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ID Date Authordown Type Category Subject
  173   Tue Oct 22 17:17:59 2013 KojiGeneralGeneralH1OMC cabling

[Chub, Jeff, Koji]

We worked on the wiring and routing of the cables.

- The cables for the PZT was installed first.

- Pins for the mighty mouse connector were crimped on the PZT wires

- Checked the wiring diagram (D1300589) to find the pinouts.
  Pin1 of the mighty mouse is connected to PZT2+, Pin2 to PZT2-, PIn3 to PZT1+, and Pin4 to PZT1-

- Then QPD and PD cables are fixed on the cable harness.

- The QPD/PD cables are attached on the diode housings.

During this process one of the DCPD mounts moved. The fixing screws were not torqued enough.
This means that all of the FC layers need to be removed and the DCPD housing should be aligned again.

- We continued on the cabling. The cables were routed on the top (cable) side.

- Some of the cable pegs were tightened by PEEK cable ties.

- We found that Pin1 and Pin2 of the PZT cables were not intact anymore.

- We ask Chub to work on the PZT pins tomorrow. The PD alignment will be taken tonight or tomorrow.

  174   Wed Oct 23 02:45:07 2013 KojiGeneralGeneralPD realignment

DCPD2 got misaligned during the cable installation. The PD alignment procedure have been gone through again.

Cavity locking

- Removed the FC layers for the cavity related mirrors.

- Aligned and locked the cavity.

PD alignment

- Loosen DCPD2. Checked the reflection with a IR card. Checked the spot on the PD with an IR viewer.

- Finger-tight the screws. Check the reflection with the card again. Check the pot on the PD with a CCD.

- If the spot positions are not satisfactory repeat the process.

- If the spot positions are satisfactory, take pictures of the CCD image.

- Fixing screws for all of the PDs/QPDs were tighten by the torque driver with a torque od 1.75 inch lb.

PD QE measurements

- Measure the power incident on the PDs.

- Set up the transimpedance amp to check the photo current.

- PD1 (T side) 9.10+/-0.03 V 13.02 +/- 0.01W -> QE ~80%

- PD2 (R side) 8.70+/-0.01 V 12.53 +/- 0.01W -> QE ~80%

- These are not strange values considering the presence of the glass caps.

PZT polarity check

- The connections between the PZT electrodes and the pins were checked.

- The positive side is marked by a knot on the wire.

FC painting

- The new FC bottle was brought from Downs, thanks to Margot.


  175   Mon Nov 4 19:43:56 2013 KojiGeneralGeneralH1OMC Packed

H1OMC PZT connector was replaced with the correct one. This was the final step for H1OMC.

Jeff and I packed the OMC and put it in the perikan case. It will be shipped tomorrow.

The other tools are also packed in the other box. Here is the list of the items

- Spare PD/QPDs (2 cages)
- Test PD/QPD cables
- Torque driver / bits
- Low noise transimpedance amp
- Kapton sheets
- First Contact kit
- 1/4-20 Screws for the balance weights
- OMC-Structure cables
- Preamp adapter plate
- Screws for the cable mounts
- Clean tools
  (scissors, tweezers, forceps, Diagonal pliers, long nose prier)
- Spare Peek cable ties
  176   Thu Nov 21 00:05:35 2013 KojiGeneralGeneralH1OMC electronics arrangement

Checked the PZT arrangement: Mighty Mouse Pin1&2 -> PZT2 (DCPD side), Mighty Mouse Pin3&4 -> PZT1 (QPD side)

DCPD response:
Illuminate DCPD1 (T) -> DCPD B responded in MEDM
Illuminate DCPD2 (R) -> DCPD A responded in MEDM

QPD response:
Illuminate QPD1 -> QPD A responded in MEDM
Illuminate QPD2 -> QPD B responded in MEDM


DCPD1 (T) is marked as "A". This PD is SN"0288"

DCPD2 (R) is marked as "B". This PD is SN"0721"

Corresponding iLOG for the performance

  177   Tue Dec 10 16:41:51 2013 KojiGeneralGeneralTo Buy

Masks / Wipes => done

  178   Tue Feb 18 18:58:38 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralLHO H1 OMC installation photos

LHO OMC installation photos

  179   Fri Feb 28 19:50:11 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralMisalignment ABCD matrix for the aLIGO OMC

Relationship between mirror misalignment and cavity mode shift was calculated.
The technique described in T0900647 by Sam Waldman was used.

The angles and displacement of the mirrors and beams are defined in the attached figure.

x1 = 0.893134 α + 1.10676 β + 1.32252 γ + 1.24619 δ
𝛳1 = 0.75864 α - 0.75864 β - 0.271075 γ + 0.271075 δ

x2 = 1.10676 α + 0.893134 β + 1.24619 γ + 1.32252 δ
𝛳2 = 0.75864 α + 1.24136 β - 0.271075 γ + 0.271075 δ

x3 = 1.32252 α + 1.24619 β + 1.1691 γ + 1.39962 δ
𝛳3 = -0.271075 α + 0.271075 β + 0.818668 γ - 0.818668 δ

x4 = 1.24619 α + 1.32252 β + 1.39962 γ + 1.1691 δ
𝛳4 = -1.24136 α - 0.75864 β - 0.271075 γ + 0.271075 δ

Assuming the flat mirrors are fixed:
If I want to move the x3 mirror up by 1mm without moving x4, the solution is
γ = -0.00197 mrad
δ = +0.00236 mrad

This yields:
x1 = +0.33mm, x2=+0.66mm, x3 = +1mm, x4 = 0mm

  180   Mon Mar 3 02:46:21 2014 KojiGeneralCharacterizationSpot positions scanned

Spot positions on CM1 and CM2 scanned according to the recipes provided by the previous entry.

The best result obtained was:

Transmission from FM2: 32.7mW
Incident on BS1: 34.4mW

Reflection (Unlocked): 5.99V
Reflection (Locked): 104mV
Reflection (Dark): -7.5mV

to accomodate the spot on BS1 it had to be about a mm moved from the template.

This gives us:
- Portion of the TEM00 carrier: R = 1-(104+7.5)/(5990+7.5) = 0.981
- Raw transmission: 32.7/34.4 = 0.950
- TEM00 transmission 0.950/R = 0.969
- Excluding the transmission of BS1: 0.969/0.9926 = 0.976
  => loss per mirror ~40ppm


  181   Tue Mar 25 17:10:10 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationOMC spot position estimation

Spot positions were inferred from the photos

  182   Thu Apr 17 21:39:25 2014 KojiOpticsGeneralMore alignment


- The cavity mirrors have scattering spots. The cavity alignment should have been scanned to find a cavity mode to have lowest loss possible.
  BTW, We only have horizontal dof for the alignment scan.

- After some struggle nice cavity mode was found. The cavity transmission was 96% for the ideally matched TEM00 carrier.

- It turned out that this imposed too much beam shift in the input beam (~2mm).

- This big shift induces a lot of trouble for the peripheral optics (PDs, QPDs, sterring mirrors).

- What should we do???


- The beam needed to go up between CM1 and CM2 to have the right spots on them. ("UP" is the input side of the OMC).

- This imposed the beam between FM1 and FM2 moved up. In other word, for the given alignment of the FMs by the template,
  We needed to hit the upper part of the FMs to have the spots on the CMs up.


- The above argument suggets that the nominal beam will give us the right spots on the CMs if we rotate the FMs.
  Of course this induces the spot move on the FMs. But this should not be the issue as the most of the loss seems to come from the CMs.

- How much misalignment show we give to the FMs? We want to shift the beam by 2mm on the CMs.
  The length of the optical lever is ~0.25m. Therefore the mialignment angle should be

  theta = 2e-3/2/0.25 = 4e-3 rad = 4mrad.

  The template pad has ~20mm separation. The thickness of the shim should be 20mm*4mrad = 80um

- Our aluminum foil seems to have the thickness of 30-40um. We can't have this minimum thickness on the template pad as there is not enough compression pressure
  => Just use a single layer of Al piece to shim the FMs.


- The shims were inserted at the upper pads of the FMs.

- Aligned the input beam and the CMs so that the spots on the CMs are approximately recovered.

- Measure the cavity power budget

Pin: 34.7mW
Refl PD: offset = -7.5mV, unlock = 6.07V, inlock = 89.7mV

Ptrans = 32.5mW

Ptrans(CM2) = 0.181mW
Ptrans(CM2) = 0.184mW

Assume finesse of 400


Pin: 34.7mW
Pjunk: 0.534mW
Pcoupled: 34.1mW

Mode matching: 98.5%

Cavity reflectivity in power: 0.00061
Cavity transmission in power: 0.951 (This is not a best number but acceptable.)
Loss per mirror: 75.4ppm

FM power refl/trans: 0.9923 / 7630ppm
CM1 power refl/trans: 0.999882 / 42.8ppm
CM2 power refl/trans: 0.999881 / 43.5ppm
Total roundtrip loss of the cavity (Loss + CM leakage): 388ppm


How much the input beam is away from the left wall of the OMC breadboard?

40.88mm from the template edge
  8.36mm between the template edge and the bread board
=> 32.52mm

How much should this number be? 32.94mm from the solidworks model => With in 0.5mm! Nice!


- Just in case plce all of the optics and check if the beam is delivered within the alignment range of the optics


  183   Mon May 12 22:43:02 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationMeasured FSR/TSM of the OMC cavity

Data analysis of the FSR/TSM measruement last week.

1. FSR was measured with "the golden arches" technique.

FSR = 263.0686 MHz +/- 900Hz

Lcav = 1.1396 m --> 7.6 mm too long! (nominal 1.132m)

2. Transverse mode spacings for the vertical and horizontal modes were measured.

TMS/FSR = 0.219366 (V) / 0.220230 (H) (Predicted value with the current cavity length 0.2196/0.2202 very close!)

We want to make this to be ~0.219 (~3% less)

With the current parameters, the 19th-order lower sideband make the coincident resonance.

  184   Wed May 14 02:15:15 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationFSR/TSM adjustment of the OMC cavity

1. FSR was adjusted and measured with "the golden arches" technique again.

FSR = 264.8412 MHz +/- 1400Hz => Lcav = 1.13197 m. (nominal 1.132m)

2. Transverse mode spacings for the vertical and horizontal modes were measured.

TMS/FSR = 0.218144 (V) / 0.219748 (H)

This is almost perfect!

The 19th-order lower sideband hit the resonance. Next step is to glue some of the flat mirrors.

  185   Fri May 16 00:13:36 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationCavity mirror gluing part 1

BS1/FM1/FM2 for I1OMC were glued.

FM1 had to be intentionally rotated.
FM1 had to be intentionally shifted to avoid scattering spot.

Pin: 36.3 / Ptrans: 33.7 = Raw transmission 92.8%
Vunlock = 6.30 / Vlock = 0.120

Mode matching (estim) 0.98
Loss per mirror 84ppm
Cavity transmission 0.947


- Transmission needs to be optimized
- Apply 50V to a PZT
- Cavity FSR/HOM should be optimized
- gluing

Put a cover
Return power meter / DC supply

  186   Sat May 17 07:40:14 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationI1OMC cavity mirrors glued

I1OMC cavity mirrors were glued.

FSR = 264.82MHz => Lcav = 1.132m (nominal 1.132m)

TMS/FSR for Vpzt1=Vpzt2=0: 0.2185 (V) and 0.2196 (H) (nominal 0.219)


aLIGO OMC: Power Budget 2014/5/16

<<<Measured Values>>>
Input Power: 35.7 [mW]
Transmitted Power through FM2: 33.5 [mW]
Transmitted Power through CM1: 0.188 [mW]
Transmitted Power through CM2: 0.192 [mW]
Reflection PD DC output (Unlocked): 6.2 [V]
Reflection PD DC output (Locked): 0.096 [V]
Reflection PD DC output (Dark Offset): -0.00745 [V]
Assumed cavity finesse : 400.

Input Power: 35.7 [mW]
Uncoupled light Power (Junk light + sidebands): 0.575698 [mW]
Input TEM00 Carrier Power: 35.1243 [mW]  (Ratio: 0.983874)
Cavity reflectivity (in power): 548.319 ppm
Cavity transmission (in power): 0.953756
Loss per mirror: 70.1183 ppm
FM1 power transmission: 7640.17 ppm
FM2 power transmission: 7640.17 ppm
CM1 power transmission: 43.2093 ppm
CM2 power transmission: 44.1337 ppm


  187   Thu Jun 19 23:16:50 2014 KojiOpticsGeneralAll of the prisms have been glued

- All of the PRISM mirrors have been glued

- 4 out of 5 beam dumps have been glued


EP30-2 gluing of the INVAR blocks for the PDs

PDs/QPDs need to be slightly lower -> order more shims

Remove the templates

Glue the last beam dump

Vibration test?

Bring the OMC to the bake lab

Vacuum baking

Bring it back to the OMC lab

Cabling / Wiring

Optical tests

Backscattering test

Packing / Shipping


  188   Fri Jun 20 18:59:12 2014 KojiOpticsGeneralAll of the invar blocks have been glued

All of the INVAR blocks have been glued.

I found thinner shims in the stock.

On Monday, the template will be removed.

EP30-2 7g mixed with 0.35g of 75-90um sphere


EP30-2 gluing of the INVAR blocks for the PDs

PDs/QPDs need to be slightly lower -> order more shims

Remove the templates

Glue the last beam dump

Vibration test?

Bring the OMC to the bake lab

Vacuum baking

Bring it back to the OMC lab

Cabling / Wiring

Optical tests

Backscattering test

Packing / Shipping

  189   Mon Jun 23 21:54:16 2014 KojiOpticsGeneralAll of the gluing completed

The bottom-side templates were removed.

The last beam dump was removed


ICS entry

Bring the OMC to the bake lab

Vacuum baking

Bring it back to the OMC lab

Cabling / Wiring

VIbratin test

Optical tests

Backscattering test

Packing / Shipping


  190   Tue Jun 24 18:43:15 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralICS entries for the OMC baking/assembly

For baking:

  • Assembly Name aLIGO Output Mode Cleaner
    Assembly Number D1201439
  • Part Name: Breadboard transport fixture
    Part # / Drawing #: D1201515

D1201274-V1-00-S009: OMC DCPD Housing        (remove part)
D1201274-V1-00-S010: OMC DCPD Housing        (remove part)
D1201275-V1-00-0006: OMC DCPD FACE PLATE        (remove part)
D1201275-V1-00-0007: OMC DCPD FACE PLATE        (remove part)
D1201280-V1-00-0006: OMC QPD HOUSING        (remove part)
D1201280-V1-00-0007: OMC QPD HOUSING        (remove part)
D1201281-V1-00-0006: OMC QPD FACE PLATE        (remove part)
D1201281-V1-00-0007: OMC QPD FACE PLATE        (remove part)
D1300052-V1-00-0003: aLIGO OMC BRACKET, CABLE CONNECTOR        (remove part)
D1300057-v2-00-0021: aLIGO CABLE PEG        (remove part)
D1300057-v2-00-0022: aLIGO CABLE PEG        (remove part)
D1300057-v2-00-0023: aLIGO CABLE PEG        (remove part)
D1300057-v2-00-0024: aLIGO CABLE PEG        (remove part)
D1300057-v2-00-0025: aLIGO CABLE PEG        (remove part)
D1300057-v2-00-0026: aLIGO CABLE PEG        (remove part)
D1300057-v2-00-0027: aLIGO CABLE PEG        (remove part)
D1300057-v2-00-0028: aLIGO CABLE PEG        (remove part)
D1300057-v2-00-0029: aLIGO CABLE PEG        (remove part)
D1300057-v2-00-0030: aLIGO CABLE PEG        (remove part)
D1300060-V1-00-0005: aLIGO OMC BRACKET, MASS MOUNTING        (remove part)
D1300060-V1-00-0006: aLIGO OMC BRACKET, MASS MOUNTING        (remove part)

More entries to be added (Found in the LHO OMC entry) [DONE]
D1300371-V2-00-S1301806: ISC DCPD Cable for OMC-Breadboard Bracket to DCPD #1
D1300372-V2-00-S1301807: ISC DCPD Cable for OMC-Breadboard Bracket to DCPD #2
D1300373-V3-00-S1301810: ISC QPD Cable for OMC-Structure to Breadboard Bracket
D1300374-V2-00-S1301813: ISC QPD Cable for OMC-Breadboard Bracket to QPD #1

  191   Fri Jun 27 12:29:50 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC baking

The OMC went into the oven at around 2PM on Thursday. It will be baked at 80degC for 48 hours.
The RGA result will be obtained on Monday.

Link to the ICS entry


  192   Fri Jun 27 18:51:33 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralSupply

PTOUCH TAPE (12mm white) x 2

9V batteries

  193   Wed Jul 2 16:41:43 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC baking

OMC is back from the oven today.

To Do:

Optical tests

  • Cleaning
  • Power Budget
  • FSR measurement
  • TMS measurement
  • TMS measurement (with DC voltage on PZTs)
  • PZT DC response
  • PZT AC response
  • QPD alignment
  • DCPD alignment
  • First Contact

Backscattering test

Cabling / Wiring

  • Attaching cable/mass platforms
  • PZT cabling
  • DCPD cabling
  • QPD cabling

Vibration test

Packing / Shipping

  194   Wed Jul 2 18:58:42 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralBeam dump delamination

While the OMC breadboard was being inspected, it was found that two out of five black-glass beam dumps showed sign of delamination.
(attached photos).

The base of the each beam dump is a fused silica disk (25mm dia.). The black glass pieces are bonded to the disk. The bond is EP30-2
epoxy without glass beads for bond lining. The disk is bonded on the fused silica bread board with Optocast UV low-viscous epoxy.
The delamination is about 70% of the bonded area. They don't seem to fall off immediately. But the glass pieces are not completely secure.
(i.e. finger touch can change the newton ring fringes) So there might be some risk of falling off during transportation.

The engineering team and I are exploring the way to secure them in-situ, including the method to apply UV epoxy with capillary action.

  195   Thu Jul 3 17:45:18 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralBeam dump delamination

Here is the resolution.

I'll apply fillets of EP30-2 along the edges of the black glass (See figure).
In order to allow the air escape from the gap, the inside of the V will not be painted.
In any case, I don't have a good access to the interior of the V.

Dennis assured that the outgassing level will be ok even if the EP30-2 is cured at the room temp if the mixture is good.
But just in case, we should run an RGA scan (after 50degC for 24hour vac bake).
I prefer to do this RGA scan right after all of the test and cabling and right before the shipment.
Dennis is checking if we can even waive the RGA scan owing to the small volume of the glue.


  196   Sun Jul 6 02:45:56 2014 KojiOpticsGeneralFSR Measurement

3rd OMC FSR / Finesse measurement

RF AM was injected by detuning a HWP.

  197   Sun Jul 6 02:46:20 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationOMC power budget

3rd OMC power budget (2014/7/2)

Input power: 34.8mW

REFLPD dark offset:  -7.57mV
REFLPD unlocked: 6.22 V
REFLPD locked: 110mV

Transmitted Power: 16.8mW (T) and 15.9mW (R)
CM1 transmission: 0.176mW
CM2 transmission: 0.181mW

Cavity Finesse: 399.73

Junk light: 0.64mW (out of 34.8mW)
Coupled beam: 34.16 mW (out of 34.8mW)
Mode Matching: 0.982
Cavity reflectivity: 467ppm
Loss per mirror in ppm: 63.8ppm
Cavity transmission (for TEM00 carrier): 0.957

FM1: R = 0.992277, T = 7659.46
FM2: R = 0.992277, T = 7659.46
CM1: R = 0.999895, T = 41.5461
CM2: R = 0.999893, T = 42.7309

Compare the above number with the best result obtained during the alignment trials

Input power: 34.4mW

REFLPD dark offset:  -7.5mV
REFLPD unlocked: 5.99 V
REFLPD locked: 104mV

Transmitted Power: Total 32.7mW (T+R)
CM1 transmission: 0.194mW
CM2 transmission: 0.194mW

Cavity Finesse: 400

Junk light: 0.631mW (out of 34.4mW)
Coupled beam: 33.77 mW (out of 34.4mW)
Mode Matching: 0.982
Cavity reflectivity: 255ppm
Loss per mirror in ppm: 39.7ppm
Cavity transmission (for TEM00 carrier): 0.968

  198   Sun Jul 6 03:56:40 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationHOM measurement with PZT vol swept

Cavity FSR/TMS measurement (2014/7/5) with PZT voltages swept from 0V to 200V (50V step)

  199   Sun Jul 6 08:31:14 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationHOM measurement with PZT vol swept

3rd OMC, HOM diagram at PZT1=0V and PZT2=50V.

First coincidence with the carrier is the 32nd-order carrier mode. Very good.

  200   Mon Jul 7 01:36:03 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralTo Do

Optical tests

  • Cleaning
  • Power Budget
  • FSR measurement
  • TMS measurement
  • TMS measurement (with DC voltage on PZTs)
  • PZT DC response
  • PZT AC response
  • QPD alignment
  • DCPD alignment

Backscattering test

Cabling / Wiring

  • Attaching cable/mass platforms
  • PZT cabling
  • DCPD cabling
  • QPD cabling

Vibration test


First Contact

Packing / Shipping

  201   Tue Jul 8 04:08:06 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralExpoxy reapplication for beam dumps

Firstly, the excess epoxy was removed using a cleaned razor balde

Secondly, EP30-2 epoxy was applied at the exterior edges of the beam dump.
Interior of the V were glued at two points. This is to keep the gap away from being trapped

Here is the result of the gluing. Some epoxy was sucked into the gap by capillary action.
I believe, most of the rigidity is proivded by the bonds at the edges.

  202   Tue Jul 8 18:54:54 2014 KojiMechanicsCharacterizationPZT characterization

Each PZT was swept with 0-150V 11Hz triangular wave.
Time series data for 0.2sec was recorded for each PZT.

The swept voltage at the resonances were extracted and the fringe number was counted.
Some hysteresis is seen as usual.

The upward/downward slopes are fitted by a linear line.

The average displacement is 11.3nm/V for PZT1 and 12.7nm/V.

The PZT response was measured with a FFT analyzer. The DC calibration was adjusted by the above numbers.

  203   Thu Jul 10 01:39:38 2014 KojiElectronicsGeneralPZT wire

Rich came to the OMC lab. Pins for the mighty mouse connector were crimped on the 4 PZT wires.
We found the male 4pin mighty mouse connector in the C&B area.

The cable inventory was checked with ICS/DCC combo. It turned out that most of the on-board cables
are at LHO. We decided to send the OMC there and then the cables are installed at the site.

  204   Thu Jul 10 08:34:57 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralTo Do

Optical tests

  • Cleaning
  • Power Budget
  • FSR measurement
  • TMS measurement
  • TMS measurement (with DC voltage on PZTs)
  • PZT DC response
  • PZT AC response
  • QPD alignment
  • DCPD alignment

Backscattering test

Cabling / Wiring

  • Attaching cable/mass platforms
  • PZT cabling
  • DCPD cabling (to be done at LHO)
  • QPD cabling (to be done at LHO)

Vibration test


First Contact

Packing / Shipping

  205   Thu Jul 10 23:22:28 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationI1OMC QPD

QPD#              QPD1       QPD2
Housing#          #006       #007
Diode#            #50        #51
Shim              1.25mm 03  1.25mm 02   (1.25mm = D1201467-10)

Power Incident    123.1-13.0 uW  124.5-8.0 uW
Sum Out            77.0 mV   82.5 mV
Vertical Out      -24.0 mV  - 8.8 mV
Horizontal Out      4.2 mV    9.0 mV
SEG1              -11.6 mV  -16.0 mV
SEG2              -12.6 mV  -18.0 mV
SEG3              -25.2 mV  -24.4 mV
SEG4              -21.4 mV  -21.4 mV
Spot position X   -21   um  -19   um  (positive = more power on SEG1 and SEG4)
Spot position Y   +102  um  +47   um  (positive = more power on SEG3 and SEG4)

Responsivity[A/W] 0.70      0.71
Q.E.              0.82      0.83

Arrangement of the segments
View from the beam
/ 2 | 1 X
\ 3 | 4 /


I(w,x,y) = Exp[-2 (x^2 + y^2)/w^2]/(Pi w^2/2)

(SEG_A+SEG_B-SEG_C-SEG_D)/(SEG_A+SEG_B+SEG_C+SEG_D) = Erf[sqrt(2) d/w]

d: distance of the spot from the center
w: beam width

  206   Fri Jul 11 00:06:33 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationI1OMC PD

DCPD#             DCPD1      DCPD2
Housing#          #009       #010
Diode#            #07        #10
Shim              1.00mm 01  1.00mm 02   (1.00mm = D1201467-09)

Power Incident     11.1 mW   10.6 mW
Vout                7.65 V    7.33 V

Responsivity[A/W]   0.69      0.69
Q.E.                0.80      0.81
photo              2nd        1st


PD alignment confirmation

  207   Sun Jul 13 17:46:28 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationOMC backscatter measurement

Backscattering reflectivity of the 3rdOMC was measured.

Attached: Measurement setup

1) A CVI 45P 50:50 BS was inserted in the input beam path. This BS was tilted from the nominal 45 deg so that the reflection of the input beam is properly dumped.
This yielded the reflectivity of the BS deviated from 45deg. The measured BS reflectivity is 55%+/-1%.

2) The backward propagating beam was reflected by this BS. The reflected beam power was measured with a powermeter.

3) The powermeter was aligned with the beam retroreflected from the REFL PDH and the iris in the input path. The iris was removed during the measurement
as it causes a significant scatter during the measurement.

4) While the cavity was either locked or unlocked, no visible spot was found at the powermeter side.

The input power to the OMC was 14.6mW. The detected power on the powermeter was 66.0+/-0.2nW and 73.4+/-0.3nW with the cavity locked and unlocked, respectively.
This number is obtained after subtraction of the dark offset of 5.4nW.

Considering the reflectivity of the BS (55+/-1%) , the upper limit of the OMC reflectivity (in power) is 8.18+/-0.08ppm and 9.09+/-0.09ppm for the OMC locked and unlocked respectively. Note that this suggests that the REFL path has worse scattering than the OMC cavity but it is not a enough information to separate each contribution to the total amount.

Impact on the OMC transmission RIN in aLIGO:

- The obtained reflectivity (in power) was 8ppm.
- For now, let's suppose all of this detected beam power has the correct mode for the IFO.
- If the isolation of the output faraday as 30dB is considered, R=8e-9 in power reaches the IFO.
- The IFO is rather low loss when it is seen as a high reflector from the AS port.
- Thus this is the amount of the light power which couples to the main carrier beam.

When the phase of the backscattered electric field varies, PM and AM are produced. Here the AM cause
the noise in DC readout. Particularly, this recombination phase is changing more than 2 pi, the fringing
between the main carrier and the backscattered field causes the AM with RIN of 2 Sqrt(R).

Therefore, RIN ~ 2e-4 is expected from the above of backscattering.

Now I'm looking for some measurement to be compared to with this number.

First, I'm looking at the alog by Zach: https://alog.ligo-la.caltech.edu/aLOG/index.php?callRep=8674

I'm not sure how this measurement can be converted into RIN. Well, let's try. Zach told me that the measured value is already normalized to RIN.
He told me that the modulation was applied at around 0.1Hz. The maximum fringe velocity was 150Hz from the plot.
At 100Hz, let's say, the RIN is 2e-6 /rtHz. The fringe speed at 100Hz is ~70Hz/sec. Therefore the measurement stays in the 100Hz freq bin
only for delta_f/70 = 0.375/70 = 5.3e-3 second. This reduces the power in the bin by sqrt(5.3e-3) = 0.073.

2e-6 = 2 sqrt(R) *0.73 ==> R = 2e-10

This number is for the combined reflectivity of the OMC and the OMC path. Assuming 30dB isolation of the output Faraday
and 20% transmission of SRM, the OMC reflectivity was 5e-6. This is in fact similar number to the measured value.

If I look at the OMC design document (T1000276, P.4), it mentions the calculated OMC reflection by Peter and the eLIGO measurement by Valera.
They suggests the power reflectivity of the order of 1e-8 or 1e-7 in the worst case. This should be compared to 8ppm.
So it seems that my measurement is way too high to say anything useful. Or in the worst case it creates a disastrous backscattering noise.

So, how can I make the measurement improved by factor of 100 (in power)

- Confirm if the scattering is coming from the OMC or something else. Place a good beam dump right before the OMC?

- Should I put an aperture right before the power meter to lmit the diffused (ambient) scatter coming into the detector?
  For the same purpose, should I cover the input optics with an Al foil?

- Is the powermeter not suitable for this purpose? Should I use a PD and a chopper in front of the OMC?
  It is quite tight in terms of the space though.

- Any other possibility?

  208   Tue Jul 15 03:00:42 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationOMC backscatter measurement

Presence of the misaligned SRM (T=20%) was forgotten in the previous entry.
This effectively reduces the OMC reflectivity by factor of 25.

This is now reflected in the original entry. Also the argument about the power spectram density was modified.


First, I'm looking at the alog by Zach: https://alog.ligo-la.caltech.edu/aLOG/index.php?callRep=8674

I'm not sure how this measurement can be converted into RIN. Well, let's try. Assuming his measurement is done with the single bounce beam from an ITM,
and assuming this plot is already normalized for RIN, we may need to multiply the number on the plot by factor of two or so. Then it's about factor of 5 lower RIN
than the expected RIN. And in terms of R, it is 25 times lower.


  209   Tue Jul 15 03:34:16 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationOMC backscatter measurement

Backscatter measurement ~ 2nd round


- The backscatter reflectivity of the 3rd OMC is 0.71 ppm

- From the spacial power distribution, it is likely that this is not the upper limit but the actual specular spot from the OMC,
propagating back through the input path.


- The power meter was heavily baffled with anodized Al plates and Al foils. This reduced many spourious contributions from the REFL path and the input beam path.
  Basically, the power meter should not see any high power path.

- The beam dump for the forward going beam, the beamsplitter, and the mirrors on the periscope were cleaned.

- The power meter is now farther back from the BS to reduce the exposed solid angle to the diffused light

- The REFL path was rebuilt so that the solid angle of the PD was reduced.


Backscattering measurement

- Pin = 12.3 +/- 0.001 [mW]

- RBS = 0.549 +/- 0.005

- Pback = 4.8 +/- 0.05 [nW] (OMC locked)       ==> ROMC(LOCKED) = 0.71 +/- 0.01 [ppm]

- Pback = 3.9 +/- 0.05 [nW] (OMC unlocked)   ==> ROMC(UNLOCKED) = 0.57 +/- 0.01 [ppm]

Note that the aperture size of Iris(B) was ~5.5mm in diameter. 

V-dump test

- Additional beam dump (CLASS A) was brought from the 40m. This allowed us to use the beam dump before and after the periscope.

- When the beam dump was placed after the periscope: P = 0.9+/-0.05nW

- When the beam dump was placed before the periscope: P=1.0+/-0.1nW

===> This basically suggests that the periscope mirrors have no contribution to the reflected power.

- When the beam dump was placed in the REFL path: P=2.1+/-0.1nW

Trial to find backward circulating beam at the output coupler

The same amount of backreflection beam can be found not only at the input side of the OMC but also transmission side.
However, this beam is expected to be blocked by the beamsplitter. It was tried to insert a sensor card between the output coupler
and the transmission BS, but nothing was found.

In order to see if the detected power is diffused light or not, the dependence of the detected light power on the aperture size was measured.
Note that the dark offset was nulled during the measurement.

aperture   detected
diameter   power

[mm]       [nW]
 1.0        1.1

 2.5        2.6
 4.25       4.0
 5.5        4.6
 8.0        5.3
 9.0        6.1
11.0        6.3
15.0        7.0

We can convert these numbers to calculate the power density in the each ring. 
(Differentiate the detected power and aperture area. Calculate the power density in each ring section, and plot them as a function of the aperture radius)

This means that the detected power is concentrated at the central area of the aperture.
(Note that the vertical axis is logarithmic)

If the detected power is coming from a diffused beam, the power density should be uniform.
Therefore this result strongly suggests that the detected power is not a diffused beam but
a reflected beam from the OMC.

According to this result, the aperture size of 2.6mm in raduis (5.5mm in diameter) was determined for the final reflected power measurement.

  210   Thu Jul 17 02:19:20 2014 KojiMechanicsCharacterizationI1OMC vibration test


- The breadboard has a resonance at 1.2kHz. The resonant freq may be chagned depending on the additional mass and the boundary condition.

- There is no forest of resonances at around 1kHz. A couple of resonances It mainly starts at 5kHz.

- The PZT mirrors (CM1/CM2) have the resonance at 10kHz as I saw in the past PZT test.


- Zach's LLO OMC characterization revealed that the OMC length signals have forest of spikes at 400-500Hz and 1kHz regions.

- He tried to excite these peaks assuming they were coming from mechanical systems. It was hard to excite with the OMC PZT,
but actuating the OMCS slightly excited them. (This entry)

Because the OMC length control loop can't suppress these peaks due to their high frequency and high amplitude, they limit
the OMC residual RMS motion. This may cause the coupling of the OMC length noise into the intensity of the transmitted light.
We want to eventually suppress or eliminate these peaks.

By this vibration test we want to:

- confirm whether the peaks are coming from the OMC or not.
- identify what is causing the peaks if they are originated from the OMC
- correct experimental data for comparison with FEA


- Place a NOLIAC PZT on the object to be excited.
- Look at the actuation signal for the OMC locking to find the excited peaks.



- This configuration excited the modes between 800-1.2kHz most (red curve). As well as the others, the structures above 5kHz are also excited.

- The mode at 1.2kHz was suspected to be the bending mode of the breadboard. To confirm it, metal blocks (QPD housing and a 4" pedestal rod)
  were added on the breadboard to change the load. This actually moved (or damped) the mode (red curve).

- Note that the four corners of the breadboard were held with a PEEK pieces on the transport fixture.
  In addition, the installed OMC has additional counter balance mass on it.
  This means that the actual resonant frequency can be different from the one seen in this experiment. This should be confirmed with an FEA model.
  The breadboard should also exhibit higher Q on the OMCS due to its cleaner boundary condition. 




- Vibration on the DCPDs and QPDs mainly excited the modes above 3kHz. The resonances between 3 to 5kHz are observed in addition to the ubiquitous peaks above 5kHz.
  So are these coming from the housing? This also can be confirmed with an FEA model.

- Some excitation of the breadboard mode at 1.2kHz is also seen.



CM1/CM2 (PZT mirrors)

- It is very obvious that there is a resonance at 10kHz. This was also seen in the past PZT test. This can be concluded that the serial resonance of the PZT and the curved mirror.
- There is another unknown mode at around 5~6kHz.

- Some excitation of the breadboard mode at 1.2kHz is also seen.


FM1/FM2 and Peripheral prism mirrors (BSs and SMs)

- They are all prism mirrors with the same bonding method.

- The excitation is concentrated above 5kHz. Small excitation of the breadboard mode at 1.2kHz is also seen. Some bump ~1.4kHz is also seen in some cases.

I1OMC_vibration_test_FM.png I1OMC_vibration_test_Prism.png

Beam dumps

- The excitation is quite similar to the case of the peripheral mirrors. Some bump at 1.3kHz.


Other tapping test of the non-OMC object on the table

- Transport fixture: long side 700Hz, short side 3k. This 3K is often seen in the above PZT excitation

- Fiber coupler: 200Hz and 350Hz.

- The beam splitter for the back scattering test: 900Hz

  211   Sun Jul 20 17:19:50 2014 KojiMechanicsCharacterizationI1OMC vibration test ~ 2nd round

Improved vibration measurement of the OMC


- Added some vibration isolation. Four 1/2" rubber legs were added between the OMC bread board and the transport fixture (via Al foils).
  In order to keep the beam height same, 1/2" pedestal legs were removed.

- The HEPA filter at the OMC side was stopped to reduce the excitation of the breadboard. It was confirmed that the particle level for 0.3um
  was still zero only with the other HEPA filter.


- Same measurement method as the previous entry was used.



- In this new setup, we could expect that the resonant frequency of the body modes were close to the free resonances, and thus the Q is higher.
  Noise is much more reduced and it is clear that the resonance seen 1.1kHz is definitely associated with the body mode of the breadboard (red curve).

  As a confirmation, some metal objects were placed on the breadboard as tried before. This indeed reduced the resonant frequency (blue curve).



- Vibration on the DCPDs and QPDs mainly excited the modes above 2~3kHz.
  In order to check if they are coming from the housing, we should run FEA models.

- Some excitation of the breadboard mode at 1.1kHz was also seen.


CM1/CM2 (PZT mirrors)

- Baseically excitation was dominated by the PZT mode at 10kHz. Some spourious resonances are seen at 4~5kHz but I believe this is associated with the weight placed on the excitation PZT.


FM1/FM2 and peripheral prism mirrors (BSs and SMs)

- The modes of the FMs are seen ~8k or 12kHz. I believe they are lowered by the weight for the measurement. In any case, the mode frequency is quite high compared to our frequency region of interest.

- As the prism resonance is quite high, the excitation is directly transmitted to the breadboard. Therefore the excitation of the non-cavity caused similar effect to the excitation on the breadboard.
  In fact what we can see from the plot is excitation of the 1.1kHz body mode and many high frequency resonances.


Beam dumps

- This is also similar to the case of the peripheral mirrors.


  212   Sun Jul 20 17:20:39 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralThe 3rd (LIO) OMC was shipped out to LHO

The 3rd (LIO) OMC was shipped out to LHO on Friday (Jul 18) Morning.


- All of the on-breadboard cables should be attached and tied down.

- Peel First Contact paint and pack the OMC for storage.


  213   Mon Jul 21 01:02:43 2014 KojiMechanicsCharacterizationSome structual mode analysis


Fundamental: 12.3kHz Secondary: 16.9kHz

PRISM_12_3kHz.png PRISM_16_9kHz.png


Fundamental: 2.9kHz Secondary: 4.1kHz

DCPD_2_9kHz.png DCPD_4_1kHz.png


Fundamental: 5.6kHz Secondary: 8.2kHz

QPD_6_0kHz.png QPD_8_2kHz.png

  214   Thu Jul 31 15:07:53 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralItem lending

Tara: Laser Safety goggle -> Returned

HP signal generator (990MHz) (prev. setting 32.7MHz / +3dBm)
Black glass beam dump


LB1005 Oct 24.

  215   Mon Aug 4 18:59:50 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralA memorandom

On breadboarfd cabling for 3IFO OMC

D1300371 - S1301806
D1300372 - S1301808
D1300374 - S1301813
D1300375 - S1301815

  216   Tue Aug 5 13:03:25 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralMissing cable components

DCPD Connector Face: Qty2 https://dcc.ligo.org/LIGO-D1201276
QPD Connector Face: Qty2 https://dcc.ligo.org/LIGO-D1201282

PD faster: 92210A07 Qty 4: MCMASTER #2-56 x .25 FHCS

Spare DCPD

  217   Wed Aug 27 23:13:13 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationCollection of the power budgetting info

L1 OMC Cavity power budget

H1 OMC Cavity power budget

3IFO OMC Cavity power budget

  218   Tue Sep 9 20:59:19 2014 KojiMechanicsCharacterizationStructural mode analysis for the PZT mirror

Structural analysis of the PZT mirror with COMSOL.

Inline figures: Eigenmodes which involves large motion of the tombstone. In deed 10kHz mode is not the resonance of the PZT-mirror joint, but the resonance of the tombstone.

Attached PDF: Simulated transfer function of the PZT actuation. In order to simulate the PZT motion, boundary loads on the two sides of the PZT were applied with opposite signs.
10kHz peak appears as the resonance of the tombstone dominates the mirror motion. At 12kHz, the PZT extension and the backaction of the tombstone cancells each other and
the net displacement of the mirror becomes zero.

PZT_10.0kHz.png PZT_14.6kHz.png PZT_18.0kHz.png

PZT_22.5kHz.png PZT_29.7kHz.png

  219   Sat Jan 17 11:40:04 2015 KojiGeneralGeneral3rd OMC completed

Jan 15, 2015 3rd OMC completed

The face caps of the DCPD/QPD cables were installed (Helicoils inserted)
PD7&10 swapped with PD11(for DCPD T) and PD12(DCPD R).
Firct Contact coating removed

Note on the 3rd OMC

Before the 3rdOMC is actually used,

- First Contact should be applied again for preventing contamination during the installation

- DCPD glass windows should be removed

  220   Fri Jan 30 19:31:08 2015 KojiGeneralGeneralItem lending



HP signal generator (990MHz) (prev. setting 32.7MHz / +3dBm)Returned March 23, 2016
Black glass beam dump


LB1005 Oct 24. This unit is permanently gone to Cryo lab. Acquired a new unit. Aug, 2016.


Tara: Laser Safety goggle -> Returned

HP signal generator (990MHz) (prev. setting 32.7MHz / +3dBm)
Black glass beam dump


LB1005 Oct 24.


  221   Tue Feb 3 18:23:49 2015 KojiGeneralGeneralItem lending

- The laser was removed and shipped to LHO today.

- UV illuminator / fused silica fiber light guide / UV power meter / UV face shield (Qty 2) will be shipped to MIT.
They are CIT properties except for the illuminator.




HP signal generator (990MHz) (prev. setting 32.7MHz / +3dBm)
Black glass beam dump


LB1005 Oct 24.


Tara: Laser Safety goggle -> Returned

HP signal generator (990MHz) (prev. setting 32.7MHz / +3dBm)
Black glass beam dump


LB1005 Oct 24.



  222   Wed Feb 4 20:07:24 2015 KojiGeneralGeneralItem lending

Shipment to MIT (L. Barsotti, J. Miller)

1. UV Illuminator (LESCO Super Spot MK III)

2. UV Power meter (American Ultraviolet AIB1001) Caltech property C30140

3. UV protection face shield (VWR UVC-803) Qty.2 Caltech property C30141/C30142

4. UV Fiber Optic Light Guide (American Ultraviolet OLB1081) C30143

All returned: Aug 30, 2016

ELOG V3.1.3-