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ID Date Author Typeup Category Subject
  1680   Tue Jun 16 17:38:35 2009 robUpdateLockingDeWhites ON

With the common mode servo bandwidth above 30kHz and the BOOST on (1), I was able to switch on the test mass dewhitening.  Finally.

  1681   Tue Jun 16 20:03:41 2009 AlbertoUpdateElectronicsRequirements on Wenzel Multiplier

For the 40m Upgrade, we plan to eliminate the Mach-Zehnder and replace it with a single EOM driven by all three modulation frequencies that we'll need: f1=11MHz, f2=5*f1=55MHz, fmc=29.5MHz.

A frequency generator will produce the three frequencies and with some other electronics we'll properly combine and feed them to the EOM.

The frequency generator will have two crystals to produce the f1 and fmc signals. The f2 modulation will be obtained by a frequency multiplier (5x) from the f1.

The frequency multiplier, for the way it works, will inevitably introduce some unwanted harmonics into the signals. These will show up as extra modulation frequencies in the EOM.

In order to quantify the effects of such unwanted harmonics on the interferometer and thus to let us set some limits on their amplitude, I ran some simulations with Optickle. The way the EOM is represented is by three RF modulators in series. In order to introduce the unwanted harmonics, I just added an RF modulator in series for each of them. I also made sure not to leave any space in between the modulators, so not to introduce phase shifts.

To check the effect at DC I looked at the sensing matrix and at the error signals. I considered the 3f error signals that we plan to use for the short DOFs and looked at how they depend on the CARM offset. I repeated the simulations for several possible amplitude of the unwanted harmonics. Some results are shown in the plots attached to this entry. 'ga' is the amplitude ratio of the unwanted
harmonics relative to the amplitude of the 11 & 55 MHz modulations.

Comparing to the case where there are no unwanted harmonics (ga = 0), one can see that not considerable effect on the error signals for amplitudes 40dB smaller than that of the main sidebands. Above that value, the REFL31I signals, that we're going to use to control PRCL, will start to be distorted: gain and linearity range change.

So 40 dB of attenuation in the unwanted harmonics is probably the minimum requirement on the frequency multiplier, although 60dB would provide a safer margin.

I'm still thinking how to evaluate any AC effect on the IFO.


** TODO: Plot DC sweeps with a wider range (+/- 20 pm). Also plot swept sines to look for changes in TFs out to ~10 kHz.

Attachment 1: SummaryOfResult.pdf
SummaryOfResult.pdf SummaryOfResult.pdf SummaryOfResult.pdf SummaryOfResult.pdf SummaryOfResult.pdf SummaryOfResult.pdf SummaryOfResult.pdf SummaryOfResult.pdf
  1683   Wed Jun 17 01:09:47 2009 robUpdateComputers/cvs/cds 91% full

In /cvs/cds/caltech


1.6M    2008-8-15.pdf
2.9M    40mUpgradeOpticalLayoutPlan01.pdf
2.4M    alh
19M     apache
18G     apps
11M     archive
4.0K    authorized_keys2
8.0K    backup.notes
8.0K    backup.notes~
1.9G    build
62G     burt
47M     cds
13M     cds40m
37M     chans
70G     conlog
52K     crontab
12K     cshrc.40m
12K     cshrc.40m~
36M     diag
1.4G    dmt
8.2M    framecpp-0.2.0
1.7M    free_080730.pdf
57M     gds
9.8G    home
60K     hooks
8.0K    hosts.40m
4.0K    id_rsa
10M     iscmodeling
110M    ldg-4.7
648M    libs
4.0K    log2.txt
224K    logs
0       log.txt
238M    medm
344M    NB
148M    NB_080304
211M    NB_080307
401M    NB40
1.2G    noisebudget.071109
837M    noisebudget.bak.20060623
3.5M    oldtarget
123M    root
5.7M    savesets
208K    schematics
655M    scripts
13G     scripts_archive
1.1M    state
3.7G    svn
4.0K    svn-commit.tmp
7.3G    target
295M    target_archive
6.7M    test
72K     test.png
4.0K    tmp
8.0K    typescript
35G     users
205M    wind

  1684   Thu Jun 18 23:08:46 2009 robUpdateLockingspectrum

Here's a noise spectrum of the RSE interferometer, in anti-spring mode, with RF readout.  I'd say the calibration is "loose."

I used the Buonanno & Chen modification of the KLMTV IFO transfer functions to model the DARM opto-mechanical response.  I just guessed at the quadrature, and normalized the optical gain at the frequency of the calibration line used (927Hz, not visible on the plot).

Attachment 1: DARMnoise_929352240.png
Attachment 2: DARMnoise_929352240.pdf
  1687   Fri Jun 19 13:39:29 2009 AidanUpdateGeneralUpper limit measurement of the scatter from the eLIGO beam dumps.



I measured the scatter from the eLIGO beam dumps as best I could. The experiment setup is shown in the attached diagram. 


After familiarizing myself with the equipment in the morning I noticed three issues with the setup


1 - around the minimum scatter the back scatter from the beam dump is very susceptible to the incident angle (makes sense since the Si plate inside the beam dump at Brewster's angle when there is minimum scatter).

2 - The mirrored plug (Part 20 in D0900095) which is suppose to be used for alignment is not very effective. It moves around too much in its hole in the front face of the beam dump. Just by touching it I could make the reflected beam jump around by about 0.1 radians.

- I think to align these properly we'll have to partly assemble the dumps. If we leave off the front plate of the horn then we can measure the reflection off the Si. If we measure this with a power meter then alignment becomes a simple matter of rotating until this reflection is minimized.

3. - For this measurement the incident beam was a small (~ 1mm diameter) central beam with a small amount of spray of laser light beyond that central region. This spray was hitting the aluminium front face of the beam dump and was scattering back to the photodiode. This was clearly the limiting factor in the measurement. Most of this light was spread horizontally so I placed a couple of pieces of black glass on either side of the aperture, just blocking the edges a little. This reduce the background reading at the minimum scatter from 17.0uV to around 4.5uV with still a little bit of light hitting the top and bottom of beam dump face.


The incident power on the beam dump fluctuated a little but was in the range 20.5 to 22mW. The response of the PD is approximately 0.2 A/W and the transimpedance is 7.5E4 V/A.


The SR830 Sensitivity was set to 1x1 mV.


It was difficult to measure the actual angle of incidence. The dump pivoted about a point directly under the input aperture at the front. By measuring the displacement of a point on the back of the dump as I rotated it and knowing the distance between this point and the pivot point I was able to make a reasonably accurate measurement of a range of angles about the minimum.


The measured scatter (in V measured directly by the PD and as a fraction of the incident power) is shown in the attached plots.


I think I can do a better job cleaning up the incident beam - so these numbers only represent an upper limit on the scatter.


attachment 1: beam dump assembly

attachment 2: experimental layout

attachment 3: scatter measurement

attachment 4: BRDF - (scatter divided by the solid angle = 1.1 m steradians)

attachment 5: (slightly blurred )photo of dump - overhead view 

Attachment 2: beam_dump_expt.png
Attachment 3: scatter_measurement1.pdf
Attachment 4: BRDF1.pdf
Attachment 5: IMG_0308.JPG
  1690   Tue Jun 23 10:06:03 2009 steveUpdateVACnew maglev RGA scan at day6

The Maglev is running for 10 days with V1 closed.  The pressure at the RGA-region is  at 2e-9 torr on CC4 cold cathode gauge.

Valve VM2 to Rga-only was opened 6 days ago. The foreline pressure is still 2.2e-6 torr with small Varian turbo ~10 l/s on cc2

Daily scans show small improvement in large amu 32 Oxygen and large amu 16, 17 and 18 H20 water peaks.

Argon calibration valve is leaking on our Ar cylinder and it is constant.


The good news is that there are no fragmented hydrocarbons in the spectrum.

The Maglev is soaked with water. It was seating in the 40m for 4 years with viton o-ring seals

However I can not explan the large oxygen peak, either Rai Weiss can not.


The Maglev scans are indicating cleanliness and water. I'm ready to open V1 to the IFO

Attachment 1: newmagscand6.jpg
Attachment 2: nmagpresd10.jpg
  1694   Wed Jun 24 10:53:34 2009 Chris ZimmermanUpdateGeneralWeek 1/2 Update

I've spent most of the last week doing background reading; fourier transforms, shm, e&m, and other physics that I didn't cover at school.  I also read a few chapters in Saulson, especially the chapter on noise and shot noise.  To get a better grip on what I'm going to be doing I read through the polarization chapter in Hobbs' "Optics" text, mostly on wave plates since that's a large part of this readout.  Since then I've been working up to calculating the shot noise, starting with the electric field throughout the new interferometer readout.

  1695   Wed Jun 24 11:20:40 2009 StephanieUpdateGeneralMultiply Resonant EOM Update

I have created the attached EOM circuit with resonances at 11 MHz, 29.5 MHz, and 55 MHz (the magnitude and phase of the voltage across the EOM are shown in the attached plot). The gain is roughly the same for each resonant peak. Although I have managed to get the impedances at all of the resonant frequencies to equal each other, I am having more trouble getting the impedances to be 50 Ohms (they are currently all around 0.66 Ohms).

For the current circuit, initial calculations show that we will need around 4.7 - 14.2 A of current to drive the EOM at the desired voltage (8 - 24 V); this is much higher than the current rating of most of the available transformers (250 mA), but the necessary current will change as the impedance of the circuit is corrected, so this is probably not a cause for concern. For example, the necessary driving voltages for the current circuit are (2.8 - 8.5 V); if we assume that the 50-Ohm impedance will be purely resistive, then we get a current range of 56 - 170 mA.

Attachment 1: EOM_CktDiagram.JPG
Attachment 2: EOM_VoltagePlot.JPG
  1696   Wed Jun 24 12:04:00 2009 ClaraUpdatePEMaccelerometer clarification

When I said "MC1/MC2 accelerometers," I meant the entire three-axis accelerometer set at each point.

  1697   Wed Jun 24 12:04:22 2009 ZachUpdateCamerasSURF entry

This week, I've been reading some literature concerning PLL and familiarizing myself with LINUX, MATLAB, and high-pass filter circuits.  In MATLAB, I started constructing matrices to be used for a beam path analysis from the laser output to the ccd camera.  I also built a simple high-pass filter on a bread-board that Joe and I are currently testing with the spectrum analyzer.

  1698   Wed Jun 24 12:09:24 2009 ClaraUpdatePEMWeek 1(ish)

I spent the week reading up on filter algorithm theory, particularly Wiener filtering. I have also learned how to get data from specific channels at specific times, and I've been getting myself acquainted with Matlab (which I have not previously used). Finally, I started messing around with the positioning of the accelerometers and seismometers in order to try to find the setup that yields the best filtration.

  1699   Wed Jun 24 14:43:19 2009 robUpdateComputerstdsresp on linux => pzresp


tdsresp is broken on our linux control room machines.  I made a little perl replacement which uses the DiagTools.pm perl module, called pzresp.  It's in the $SCRIPTS/general directory, and so in the path of all the machines.  I also edited the cshrc.40m file so that on linux machines tdsresp points to this perl replacement.

I've patched DiagTools.pm to circumnavigate the tdsdmd bug described here.  I also added a function to DiagTools.pm called diagRespNoLog, which is just like diagResp but without that pesky log file.


Here's the output from the tdsresp binary on CentOS:
allegra:~>tdsresp 941.54 10000 100 10 C1:LSC-ITMX_EXC C1:LSC-PD1_Q C1:LSC-PD1_I
nan nan nan nan nan nan nan
nan nan nan nan nan nan nan
nan nan nan nan nan nan nan
*** glibc detected *** tdsresp: free(): invalid next size (fast): 0x089483e8 ***
======= Backtrace: =========
======= Memory map: ========
00242000-00249000 r-xp 00000000 fd:00 15400987                           /lib/librt-2.5.so
00249000-0024a000 r--p 00006000 fd:00 15400987                           /lib/librt-2.5.so
0024a000-0024b000 rw-p 00007000 fd:00 15400987                           /lib/librt-2.5.so
009f9000-00a13000 r-xp 00000000 fd:00 15400963                           /lib/ld-2.5.so
00a13000-00a14000 r--p 00019000 fd:00 15400963                           /lib/ld-2.5.so
00a14000-00a15000 rw-p 0001a000 fd:00 15400963                           /lib/ld-2.5.so
00a17000-00b55000 r-xp 00000000 fd:00 15400974                           /lib/libc-2.5.so
00b55000-00b57000 r--p 0013e000 fd:00 15400974                           /lib/libc-2.5.so
00b57000-00b58000 rw-p 00140000 fd:00 15400974                           /lib/libc-2.5.so
00b58000-00b5b000 rw-p 00b58000 00:00 0 
00b5d000-00b70000 r-xp 00000000 fd:00 15400984                           /lib/libpthread-2.5.so
00b70000-00b71000 r--p 00012000 fd:00 15400984                           /lib/libpthread-2.5.so
00b71000-00b72000 rw-p 00013000 fd:00 15400984                           /lib/libpthread-2.5.so
00b72000-00b74000 rw-p 00b72000 00:00 0 
00b76000-00b78000 r-xp 00000000 fd:00 15400981                           /lib/libdl-2.5.so
00b78000-00b79000 r--p 00001000 fd:00 15400981                           /lib/libdl-2.5.so
00b79000-00b7a000 rw-p 00002000 fd:00 15400981                           /lib/libdl-2.5.so
00b7c000-00ba1000 r-xp 00000000 fd:00 15400975                           /lib/libm-2.5.so
00ba1000-00ba2000 r--p 00024000 fd:00 15400975                           /lib/libm-2.5.so
00ba2000-00ba3000 rw-p 00025000 fd:00 15400975                           /lib/libm-2.5.so
00bca000-00bdd000 r-xp 00000000 fd:00 15401011                           /lib/libnsl-2.5.so
00bdd000-00bde000 r--p 00012000 fd:00 15401011                           /lib/libnsl-2.5.so
00bde000-00bdf000 rw-p 00013000 fd:00 15401011                           /lib/libnsl-2.5.so
00bdf000-00be1000 rw-p 00bdf000 00:00 0 
00dca000-00dd5000 r-xp 00000000 fd:00 15400986                           /lib/libgcc_s-4.1.2-20080825.so.1
00dd5000-00dd6000 rw-p 0000a000 fd:00 15400986                           /lib/libgcc_s-4.1.2-20080825.so.1
08048000-080b7000 r-xp 00000000 00:17 6455328                            /cvs/cds/caltech/apps/linux/tds/bin/tdsresp
080b7000-080ba000 rw-p 0006e000 00:17 6455328                            /cvs/cds/caltech/apps/linux/tds/bin/tdsresp
080ba000-080bb000 rw-p 080ba000 00:00 0 
0893d000-0896b000 rw-p 0893d000 00:00 0                                  [heap]
f5e73000-f5e74000 ---p f5e73000 00:00 0 
f5e74000-f6874000 rw-p f5e74000 00:00 0 
f692d000-f6931000 r-xp 00000000 fd:00 15400995                           /lib/libnss_dns-2.5.so
f6931000-f6932000 r--p 00003000 fd:00 15400995                           /lib/libnss_dns-2.5.so
f6932000-f6933000 rw-p 00004000 fd:00 15400995                           /lib/libnss_dns-2.5.so
f6956000-f6a12000 rw-p f6a31000 00:00 0 
f6a74000-f6a7d000 r-xp 00000000 fd:00 15400997                           /lib/libnss_files-2.5.so
f6a7d000-f6a7e000 r--p 00008000 fd:00 15400997                           /lib/libnss_files-2.5.so
f6a7e000-f6a7f000 rw-p 00009000 fd:00 15400997                           /lib/libnss_files-2.5.so
f6a7f000-f6a80000 ---p f6a7f000 00:00 0 
f6a80000-f7480000 rw-p f6a80000 00:00 0 
f7480000-f7481000 ---p f7480000 00:00 0 
f7481000-f7e83000 rw-p f7481000 00:00 0 
f7e83000-f7f63000 r-xp 00000000 fd:00 6236924                            /usr/lib/libstdc++.so.6.0.8
f7f63000-f7f67000 r--p 000df000 fd:00 6236924                            /usr/libAbort

  1702   Thu Jun 25 17:27:42 2009 ranaUpdateComputerstdsresp on linux
I downloaded the tdsresp.pl from LLO and put it into the various TDS/bin paths. Also updated the LLO specific path stuff. It runs.
  1703   Thu Jun 25 21:00:30 2009 ClaraUpdatePEMMC1 Accelerator set moved again; new XLR cables

I moved the MC1 set of accelerators. Might have bumped things. If things aren't working, look around the MC1 chamber.

Also, I constructed two new XLR cables, but have not tested them yet.

  1704   Fri Jun 26 15:22:28 2009 ClaraUpdatePEMXLR cables tested and labeled

We now have two 80-foot, female-to-female XLR cables for our pretty new microphones, one yellow and one purple. They have been tested and appropriately labeled.

Also, here is a very helpful pdf for how to properly attach the XLR connectors to a raw quad cable, as well as one for how to put the actual connectors together (ignore the cable instructions on the connector page... the cable depicted is not a quad cable).



Attachment 1: NC3FXX-EMC.pdf
Attachment 2: Cat11_p35.pdf
  1705   Fri Jun 26 18:00:36 2009 JenneUpdatePEMNew PEM channels for the fancy-pants new microphones

[ Jenne, Clara ]

We made new channels for the microphones which came in this week, by editing C1ADCU_PEM.ini (and making an appropriate backup before we modified it) then restarting the framebuilder and the frontend computer C0DCU1.  The new channels are:



These are connected to channels 13 and 14 on the PEM ADCU board, just next to the GURALP seismometer channels.


Clara is testing the mics so the max output voltage can be limited to +-2V for the DAQ, then we'll hook them up to our new channels and listen to the IFO (and all the audio frequency noises around it).

  1706   Fri Jun 26 19:14:04 2009 ranaUpdateEnvironmentseisBLRMS for the past 3 weeks
Restarted the seisBLRMS.m on mafalda (running a term on op540m). Don't know why it stopped - the
terminal had a 'disabled by EPICS' message even though the EPICS enable button was enabled.

I also changed the delay from 4 to 2 minutes. So now it is calculating a 64 s PSD starting from 2 minutes ago. We had
put it back to 4 minutes long ago since the framebuilder was acting slow, but maybe it will work now since its using
the NDS1 protocol instead of direct frame reading. If it starts not finding data, please kill the seisBLRMS and restart
it with a 3 minute delay.
  1707   Sat Jun 27 02:48:09 2009 ClaraUpdatePEMI moved accelerometers and made some pretty pictures

I have been working on finding the best spots to put the accelerometer sets in order to best subtract out noise (seismometers next!). Here is a plot of what I've done so far:


All of these were 80-minute samples. The dashed line is unfiltered, solid line filtered. So, Setup #1 looks the best so far, but I didn't leave it there very long, so perhaps it was just a really awesome 80 minutes. I've put the accelerometers back in the Setup #1 position to make sure that it is really better.

And, in case you can't intuitively figure out what configuration the accelerometers are in by such descriptive names, here are some helpful pictures. I didn't know about the digital cameras at first, so these are actually sketches from my notebook, which I helpfully labeled with the setup numbers, color-coded to match the graph above! Also, there are some real-life photographs of the current arrangement (Setup #1' if you forgot).




Doesn't this one look kind of Quentin Blake-esque? (He illustrated for Roald Dahl.)


This is the MC1 set.


Guess which one this is!

  1708   Sat Jun 27 03:16:16 2009 ClaraUpdatePEMExciting microphone things!

So, I'm double-posting, but I figured the last post was long enough as it was, and this is about something different. After double and triple checking the XLR cables, I hooked up the microphone setup (mic---preamp---output) to the oscilloscope to figure out what kind of voltage would register with loud noises. So, I clapped and shouted and forgot to warn the other people in the lab what I was doing (sorry guys) and discovered that, even on the lowest gain setting, my loud noises were generation 2-3 times as much voltage as the ADC can handle (2V). And, since our XLR cables are so freaking long, we probably want to go for a higher gain, which puts us at something like 20 times too much voltage. I doubt this is really necessary, but it's late (early) and I got camera-happy, so I'm going to share anyway:


So, to deal with this issue, I made some nifty voltage dividers. Hopefully they are small enough to fit side-by-side in the ports without needing extra cableage. Anyway, they should prevent the voltage from getting larger than 2V at the output even if the mic setup is producing 50V. Seeing as my screaming as loud as I could about 2mm away from the mic at full gain could only produce 45V, I think this should be pretty safe. I put the ADC in parallel with a 25.5 kOhm resistor, which should have a noise like 10^-8 V/rHz. This is a lot smaller than 1 uV/rHz (the noise in the ADC, if I understood Rana's explanation correctly), so the voltage dividers should pose a noise issue. Now for pictures.


I opened one so you can see its innards.


In case the diagram on the box was too small to decipher...

And finally, I came up with a name scheme for the mics and pre-amps. We now have two Bluebird (bacteriophage) mics named Bonnie and Butch Cassidy. Their preamps are, naturally, Clyde and The Sundance Kid. Sadly, no photos. I know it's disappointing. Also, before anyone gives me crap for putting the labels on the mics upside-down, they are meant to be hung or mounted from high things, and the location (and stiffness) of the cable prevents us from simply standing them up. So they will more than likely be in some kind of upsidedownish position.

  1709   Tue Jun 30 23:09:40 2009 AlbertoUpdateLockingchronicles of some locking attempts

Tonight I tried to lock the interferometer. At the first attempts the arm power didn't go above about 4. The mode cleaner seemed to be not well aligned and it lost lock or got stuck on a wrong mode. I had to run the MC_UP and MC_DOWN scripts to lock it again.

After that the locking proceed more smoothly; at least till a power level in the arms of about 60. Then again the mode cleaner lost lock and I had to run the scripts again. Without the MCWFS servo off the MC reflected power is still rather high (about 1.7); also even when the WFS servo is engaged the reflected power is about 0.5, versus 0.3 that it should be.

Those are both signs of a not very good alignment. Tomorrow I'll have to work on the injection periscope on the PSL table to try to fix that.

  1710   Wed Jul 1 10:56:42 2009 Chris ZimmermanUpdateGeneralWeek 2/3 Update

I spent the last week working a lot with the differences between a basic Michelson readout and the new one as a displacement sensor.  The new one (w/ wave plates) ends with two differently polarized beams and should have better sensitivity; I've also been going through noise/sensitivity calculations for each, although that hit a road block when I had to start the 1st SURF progress report, which has taken up most of my time since Saturday.

  1711   Wed Jul 1 11:00:52 2009 StephanieUpdateGeneralMultiply Resonant EOM Update

Since last week, I have come up with a new circuit, which is shown in the attached figure. The magnitude (solid) and phase (dashed) of the voltage across the EOM (red), the ratio between the voltage across the EOM and the voltage across the primary nodes of the transformer (blue), and the impedance through the primary port of the transformer (red) are also shown in an attached figure. As can be seen on the plot, resonance occurs at 11 MHz, 29.5 MHz, and 55 MHz, as specified. Also, at these resonant frequencies, the impedance is about 50 Ohms (34 dB). The gain between the voltage across the EOM and the voltage across the primary nodes of the transformer (or output of the crystal oscillator) is about 12 dB; we'd like a higher gain than this, but this gain is primarily governed by the ratio between the secondary and primary inductances in the transformer, and we are using the largest available ratio (on the Coilcraft website) that has the necessary bandwidth. Because of this, we will likely have to add another component between the crystal oscillator and the EOM circuit, to get the voltage to the desired 8.5 Vp across the EOM (for an optical modulation depth of 0.1 rad).

The current and power through the primary port of the tranformer are 43-85 mA and 25-92 mW, respectively. Since the transformer ratings are 250 mA and 1/4 W for current and power; these values should be safe to use with the intended transformer. Also, the highest power dissipated by a resistor in the circuit (not including the 50 Ohm resistor that is part of the crystal oscillator setup) is around 74 mW.

Attachment 1: EOMCKT.png
Attachment 2: PR1_VoltagePlot.pdf
  1712   Wed Jul 1 11:04:27 2009 ZachUpdateCamerasGigE Phase Camera

This past week, I have building a sine wave rectifier and trying to write a simple program that displays a ccd image to familiarize myself with the code.  I also wrote a progress report in which I included the following images of the sine wave rectifier circuit as well as the optical chain including the phase-locked loop.  The hirose connector arrived so I can begin soldering the electronics together and testing the trigger box with the ccd.  I am waiting on the universal PDH box as well as another fiber coupler to begin setting up the optics.  In order to avoid the frustrations associated with sending a laser beam down a long pipe to an optical bench across the room, I will be transmitting laser 1 to the ccd by means of a fiber optic cable and dealing with the alternative new and exciting frustrations.


Attachment 1: trigger.jpg
Attachment 2: fig1b.pdf
  1713   Thu Jul 2 05:27:12 2009 ClaraUpdatePEMVoltage Divider Oops

I tested the voltage dividers and was getting up to about 3V. I retested the mic w/o the voltage divider in place, and, lo and behold, I was able to generate about 70-75V (previously, I maxed out at 45V). I'm not 100% sure why this was, but it occurs to me that, before, the sounds I was generating were short in duration (loud claps, short yelps). This time, I tried yelling continuously into the microphone. So, probably, I simply wasn't seeing the real peak before on the scope because it was too short to pick up. I have corrected the voltage dividers (by replacing the 25.5 kOhm resistors, which were in parallel with the ADC, with 10 kOhm resistors, taking the voltage ratio to ~60:1) and tested them. I haven't been able to generate more than 1500 mV, so I think they are safe. (It's possible we would have been fine with the old setup, since I think it would be hard to get any noises as loud as I was making, but better safe than sorry, right?)

I'm attaching a diagram of the new-and-improved voltage dividers.


  1714   Thu Jul 2 06:31:35 2009 ClaraUpdatePEMFirst mic in place and connected

I clamped Bonnie (microphone) to the top of a chamber near the vertex of the arms and placed Clyde (pre-amp) on the table right below (see picture). The cable was laid and Bonnie and Clyde are plugged into port #13 on the ADC. The second cable was plugged into port #14, but it is not connected to anything. I placed the looped up cable on top of the cabinet holding the ADC.

Note: the angle in the photograph is such that we are looking along the y-arm.

Attachment 1: bonnieandclyde.JPG
  1715   Thu Jul 2 16:45:06 2009 ClaraUpdatePEMBonnie and Clyde are officially in operation! (Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid are in temp position)

I hooked up Bonnie and Clyde last night and tested it today. First I tried some loud noises to make sure I could identify them on the readout. Then, Steve suggested I try to look for some periodic stuff. I set up Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid on the cabinets by the MC2 optic. Now for graphs!



I tapped on the microphone a few times. I also yelled a bit, but this is sampling by seconds, so perhaps they got overwhelmed by the tapping.


This time I tried some more isolated yells. I started with a tap so I'd be sure to be able to recognize what happened. Apparently, not so necessary.


Here, it looks like a pretty strong periodic pattern on the second mic (Butch Cassidy). I replaced the lines with dashed ones where the pattern was a little less clear. Possibility interference from something. Mic1 (Bonnie) seems to show a pretty regular beat pattern, which seems reasonable, as it isn't particularly close to any one instrument fan.


So, anyway. I thought those were neat. And that I wanted to share.


  1716   Thu Jul 2 17:37:36 2009 steveUpdateVACV1 interlock test

Joe, Alberto and Steve

We tested gate valve V1 interlock by :

1, decelerated rotation by brake from maglev controller unit.

2, turned maglev  controller off from controller unit.

3, unpluged 220VAC plug from wall socket

None of the above action triggered V1 to close. This needs to be corrected in the future.

The MEDM monitor screen of maglev indicated the correct condition changes.



  1718   Tue Jul 7 16:06:59 2009 ClaraUpdateComputer Scripts / ProgramsDTT synchronization errors, help would be appreciated

I am attempting to use the DTT program to look at the coherence of the individual accelerometer signals with the MC_L signal. Rana suggested that I might break up the XYZ configuration, so i wanted to see how the coherence changed when I moved things around over the past couple of weeks, but I keep getting a synchronization error every time I try to set the start time to more than about 3 days ago. I tried restarting the program and checking the "reconnect" option in the "Input" tab, neither of which made any kind of difference. I can access this data with no problem from the Data Viewer and the Matlab scripts, so I'm not really sure what is happening. Help?

EDIT: Problem solved - Full data was not stored for the time I needed to access it for DTT.

  1719   Wed Jul 8 10:56:04 2009 StephanieUpdateGeneralMultiply Resonant EOM Update

This week, I've been working on adapting the last week's circuit to make it buildable. Mostly this has involved picking components that are already in the lab, adding tunable components when necessary, and planning roughly how the components should be laid out on a board. I then built the circuit and put it in a box with BNC connectors for easy connection during testing. A picture of the built circuit is attached.

For initial testing, the transformer was removed from the design; since this changed the response of the circuit, I added two resistors to correct the response. A figure showing a schematic of the built circuit is attached. The expected responce of the circuit is also shown; the magnitude (solid) and phase (dashed) of the voltage across the EOM are shown in green, and the impedance of the circuit is shown in blue. While this response has sharp peaks and 50 Ohms (34 dB) of impedance at resonances, the gain is low compared to the circuit with the transformer. This means that, as is, this circuit cannot be used to drive the EOM; it is simply for testing purposes.

Attachment 1: DSC_0566.JPG
Attachment 2: InitialBuiltCkt.pdf
Attachment 3: BuiltCkt_ExpectedResponse.png
  1720   Wed Jul 8 11:05:40 2009 Chris ZimmermanUpdateGeneralWeek 3/4 Update

The last week I've spent mostly working on calculating shot noise and other sensitivities in three michelson sensor setups, the standard michelson, the "long range" michelson (with wave plates), and the proposed EUCLID setup.  The goal is to show that there is some inherent advantage to the latter two setups as displacement sensors.  This involved looking into polarization and optics a lot more, so I've been spending a lot of time on that also.  For example, the displacement sensitivity/shot noise on the standard michelson is around 6:805*10^-17 m/rHz at L_=1*10^-7m, as shown in the graph.  NSD_Displacement.png

  1721   Wed Jul 8 11:08:43 2009 ZachUpdateCamerasGigE Phase Camera

The plan for the optical setup has been corrected after it was realized that it would be impossible to isolate a 29.501 MHz frequency from a 29.499 MHz one because they are so close in value.  Instead, we decided to adopt the setup pictured below.  In this way, the low-pass filter should have no trouble isolating 29.501-29.5 MHz from 29.501 + 29.5 MHz.  Also, we decided to scrap the idea of sending Alberto's laser through a fiber optic cable after hearing rumors of extra lasers.  Since I shouldn't have to share a beam when the second laser comes in, I plan on setting up both lasers on the same optics bench.  I've been working on the software while waiting for supplies, but I should be able to start building the trigger box today (assuming the four-pair cable is delivered).

Attachment 1: fig1.pdf
Attachment 2: fig2.pdf
  1723   Wed Jul 8 12:36:15 2009 ClaraUpdatePEMCoherences and things

After setting up the microphones last week, I modified the Wiener filtering programs so as to include the microphone signals. They didn't seem to do much of anything to reduce the MC_L signal, so I looked at coherences. The microphones don't seem to have much coherence with the MC_L signal at all. I tried moving Bonnie to near the optical table next to the PSL (which isn't in a vacuum, and thus would, presumably, be more affected by acoustic noise), but that didn't seem to make much of a difference. Eventually, I'd like to put a mic in the PSL itself, but I need to work out how to mount it first.


Bonnie's new location.

You can see in bonnie_butch.pdf that none of the mic signals are giving very good coherence, although they all seem to have a peak at 24 Hz. (In fact, everything seems to have a peak there. Must be a resonant frequency of something in the mode cleaner.)

I've also attached plots of the coherences for all six accelerometers and the three Guralp seismometer axes. I plotted the most coherent traces together in the last pdf: the y-axes of the MC2 accelerometer and the two seismometers (the Ranger measures ONLY y) and, interestingly, the z-axis of the MC2 accelerometer. Unsurprisingly, the seismometers are most coherent at the low frequencies, and the MC2-Y accelerometer seems to be coherent at very similar frequencies. The MC2-Z accelerometer, on the other hand, seems to be coherent at the higher frequencies, and is highly complementary to the others. I am not really sure why this would be...

Finally, I was curious about how the noise varies throughout the day, because I didn't want to mistakenly decide that some particular configuration of accelerometers/seismometers/whatever was better than another b/c I picked the wrong time of day to collect the data. So, here is a plot of Wiener filters (using only accelerometer data) taken over 2-hour intervals throughout the entirety of July 6, 2009 (midnight-midnight local).


It's a little bit confusing, and I should probably try to select some representative curves and eliminate the rest to simplify things, but I don't have time to do that before the meeting, so this will have to suffice for now.

Attachment 2: bonnie_butch.pdf
Attachment 3: Gseis_100.pdf
Attachment 4: mc1_xyz.pdf
Attachment 5: mc2_xyz.pdf
Attachment 6: most_coherent.pdf
  1725   Wed Jul 8 19:13:19 2009 AlbertoUpdatePSLPSL beam aligned to the Mode Cleaner

Today I tuned the periscope on the PSL table to align the beam to the Mode Cleaner. With the Wave Front Sensor control off, I minimized the reflection from the MC and maximized the transmission. While doing that I also checked that the transmitted beam after the MC didn't lose the alignment with the interferometer's main Faraday isolator.

In this way, I've got a reflection, as read from the MC_REFLPD_MC, of about 0.6. Then I centered the WFS on the AS table. After that the WFS alignment control brought the reflection to 0.25 and a nice centered bull-eye spot showed on the monitor.

  1726   Wed Jul 8 19:42:37 2009 ClaraUpdatePEMBonnie moved to PSL, getting some coherence with the PMC_ERR channel

In her position overlooking whichever table it is that is next to the PSL, Bonnie drummed up some decent coherence with the PSL-PMC_ERR channel, but not so much with the MC_L. I moved her into the PSL itself, and now there is rather good coherence with the PMC_ERR channel, but still not so great for MC_L.


Bonnie's new home in the PSL.

Attachment 2: bonnie2_pmcerr.pdf
Attachment 3: bonnie_PSL.pdf
  1727   Thu Jul 9 02:18:09 2009 ranaUpdatePEMBonnie moved to PSL, getting some coherence with the PMC_ERR channel
My guess is that we need a different acoustic strategy. The microphones are mainly for high frequencies,
so you should not expect any coherence with MC_L (or even better, MC_F) below 100 Hz. I expect that the
main coherence for MC_F will come from the PSL in that band.

After subtracting that one out, we should look at the signal from the lock of the X or Y arm, and see
if we can nail that by putting a mic right above the AS table (leaving enough room to take the lid off).
If that works OK, we can find a spot under the lid and se if it gets better.
  1728   Thu Jul 9 19:05:32 2009 ClaraUpdatePEMmore mic position changes; mics not picking up high frequencies

Bonnie has been strung up on bungees in the PSL so that her position/orientation can be adjusted however we like. She is now hanging pretty low over the table, rather than being attached to the hanging equipment shelf thing. Butch Cassidy has been hung over the AS table.

Moving Bonnie increased the coherence for the PMC_ERR_F signal, but not the MC_L. Butch Cassidy doesn't have much coherence with either.

I noticed that the coherence would drop off very sharply just after 10 kHz - there would be no further spikes or anything of the sort. I used my computer to play a swept sine wave (sweeping from 20Hz to 10kHz) next to Butch Cassidy to see if the same drop-off occurred in the microphone signal itself. Sure enough, the power spectrum showed a sharp drop around 10kHz. Thinking that the issue was that the voltage dividers had too high impedance, I remade one of them with two 280 Ohm and one 10 Ohm resistor, but that didn't make any difference. So, I'm not sure what's happening exactly. I didn't redo the other voltage divider, so Bonnie is currently not operating.


Attachment 1: DSC_0569.JPG
Attachment 2: DSC_0570.JPG
Attachment 3: bonnie_psl_hi_mcl12.pdf
Attachment 4: bonnie_psl_hi_errf12.pdf
Attachment 5: bc_as_table.pdf
Attachment 6: powerspec.pdf
  1729   Thu Jul 9 19:24:50 2009 ranaUpdatePEMmore mic position changes; mics not picking up high frequencies
Might be the insidious 850 Hz AA filters in the black AA box which precedes the ADC.

Dan Busby fixed up the PSL/IOO chassis. WE might need to do the same for the PEM stuff.
  1730   Fri Jul 10 17:32:08 2009 ranaUpdateEnvironmentseisBLRMS & mafalda restarted
Rana, Alberto

Mafalda's ethernet cable had fallen out of the connector on the hub-side. We reconnected it and rebooted mafalda and restarted seisBLRMS.

Mafalda didn't mount /cvs/cds on start up for some reason. I mounted it using 'sudo mount linux1:/home/cds /cvs/cds' and it took at least
30 seconds, so maybe there's a timeout issue. Seems OK now.
  1737   Mon Jul 13 15:14:57 2009 AlbertoUpdateComputersDAQAWG

Today Alex came over, performed his magic rituals on the DAQAWG computer and fixed it. Now it's up and running again.

I asked him what he did, but he's not sure of what fixed it. He couldn't remember exactly but he said that he poked around, did something somewhere somehow, maybe he tinkered with tpman and eventually the computer went up again.

Now everything is fine.

  1739   Mon Jul 13 16:59:10 2009 ZachUpdate GigE Phase Camera

Today, I moved the router from on top of the PSL into the control room in order to perform dark field tests on the GC650 (which I also moved).  The GC750 along with the lens that was on it and the mount it was on has been lent to Ricardo's lab for the time being.  I successfully triggered the GC650 externally and I also characterized the average electronic noise.  For exposure times less than 1 microsecond, the average noise contribution appears to be a constant 15 on a 12-bit scale.

  1742   Tue Jul 14 00:57:11 2009 AlbertoUpdateLockingphotodiode alignment check

Since lately the alignment of the input beam to the interferometer has changed, I went checking the alignment of the beam on the photodiodea. They were all fine except for pd9, that is AS DD 199. Here the DC is totally null. The beam seems to go right on the diode but the scope on the PD's DC output shows no power. This is really strange and bad.

  1744   Tue Jul 14 16:31:46 2009 ClaraUpdatePEMFrequency Response of Microphone (Bonnie)

So, I actually took these measurements last week, but I didn't get around to making nice plots and things until now. I figured the time while I wait for the spectrum analyzer to do its thing was a good time.

Having been unable to locate the SR785 and also unsure how to connect it to a computer speaker (and also unable to find a free one), I downloaded a demo of a function generator onto my computer and just used that. (Same thing I used to do the swept sine that created the frequency power response plots I posted last week.) I set the program to a number of different frequencies and had the other end of the cable hooked into the oscilloscope to see a) if I could pick out the frequency and b) see how the magnitude of the microphone output varied with the frequency.

The first set of measurements I took, I didn't realize that I could increase the output power of the function generator. Because the generated sound at the default setting was relatively quiet, the oscilloscope traces were pretty chaotic, so I usually froze the trace so that I could look at it better. I ended up with a lot of weird jumps in the magnitude, but I later realized that there was a lot of beating going on at some frequencies, and the amplitude changes were probably much more drastic for the -20 dB sounds than the 6 dB sounds, since it was closer in amplitude to the surrounding noises. So, I've included that data set in my plots for the sake of completeness, but I'm pretty sure that it is useless.

Once I realized I could increase the power output for the signal generator, I took a set of data with and without the voltage divider at 6 dB. There was a cluster of frequencies that showed significant beating around 1700-3000 Hz in the data WITH the voltage divider, but I did not see any clear beating in the data WITHOUT. In the plots, I simply plotted up the highest and lowest amplitudes I measured for the frequencies with significant beating, since it was obviously hard to tell what the amplitude would have been without any background noise. In the w/o volt. div. set, although I didn't see any obvious beat patterns, the measured amplitudes did jump slightly at the frequencies that showed beats with the voltage divider. So, perhaps I was just not seeing them, but they influenced my amplitude measurements? I'm not sure if it would be possible for the voltage divider itself to cause beat frequencies.

 (Note: the amplitudes measured were from zero to peak, as the oscilloscope I was using wouldn't show a big enough vertical range to easily measure the peak-to-peak voltage difference.)

I've attached two plots of my measurements. One has a regular x-scale and includes all the measurements. The second has a logarithmic x-scale and omits the 20 Hz points. I had some troubles being able to pick out the 20 Hz signal on the oscilloscope... I don't know if my computer speakers just don't work well at that frequency or what, but either way, those points seemed highly suspect, and omitting them from the log plot allowed me to spread things out more.

One thing I'm not sure about is the 3000 Hz point. It was one of the ones with a beat frequency (~130 Hz), and the amplitudes were pretty low. The corresponding point from the non-voltage-divider data set is also low. So, I'm not sure what's happening there.

The one thing that I do think is quite clear is that the 1000 Hz drop-off in power when the microphone is connected to the ADC has nothing to do with the voltage divider. Beat issues aside, the shapes are very similar (pay no attention to the absolute scale... obviously, the voltage responses with and without the voltage divider were very different, and I just scaled them to fit in the same plot).

Update: Jenne pointed out that I was not absolutely clear about the voltage scale in my plots. The GREEN and BLUE points are on a mV scale, and the RED points are on a 10mV scale. I should probably redo the plots in Matlab in eventuality, since Excel is hard to use if you want to do anything that is not extremely basic with your plots, but this was my solution for the time being. So, the fact that the RED points, which are the data taken WITHOUT the voltage divider, are lower than the GREEN ones does not in any way indicate that I measured lower voltages when the voltage divider was not used.

Also, a to do list:

- Many of the beat frequencies I picked out were veeeeery slow, indicating that something is going at a frequency that is very close to the arbitrary frequencies I chose to sample, which is a little strange. That, combined with the fact that I saw clear beats with the voltage divider but not without leads me to believe that it may be worth investigating the frequency response of the voltage divider itself.

- Redo the measurements near the anomalous 3000 Hz point with a higher density of sampled frequencies to try to see what the heck is going on there.

Attachment 1: Bonnie_fres_regplot.pdf
Attachment 2: Bonnie_fres_logplot.pdf
  1746   Wed Jul 15 08:59:30 2009 steveUpdateComputersfb40m

The fb40m just went out of order with status indicator number 8

It recovered on its own five minutes later.

  1747   Wed Jul 15 11:38:31 2009 robUpdateLockingMC_F channel dead

It's railed.  This is what halted locking progess on Monday night, as this channel is used for the offloadMCF script, which slowly feeds back a CARM signal to the ETMs to prevent the VCO from saturating.


Attached is a 5 day trend, which shows that the channel went dead a few days ago.  All the channels shown are being collected from the same ICS110B (I think), but only some are dead.  It looks like they went dead around the time of the "All computers down" from Sunday.

Attachment 1: mcfdead.png
  1748   Wed Jul 15 12:11:17 2009 StephanieUpdateGeneralMultiply Resonant EOM Update

This week I've been working on testing the first version of the prototype circuit. Initially, I tested the circuit that I built last week, which had resistors in the place of the transformer. The magnitude and phase of the transfer function, as measured by the Agilent 4395A, are shown in the attached plot (first plot, MeasuredTransferFunction_R.jpg). The transfer function doesn't look like the simulated transfer function (second plot, BuiltCkt_ExpectedResponse.png), but I think I see the three peaks at least (although they're at the wrong frequencies). I spent some time trying to recreate the actual transfer function using LTSpice, and I think it's reasonable that the unexpected response could be created by extra inductance, resistance, capacitance and interaction between components.

When the transformer arrived  yesterday, I replaced the resistors in the circuit with the transformer, and I have measured the following response (last plot, MeasuredTransferFunction.jpg). The gain is much lower than for the circuit with the resistors; however, I am still trying to track down loose connections, since the measured transfer function seems very sensitive to jiggled wires and connections.

Meanwhile, the parts for a flying-component prototype circuit have been ordered, and when they arrive, I'll build that to see if it works a little better.

Attachment 1: MeasuredTransferFunction_R.jpg
Attachment 2: BuiltCkt_ExpectedResponse.png
Attachment 3: MeasuredTransferFunction.jpg
  1749   Wed Jul 15 12:14:08 2009 AlbertoUpdateLockingphotodiode alignment check


Since lately the alignment of the input beam to the interferometer has changed, I went checking the alignment of the beam on the photodiodea. They were all fine except for pd9, that is AS DD 199. Here the DC is totally null. The beam seems to go right on the diode but the scope on the PD's DC output shows no power. This is really strange and bad.

After inspecting PD9 with the viewer and the cards, the beam looks like it is aligned to the photodiode althought there is no signal at the DC output of the photodetector. So I checked the spectrum for PD9_i and Q (see attachments) and it seems that those channels are actually seeing the beam. I'm going to check the alignemtn again and see the efefct on the spectra to make sure that the beam is really hitting the PD.


Attachment 1: 2009-07-15_PD9spectrumPDF.pdf
  1750   Wed Jul 15 12:44:28 2009 Chris ZimmermanUpdateGeneralWeek 4/5 Update

I've spent most of the last week working on finishing up the UCSD calculations, comparing it to the EUCLID design, and thinking about getting started with a prototype and modelling in MATLAB.  Attached is something on EUCLID/UCSD sensors.

Attachment 1: Comparison.pdf
Comparison.pdf Comparison.pdf
  1751   Wed Jul 15 14:42:31 2009 ZachUpdateCamerasGigE Phase Camera

Lately, I have been able to externally trigger the camera using a signal generator passing through the op-amp circuit that I built.  The op-amp circuit stabilizes the jitter in the sine wave from the signal generator and rectifies the wave.  I wrote the calculations into the code allowing me to find the phase and amplitude from the images I take.  I still need to develop code that will plot these arrays of phase and amplitude.

The mysterious dark band at the top of the ccd images continues to defy explanation.  However, I have found that it only appears for short exposure times even when the lens is completly covered.  During the next couple of days, I will try to write a routine to correct for this structure in the dark field.

Koji recommended that we use the optical setup pictured below.  This configuration would require fewer optics and we would have to rely on slight misalignments between the carrier and reference beams to test the effectiveness of the phase camera instead of a wavefront-deforming lens.

Attachment 1: fig1koji.pdf
  1753   Wed Jul 15 18:22:15 2009 KojiUpdateCamerasRe: GigE Phase Camera


Koji recommended that we use the optical setup pictured below.  Although it uses fewer optics, I can't think of a way to test the phase camera using this configuration because any modulation of the wavefront with a lens or whatever would be automatically corrected for in the PLL so I think I'll have to stick with the old configuration.

I talked with Zach. So this is just a note for the others.

The setup I suggested was totally equivalent with the setup proposed in the entry, except that the PLL PD sees not only 29.501MHz, but also 1kHz and 59.001MHz. These additional beating are excluded by the PD and the PLL servo. In any case the beating at 1kHz is present at the camera. So if you play with the beamsplitter alignment you will see not only the perfect Gaussian picture, but also distorted picture which is resulted by mismatching of the two wave fronts. That's the fun part!

The point is that you can get an equivalent type of the test with fewer optics and fewer efforts. Particularly, I guess the setup would not be the final goal. So, these features would be nice for you.

  1754   Wed Jul 15 18:35:11 2009 StephanieUpdateGeneralMultiply Resonant EOM Update

Using FET probes, I was able to measure a transfer function that looks a little more like what I expected. There are only two peaks, but I think this can be explained by a short between the two capacitors (and two tunable capacitors) in the LC pairs, as shown (in red) in the circuit diagram attached. The measured transfer function (black), along with the simulated transfer functions with (red) and without (blue) the short are shown in the attached plot. The measured transfer function doesn't look exactly like the simulated transfer function with the short, but I think the difference can be explained by stray impedances.

Attachment 1: BuiltCkt1_Final.png
Attachment 2: BuiltCkt1_TransferFunctions.png
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