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ID Date Author Typedown Category Subject
  13687   Mon Mar 19 14:39:09 2018 johannesConfigurationComputersc1auxex replacement

[gautam, johannes]

The temperature control output channel for the XEND seismometer wasn't working properly. The EPICS channel existed, could be written to and read from, but no physical voltage was observed on the (confirmed properly) wired connector.

The Acromag DAC that outputs this channel was completely spare in the original scheme and does not serve any other channels at the moment. We found it to be unresponsive to ping from the host machine (reminder: the Acromags are on their own subnet with IPs 192.168.114.xxx connected to the secondary ethernet adapter of c1auxex), while all others returned the ping just fine. The modules have daisy-chained ethernet connections, and the one Acromag unit behind the unresponsive one in the chain was still responding to ping and its channels were working, so it couldn't have been a problem with the (ethernet) cabling.

Gautam and I power-cycled the chassis and server, which resolved the issue. The channel is now outputting the requested voltage on the Out1 BNC connector of the chassis (front). When I was setting up the whole system and did frequent rebooting and IP-redefinitions I have seen network issues arise between server and Acromags. In particular, when changing the network settings server-side, the Acromags needed to reboot occasionally. So this whole problem was probably due to the recent server-swap, as the chassis had not been power-cycled since.


During the debugging we also found that the c1psl2 channels were not working. This was because I had overlooked to update the epics environment variables for the modbus path defined in /cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1psl2/npro_config.cmd from the local installation /opt/epics/ (which doesn't exist on the new server anymore) to the network location /cvs/cds/rtapps/epics- This has been fixed and the slow diagnostic PSL channels are recording again.

  13742   Mon Apr 9 23:28:49 2018 johannesConfigurationDAQc1psl channel list

I made a list of all the physical c1psl channels to get a better idea for how many acromags we need to replace it eventually. There  3123 unit is the one whose failure had prevented c1psl from booting, which is why it was unplugged (elog post 12852), and its channels have been inactive since. Are the 126MOPA channels used for the current mephisto? 126 tells me it's for an old lightwave laser, but I was checking a few and found that they have non-zero, changing values, so they may have been rewired.

It also hosts some virtual channels for the ISS with root C1:PSL-ISS_ defined in iss.db and dc.db, the PSL particle counter with root C1:PEM- defined in PCount.db  and a whole lot of PSL status channels defined in pslstatus.db. Transfering these virtual channels to a different machine is almost trivial, but the serial readout of the particle counter would have to find a new home.

Long story short - we need:

Function Type # Channels #Channels (no MOPA) # Units # Units (no MOPA)
ADC XT1221 34 21 5 3
DAC XT1541 17 14 3 2
BIO XT1111 19 10 2 1


3113 - ADC


3123 - ADC (failed)


4116 - DAC


XVME-210 - Binary Input


XVME-220 - Binary Output


  13761   Wed Apr 18 17:15:35 2018 ranaConfigurationComputersNODUS: no xmgrace for dataviewer

Turns out, there is no RPM for XmGrace on Scientific Linux 7. Since this is the graphic output of dataviewer, we can't use dataviewer through X windows until this gets fixed. CDS is looking into a xmGrace replacement, but it would be better if we can hijack a alt RH repo to steal a temporary xmgrace RPM. KT has been pinged.

  13764   Wed Apr 18 22:46:23 2018 johannesConfigurationGeneralAS port laser injection

Using Gautam's Finesse file and the cad files for the 40m optical setup I propagated the arm mode out of the AS port. For the location of the 3.04 mm waist I used the average distance to the ITMs, which is 11.321 m from the beam spot on the 2 inch mirror on the AS table close to the viewport. The 2inch lens focuses the IFO mode to a 82.6 μm waist at a distance of 81 cm, which is what we have to match the aux laser fiber output to.

I profiled the fiber output and obtained a waist of 289.4 μm at a distance of 93.3 cm from the front edge of the base of the fiber mount. Next step is to figure out the lens placement and how to merge the beam paths. We could use a simple mirror if we don't need AS110 and AS55, we could use a polarizing BS and work with s polarization, or we find a Faraday Isolator.

While doing a beam scan with the razor blade method I noticed that the aux laser has significant intensity noise. This is seen on the New Focus 1611 that is used for the beat signal between PSL and aux laser, as well as on the fiber output PD. There is a strong oscillation around 210 kHz. The oscillation frequency decreases when the output power is turned down, the noise eater has no effect. Koji suggested it could be light scattering back into the laser because I couldn't find a usable Faraday Isolator back when I installed the aux laser in the PSL enclosure. I'll have to investigate this a little further, look at the spectrum, etc. This intensity noise will appear as amplitude noise of the beat note, which worries me a little.

power_out_fluctuation_DC.png      power_out_fluctuation_AC_zoom.png

  13766   Thu Apr 19 01:04:00 2018 gautamConfigurationGeneralAS port laser injection

For the arm cavity ringdowns, I guess we don't need AS55/AS110 (although I think the camera will still be useful for alignment). But for something like RC Gouy phase characterization, I'd imagine we need the AS detectors to lock various cavities. So I think we should go for a solution that doesn't disturb the AS PD beams. 

It's hard to tell from the plot in the manual (pg 52) what exactly the relaxation oscillation frequency is, but I think it's closer to 600 kHz (is this characteristic of NdYAG NPROs)??  Is the high RIN on the light straight out of the NPRO? 


We could use a simple mirror if we don't need AS110 and AS55, we could use a polarizing BS and work with s polarization, or we find a Faraday Isolator.

There is a strong oscillation around 210 kHz. The oscillation frequency decreases when the output power is turned down, the noise eater has no effect. 

  13772   Thu Apr 19 20:41:09 2018 KojiConfigurationGeneralAux Laser LD dying? (AS port laser injection)

I suspect that the LD of the aux laser is dying.
- The max power we obtain from this laser (700mW NPRO) is 33mW. Yes, 33mW. (See attachment 1)
- The intensity noise is likely to be relaxation oscillation and the frequency is so low as the pump power is low. When the ADJ is adjusted to 0, the peak moved even lower. (Attachment 2, compare purple and red)
- What the NE (noise eater) doing? Almost nothing. I suspect the ISS gain is too low because of the low output power. (Attachment 2, compare green and red)

  13781   Tue Apr 24 08:36:47 2018 johannesConfigurationGeneralAux Laser LD dying? (AS port laser injection)

In September 2017 I measured ~150mW output power, which was already kind of low. What are the chances of getting this one repaired? Steve, can you please check the serial number? It's probably too old like the other ones.


I suspect that the LD of the aux laser is dying.
- The max power we obtain from this laser (700mW NPRO) is 33mW. Yes, 33mW. (See attachment 1)


  13784   Tue Apr 24 11:31:59 2018 gautamConfigurationALSProposed changes to EX fiber coupling

Motivation: I want to make another measurement of the out-of-loop ALS beat noise, with improved MM into both the PSL and EX fibers and also better polarization control. For this, I want to make a few changes at the EX table. 

  1. Replace existing fiber collimator with one of the recently acquired F220-APC-1064 collimators.
    • This gives an output mode of diameter 2.4mm with a beam divergence angle of 0.032 degrees (all numbers theoretical - I will measure these eventually but we need a beam path of ~5m length in order to get a good measurement of this collimated beam).
    • I believe it will be easier to achieve good mode matching into this mode rather than with the existing collimator. 
    • Unfortunately, the mount is still going to be K6X and not K6XS. 
  2. Improve mode-matching into fiber.
    • I used my measurement of the Innolight NPRO mode from 2016, a list of available lenses, and some measured distances to calculate a solution that gives theoretical 100% overlap with the collimator mode, that has beam diameter 2.4mm, located 80cm from the NPRO shutter head location (see Attachment #1).
    • The required movement of components is schematically illustrated in Attachment #2.
    • One of the required lens positions is close to the bracket holding the enclosure to the table, but I think the solution is still workable (the table is pretty crowded so I didn't bother too much with trying to find alternative solutions as all of them are likely to require optics placed close to existing ones and I'd like to avoid messing with the main green beam paths.
    • I will attempt to implement this and see how much mode matching we actually end up getting.
  3. Install a PBS + HWP combo in the EX fiber coupling path.
    • This is for better polarization control.
    • Also gives us more control over how much light is coupled into the fiber in a better way than with the ND filters in current path.
  4. Clean EX fiber tip.
  5. Dump a leakage IR beam from the harmonic separator post doubling oven, which is currently just hitting the enclosure. It looks pretty low power but I didn't measure it.
  6. Re-install EX power monitoring PD.

Barring objections, I will start working on these changes later today.

  13786   Tue Apr 24 18:54:15 2018 gautamConfigurationALSProposed changes to EX fiber coupling

I started working on the EX table. Work is ongoing so I will finish this up later in the evening, but in case anyone is wondering why there is no green light...

  1. EX laser shutter was closed.
  2. Disconnected EX input to the beat mouth at the PSL table in order to avoid accidentally frying the PDs.
  3. Prepared new optomechanics hardware
    • To my surprise, I found a bubble-wrapped K6XS mount (the one with locking screws for all DoFs) on the SP table. No idea where this came from or who brought it here, or how long it has been here, but I decided to use it nevertheless.
    • Prepared f = 200mm and f = -200mm lenses on traveling mounts (Thorlabs DT12, lenses are also Thorlabs, AR1064).
    • Made a slight translation of the beam path towards the north to facilitate going through the center of the mounted lenses.
    • Temporarily removed a beam dump from next to the final steering mirror before the Green REFL PD, and also removed one of the brackets between the enclosure and the table for ease of laying out components. These will be replaced later.
  4. Installed this hardware on the PSL table, roughly aligned beam path.
    • Beam now goes through the center of all lenses and is hitting the collimator roughly in the center.

To do in the eve:

  1. Clean fiber and connect it to the collimator.
  2. Optimize mode-matching as best as possible.
  3. Attenuate power using PBS and HWP so as to not damage the BeatMouth PD (Pthresh = 2mW). These are also required to make the polarizations of the EX coupled light (S-pol) and PSL (P-pol) go along the same axis of the PM fiber.
  4. Re-install temporarily removed beam dump and bracket on EX table.
  5. Re-install EX power monitoring PD.
  6. Measure beat frequency spectrum.

Motivation: I want to make another measurement of the out-of-loop ALS beat noise, with improved MM into both the PSL and EX fibers and also better polarization control. For this, I want to make a few changes at the EX table. 

Barring objections, I will start working on these changes later today.

gautam 1245am: Fiber cleaning was done - I'll upload pics tomorrow, but it seems like the fiber was in need of a good cleaning. I did some initial mode-matching attempts, but peaked at 10% MM. Koji suggested not going for the final precisely tunable lens mounting solution while trying to perfect the MM. So I'll use easier to move mounts for the initial tuning and then swap out the DT12s once I have achieved good MM. Note that without any attenuation optics in place, 24.81mW of power is incident on the collimator. In order to facilitate easy debugging, I have connected the spare fiber from PSL to EX at the PSL table to the main EX fiber - this allows me to continuously monitor the power coupled into the fiber at the EX table while I tweak lens positions and alignment. After a bit of struggle, I noticed I had neglected a f=150mm lens in my earlier calculation - I've now included it again, and happily, there seems to be a solution which yields the theoretical 100% MM efficiency. I'll work on implementing this tomorrow..

  13789   Wed Apr 25 19:09:37 2018 gautamConfigurationALSNew look EX Fiber coupling


I implemented most of the things outlined in my previous elog. Implementing the a la mode solution after including all lenses, I managed to achieve >90% mode-matching into the fiber. Power monitor PD has not been re-installed yet, neither has the bracket I removed. The polarization monitoring setup on the PSL table has now been hooked up to the EX fiber, let's see how it does overnight. All quoted power measurements in this elog were made with the Ophir power meter (filter off).


Attachment #1 shows the implemented MM solution. I did not include the PBS substrate in the calculation, maybe that will help a little.

Attachment #2 shows the new layout. The beam is a little low on the PBS and HWP - I will swap these out to mounts with slightly lower height, that should improve the situation a little. There is no evidence of clipping, and the beam clears all edges by at least 3 beam diameters.

Attachments #3 and #4 show the EX fiber before and after cleaning respectively. Seems like the cleaning was successful.

Attachment #5 shows the beam incident on the coupler with on an IR card. This beam only goes through a QWP, lens, BS and 45 degree steering mirror, so I'm not sure what's responsible for the large halo around the main beam. There is significant power in the halo too - I measured 25mW right before the coupler, but if I use an iris to try and cut off the halo, the power is measured to be ~19mW.

Alignment Procedure:

  • Connect spare fiber such that I can monitor coupled power (minus fiber losses and joint loss) at EX table.
  • Use Fluke fault analyzer to align input and collimator modes coarsely.
  • Monitored coupled power continuously using Fiber Power Meter (although MM calculations were made with Ophir, this was more convenient for "Live" viewing).
  • Tweaked one available steering mirror and K6XS axes to maximize coupled power. 
  • Tweaked lens positions slightly to see if significant improvement could be made.
  • After optimizing, I measured 17.1mW coming out of the EX fiber at the PSL table. As mentioned earlier, the input power is tricky to measure given the large amount of junk light around the main mode. But I measured 18.6 mW after the iris. So this is ~95%. In any case, safe to say that we are waaaay better than the previous situation of 380uW out of 1.9mW. 
  • Added PBS and HWP to cut the incident power to 1.6mW. I measured 1.2mW on the PSL table. Probably adding the PBS screwed up the MM a bit, to be tweaked tomorrow. 
  • I had moved the Green shutter a bit during this work - as a result, the Green REFL was not making it back to the REFL PD. I remedied this, and EX Green TEM00 mode was locked to the arm. GTRX of ~0.4 was recovered, which is around the number I'm used to seeing.
  13791   Thu Apr 26 11:24:50 2018 gautamConfigurationALSNew look EX Fiber coupling - pol stability

Here is a first look at the overnight stability. For the temperature, I used the calibration I found in the old psl database file, seems to give sensible results. It's only 15 hours of data plotted, so we don't see the full 24 hour temperature swing, but I think it is safe to say that for the EX fiber, the dominant cause of the "waveplate effect" is not in fact temperature drift. The polarization extinction is still better than 10dB in the entire period of observation though... I'm going to push ahead with a beat spectrum measurement, though there is room for improvement in the input coupling alignment to fiber special axes.

The apparent increase in these plots towards the end of the 15 hour period is because the lights on the PSL table were switched on.

Annoyingly, it seems like the PSL NPRO channels (which I have hijacked to do this test) do not have minute trend data directly accessible from NDS2. Not sure whether this is an NDS2 problem, or something missing in the way the channels are setup with Acromag. Probably the former, as I am able to generate minute trend plots with dataviewer. I forget whether this is the same as the infamous minute trend problem. Second trend data is available though, and is what I used to make these plots...

  13792   Thu Apr 26 18:58:21 2018 BruceConfigurationALSNew look EX Fiber coupling - pol stability

  13796   Fri Apr 27 01:36:02 2018 gautamConfigurationALSIR ALS noise performance


My goal was to do some further characterization of the IR ALS system tonight. With POX as an OOL sensor, I measured an RMS displacement noise of  8 pm with the arm under ALS control. I calculated the CARM linewidth to be 77 Hz (=10.3 pm) for the 40m parameters, assuming 30ppm arm loss. Fuurthermore, this number is 3x better than the 24 pm RMS quoted in the Izumi et. al. paper. Of course I am quoting the best results from my efforts tonight. Conclusions:

  1. [Attachment #1] --- With XARM locked using POX, the ALS beat noise (i.e. Phase Tracker output noise) lines up well with the reference we have been using for some time now (and indeed, is better in some places).
  2. [Attachment #2] --- With the arm locked on ALS and POX as an OOL sensor, I measured performance comparable to this measurement we did sometime last year. Anomalies in this measurement and the one above were what precipitated the IMC noise investigation.
  3. [Attachment #3] --- The above two attachments are not the whole story. During the day, I get significantly worse performance (so much so that I couldn't even do the handoff to ALS control). But in 5 minutes of measurement, the ALS noise seems quite stationary.
  4. [Attachment #4] --- This is really the same as Attachment #2, but I wanted to overlay some vlines. Maybe this is a clue to some 60 Hz / ground loop issues, but the RMS has significant contribution from these harmonics. Tmrw, I will add the old measurement overlaid to this plot (and for what its worth, the Izumi et. al. spectrum as well).
  5. [Attachment #5] --- With the arm under ALS control, I was able to maintain the lock for a solid hour (and more as I write up this elog). Somehow inkscape screwed up the fonts, but main point here is that TRX is stable to within 10% throughout the observation time.

Since the stability and noise seemed quite good, I decided to collect some arm scan data to give to our modeSpec SURFs to practice fitting (which is the short dip in TRX in Attachment #4). Although after the discussion with Rana today, I think it may be that we want to do this measurement in reflection and not transmission, and look for a zero crossing in the PDH signal. In any case, I was able to scan 7 FSRs without any issues. I will upload the data to some git repo. GPS start time is 1208850775, sweep was 3mins long.

I think the next step here is to noise-budget this curve. At least the DFD noises

  13802   Tue May 1 08:04:13 2018 Jon RichardsonConfigurationElectronicsPSL-Aux. Laser Phase-Locked Loop

[Jon, Gautam, Johannes]

Summary: In support of making a proof-of-concept RF measurement of the SRC Gouy phase, we've implemented a PLL of the aux. 700mW NPRO laser frequency to the PSL. The lock was demonstrated to hold for minutes time scales, at which point the slow (currently uncontrolled) thermal drift of the aux. laser appears to exceed the PZT dynamic range. New (temporary) hardware is set up on an analyzer cart beside the PSL launch table.

Next steps:

- Characterize PLL stability and noise performance (transfer functions).

- Align and mode-match aux. beam from the AS table into the interferometer.

- With the IFO locked in a signal-recycled Michelson configuration, inject broadband (swept) AM sidebands via the aux. laser AOM. Coherently measure the reflection of the driven AM from the SRC.

- Experiment with methods of creating higher-order modes (partially occluding the beam vs. misaligning into, e.g., the output Faraday isolator). The goal is identify a viable techinque that is also possible at the sites, where the squeezer laser serves as the aux. laser.

The full measurement idea is sketched in the attached PDF.

PSL-Aux. beat note sensor on the PSL launch table.
Feedback signal to aux. laser PZT.
PLL electronics cart.


  13807   Wed May 2 21:39:33 2018 gautamConfigurationALSIR ALS for EY

The new K6XS mounts I ordered have arrived. I want to install one of them at the Y-end. I can't find a picture of the current layout but it exists as there is a hardcopy affixed to the ETMY chamber door, Steve, can we dig this up and put it in the wiki? In any case, the current beam going into the fiber is the pickoff from the post-SHG harmonic separator. I'd like to change the layout a bit, and use a pickoff before the doubling oven, but looking at the optical table, this seems like a pretty involved task and would probably require large scale optical hardware rearrangement. In any case, the MM of the green beam into the Y-arm is <50%, so I would like to redo that as well. Does anyone know of a measurement of the mode from the Lightwave NPRO that is installed at EY? I think Annalisa is the one who installed this stuff, but I can't find an actual NPRO mode measurement in her elog thread.

Found it: elog4874, elog8436. I updated the laser inventory page to link the lasers in use to the most recent mode measurements I could find on the elog. I guess ideally we should also link the AM/PM response measurements.


SV  ETMY optical table layout  

     as of 3-31-2016

The oplev path was optimized with AR coated lenses and new He/Ne laser Jan 24, 2017

  13810   Thu May 3 10:40:43 2018 johannesConfigurationGeneralAS port laser injection

Instead of trying to couple the fiber output into the interferometer, I'm doing the reverse and maximize the amount of interferometer light going into the fiber. I set up the mode-matching solution shown in attachment #1 and started tweaking the lens positions. Attachment #2 shows the setup on the AS table. After the initial placement I kept moving the lenses in the green arrow directions and got more and more light into the fiber.

When I stopped this work yesterday I measured 86% of the AS port light coming out the other fiber end, and I have not yet reached a turning point with moving the lenses, so it's possible I can tickle out a little more than that.

It occured to me though that I may have been a little hasty with the placement of the mirror that in attachment #2 redirects the beam which would ordinarily go to AS55. For my arm ringdown measurements this doesn't matter, I could actually place it even before the 50/50 beamsplitter that sends light onto AS110 and double the amount of light going into the IFO. What signals are needed for the Guoy phase measurement? Is AS 110 sufficient, or do we need AS55?

  13811   Thu May 3 12:10:12 2018 gautamConfigurationGeneralAS port laser injection

I think we need AS55 for locking the configuration Jon suggested - AS55 I and Q were used to lock the SRMI previously, and so I'd like to start from those settings but perhaps there is a way to do this with AS110 I and Q as well.


What signals are needed for the Guoy phase measurement? Is AS 110 sufficient, or do we need AS55?


  13813   Thu May 3 20:29:39 2018 gautamConfigurationElectronicsPSL-Aux. Laser Phase-Locked Loop

Some notes about the setup and work at the PSL table today, Jon can add to / correct me.

  • All equipment for the phase locking now sit on a cart that is on the west side of the MC beam tube, near ITMX chamber.
  • Cables have been routed through the space between the PSL enclosure and the optical table.
  • HEPA was turned up for this work, now it has been turned down to the nominal level of 30%.
  • Alignment into the PMC had degraded a bit - I tweaked it and now MC transmission is up at ~15600 which is a number I am used to. We still don't have a PMC transmission monitor since the slow ADC failure.
  13814   Fri May 4 13:24:56 2018 Jon RichardsonConfigurationElectronicsAUX-PSL PLL Implementation & Characterization

Attached are final details of the phase-locked loop (PLL) implementation we'll use for slaving the AUX 700 mW NPRO laser to the PSL.

The first image is a schematic of the electronics used to create the analog loop. They are curently housed on an analyzer cart beside the PSL table. If this setup is made permanent, we will move them to a location inside the PSL table enclosure.

The second image is the measured transfer function of the closed loop. It achieves approximately 20 dB of noise suppression at low frequencies, with a UGF of 50 kHz. In this configuration, locks were observed to hold for 10s of minutes.

  13816   Fri May 4 19:06:28 2018 ranaConfigurationElectronicsAUX-PSL PLL Implementation & Characterization

this doesn't make much sense to me; the phase to frequency conversion (mixer-demod to PZT ) should give us a 1/f loop as Johannes mentioned in the meeting. That doesn't agree with your loop shape.

How about give us some more details of the setup including photos and signal/power levels? And maybe measure the LB1005 TF by itself to find out what's wrong with the loop.

  13817   Fri May 4 21:17:57 2018 gautamConfigurationALSBeathMouth pulled out of PSL table

I have been puzzled about the beat note level we get out of the BeatMouth for some time.

  • The beat PD used is the Menlo FPD310.
  • But the version we have is an obsolete version of the product, for which a manual is hard to find.
  • Hence, I don't know the transimpedance/electrical characteristics of this PD.
  • The optical damage threshold of the PD is quoted as 2mW, which is a number I have been careful not to exceed.
  • But I've felt that the beat amplitude level we get out of this PD is far too low considering the amount of DC optical power (as measured with a fiber power meter) incident on the PD.
  • After some emailing and online hunting, I've gathered some numbers for the PD which are now on the wiki.
  • The fiber beam splitters we use inside the BeatMouth don't have PM fibers. There are 3 such splitters inside the BeatMouth. So the overlap efficiency on the PD is unknown.
  • But even so, the beat levels I was seeing were too low.

I have pulled the box out in order to re-characterize the DC power levels incident on the PD, and also to change the gain setting on the PD to the lower gain which is more compatible with the level of optical power we have going into the BeatMouth. The modern catalog for the FPD310 (see wiki) suggests that the maximum output voltage swing of the PD is 1Vpp driving a 50ohm load. With 50% overlapping efficiency between the PSL and AUX beams, and 400 uW of optical power from each beam, I expect an output of 0.5Vpp. Even with perfect overlap, I expect 0.8Vpp. So these numbers seem reasonable.

I also plan to check the scaling of electrical beat amplitude to optical power for a couple of levels to see that these scale as expected...

  13824   Tue May 8 00:40:51 2018 gautamConfigurationALSBeathMouth pulled out of PSL table


I did some more BeatMouth characterization. My primary objective was to do a power budget. Specifically, to measure the insertion loss of the mating sleeves and of the fiber beam splitters. All power numbers quoted in this elog are measured with the fiber power meter. Main takeaways:

  • Measured insertion loss of all mating sleeves, which are ADAFCPMB2, are in agreement with the < 1dB spec. 1 dB in power is ~20%.
  • But there is large variance in the above number, between different supposedly identical connectors.
  • Measured insertion loss from input port to coupled ports of the fiber beamsplitters are slightly larger than spec (~3.5dB), when measured after mating the fiber beamsplitter (which has Hi1060 flex fiber) and PM980 fiber (which is what brings light to the BeatMouth).
  • But measured insertion loss when mating is between Hi1060 flex fiber ends is more in line with the expected value of ~3.5dB.
  • Isolation of fiber beam splitters seems to match the spec of >55dB.


  • I used the fiber bringing 416uW of IR light from EY for this test.
  • Insertion loss was measured by injecting the fiber light at one port and measuring the transmitted power at various other ports.
  • In order to couple the fiber power meter across a single mating sleeve, I used a short (~1m) patch cable from newport (F-SY-C-1FCA). Technically, this is single mode fiber with the correct type of connector, FC/APC, but is not PM.
  • See Attachment #2 for the labeling of the connectors which is how I refer to them in the table below.
  • Lest there be confusion, I use the definition of insertion loss  \mathrm{Insertion ~loss [dB] }=10\mathrm{log_{10}}(\frac{P_{in}}{P_{out}}).
Mating Sleeve # Insertion loss [dB]
1 0.38
2 0.65
3 0.71
4 0.43
5 0.95
6 0.79
7 0.5


Remarks / Questions:

  1. Is there any way to systematically reduce the insertion loss? Like getting a better mating part?
  2. Question for the fiber experts: How do we deal with the unused port of the beam-splitters? Right now, they are just capped. But as you can see in Attachment #1, the caps certainly don't block all the light. What are the implications of back-scattered light into the fiber on the ALS noise? I guess the beamsplitter itself has the spec'd 55dB directivity, so do we not care about this?
  13845   Tue May 15 20:51:27 2018 gautamConfigurationElectronicsMaking PLL setup more permanent

[jon, steve, gautam]

Some points which Jon will elaborate upon (and put photos of) in his detailed elog about this setup:

  • PLL electronics (mixer, coupler, ZFL500HLN amplifier and DC power supply for the beatnote, SR560 servo) all reside on the newly installed lower level PSL shelf.
  • Cross connect channel C1:PSL-126MOPA_126CURADJ hijacked for remote temperature control of the AUX NPRO. Note that shield of front panel BNC is ground and so even though the manual says the controller accepts +/-10V, this is not a differential input. BNC cable was routed from cross connect to PSL enclosure, MEDM slider will be setup.
  • There was an SMA cable running from the VEA to the control room which we decided to use for monitoring of the beatnote amplitude on the control room analyzer. Yesterday, Steve and I routed the end of this inside the VEA, near 1X2 originally, to inside the PSL table where it is hooked up to the (20dB) coupled amplifier output. This required some work on the cable tray, we were careful but in case there is some wonkiness in some signals, perhaps this work is to blame.

We are now in a state where the PLL can be locked remotely from the control room by tweaking the AUX laser temperature laugh. Tomorrow, Keerthana will work on getting Craig's/Johannes' Digital Frequency Counter script working here, I think we can easily implement a PLL autolocker if we have some diagostic that tells us if the PLL us locked or not.

Steve informed me that there is an acoustic hum inside the PSL enclosure which wasn't there before. Indeed, it is at ~295Hz, and is from the Bench power supply used to power the ZFL500HLN amplifier. This will have to go...

  13848   Wed May 16 18:52:50 2018 gautamConfigurationElectronicsPLL mysteries solved

[Koji, Gautam]


As I suspected, when the SR560 is operated in 1 Hz, first order LPF mode, the (electronic) transfer function has a zero at ~5kHz (!!!).


This is what allowed the PLL to be locked with this setting with UGF of ~30kHz. On the evidence of Attachment #3, there is also some flattening of the electrical TF at low frequencies when the SR560 is driving the NPRO PZT. I'm pretty sure the flattening is not a data download error but since this issue needs further investigation anyway, I'm not reading too much into it. I fit the model with LISO but since we don't have low frequency (~1Hz) data, the fit isn't great, so I'm excluding it from the plots.

We also did some PLL loop characterization. We decided that the higher output range (10Vp bs 10Vpp for the SR560) of the LB1005 controller means it is a better option for the PLL. The lock state can also be triggered remotely. It was locked with UGF ~ 60kHz, PM ~45deg.

We also measured the actuation coefficient of the NPRO laser PZT to be 4.89 +/- 0.02 MHz/V. Quoted error is (1-sigma) from the fit of the linear part of the measured transfer function to a single pole at DC with unknown gain. I used the "clean" part of the measurement that extends to lower frequencies for the fit, as can be seen from the residuals plot. Good to know that even though the LDs are dying, the PZT is still going strong :D.

Remaining loop characterization (i.e. verification of correct scaling of in loop suppression with loop gain etc.) is left to Jon.

Measurement schemes:

  1. OLG (Attachment #1) was measured using the usual IN1/IN2 technique.
  2. PZT calibration (Attachment #2) was measured by injecting an excitation at the PLL control point.
    • The ratio of the PLL error point (Volts) to Excitation (Volts) was measured using the SR785.
    • The error point was calibrated by looking at the PLL open loop Vpp (corresponds to pi radians of phase shift).
    • Dividing the fitted gain of the phase->Frequency conversion by the error point calibration, we get the PZT actuation coefficient. 

Some other remarks:

  1. In the swept-sine mode, the SR785 measures transfer functions by taking the ratio of complex FFT values of its inputs at the drive frequency. So the phase in particular is a good indicator of whether the measurement is coherent or not.
  2. In all these measurements, the PLL gain is huge at low frequencies, and hence, the excitation is completely squished on propagating through the loop. E.g. a 10mV excitation is suppressed by a factor of ~60dB = 1000 to 10uV, and if the analyzer autoRange is set to UpOnly, it is easy to see how this is drowned at the IN1 input. This is why the measurements lose coherence below ~1 kHz.
  3. It is easy to imagine implementing an EPICS servo that offloads the DC part of the LB box control signal to the SLOW frequency input on the Lightwave controller. This would presumably allow us to extend the lock timescales. We can also easily implement a PLL autolocker.
  4. Preliminary investigation of the SR560 situation suggests that individual filter stages can only achieve a maximum stopband attenuation of 60dB relative to the passband. When we cascade two stages together, 120dB seems possible...
  13858   Thu May 17 13:51:35 2018 Jon RichardsonConfigurationElectronicsDocumentation & Schematics for AUX-PSL PLL

[Jon, Gautam]

Attached is supporting documentation for the AUX-PSL PLL electronics installed in the lower PSL shelf, as referenced in #13845.

Some initial loop measurements by Gautam and Koji (#13848) compare the performance of the LB1005 vs. an SR560 as the controller, and find the LB1005 to be advantageous (a higher UGF and phase margin). I have some additional measurements which I'll post separately.

Loop Design

Pickoffs of the AUX and PSL beams are routed onto a broadband-sensitive New Focus 1811 PD. The AUX laser temperature is tuned to place the optical beat note of the two fields near 50 MHz. The RF beat note is sensed by the AC-coupled PD channel, amplified, and mixed-down with a 50 MHz RF source to obtain a DC error signal. The down-converted term is isolated via a 1.9-MHz low-pass filter in parallel with a 50 Ohm resistor and fed into a Newport LB1005 proportional-integral (PI) servo controller. Controller settings are documented in the below schematic. The resulting control signal is fed back into the fast PZT actuator input of the AUX laser.

Schematic diagram of the PLL.











Hardware Photos

Optical layout on the PSL table.


PLL electronics installed in the lower PSL shelf.


Close-up view of the phase detector electronics.


Slow temp. (left) and fast PZT signals into the AUX controller.


AUX-PSL beat note locked at 50 MHz offset, from the control room.


  13863   Fri May 18 14:18:03 2018 gautamConfigurationElectronicsBasic MEDM Control Screen setup

I setup a basic MEDM screen for remote control of the PLL.

The Slow control voltage slider allows the frequency of the laser to be moved around via the front panel slow control BNC.

The TTL signal slider provides 0/5V to allow triggering of the servo. Eventually this functionality will be transferred to the buttons (which do not work for now).

The screen can be accessed from the PSL dropdown menu in sitemap. We can make this better eventually, but this should suffice for initial setup.

  13867   Fri May 18 19:59:55 2018 Jon RichardsonConfigurationElectronicsAUX-PSL PLL Characterization Measurements

Below is analysis of measurements I had taken of the AUX-PSL PLL using an SR560 as the servo controller (1 Hz single-pole low-pass, gain varied 100-500). The resulting transfer function is in good agreement with that found by Gautam and Koji (#13848). The optimal gain is found to be 200, which places the UGF at 15 kHz with a 45 deg phase margin.

For now I have reverted the PLL to use the SR560 instead of the LB1005. The issue with the LB1005 is that the TTL input for remote control only "freezes" the integrator, but does not actually reset it. This is fine if the lock is disabled in a controlled way (i.e., via the medm interface). However, if the lock is lost uncontrollably, the integrator is stuck in a garbage state that prevents re-locking. The only way to reset this integrator is to manually flip a switch on the controller box (no remote reset). Rana suggests we might be able to find a workaround using a remote-controlled relay before the controller.

  13873   Mon May 21 15:34:19 2018 gautamConfigurationElectronicsChannel hijacking history

Since we've been hijacking channels like there is no tomorrow for the AUX-PLL setup, I'm documenting the channel names here. The next time c1psl requires a reboot, I'll rename these channels to something more sensible. To find the channel mapping, Koji suggested I use this. Has worked well for us so far... We've labelled all pairs of wires pulled out of the cross connects and insulation taped the stripped ends, in case we ever need to go back to the original config.

Previously unused C1PSL Channels now used for AUX PLL

Channel name AI/AO Function
C1:PSL-126MOPA_126CURADJ AO Slow temperature control
C1:PSL-FSS_RFADJ AO Servo trigger TTL
C1:PSL-126MOPA_126PWR AI PLL error signal monitor
C1:PSL-126MOPA_DMON AI PLL control signal monitor

To mitigate integrator railing

  13876   Tue May 22 10:14:39 2018 Jon RichardsonConfigurationElectronicsDocumentation & Schematics for AUX-PSL PLL



[Jon, Gautam]

Attached is supporting documentation for the AUX-PSL PLL electronics installed in the lower PSL shelf, as referenced in #13845.

Some initial loop measurements by Gautam and Koji (#13848) compare the performance of the LB1005 vs. an SR560 as the controller, and find the LB1005 to be advantageous (a higher UGF and phase margin). I have some additional measurements which I'll post separately.

Loop Design

Pickoffs of the AUX and PSL beams are routed onto a broadband-sensitive New Focus 1811 PD. The AUX laser temperature is tuned to place the optical beat note of the two fields near 50 MHz. The RF beat note is sensed by the AC-coupled PD channel, amplified, and mixed-down with a 50 MHz RF source to obtain a DC error signal. The down-converted term is isolated via a 1.9-MHz low-pass filter in parallel with a 50 Ohm resistor and fed into a Newport LB1005 proportional-integral (PI) servo controller. Controller settings are documented in the below schematic. The resulting control signal is fed back into the fast PZT actuator input of the AUX laser.

Schematic diagram of the PLL.











Hardware Photos

Optical layout on the PSL table.


PLL electronics installed in the lower PSL shelf.


Close-up view of the phase detector electronics.


Slow temp. (left) and fast PZT signals into the AUX controller.


AUX-PSL beat note locked at 50 MHz offset, from the control room.



  13881   Wed May 23 00:45:18 2018 johannesConfigurationGeneralAS port laser injection

I was planning to set up the additions to the AS table that are outlined in Attachment #1. Unfortunately the beam is too large for the 2mm clear aperture Faraday rotators that we have available at that position. I checked the 40m and QIL and found 5 Faraday isolators/rotators for 1064 nm total, but none have large enough aperture for the current setup. Some options for buying a larger aperture isolator are:

I wanted to leave the rest of the setup undisturbed at first, but I think a much easier solution would be to move the 2" focusing lens up by about 12", which moves the beam focus away from AS55 to where the Faraday will be placed, but we can re-focus it with another lens. I may have to change the mode-matching for the aux laser fiber slightly to accomodate this change, but if there are no other concerns I would like to start this work tomorrow (Wednesday).

  13886   Thu May 24 13:06:17 2018 gautamConfigurationALSDFD noises


  1. The DFD noise floor is ~0.5Hz/rtHz at 100Hz (see Attachment #2).
  2. I cannot account for the measured noise floor of the DFD system. The Marconi noise and the AA noise contributions should be neglibible at 100Hz.
  3. This SURF report would lead me to believe that the delay line cable length is 50m. But my calibration suggests it is shorter, more like 40m (see Attachment #1). I had made some TF measurements of the delay sometime ago, need to dig up the data and see what number that measurement yields.

Details and discussion: (diagrams to follow)

  • Delay line linearity was checked by driving the input with Marconi, waiting for any transient to die down, and averaging the I and Q inputs to the phase tracker servo (after correcting for the daughter board TF) for 10 seconds. The deg/MHz response was then calculated by trigonometry. Not sure what to make of the structure in the residuals, need to think about it.
  • DFD noise was checked by driving the DFD input with a Marconi at 50MHz, RF level = 8dBm, which are expected parameters for nominal ALS operation. In this configuration, I measured the spectrum of the phase tracker output. I then used the calibration factor from the above bullet to convert to Hz/rtHz.
  • The electronics noise contribution of the daughter board was calibrated to Hz/rtHz by using the Marconi to drive the DFD input with a known FM signal (mod depth ~0.05), and using the SR785 to measure the power of the FM peak. This allows one to back out the V/Hz calibration constant of the delay line. I tweaked the carrier frequency until the ratio of power in I channel to Q channel (or the other way around) was >20dB before making this measurement.
  • I have no proof - but I suspect that the whole host of harmonics in the noise spectrum is because the 1U AA chassis sits directly on top of some Sorensen power supplies. These Sorensens power the frequency distribution box in the LSC rack, so the simplest test to confirm would be to turn off the RF chain, and then Sorensens, and see if the peaky features persist.
  13889   Thu May 24 19:41:28 2018 gautamConfigurationALSBeathMouth reinstalled on PSL table


  • DC light power incident on beat PD is ~400uW from the PSL and ~300uW from EX.
  • These numbers are consistent with measured mating sleeve and fiber coupler losses.
  • However, I measure an RF beatnote of 80mVpp (= -18dBm). This corresponds to a mode matching efficiency of ~15%, assuming InGaAs efficiency of 0.65A/W.

I find this hard to believe.


  • I took this opportunity to clean the fiber tips on the PSL table going into the BeatMouth.
  • PSL light power going into the BeatMouth is 2.6mW. Of which ~400uW reaches the Beat PD (measured using my new front panel monitor port).
  • Similarly, 1mW of EX light reaches the PSL table, of which ~300uW reaches the Beat PD.
  • The RF amplifier gain is 20dB, and RF transimpedance is 50 ohms.
  • Using the (electrical) 20dB coupled port on the front panel, I measured a beat signal with 8mVpp. So the actual beat note signal is 80mVpp.


As I see it, the possibilities are:

  1. My measurement technique/calculation is wrong.
  2. The beat PD is broken has optoelectronic different that is significantly different from specifications.
  3. The non-PM fiber lengths inside the beat box result in ~15% overlap between the PSL and EX beams. Morever, there is insignificant variation in the electrical beat amplitude as monitored on the control room analyzer. So there is negligible change in the polarization state inside the BeatMouth.

I guess #3 can be tested by varying the polarization content of one of the input beams through 90 degrees.

  13890   Thu May 24 20:31:03 2018 gautamConfigurationALSDFD noises

A couple of months ago, I took 21 measurements of the delay line transfer function. As shown in Attachment #2, the unwrapped phase is more consistent with a cable length closer to 45m rather than 50m (assuming speed of light is 0.75c in the cable, as the datasheet says it is).

Attachment #1 shows the TF magnitude for the same measurements. There are some ripples consistent with reflections, so something in this system is not impedance matched. I believe I used the same power splitter to split the RF source between delayed and undelayed paths to make these TFs as is used in the current DFD setup to split the RF beatnote.


I had made some TF measurements of the delay sometime ago, need to dig up the data and see what number that measurement yields.

  13891   Fri May 25 13:06:33 2018 Jon RichardsonConfigurationElectronicsImproved Measurements of AUX-PSL PLL

Attached are gain-variation measurements of the final, in situ AUX-to-PSL phase-locked loop (PLL).

Attachment 1: Figure of open-loop transfer function

Attachment 2: Raw network analyzer data

The figure shows the open-loop transfer function measured at several gain settings of the LB1005 PI servo controller. The shaded regions denote the 1-sigma sample variance inferred from 10 sweeps per gain setting. This analysis supercedes previous posts as it reflects the final loop architecture, which was slightly modified (now has a 90 dB low-frequency gain limit) as a workaround to make the LB1005 remotely operable. The measurements are also extended from 100 kHz to 1 MHz to resolve the PZT resonances of the AUX laser.


  • Gain variation confirms response linearity.
  • At least two PZT resonances above the UGF are not far below unity (150 kHz and 500 kHz).
  • Recommend to lower the proportional gain by 3 dB. This will place the UGF at 30 kHz with 55 degrees of phase.
  13906   Thu May 31 22:59:27 2018 KojiConfigurationComputersShorewall on nodus

[Jonathan Koji]

Shorewall (http://shorewall.net/), a tool to configure iptables, was installed on nodus.
The description about shorewall setting on nodus can be found here: https://wiki-40m.ligo.caltech.edu/NodusShorewallSetting

NDS (31200) on megatoron is not enabled outside of the firewall yet.

  14020   Tue Jun 26 17:20:33 2018 JonConfigurationCamerasLLO Python Camera Software is Working

Thanks to a discussion yesterday with Joe Betzweiser, I was able to identify and fix the remaining problem with the LLO GigE camera software. It is working now, currently only on rossa, but can be set up on all the machines. I've started a wiki page with documentation and usage instructions here:


This page is also linked from the main 40m wiki page under "Electronics."

This software has the ability to both stream live camera feeds and to record feeds as .avi files. It is described more on the wiki page.

  14026   Wed Jun 27 19:37:16 2018 KojiConfigurationComputersNew NAT router installed

[Larry, Koji]

We replaced the NAT router between martian and the campus net. We have the administrative web page available for the NAT router, but it is accessible from inside (=martian) as expected.

We changed the IP address registration of nodus for the internet so that the packets to nodus is directed to the NAT router. Then the NAT router forwards the packets to actual nodus only for the allowed ports. Because of this change of the IP we had a few confusions. First of all, martian net, which relies on chiara for DNS resolution. The 40m wifi router seemed to have internal DNS cache and required to reboot to make the IP change effective.

The WAN side cable of nodus was removed.

We needed to run "sudo rndc flush" to force chiara's bind9 to refresh the cache. We also needed to restart httpd ("sudo systemctl restart httpd") on nodus to make the port 8081 work properly. 

So far, ssh (22), web services (30889), and elog (8081, 8080) were tested. We also need to test megatron NDS port forwarding and rsync for nodus, too.

Finally I turned off the firewall rules of shorewall on nodus as it is no longer necessary.

More details are found on the wiki page. https://wiki-40m.ligo.caltech.edu/FirewallSetting

  14033   Fri Jun 29 18:16:32 2018 JonConfigurationPSLChanges to AUX Optical Layout on PSL Table

In order to use the 0th-order deflection beam from the AOM for cavity mode scans, I've coaligned this beam to the existing mode-matching/launch optics set up for the 1st-order beam.

Instead of being dumped, the 0th-order beam is now steered by two 45-degree mirrors into the existing beam path. The second mirror is on a flip mount so that we can quickly switch between 0th-order/1st-order injections. None of the existing optics were touched, so the 1st-order beam alignment should still be undisturbed.

Currently the 0th-order beam is being injected into the IFO. After attenuating so as to not exceed 100 mW incident on the fiber, approximately 50 mW of power reaches the AS table. That coupling efficiency is similar to what we have with the 1st-order beam. With the Y-arm cavity locked and the AUX PLL locked at RF offset = 47.60 MHz (an Y-arm FSR), I observed a -50 dBm beat note at Y-end transmission.

  14041   Fri Jul 6 12:12:09 2018 AnnalisaConfigurationThermal CompensationThermal compensation setup

I tried to put together a rudimentary heater setup. 

As a heating element, I used the soldering iron tip heated up to ~800°C.

To make a reflector, I used the small basket which holds the cork of champains battles (see figure 1), and I covered it with alumnum foil. Of course, it cannot be really considered as a parabolic reflector, but it's something close (see figure 2).

Then, I put a ZnSe 1 inch lens, 3.5 inch FL (borrowed from TCS lab) right after the reflector, in order to collect as much as possible the radiation and focus it onto an image (figure 3). In principle, if the heat is collimated by the reflector, the lens should focus it in a pretty small image. Finally, in order to see the image, I put a screen and a small piece of packaging sponge (because it shouldn't diffuse too much), and I tried to see the projected pattern with a thermal camera (also borrowed from Aidan). However, putting the screen in the lens focal plane didn't really give a sharp image, maybe because the reflector is not exactly parabolic and the heater not in its focus. However, light is still focused on the focal plane, although the image appears still blurred. Perahps I should find a better material (with less dispersion) to project the thermal image onto. (figure 4)

Finally, I measured the transmitted power with a broadband power meter, which resulted to be around 10mW in the focal plane. 

  14043   Sat Jul 7 19:50:38 2018 AnnalisaConfigurationThermal CompensationStudy about the Thermal projection setup and its effect on the cavity

I made some simulation to study the change that the heater setup can induce on the Radius of Curvature of the ETM.

Heat pattern

First, I used a non-sequential ray tracing software (Zemax) to calculate the heat pattern. I made a CAD of the elliptical reflector and I put a radiative element inside it (similar to the rod-heater 30mm long, 3.8mm diameter that we ordered), placing it in such a way that the heater tip is as close as possible to the ellipse first focus. (figure 1)

Then, by putting a screen at the second focus of the ellipse (where we suppose to place the mirror HR surface), I could find the projected heat pattern, as shown in figure 2 and 3 (section). Notice that the scale is in INCH, even if the label says mm. As you can see, the heat pattern is pretty broad, but still enough to induce a RoC change. 

Mirror deformation

In order to compute the mirror deformation induced by this kind of pattern, I used this map produced with Zemax as absorption map in COMSOL. I considered ~1W total power absorbed by the mirror (just to have a unitary number).

The mirror temperature and deformation maps induced by this heat pattern are shown in figures 4 and 5. 

RoC change evaluation

Then I had to evaluate the RoC change. In particular, I did it by fitting the Radius of Curvature over a circle of radius:

r = w_{00} * \sqrt{n}

where w_{00} is the waist of tha Gaussian mode on the ETMY (5mm) and n is the mode order. This is a way to approximately know which is the Radius of Curvature as "seen" by each HOM, and is shown in figure 6 (the RoC of the cold mirror is set to be 57.37m). Of course, besides being very tiny, the difference in RoC strongly depends on the heat pattern.

Gouy phase variation

Considering this absorbed power, the cavity Gouy phase variation between hot and cold state is roughly 15kHz (I leave to the SURFs the details of the calculation).

Unanswered points

So the still unaswered questions are:

- which is the minimum variation we are able to resolve with our measurement

- how much heating power do we expect to be projected onto the mirror surface (I'll make another entry on that)

  14050   Tue Jul 10 23:44:23 2018 AnnalisaConfigurationThermal CompensationHeater setup assembly

[Annalisa, Koji]

Today both the heater and the reflector were delivered, and we set down the setup to make some first test.

The schematic is the usual: the rod heater (30mm long, 3.8 mm diameter) is set inside the elliptical reflector, as close as possible to the first focus. In the second focus we put the power meter in order to measure the radiated power. The broadband power meter wavelength calibration has been set at 4µm: indeed, the heater emits all over the spectrum with the Black Body radiation distribution, and the broadband power meter measures all of them, but only starting from 4µm they will be actually absorbed my the mirror, that's why that calibration was chosen.

We measured the cold resistance of the heater, and it was about 3.5 Ohm. The heater was powered with the BK precision DC power supply 1735, and we took measurements at different input current.

Current [A] Voltage [V] Measured radiated power [mW] Resistance [Ohm]
0.5 2.2 20 4.4
0.8 6 120 7.5
1 11 400 11
1.2 18 970 15

We also aimed at measuring the heater temperature at each step, but the Fluke thermal camera is sensitive up to 300°C and also the FLIR seems to have a very limited temperature range (150°C?). We thought about using a thermocouple, but we tested its response and it seems definitely too slow. 

Some pictures of the setup are shown in figures 1 and 6.

Then we put an absorbing screen in the suspension mount to see the heat pattern, in such a way to get an idea of the heat spot position and size on the ETMY. (figure 2)

The projected pattern is shown in figures 3-4-5

The optimal position of the heater which minimizes the heat beam spot seems when the heater inserted by 2/3 in the reflector (1/3 out). However, this is just a qualitative evaluation.

Finally, two more pictures showing the DB connector on the flange and the in-vacuum cables.

Some more considerations about in-vacuum cabling to come.

Steve: how are you going to protect the magnets ?

  14062   Fri Jul 13 00:15:13 2018 Annalisa, TerraConfigurationAUXY arm cavity scan

[Annalisa, Terra, Koji, Gautam]

Summary: We find a configuration for arm scans which significantly reduces phase noise. We run several arm scans and we were able to resolve several HOM peaks; analysis to come.


As first, we made a measurement with the already established setup and, as Jon already pointed out, we found lots of phase noise. We hypothesized that it could either come from the PLL or from the motion of the optics between the AUX injection point (AS port) and the Y arm. 

  • We first characterized the PLL loop phase noise by comparing the beat signal against the Agilent reference signal, and we found that the beat had lots of phase noise with respect to the reference. Decreasing the PLL gain, we got rid of the phase noise in the beat signal.
  • Next, for the optical path length induced phase noise, we took the transfer function between TransMon and REFL signal rather than TransMon and Agilent reference signal. This takes advatage of the fact that the TransMon and REFL both see optical path length phase noise, which therefore gets canceled out in the transfer function. 

In this configuration, we were able to do arm scans where the phase variation at each peak was pretty clear and well defined. We took several 10MHz scan, we also zoomed around some specific HOM peak, and we were able to resolve some frequency split. 

We add some pictures of the setup and of the scan.

The data are saved in users/OLD/annalisa/Yscans. More analysis and plots will follow tomorrow. 

  14071   Fri Jul 13 23:39:46 2018 AnnalisaConfigurationThermal CompensationThermal compensation setup - power supply

[Annalisa, Rana]

In order to power the heater setup to be installed in the ETMY chamber, we took the Sorensen DSC33-33E power supply from the Xend rack which was supposed to power the heater for the seismometer setup.

We modified the J3 connector behind in such a way to allow a remote control (unsoldered pins 9 and 8). 

Now pins 9 and 12 need to be connected to a BNC cable running to the EPICS.

RXA update: the Sorensen's have the capability to be controlled by an external current source, voltage source, or resistive load. We have configured it so that 0-5V moves the output from 0-33 V. There is also the possibility to make it a current source and have the output current (rather than voltage) follow the control voltage. This might be useful since out heater resistance is changing with temperature.

  14078   Tue Jul 17 17:37:46 2018 Annalisa, TerraConfigurationThermal CompensationHeaters installation


We installed two heaters setup on the ETMY bench in order to try inducing some radius of curvature change and therefore HOMs frequency shift.


We installed two heaters setup.

Elliptic reflector setup (H1): heater put in the focus of the elliptical reflector: this will make a heat pattern as descirbed in the elogs #14043 and #14050. 


Lenses setup (H2): heater put in a cylndrical reflector (made up with aluminum foil) 1'' diameter, and 2 ZnSe lenses telescope, composed by a 1.5'' and a 1'' diameter respectively, both 3.5'' focal length. The telescope is designed in such a way to focus the heat map on the mirror HR surface. For this latter the schematic was supposed to be the following: 

This setup will project on the mirror a heat pattern like this:

which is very convenient if we want to see a different radius of curvature for different HOMs. However, the power that we are supposed to have absorbed by the mirror with this setup is very low (order of 40-ish mW with 18V, 1.2A) which is probably not enough to see an effect. Moreover, mostly for space reasons (post base too big), the distances were not fully kept, and we ended up with the following setup:

In this configuration we won't probably have a perfect focusing of the heat pattern on the mirror.

In vacuum connections

See Koji's elog #14077 for the final pin connection details. In summary, in vacuum the pins are:

13 to 8 --> cable bunch 0

7 to 2 --> cable bunch 2

25 to 20 --> cable bunch 1

19 to 14 --> cable bunch 3

where Elliptic reflector setup (H1) is connected to cables 0 and 1, and the lenses setup is connected to cables 2 and 3.

Installed setup

This is the installed setup as seen from above:

  14091   Fri Jul 20 18:30:47 2018 JonConfigurationAUXRecommend to install AUX PZT driver

I recently realized that the PLL is only using about 20% of the available actuation range of the AUX PZT. The +/-10 V control signal from the LB1005 is being directly inputted into the fast AUX PZT channel, which has an input range of +/-50 V.

I recommend to install a PZT driver (amplifier) between the controller and laser to use the full available actuator range. For cavity scans, this will increase the available sweep range from +/-50 MHz to +/-250MHz. This has a unique advantage even if slow temperature feedback is also implemented. To sample faster than the timescale of most of the angular noise,  scans generally need to be made with a total sweep time <1 sec. This is faster than the PLL offset can be offloaded via the slow temperature control, so the only way to scan more than 100 MHz in one measurement is with a larger dynamic range.

  14104   Wed Jul 25 22:46:15 2018 gautamConfigurationComputersNDS access from outside

After this work, I've been having some trouble getting data with Python NDS. Eventually, I figured out that the nds connection request has to be pointed at '' (the address of the NAT router which faces the outside world), port 31200 (it used to work with 'nds40.ligo.caltech.edu' or ''). So the following snippet in python allows a connection to be opened. Offline access of frame data via NDS2 now seems possible.

import nds2
conn = nds2.connection('',31200)

So far, ssh (22), web services (30889), and elog (8081, 8080) were tested. We also need to test megatron NDS port forwarding and rsync for nodus, too.Finally I turned off the firewall rules of shorewall on nodus as it is no longer necessary.

  14153   Fri Aug 10 11:29:39 2018 aaronConfigurationUpgradeParts list for BHD

I've started putting together a list of things we'll need to buy to do BHD readout. I'm still messing around with more detailed optics layouts, but wanted to get a list started here so people can let me know if I'm missing any big, obvious categories of goods.

My current plan makes minimal changes to the signal path going to the OMC, and tries to just get the LO beam into the OMC with minimal optics. I'm not thinking of any of the optics as suspended, and it requires several reflections of the LO beam, so probably this is not an excellent configuration, but it's a start for getting the parts list:

  1. My current thought is to use the MC reflection, the beam that heads from MC1 to MCR1, as the LO beam
    1. From MCR1, send the LO to a BS that directs it into an MMT, oriented along x (and lets us keep the MC refl PO)
    2. After the two MMT optics, the beam will be traveling along -x, and can be directed to a mirror that sends it towards -y to two steering mirrors that send it along -x then +x near the top of the table (perpendicular to the signal MMT.
    3. Then, send it to a PBS, which replaces the mirror directly after the signal MMT. This is where it combines 
  2. Beam is then sent to the steering mirrors to bring it into the OMC
  3. In parallel, the signal beam is going through the same path it has now, including the pickoff beam, with the one change that we need a HWP somewhere before the PBS, and the PBS replaces the mirror directly after the MMT (and needs to move a bit closer to have the beam properly directed)

I started making a layout of this scheme, but it's probably not going to work so I'm going to make a quick layout of this more major modification instead:

  1. Both the MCR beam and the AS beam come in about parallel. Send each to a PO mirror.
  2. The PO mirror directs both beams into parallel MMT aligned along x
  3. From the MMT, each is directed to a pair of steering mirrors located where the OMC MMT is located now
  4. From the steering mirrors go to the PBS that combines the signal and LO
  5. Then to two more steering mirrors to get into the OMC, which may be moved towards +x
  6. From the OMC go to the BHD PBS

What we need


  • HWP for just before the LO combines with the signal
  • HWP for just before the signal combines with the LO (is this necessary?)
  • PBS to replace OM5 (combines the LO and the signal)
  • Two MMT optics
  • Two piezo-driven TT optics for steering the LO to the PBS
  • One additional non-piezo optic for between the LOMMT and the LO-TTs
  • One additional BS to get the LO into the MMT (and to let us still have the PO)
  • -1 optic—we pick up one mirror that we replace with the PBS


  • 2x HWP mounts
  • 1x PBS mount
  • 2x mounts for piezo-driven TT
  • 2x MMT optic mounts—I didn’t take a close enough look at these during the vent to know what we need here
  • 2x mounts for ordinary optics
  • 9x clamps for optics mounts (maybe fewer if some are on blocks)
  • 9x posts for optics mounts


  • Additional TT driver
  • HV supply for the new TTs
  • Are the HWP actively controlled? We might need something to drive those?
  • Do we have enough DAC/ADC channels?


These are mostly just miscellaneous

  1. What of these optics need to be suspended? If we need suspensions on all of the LO optics, including the MMT, I’m not sure we’re going to be able to fit all of this on the table as I envision it…..
  2. What if anything can we put out of vacuum (HWP for example)?
  3. Do we actually need two MMT?
  14154   Fri Aug 10 16:43:50 2018 gautamConfigurationUpgradeParts list for BHD

Can we use the leakage beam from MMT2 on the OMC table as the LO beam? I can't find the spec for this optic, but the leakage beam was clearly visible on an IR card even with the IMC locked with 100 mW input power so presumably there's enough light there, and this is a cavity transmission beam which presumably has some HOM content filtered out.


My current thought is to use the MC reflection, the beam that heads from MC1 to MCR1, as the LO beam

  14155   Sun Aug 12 10:59:34 2018 aaronConfigurationUpgradeParts list for BHD

That seems fine, I wasn't thinking of that beam. in that case could we just have a PBS directly behind MMT2 and send both beams to the same OMMT?

Alternatively we can move OM5 and the beam path OMPO-OMMTSM towards -y, then put the LO-OMMT parallel to the existing OMMT but displaced in +x... we'd have to move the existing OMC and BHD towards +x as well. 


Can we use the leakage beam from MMT2 on the OMC table as the LO beam? I can't find the spec for this optic, but the leakage beam was clearly visible on an IR card even with the IMC locked with 100 mW input power so presumably there's enough light there, and this is a cavity transmission beam which presumably has some HOM content filtered out.

  14158   Mon Aug 13 17:20:07 2018 aaronConfigurationUpgradeParts list for BHD

I've attached the diagram of what I mean.

There are a couple caveats and changes that would have to be made that are not included in this diagram, because they would be made on different tables.

  1. I moved MMT2, which means the other MMT optics would have to be adjusted to accomodate this. I checked out the configuration on the BS table and this seems doable with a small rotation of MMT1 and maybe PJ2.
  2. I don't know the best way to get the OMC REFL beam out... thoughts?
  3. This diagram is kind of crappy after my edits, someone should tell me how to avoid collapsing all layers when I open these layout diagrams in inkscape, because I ended up editing the layout in Acrobat instead, where the lack of object grouping caused a bunch of the optics to lose one or two lines along the way.
  4. I didn't include all beam paths explicitly but can if this looks like a good configuration.
  5. The optic that picks off the transmission through MMT2 will need to move a bit, but there was a clamp in the way; this should be a minor change.
  6. The optic just before the OMC needs to be moved up a bit.
  7. The optic after the signal OMMT should be changed to a PBS and translated a bit; this is where the LO and signal beams will combine

Gautam also had some questions about the BHD/OMC timeline and plan. I feel somewhat on shaky ground with the answers, but figured I'd post them so I can be corrected once and for all.

  1. Is the plan really to use the current OMC setup to make a homodyne measurement? 
    1. I'm not sure where on the timeline the new OMC and BHD switchover are relative to each other. I have been imagining doing the swap to BHD before having a new OMC.
  2. I thought the current OMC resurrection plan was to do DC readout and not homodyne?
    1. I think the OMC resurrection plan is leading to DC readout, but when we switch over to BHD we'll be able to operate at the dark fringe. Is that right?
  3. Is it really possible to use our single OMC to clean both the LO and dark port beams? Isn't this the whole raging debate for A+?
    1. My understanding is yes, with the LO and DP in orthogonal polarizations. It's not clear to me why we expect to be able to do this while there is a debate for A+, perhaps our requirements are weaker. It is something I should calculate, I'll talk to Koji.
  4. A layout diagram would be really useful.
    1. Attached now.
  5. Where in the priority list does this come in?
    1. I am a leaf in the wind. I think this comes well after we have the OMC resurrected, we just want to get a sense for what parts we need so we can order them before the fiscal year closes.

That seems fine, I wasn't thinking of that beam. in that case could we just have a PBS directly behind MMT2 and send both beams to the same OMMT?

Alternatively we can move OM5 and the beam path OMPO-OMMTSM towards -y, then put the LO-OMMT parallel to the existing OMMT but displaced in +x... we'd have to move the existing OMC and BHD towards +x as well. 


Can we use the leakage beam from MMT2 on the OMC table as the LO beam? I can't find the spec for this optic, but the leakage beam was clearly visible on an IR card even with the IMC locked with 100 mW input power so presumably there's enough light there, and this is a cavity transmission beam which presumably has some HOM content filtered out.


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