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Entry  Tue Apr 16 23:11:43 2019, Koji, General, General, Borrowed items from the other labs 

Apr 16, 2019
Borrowed two laser goggles from the 40m. (Returned Apr 29, 2019)
Borrowed small isopropanol glass bottole from CTN.

Apr 19, 2019
Borrowed from the 40m:
- Universal camera mount
- 50mm CCD lens
- zoom CCD lens (Returned Apr 29, 2019)
- Olympus SP-570UZ (Returned Apr 29, 2019)
- Special Olympus USB Cable (Returned Apr 29, 2019)

 

Entry  Mon Apr 15 21:11:49 2019, Philip, Optics, Characterization, OMC(004): PZT testing for spare OMC 

[Koji, Philip]

Today we tested the functionality of the four remaining PZTs (11,12,13 and 22) .  Each PZT was placed within a collimated 500um beam.
Roughly half of the beam was blocked by the PZT. The PZT and a PD then acted as shadow sensor. Each PZT was tested with 0 and
150 V. The resulting power change then could be converted into a displacement of the PZT using the beam diameter.

The open light value for each of these tests was 3.25 V.

PZT 11:
0 V supply voltage     --> 1.717 V on PD
150 V supply voltage --> 1.709 V on PD
delta = 0.008 V

PZT 12:
0 V supply voltage     --> 1.716 V on PD
150 V supply voltage --> 1.709 V on PD
delta = 0.007 V

PZT 13:
0 V supply voltage     --> 1.702 V on PD
150 V supply voltage --> 1.694 V on PD
delta = 0.008 V

PZT 22:
0 V supply voltage     --> 1.770 V on PD
150 V supply voltage --> 1.762 V on PD
delta = 0.008 V

0.008 V --> 0.24% change in power on PD --> about  3.8 um displacement assuming no light which is blocked
by the PZT is hitting the PD.

 

We further started to drive all four PZTs over night with 100 V (half of their range) at 100 Hz.
We additionally display the impedance to ensure none of them degrades.

All four PZTs seem to be connected to Teflon coated wires. It needs to be checked if these
fulfill the vacuum compatibility requirements.

    Reply  Tue Apr 16 11:36:36 2019, Koji, Optics, Characterization, OMC(004): PZT testing for spare OMC 9x

Attachment 1: Shadow sensor setup for the PZT displacement test

Attachment 2: PZT endurance test. 4 PZTs were shaken at once.

Attachment 3~5: Function generator setup 100Hz, 3.5Vpp 1.75Voffset (meant be displayed for 50Ohm load)

Attachment 6: The above setting yields 7Vpp unipolar signal @Hi-Z load

Attachment 7: The output was monitored with a 1/10 probe with the PZTs connected. This shows 10Vmax 0Vin -> Good. This photo was taken at 17:35.

Attachment 8: The test is going well @9:15 next day. (t=15.7hours = 5.6Mcycles)

Attachment 9: The test went well. The modulation was stopped @15:35. (t=21hours = 7.6Mcycles)

    Reply  Tue Apr 16 21:16:11 2019, Koji, Optics, Characterization, OMC(004): PZT testing for spare OMC 

After having dug into the past email, it turned out that these wires were the ones already replaced from the original teflonwires. The length of them were confirmed to be ~19" (480mm). 

Quote:

All four PZTs seem to be connected to Teflon coated wires. It needs to be checked if these
fulfill the vacuum compatibility requirements.

 

Entry  Tue Apr 16 17:24:56 2019, Koji, Optics, Configuration, OMC(004): E Mirror selection E_Mirror_selection.pdf

We are going to use E6, E9, E11, and E14 for BS1, SM1, SM2, and SM3. They (and E18) are all very similar.

The attachment is the excerpt from T1500060 with some highlighting

Entry  Tue Apr 16 16:52:36 2019, Koji, Optics, Configuration, OMC(004): B Mirror selection B_Mirror_selection.pdf

We are going to use B6 for the DCPD BS (BS2), and B1 for the QPD BS (BS3). Their role can not be swapped.

B6 has the best loss among the available ones, while the perpendicularity is not so critical due to the short arm.

B1 has the OK perpendicularity, while the loss is also moderately good.

The attachment is the excerpt from T1500060 with some highlighting.

Entry  Tue Apr 16 16:40:26 2019, Koji, General, Configuration, OMC(004): A Mirror selection A_Mirror_selection.pdf

We are going to use A5 and A14 for FM1 and FM2. (The role of these two can be swapped)

The reason for the selection is the better perpendicularity among the available prisms.

A11 has the best perpendicularity among them. However, the T didn't match with the others. The pair of A5 and A14 has a good matching with small compromise of the perpend.

The attachment is the excerpt from T1500060.

Entry  Tue Apr 16 16:35:09 2019, Koji, Optics, Configuration, OMC(004): Glass breadboard selection BB_selection.pdf

D1200105 SN006 was selected as the breadboard for OMC(004).
The reason is the best parallelism among the 
unused ones.

The attached is the excerpt from T1500060 with the #006 highlighted.

Entry  Sun Apr 14 23:58:49 2019, Koji, General, General, OMC(004): PZT sub-assembly post air-bake inspection 

[Koji Stephen]

(Friday afternoon) We retrieved the PZT sub-assemblies to the clean room.

We started removing the ASSYs from the fixtures. We noticed that some part of the glass and PZT are ripped off from the ASSY and stuck with the fixture. For three ASSYs (except for #9), the effect is minimal. However, ASSY #9 has two large removals on the front surface, and one of the bottom corners got chipped. This #9 is still usable, I believe, but let's avoid to use this unit for the OMC. Individual inspection of the ASSYs is posted in the following entries.

This kind of fracture events was not visible for the past 6 PZT sub-ASSYs. This may indicate a few possibilities:
- More rigorous quality control of EP30-2 was carried out for the PZT ASSY bonding. (The procedure was defined after the past OMC production.) The procedure leads to the strength of the epoxy enhanced.
- During the strong and fast thermal cycling, the glass was exposed to stress, and this might make the glass more prone to fracture.

For the production of the A+ units, we think we can avoid the issues by modifying the fixtures. Also, reliable temperature control/monitor technology should be employed. These improvements should be confirmed with the bonding of spare PZTs and blank 1/2" mirrors before gluing any precious components.

    Reply  Mon Apr 15 00:08:32 2019, Koji, General, General, OMC(004): PZT sub-assembly post air-bake inspection (Sub-assy #7) 6x

Sub-ASSY #7

Probably the best glued unit among the four.

Attachment #1: Mounting Block SN001

Attachment #2: PZT-Mounting Block bonding looks completely wet. Excellent.

Attachment #3: The other side of the PZT-Mounting Block bonding. Also looks excellent.

Attachment #4: Overall look.

Attachment #5: The mirror-PZT bonding also look excellent. The mounting block surface has many EP30-2 residue. But they were shaved off later. The center area of the aperture is clear.

Attachment #6: A small fracture of the mirror barrel is visible (at 7 o'clock).

 

    Reply  Mon Apr 15 00:39:04 2019, Koji, General, General, OMC(004): PZT sub-assembly post air-bake inspection (Sub-assy #8) 8x

Sub-ASSY #8

Probably the best glued unit among the four.

Attachment #1: Mounting Block SN007

Attachment #2: Overall look.

Attachment #3: Some fracture on the barrel visible.

Attachment #4: It is visible that a part of the PZT removed. Otherwise, PZT-Mounting Block bonding looks pretty good.

Attachment #5: The other side of the PZT bonding. Looks fine.

Attachment #6: Fractured PZT visible on the fixture parts.

Attachment #7: Fractured glass parts also visible on the fixture parts.

Attachment #8: MIrror bonding looks fine except for the glass chip.

    Reply  Mon Apr 15 01:07:30 2019, Koji, General, General, OMC(004): PZT sub-assembly post air-bake inspection (Sub-assy #9) 7x

Sub-ASSY #9

The most fractured unit among four.

Attachment #1: Mounting Block SN017

Attachment #2: Two large removals well visbile. The bottom right corener was chipped.

Attachment #3: Another view of the chipping.

Attachment #4: PZT-mounting block bonding look very good.

Attachment #5: Another view of the PZT-mounting block bonding. Looks very good too.

Attachment #6: Fractures bonded on the fixture.

Attachment #7: Front view. The mirror-PZT bonding look just fine.

 

    Reply  Mon Apr 15 01:23:45 2019, Koji, General, General, OMC(004): PZT sub-assembly post air-bake inspection (Sub-assy #10)  IMG_7589.jpgIMG_7590.jpgIMG_7591.jpgIMG_7592.jpg

Sub-ASSY #10

Attachment #1: Mounting Block SN021

Attachment #2: PZT-Mounting Block bonding looks just excellent.

Attachment #3: The other side of the PZT-Mounting Block bonding is also excellent.

Attachment #4: The mirror-PZT bonding also look excellent. Some barrel fracture is visible at the lower left of the mirror.

Entry  Thu Apr 11 21:22:58 2019, Koji, General, General, OMC(004): PZT sub-assembly air baking temp_profile.pdfbake.xlsx

[Stephen Koji]

The baking of the PZT subassemblies was more complicated than we initially thought.

The four PZT subassemblies were placed in the air bake oven A. We meant to bake the assemblies with the ramp time of 2.5h, a plateau of 2h at 94degC, and slow ramp down.

The oven controller was started and the temperature has been monitored. The ramping up was ~20% faster than expected (0.57degC/min instead of 0.47degC/min), but at least it was linear and steady.

Once the temperature reached the set temperature (around t=120min), the temperature started oscillating between 74 and 94degC. Stephen's interpretation was that the PID loop of the controller was not on and the controller falled into the dead-bang mode (=sort of bang-bang control).

As the assembly was already exposed to T>70F for more than 2.5hours, it was expected the epoxy cure was done. Our concern was mainly the fast temperature change and associated stress due to thermal expansion, which may cause delamination of the joint. To increase the heat capacity of the load, we decided to introduce more components (suspension balance weights). We also decided to cover the oven with an insulator so that the conductive heat loss was reduced.

However, the controller thought it was already the end of the baking process and turned to stand-by mode (i.e. turned off everything). This started to cause rapid temp drop. So I (Koji) decided to give a manual heat control for mind cooling. When the controller is turned off and on, it gives some heat for ramping up. So the number of heat pulses and the intervals were manually controlled to give the temp drop of ~0.5degC/min. Around t=325, the temperature decay was already slower than 0.5degC/min without heat pulse, so I decided to leave the lab.

We will check the condition of the sub-assemblies tomorrow (Fri) afternoon.

Entry  Thu Apr 11 21:22:26 2019, Koji, Mechanics, General, OMC(004): PZT sub-assembly gluing IMG_7561.jpgIMG_7567.jpg

[Koji Stephen]

The four PZT sub-assemblies were glued in the gluing fixtures. There were two original gluing fixtures and two additional modified fixtures for the in-situ bonding at the repair of OMC(002).

- Firstly, we checked the fitting and arrangements of the components without glue. The component combinations are described in ELOG 329.
- Turned on the oven toaster for the cure test (200F).
- Then prepared EP30-2 mixture (7g EP30-2 + 0.35g glass sphere).
- The test specimen of EP30-2 was baked in the toaster oven. (The result shows perfect curing (no stickyness, no finger print, crisp fracture when bent)
- Applied the bond to the subassemblies.
- FInally the fixtures were put in airbake Oven A. We needed to raise one of the tray with four HSTS balance weights (Attachment 2).

Entry  Thu Apr 11 12:15:31 2019, Koji, Mechanics, Configuration, PZT sub assy mirror orientations PZT_subassy.pngPZT_subassy.pdf
 
Entry  Wed Apr 10 19:22:24 2019, Koji, General, General, OMC(004): preparation for the PZT subassembly bonding  

Preparation for the PZT subassembly bonding (Section 6.2 and 7.3 of T1500060 (aLIGO OMC optical testing procedure)
- Gluing fixture (Qty 4)
- Silica sphere powder
- Electric scale
- Toaster oven for epoxy mixture qualification

- M prisms
- C prisms
- Noliac PZTs

- Cleaning tools (forceps, tweezers)
- Bonding kits (copper wires, steering sticks)
- Thorlabs BA-2 bases Qty2
- Razor blades

    Reply  Thu Apr 11 10:54:38 2019, Stephen, General, General, OMC(004): preparation for the PZT subassembly bonding  
Quote:

Preparation for the PZT subassembly bonding (Section 6.2 and 7.3 of T1500060 (aLIGO OMC optical testing procedure)
- Gluing FIxture (Qty4)
- Silica Sphere Powder
- Electric scale
- Toaster Oven for epoxy mixture qualification

- M prisms
- C prisms
- Noliac PZTs

- Cleaning tools (forceps, tweezers)
- Bonding kits (copper wires, steering sticks)
- Thorlabs BA-2 bases Qty2
- Razor Blades

 

Also brought to the 40m on 10 April, in preparation for PZT subassembly bonding:

- new EP30-2 epoxy (purchased Jan 2019, expiring Jul 2019 - as documented on documents attached to glue, also documented at C1900052.

- EP30-2 tool kit (maintained by Calum, consisting of mixing nozzles, various spatulas, etc)

 

Already at the 40m for use within PZT subassembly bonding:

- "dirty" ABO A with temperature controller (for controlled ramping of curing bake)

- clean work areas on laminar flow benches

- Class B tools, packaging supplies, IPA "red wipes", etc.

 

Upon reviewing EP30-2 procedure T1300322 (current revision v6) and OMC assembly procedure E1300201 (current revision v1) it appears that we have gathered everything required.

Entry  Fri Apr 5 23:30:20 2019, Koji, General, General, OMC (002) repair completed P_20190405_222401.jpgP_20190405_222509.jpgP_20190405_222529.jpg

OMC(002) repair completed

When the cable harness of OMC(004) is going to be assembled, the cable harness of OMC(002) will be replaced with the PEEK one. Otherwise, the work has been done.

Note that there are no DCPDs installed to the unit. (Each site has two in the OMC and two more as the spares)

More photos: https://photos.app.goo.gl/XdU1NPcmaXhATMXw6

Entry  Fri Apr 5 20:50:54 2019, Koji, Optics, Characterization, OMC(002): QPD alignment P_20190405_215906.jpgP_20190405_215927.jpg

QPD#              QPD1       QPD2
Housing#          #004       #008
Diode#            #44        #46
Shim              (see OMC ELOG 323)

-------------------------------------
Power Incident    252.3 uW  266.0 uW
Sum Out           174.2 mV  176.0 mV   +0.3
Vertical Out      + 4.7 mV  +19.0 mV   +0.2
Horizontal Out    -16.1 mV  - 8.0 mV   +0.0
SEG1              -52.4 mV  -53.  mV   -0.1
SEG2              -37.6 mV  -47.  mV   -0.1
SEG3              -41.8 mV  -34.  mV   -0.1
SEG4              -43.7 mV  -36.  mV   -0.1

-------------------------------------
Spot position X   +39   um  +15. um  (positive = more power on SEG1 and SEG4)
Spot position Y   - 8.1 um  -56. um  (positive = more power on SEG3 and SEG4)
-------------------------------------

Responsivity[A/W] 0.69      0.66
Q.E.              0.80      0.77
-------------------------------------

Arrangement of the segments
View from the beam
/ 2 | 1 X
|---+---|
\ 3 | 4 /


---------------

I(w,x,y) = Exp[-2 (x^2 + y^2)/w^2]/(Pi w^2/2)

(SEG_A+SEG_B-SEG_C-SEG_D)/(SEG_A+SEG_B+SEG_C+SEG_D) = Erf[sqrt(2) d/w]

d: distance of the spot from the center
w: beam width

Entry  Fri Apr 5 01:08:17 2019, Koji, Optics, Characterization, OMC(002): DCPD / QPD alignment IMG_7521.JPGIMG_7529.JPGIMG_7539.JPGIMG_7541.JPG

The beam height in the cavity became totally different from the previous one and the shims needed to be much thicker than before. This is probably because of the alignment of the newly-glue curved mirror.

As the beam height is 2~2.5mm higher, two shims need to be stacked. The preliminary check of the heights using the alignment disks (dummy PDs) suggested the following combinations.

QPD1(SHORT)  D1201467-03 (SN 007) + D1201467-03 (SN 008) (2.0 mm + 2.0 mm = 4 mm)
QPD2(LONG)   D1201467-01 (SN 001) + D1201467-01 (SN 002) (1.5 mm + 1.5 mm = 3 mm)
DCPD1(TRANS) D1201467-02 (SN 006) + D1201467-03 (SN 005) (1.75mm + 2.0 mm = 3.75 mm)
DCPD2(REFL)  D1201467-02 (SN 002) + D1201467-03 (SN 006) (1.75mm + 2.0 mm = 3.75 mm)

This resulted that the fixing button head socket screws for the PD housings to be replaced from 5/16" to 7/16". Stephen kept CLASS A spare screws from Jeff's time.

For the DCPD alignment, a cap-removed Excelitas 3mm InGaAs PD is used. -> This needs to be returned to the PD stock next time.

- DCPD1 was aligned using the zoomed CCD image (Attachment 1). Once the beam is aligned, the angle was tweaked to have the reflection nicely dumped by the glass beam dump (Attachment 2).

- DCPD2 was aligned too. (Attachment 2/3)

- The two housings were fastened by a torque wrench at 2 inch lb.

Next step:

Continue with the QPDs. The QPD amp was already set.

Notes:
The cable of the CCD monitor has a problem -> need to check what's wrong
The servo box probably have large offset at the output stage or somewhere (but not input stages).

Entry  Fri Apr 5 01:07:18 2019, Koji, Optics, Characterization, OMC(002): transmitted beam images CM1trasns.pngCM2trasns.pngFM2trans2.png

There was a concern that the transmission from CM1 has additional fringes. The shape of the transmitted beams from CM1, CM2, and FM2 (main) werecaptured with WinCamD.
Indeed CM1 and CM2 have the fringes, but it does not exist in the main transmission. So it seems that the fringes are associated with the curved mirrors. But how???

Entry  Thu Apr 4 20:07:39 2019, Koji, Supply, General, Purchase 

== Office Depot ==
Really Useful Box 9L x 6 (delivered)
Really Useful Box 17L x 5 (ordered 4/4)
P-TOUCH tape (6mm, 9mm, 12mmx2, 18mm) (ordered 4/4)

== Digikey ==
9V AC Adapter (- inside, 1.3A) for P-TOUCH (ordered 4/4)
12V AC Adapter (+ inside, 1A) for Cameras (ordered 4/4)

== VWR ==
Mask KIMBERLY CLARK "KIMTECH Pure M3" ISO CLASS 3 (ordered 4/4)

Entry  Thu Mar 28 16:36:52 2019, Koji, Mechanics, Characterization, OMC(002) PZT characterization  PZT_Scan.pdfOMC_PZT_Response.pdf

As performed in the ELOG 202, the PZTs of the OMC 002 were tested.

DC response was measured by sweeping each PZT with 0-150V triangular voltage at 11Hz. Acquire 0.2sec of the tie series using an oscilloscope to get the PDH error, cavity transmission, and the sweep signal.

The voltage where the tranmission peaks were observed were fitted were recorded. One fringe corresponds to the displacement of 532nm. So the displacement and the applied volatagewere fitted witha linear function.

This gave the PZT response for PZT1 and PZT2 to be 14.9nm/V and 14.4nm/V.

 

AC response was measured with SR785. The PZT was shaken with 1~50mVpp signal with the DC offset of 5V while the OMC was locked with the feedback to the laser fast PZT. The transfer function from the applied PZT voltage to the servo output were measured. The closed loop TF was also measured to remove the effect of the servo control.  The DC levels of the responses were calibrated using the values above.

Entry  Tue Mar 19 17:30:25 2019, Koji, General, Characterization, OMC (002) Test items 

OMC #002 Optical tests

  • FSR measurement (done, 2019/1/8-9, 2019/4/1)
  • TMS measurement (done, 2019/1/9)
  • TMS measurement (with DC voltage on PZTs) (done, 2019/1/10)
  • Cleaning (done, 2019/3/19)
  • Power Budget (done, 2019/3/19, 2019/4/1)
  • PZT DC response (done, 2019/3/27)
  • PZT AC response (done, 2019/3/27)
  • QPD alignment (done, 2019/4/5)
  • DCPD alignment (done, 2019/4/4)
  • Beam quality check (done, 2019/4/4)

(Backscattering test)

(Cabling / Wiring)

  • (Attaching cable/mass platforms)
  • (PZT cabling)
  • (DCPD cabling)
  • (QPD cabling)

(Baking)
(First Contact)
(Packing / Shipping)

Entry  Sat Feb 2 20:35:02 2019, Koji, Optics, Characterization, Summary: OMC(002) HOM structure recalculation (after mirror replacement)  OMC_HOM_190110.pdfHOM_PZTV.pdfHOM_plot_PZT0_0.pdfCav_scan_response_PZT.pdf

OMC (002) after repair
History:
Mirror replacement after the damage at H1. Measurement date 2019/1/10

Entry  Sat Feb 2 20:28:21 2019, Koji, Optics, Characterization, Summary: OMC(003) HOM structure recalculation OMC_HOM_140705.pdfHOM_PZTV_PZT1_0V.pdfHOM_plot_PZT0_0.pdfCav_scan_response_PZT_HOM.pdf

OMC (003)
History:
Measurement date 2014/7/5, Stored for I1, Installed to H1 2016/8 upon damage on 002

Entry  Sat Feb 2 20:03:19 2019, Koji, Optics, Characterization, Summary: OMC(002) HOM structure recalculation (before mirror replacement) OMC_HOM_131011.pdfHOM_PZTV.pdfHOM_plot_PZT0_0.pdfCav_scan_response_PZT_HOM.pdf

OMC (002)
History:
Measurement date 2013/10/11, Installed to L1 2013/XX

Entry  Sat Feb 2 16:17:13 2019, Koji, Optics, Characterization, Summary: OMC(001) HOM structure recalculation OMC_HOM_130531.pdfHOM_PZTV.pdfHOM_plot_PZT0_0.pdfCav_scan_response_HOM.pdf

Each peak of the transfer function measurement was fitted again with a complex function:

\begin{align} h(f;a_{\rm r}, a_{\rm i}, f_0, dT, \Gamma, a_0, b_0, a_1, b_1) & \nonumber\\ = (a_{\rm r} + i a_{\rm i}) e^{-i 2 \pi f dT} \frac{1}{1 + i (f - f_0)/\Gamma} &+ (a_0 + i b_0) + (a_1 + i b_1)f \nonumber \end{align}


OMC (001)
History:
Measurement date 2013/5/31, Installed to L1 2013/6/10~

Entry  Fri Feb 1 12:52:12 2019, Koji, Mechanics, General, PZT deformation simulation pzt.png

A simple COMSOL simulation was run to see how the PZT deforms as the voltage applied.

Use the geometry of the ring PZT which is used in the OMCs -  NAC2124 (OD 15mm, ID 9mm, H 2mm)
The material is PZT-5H (https://bostonpiezooptics.com/ceramic-materials-pzt) which is predefined in COMSOL and somewhat similar to the one used in NAC2124 (NCE51F - http://www.noliac.com/products/materials/nce51f/)
The bottom surface of the ring was electrically grounded (0V), and mechanically fixed.
Applied 100V between the top and bottom.

 

Entry  Sat Jan 12 22:49:11 2019, Koji, Optics, Characterization, PM-SM patch cable mode cleaning effect fiber_mode_cleaning.pdf

Mode cleaning capability of an optical fiber was measured. The conclusion is that the leakage of the non-fiber mode to the fiber output is insignificant and also practically negligible.

The tested fiber was Thorlabs 5-m Polarization Maintaining Single-Mode fiber (P3-1064PM-FC-5, PM Patch Cable, PANDA, 1064 nm, FC/APC, 5m).

The output mode cleaner was used as a mode analyzer. The fiber input was aligned and the misaligned so that the amount of higher order mode for the fiber is changed. The fiber output has been mode matched to an output mode cleaner. Therefore excess mode mismatch when the fiber input was misaligned, was accounted as the leakage higher order mode.

For each alignment state, the OMC transmission (in V), the OMC reflection (in V), and the OMC reflection with the OMC unlocked were measured. The voltages were measured with a digital multimeter (non-portable unit). With the fiber input beam aligned to the fiber, the fiber input and output powers were measured with a power meter.

With the input beam aligned
- Fiber input: 52.5 +/- 0.2 [mW]
- Fiber output: 35.5 +/- 0.2 [mW] (~68% coupling)
- Reflection PD offset: -0.00677 +/- 0.00001 [V]

- Refl PD reading with the OMC unlocked: 6.32 +/- 0.01 [V]
- Refl PD reading with the OMC locked: 0.133 +/- 0.002 [V]
- OMC Trans PD with the OMC locked: -1.72 +/- 0.01 [V] 

With the input beam misaligned
- Refl PD reading with the OMC unlocked: 3.63 +/- 0.01 [V]
- Refl PD reading with the OMC locked: 0.0752 +/- 0.001 [V]
- OMC Trans PD with the OMC locked: -1.00 +/- 0.01 [V] 

The naive mode matching was 0.9779 +/- 0.0003 and 0.9775 +/- 0.0003 without and with misalignment. We initially had roughly 17mW of non-fiber mode incident. And it was increased by roughly 15mW. For the misaligned case, the amount of the OMC-matched carrier was also reduced due to the misalignment. So the actual fiber mode cleaning effect needs more careful quantitative analysis.


The power budget at each part of the setup was modeled as shown in Attachment 1. The blue numbers are the measured values.
The factor a is the ratio of the leakage non-fiber mode into the fiber transmission.
The factor (1-b) is the mode matching of the fiber mode into the OMC mode.

\begin{align} P_{\rm omcrefl} & = a P_{\rm nofib} + b P_{\rm fib} \nonumber \\ P_{\rm fibout} & = P_{\rm omcrefl} + (1-b) P_{\rm fib} \nonumber \\ P_{\rm tot} & = P_{\rm nofib} + P_{\rm fib} \nonumber \end{align}

and

\begin{align} P'_{\rm omcrefl} &= a P'_{\rm nofib} + b P'_{\rm fib} \nonumber \\ P'_{\rm fibout} &= P'_{\rm omcrefl} + (1-b) P'_{\rm fib} \nonumber \\ P_{\rm tot} &= P'_{\rm nofib} + P'_{\rm fib} \nonumber \end{align}

With the calibration between the refl PD and the power meter measurement,
  \begin{align} P_{\rm tot} &= 52.5 \pm 0.2 {[mW]} \nonumber \\ P_{\rm fibout} &= 35.5 \pm 0.2 {\rm [mW]} \nonumber \end{align}
\begin{align} P_{\rm omcrefl} &= 0.78 \pm 0.01\,\,{\rm [mW]} \nonumber \\ P'_{\rm omcrefl} &= 0.460 \pm 0.006\,\,{\rm [mW]} \nonumber \\ P'_{\rm fibout} &= 20.4 \pm 0.13 \,\,{\rm [mW]} \nonumber \end{align}

The solution of the equations is
\begin{align} a &= (4 \pm 4) \times 10^{-4} \nonumber \\ b &= 0.0219 \pm 0.0005 \nonumber \end{align}

So, the leakage of the non-fiber mode to the fiber output is insignificant. Moreover, the number is practically negligible because the mismatching between the fiber and OMC modes is of the order of percent and dominated by the aberration of the collimator (i.e. the OMC reflection looks like concentric higher-order LG modes) with the order of 1~2%.
 

Entry  Thu Jan 10 20:45:00 2019, Koji, Optics, Characterization, PZT test cable OMC_PZT_wiring.pdf

As OMC SN002 already has the PZTs connected to the Mighty-Mouse connector, a test cable with a female mighty-mouse connector was made.

A small imperfection: When the cable was inserted to the connector shell, I forgot to mirror the pin out. Therefore the color and pin number do not match.

Entry  Thu Jan 10 20:42:54 2019, Koji, Optics, Characterization, FSR / HOM Test of OMC SN002 

OMC SN002 = Former LHO OMC which CM1 was destroyed by the lock loss pulse in 2016. This OMC needs to be optically tested before storage.

The test items:

  • [done] FSR measurement with offset PDH locking (FM->AM conversion)
  • [done] FSR/finesse measurement with the EOM RFAM injection
  • [done] TMS measurement with input miaslignment and the trans RFPD misalignment: with no PZT offset
  • [done] TMS measurement with input miaslignment and the trans RFPD misalignment: with PZT offsets
     
  • PZT response
  • Mirror cleaning
  • Power budget
  • Diode alignment: shim height
  • PD/QPD alignment
Entry  Sun Sep 23 19:42:21 2018, Koji, Optics, General, Montecarlo simulation of the phase difference between P and S pols for a modeled HR mirror reflectivities.pngtransmission.pngphase_diff.pngphase_difference_histogram.png

[Koji Gautam]


With Gautam's help, I ran a coating design code for an HR mirror with the standard quarter-wave design. The design used here has 17 pairs of lambda/4 layers of SiO2 and Ta2O5 (=34 layers) with the fused silica as the substrate to realize the transmission of tens of ppm. At the AOI (angle of incidence) of 4 deg (=nominal angle for the aLIGO OMC), there is no significant change in the reflectivity (transmissivity). With 95% of the case, the phase difference at the AOI of 4 deg is smaller than 0.02 deg for given 1% fluctuation (normal distribution) of the layer design and the refractive indeces of the materials. Considering the number of the OMC mirrors (i.e. 4), the total phase shift between P and S pols is less than 0.08 deg. This makes P and S resonances matched well within 1/10 of the cavity resonant width (360/F=0.9deg, F: Finesse=400).

Of course, we don't know how much layer-thickness fluctuation we actually have. Therefore, we should check the actual cavity resonance center of the OMC cavity for the polarizations.

Attachment 1 shows the complex reflectivity of the mirror for P and S pols between AOIs of 0 deg and 45 deg. Below 30 deg there is no significant difference. (We need to look at the transmission and the phase difference)

Attachment 2 shows the power transmissivity of the mirror for P and S pols between AOIs of 0 deg and 45 deg. For the purpose to check the robustness of the reflectivity, random fluctuations (normal distribution, sigma = 1%) were applied to the thicknesses of each layer, and the refractive indices of Silica and Tantala. The blue and red bands show the regions that the 90% of the samples fell in for P and S pols, respectively. There are median curves on the plot, but they are not well visible as they match with the ideal case. This figure indicates that the model coating well represents the mirror with the transmissivity better than 70ppm.

Attachment 3 shows the phase difference of the mirror complex reflectivity for P and S pols between AOIs of 0deg and 45deg. In the ideal case, the phase difference at the AOI of 4deg is 1x10-5 deg. The Monte-Carlo test shows that the range of the phase for 90% of the case fell into the range between 5x10-4 deg and 0.02 deg. The median was turned to be 5x10-3 deg.

Attachment 4 shows the histogram of the phase difference at the AOI of 4deg. The phase difference tends to concentrate at the side of the smaller angle.

    Reply  Thu Sep 27 20:19:15 2018, Aaron, Optics, General, Montecarlo simulation of the phase difference between P and S pols for a modeled HR mirror 

I started some analytic calculations of how OMC mirror motion would add to the noise in the BHD. I want to make some prettier plots, and am adding the interferometer so I can also compute the noise due to backscatter into the IFO. However, since I've pushed the notebook I wanted to post an update. Here's the location in the repo.

I used Koji's soft limit of 0.02 degrees additional phase accumulation per reflection for p polarization.

       Reply  Thu Nov 1 19:57:32 2018, Aaron, Optics, General, Montecarlo simulation of the phase difference between P and S pols for a modeled HR mirror 

I'm still not satisfied/done with the solution to this, but this has gone too long without an update and anyway probably someone else will have a direction to take it that prevents me spinning my wheels on solved or basic questions.

The story will have to wait to be on the elog, but I've put it in the jupyter notebook. Basically:

  • I considered the polarization-separated OMC in several configurations. I have plots of DARM referred noise (measured free-running and controlled noise for the current OMC, thermal theoretical noise curve, scattered light) for the case of such an OMC with one lambda/2 waveplate oriented at 45 degrees. This is the base case.
  • I also considered such an OMC with a lambda/2 both before and after the OMC, where their respective polarization axes can be arbitrary (I look at parameter space near the previous case's values).
    • I optimize the BHD angle to balance the homodyne (minimize the E_LO^2 term in the homodyne readout).
    • I then optimize the rotations of the lambda/2 polarization axes to minimize the noise
    • For the optimum that is closest to the base case, I also plotted DARM referred length noise.

 

It's clear to me that there is a way to optimize the OMC, but the normalization of my DARM referred noise is clearly wrong, because I'm finding that the input-referred noise is at least 4e-11 m/rt(Hz). This seems too large to believe. 

Indeed, I was finding the noise in the wrong way, in a pretty basic mistake. I’m glad I found it I guess. I’ll post some plots and update the git tomorrow. 

Entry  Wed Aug 29 11:06:30 2018, Koji, General, General, RF AM RIN and dBc conversion 

0. If you have an RF signal whose waveform is 1 \times \sin(2 \pi f t), the amplitude is constant and 1.

1. If the waveform [1+0.1 \sin(2 \pi f_{\rm m} t)] \sin(2 \pi f t), the amplitude has the DC value of 1 and AM with the amplitude of 0.1 (i.e. swing is from 0.9 to 1.1). Therefore the RMS RIN of this signal is 0.1/1/Sqrt(2).

2. The above waveform can be expanded by the exponentials.

\left[-\frac{1}{2} i e^{i\,2\,\pi f t} + 0.025 e^{i\,2\,\pi (f-f_{\rm m}) t}- 0.025 e^{i\,2\,\pi (f+f_{\rm m}) t} \right] - {\rm C.C.}

Therefore the sideband carrier ratio R is 0.025/0.5 = 0.05. This corresponds to 20 log10(0.05) = -26dBc


In total, we get the relationship of dBc and RIN as {\rm dBc} = 20 \log_{10}(\rm{RIN}/\sqrt{2}), or R = RIN/sqrt(2)

Entry  Wed Aug 8 17:32:56 2018, Rich Abbott, General, Characterization, Modulation Index Test Setup at 40m Lab 40mLabModIndexSetup.pdf

Attached is a block diagram of the test setup used in the 40m lab to measure the modulation index of the IO modulator

    Reply  Thu Aug 9 11:24:29 2018, Koji, General, Characterization, Modulation Index Test Setup at 40m Lab modulation_depth.pdfmodulation_depth_zoom.pdf

[Rich Koji]

The impedances of the new LLO EOM were measured with the beat note setup at the 40m PSL (as described in the previous ELOG entry.

At the target frequencies (9.1MHz, 24.1MHz, 45.5MHz, 118.3MHz), the modulation responses were (0.09, 2.9e-3, 0.053, 0.021) rad/V.

This corresponds to the requirement for the driving power as follows.

Frequency
[MHz]
Response
[rad/V]
modulation depth 
required (LHO) [rad]
Required
drive [Vpk]
Required
drive [dBm]
    9.1 0.09 0.22 2.4 17.8
  24.1 2.9e-3   0.014 4.8 23.7
  45.5   0.053 0.28 5.3 24.5
118.3   0.021   0.010   0.48   3.6

 

Entry  Tue Aug 7 15:43:12 2018, Koji, Electronics, Characterization, New LLO EOM stuffed P_20180806_154457.jpgimpedance_eom.pdfimpedance_eom_zoom.pdf

[Rich, Dean, Koji]

Stuffed all inductors for the new LLO EOM. As the impedances were sensitive to the positions of the inductors in the housing, they were glued with a glue gun.
Also the lid of the housing significantly change the stray capacitance and lowers the resonant frequency (meaning lowers the Q too), we decided to tune the matching circuit without the lid.

The attached plots show the measured impedances. They all look well tuned and matched. We will prepare and perform the optical measurement at the 40m.

Entry  Thu Jul 26 20:57:07 2018, Koji, Electronics, Characterization, 9MHz port tuned impedance impedance_eom.pdfeom9.pdfeom_models_9MHz.pdf

[Rich Koji]

The 9MHz port was tuned and the impedance was measured.

Entry  Mon Jul 2 11:30:22 2018, Koji, Electronics, Characterization, 3IFO EOM impedance measurement impedance_eom.pdfEOM_Z_DATA.zip

[Rich Koji]

3IFO EOM (before any modification) was tested to measure the impedance of each port.

The impedance plot and the impedance data (triplets of freq, reZ, imZ) were attached to this entry.

    Reply  Wed Jul 4 18:30:51 2018, Koji, Electronics, Characterization, EOM circuit models eom_models.pdfeom9.pdfeom24.pdfeom45.pdf180704_3IFO_EOM_model.zip

The circuit models for the 3IFO EOM (before mods) were made using LISO.
Then the modification plan was made to make it a new LLO EOM.

Impedance data, LISO model, Mathematica files are zipped and attached at the end.

Entry  Tue Jul 3 12:07:47 2018, Rich Abbott, Electronics, Characterization, Notes on 3rd IFO EOM EOM_Analysis2.pdf

Attached please see my notes summarizing the models for the electrodes and inductors within the 3rd IFO EOM

Entry  Mon Jul 2 15:27:31 2018, Rich Abbott, Electronics, General, Work on EOM (3rd IFO unit) EOM3_aLIGO_3rdIfo.JPG

Koji, Rich

We took apart the unit removed from the 3rd IFO (Unit serial number aLIGO #3, XTAL 10252004) to see what makes it tick.  Koji has done a fine job of adding the plots of the impedance data to this log book.  Attached are some details of the physical construction showing the capacitor values used in shunt before the coils.

Entry  Mon Jul 2 12:29:01 2018, Koji, Electronics, Characterization, Impedances of individual components (3IFO EOM) impedance_coils.pdfimpedance_xtals.pdfq_coils.pdfcomponent_models.pdfliso_models.zip

[Rich Koji]

The impedances of the individual components from the 3IFO EOM (before modification) were tested.
Each component was modeled by LISO. The LISO model (in PDF and txt) are attached at the end of the entry.

Coils
There are three inductors taken from the EOM unit. They showed the Q ranging from 150~300.
Their impedances are compared with the coil taken from the 9MHz port of the spare EOM (=current LHO EOM).
The inductance of the 8.7MHz inductor indicated higher L but still higher Q.

Todd made a replica of the 45.3MHz coil. He used a silver plated wire and it actually showed highest Q of ~400.

Crystal capacitance
The crystal capacitances were measured by attaching a test rig on the DB15 connector of the crystal housing. The rig was calibrated such that the impedances of the attched components on the rig were measured. They showed somewhat similar feature with parasitic resonances at ~50MHz. Above this frequnecy the capacitance went down (i.e. Abs(Z) went up). This indicates there are stray series LCR in pararrel to the crystal. Not sure what is the cause of this.

The central (24.1MHz) port showed smaller capacitance. This probably means the plates for the central port is smaller. Not sure the actual dimensions of the plates for this unit.
 

Entry  Wed May 30 17:44:23 2018, Koji, Optics, Characterization, 3IFO EOM surface check IMG_5756.JPGIMG_5757.JPGIMG_5758.JPGIMG_5759.JPGLooking_at_Hole2.png

3IFO EOM dark microscope images courtesy by GariLynn and Rich

Attachment1/2: Hole #1
Attachment3/4: Hole #2
Attachment5: Hole #2

Entry  Wed May 30 16:40:38 2018, Koji, Mechanics, Characterization, EOM mount stability test 

https://awiki.ligo-wa.caltech.edu/wiki/EOM_Mount_Stability

Entry  Tue May 15 19:53:45 2018, Koji, Optics, General, EOM Q comparison 

Qs' were estimated with a lorentzian function (eye fit)

aaa

Current LHO EOM (final version, modulation depth measurement 2018/4/5)
f0=9.1MHz, Q=18
f0=45.38MHz, Q=46
f0=118.05MHz, Q=30

Prev LHO EOM (RF transmission measurement 2018/4/13)
f0=9.14MHz, Q=53
f0=24.25MHz, Q=55
f0=45.565MHz, Q=62;

3IFO EOM (RF transmission measurement 2018/4/23)
f0=8.627MHz, Q=53
f0=24.075MHz, Q=60
f0=43.5MHz, Q=65

Entry  Sat May 5 22:51:04 2018, Koji, Optics, General, 3IFO EOM Optical test 

The 3IFO EOM test performed at the 40m. Result: 40m ELOG 13819

Entry  Thu May 3 21:45:58 2018, awade, General, Loan / Lending, Borrowed toaster oven 9CE80545-7A58-4236-B7E3-1EE6C4042DAA.jpeg

I’ve borrowed the black and decker toaster oven to dry some sonicated parts. It is temporarly located in the QIL lab. 

Entry  Thu Feb 22 20:21:02 2018, Koji, Optics, Characterization, aLIGO EOM test 

POSTED to 40m ELOG

    Reply  Mon Apr 2 17:27:04 2018, Koji, Optics, Characterization, aLIGO EOM test 

2nd optical test http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/40m/13725

Entry  Thu Nov 30 12:18:41 2017, Stephen, General, General, Preparation for Modal Testing on 4 December 

Norna Robertson, Stephen Appert ||  29 Nov 2017, 2 pm to 4 pm  ||  227 Downs, CIT

We made some preparations for modal testing, but did not have enough time to make measurements. Below is an after-the-fact log, including some observations and photos of the current state of the OMC bench.

  1. Previous testing results at T1700471 (technical note in progress as of 30 Nov 2017).
    1. One goal of the next round: add damping material to equate with damping material of T1600494.
    2. Second goal of the next round: use a more localized sweep to better resolve the body mode around 1080 Hz -1100 Hz
  2. Transport Fixture was opened without issue, revealing the "Top" (suspending and cable routing) surface of the bench. Damping stacks were still in place from previous testing
  3. We removed the bolts from the damper stacks, but found that all masses with metal-viton interfaces had adhered to viton washers, causing the stacks to stick together.
    1. By using an allen key as a lever to wedge apart bottom mass and the bracket where they were joined by a viton washer, we separated the masses from the bracket.
    2. An allen key was used as a lever to push apart the two masses, which were also joined by a viton washer
    3. Once exposed, viton washers were pried from metal surfaces.
  4. After the damper stacks had been detached from the  No viton washer appeared to leave any residue or particulate - the separated parts all appeared as clean as they had been at the onset.
Entry  Mon Nov 27 20:24:24 2017, Koji, General, General, A former LHO PD (Trans) removed from the OMC #002 for the shipment to Stockholm 6x

Attachment 1: The PD was removed from the transmission side of the OMC #002 (former LHO OMC - the one blasted by the optical pulse in Aug 2016).
It was confirmed that the PD has the scribing mark saying "A".

Attachment 2: This diode had no glass cap on it. The photodiode sensitive element is still intact. For ease of handling, it should be kept in a cage. There are four cages in the OMC lab, but they are ocuppied with the High QE PDs and others. So, the cage for this PD was offered by Rich from his office, meaning the cage was not clean.

Attachment 3: The sensor side is capped by a plate. This cap can be removed by unscrewing the two cap screws in the photo.

Attachment 4: The PD legs are shorted. (Just to match the style with the LLO one).

Attachment 5: Wrapped with AL foil and double bagged. (Repeat: It is not anything clean.)

Attachment 6: The bag was left on Rich's desk.

Entry  Fri Sep 8 15:14:05 2017, Koji, Facility, General, Preparation for the plumbing work 7x

[Steve, Aaron, Koji]

We've finished the preparation for the forthcoming plumbing work on (nominally) Sept 16th Saturday.
We've covered most of the west side of the OMC lab with plastic sheets and wraps.

Some tips:

  • The plastic sheets Eric gave us were a bit too thin and pron to got torn. Thicker sheets are preferable.
  • The blue tape that Eric gave us was very useful.
  • The stretch wrap film, which I bought long time ago, was so useful. Office Depot "Office Depot(R) Brand Stretch Wrap Film, 20 x 1000 Roll, Clear" PN: 445013
  • We also used patches of Kitchen Trash Bags to cover some small opening of the large sheets. Office Depot "Glad(R) Tall Kitchen Trash Bags, 13 Gallon, White, Box Of 28" PN 269268
Entry  Tue Mar 28 21:04:27 2017, Koji, Electronics, Characterization, PDH amp 6x

Attachment 1: PDH amp RF part (before the preamp was installed)

Attachment 2: RF-AF transmission

Attachment 3: Attachment 3: LO dependence

Attachment 4: RF amp gain (saturation)

Attachment 5: Input/output noise level

Attachment 6: Attachment 6: Preamp/DCPD out buffer AF circuit

    Reply  Sat Jul 29 18:44:38 2017, rana, Electronics, Characterization, PDH amp 

attachment 6: DCPD preamp looks like the opamp is wired for positive feedback?

       Reply  Sat Jul 29 21:42:51 2017, Koji, Electronics, Characterization, PDH amp 

The polarities indicated in the right circuits were opposite, obviously.

Entry  Wed Jul 5 16:59:44 2017, Koji, General, General, The OMC #002 was packed DSC_0360.JPG

[Stephen Koji]

The OMC #002 was packed for the transportation to Downs.

===> And transported to Downs 227 on Jul 6th.

Entry  Sat Jul 1 21:33:18 2017, Koji, General, General, Some purchase notes 

- Forgot to close the cylinder valve...

v HEPA prefilter (20"x20"x1" MERV 7)

- Replace the filter for the air conditioning

v Texwipe TX715 SWAB http://www.texwipe.com/store/p-817-tx715.aspx

v Gloves ~3 bags
VWR GLOVE ACCTCH NR-LTX SZ7.0 PK25 79999-304 x3
VWR GLOVE ACCTCH NR-LTX SZ7.5 PK25 79999-306 x1

v Vectra IPA soaked cloths

v Sticky mats


  • GLOVE ACCTCH NR-LTX SZ7 PK25 / 79999-304 / PK4
  • GLOVE ACCTCH NR-LTX SZ7.5 PK25 / 79999-306 / PK1
  • WIPER 100% IPA 23X23CM PK50. / TWTX8410 / PK2
  • SWAB CLEANTIPS ALPHA PK100. / TW-TX715 / PK1
  • MAT CLEAN ROOM 18X36IN BLUE / 89021-748 / CS1 (Qty4)
  • FILTER PLET AIR MERV8 20X20X1 / 78002-422 / EA4 / Direct from Supplier

ORDERED AUG 9, 2017

Entry  Sat Jul 1 15:29:57 2017, Koji, Optics, General, Black glass cleaning / Final bonding for the emergency repair for OMC #002 DSC_0347.jpgDSC_0348.jpgDSC_0350.jpgDSC_0352.jpgDSC_0354.jpg

[Alena, Koji]

Report of the work on June 30.

1. Cleaning of the black glass beam dumps

As reported in the previous entry, the beam dumps on the OMC breadboard exhibited accumulation of dusts or contaminants on the black glass surfaces. We worried about transfer of the dusts over a period or of the contaminant during baking. It was already known that the contaminants are persistent and not easy to remove only by drag wiping with IPA. So Alena brought a set fo tools to try. Here is the procedure described.

- Inventory (Attachment 1): A small glass beaker, TX715 Alpha® Sampling Swab, plastic brushes, syringes with pure IPA, inspection flash light, Vectra IPA soaked wipes

- Apply clean IPA on a brush. Some IPA should be removed by the IPA soaked wipe so as not to splash IPA everywhere. Rub a glass surface with the brush while the surface is inspected by the flash light. The strokes migrate the contaminants to the direction of wiping. So the brush should be moved outward. This does some cleaning, but it is not enough to remove smudges on the surface. Occasionally clean the brush with IPA poured in the small beaker.

- Apply clean IPA on a swab. Rub the surface with the swab outward. This removes most of the visible smudges.

We decided not to apply FirstContact on the beam dumps at this occasion. In any case, we need to apply FC on all the optical surfaces after the baking. We judged that the current cleanliness level of the beam dump does not affect the over all contamination of the OMC considering the FC application after the baking.

2. Gluing of the reinforcement Al bars on the delaminated Invar mounting brackets
One of the mounting bracket (=invar shim) on the top side (= suspension I/F side) showed the sign of delamination (Attachment 3). This invar is the one at the beam entrance side (Attachment 2).

EP30-2 was mixed as usual: 6g of EP30-2 was mixed with 0.3g glass sphere. The glue was tested with a cooking oven and the result was perfect. The glue was applied to two Al bars and the bars were attached on the long sides of the invar shim with the beveled corner down (to avoid stepping on the existing original epoxy) (Attachments 4, 5). The photo quality by my phone was not great. I will take better photos with a better camera next week.


Glue condition was checked on Monday Jul 3rd. It was all good. New photos were taken. OMC #002 Repair - Gluing of reinforcement AL bars

Entry  Fri Jun 23 10:55:07 2017, Koji, Optics, General, Dust layer on black glass beam dumps? black_glass_dust.JPG

I wondered why the black glass beam dumps looked not as shiny as before. It was in fact a layer of dusts (or contaminants) accumulated on the surface.
The top part of the internal surface of the black glass was touched by a piece of lens tissue with IPA. The outer surface was already cleaned. IPA did not work well i.e. Required multiple times of wiping. I tried FirstContact on one of the outer surface and it efficiently worked. So I think the internal surfaces need to be cleaned with FC.

Entry  Fri Jun 23 01:58:11 2017, Koji, Optics, General, OMC #002 Repair - CM1 gluing 6x

[Alena, Koji]

Jun 21: Alena and Koji worked on gluing of the CM1 mirror on the OMC breadboard #002. This is an irregular procedure. Usually, the PZT mirror subassembly is prepared before the mounting prism is glued on the breadboard. In this occasion, however, a PZT and a mirror are bonded on an existing prism because only the damaged mirror and still functional PZT were debonded from the mouting prism.

For this purpose, the mirror and the PZT were fixed on the mounting prism with the modified fixture set (D1600338). The original PZT was reused, and the new mirror #8 was used. The alignment of the mirror was checked OK using the cavity beam before any glue was applied. The arrow of the CM mirror is facing up.

We mixed 8g EP30-2 (it was almost like 3~4 pushes) and 0.4g glass sphere bond lining. Along with EP30-2 procedure, the bond was mixed in an Al pot and tested with 200degF (~93degC) preheated the oven for 15min. The cured bond showed perfect dryness and crispness. The bond was painted on the PZT and the PZT was placed on the fixture. Then more bond was painted on the other side of the PZT. The mirror was placed in the fixture. The spring-loaded front plate was fixed, and the breadboard was left for a day. (Attachment 1~3)

Jun 22: The fixture was removed without causing any visible delamination or void. The attachment 4~6 show how wet the joint is (before baking). There were some excess of EP30-2, which bonded the fixture and the mounting prism as usual. The fixture was detached by prying the front piece against the rear piece with a thin allen key. Some of the excess bond on the mounting prism was removed by scratching.

The alignment of the cavity was checked with the cavity beam and it is still fine.

More photos can be found here: Link to Google Photos Album "OMC #002 Repair - CM1 gluing"

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