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ID Date Authordown Type Category Subject
  5255   Wed Aug 17 15:47:18 2011 AnamariaUpdateSUSETMX Side Sensor slow channel down for a long time

Jenne, Anamaria

We aligned the ETMX OSEMs and ran into this issue. Looking at the SENSOR_SIDE channel, we pulled out the OSEM and determined that the open light voltage is 874 counts, so we centered it around 440 as well as we could. This is same channel as its slow counterpart SDSEN_OUTPUT (grey number immediately to the right on SUS medms).




The slow signal from the side sensor on ETMX was last seen in action sometime in May 2010!  And then the frame builder has no data for a while on this channel.  After that the channel shows some bistability starting Sept 2010 but has not been working.  The fast channel of this sensor  (C1:SUS-ETMX_SDSEN_OUTPUT) does work so the sensor is working.  Probably is a loose contact... needs to be fixed.



  5278   Mon Aug 22 20:37:43 2011 AnamariaConfigurationRF SystemPlan for install of 3f PDs

I made a quick sketch of how to include two more RF PDs on the REFL beam, given the space we have on the table. We want to install REFL33 and REFL165, 3f signals for the the two modulation frequencies we are using. The point is to make the distance from first beam splitter the same to all PDs so that we can use only one lens before this BS to make the beam the right size. Currently there are 2 PDs on the refl beam, REFL11 and REFL55, predictably. So the drawing shows 4 PDs. Drawing is to scale but is a bit coarse. Hopefully we'll take pictures once we're done.

Reference from current BS splitting beam to the existing PDs.

Attachment 1: 40m3fReflPdLayout.pdf
  5284   Tue Aug 23 06:49:24 2011 AnamariaUpdateGeneralmore in-vac work : AS clipping fixed and OSEM/oplev adjustment

Where was the AS clipping?! Ah, the suspense...


  + fixed the AS clipping issue


Quote from #5275

We need to check/fix the AS beam clipping and once it's done we will readjust the OSEM mid range and the oplevs.




  5389   Mon Sep 12 18:45:04 2011 AnamariaConfigurationLSCAP table current layout

Before we install the REFL 3f PDs I made a drawing of the current table layout, since there has been no update lately. Once I've incorporated the two extra PDs (now seen sitting bottom left), I will update the drawing and post in the wiki as well.

Attachment 1: 40mAPtable.pdf
  5401   Wed Sep 14 01:19:20 2011 AnamariaConfigurationLSC3f PD Install in Progress

I have reconfigured the refl beam path on the AP table to include REFL33 and REFL165. Would be done if we hadn't prepared P BSs instead of S, which required some serious digging to find two others. And if someone hadn't stolen our two 3m SMA cables that Keiko and I made on our previous visit and I had left with the 3f PDs. I don't expect them to reappear but if they do, it would be grand.

Note: Refl beam from ifo looks a bit high, ~1cm on the lens 20'' from output port. Not sure what that means about ifo alignment change, I've left it as is. When we know we have a good alignment, we should be able to easily realign the beam path if necessary. If it remains the same, we might want to change the lens height.


1) REFL11 and REFL55 are now hooked up and aligned in a low power beam. (I set the power as low as I could by eye to not risk burning the PDs during alignment)

2) The required BSs and REFL33 and REFL165 are in place, powered.

3) I have set them in a configuration such that the beam is the same distance from the main beam, to adjust beam size easily for all 4.

4) Camera has been moved from main beam to behind a steering mirror, ND filters removed, centered on camera.

To Do:

1) Find one more longish SMA cable.

2) Align beam on REFL33 and REFL165.

3) Check beam size carefully. (I get a plateau on the scope, and I can "hide" the beam on the PD, but it could be better. The path has become longer by ~5-8inches.)

4) Adjust power.

5) Redo layout diagram, post in wiki.

  5414   Thu Sep 15 02:18:19 2011 AnamariaUpdateLSCMICH locked and attempt to lock PRCL

Kiwamu, Keiko, Anamaria


We were able to lock PRC using REFL11I after improving the MICH dark fringe a bit (moving BS) and rotating AS55 and REFL11 such that the signal was maximized in the phases we were using. The dark port is not so dark... but the lock is stable.

I had finished the whole REFL path alignment, but I didn't have a good input beam reference at the time, which is why we had to realign the PDs and the camera. We only had strength to realign 11 and 55. Otherwise, we just need to tweak and center beam on 33 and 165, figure out what's up with 55 and be done with the AP table mods. I hope.



 Anamaria, Keiko

- We aligned MICH and were successfully locked MICH using AS55Q. The other mirrors were misaligned so that the other degrees of freedom didn't exist. AS55 was fed back to BS. The f2a filters on BS suspension were required to lock, because the pos feedback was unbalanced to angle degrees of freedom.

- We tried to lock PRCL next, however, because we aligned the MICH and the REFL beam paths were changed, REFL PDs didn't have the light anymore. The REFL paths were modified now, so we will try the PRCL locking next.

- We couldn't confirm REFL55 signals although we alined the REFL paths to REFL55 PD.


  5430   Fri Sep 16 03:22:11 2011 AnamariaUpdateLSCMore Refl PDs Work and Attempt at DRMI

Kiwamu, Keiko, Anamaria

I started today with a different input beam, so I had to realign the REFL path again. Then we measured the RF signal out of the 4 REFL PDs and found them to be too low. We increased the power to around 10mA for each diode, and we can see the right modulation frequency on each diode, though REFL165 is way too weak so we might need an RF amplifier on it. We will measure demod board noise tomorrow.

We had an issue with REFL165 not giving the right DC level, low by a factor of 10, even though it was receiving the same optical power as the others. We fifteen-checked clipping and alignment, then pulled it out and measured it on the test stand - found it to be ok. So I uplugged its power cable at the rack and connected it to the AS165 slot. Problem sloved. Not sure what was wrong with the other power slot.

Then we found REFL55 to be clipping on its black glass, we fixed that. But the REFL55 DC power still changes a lot with seemingly not huge motions of the PRM. We'll investigate more tomorrow.

We added a lens in the path to REFL165 because unlike the others it is a 1mm diode. All diodes have about half a turn to a full turn flatness of maximum (on tiny steering mirror).

We set the whitening gain on all four diodes to 21 db.

Not sure if we should set the power to be different on these diodes since their sensitivity is different to RF, and now REFL11 sees huge signal.

We continued the DRMI locking attempt and brought in the SRC, using AS55I to control it. It kind of works/stays locked. We did manage to get MICH and PRC better controlled than last night, but with SRC in the mix, something is wrong. We have to redo f2a filters on SRM and hopefully things will be better after Jenne's suspension work tomorrow. Oplevs not optimized yet either.

We intend to realign POY beam path so we can monitor power in cavities.

  5475   Tue Sep 20 03:12:14 2011 AnamariaUpdateSUSJenne's Scripts started

I followed Jenne's instructions, ran the matrix filler script and then set the optics to freeswing. Someone has to burt resture and damp them in the morning.

  5489   Tue Sep 20 20:58:35 2011 AnamariaConfigurationLSCNew AP Table Drawing

As promised, I have made a final AP table drawing, including the MC camera relocation changes by Kiwamu. I have posted it in the wiki on the tables list, and on the AP table page I've attached the inkscape .svg I used to make it, if someone needs to do small modifications.

Attached is a pdf version of it.

Big changes:

1) REFL beam has been split into 4, to go in equal powers and equal beam size to the now 4 REFL RFPDs, 11, 33, 55 and 165. A lens had to be added for REFL165 because it's a 1mm PD instead of 2mm like the other 3.

2) MC camera has moved.

3) I've cleaned up most of the random components on the table, put them away, and tidied up the cabling.


Attachment 1: APtableSep20th.pdf
  5513   Thu Sep 22 04:49:14 2011 AnamariaUpdateLSCLocking status update - Some Scripts, No Louck

The scripts I wrote can be found in /users/anamaria/scripts/sensemat/

]There are two of them:

- one that sets all the switches, gains, frequencies, etc, then cycles through the various RFPDs I and Q into the LOCKIN signal, so as to see the sensing matrix.

- the second one is a matlab script that takes the crappy file tdsavg outputs and makes it into a cute mag/phase matrix.

They're quite primitive at this point, I've forgotten a lot of tcsh... may improve later. But could be useful later to someone else at least.

I don't think it's particularly the fault of the script that we can't measure the sensing matrix. We can slam on the excitation by hand, and it holds for a little while. I set a wait time for lock to adjust, and most times it just oscillates a bit for a few seconds. Also, the script turns on the excitation and it's done, the rest is just measurement, then turns it off at the end. So during the script, there's not much to deal with, except keeping the lowpass filters quiet when switching the signal to demod; but that doesn't go anywhere, so it definitely doesn't disturb the ifo. Turns out pressing the RSET clear history button needs a 2 to make it happen.

I think I might prefer to set the excitation to run, and then do the old retrieve-data-later-nds-matlab thing. I do not trust these measurements without coherence and a bit of variance study, given instabilities.

Point is... Even on carrier, the PRC lock is not stable by any means. Can barely turn on low freq boosts, every other lock. Until we fix the lock stability issue, there's not much to measure I guess.

Unfortunately, I don't know how to make that happen. Before we leave on Friday we could do a few sanity checks such as measuring the noise of the RFPDs vs ADC+whitening, which I may have said I would do; and perhaps setting up a couple OSAs, one on REFL, one on AS, to make sure we know what the sidebands are doing. Both of which Rana suggested at some point.

(There used to be a quote here from Keiko here but I got mad when it reformated my entire log to be one cluster- hence the look)

  5525   Thu Sep 22 22:55:01 2011 AnamariaUpdateLSCPOX channel = POY PD connected + Bad Rack

Keiko, Anamaria

We decided we needed a DC channel to sense the gain in the PRC, so we set to align POY55. It took a while because the beam was very weak, and it comes in upwards, so we used a couple of mirrors to bring to a reasonable flat level, and put it on the PD. Then we went to read the DC out and we got 1.3V stationary! Nonsense. We also realized there is no LO for this PD, or any other 55MHz PD, aside from REFL55. Oh well, we only wanted the DC for now. POY55 is aligned (decently).

Koji told me to try swapping the power cable, so I unplugged it at the rack and plugged it in another power card. And it worked! I then moved the DC out (back of rack) to follow the front, and it turns out POY55 diode is read on the POXDC channel. I plugged and unplugged it in disbelief, but it is what it is. At least we have a readout on the power level in PRC.

I attach a picture of the power cards for the LSC RFPDs, with the 3 I found to be bad, and showing current config. I had to move REFL11 and POY55 from their assigned spot.

The two on the lower left are bad in the sense that they put an offset on the PD and make the DC readout be 1.3V for no reason (when working, for example, POY55 read 60mV). The one on the lower right I had trouble with some time ago, it made the PD not read any voltage at all (when working it would read at least 100mV). Beyond that I have not investigated what is up, since I could find working plugins.

Attachment 1: RFPDpowerRack2.pdf
  5545   Mon Sep 26 15:15:45 2011 AnamariaUpdateLSCRealignment of REFL / Some 3f PRMI locking / Recycling Gain

A few comments on REFL table alignment and REFL165.

Last time we realigned the table was after the PZT work by Koji/Kiwamu; we made sure that the beam was going through optics satisfactorily and that we were reading reasonable numbers. I did use primarily a viewer to align onto PD, after which we used the voltage reading to center better around that spot. As desired, I could not see the beam once it was centered on the PD. I never touched the PBS unfortunately, so I never noticed it was not fixed. Sad.

I am very surprised to hear the reading from REFL165, since I was reading around 400mV from it a few days before. Something strange happened in the mean time. I hope not when I was plugging and unplugging at the power rack for the POY work. But I would not have needed to touch REFL165. Those cables should get some strain relief at the rack, by the way.

I thought about it, and I must admit that after we centered camera on REFL (paired with an alignment), we did not check the beam path later, even after we saw that the REFL beam had moved. We only did a quick by-viewer check that the beams were not off of the PDs.


[Koji Suresh]

- The REFL path has been thoroughly aligned
Many optics had the spots not on the middle of the optic, including the PBS whose post was not fixed on the post holder.
We aligned the optical paths, the RF PDs, and the CCD. The alignment of the PD required the use of the IR viewer.
One should not trust the DC output as a reference of the PD alignment as it is not enough sensitive to the clipping.

We aligned the optical paths again after the reasonable alignment of PRM is established with the interferometer.
"Next time when you see REFL spot is not at the center of the camera, think what is moved!"

- The REFL165 PD is disconnected from the power supply
I found that the REFL165 PD is producing 7.5V output at the DC monitor no matter how the beam is blocked.
As I could not recover this issue by swapping the power connector at the LSC rack, I disconnected the cable
at the RFL165 PD side. I need to go through the PD power supply circuit next week.


  7146   Fri Aug 10 17:17:41 2012 Alex Masha DenUpdatePEMclassify seismic c code

Den and I installed a module in the c1pem model which has a feedforward neural network to classify seismic disturbance (10 means quiet, 20 truck, 30 earthquake). There is a channel SEIS_CLASS which should specify the class of the seismic signal. The code works for signals sampled at 256 Hz, so an anti-aliasing filter must be installed in order to decimate from the 2048 model.

The models were compiling slowly, so Alex removed the archiving feature (gzip and tar were taking a lot of time).

Den and I also had trouble with a simple for loop in our model, so we talked to Alex who noted that the -O3 compiler unravels for loops in a buggy way. Thus, we have compiled c1pem using the -O compiler.

PS: the Trilium seismometer now has legs.

  2075   Fri Oct 9 14:23:53 2009 Alex IvanovConfigurationDAQtpchn mystery

"Yes. This master file is used."


Does anyone know if this master file is the real thing that's in use now? Are we really using a file called tpchn_C1_new.par? If anyone sees Alex, please get to the bottom of this.

allegra:daq>more master


  4779   Thu Jun 2 10:19:37 2011 Alex IvanovSummaryDAQinstalled new daqd (frame builder) program on fb (target/fb/daqd)

I hope that new daqd code will fix the problem with non-aligned at 16 seconds frame file GPS times.

I have compiled new daqd program under /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/core/release/build/mx and installed it under

target/fb/daqd, then restarted daqd process on "fb" computer. It was installed with the ownership of user root

and I did chmod +s on it (set UID on execution bit). This was done in order to turn on some code to renice daqd process

to the value of -20 on the startup. Currently it runs as the lowest nice value (high priority).


controls@fb /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/target/fb $ ls -alt daqd
-rwsr-sr-x 1 root controls 6592694 Jun  2 10:00 daqd


Backup daqd is here:


controls@fb /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/target/fb $ ls -alt daqd.02jun11
-rwxr-xr-x 1 controls controls 6768158 Feb 21 11:30 daqd.02jun11



  6094   Fri Dec 9 14:33:16 2011 Alex IvanovUpdateAdaptive FilteringC1OAF


I tried to figure out why red NO SYNC label became present in the C1OAF_GDS_TP screen after I added AA filters to the C1OAF model.

C1OAF model contains 8 libraries C1OAF_ADAPT for 8 DOF. I changed C1OAF_ADAPT library to C1OAF_ADAPT_AA library where I added 28 AA filters for 28 witness channels. It turns out that if I use this library for all 8 DOF then I see NO SYNC label, if only for one DOF (MCL) then I see green IOP label. This means that using AA filters for each DOF too much channels of filters are created for online system to operate. I think there is some number inside the code that one can not exceed. Analyzing compilation output after "make c1oaf" I figured out that without using AA filters we have 632 filters and using AA we have 856 filters.

For now I'll use AA filters for MCL only.

 I have a feeling we are not fitting into pre-allocated memory space in the shared memory between the front-end process and the epics process. Filter module data is overwriting some other data and that's why we are not getting a sync light. I suggest we upgrade to 2.4 code first and then we will figure out a way to expand memory areas to fit 856 filters.

  8859   Tue Jul 16 17:02:41 2013 Alex ColeConfigurationElectronicsAS Table Additions

 [Eric, Alex]

We added our reference photodetector (Newport 1611, REF DET) to the southern edge of the AS table, as pictured. The detector's power supply is located under the southwest corner of the table, as pictured. We have connected the detector to its power supply, and will connect the detector's fiber input and RF output tomorrow.

EDIT: this is about the RFPD frequency response setup...

Attachment 1: photo_1_(1).JPG
Attachment 2: photo_2_(2).JPG
  8862   Wed Jul 17 11:13:36 2013 Alex ColeConfigurationElectronicsAS Table Additions

[Eric, Alex]

For the RFPD frequency response project, we routed the fiber that will connect our REF DET (on the AS table) to our 1x16 optical splitter (in the OMC_North rack), as pictured. (The new fiber is the main one in the picture, which ends at the right edge near REF DET) Note that we secured the fiber to the table in two places to ensure the fiber would remain immobile and out of other optical paths already in place.

At 2:00 we plan to run fiber from our laser module (in rack 1Y1) to our 1x16 optical splitter (in the OMC_North rack) and measure the power output at one of the splitter's output ports. We plan to keep the output power limited to less than 0.5 mW per optical splitter output.

Attachment 1: photo_(1).JPG
  8863   Wed Jul 17 16:15:42 2013 Alex ColeConfigurationElectronicsAS Table Additions

[Eric, Alex]

We decided that the POY Table would be a better home for our REF DET (Newport 1611 FC-AC) than the AS Table. We moved the PD to the POY Table (1st attachment) and routed a fiber from our 1x16 Optical Splitter in the OMC_North rack to the POY Table. REF DET's power supply is now located under the POY table (2nd attachment). We left the fiber described in the previous post on the AS Table.

Afterwards, we hooked a fiber up to our laser module to test it (3rd attachment). The laser was not being distributed, just going to one fiber with a power meter at its end. Everything turns out, but we realized we need to read the power supply's manual before continuing. 



Attachment 1: photo_1_(3).JPG
Attachment 2: photo_2_(3).JPG
Attachment 3: photo_3.JPG
  8870   Thu Jul 18 15:34:15 2013 Alex ColeUpdateElectronicsPD Frequency Response Update

 [Eric, Alex]

Our RF Switch arrived today, and we mounted it in rack 1Y1 (1st attachment). 

We connect our input fiber and all of our output fibers to our 1x16 optical splitter (2nd attachment). Note that the 75 meter fiber we are using for the splitter's input is in a very temporary position (3rd attachment - it's the spool).

We successfully turned our laser on and tested the optical splitter by measuring output power at each fiber using our Thorlabs PM20 power meter. Data was taken with the laser running at 67.5 mA and 24 degrees Celsius:

Detector name                  Power

REF DET 192 µW
AS55 146 µW
REFL55 180 µW
REFL11 172 µW
REFL33 146 µW
REFL165 180 µW
POP22/POP110 182 µW
POP55 193 µW
POX11 123 µW



Attachment 1: photo_3_(1).JPG
Attachment 2: photo_1_(4).JPG
Attachment 3: photo_2_(4).JPG
  8940   Tue Jul 30 16:21:46 2013 Alex ColeUpdateElectronicsPhotodetector Input Modulation

 [Eric, Alex]

We successfully used our system to modulate the input to a single photodetector. The RF Out of the network analyzer went to the Mod In of our laser, which was operating at 98 mA. The laser's output was sent to our 1x16 optical splitter. This provided input signals for both our reference detector and AS55. Our reference detector's output was sent to the network analyzer's R input, while the AS55's output was sent to the network analyzer's A input. 

We still need to work out the specifics of how the modulation works. Specifically, we want to look at the amplitude of the network analyzer's output. Additionally, we may have been saturating our reference detector, causing noise problems.

  8947   Wed Jul 31 17:02:17 2013 Alex ColeUpdateElectronicsPreliminary Photodetector Frequency Reponse Measurements

[Eric, Alex]

We used our setup from yesterday (elog #8940) to measure transimpedance measurements for AS55, REFL11, REFL33, and REFL55, using our Newport 1611 FC-AC as reference. We connected the fibers to their respective telescopes such that the beams focused on their photodetectors, using a multimeter to maximize photodetector DC output. Plots are attached. At first glance, the poles seem to be where they're supposed to be.

Note that the procedure used today is similar to what the eventual automated procedure will be. The main differences are (1) The RF Switch will be used rather than manual switching (2) NWAG4395A will be used to collect data rather than netgpibdata (3) Data will be fit using vectfit4.m and compared to some canonical set.

Attachment 1: REFL11.jpg
Attachment 2: REFL33.jpg
Attachment 3: REFL55.jpg
Attachment 4: AS55.jpg
  8955   Thu Aug 1 18:55:20 2013 Alex ColeUpdateElectronicsPreliminary Photodetector Frequency Reponse Measurements


[Eric, Alex]

We used our setup from yesterday (elog #8940) to measure transimpedance measurements for AS55, REFL11, REFL33, and REFL55, using our Newport 1611 FC-AC as reference. We connected the fibers to their respective telescopes such that the beams focused on their photodetectors, using a multimeter to maximize photodetector DC output. Plots are attached. At first glance, the poles seem to be where they're supposed to be.

Note that the procedure used today is similar to what the eventual automated procedure will be. The main differences are (1) The RF Switch will be used rather than manual switching (2) NWAG4395A will be used to collect data rather than netgpibdata (3) Data will be fit using vectfit4.m and compared to some canonical set.

 [Alex, Eric]

Today I spent some time mounting the launcher and performing the same data collection for POX11. I think I still need to focus the launcher so the photodetector gets a good signal, but the data from today wasn't too bad.  Additionally, I worked on matlab scripts to improve PDFR data analysis.

This time I collected data from the network analyzer using NWAG4395A in the netgpibdata directory. The advantage of this is that the computer tells the network analyzer to perform the sweep as well as retrieving the data.

For analysis, I improved my implementation of vectfit4.m so that it focuses in on the particular photodetector's predicted peaks and thus ignores much of the noise, giving a better fit. The raw data is the red circles in the 2nd attachment, while the fit is the blue line. I also had the program return the frequency value of the peak. For POX11, this was 1.106e+07 Hz.

I also finagled copies of existing programs to enable one to plot multiple transfer functions on the same axes. This function is /users/alex.cole/plottwo.m. I will eventually use this to compare new data to some canonical data so that we may monitor photodetector performance over time.

The eventual plan is to generate two plots per photodetector, one of which will compare new data to the canonical set, the other of which will show the fit of the data. Both will have subplots that zoom in around regions of interest (known peaks and notches), and the plot which displays the canonical set will also have Q's of peaks and their locations.

Attachment 1: POX11.jpg
Attachment 2: POX11fit.jpg
  8971   Tue Aug 6 12:43:23 2013 Alex ColeConfigurationElectronicsAS Table and Rack 1Y1 Additions

For the photodetector frequency response project, I finished the construction of our baluns chassis and mounted it in rack 1Y1 (1st picture).

After consulting with Jenne, I mounted the fiber launcher for REFL165 on the AS table such that it would not cause an obstruction. I aligned the launcher using a multimeter to monitor the DC output of REFL165, but looking at the data I got, it seems I need to do a better alignment/focusing job to get rid of a bunch of noise.

Attachment 1: photo_1_(5).JPG
Attachment 2: photo_2_(5).JPG
  8979   Wed Aug 7 15:51:53 2013 Alex ColeConfigurationElectronicsRF Switch Change

For the photodetector frequency response project, our new RF Switch Chassis (NI pxie-1071) arrived today. I took the switches out of the old chassis (Note for future generations: you have to yank pretty darn hard) and put them in the new chassis, which I mounted in rack 1Y1 as pictured. 

The point of this new chassis is that its controller is compatible with our control room computer setup. We will be able to switch the chassis using TCP/IP or telnet, aiding in our automation of the measurement of photodetector frequency response.

Attachment 1: photo_(2).JPG
  9004   Tue Aug 13 11:40:19 2013 Alex ColeSummaryElectronicsRFPD Demod Filter Frequency Response Measurement

 For the RF PD Frequency Response Measurement project, we get each PD signal from the "PD RF Mon" output of each demodulator board corresponding to our PD under test. Therefore we can't neglect the frequency response of various filters inside the demodulator board. I used our Agilent 4395 Network Analyzer to gather frequency response data for each demodulator board being considered for the RFPD frequency response project (AS55, REFL11, REFL33, REFL55, REFL165, POX11, POP22, POP110).

The NA swept over a frequency range of 1-500 MHz. Data was collected using NWAG4395A (from the netgpibdata directory). It should be noted that the command line options -a 16 -x 15 (averaging=16 and excitation amplitude=15 dBm[the max]), in addition to the usual command line options described in the help file, were used to minimize noise. 

The data is located in /users/alex.cole. The file names are in the format [PDNAME]DemodFilt_1000000.dat (e.g. REFL11DemodFilt_1000000.dat). Results for POP110 are shown below.

Attachment 1: photo_(3).JPG
Attachment 2: test.jpg
  9005   Tue Aug 13 11:54:40 2013 Alex ColeHowToElectronicsRF PD Fiber-Coupled Laser Operation

This post pertains to the fiber-coupled diode laser mounted in rack 1Y1.

To turn the laser on, first turn the power supply's key (red) to the clockwise. Then make sure that the laser is in "current" mode by checking that the LED next to "I" in the "Laser Mode" box in lit up. If the light is not on, press the button to the right of the "I" light until it is. Now press the output button (green). This is like removing the safety for the laser. Then turn the dial (blue) until you have your desired current. Presently, the current limit is set to around 92 mA.

To turn the laser off, dial the current back down to 0mA and turn the key (red) counterclockwise.

Attachment 1: photo_(4).pdf
  9006   Tue Aug 13 13:30:41 2013 Alex ColeConfigurationElectronicsCable Routing

 I routed cables (RG405 SMA-SMA) from several demodulator boards in rack 1Y2 to the RF Switch in rack 1Y1 using the overhead track. Our switch chassis contains two 8x1 switches. The COM of the "right" switch goes to channel 7 of the "left" switch to effectively form a 16x1 switch. The following is a table of correspondences between PD and RF Switch input.


PD Left/Right Switch Channel Number


POX11 L 0
AS55 R 1
REFL55 R 7
POP22 R 6
REFL165 R 5
REFL33 L 7


ThePOP110 demod board has not yet had a cable routed from it to the switch because I ran out of RG405.

We should also consider how important it is to include MCREFL in our setup. Doing so would require fabrication of a ~70 ft RG405 cable. 

Attachment 1: photo_(6).JPG
  9059   Fri Aug 23 21:01:38 2013 Alex ColeHowToElectronicsAutomated Photodetector Frequency Response System

 This post describes how to use the Automated Photodetector Frequency Response System.

On the mechanical side, turn on:

-the diode laser (in rack 1Y1)

-the RF Switch (in rack 1Y1)

-the reference PD (under the POY table)

-the AG4395A Network Analyzer

The NA’s RF output should go to the laser’s modulation input, the reference PD’s output should go to the NA’s R input, and the RF Switch Chassis’s output (which is the combination of the two switches’ COM channels using a splitter) should go to the NA’s A input.

Once this is done, navigate into /users/alex.cole and run PDFR.sh. This script collects data for each photodetector under consideration by switching using a python script and communicating with the NA via GPIB. It then sends all the data to RF.m, which fits the functions, plots the latest data against canonical data, and saves the plots to file.

The fitting function, fit.m, also outputs peak frequency to the command line. This function uses PD name data (e.g. ‘REFL33’) to choose an interval with minimal noise to fit.

The main script prompts the user to press enter after each NA sweep to make sure that measurements don’t get interrupted/put out of order by RF switching.

Once you're done, you should turn off the laser, NA, RF Switch, and reference PD.


Sometimes, the NA throws up and doesn’t feel like running a particular sweep. If this happens, it’s a good idea to keep the matlab script from trying to analyze this PD’s data. Do this by opening up RF.m and commenting out the calls to ‘fit’ and ‘canonical’ for that PD.

If fit.m complains about a particular set of data, it is often the case that the N/P ratio (where N is order of approximation and P is number of points in the interval) is too high. You can fix this by reducing N or making the PD’s frequency range (chosen in the fnew_idx line) larger.

Choosing a single PD

If you only want to grab the transfer function for one PD, first look up which switch input it belongs to. This information is contained in /users/alex.cole/switchList. To turn the switch to a particular input, type something like:

python rf.py “ch7”

This command uses TCP/IP to tell the switch to look at channel 7. Switch input numbers range from 1 to 16, though not all of them are in use.

Once the switch is looking at the correct input, you can run a sweep and download the data by typing /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/scripts/general/netgpibdata/NWAG4395A -s 1000000 -e 500000000 -c 499000000 -f [filestem for output] -d [path of directory for output] -i -g 10 -x 15. 

  8795   Wed Jul 3 11:07:17 2013 AlexSummary Photodetector Characterization

 [Alex, Koji]

We characterized Koji's BBPD MOD for REFL165 (see attachment).

First, we calibrated the Agilent 4395 Network Analyzer (NA) to account for differences in cable features between the Ref PD and Test PD connections. This was done using the 'Cal' softkey on the NA. 

Then we performed transimpedance measurements for the test PD and reference PD relative to the RF output of the NA and relative to each other (see 2nd attachment. Note that the NA's RF output is split and sent to both the IR Laser and the NA's Ref input).

Next, we made DC measurements of the outputs of the photodetectors to estimate the photocurrent distribution of the transimpedance setup (like the 2nd attachment, but with the outputs of the PDs going to a multimeter). By photocurrent distribution, we mean how the beamsplitter and respective quantum efficiencies/generalized impedance/etc. of the PDs influence how much current flows through each PD at with a DC input.

Finally, we measured the output noise as a function of photocurrent (like the 2nd attachment, but with a lightbulb instead of the IR Laser). Input voltages for the lightbulb ranged from 0mV to 6V. Data was downloaded from the NA using netgpibdata from the scripts directory. Analysis is currently in progress; graphs to come soon.


Attachment 1: BBPD_PCB.pdf
Attachment 2: transimpedance_measurement.pdf
  8806   Mon Jul 8 16:27:49 2013 AlexUpdate Planned rack additions

Alex and Eric

For the photodetector frequency response automation project, we plan to add modules to rack 1y1 as shown in the attached picture (Note: boxes are approximately to scale). 

The RF switch will choose which photodetector's output is sent to the Agilent 4395A Network Analyzer.

The Diode Laser Module is powered by Laser Power Supply, will be modulated by the Network Analyzer and will be output to a 1x16 optical splitter which is already mounted in another rack (not pictured). 

The Transformer Module has not been built yet.

We would like to install the power supply and the laser module tomorrow and will not begin routing fibers and cables until we post a drawing in the elog.

Also, our reference photoreceiver arrived today.


Attachment 1: Annotated_Rack_1y1.pdf
  8829   Thu Jul 11 12:00:50 2013 AlexUpdate Planned rack additions

[Eric, Alex]

We mounted our Laser Module and Laser Power Source in rack 1y1. We plan to add our RF Switch and Transformer Module to the rack, as pictured. (Note: drawn-in boxes in picture are approximately to scale.) Note that the panel of knobs which the gray boxes overlap is obsolete and will soon be removed.

Attachment 1: Annotated_Rack_1y1_-_update.pdf
  8849   Mon Jul 15 16:44:46 2013 AlexUpdateOMCOMC North Safety

 [Eric Alex]

We are planning on testing our laser module soon, so we have added aluminum foil and a safety announcement to the door of OMC North. The safety announcement is as pictured in the attachment.

Attachment 1: photo_2_(1).JPG
  8850   Mon Jul 15 16:51:37 2013 AlexConfiguration Planned AS Table addition

 [Eric, Alex]

We are planning to add our reference PD to the southern third of the AS Table as pictured in the attachment. The power supply will go under the table.

Attachment 1: AS_Table_Ref_PD_Addition.pdf
  1947   Tue Aug 25 23:16:09 2009 Alberto, ranaConfigurationComputerselog moved in to the cvs path

In nodus, I moved the elog from /export to /cvs/cds/caltech. So now it is in the cvs path instead of a local directory on nodus.

For a while, I'll leave a copy of the old directory containing the logbook subdirectory where it was. If everything works fine, I'll delete that.

I also updated the reboot instructions in the wiki. some of it also is now in the SVN.

  2887   Thu May 6 17:47:01 2010 Alberto, kiwamu, Jc The 3rd (aka The Drigg)OmnistructureTMIMinutes from the Lab Organization Commitee meeting

Today we met and we finally come up with a lot of cool, clever, brilliant, outstanding ideas to organize the lab.

You can find them on the Wiki page created for the occasion.



  3049   Fri Jun 4 11:32:51 2010 Alberto, kiwamuUpdateIOOMC MMT1 Mirror Tests
[Alberto, Kiwamu]
Last Wednesday, we measured the beam profile after the MC mode matching telescope n.1 (MMT1). We found that the reflected beam had an irregular profile when observed with the beam scan. Fringes also appeared on an IR card.
We thought that such effect could be due to interference of the main reflected beam with the beam reflected by the back surface of the mirror.
To test the hypothesis we checked the transmitted and the reflected beams of a spare optic identical to MMT1. (This was the same optic that got dropped during the cleaning/baking process.)
We tested it on the PSL table, using a 200mW beam coming from the new 2W Innolight  laser. To maximize the separation between the two beams, we tested MMT1 at 45 degrees. The setup we used is shown here:
We looked at the beam reflected by MMT1 about 5 meters from the mirror. At that distance the beam spot had a size of about 1-2cm. it didn't look perfectly round, but it showed no fringes, as it had happened with original MMT1 inside the MC chamber.
At the transmission, the second ghost beam due to the back surface reflection (see picture above) was very week. In order to be able to see it on an IR card, we had to increase the laser pumping current from 1A to about 1.5A.
We are now thinking of a way to measure the relative power between the two. The problem is that they run very close to each other and it's not easy to resolve them with a power meter or a photodiode.
  1193   Thu Dec 18 19:15:54 2008 Alberto, YoichiConfigurationSUSMode Cleaner Cavity Alignment

This morning I found the MC locked to the 10 mode. When I locked it on the 00 mode, it was unstable and eventually it always got locked to the wrong mode.

I looked at the Drift Mon MEDM screen, which shows a reference record for position, pitch and yaw of each mirror, and I found that the MC optics were in a different status. Moving the sliders of the mirrors' actuators, I brought them back to the reference position. Then the lock got engaged and it was stable, although the MC reflection from the photodiode, with the wave front sensors (WFS) off, was about 2V. That's higher than the 0.5V the it could get when we aligned the cavity and the input periscope last time.

With the WFS on, the reflection dropped to 0.3V and, so far, the the cavity has been stably locked.

This evening the mode cleaner was again locking on a higher mode so we tweaked the mirrors' actuators by their sliders on the MEDM screen until we improved the reflection to 0.3V.

Then we went inside and, on the AS table, we centered the beam on the wave front sensors.

Now the mode cleaner is locked, the reflection is less than 0.3V and the transmission about 3V, tha is it is in ideal conditions. We'll see if it holds.
  1195   Fri Dec 19 11:29:16 2008 Alberto, YoichiConfigurationMZMZ Trans PD
Lately, it seems that the matching of the input beam to the Mode Cleaner has changed. Also, it is drifting such that it has become necessary to continuously adjust the MC cavity alignment for it to lock properly.

Looking for causes we stopped on the Mach Zehnder. We found that the monitor channel:

which supposedly reads the voltage from some photodiode measuring the transmitted power from the Mach Zehnder, is totally unreliable and actually not related to any beam at all.

Blocking either the MZ input or output beam does not change the channel's readout. The reflection channel readout responds well, so it seems ok.
  2477   Tue Jan 5 10:26:32 2010 Alberto, SteveOmnistructureEnvironmentAdded new wall cable-racks

we hung two new WALL cable racks. One is on the pillar next to the Sp table, the other is next to the PSL computer rack.

To do that we had to drill holes in the wall since the simple screws weren't strong enough to keep them up.

One of the racks, the yellow, is dedicated to 4-pin lemos and other thick cables.


  2106   Fri Oct 16 16:44:39 2009 Alberto, SanjitUpdateComputerselog restarted

This afternoon the elog crashed. We just restarted it.

  1162   Tue Nov 25 18:38:03 2008 Alberto, RobUpdatePSLMC Periscope Alignment
This morning when I came in I found the MC cleaner unlocked and the autolocker script could not lock it. The reflected beam was quite off and showed in the bottom left corner of the IMCR camera. After turning off the WFS locking, I started slightly changing the alignment of the steering mirrors on the MC periscope, waiting for the LSC servo to lock the cavity. It didn't work. At some point I lost the beam from the IMCR camera and that is how someone might have found it when I left it for about one hour.

When I came back and tried again adjusting the steering mirrors, I noticed that the autolocker was working and was trying to lock the cavity. After just a bit of adjustment, the MC got easily locked.

After that, I spent a couple of hours trying to improve the alignment of the periscope to minimize the reflection and maximize the transmission. I started with a transmission of 0.4 V but, despite all the tweaking (I used the technique of turning both yaw knobs at the same time), I couldn't get more than 1.2 V (and 2.4 V at the reflection) if only the LSC servo was on. Looking at the camera, I moved the beam around to look for a more favorable spot but the MC wouldn't lock with the beam in other places. Maybe I could do better or maybe not because the cavity is not aligned. I'm going to try again tomorrow.
  1166   Tue Dec 2 17:56:56 2008 Alberto, RanaConfigurationPSLMC Alignment
In the attempt to maximize the Mode Cleaner transmission and minimize the reflection from the steering mirrors of the MC periscope, we could not get more ~2 V at the MC Trans PD and ~ 0.5 V at MC REFL_DC. As it turned out from the SUS Drift Monitor, the reason was that the MC optics had been somehow displaced from the optimal position.

After restoring the reference position values for the mirrors and tweaking again the periscope, we got ~3V at the MC TransPD and 0.5V at the reflection.
The beam was then probably clipped at the REFL PD so that we had to adjust the alignment of one of the BS in the transmitted beam path on the AS table.
We also zeroed the WFS PDs, but not before reducing the power from the MZ, for their QPDs not to saturate.

After relocking, the transmission was 3V and the reflection ~0.3V.

The beam isnow centered on the Trans PD and REFL PD and the Mode Cleaner locked. More details on the procedure will follow.
  1883   Mon Aug 10 20:49:13 2009 Alberto, RanaUpdatePSLPMC Mode Matching Lenses Tuning

Rana, Alberto

This afternoon we tried to improve the mode matching of the beam to the PMC. To do that we tuned the positions of the two lenses on the PSL table that come before the PMC.

We moved the first lens back an forth the without noticing any improvement on the PMC transmitted and reflected power. Then we moved the first backwards by about one cm (the order is set according to how the beam propagates). That made the things worse so we moved also the second lens in the same direction so that the distance in between the two didn't change significantly. After that, and some more adjustments on the steering mirrors all we could gain was about 0.2V on the PMC transmission.

We suspect that after the problems with the laser chiller of two months ago, the beam size changed and so the mode matching optics is not adequate anymore.

We have to replace the mode matching lenses with other ones.


  2468   Wed Dec 30 18:01:03 2009 Alberto, RanaUpdateGeneralAll watchdogs tripped this morning


This morning I found all the watchdogs had tripped during the night.

I restored them all.

I can't damp ITMX. I noticed that its driving matrix is all 1s and -1s as the the right values had been lost in some previous burtrestoring.


Rana fixed the problem. He found that the side damping was saturating. He lowered the gain a little for a while, waited for the the damping to slow down the optic and then he brought the gain back where it was.

He also upadted the MEDM screen snapshot.

  3029   Wed Jun 2 01:47:28 2010 Alberto, KiwamuUpdateIOOmode measurement of new input optics

The mode profile of the new input optics was measured.

Although the distance between each optic was not exactly the same as the design because of narrow space,

we measured the profile after the curved mirror (MMT1) that Jenne and Kevin put in the last week.


(interference from MMT1)

Below is a sketch of the current optical path inside of the chamber.



In the beginning of this measurement, the angle between the incident and the reflection on MMT1 (denoted as theta on the sketch) was relatively big (~40deg) although MMT1 was actually made for 0deg incident.

At that time we found a spatially large interference imposed on the Gaussian beam at the beam scan. This is not good for mode measurement

This bad interference can be caused by an extra reflection from the back surface of MMT1 because the interference completely vanished by removing MMT1  .

In order to reduce the interference we decreased the angle theta as small as possible. Actually we made it less than 10deg which was our best due to narrow space. 

Now the interference got less and the spot looks better.

The picture below shows an example of the beam shape taken by using the beam scan.

Top panel represents the horizontal mode and bottom panel represents the vertical mode.

You can see some bumps caused by the interference on the horizontal mode, these bumps may lead to overestimation of the horizontal spot size .






 The above plot shows the result of the mode measurement.

 Here are the parameter obtained by fitting. The data is also attached as attachment:4

waist size for vertical  w0v [mm]  0.509 +/-0.0237
waist size for horizontal

w0h  [mm]

 0.537  +/- 0.0150
waist position from MMT1 for vertical  xv[m]  -2.91 +/- 0.214
waist position from MMT1 for horizontal xh[m]   -2.90 +/-  0.127

Attachment 3: MMT1_.dat.zip
  3046   Thu Jun 3 14:40:28 2010 Alberto, KiwamuUpdateIOOmode measurement of new input optics




For the record, we wanted to check whether the fringes on the beam spot were caused by SM2 (see diagram above). We tried two different mirrors for SM2,

The first was one of the flat, 45 degree ones that were already on the BS table. The last, which is the one currently in place, was inside the plastic box with the clean optics that Jenne left us .

The fringes were present in both cases.

  1261   Fri Jan 30 17:30:31 2009 Alberto, JosephbConfigurationComputersNew computer Ottavia set up
Alberto, Joseph,

Today we installed the computer that some time ago Joe bought for his GigE cameras. It was baptized "OTTAVIA".

Ottavia is black, weighs about 20 lbs and it's all her sister, Allegra (who also pays for bad taste in picking names). She runs an Intel Core 2 Quad and has 4GB of RAM. We expect much from her.

Some typical post-natal operations were necessary.

1) Editing of the user ID
  • By means of the command "./usermod -u 1001 controls" we set the user ID of the user controls to 1001, as it is supposed to be.

2) Connection to the Martian network
  • Ottavia was given IP address by editing the file /etc/sysconfig/networ-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 (we also edited the netmask and the gateway address as in the Wiki)
  • In linux1, which serves as name server, in the directory /var/named/chroot/var/named, we modified both the IP-to-name and name-to-IP register files 131.215.113.in-addr.arpa.zone and 131.215.11in-addr.martian.zone.
  • We set the file /etc/resolv.conf so that the OS knows who is the name server.

3) Mounting of the /cvs/cds path
  • We created locally the empty directories /cvs/cds
  • We edited the files /etc/fstab adding the line "linux1:/home/cds /cvs/cds nfs rw,bg,soft 0 0"
  • We implemented the common variables of the controls environment by sourcing the cshrc.40m: in the file /home/controls/.cshrc we added the two lines "source /cvs/cds/caltech/cshrc.40m" and "setenv PATH ${PATH}:/cvs/cds/caltech/apps/linux64/matlab/bin/"
  2490   Fri Jan 8 20:13:49 2010 Alberto, JoBConfigurationComputersThe 40m Kaiser Permanent Reboot Marathon
This morning after Alex and Jo's tinkering with Megatron the RFM network crashed and it brought down also some computers. The effect was that it was not possible to lock the mode cleaner anymore.
A few computers crashed and things didn't come back to their origianl state.
After an endless day of rebooting and fixing problems with the single front ends (in particular with c1susvme1), eventually the mode cleaner got locked again.
Among my weapons I also used the Nuclear Option (TM).
Maybe I'll include more details in a future elog entry.
Anyway, in the end I burtrestored everything to Jan 8 2009 at 9:00.


  2971   Fri May 21 16:41:38 2010 Alberto, JoUpdateComputersIt's a boy!

Today the new Dell computer for the GSCS (General SURF Computing Side) arrived.

We put it together and hooked it up to a monitor. And guess what? It works!

I'm totally impressed by how the Windows get blurred on Windows 7 when you move them around. Good job Microsoft! Totally worth 5 years of R&D.

ELOG V3.1.3-