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ID Date Author Type Categoryup Subject
  17067   Tue Aug 9 15:33:12 2022 yutaUpdateBHDBHD fringe contrast improved from 43% to 74%

[Anchal, Yehonathan, Yuta]

We did the constrast measurement with the method same as 40m/17020.
Contrast between ITM single bounce and LO beam increased to 74% (we had 43% before unclipping LO beam in 40m/17056).
From equations in 40m/17041 and measured ITM sigle bounce power (93 or 138 counts @ BHD DCPD) and LO power (130 or 124 counts @ BHD DCPD) from 40m/17056,  expected visibility for perfectly mode-matched case is 99%.
Measured constrast of 74% indicate mode-matching of 56%.

Both arms locked, MICH fringe (20% percentile)
Contrast measured by C1:LSC-ASDC_OUT is 80.66 +/- 0.20 %
Contrast measured by C1:LSC-POPDC_OUT is 92.27 +/- 0.66 %
Contrast measured by C1:LSC-REFLDC_OUT is 89.59 +/- 0.84 %
Contrast measured by all is 87.51 +/- 1.69 %

Both arms misaligned, MICH fringe (20% percentile)
Contrast measured by C1:LSC-ASDC_OUT is 82.50 +/- 0.61 %
Contrast measured by C1:LSC-POPDC_OUT is 94.18 +/- 0.26 %
Contrast measured by C1:LSC-REFLDC_OUT is 92.78 +/- 0.19 %
Contrast measured by all is 89.82 +/- 1.75 %

ITMX-LO fringe (40% percentile)
Contrast measured by C1:HPC-DCPD_A_OUT is 73.93 +/- 1.52 %
Contrast measured by C1:HPC-DCPD_B_OUT is 73.56 +/- 1.22 %
Contrast measured by all is 73.74 +/- 0.98 %

ITMY-LO fringe (40% percentile)
Contrast measured by C1:HPC-DCPD_A_OUT is 73.45 +/- 0.61 %
Contrast measured by C1:HPC-DCPD_B_OUT is 75.27 +/- 0.50 %
Contrast measured by all is 74.36 +/- 0.54 %

  17068   Tue Aug 9 15:50:22 2022 KojiUpdateBHDBHD fringe contrast improved from 43% to 74%

For both 40m/17020 and 40m/17024, what does the contrast mean if the numbers are leaking out to ~-100cnt?
Also how much is it if you convert this contrast into the mode matching?

  17138   Tue Sep 13 14:12:03 2022 YehonathanUpdateBHDTrying LO phase locking again

[Paco, Yehonathan]

Summary:  We locked LO phase using the DC PD (A - B) error point without saturating the control point, i.e. not a "bang bang" control.


Some suspensions were improved so we figure we should go back to trying to lock the LO phase.

We misalign ETMs and lock MICH using AS55. We put a small MICH offset by putting C1:LSC-MICH_OFFSET = -80.

AS and LO beams were aligned to overlap by maximizing the BHD signal visibility.

BHD DCPDs were balanced by misaligning the AS beam and using the LO beam only.

We measure the transfer function between the DCPDs and find the coherence is 1 at 1 Hz (because of seismic motion) so we measure the ratio between them to be 0.3db.

AS beam is aligned again to overlap with the LO beam. For the work below, we use the largest MICH OFFSET we could impinge before losing the lock = +90. This has the effect of increasing our optical gain.

We started using the HPC LOCK IN screen to dither POS on the different BHD SUS. We first started with AS1 (freq = 137.137 Hz, gain = 1000). The sensing matrix element was chosen accordingly (from the demodulated output) and fed to the LO_PHASE; because this affected the AS port alignment this was of course not the best choice. We moved over to LO2 (freq = 318.75 Hz, gain = 1000) but for the longest time couldn't see the dither line at the error point (A-B).

After this we added comb60 notch filters at DCPD_A and DCPD_B input signals. We ended up just feeding the (A-B) error point to LO1, and trying to lock mid fringe, which suceeded without saturation. The gain of the LO_PHASE filter was set to 0.2 (previously 20; attributable to the newly unclipped LO beam intensity?), and again we only enabled FM4 and FM5 for this. After this a dither line at 318.75 Hz finally appeared in the A-B error point! To be continued...

  17142   Thu Sep 15 21:12:53 2022 PacoUpdateBHDLO phase "dc" control

Locked the LO phase with a MICH offset=+91. The LO is midfringe (locked using the A-B zero crossing), so it's far from being "useful" for any readout but we can at least look at residual noise spectra.

I spent some time playing with the loop gains, filters, and overall lock acquisition, and established a quick TF template at Git/40m/measurements/BHD/HPC_LO_PHASE_TF.xml

So far, it seems that actuating on the LO phase through LO2 POS requires 1.9 times more strength (with the same "A-B" dc sensing). After closing the loop by FM4, and FM5, actuating on LO2 with a filter gain of 0.4 closes the loop robustly. Then, FM3 and FM6 can be enabled and the gain stepped up to 0.5 without problem. The measured UGF (Attachment #1) here was ~ 20 Hz. It can be increased to 55 Hz but then it quickly becomes unstable. I added FM1 (boost) to the HPC_LO_PHASE bank but didn't get to try it.

The noise spectra (Attachment #2) is still uncalibrated... but has been saved under Git/40m/measurements/BHD/HPC_residual_noise_spectra.xml

  17146   Tue Sep 20 15:40:07 2022 yehonathanUpdateBHDTrying doing AC lock

We resume the LO phase locking work. MICH was locked with an offset of 80 cts. LO and AS beams were aligned to maximize the BHD readout visibility on ndscope.

We lock the LO phase on a fringe (DC locking) actuating on LO1.

Attachment 1 shows BHD readout (DCPD_A_ERR = DCPD_A - DCPD_B) spectrum with and without fringe locking while LO2 line at 318 Hz is on. It can be seen that without the fringe locking the dithering line is buried in the A-B noise floor. This is probably due to multiple fringing upconversion. We figured that trying to directly dither-lock the LO phase might be too tricky since we cannot resolve the dither line when the LO phase is unlocked.

We try to handoff the lock from the fringe lock to the AC lock in the following way: Since the AC error signal reads the derivative of the BHD readout it is the least sensitive to the LO phase when the LO phase is locked on a dark fringe, therefore we offset the LO to realize an AC error signal. LO phase offset is set to ~ 40 cts (peak-to-peak counts when LO phase is uncontrolled is ~ 400 cts).

We look at the "demodulated" signal of LO1 from which the fringe locking error signal is derived (0 Hz frequency modulation 0  amplitude) and the demodulated signal of LO2 where a ~ 700 Hz line is applied. We dither the LO phase at ~ 50Hz to create a clear signal in order to compare the two error signals. Although the 50 Hz signal was clearly seen on the fringe lock error signal it was completely unresolved in the LO2 demodulated signal no matter how hard we drove the 700Hz line and no matter what demodulation phase we chose. Interestingly, changing the demodulation phase shifted the noisy LO2 demodulated signal by some constant. Will post a picture later.

Could there be some problem with the modulation-demodulation model? We should check again but I'm almost certain we saw the 700Hz line with an SNR of ~ 100 in diaggui, even with the small LO offset changes in the 700Hz signal phase should have been clearly seen in the demodulated signal. Maybe we should also check that we see the 50Hz side-bands around the 700Hz line on diaggui to be sure.

  17150   Wed Sep 21 17:01:59 2022 PacoUpdateBHDBH55 RFPD installed - part I

[Radhika, Paco]

Optical path setup

We realized the DCPD - B beam path was already using a 95:5 beamsplitter to steer the beam, so we are repurposing the 5% pickoff for a 55 MHz RFPD. For the RFPD we are using a gold RFPD labeled "POP55 (POY55)" which was on the large optical table near the vertex. We have decided to test this in-situ because the PD test setup is currently offline.

Radhika used a Y1-1025-45S mirror to steer the B-beam path into the RFPD, but a lens should be added next in the path to focus the beam spot into the PD sensitive area. The current path is illustrated by Attachment #1.

We removed some unused OPLEV optics to make room for the RFPD box, and these were moved to the optics cabinet along Y-arm [Attachment #2].

 


[Anchal, Yehonathan]

PD interfacing and connections

In parallel to setting up the optical path configuration in the ITMY table, we repurposed a DB15 cable from a PD interface board in the LSC rack to the RFPD in question. Then, an SMA cable was routed from the RFPD RF output to an "UNUSED" I&Q demod board on the LSC rack. Lucky us, we also found a terminated REFL55 LO port, so we can draw our demod LO from there. There are a couple (14,15,20,21) ADC free inputs after the WF2 and WF3 whitening filter interfaces.


Next steps

  • Finish alignment of BH55 beam to RFPD
  • Test RF output of RFPD once powered
  • Modify LSC model, rebuild and restart
  17152   Thu Sep 22 19:51:58 2022 AnchalUpdateBHDBH55 LSC Model Updates - part II

I updated follwoing in teh rtcds models and medm screens:

  • c1lsc
    • Added reading of ADC0_20 and ADC0_21 as demodulated BHD output at 55 MHz, I and Q channels.
    • Connected BH55_I and BH55_Q to phase rotation and creation of output channels.
    • Replaced POP55 with BH55 in the RFPD input matrix.
    • Send BH55_I and BH55_Q over IPC to c1hpc
    • Added BH55 RFPD model in LSC screen, in RFPD input matrix, whitening box. Some work is still remaining.
  • c1hpc
    • Added recieving BH55_I and BH55_Q.
    • Added BH55_I and BH55_Q to sensing matrix through filter modules. Now these can be used to control LO phase.
    • Added BH55 signals to the medm screen.
  • c1scy
    • Updated SUS model to new sus model that takes care of data acquisition rates and also adds BIASPOS, BIASPIT and BIASYAW filter modules at alignment sliders.

Current state:

  • All models built and installed without any issue or error.
  • On restarting all models, I first noticed 0x2000 error on c1lsc, c1scy and c1hpc. But these errors went away with doing daqd restart on fb1.
  • BH55 FM buttons are not connected to antialiasing analog filter. Need to do this and update medm screen accordingly.
  • The IPC from c1lsc to c1hpc is not working. One sender side, it does not show any signal which needs to be resolved.
  17155   Fri Sep 23 14:10:19 2022 RadhikaUpdateBHDBH55 RFPD installed - part I

[Radhika, Paco, Anchal]

I placed a lens in the B-beam path to focus the beam spot onto the RFPD [Attachment 1]. To align the beam spot onto the RFPD, Anchal misaligned both ETMs and ITMY so that the AS and LO beams would not interfere, and the PD output would remain at some DC level (not fringing). The RFPD response was then maximized by scanning over pitch and yaw of the final mirror in the beam path (attached to the RFPD).

Later Anchal noticed that there was no RFPD output (C1:LSC-BH55_I_ERR, C1:LSC-BH55_Q_ERR). I took out the RFPD and opened it up, and the RF OUT SMA to PCB connection wire was broken [Attachment 2]. I re-soldered the wire and closed up the box [Attachment 3]. After placing the RFPD back, we noticed spikes in C1:LSC-BH55_I_ERR and C1:LSC-BH55_Q_ERR channels on ndscope. We suspect there is still a loose connection, so I will revisit the RFPD circuit on Monday. 

  17156   Fri Sep 23 18:31:46 2022 ranaUpdateBHDBH55 RFPD installed - part I

A design flaw in these initial LIGO RFPDs is that the SMA connector is not strain releieved by mounting to the case. Since it is only mounted to the tin can, when we attach/remove cables, it bends the connector, causing stress on the joint.

To get around this, for this gold box RFPD, connect the SMA connector to the PCB using a S shaped squiggly wire. Don't use multi-strand: this is usually good, since its more flexible, but in this case it affects the TF too much. Really, it would be best to use a coax cable, but a few-turns cork-screw, or pig-tail of single-core wire should be fine to reduce the stress on the solder joint.

Quote:
 

Later Anchal noticed that there was no RFPD output (C1:LSC-BH55_I_ERR, C1:LSC-BH55_Q_ERR). I took out the RFPD and opened it up, and the RF OUT SMA to PCB connection wire was broken [Attachment 2]. I re-soldered the wire and closed up the box [Attachment 3]. After placing the RFPD back, we noticed spikes in C1:LSC-BH55_I_ERR and C1:LSC-BH55_Q_ERR channels on ndscope. We suspect there is still a loose connection, so I will revisit the RFPD circuit on Monday. 

 

  17157   Fri Sep 23 19:04:12 2022 AnchalUpdateBHDBH55 LSC Model Updates - part III

BH55

I further updated LSC model today with following changes:

  • BH55 whitening switch binary output signal is now routed to correct place.
    • Switching FM1 which carries dewhitening digital filter will always switch on corresponding analog whitening before ADC input.
  • The whitening can be triggered using LSC trigger matrix as well.
  • The ADC_0 input to LSC subsystem is now a single input and channels are separated inside the subsystem.

The model built and installed with no issues.

Further, the slow epics channels for BH55 anti-aliasing switch and whitening switch were added in /cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1iscaux/C1_ISC-AUX_LSCPDs.db


IPC issue resolved

The IPC issue that we were facing earlier is resolved now. The BH55_I and BH55_Q signal after phase rotation is successfully reaching c1hpc model where it can be used to lock LO phase. To resolve this issue, I had to restart all the models. I also power cycled the LSC I/O chassis during this restart as Tega suspected that such a power cycle is required while adding new dolphin channels. But there is no way to find out if that was required or not. Good news is that with the new cds upgrade, restarting rtcds models will be much easier and modular.


ETMY Watchdog Updated

[Anchal, Tega]

Since ETMY does not use HV coil driver anymore, the watchdog on ETMY needs to be similar to other new optics. We made these updated today. Now ETMY watchdog while slowly ramps down the alignment offsets when it is tripped.

  17159   Mon Sep 26 11:39:37 2022 PacoUpdateBHDBH55 RFPD installed - part II

[Paco, Anchal]

We followed rana's suggestion for stress relief on the SMA joint in the BH55 RFPD that Radhika resoldered. We used a single core, pigtailed wire segment after cleaning up the solder joint on J7 (RF Out) and also soldered the SMA shield to the RF cage (see Attachment #1). This had a really good effect on the rigidity of the connection, so we moved back to the ITMY table.

We measured the TEST in to RF Out transfer function using the Agilent network analyzer, just to see the qualitative features (resonant gain at around 55 MHz and second harmonic suppression at around 110 MHz) shown in Attachment #2. We used 10kOhm series resistance in test input path to calibrate the measured transimpedance in V/A. The RFPD has been installed in the ITMY table and connected to the PD interface box and IQ demod boards in the LSC rack as before.

Measurement files

  17160   Tue Sep 27 10:50:11 2022 PacoUpdateBHDcalibrated LO phase noise

Locked LO phase to ITMX single bounce beam at the AS port, using the DCPD (A-B) error point and actuating on LO1 POS. For this the gain was tuned from 0.6 to 4.0. A rough Michelson fringe calibration gives a counts to meters conversion of ~0.212 nm/count, and the OLTF looks qualitatively like the one in a previous measurement (~ 20 dB at 1 Hz, UGF = 30 Hz). The displacement was then converted to phase using lambda=1e-6; I'm not sure what the requirement is on the LO phase (G1802014 says 1e-4 rad/rtHz at 1 Hz, but our requirement doc says 1 to 20 nrad/rtHz (rms?)... anyways wit this rough calibration we are still off in either case.

The balancing gain is obvious at DC in the individual DCPD spectra, and the common mode rejection in the (A-B) signal is also appreciable. I'll keep working on refining this, and implementing a different control scheme.

  17161   Wed Sep 28 16:37:26 2022 PacoUpdateBHDcalibrated LO phase noise; update

[yuta, paco]

Update; the high frequency ( > 100 Hz) drop is of course not real and comes from a 4th order LP filter in the HPC demod I filter which I haven't accounted for. Furthermore, we have gone through the calibration factors and corrected a factor of 2 in the optical gain. Then, I also added the CLTF to show in loop and out of loop error respectively. The updated plot, though not final, is in Attachment #1.

  17163   Wed Sep 28 21:54:08 2022 PacoUpdateBHDcalibrated LO phase noise; update

Repeated the LO phase noise measurement, this time with the LO - ITMY single bounce, and a couple of fixes Koji hinted at including:

  1. The DEMOD angle was the missing piece! The previous error point showed lower noise than the individual DCPDs because the demodulation angle had not been checked. I corrected it so that the error point in LO_PHASE control was exactly equal to the LO-ITMY single bounce fringe. With this, the gain on the servo had to be adjusted from 4.00 to 0.12, still using FM4, FM5, and this time also FM8 (BLP600).
  2. Turned off 60 Hz harmonics comb notches on DCPDs, they are unecessary.
  3. Acquired noise spectra down to 0.1 Hz, with 0.03 Hz bin width to increase resolution and identify resonant SUS noise near 1 Hz.

This time, after alignment the fringe amplitude was 500 counts. Attachment #1 shows the updated plot with the calibrated noise spectra for the individual DCPD signals A and B as well as their rms values. Attachment #2 shows the error point, in loop and the estimated out of loop spectra with their rms as well. The peak at ~ 240 Hz is quite noticeable in the error point time series, and dominates the high frequency rms noise. The estimated rms out of loop noise is ~ 9.2 rad, down to 100 mHz.

  17165   Thu Sep 29 18:01:14 2022 AnchalUpdateBHDBH55 LSC Model Updates - part IV

More model changes

c1lsc:

  • BH55_I and BH55_Q are now being read at ADC_0_14 and ADC_0_15. The ADC_0_20 and ADC_0_21 are bad due to faulty whitening filter board.
  • The whitening switch controls were also shifted accordingly.
  • the slow epics channels for BH55 anti-aliasing switch and whitening switch were added in /cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1iscaux/C1_ISC-AUX_LSCPDs.db

c1mcs:

  • MC1, MC2, and MC3 are running on new suspension models now.

c1hpc:

  • DCPD_A and DCPD_B have been renamed to BHDC_A and BHDC_B following naming convention at other ports.
  • After the input summing matrix, the signals are called BHDC_SUM and BHDC_DIFF now.
  • BHDC_SUM and BHDC_DIFF can be directly using in sensing matrix bypassing the dither demodulation (to be used for DC locking)
  • BH55_I and BH55_Q are also sent for dither demodulation now (to be used in double dither method, RF and audio).
  • SHMEM channel names to c1bac were changed.

c1bac:

  • Conformed with new SHMEM channel names from c1hpc
  17167   Fri Sep 30 20:18:55 2022 PacoUpdateBHDLO phase noise with different actuation points

[Paco, Koji]

We took lo phase noise spectra actuating on the for different optics-- LO1, LO2, AS1, and AS4. The servo was not changed during this time with a gain of 0.2, and we also took a noise spectrum without any light on the DCPDs. The plot is shown in Attachment #1, calibrated in rad/rtHz, and shown along with the rms values for the different suspension actuation points. The best one appears to be AS1 from this measurement, and all the optics seem to show the same 270 Hz (actually 268 Hz) resonant peak.


268 Hz noise investigation

Koji suspected the observed noise peak belongs to some servo oscillation, perhaps of mechanical origin so we first monitored the amplitude in an exponentially averaging spectrum. The noise didn't really seem to change too much, so we decided to try adding a bandstop filter around 268 Hz. After the filter was added in FM6, we turned it on and monitored the peak height as it began to fall slowly. We measured the half-decay time to be 264 seconds, which implies an oscillation with Q = 4.53 * f0 * tau ~ 3.2e5. This may or may not be mechanical, further investigation might be needed, but if it is mechanical it might explain why the peak persisted in Attachment #1 even when we change the actuation point; anyways we saw the peak drop ~ 20 dB after more than half an hour... After a while, we noticed the 536 Hz peak, its second harmonic, was persisting, even the third harmonic was visible.

So this may be LO1 violin mode & friends -

We should try and repeat this measurement after the oscillation has stopped, maybe looking at the spectra before we close the LO_PHASE control loop, then closing it carefully with our violin output filter on, and move on to other optics to see if they also show this noise.

  17170   Mon Oct 3 13:11:22 2022 YehonathanUpdateBHDSome comparison of LO phase lock schemes

I pushed a notebook and a Finesse model for comparing different LO phase locking schemes. Notebook is on https://git.ligo.org/40m/bhd/-/blob/master/controls/compare_LO_phase_locking_schemes.ipynb,

Here's a description of the Finesse modeling:

I use a 40m kat model https://git.ligo.org/40m/bhd/-/blob/master/finesse/C1_w_initial_BHD_with_BHD55.kat derived from the usual 40m kat file. There I added and EOMs (in the spaces between the BS and ITMs and in front of LO2) to simulate audio dithering. A PD was added at a 5% pickoff from one of the BHD ports to simulate the RFPD recently installed on the ITMY table.

First I find the nominal LO phase by shaking MICH and maximizing the BHD response as a function of the LO phase (attachment 1).

Then, I run another simulation where I shake the LO phase at some arbitrary frequency and measure the response at different demodulation schemes at the RFPD and at the BHD readout.

The optimal responses are found by using the 'max' keyword instead of specifying the demodulation phase. This uses the demodulation phase that maximizes the signal. For example to extract the signal in the 2 RF sideband scheme I use:

pd3 BHD55_2RF_SB $f1 max $f2 max $fs max nPickoffPDs

I plot these responses as a function of LO phase relative to the nominal phase divided by 90 degrees (attachment 2). The schemes are:

1. 2 RF sidebands where 11MHz and 55MHz on the LO and AS ports are used.

2. Single RF sideband (11/55 MHz) together with the LO carrier. As expected, this scheme is useful only when trying to detect the amplitude quadrature.

3. Audio dithering MICH and using it together with one of the LO RF sidebands. The actuation strength is chosen by taking the BS actuation TF 1e-11 m/cts*(50/f)**2 and using 10000 cts giving an amplitude of 3nm for the ITMs.

For LO actuation I can use 13 times more actuation strentgh becasue its coild drivers' output current is 13 more then the old ones.

4. Double audio dithering of LO2+MICH detecting it directly at the BHD readout (attachment 3).

Without noise considerations, it seems like double audio dithering is by far the best option and audio+RF is the next best thing.

The next thing to do is to make some noise models in order to make the comparison more concrete.

This noise model will include Input noises, residual MICH motion, and laser noise. Displacement noise will not be included since it is the thing we want to be detected.

  17171   Mon Oct 3 15:19:05 2022 PacoUpdateBHDLO phase noise and control after violin mode filters

[Anchal, Paco]

We started the day by taking a spectrum of C1:HPC-LO_PHASE_IN1, the BHD error point, and confirming the absence of 268 Hz peaks believed to be violin modes on LO1. We then locked the LO phase by actuating on LO2, and AS1. We couldn't get a stable loop with AS4 this morning. In all of these trials, we looked to see if the noise increased at 268 Hz or its harmonics but luckily it didn't. We then decided to add the necessary output filters to avoid exciting these violin modes. The added filters are in the C1:SUS-LO1_LSC bank, slots FM1-3 and comprise bandstop filters at first, second and third harmonics observed previously (268, 536, and 1072 Hz); bode plots for the foton transfer functions are shown in Attachment #1. We made sure we weren't adding too much phase lag near the UGF (~ 1 degree @ 30 Hz).

We repeated the LO phase noise measurement by actuating on LO1, LO2 and AS1, and observe no noise peaks related to 268 Hz this time. The calibrated spectra are in Attachment #2. Now the spectra look very similar to one another, which is nice. The rms is still better when actuating with AS1.


[Paco]

After the above work ended, I tried enabling FM1-3 on the C1:HPC_LO_PHASE control filters. These filters boost the gain to suppress noise at low frequencies. I carefully enabled them when actuating on LO1, and managed to suppress the noise by another factor of 20 below the UGF of ~ 30 Hz. Attachment #3 shows the screenshot of the uncalibrated noise spectra for (1) unsupressed (black, dashed), (2) suppressed with FM4-5 (blue, solid), and (3) boosted FM1-5 suppression (red).


Next steps:

  • Compare LO-ITMY and LO-ITMX single bounce noise spectra and MICH.
  • Compare DC locking scheme versus BH55 once it's working.
  17174   Thu Oct 6 11:12:14 2022 AnchalUpdateBHDBH55 RFPD installation complete

[Yuta, Paco, Anchal]

BH55 RFPD installation was still not complete until yesterday because of a peculiar issue. As soon as we would increase the whitening gain on this photodiode, we saw spikes coming in at around 10 Hz. Following events took place while debugging this issue:

  • We first thought that RFPD might be bad as we had just picked it up from what we call the graveyard table.
  • Paco fixed the bad connection issue at RF out and we confired RFPD transimpedance by testing it. See 40m/17159.
  • We tried changing the whitening filter board but that did not help.
  • We used BH55 RFPD to lock MICH by routing the demodulation board outputs to AS55 channels on WF2 board. We were able to lock MICH and increase whitening gain without the presence of any spikes. This ruled out any issue with RFPD.
  • Yuta and I tried swapping the whitening filter board but the problem persisted, which made us realize that the issue could be in the acromag that is writing the whitening gain for BH55 RFPD.
  • We combed through the /cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1iscaux/C1_ISC-AUX_LSCPDs.db file to check if the whitening gain DAC channels are written twice but that was not the case. But changing the scan rate of the whitening gain output channel did change the rate at which teh spikes were coming.
  • This proved that some other process is constantly writing zero on these outputs.
  • It tuned out that all unused channels of acromags for c1iscaux are still defined and made to write 0 through /cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1iscaux/C1_ISC-AUX_SPARE.db file. I don't think we need this spare file. If someone wants to use spare channels, they can quickly add it to dB file and restart the modbusIOC service on c1iscaux, it takes less than 2 minutes to do it. I vote to completely get rid of this file or atleast not use it in the cmd file.
  • After removing the violating channels, the problem with BH55 RFPD is resolved.

The installation of BH55 RFPD is complete now.

 

  17176   Thu Oct 6 18:50:57 2022 AnchalSummaryBHDBH55 meas diff angle estimation and LO phase lock attempts

[Yuta, Paco, Anchal]

BH55 meas diff

We estimated meas diff angle for BH55 today by following this elog post. We used moku:lab Moku01 to send a 55 MHz tone to PD input port of BH55 demodulation board. Then we looked at I_ERR and Q_ERR signals. We balanced the gain on I channel to 1.16 to get the two signals to same peak to peak heights. Then we changed the mead diff angle to 91.97 to make the "bounding box" zero. Our understanding is that we just want the ellipse to be along x-axis.

We also aligned beam input to BH55 bit better. We used the single bounce beam from aligned ITMY as the reference.


LO phase lock with single RF demodulation

We attempted to lock LO phase with just using BH55 demodulated output.

Configuration:

  • ITMX, ETMs were significantly misaligned.
  • At BH port, overlapping beams are single bounce back from ITMY and LO beam.

We expected that we would be able to lock to 90 degree LO phase just like DC locking. But now we understand that we can't beat the light with it's own phase modulated sidebands.

The confusion happened because it would work with Michelson at the dark port output of michelson, amplitude modulation is generated at 55 MHz. We tried to do the same thing as was done for DC locking with single bounce  and then michelson, but we should have seen this beforehand. Lesson: Always write down expectation before attempting the lock.

 

  17191   Fri Oct 14 17:04:28 2022 RadhikaUpdateBHDBH55 Q abnormality + fix

[Yuta, Anchal, Radhika]

Yesterday we attempted to lock MICH and BHD using the BH55_Q_ERR signal. We adjusted the demodulation phase to send the bulk of the error signal to the Q quadrature. With the LO beam misaligned, we first locked MICH with AS55_Q_ERR. We tried handing over the feedback signal to BH55_Q_ERR, which in theory should have been equivalent to AS55_Q_ERR. But this would not reduce the error and would instead break the MICH lock. Qualitatively the BH55_Q signal looked noisier than AS55_Q.

We used the Moku:Lab to send a 55 MHz signal into the demod board, replacing the BH55 RF input [Attachment 1]. The frequency was chosen to be 10 Hz  away from the demodulation frequency (5x Marconi source frequency). However, a 10Hz peak was not visible from the spectra - instead, we observed a 60 Hz peak. Tweaking the frequency offset a few times, we realized that there must be a ~50Hz offset between the Moku:Lab and the Marconi.

We generated an X-Y plot of BH55_Q vs. AS55_DC with the MICH fringe: this did not follow a circle or ellipse, but seemed to incoherently jump around. Meanwhile the X-Y plot BH55_I vs. AS55_DC looked like a coherent ellipse. This indicated that something might have been wrong with the demod board producing the I and Q quadrature signals.

We fed the BH55 RF signal into an unused demod board (previously AS165) [Attachment 2] and updated the channel routing accordingly. This step recovered elliptical I and Q signals with Moku input signal, and their relative gain was adjusted to produce a circle X-Y plot [Attachment 3]. C1:LSC-BH55_Q_GAIN was adjusted to 155.05/102.90=1.5068, and measured diff C1:LSC-BH55_PHASE_D was adjusted to 94.42 deg.

Now BH55_Q_ERR was able to be used to lock the MICH DOF. However, BH55 still appears to be noisy in both I and Q quadratures, causing the loop to feedback a lot of noise.

Next steps:

- Amplify the BH55 RF signal before demodulation to increase the SNR. In order to power an RF amplifier, we need to use a breakout board to divert some power from the DB15 cable currently powering BH55.

  17195   Mon Oct 17 20:04:16 2022 AnchalUpdateBHDBH55 RF output amplified

[Radhika, Anchal]

We have added an RF amplifier to the output of BH55. See the MICH signal on BH55 outputs as compared to AS55 output on the attached screenshot.

Quote:

Next steps:

- Amplify the BH55 RF signal before demodulation to increase the SNR. In order to power an RF amplifier, we need to use a breakout board to divert some power from the DB15 cable currently powering BH55.

 


Details:

  • Radhika first tried to use ZFL-500-HLN+ amplifier taken out from the amplifier storage along X-arm.
  • She used a DB15 breakout board to source the amplifier power from PD interface cable.
  • However, she reported no signal at the output.
  • We found that BH55 RFPD was not properly fixed tot eh optical table. We bolted it down properly and aligned the beam to the photodiode.
  • We still did not see any RF output.
  • I took over from Radhika on this issue. I tested the transfer function of the amplifier using moku:lab. I found that it was not amplifying at all.
  • I brought in a beanchtop PS and tested the amplifier by powering it directly. It drew 100 mA of current but showed no amplififcation in transfer function. The transfer function was constant at -40 dB with or without the amplifier powered.
  • I took out another RF amplifier from the same storage. This time a ZFL-1000-LN. I tested it with both benchtop PS and PD interface power source, it was wokring with 20 dB amplification.
  • I completed the installation and cable management. See photos attached.
  • I also took the opportunity to center the ITMY oplev.

Please throw away malfunctioning parts or label them malfunctioning before storing them with other parts. If we have to test each and every part before installation, it will waste too much of our time.

 

  17196   Mon Oct 17 22:27:25 2022 ranaUpdateBHDBH55 RF output amplified

1) please remember to follow the loading and power up instructions to avoid destroying our low noise RF amplifiers. Its not as easy as powering up any usual device.

2) also, please use the correct decoupling capacitors at the RF amp power pins. Its going to have problems if its powered from a distant supply over a long cable.

  17200   Wed Oct 19 11:09:20 2022 RadhikaUpdateBHDBH55 RF output amplified

[Anchal, Radhika]

We selected a 102K (1 nF) ceramic capacitor and a 100 uF electrolytic capacitor for the RF amplifier power pins. I soldered the connections and reinstalled the amplifier [Attachments 1, 2].

Quote:

1) please remember to follow the loading and power up instructions to avoid destroying our low noise RF amplifiers. Its not as easy as powering up any usual device.

2) also, please use the correct decoupling capacitors at the RF amp power pins. Its going to have problems if its powered from a distant supply over a long cable.

 

  17203   Fri Oct 21 10:37:36 2022 AnchalSummaryBHDBH55 phase locking efforts

After the amplifier was modified with a capacitor, we continued trying to approach locking LO phase to in quadrature with AS beam. Following is a short summary of the efforts:

  • To establish some ground, we tested locking MICH using BH55_Q instead of AS55_Q. After amplification, BH55_Q is almost the same level in signal as AS55_Q and a robust lock was possible.
  • Then we locked the LO phase using BH55_Q (single RF sideband locking), which locks the homodyne phase angle to 90 degrees. We were able to successfully do this by turning on extra boost at FM2 and FM3 along with FM4 and FM5 that were used to catch lock.
  • We also tried locking in a single ITMY bounce configuration. This is a Mach-Zehnder interferometer with PR2 acting as the first beam splitter and BHDBS as the recombination beamsplitter. Note that we failed earlier at this attempt due to the busted demodulation board. This lock worked as well with single RF demodulation using BH55_Q.
  • The UGF achieved in the above configurations was ~15 Hz.
  • In between and after the above steps, we tried using audio dither + RF sideband, and double demodulation to lock the LO phase but it did not work:
    • We could see a good Audio dither signal at 142.7 Hz on the BH55_Q signal. SNR above 20 was seen.
    • However, on demodulating this signal and transferring all signal to C1:HPC-BH55_Q_DEMOD_I_OUT, we were unable to lock the LO phase.
    • Using xyplot tool, we tried to see the relationship between C1:HPC-BHDC_DIFF_OUT and C1:HPC-BH55_Q_DEMOD_I_OUT. The two signals, according to our theory, should be 90 degrees out of phase and should form an ellipse on XY plot. But what we saw was basically no correlation between the two.
    • Later, I tried one more thing. The comb60 filter on BH55 is not required when using audio dither with it, so I switched it off.
      • I turned off comb60 filters on both BH55_I and BH55_Q filter modules.
      • I set the audio dither to 120 Hz this time to utilize the entire 120 Hz region between 60 Hz and 180 Hz power line peaks.
      • I changed the demodulation low pass filter to 60 Hz Butterworth filter. I tried using 2nd order to lose less phase due to this filter.
      • These steps did not fetch me any different results than before, but I did not get a good time to investigate this further as we moved into CDS upgrade activities.
  17204   Fri Oct 21 16:15:10 2022 yutaSummaryBHDLO phase locking with BH55 audio dither trials

[Paco, Yuta]

We are still struggling with locking LO phase in MICH or ITM single bounce with BH55 with audio dither.
Without audio dither, BH55 can be used to lock.

What works:
 - LO phase locking with ITMX single bounce, using BH55_Q
  - BH55_Q configuration: 45 dB whitening gain, with whitening filter on.
  - C1:LSC-BH55_PHASE_R=147.621 deg gives most signal in BH55_Q.
  - LO phase can be locked using BH55_Q, C1:HPC-LO_PHASE_GAIN=-0.5 (bright fringe for A, dark for B), feeding back to LO1 gives UGF of ~80Hz (funny structure in ~20 Hz region; see Attachment #1)

 - LO phase locking with ITMX single bounce, using BHDC_DIFF
  - BHDC B/A = 1.57 (gain balanced with C1:HPC-IN_MTRX)
  - LO phase can be locked using BHDC_DIFF, C1:HPC-LO_PHASE_GAIN=-0.4 (mid-fringe lock), feeding back to LO1 gives UGF of ~50 Hz (see Attachment #2).

 - LO phase locking with MICH locked with AS55_Q, using BH55_Q
  - AS55_Q configuration: 24 dB whitening gain, with whitening filter off
  - C1:LSC-AS55_PHASE_R=-150 deg gives most signal in AS55_Q
  - MICH can be locked using AS55_Q, C1:LSC-MICH_GAIN=-10, C1:LSC-MICH_OFFSET=30 (slightly off from AS dark fringe), feeding back to 0.5*BS gives UGF of ~100Hz (see Attachment #3)
  - LO phase can be locked using BH55_Q, C1:HPC-LO_PHASE_GAIN=-0.8 (bright fringe for A, dark for B), feeding back to LO1 gives UGF of ~45Hz (see Attachment #4)

 - LO phase locking with MICH locked with AS55_Q, using BHDC_DIFF
  - LO phase can be locked using BHDC_DIFF, C1:HPC-LO_PHASE_GAIN=1 (mid-fringe lock), feeding back to LO1. Not a very stable lock.

What does not work:
 - LO phase locking using BH55_Q demodulated at LO1 (or AS1) dither frequency, neither in ITMX sigle bounce or MICH locked with/without offset using AS55_Q
  - C1:HPC-AS1_POS_OSC_FREQ=142.7 Hz, C1:HPC-AS1_POS_OSC_CLKGAIN=3000, C1:HPC-BH55_Q_AS1_DEMOD_PHASE=-15 deg, BLP30 is used.
  - Attachment #5 shows error signals when LO phase is locked with BH55_Q. BHDC_DIFF and BH55_Q_AS1_DEMOD_I having some coherence is a good indication, but we cannot lock LO phase with BH55_Q_AS1_DEMOD_I yet.
  - Also, injection at 13.14 Hz with an amplitude of 300 for AS1 can be seen in both BH55_Q and BH55_Q_AS1_DEMOD_I (26 Hz peak for BHDC_DIFF, as it is quadratic, as expected), which means that BH55_Q_AS1_DEMOD_I is seeing something.

Next:
 - Check actuation TFs for LO1, LO2, AS1 too see if there are any funny structures at ~ 20 Hz.
 - LO phase locking might require at least ~50 Hz of UGF. Use higher audio dither frequency so that we can increase the control bandwidth.
 - Check analog filtering situation for BHDC_A and BHDC_B signals (they go minus when fringes are moving fast)

  17205   Sat Oct 22 21:36:28 2022 ranaSummaryBHDBH55 phase locking efforts

give us an animated GIF of this cool new tool! - I'm curious what happens if you look at 2 DoF of the same suspension. Also would be cool to apply a bandpass filter before plotting XY, so that you could look for correlations at higher frequencies, not just seismic noise

Quote:
 

Using xyplot tool, we tried to see the relationship between C1:HPC-BHDC_DIFF_OUT and C1:HPC-BH55_Q_DEMOD_I_OUT. The two signals, according to our theory, should be 90 degrees out of phase and should form an ellipse on XY plot. But what we saw was basically no correlation between the two.

 
  17206   Mon Oct 24 18:01:00 2022 PacoSummaryBHDBHD actuation measurements

[Yuta, Paco]

Today we calibrated the actuation on BHD suspended optics: LO1, LO2, AS1, AS4.
Actuation transfer functions for these optics look good.


ITMY actuation

For a reference we locked LO-ITMY single bounce using the LSC MICH loop. The error point was BH55_Q, the whitening filter gain was 45 dB, IQ demod rotation angle = 151.061 deg, the servo gain was -10, and the actuation point was ITMY. The measured UGF for this loop was ~ 150 Hz when FM2, 3, 4, 5 and 8 were all enabled. Note FM8 is an elliptic low pass (600 Hz cutoff).


LO1, LO2, AS1, AS4 actuation

We then lock the LO phase by feeding back BH55_Q_ERR to the actuation points under test with exactly the same filters but a servo gain of 0.6 but otherwise we are using the same servo filters FM2, 3, 4, 5 and 8 for this controls. The measured UGFs were all near ~ 70 Hz.

Here we had to be careful not to excite mechanical (?) resonances similar to the previously observed "violin" modes in LO1. In particular, we first noticed unsupressed 816 Hz noise in AS1 was being reinjected by the loop sometimes tripping the local damping loops, so we added bandstop filters at the AS1_LSC output filter bank. The resulting loop was then allowed to increase the gain and turn on FM2 and FM3 (boosts). This was also the case in AS4, where 268 Hz and second + third harmonics appeared to be excited by our feedback control. Finally, AS4 also displayed some mechanical excitation at 96.7 Hz, which seemed too low to be a "violin" mode, and its "Q" factor was not as high. We added a bandstop for this as well.

Attachment #1 shows LO_PHASE OLTFs when actuating in the different optics. By taking the actuation ratios (Attachment #2) with respect to our ITMY actuation reference and which had previously been calibrated to be 4.74e-9 / f^2 m / cts, we now have estimated our BHD suspension actuation calibrations to be:

  • LO1 = 3.14e-8 / f^2 m / cts
  • LO2 = 2.52e-8 / f^2 m / cts
  • AS1 = 3.14e-8 / f^2 m / cts
  • AS4 = 2.38e-8 / f^2 m / cts

This magnitudes are consistent with the expected coil driver ranges (about a factor of 10 difference).

  17208   Tue Oct 25 08:25:00 2022 JCUpdateBHDBHD fringe aligned with reduced LO and AS beam clipping

I aligned today using this scheme. I couldn't seem to get C1:IOO-MC_TRANS_SUM above 13400 by using WFS or manually aligning. The original state before was the following:
                  Pitch       Yaw     
C1:SUS-MC1: 
    -0.4672     -0.7714
C1:SUS-MC2:      4.0446     -1.3558
C1:SUS-MC3:     -2.0006      1.6001

 

  17212   Tue Oct 25 17:27:11 2022 PacoSummaryBHDLO phase control with RF + audio sidebands

[Yuta, Paco]

Today we locked LO phase with BH55 + Audio dithering


Configuration

We worked with MICH locked using AS55_Q with an offset = 50. Our BH55_Q_ERR is the same as in the previous elog (in this thread). We enabled audio dithering of AS1 to produce 280.54 Hz sidebands (exc gain = 15000). We used ELP80 (elliptic, 4th order lowpass with the second resonant notch at 280.54 Hz) at the BH55_Q_AS1_DEMOD_I output. This allowed us to generate an error signal to feedback into AS1 POS. Attachment #1 shows a screen capture of this configuration.


Lock

We close a loop with the above configuration to lock the LO phase using only filters FM5, FM8 and then optionally boost with FM2. The compromise we had to make because of our phase margin was to achieve UGF ~ 20 Hz (in contrast with ~ 70 Hz used in single bounce). Attachment #2 shows the measured OLTFs for LO_PHASE control using this scheme; the red was the final measured loop, while the blue was our initial reference before increasing the servo gain.

 

  17216   Wed Oct 26 16:04:12 2022 PacoSummaryBHDLO phase control with RF + audio sidebands

[Yuta, Paco]

Today we again locked the LO phase with BH55 + Audio dithering under a zero-offset MICH


Configuration

We worked with MICH locked using AS55_Q with an offset = 0. Our BH55_Q_ERR is the same as in the previous elog (in this thread).We reduced the MICH offset from 50 to 0 slowly and kept an eye on the BH55 error signals. We realized that at zero offset, most of the error signal was in BH55_I_ERR (why?) so we rotated it back to BH55_Q_ERR (146 deg --> 56 deg). We then looked at the audio demod angle, and optimized it to allocated the error signal in the I quadrature (-15 deg --> 40 deg).


Lock

We close a loop with the above configuration to lock the LO phase using only filters FM5, FM8 and then optionally boost with FM2. The measured UGF ~ 20 Hz similar to the configuration with an offset present; and it seems there is some residual noise at ~ 20 Hz (observed in the residual error signal time trace with ndscope).


Next tasks:

  • Noise budget residual error in this configuration
  • Investigate negative count offset in DCPDs
  • Investigate why does the rotation angle change from single bounce to MICH?
  17228   Thu Nov 3 20:07:01 2022 AnchalSummaryBHDAS1 coil balancing required

[Anchal, Koji]

The LO phase lock that was achieved lasts for a short time because as soon as a considerable POS offset is required on AS1, the POS to PIT coupling causes the AS-LO overlap to go away. To fix this, we need to balance the coil outputs of AS1 atleast and add the f2a filters too. To follow similar method as used for IMC optics, we need a sensor for true PIT and YAW motion of AS1. Today, we looked into the possiblity of installing a QPD at BHD output path to use it for AS1, AS4, LO1, LO2, SR2, PR2 and PR3 coil strength tuning. We found a QPD which is mentioned in this elog. We found QPD interface boards setup for old MCT and MC Refl QPDs (dating before 2008). We also found the old IP-POS QPD cable between 1Y2 and BS Oplev table. We took out this cable from BS oplev end upto ITMY opleve table, put on a new DB25 connector on the ribbon cable, and connected it to the QPD on ITMY table. There is still following work to be done:

  • Move back the BHD port camera a few inches and the lends with it.
  • Put a beamsplitter in the beam going to this camera and align it to fall on the new QPD.
  • Connect the the other end of cable to QPD interface board on 1Y2.
  • Take the lemo outputs or IDC outputs from the QPD interface board to spare ADC inputs (maybe on LSC I/O chassis or SUS2 I/O chassis).
  • Make changes in RTS model to read this QPD input.
  • Enjoy balancing the coils on the 7 new suspensions.
  17236   Mon Nov 7 17:10:41 2022 AnchalSummaryBHDQPD installation seems like lost cause

The new QPD installation is turning out to be much more hard than it originally seemed. After finsing the cable, QPD and interface board, when I tried to use the cable, it seems like it is not powered or connected to the interface board at all. I tried both QPD ports on the QPD interface board (D990692) both none worked. I measured the output pins of IDC style connector on the interface board and they seem to have the correct voltages at the correct pins. But when I connect this to our cable and go to the other side of the cable which is a DB25, use a breakout board and see for the voltages, I see nothing. The even pins which are supposed to be connected to each other and to GND are also not connected to each other. I pulled out teh DB25 end of the cable and brought it close to the IDC end to do a direct conitnuity test and this test failed too.

I even foudn another IDC end of a spare QPD cable hanging near 1Y2, but could not find the other end of this cable either.

So moving forward, we have following options:

  • Assume the cable is bad and try to find another cable.
    • It is very hard to find these cables in the lab. Koji and I have already done one sweep.
  • Source 26 pin 2 row IDC female connector and make a ribbon cable ourselves.
    • We probably will need to buy this connector for this to work.
    • Downs has apparantely thrown away all IDC connectors.
  • Use clean room QPD that does not use this interface.
    • The QPD used in clean room tests for suspension hanging used a different board.
    • This board is just lying on the floor, mounted on one slot of a big 6U chassis.
  • Use AS WFS
    • If used in current position, it would not be useful for BHD port or tuning LO1, LO2, and AS4.
    • If taken to ITMY oplev table, we will need to source LO and opther connections right at the PD head as that is design for these PDs.
  • Use GigE camera
    • We can replace the analog camera with a GigE camera on the BHD output.
    • We will need to revide GigE camera code and medm screens for this, and run an ethernet cable to ITMY oplev table.
  • Someone verify that the cable is indeed not working as I am seeing above. If I am wrong, I would be a happier person.
  17265   Mon Nov 14 17:45:02 2022 yutaUpdateBHDBHD DC PD unwhitening and removing cables to c1lsc

[Paco, Yuta]

We removed splitter to route BHD DC PD signals to c1hpc and c1lsc. This was necessary to circumvent IPC error, but this is no longer necessary. Now BHD DC PD signals are ADC-ed with c1hpc, and sent to c1lsc via IPC.
We also found that BHD DC PD signals have whitening filters as described in LIGO-T2000500 (Readout board is LIGO-D1400384).
We added unwhitening filter zpk([151.9;3388],[13.81],1,"n") to C1:HPC_BHDC_A and B, based on measured whitening stage gain (see Sec 3.1 of characterization reoprt in LIGO-T2000500).
This solved the signals leaking to minus (40m/17068).

Next:
 - Modify c1hpc model to send BHD DCPD signals to c1lsc after unwhitening. (Note added on Nov 15: The same unwhitening filter is also added to C1:LSC-DCPD_A and B for now. See attached.)
 - Redo visibility measurements,

  17268   Tue Nov 15 17:08:59 2022 PacoUpdateBHDRequest for estimates

[Yehonathan, Yuta, Paco]

We would like to estimate:

  • LO phase sensitivty (for RF55 + audio dither scheme), as a function of RF demod angle (both I and Q); not to be confused with audio dither angle.
  • LO phase sensitivity (for all schemes like in Attachment #2 of this previous post) but with some nonzero MICH offset.
  • LO phase sensitivity (for RF55 + audio dither scheme) but with the uBHDBS (44:56) values from this post.
  17270   Tue Nov 15 19:00:56 2022 yutaSummaryBHDMICH locked with balanced homodyne readout at some LO phase

[Paco, Yuta]

MICH was locked with BHD DCPD A-B signal with LO phase controlled.
Locking procedure and configuration was as follows (see Attachment #1).

1. Lock MICH with AS55_Q, with C1:LSC-MICH_GAIN=-3, FM4, FM5, FM8, FM10 (boost filters are turned off to have more phase margin).

2. Lock LO PHASE with BH55_Q, with C1:HPC-LO_PHASE_GAIN=6, FM5, FM8, feeding back to AS1.
  - C1:LSC-BH55_PHASE_R=136.136 deg was tuned to minimize I when AS-LO is fringing with MICH locked with an offset of 50 (we first thought 136.136 deg - 90 deg is better from 40m/17216, but today, 136.136 deg seems to work better; Reason needs to be investigated).
  - We are supposed to use C1:HPC-BH55_Q_AS1_DEMOD_I_OUT to control the LO phase to give maximum MICH signal on BHD_DIFF (40m/17170), but somehow BH55_Q without audio dither was OK to get MICH signal. Line injection at 211.1 Hz on BS was seen in BHDC_DIFF (and AS55_Q), even if we use BH55_Q to lock LO PHASE (see Attachment #2; MICH_B is BHDC_DIFF and MICH_A is AS55_Q) or BH55_Q_AS1_DEMOD_I to lock LO PHASE (with both signs). Reason needs to be investigated.
  - Audio dither was done using AS1 with excitation of 15000 counts at 281.79 Hz. C1:HPC-BH55_Q_AS1_DEMOD_PHASE=60 deg was tuned to minimize Q with injection of line at 13 Hz using LO1.

3. Handed over MICH lock from AS55_Q to 0.66 * C1:LSC-DCPD_A - 1 * C1:LSC-DCPD_B. This was done by using C1:LSC-MICH_A and MICH_B gains. C1:LSC-MICH_A_GAIN=1 was handed over to C1:LSC-MICH_B_GAIN=-1.
  - 0.66 * A - B was tuned so that BHDC_DIFF will be zero (as it supposed to be with MICH offset of zero).
  - AS55_Q and BHDC_DIFF had roughly the same optical gain at 211.1 Hz (actually, BHDC_DIFF had higher optical gain; see Attachment #2), so we used MICH_A_GAIN=1 and C1:LSC-MICH_B_GAIN=-1
  - After handing over of BHDC_DIFF, OLTF was measured. UGF was ~70 Hz (Attachment #3).

Next:
  - Investigate how to get optimal LO phase. With BH55_Q or BH55_Q + audio dithering? How to optimize demod phases?
  - How do we balance DCPD A and B? What is the effect of BHD BS being 44:56 not 50:50?
  - Measure amount of MICH signal in BHDC_DIFF with different LO phases.
  - Improve SNR in BH55.
  - It will be much simpler if we send BHDC_SUM and BHDC_DIFF to c1lsc from c1hpc, instead of sending un-unwhitened BHDC_A and B.

  17273   Wed Nov 16 15:09:08 2022 yutaUpdateBHDBHD fringe contrast measured with unwhitening filters

BHD fringe visibility was measured again with unwhitening filters on on BHDC_A and B, which removed signal leakage to zero (40m/17265).
The result didn't change much from previous measurement (40m/17067) thanks to using the 'mode' of signal to calculate visibility.
Measured constrast of 74% indicate mode-matching AS beam to LO beam of 56%.

ITMX-LO fringe (10% percentile)
Contrast measured by C1:HPC-BHDC_A_OUT is 74.46 +/- 0.07 %
Contrast measured by C1:HPC-BHDC_B_OUT is 74.25 +/- 0.07 %
Contrast measured by all is 74.35 +/- 0.07 %

ITMY-LO fringe (10% percentile)
Contrast measured by C1:HPC-BHDC_A_OUT is 74.01 +/- 0.10 %
Contrast measured by C1:HPC-BHDC_B_OUT is 73.85 +/- 0.09 %
Contrast measured by all is 73.93 +/- 0.08 %

Errors are from standard deviation of 3 measurements.
The notebook lives in /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/Git/40m/scripts/CAL/BHD/measureContrast.ipynb

  17274   Wed Nov 16 18:41:17 2022 yutaSummaryBHDOptical gain calibrations for BHD MICH

Optical gains of AS55 and BH55 are calibrated for BHD MICH.

LO-ITM single bounce:
 With LO-ITM signle bounce fringe, optical gain of BH55_Q is measured using a method similar to MICH calibration in AS55 (40m/16929).
 Demodulation phase for BH55 is tuned to minimize I when LO-ITM is freeswinging (using getPhaseAngle.py).
 (Notebook: /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/Git/40m/scripts/CAL/BHD/BHDOpticalGainCalibration.ipynb)
 Results are the following:

 LO-ITMY fringe: 7.84e9 counts/m (demod phase 147.1 +/- 0.3 deg) See Attachment #1
 LO-ITMX fringe: 8.44e9 counts/m (demod phase 149.6 +/- 0.4 deg) See Attachment #1

 Difference in the optimal demodulation phase 2.5 +/- 0.5 deg agrees with half of Schnupp asymmetry, as expected (40m/17007).
 Difference in the optical gain for LO-ITMY and LO-ITMX is probably from statistical fluctuation.


BHD MICH:
 Sensing matrix was measured by injecting a line at BS (300 counts @ 211.1 Hz), LO1 (5000 counts @ 287.1 Hz) and AS1 (5000 counts @ 281.79 Hz), when MICH is locked with AS55_Q and LO PHASE is locked with BH55_Q (both with no offset).
 Using the sensing matrix, demodulation phase was tuned to minimize I phase for MICH signal in AS55 and LO1 signal in BH55.
 After the demodulation phase tuning. sensing matrix was measured to be the following.
 See, also Attachment #3 for injected peaks. I phase signal is successfully suppressed by at least an order of magnitude.
 (Notebook: /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/Git/40m/scripts/CAL/SensingMatrix/MeasureSensMatBHD.ipynb)

Sensing Matrix with the following demodulation phases (counts/counts)
{'AS55': -160.15695076011946, 'BH55': 154.13916838400047}
      Sensors           MICH @211.1 Hz          LO1 @287.1 Hz            AS1 @281.79 Hz           
C1:LSC-AS55_I_ERR_DQ    1.22e-05 (120.53 deg)   7.24e-07 (85.64 deg)     1.26e-06 (40.42 deg)    
C1:LSC-AS55_Q_ERR_DQ    2.95e-03 (-101.62 deg)  1.24e-06 (-80.43 deg)    1.69e-06 (152.31 deg)    
C1:LSC-BH55_I_ERR_DQ    1.28e-03 (80.95 deg)    3.44e-06 (109.31 deg)    2.22e-06 (154.40 deg)    
C1:LSC-BH55_Q_ERR_DQ    7.44e-03 (77.38 deg)    2.56e-04 (-59.85 deg)    2.42e-04 (6.40 deg)    
C1:HPC-BHDC_DIFF_OUT    2.21e-03 (82.45 deg)    4.37e-05 (121.87 deg)    3.61e-05 (-169.09 deg)

 Using BS actuation efficiency of 26.08e-9 /f^2 m/counts (40m/16929), optical gain for AS55_Q and BHDC_DIFF for MICH is

2.95e-03 / (26.08e-9/(211.1**2)) = 5.04e9 counts/m (AS55_Q for MICH)
2.21e-03 / (26.08e-9/(211.1**2)) = 3.78e9 counts/m (BHDC_DIFF for MICH)

 For AS55_Q, this is a factor of 4~5 higher than the previous measurement from free swing (40m/16929). Why?
 Free swing measurement was done again, and this gave 1.24e9 counts/m, which is consistent with the previous measurement (see Attachment #3).

 Using LO1 and AS1 actuation efficiencies of 3.14e-8 /f^2 m/counts (40m/17206), optical gains for BH55_Q for LO1 and AS1 are

2.56e-04 / (3.14e-8/(287.1**2)) = 6.72e8 counts/m (BH55_Q for LO1)
2.42e-04 / (3.14e-8/(281.79**2)) = 6.12e8 counts/m (BH55_Q for AS1)

Next:
 - Compare them with expected values
 - Measure them with different locking points (different LO phases, MICH offsets)
 - Investigate why MICH optical gain in AS55 is 4~5 times higher than free swing measurement (use different modulation frequency?)

Summary of actuation calibration so far (counts from C1:LSC-xx_EXC or C1:SUS-xx_LSC_EXC):
BS   : 26.08e-9 /f^2 m/counts (see 40m/16929)
ITMX :  5.29e-9 /f^2 m/counts (see
40m/16929)
ITMY :  4.74e-9 /f^2 m/counts (see
40m/16929)
ETMX : 10.91e-9 /f^2 m/counts (see 40m/16977 and 40m/17014)
ETMY : 10.91e-9 /f^2 m/counts (see 40m/16977)

MC2 : -14.17e-9 /f^2 m/counts in arm length (see 40m/16978)
MC2 :   5.06e-9 /f^2 m/counts in IMC length (see 40m/16978)
LO1 : 3.14e-8 / f^2 m/counts
(see 40m/17206)
LO2 : 2.52e-8 / f^2 m/counts (see 40m/17206)
AS1 : 3.14e-8 / f^2 m/counts (see 40m/17206)
AS4 : 2.38e-8 / f^2 m/counts (see 40m/17206)

  17279   Thu Nov 17 14:12:58 2022 yutaSummaryBHDOptical gain calibrations for BHD MICH with lower UGF

[Paco, Yuta]

We found that MICH UGF was unexpectedly high, ~200 Hz, in the measurement yesterday, which makes the closed loop gain to be more than one at MICH line injection at 211.1 Hz.
We did optical gain calibrations for AS55, BH55 and BHDC_DIFF in BHD MICH again with UGF at around 10 Hz.
This solved the inconsistent result with free swing calibration.

What we did:
 Did the same measurement for BHD MICH as written in 40m/17274, but with MICH UGF of ~10 Hz and LO PHASE UGF of ~15 Hz (see OLTFs in Attachment #1, and filter configurations in Attachment #2).
 Updated sensing matrix is as follows

Sensing Matrix with the following demodulation phases (counts/counts)
{'AS55': -163.52789698340882, 'BH55': 152.7860744565449}
      Sensors        	MICH @211.1 Hz       	LO1 @287.1 Hz       	AS1 @281.79 Hz       	
C1:LSC-AS55_I_ERR_DQ	1.85e-05 (-118.82 deg)	3.31e-07 (-32.19 deg)	7.86e-07 (112.27 deg)	
C1:LSC-AS55_Q_ERR_DQ	7.32e-04 (59.57 deg)	1.19e-06 (158.17 deg)	9.07e-07 (-92.25 deg)	
C1:LSC-BH55_I_ERR_DQ	5.02e-04 (-123.21 deg)	1.79e-05 (-26.73 deg)	1.76e-05 (-120.23 deg)	
C1:LSC-BH55_Q_ERR_DQ	1.75e-03 (59.57 deg)	2.71e-04 (-22.64 deg)	2.56e-04 (-114.37 deg)	
C1:HPC-BHDC_DIFF_OUT	1.00e-03 (-115.93 deg)	3.09e-05 (-14.99 deg)	2.84e-05 (-110.23 deg)	

 Using BS actuation efficiency of 26.08e-9 /f^2 m/counts (40m/16929), optical gain for AS55_Q and BHDC_DIFF for MICH is

7.32e-03 / (26.08e-9/(211.1**2)) = 1.25e9 counts/m (AS55_Q for MICH) This is consistent with freeswing measurement (1.24e9 m/counts) 40m/17274
1.00e-03 / (26.08e-9/(211.1**2)) = 1.71e9 counts/m (BHDC_DIFF for MICH)

 Using LO1 and AS1 actuation efficiencies of 3.14e-8 /f^2 m/counts (40m/17206), optical gains for BH55_Q for LO1 and AS1 are

2.71e-04 / (3.14e-8/(287.1**2)) = 7.12e8 counts/m (BH55_Q for LO1)
2.56e-04 / (3.14e-8/(281.79**2)) = 6.47e8 counts/m (BH55_Q for AS1)

  (Notebook: /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/Git/40m/scripts/CAL/SensingMatrix/MeasureSensMatBHD.ipynb)

Next:
 - Compare them with expected values
 - Measure them with different locking points (different LO phases, MICH offsets; LO phase can be calibrated using optical gain calibration of BH55_Q)

  17282   Thu Nov 17 20:02:10 2022 yutaSummaryBHDMICH optical gain measurements with different LO phases

MICH optical gain was measured with different LO phases over ~90 degrees.
Zero crossing of BH55_Q_ERR seems to be roughly 55 degrees away from optimal LO phase.

What we did:
 - Locked MICH with AS55_Q with no offset, with UGF at ~10 Hz (same as configuration in 40m/17279).
 - Injected BS calibration line at amptilude of 300 counts at 211.1 Hz.
 - Locked LO Phase with BH55_Q with different offsets added at C1:HPC-LO_PHASE_OFFSET.
 - Measured sensing matrix at that frequency. Counts are calibrated into meters using actuator efficiencies as described in 40m/17279.
 - LO phase was obtained using a DC value of BH55_Q. This was calibrated into degrees from the following:

Amplitude of LO-AS fringe in BH55_Q was calculated to be

A = BH55optgain*lamb/(4*pi) = 60 counts

where BH55optgain is 7.12e8 counts/m, which is optical gain of BH55_Q for LO1 measured in 40m/17279.
(Actually, BH55_Q goes upto ~ +/-200 counts in time series data, but maybe 60 is the nominal fringe amplitude, considering alignment fluctuations and fluctuation in AS darkness? Note that, no offset in BH55_Q is assumed in this calculation, but AM etc can create an offset.) 
LO phase can be obtained by

LOphase = arcsin(BH55_Q/A)

where BH55_Q a DC value (10 sec average) of BH55_Q.

Result:
 Attachment #1 is uncalibrated plot C1:HPC-LO_PHASE_OFFSET of around +/- 50 was the maximum we could add, and more offset gave unstable lock.
 Attachment #2 is calibrated plot. AS55_Q does not depend on LO phase, as expected. BH55_Q and BHDC_DIFF depend on LO phase as expected. BH55_I and AS55_I stay at low level, as expected (this means that our RF demodulation phase is OK).
 Dotted gray line is an eyeball fit of expected curve (40m/17170) to fool your eyes.
 This tells you that we are roughly 55 deg away from LO phase which gives maximum MICH signal for BHDC_DIFF.
 Error bar in x-axis is from standard deviation of BH55_Q fluctuations. Error in y axis is probably ~20% at maximum.
 Notebook: /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/Git/40m/scripts/CAL/SensingMatrix/MeasureSensMatBHD.ipynb

Next:
 - Repeat the measurement with
   - MICH locked with higher UGF, with notch at 211.1 Hz, for more robust AS dark fringe
   - DCPD A and B balanced at 211.1 Hz (null MICH signal for BHDC_SUM to balance?)
   - Measure optical gain also for BHDC_SUM and BH55_Q demodulated at audio dither
   - Lock LO phase at different sign so that we can sweep LO phase over ~180 deg
   - Sign-sensitive optical gain measurement (demodulation with BS motion necessary)
 - Compare with expected values from simulations
 - Why do we have 55 degrees offset? Expected offset is 90 degrees...
   - Check if there is any RAM in 55 MHz in the input beam by measuring AM with ITM single bounce

  17284   Fri Nov 18 13:05:00 2022 yutaSummaryBHDGains adjusted for bandstop filters for BHD optics

[Paco, Yuta]

We realized that bandstop filters ("violin" filters) we implemented in 40m/17206 had pass band gain of -1dB.
gain(1,"dB") was added to all the filters (see Attachment #1 for gain adjusted violin filters for AS1).
We also realized that audio dither frequency we chose to generate BH55+audio dither error signal and to measure sensing matrix at ~280 Hz was too close to violin filters.
These will affect calibrations by upto ~60%.
For example, actuation gains should be actually

  • LO1 = 3.14e-8 / f^2 m / cts * 3dB = 4.44e-8 / f^2 m / cts (3 violin filters)
  • LO2 = 2.52e-8 / f^2 m / cts * 0dB = 2.52e-8 / f^2 m / cts (no violin filters)
  • AS1 = 3.14e-8 / f^2 m / cts * 3dB = 4.44e-8 / f^2 m / cts (3 violin filters)
  • AS4 = 2.38e-8 / f^2 m / cts * 4dB = 3.36e-8 / f^2 m / cts (3 violin filters+ bandstop at 96.7 Hz)


Next:
 - Redo actuator calibrations for LO1, LO2, AS1, AS4
 - Redo sensing matrix measurements with different audio dither frequencies for LO1 and AS1

  17285   Fri Nov 18 16:58:39 2022 yutaSummaryBHDActuator calibrations for MICH BHD

As there is some confusion in actuator calibration, we have done the measurement again from scratch.
Results are the following.
New values for LO1, LO2, AS1, AS4 are obtained from free swinging ITMY-LO, so it should be more robust.

BS   : 26.54e-9 /f^2 m/counts
ITMX :  4.93e-9 /f^2 m/counts
ITMY :  4.90e-9 /f^2 m/counts
LO1  : 26.34e-9 /f^2 m/counts
LO2  :  9.81e-9 /f^2 m/counts
AS1  : 23.35e-9 /f^2 m/counts
AS4  : 24.07e-9 /f^2 m/counts

BS, ITMX, and ITMY actuator calibration:
 Followed the procedure in 40m/16929.
 Calibrated AS55_Q using X-Y plot to be 9.72e8 counts/m (Attachment #1), locked MICH with UGF of 10 Hz, and measured the transfer function from C1:LSC-BS,ITMX,ITMY_EXC to C1:LSC-AS55_Q_ERR.
 The result is Attachment #2. They are consistent with 40m/16929.

LO1, LO2, AS1, and AS4 actuator calibration:
 Followed similar steps with ITMY-LO fringe.
 Calibrated BH55_Q using X-Y plot to be 7.40e9 counts/m (Attachment #3), locked ITMY-LO with UGF of ~15 Hz (Attachment #4), and measured the transfer function from C1:SUS-LO1,LO2,AS1,AS4_LSC_EXC to C1:LSC-BH55_Q_ERR.
 The result is Attachment #5. They are inconsistent with 40m/17284, but this one should be more robust (see discussions below).


LO1, LO2, AS1, and AS4 actuator calibration by taking the ratio between ITMY:
 We have also followed the steps in 40m/17206 to calibrate BHD actuators.
 This method does not depend on BH55_Q optical gain calibration, but depends on ITMY calibration.
 Measured OLTFs for ITMY-LO fringe locking is Attachment #6, and actuator ratio with respect to ITMY is Attachment #7. In this measurement, Bandstop filter at 96.7 Hz for AS4 was turned off, and gain was lowered by a factor of 2 to avoid AS4 oscillating.
 This gives

LO1  : 116.81e-9 /f^2 m/counts
LO2  :  51.69e-9 /f^2 m/counts
AS1  : 101.48e-9 /f^2 m/counts
AS4  : 117.84e-9 /f^2 m/counts

 These are not consistent with 40m/17284, and larger by a factor of ~2-3.
 These are also not consistent with the values from free swinging measurement, and are larger by a factor of ~4-5.
 I guess there are some gains missing when comparing ITMY loop in c1lsc and other loops in c1hpc.

  17287   Fri Nov 18 22:46:02 2022 yutaSummaryBHDMICH optical gain measurements with different LO phases, with signs

MICH optical gain with a sign was measured with different LO phases over ~180 degrees, with updated calibration and higher MICH UGF.
Zero crossing of BH55_Q_ERR seems to be 68 degrees away from optimal LO phase.

Calibrated sensing matrix:
 - Locked MICH with AS55_Q at dark fringe, with UGF of ~200 Hz. Notch at 311.1 Hz was turned on.
 - Locked LO PHASE with BH55_Q, with UGF of ~10 Hz (C1:HPC-LO_PHASE_GAIN=-2, using LO1).
 - Measured the sensing matrix as written in 40m/17279, but with different dither frequencies to avoid violin mode frequencies and to match with already-installed notch filters.
 - Sensing matrix was calibrated into meters using actuator gains measured in 40m/17285
 - Sign was added by comparing the phase with C1:SUS-xx_LSC_OUT. If they are 90-270 deg apart, minus sign was added to the sensing matrix.
 - Resuts are as follows. At least important green ones are consistent with previous measurements (40m/17279).

Calibrated sensing matrix with the following demodulation phases (counts/m)
{'AS55': -164.1726747789845, 'BH55': 169.57651332419115}
      Sensors            MICH @311.1 Hz           LO1 @147.1 Hz           AS1 @141.79 Hz           
C1:LSC-AS55_I_ERR_DQ    2.72e+06 (84.89 deg)    6.41e+05 (14.60 deg)    -1.98e+05 (206.79 deg)    
C1:LSC-AS55_Q_ERR_DQ    -1.20e+09 (-228.85 deg)    -1.43e+06 (-106.51 deg)    1.41e+06 (29.21 deg)    
C1:LSC-BH55_I_ERR_DQ    -2.45e+09 (-230.64 deg)    -6.57e+07 (167.84 deg)    7.28e+07 (-16.56 deg)    
C1:LSC-BH55_Q_ERR_DQ    7.81e+09 (-48.64 deg)    -7.34e+08 (159.70 deg)    8.06e+08 (-10.08 deg)    
C1:HPC-BHDC_DIFF_OUT    -9.91e+08 (-224.55 deg)    -1.13e+08 (164.14 deg)    1.26e+08 (-3.95 deg)    
C1:HPC-BHDC_SUM_OUT    -6.84e+06 (-104.69 deg)    1.50e+07 (-8.71 deg)    -1.79e+07 (173.80 deg)    
LO phase from C1:LSC-BH55_Q_ERR_avg 4.98e-03 +/- 1.65e+01 deg

Estimating LO phase:
 - Using 7.34e+08 counts/m, which is an optical gain of BH55_Q for LO1, LO phase can be estimated as follows.

A = BH55optgain*lamb/(4*pi) = 62 counts
LOphase = arcsin(BH55_Q/A)

 - When C1:HPC-LO_PHASE_GAIN is plus, LOphase was calculated with the following to take into account of the sign flip in the controls.

LOphase = 180 - arcsin(BH55_Q/A)

Balancing A-B:
 - BHDC_A and BHDC_B were balanced to give null MICH signal in BHDC_SUM at 311.1 Hz. This gave BHDC_DIFF = 0.919*A - B.
 - It seems like this balancing gain changes over time by ~30%.

Result:
 - Attachment #1 is uncalibrated MICH optical gain in different LO phases, and Attachment #2 is the calbirated one. Basically the same with 40m/17282, but with updated calibration and sign considerations.
 - In addition to the previous measurements, we can see that BHD_SUM is not dependent on LO phase (small dependence probably from not perfect A and B balancing).
 - 0 deg of LO phase means that it is a zero crossing of BH55_Q with a slope that LO PHASE loop can be closed with a minus C1:HPC-LO_PHASE_GAIN, feeding back to LO1.
 - Dotted and dashed gray lines are from scipy.optimize.curve_fit using the following fitting function (not an eyeball fit this time!).

def fitfunc(x, a,b,c):
    return a*np.sin(np.deg2rad(x-b))+c

 - Fitting results show that we are -22 deg away from our intuition that BH55_Q crosses zero when BHDC_DIFF give no MICH signal (68 degrees away from optimal LO phase).
 - Fitting results also show that BH55_Q sensitivity to MICH crosses zero when BHD_DIFF sensitivity to MICH maximizes. This suggests that BH55+MICH dither can be used to lock LO phase to optimal LO phase.

Notebook: /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/Git/40m/scripts/CAL/SensingMatrix/MeasureSensMatBHD.ipynb

Next:
 - Compare with expected values from simulations
 - Why do we have -22 deg?
   - Check if there is any RAM in 55 MHz in the input beam by measuring AM with ITM single bounce (quick measurement shows it is small)
   - Unbalanced BHD BS?
   - Contribution from 55 MHz sidebands from LO beating with 55 MHz sidebands from AS?
       - Lock LO phase using audio dither only (demodulate BHDC_DIFF?).

  17294   Mon Nov 21 17:44:00 2022 yutaSummaryBHDMICH BHD displacement sensitivity with AS55_Q and BHD_DIFF

[Paco, Yuta]

MICH displacement sensitivity was compared under AS55_Q locking and BHD_DIFF locking.
Sensitivity with BHD was better by more than an order of magnitude due to smaller sensing noise.
During the measurement, LO phase fluctuation was ~13 deg RMS.

Locking configurations:
 - MICH was first locked with AS55_Q, no offset, and then handed over to BHD_DIFF after LO phase locked. FM2, FM3, FM4, FM5, FM6, FM8, FM10 on, C1:LSC-MICH_GAIN=-3 gave UGF of around 80 Hz.
 - LO PHASE was locked with BH55_Q, no offset. FM5, FM8 on, C1:HPC-LO_PHASE_GAIN=-2 feeding back to LO1 gave UGF of around 40 Hz.
 - Attachment #1 shows the OLTFs.

Sensitivity estimate:
 - Sensitivity was estimated using measured actuator gains and optical gains. Following numbers are used.

C1:LSC-AS55_Q_ERR to MICH 1.08e-9 counts/m (measured at 311.1 Hz today)
C1:HPC-BHDC_DIFF to MICH 1.91e-9 counts/m (measured at 311.1 Hz today)
BS   : 26.54e-9 /f^2 m/counts (40m/17285)
LO1  : 26.34e-9 /f^2 m/counts (40m/17285)

 These numbers were also reflected to C1:CAL-MICH_CINV and C1:CAL-MICH_A.
 C1:CAL-MICH_A_GAIN = 0.5 was used to take into account of LSC output matrix of MICH to BS being C1:LSC-OUTPUT_MTRX_8_2=0.5.

 - Attachment #2 shows the displacement spectrum of MICH (top) and LO PHASE (bottom). Brown MICH curve is when locked with AS55_Q and black MICH curve is when locked with BHD_DIFF. RMS of original and in-loop LO PHASE was estimated to be

 Original LO phase noise: 393 nm RMS (266 deg RMS)
 In-loop LO phase noise: 19.4 nm RMS (13 deg RMS)

Next:
 - Improve LO phase loops to reduce LO phase noise
 - Estimate LO phase noise contribution to MICH sensitivity

  17296   Mon Nov 21 18:43:46 2022 yutaUpdateBHDc1hpc and c1lsc modified to send BHD_DIFF and BHD_SUM

[Anchal, Yuta]

To send BHD signals from c1hpc after unwhitening and taking sum/diff, c1hpc and c1lsc models are modified.
PDDC_DOF_MTRX medm screen was modified to reflect this change.
We don't need to unwhiten and take sum/diff again in c1lsc model anymorewink
 

  17301   Wed Nov 23 11:06:08 2022 AnchalUpdateBHDc1hpc and c1sus modified to add BS dither and demodulation option

c1hpc has option of dithering BS now (sending excitation to BS LSC port to c1sus over IPC). This is available for demodulating BHDC and BH55 signals. Also BS is a possible feedback point, however, we would stick to using LSC screen for any MICH locking.

c1sus underwent 2 changes. All suspension models were upgraded to the new suspension model (see 40m/16938 and 40m/17165). Now the channel data rates are set in simulink model and activateDQ script is not doing anything for any of the suspension models.

  17302   Wed Nov 23 12:58:33 2022 YehonathanUpdateBHDSome more calculations

Changed the BHD BS transmissivity to 0.56.

Demodulation Phases

As was noted before. The LO phase sensitivity plot vs LO phase from the previous elog shows the optimal sensitivity at each LO phase. That means that the optimal demodulation phase might change as a function of LO phase. Attachment 1 shows the previous plot and a plot showing the optimal modulation phase for some of the methods. When double demodulation is involved I optimize one modulation and show the optimal demodulation angle of the second. As can be seen, optimal audio demodulation angles don't change as a function of LO phase.

Additionally, as expected maybe, for the single RF sideband methods that nominally should not have worked at nominal LO phase (angle in which BHD Diff is most sensitive to MICH), the optimal demodulation angle changes quite a bit around the nominal LO phase.

Fixed demodulation angle

Attachment 2 shows the LO phase sensitivity in the single 55MHZ sideband method when we fix the demodulation angle. -23.88 is the demod angle optimal for nominal LO phase. 66.12 is 90 degrees away from that. -75.21 is the is the demod angle optimal for LO phase at the amplitude quadrature and 14.78 is 90 degrees away from that. It can be seen that fixing the demod angle can be mostly harmless.

Effect of MICH offset

The simulations were run with 0 MICH offset. Attachment 3 shows the LO phase sensitivity of the different methods when MICH offset is introduced together with the optimal demod angle. As expected the single RF SB methods are sensitive to this offset while the double demod methods are not since they are not relying on DC fields.

Quote:

[Yehonathan, Yuta, Paco]

We would like to estimate:

  • LO phase sensitivty (for RF55 + audio dither scheme), as a function of RF demod angle (both I and Q); not to be confused with audio dither angle.
  • LO phase sensitivity (for all schemes like in Attachment #2 of this previous post) but with some nonzero MICH offset.
  • LO phase sensitivity (for RF55 + audio dither scheme) but with the uBHDBS (44:56) values from this post.

 

  17303   Wed Nov 23 14:59:11 2022 PacoSummaryBHDBHD_DIFF sensitivity to BS dither with MICH Offset

[Yuta, Paco, Anchal]

We measured

(a) BHDC_DIFF sensitivity to BS dither for a set of MICH offsets.


Configurations

  • MICH locked with AS55_Q
    • The MICH offset was varied below
  • LO_PHASE locked with BH55_Q
    • Balanced DCPD_A and DCPD_B by applying a digital gain of 1.00 to DCPD_A
    • Changed the BH55 demod angle to 140.07 deg to minimize BH55_I
  • BS dither at 311.1 Hz
    • Use newly added HPC_BS Lockins to readback the demodulated signals

Results & Discussion

The analysis was done with the '/cvs/cds/rtcds/caltech/c1/Git/40m/scripts/CAL/BHD/BHD_DIFFSensitivity.ipynb' notebook.

Attachment #1 shows the main result showing the sensitivity of various demodulated error signals at 311.1 Hz for a set of 21 MICH offsets. We noted that if we didn't randomize the MICH offset scan, we observed a nonzero "zero crossing" for the offset.
Note that, although LO_PHASE loop was always on to control the LO phase to have zero crossing of BH55_Q, actual LO phase is not constant over the measurement, as MICH offset changes BH55_Q zero crossing.
When MICH offset is zero, LO_PHASE loop will control the LO phase to 0 deg (90 deg away from optimal phase), and BHDC_DIFF will not be sensitive to MICH, but when MICH offset is added, BHDC_DIFF start to have MICH sensitivity (measurement is as expected).
For BHDC_SUM, MICH sensitivity is linear to MICH offset, as it should be the same as ASDC, and does not depend on LO phase (measurement is as expected).
For BH55_Q, MICH sensitivity is maximized at zero MICH offset, but reduces with MICH offset, probably because LO phase is also being changed.


  17308   Wed Nov 23 17:28:39 2022 YehonathanUpdateBHDSome more calculations

Fields at the BHD BS. More on this later.

  17309   Wed Nov 23 20:58:23 2022 yutaSummaryBHDBHD_DIFF sensitivity to BS dither with MICH Offset with different BH55 demodulation phases

[Anchal, Paco, Yuta]

Attachment #1 is the same plot as 40m/17303 but with MICH sensitivity for ASDC and AS55 also included (in this measurement, BH55 demodulation phase was set to 140.07 deg to minimize I fringe).
Y-axis is now calibrated in to counts/m using BS actuation efficiency 26.54e-9 /f^2 m/counts (40m/17285) at 311.1 Hz.
2nd X-axis is calibrated into MICH offset using the measured AS55_Q value and it's MICH sensitivity, 8.81e8 counts/m (this is somehow ~10% less than our usual value 40m/17294).
ASDC have similar dependence with BHDC_SUM on MICH offset, as expected.
AS55_Q have little dependence with MICH offset on MICH offset, as expected.

This plot tells you that even a small MICH offset at nm level can create MICH sensitivity for BHDC_DIFF, even if we control LO phase to have BH55_Q to be zero, as MICH offset shifts zero crossing of BH55_Q for LO phase.

Notebook: /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/Git/40m/scripts/CAL/BHD/BH_DIFFSens_pydemod.ipynb

Attachment #2 is the same plot, but BH55 demodulation phase was tuned to 227.569 deg to have no MICH signal in BH55_Q (a.k.a measurement (c)).
In this case, LO phase will be always controlled at 0 deg (90 deg away from optimal), even if we change the MICH offset, as BH55_Q will not be sensitive to MICH.
In this plot, BHD_DIFF have little sensitivity to MICH, irrelevant of MICH offset, as expected.
MICH sensitivity for BH55_I is also constant, which indicate that LO phase is constant over this measurement, as expected.

Notebook: /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/Git/40m/scripts/CAL/BHD/BH_DIFFSens_pydemod.ipynb

Attachment #3 is the same plot, but BH55 demodulation phase was tuned to 70 deg.
This demodulation phase was tuned within 5 deg to maximize MICH signal in BHD_DIFF with large MICH offset (20).
In this case, LO phase will be always controlled at 90 deg (optimal), even if we change the MICH offset, as BH55_Q will not be sensitve to LO carrier x AS sideband component of the LO phase signal.
In this plot, BHD_DIFF have high sensitivity to MICH, irrelevant of MICH offset (at around zero MICH offset it is hard to see because LO_PHASE lock cannot hold lock, as there will be little LO phase signal in BH55_Q, and measurement error is high for BHD_DIFF and BH55 signals).
MICH sensitivity for BH55_I and BH55_Q is roughly constant, which indicate that LO phase is constant over this measurement, as expected.

These plots indicate that BH55 demodulated at MICH dither frequency can be used to control LO phase robustly at 90 deg, under unknown or zero MICH offset.


Notebook: /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/Git/40m/scripts/CAL/BHD/BH_DIFFSens_pydemod.ipynb

LO phase delay:
 From these measurements of demodulation phases, I guess we can say that phase delay for 55 MHz in LO path with respect to MICH path (length difference in PR2->LO->BHDBS and PR2->ITMs->AS->BHDBS) is

2*(227.569-70(5)-90)-90 = 45(10) deg

 This means that the length difference is (omegam=5*2*pi*11.066195 MHz)

c * np.deg2rad(45(10)+360) / omegam = 6.1(2) m   (360 deg is added to make it close to the design)

  Is this consistent with our design? (According to Yehonathan, it is 12.02 m - 5.23 m = 6.79 m)

  Attachment #4 illustrates signals in BH55.

Next:
 - Lock LO PHASE with BH55 demodulated at MICH dither frequency (RF+audio double demodulation), and repeat the same measurement
 - Finer measurement at small MICH offsets (~1nm) to see how much MICH offset we have
 - Repeat the same measurement with BH55_Q demodulation phase tuned everytime we change the MICH offset to maximize LO phase sensitivity in BH55_Q (a.k.a measurement (b)).
 - What is the best way to tune BH55 demodulation phase?

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