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ID Date Author Typeup Category Subject
  10324   Fri Aug 1 18:48:46 2014 AkhilSummaryElectronicsPZT Calibration

 

 The PZT actuation on the laser frequency in MHz/V ( assuming the previous calibration here of the PZT count/V) is :

X- arm: 33.7 MHz/V

Y- arm: 14.59 MHz/V

This number seems to be wrong by a factor of 10. 

So we[I and EricQ] decided to trace the cables that run into the ADC from the PZT Out. We found a black LEMO box in the path to ADC,which is  an anti-aliasing filter for each input channel. However,in theory the response of this filter should be flat up until a few kHz i.e. for  the DC gain it should be 1. But we will manually test it and look at the DC gain of the LEMO box.

 

 

  10343   Thu Aug 7 11:57:59 2014 KojiSummaryIOOMC servo analysis

LISO Fit for the IMC open loop TF. The data and liso source for the fitting were attached in the ZIP file.

I noticed now that the open loop TF I measured has too less phase delay.
I used the closed loop TF to estimate the openloop TF.

Looking at this comparison, I'm afraid that the superboost was not on during the measurement.
I need a new measurement to design MC loop modification to give the AO path for broader bandwidth.

  10350   Fri Aug 8 11:22:35 2014 steveSummarySUSoplev laser summary

 

                  2005              ALL oplev servos use Coherent DIODE LASERS # 31-0425-000, 670 nm, 1 mW

    Sep. 28, 2006              optical lever noise budget with DC readout in 40m,  LIGO- T060234-00-R, Reinecke & Rana

    May  22, 2007              BS, SRM & PRM  He Ne 1103P takes over from diode

    May  29, 2007              low RIN He Ne JDSU 1103P selected, 5 purchased sn: T8078254, T8078256, T8078257, T8078258 & T8077178 in Sep. 2007

    Nov  30, 2007               Uniphase 1103P divergence measured

    Nov. 30, 2007               ETMX old Uniphase 1103P  from 2002 dies: .............., running time not known......~3-5 years?

    May 19, 2008               ETMY old Uniphase 1103P from 1999 dies;.....................running time not known.....~    ?

    Oct.  2, 2008                ITMX & ITMY are still diodes, meaning others are converted to 1103P earlier

 

                     JDSU 1103P were replaced as follows:

   May 11, 2011                ETMX replaced, life time 1,258 days  or 3.4 years

   May 13, 2014               ETMX , LT 1,098 days or 3 y

   May 22, 2012               ETMY,  LT 1,464 days or  4 y

   Oct.  5, 2011                BS & PRM, LT 4 years,  laser in place at 1,037 days or 2.8 y

   Sep. 13, 2011               ITMY  old 1103P &    SRM    diode laser replaced by 1125P  ..........old He life time is not known, 1125P in place 1,059 days or 2.9 y

   June 26, 2013              ITMX 622 days or 1.7 y    note: we changed because of beam quality.........................laser in place 420 days or 1.2 y

 

  Sep. 27, 2013               purchased 3 JDSU 1103P lasers, sn: P893516, P893518, P893519 ......2 spares ( also 2 spares of 1125P of 5 mW & larger body )

 

  10351   Fri Aug 8 12:39:19 2014 ericqSummaryIOOMC servo analysis

I have measured the current boosted MC CLG below 100kHz with an SR785. Swept sine only could get me down to 10kHz, but I was able to get down to 5kHz with a noise-injection measurement. 

MCloopAug8.pdf

I am attaching the SR785 outputs, which are in dB and Degrees. Additionally I pruned the areas of bad coherence out of these, and merged them to provide data files for the CLG and OLG in Real,Imaginary format.

  10354   Fri Aug 8 15:57:29 2014 ericqSummaryIOOMC servo analysis

 I did some further measurements, to try and see what corresponds to what. In the end I performed four measurements:

  1. Closed loop gain measurement on SR785: Source to MC exc, T'd to channel one. Test 2 to channel two.
  2. Open loop gain measurement on SR785: Source to MCexc, Test 2 to channel one, Test 1 to channel two.
  3. Closed loop gain measurement on AG4395: RF Source to MC exc, T'd to R input. Test 2 to A input.
  4. Open loop gain measurement on AG4395: RF Source to MC exc, Test 2 to R input. Test 1 to A input.

I then converted OLGs to CLG and vice-versa with CLG = 1/(1-OLG)

Here are two plots showing the measured and inferred loop TFs for both closed and open. 

OLTFs.pdfCLTFs.pdf

The best agreement seems to be between the directly measured OLGs. Maybe I did something weird with the CLG measurements, or input impedances are distorting things ... 

All data is attached, along with code used to generate the plots. 

  10356   Fri Aug 8 18:08:12 2014 KojiSummaryIOOMC servo analysis

The closed gain I meant is the AO path: Use IN2 to excite the MC loop and measure IN1 using MON2(?).
In order to obtain the open loop gain from this meausrement, the gain mismatching needs to be compensated, though.

This measurement is to correctly predict the AO path response from the open loop transfer function.

Anyway, the openloop gain seems nicely measured. I'll try to predict AO path response from this.

  10359   Sat Aug 9 14:35:28 2014 KojiSummaryIOOMC servo analysis

Eric's OLTF turned out consistent with the AO path TF that has been measured by me on Jul 31 (entry 10322).

Attachment 1:
Updated empirical fit of the open loop TF by LISO.
In this fit, I gave some of the poles/zeros associated with the boost manually set so that I can use them for the servo design.
LISO itself can make better fitting if all of the variables are moved.

Atatchment 2:
The OLTF data and LISO source for the fitting.

Attachment 3:
Comparison of the AO path TFs. The red one was measured directly on Jul 31. The TF is normalized at the low frequency.
The blue was estimated from the OLTF model given above. They are well consistent now.

Attachment 4:
Now some servo design was tried. In the new design (blue), zeros of the super boost frequency was moved from 20kHz to 30kHz
with the hope of having flatter AO response. The improvement is very little while costing costing above 100kHz. Note that the vertical
axis is intentionally in a linear scale. In fact, the AO response is much improved compared to the one before the MC UGF was increased
(shown in magenta). We have a flatter response both in magnitude and phase.
Therefore I think there is no need to tweak the boost frequency for the AO path.
I'd rather recommend to inspect the high frequency LPFs to earn more gain margin at 1MHz as
explained in entry 10322.

Attachment 5:
This figure shows the comparison of the TFs for the current and new design trial, just in case someone is interested in to see.

 

  10362   Mon Aug 11 10:23:39 2014 steveSummarySUSoplev laser summary updated

Quote:

 

                  2005              ALL oplev servos use Coherent DIODE LASERS # 31-0425-000, 670 nm, 1 mW

    Sep. 28, 2006              optical lever noise budget with DC readout in 40m,  LIGO- T060234-00-R, Reinecke & Rana

    May  22, 2007              BS, SRM & PRM  He Ne 1103P takes over from diode

    May  29, 2007              low RIN He Ne JDSU 1103P selected, 5 purchased sn: T8078254, T8078256, T8078257, T8078258 & T8077178 in Sep. 2007

    Nov  30, 2007               Uniphase 1103P divergence measured

    Nov. 30, 2007               ETMX old Uniphase 1103P  from 2002 dies: .............., running time not known......~3-5 years?

    May 19, 2008               ETMY old Uniphase 1103P from 1999 dies;.....................running time not known.....~    ?

    Oct.  2, 2008                ITMX & ITMY are still diodes, meaning others are converted to 1103P earlier

 

                     JDSU 1103P were replaced as follows:

   May 11, 2011                ETMX replaced, life time 1,258 days  or 3.4 years

   May 13, 2014               ETMX , LT 1,098 days or 3 y

   May 22, 2012               ETMY,  LT 1,464 days or  4 y

   Oct.  5, 2011                BS & PRM, LT 4 years,  laser in place at 1,037 days or 2.8 y

   Sep. 13, 2011               ITMY  old 1103P &    SRM    diode laser replaced by 1125P  ..........old He life time is not known, 1125P in place 1,059 days or 2.9 y

   June 26, 2013              ITMX 622 days or 1.7 y    note: we changed because of beam quality.........................laser in place 420 days or 1.2 y

 

  Sep. 27, 2013               purchased 3 JDSU 1103P lasers, sn: P893516, P893518, P893519 ......2 spares ( also 2 spares of 1125P of 5 mW & larger body )

 

      May  13, 2014             ETMX,  .............laser in place 90 d

      May  22, 2012             ETMY, 

     Oct.  7,  2013             ETMY,  LT  503 d  or  1.4 y............bad beam quality ?

     Aug. 8,  2014              ETMY,  .............laser in place   425 days  or  1.2 y

 

  10363   Mon Aug 11 21:03:48 2014 ericq, ranaSummaryIOOMC demod measurement

We measured the TF of the MC Demod board today.

We set the Marconi to +3dBm and drove the PD IN port of the demod board, starting at 29.5 MHz. Then we looked at the beat signal amplitude in the output of the demod board. So this is a transfer function but with mag only. Plots from Q below.

Rana took the demod board out and took pictures of it. Inside, the post mixer low pass is a SCLF-5 from mini-circuits. This has a lot of cutoff down low. Since the purpose of this filter is only to cutoff the 2f-1f and the 3f-2f products, we need to have a lot of attenuation at 29.5 MHz. One day, we may want to re-instate that notch for the (3*f1- f_MC) beat frequency, but for now we want stability.

So, I recommend that we (Steve) get 3 each of the SCLF-10 and SCLF-10.7 from Mini-Circuits Tuesday morning. Maybe we can put them into a spare board?

Also, we should probably remove the 140kHz:70kHz lead filter which is in the MC servo board. Its out of date. I think it would be fine for us to get a 7-15 kHz UGF for the CM servo and the MC can basically do that already. Mainly we want to fix the high frequency shape to get more stability.

After the measurements and photos, we had to reset the MCWFS offsets to get the WFS to not break the lock. Seems very sensitive to offsets. Hopefully Andres will give us a new Gouy phase telescope.

  10364   Mon Aug 11 22:07:31 2014 KojiSummaryIOOMC demod measurement

SCLF-5!? It's surprising as the cut off of the OLTF is just above 1Hz. cf this entry

This means that not the demod board but MC or FSS boards seem to have large attenuation above 1MHz.

In this situation, does SCLF-10/10.7 really help us?

  10365   Mon Aug 11 23:32:54 2014 ericqSummaryIOOMC demod measurement

Here's the magnitude plot of the board TF. As mentioned above, this was done with Marconi+Scope, so we were not able to get the phase of this transfer function. 

MCDemod.pdf

Oddly enough, the bump that I saw is not included in Minicircuit's data on the SCLF-5.

  10396   Thu Aug 14 22:58:59 2014 rana, jenneSummaryGreen LockingALS DIFF tuning

 We've been having trouble tuning the ALS DIFF matrix. Trying to see if the MC2 EXC can be cancelled in ALS DARM by adjusting the relative gains in ALSX and ALSY Phase Tracker outputs.

There's a bunch of intermittent behavior. Between different ALS locks, we get more or less cancellation. We were checking this by driving MC2 at ~100-400 Hz and checking the ALS response (with the ALS loops closed). We noticed that the X and Y readbacks were different by ~5-10 degrees and that we could not cancel this MC2 signal in DARM by more than a factor of 4-5 or so. In the middle of this, we had one lock loss and it came back up with 100x cancellation?

Attached is a PDF showing a swept sine measurement of the ALSX, ALSY, and DARM signals. You can see that there is some phase shift between the two repsonses leading to imperfect cancellation. Any ideas? Whitening filters? HOM resonance? Alignment?

  10397   Thu Aug 14 23:19:49 2014 ranaSummaryLSCETM Violin fundamental filters moved to LSC

 We used to do violin mode and test mass body mode notches in the SUS-LSC filter modules. Now we want them balanced in the LSC and triggered by the LSC, so they're in the filter modules which go from the the LSC output matrix to the SUS.

01.png

Today, we were getting ETM violin mode ringups while doing ALS hunt and so we moved the bandstops into the LSC. I also changed the bandstop from a wide one which missed the ETMX mode to a double bandstop which gets both the ETMX and the ETMY mode. See attached image of the Bode mag.

03.png

  10406   Mon Aug 18 09:42:50 2014 KojiSummaryIOOMCREFL PD charcterization

Riju did the measurement of the MCREFL PD.
I found data files in her directory on the control machine.

I was not sure how much was the transimpedance of the DC out.
I assumed the default number from the circuit diagram which was 66.7Ohm.
This may cause the error in absolute caribration of the transimpedance but the shape does not change.

The RF preamp is gain-peeking at 250MHz.

Here is further characterization of the PD response.
As you can see in the second attachment, the 3dB cut off of the resonance is about 2.3MHz.

The game plan file in dropbox was also modified.

  10421   Thu Aug 21 22:10:52 2014 ranaSummaryComputer Scripts / Programsnetwork movements

 To help development of the data visualization project, we've assigned the .101 and .102 IP to DataVis. This is being used by the iMac in the control room via port 8 of the CDS switch near the Blue Plataeu Tournant.

We tried using one of the free ports, but Jamie realized that we had to use one of the already assigned ones due to some 'Smart' switch management software. So for the moment, please leave the iMac alone so that Bill can use it.

  10424   Fri Aug 22 15:11:55 2014 andres, nicolasSummaryIOOMC WFS activity

1. Before doing anything, we centered the IOO QPDs.
2. With the WFS enabled, we offloaded the control signals onto the bias sliders. Then we saved the slider values. The MC LSC diode had a DC value of ~0.5
3. Turned down power with half wave plate before PMC.  Power injected to vacuum ~ 100mW.
4. We did a beam scan of MC REFL, it looks smaller than what Andres predicted based on the MC eigenmode by 10-20%.
5. We made many changes on the table, pictures to be added by Andres.
6. We didn't have the 80% reflector we wanted to increase the WFS power, so it's still a 98%.
6. Beams were aligned on MC REFL PL, camera, beam dumps, WFSs.
7. Clean up
8. PSL power increased to 1.2W, MC locked right away.
9 We didn't change the IOO WFS output matrix, but we changed some signs and gains to make everything stable. MC autolocker brings it back from cold just fine.
10. All time bombs that we've left will be E.Q.'s to clean up. Sorry.\
11. Yay

  10425   Fri Aug 22 15:58:02 2014 SteveSummaryIOOMC WFS activity

 

 

  10442   Tue Sep 2 22:54:27 2014 KojiSummaryLSCphase tracker UGF

FYI and FMI

Phase tracker UGF is  Q_AMP * G * 2 PI / 360 where Q_AMP is the amplitude of the Q_ERR output and G is the gain of the phase tracker.

For example: Q_AMP = 270, G = 4000\ => UGF = 1.9kHz

  10454   Thu Sep 4 18:30:13 2014 GabrieleSummaryASCOptimal Gouy phase for POP QPD

 Jenne asked me to simulate the signals on POP QPD when moving different mirrors, as a function of the Gouy phase where the QPD is placed.

I used the opportunity to create a MIST simulation file of the entire 40m interferometer, essentially based on my aLIGO configuration file. I used the recycling cavity lengths obtained from our survey, and other parameters from the wiki page. The configuration file is attached (fortymeters.mist).

Coming back to the main simulation, here is the result, both for the "regular" POP QPD and for a 22MHz demodulated one. The Gouy phase is measured starting from PR2. Cavity mirrors are easily decoupled from PRM in the "regular" QPD. As already demonstrated in a previous simulation, ETMs signals are very small in the 22 MHz QPD. Moreover, it is possible to zero the contribution from ITMs by choosing the right Gouy phase, at the price of a reduction of the PRM signal by a factor of 3-4. Simulation files are attached.

pop_qpd_dc.png

 

  10455   Fri Sep 5 00:56:00 2014 ranaSummaryOptical LeversITM OLs recentered: violations found

I re-centered the ITMX & ITMY Optical lever beams today since they were off. First I aligned the beam into the vacuum so that it went through the center of the on table optics and then tweaked the receiver optics alignment.

There are several bad practices on these which probably makes them drift:

  • plastic bases on some lens mounts
  • some lens mounts are fastened with a single dog instead of two
  • there is no need to use dogs on mounts that have screw holes. Just put the mount so that 2 screws with washers can be used. The placement for these is not so critical.
  • Use less steering mirrors! The ITMY OL path has 5 optics the beam enters the vacuum!!!

According to the datasheets, the laser has a beam diameter of 0.6 mm and a divergence angle of 1.3/2 mrad. So we can just calculate the right lens positions next time and not have to experiment with the whole visible laser lens kit.

For next Wednesday's cleanup, someone should volunteer to make the mounts more stable for the ITMs.

  10492   Wed Sep 10 22:17:29 2014 KojiSummaryLSCX/Y green beat mode overlap measurement

[Koji Manasa]

We made quantitative inspection of the X/Y green beat setup on the PSL table.

DC output of the BBPD for each arm was measured by blockiing the beams at either or both side of the recombination BS.

The power over lap for the X arm beat note setup was 7.8% and is now 53%.
There is 3dB of headroom for the improvement of the mode overlap.

The power over lap for the Y arm beat note setup was 1.2% and is now 35%.
There is 4dB of headroom for the improvement of the mode overlap.

The RF analyzer monitor for the beat power is about 10dB lower than expected. Can we explain this only by the cable loss?
If not it there something causing the big attenuation?


             XARM   YARM
o BBPD DC output (mV)

 V_DARK:   -  3.3  + 1.9
 V_PSL:    +  4.3  +22.5
 V_ARM:    +187.0  + 8.4


o BBPD DC photocurrent (uA)

I_DC = V_DC / R_DC ... R_DC: DC transimpedance (2kOhm)

 I_PSL:       3.8   10.3
 I_ARM:      95.0    3.3


o Expected beat note amplitude
I_beat_full = I1 + I2 + 2 sqrt(e I1 I2) cos(w t) ... e: mode overwrap (in power)

I_beat_RF = 2 sqrt(e I1 I2)

V_RF = 2 R sqrt(e I1 I2) ... R: RF transimpedance (2kOhm)

P_RF = V_RF^2/2/50 [Watt]
     = 10 log10(V_RF^2/2/50*1000) [dBm]

     = 10 log10(e I1 I2) + 82.0412 [dBm]
     = 10 log10(e) +10 log10(I1 I2) + 82.0412 [dBm]


for e=1, the expected RF power at the PDs [dBm]
 P_RF:      -12.4  -22.6


o Measured beat note power (before the alignment)     
 P_RF:      -23.5  -41.7  [dBm] (38.3MHz and 34.4MHz) 
    e:        7.8    1.2  [%]                         
o Measured beat note power (after the alignment)      
 P_RF:      -15.2  -27.1  [dBm] (26.6MHz and 26.8MHz) 
    e:       53     35    [%]                         

Measured beat note power at the RF analyzer in the control room
 P_CR:      -25    -20    [dBm]
Expected    -17    - 9    [dBm]

Expected Power:
Pin + External Amp Gain (0dB for X, 20dB for Y)
    - Isolation trans (1dB)
    + GAV81 amp (10dB)
    - Coupler (10.5dB)


  10518   Thu Sep 18 10:08:07 2014 steveSummarySUSoplev laser summary updated

 

Quote:

 

Quote:

 

                  2005              ALL oplev servos use Coherent DIODE LASERS # 31-0425-000, 670 nm, 1 mW

    Sep. 28, 2006              optical lever noise budget with DC readout in 40m,  LIGO- T060234-00-R, Reinecke & Rana

    May  22, 2007              BS, SRM & PRM  He Ne 1103P takes over from diode

    May  29, 2007              low RIN He Ne JDSU 1103P selected, 5 purchased sn: T8078254, T8078256, T8078257, T8078258 & T8077178 in Sep. 2007

    Nov  30, 2007               Uniphase 1103P divergence measured

    Nov. 30, 2007               ETMX old Uniphase 1103P  from 2002 dies: .............., running time not known......~3-5 years?

    May 19, 2008               ETMY old Uniphase 1103P from 1999 dies;.....................running time not known.....~    ?

    Oct.  2, 2008                ITMX & ITMY are still diodes, meaning others are converted to 1103P earlier

 

                     JDSU 1103P were replaced as follows:

   May 11, 2011                ETMX replaced, life time 1,258 days  or 3.4 years

   May 13, 2014               ETMX , LT 1,098 days or 3 y

   May 22, 2012               ETMY,  LT 1,464 days or  4 y

   Oct.  5, 2011                BS & PRM, LT 4 years,  laser in place at 1,037 days or 2.8 y

   Sep. 13, 2011               ITMY  old 1103P &    SRM    diode laser replaced by 1125P  ..........old He life time is not known, 1125P in place 1,059 days or 2.9 y

   June 26, 2013              ITMX 622 days or 1.7 y    note: we changed because of beam quality.........................laser in place 420 days or 1.2 y

 

  Sep. 27, 2013               purchased 3 JDSU 1103P lasers, sn: P893516, P893518, P893519 ......2 spares ( also 2 spares of 1125P of 5 mW & larger body )

 

      May  13, 2014             ETMX,  .............laser in place 90 d

      May  22, 2012             ETMY, 

     Oct.  7,  2013             ETMY,  LT  503 d  or  1.4 y............bad beam quality ?

     Aug. 8,  2014              ETMY,  .............laser in place   425 days  or  1.2 y

 

      Sept. 5, 2014              new 1103P, sn P893516  installed at SP table for aLIGO oplev use qualification

     

  10694   Mon Nov 10 23:14:20 2014 ranaSummarySUSSRM: damping gains & Optical Lever servo Tune-up
  1.  tweaked gains for POS, PIT, YAW, SIDE by ~10-20% to get nice ringdowns with Q~5.
  2. Measured bounce rool freqs = 16.43 / 23.99 Hz. Updated the Mech Res Wiki page. Tightened up the bandstops to get back a few deg of phase. Propagated these new bandstops into the SRM SUS damping filter banks.
  3. Made and turned on a LP filters for the loops.
  4. Added a ~0.3 Hz gain boost / bubble.
  5. Set UGF to be ~2.5x below where it rings up. Estimate this to be ~3.5 Hz.
  6. First PDF shows bounce/roll peaks in OSEMs. Notice how f_roll is > sqrt(2)*f_bounce. ??
  7. Second PDF shows the OL spectra with the loops on/off. Previously there was no Boost and no LP (!!) turned on.
  8. 3rd PDF shows the modeled Bode plot of the OLG. yellow/blue is boost off/on
  10706   Wed Nov 12 22:22:11 2014 KojiSummaryIOOEstimation of the angular jitter imposed by the TTs

[Koji, Rana, Jenne]

One coil of the TT produce 36nrad/rtHz at DC.

- C1:IOO-TT2_UL_EXC was excited with 5 count_pk at 0.04Hz.

- LSC_TRY exhibited the symmetric reduction of the transmission from 0.95 to 0.90.

1 - (theta/theta0)^2 /2 = 0.90 / 0.95

=> theta / theta0 = 0.32

- 40m beam waist radius is 3.1mm. This means the divergence angle is 1.1e-4 rad.

=> 1.1e-4*0.32 = 3.6e-5 rad

=> 3.6e-5/5 = 7.2 urad/count (per coil)

- DAC noise 1/sqrt(12 fs), where fs is the sampling rate (fs = 16384)

=> 0.002 cnt/rtHz

- One coil causes 7.2u*0.002 = 14 nrad/rtHz (at DC)

- One suspension cause 29 nrad/rtHz (at DC)

  10722   Mon Nov 17 20:28:17 2014 ranaSummaryIOOMC servo summing amp

I modified the /cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1psl/psl.db file to adjust the records for the FSS-FAST signal (to make it go yellow / red at the correct voltages). This was needed to match 5V offset which Koji added to the output of the FSS board back in August.

I also manually adjusted the alarm levels with caput so that we don't have to reboot c1psl. Beware of potential tiimebomb / boot issues if I made a typo! psl.db update in the SVN (also, there were ~12 uncomitted changes in that directory....please be responsible and commit ALL changes you make in the scripts directory, even if its just a little thing and you are too cool for SVN)

  10760   Sun Dec 7 13:11:57 2014 manasaSummaryGeneralFrequency Offset Locking - To Do List

Attached is the timeline for Frequency Offset Locking related activities. All activities will be done mostly in morning and early afternoon hours.

  10765   Mon Dec 8 15:54:39 2014 manasaSummaryGeneralDec 8 - Check Frequency Counter module

Quote:

Attached is the timeline for Frequency Offset Locking related activities. All activities will be done mostly in morning and early afternoon hours.

[Diego, Manasa]

We looked into the configuration and settings that the frequency counters (FC) and Domenica (the R pi to which the FCs talk to) were left at . After poking around for a few hours, we were able to readout the FC output and see it on StripTool as well.

We have made a list of modifications that should be done on Domenica and to the readout scripts to make the FC module automated and user-friendly.

I will prepare a user manual that will go on the wiki once these changes are made.

 

  10766   Mon Dec 8 20:53:51 2014 diegoSummaryGeneralDec 8 - Check Frequency Counter module

Quote:

Quote:

Attached is the timeline for Frequency Offset Locking related activities. All activities will be done mostly in morning and early afternoon hours.

[Diego, Manasa]

We looked into the configuration and settings that the frequency counters (FC) and Domenica (the R pi to which the FCs talk to) were left at . After poking around for a few hours, we were able to readout the FC output and see it on StripTool as well.

We have made a list of modifications that should be done on Domenica and to the readout scripts to make the FC module automated and user-friendly.

I will prepare a user manual that will go on the wiki once these changes are made.

 

 OUTDATED: see elog 10779

 

I started working on the scripts/FOL directory (I did a backup before tampering around!):

  • I still need to make some serious polishing in the folder, and into the Raspberry Pi itself, in order to have a clean and understandable environment;
  • as of now, I created an single armFC.c program, which takes as arguments the device (/dev/hidraw0 for the X arm, and /dev/hidraw1 for the Y arm) and the value to write into the frequency counter (0x3 for initialization and 0x2 for actual use); hence, no more need for recompilation!
  • I improved the codetorun.py script (and gave the fellow a proper name, epics_channels.py) which handles the initialization AND the availability of the channels;
  • On the Raspberry Pi, I created two init scripts, /etc/init.d/epics_server.sh and /etc/init.d/epics_channels.sh, which start at the end of the boot process with default runlevels; the former starts the softIOc process (epics itself), while the latter executes the constantly running epics_channels.py script; as they are services, they can be started/stopped with the usual sudo /etc/init.d/NAME start|stop|restart

 

As a result, as soon as the Raspberry Pi completes its boot process, the two beatnote channels are immediately available.

 

  10767   Tue Dec 9 00:30:27 2014 manasaSummaryGeneralDec 9 - Elaborate to do list

Quote:

Attached is the timeline for Frequency Offset Locking related activities. All activities will be done mostly in morning and early afternoon hours.

Elaborate to do list:

1. The FC module should be mounted on the IOO rack. Domenica has to be powered up appropriately to the rack power supply.

2. The fiber chassis needs to be built. This will hold all the fiber components and will sit inside the PSL enclosure.
Fiber connectors and fiber couplers need to be installed in the chassis. Attached is the cartoon sketch of layout in the chassis.

3. User guide for FC module (work in progress)

  10770   Tue Dec 9 16:06:46 2014 diegoSummaryGeneralDec 8 - Check Frequency Counter module

Quote:

Quote:

Quote:

Attached is the timeline for Frequency Offset Locking related activities. All activities will be done mostly in morning and early afternoon hours.

[Diego, Manasa]

We looked into the configuration and settings that the frequency counters (FC) and Domenica (the R pi to which the FCs talk to) were left at . After poking around for a few hours, we were able to readout the FC output and see it on StripTool as well.

We have made a list of modifications that should be done on Domenica and to the readout scripts to make the FC module automated and user-friendly.

I will prepare a user manual that will go on the wiki once these changes are made.

 

 I started working on the scripts/FOL directory (I did a backup before tampering around!):

  • I still need to make some serious polishing in the folder, and into the Raspberry Pi itself, in order to have a clean and understandable environment;
  • as of now, I created an single armFC.c program, which takes as arguments the device (/dev/hidraw0 for the X arm, and /dev/hidraw1 for the Y arm) and the value to write into the frequency counter (0x3 for initialization and 0x2 for actual use); hence, no more need for recompilation!
  • I improved the codetorun.py script (and gave the fellow a proper name, epics_channels.py) which handles the initialization AND the availability of the channels;
  • On the Raspberry Pi, I created two init scripts, /etc/init.d/epics_server.sh and /etc/init.d/epics_channels.sh, which start at the end of the boot process with default runlevels; the former starts the softIOc process (epics itself), while the latter executes the constantly running epics_channels.py script; as they are services, they can be started/stopped with the usual sudo /etc/init.d/NAME start|stop|restart

 

As a result, as soon as the Raspberry Pi completes its boot process, the two beatnote channels are immediately available.

 

 OUTDATED: see elog 10779

 

 Update and corrections:

 

  • I forgot to log that I added a udev rule in /etc/udev/rules.d/98-hidraw-permissions.rules in order to let the controls user access the devices without having to sudo all the time;
  • I updated the ~/.bashrc and /opt/epics/epics-euser-env.sh files to fix syntax errors and add some aliases we usually use;
  • since /etc/init.d/ doesn't support automatic respawn of processes, I purged the two scripts I did yesterday and added two lines to /etc/inittab. This works just as fine (I tried a couple of reboots to verify that) and the two processes now respawn automatically even if killed (and, I assume, if they die for any other reason)
  • Another thing I forgot: for the time being, during the cleanup, the Raspberry Pi works on the network share script directory. Once cleaning is done and everything is fixed, everything will run locally on the RPi, and the scripts/FOL directory on chiara will be used as backup/repository.
  10771   Tue Dec 9 16:07:16 2014 manasaSummaryGeneralDec 9 - FC module and fiber chassis

Quote:

Quote:

Attached is the timeline for Frequency Offset Locking related activities. All activities will be done mostly in morning and early afternoon hours.

Elaborate to do list:

1. The FC module should be mounted on the IOO rack. Domenica has to be powered up appropriately to the rack power supply.

2. The fiber chassis needs to be built. This will hold all the fiber components and will sit inside the PSL enclosure.
Fiber connectors and fiber couplers need to be installed in the chassis. Attached is the cartoon sketch of layout in the chassis.

3. User guide for FC module (work in progress)

1. FC module has been mounted on the IOO rack. The module gets it AC supply from the powerstrip already installed on the back side of the rack.

FCmodule.png

2. The fiber chassis has not been put together completely. We have still not received the front and back panels for the chassis; which is keeping me on hold. Diego is almost done with his housekeeping on Domenica. He will post an elog with all the details.

3. User guide for FC module (work in progress)

  10775   Wed Dec 10 16:12:29 2014 manasaSummaryGeneralDec 10 - PSL table

Quote:

Attached is the timeline for Frequency Offset Locking related activities. All activities will be done mostly in morning and early afternoon hours.

I was working around the PSL table today.

I wanted to modify the telescope that couples PSL light into the fiber; now that I have the translation stages for the lenses. I could not finish it as the locking work started earlier than usual this afternoon. I measured the out of loop noise for ALS error signals before I opened the PSL enclosure. X and Y beat notes were at -18dBm at 49.3MHz and -29.56dBm at 62.2MHz for this measurement. DTT data can be found in /users/manasa/data/141210/ALSoutLoop.xml; so there is reference to go back to in case of any damage done due to the work on the PSL table.

Also, I received the front and back panels for the Fiber chassis and put it together. Find photos (front panel and inside) of chassis in attachment. This will go inside the PSL enclosure tomorrow.

FiberMod_front.jpg    FOL_fiber.jpg

 

  10780   Thu Dec 11 12:50:12 2014 manasaSummaryGeneralPSL table optical layout

 I assembled the telescope to couple PSL light into the fiber. The maximum coupling that I could obtain was 10mW out of 65mW (~15%).

I was expecting to achieve 80-90% coupling from my design estimates. It makes me wonder if the beam waist measurements made by Harry during summer were correct in the first place. I would like to go back and check the beam waist at the PSL table.

Also, we need a pair of 8m (~25 feet) long SMA cables to carry the RF signal from the beat PD on the PSL table to frequency counter module on the IOO rack.

Steve says that we had a spool of SMA cable and it was borrowed by someone a few months ago. Any updates on either who is holding it or if it has been used up already would help.


The X end slow computer was down this morning. So I used only the Y arm ALS to record the noise level for reference. DTT data for ALSY out of loop noise before opening PSL enclosure is saved in /users/manasa/data/141211/ALSYoutLoop.xml

  10787   Thu Dec 11 23:34:06 2014 manasaSummaryGeneralPSL table optical layout

Quote:

 I assembled the telescope to couple PSL light into the fiber. The maximum coupling that I could obtain was 10mW out of 65mW (~15%).

I was expecting to achieve 80-90% coupling from my design estimates. It makes me wonder if the beam waist measurements made by Harry during summer were correct in the first place. I would like to go back and check the beam waist at the PSL table.

Also, we need a pair of 8m (~25 feet) long SMA cables to carry the RF signal from the beat PD on the PSL table to frequency counter module on the IOO rack.

Steve says that we had a spool of SMA cable and it was borrowed by someone a few months ago. Any updates on either who is holding it or if it has been used up already would help.


The X end slow computer was down this morning. So I used only the Y arm ALS to record the noise level for reference. DTT data for ALSY out of loop noise before opening PSL enclosure is saved in /users/manasa/data/141211/ALSYoutLoop.xml

 I missed to elog this earlier. I have temporarily removed the DC photodiode for GTRY to install the fiber holder on the PSL table. So GTRY will not be seeing anything right now.

 

  10788   Fri Dec 12 02:30:25 2014 JenneSummaryGeneralPSL table optical layout

Quote:

 

 I missed to elog this earlier. I have temporarily removed the DC photodiode for GTRY to install the fiber holder on the PSL table. So GTRY will not be seeing anything right now.

 

 After some confusion, I discovered this a few hours ago.

  10791   Fri Dec 12 14:38:39 2014 manasaSummaryGeneralFrequency Offset Locking - To Do List (Revised)

Unfortunately the order placed for beam samplers last week did not go through. These will be used at the X and Y end tables to dump the unwanted light appropriately. Since they will not be here until Tuesday, I revised the timeline for FOL related activities accordingly.

  10792   Fri Dec 12 15:19:04 2014 manasaSummaryGeneralDec 12 - PSL table

Quote:

Unfortunately the order placed for beam samplers last week did not go through. These will be used at the X and Y end tables to dump the unwanted light appropriately. Since they will not be here until Tuesday, I revised the timeline for FOL related activities accordingly.

I was working on the PSL table today. 

Since the rejected 1064nm light after the SHG crystal is not easily reachable to measure beam widths close to the waist, I put a lens f=300mm and measured the beam size around its focus. I used this data and redesigned the telescope using 'a la mode'.

I used a beam splitter to attenuate the beam directed towards the fiber. The reflected beam from BS has been dumped (I need to find a better beam dump than what is being used right now. 

I have only ~200uW at the input of the fiber coupler after the BS and 86uW at the output of the fiber (43% coupling)

I moved the GTRY DC photodiode and the lens in front of it to make space for the fiber coupler mount.

The layout on the PSL table right now is as shown below.

PSLtoFiber.png 

I have also put the fiber chassis inside the PSL enclosure on the rack. I moved the coherent spectrum analyser controller that is not being used to make space on the rack.

PSLfiberChassis.png

 
  10800   Mon Dec 15 22:40:09 2014 ranaSummaryPSLPMC restored

 Found that the PMC gain has been set to 5.3 dB instead of 10 dB since 9 AM this morning, with no elog entry.

SadToastFace.jpg

I also re-aligned the beam into the PMC to minimize the reflection. It was almost all in pitch.

  10808   Wed Dec 17 11:57:56 2014 manasaSummaryGeneralY arm optical layout

I was working around the PSL table and Y endtable today.

I modified the Y arm optical layout that couples the 1064nm light leaking from the SHG crystal into the fiber for frequency offset locking.

The ND filter that was used to attenuate the power coupled into the fiber has been replaced with a beam sampler (Thor labs BSF-10C). The reflected power after this optic is ~1.3mW and the trasmitted power has been dumped to a razor blade beam dump (~210mW).

Since we have a spare fiber running from the Y end  to the PSL table, I installed an FC/APC fiber connector on the PSL table to connect them and monitored the output power at the Y end itself. After setting up, I have ~620uW of Y arm light on the PSL table (~48% coupling).

During the course of the alignment, I lowered the power of the Y end NPRO and disengaged the ETMY oplev. These were reset after I closed the end table.

Attached is the out of loop noise measurement of the Y arm ALS error signal before (ref plots) and after.

 

  10829   Mon Dec 22 15:46:58 2014 KurosawaSummaryIOOSeven transfer functions

IMC OL TF has been measured from 10K to 10M

  10849   Tue Dec 30 20:35:59 2014 ranaSummaryPSLPMC Tune Up
  1. Calibrated the Phase Adjust slider for the PMC RF Modulation; did this by putting the LO and RF Mod out on the TDS 3034 oscope and triggering on the LO. This scope has a differential phase measurement feature for periodic signals.
  2. Calibrated the RF Amp Adj slider for the PMC RF Modulation (on the phase shifter screen)
  3. The PMC 35.5 MHz Frequency reference card is now in our 40m DCC Tree.
  4.  The LO and RF signals both look fairly sinusoidal !
  5. Took photos of our Osc board - they are on the DCC page. Our board is D980353-B-C, but there are no such modern version in any DCC.
  6. The PMC board's Mixer Out shows a few mV of RF at multiples of the 35.5 MHz mod freq. This comes in via the LO, and can't be gotten rid of by using a BALUN or BP filters.
  7. In installed the LARK 35.5 MHz BP filter that Valera sent us awhile ago (Steve has the datasheet to scan and upload to this entry). It is narrow and has a 2 dB insertion loss.

For tuning the phase and amplitude of the mod. drive:

- since we don't have access to both RF phases, I just maximized the gain using the RF phase slider. First, I flipped the sign using the 'phase flip' button so that we would be near the linear range of the slider. Then I put the servo close to oscillation and adjusted the phase to maximize the height of the ~13 kHz body mode. For the amplitude, I just cranked the modulation depth until it started to show up as a reduction in the transmission by ~0.2%, then reduced it by a factor of ~3. That makes it ~5x larger than before.

  10879   Thu Jan 8 19:02:42 2015 JaxSummaryElectronicsMC demod modifications

Here's a summary of the changes made to the D990511 serial 115 (formerly known as REFL 33), as well as a short procedure. It needed tuning to 29.5MHz and also had some other issues that we found along the way. 

So here's a picture of it as built:

The changes made are:

1. U11 and U12 changed from 5MHz LP to 10 MHz LP filters.

2. Resistors R8 and R9 moved from their PCB locations to between pins 1 (signal) and 3 (ground) of U11 and U12, respectively. These were put in the wrong place for proper termination so it made sense to shift them while I was already replacing the filters.

Also, please note- whoever labeled the voltages on this board needed an extra cup of coffee that day. There are two separate 15V power supplies, one converted from 24V, one directly supplied. The directly supplied one is labeled 15A. This does NOT mean 15 AMPS.

Transfer functions:

Equipment: 4395A, Signal generator (29.5 MHz), two splitters, one mixer

You can't take the TF from PD in to I/Q out directly. Since this is a demod board, there's a demodulating (downconverting) mixer in the I and Q PD in paths. Negligible signal will get through without some signal applied to the L input of the mixer. In theory, this signal could be at DC, but there are blocking capacitors in the LO in paths. Therefore, you have to upconvert the signal you're using to probe the board's behavior before it hits the board.  Using the 4395A as a network analyzer, split the RF out. RFout1 goes to input R, RFout2 goes to the IF port of the mixer. Split the signal generator (SG). SG1 goes to LO in, SG2 goes to the L port of the mixer. The RF port of the mixer (your upconverted RFout2) goes to PD in, and the I/Q out goes back to the A/B port of the 4395A - at the same frequency as the input, thanks to the board's internal downconversion. 

Phase measurement:

Equipment: Signal generator (29.5 MHz), signal generator (29.501 MHz), oscilloscope

Much simpler: 29.5 MHz to the LO input (0 dBm), 29.501 MHz to the PD input (0 dBm), compare the phases of the I/Q outputs on the oscilloscope. There are four variable capacitors in the circuit that are not on the DCC revision of the board - C28-31. On the LO path, C28 tunes the I phase, C30 tunes the Q phase. On the PD path, C29 and 31 appear to be purely decorative - both are in parallel with each other on the PD in Q path, I'm guessing C29 was supposed to be on the PD in I path. Fortunately, C28 and C30 had enough dynamic range to tune the I/Q phase difference to 90 degrees.

Before tuning:

After tuning:

 

  10899   Wed Jan 14 02:11:07 2015 ranaSummaryTreasure2-loop Algebra Loopology

I show here the matrix formalism to calculate analytically the loop TF relationships for the IMC w/ both FSS actuators so that it would be easier to interperet the results.

The attached PDF shows the Mathematica notebook and the associated block diagram.

In the notebook, I have written the single hop connection gains into the K matrix. P is the optical plant, C is the Common electronic gain, F is the 'fast' NPRO PZT path, and M is the phase Modulator.

G is the closed loop gain matrix. The notation is similar to matlab SS systems; the first index is the row and the second index is the column. If you want to find the TF from node 2 to node 3, you would ask for G[[3,2]].

As examples, I've shown how to get the FAST gain TF that I recently made with the Koji filter box as well as the usual OLG measurement that we make from the MC servo board front panel.

  10952   Wed Jan 28 23:53:24 2015 KojiSummaryASCXarm ASS fix

X-Arm ASS was fixed.
ASS_DITHER_ON.snap was updated so that the new setting can be loaded from the ASS screen.

The input and output matrices and the servo gains were adjusted as found in the attached image.
The output matrix was adjusted by looking at the static response of the error signals when a DC offset
was applied to each actuator.

The servo was tested with misalignment of the ITM, ETM, and BS. In fact, the servo restored transmission
from 0.15 to 1.

The resulting contrast after ASSing was ~99% level. (I forgot to record the measurement but the dark fringe level of ASDC was 4~5count.)

  10974   Wed Feb 4 18:27:55 2015 KojiSummaryASCXarm ASS fix

Please remember that Xarm ASS needs FM6 (Bounce filters) to be ON in order to work properly.

  10986   Sat Feb 7 13:34:11 2015 KojiSummaryPSLISS AOM driver check

I wanted to check the status of the ISS. The AOM driver response was measured on Friday night.
The beam path has not been disturbed yet.

- I found the AOM crystal was removed from the beam path. It was left so.

- The AOM crystal has +24V power supply in stead of specified +28V.
  I wanted to check the functionality of the AOM driver.

- I've inserted a 20dB directional coupler between the driver and the crystal.
  To do so, I first turned off the power supply by removing the corresponding fuse block at the side panel of the 1X1 Rack.
  Then ZFDC-20-5-S+ was inserted, the coupled output was connected to a 100MHz oscilloscope with 50Ohm termination.
  Then plugged in the fuse block again to energize the driver box.

  Note that the oscilloscope bandwidth caused reduction the amplitude by a factor of 0.78. In the result, this has already been compensated.

- First, I checked the applied offset from a signal generator (SG) and the actual voltage at the AOM input. The SG OUT
  and the AOM control input are supposed to have an impedance of 50Ohm. However, apparently the voltage seen at the
  AOM in was low. It behaved as if the input impedance of the AOM driver is 25Ohm.
  In any case, we want to use low output impedance source to drive the AOM driver, but we should keep this in mind.

- The first attachment shows the output RF amplitude as a function of the DC offset. The horizontal axis is the DC voltage AT THE AOM INPUT (not at the SG out).
  Above 0.5V offset some non linearity is seen. I wasn't sure if this is related to the lower supply voltage or not. I'd use the nominal DC of 0.5V@AOM.

  The output with the input of 1V does not reach the specified output of 2W (33dBm). I didn't touch the RF output adjustment yet. And again the suppy is not +28V but +24V.

- I decided to measure the frequency response at the offset of 0.53V@AOM, this corresponds to the DC offset of 0.8V. 0.3Vpp oscillation was given.
  i.e. The SG out seen by a high-Z scope is V_SG(t) = 1.59 + 0.3 Sin(2 pi f t) [V]. The AOM drive voltage V_AOM(t) = 0.53 + 0.099 Sin(2 pi f t).
  From the max and min amplitudes observed in the osciiloscope, the response was checked. (Attachment 2)
  The plot shows how much is the modulation depth (0~1) when the amplitude of 1Vpk is applied at the AOM input.
  The value is ~2 [1/V] at DC. This makes sense as the control amplitude is 0.5, the applied voltage swings from 0V-1V and yields 100% modulation.

  At 10MHz the first sign of reduction is seen, then the response starts dropping above 10MHz. The specification says the rise time of the driver is 12nsec.
  If the system has a single pole, there is a relationship between the rise time (t_rise) and the cut-off freq (fc) as fc*t_rise = 0.35 (cf Wikipedia "Rise Time").
  If we beieve this, the specification of fc is 30MHz. That sounds too high compared to the measurement (fc ~15MHz).
  In any case the response is pretty flat up to 3MHz.

  10988   Sun Feb 8 21:54:50 2015 ranaSummaryPSLISS AOM driver check

This is good news. It means that the driver probably won't limit the response of the loop - I expect we'll get 20-30 deg of phase lag @ 100 kHz just because of the acoustic response of the AOM PZT + crystal.

  11005   Wed Feb 11 18:11:46 2015 KojiSummaryLSC3f modulation cancellation

33MHz sidebands can be elliminated by careful choice of the modulation depths and the relative phase between the modulation signals.
If this condition is realized, the REFL33 signals will have even more immunity to the arm cavity signals because the carrier signal will lose
its counterpart to produce the signal at 33MHz.

Formulation of double phase modulation

m1: modulation depth of the f1 modulation
m2: modulation depth of the f2 (=5xf1) modulation

The electric field of the beam after the EOM

E=E_0 \exp \left[ {\rm i} \Omega t + m_1 \cos \omega t +m_2 \cos 5 \omega t \right ]
\flushleft = {\it E}_0 e^{{\rm i} \Omega t} \\ \times \left[ J_0(m_1) + J_1(m_1) e^{{\rm i} \omega t}- J_1(m_1) e^{-{\rm i} \omega t} + J_2(m_1) e^{{\rm i} 2\omega t}+ J_2(m_1) e^{-{\rm i} 2\omega t} + J_3(m_1) e^{{\rm i} 3\omega t}- J_3(m_1) e^{-{\rm i} 3\omega t} + \cdots \right] \\ \times \left[ J_0(m_2) + J_1(m_2) e^{{\rm i} 5 \omega t}- J_1(m_2) e^{-{\rm i} 5 \omega t} + \cdots \right]
\flushleft = {\it E}_0 e^{{\rm i} \Omega t} \\ \times \left\{ \cdots + \left[ J_3(m_1) J_0(m_2) + J_2(m_1) J_1(m_2) \right] e^{{\rm i} 3 \omega t} - \left[ J_3(m_1) J_0(m_2) + J_2 (m_1) J_1(m_2) \right] e^{-{\rm i} 3 \omega t} + \cdots \right\}

Therefore what we want to realize is the following "extinction" condition
J_3(m_1) J_0(m_2) + J_2(m_1) J_1(m_2) = 0

We are in the small modulation regime. i.e. J0(m) = 1, J1(m) = m/2, J2(m) = m2/8, J3(m) = m3/48
Therefore we can simplify the above exitinction condition as

m_1 + 3 m_2 = 0

m2 < 0 means the start phase of the m2 modulation needs to be 180deg off from the phase of the m1 modulation.

E = E_0 \exp\left\{ {\rm i} [\Omega t + m_1 \cos \omega t + \frac{m_1}{3} \cos (5 \omega t + \pi)] \right \}

Field amplitude m1=0.3, m2=-0.1 m1=0.2, m2=0.2
Carrier 0.975 0.980
1st order sidebands 0.148 9.9e-2
2nd 1.1e-3 4.9e-3
3rd 3.5e-7 6.6e-4
4th 7.4e-3 9.9e-3
5th 4.9e-2 9.9e-2
6th 7.4e-3 9.9e-3
7th 5.6e-4 4.9e-4
8th 1.4e-5 4.1e-5
9th 1.9e-4 5.0e-4
10th 1.2e-3 4.9e-3
11th 1.9e-4 5.0e-4
12th 1.4e-5 2.5e-5
13th 4.7e-7 1.7e-6
14th 3.1e-6 1.7e-5
15th 2.0e-5 1.6e-4

 

  11029   Sat Feb 14 19:54:04 2015 KojiSummaryLSC3f modulation cancellation

Optical Setup

[Attachment 1]

Right before the PSL beam goes into the vacuum chamber, it goes through an AR-wedged plate.
This AR plate produces two beams. One of them is for the IO beam angle/position monitor.
And the other was usually dumped. I decided to use this beam.

A G&H mirror reflects the beam towards the edge of the table.
A 45deg HR mirror brings this beam to the beat set up at the south side of the table.
This beam is S-polarlized as it directly comes from the EOM.

[Attachment 2]

The beam from the PSL goes through a HWP and some matching lenses before the combining beam splitter (50% 45deg P).
The AUX laser beam is attenuated by a HWP and a PBS. The transmitted beam from the PBS is supposed
to have P-polarization. The beam alignment is usually done at the PSL beam side.

The combined beam is steered by a HR mirror and introduced to Thorlabs PDA10CF. As the PD has small diameter
of 0.5mm, the beam needed to be focused by a strong lens.

After careful adjustment of the beam mode matching, polarization, and alignment, the beatnote was ~1Vpp for 2.5Vdc.
In the end, I reduced the AUX laser power such that the beat amplitude went down to ~0.18Vpp (-11dBm at the PD,
-18dBm at the mixer, -27dBm at the spectrum analyzer) in order to minimize nonlinearity of the RF system and
in order that the spectrum analyzer didn't need input attenuation.

Electrical Setup

[Attachment 3]

The PD signal is mixed with a local oscillator signal at 95MHz, and then used to lock the PLL loop.
The PLL loop allows us to observe the peaks with more integration time, and thus with a better signal-to-noise ratio.

The signal from the PD output goes through a DC block, then 6dB attenuator. This attenuator is added to damp reflection
and distortion between the PD and the mixer. When the PLL is locked, the dominant signal is the one at 95MHz. Without this attenuator,
this strong 95MHz signal cause harmonic distortions like 190MHz. As a result, it causes series of spurious peaks at 190MHz +/- n* 11MHz.

10dB coupler is used to peep the PD signal without much disturbing the main line. Considering we have 6dB attanuator,
we can use this coupler output for the PLL and can use the main line for the RF monitor, next time.

The mixer takes the PD signal and the LO signal from Marconi. Marconi is set to have +7dBm output at 95MHz.
FOr the image rejection, SLP1.9 was used. The minicirsuit filters have high-Z at the stop band, we need a 50Ohm temrinator
between the mixer and the LPF.

The error signal from the LPF is fed to SR560 (G=+500, 1Hz 1st-order LPF). I still don't understand why I had to use a LPF
for the locking.
As the NPRO PZT is a frequency actuator, and the PLL is sensitive to the phase, we are supposed to use
a flat response for PLL locking. But it didn't work. Once we check the open loop TF of the system, it will become obvious (but I didn't).

The actuation signal is fed to the fast PZT input of the AUX NPRO laser.
 

  11031   Sat Feb 14 20:37:51 2015 KojiSummaryLSC3f modulation cancellation

Experimental results

- PD response [Attachment 1]

The AUX laser temperature was swept along with the note by Annalisa [http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/40m/8369]
It is easier to observe the beat note by closing the PSL shutter as the MC locking yields more fluctuation of the PSL
laser freuqency at low frequency. Once I got the beat note and maximized it, I immediately noticed that the PD response
is not flat. For the next trial, we should use Newfocus 1611. For the measurement today, I decided to characterize the
response by sweeping the beat frequency and use the MAXHOLD function of the spectrum analyzer.

The measured and modelled response of the PD are shown in the attachment 1. It has non-intuitive shape.
Therefore the response is first modelled by two complex pole pair at 127.5MHz with Q of 1, and then the residual was
empirically fitted with 29th polynomial of f.

- Modulation profile of the nominal setting [Attachment 2]

Now the spectrum of the PD output was measured. This is a stiched data of the spectrum between 1~101MHz and 99~199MHz
that was almost simultaneously measured (i.e. Display 1 and Display 2). The IF bandwidth was 1kHz. The PD response correction
described above was applied.

It obviously had the peaks associated with our main modulations. In addition, there are more peaks seen.
The attachment 2 breaks down what is causing the peaks.

  • Carrier: The PLL LO frequency is 95MHz. Therefore the carrier is locked at 95MHz.
  • Modulation sidebands (11/55MHz series):
    Series of sidebands are seen at the both side of the carrier. Their frequency is 95MHz +/- n * fmod  (fmod = 11.066128MHz).
    Note that the sidebands for n>10 were above 200MHz, and n<-9 (indicated in gray) were folded at 0Hz.
    With this measurement BW, the following sidebands were buried in the noise floor.
    n = -8, -12, -13, and -14, n<= -16, and n>=+7
  • Modulation sidebands for IMC and PMC (29.5MHz and 35.5MHz):
    First order sidebands for the IMC and PMC modulations of sidebands are seen at the both side of the carrier.
    Their frequency is 95MHz +/- 29.5MHz or 33.5MHz. The PMC modulation sidebands are supposed to be blocked
    by the PMC. However, due to finite finesse of the PMC, small fraction of the PMC sidebands are transmitted.
    In deed, it is comparable to the modulation depth of the IMC one.
  • RF AM or RF EMI for the main modulation and the IMC modulationand:
    If there is residual RF AM in the PSL beam associated with the IMC and main modulations, it appears as the
    peaks at the modulation frequency and its harmonics. Also EM radiation couples into this measument RF system
    also appears at these frequencies. They are seen at n * fmod  (n=1,2,4,5) and 29.5MHz.
  • Reflection/distortion or leakage from mixer IF to RF:
    The IF port of the mixer naturally has 190MHz signal when the PLL is locked. If the isolation from the IF port to the RF port
    is not enough, this signal can appear in the RF monitor signal via an imperfection of the coupler or a reflection from the PD.
    Also, if the reflecrtion/distortion exist between the PD and the mixer RF input, it also cause the signal around 190MHz.
    It is seen at 190MHz +/- n* fmod. In the plot, the peak at n=0, -1 are visible. In fact these peak were secondarily dominant
    in the spectrum when there was no 6dB attenuation in the PD line. WIth the attenuator, they are well damped and don't disturb
    the main measurment.

From the measured peak height, we are able to estimate the modulation depths for 11MHz, 55MHz, IMC modulations, as well as
the relative phase of the 11MHz and 55MHz modulation. (It is not yet done).

- 3f modulation reduction [Attachment 3]

Now, the redcution of the 3f modulation was tried. The measured modulation levels for the 11MHz and 55MHz were almost the same.
The calculation predicts that the modulation for the 55MHz needs to be 1/3 of the 11MHz one. Therefore the attenuation of 9dB and 10dB
of the modulation attenuation knob at the frequency generation box were tried.

To give the variable delay time in the 55MHz line, EG&G ORTEC delay line unit was used. This allows us to change the delay time from
0ns to 63.5ns with the resolution of 0.5ns. The frequency of 55MHz yields a phase sensitivity of ~20deg/ns (360deg/18ns).
Therefore we can adjust the phase with the precision of 10deg over 1275deg.

The 3rd-order peak at 61.8MHz was observed with measurement span of 1kHz with very narrow BW like 30Hz(? not so sure). The delay
time was swept while measuring the peak height each time. For both the atteuation, the peak height clearly showed the repeatitive dependence
with the period of 18ns, and the 10dB case gave the better result. The difference between the best (1.24e-7 Vpk) and the worst (2.63e-6 Vpk)
was more than a factor of 20.
The 3rd-order peak in the above broadband spectrum measurement was 6.38e-6 Vpk. Considering the attenuation
of the 55MHz modulation by 10dB, we were at the exact unluck phase difference.
The improvement expected from the 3f reduction (in the 33MHz signal)
will be about 50, assuming there is no other coupling mechanism from CARM to REFL33.

I decided to declare the best setting is "10dB attenuation & 28ns delay".

- Resulting modulation profile [Attachment 4]

As a confirmation, the modulation profie was measured as done before the adjustment.
It is clear that the 3rd-order modulation was buried in the floor noise. 10dB attenuation of the 55MHz modulation yields corresponding reduction of the sidebands.
This will impact the signal quality for the 55MHz series error signals, particularly 165MHz ones. We should consider to install the Teledyne Cougar amplifier
next to the EOM so that we can increase the over all modulation depth.

ELOG V3.1.3-