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ID Date Author Type Categoryup Subject
  307   Wed Aug 29 11:06:30 2018 KojiGeneralGeneralRF AM RIN and dBc conversion

0. If you have an RF signal whose waveform is 1 \times \sin(2 \pi f t), the amplitude is constant and 1.

1. If the waveform [1+0.1 \sin(2 \pi f_{\rm m} t)] \sin(2 \pi f t), the amplitude has the DC value of 1 and AM with the amplitude of 0.1 (i.e. swing is from 0.9 to 1.1). Therefore the RMS RIN of this signal is 0.1/1/Sqrt(2).

2. The above waveform can be expanded by the exponentials.

\left[-\frac{1}{2} i e^{i\,2\,\pi f t} + 0.025 e^{i\,2\,\pi (f-f_{\rm m}) t}- 0.025 e^{i\,2\,\pi (f+f_{\rm m}) t} \right] - {\rm C.C.}

Therefore the sideband carrier ratio R is 0.025/0.5 = 0.05. This corresponds to 20 log10(0.05) = -26dBc


In total, we get the relationship of dBc and RIN as {\rm dBc} = 20 \log_{10}(\rm{RIN}/\sqrt{2}), or R = RIN/sqrt(2)

  308   Sun Sep 23 19:42:21 2018 KojiOpticsGeneralMontecarlo simulation of the phase difference between P and S pols for a modeled HR mirror

[Koji Gautam]


With Gautam's help, I ran a coating design code for an HR mirror with the standard quarter-wave design. The design used here has 17 pairs of lambda/4 layers of SiO2 and Ta2O5 (=34 layers) with the fused silica as the substrate to realize the transmission of tens of ppm. At the AOI (angle of incidence) of 4 deg (=nominal angle for the aLIGO OMC), there is no significant change in the reflectivity (transmissivity). With 95% of the case, the phase difference at the AOI of 4 deg is smaller than 0.02 deg for given 1% fluctuation (normal distribution) of the layer design and the refractive indeces of the materials. Considering the number of the OMC mirrors (i.e. 4), the total phase shift between P and S pols is less than 0.08 deg. This makes P and S resonances matched well within 1/10 of the cavity resonant width (360/F=0.9deg, F: Finesse=400).

Of course, we don't know how much layer-thickness fluctuation we actually have. Therefore, we should check the actual cavity resonance center of the OMC cavity for the polarizations.

Attachment 1 shows the complex reflectivity of the mirror for P and S pols between AOIs of 0 deg and 45 deg. Below 30 deg there is no significant difference. (We need to look at the transmission and the phase difference)

Attachment 2 shows the power transmissivity of the mirror for P and S pols between AOIs of 0 deg and 45 deg. For the purpose to check the robustness of the reflectivity, random fluctuations (normal distribution, sigma = 1%) were applied to the thicknesses of each layer, and the refractive indices of Silica and Tantala. The blue and red bands show the regions that the 90% of the samples fell in for P and S pols, respectively. There are median curves on the plot, but they are not well visible as they match with the ideal case. This figure indicates that the model coating well represents the mirror with the transmissivity better than 70ppm.

Attachment 3 shows the phase difference of the mirror complex reflectivity for P and S pols between AOIs of 0deg and 45deg. In the ideal case, the phase difference at the AOI of 4deg is 1x10-5 deg. The Monte-Carlo test shows that the range of the phase for 90% of the case fell into the range between 5x10-4 deg and 0.02 deg. The median was turned to be 5x10-3 deg.

Attachment 4 shows the histogram of the phase difference at the AOI of 4deg. The phase difference tends to concentrate at the side of the smaller angle.

  309   Thu Sep 27 20:19:15 2018 AaronOpticsGeneralMontecarlo simulation of the phase difference between P and S pols for a modeled HR mirror

I started some analytic calculations of how OMC mirror motion would add to the noise in the BHD. I want to make some prettier plots, and am adding the interferometer so I can also compute the noise due to backscatter into the IFO. However, since I've pushed the notebook I wanted to post an update. Here's the location in the repo.

I used Koji's soft limit of 0.02 degrees additional phase accumulation per reflection for p polarization.

  310   Thu Nov 1 19:57:32 2018 AaronOpticsGeneralMontecarlo simulation of the phase difference between P and S pols for a modeled HR mirror

I'm still not satisfied/done with the solution to this, but this has gone too long without an update and anyway probably someone else will have a direction to take it that prevents me spinning my wheels on solved or basic questions.

The story will have to wait to be on the elog, but I've put it in the jupyter notebook. Basically:

  • I considered the polarization-separated OMC in several configurations. I have plots of DARM referred noise (measured free-running and controlled noise for the current OMC, thermal theoretical noise curve, scattered light) for the case of such an OMC with one lambda/2 waveplate oriented at 45 degrees. This is the base case.
  • I also considered such an OMC with a lambda/2 both before and after the OMC, where their respective polarization axes can be arbitrary (I look at parameter space near the previous case's values).
    • I optimize the BHD angle to balance the homodyne (minimize the E_LO^2 term in the homodyne readout).
    • I then optimize the rotations of the lambda/2 polarization axes to minimize the noise
    • For the optimum that is closest to the base case, I also plotted DARM referred length noise.

 

It's clear to me that there is a way to optimize the OMC, but the normalization of my DARM referred noise is clearly wrong, because I'm finding that the input-referred noise is at least 4e-11 m/rt(Hz). This seems too large to believe. 

Indeed, I was finding the noise in the wrong way, in a pretty basic mistake. I’m glad I found it I guess. I’ll post some plots and update the git tomorrow. 

  314   Fri Feb 1 12:52:12 2019 KojiMechanicsGeneralPZT deformation simulation

A simple COMSOL simulation was run to see how the PZT deforms as the voltage applied.

Use the geometry of the ring PZT which is used in the OMCs -  NAC2124 (OD 15mm, ID 9mm, H 2mm)
The material is PZT-5H (https://bostonpiezooptics.com/ceramic-materials-pzt) which is predefined in COMSOL and somewhat similar to the one used in NAC2124 (NCE51F - http://www.noliac.com/products/materials/nce51f/)
The bottom surface of the ring was electrically grounded (0V), and mechanically fixed.
Applied 100V between the top and bottom.

 

  321   Thu Apr 4 20:07:39 2019 KojiSupplyGeneralPurchase

== Office Depot ==
Really Useful Box 9L x 6 (delivered)
Really Useful Box 17L x 5 (ordered 4/4)
P-TOUCH tape (6mm, 9mm, 12mmx2, 18mm) (ordered 4/4)

== Digikey ==
9V AC Adapter (- inside, 1.3A) for P-TOUCH (ordered 4/4)
12V AC Adapter (+ inside, 1A) for Cameras (ordered 4/4)

== VWR ==
Mask KIMBERLY CLARK "KIMTECH Pure M3" ISO CLASS 3 (ordered 4/4)

  325   Fri Apr 5 23:30:20 2019 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC (002) repair completed

OMC(002) repair completed

When the cable harness of OMC(004) is going to be assembled, the cable harness of OMC(002) will be replaced with the PEEK one. Otherwise, the work has been done.

Note that there are no DCPDs installed to the unit. (Each site has two in the OMC and two more as the spares)

More photos: https://photos.app.goo.gl/XdU1NPcmaXhATMXw6

  326   Wed Apr 10 19:22:24 2019 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC(004): preparation for the PZT subassembly bonding

Preparation for the PZT subassembly bonding (Section 6.2 and 7.3 of T1500060 (aLIGO OMC optical testing procedure)
- Gluing fixture (Qty 4)
- Silica sphere powder
- Electric scale
- Toaster oven for epoxy mixture qualification

- M prisms
- C prisms
- Noliac PZTs

- Cleaning tools (forceps, tweezers)
- Bonding kits (copper wires, steering sticks)
- Thorlabs BA-2 bases Qty2
- Razor blades

  327   Thu Apr 11 10:54:38 2019 StephenGeneralGeneralOMC(004): preparation for the PZT subassembly bonding
Quote:

Preparation for the PZT subassembly bonding (Section 6.2 and 7.3 of T1500060 (aLIGO OMC optical testing procedure)
- Gluing FIxture (Qty4)
- Silica Sphere Powder
- Electric scale
- Toaster Oven for epoxy mixture qualification

- M prisms
- C prisms
- Noliac PZTs

- Cleaning tools (forceps, tweezers)
- Bonding kits (copper wires, steering sticks)
- Thorlabs BA-2 bases Qty2
- Razor Blades

 

Also brought to the 40m on 10 April, in preparation for PZT subassembly bonding:

- new EP30-2 epoxy (purchased Jan 2019, expiring Jul 2019 - as documented on documents attached to glue, also documented at C1900052.

- EP30-2 tool kit (maintained by Calum, consisting of mixing nozzles, various spatulas, etc)

 

Already at the 40m for use within PZT subassembly bonding:

- "dirty" ABO A with temperature controller (for controlled ramping of curing bake)

- clean work areas on laminar flow benches

- Class B tools, packaging supplies, IPA "red wipes", etc.

 

Upon reviewing EP30-2 procedure T1300322 (current revision v6) and OMC assembly procedure E1300201 (current revision v1) it appears that we have gathered everything required.

  329   Thu Apr 11 21:22:26 2019 KojiMechanicsGeneralOMC(004): PZT sub-assembly gluing

[Koji Stephen]

The four PZT sub-assemblies were glued in the gluing fixtures. There were two original gluing fixtures and two additional modified fixtures for the in-situ bonding at the repair of OMC(002).

- Firstly, we checked the fitting and arrangements of the components without glue. The component combinations are described in ELOG 329.
- Turned on the oven toaster for the cure test (200F).
- Then prepared EP30-2 mixture (7g EP30-2 + 0.35g glass sphere).
- The test specimen of EP30-2 was baked in the toaster oven. (The result shows perfect curing (no stickyness, no finger print, crisp fracture when bent)
- Applied the bond to the subassemblies.
- FInally the fixtures were put in airbake Oven A. We needed to raise one of the tray with four HSTS balance weights (Attachment 2).

  330   Thu Apr 11 21:22:58 2019 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC(004): PZT sub-assembly air baking

[Stephen Koji]

The baking of the PZT subassemblies was more complicated than we initially thought.

The four PZT subassemblies were placed in the air bake oven A. We meant to bake the assemblies with the ramp time of 2.5h, a plateau of 2h at 94degC, and slow ramp down.

The oven controller was started and the temperature has been monitored. The ramping up was ~20% faster than expected (0.57degC/min instead of 0.47degC/min), but at least it was linear and steady.

Once the temperature reached the set temperature (around t=120min), the temperature started oscillating between 74 and 94degC. Stephen's interpretation was that the PID loop of the controller was not on and the controller falled into the dead-bang mode (=sort of bang-bang control).

As the assembly was already exposed to T>70F for more than 2.5hours, it was expected the epoxy cure was done. Our concern was mainly the fast temperature change and associated stress due to thermal expansion, which may cause delamination of the joint. To increase the heat capacity of the load, we decided to introduce more components (suspension balance weights). We also decided to cover the oven with an insulator so that the conductive heat loss was reduced.

However, the controller thought it was already the end of the baking process and turned to stand-by mode (i.e. turned off everything). This started to cause rapid temp drop. So I (Koji) decided to give a manual heat control for mind cooling. When the controller is turned off and on, it gives some heat for ramping up. So the number of heat pulses and the intervals were manually controlled to give the temp drop of ~0.5degC/min. Around t=325, the temperature decay was already slower than 0.5degC/min without heat pulse, so I decided to leave the lab.

We will check the condition of the sub-assemblies tomorrow (Fri) afternoon.

  331   Sun Apr 14 23:58:49 2019 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC(004): PZT sub-assembly post air-bake inspection

[Koji Stephen]

(Friday afternoon) We retrieved the PZT sub-assemblies to the clean room.

We started removing the ASSYs from the fixtures. We noticed that some part of the glass and PZT are ripped off from the ASSY and stuck with the fixture. For three ASSYs (except for #9), the effect is minimal. However, ASSY #9 has two large removals on the front surface, and one of the bottom corners got chipped. This #9 is still usable, I believe, but let's avoid to use this unit for the OMC. Individual inspection of the ASSYs is posted in the following entries.

This kind of fracture events was not visible for the past 6 PZT sub-ASSYs. This may indicate a few possibilities:
- More rigorous quality control of EP30-2 was carried out for the PZT ASSY bonding. (The procedure was defined after the past OMC production.) The procedure leads to the strength of the epoxy enhanced.
- During the strong and fast thermal cycling, the glass was exposed to stress, and this might make the glass more prone to fracture.

For the production of the A+ units, we think we can avoid the issues by modifying the fixtures. Also, reliable temperature control/monitor technology should be employed. These improvements should be confirmed with the bonding of spare PZTs and blank 1/2" mirrors before gluing any precious components.

  332   Mon Apr 15 00:08:32 2019 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC(004): PZT sub-assembly post air-bake inspection (Sub-assy #7)

Sub-ASSY #7

Probably the best glued unit among the four.

Attachment #1: Mounting Block SN001

Attachment #2: PZT-Mounting Block bonding looks completely wet. Excellent.

Attachment #3: The other side of the PZT-Mounting Block bonding. Also looks excellent.

Attachment #4: Overall look.

Attachment #5: The mirror-PZT bonding also look excellent. The mounting block surface has many EP30-2 residue. But they were shaved off later. The center area of the aperture is clear.

Attachment #6: A small fracture of the mirror barrel is visible (at 7 o'clock).

 

  333   Mon Apr 15 00:39:04 2019 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC(004): PZT sub-assembly post air-bake inspection (Sub-assy #8)

Sub-ASSY #8

Probably the best glued unit among the four.

Attachment #1: Mounting Block SN007

Attachment #2: Overall look.

Attachment #3: Some fracture on the barrel visible.

Attachment #4: It is visible that a part of the PZT removed. Otherwise, PZT-Mounting Block bonding looks pretty good.

Attachment #5: The other side of the PZT bonding. Looks fine.

Attachment #6: Fractured PZT visible on the fixture parts.

Attachment #7: Fractured glass parts also visible on the fixture parts.

Attachment #8: MIrror bonding looks fine except for the glass chip.

  334   Mon Apr 15 01:07:30 2019 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC(004): PZT sub-assembly post air-bake inspection (Sub-assy #9)

Sub-ASSY #9

The most fractured unit among four.

Attachment #1: Mounting Block SN017

Attachment #2: Two large removals well visbile. The bottom right corener was chipped.

Attachment #3: Another view of the chipping.

Attachment #4: PZT-mounting block bonding look very good.

Attachment #5: Another view of the PZT-mounting block bonding. Looks very good too.

Attachment #6: Fractures bonded on the fixture.

Attachment #7: Front view. The mirror-PZT bonding look just fine.

 

  335   Mon Apr 15 01:23:45 2019 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC(004): PZT sub-assembly post air-bake inspection (Sub-assy #10)

Sub-ASSY #10

Attachment #1: Mounting Block SN021

Attachment #2: PZT-Mounting Block bonding looks just excellent.

Attachment #3: The other side of the PZT-Mounting Block bonding is also excellent.

Attachment #4: The mirror-PZT bonding also look excellent. Some barrel fracture is visible at the lower left of the mirror.

  343   Tue Apr 16 23:11:43 2019 KojiGeneralGeneralBorrowed items from the other labs

Apr 16, 2019
Borrowed two laser goggles from the 40m. (Returned Apr 29, 2019)
Borrowed small isopropanol glass bottole from CTN.

Apr 19, 2019
Borrowed from the 40m:
- Universal camera mount
- 50mm CCD lens
- zoom CCD lens (Returned Apr 29, 2019)
- Olympus SP-570UZ (Returned Apr 29, 2019)
- Special Olympus USB Cable (Returned Apr 29, 2019)

 

  344   Wed Apr 17 09:08:47 2019 StephenGeneralGeneralOMC(004): Unwrapping and preparing breadboard

[Stephen, Philip, Koji, Joe]

Breadboard D1200105 SN06 was selected as described in eLOG 338. This log describes unwrapping and preparation of the breadboard.

Relevant procedure section: E1300201 section 6.1.5

Breadboard was unwrapped. No issues observed during unwrapping.

  • Attachment 1: packaging of SN06.

Visual inspection showed no issues observed in breadboard - no large scratches, no cracks, no chipping, polished area (1 cm margin) looks good.

  • Attachment 2: engraving of SN06.

Initially the breadboard has a large amount of dust and fiber from the paper wrapping. Images were gathered using a green flashlight at grazing incidence (technique typical of optic inspection).

PROCEDURE IMPROVEMENT: Flashlight inspection and Top Gun use should be described (materials, steps) in E1300201.

  • Attachment 3: particulate before Top Gun, large face.
  • Attachment 4: particulate before Top Gun, small face.

Top gun was used (with medium flow rate) to remove large particulate. Breadboard was placed on Ameristat sheet during this operation.

  • Attachment 5: particulate after Top Gun

Next, a clean surface within the cleanroom was protected with Vectra Alpha 10 wipes. The breadboard, with reduced particulate after Top Gun, was then placed inside the cleanroom on top of these wipes. Wiping with IPA Pre-wetted Vectra Alpha 10 wipes proceeded until the particulate levels were acceptable.

Joe and Koji then proceeded with placing the breadboard into the transport fixture.

 

  345   Wed Apr 17 10:30:37 2019 PhilipOpticsGeneralOMC optical set-up day 1

[Joe, Koji, Liyuan, Philip, Stephen]
Work done on 16.04.2019

Finishing assembly of transport box
Assembly worked fine except for the clamping structure to clamp the lid of the transport box to the bottom part.
It seemed that some of the plastic of these clamps became brittle during the baking. The plastic was removed and the
clamps where wiped clean. It appears that the clamps can't be locked as they should. Still the transport box should be fine
as the long screws will mainly clamp the two parts together.

Preparing the transport box to mount the breadboard
The lid of the the transport box was placed upside down and clamped to the table. All peak clamping structures where pulled back as far as possible.

Preparation and cleaning of the breadboard
We unpacked the breadboard and found lots of dust particles on it (most likely from the soft paper cover which was used). We used the ionized nitrogen gun
at 25 psi to get rid of the majority of particles and cross-checked with a bright green flash light before and after blowing. The second stage of cleaning was done
below the clean room tent and included the wiping of all surfaces. The breadboard was then placed into the prepared lid of the transport box and clamped with peak
screws.

Unpacking of the template
The previously cleaned template was unpacked while the last layer of coverage was removed below the cleanroom tent.

Template adjustment on the breadboard
All peak screws of the clamping structure of the template where removed. The template was placed onto the breadboard only seperated by peak spacers.
All peak screws have been inserted for horizontal clapming. A calipper was used to measure the distance of each edge of the template to the edge of the
breadboard. For documentation the labeled side of the bradboard (facing away from the persons on the pictures) of the upside down breadboard is defined to 
be the south side, continuing clockwise with west, north and east. First rough alignment was done by shifting the template on the breadboard and then the 
peak screws where used for fine tuning. The caliper values measured where:
North   C 8.32mm     E 8.52 mm     W 8.41 mm
East     C 8.08 mm
South   C 8.32 mm
West    C 8.02 mm
(E indicating east side position, W indicating west side position and C indicating center position)

  358   Thu May 9 16:07:18 2019 StephenMechanicsGeneralImprovements to OMC Bonding Fixture

[Stephen, Koji]

As mentioned in eLOG 331, either increased thermal cycling or apparent improvements in cured EP30-2 strength led to fracture of curved mirrors at unintended locations of bonding to the PEEK fixture parts.

The issue and intended resolution is summarized in the attached images (2 different visualizations of the same item).

Redline has been posted to D1600336-v3.

Drawing update will be processed shortly, and parts will be modified to D1600336-v4.

 

  359   Thu May 9 17:35:07 2019 KojiOpticsGeneralAlignment strategy

Notes on the OMC cavity alignment strategy

- x3=1.17 γ + 1.40 δ, x4=1.40 γ + 1.17 δ
- This means that the effect of the two curved mirrors (i.e. gouy phases) are very similar. To move x3 and x4 in common is easy, but to do differentially is not simple.
- 1div of a micrometer is 10um. This corresponds to the angular motion of 0.5mrad (10e-6/20e-3 = 5e-4). ~0.5mm spot motion.
- ~10um displacement of the mirror longitudinal position has infinitesimal effect on the FSR. Just use either micrometer (-x side).
- 1div of micrometer motion is just barely small enough to keep the cavity flashing. => Easier alignment recovery. Larger step causes longer time for the alignment recovery due to the loss of the flashes.

- After micrometer action, the first move should be done by the bottom mirror of the periscope. And this is the correct direction for beam walking.

- If x3 should be moved more than x4, use CM2, and vise versa.
- If you want to move x3 to +x and keep x4 at a certain place, 1) Move CM2 in (+). This moves x3 and x4 but x3>x4. 2) Compensate x4 by turning CM1 in (-). This returnes x4 to the original position (approximately), but leave x3 still moved. Remember the increment is <1div of a micrometer and everytime the cavity alignment is lost, recover it before loosing the flashes.

  361   Wed May 15 19:07:53 2019 KojiCleanGeneralWhat is this???

Suddenly something dirty emerged in the lab. What is this? It looks like an insulation foam or similar, but is quite degraded and emits a lot of particulates.

This does not belong to the lab. I don't see piping above this area which shows broken insulation or anything. All the pipes in the room are painted white.

The only possibility is that it comes from the hole between the next lab (CRIME Lab). I found that the A.C. today is much stronger and colder than last week. And there is a positive pressure from CRIME Lab. Maybe the foam was pushed out from the hole due to the differential pressure (or any RF cable action).

 

  362   Thu May 16 12:41:28 2019 ChubGeneralGeneralfire pillow found on optics table

That is an expanding fire pillow, also known as firebrick.  It is used to create a fire block where holes in fire-rated walls are made and prevents lab fires from spreading rapidly to adjacent labs.  I had to pull cable from B254 to our labs on either side during a rather narrow window of time.  Some of the cable holes are partially blocked, making it difficult to reach the cable to them. The cable is then just guided to the hole from a distance.  With no help, it's not possible to see this material getting shoved out of the hole.  I can assure you that I took great pains not to allow the CYMAC coax to fall into any equipment, or drag against any other cables.   

  367   Tue May 28 12:14:20 2019 StephenOpticsGeneralCM PZT Assembly Debonding of EP30-2 in Acetone

[LiyuanZ, StephenA]

Downs B119

Summary: Beginning on 20 May 2019, two CM PZT assemblies were soaked in Acetone in an effort to debond the EP30-2 bonds between tombstone-PZT and between PZT-optic. Debonding was straightforward after 8 days of soaking. 24 hours of additional acetone soaking will now be conducted in an attempt to remove remnant EP30-2 from bonding surfaces.

Procedure: The assemblies were allowed to soak in acetone for 8 days, with acetone level below the HR surface of the optic. No agitation of the solution, mechanical abrasion of the bond, or other disturbance was needed for the bond to soften.

GariLynn contributed the glassware and fume hood, and advised on the process (similar to debonding of CM and PZT from OMC SN002 after damaging event). The equipment list was (WIP, more detail / part numbers will be gathered today and tomorrow):

  • crystallizing dish (no spout, like a deep petri dish)
  • curved lid
  • wax sheet (to seal)
  • acetone
  • fume hood

Results: Today, 28 May 2019, I went to the lab to check on the optics after 8 days of soaking. Liyuan had monitored the acetone level during the first 4 days, topping up once on 24 May. All bonds were fully submerged for 8 days.

There were 2 assemblies soaked in one crystallizing dish. Debonded assemblies - ref OMC eLOG 328 for specified orientations and components:

PZT Assy #9 - ref. OMC eLOG 334 - M17+PZT#12+C10

PZT Assy #7 - ref. OMC eLOG 332 - M1+PZT#13+C13

PZT Assy #7 was investigated first.

  • C13 was removed with no force required.
  • PZT#13 was removed with no force required.
  • EP30-2 remained at the bond surfaces and tracing the diameters of each bond on each of the 3 bonding surfaces of the PZT and tombstone - these components were returned to the dish to soak.
  • No EP30-2 remained on the surface of the curved mirror - C13 was removed and stored.

A video of removal of C10 and PZT#12 from PZT Assy #9 was collected (See Attachment 8), showing the ease with which the debonded components could be separated.

  • C10 was removed with no force required.
  • A slight force - applied by gripping the barrel of the PZT and pushing with the index finger on the surface of the tombstone - was required to separate PZT#12 from M17,
    • likely due to excess glue at the barrel of the PZT
  • EP30-2 remained at the bond surfaces and tracing the diameters of each bond on each of the 3 bonding surfaces of the PZT and tombstone - these components were returned to the dish to soak.
  • No EP30-2 remained on the surface of the curved mirror - C13 was removed and stored.

Photos and video have been be added to supplement this report (edit 2019/07/08).

 

  368   Mon Jun 24 12:54:58 2019 KojiCleanGeneralHEPA BOOTH

https://www.airscience.com/purair-flow-laminar-flow-cabinets

  375   Wed Sep 18 22:30:11 2019 StephenSupplyGeneralEP30-2 Location and Status

Here is a summary of the events of the last week, as they relate to EP30-2.

1) I lost the EP30-2 syringes that had been ordered for the OMC, along with the rest of the kit.

  • Corrective action: Found in the 40m Bake Lab garbing area.
  • Preventative action: log material moves and locations in the OMC elog
  • Preventative action: log EP30-2 moves and locations in PCS via location update [LINK]
  • Preventative action: keep EP30-2 kit on home shelf in Modal Lab unless kit is in use

2) The EP30-2 syringes ordered for the OMC Unit 4 build from January had already expired, without me noticing.

  • Corrective action: Requested LHO ship recently-purchased EP30-2 overnight
  • Preventative action: log expiration dates in OMC elog
  • Preventative action: begin purchasing program supported by logistics, where 1 syringe is maintained on hand and replaced as it expires

3) LHO shipped expired epoxy on Thursday. Package not opened until Monday.

  • Corrective action: Requested LHO ship current EP30-2 overnight, this time with much greater scrutiny (including confirming label indicates not expired)
  • Preventative action: Packages should be opened, inspected, and received in ICS or Techmart on day of receipt whenever possible.

4) Current, unopened syringe of EP30-2 has been received from LHO. Expiration date is 22 Jan 2020. Syringe storage has been improved. Kit has been docked at its home in Downs 303 (Modal Lab) (see attached photo, taken before receipt of new epoxy).

Current Status: Epoxy is ready for PZT + CM subassembly bonding on Monday afternoon 23 September.

  376   Wed Sep 18 23:16:06 2019 StephenSupplyGeneralItems staged at 40m Bake Lab for PZT Subassembly Bonding

The following items are presently staged at the 40m Bake Lab (see photo indicating current location) (noting items broght by Koji as well):

  1. Bonding fixtures, now modified with larger washers to constrain springs, and with modification from OMC elog 358.
  2. Curved Mirrors and Tombstones as selected by Shruti in OMC elog 374.
  3. PZTs as debonded from first iteration subassemblies (SN 12 and SN 13)
  4. Epoxy-cure-testing toaster oven
  5. Other items I can't think of but will populate later  =D

The following item is in its home in Downs 303 (Modal Lab)

  1. EP30-2 epoxy (expiration 2020 Jan 22) with full kit (tracked in PCS via location update [LINK])

 

  377   Wed Sep 18 23:38:52 2019 StephenGeneralGeneralDirty ABO ready for PZT Subassembly Bonding

The 40m Bake Lab's Dirty ABO's OMEGA PID controller was borrowed for another oven in the Bake Lab, so I have had to play with the tuning and parameters to recover a suitable bake profile. This bake is pictured below (please excuse the default excel formatting).

I have increased the ramp time, temperature offset, and thermal mass within the oven; after retuning and applying the parameters indicated, the rate of heating/cooling never exceeds .5°C/min.

Expected parameters:  Ramp 2.5 hours Setpoint 1 (soak temperature) 94 °C no additional thermal mass
Current parameters:    Ramp 4 hours Setpoint 1 (soak temperature) 84 °C Thermal mass added in the form of SSTL spacers (see photo)


The ABO is controlled by a different temperature readout from the data logger used to collect data; the ABO readout is a small bead in contact with the shelf, while the data logger is a lug sandwiched between two stainless steel masses upon the shelf. I take the data logger profile to be more physically similar to the heating experienced by an optic in a gluing fixture, so I feel happy about the results of the above bake.

I plan to add the data source file to this post at my earliest convenience.

  378   Mon Sep 23 21:29:51 2019 KojiOpticsGeneralOMC(004): PZT sub-assembly gluing (#9/#10)

[Stephen, Shruti, Koji]

We worked on the gluing of the PZT sub-assy (#9 and #10) along with the designed arrangement by Shruti (OMC ELOG 374).

The detailed procedures are described in E1300201 Section 6.2 PZT subassembly and Section 7.3 EP30-2 gluing.

We found that the PZTs, which were debonded from the previous PZT sub assy with acetone, has some copper wires oxidized. However, we confirmed that this does not affect the conductivity of the wires, as expected.

The glue test piece cooked in the toaster oven showed excellent curing. GO SIGNAL

Stephen painted the PZT as shown in Attachment 1.

The fixtures were closed with the retaining plate and confirmed that the optics are not moving in the fixtures.


At this point, we checked the situation of the air-bake oven. And we realized that the oven controller was moved to another vacuum oven and in use with a different setting.

Stephen is going to retrieve the controller to the air bake oven and test the temp profile overnight. Once we confirm the setting is correct, the PZT sub assys will be heat cured in the oven.  Hopefully, this will happen tomorrow. Until then, the sub-assys are resting on the south flow bench in the cleanroom.

  379   Tue Sep 24 12:19:20 2019 StephenGeneralGeneral Dirty ABO test run prior to PZT Subassembly Bonding

The 40m Bake Lab's Dirty ABO's OMEGA PID controller was borrowed for another oven in the Bake Lab (sound familiar? OMC elog 377), so I have had to play with the tuning and parameters to recover. This bake seemed to inadequately match the intended temperature profile for some reason (intended profile is shown by plotting prior qualifying bake for comparison).

The parameters utilized here are exactly matching the prior qualifying bake, except that the autotuning may have settled on different parameters.

Options to proceed, as I see them, are as follows:

  1. reposition the oven's driving thermocouple closer to the load and attempt to qualify the oven again overnight
  2. retune the controller and attempt to qualify the oven again overnight
  3. proceed with current bake profile, except monitor the soak temperature via data logger thermocouple and intervene if temperature is too high by manually changing the setpoint.

 

  380   Thu Sep 26 17:33:52 2019 StephenGeneralGeneralDirty ABO test run prior to PZT Subassembly Bonding - ABO is Ready!

Follow up on OMC elog 379

I was able to obtain the following (dark blue) bake profile, which I believe is adequate for our needs.

The primary change was a remounting of the thermocouple to sandwich it between two stainless steel masses. The thermocouple bead previously was 1) in air and 2) close to the oven skin.

  381   Mon Sep 30 23:16:53 2019 KojiOpticsGeneralOMC(004): PZT sub-assembly gluing (#9/#10)

Friday: [Stephen, Koji]

As the oven setting has qualified, we brought the PZT assys in the air bake oven.

Monday: [Stephen, Shruti, Koji]

We brought the PZT assys to the clean room. There was not bonding between the flexture and the PZT subassy (Good!). Also the bonding o at each side looks completely wetted and looks good. The package was brought to the OMC lab to be tested in the optical setup.

  382   Tue Oct 22 10:25:01 2019 StephenGeneralGeneralOMC PZT Assy #9 and #10 Production Cure Bake

OMC PZT Assy Production Cure Bake (ref. OMC elog 381) for PZT Assy #9 and #10 started 27 September 2019 and completed 28 September 2019. Captured in the below figure (purple trace). Raw data has been posted as an attachment as well.

We have monitored the temperature in two ways:

1) Datalogger thermocouple data (purple trace).
2) Checking in on temperature of datalogger thermocouple (lavender circles) and drive thermocouple (lavender diamonds), only during initial ramp up.

Comments on bake:

  • No changes were made to the tuning or instrumentation of the oven between the successful qualifying bake obtained on 26 September (ref. OMC elog 380). However, the profile seems to have been more similar to prior qualifying bake attempts that were less successful (ref. OMC elog 379), particularly as the oven seems to have ramped to an overtemperature state. I am a bit mystified, and I would like to see the oven tuning characterized to a greater extent than I have had time and bandwith to complete within this effort.
  • The maximum datalogger temperature was 104 °C, and the duration of the soak (94 °C or higher) was 68 minutes. This was in contrast to a programmed soak of 2.5 hours and a programmed setpoint of 84 °C.
  • The drive thermocouple did appear to be under-reporting temperature relative to the datalogger thermocouple, but this was not confirmed during the soak period. Neither thermocouple was calibrated as part of this effort.


 

  383   Tue Oct 22 11:52:53 2019 StephenGeneralGeneralEpoxy Curing Timeline of OMC PZT Assy #9 and #10

This post captures the curing timeline followed by OMC PZT Assys #9 and #10.

Source file posted in case any updates or edits need to be made.

  384   Tue Oct 22 11:56:09 2019 StephenSupplyGeneralEpoxy Status update as of 22 October 2019

The following is the current status of the epoxies used in assembly of the OMC (excerpt from C1900052)

Re-purchasing efforts are underway and/or complete

  386   Fri Dec 6 00:55:25 2019 KojiOpticsGeneralBeamdump gluing

[Stephen, Koji]

20 glass beamdumps were bonded at the 40m cleanroom.


Attachment 1: We had 20 fused silica disks with a V-groove and 40 black glass pieces
Attachment 2: The black glass pieces had (usual) foggy features. It is well known to be very stubborn. We had to use IPA/acetone and wiping with pressure. Most of the feature was removed, but we could still see some. We decided to use the better side for the inner V surfaces.
Attachment 3: EP30-2 expiration date was 1/22/2020 👍. 7.66g of EP30-2 was poured and 0.38g of glass sphere was added. Total glue weight was 8.04g
Attachment 4: Glue test piece was baked at 200F in a toaster oven for ~12min. It had no stickiness. It was totally crisp. 👍👍👍
Attachment 5: Painted glue on the V-groove and put the glass pieces in. Then gave a dub of blue at the top and bottom of the V from the outside. In the end, we mostly had the glue went through the V part due to capillary action.
Attachment 6: The 20 BDs were stored in stainless vats. We looked at them for a while to confirm there is no drift and opening of the V part. Because the air bake oven was not available at the time, we decided to leave the assys there for the room temp curing, and then later bake them for the completion of the curing.
 

  387   Fri Dec 13 14:59:18 2019 StephenGeneralGeneralOMC Beam Dump Production Cure Bake

[Koji, Jordan, Stephen]

The beam dumps, bonded on Fri 06 Dec 2019, were placed in the newly tuned and configured small dirty ABO at the Bake Lab on Fri 13 Dec 2019.

Images are shared and references are linked below

Bonding log entry - https://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8081/OMC_Lab/386

Bake ticket - https://services.ligo-wa.caltech.edu/clean_and_bake/request/992/

OMC Beam Dump - https://dcc.ligo.org/LIGO-D1201285

  388   Wed Dec 18 21:54:53 2019 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC Beam Dump Production Cure Bake

The beamdumps were taken out from the oven and packed in bags.

The bottom of the V are completely "wet" for 17 BDs among 20 (Attachment 1/2).

3 BDs showed insufficient glue or delamination although there is no sign of lack of rigidity. They were separated from the others in the pack.

  389   Thu Feb 27 14:31:13 2020 KojiGeneralGeneralItem lending

Item lending as per Ian's request: Particle Counter from OMC Lab to QIL

 

  390   Mon Aug 10 15:29:54 2020 KojiGeneralGeneralItem lending

The particle counter came back to the OMC lab on Aug 10, 2020

 

  392   Mon Aug 10 15:53:46 2020 KojiGeneralGeneralLab status check

Check-in to the OMC lab to see the status. Nothing seemed changed. No bug. The HEPA is running normal. The particle level was 0.

Went into the HEPA enclosure and put a cover on the OMC. Because of the gluing template, the lid could not be close completely (that's expected and fine).

The IPA vector cloth bag was not dry yet but seemed expired (some smell). There is no stock left -> 5 bags to be ordered.

  393   Mon Sep 28 16:03:13 2020 ranaGeneralGeneralOMC Beam Dump Production Cure Bake
are there any measurements of the BRDF of these things? I'm curious how much light is backscattered into the incoming beam and how much goes out into the world.

Maybe we can take some camera images of the cleaned ones or send 1-2 samples to Josh. No urgency, just curiosity.

I saw that ANU and also some labs in India use this kind of blue/green glass for beam dumps. I don't know much about it, but I am curious about its micro-roughness and how it compares to our usual black glass. For the BRDF, I think the roughnesss matters more for the blackness than the absorption.

  394   Mon Sep 28 16:13:08 2020 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC Beam Dump Production Cure Bake

According to the past backscatter test of the OMC (and the black glass beamdump: not V type but triangular type on a hexagonal-mount), the upper limit of the back reflection was 0.13ppm. https://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8081/OMC_Lab/209

I don't have a BRDF measurement. We can send a few black glass pieces to Josh.

  396   Fri Oct 9 01:01:01 2020 KojiGeneralGeneralTFT Monitor mounting

To spare some room on the optical table, I wanted to mount the two TFT monitor units on the HEPA enclosure frame.
I found some Bosch Rexroth parts (# 3842539840) in the lab, so the bracket was taken for the mount. This swivel head works very well. It's rigid and still the angle is adjustable.

https://www.boschrexroth.com/ics/cat/?cat=Assembly-Technology-Catalog&p=p834858

BTW, this TFT display (Triplett HDCM2) is also very nice. It has HDMI/VGA/Video/BNC inputs (wow perfect) and the LCD is Full-HD LED TFT.
https://www.triplett.com/products/cctv-security-camera-test-monitor-hd-1080p-led-display-hdcm2

https://www.newegg.com/p/0AF-0035-00016

https://www.bhphotovideo.com/c/product/1350407-REG/triplett_hdcm2_ultra_compact_7_hd_monitor.html

The only issue is that one unit (I have two) shows the image horizontally flipped. I believe that I used the unit with out this problem before, I'm asking the company how to fix this.

 

  397   Fri Oct 16 00:53:29 2020 KojiGeneralGeneralTFT Monitor mounting

The image flipping of the display unit was fixed. The vendor told me how to fix it.

- Open the chassis by the four screws at the side.
- Look at the pass-through PCB board between the mother and display boards.
- Disconnect the flat flex cables from the pass-through PCB (both sides) and reconnect them (i.e. reseat the cables)

That's it and it actually fixed the image flipping issue.

 

  398   Fri Oct 23 19:09:54 2020 KojiGeneralGeneralParticle counter transfered to Radhika

See this entry: https://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8081/40m/15642

  399   Fri Nov 6 18:38:00 2020 KojiGeneralGeneralPowermeter lent from OMC Lab to 2um ECDL

Thorlabs' powermeter controler + S401C head was lent from OMC Lab.

https://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8081/SUS_Lab/1856

  400   Mon Nov 9 22:06:18 2020 KojiMechanicsGeneral5th OMC Transport Fixture

I helped to complete the 5th OMC Transport Fixture. It was built at the 40m clean room and brought to the OMC lab. The fixture hardware (~screws) were also brought there.

  401   Fri Nov 20 18:51:23 2020 KojiGeneralGeneralInstrument loan

FEMTO DLPCA200 low noise preamp (brand new)

Keithley Source Meter 2450 (brand new) => Returned 11/23/2020

were brought to the OMC lab for temporary use.

https://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8081/QIL/2522

  407   Fri Feb 5 07:40:37 2021 StephenSupplyGeneralOMC Unit 4 Build Machined Parts

OMC Unit 4 Build Machined Parts are currently located in Stephen's office. See image of large blue box from office, below.

Loaned item D1100855-V1-00-OMC08Q004 to Don Griffith for work in semi-clean HDS assy.

This includes mass mounting brackets, cable brackets, balance masses, etc. For full inventory, refer to ICS load Bake-9527 (mixed polymers) and Bake-9495 (mixed metals).

Inventory includes all items except cables. Plasma sprayed components with slight chipping were deemed acceptable for Unit 4 use. Cable components (including flex circuit) are ready to advance to fabrication, with a bit more planning and ID of appropriate wiring.

ELOG V3.1.3-