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ID Date Author Type Category Subject
273   Thu Dec 8 21:17:09 2016 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC placed on the table / the beam roughly aligned

The OMC cavity was locked. The alignment was precisely adjusted. The mode matching was optimized by the lens positions. The reflection during the lock is ~0.01 compared to the full reflection on non-resonance, meaning the mode matching is ~99%. The error signal was maximized (i.e. demod pahse was adjusted) by sweeping the modulation frequency. Note that the EOM is broad band. The modulation freq chosen today was 34.6MHz.

Some notes:

- The error signal has not been preamplified at all yet. Because of this, the reflection is very much sensitive to the input offset.

- The OMC needs wind shield to prevent from the noise caused by air turbulance.

- The laser PZT was actuated via the Thorlabs HV amp. Otherwise, the thermal path needs to be configured.

- One of the CCD monitor is dead. Needs more replacement.

- All the electronics should be moved to the rack. This required long BNC and SMA cables.

- The optical table needs cleaning.

274   Thu Jan 19 20:57:53 2017 KojiSupplyGeneralPurchase

Ordered:

Office Depot
v AA battery Qty. 24
v 9V battery Qty. 4
v Floor cable cover (6ft)

Thorlabs
v HV PZT Driver
v Lenses

275   Thu Feb 16 17:23:12 2017 KojiSupplyGeneralPurchase

276   Tue Mar 28 21:04:27 2017 KojiElectronicsCharacterizationPDH amp

Attachment 1: PDH amp RF part (before the preamp was installed)

Attachment 2: RF-AF transmission

Attachment 3: Attachment 3: LO dependence

Attachment 4: RF amp gain (saturation)

Attachment 5: Input/output noise level

Attachment 6: Attachment 6: Preamp/DCPD out buffer AF circuit

Attachment 1: DSC_0269.JPG
Attachment 2: RF_to_AF_conversion.pdf
Attachment 3: LO_dependence.pdf
Attachment 4: RFamp_gain.pdf
Attachment 5: PreampNoise.pdf
Attachment 6: preamp.png
277   Tue May 16 19:05:18 2017 KojiOpticsConfigurationOMC SN002 fix - temporary optics

Working on the SN002 OMC fix. Checked the inventory. I think I am using C8 mirror as the new temporary CM1 and PZT24 as the new temporary CM2.

278   Fri May 26 21:53:20 2017 KojiGeneralConfigurationTrans RF PD setup

Recent work

- DC output of the trans RF PD was connected to the BNC patch panel. => Now CH4 of the scope is monitoring this signal

- The RF sweep signal from the network analyzer is connected to the power combiner for the EOM drive via the SMA patch panel.

- The trans RF PD was aligned first to the leakage beam. It turned out that this signal is too weak. Then the PD was aligned to one of the main OMC transmission. For this purpose, the OMC DCPD (T) was removed from the OMC breadboard.

- It seems that there is a significant amount of RF AM from the EOM. I suspect it is associated with the residual S-pol and birefringence of the steering mirrors (45deg HR). But the HWP at the output of the Faraday is fixed on the Faraday body with a screw and cumbersome for fine adjustment. A PBS and an HWP are added right before the EOM. This made the fiber coupler slightly misaligned. I suppose this new setup still has S&P on the fiber too. Thus, readjustment of the fiber rotations at the input is necessary.

Next step

- Input power to the fiber should be determined before the EOM. Otherwise, touching the HWP before the EOM causes too much power change at the optics of the OMC side.

- Precise adjustment of the RFAM is still necessary.

- The OMC curved mirror should be held by the new fixture.

- Check the beam spots

- Measure cavity parameters. (transmission/FSR/HOM/etc)

==> Then the curved mirror and the PZT will be glued on the prism

279   Tue Jun 6 00:49:48 2017 KojiGeneralConfigurationTrans RF PD setup

Last week, I further worked on the RF system to install 20dB coupler on the agilent unit and setup the R channel. This allowed me to make the FSR/TMS measurement of the OMC.

And today several optical improvement has been done.

- The input/output fiber couplers were adjusted to have the maximum transmission through the PBS right before the OMC.
- The HWP on the output side of the faraday was adjusted to have ~40mW input to the OMC.

Then, the OMC curved mirror is now held by the new in-situ gluing fixture instead of the conventional fixture attached upside down.
The OMC was ocked again and the input alignment was adjutsed. The fixture is blocking the QPD path, so it's not possible to confirm the proper alignment of the cavity (w.r.t. the QPD paths).

The precise positions of the spots could not be confirmed as the battery of the IR viewer was empty. Quick check of the spots by the card tells that the spot on the CM2 (PD side) is slightly too close to FM2 (output coupler). I wonder if this could be solved by rotating the curved mirror.

Otherwise everything look good. Let's try to glue the curved mirror tomorrow.

Note: Spot on CM2 is too close to the edge of the hole on the mounting prism. The meausrementof CM1 is telling that the curverture center is located 2.7mm upper side of the center of the mirror if the HR side arrow is up (and it is the case). If we move the arrow to the QPD path side (90deg CW viewed from the face side), this corresponds to ~1.1mrad CCW tilt in Yaw (viewed from the top of the prism). According to the matrix calculation (T1500060) this will induce ~1.5mm shift of the beam. This should be tried before gluing.

280   Tue Jun 6 22:00:36 2017 KojiGeneralConfigurationTrans RF PD setup

- Replaced the PZT with the one used from the beginning. This must be PZT #21. After the replacement, the spot positions look very good. I even went up. So I decided this is the configuration to proceed to the gluing. The CM1 mirror has the HR arrow at the top.

- The input beam was realigned w.r.t. the OMC.

- Tried to use the IR viewer with the new rechargable battery brought from the 40m. But the view still didn't work. The possibility is a) the viewer is broken b) the battery is empty.

- Tried to use the stainless clean regulartor for the UHP N2. The outlet has a short tube with a different diameter. The O.D. of the old tube is 6.3mm, while the new one is 9.5mm. If I insert the thinner tube in the new tube, it approximately fits. But I don't believe this is the way...

281   Fri Jun 23 01:58:11 2017 KojiOpticsGeneralOMC #002 Repair - CM1 gluing

[Alena, Koji]

Jun 21: Alena and Koji worked on gluing of the CM1 mirror on the OMC breadboard #002. This is an irregular procedure. Usually, the PZT mirror subassembly is prepared before the mounting prism is glued on the breadboard. In this occasion, however, a PZT and a mirror are bonded on an existing prism because only the damaged mirror and still functional PZT were debonded from the mouting prism.

For this purpose, the mirror and the PZT were fixed on the mounting prism with the modified fixture set (D1600338). The original PZT was reused, and the new mirror #8 was used. The alignment of the mirror was checked OK using the cavity beam before any glue was applied. The arrow of the CM mirror is facing up.

We mixed 8g EP30-2 (it was almost like 3~4 pushes) and 0.4g glass sphere bond lining. Along with EP30-2 procedure, the bond was mixed in an Al pot and tested with 200degF (~93degC) preheated the oven for 15min. The cured bond showed perfect dryness and crispness. The bond was painted on the PZT and the PZT was placed on the fixture. Then more bond was painted on the other side of the PZT. The mirror was placed in the fixture. The spring-loaded front plate was fixed, and the breadboard was left for a day. (Attachment 1~3)

Jun 22: The fixture was removed without causing any visible delamination or void. The attachment 4~6 show how wet the joint is (before baking). There were some excess of EP30-2, which bonded the fixture and the mounting prism as usual. The fixture was detached by prying the front piece against the rear piece with a thin allen key. Some of the excess bond on the mounting prism was removed by scratching.

The alignment of the cavity was checked with the cavity beam and it is still fine.

More photos can be found here: Link to Google Photos Album "OMC #002 Repair - CM1 gluing"

Attachment 1: IMG_0857.JPG
Attachment 2: IMG_0859.JPG
Attachment 3: IMG_0860.JPG
Attachment 4: IMG_0865.JPG
Attachment 5: IMG_0868.JPG
Attachment 6: IMG_0864.JPG
282   Fri Jun 23 10:55:07 2017 KojiOpticsGeneralDust layer on black glass beam dumps?

I wondered why the black glass beam dumps looked not as shiny as before. It was in fact a layer of dusts (or contaminants) accumulated on the surface.
The top part of the internal surface of the black glass was touched by a piece of lens tissue with IPA. The outer surface was already cleaned. IPA did not work well i.e. Required multiple times of wiping. I tried FirstContact on one of the outer surface and it efficiently worked. So I think the internal surfaces need to be cleaned with FC.

Attachment 1: black_glass_dust.JPG
283   Sat Jul 1 15:29:57 2017 KojiOpticsGeneralBlack glass cleaning / Final bonding for the emergency repair for OMC #002

[Alena, Koji]

Report of the work on June 30.

1. Cleaning of the black glass beam dumps

As reported in the previous entry, the beam dumps on the OMC breadboard exhibited accumulation of dusts or contaminants on the black glass surfaces. We worried about transfer of the dusts over a period or of the contaminant during baking. It was already known that the contaminants are persistent and not easy to remove only by drag wiping with IPA. So Alena brought a set fo tools to try. Here is the procedure described.

- Inventory (Attachment 1): A small glass beaker, TX715 Alpha® Sampling Swab, plastic brushes, syringes with pure IPA, inspection flash light, Vectra IPA soaked wipes

- Apply clean IPA on a brush. Some IPA should be removed by the IPA soaked wipe so as not to splash IPA everywhere. Rub a glass surface with the brush while the surface is inspected by the flash light. The strokes migrate the contaminants to the direction of wiping. So the brush should be moved outward. This does some cleaning, but it is not enough to remove smudges on the surface. Occasionally clean the brush with IPA poured in the small beaker.

- Apply clean IPA on a swab. Rub the surface with the swab outward. This removes most of the visible smudges.

We decided not to apply FirstContact on the beam dumps at this occasion. In any case, we need to apply FC on all the optical surfaces after the baking. We judged that the current cleanliness level of the beam dump does not affect the over all contamination of the OMC considering the FC application after the baking.

2. Gluing of the reinforcement Al bars on the delaminated Invar mounting brackets
One of the mounting bracket (=invar shim) on the top side (= suspension I/F side) showed the sign of delamination (Attachment 3). This invar is the one at the beam entrance side (Attachment 2).

EP30-2 was mixed as usual: 6g of EP30-2 was mixed with 0.3g glass sphere. The glue was tested with a cooking oven and the result was perfect. The glue was applied to two Al bars and the bars were attached on the long sides of the invar shim with the beveled corner down (to avoid stepping on the existing original epoxy) (Attachments 4, 5). The photo quality by my phone was not great. I will take better photos with a better camera next week.

Glue condition was checked on Monday Jul 3rd. It was all good. New photos were taken. OMC #002 Repair - Gluing of reinforcement AL bars

Attachment 1: DSC_0347.jpg
Attachment 2: DSC_0348.jpg
Attachment 3: DSC_0350.jpg
Attachment 4: DSC_0352.jpg
Attachment 5: DSC_0354.jpg
284   Sat Jul 1 21:33:18 2017 KojiGeneralGeneralSome purchase notes

- Forgot to close the cylinder valve...

v HEPA prefilter (20"x20"x1" MERV 7)

- Replace the filter for the air conditioning

v Texwipe TX715 SWAB http://www.texwipe.com/store/p-817-tx715.aspx

v Gloves ~3 bags
VWR GLOVE ACCTCH NR-LTX SZ7.0 PK25 79999-304 x3
VWR GLOVE ACCTCH NR-LTX SZ7.5 PK25 79999-306 x1

v Vectra IPA soaked cloths

v Sticky mats

• GLOVE ACCTCH NR-LTX SZ7 PK25 / 79999-304 / PK4
• GLOVE ACCTCH NR-LTX SZ7.5 PK25 / 79999-306 / PK1
• WIPER 100% IPA 23X23CM PK50. / TWTX8410 / PK2
• SWAB CLEANTIPS ALPHA PK100. / TW-TX715 / PK1
• MAT CLEAN ROOM 18X36IN BLUE / 89021-748 / CS1 (Qty4)
• FILTER PLET AIR MERV8 20X20X1 / 78002-422 / EA4 / Direct from Supplier

ORDERED AUG 9, 2017

285   Wed Jul 5 16:59:44 2017 KojiGeneralGeneralThe OMC #002 was packed

[Stephen Koji]

The OMC #002 was packed for the transportation to Downs.

===> And transported to Downs 227 on Jul 6th.

Attachment 1: DSC_0360.JPG
287   Sat Jul 29 21:42:51 2017 KojiElectronicsCharacterizationPDH amp

The polarities indicated in the right circuits were opposite, obviously.

288   Fri Sep 8 15:14:05 2017 KojiFacilityGeneralPreparation for the plumbing work

[Steve, Aaron, Koji]

We've finished the preparation for the forthcoming plumbing work on (nominally) Sept 16th Saturday.
We've covered most of the west side of the OMC lab with plastic sheets and wraps.

Some tips:

• The plastic sheets Eric gave us were a bit too thin and pron to got torn. Thicker sheets are preferable.
• The blue tape that Eric gave us was very useful.
• The stretch wrap film, which I bought long time ago, was so useful. Office Depot "Office Depot(R) Brand Stretch Wrap Film, 20 x 1000 Roll, Clear" PN: 445013
• We also used patches of Kitchen Trash Bags to cover some small opening of the large sheets. Office Depot "Glad(R) Tall Kitchen Trash Bags, 13 Gallon, White, Box Of 28" PN 269268
Attachment 1: DSC_0405.jpg
Attachment 2: DSC_0406.jpg
Attachment 3: DSC_0407.jpg
Attachment 4: DSC_0408.jpg
Attachment 5: DSC_0409.jpg
Attachment 6: DSC_0410.jpg
Attachment 7: DSC_0411.jpg
289   Mon Nov 27 20:24:24 2017 KojiGeneralGeneralA former LHO PD (Trans) removed from the OMC #002 for the shipment to Stockholm

Attachment 1: The PD was removed from the transmission side of the OMC #002 (former LHO OMC - the one blasted by the optical pulse in Aug 2016).
It was confirmed that the PD has the scribing mark saying "A".

Attachment 2: This diode had no glass cap on it. The photodiode sensitive element is still intact. For ease of handling, it should be kept in a cage. There are four cages in the OMC lab, but they are ocuppied with the High QE PDs and others. So, the cage for this PD was offered by Rich from his office, meaning the cage was not clean.

Attachment 3: The sensor side is capped by a plate. This cap can be removed by unscrewing the two cap screws in the photo.

Attachment 4: The PD legs are shorted. (Just to match the style with the LLO one).

Attachment 5: Wrapped with AL foil and double bagged. (Repeat: It is not anything clean.)

Attachment 6: The bag was left on Rich's desk.

Attachment 1: IMG_2826.JPG
Attachment 2: IMG_2835.JPG
Attachment 3: IMG_2833.JPG
Attachment 4: IMG_2836.JPG
Attachment 5: IMG_2837.JPG
Attachment 6: DSC_0546.JPG
291   Thu Feb 22 20:21:02 2018 KojiOpticsCharacterizationaLIGO EOM test

POSTED to 40m ELOG

292   Mon Apr 2 17:27:04 2018 KojiOpticsCharacterizationaLIGO EOM test

2nd optical test http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/40m/13725

294   Sat May 5 22:51:04 2018 KojiOpticsGeneral3IFO EOM Optical test

The 3IFO EOM test performed at the 40m. Result: 40m ELOG 13819

295   Tue May 15 19:53:45 2018 KojiOpticsGeneralEOM Q comparison

Qs' were estimated with a lorentzian function (eye fit)

$lor(f, f_0, Q, A) = \frac{A/Q}{\sqrt{(1-(f/f_0)^2)^2+(f/f_0/Q)^2}}$

Current LHO EOM (final version, modulation depth measurement 2018/4/5)
f0=9.1MHz, Q=18
f0=45.38MHz, Q=46
f0=118.05MHz, Q=30

Prev LHO EOM (RF transmission measurement 2018/4/13)
f0=9.14MHz, Q=53
f0=24.25MHz, Q=55
f0=45.565MHz, Q=62;

3IFO EOM (RF transmission measurement 2018/4/23)
f0=8.627MHz, Q=53
f0=24.075MHz, Q=60
f0=43.5MHz, Q=65

296   Wed May 30 16:40:38 2018 KojiMechanicsCharacterizationEOM mount stability test

https://awiki.ligo-wa.caltech.edu/wiki/EOM_Mount_Stability

297   Wed May 30 17:44:23 2018 KojiOpticsCharacterization3IFO EOM surface check

3IFO EOM dark microscope images courtesy by GariLynn and Rich

Attachment1/2: Hole #1
Attachment3/4: Hole #2
Attachment5: Hole #2

Attachment 1: IMG_5756.JPG
Attachment 2: IMG_5757.JPG
Attachment 3: IMG_5758.JPG
Attachment 4: IMG_5759.JPG
Attachment 5: Looking_at_Hole2.png
298   Mon Jul 2 11:30:22 2018 KojiElectronicsCharacterization3IFO EOM impedance measurement

[Rich Koji]

3IFO EOM (before any modification) was tested to measure the impedance of each port.

The impedance plot and the impedance data (triplets of freq, reZ, imZ) were attached to this entry.

Attachment 1: impedance_eom.pdf
Attachment 2: EOM_Z_DATA.zip
299   Mon Jul 2 12:29:01 2018 KojiElectronicsCharacterizationImpedances of individual components (3IFO EOM)

[Rich Koji]

The impedances of the individual components from the 3IFO EOM (before modification) were tested.
Each component was modeled by LISO. The LISO model (in PDF and txt) are attached at the end of the entry.

Coils
There are three inductors taken from the EOM unit. They showed the Q ranging from 150~300.
Their impedances are compared with the coil taken from the 9MHz port of the spare EOM (=current LHO EOM).
The inductance of the 8.7MHz inductor indicated higher L but still higher Q.

Todd made a replica of the 45.3MHz coil. He used a silver plated wire and it actually showed highest Q of ~400.

Crystal capacitance
The crystal capacitances were measured by attaching a test rig on the DB15 connector of the crystal housing. The rig was calibrated such that the impedances of the attched components on the rig were measured. They showed somewhat similar feature with parasitic resonances at ~50MHz. Above this frequnecy the capacitance went down (i.e. Abs(Z) went up). This indicates there are stray series LCR in pararrel to the crystal. Not sure what is the cause of this.

The central (24.1MHz) port showed smaller capacitance. This probably means the plates for the central port is smaller. Not sure the actual dimensions of the plates for this unit.

Attachment 1: impedance_coils.pdf
Attachment 2: impedance_xtals.pdf
Attachment 3: q_coils.pdf
Attachment 4: component_models.pdf
Attachment 5: liso_models.zip
302   Wed Jul 4 18:30:51 2018 KojiElectronicsCharacterizationEOM circuit models

The circuit models for the 3IFO EOM (before mods) were made using LISO.
Then the modification plan was made to make it a new LLO EOM.

Impedance data, LISO model, Mathematica files are zipped and attached at the end.

Attachment 1: eom_models.pdf
Attachment 2: eom9.pdf
Attachment 3: eom24.pdf
Attachment 4: eom45.pdf
Attachment 5: 180704_3IFO_EOM_model.zip
303   Thu Jul 26 20:57:07 2018 KojiElectronicsCharacterization9MHz port tuned impedance

[Rich Koji]

The 9MHz port was tuned and the impedance was measured.

Attachment 1: impedance_eom.pdf
Attachment 2: eom9.pdf
Attachment 3: eom_models_9MHz.pdf
304   Tue Aug 7 15:43:12 2018 KojiElectronicsCharacterizationNew LLO EOM stuffed

[Rich, Dean, Koji]

Stuffed all inductors for the new LLO EOM. As the impedances were sensitive to the positions of the inductors in the housing, they were glued with a glue gun.
Also the lid of the housing significantly change the stray capacitance and lowers the resonant frequency (meaning lowers the Q too), we decided to tune the matching circuit without the lid.

The attached plots show the measured impedances. They all look well tuned and matched. We will prepare and perform the optical measurement at the 40m.

Attachment 1: P_20180806_154457.jpg
Attachment 2: impedance_eom.pdf
Attachment 3: impedance_eom_zoom.pdf
306   Thu Aug 9 11:24:29 2018 KojiGeneralCharacterizationModulation Index Test Setup at 40m Lab

[Rich Koji]

The impedances of the new LLO EOM were measured with the beat note setup at the 40m PSL (as described in the previous ELOG entry.

At the target frequencies (9.1MHz, 24.1MHz, 45.5MHz, 118.3MHz), the modulation responses were (0.09, 2.9e-3, 0.053, 0.021) rad/V.

This corresponds to the requirement for the driving power as follows.

 Frequency [MHz] Response [rad/V] modulation depth  required (LHO) [rad] Required drive [Vpk] Required drive [dBm] 9.1 0.09 0.22 2.4 17.8 24.1 2.9e-3 0.014 4.8 23.7 45.5 0.053 0.28 5.3 24.5 118.3 0.021 0.010 0.48 3.6

Attachment 1: modulation_depth.pdf
Attachment 2: modulation_depth_zoom.pdf
307   Wed Aug 29 11:06:30 2018 KojiGeneralGeneralRF AM RIN and dBc conversion

0. If you have an RF signal whose waveform is $1 \times \sin(2 \pi f t)$, the amplitude is constant and 1.

1. If the waveform $[1+0.1 \sin(2 \pi f_{\rm m} t)] \sin(2 \pi f t)$, the amplitude has the DC value of 1 and AM with the amplitude of 0.1 (i.e. swing is from 0.9 to 1.1). Therefore the RMS RIN of this signal is 0.1/1/Sqrt(2).

2. The above waveform can be expanded by the exponentials.

$\left[-\frac{1}{2} i e^{i\,2\,\pi f t} + 0.025 e^{i\,2\,\pi (f-f_{\rm m}) t}- 0.025 e^{i\,2\,\pi (f+f_{\rm m}) t} \right] - {\rm C.C.}$

Therefore the sideband carrier ratio R is 0.025/0.5 = 0.05. This corresponds to 20 log10(0.05) = -26dBc

In total, we get the relationship of dBc and RIN as ${\rm dBc} = 20 \log_{10}(\rm{RIN}/\sqrt{2})$, or R = RIN/sqrt(2)

308   Sun Sep 23 19:42:21 2018 KojiOpticsGeneralMontecarlo simulation of the phase difference between P and S pols for a modeled HR mirror

[Koji Gautam]

With Gautam's help, I ran a coating design code for an HR mirror with the standard quarter-wave design. The design used here has 17 pairs of lambda/4 layers of SiO2 and Ta2O5 (=34 layers) with the fused silica as the substrate to realize the transmission of tens of ppm. At the AOI (angle of incidence) of 4 deg (=nominal angle for the aLIGO OMC), there is no significant change in the reflectivity (transmissivity). With 95% of the case, the phase difference at the AOI of 4 deg is smaller than 0.02 deg for given 1% fluctuation (normal distribution) of the layer design and the refractive indeces of the materials. Considering the number of the OMC mirrors (i.e. 4), the total phase shift between P and S pols is less than 0.08 deg. This makes P and S resonances matched well within 1/10 of the cavity resonant width (360/F=0.9deg, F: Finesse=400).

Of course, we don't know how much layer-thickness fluctuation we actually have. Therefore, we should check the actual cavity resonance center of the OMC cavity for the polarizations.

Attachment 1 shows the complex reflectivity of the mirror for P and S pols between AOIs of 0 deg and 45 deg. Below 30 deg there is no significant difference. (We need to look at the transmission and the phase difference)

Attachment 2 shows the power transmissivity of the mirror for P and S pols between AOIs of 0 deg and 45 deg. For the purpose to check the robustness of the reflectivity, random fluctuations (normal distribution, sigma = 1%) were applied to the thicknesses of each layer, and the refractive indices of Silica and Tantala. The blue and red bands show the regions that the 90% of the samples fell in for P and S pols, respectively. There are median curves on the plot, but they are not well visible as they match with the ideal case. This figure indicates that the model coating well represents the mirror with the transmissivity better than 70ppm.

Attachment 3 shows the phase difference of the mirror complex reflectivity for P and S pols between AOIs of 0deg and 45deg. In the ideal case, the phase difference at the AOI of 4deg is 1x10-5 deg. The Monte-Carlo test shows that the range of the phase for 90% of the case fell into the range between 5x10-4 deg and 0.02 deg. The median was turned to be 5x10-3 deg.

Attachment 4 shows the histogram of the phase difference at the AOI of 4deg. The phase difference tends to concentrate at the side of the smaller angle.

Attachment 1: reflectivities.png
Attachment 2: transmission.png
Attachment 3: phase_diff.png
Attachment 4: phase_difference_histogram.png
311   Thu Jan 10 20:42:54 2019 KojiOpticsCharacterizationFSR / HOM Test of OMC SN002

OMC SN002 = Former LHO OMC which CM1 was destroyed by the lock loss pulse in 2016. This OMC needs to be optically tested before storage.

The test items:

• [done] FSR measurement with offset PDH locking (FM->AM conversion)
• [done] FSR/finesse measurement with the EOM RFAM injection
• [done] TMS measurement with input miaslignment and the trans RFPD misalignment: with no PZT offset
• [done] TMS measurement with input miaslignment and the trans RFPD misalignment: with PZT offsets

• PZT response
• Mirror cleaning
• Power budget
• Diode alignment: shim height
• PD/QPD alignment
312   Thu Jan 10 20:45:00 2019 KojiOpticsCharacterizationPZT test cable

As OMC SN002 already has the PZTs connected to the Mighty-Mouse connector, a test cable with a female mighty-mouse connector was made.

A small imperfection: When the cable was inserted to the connector shell, I forgot to mirror the pin out. Therefore the color and pin number do not match.

Attachment 1: OMC_PZT_wiring.pdf
313   Sat Jan 12 22:49:11 2019 KojiOpticsCharacterizationPM-SM patch cable mode cleaning effect

Mode cleaning capability of an optical fiber was measured. The conclusion is that the leakage of the non-fiber mode to the fiber output is insignificant and also practically negligible.

The tested fiber was Thorlabs 5-m Polarization Maintaining Single-Mode fiber (P3-1064PM-FC-5, PM Patch Cable, PANDA, 1064 nm, FC/APC, 5m).

The output mode cleaner was used as a mode analyzer. The fiber input was aligned and the misaligned so that the amount of higher order mode for the fiber is changed. The fiber output has been mode matched to an output mode cleaner. Therefore excess mode mismatch when the fiber input was misaligned, was accounted as the leakage higher order mode.

For each alignment state, the OMC transmission (in V), the OMC reflection (in V), and the OMC reflection with the OMC unlocked were measured. The voltages were measured with a digital multimeter (non-portable unit). With the fiber input beam aligned to the fiber, the fiber input and output powers were measured with a power meter.

With the input beam aligned
- Fiber input: 52.5 +/- 0.2 [mW]
- Fiber output: 35.5 +/- 0.2 [mW] (~68% coupling)
- Reflection PD offset: -0.00677 +/- 0.00001 [V]

- Refl PD reading with the OMC unlocked: 6.32 +/- 0.01 [V]
- Refl PD reading with the OMC locked: 0.133 +/- 0.002 [V]
- OMC Trans PD with the OMC locked: -1.72 +/- 0.01 [V]

With the input beam misaligned
- Refl PD reading with the OMC unlocked: 3.63 +/- 0.01 [V]
- Refl PD reading with the OMC locked: 0.0752 +/- 0.001 [V]
- OMC Trans PD with the OMC locked: -1.00 +/- 0.01 [V]

The naive mode matching was 0.9779 +/- 0.0003 and 0.9775 +/- 0.0003 without and with misalignment. We initially had roughly 17mW of non-fiber mode incident. And it was increased by roughly 15mW. For the misaligned case, the amount of the OMC-matched carrier was also reduced due to the misalignment. So the actual fiber mode cleaning effect needs more careful quantitative analysis.

The power budget at each part of the setup was modeled as shown in Attachment 1. The blue numbers are the measured values.
The factor a is the ratio of the leakage non-fiber mode into the fiber transmission.
The factor (1-b) is the mode matching of the fiber mode into the OMC mode.

\begin{align} P_{\rm omcrefl} & = a P_{\rm nofib} + b P_{\rm fib} \nonumber \\ P_{\rm fibout} & = P_{\rm omcrefl} + (1-b) P_{\rm fib} \nonumber \\ P_{\rm tot} & = P_{\rm nofib} + P_{\rm fib} \nonumber \end{align}

and

\begin{align} P'_{\rm omcrefl} &= a P'_{\rm nofib} + b P'_{\rm fib} \nonumber \\ P'_{\rm fibout} &= P'_{\rm omcrefl} + (1-b) P'_{\rm fib} \nonumber \\ P_{\rm tot} &= P'_{\rm nofib} + P'_{\rm fib} \nonumber \end{align}

With the calibration between the refl PD and the power meter measurement,
\begin{align} P_{\rm tot} &= 52.5 \pm 0.2 {[mW]} \nonumber \\ P_{\rm fibout} &= 35.5 \pm 0.2 {\rm [mW]} \nonumber \end{align}
\begin{align} P_{\rm omcrefl} &= 0.78 \pm 0.01\,\,{\rm [mW]} \nonumber \\ P'_{\rm omcrefl} &= 0.460 \pm 0.006\,\,{\rm [mW]} \nonumber \\ P'_{\rm fibout} &= 20.4 \pm 0.13 \,\,{\rm [mW]} \nonumber \end{align}

The solution of the equations is
\begin{align} a &= (4 \pm 4) \times 10^{-4} \nonumber \\ b &= 0.0219 \pm 0.0005 \nonumber \end{align}

So, the leakage of the non-fiber mode to the fiber output is insignificant. Moreover, the number is practically negligible because the mismatching between the fiber and OMC modes is of the order of percent and dominated by the aberration of the collimator (i.e. the OMC reflection looks like concentric higher-order LG modes) with the order of 1~2%.

Attachment 1: fiber_mode_cleaning.pdf
314   Fri Feb 1 12:52:12 2019 KojiMechanicsGeneralPZT deformation simulation

A simple COMSOL simulation was run to see how the PZT deforms as the voltage applied.

Use the geometry of the ring PZT which is used in the OMCs -  NAC2124 (OD 15mm, ID 9mm, H 2mm)
The material is PZT-5H (https://bostonpiezooptics.com/ceramic-materials-pzt) which is predefined in COMSOL and somewhat similar to the one used in NAC2124 (NCE51F - http://www.noliac.com/products/materials/nce51f/)
The bottom surface of the ring was electrically grounded (0V), and mechanically fixed.
Applied 100V between the top and bottom.

Attachment 1: pzt.png
315   Sat Feb 2 16:17:13 2019 KojiOpticsCharacterizationSummary: OMC(001) HOM structure recalculation

Each peak of the transfer function measurement was fitted again with a complex function:

\begin{align} h(f;a_{\rm r}, a_{\rm i}, f_0, dT, \Gamma, a_0, b_0, a_1, b_1) & \nonumber\\ = (a_{\rm r} + i a_{\rm i}) e^{-i 2 \pi f dT} \frac{1}{1 + i (f - f_0)/\Gamma} &+ (a_0 + i b_0) + (a_1 + i b_1)f \nonumber \end{align}

OMC (001)
History:
Measurement date 2013/5/31, Installed to L1 2013/6/10~

Attachment 1: OMC_HOM_130531.pdf
Attachment 2: HOM_PZTV.pdf
Attachment 3: HOM_plot_PZT0_0.pdf
Attachment 4: Cav_scan_response_HOM.pdf
316   Sat Feb 2 20:03:19 2019 KojiOpticsCharacterizationSummary: OMC(002) HOM structure recalculation (before mirror replacement)

OMC (002)
History:
Measurement date 2013/10/11, Installed to L1 2013/XX

Attachment 1: OMC_HOM_131011.pdf
Attachment 2: HOM_PZTV.pdf
Attachment 3: HOM_plot_PZT0_0.pdf
Attachment 4: Cav_scan_response_PZT_HOM.pdf
317   Sat Feb 2 20:28:21 2019 KojiOpticsCharacterizationSummary: OMC(003) HOM structure recalculation

OMC (003)
History:
Measurement date 2014/7/5, Stored for I1, Installed to H1 2016/8 upon damage on 002

Attachment 1: OMC_HOM_140705.pdf
Attachment 2: HOM_PZTV_PZT1_0V.pdf
Attachment 3: HOM_plot_PZT0_0.pdf
Attachment 4: Cav_scan_response_PZT_HOM.pdf
318   Sat Feb 2 20:35:02 2019 KojiOpticsCharacterization Summary: OMC(002) HOM structure recalculation (after mirror replacement)

OMC (002) after repair
History:
Mirror replacement after the damage at H1. Measurement date 2019/1/10

Attachment 1: OMC_HOM_190110.pdf
Attachment 2: HOM_PZTV.pdf
Attachment 3: HOM_plot_PZT0_0.pdf
Attachment 4: Cav_scan_response_PZT.pdf
319   Tue Mar 19 17:30:25 2019 KojiGeneralCharacterizationOMC (002) Test items

OMC #002 Optical tests

• FSR measurement (done, 2019/1/8-9, 2019/4/1)
• TMS measurement (done, 2019/1/9)
• TMS measurement (with DC voltage on PZTs) (done, 2019/1/10)
• Cleaning (done, 2019/3/19)
• Power Budget (done, 2019/3/19, 2019/4/1)
• PZT DC response (done, 2019/3/27)
• PZT AC response (done, 2019/3/27)
• QPD alignment (done, 2019/4/5)
• DCPD alignment (done, 2019/4/4)
• Beam quality check (done, 2019/4/4)

(Backscattering test)

(Cabling / Wiring)

• (Attaching cable/mass platforms)
• (PZT cabling)
• (DCPD cabling)
• (QPD cabling)

(Baking)
(First Contact)
(Packing / Shipping)

320   Thu Mar 28 16:36:52 2019 KojiMechanicsCharacterizationOMC(002) PZT characterization

As performed in the ELOG 202, the PZTs of the OMC 002 were tested.

DC response was measured by sweeping each PZT with 0-150V triangular voltage at 11Hz. Acquire 0.2sec of the tie series using an oscilloscope to get the PDH error, cavity transmission, and the sweep signal.

The voltage where the tranmission peaks were observed were fitted were recorded. One fringe corresponds to the displacement of 532nm. So the displacement and the applied volatagewere fitted witha linear function.

This gave the PZT response for PZT1 and PZT2 to be 14.9nm/V and 14.4nm/V.

AC response was measured with SR785. The PZT was shaken with 1~50mVpp signal with the DC offset of 5V while the OMC was locked with the feedback to the laser fast PZT. The transfer function from the applied PZT voltage to the servo output were measured. The closed loop TF was also measured to remove the effect of the servo control.  The DC levels of the responses were calibrated using the values above.

Attachment 1: PZT_Scan.pdf
Attachment 2: OMC_PZT_Response.pdf
321   Thu Apr 4 20:07:39 2019 KojiSupplyGeneralPurchase

== Office Depot ==
Really Useful Box 9L x 6 (delivered)
Really Useful Box 17L x 5 (ordered 4/4)
P-TOUCH tape (6mm, 9mm, 12mmx2, 18mm) (ordered 4/4)

== Digikey ==
9V AC Adapter (- inside, 1.3A) for P-TOUCH (ordered 4/4)
12V AC Adapter (+ inside, 1A) for Cameras (ordered 4/4)

== VWR ==
Mask KIMBERLY CLARK "KIMTECH Pure M3" ISO CLASS 3 (ordered 4/4)

322   Fri Apr 5 01:07:18 2019 KojiOpticsCharacterizationOMC(002): transmitted beam images

There was a concern that the transmission from CM1 has additional fringes. The shape of the transmitted beams from CM1, CM2, and FM2 (main) werecaptured with WinCamD.
Indeed CM1 and CM2 have the fringes, but it does not exist in the main transmission. So it seems that the fringes are associated with the curved mirrors. But how???

Attachment 1: CM1trasns.png
Attachment 2: CM2trasns.png
Attachment 3: FM2trans2.png
323   Fri Apr 5 01:08:17 2019 KojiOpticsCharacterizationOMC(002): DCPD / QPD alignment

The beam height in the cavity became totally different from the previous one and the shims needed to be much thicker than before. This is probably because of the alignment of the newly-glue curved mirror.

As the beam height is 2~2.5mm higher, two shims need to be stacked. The preliminary check of the heights using the alignment disks (dummy PDs) suggested the following combinations.

QPD1(SHORT)  D1201467-03 (SN 007) + D1201467-03 (SN 008) (2.0 mm + 2.0 mm = 4 mm) QPD2(LONG)   D1201467-01 (SN 001) + D1201467-01 (SN 002) (1.5 mm + 1.5 mm = 3 mm) DCPD1(TRANS) D1201467-02 (SN 006) + D1201467-03 (SN 005) (1.75mm + 2.0 mm = 3.75 mm) DCPD2(REFL)  D1201467-02 (SN 002) + D1201467-03 (SN 006) (1.75mm + 2.0 mm = 3.75 mm) 

This resulted that the fixing button head socket screws for the PD housings to be replaced from 5/16" to 7/16". Stephen kept CLASS A spare screws from Jeff's time.

For the DCPD alignment, a cap-removed Excelitas 3mm InGaAs PD is used. -> This needs to be returned to the PD stock next time.

- DCPD1 was aligned using the zoomed CCD image (Attachment 1). Once the beam is aligned, the angle was tweaked to have the reflection nicely dumped by the glass beam dump (Attachment 2).

- DCPD2 was aligned too. (Attachment 2/3)

- The two housings were fastened by a torque wrench at 2 inch lb.

Next step:

Continue with the QPDs. The QPD amp was already set.

Notes:
The cable of the CCD monitor has a problem -> need to check what's wrong
The servo box probably have large offset at the output stage or somewhere (but not input stages).

Attachment 1: IMG_7521.JPG
Attachment 2: IMG_7529.JPG
Attachment 3: IMG_7539.JPG
Attachment 4: IMG_7541.JPG
324   Fri Apr 5 20:50:54 2019 KojiOpticsCharacterizationOMC(002): QPD alignment

QPD#              QPD1       QPD2 Housing#          #004       #008 Diode#            #44        #46 Shim              (see OMC ELOG 323)
------------------------------------- Power Incident    252.3 uW  266.0 uW Sum Out           174.2 mV  176.0 mV   +0.3 Vertical Out      + 4.7 mV  +19.0 mV   +0.2 Horizontal Out    -16.1 mV  - 8.0 mV   +0.0 SEG1              -52.4 mV  -53.  mV   -0.1 SEG2              -37.6 mV  -47.  mV   -0.1 SEG3              -41.8 mV  -34.  mV   -0.1 SEG4              -43.7 mV  -36.  mV   -0.1
-------------------------------------
Spot position X   +39   um  +15. um  (positive = more power on SEG1 and SEG4)
Spot position Y   - 8.1 um  -56. um  (positive = more power on SEG3 and SEG4) ------------------------------------- Responsivity[A/W] 0.69      0.66 Q.E.              0.80      0.77 -------------------------------------

Arrangement of the segments View from the beam / 2 | 1 X |---+---| \ 3 | 4 /

---------------

I(w,x,y) = Exp[-2 (x^2 + y^2)/w^2]/(Pi w^2/2)

(SEG_A+SEG_B-SEG_C-SEG_D)/(SEG_A+SEG_B+SEG_C+SEG_D) = Erf[sqrt(2) d/w]

d: distance of the spot from the center w: beam width

Attachment 1: P_20190405_215906.jpg
Attachment 2: P_20190405_215927.jpg
325   Fri Apr 5 23:30:20 2019 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC (002) repair completed

OMC(002) repair completed

When the cable harness of OMC(004) is going to be assembled, the cable harness of OMC(002) will be replaced with the PEEK one. Otherwise, the work has been done.

Note that there are no DCPDs installed to the unit. (Each site has two in the OMC and two more as the spares)

More photos: https://photos.app.goo.gl/XdU1NPcmaXhATMXw6

Attachment 1: P_20190405_222401.jpg
Attachment 2: P_20190405_222509.jpg
Attachment 3: P_20190405_222529.jpg
326   Wed Apr 10 19:22:24 2019 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC(004): preparation for the PZT subassembly bonding

Preparation for the PZT subassembly bonding (Section 6.2 and 7.3 of T1500060 (aLIGO OMC optical testing procedure)
- Gluing fixture (Qty 4)
- Silica sphere powder
- Electric scale
- Toaster oven for epoxy mixture qualification

- M prisms
- C prisms
- Noliac PZTs

- Cleaning tools (forceps, tweezers)
- Bonding kits (copper wires, steering sticks)
- Thorlabs BA-2 bases Qty2

328   Thu Apr 11 12:15:31 2019 KojiMechanicsConfigurationPZT sub assy mirror orientations
Attachment 1: PZT_subassy.png
Attachment 2: PZT_subassy.pdf
329   Thu Apr 11 21:22:26 2019 KojiMechanicsGeneralOMC(004): PZT sub-assembly gluing

[Koji Stephen]

The four PZT sub-assemblies were glued in the gluing fixtures. There were two original gluing fixtures and two additional modified fixtures for the in-situ bonding at the repair of OMC(002).

- Firstly, we checked the fitting and arrangements of the components without glue. The component combinations are described in ELOG 329.
- Turned on the oven toaster for the cure test (200F).
- Then prepared EP30-2 mixture (7g EP30-2 + 0.35g glass sphere).
- The test specimen of EP30-2 was baked in the toaster oven. (The result shows perfect curing (no stickyness, no finger print, crisp fracture when bent)
- Applied the bond to the subassemblies.
- FInally the fixtures were put in airbake Oven A. We needed to raise one of the tray with four HSTS balance weights (Attachment 2).

Attachment 1: IMG_7561.jpg
Attachment 2: IMG_7567.jpg
330   Thu Apr 11 21:22:58 2019 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC(004): PZT sub-assembly air baking

[Stephen Koji]

The baking of the PZT subassemblies was more complicated than we initially thought.

The four PZT subassemblies were placed in the air bake oven A. We meant to bake the assemblies with the ramp time of 2.5h, a plateau of 2h at 94degC, and slow ramp down.

The oven controller was started and the temperature has been monitored. The ramping up was ~20% faster than expected (0.57degC/min instead of 0.47degC/min), but at least it was linear and steady.

Once the temperature reached the set temperature (around t=120min), the temperature started oscillating between 74 and 94degC. Stephen's interpretation was that the PID loop of the controller was not on and the controller falled into the dead-bang mode (=sort of bang-bang control).

As the assembly was already exposed to T>70F for more than 2.5hours, it was expected the epoxy cure was done. Our concern was mainly the fast temperature change and associated stress due to thermal expansion, which may cause delamination of the joint. To increase the heat capacity of the load, we decided to introduce more components (suspension balance weights). We also decided to cover the oven with an insulator so that the conductive heat loss was reduced.

However, the controller thought it was already the end of the baking process and turned to stand-by mode (i.e. turned off everything). This started to cause rapid temp drop. So I (Koji) decided to give a manual heat control for mind cooling. When the controller is turned off and on, it gives some heat for ramping up. So the number of heat pulses and the intervals were manually controlled to give the temp drop of ~0.5degC/min. Around t=325, the temperature decay was already slower than 0.5degC/min without heat pulse, so I decided to leave the lab.

We will check the condition of the sub-assemblies tomorrow (Fri) afternoon.

Attachment 1: temp_profile.pdf
Attachment 2: bake.xlsx
331   Sun Apr 14 23:58:49 2019 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC(004): PZT sub-assembly post air-bake inspection

[Koji Stephen]

(Friday afternoon) We retrieved the PZT sub-assemblies to the clean room.

We started removing the ASSYs from the fixtures. We noticed that some part of the glass and PZT are ripped off from the ASSY and stuck with the fixture. For three ASSYs (except for #9), the effect is minimal. However, ASSY #9 has two large removals on the front surface, and one of the bottom corners got chipped. This #9 is still usable, I believe, but let's avoid to use this unit for the OMC. Individual inspection of the ASSYs is posted in the following entries.

This kind of fracture events was not visible for the past 6 PZT sub-ASSYs. This may indicate a few possibilities:
- More rigorous quality control of EP30-2 was carried out for the PZT ASSY bonding. (The procedure was defined after the past OMC production.) The procedure leads to the strength of the epoxy enhanced.
- During the strong and fast thermal cycling, the glass was exposed to stress, and this might make the glass more prone to fracture.

For the production of the A+ units, we think we can avoid the issues by modifying the fixtures. Also, reliable temperature control/monitor technology should be employed. These improvements should be confirmed with the bonding of spare PZTs and blank 1/2" mirrors before gluing any precious components.

ELOG V3.1.3-