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ID Date Authorup Type Category Subject
  158   Tue Aug 27 17:02:31 2013 KojiMechanicsCharacterizationSpot position measurement on the diode mounts

After the PZT test, the curved mirrors were aligned to the cavity again.

In order to check the height of the cavity beam, the test DCPD mount was assembled with 2mm shim (D1201467-3)
The spot position was checked with a CCD camera.

According to the analysis of the picture, the spot height is about 0.71mm lower than the center of the mount.

  159   Thu Aug 29 02:52:50 2013 KojiOpticsCharacterizationH1OMC Curved Mirror Alignment

Cavity parameter was measured with 50V bias on PZT1 (CM1)

- PZT combination was changed: PZT1 #21 (PZT ASSY#6) / PZT2 #25 (PZT ASSY #4)

- 19th HOMs of the USB makes accidental resonance with the nominal cavity length.
  Because of the mirror astigmatism, HOMs spreads more than the design.
  In order to avoid these modes, the cavity length had to be moved from the nominal value (1.134m).

- The clearance between the fixture and the prism was limited. This prevents to shorten the cav length.
  The cavity length was made longer about 10mm.

-----

Cavity parameter obtained from the pitch misalignment

Free Spectral Range (FSR): 261.777947 +/− 0.000299 MHz
Cavity roundtrip length: 1.145217 +/− 0.000001 m
Lock offset: 1.636183 +/− 0.238442 kHz
Transverse mode spacing (TMS): 57.581950 +/− 0.000163 MHz
TMS/FSR: 0.219965 +/− 0.000001
Cavity pole (1st order modes, avg and stddev): 353.465396 +/− 0.657630 kHz
Finesse (1st order modes, avg and stddev): 370.302940 +/− 0.688585

Carrier 9th-order HOM: -8.1 line width away
Upper Sideband 13th-order HOM: 13.3 LW away
Lower Sideband 19th-order HOM: 2.2 LW away

-----

Cavity parameter obtained from the pitch misalignment

Free Spectral Range (FSR): 261.777106 +/− 0.000226 MHz
Cavity roundtrip length: 1.145220 +/− 0.000001 m
Lock offset: 0.215937 +/− 0.183434 kHz
Transverse mode spacing (TMS): 57.875622 +/− 0.000116 MHz
TMS/FSR: 0.221087 +/− 0.000000
Cavity pole (1st order modes, avg and stddev): 356.862001 +/− 0.448102 kHz
Finesse (1st order modes, avg and stddev): 366.776766 +/− 0.460598

Carrier 9th-order HOM: -4.1 line width away
Upper Sideband 13th-order HOM: 19.1 LW away
Lower Sideband 19th-order HOM: 10.8 LW away

-----

We could avoid hitting the 19th modes of the 45MHz sidebands.

First accidental hit is the 28th order modes of the lower sideband.

Red: Carrier
Blue: Upper sideband (45MHz)
Green: Lower sideband (45MHz)

  160   Thu Aug 29 18:55:36 2013 KojiMechanicsGeneralI1 OMC top side gluing (UV)

The glass components for the I1 OMC top side were glued by the UV glue.

Breadboard SN#4
Wire bracket SN#5/6/7/8

  161   Fri Aug 30 12:14:50 2013 KojiOpticsGeneralH1 OMC Cavity length adjustment

Short conclusion:

The roundtrip cavity length for the H1 OMC was adjusted to be 1.145m
instead of 1.132m such that the 19th HOMs of the lower sideband do not get resonant together with the carrier.


Background:

The purpose of the OMC is to transmit the carrier TEM00 mode while anything else is rejected.
As the optical cavity has infinite numbers of resonant modes, what we practically do is to select
the roundtrip accumulated gouy phase so that low order higher order modes for the carrier
as well as the sidebands (including the TEM00 modes).

The nominal round trip length of the OMC is 1.132m. The curvature of the mirror is 2.575m.
The nominal ratio between the TMS and FSR is 0.218791 and 0.219385 (TMS_V/TMS_H= 0.9973)
for the vertical and horizontal modes. This split comes from the non-zero angle (~4deg) of incidence on the curved mirrors.

In reality, the TMS/FSR ratio depends on the true curvature of the mirror. More importantly, astigmatism
of the mirror changes the difference of the ratios for the vertical and horizontal modes.

The mirror astigmatism can either reduce or increase the split. between the TMSs. For example,
the L1 OMC showed the TMS/FSR ratio of (0.218822, 0.219218) for the vertical and horizontal modes.
TMS_V/TMS_H is 0.9982 which is 0.18% from the unity. This suggests, roughly to say, that 0.27% of the
astigmatism coming from the AOI of 4deg was partially compensated by the mirror astigmatism. This was lucky.

Something unlucky happened to the case for the first choice of the H1OMC curved mirrors.
TMS_V/TMS_H is 0.990 which is indeed 1% away from the unity. This actually caused some problem:
As the modes spreads too wide, the 19th modes became unavoidable. (see the picture below)

           Red - carrier, Blue - upper sideband (+45MHz), Green - lower sideband

After the replacing one of the PZT assembly with another one, 1-TMS_V/TMS_H went down to 6%.
But still the 19th mode is on resonance. In order to shift the 19th mode from the resonance, the cavity length
had to be changed more than the range of the micrometer.

Simple simulation:

Attached Mathematica file calculates expected mode structure when the curved mirror position is
moved by DL (then the total roudtrip length changes 4*DL). This tells us that the 19th mode is
moved from the resonance by giving DL=-0.003 or DL=0.0025.

It was impossible to make the cavity short enough as the gluing fixture interferes with the curved mirror.
In fact, it was also impossible to make the cavity long enough as it was. Therefore PEEK shims with
the thickness of 1.5mm was inserted.

P8284343.jpg

Result:

The FSR and TMS were measured with the longer cavity. 50V was applied to PZT1.

FSR: 261.775MHz
TMS_V: 57.575MHz
TMS_H: 57.880MHz

=> Cavity round trip length of 1.1452m
=> TMS/FSR = {0.219941, 0.221106}

The 19th modes for the lower sidebands are successfully moved from the carrier resonance.
The first accidental resonance is the lower sideband at the 28th order modes.

  162   Fri Aug 30 12:22:56 2013 KojiOpticsGeneralH1 OMC Cavity side UV gluing

H1 OMC Cavity side optics was glued on the breadboard

Curved mirror gluing

- Applied the UV glues to CM1/CM2 prisms.

- Checked the spot positions on the curved mirrors

- Apply 50V to CM1

- Measure the FSR and TMS while the cavity was locked.

FSR: 261.70925MHz
TMS_V: 57.60500MHz
TMS_H: 57.94125MHz

=> Cavity round trip length of 1.1455m
=> TMS/FSR = {0.220111, 0.221395}

First accidental resonance is the lower sideband at 28th order modes.

Carrier 9th-order HOM: 2.9~7.6 line width away
Upper Sideband 13th-order HOM: 14.1-20.7 LW away
Lower Sideband 19th-order HOM: 3.3-13.1 LW away

- As this result was satisfactory, the UV illumination was zapped. It did not change the alignment. The cavity was kept locked during the illumination.

Peripheral optics gluing

- QPD path BS/Steering Mirrors were glued
- DCPD path BS was glued

The UV glue was applied to the optics.
Then the optics were placed on the breadboard along with the fixture.

Placed the dummy QPD/DCPD mount with the alignment disks.
The horizontal positions of the spots were well with in the horizontal range of the mounts.
 The UV illumination was zapped. Checked the alignment again and no problem was found.

  163   Fri Aug 30 12:24:28 2013 KojiOpticsCharacterizationH1OMC Spot positions

Beam heights on the diodes

DCPD1: 14.459mm -> With 1.5mm shim, the beam will be 0.038mm too low.

DCPD2: 14.221mm -> With 1.25mm shim, the beam will be 0.026mm too low.

QPD1: 14.691mm -> With 1.75mm shim, the beam will be 0.056mm too low.

QPD2: 14.379mm -> With 1.5mm shim, the beam will be 0.118mm too low.

  164   Fri Aug 30 12:25:29 2013 KojiGeneralGeneralH1 OMC Invar mount gluing

The Invar Mounting Blocks were glued on the breadboard.

Serial number #1/2/5/6/7/8 -> I1 OMC cable side

Serial number #9/10/11/12 -> H1 OMC cavity side

  165   Tue Sep 3 17:03:25 2013 KojiGeneralGeneralH1 OMC gluing completed

[Koji Jeff]

H1 OMC All Gluing completed

5 Glue H1 beam dumps (UV)

4 glass wire brackets glued on the H1 topside (UV) SN: #9/10/11/12

6 Invar blocks glued on the H1 topside (EP30) SN: #13/14/15/16/18/19

  166   Wed Sep 4 22:22:54 2013 KojiGeneralGeneralH1 OMC wrapped and moved to the bake lab.

[Koji, Jeff]

We moved the H1OMC to the bake lab.

Chub set up the vacuum bake oven (Oven F) and running without the actual OMC.

We use low temperature (55degC) for the baking.

The actual OMC will be baked from tomorrow afternooon.

  167   Sat Sep 7 17:20:56 2013 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC/PD lab optical table wrapping

[Koji Jeff]

In order to prepare for the splinkler installation on the HEPA enclosure, the table with the optics was wrapped with Ameristat sheets.

  168   Fri Sep 13 15:09:20 2013 KojiGeneralGeneralSprinkler installation: done

A sprinkler head was installed on the HEPA enclosure. The head is covered with a plastic cap.

  169   Mon Oct 14 13:40:16 2013 KojiOpticsCharacterizationH1 OMC Optical testing

Since the middle of September, the optical tests of H1 OMC were took place.
Here is summary of the progress.

TEST1: FSR/FINESSE measurement before applying First Contact
TEST2: Power budget

MIrror cleaning with First Contact

TEST3: FSR/FINESSE measurement after First Contact application
TEST4: Power budget

TEST5: N/A

TEST6: HOM measurement @PZT V=0
TEST7: HOM measurement @PZT V=0-200

TEST8: DC response of the PZT
TEST9: AC response of the PZT

TEST10: PD/QPD alignment / output check

 

 

  170   Mon Oct 14 15:50:55 2013 KojiOpticsCharacterizationH1 OMC Power budget

LHO OMC power budget

Date 2013/9/17 2013/9/17 2013/10/16 2013/10/22
Condition  Before the cleaning  After the cleaning  Confirmation  Confirmation
Input Power [mW]  35.2  35.4  34.54  34.9
REFLPD dark offset [V]  -0.00763  -0.00763  -0.00772  -0.000759
REFLPD unlocked [V]  0.0749 +/- 0.0005  0.067+/- 0.0005  0.0640+/-0.0005  0.0530+/-0.0001
REFLPD locked [V]  5.49 +/- 0.01  5.55+/-0.01  5.28+/-0.01  5.26+/-0.01
         
 Transmitted Power to DCPD1 (T) [mW]  16.5  16.4  16.1  16.0
 Transmitted Power to DCPD2 (R) [mW]  15.9  16.2  15.55  15.55
 FM2 transmission [mW]  32.4  32.9+/-0.1  -  -
 CM1 transmission [mW]  0.166  0.169  0.164  0.165
 CM2 transmission [mW]  0.165  0.169  0.158  0.162
 Input BS transmission [mW]  0.234  0.218  0.230  0.227
         
 Cavity Finesse  373.114  373.114  373.114  373.114
         
 Junk Light Power (Pjunk) [mW]  0.489  0.434  0.422  0.332
 Coupled beam power (Pcouple) [mW]  34.71  34.97  34.12  34.57
 Mode Matching (Pcouple/Pin) [mW]  0.986  0.988  0.988  0.990
 Cavity reflectivity in power  0.00115  0.00119  0.00136  0.00199
 Loss per mirror [ppm]  122  124  134  167
 Cavity transmission for TEM00 carrier
 0.933  0.932  0.927  0.913

 

  171   Tue Oct 15 18:50:08 2013 KojiOpticsCharacterizationQPD alignment

1) Deburr the bottom surfaces of the QPD housings

2) Aligned the QPDs

 

QPD#              QPD1       QPD2
Housing#          #004       #008
Diode#            #44        #46
Shim              1.75mm 001 1.25mm 001

-------------------------------------
Power Incident    125.7 uW  126.4 uW
Sum Out            80.1 mV   78.9 mV
Vertical Out      + 3.4 mV    0   mV
Horizontal Out    -23.7 mV  -26   mV
SEG1              -15.6 mV  -13.2 mV
SEG2              -13.1 mV  -13.3 mV
SEG3              -29.0 mV  -26.4 mV
SEG4              -23.2 mV  -26.3 mV
-------------------------------------
Spot position X   -13   um  - 0.8 um  (positive = more power on SEG1 and SEG4)
Spot position Y   +93   um +107   um  (positive = more power on SEG3 and SEG4)
-------------------------------------

Responsivity[A/W] 0.64      0.62
Q.E.              0.74      0.73
-------------------------------------

Arrangement of the segments
View from the beam
/ 2 | 1 X
|---+---|
\ 3 | 4 /

---------------

I(w,x,y) = Exp[-2 (x^2 + y^2)/w^2]/(Pi w^2/2)

(SEG_A+SEG_B-SEG_C-SEG_D)/(SEG_A+SEG_B+SEG_C+SEG_D) = Erf[sqrt(2) d/w]

d: distance of the spot from the center
w: beam width

  172   Wed Oct 16 19:16:29 2013 KojiOpticsCharacterizationPD alignment

 

 shim 1.5mm 001/002

  173   Tue Oct 22 17:17:59 2013 KojiGeneralGeneralH1OMC cabling

[Chub, Jeff, Koji]

We worked on the wiring and routing of the cables.

- The cables for the PZT was installed first.

- Pins for the mighty mouse connector were crimped on the PZT wires

- Checked the wiring diagram (D1300589) to find the pinouts.
  Pin1 of the mighty mouse is connected to PZT2+, Pin2 to PZT2-, PIn3 to PZT1+, and Pin4 to PZT1-

- Then QPD and PD cables are fixed on the cable harness.

- The QPD/PD cables are attached on the diode housings.

During this process one of the DCPD mounts moved. The fixing screws were not torqued enough.
This means that all of the FC layers need to be removed and the DCPD housing should be aligned again.

- We continued on the cabling. The cables were routed on the top (cable) side.

- Some of the cable pegs were tightened by PEEK cable ties.

- We found that Pin1 and Pin2 of the PZT cables were not intact anymore.

- We ask Chub to work on the PZT pins tomorrow. The PD alignment will be taken tonight or tomorrow.

  174   Wed Oct 23 02:45:07 2013 KojiGeneralGeneralPD realignment

DCPD2 got misaligned during the cable installation. The PD alignment procedure have been gone through again.

Cavity locking

- Removed the FC layers for the cavity related mirrors.

- Aligned and locked the cavity.

PD alignment

- Loosen DCPD2. Checked the reflection with a IR card. Checked the spot on the PD with an IR viewer.

- Finger-tight the screws. Check the reflection with the card again. Check the pot on the PD with a CCD.

- If the spot positions are not satisfactory repeat the process.

- If the spot positions are satisfactory, take pictures of the CCD image.

- Fixing screws for all of the PDs/QPDs were tighten by the torque driver with a torque od 1.75 inch lb.

PD QE measurements

- Measure the power incident on the PDs.

- Set up the transimpedance amp to check the photo current.

- PD1 (T side) 9.10+/-0.03 V 13.02 +/- 0.01W -> QE ~80%

- PD2 (R side) 8.70+/-0.01 V 12.53 +/- 0.01W -> QE ~80%

- These are not strange values considering the presence of the glass caps.

PZT polarity check

- The connections between the PZT electrodes and the pins were checked.

- The positive side is marked by a knot on the wire.

FC painting

- The new FC bottle was brought from Downs, thanks to Margot.

 

  175   Mon Nov 4 19:43:56 2013 KojiGeneralGeneralH1OMC Packed

H1OMC PZT connector was replaced with the correct one. This was the final step for H1OMC.

Jeff and I packed the OMC and put it in the perikan case. It will be shipped tomorrow.

The other tools are also packed in the other box. Here is the list of the items

- Spare PD/QPDs (2 cages)
- Test PD/QPD cables
- Torque driver / bits
- Low noise transimpedance amp
- Kapton sheets
- First Contact kit
- 1/4-20 Screws for the balance weights
- OMC-Structure cables
- Preamp adapter plate
- Screws for the cable mounts
- Clean tools
  (scissors, tweezers, forceps, Diagonal pliers, long nose prier)
- Spare Peek cable ties
  176   Thu Nov 21 00:05:35 2013 KojiGeneralGeneralH1OMC electronics arrangement

Checked the PZT arrangement: Mighty Mouse Pin1&2 -> PZT2 (DCPD side), Mighty Mouse Pin3&4 -> PZT1 (QPD side)

DCPD response:
Illuminate DCPD1 (T) -> DCPD B responded in MEDM
Illuminate DCPD2 (R) -> DCPD A responded in MEDM

QPD response:
Illuminate QPD1 -> QPD A responded in MEDM
Illuminate QPD2 -> QPD B responded in MEDM

--------

DCPD1 (T) is marked as "A". This PD is SN"0288"

DCPD2 (R) is marked as "B". This PD is SN"0721"

Corresponding iLOG for the performance

  177   Tue Dec 10 16:41:51 2013 KojiGeneralGeneralTo Buy

Masks / Wipes => done

  178   Tue Feb 18 18:58:38 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralLHO H1 OMC installation photos

LHO OMC installation photos

  179   Fri Feb 28 19:50:11 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralMisalignment ABCD matrix for the aLIGO OMC

Relationship between mirror misalignment and cavity mode shift was calculated.
The technique described in T0900647 by Sam Waldman was used.

The angles and displacement of the mirrors and beams are defined in the attached figure.

x1 = 0.893134 α + 1.10676 β + 1.32252 γ + 1.24619 δ
𝛳1 = 0.75864 α - 0.75864 β - 0.271075 γ + 0.271075 δ

x2 = 1.10676 α + 0.893134 β + 1.24619 γ + 1.32252 δ
𝛳2 = 0.75864 α + 1.24136 β - 0.271075 γ + 0.271075 δ

x3 = 1.32252 α + 1.24619 β + 1.1691 γ + 1.39962 δ
𝛳3 = -0.271075 α + 0.271075 β + 0.818668 γ - 0.818668 δ

x4 = 1.24619 α + 1.32252 β + 1.39962 γ + 1.1691 δ
𝛳4 = -1.24136 α - 0.75864 β - 0.271075 γ + 0.271075 δ

Assuming the flat mirrors are fixed:
If I want to move the x3 mirror up by 1mm without moving x4, the solution is
γ = -0.00197 mrad
δ = +0.00236 mrad

This yields:
x1 = +0.33mm, x2=+0.66mm, x3 = +1mm, x4 = 0mm

  180   Mon Mar 3 02:46:21 2014 KojiGeneralCharacterizationSpot positions scanned

Spot positions on CM1 and CM2 scanned according to the recipes provided by the previous entry.

The best result obtained was:

Transmission from FM2: 32.7mW
Incident on BS1: 34.4mW

Reflection (Unlocked): 5.99V
Reflection (Locked): 104mV
Reflection (Dark): -7.5mV

to accomodate the spot on BS1 it had to be about a mm moved from the template.

This gives us:
- Portion of the TEM00 carrier: R = 1-(104+7.5)/(5990+7.5) = 0.981
- Raw transmission: 32.7/34.4 = 0.950
- TEM00 transmission 0.950/R = 0.969
- Excluding the transmission of BS1: 0.969/0.9926 = 0.976
  => loss per mirror ~40ppm

 

  181   Tue Mar 25 17:10:10 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationOMC spot position estimation

Spot positions were inferred from the photos

  182   Thu Apr 17 21:39:25 2014 KojiOpticsGeneralMore alignment

STORY:

- The cavity mirrors have scattering spots. The cavity alignment should have been scanned to find a cavity mode to have lowest loss possible.
  BTW, We only have horizontal dof for the alignment scan.

- After some struggle nice cavity mode was found. The cavity transmission was 96% for the ideally matched TEM00 carrier.

- It turned out that this imposed too much beam shift in the input beam (~2mm).

- This big shift induces a lot of trouble for the peripheral optics (PDs, QPDs, sterring mirrors).

- What should we do???

Analysis:

- The beam needed to go up between CM1 and CM2 to have the right spots on them. ("UP" is the input side of the OMC).

- This imposed the beam between FM1 and FM2 moved up. In other word, for the given alignment of the FMs by the template,
  We needed to hit the upper part of the FMs to have the spots on the CMs up.

Solution:

- The above argument suggets that the nominal beam will give us the right spots on the CMs if we rotate the FMs.
  Of course this induces the spot move on the FMs. But this should not be the issue as the most of the loss seems to come from the CMs.

- How much misalignment show we give to the FMs? We want to shift the beam by 2mm on the CMs.
  The length of the optical lever is ~0.25m. Therefore the mialignment angle should be

  theta = 2e-3/2/0.25 = 4e-3 rad = 4mrad.

  The template pad has ~20mm separation. The thickness of the shim should be 20mm*4mrad = 80um

- Our aluminum foil seems to have the thickness of 30-40um. We can't have this minimum thickness on the template pad as there is not enough compression pressure
  => Just use a single layer of Al piece to shim the FMs.

Attempt:

- The shims were inserted at the upper pads of the FMs.

- Aligned the input beam and the CMs so that the spots on the CMs are approximately recovered.

- Measure the cavity power budget

Pin: 34.7mW
Refl PD: offset = -7.5mV, unlock = 6.07V, inlock = 89.7mV

Ptrans = 32.5mW

Ptrans(CM2) = 0.181mW
Ptrans(CM2) = 0.184mW

Assume finesse of 400

==>

Pin: 34.7mW
Pjunk: 0.534mW
Pcoupled: 34.1mW

Mode matching: 98.5%

Cavity reflectivity in power: 0.00061
Cavity transmission in power: 0.951 (This is not a best number but acceptable.)
Loss per mirror: 75.4ppm

FM power refl/trans: 0.9923 / 7630ppm
CM1 power refl/trans: 0.999882 / 42.8ppm
CM2 power refl/trans: 0.999881 / 43.5ppm
Total roundtrip loss of the cavity (Loss + CM leakage): 388ppm

Result:

How much the input beam is away from the left wall of the OMC breadboard?

40.88mm from the template edge
  8.36mm between the template edge and the bread board
=> 32.52mm

How much should this number be? 32.94mm from the solidworks model => With in 0.5mm! Nice!

Next:

- Just in case plce all of the optics and check if the beam is delivered within the alignment range of the optics

 

  183   Mon May 12 22:43:02 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationMeasured FSR/TSM of the OMC cavity

Data analysis of the FSR/TSM measruement last week.

1. FSR was measured with "the golden arches" technique.

FSR = 263.0686 MHz +/- 900Hz

Lcav = 1.1396 m --> 7.6 mm too long! (nominal 1.132m)

2. Transverse mode spacings for the vertical and horizontal modes were measured.

TMS/FSR = 0.219366 (V) / 0.220230 (H) (Predicted value with the current cavity length 0.2196/0.2202 very close!)

We want to make this to be ~0.219 (~3% less)

With the current parameters, the 19th-order lower sideband make the coincident resonance.

  184   Wed May 14 02:15:15 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationFSR/TSM adjustment of the OMC cavity

1. FSR was adjusted and measured with "the golden arches" technique again.

FSR = 264.8412 MHz +/- 1400Hz => Lcav = 1.13197 m. (nominal 1.132m)

2. Transverse mode spacings for the vertical and horizontal modes were measured.

TMS/FSR = 0.218144 (V) / 0.219748 (H)

This is almost perfect!

The 19th-order lower sideband hit the resonance. Next step is to glue some of the flat mirrors.

  185   Fri May 16 00:13:36 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationCavity mirror gluing part 1

BS1/FM1/FM2 for I1OMC were glued.

FM1 had to be intentionally rotated.
FM1 had to be intentionally shifted to avoid scattering spot.

Pin: 36.3 / Ptrans: 33.7 = Raw transmission 92.8%
Vunlock = 6.30 / Vlock = 0.120

Mode matching (estim) 0.98
Loss per mirror 84ppm
Cavity transmission 0.947

ummm

Tomorrow:
- Transmission needs to be optimized
- Apply 50V to a PZT
- Cavity FSR/HOM should be optimized
- gluing

Put a cover
Return power meter / DC supply

  186   Sat May 17 07:40:14 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationI1OMC cavity mirrors glued

I1OMC cavity mirrors were glued.

FSR = 264.82MHz => Lcav = 1.132m (nominal 1.132m)

TMS/FSR for Vpzt1=Vpzt2=0: 0.2185 (V) and 0.2196 (H) (nominal 0.219)

 

aLIGO OMC: Power Budget 2014/5/16

<<<Measured Values>>>
Input Power: 35.7 [mW]
Transmitted Power through FM2: 33.5 [mW]
Transmitted Power through CM1: 0.188 [mW]
Transmitted Power through CM2: 0.192 [mW]
Reflection PD DC output (Unlocked): 6.2 [V]
Reflection PD DC output (Locked): 0.096 [V]
Reflection PD DC output (Dark Offset): -0.00745 [V]
Assumed cavity finesse : 400.

<<<Results>>>
Input Power: 35.7 [mW]
Uncoupled light Power (Junk light + sidebands): 0.575698 [mW]
Input TEM00 Carrier Power: 35.1243 [mW]  (Ratio: 0.983874)
Cavity reflectivity (in power): 548.319 ppm
Cavity transmission (in power): 0.953756
Loss per mirror: 70.1183 ppm
FM1 power transmission: 7640.17 ppm
FM2 power transmission: 7640.17 ppm
CM1 power transmission: 43.2093 ppm
CM2 power transmission: 44.1337 ppm

 

  187   Thu Jun 19 23:16:50 2014 KojiOpticsGeneralAll of the prisms have been glued

- All of the PRISM mirrors have been glued

- 4 out of 5 beam dumps have been glued


TODO

EP30-2 gluing of the INVAR blocks for the PDs

PDs/QPDs need to be slightly lower -> order more shims

Remove the templates

Glue the last beam dump

Vibration test?

Bring the OMC to the bake lab

Vacuum baking

Bring it back to the OMC lab

Cabling / Wiring

Optical tests

Backscattering test

Packing / Shipping

P6196525.JPG

  188   Fri Jun 20 18:59:12 2014 KojiOpticsGeneralAll of the invar blocks have been glued

All of the INVAR blocks have been glued.

I found thinner shims in the stock.

On Monday, the template will be removed.

EP30-2 7g mixed with 0.35g of 75-90um sphere


TODO

EP30-2 gluing of the INVAR blocks for the PDs

PDs/QPDs need to be slightly lower -> order more shims

Remove the templates

Glue the last beam dump

Vibration test?

Bring the OMC to the bake lab

Vacuum baking

Bring it back to the OMC lab

Cabling / Wiring

Optical tests

Backscattering test

Packing / Shipping

  189   Mon Jun 23 21:54:16 2014 KojiOpticsGeneralAll of the gluing completed

The bottom-side templates were removed.

The last beam dump was removed

TODO

ICS entry

Bring the OMC to the bake lab

Vacuum baking

Bring it back to the OMC lab

Cabling / Wiring

VIbratin test

Optical tests

Backscattering test

Packing / Shipping

 

  190   Tue Jun 24 18:43:15 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralICS entries for the OMC baking/assembly

For baking:

  • Assembly Name aLIGO Output Mode Cleaner
    Assembly Number D1201439
     
  • Part Name: Breadboard transport fixture
    Part # / Drawing #: D1201515
     

TO BE ADDED TO THE ASSEMBLY after the bake: [DONE]
803-003-07M6-4PN-598A-0-Bulk-H42Q001
D1201274-V1-00-S009: OMC DCPD Housing        (remove part)
D1201274-V1-00-S010: OMC DCPD Housing        (remove part)
D1201275-V1-00-0006: OMC DCPD FACE PLATE        (remove part)
D1201275-V1-00-0007: OMC DCPD FACE PLATE        (remove part)
D1201280-V1-00-0006: OMC QPD HOUSING        (remove part)
D1201280-V1-00-0007: OMC QPD HOUSING        (remove part)
D1201281-V1-00-0006: OMC QPD FACE PLATE        (remove part)
D1201281-V1-00-0007: OMC QPD FACE PLATE        (remove part)
D1300052-V1-00-0003: aLIGO OMC BRACKET, CABLE CONNECTOR        (remove part)
D1300057-v2-00-0021: aLIGO CABLE PEG        (remove part)
D1300057-v2-00-0022: aLIGO CABLE PEG        (remove part)
D1300057-v2-00-0023: aLIGO CABLE PEG        (remove part)
D1300057-v2-00-0024: aLIGO CABLE PEG        (remove part)
D1300057-v2-00-0025: aLIGO CABLE PEG        (remove part)
D1300057-v2-00-0026: aLIGO CABLE PEG        (remove part)
D1300057-v2-00-0027: aLIGO CABLE PEG        (remove part)
D1300057-v2-00-0028: aLIGO CABLE PEG        (remove part)
D1300057-v2-00-0029: aLIGO CABLE PEG        (remove part)
D1300057-v2-00-0030: aLIGO CABLE PEG        (remove part)
D1300060-V1-00-0005: aLIGO OMC BRACKET, MASS MOUNTING        (remove part)
D1300060-V1-00-0006: aLIGO OMC BRACKET, MASS MOUNTING        (remove part)


====================================
More entries to be added (Found in the LHO OMC entry) [DONE]
D1300371-V2-00-S1301806: ISC DCPD Cable for OMC-Breadboard Bracket to DCPD #1
D1300372-V2-00-S1301807: ISC DCPD Cable for OMC-Breadboard Bracket to DCPD #2
D1300373-V3-00-S1301810: ISC QPD Cable for OMC-Structure to Breadboard Bracket
D1300374-V2-00-S1301813: ISC QPD Cable for OMC-Breadboard Bracket to QPD #1

  191   Fri Jun 27 12:29:50 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC baking

The OMC went into the oven at around 2PM on Thursday. It will be baked at 80degC for 48 hours.
The RGA result will be obtained on Monday.

Link to the ICS entry

P6266536.jpg

  192   Fri Jun 27 18:51:33 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralSupply

PTOUCH TAPE (12mm white) x 2

9V batteries

  193   Wed Jul 2 16:41:43 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC baking

OMC is back from the oven today.

To Do:

Optical tests

  • Cleaning
  • Power Budget
  • FSR measurement
  • TMS measurement
  • TMS measurement (with DC voltage on PZTs)
  • PZT DC response
  • PZT AC response
  • QPD alignment
  • DCPD alignment
  • First Contact

Backscattering test

Cabling / Wiring

  • Attaching cable/mass platforms
  • PZT cabling
  • DCPD cabling
  • QPD cabling

Vibration test

Packing / Shipping

  194   Wed Jul 2 18:58:42 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralBeam dump delamination

While the OMC breadboard was being inspected, it was found that two out of five black-glass beam dumps showed sign of delamination.
(attached photos).

The base of the each beam dump is a fused silica disk (25mm dia.). The black glass pieces are bonded to the disk. The bond is EP30-2
epoxy without glass beads for bond lining. The disk is bonded on the fused silica bread board with Optocast UV low-viscous epoxy.
The delamination is about 70% of the bonded area. They don't seem to fall off immediately. But the glass pieces are not completely secure.
(i.e. finger touch can change the newton ring fringes) So there might be some risk of falling off during transportation.

The engineering team and I are exploring the way to secure them in-situ, including the method to apply UV epoxy with capillary action.

  195   Thu Jul 3 17:45:18 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralBeam dump delamination

Here is the resolution.

I'll apply fillets of EP30-2 along the edges of the black glass (See figure).
In order to allow the air escape from the gap, the inside of the V will not be painted.
In any case, I don't have a good access to the interior of the V.

Dennis assured that the outgassing level will be ok even if the EP30-2 is cured at the room temp if the mixture is good.
But just in case, we should run an RGA scan (after 50degC for 24hour vac bake).
I prefer to do this RGA scan right after all of the test and cabling and right before the shipment.
Dennis is checking if we can even waive the RGA scan owing to the small volume of the glue.

beamdump_delamination_solution.png

  196   Sun Jul 6 02:45:56 2014 KojiOpticsGeneralFSR Measurement

3rd OMC FSR / Finesse measurement

RF AM was injected by detuning a HWP.

  197   Sun Jul 6 02:46:20 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationOMC power budget

3rd OMC power budget (2014/7/2)

Input power: 34.8mW

REFLPD dark offset:  -7.57mV
REFLPD unlocked: 6.22 V
REFLPD locked: 110mV

Transmitted Power: 16.8mW (T) and 15.9mW (R)
CM1 transmission: 0.176mW
CM2 transmission: 0.181mW

Cavity Finesse: 399.73


Junk light: 0.64mW (out of 34.8mW)
Coupled beam: 34.16 mW (out of 34.8mW)
Mode Matching: 0.982
Cavity reflectivity: 467ppm
Loss per mirror in ppm: 63.8ppm
Cavity transmission (for TEM00 carrier): 0.957

FM1: R = 0.992277, T = 7659.46
FM2: R = 0.992277, T = 7659.46
CM1: R = 0.999895, T = 41.5461
CM2: R = 0.999893, T = 42.7309


Compare the above number with the best result obtained during the alignment trials

Input power: 34.4mW

REFLPD dark offset:  -7.5mV
REFLPD unlocked: 5.99 V
REFLPD locked: 104mV

Transmitted Power: Total 32.7mW (T+R)
CM1 transmission: 0.194mW
CM2 transmission: 0.194mW

Cavity Finesse: 400


Junk light: 0.631mW (out of 34.4mW)
Coupled beam: 33.77 mW (out of 34.4mW)
Mode Matching: 0.982
Cavity reflectivity: 255ppm
Loss per mirror in ppm: 39.7ppm
Cavity transmission (for TEM00 carrier): 0.968


  198   Sun Jul 6 03:56:40 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationHOM measurement with PZT vol swept

Cavity FSR/TMS measurement (2014/7/5) with PZT voltages swept from 0V to 200V (50V step)

  199   Sun Jul 6 08:31:14 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationHOM measurement with PZT vol swept

3rd OMC, HOM diagram at PZT1=0V and PZT2=50V.

First coincidence with the carrier is the 32nd-order carrier mode. Very good.

  200   Mon Jul 7 01:36:03 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralTo Do

Optical tests

  • Cleaning
  • Power Budget
  • FSR measurement
  • TMS measurement
  • TMS measurement (with DC voltage on PZTs)
  • PZT DC response
  • PZT AC response
  • QPD alignment
  • DCPD alignment

Backscattering test

Cabling / Wiring

  • Attaching cable/mass platforms
  • PZT cabling
  • DCPD cabling
  • QPD cabling

Vibration test

Baking

First Contact

Packing / Shipping

  201   Tue Jul 8 04:08:06 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralExpoxy reapplication for beam dumps

Firstly, the excess epoxy was removed using a cleaned razor balde

Secondly, EP30-2 epoxy was applied at the exterior edges of the beam dump.
Interior of the V were glued at two points. This is to keep the gap away from being trapped

Here is the result of the gluing. Some epoxy was sucked into the gap by capillary action.
I believe, most of the rigidity is proivded by the bonds at the edges.

  202   Tue Jul 8 18:54:54 2014 KojiMechanicsCharacterizationPZT characterization

Each PZT was swept with 0-150V 11Hz triangular wave.
Time series data for 0.2sec was recorded for each PZT.

The swept voltage at the resonances were extracted and the fringe number was counted.
Some hysteresis is seen as usual.

The upward/downward slopes are fitted by a linear line.

The average displacement is 11.3nm/V for PZT1 and 12.7nm/V.

The PZT response was measured with a FFT analyzer. The DC calibration was adjusted by the above numbers.

  203   Thu Jul 10 01:39:38 2014 KojiElectronicsGeneralPZT wire

Rich came to the OMC lab. Pins for the mighty mouse connector were crimped on the 4 PZT wires.
We found the male 4pin mighty mouse connector in the C&B area.

The cable inventory was checked with ICS/DCC combo. It turned out that most of the on-board cables
are at LHO. We decided to send the OMC there and then the cables are installed at the site.

  204   Thu Jul 10 08:34:57 2014 KojiGeneralGeneralTo Do

Optical tests

  • Cleaning
  • Power Budget
  • FSR measurement
  • TMS measurement
  • TMS measurement (with DC voltage on PZTs)
  • PZT DC response
  • PZT AC response
  • QPD alignment
  • DCPD alignment

Backscattering test

Cabling / Wiring

  • Attaching cable/mass platforms
  • PZT cabling
  • DCPD cabling (to be done at LHO)
  • QPD cabling (to be done at LHO)

Vibration test

Baking

First Contact

Packing / Shipping

  205   Thu Jul 10 23:22:28 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationI1OMC QPD

QPD#              QPD1       QPD2
Housing#          #006       #007
Diode#            #50        #51
Shim              1.25mm 03  1.25mm 02   (1.25mm = D1201467-10)

-------------------------------------
Power Incident    123.1-13.0 uW  124.5-8.0 uW
Sum Out            77.0 mV   82.5 mV
Vertical Out      -24.0 mV  - 8.8 mV
Horizontal Out      4.2 mV    9.0 mV
SEG1              -11.6 mV  -16.0 mV
SEG2              -12.6 mV  -18.0 mV
SEG3              -25.2 mV  -24.4 mV
SEG4              -21.4 mV  -21.4 mV
-------------------------------------
Spot position X   -21   um  -19   um  (positive = more power on SEG1 and SEG4)
Spot position Y   +102  um  +47   um  (positive = more power on SEG3 and SEG4)
-------------------------------------

Responsivity[A/W] 0.70      0.71
Q.E.              0.82      0.83
-------------------------------------

Arrangement of the segments
View from the beam
/ 2 | 1 X
|---+---|
\ 3 | 4 /

---------------

I(w,x,y) = Exp[-2 (x^2 + y^2)/w^2]/(Pi w^2/2)

(SEG_A+SEG_B-SEG_C-SEG_D)/(SEG_A+SEG_B+SEG_C+SEG_D) = Erf[sqrt(2) d/w]

d: distance of the spot from the center
w: beam width

  206   Fri Jul 11 00:06:33 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationI1OMC PD

DCPD#             DCPD1      DCPD2
Housing#          #009       #010
Diode#            #07        #10
Shim              1.00mm 01  1.00mm 02   (1.00mm = D1201467-09)

-------------------------------------
Power Incident     11.1 mW   10.6 mW
Vout                7.65 V    7.33 V

Responsivity[A/W]   0.69      0.69
Q.E.                0.80      0.81
-------------------------------------
photo              2nd        1st

 

PD alignment confirmation

  207   Sun Jul 13 17:46:28 2014 KojiOpticsCharacterizationOMC backscatter measurement

Backscattering reflectivity of the 3rdOMC was measured.


Attached: Measurement setup

1) A CVI 45P 50:50 BS was inserted in the input beam path. This BS was tilted from the nominal 45 deg so that the reflection of the input beam is properly dumped.
This yielded the reflectivity of the BS deviated from 45deg. The measured BS reflectivity is 55%+/-1%.

2) The backward propagating beam was reflected by this BS. The reflected beam power was measured with a powermeter.

3) The powermeter was aligned with the beam retroreflected from the REFL PDH and the iris in the input path. The iris was removed during the measurement
as it causes a significant scatter during the measurement.

4) While the cavity was either locked or unlocked, no visible spot was found at the powermeter side.


The input power to the OMC was 14.6mW. The detected power on the powermeter was 66.0+/-0.2nW and 73.4+/-0.3nW with the cavity locked and unlocked, respectively.
This number is obtained after subtraction of the dark offset of 5.4nW.

Considering the reflectivity of the BS (55+/-1%) , the upper limit of the OMC reflectivity (in power) is 8.18+/-0.08ppm and 9.09+/-0.09ppm for the OMC locked and unlocked respectively. Note that this suggests that the REFL path has worse scattering than the OMC cavity but it is not a enough information to separate each contribution to the total amount.


Impact on the OMC transmission RIN in aLIGO:

- The obtained reflectivity (in power) was 8ppm.
- For now, let's suppose all of this detected beam power has the correct mode for the IFO.
- If the isolation of the output faraday as 30dB is considered, R=8e-9 in power reaches the IFO.
- The IFO is rather low loss when it is seen as a high reflector from the AS port.
- Thus this is the amount of the light power which couples to the main carrier beam.

When the phase of the backscattered electric field varies, PM and AM are produced. Here the AM cause
the noise in DC readout. Particularly, this recombination phase is changing more than 2 pi, the fringing
between the main carrier and the backscattered field causes the AM with RIN of 2 Sqrt(R).

Therefore, RIN ~ 2e-4 is expected from the above of backscattering.


Now I'm looking for some measurement to be compared to with this number.

First, I'm looking at the alog by Zach: https://alog.ligo-la.caltech.edu/aLOG/index.php?callRep=8674

I'm not sure how this measurement can be converted into RIN. Well, let's try. Zach told me that the measured value is already normalized to RIN.
He told me that the modulation was applied at around 0.1Hz. The maximum fringe velocity was 150Hz from the plot.
At 100Hz, let's say, the RIN is 2e-6 /rtHz. The fringe speed at 100Hz is ~70Hz/sec. Therefore the measurement stays in the 100Hz freq bin
only for delta_f/70 = 0.375/70 = 5.3e-3 second. This reduces the power in the bin by sqrt(5.3e-3) = 0.073.

2e-6 = 2 sqrt(R) *0.73 ==> R = 2e-10

This number is for the combined reflectivity of the OMC and the OMC path. Assuming 30dB isolation of the output Faraday
and 20% transmission of SRM, the OMC reflectivity was 5e-6. This is in fact similar number to the measured value.

If I look at the OMC design document (T1000276, P.4), it mentions the calculated OMC reflection by Peter and the eLIGO measurement by Valera.
They suggests the power reflectivity of the order of 1e-8 or 1e-7 in the worst case. This should be compared to 8ppm.
So it seems that my measurement is way too high to say anything useful. Or in the worst case it creates a disastrous backscattering noise.


So, how can I make the measurement improved by factor of 100 (in power)

- Confirm if the scattering is coming from the OMC or something else. Place a good beam dump right before the OMC?

- Should I put an aperture right before the power meter to lmit the diffused (ambient) scatter coming into the detector?
  For the same purpose, should I cover the input optics with an Al foil?

- Is the powermeter not suitable for this purpose? Should I use a PD and a chopper in front of the OMC?
  It is quite tight in terms of the space though.

- Any other possibility?

ELOG V3.1.3-