Clearly, there is a discrepancy for f>20Hz. Why?
I found all the EPICS channels for the model c1ioo on the FE c1ioo to be blank just now. The realtime model itself seemed to be running fine, judging by the IMC alignment (as the WFS loops seemed to still be running okay). I couldn't find any useful info in demsg but I don't know what I'm looking for. So my guess is that somehow the EPICS process for that model died. Unclear why.
Seems like there was a 5.3 magnitude EQ ~10km from us (though I didn't feel it). All watchdogs were tripped so our mirrors definitely felt it. ITMX is stuck (but all the other optics are damping fine). I tried the usual jiggling of DC bias voltage but ITMX still seems stuck. Probably a good sign that the magnet hasn't come off, but not ideal that I can't shake it free..
edit: after a bit more vigorous shaking, ITMX was freed. I had to move the bias slider by +/-10,000 cts, whereas initially I was trying +/-2000 cts. There is a tendency for the optic to get stuck again once it has been freed (while the optic's free swinging motion damps out), so I had to keep an eye out and as soon as the optic was freed, I re-engaged the damping servos to damp out the optic motion quickly.
Why is MC2 LR so different from the others???
I'm probably doing something stupid - but I've not been able to figure this out. In the MC1 and MC3 coil driver filter banks, we have a digital "28HzELP" filter module in FM9. Attachment #1 shows the MC1 filterbanks. In the shown configuration, I would expect the only difference between the "IN1" and "OUT" testpoints to be the transfer function of said ELP filter, after all, it is just a bunch of multiplications by filter coefficients. But yesterday looking at some DTT traces, their shapes looked suspicious. So today, I did the analysis entirely offline (motivation being to rule out DTT weirdness) using scipy's welch. Attachment #2 shows the ASDs of the IN1 and OUT testpoint data (collected for 30s, fft length is set to 2 seconds, and hanning window from scipy is used). I've also plotted the "expected" spectral shape, by loading the sos coefficients from the filter file and using scipy to compute the transfer function.
Code used to generate this plot (and also a datafile to facilitate offline plotting) is attached in the tarball Attachment #3. Note that I am using a function from my Noise Budget repo to read in the Foton filter file...
*ChrisW suggested ruling out spectral leakage. I re-ran the script with (i) 180 seconds of data (ii) fft length of 15 seconds and (iii) blackman-harris window instead of Hanning. Attachment #4 shows similar discrepancy between expectation and measurement...
We measured the MC coil driver noise at the output monitors of the coil driver board with an SR785 in order to further diagnose the excess IMC frequency noise.
Attachments 1 and 2 show the noise for the UL coils of MC3 and MC2 with various combinations of output filters engaged. When the 28 Hz elliptic filter is on, the analog dewhitening filter is off, and vice versa. The effect of the analog low pass filter is visible in MC3, but the effect of the digital low pass filter is swamped by the DAC noise.
We locked the arms and measured the ALS beatnote in each of these filter combinations, but which filters were on did not effect the excess IMC frequency noise. This suggests that the coil drivers are not responsible for the excess noise.
Attachment 2 shows the noise for all five coils on MC1, MC2, and MC3 as well as for ITMY, which is on a different DAC card from the MCs. All filters were on for these measurements.
It's been a while - but today, all slow machines (with the exception of c1auxex) were un-telnetable. c1psl, c1iool0, c1susaux, c1iscaux1, c1iscaux2, c1aux and c1auxey were rebooted. Usual satellite box unplugging was done to avoid ITMX getting stuck.
I did a step response for the loop from 35 degrees to 40 degrees. The PID is not properly tuned, so the signal oscillates. In the graph, the blue curve is the temperature of the can in celcius and the green curve is the heating power in watts. The x-axis is in minutes. Before, the signal was too noisy to do a proper step response, so I placed a 3.3 microF capacitor in parallel with the resistor in my temperature sensor circuit (I'll draw and attach this updated version). This created a 5 Hz low pass filter and the signal is now pretty clean.
I also added in new Epics channels so that we could log the data using Data Viewer. The channels I added were C1:PEM-SEIS_EX_TEMP_MON_CELCIUS and C1:PEM-SEIS_EX_TEMP_CTRL_WATTS. I used 13023 as a guide on how to do this.
Update: the channels work and show data in Data Viewer
Edit: I've attached a photo of the circuit with the capacitor indicated. It is in parallel with the resistor below it. I've attached an updated circuit diagram as well.
The new matching circuit was tested.
f_nominal f_actual response required mod. drivng power
[MHz] [MHz] [mrad/V] [rad] needed [dBm]
9.1 9.1 55 0.22 => 22
118.3 118.2 16 0.01 => 6
45.5 45.4 45 0.28 => 25
24.1 N/A 2.1 0.014 => 27
- 9.1MHz and 118.3MHz: They are just fine.
- 24.1MHz: Definitely better (>x3) than the previous trial to combine 118MHz & 24MHz.
We got about the same modulation with the 50Ohm terminated bare crystal (for the port1).
So, this is sort of the best we can do for the 24.1MHz with the current approach.
The driving power of 27dBm is required at 24.1MHz
- About the 45MHz
- The driving power of 27dBm is required at 24.1MHz
- The maximum driving power with the AM stabilized driver is 23dBm, nominally to say.
- I wonder how we can reduce resistance (and capacitance) of the 45MHz further...?
- I also wonder if the IFO can be locked with reduced modulation (0.28 rad->0.2 rad)
- Can the driver max power be boosted a bit? (i.e. adding an attenuator in the RF power detection path)
We redid the measurement measuring the voltage noise from the REFL PD demod board output monitor with an SR785 with the noise eater on and off. We used a 100x preamp to amplify the signal above the SR785 noise. The SR785 noise floor was measured with the input to the preamp terminated with 50 ohms. The spectra shown have been corrected for the 100x amplification.
This measurement shows no difference with the noise eater on or off.
the noise eater on/off measurements should be done for 0-100 kHz and from the demod board output monitor
I created two new channels today, C1:PEM-SEIS_EX_TEMP_MON_CELCIUS, which turns the output voltage signal into degrees C, and C1:PEM-SEIS_EX_TEMP_CTRL_WATTS, which takes the input voltage from the DAC and turns it into a value of watts. I'm trying to stabilize the temperature at 35 degrees, but it's taking a lot longer than expected. Perhaps we'll need to use different values for P and I and decrease the noise in the sensor, since right now there's about a 10 degree variation between the highest and lowest values.
Can't really figure out what this plot means. We need to see the sensor (in units of deg C) and the control signal (in heating power (W)). The plot should show a few step responses with the PID loop on, so that we can see the loop response time. Please zoom in on the axes so that we can see what's happening.
We closed the loop today and implemented the PID script. I have attached the StripTool graph for an integral value of 0.5 and proportional value of 20. We had some issues getting it to work properly and it would oscillate between some low values of the control voltage. The set point here was -3.20, which corresponds to about a 20 degree increase in temperature. The next step would be to find which values of Kp, Ki, and Kd would work in this case and low pass filter the signal from the temperature sensor, and also create an MEDM screen for easier PID control.
I have been working on the aux beat setup on the PSL table between 9PM-3AM.
This work involved:
- Turning off the main marconi
- Turning off the freq generation unit (incl IMC modulation)
- Closing the PSL shutter
After the work, these were reverted and the IMC and both arms have been locked.
Kevin, Gautam and Arijit
Today we performed the in-loop noise measurements of the MCREFL-PD using the SR785 to ascertain the effect of the Noise Eater on the laser. We took the measurements at the demodulated output channel from the MCREFL-PD. We performed a series of 6 measurements with the Noise Eater ''ON'' and ''OFF''. The first data set is an outlier probably, due to some transient effects. The remaining data sets were recorded in succession with a time interval of 5 minutes each between the Noise Eater in the ''ON'' and ''OFF'' state. We used the calibration factor of 13kHz/Vrms from elog 13696 to convert the V_rms to Hz-scale.
The conclusion is that the NOISE EATER does not have any noticeable effect on the noise measurements.
ALS beat spectrum and also the arm control signal look as they did before. coherence between arm control signals (in POX/POY lock) is high between 10-100Hz, so looks like there is still excess frequency noise in the MC transmitted light. Looking at POX as an OOL sensor with the arm under ALS control shows ~10x the noise at 100 Hz compared to the "nominal" level, consistent with what Koji and I observed ~3weeks ago.
We tried swapping out Marconis. Problem persists. So Marconi is not to blame. I wanted to rule this out as in Jan, Steve and I had installed a 10MHz reference to the rear of the Marconi.
I've been developing an idea for making a direct measurement of the SRC Gouy phase at RF. It's a very different approach from what has been tried before. Prior to attempting this at the sites, I'm interested in making a proof-of-concept measurement demonstrating the technique on the 40m. The finesse of the 40m SRC will be slightly higher than at the sites due to its lower-transmission SRM. Thus if this technique does not work at the 40m, it almost certainly will not work at the sites.
The idea is, with the IFO locked in a signal-recycled Michelson configuration (PRM and both ETMs misaligned), to inject an auxiliary laser from the AS port and measure its reflection from the SRC using one of the pre-OMC pickoff RFPDs. At the sites, this auxiliary beam is provided by the newly-installed squeezer laser. Prior to injection, an AM sideband is imprinted on the auxiliary beam using an AOM and polarizer. The sinusoidal AOM drive signal is provided by a network analyzer, which sweeps in frequency across the MHz band and demodulates the PD signal in-phase to make an RF transfer function measurement. At the FSR, there will be a AM transmission resonance (reflection minimum). If HOMs are also present (created by either partially occluding or misaligning the injection beam), they too will generate transmission resonances, but at a frequency shift proportional to the Gouy phase. For the theoretical 19 deg one-way Gouy phase at the sites, this mode spacing is approximately 300 kHz. If the transmission resonances of two or more modes can be simultaneously measured, their frequency separation will provide a direct measurement of the SRC Gouy phase.
The above figure illustrates this measurement configuration. An attached PDF gives more detail and the expected response based on Finesse modeling of this IFO configuration.
We did a optical measurement of the MCREFL_PD transimpedance using the Jenny Laser set-up. We used 0.56mW @1064nm on the NewFocus 1611 Photodiode as reference and 0.475mW @1064nm on the MCREFL_PD. Transfer function was measured using the AG4395 network analyzer. We also fit the data using the refined LISO model. From the optical measurement, we can see that we do not have a prominent peak at about 300MHz like the one we had from the electrical transimpedence measurement. We also put in the electrical transimpedence measurement as reference. RMS contribution of 300MHz peak to follow.
As per Rana`s advice I have updated the entry with information on the LISO fit quality and parameters used. I have put all the relevant files concerning the above measurement as well as the LISO fit and output files as a zip file "LISO_fit" . I also added a note describing what each file represents. I have also updated the plot with fit parameters and errors as in elog 10406.
I re-installed the MC REFL photodiode. Centered beam on the PD by adjusting steering mirror to maximize the DC signal level (on o'scope) at the DC monitoring port. Curiously, the DC level on the scope (high-Z) was ~2.66V DC, whereas the MEDM screen reports ~twice that value, at ~5.44 "V". We may want to fix this "calibration" (or better yet, use physical units like mW). Noise-eater On/Off comparison of MC error signals to follow.
Till RIN measurement noise eater is off on 2W laser. The inno 1W has no noise eater.
2010 power v current table is below.
Koji and Kevin measured the output power vs injection current for the Innolight 2W laser.
The threshold current is 0.75 A.
The following data was taken with the laser crystal temperature at 25.04ºC (dial setting: 0.12).
MCRefl is absent, it is under investigation. I removed a bunch of hardware and note all spare optics along the edges.
I've removed the MC REFL PD unit from the AS table for investigation. So MC won't lock.
PSL shutter was closed and location of PD was marked with sharpie (placing guides to indicate position wasn't convenient). I also kapton taped the PD to minimize dust settling on the PD while I have it out in the electronics area. Johannes has the camera, and my cellphone image probably isn't really high-res enough for diagnostics but I'm posting it here anyways for what it's worth. More importantly - the board is a D980454 revision B judging by the board, but there is no schematic for this revision on the DCC. The closest I can find is a D980454 Rev D. But I can already see several differences in the component layout (though not all of them may be important). Making a marked up schematic is going to be a pain . I'm also not sure what the specific make of the PD installed is.
The lid of the RF cage wasn't on.
More to follow tomorrow, PD is on the electronics workmench for now...
gautam 28 March 2018: Schematic has been found from secret Dale stash (which exists in addition to the secret Jay stash). It has also been added to the 40m electronics tree.
We made a measurement of the MC_REFL photodiode transfer function using the network analyzer. We did it for two different power input (0dB and -10dB) to the test measurement point of the MC_REFL photodiode. This was important to ensure the measurements of the transfer function of the MC_REFL photodiode was in the linear regime. The measurements are shown in attachment 1. We corrected for phase noise for the length of cable (50cm) used for the measurement. With reference to ELOG 10406, in comparison to the transimpedance measurement performed by Riju and Koji, there is a much stronger peak around 290MHz as observed by our measurement.
We also did a noise measurement for the MC_REFL photodiode. We did it for three scenarios: 1. Without any light falling on the photodiode 2. With light falling on the photodiode, the MC misaligned and the NPRO noise eater was OFF 3. With light falling on the photodiode, the MC misaligned and the NPRO noise eater was ON. We observed that the noise eater does reduce the noise being observed from 80kHz to 20MHz. This is shown in attachment 2.
We did the noise modelling of the MC_REFL photodiode using LISO and tried matching the expected noise from the model with the noise measurements we made earlier. The modeled noise is in good agreement with the measured noise with 10Ohms in the output resistance. The schematic for the MC_REFL photodiode however reveals a 50Ohm resistance being used. The measured noise shows excess noise ~ 290MHz. This is not predicted from the simplied LISO model of the photodiode we took.
Discussion with Koji and Gautam revealed that we do not have the exact circuit diagram for the MC_REFL photodiode. Hence the simplified model that was assumed earlier is not able to predict the excess noise at high frequencies. One thing to note however, is that the excess noise is measured with the same amplitude even with no light falling on the MC_REFL photodiode. This means that there is a positive feedback and oscillation in the op-amp (MAX4107) at high frequencies. One way to refine the LISO model would be to physically examine the photodiode circuit.
We also recorded the POX and POY RF monitor photodiode outputs when the interferometer arms are independently stabilized to the laser. Given the noise outputs from the RF photodiodes were similar, we have only plotted the POY RF monitor output for the sake of clarity and convenience.
While Kevin and Arijit were doing their MC_REFL PD noise measurements (which they will elog about separately shortly), I noticed a feature around 600kHz that reminded me of the NPRO noise eater feature. This is supposed to suppress the relaxation oscillation induced peak in the RIN of the PSL. Surprisingly, the noise eater switch on the NPRO front panel was set to "OFF". Is this the normal operating state? I thought we want the noise eater to be "ON"? Have to measure the RIN on the PSL table itself with one of the many available pick off PDs. In any case, as Attachment #1 showed, turning the noise eater back on did not improve the excess IMC frequency noise.
We setup the channels for PID control of the seismometer can. First, we ssh into c1auxex and went to /cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1auxex2 and found ETMXaux.db. We then added in new soft channels that we named C1:PEM-SEIS_EX_TEMP_SLOWKP, C1:PEM-SEIS_EX_TEMP_SLOWKI, C1:PEM-SEIS_EX_TEMP_SLOWKD that will control the proportional, integral and differential gain respectively. These channels are used in the script FSSSlow.py for PID control. We then had to restart the system, but first we turned off the LSC mode and then shut down the watchdog on the X end. After doing the restart, we disabled the OPLEV as well before restarting the watchdog. Then, we enabled the LSC mode again. This is done to not damage any of the optics during the restart. The restart is done by using sudo systemctl restart modbusIOC.service and restarted with sudo systemctl status modbusIOC.service. Then, we made sure that the channels existed and could be read and writtten to, so we tried z read [channel name] and it read 0.0. We then did z write [channel name] 5, and it wrote 5 to that channel. Now that the channels work, we can implement the PID script and check to make sure that it works as well.
CC1 old MKS cold cathode gauge randomly turns on- off. This makes software interlock close VM1 to protect RGA So the closed off RGA region pressure goes up and the result is distorted RGA scan.
CC1 MKS gauge is disconnected and VM1 opened. This reminds me that we should connect our interlocks to CC1 Hornet Pressure gauge.
Pumpdown 80 at 511 days and pd80b at 218 days
Valve configuration: special vacuum normal, annuloses are not pumped at 3 Torr, IFO pressure 7.4e-6 Torr at vac envelope temp 22 +- 1C degrres
Todd informed me that the ADC Timing adaptor boards we had ordered arrived today. I had to solder on the components and connectors as per the schematic, though the main labor was in soldering the high density connectors. I then proceeded to shut down all models on c1lsc (and then the FE itself). Then classic problem of all vertex machines crashing when unloading models on c1lsc happened (actually Koji noticed that this was happening even on c1ioo). Anyways this was nothing new so I decided to push ahead.
I had to get a cable from Downs that connects the actual GS ADC card to this adaptor board. I powered off the expansion chassis, installed the adaptor board, connected it to the ADC card and restarted the expansion chassis and also the FE. I also reconnected the SCSI cable from the AA board to the adaptor card. It was a bit of a struggle to get all the models back up and running again, but everything eventually came back(after a few rounds of hard rebooting). I then edited the c1x04 and c1lsc simulink models to reflect the new path for the X arm ALS error signals. Seems to work alright.
At some point in the afternoon, I noticed a burning smell concentrated near the PSL table. Koji traced the smell down to the c1lsc expansion chassis. We immediately powered the chassis off. But Steve later informed me that he had already noticed an odd burning smell in the morning, before I had done any work at the LSC rack. Looking at the newly installed adaptor card, there wasn't any visual evidence of burning. So I decided to push ahead and try and reboot all models. Everything came back up normally eventually, see Attachment #1. Particle count in the lab seems a little higher than usual (actually, according to my midnight measurement, they are ~factor of 10 lower than Steve's 8am measurements), but Steve didn't seem to think we should read too much into this. Let's monitor the situation over the coming days, Steve should comment on the large variance seen in the particle counter output which seems to span 2 orders of magnitude depending on the time of the day the measurement is made... Also note that there is a BIO card in the C1LSC expansion chassis that is powered by a lab power supply unit. It draws 0 current, even though the label on it says otherwise. I a not sure if the observed current draw is in line with expectations.
The spare (unstuffed) adaptor cards we ordered, along with the necessary hardware to stuff them, are in the Digital FE hardware cabinet along the east arm.
Steve: particle count in the 40m is following outside count, wind direction, weather condition .....etc. The lab particle count is NOT logged ! This is bad practice.
we measured the RIN of the MC2 transmission using the PDA255 I had put on the MC2 trans table sometime ago for ringdowns. Attached are (i) spectra for the RIN, (ii) spectra for the classical rad. pressure noise assuming 500W circulating power and (iii) a tarball of data and code used to generate these plots.
We took a full span measurement (to make sure there aren't any funky high-freq features) and a measurement from DC-800 Hz (where we are looking for excess noise). The DC level of light on the photodiode was 2.76V (measured using o'scope)
I'll add this to the noise budget later. But the measured RIN seems consistent with a 2013 measurement at 100Hz (though the 2013 measurement is using DTT and so doesn't have high frequency information).
While at the MC2 table, we noticed that it has some optical problems:
We estimated that the power in the IMC is (1 W)*Finesse/pi = 500 W. The MC2 Transmission spec is < 10 ppm, so the power on the table is probably ~5 mW. Since the PDA255 has a transimpedance of 10 kOhm and a max output power of 10V, it can handle up to ~1 mW. Probably we can get the QPD to handle 4 mW.
Gautam, Steve 3-27
We measured MC2 transmitted power right at the uncoated window ~2.5 mW The beam was just a little bigger than the meter.
I made sketches of the final setup. There will be a box in the rack that contains both the heater circuit and the temperature sensor boards. One of them is in the loop while the other isn't. Instead of having many cables leading to the can, there will only be these three, though they can be made into a single wire. It will be connected to the can through a D-9 connector. The second attachment is what will be inside of the box, with all the major wires and components labeled.
Edit: I've canged the layout to (hopefully) make the labels easier to read. I've also added in a cable to the ADC that reads out the voltage across the 1 ohm resistor. I also attached the circuit diagrams for the heater circuit and the temperature sensors. The one for the heater circuit was made by Kevin and I used the same design, except I have LM7818 and LM7918, since the 15V ones were not available at the time I made the circuit.
In addition, all the wires leading to the can will all be part of one bundle of wires (I didn't clearly indicate it as such). There will be a total of 6 wires: two are needed for the wire to supply power to the heater and will have a LEMO connector on the rack end and two are needed for each temperature sensor, which will be attached to the board directly on the rack end.
Also, we don't need two voltage regulators for each temperature circuit. We can just have one of each of LM7815 and LM7915 to supply +/- 15V to the boards.
PMC and IMC re-aligned and re-locked. Both cavities are staying locked. Arm cavities are also locked.
I fit the data that we got from the test. The time constant for the cooling came out to be about 4.5 hours. The error is quite large and we should add a low pass filter to the temperature sensor eventually in order to minimize the noise of the measurements.
we don't ever want to use our 16 kHz real time system for such low frequency action; its main purpose is for real-time controls, whereas we are OK with multiple seconds of delay in a thermal loop. The Python PID script is sufficient and highly reliable (after years of testing).
I've added two curves to the NB. Both are measured (with FET preamp) at the output of the demod board, with the LO driven at the nominal level by the Wenzel RF source pickoff (as it would be when the IMC is locked) and the RF input connected to the IMC REFL PD. For one curve, I simply closed the PSL shutter, while for the other, I left the PSL shutter open, but macroscopically misaligned MC2 so that there was no IMC cavity. So barring RFAM, there should be no PDH signal on the REFL PD, but I wanted to have light on there. I'm not sure if I understand the difference between these two curves though, need to think on it. Perhaps the IMC REFL PD's optical/electrical response needs to be characterized?
Next curve to go on here is the demod board noise with the PSL shutter closed but the IMC REFL PD connected to the RF input (or maybe even better, have light on the PD, but macroscopically misalign MC2 so there is no 29.5MHz PDH signal), just to make sure there isn't anything funky going on there...
I did a preliminary noise budget of the transmitted frequency noise of the IMC. Attachment #1 shows the NB. I'm going to use this opportunity to revisit my IMC modeling. Some notes:
Conclusion: From this study, assuming my PDH discriminant calibration was correct, looks like IMC demod / POX11 demod electronics noises are not to blame (this surprises me since there were apparently so many things wrong on the demod board, and yet that wasn't the worst thing in the IMC chain it would seem ). The POX11 photodiode "dark" noise is also not the problem I think, given the grey curve. Next curve to go on here is the demod board noise with the PSL shutter closed but the IMC REFL PD connected to the RF input (or maybe even better, have light on the PD, but macroscopically misalign MC2 so there is no 29.5MHz PDH signal), just to make sure there isn't anything funky going on there...
Using this, I can now make up a noise budget of sorts for the IMC sensing.
As discussed at the meeting, I decided to calibrate the MC error point into physical units of Hz/rtHz (a.k.a. the PDH discriminant). This is to facilitate the debugging of the hypothesized excess IMC sensing noise. I did this as follows.
gautam 20180327 4.30pm: I re-checked the PDH error signal calibration using the oscilloscope method. Attachment #3 shows the PDH I and Q error signals and also the output of the RF monitor port, during a TEM00 flash. This attachment should be compared to Attachment #2 of elog 12822, and the answer lines up quite well. From my Finesse model of the IMC, I calculated that the x-axis of the PDH horn-to-horn is ~12.3kHz. Comparing to the top row of Attachment #3, I get a PDH error signal calibration of ~12.4kHz/Vrms, which lines up well with the number quoted above. So I trust my calibration, and hence, the y-axis of my noise budgets in reply to this elog.
Light bulb replaced.
Bulb went out ~10am today. Looks like the lifetime of this bulb was <100 days.
Steve: bulb is arriving next week
After some persistence, I managed to get the mixers off.
Unfortunately, the coherent noise between the arms persists so the sensing noise injection must be happening elsewhere. IMC seems to lock fine though so I'm leving the autolocker on
This elog by koji inspired me to consider power supply as a possible issue.
The demod board receives +/-24V DC (which is regulated down to +/-15V DC by 7815/7915), and also +15V DC via the backplane. The ERA-5SM receives DC power from the latter (unregulated) +15V DC. I can't think of why this is the case except perhaps the regulators can't source the current the amp wants? In any case, it doesn't look feasible to change this by cutting any traces on the PCB to me. While I had the board out, I decided to replace the JMS-1H mixers in a last ditch effort to improve the demod board noise. Unfortunately I'm having trouble de-soldering these MCL components from the board. So for now, I'm leaving the demod board out, IMC unlocked. Work will continue tomorrow.
according to the temp sensor readout, which was ~-3.35V which corresponds to ~335K, the temperature of the can is now 60 deg C. This is a bit warm for my liking so i'm turning the heater current down to 0 now by writing 0 to C1:PEM-SEIS_EX_TEMP_CTRL
The MOSFET was getting pretty hot, so I switched it out to a larger heat sink and it's fine now. I then used a function generator in place of the DAC to provide ~3.5V. I got the current in the circuit to 1.7A, which is as expected, since we have 24V input, the heater resistance is 12.5ohm and the resistor we are using is 1ohm, so 24V/(12.5+1)ohm = 1.7A. The temperature inside the can rose about 5 degrees in half an hour. The only issue now is the voltage regulators and OP amp inside the box get hot, though it doesn't seem to be dangerous. I switched the function generator input to a DAC and Gautam set it to 1.5V. If it works, then we'll leave this on overnight and work on the PID control tomorrow. I've attached images of the current heater circuit box when it is open and the new heat sink for the MOSFET.
gautam: we also tried incorporating the EPICS channels from the Acromag into the RTCDS so that we can implement PID control by using Foton. I tried doing this using the "EpicsIn" and "EpicsOut" blocks from CDS_PARTS. While the model recompiled smoothly, I saw no signals in the filter module i had connected in series with the EpicsIn block. So I just reverted c1pem to its original state and recompiled the model. Guess we will stick to python script PID reading EPICS channels to implement the PID servo.
Re-measured the demod board noises after replacing the suspect ERA-5SMs, with LO driven by a marconi at the "nominal" level of 2.5dBm, and RF input terminated. Attachment #1 is the input referred voltage noise spectra. I used the FET low noise pre-amp box for this purpose. I cannot explain the shape of the spectra above 1kHz. I tried doing the measurement on a minicircuits mixer (non-surface mount) and found the shape to be flat throughout the SR785 span. Unclear what else could be going on in the demod board though, all the other components on it are passive (except the ERA-5SMs which were replaced). I considered adopting a PMC style demod setup where we do the demod using some separate Minicircuits Mixer+LowPass filter combo. But the RF flashes for the IMC monitored at the RFmon port are ~0.2Vpp, and so the RF input to the mixer is expected to be ~2Vpp. The minicircuits mixer selection guide recommends choosing a diode mixer with LO level at least 10dBm above the expected RF input signal level, and we don't have any standalone mixers that are >Level 7. I've asked Steve to package the aLIGO demod board in the meantime, but even that might not be a plug and play replacement as the IF preamp stage has ~120degrees phase lag at 1MHz, which is significantly higher than the existing board which just has a SCLF5 low pass filter after the mixer and hence has <45degrees phase lag at 1MHz.
It is not clear to me why installing an attenuator to prevent amplifier saturation has necessitated a 10dB increase in the IN1 gain and 3dB increase in the VCO gain. Initially, I was trying to compensate for the gain by increasing the FSS "Common Gain" but in that setting, I found an OLTF measurement impossible. The moment I enabled the excitation input to the CM board, the lock was blown, even with excitation amplitudes as small as -60dBm (from the Agilent network analyzer).
This may also be a good opportunity to test out one of the aLIGO style FET mixer demod boards (recall we have 2 spare from the 4 that were inside the ALS demod box). I'm going to ask Steve to package these into a 1U chassis so that I can try that setup out sometime. From a noise point of view, the aLIGO boards have the advantage of having a x100 preamp stage straight after the mixer+LPF. We may need to replace the lowpass filter though, I'm not sure if the one installed is 1.9MHz or 5MHz.
I've left an SR785 and AG4395 near 1X2 in anticipation of continuing this work tomorrow.
Unrelated to this work - seems like the WFS DC and RF offsets had not been set in a while so I reset these yesterday. The frequent model restarts in recent times may mean that we have to reset these to avoid using dated offset values.
The working hypothesis, since the excess noise in single arm locks is coherent between both arms, the excess sensing noise is frequency noise in the IMC locking loop (sensing because it doesn't show up in MC_F). I've started investigating the IMC sensing chain, starting with the power levels of the RF modulation source. Recall that we had changed the way the 29.5MHz signal was sent to the EOM and demod electronics in 2017. With the handheld RF power meter, I measured 13.2dBm coming out of the RF distribution box (this is routed straight from the Wenzel oscillator). This is amplified to 26dBm by an RF amplifier (ZHL-2-S) and sent to the EOM, with a coupled 16dBm part sent to a splitter that supplies the LO signal to the demod board and also the WFS boards. Lydia made a summary of expected RF power levels here, and I too seem to have labelled the "nominal" LO level to the MC_REFL demod board as +5dBm. But I measured 2.7dBm with the RF power meter. But looking closely at the schematic of the splitting circuitry, I think for a (measured) 16.7dBm input to it, we should in fact expect around 3dBm of output signal. So I don't know why I labelled the "nominal" signal level as 5dBm.
Bottom line: we are driving a level 17 mixer with more like +14dBm (a number inferred from this marked up schematic) of LO, which while isn't great, is unlikely to explain the excess noise I think (the conversion loss just degrades by ~1dB). So I will proceed to check further downstream in the signal chain.
The temperature control output channel for the XEND seismometer wasn't working properly. The EPICS channel existed, could be written to and read from, but no physical voltage was observed on the (confirmed properly) wired connector.
The Acromag DAC that outputs this channel was completely spare in the original scheme and does not serve any other channels at the moment. We found it to be unresponsive to ping from the host machine (reminder: the Acromags are on their own subnet with IPs 192.168.114.xxx connected to the secondary ethernet adapter of c1auxex), while all others returned the ping just fine. The modules have daisy-chained ethernet connections, and the one Acromag unit behind the unresponsive one in the chain was still responding to ping and its channels were working, so it couldn't have been a problem with the (ethernet) cabling.
Gautam and I power-cycled the chassis and server, which resolved the issue. The channel is now outputting the requested voltage on the Out1 BNC connector of the chassis (front). When I was setting up the whole system and did frequent rebooting and IP-redefinitions I have seen network issues arise between server and Acromags. In particular, when changing the network settings server-side, the Acromags needed to reboot occasionally. So this whole problem was probably due to the recent server-swap, as the chassis had not been power-cycled since.
During the debugging we also found that the c1psl2 channels were not working. This was because I had overlooked to update the epics environment variables for the modbus path defined in /cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1psl2/npro_config.cmd from the local installation /opt/epics/ (which doesn't exist on the new server anymore) to the network location /cvs/cds/rtapps/epics-126.96.36.199_long/. This has been fixed and the slow diagnostic PSL channels are recording again.
I am currently working on an optical arrangement consisting of a QPD that measures the fluctuations of an incoming HeNe laser beam that is reflected by a mirror. The goal is to add a second QPD to the optical arrangement to form a linear combination that effectively cancels out the (angular) fluctuations from the laser beam itself so that we can only focus on the fluctuations produced by the mirror.
In order to solve this problem, I have written a program for calculating the different contributions of the fluctuations of the HeNe laser and fluctuations from the mirror, for each QPD (program script attached). The goal of the program is to find the optimal combination of L0, L1, L2, and f2 that cancels the fluctuations from the laser beam (while retaining solely the fluctuations from the mirror) when adding the fluctuations of QPD 1 and QPD 2 together.
By running this program for different combinations of distances and focal lengths, I have found that the following values should work to cancel out the effects of the oscillations from the HeNe laser beam (assuming a focal length of 0.2 m for the lens in front of the original QPD):
L0 = 1.0000 m (distance from laser tube to mirror)
L1 = 0.8510 m (distance from mirror to lens in front of QPD 1)
L2 = 0.9319 m (distance from beamsplitter to lens in front of QPD 2)
f2 = 0.3011 m (focal length of lens in front of QPD 2)
Based on these calculations, I propose to try the following lens for QPD 2:
1’’ UV Fused Silica Plano-Convex Lens, AR-Coated: 350 - 700 nm (focal length 0.3011 m). https://www.thorlabs.com/newgrouppage9.cfm?objectgroup_id=6508
Valve configuration: special vacuum normal, annuloses are not pumped at 3 Torr, IFO pressure 7.4e-6 Torr at vac envelope temp 22 +- 1C degrees
pd80b rga scan at 175 day. IFO pressure 7.3e-6 Torr-it
Condition: vacuum normal, annuloses not pumped. Rga turned on yesterday.
The rga was not on since last poweroutage Jan 2, 2018 It is warming up and outgassing Atm2
I have attached the setup I completed today. The metal box contains the heater circuit and the board for the temperature sensor is right above it. This is basically the same setup as before, but I've just packaged everything up neater. I expect to be able to perform the test tomorrow and begin implementing PID control. I still need a DAC input for the heater circuit and the temperature sensor is having some issues as well.