Horiz Wedge 0.497 +/- 0.004 deg
Vert Wedge 0.024 +/- 0.004 deg
Horiz Wedge 0.549 +/- 0.004 deg
Vert Wedge 0.051 +/- 0.004 deg
Horiz Wedge 0.463 +/- 0.004 deg
Vert Wedge 0.009 +/- 0.004 deg
Horiz Wedge 0.471 +/- 0.004 deg
Vert Wedge 0.019 +/- 0.004 deg
Horiz Wedge 0.458 +/- 0.004 deg
Vert Wedge 0.006 +/- 0.004 deg
- While we were working on the optics alignment, one of the mounting brackets made of glass god tore apart into two when a holding screw was removed.
The glass component had a crack at the very middle of the part.
- We borrowed a setup for photoelastisity measurement from Garilynn. This is a set of polarizer configured to have cross polarization. If there is no photoerastisity
the image is colored in blue (somehow). When the polarization is rotated, the color is changed in red, yellow, or white.
- The cross polarizer was tested with a polycarbonate face shield for the UV protection. It seems doing its job.
- We took a set of photos to see any residual stress in a block. The entire inside of the channel is frosted glass so the technique didn't yield much.
In one orientation we did see stress near the ends but the orientation didn't allow us to see exactly where.
- We had 30 brackets and one OMC requires ten of them. This means that there was no spare and now we don't have enough.
So we decided to spend more as test pieces.
- We tested three scenarios this afternoon. In all three cases both screws were snugged (estimate 0.5 in*lb) before torquing by a torque wrench with a dial meter.
The divisions on the dial of the wrench are 1 in*lb. We were not so confident in the exact measurement but we felt good about the repeatability of the values.
1. Duplicated the original mounting with the chamfers of the PEEK bar facing into the channel. Cracked as the torque wrench read 1 in*lb.
Crack initiation at the first screw, starting along the longitudinal centerline.
2. Turned the nut bar over so the flat side faced into the channel. Successfully torqued both screws to 1 in*lb and removed them.
3. With a razor blade, made fairly large reliefs (countersinks) around the holes in the PEEK. Successfully torqued both screws first to 1 in*lb then 1.5 in*lb.
The block did crack (again at the screw along the centerline) when the torque was ~1.9 in*lb.
It occurs to us that we need micro-compliance AND structural rigidity to distribute the load. The PEEK bars are small and particularly thin where the #4-40 helicoil holes are.
The load is probably concentrated way too much at the holes because it is too weak. Perhaps a good solution, among others, would be to use an aluminum nut plate
with a thin (.02") kapton or viton layer to give the micro-compliance. Additionally, a kapton layer could be used between the block and the aluminum shim,
though this one is probably to be avoided so as to ensure rigidity of the bolted assembly to the bench. Lastly, the nut bar should be shaped such that the area
around the holes and the end of the channel (pretty much the same area) are less stressed than the center portion.
After the discussion with Peter and Dennis, we decided to reinforce the bonded glass piece with invar shims.
Each shim will be threaded such that we don't need to stress the glass piece any more. EP30-2 will be used as the glue.
[Koji / Jeff]
This is the elog about the work on May 9th.
We made two glass brackets glue on the junk 2" mirrors with the UV glue a while ago when we used the UV bonding last time.
On May 7th:
We applied EP30-2 to the glass brackets and glued invar shims on them. These test pieces were left untouched for the night
and brought to Bob for heat curing at 94degC for two hours.
On May 9th:
We received the test pieces from Bob.
First, a DCPD mount was attached on one of the test pieces. The fasteners were screwed at the torque of 4 inch lb.
It looked very sturdy and Jeff applied lateral force to break it. It got broken at once side of the bracket.
We also attached the DCPD mount to the other piece. This time we heard cracking sound at 2 inch lb.
We found that the bracket got cracked at around the holes. As the glass is not directly stressed by the screws
we don't understand the mechanism of the failure.
After talking to PeterF and Dennis, we decided to continue to follow the original plan: glue the invar shims to the brackets.
We need to limit the fastening torque to 2 inch lb.
I've cleared the small optical table and wondered how to move it out of the room. Fortunately, the north side of the big table had wide enough clearance and let the 36" wide table go through. This was easy without moving other heavy stuff.
From here to the door, a bit of work is required. A possibility is to roll the laser blocking wall to the south side of the big table. This will require moving the shelving in the entrance area but it's not a lot of work compared to disassembling a part of the wall.
If this does not work somehow, we will consider removing the last panel of the wall and it will definitely allow the table to get out from the door.
[Koji,Philip, Liyuan, Joe]
We moved the curved mirrors to these positions:
inner = 0.807mm
outer = 0.983 mm
inner = 0.92 mm
outer = 0.85 mm
To do this so that realignment was easier, we moved the screws in steps of 5um. We alternated which mirror we adjusted so that we could monitor with a wincam how well aligned the beam into the cavity was. We only moved the cavity mirrors a small amount so we could still see higher order mode flashes transmitted through the cavity (e.g.TM03 modes). We would then improve the input alignment, and then move the cavity mirrors some more. Once the mirrors were adjusted according to http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/OMC_Lab/190422_195450/misalignment4.pdf the spot positions looked near the middle of the curved mirrors (using a beam card). We began beam walking but we ran out of range of the bottom periscope screws in the yaw dof. We tried using the third screw to move the mirrror in both yaw and pitch, hopefully this will let move the mirror such that we can use the just the yaw screw. This screw also ran out of range, so we decided that the cavity needed a small adjustment.
The curved mirrors were moved slightly (>5um) and then we tried to get alignment. By using the fibre coupler translation stage, we move the beam side ways slightly, and then tried to get the periscope mirrors back to a position where the screws could move the mirrors. Once we had an ok alignment, we checked the beam. It looked like it was pretty close to the centre of the curved mirrors, which is where we wanted it to be.
We then tried locking the cavity, although the error signal was quite small. The adjusted the input offset and gain of the servo (there is apparently some problem to do with the input and output offsets). Once the cavity was locked we could make the final adjustments to aligning. We still ran out of range on the periscope. We decided to move the breadboard with the fibre coupler and mode matching lenses on it. Because we knew that the cavity was aligned such that the beam hits the centres of the curved mirrors, we could regain flashes quite quickly. We saw the error signal go down, but eventually this decrease was just to do with the beam clipping on the periscope mirrors. We moved the spot back to where we ok aligned, and slid the periscope so we were not clipping the mirror. This worked very well, and then optimised the alignment.
We then tried to improve the mode matching.
We took photos of the spot positions (quite near the center) and made the detuned locking measurement. The fitting of the data (attachment 1) wsa 1.1318m (what error should we put here?).
I think the order we did things in was:
Preparation for ionized N2 blow
- 99.9998% N2 cylinder delivered (ALPHAGAZ 2 grade by AIR LIQUIDE) ALPHAGAZ 2 [PDF]
- Filter and Arcing module already in the lab
- A brass regulator to be installed (Done - March 24)
- 50 ft air line already in the lab / needs to be wiped/rinsed (Done - March 24)
- Air line and filter installed (Done - March 24)
[Rich, Dean, Koji]
Stuffed all inductors for the new LLO EOM. As the impedances were sensitive to the positions of the inductors in the housing, they were glued with a glue gun.
Also the lid of the housing significantly change the stray capacitance and lowers the resonant frequency (meaning lowers the Q too), we decided to tune the matching circuit without the lid.
The attached plots show the measured impedances. They all look well tuned and matched. We will prepare and perform the optical measurement at the 40m.
Loan from ATF:
2 blue banana cables returned on Jun 4, 2013
BNC cable returned on Mar 21, 2013
TENMA triple power supply returned on July 17, 2015
4x GPIB cables returned on Mar 21, 2013
From EE shop:
red banana cables returned on Jun 4, 2013
Attached please see my notes summarizing the models for the electrodes and inductors within the 3rd IFO EOM
LLO has one empty OMC transportation fixture.
LHO has one empty OMC transportation fixture.
LHO has one OMC transportation fixture with 3IFO OMC in it.
LHO has the Pelican trunk for the OMC transportation. Last time it was in the lab next to the optics lab.
- D1300052-V3 SN001 is going to be used (Attachment 1)
- This is the PEEK version of the cable bracket (Attachment 2). The side thread holes have no Helicoils inserted. This needs to be done!
Connector arrangement check / cable routing check
Attachment 3: Connector Arrangement from the Northside
Attachment 4: Connector Arrangement from the South side
Attachment 5: Cable routing (Northside down)
At this point, the delamination of the V shape beam dumps was visible. This is the subject of bonding reinforcement.
Now we got the C&Bed parts to continue to work on the cable bracket replacement.
1) Helicoil insertion
1/4-20 Helicoils were inserted into the 6 thread holes of D1300052. It went mostly okay. We witnessed that the Helicoil insertion tool delaminated the plating of the Helicoils upon insertion (Attachment 1). Stephen mentioned that this is not usual, but we didn't find anything further such as increased friction, more debris, etc. So we decided to go forward.
2) EP30-2 Kit
The EP30-2 kit was transferred from the 40m clean room to the OMC lab. The EP30-2 kit tracking was updated via C1900343
3) D1300052 reinstallation -> FAIL
Now resumed to the installation of D1300052 bracket. However, the hole size of the bracket is just a bit too small compared with the size of the mighty mouse connectors. It was already quite tight with the metal version. However, this PEEK version seems to have 0.1 mm further small diameter, and then the connectors do not penetrate the holes. The plan could be
1) Use a razor blade to shave the hole inner circle.
2) Use a cleaned drill bit to make the hole size 0.2mm bigger.
- The hole size extension is going forwared now.
- Madeline and Chub are cleaning (sonicating) a drill (29/64=0.4531")
- The parts in a bag were brought to the 40m C&B lab.
- The hole is going to be 11mil=0.28mm larger than the recommendation (0.442").
It's not a D-hole. The connector has a rounded-rectangular flange that fits into the PEEK parts.
So I don't think it's an issue.
- Chub has a proper spanner to fasten the nuts. We want to use it here and LLO.
The cable bracket was successfully replaced.
Checked the delamination status:
#1 The Invar bar on the cable bracket (DCPD side)
Added short (frosted) Al bars (Attachment 1) to the short sides of the invar bar. (Attachments 2/3). Some glue was sucked into the delamination gap by capillary action (=good) (Attachment 4)
#2 The Invar bar on the cable bracket (QPD side)
Added short (frosted) Al bars to the short sides of the invar bar. (Attachments 3/5). Maybe some glue was sucked into the delamination gap??? Not so clear. (Attachment 4)
#3 The Invar bar reinforced in 2016
Added a short (frosted) Al bars to a short side of the invar bar (Attachment 6). On both sides of the 2016 reinforcement, rectangular prisms are added (Attachment 6)
Some capillary action is visible beneath the invar bar (Attachment 7)
Leave it as it is for a day
Inspection of the bonding on the suspension interface side. All look good.
Inspection of the delaminations in the optics side
== Initial Preparation ==
== Measurements ==
== Repair / Preparation ==
== Shipping ==
o Power Budget after FirstContact cleaning (2022/07/20)
NPRO ADJ -50 (min)
Fiber incident --.-mW
Fiber output --.-mW
Matching to the fiber ??%
DCPD T = 8.62 +/- 0.01 mW
REFPD = 3.549 +/- 0.001 V
DCPD R = 9.46 +/- 0.01 V
REFPD = 3.562 +/- 0.001 V
CM1 = 74.5 +/- 0.1 uW
REFPD = 3.585 +/- 0.001 V
CM2 = 81.7 +/- 0.1 uW
REFPD = 3.585 +/- 0.001 V
vOFS = -6.197 +/- 0.001 mV (beam blocked)
LOCKED = 47.6 +/- 0.2 mV
REFPD = 3.596 +/- 0.003 V
UNLOCK = 2.700 +/- 0.003 V
REFPD = 3.590 +/- 0.001 V
P_Inc = 19.36 +/- 0.001 mW
REFPD = 3.594 +/- 0.001 V
- Cavity coupling 0.980 (2.0% junk&sidebands)
- Cavity R&T: R=229ppm, T=0.970 (previous T=0.946, 2.4% UP!)
- OMC Throughput (Cavity T x First BS R): T=0.963
- Cavity loss per mirror 42.8 ppm / Round Trip Loss 238ppm
o Power Budget (2022/07/18)
NPRO ADJ -50 (min)
Fiber incident 62.8mW
Fiber output 45.1mW
Matching to the fiber 72%
DCPD T = 8.90 +/- 0.01 mW
REFPD = 3.760 +/- 0.001 V
DCPD R = 8.82 +/- 0.01 V
REFPD = 3.760 +/- 0.001 V
CM1 = 81.4 +/- 0.1 uW
REFPD = 3.767 +/- 0.001 V
CM2 = 86.6 +/- 0.1 uW
REFPD = 3.767 +/- 0.001 V
OFS = -6.214 +/- 0.001 mV (beam blocked)
LOCKED = 57.5 +/- 0.5 mV
REFPD = 3.970 +/- 0.003 V
UNLOCK = 2.816 +/- 0.003 V
REFPD = 3.943 +/- 0.001 V
P_Inc = 20.04 +/- 0.01 mW
REFPD = 3.946 +/- 0.001 V
- Cavity coupling 0.989 (1.1% junk&sidebands)
- Cavity R&T: R=756ppm, T=0.946
- OMC Throughput (Cavity T x First BS R): T=0.939
- Cavity loss per mirror 90 ppm / Round Trip Loss 432ppm
The optical surfaces were coated with FirstContact to keep them clean / somewhat protected during the transportation.
The PD aperture was sealed with FirstContact "caps" (made by Kate in 2016?).
Jun 21: Alena and Koji worked on gluing of the CM1 mirror on the OMC breadboard #002. This is an irregular procedure. Usually, the PZT mirror subassembly is prepared before the mounting prism is glued on the breadboard. In this occasion, however, a PZT and a mirror are bonded on an existing prism because only the damaged mirror and still functional PZT were debonded from the mouting prism.
For this purpose, the mirror and the PZT were fixed on the mounting prism with the modified fixture set (D1600338). The original PZT was reused, and the new mirror #8 was used. The alignment of the mirror was checked OK using the cavity beam before any glue was applied. The arrow of the CM mirror is facing up.
We mixed 8g EP30-2 (it was almost like 3~4 pushes) and 0.4g glass sphere bond lining. Along with EP30-2 procedure, the bond was mixed in an Al pot and tested with 200degF (~93degC) preheated the oven for 15min. The cured bond showed perfect dryness and crispness. The bond was painted on the PZT and the PZT was placed on the fixture. Then more bond was painted on the other side of the PZT. The mirror was placed in the fixture. The spring-loaded front plate was fixed, and the breadboard was left for a day. (Attachment 1~3)
Jun 22: The fixture was removed without causing any visible delamination or void. The attachment 4~6 show how wet the joint is (before baking). There were some excess of EP30-2, which bonded the fixture and the mounting prism as usual. The fixture was detached by prying the front piece against the rear piece with a thin allen key. Some of the excess bond on the mounting prism was removed by scratching.
The alignment of the cavity was checked with the cavity beam and it is still fine.
More photos can be found here: Link to Google Photos Album "OMC #002 Repair - CM1 gluing"
Measure the power ratio between the forward-propagating and reverse-propagating beams.
- To increase the incident laser power, NPRO Current ADJ was set to be 0 (increased from -50)
- 1st: Without the baffle 0.373 +/- 0.001 uW / With the baffle 0.318 +/- 0.001 uW
- 2nd: Without the baffle 0.370 +/- 0.001 uW / With the baffle 0.318 +/- 0.001 uW
- 3rd: Without the baffle 0.370 +/- 0.001 uW / With the baffle 0.317 +/- 0.001 uW
==> 53.3 +/- 0.6 nW
- The main transmission was 84.0mW
==> Backpropagation ratio was 0.634+/-0.007 ppm
- Direct measurement of the OMC was after BS 96.6mW
==> Backpropagation power from the cavity: 61.3 +/- 0.7 nW
- Cavity transmission for the matched beam is Tcav RinputBS = 0.963
==> Incident resonant TEM00 power 100.3mW
- Reflection 61.3+/-0.7 nW x RinputBS = 60.8+/-0.7 nW
-> The effective reflectivity for the mode-matched resonant TEM00 beam incident on the OMC (1st steering mirror) is 0.606+/-0.007 ppm
More epoxy delamination check:
DCPD R (Attachment 1): Found half delaminated
DCPD T (Attachment 2): Found half delaminated
QPD1/QPD2 (Attachment 3): Looks fine
In total we need to fix bonding of three invar bases (including the one for the cable bracket)
New cable ties were installed on the cable pegs attached to the long sides of the cable bracket.
The OMC #002 is ready for shipment.
Attachment 1: Work done on Sept 19, 2022
Other attachments: Putting the OMC in the pelican case.
The AL metal bracket was replaced with a PEEK version.
Attachments 1/2: Before the replacement. The photos show how the cables are arranged.
Attachment 3: How the replacement work is going. The 1/4-20 screws were super tight. Once the connectors were removed, an Allen key was inserted to a hole so that the 1/4-20 on the short sides were removed by closing Allen key arms. For the screws on the longer sides, the same technique can be applied by using three Allen keys. This time none of the screws/cable pegs were wasted. The clothes were used to protect the breadboard from any impact of the action.
Attachments 4/5: Final state.
OMC #1 repair has been 100% done
We still have 4 correct cable pegs and many 1/4-20 BHSCs for OMC #4.
We obtained Regent grade DI water. It was poured into a smaller cup.
FC liquid was also poured into a small beaker.
Wash the mirror with a swab. We should have used a smaller swab that GariLynn has in her lab.
As soon as the mirror was wiped with the water, the FC was applied with a large brush. Don't let the water away!
Then more layer of the FC was added as usual.
The quick painting of FC made a mess around the mirrors due to excess liquid (Attachment 2). So, we decided to remove the FC remnants (on non-optic surfaces) with cotton swabs and then applied FC as usual.
This made the mess removed, however, we found the OMC loss was increased to >10%(!) (Attachment 3). We decided to continue tomorrow (Thu) with more weapons loaded consulting with GariLynn.
Another set of FC cleaning was applied to FM1/FM2/CM1/CM2 and SM2. Some FC strings are visible on SM2. So I decided to clean SM2 as well as the cavity mirrors close to SM2 (i.e. FM2 and CM2)
As a result, the bright scattering spot on CM1 is now very dim. And the loss was reduced to 4.0%. This is 0.4% better than the value before the water cleaning.
It'd be interesting to repeat the water cleaning, at least on FM1. FM1 is the closest cavity mirror to the beam dump damaged by the high-power laser pulse.
Maybe we should also clean the AR side of FM1 and BS1, as they were right next to the damaged beam dump. It is not for the loss but for reducing the scattering.
The second trial of the water scrub
A bright scatter is visible on FM1, so I tried water scrub on FM1. This time, both surfaces of FM1 and both surfaces of BS1 were cleaned.
Smaller Vectra swabs were used for the scrub. Then the water was purged by IPA splashed from a syringe. Right after that FC was applied.
This was a bit messy process as the mixture of water/IPA/FC was splattered on the breadboard.
Nevertheless, all the mess was cleaned by FC in the end.
The transmission measurements are shown in Attachment 1, and the analyzed result is shown together with the past results.
The 2nd water scrub didn't improve the transmission and it is equivalent to the one after the two times of deep cleaning.
I concluded that the water scrub didn't change the transmission much (or at all). We reached the cleaning limit.
The damaged black glass was removed from the OMC breadboard leaving the glass base.
The black glass pieces were bonded very tightly on the FS base with EP30-2. The apparent amount of the bond was not so much but it was such hard that removal by hand was not possible.
We decided to give drips of Acetone on the base hoping the gradual dissolving of EP30-2. Using a knife edge, the "filets" of the bonds were removed, but the BD was still tight.
By wedging the black glass-black glass bonding with the nife edge, the left side (the directly damaged one) was taken off from the structure leaving a tiny fragment of the glass on the base.
The remaining one was even stronger. We patiently kept dripping Acetone on the base and finally, the black glass piece was knocked off and removed from the base.
Attachment 1: The base right after the black glass removal.
Attachment 2: The black glass pieces were stored in a container with Al foil + clean cloth bed. The damaged and fogged surfaces faced up.
Attachment 3: The zoom-in shot of the black glass pieces.
Attachment 4: The base was wiped with Acetone and cleaned with FC. We will bond another BD assembly on the base, presumably using the UV epoxy.
Photo of the BS1 AR cleaning process
Attachment 1: Before cleaning. Foggy surface is visible.
Attachment 2: After FC cleaning. The structure of the deposited material is still quite visible.
Attachment 3: Acetone scrubbing. Cotton Q-tip was used so that the stick does not melt with acetone.
Attachment 4: After acetone scrubbing. Nicely clean!
Acetone scrubbing was applied to HR/AR of BS1, FM1, FM2, BS2, and HR of CM1 and CM2. (total 10 surfaces)
Then final FC paint was applied to these 10 surfaces.
We'll come back to the setup on Thu for FC peeling and loss measurement.
A beam dump was stacked on the base of the previous beam dump. The angle was determined so that the main transmission goes through while the stray OMC reflection is blocked without clipping at the edge.
The resulting alignment of the beam dump is shown in Attachment 1.
The beam dump tended to slip on the base. To prevent that a couple of weights were placed around the bonding area. (Attachment 2)
During the second UV epoxy session, we did not bond the input beam dump. This is because this beam dump was not the one planned from the beginning and if it was bonded in place, it would have created difficulties when removing the template.
First, we aligned a couple of Allen wrenches to define the location of the beam dump. We've checked that the main transmission is not blocked at all while the stray beam from the OMC reflection is properly dumped.
After the confirmation, the UV epoxy + UV alight were applied.
The resulting position of the beam dump is shown in the attachment.
The bottom side template was separated into two pieces and successfully removed from the breadboard. The template was assembled together again and bagged to store it in a cabinet.
We found that the invar block for DCPD(R) was bonded with some air gap (Attachment2 1/2).
The Allen key used as a weight was too small, which caused it to get under one of the screws used as hooks and lift the block.
We've investigated the impact of this tilt.
- Bonding strength: The bonding area is ~60% of the nominal. So this is weak, but we can reinforce the bonding with an aluminum bar.
- Misalignment of the DCPD housing: The tilt will laterally move the position of the DCPD. However, the displacement is small and it can be absorbed by the adjustment range of the DCPD housing.
- Removal: From the experience with the removal of the beam dump glass, this requires a long time of acetone soaking.
- We don't need to remove the invar block.
- Action Item: Reinforcement of the bonding
Yesterday, we noticed that we could not close the transport fixture for OMC #4. We could not fully rotate the knobs of the locks. Today, I took the hooks from the functioning locks of the spare transport fixture.
It turned out that the default dimension of the lock seemed too tight. The functioning one has the through holes elongated by a file or something. This modification will be necessary for future transport fixtures.
1. Flipping the OMC
It turned out that the transport fixture for this OMC could not be closed. The locks are too short, and the knobs could not be turned. We temporarily fastened the long 1/4-20 screws to secure the box and flipped it to make the top side face up.
2. Setting up the top-side template
The top side template was attached to the breadboard. We took care that the lock nuts on the positioning screws were not touched. The margins between the template and the glass edges were checked with a caliper. The long sides seemed very much parallel and symmetric, while the short sides were not symmetric. The lock nut on the short side was loosened, and the template was shifted to be symmetric w.r.t. the breadboard.
3. UV epoxy work
The cylindrical glass pieces were wiped, and the bonding surfaces were cleaned so that the visible fringes were <5 fringes. We confirmed the hooking side is properly facing up. The UV epoxy and UV curing were applied without any trouble. (Attachment 1)
4. EP30-2 bonding of the invar mounting blocks
Six invar blocks were bonded. This time the Allen key weights were properly arranged, so they didn't raise the blocks. The bond properly wetted the mating surfaces.
The final step of the bonding is to remove the template.
And replace the locks of the transport fixture.
We worked on the bonding of the flat mirrors for the OMC cavity with UV epoxy.
- Prepared the UV illumination setup. Cleaned up the table a bit to spare some space for the illuminator.
- Checked the output power of the illuminator. The foot pedal worked fine. The timer was set to be 10s. The UV output from the fiber was nominally 6W. This is after some warming up for ~1min. (Checked the output power continuously with the UV power meter.)
- Checked the cavity alignment / FSR / TMS - it looked good at this moment
- We confirmed that the UV epoxy has an expiration of July 3, 2023. The bond capsule was brought from Downs right before the work started, and thawed at the lab.
- The bottom of FM1 and the breadboard were cleaned. Cleaning with lens cleaning paper + IPA remained a few specks of dust on the surface. We decided to use Vectra swabs to wipe the breadboard surface. This worked pretty well.
- Applied a tap of UV epoxy to FM1 and placed it on the template. The optic was constrained by a retainer clip.
- We found that the spot positions were significantly moved. Probably FM1 was not well touching the template before. We tried to recover the previous optical axis by aligning CM1 and CM2.
- Here is the tip: align the beam on CM1 at the desired spot. Move CM1 to bring the spot on CM2 to the desired spot. CM2 is aligned to have TEM00 as much as possible.
- We recovered reasonable spots on the mirrors. Measured the FSR and TMS (vertical and horizontal) to be 264.73MHz, 58.18MHz, and 58.37MHz, respectively. This makes the 9th-order modes well separated from TEM00. Very good.
- Gave UV illumination 10s x 2. Confirmed that the mirror is rigidly bonded.
- Continued to bond the other flat mirror. The same process was repeated.
- The bottom of FM2 and the breadboard were cleaned.
- Applied a tap of UV epoxy to FM2 and placed it on the template. The optic was constrained by a retainer clip.
- Measured the FSR and TMS (vertical and horizontal) to be 264.7925MHz, 58.15MHz, and 58.3725MHz, respectively. This makes the 9th-order modes well separated from TEM00. Very good.
- Continued to bond some less important mirrors.
- SM1 was placed on the template with the same step as above. BS2 (for QPD) and a dummy QPD housing were also placed just to check if the optical axis has any inconsistency. The good beam alignment on the QPD housing was confirmed.
- Applied a bond to SM1 and blasted the UV (20s)
- Applied a bond to BS2. Checked the alignment on QPD1 again. It looked good. UV illumination was applied.
- Placed BS3 to the cavity transmission. A dummy DCPD housing was placed at the reflection side of BS3. There was no inconsistency with the beam alignment.
- The UV illumination was applied (20s).
CM1: PZT ASSY #8 (M7+PZT11+C11)
CM2: PZT ASSY #11 (M14+PZT13+C13)
We continued to bond two CM mirrors and the other two steering mirrors for QPD2.
Before the bonding work, the FSR and TMSs were checked again.
FSR: 264.7925 MHz
TMS_V: 58.15125 MHz
TMS_H: 58.33375 MHz
Checked the transmission: The OMC loss was 4.3 +/- 0.2 %.
This does not make the HOMs coincidently resonant until the 18th-order (+9MHz). Looks good.
- Applied the bond to CM1 and the UV illuminated.
- Applied the bond to CM2 and the UV illuminated.
==> The cavity bonding is completed.
Removed the micrometer for CM2 to allow us to bond SM2/SM3
- Checked the spot at QPD2: The spot was a couple of mm too left. This was too much off compared to the QPD adjustment range. ==> Decided to shim the SM3 position with a piece of Al foil.
- Otherwise everything looked good. SM2/SM3 were bonded.
Invar block bonding
- There are three tubes of EP30-2 that expires on 2/22, 2023.
- A tube was almost empty. Used this tube to fill/purge the applicator. The 2nd tube was then attached to squeeze out 8g of glue mixture.
- 0.4g of fused silica beads were added to the glue mixture.
- Mixed the bond and a test piece was baked by the oven. (200F=95C, 5min preheat, bakeing 15min).
- The glue test piece was "dry" and crisp. Looked good.
- Applied the glue on the invar blocks. Confirmed that the bonding surfaces were made completely "wet".
- 4-40 screws were inserted to the blocks so that the blocks were pushed toward the template. See Attachments 3 and 4.
CM1: PZT ASSY #8 (M7+PZT11+C11)
CM2: PZT ASSY #11 (M14+PZT13+C13)
OMC #002 Optical tests
(Cabling / Wiring)
(Packing / Shipping)
OMC(002) repair completed
When the cable harness of OMC(004) is going to be assembled, the cable harness of OMC(002) will be replaced with the PEEK one. Otherwise, the work has been done.
Note that there are no DCPDs installed to the unit. (Each site has two in the OMC and two more as the spares)
More photos: https://photos.app.goo.gl/XdU1NPcmaXhATMXw6
The OMC is in the air bake oven now.
[Koji, Jordan, Stephen]
The beam dumps, bonded on Fri 06 Dec 2019, were placed in the newly tuned and configured small dirty ABO at the Bake Lab on Fri 13 Dec 2019.
Images are shared and references are linked below
Bonding log entry - https://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8081/OMC_Lab/386
Bake ticket - https://services.ligo-wa.caltech.edu/clean_and_bake/request/992/
OMC Beam Dump - https://dcc.ligo.org/LIGO-D1201285
The beamdumps were taken out from the oven and packed in bags.
The bottom of the V are completely "wet" for 17 BDs among 20 (Attachment 1/2).
3 BDs showed insufficient glue or delamination although there is no sign of lack of rigidity. They were separated from the others in the pack.
are there any measurements of the BRDF of these things? I'm curious how much light is backscattered into the incoming beam and how much goes out into the world.
Maybe we can take some camera images of the cleaned ones or send 1-2 samples to Josh. No urgency, just curiosity.
I saw that ANU and also some labs in India use this kind of blue/green glass for beam dumps. I don't know much about it, but I am curious about its micro-roughness and how it compares to our usual black glass. For the BRDF, I think the roughnesss matters more for the blackness than the absorption.
According to the past backscatter test of the OMC (and the black glass beamdump: not V type but triangular type on a hexagonal-mount), the upper limit of the back reflection was 0.13ppm. https://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8081/OMC_Lab/209
I don't have a BRDF measurement. We can send a few black glass pieces to Josh.
[Jeff, Zach, Lisa, Koji]
- Checked if the cavity is still resonating. => Yes.
- Checked the FSR: 264.251MHz => 1.1345m
2.5mm too long => Move each micrometer by 0.625mm backward
- FSR&TMS (I)
Aligned the cavity again and checked the FSR: 264.8485MHz => 1.13194m
TMS(V): 58.0875MHz => gamma_V = 0.219324
TMS(H): 58.1413MHz => gamma_H = 0.219526
the 9th modes of the carrier is 9.7-10.4 line width (LW) away from the carrier resonance
the 13th modes of the lower f2 sideband are 9.2-10.2 LW away
the 19th modes of the upper f2 sideband are 0.3-1.8 LW away
We found that this coincidence of the resonance can be corrected by shortening the cavity round-trip by 0.5mm
- Spot positions (I)
The spots on the curved mirrors were ~1mm too much inside (FM side). In order to translate the cavity axis,
MM2 and MM4 were pushed by θ
θ/2.575 = 1mm ==> θ = 2.6 mrad
The separation of the micrometers are ~20mm
d/20mm = 2.6mrad ==> d = 52um
1div of the micrometer corresponds to 10um => 5div = 50um
- Move the micrometers and adjusted the input steering to recover the alignment.
- In any case we were confident to adjust the FSR/TMS/spot positions only with the micrometers
- Aligned the cavity
- Glued BS1/FM1/FM2 one by one while the cavity resonance was maintained.
FM2 was slipping as the table is not leveled well and the fixture was not supporting the optic.
- FSR&TMS (II)
FSR: 264.964875MHz => 1.13144m (Exactly 0.5mm shorter!)
TMS(V): 58.0225MHz => gamma_V = 0.218982
TMS(H): 58.1225MHz => gamma_H = 0.219359
the 9th modes of the carrier is 10.3~11.7 LW away
the 13th modes of the lower f2 sideband are 7.4~9.3 LW away
the 19th modes of the upper f2 sideband are 1.5~4.4 LW away
- Spot positions (II)
- Glued CM2. The mirror was supported from the back with allen keys.
- FSR&TMS (III)
FSR: 264.9665625MHz => 1.13144m
TMS(V): 58.1275MHz => gamma_V = 0.219377
TMS(H): 58.0813MHz => gamma_H = 0.219202
the 9th modes of the carrier is 10.2~10.9 LW away
the 13th modes of the lower f2 sideband are 8.5~9.4 LW away
the 19th modes of the upper f2 sideband are 1.4~2.7 LW away
- Spot positions (III)
Looked slightly off at CM2. Pushed MM2 by 4um.
- Glued CM1.
- FSR&TMS (IV)
FSR: 264.964875MHz => 1.13144m
TMS(V): 58.06625MHz => gamma_V = 0.219145
TMS(H): 58.08625MHz => gamma_H = 0.219220
the 9th modes of the carrier is 10.8~11.1 LW away
the 13th modes of the lower f2 sideband are 8.2~8.6 LW away
the 19th modes of the upper f2 sideband are 2.6~3.2 LW away
- Spot positions (final confirmation)
- After everything was finished, more detailed measurement has been done.
- FSR&TMS (final)
FSR: 264.963MHz => 1.13145m
TMS(V): 58.0177MHz => gamma_V = 0.218966
TMS(H): 58.0857MHz => gamma_H = 0.219221
the 9th modes of the carrier is 10.8~11.7 LW away
the 13th modes of the lower f2 sideband are 7.3~8.6 LW away
the 19th modes of the upper f2 sideband are 2.6~4.5 LW away
Final values for the micrometers