Last night, I tried to find the resonance of Yarm by sweeping the frequency of the injection beam.
A strong beat was present at LT_NPRO=48.7856[C_deg], the power coupling of the injection beam was estimated to be 35%.
(Vmax_beat = 1.060[V], Vmin_beat = 0.460[V], Vno_inject = 0.664[V])
The Yarm was locked and the alignment script was executed. The PLL between the PSL beam and the injection beam was
I tried to scan the freq offset (f_PLL) at around 3.88MHz first, then at around 15.52MHz. They are supporsed to be the
first and fourth FSR of the Yarm cavity. The Yarm transmitted power (DC) was observed to find the resonance of the
injection beam. It would have been better to use the RF power, but so far I didnot have the RF PD prepared at the end
transmission. I just used the DC power.
I think I saw the increase of the transmitted power by 10%, at f_PLL = 15.517 +/- 0.003 [MHz]. This corresponds to the
arm cavity length of 38.640 +/- 0.007 [m]. The previous measurement was not so bad!
e-log length [m]
556(2008-Jun-24) 38.70 +/- 0.08 Cavity swinging measurement
556(2008-Jun-24) 38.67 +/- 0.03 tape & photo
This 38.640 +/- 0.007
However, I had difficulties to have more precise measurement mainly because of two reasons:
o The PLL servo is too naive, and the freqency stability of the inj beam is not enough.
The injected beam should have the linewidth (=freq stability) narrower than the cavity linewidth.
o The PLL servo may experience change of the transfer function at around the resonance. The PLL works the other
frequencies. However, close to the resonance, it starts to be unstable.
So the next stuffs we should do is
o Build the PLL just using the incident beams to the ifo, not by the reflected beams.
o Build sophisticated servo to have better frequency stability.
o RF PD at the transmission.
Left the lab with Yarm locked, flipper down, shutter for the NPRO closed.
Alberto and Koji
o We worked for the abs length measurement setup on Thursday night.
o At the last of the work Koji left the 40m lab at 2AM. "Last autoalignment" was restored. The flipper for the
inj beam was down. The shutter for the NPRO was closed.
o The alignment of the injection beam (NPRO) was re-adjusted.
o The laser crystal temp (LT) of the NPRO was scanned.
o After a long struggle the beat was found at about LT=61deg(!). I think this is almost at the maximum temp
for the NPRO. Note that this is not the diode temp, and therefore it will not damage the laser as far as the
TEC for the crystal works.
o Only the X arm was aligned.
o The alignment of the injection beam was adjusted such that the beating amplitude got maximum.
o At the faraday of the NPRO, we had 2.4V_DC and 1.8V_DC with and without the inj beam, respectively. The
beating amplitude was 200mVpp (at around 2.4V).
o With a simple calculation, the mode overlapping of tghe injection beam is only 0.0023. Ahhh. It is too weak.
In the modematching or something must be wrong.
o The position of the mode matching lens was tweaked a little. It did not help to increase the beat ampitude.
Even worse. (The lens was restored and the values above was obatined with the latest setting.)
o Then tried to build a PLL. It locks easily.
- Put the beat signal into the mixer RF input.
- Connect 10dBm @1MHz-10MHz from the marconi oscillator to the LO input. The supposed nominal LO level was
not checked so far. Just used 10dBm.
- The IF output was connected to an SR560 with 10Hz LPF (6dB/oct) with G=500 or so.We don't need to care
about the sign.
- The output of the SR560 was connected to FAST PZT input of the NPRO.
o The problem was that there was strong intermodulations because of 33MHz. No LPFwas used before the mixer.
Because of this spourious modulations, the PLL servo locks at the local zero crossings. These will be solved
o Eventually left the 40m lab at 2AM. "Last autoalignment" was restored. The flipper for the inj beam was
down. The shutter for the NPRO was closed.
e-log length [m] Measurement Conditions
556(2008-Jun-24) 38.67 +/- 0.03 Cavity swinging measurement
776(2008-Jul-31) 38.640 +/- 0.007 Beam injection, poor PLL, Transmitted DC
782(2008-Aug-02) 38.6455 +/- 0.0012 Beam injection, independent PLL, Transmitted DC
this(2008-Aug-04) 38.64575 +/- 0.00037 Beam injection, independent PLL, Transmitted RF
e-log length [m]
556 38.70 +/- 0.08 Cavity swinging measurement
556 38.67 +/- 0.03 tape & photo
776 38.640 +/- 0.007 Beam injection, poor PLL, Transmitted DC
this 38.6455 +/- 0.0012 Beam injection, independent PLL, Transmitted DC
Alberto and Koji,
Last Friday evening, Koji found that the power adj setting (indicated by ADJ) of the NPRO was somehow set to be
ADJ=-45 and yielded the output power of about 200mW instead of 700mW. This is not good because too small pump power
varies thermal conditions of the crystal such as thermal lensing, thermal gradient, and os on. The ADJ setting and the
crystal temperature had been restored to ADJ=0 and LT=~48deg (nominal of the controller), respectively.
Today we tried the quest of the beating again and the above power setting helped a lot! The beating was immediately
found at LT=48.55deg that is very close to the laser's nominal temp. Also the beating got significantly bigger.
After the alignment adjustment 50%-intenisity modulated signal was obtained. From the power calculation it was
estimated that the power coupling of the injected beam is to be 12%~13%. This not so good yet, but something which we
This time the modulation structure of the PSL beam was clearly observed. I could obtain the beating of the injection
beam with the carrier, the upper/lower sidebands of the 33MHz and 166MHz modulations, and the 2nd order of the
33MHz. They were beautiful as if working with an OSA. Very nice.
In reality, those additional intenisty modulations as well as the residual 33MHz signal from the main IFO are
disturbing for the PLL to be locked at the proper frequency. So, now Alberto is working on a passive LPF with
notch at 33MHz. The design was already done. This allows us to work up to 20MHz and at the same time, provides
60dB attenuation at 33MHz (in principle). Very cool.
Koji, on the other hand, continued to work with the PLL servo with some ready-made passive filters. Owing to the
fillters, the error signal was cleaner and the PLL was locked at the proper frequency. The PLL setup is as attatched.
Sideband rejection filter will be replaced to Alberto's one. The photo is the display of the RF spectrum analyzer with
beat locked at 8MHz.
So the next step, we try to find the resonances of the arm cavity with the injection beam once the IFO comes back.
At the last of the experiment "Last autoalignment" was restored, the flipper for the
inj beam was down, and the shutter for the NPRO was closed.
f_freq_count = K0 + K1 * f_IFR [Hz]
K0 = 0.00 +/- 0.02
K1 = 0.999999470 +/- 0.000000001
% FP Cavity HOM Frequencies Estimate
% Alberto Stochino, October 2008
R1 = 7280; % Mirror1 radius of curvature
R2 = 57.57; % Mirror2 radius of curvature
L = 38.458; % Length of the FP Cavity
n = 1; % X Order of the Mode
m = 0; % Y Order of the Mode
c = 299792458; % Speed of Light
Today I tried to setup Acromag Busworks card. I was able to calibrate and test it over USB but I couldn't test it over ethernet. I'll utilize a few hours tomorrow to test it over ethernet and see if I can make it work. I have also found a few RTDs which I want to use for temperature sensing via four probe method. So, tomorrow I'll get these RTD details revived by Gautam and Steve.
I was wondering if we have a basic DAQ card with maybe 4 channels which is simple to setup like NI DAQ cards.
I tried to recompile the modbusApp binary for linux-arm acrhitecture since I suspected someting wrong with it. But still the problem persists; I can connect to acromag but cannot access the channels. I have also reconfigured new acromag bus works terminal XT 1221-000 and I want to test if I could access its channels. My target is to complete this acromag setup work before sunday morning so that I can focus towards having some useful results for my presentation.
To test it, we are shaking all of the suspension biases +/-1.0 with a script.
The hysteresis test has been aborted.
All of the suspensions have accumulated unexpectedly big DC biases of about 5 from their nominal points.
Do you guys have timestamps for when you started/ended the test? I have been trying to take some long-term RAM data but keep getting foiled by stuff (this test, RTS upgrade, switching of RAMmon channels, etc.)
All of the suspensions have accumulated unexpectedly big DC biases of about 5 from their nominal points.
The test was from: 2011-12-17 09:48 to 11:49 (UTC).
This corresponds to the period from 2011-12-17 01:48 to 3:49 (PST).
This morning I found a frequency generator connected to something on the PSL table sitting on the blue step next to the sliding doors.
Is anyone using it? Has it been forgotten there? If that's the case, can the interested person please take care of removing it?
Last night there was an activity for a calibratuon work, which I helped. I can take care of the FG.
ELOG is back up and running after last Friday's disk-crash-a-thon. SVN is still a work in progress. Jenne and I are now restarting computers and such.
Please just try rebooting the vxworks machine. I think there is a key on the card or create that will reset the device. These machines are "embeded" so they're designed to be hard reset, so don't worry, just restart the damn thing and see if that fixes the problem.
This is what I remember doing all the time when Rob was around, but with all the new computers, I forgot whether or not this was allowed for the slow computers.
Anyhow, I went down there and keyed the crate, but auxey isn't coming back. I'll give it a few more minutes and check again, but then I might go and power cycle it again. If that doesn't work, we may have a much bigger problem.
I went and keyed the crate again, and this time the computer came back. I burt restored to Nov 10th. ETMY is damping again.
+ I found that burtrestore for the ETMX DC coil forces were not functional.
=> currently ETMX's "restore" and "mislalign" buttons on the C1IFO_ALIGN screen are not working.
=> According to the error messages, something seemed wrong on c1auxex, which is a slow machine controlling the DC force.
Suresh pointed out the oddity that all of the EX, EY slow channels were showing white boxes on the medm screens on all of the workstations except Rosalba. I don't know why Rosalba seemed to be working, but whatever. I'm not 100% sure that Rosalba was even working properly....I shutdown ETMX and ETMY's watchdogs before we went to boot computers, but when I came back to the control room the 2 optics were rung up anyway. Turning back on the watchdogs, the optics immediately began to damp happily.
Since Kiwamu had trouble with the slow channels for EX, we decided to key some crates.
We keyed the c1auxey, and c1auxex crates, waited a few seconds, and then things looked okay in medm-land. I looked at the "View Backup" for ETMX, and there were no values for the DC sliders, so since the arms are both flashing right now, I did a "save", and then confirmed that I can misalign and restore the optic. However, since I didn't fully align/lock the cavity, the saved value for right now shouldn't be fully trusted. We might have to manually align the cavity using the BS.
I was trying to characterize the AM/PM response of the X end laser. I tried to measure the AM response first, as follows:
Attachment #1 shows the measured AM response. It differs qualitatively in shape from the earlier measurements reported in this elog and on the wiki below the 100kHz region.
It looks like some of the features may have shifted in frequency. The previous measurement results can be found in /users/OLD/mott/PZT/2NPRO, can you plot the two AM measurements together?
There were a number of directories in /users/OLD/mott/PZT/2NPRO, I've used the data in Innolight_AM_New. Also, I am unsure as to what their "calibration" factor is to convert the measured data into RIN, so I've just used a value of 0.8, with which I got the plot to match up as close as possible to the plot in this elog. I also redid the measurement today, given that the laser parameters have changed. The main difference was that I used an excitation amplitude of +15dBm, and an "IF Bandwidth" of 30Hz in the parameter files for making these measurements, which I chose to match the parameters Mott used. There does seem to be a shift in some of the features, but the <100kHz area seems similar to the old measurement now.
Having put the PD back in, I also took measurements of the RIN with the input to the laser PZT terminated. There is no difference with the Noise Eater On or OFF!
The PDA photodetectors are DC coupled, so you cannot use them to go directly into the analyzer. Must use the DC block so that you can reduce the input attenuation on the B channel and then lower the drive amplitude.
Good policy for TF measurements: drive as softly as you can and still measure in a reasonable amount of time, but no softer than that.
The beat setup has been made on the PSL table. The BS and the PD were setup. The beat was found at 29.42degC and 50.58degC for the PSL and AUX crystal temperatures, respectively.
We are ready for the EOM test. I have instruments stacked around the PSL table. Please leave them as they are for a while. If you need to move them, please contact with me. Thanks.
A picked-off PSL after the main modulator was used as the PSL beam. This was already introduced close to the setup thanks to the previous 3f cancellation test ELOG 11029. The AUX beam was obtained from the transmission of 90% mirror. Both paths have S polarization. The beams are combined with a S-pol 50% BS. The combined beam is detected by a new focus 1GHz PD.
The PSL crystal temp (actual) was 50.58degC. The AUX crystal temp was swept upward and the string beat was found at 50.58degC. After a bit of alignment, the beat strength was -18dBm (at 700V/A RF transimpedance of NF1611) .
Attached are final details of the phase-locked loop (PLL) implementation we'll use for slaving the AUX 700 mW NPRO laser to the PSL.
The first image is a schematic of the electronics used to create the analog loop. They are curently housed on an analyzer cart beside the PSL table. If this setup is made permanent, we will move them to a location inside the PSL table enclosure.
The second image is the measured transfer function of the closed loop. It achieves approximately 20 dB of noise suppression at low frequencies, with a UGF of 50 kHz. In this configuration, locks were observed to hold for 10s of minutes.
this doesn't make much sense to me; the phase to frequency conversion (mixer-demod to PZT ) should give us a 1/f loop as Johannes mentioned in the meeting. That doesn't agree with your loop shape.
How about give us some more details of the setup including photos and signal/power levels? And maybe measure the LB1005 TF by itself to find out what's wrong with the loop.
Below is analysis of measurements I had taken of the AUX-PSL PLL using an SR560 as the servo controller (1 Hz single-pole low-pass, gain varied 100-500). The resulting transfer function is in good agreement with that found by Gautam and Koji (#13848). The optimal gain is found to be 200, which places the UGF at 15 kHz with a 45 deg phase margin.
For now I have reverted the PLL to use the SR560 instead of the LB1005. The issue with the LB1005 is that the TTL input for remote control only "freezes" the integrator, but does not actually reset it. This is fine if the lock is disabled in a controlled way (i.e., via the medm interface). However, if the lock is lost uncontrollably, the integrator is stuck in a garbage state that prevents re-locking. The only way to reset this integrator is to manually flip a switch on the controller box (no remote reset). Rana suggests we might be able to find a workaround using a remote-controlled relay before the controller.
Per Steve's instructions, we did the following:
The AUX laser is down to 5.4 mW output power
What's worse, because we wanted those fast switching times by the AOM for ringdowns, I made the beam really small, which
When going though the labs with Koji last week I discovered a stash of modulators in the Crackle lab. Among them there's an 80 MHz AOM with compact driver that had a modulation bandwidth of 30MHz. The fall time with this one should be around 100ns, and since the arm cavities have linewidths of ~10kHz their ringdown times are a few microseconds, so that would be sufficient. I suggest we swap this or a similar one in for the current one, make the beam larger, and redo the fiber modematching. That way we may get ~3mW onto the AS table.
I think I want to use AS110 for the ringdowns, so in the next couple days I'll look into its noise to get a better idea about what power we need for the arm ringdowns.
I worked a bit on recovering the DRMI locking again tonight. I decided to shutter the AUX laser on the PSL table at least until I figured out the correct locking settings. As has become customary now, there was a cable in the AS beampath (leading from the AS55 DC monitor to nothing, through the enclosure side panel, it is visible in Attachment #3 in this elog) which I only found after 30mins of futility - please try and remove all un-necessary cables and leave the AS beampath in a usable state after working on the AS table! In the end, I got several short (~3mins) stretches in tonight, but never long enough to do the loop characterization I wanted to get in tonight, probably wrong gains in one or more of the loops. In the last 30 minutes, the IMC has been frequently losing lock, so I am quitting for now. The AUX laser remains shuttered.
To facilitate the 1um MZ frequency stabilization project, I decided that the AUX laser was a better candidate than any of the other 3 active NPROs in the lab as (i) it is already coupled into a ~60m long fiber, (ii) the PSL table has the most room available to set up the readout optics for the delayed/non-delayed beams and (iii) this way I can keep working on the IR ALS system in parallel. So we moved the end of the fiber from the AS table to the SE corner of the PSL table. None of the optics mode-matching the AUX beam to the interferometer were touched, and we do not anticipate disturbing the input coupling into the fiber either, so it should be possible to recover the AUX beam injection into the IFO relatively easily.
Anjali is going to post detailed photos, beam layout, and her proposed layout/MM solutions later today. The plan is to use free space components for everything except the fiber delay line, as we have these available readily. It is not necessarily the most low-noise option, but for a first pass, maybe this is sufficient and we can start building up a noise budget and identify possible improvements.
The AUX laser remians in STANDBY mode for now. HEPA was turned up while working at the PSL table, and remains on high while Anjali works on the layout.
Attachment #1 shows the schematic of the experimental setup for the frequency noise measurement of 1 um laser source.
AUX laser will be used as the seed source and it is already coupled to a 60 m fiber (PM980). The other end of the fiber was at the AS table and we have now removed it and placed in the PSL table.
Attachment # 2 shows the photograph of the experimental setup. The orange line shows the beam that is coupled to the delayed arm of MZI and the red dotted line shows the undelayed path.
As mentioned, AUX is already coupled to the 60 m fiber and the other end of the fiber is now moved to the PSL table. This end needs to be collimated. We are planning to take the same collimator from AS table where it was coupled into before. The position where the collimator to be installed is shown in attachment #2. Also, we need to rotate the mirror (as indicated in attachment #2) to get the delayed beam along with the undelayed beam and then to combine them. As indicated in attachment #2, we can install one more photo diode to perform balanced detection.
We need to decide on which photodetector to be used. It could be NF1801 or PDA255.
We also performed the power measurement at different locations in the beam path. The different locations at which power measurement is done is shown attachment #3
There is an AOM in the beam path that coupled to the delayed arm of MZI. The output beam after AOM was coupled to the zero-order port during this measurement. That is the input voltage to the AOM was at 0 V, which essentially says that the beam after the AOM is not deflected and it is coupled to the zero-order port. The power levels measured at different locations in this condition are as follows. A)282 mW B)276 mW C)274 mW D)274 mW E)273 mW F)278 mW G)278 mW H)261 mW I)263 mW J)260 mW K)131 mW L)128 mW M)127 mW N)130 mW
It can be seen that the power is halved from J to K. This because of a neutral density filter in the path of the beam
In this case, we measured a power of 55 mW at the output of the delayed fiber. We then adjusted the input voltage to the AOM driver to 1 V such that the output of AOM is coupled to the first order port. This reduced the power level in the zero-order port of AOM that is coupled to the delayed arm of the MZI. In this case we measured a power of 0.8 mW at the output of delayed fiber.
We must be careful about the power level that is reaching the photodetector such that it should not exceed the damage threshold of the detector.
The power measured at the output of undelayed path is 0.8 mW.
We also must place the QWP and HWP in the beam path to align the polarisation.
As discussed at the meeting earlier this week, we will use some old *MOPA* channels for interfacing with the PLL system Jon is setting up. He is going to put a sketch+photos up here shortly, but in the meantime, Koji helped me identify a channel that can be used to tune the temperature of the Lightwave NPRO crystal via front panel BNC input. It is C1:PSL-126MOPA_126CURADJ, and is configured to output between +/-10V, which is exactly what the controller can accept. The conversion factor from EPICS value to volts is currently set to 1 (i.e. EPICS value of +1 corresponds to +1V output from the DAC). With the help of the wiring diagram, we identified pins 3 and 4 on cross-connect #J7 as the differential outputs corresponding to this channel. Not sure if we need to also setup a TTL channel for servo ENABLE/DISABLE, but if so, the wiring diagram should help us identify this as well.
The cable from the DAC to the cross-connect was wrongly labelled. I fixed this now.
(Analisa, Keerthana, Sandrine)
So far we tried four different techniques to scan the AUX laser. They are,
1. Scanning the marconi frequency to sweep the central frequency of the AUX laser.
2. Sweeping the side band frequency of the AUX laser by providing RF frequency from the spectrum analyser.
3. Double demodulation technique.
4. Single demodulation technique.
Now we are taking all the scan data with the help of Single demodulation technique.
Not much progress today with the AUX cavity scans. I've determined there still are some alignment issues.
At the start of today a large AUX/PSL beat note was visible on the AS110 sensor, at a similar power as where we left off last night (-60 dBm). Proceeding from there, I attempted to reproduce Johannes' measurement of the cavity transmission resonances. I misaligned the X-arm, locked the Y-arm cavity, and scanned the AUX RF offset approximately 8 MHz in 2 kHz steps. This should have swept through two FSRs, but nothing was visible.
Further inspection revealed that none of the PSL light was making it back to through the AUX fiber to the PSL table. I take this to mean that the beam seen earlier on AS110 was the ITMY reflection, and that the AUX injection axis was no longer reaching ETMY. I also found that the AUX beam size just after the 90/10 beasmsplitter looks anomolously large. Maybe a lens was recently changed? In any case, the mode-matching looks like it is going to need to be readjusted.
We did swap a lens as discussed in elog 13968, but they both had f=100mm specified, the difference being one was AR-coated for 1064 and bi-convex, while the other one was plano-convex and had a different coating. The reason for the large beam spot was something else: The fiber wasn't sitting in the coupler properly. When reconnecting the fiber after taking it out make sure to align the key on the fiber end with the notch in the coupler before tightening. After discovering this the following was done:
Before leaving I restored the XARM alignment. SRM remains misaligned, LSC off. Alignment shouldn't change drastically over night, so I suggest when picking this work up tomorrow to directly look for the beats after phaselocking AUX and PSL
At some point we want to change the AUX injection on the AS table to interfere less with the normal interferometer path, and avoid 10/90 beamsplitters which produce a fair amount of ghosting. The plan is to replace the 99/1 BS whose reflection goes to AS110 and AS55, while the transmission goes to the AS camera, with a 90/10 BS as shown in the attachment. This results in ~10% less light on the PDs compared to the pre-AUX era. Between this BS and the AS camera there will be a second 90/10 BS that sends the AUX light into the IFO, so we end up with marginally less AUX power into the IFO and the same PSL power on the AS cam. We're short optics, so this has to wait until two new beamsplitters arrive from CVI.
[Jon, Gautam, Johannes]
Jon spent some time trying to align the AUX beam to the SRC today, I got to the game kind of late so maybe others can add more detail.
The AUX beam that is reflected by the SRM looks terribly misshapen - it is quite elongated in vertical direction. Unfortunately I didn't snap a picture of it - anybody? It seemed at first as if this could be clipping - but after confirming the alignment of the AUX beam with the PSL output beam with aligned SRM, a slow dither of the SRM just moved the ugly pattern on the AS camera with no change to its shape - so clipping is unlikely. I'm now thinking that this is just the output beam of the fiber coupler after propagating ~15 meters to the SRM and back - even though this aspheric lens triplet coupler is supposed to be super-duper. I found that if I loosen the fiber slightly and pull it back just a bit at least the spot on the AS camera becomes nice and round - so maybe the fiber just doesn't sit well in this collimator? Not sure why that would be. I checked the fiber tip with the microscope, and while there was some gunk present, the central region and the core were clear (still cleaned using the fiber cleaning kit, which got rid of the debris). Either way, before switching to a different collimator I think we should give the Guoy phase measurement a shot - after all there was plenty of RF signal present on both AS110 and the PDA10CF placed at the YEND.
Looking for rogue beams on the AS table, I started placing some beam dumps. There was one particularly strong source of stray beams - a lens that was labeled with KPX094AR.33_F100. It became apparent after alignment efforts to the IFO had moved the AUX beam signifcantly off-center on this lens. According to the label it should have an AR coating for 1064nm, however judging by the amount of reflected light, it was certainly NOT AR-coated for 1064nm. I replaced it with a bi-convex f=100mm lens with confirmed AR-behavior.
The AUX laser is currently shuttered.
Per our Wednesday meeting, some items to work on are
These telescopes will be used to mode match//couple the dumped SHG light from both PSL and AUX (Y-Arm) lasers into PM fibers for use in FOL.
Using the waist measurements I made yesterday (29/7/14) as seed waists, I used a la mode to design coupling telescopes.
These are designed to match the output mode of the fibers with collimators.
ALM files are attached in .zip file.
Once the fibers are coupled, I will continue in assembling the Y-Arm FOL setup, using fiber coupled beam combiner and photodiodes.
I will also do the same procedure for the X-Arm, access permitting.