC of the mirrors. Unfortunately, even the quoted tolerance of ±1% makes a difference. Below is a rendering of the RED traces (nmax = 20) in the first two plots, but for R varying by ±2% (i.e., for R = 2.45 m, 2.50 m, 2.55 m).

ovlp_vs_R_bowtie.pngovlp_vs_R_non-bowtie.png

The case for the non-bowtie only superficially seems better; the important spacing is the large one between the three highest peaks centered around 1.24 m.

Also unfortunately, this strong dependence is also true for the lowest-order modes. Below is the same two plots, but for the BLUE (nmax = 10) lines in the first plots.

 ovlp_vs_R_N10_bowtie.pngovlp_vs_R_N10_non-bowtie.png

Therefore, it is prudent not to pick a specific length until the precise RoC of the mirrors is measured.

 

Conclusion

Assuming the validity of looking at modes between 10 < n < 20, and that the curved mirror RoC is the design value of 2.50 m, the recommended lengths for each case are:

  • Bowtie: LRT = 1.150 m
  • Non-bowtie: LRT = 1.246 m

 HOWEVER, variation within the design tolerance of the mirror RoC will change these numbers appreciably, and so the RoC should be measured before a length is firmly chosen.

  3   Wed Jun 20 00:10:53 2012 KojiFacilityGeneralHole on the wall was patched

P6191706.jpg

  2   Sat Jun 16 08:53:09 2012 KojiGeneralGeneralTo Do List

Facility

Mechanics

  • Work 
    •  
  • Design
    • How do we hold the PDs, QPDs, and black glass - we put 2 PDs and 2 QPDs on the PD mounting blacket.
    •  
  •  
  • Test
     
  • Things to be tested
    • New suspension scheme (cup & cone design)
    • Balancing the plates
    • Dummy metal payload?
  • => Suspending test with a suspension cage for a Faraday isolator@CIT
    • Supporting block for the suspension cage (to mimic the OMC suspension)
  • Things to be designed
    • Wire end (cone)
    • Diode holding structures
      PD/QPD/PZT holding structure
  • PZT alignment
  • Prototyping with metal parts?
  • UV glue? (heat) / gluing test
  • Balance / ballast
     
  • Solid works

Optics

  • Mirrors to be delivered ~Aug
  • Design down select
    • Between "Single output & BS" vs "Two outputs & no BS"
  • Mode design
  • Finalization of scattering paths / PD angles etc
     
  • Things to be decided / confirmed:
    • How to handle optics / assemblies (Talk to the prev people)
    • First contact? (Margot: applicable to a short Rc of ~2.5m)
    • Gluing templates to be designed (how to handle it?)
  • Things to be tested:
    • R&T of each mirror
    • Cavity ref/trans/finesse
    • PD QE / incident angle
       
  • What PD do we use?
     
  • CCD beam analyzer (Zach: It is fixed.)
     
  • PD angle measurement
  • Obtain EG&G 3mm PDs

Electronics

  • Electronics / CDS electronics / software
     
  • Things to be tested
    • QPD/PD pre-selections (QE/noise)
    • Functionality test of QPD/PD/PZT

Shipping, storage etc


Jun/July
    - Lab renovtion
    - Mechanics design
    - Glue training
Aug
    - Mirror delivery
    - Basic optics test
Sept
    - Cavity test
    - Suspending test
NOV~DEC
    - Shipping to LLO

Open questions
    Two optical designs
    Procedure
    Modeling
    Clamp design / stencil design
    gluing-installation procedure

  1   Fri Jun 15 15:45:49 2012 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC Plan

LIGO Document G1200683-v1:
aLIGO OMC fabrication and testing plan

aLIGO OMC wiki

ELOG V3.1.3-