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New entries since:Wed Dec 31 16:00:00 1969
ID Date Author Type Category Subject
  516   Tue Mar 28 11:21:27 2023 Camille MakaremOptics Sagitta measurements of curved mirrors

[Camille, Stephen, Thejas]

Curved mirror sn02 was used to test the method for collecting Zygo measurements on the curved mirrors. The curved mirror was mounted with its back surface against a reference flat. The reference flat was pitched/yawed until its fringes were nulled. Then a measurement of the surface profile of the curved mirror + flat mirror together was taken.
The curved mirror was rotated in 90deg increments and the measurements were repeated. (5 measurements in total were taken, with the curved mirror's fiducial in the 12:00, 3:00, 6:00, 9:00 and 12:00 again positions.) The curvature minumum was seen to clock as expected with the rotation of the mirror.

The attached figures show the surface profile of the central 8.5 mm diameter of the mirror (central with respect to the coating edge). Also attached is a plot of the surface profile across the line drawn in the figure.


Attachment 1: CurvedMirrorSN02_SurfaceProfiles.PNG
  515   Fri Mar 24 07:47:37 2023 Camille MakaremOptics ROC measurements of the curved mirrors

22 March 2023
Beam profile measurements were continued for more of the curved mirrors.
Mirror sn07 was repeated to verify that Camille and Thejas get the same focal length measurement (plot attached).

Attachment 1: CurvedMirror_FL_measurments.PNG
Attachment 2: sn07.PNG
  514   Fri Mar 24 07:38:54 2023 Camille MakaremOptics ROC measurements of the curved mirrors

[Thejas, Camille]
21 March 2023

We made slight adjustments to the beam expander lenses in the ROC setup. The position of the second lens was moved slightly (a few mm) to improve the collimation of the beam.  The beam profiler was used to measure the beam size at various distances (measurements attached). This will be used to characterize the beam divergence.
This beam was reflected off the curved mirror and the beam profiler was used to measure the beam size at various positions near the focal point. This process was repeated for various curved mirrors (measurements attached). These values will be used to determine the ROC of each mirror. ROC=2*FL

  513   Fri Mar 17 15:01:21 2023 Koji OpticsCharacterizationA+ OMC Curved mirror radius of curvature

Thanks Koji, the lenses available in the cabinet in the lab actually sufficed. 


I hope you can find useful lenses from the lens kit in the cabinet. If you need more lenses and mounts, talk to our students in WB and the 40m.


  512   Wed Mar 15 17:07:35 2023 Koji OpticsCharacterizationA+ OMC Curved mirror radius of curvature

I hope you can find useful lenses from the lens kit in the cabinet. If you need more lenses and mounts, talk to our students in WB and the 40m.

  511   Wed Mar 15 15:28:24 2023 Thejas OpticsCharacterizationA+ OMC Curved mirror radius of curvature

Thanks for teh comment Koji. Yes, I did see this effect by comparing the beam sizes with and without the curved mirror. But the observation did not conform with the expectation that the beam should focus at a distance of 1.25 m from the curved mirror (as seen in the software images). So, I plan to use some lenses to increase the beam waist and perform the measurement.


If the mirror has the RoC, it works as a lens. And you should be able to see the effect in the beam profile.

Just what you need to do is to compare the beam profile without the mirror (or with a flat mirror) and then with the curved mirror.



  510   Tue Mar 14 20:06:03 2023 Koji OpticsCharacterizationA+ OMC Curved mirror radius of curvature

If the mirror has the RoC, it works as a lens. And you should be able to see the effect in the beam profile.

Just what you need to do is to compare the beam profile without the mirror (or with a flat mirror) and then with the curved mirror.


  509   Tue Mar 14 18:24:03 2023 Thejas OpticsCharacterizationA+ OMC Curved mirror radius of curvature

Today, I tried to measure the radius of curvature of the curved mirror using the input beam for the OMC test set-up. It was noticed that the half inch curved optic (ROC=2.5 m), when placed within the Rayleigh range of the beam waist, did not focus the beam. This is probably becasue the beam diameter is small for this optic's radius of curvature to produce any focussing. This can be illustrated even further using the JAMMT software by replacing a concave sperical mirror with a ocnvex lens of focal length of 1.25 m. 

Substrate: 1/2 inch optic with f= 0.25 m 

Substrate: 1/2 inch optic with f= 1.25 m



Substrate: 1/2 inch optic with f= 1.25 m

The only wasy to resolve this is by incresing the beam diameter to > 2 mm


  508   Tue Mar 14 12:12:41 2023 Koji OpticsCharacterizationA+ OMC curved mirror characterization

RoC: 2.65m ! Interesting. I'll wait for the follow-up analysis/measurements. The RoC may be dependent on the area (diameter) for the fitting. You might want to run the fitting of your own. If so, let me know. I have some Matlab code that is compatible with the CSV file exported from MetroPro data.

  507   Tue Mar 14 10:41:06 2023 Thejas OpticsCharacterizationA+ OMC curved mirror characterization

[Camille, GarriLynn, Stephen, Thejas]

Folllowing the replacement of the spherical transmission / reference mirror with a flat mirror, on Friday we were able to observe fringes that facilitated characterization of the curvature minimum. 



By rotating the curved optic by 90 deg we couodn't reproduce consistent data. 

This is probably due to insufficient attention given to the orientation/centering of the curved mirror under the clamp. 




Attachment 1: image.jpeg
  506   Fri Mar 10 11:12:57 2023 Thejas OpticsCharacterizationA+ OMC Curvature minimum of curved optics

[GariLynn, Stephen, Thejas]

Yesterday, we placed an iris (borrowed from OMC Lab) infront of the spherical transmission sphere to limit the spot size, on the other end of the cavity, to only the curved optic. This produced a crisp boundary for the interference pattern. We obtained some data at different imaging focal planes. The transmission optic here is a spherical mirror. This was replaced with a plane reference and the curved optic was moved closer to this optic. Intereference fringes were nuled for the plane mirror upon which the curved optic sits. This ensures that the curved mirror is head on to the laser beam. The spherical fringes were obscured by some diffraction artifacts. Today, we will be makign an attempt to eliminate that and try to see fringes from the whole curved optic. 



  505   Fri Mar 10 10:23:08 2023 ThejasOpticsCharacterizationA+ OMC curved mirror radius of curvature

OMC test set-up

Yesterday, laser beam output from the fibre follwoing teh mode-matching lenses was picked off and beam profile was characterized using beam profiler Thorlabs BP209-VIS. 



The gaussian fit beam diameter was measured to be about wx = 939 um wy = 996 um at the location of a distance of 0.4 m from the high reflector. The mode content of this beam is about 98% TEM00. We want to use this beam within the Rayleigh range (near field) to measure radium of curvature of the curved optics. 

The Rayleigh range is about 0.74 m. 


Attachment 4: OMC_8_(dragged).pdf
OMC_8_(dragged).pdf OMC_8_(dragged).pdf OMC_8_(dragged).pdf
  504   Wed Mar 8 17:27:51 2023 Thejas OpticsCharacterizationA+ OMC Curvature minimum of curved optics

[Stephen, Thejas]

Today, a more rigorous effort was made to re-measure the position of the optics forming the Fizeau cavity and re-position the curved optic to get more contrasting fringes. Distance measurements were made using a Fluke laser displacement sensor. We obtained a contrasting fringe pattern but the phase profile measured was assymmeteric and un-satisfactory. Tomorrow an attempt will be made to place an iris infront of the curved optic to define the edge of the beam and limit it only to the curved optic surface. 

Attachment 1: image.jpeg
  503   Tue Mar 7 23:00:16 2023 Thejas OpticsCharacterizationOMC Lab clean up

Today, Koji and I cleaned up the the lab space and made some space on the optical table for radius of curvature measurement of the A+ OMC curved mirrors. 



  502   Tue Mar 7 10:20:55 2023 Thejas OpticsCharacterizationA+ OMC Curved mirror radius of curvature

[Camille, Stephen, Thejas]

Stephen returned the curved mirror #6 to Liyuan for point transmission measurement. We are now using #5 for to setup/align the ZYGO Fizeau interferometer setup to characterize the curvature center of the mirrors. It was setup such that the focal point of the input reference sphere was coincident with the radius of curvature of the test mirror. 

The curved mirror was mounted on a flat reference mirror, with the help of the sub-assembly bonding fixture:

The fringe pattern seen was:



Efforts were made today to improve the contrast of the fringe pattern and take some measurements.








Attachment 1: image.jpeg
Attachment 3: image.jpeg
  501   Mon Mar 6 16:02:56 2023 Thejas OpticsGeneralOMC test setup locking

On Feb 16, Camille and I attampted at locking the OMC cavity. It was quick to re-align the beam to the cavity (by using only the fine adjustment of the output fibre couple). This was done by looking to minimize the power reflected from the cavity and observing the mode shapes on the CCD. After we achieved locking we placed the lid of the OMC back and turned off the laser. 

  500   Mon Mar 6 12:25:08 2023 KojiFacilityGeneralHEPA Enclosure improvement

Chub, JC, and co worked on the HEPA enclosure improvement.

Attachment 1: 20230306_081449.jpg
Attachment 2: 20230306_081518.jpg
  499   Wed Mar 1 10:23:10 2023 Thejas OpticsCharacterizationA+ OMC curved mirror characterization

[Camille, Thejas, Stephen]

Yesterday, efforts were made to measure ROC of curved mirrors (#6) in the ZYGO lab using a Fizeau Interferometer. Peculiar observation: Stray fringes were seen that dominated the fringes that conformed with the expectation. The origin of these fringes is still not accounted for (see attached screenshot). moreover, once the right fringe pattern is achieved by moving the end mirror of the interferometer using a translation stage, the cavity length is measured using a metre stick. This makes the measurement limited by the accuracy using ruler stick for cavity length measurement, which is not expected to be any better than usign a beam profiler to find the focal point from the curved mirror. Today we will, move ahead to corved mirror surface profile characterization.



  498   Mon Feb 27 17:40:27 2023 Thejas OpticsCharacterizationA+ OMC curved mirror characterization

[Camille, Stephen, Thejas]

Today, before the ZYGO lab was cleaned and prepared for the cureved mirrors' radius of curvature (ROC) characterization, Mirror no. 6 was mounted into one of the half inch mirror holders. The cleanliness of the envoronment and handling was not satisfactory. Tomorrow efforts will be made to start doing the ROC measurements with class B cleanroom garbing.

  497   Fri Feb 17 17:41:57 2023 Thejas ElectronicsCharacterizationA+ OMC Piezos wedge angle

[Camille, Stephen, Thejas]

PZT model: Noliac 2124

Qty: 18 (Sr. No. 30 - 48)

Today, PZT dimensions were measured. Inner radius of the ring and thickness at different points can be used to determine the wedge angle and direction of the PZTs. This is essential for evaluation of appropriate combination of subassembly (curved mirror + PZT + Hole prism) prior to bonding them. 


Attachment 1: OMC_6_(dragged).pdf
OMC_6_(dragged).pdf OMC_6_(dragged).pdf OMC_6_(dragged).pdf OMC_6_(dragged).pdf OMC_6_(dragged).pdf OMC_6_(dragged).pdf OMC_6_(dragged).pdf
  496   Fri Feb 17 17:25:39 2023 Thejas OpticsCharacterizationA+ OMC Breadboard measuerements

Yesterday we also measured weight and dimensions of breadboard. Error for the following measurements is same as the least count of the instruments used. 


6149 g 

450.56 mm x 41.45 mm x 150.39 mm 


6127 g

450.37 mm x 41.25 mm x 150.17mm



6155 g

450.83 mm x 41.44 mm x 150.15 mm



6158 g

450.30 mm x 150.42 mm x 41.42 mm



6147 g

450.06 mm x 150.18 mm x 41.42 mm



6149 g

450.01 mm x 150.57 mm x 41.43 mm



6143 g 

450.01 mm x 150.06 mm x 41.44 mm




Attachment 1: IMG_3753BB8D72D5-1.jpeg
Attachment 2: IMG_62A5AD50E8D1-1.jpeg
Attachment 3: OMC_5_(dragged).pdf
OMC_5_(dragged).pdf OMC_5_(dragged).pdf OMC_5_(dragged).pdf OMC_5_(dragged).pdf
  495   Fri Feb 17 17:11:28 2023 Thejas OpticsCharacterizationA+ OMC beam-splitter prisms wedge angle measurement

[Camille, Stephen, Thejas]


Yesterday we measured wedge angle of the beamsplitter (BS) prisms. I reckon these measurements are not as important as the BSs will be used outside the cavity and the angle of incidence is significant. 

Measurement procedure and setup used are the same as that for the prism mirrors wedge angle measurements.



initial division reading: 9.0 

finbal division reading: 2.5 



ini: 9.0 

fin: 2.0 



ini: 9.0 

fin: 1.9 


ini: 9.0 

fin: 2.0 



ini: 9.0 

fin: 1.7



ini: 9.0 

fin: 2.0


ini: 9.0

fin: 2.3




ini: 9.0 

fin: 2.3


ini: 9.0

fin: 2.2




ini: 9.0

fin: 2.4









Attachment 11: OMC_5_(dragged)_2.pdf
OMC_5_(dragged)_2.pdf OMC_5_(dragged)_2.pdf OMC_5_(dragged)_2.pdf OMC_5_(dragged)_2.pdf OMC_5_(dragged)_2.pdf OMC_5_(dragged)_2.pdf OMC_5_(dragged)_2.pdf
  494   Wed Feb 15 17:40:21 2023 Thejas OpticsCharacterizationA+ OMC perpendicularity of hole prisms

[Camille, Stephen, Thejas]

Contnuing the efforts to measure and check perpendicularity: tombstone prisms with holes/ hole prisms (HP).

Note: Veritcal crosshair splitting can be seen in the some of the image. This is probably because the horizontal of the Al flat mirror is not parallel to that of the coupling mirror. This was confirmed by touching the so that the setup roll a bit so as to reduce the vertical splitting. In some cases the position of the prism on the flat mirror was changes to reduce this effect, in some other cases this was not very helpful and measurement was done anyway. We expect that teh vertical splitting and horizontal splitting don't couple into each other. We think the clamping mechanism for this kind of measurement can be improved to avoid these artefacts. 

















HP 52

HP 53

HP 54

HP 55


HP 56


HP 57





Attachment 19: OMC_2_(dragged)_2.pdf
OMC_2_(dragged)_2.pdf OMC_2_(dragged)_2.pdf OMC_2_(dragged)_2.pdf OMC_2_(dragged)_2.pdf OMC_2_(dragged)_2.pdf OMC_2_(dragged)_2.pdf OMC_2_(dragged)_2.pdf OMC_2_(dragged)_2.pdf
Attachment 20: OMC_2_(dragged)_3.pdf
OMC_2_(dragged)_3.pdf OMC_2_(dragged)_3.pdf OMC_2_(dragged)_3.pdf OMC_2_(dragged)_3.pdf
  493   Wed Feb 15 16:00:46 2023 StephenElectronicsGeneralOMC cables #4 inspected


Updated ICS (Shipment-12578) and moved those parts to Storage-9482.

Inspection showed the following:

  • Serial numbers matched the packing list
  • SN S1301807: We observed some discoloration on the Gore wire close to one cable termination. [Attachment 1]
    • greenish tint
    • appeared to be superficial
    • slight removal observed when gently wiped with an IPA soaked AlphaWipe ("red wipe")
    • did not follow the helical of the teflon sheath
    • recommend additional inspection when Unit 4 build is resumed
  • Cables were returned to the box labeled "OMC Cables" in the south cabinets in the OMC lab.

Observations for aLIGO OMC Unit 4 Build

An ICS Record Navigator search of onboard OMC cables reveals the following quantities appear to have been fabricated for aLIGO.

  • D1300371 = Qty 3
  • D1300372 = Qty 5
  • D1300374 = Qty 3
  • D1300375 = Qty 5

The leftover cables are all of the long variety (D1300372, D1300375), and the received quantities make sense. 3 aLIGO OMC assemblies used quantity 3 of each cable, leaving the remaining cables which had been stored at LHO:

  • D1300372 = Qty 2
  • D1300375 = Qty 2

The received cables from LHO may apparently be used interchangably, and the extra slack (~ 5", compared to the D1300371, D1300374 part numbers) should be managable.

Next Steps for aLIGO OMC Unit 4 Build

We will move forward in fabricating Unit 4 with the received cables from LHO, despite their extra length.

To complete the Unit 4 on board cable set (refer to OMC_Lab/203), we will need to crimp pins onto the PZT leads, and we need to find, clean, and bake quantity 1 4 pin mighty mouse connector.

  • PZT leads terminate crimp pins inserted into Glenair Mighty Mouse 803-003-07M6-4PN-598A (per OMC_LAB/203, record navigator)
  • Cable bracket interface to OMCS is Glenair Mighty Mouse 803-003-07M6-4PN-598A (per D1300376-v3).

I will ask Chub to see if there are any Class A spares of the PZT termination connector already on hand.

Attachment 1: cable_residue_OMC_Lab_493_20230215_145127.jpg
  492   Tue Feb 14 22:52:35 2023 Thejas OpticsCharacterizationA+ OMC Prism perpendicularity of HR Prisms and BS

[Camille, Stephen, Thejas]

Continuing with the efforts to measure the perpndicularity.

Prism 15

Prism 16

Prism 17


Prism 22


Prism 24

Prism 26


Perpendicularity measurement for Beam Splitters

BS 25


BS 29



BS 28



BS 36


BS 33


BS 34



BS 35


BS 37



BS 38


BS 39




Attachment 17: OMC.pdf
OMC.pdf OMC.pdf OMC.pdf OMC.pdf OMC.pdf OMC.pdf OMC.pdf OMC.pdf
Attachment 18: OMC_annex.pdf
  491   Tue Feb 14 10:45:00 2023 Thejas OpticsCharacterizationA+ OMC Prism perpendicularity

[Camille, Stephen, Thejas]

Following the wedge angle measurements of the prisms, perpendicularoty of their bottom surface with respect to their HR surface was measured usign the autocollimator. More info. about the procedure can be found in the OMC testing document. We want to set the requiremetns for perpendicularity to better than 30 arcsec (or 0.-0083 deg).

Images of the setup 



Prism 1: 

View through teh autocollimator (AC) while hte prism is unclamped:

Two horizontal crosshair lines can be seen, with a common vertical crosshair. These corresspond to the two separate reflections of the AC beam fom the retroflector (RR) surfaces formed by the prism and the flat Al mirror (see image below). When the RR formed is 90 deg the two horizontal lines overlap. The separation between the lines, when calibrated, represents 4 x the deviation of the prism from perpendicularity. Note that, since this prism is unclamped the crosshairs don't indicate a true reading. Note that since the autocollimator images are in far field, the splitting of the horizontal lines shouldn't depend on the pitch angle of the coupling mirror, this can also be checked by the adjusting the pitch screws. 



Multiple images below to check reproducibility:


1 div. of the reticle in the above images corresponds to 1 arc min. By measuring the separation of the horizontal shifting gives angle of deviation from perpendicularity. 

From the above images it can be inferred that the surfaces form a 90 deg RR. 



Prism 2

As it can be seen in the top images there's a splitting of hte horizontal lines indicating deviation from perpendicularity. The direction of the deviation can be inferred by softly tocuhing/pressing on the front orn the back en of the flat Al mirror surface as shown in the images below. 


Prism 4

Prism 5


Prism 6

Prism 7


Prism 9


Prism 10

Prism 11


Prism 12


Prism 13

Prism 14


Attachment 10: IMG_379CF9F79CCB-1.jpeg
Attachment 12: IMG_146D1BDD8AC5-1.jpeg
Attachment 17: IMG_5783285B694E-1.jpeg
Attachment 23: IMG_FC0EC9B1CA92-1.jpeg
Attachment 25: OMC_2_(dragged).pdf
OMC_2_(dragged).pdf OMC_2_(dragged).pdf OMC_2_(dragged).pdf OMC_2_(dragged).pdf OMC_2_(dragged).pdf OMC_2_(dragged).pdf OMC_2_(dragged).pdf OMC_2_(dragged).pdf
Attachment 26: OMC_2_(dragged)_(dragged).pdf
  490   Thu Feb 9 15:54:41 2023 Thejas OpticsCharacterizationA+ OMC, Parallelism of HR Prisms

[Camille, Thejas, Stephen]

Continuing yesterday's efforts to measure the wedge angle of the back surface of the prisms. We completed measurement for all the 18 prisms.

The images below accompanying the readings represent the S2 crosshair image on top of the reticle, alighned for yaw.

But note that the vertical misalignement with the reticle does not give an accurate measurement for vertical wedge angle. This is because, as it's notecable in the images, 

the S1 reflected crosshair's horizontal axis goes out of coincidence from the horizontal axis of the reticle as the stage is rotated. Our thoughts: MAy be the horizontal 

plane of the mount is not the same as the horizontal plane of the autocollimator.


Each unit of the readings corresponds to 0.1 deg., the resolution of the rotational stage is 0.2 deg. The requirement is 0.5 deg of wedge angle. And this angle is related to the horizontal wedge angle by: 

Prism 02

Initial reading of the screw on the rotation (yaw) stage (ini): 7.6 

Final reading of the screw (fin): 0.2


Prism 04

ini: + 5.1

fin: - 8.0

Prism 05

ini: + 1.8

fin: - 5.5

Prism 06

ini: + 5.8

fin: - 8.5

Prism 07

ini: 8.2

fin: 1.0 

Prism 09

ini: +1.0

fin: - 4.2

Prism 10

ini: +9.1

final: +2.2


Prism 11

ini: 9.1

fin: 2.0 

Prism 12

ini: 9.0

fin: 2.2


Prism 13

ini: 9.0 

fin: 2.2


Prism 14

ini: 9.0 

fin: 2.1

Prism 15

ini: 9.0

fin: 2.0 

Prism 16


ini: 9.0 

fin: 2.2

Prism 17

ini: 9.0

fin: 2.0

Prism 22

ini: 9.0 

fin: 2.1

Prism 24

ini: 9.1

fin: 2.1

Prism 26

ini: 9.0 

fin: 2.3

This totals 18 prisms including yesterdays. 









Attachment 18: Raw_data.pdf
Raw_data.pdf Raw_data.pdf Raw_data.pdf Raw_data.pdf Raw_data.pdf Raw_data.pdf Raw_data.pdf Raw_data.pdf
  489   Wed Feb 8 16:10:52 2023 StephenOpticsCharacterizationA+ OMC, Parallelism of HR Prisms

[Camille, Thejas, Stephen]

We set up the white light autocollimator in the Downs B119 cleanroom. (Nippon Kogaku, from Mike Smith).

After some initial effort to refine the fixturing and alignment, we located the S1 crosshair reflection and aligned to the autocollimator reticle using the pitch and yaw adjustments in the prism mount.

We subsequently used the rotation stage adjustment to locate the S2 crosshair reflection and measure the vertical and horizontal wedges.

Faint horizontal crosshair from the S2 reflection can be seen in the image below.

This is aligned with the reticle using rotation mount on which the prism mount is clamped.

Initial readiing of the rotation mount screw: 9.2 

Final reading: 2.2

Here we see that the crosshair from S2 reflected light is offset in the vertical axis by approx. 2 div. From hte image below this should

correspond to 2 arcmin vertical wedge angle.The horizontal wedge angle is yet to be caluclated.

Attachment 3: IMG_3C6388ECD50E-1.jpeg
  487   Sat Feb 4 03:33:22 2023 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC Lab Inventory

Attachment 1: North Cabinet 2nd from the left

Attachment 2: North Cabinet 3rd from the left

Attachment 3: South Cabinet (right)

Attachment 1: PXL_20230204_072749311.jpg
Attachment 2: PXL_20230204_072744686.MP.jpg
Attachment 3: PXL_20230204_073603041.MP.jpg
  486   Sat Feb 4 03:30:02 2023 KojiElectronicsGeneralOMC cables #4 arrived

The OMC cables #4 arrived on Feb 3rd. (See Attachment)

This shipment included two DCPD cables and two QPD cables. It means that the direct wiring from the PZT to the mighty mouse connectors was not included in the shipment.

Attachment 1: PXL_20230202_210750100.jpg
  485   Sat Feb 4 03:22:46 2023 KojiFacilityGeneralReady for the HEPA enclosure expansion

HEPA is quite low for a tall person and also the curtain on the back of us is always heavy. It's very tough for anyone to work with. (See Attachment 1)

I did the lab and table organization so that the HEPA expansion work can be resumed.
The 4th OMC is still on the table with the transport fixture (See attachment 3), but it is secured on the table. The risk of damaging the OMC is low now.

Chub can start working on the HEPA. Occasionally Camille and Thejas may work on the optical setup with the OMC. It is fine as long as both happen at the same time.

Attachment 1: PXL_20230202_002014960.MP.jpg
Attachment 2: PXL_20230203_011618168.MP.jpg
Attachment 3: PXL_20230203_011633873.jpg
  484   Sat Feb 4 03:16:10 2023 KojiOpticsGeneralOMC #4: One Invar block bonded with tilt

The attached photo shows the resulting bond spread.


Attachment 1: PXL_20230202_213114009.jpg
  483   Thu Feb 2 03:09:41 2023 KojiOpticsGeneralOMC #4: One Invar block bonded with tilt

[Camille, Thejas, Koji]

We added a reinforcement bar at the back of the invar block which had the tilt issue.

The reinforcement bar was added to the backside rather than the side or front such that the DCPD housing does not interfere with the reinforcement bar.

Also, small amount of EP30-2 was added to the CM2 wire so that the repeated bend of the PZT wire cause the disconnection at the PZT.

Attachment 1: PXL_20230202_003156761.jpg
Attachment 2: PXL_20230202_003204058.jpg
  482   Wed Feb 1 01:44:14 2023 KojiGeneralGeneralOMC (004) plan

2/1 2:30PM~ Bonding reinforcement (Last EP30-2 gluing)

2/2 1:00PM~ Peripheral attachment / Optical testing setup

  481   Wed Feb 1 01:39:41 2023 KojiMechanicsGeneralDCPD housing / QPD housing

Inserted 4-40 and 2-56 helicoils into the DCPD/QPD housings for the 4th OMC. The retainer caps were also fastened to the housings.

Attachment 1: PXL_20230201_021505299.jpg
Attachment 2: PXL_20230201_021455728.jpg
  480   Wed Feb 1 01:33:03 2023 KojiMechanicsGeneral5th OMC Transport Fixture

The transport fixture was brought to the 40m clean room to use as an assembly reference.

Attachment 1: PXL_20230201_005912224.jpg
  479   Sat Jan 28 00:46:21 2023 KojiMechanicsGeneralOMC #4: Replaced the locks of the transport fixture

Yesterday, we noticed that we could not close the transport fixture for OMC #4. We could not fully rotate the knobs of the locks. Today, I took the hooks from the functioning locks of the spare transport fixture.

It turned out that the default dimension of the lock seemed too tight. The functioning one has the through holes elongated by a file or something. This modification will be necessary for future transport fixtures.

Attachment 1: PXL_20230128_022952669.jpg
  478   Sat Jan 28 00:38:56 2023 KojiMechanicsGeneralOMC #1 cable bracket replacement / OMC #1 repair completed

The AL metal bracket was replaced with a PEEK version.

Attachments 1/2: Before the replacement. The photos show how the cables are arranged.

Attachment 3: How the replacement work is going. The 1/4-20 screws were super tight. Once the connectors were removed, an Allen key was inserted to a hole so that the 1/4-20 on the short sides were removed by closing Allen key arms. For the screws on the longer sides, the same technique can be applied by using three Allen keys. This time none of the screws/cable pegs were wasted. The clothes were used to protect the breadboard from any impact of the action.

Attachments 4/5: Final state.

OMC #1 repair has been 100% done


We still have 4 correct cable pegs and many 1/4-20 BHSCs for OMC #4.

Attachment 1: PXL_20230128_011405446.jpg
Attachment 2: PXL_20230128_011401778.jpg
Attachment 3: PXL_20230128_013509885.jpg
Attachment 4: PXL_20230128_014001006.jpg
Attachment 5: PXL_20230128_014035044.jpg
  477   Thu Jan 26 23:46:13 2023 KojiOpticsGeneralOMC #1 input beam dump bonding

A beam dump was stacked on the base of the previous beam dump. The angle was determined so that the main transmission goes through while the stray OMC reflection is blocked without clipping at the edge.

The resulting alignment of the beam dump is shown in Attachment 1.

The beam dump tended to slip on the base. To prevent that a couple of weights were placed around the bonding area. (Attachment 2)


Attachment 1: PXL_20230127_052955482.jpg
Attachment 2: PXL_20230127_052949869.jpg
  476   Thu Jan 26 23:16:35 2023 KojiOpticsConfigurationOMC #4: Top side bonding.

[Camille, Koji]

1. Flipping the OMC

It turned out that the transport fixture for this OMC could not be closed. The locks are too short, and the knobs could not be turned. We temporarily fastened the long 1/4-20 screws to secure the box and flipped it to make the top side face up.

2. Setting up the top-side template

The top side template was attached to the breadboard. We took care that the lock nuts on the positioning screws were not touched. The margins between the template and the glass edges were checked with a caliper. The long sides seemed very much parallel and symmetric, while the short sides were not symmetric. The lock nut on the short side was loosened, and the template was shifted to be symmetric w.r.t. the breadboard.

3. UV epoxy work

The cylindrical glass pieces were wiped, and the bonding surfaces were cleaned so that the visible fringes were <5 fringes. We confirmed the hooking side is properly facing up. The UV epoxy and UV curing were applied without any trouble. (Attachment 1)

4. EP30-2 bonding of the invar mounting blocks

Six invar blocks were bonded. This time the Allen key weights were properly arranged, so they didn't raise the blocks. The bond properly wetted the mating surfaces.


The final step of the bonding is to remove the template.
And replace the locks of the transport fixture.


Attachment 1: PXL_20230126_235309334.jpg
Attachment 2: PXL_20230127_053008237.jpg
Attachment 3: PXL_20230127_053020709_2.jpg
Attachment 4: PXL_20230127_053042809.MP_2.jpg
Attachment 5: PXL_20230127_053058275_2.jpg
  475   Thu Jan 26 23:07:14 2023 KojiOpticsGeneralOMC #4: Input beam dump bonding

[Camille, Koji]

During the second UV epoxy session, we did not bond the input beam dump. This is because this beam dump was not the one planned from the beginning and if it was bonded in place, it would have created difficulties when removing the template.

First, we aligned a couple of Allen wrenches to define the location of the beam dump. We've checked that the main transmission is not blocked at all while the stray beam from the OMC reflection is properly dumped.

After the confirmation, the UV epoxy + UV alight were applied.

The resulting position of the beam dump is shown in the attachment.

Attachment 1: PXL_20230126_221556977.jpg
  474   Thu Jan 26 22:57:19 2023 KojiOpticsGeneralOMC #4: One Invar block bonded with tilt

[Camille, Koji]

The bottom side template was separated into two pieces and successfully removed from the breadboard. The template was assembled together again and bagged to store it in a cabinet.

We found that the invar block for DCPD(R) was bonded with some air gap (Attachment2 1/2).


The Allen key used as a weight was too small, which caused it to get under one of the screws used as hooks and lift the block.


We've investigated the impact of this tilt.

- Bonding strength: The bonding area is ~60% of the nominal. So this is weak, but we can reinforce the bonding with an aluminum bar.
- Misalignment of the DCPD housing: The tilt will laterally move the position of the DCPD. However, the displacement is small and it can be absorbed by the adjustment range of the DCPD housing.
- Removal: From the experience with the removal of the beam dump glass, this requires a long time of acetone soaking.


- We don't need to remove the invar block.
- Action Item: Reinforcement of the bonding

Attachment 1: PXL_20230126_221425695.jpg
Attachment 2: PXL_20230126_221522416.jpg
  473   Wed Jan 25 23:51:04 2023 KojiGeneralGeneralThe items packed for Downs

Qty1 1/2 mounts
Qty2 prism mounts
Qty6 gluing fixures
Qty1 Rotary stage
Qty1 2" AL mirror
Qty1 Base for the AL mirror

=> Handed to Stephen -> Camille on Jan 27, 2023.

Attachment 1: PXL_20230127_055920944.jpg
  472   Mon Jan 23 19:51:20 2023 KojiOpticsGeneralOMC #4: cavity mirror bonding

[Camille, Koji]

We continued to bond two CM mirrors and the other two steering mirrors for QPD2.

Before the bonding work, the FSR and TMSs were checked again.

FSR: 264.7925 MHz
TMS_V: 58.15125 MHz
TMS_H: 58.33375 MHz

Checked the transmission: The OMC loss was 4.3 +/- 0.2 %.

This does not make the HOMs coincidently resonant until the 18th-order (+9MHz). Looks good.

CM1/CM2/SM2/SM3 bonding

- Applied the bond to CM1 and the UV illuminated.
- Applied the bond to CM2 and the UV illuminated.
==> The cavity bonding is completed.

Removed the micrometer for CM2 to allow us to bond SM2/SM3
- Checked the spot at QPD2: The spot was a couple of mm too left. This was too much off compared to the QPD adjustment range. ==> Decided to shim the SM3 position with a piece of Al foil.
- Otherwise everything looked good. SM2/SM3 were bonded.

Invar block bonding

Prepared EP30-2
- There are three tubes of EP30-2 that expires on 2/22, 2023.
- A tube was almost empty. Used this tube to fill/purge the applicator. The 2nd tube was then attached to squeeze out 8g of glue mixture. 
- 0.4g of fused silica beads were added to the glue mixture.
- Mixed the bond and a test piece was baked by the oven. (200F=95C, 5min preheat, bakeing 15min).
- The glue test piece was "dry" and crisp. Looked good.
- Applied the glue on the invar blocks. Confirmed that the bonding surfaces were made completely "wet".
- 4-40 screws were inserted to the blocks so that the blocks were pushed toward the template. See Attachments 3 and 4.


Optic Inventory

Breadboard: #6
BS1: E6
FM1: A1
FM2: A3
CM1: PZT ASSY #8 (M7+PZT11+C11)
CM2: PZT ASSY #11 (M14+PZT13+C13)
SM1: E9
BS2: B8
SM2: E11
SM3: E14
BS3: B6

Attachment 1: HOM_plot_PZT0_0.pdf
Attachment 2: PXL_20230124_032358482.MP.jpg
Attachment 3: PXL_20230124_032452805.MP.jpg
Attachment 4: PXL_20230124_032425638.jpg
  471   Thu Jan 19 23:45:44 2023 KojiOpticsGeneralOMC #4: cavity mirror bonding

[Koji, Camille]

We worked on the bonding of the flat mirrors for the OMC cavity with UV epoxy.

- Prepared the UV illumination setup. Cleaned up the table a bit to spare some space for the illuminator.
- Checked the output power of the illuminator. The foot pedal worked fine. The timer was set to be 10s. The UV output from the fiber was nominally 6W. This is after some warming up for ~1min. (Checked the output power continuously with the UV power meter.)

- Checked the cavity alignment / FSR / TMS - it looked good at this moment

- We confirmed that the UV epoxy has an expiration of July 3, 2023. The bond capsule was brought from Downs right before the work started, and thawed at the lab.

FM1 bonding

- The bottom of FM1 and the breadboard were cleaned. Cleaning with lens cleaning paper + IPA remained a few specks of dust on the surface. We decided to use Vectra swabs to wipe the breadboard surface. This worked pretty well.
- Applied a tap of UV epoxy to FM1 and placed it on the template. The optic was constrained by a retainer clip.
- We found that the spot positions were significantly moved. Probably FM1 was not well touching the template before. We tried to recover the previous optical axis by aligning CM1 and CM2.
- Here is the tip: align the beam on CM1 at the desired spot. Move CM1 to bring the spot on CM2 to the desired spot. CM2 is aligned to have TEM00 as much as possible.

- We recovered reasonable spots on the mirrors. Measured the FSR and TMS (vertical and horizontal) to be 264.73MHz, 58.18MHz, and 58.37MHz, respectively. This makes the 9th-order modes well separated from TEM00. Very good.

- Gave UV illumination 10s x 2. Confirmed that the mirror is rigidly bonded.


FM2 bonding

- Continued to bond the other flat mirror. The same process was repeated.
- The bottom of FM2 and the breadboard were cleaned.
- Applied a tap of UV epoxy to FM2 and placed it on the template. The optic was constrained by a retainer clip.
- Measured the FSR and TMS (vertical and horizontal) to be 264.7925MHz, 58.15MHz, and 58.3725MHz, respectively. This makes the 9th-order modes well separated from TEM00. Very good.

- Gave UV illumination 10s x 2. Confirmed that the mirror is rigidly bonded.

SM1/BS2/BS3 bonding

- Continued to bond some less important mirrors.
- SM1 was placed on the template with the same step as above. BS2 (for QPD) and a dummy QPD housing were also placed just to check if the optical axis has any inconsistency. The good beam alignment on the QPD housing was confirmed.
- Applied a bond to SM1 and blasted the UV (20s)
- Applied a bond to BS2. Checked the alignment on QPD1 again. It looked good. UV illumination was applied.

- Placed BS3 to the cavity transmission. A dummy DCPD housing was placed at the reflection side of BS3. There was no inconsistency with the beam alignment.
- The UV illumination was applied (20s).

Optic Inventory

Breadboard: #6
BS1: E6
FM1: A1
FM2: A3
CM1: PZT ASSY #8 (M7+PZT11+C11)
CM2: PZT ASSY #11 (M14+PZT13+C13)
SM1: E9
BS2: B8
BS3: B6

  470   Mon Dec 19 18:51:50 2022 KojiOpticsCharacterizationTMS measurement with the PZT voltages altered

[Camille, Koji] Log of the work on Dec 15, 2023

The vertical and horizontal TMSs for OMC #4 were measured with the PZT voltages scanned from 0V to 200V.

We concluded that this alignment nicely avoids the higher-order mode structure up to ~19th order. We are ready for the cavity mirror bonding.

The RF transfer functions to the trans RF PD from the modulation on the BB EOM were taken with the presence of the vertical misalignment of the incident beam and the vertical clipping of the beam on the RFPD.

The typical measurement results and the fitting results are shown in Attachments 1/2.

The TFs were taken with the voltage 0, 50, 100, 150, and 200V applied to PZT1 while PZT2 were left open. The measurement was repeated with the role of PZT1 and PZT2 swapped.

The ratio between the TMS and FSR was evaluated for each PZT voltage setting. (Attachment 3)

When the PZTs are open, the first coincident resonance is the 19th-order mode of the 45MHz lower sideband. (Attachment 4)

When the PZT2 voltage is scanned with PZT1 kept at ~0V, no low-order sidebands come into the resonance (Attachment 5) until the PZT1 voltage is above 100V.

We found that the high voltage on PZT1 misaligns the cavity in yaw and the spot (presumably) moves to an undesirable area regarding the cavity loss.
This does not happen to PZT2. Therefore the recommendation here is that the PZT2 is used as the high voltage PTZ, while PZT1 is for the low voltage actuation.


Attachment 1: Cav_scan_response_PZT1_0_Pitch.pdf
Attachment 2: Cav_scan_response_PZT1_0_Yaw.pdf
Attachment 3: OMC_20221215.pdf
Attachment 4: HOM_plot_PZT0_0.pdf
Attachment 5: HOM_PZTV_PZT1_0V.pdf
  469   Mon Dec 12 19:04:40 2022 KojiOpticsCharacterizationFSR/TMS/Spot Positions/Transmission 2nd trial

[Camille Koji]

We replaced CM2 with a PZT mirror subassembly serialized by PZT "13" (Attachment 1).
This made the transmission increase to 96.x%. Therefore the quick measurement of FSR and TSM were done. Also more careful measurement of the transmission was done.

Next time

== Alignment ==

  • CM2 was replaced from PZT "12" to PZT "13".
  • The resulting position of the cavity spot were all over 1mm too "+" (convention T1500060 Appendix C).
  • So we decided to rotate CM2 by 1mrad in CW. This was done with (-) micrometer of CM2 "pushed" by 20um (2 rotational div).
  • The resulting spot positions were checked with CCD. (Attachment 2). The spot positions seemed to be within +/-1mm from the center as far as we can see from the images. (good)
  • CM2 spot looks much darker. CM1 spot is almost invisible with a CCD and also an IR viewer. FM1/2 spots were nominal bright level. (Looks OK)

== Quick measurement of the transmission ==

Transmission: 20.30 mW
Reflection Voltage (locked): 65.0 mV
Reflection Voltage (unlocked): 3.094 V
Reflection Voltage (dark): -6.5 mV
Incident Power: 21.64 mW

---> Mode matching 1-0.023 / Pcoupled = 21.14 / OMC Transmission 0.96

96% transmission is not the best but OK level. We decided to proceed with this mirror combination.

== Quick measurement of FSR/TMS ==

FSR: 264.7837MHz
TMS_V = 58.2105MHz
TMS_H = 58.1080MHz

The HOM structure (with PZT Vs = 0) is shown in Attachment 3. 9th order modes look just fine. The excplicit coincidence is 19th order 45MHz lower sideband. (Looks good)

== Transmission measurement ==

The raw measurements are shown in Attachment 4. The processed result is shown in Attachment 5.
We found that data set 2 has exceptionally low transmission. So we decided to run the 4th measurement excluding the set 2.

Over all OMC loss
Set1: 0.029 +/- 0.014
Set3: 0.041 +/- 0.0014
Set4: 0.038 +/- 0.001

--> 0.036 +/- 0.004
(0.964 Transmission)


Attachment 1: PXL_20221212_235351320.jpg
Attachment 2: OMC4_spot.png
Attachment 3: HOM_plot_PZT.pdf
Attachment 4: PXL_20221213_000406843.jpg
Attachment 5: Screen_Shot_2022-12-12_at_19.36.10.png
  468   Fri Dec 9 13:13:13 2022 KojiOpticsCharacterizationFSR/TMS/Spot Positions/Transmission

[Camille Koji]

We quickly measured the basic parameters of the OMC as is.

=== FSR ===
Used the technique to find a dip in the transmission transfer function (TF) with offset locking + phase modulation. The FSR was 264.79003MHz = The cavity length of 1.13219 [m] (requirement 1.132+/-0.005 [m])

=== TMS ===

Used the technique to find the peaks in the trans TF with phase modulation + input misalignment + trans PD clipping.
TMS_V: 58.0727 / TMS_H: 58.3070 => TMS/FSR V:0.219316 H:0.220201

This makes the 9th-order modes nicely avoided (Attachment 1). A slightly longer FSR may makes the numbers close to the nominal.

=== Spot positions ===

The image/video capture board turned out not functional with the new Apple silicon mac. We decided to use a small CCD monitor and took a photo of the display.

All the spots are within the acceptable range. The scattering on CM2 was particularly bright on the CCD image and also in the image with the IR viewr.

The spot on FM1/2 are right at the expected location. The spot on CM1 is 0.5mm low and 0.7mm inside (left). The spot on CM2 is ~0.25mm too high and 0.3mm outside.
(Attachment 2, a small grid is 1 mm/div)

== Transmission ==

We made a quick simplified measurement (Attachment 3).

Assuming the reflectivity of the matched beam to be ~0, the mode matching is M=1-(59.2e-3-(-6.5e-3))/(3.074-(-6.5e-3))=0.979
==> The power of the coupled mode is M x 21.28mW = 20.83 mW
The measued transmission was 19.88 mW

==> The OMC transmission (total) was 0.954 (4.5% loss)

This number is not too bad. But the spot on CM2 has too bright scattering. Next week, we want to check if swapping CM2 may improve the situation or not.

Attachment 1: HOM_plot_PZT.pdf
Attachment 2: OMC4_spot.png
Attachment 3: PXL_20221208_233706115.jpg
  467   Mon Dec 5 20:09:39 2022 KojiOpticsGeneral(re)starting the OMC #4 build

[Camille Koji]

We started buikding the OMC #4.

  • Removed OMC #1 from the optical setup and placed it at a safe side on the optical table/
  • Fixed OMC #4 in the optical setup
  • Cleaned the OMC cavity mirrors
  • Placed the OMC cavity mirrors
    • FM1: A1
    • FM2: A3
    • CM1: PZT #11
    • CM2: PZT #12
  • Aligned the beam to the cavity
  • Locked the cavity on TEM00
  • Finely aligned the beam to the cavity
Attachment 1: PXL_20221205_233712211.jpg
  466   Fri Dec 2 23:58:33 2022 KojiOpticsCharacterizationOMC #1 cleaning for water soluble contaminants

The second trial of the water scrub

A bright scatter is visible on FM1, so I tried water scrub on FM1. This time, both surfaces of FM1 and both surfaces of BS1 were cleaned.

Smaller Vectra swabs were used for the scrub. Then the water was purged by IPA splashed from a syringe. Right after that FC was applied.
This was a bit messy process as the mixture of water/IPA/FC was splattered on the breadboard.
Nevertheless, all the mess was cleaned by FC in the end.

The transmission measurements are shown in Attachment 1, and the analyzed result is shown together with the past results.

The 2nd water scrub didn't improve the transmission and it is equivalent to the one after the two times of deep cleaning.
I concluded that the water scrub didn't change the transmission much (or at all). We reached the cleaning limit.

Attachment 1: PXL_20221203_063327268.jpg
Attachment 2: OMC_loss.pdf
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