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ID Date Author Type Category Subjectdown
  1717   Tue Jul 7 15:08:49 2009 KojiSummaryPhotos40 high school students visited 40M

Alan and Alberto conducted a tour of 40 high-school students.
It may be the same tour that Rana found a spare PMC during the tour explanation as far as I remember...

  2283   Tue Nov 17 15:54:34 2009 ranaSummaryPEM40 days of weather

the inside temperature is alarming at the red level today - should check if the HIHI value is set correctly

  268   Fri Jan 25 15:53:59 2008 AlbertoUpdateElectronics40 dB from the 3rd order Chebyschev
I managed to tune the 7 knobs in the 3rd order Chebyshev bandpass filter obtaining the tranfer function attached to this entry. We have now 40 dB of attenuation between 166 Mhz and 133 and 199. With this tuning the insertion loss is rather high. We need a better one.


Alberto
  1420   Tue Mar 24 09:04:02 2009 steveUpdateSUS4.8 mag earthquake

SRM, ITMX, ETMX, ITMY and ETMY lost damping at 4:55am this morning from 4.8 magnitude earthquake.

Their damping were restored.

C1:SUS-ITMX_URSEN_OUTPUT swich was found in off position. It was turned on.

MZehnder  and MC were locked.

The WFS qpd spot needs recentering

  13829   Thu May 10 08:45:16 2018 SteveUpdateGeneral4.5M eq. Cabazon, CA

20180508 4:49am Cabazon earth quake 4.5M at 79 miles away.  ETMX is in load cell measurment condition.

Quote:

There was an earthquake, all watchdogs were tripped, ITMX was stuck, and c1psl was dead so MCautolocker was stuck.

Watchdogs were reset (except ETMX which remains shutdown until we finish with the stack weight measurement), ITMX was unstuck using the usual jiggling technique, and the c1psl crate was keyed.

 

  11914   Wed Jan 6 08:09:04 2016 SteveUpdatePEM4.5 Mag Banning EQ

IFO restored after 4.5 Mag Banning, Ca earthquake.

  9737   Tue Mar 18 08:31:37 2014 SteveUpdateSUS4.4M local earthquake & its miracle

Quote:

It was little bit surprising to me but Rana's professorial rock'n roll excitation released its sticking on the unconfirmed thing by unconfirmed reason.

I aligned the Xarm manually and via ASS.

Now we are back in the normal state.

 This recovery proceeder deserves a pattern

Note: IR shield glass position variations,  Atm4

  9729   Mon Mar 17 09:27:05 2014 SteveUpdateSUS4.4M local earthquake

 It looks like that ETMX have  2 sticky magnets.

 

  9734   Mon Mar 17 20:44:42 2014 ranaUpdateSUS4.4M local earthquake
  9735   Mon Mar 17 21:55:36 2014 KojiUpdateSUS4.4M local earthquake

It was little bit surprising to me but Rana's professorial rock'n roll excitation released its sticking on the unconfirmed thing by unconfirmed reason.

I aligned the Xarm manually and via ASS.

Now we are back in the normal state.

  9736   Tue Mar 18 00:51:02 2014 JenneUpdateSUS4.4M local earthquake

 

 I am really, really happy to hear that it was just a sticking situation.  Really happy. 

  11904   Wed Dec 30 11:09:52 2015 SteveUpdateSUS4.4M EQ

Suspensions recovered after 4.4 Mag EQ

 

  9559   Thu Jan 16 08:19:29 2014 SteveUpdatePEM4.4 and 3.8M local earth quakes


It looks like there was a 4.4 magnitude earthquake near Fontana, CA around 1:30am today.  This tripped all of the suspension watchdogs, which Q has just now re-enabled. 

   Earth quake shake down yesterday Atm1

Atm2, today's shake

  9556   Wed Jan 15 13:05:30 2014 JenneUpdatePEM4.4 EQ in Fontana, CA

It looks like there was a 4.4 magnitude earthquake near Fontana, CA around 1:30am today.  This tripped all of the suspension watchdogs, which Q has just now re-enabled. 

  11903   Mon Dec 28 14:12:23 2015 SteveUpdateSUS4.2M EQ

Suspensions are recovered after 4.2 Mag earth quake. No obvoius sign of damage.

 

  12995   Wed May 17 08:19:59 2017 SteveUpdateSUS4.1M earthquake

Sus dampings recovered. ETMY oplev needs to be recentered.

GV May 17 11am: I shut down the BS, SRM, ITMX and ITMY watchdogs, as the coil-driver boards for these optics are presently not installed.
 

  11158   Mon Mar 23 09:42:29 2015 SteveSummaryIOO4" PSL beam path posts

To achive the same beam height each components needs their specific post height.

 Beam Height Base Plate Mirror Mount Lens Mount  Waveplates-Rotary 0.75" OD. SS Post Height                      
             
4" Thorlabs BA2   Newport LH-1   2.620"  
4" Thorlabs BA2 Polaris K1     2.620"  
4" Thorlabs BA2 Polaris K2     2.220"  
4" Thorlabs BA2   Thorlabs LMR1   2.750"  
4" Thorlabs BA2     New Focus 9401 2.120"  
4" Thorlabs BA2 Newport U100     2.620"  
4" Thorlabs BA2 Newport U200     2.120"  
4" Newport 9021   LH-1   2.0" PMC-MM lens with xy translation stage: Newport 9022, 9065A    Atm3
4" Newport 9021   LH-1   1.89 MC-MM lens with translation stage: Newport 9022, 9025        Atm2

We have 2.625" tall, 3/4" OD SS posts for Polaris K1 mirror mounts: 20 pieces

Ordered Newport LH-1 lens mounts with axis height 1.0 yes

 

  8473   Mon Apr 22 19:48:56 2013 JenneUpdate40m Upgrading4 pins enough?

Are 4 of these spring loaded pins enough?  I'm not sure how one pin can hold 2 lids at each point.  It seems like we need 8 pins.

  8475   Tue Apr 23 15:00:20 2013 JenneUpdate40m Upgrading4 pins enough?

Quote:

Are 4 of these spring loaded pins enough?  I'm not sure how one pin can hold 2 lids at each point.  It seems like we need 8 pins.

 Steve has explained to me that the pins will go in between the 2 lids, with a big washer, so that one pin holds both lids at the same time.  4 is the right number.

  9576   Mon Jan 27 09:08:00 2014 SteveUpdateVAC4 days at atmosphere

 

 

  6929   Fri Jul 6 09:27:40 2012 steveUpdateVAC4 days at atm

 I'm looking for some movement indicators of the vent-pump down events.

 

  11005   Wed Feb 11 18:11:46 2015 KojiSummaryLSC3f modulation cancellation

33MHz sidebands can be elliminated by careful choice of the modulation depths and the relative phase between the modulation signals.
If this condition is realized, the REFL33 signals will have even more immunity to the arm cavity signals because the carrier signal will lose
its counterpart to produce the signal at 33MHz.

Formulation of double phase modulation

m1: modulation depth of the f1 modulation
m2: modulation depth of the f2 (=5xf1) modulation

The electric field of the beam after the EOM

E=E_0 \exp \left[ {\rm i} \Omega t + m_1 \cos \omega t +m_2 \cos 5 \omega t \right ]
\flushleft = {\it E}_0 e^{{\rm i} \Omega t} \\ \times \left[ J_0(m_1) + J_1(m_1) e^{{\rm i} \omega t}- J_1(m_1) e^{-{\rm i} \omega t} + J_2(m_1) e^{{\rm i} 2\omega t}+ J_2(m_1) e^{-{\rm i} 2\omega t} + J_3(m_1) e^{{\rm i} 3\omega t}- J_3(m_1) e^{-{\rm i} 3\omega t} + \cdots \right] \\ \times \left[ J_0(m_2) + J_1(m_2) e^{{\rm i} 5 \omega t}- J_1(m_2) e^{-{\rm i} 5 \omega t} + \cdots \right]
\flushleft = {\it E}_0 e^{{\rm i} \Omega t} \\ \times \left\{ \cdots + \left[ J_3(m_1) J_0(m_2) + J_2(m_1) J_1(m_2) \right] e^{{\rm i} 3 \omega t} - \left[ J_3(m_1) J_0(m_2) + J_2 (m_1) J_1(m_2) \right] e^{-{\rm i} 3 \omega t} + \cdots \right\}

Therefore what we want to realize is the following "extinction" condition
J_3(m_1) J_0(m_2) + J_2(m_1) J_1(m_2) = 0

We are in the small modulation regime. i.e. J0(m) = 1, J1(m) = m/2, J2(m) = m2/8, J3(m) = m3/48
Therefore we can simplify the above exitinction condition as

m_1 + 3 m_2 = 0

m2 < 0 means the start phase of the m2 modulation needs to be 180deg off from the phase of the m1 modulation.

E = E_0 \exp\left\{ {\rm i} [\Omega t + m_1 \cos \omega t + \frac{m_1}{3} \cos (5 \omega t + \pi)] \right \}

Field amplitude m1=0.3, m2=-0.1 m1=0.2, m2=0.2
Carrier 0.975 0.980
1st order sidebands 0.148 9.9e-2
2nd 1.1e-3 4.9e-3
3rd 3.5e-7 6.6e-4
4th 7.4e-3 9.9e-3
5th 4.9e-2 9.9e-2
6th 7.4e-3 9.9e-3
7th 5.6e-4 4.9e-4
8th 1.4e-5 4.1e-5
9th 1.9e-4 5.0e-4
10th 1.2e-3 4.9e-3
11th 1.9e-4 5.0e-4
12th 1.4e-5 2.5e-5
13th 4.7e-7 1.7e-6
14th 3.1e-6 1.7e-5
15th 2.0e-5 1.6e-4

 

  11019   Thu Feb 12 23:47:45 2015 KojiUpdateLSC3f modulation cancellation

- I built another beat setup on the PSL table at the South East side of the table.
- The main beam is not touched, no RF signal is touched, but recognize that I was present at the PSL table.
- The beat note is found. The 3rd order sideband was not seen so far.
- A PLL will be built tomorrow. The amplifier box Manasa made will be inspected tomorrow.

- One of the two beams from the picked-off beam from the main beam line was introduced to the beat setup.
(The other beam is used of for the beam pointing monitors)
There is another laser at that corner and the output from this beam is introduced into the beat setup.
The combined beam is introduced to PDA10CF (~150MHz BW).

- The matching of the beam there is poor. But without much effort I found the beat note.
  The PSL laser had 31.33 deg Xtal temp. When the beat was found, the aux laser had the Xtal temp of 40.88.

- I could observe the sidebands easily, with a narrower BW of the RF analizer I could see the sidebands up to the 2nd order.
  The 3rd order was not seen at all.

- The beat note had the amplitude of about -30dBm. One possibility is to amplify the signal. I wanted to use a spare channel
of the ALS/FOLL amplifier box. But it gave me rather attenuation than any amplification.
I'll look at the box tomorrow.

- Also the matching of two beams are not great. The PD also has clipping I guess. These will also be improved tomorrow

- Then the beat note will be locked at a certain frequency using PLL so that we can reduce the measurement BW more.

 

  11028   Sat Feb 14 00:48:13 2015 KojiUpdateLSC3f modulation cancellation

[SUCCESS] The 3f sideband cancellation seemed worked nicely.

- Beat effeciency improved: ~30% contrast (no need for amplification)

- PLL locked

- 3f modulation sideband was seen

- The attenuation of the 55MHz modulation and the delay time between the modulation source was adjusted to
have maximum reduction of the 3f sidebands as much as allowed in the setup. This adjustment has been done
at the frequency generation box at 1X2 rack.

- The measurement and receipe for the sideband cancellation come later.


- This means that I jiggled the modulation setup at 1X2 rack. Now the modulation setup was reverted to the original,
but just be careful to any change of the sensing behavior.

- The RF analyzer was returned to the control room.

- The HEPA speed was reduced from 100% (during the action on the table) to 40%.

  11029   Sat Feb 14 19:54:04 2015 KojiSummaryLSC3f modulation cancellation

Optical Setup

[Attachment 1]

Right before the PSL beam goes into the vacuum chamber, it goes through an AR-wedged plate.
This AR plate produces two beams. One of them is for the IO beam angle/position monitor.
And the other was usually dumped. I decided to use this beam.

A G&H mirror reflects the beam towards the edge of the table.
A 45deg HR mirror brings this beam to the beat set up at the south side of the table.
This beam is S-polarlized as it directly comes from the EOM.

[Attachment 2]

The beam from the PSL goes through a HWP and some matching lenses before the combining beam splitter (50% 45deg P).
The AUX laser beam is attenuated by a HWP and a PBS. The transmitted beam from the PBS is supposed
to have P-polarization. The beam alignment is usually done at the PSL beam side.

The combined beam is steered by a HR mirror and introduced to Thorlabs PDA10CF. As the PD has small diameter
of 0.5mm, the beam needed to be focused by a strong lens.

After careful adjustment of the beam mode matching, polarization, and alignment, the beatnote was ~1Vpp for 2.5Vdc.
In the end, I reduced the AUX laser power such that the beat amplitude went down to ~0.18Vpp (-11dBm at the PD,
-18dBm at the mixer, -27dBm at the spectrum analyzer) in order to minimize nonlinearity of the RF system and
in order that the spectrum analyzer didn't need input attenuation.

Electrical Setup

[Attachment 3]

The PD signal is mixed with a local oscillator signal at 95MHz, and then used to lock the PLL loop.
The PLL loop allows us to observe the peaks with more integration time, and thus with a better signal-to-noise ratio.

The signal from the PD output goes through a DC block, then 6dB attenuator. This attenuator is added to damp reflection
and distortion between the PD and the mixer. When the PLL is locked, the dominant signal is the one at 95MHz. Without this attenuator,
this strong 95MHz signal cause harmonic distortions like 190MHz. As a result, it causes series of spurious peaks at 190MHz +/- n* 11MHz.

10dB coupler is used to peep the PD signal without much disturbing the main line. Considering we have 6dB attanuator,
we can use this coupler output for the PLL and can use the main line for the RF monitor, next time.

The mixer takes the PD signal and the LO signal from Marconi. Marconi is set to have +7dBm output at 95MHz.
FOr the image rejection, SLP1.9 was used. The minicirsuit filters have high-Z at the stop band, we need a 50Ohm temrinator
between the mixer and the LPF.

The error signal from the LPF is fed to SR560 (G=+500, 1Hz 1st-order LPF). I still don't understand why I had to use a LPF
for the locking.
As the NPRO PZT is a frequency actuator, and the PLL is sensitive to the phase, we are supposed to use
a flat response for PLL locking. But it didn't work. Once we check the open loop TF of the system, it will become obvious (but I didn't).

The actuation signal is fed to the fast PZT input of the AUX NPRO laser.
 

  11031   Sat Feb 14 20:37:51 2015 KojiSummaryLSC3f modulation cancellation

Experimental results

- PD response [Attachment 1]

The AUX laser temperature was swept along with the note by Annalisa [http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/40m/8369]
It is easier to observe the beat note by closing the PSL shutter as the MC locking yields more fluctuation of the PSL
laser freuqency at low frequency. Once I got the beat note and maximized it, I immediately noticed that the PD response
is not flat. For the next trial, we should use Newfocus 1611. For the measurement today, I decided to characterize the
response by sweeping the beat frequency and use the MAXHOLD function of the spectrum analyzer.

The measured and modelled response of the PD are shown in the attachment 1. It has non-intuitive shape.
Therefore the response is first modelled by two complex pole pair at 127.5MHz with Q of 1, and then the residual was
empirically fitted with 29th polynomial of f.

- Modulation profile of the nominal setting [Attachment 2]

Now the spectrum of the PD output was measured. This is a stiched data of the spectrum between 1~101MHz and 99~199MHz
that was almost simultaneously measured (i.e. Display 1 and Display 2). The IF bandwidth was 1kHz. The PD response correction
described above was applied.

It obviously had the peaks associated with our main modulations. In addition, there are more peaks seen.
The attachment 2 breaks down what is causing the peaks.

  • Carrier: The PLL LO frequency is 95MHz. Therefore the carrier is locked at 95MHz.
  • Modulation sidebands (11/55MHz series):
    Series of sidebands are seen at the both side of the carrier. Their frequency is 95MHz +/- n * fmod  (fmod = 11.066128MHz).
    Note that the sidebands for n>10 were above 200MHz, and n<-9 (indicated in gray) were folded at 0Hz.
    With this measurement BW, the following sidebands were buried in the noise floor.
    n = -8, -12, -13, and -14, n<= -16, and n>=+7
  • Modulation sidebands for IMC and PMC (29.5MHz and 35.5MHz):
    First order sidebands for the IMC and PMC modulations of sidebands are seen at the both side of the carrier.
    Their frequency is 95MHz +/- 29.5MHz or 33.5MHz. The PMC modulation sidebands are supposed to be blocked
    by the PMC. However, due to finite finesse of the PMC, small fraction of the PMC sidebands are transmitted.
    In deed, it is comparable to the modulation depth of the IMC one.
  • RF AM or RF EMI for the main modulation and the IMC modulationand:
    If there is residual RF AM in the PSL beam associated with the IMC and main modulations, it appears as the
    peaks at the modulation frequency and its harmonics. Also EM radiation couples into this measument RF system
    also appears at these frequencies. They are seen at n * fmod  (n=1,2,4,5) and 29.5MHz.
  • Reflection/distortion or leakage from mixer IF to RF:
    The IF port of the mixer naturally has 190MHz signal when the PLL is locked. If the isolation from the IF port to the RF port
    is not enough, this signal can appear in the RF monitor signal via an imperfection of the coupler or a reflection from the PD.
    Also, if the reflecrtion/distortion exist between the PD and the mixer RF input, it also cause the signal around 190MHz.
    It is seen at 190MHz +/- n* fmod. In the plot, the peak at n=0, -1 are visible. In fact these peak were secondarily dominant
    in the spectrum when there was no 6dB attenuation in the PD line. WIth the attenuator, they are well damped and don't disturb
    the main measurment.

From the measured peak height, we are able to estimate the modulation depths for 11MHz, 55MHz, IMC modulations, as well as
the relative phase of the 11MHz and 55MHz modulation. (It is not yet done).

- 3f modulation reduction [Attachment 3]

Now, the redcution of the 3f modulation was tried. The measured modulation levels for the 11MHz and 55MHz were almost the same.
The calculation predicts that the modulation for the 55MHz needs to be 1/3 of the 11MHz one. Therefore the attenuation of 9dB and 10dB
of the modulation attenuation knob at the frequency generation box were tried.

To give the variable delay time in the 55MHz line, EG&G ORTEC delay line unit was used. This allows us to change the delay time from
0ns to 63.5ns with the resolution of 0.5ns. The frequency of 55MHz yields a phase sensitivity of ~20deg/ns (360deg/18ns).
Therefore we can adjust the phase with the precision of 10deg over 1275deg.

The 3rd-order peak at 61.8MHz was observed with measurement span of 1kHz with very narrow BW like 30Hz(? not so sure). The delay
time was swept while measuring the peak height each time. For both the atteuation, the peak height clearly showed the repeatitive dependence
with the period of 18ns, and the 10dB case gave the better result. The difference between the best (1.24e-7 Vpk) and the worst (2.63e-6 Vpk)
was more than a factor of 20.
The 3rd-order peak in the above broadband spectrum measurement was 6.38e-6 Vpk. Considering the attenuation
of the 55MHz modulation by 10dB, we were at the exact unluck phase difference.
The improvement expected from the 3f reduction (in the 33MHz signal)
will be about 50, assuming there is no other coupling mechanism from CARM to REFL33.

I decided to declare the best setting is "10dB attenuation & 28ns delay".

- Resulting modulation profile [Attachment 4]

As a confirmation, the modulation profie was measured as done before the adjustment.
It is clear that the 3rd-order modulation was buried in the floor noise. 10dB attenuation of the 55MHz modulation yields corresponding reduction of the sidebands.
This will impact the signal quality for the 55MHz series error signals, particularly 165MHz ones. We should consider to install the Teledyne Cougar amplifier
next to the EOM so that we can increase the over all modulation depth.

  1354   Wed Mar 4 12:38:07 2009 AlbertoUpdateComputer Scripts / Programs3f locking simulations
I simulated the REFL signals demodulated at the differential frequencies of the sidebands (f2-f1), at their summed frequencies (f2+f1). I also simulated their combination as in the Double Demodulation.
 
I repeated the simulation for:
- Old (current) 40m
- 40m Upgrade
- AdvLIGO
 
I'm attaching the results to this elog entry.
 
The plots show how the signal varies exploring the two-dimensional space of the demodulation frequencies (differential and sum).

 Both the Upgrade and the Old40m's signals look anomalous since the zero-crossing point does not change with the demodulation phases.

I suspect there's is a problem with the optickle model of the 40m.

  5377   Sat Sep 10 14:55:28 2011 KeikoUpdateLSC3f demodulation board check

 To check the demodulation boards for REFL33 and REFL165, a long cable from ETMY (SUS-ETMY-SDCOIL-EXT monitor) is pulled to the rack on Y side.

(1) A filter just after the RF input and (2) transfer function from the RF input to the demodulated signal will be checked for the two 3f demod boards to confirm that they are appropriate for 33 and 165 MHz.

  5378   Sat Sep 10 16:10:42 2011 KeikoUpdateLSC3f demodulation board check

There is a LP filter just after the RF input of an demodulation board (its schematic can be found as D990511-00-C on DCC). I have checked if the 3f freq, 33MHz, can pass  this filter. The filter TF from the RF input to RF monitor (the filter is between the input and monitor) on REFL33 demo-board was measured as shown in Fig. 1. At 33MHz, the magnitude is still flat and OK, but the phase is quite steep. I am going to consider if it is ok for the PDH method or not.

REFL33-input-filter.png

 Fig. 1 Transfer function from the RF input to RF monitor on the REFL33 demodulation board. At 33MHz, a very steep phase is applied on the input signal.

Quote:

 To check the demodulation boards for REFL33 and REFL165, a long cable from ETMY (SUS-ETMY-SDCOIL-EXT monitor) is pulled to the rack on Y side.

(1) A filter just after the RF input and (2) transfer function from the RF input to the demodulated signal will be checked for the two 3f demod boards to confirm that they are appropriate for 33 and 165 MHz.

 

  5380   Sat Sep 10 18:57:52 2011 KeikoUpdateLSC3f demodulation board check

The phase delay due to the RF input filter on the demodulation board will not bother the resulting PDH signals.

I quickly calculated the below question (see the blue sentence in the quote below). I applied an arbitrary phase delay (theta) due to the filter I measured, on the detected RF signal by the photo detector. Then the filtered RF signal is multiplied by cos(omega_m) then filter the higher (2 omega_m) freqency as the usual mixing operation for the PDH signal. As a result, the I signal is delayed by cos(theta) and the Q signal is delayed by sin(theta). Therefore the resulting signals and its orthogonalitity is kept ok. From the sideband point of view, theta is applied on both upper and lower and seems to make the unbalance, however, as it is like a fixed phase offset on both SBs at the modulation frequency, the resulting signals is just multiplied by cos or sin theta for I and Q, respectively. It won't make any strange effect (it is difficult to explain by sentence not using equations!).

Quote:

There is a LP filter just after the RF input of an demodulation board (its schematic can be found as D990511-00-C on DCC). I have checked if the 3f freq, 33MHz, can pass  this filter. The filter TF from the RF input to RF monitor (the filter is between the input and monitor) on REFL33 demo-board was measured as shown in Fig. 1. At 33MHz, the magnitude is still flat and OK, but the phase is quite steep. I am going to consider if it is ok for the PDH method or not.

 Fig. 1 Transfer function from the RF input to RF monitor on the REFL33 demodulation board. At 33MHz, a very steep phase is applied on the input signal.

Quote:

 To check the demodulation boards for REFL33 and REFL165, a long cable from ETMY (SUS-ETMY-SDCOIL-EXT monitor) is pulled to the rack on Y side.

(1) A filter just after the RF input and (2) transfer function from the RF input to the demodulated signal will be checked for the two 3f demod boards to confirm that they are appropriate for 33 and 165 MHz.

 

 

  5385   Sun Sep 11 22:36:32 2011 KeikoUpdateLSC3f demodulation board check

Filters at the RF inputs of REFL33 and REFL165 demodulation boards were measured again. The filters will be totally fine for 33MHz and 165MHz.

Last time I forgot to calibrate the cable lengths, therefore the phase delay of the measurement included the cable lengths. This time the measurements were done for REFL33 and REFL165 demod board with calibration. As the cable lengths were calibrated, the shown plots (Fig.1 and Fig.2) do not include the phase delay dues to measurement cables. Please note that the x-axis is in linear. The phase delays of both boards seems to be not too steep (it will not affect anyway, as Kiwamu pointed out in his comment on the previous post). You can see that the two filters do not filter 33MHz and 165MHz component out.

REFL33.png

Fig.1 A response of a filter which is placed just after the RF input of the demodulation board for REFL33. X-axis is shown in linear (~50MHz).

REFL165.png

Fig.2 A response of a filter which is placed just after the RF input of the demodulation board for REFL165.

 

Quote:

There is a LP filter just after the RF input of an demodulation board (its schematic can be found as D990511-00-C on DCC). I have checked if the 3f freq, 33MHz, can pass  this filter. The filter TF from the RF input to RF monitor (the filter is between the input and monitor) on REFL33 demo-board was measured as shown in Fig. 1. At 33MHz, the magnitude is still flat and OK, but the phase is quite steep. I am going to consider if it is ok for the PDH method or not.

REFL33-input-filter.png

 Fig. 1 Transfer function from the RF input to RF monitor on the REFL33 demodulation board. At 33MHz, a very steep phase is applied on the input signal.

Quote:

 To check the demodulation boards for REFL33 and REFL165, a long cable from ETMY (SUS-ETMY-SDCOIL-EXT monitor) is pulled to the rack on Y side.

(1) A filter just after the RF input and (2) transfer function from the RF input to the demodulated signal will be checked for the two 3f demod boards to confirm that they are appropriate for 33 and 165 MHz.

 

 

  5386   Mon Sep 12 13:24:07 2011 KeikoUpdateLSC3f demodulation board check

I also quickly checked the orthogonality of the demodulation board for REFL33 and REFL165 using function generators and oscilloscope. I checked the frequencies at 1,10,100,1K,10KHz of the demodulated signals. They are fine and ready for 3f signal extraction.

  5387   Mon Sep 12 16:27:01 2011 KeikoUpdateLSC3f demodulation board check

Wait. I am checking the whitening filters of the 33 and 165 demodulation boards.

Also, LSC-REFL33-I-IN1(IN2, OUT) and LSC-REFL165-Q-IN1(IN2,OUT) channels may not be working??

 

Quote:

I also quickly checked the orthogonality of the demodulation board for REFL33 and REFL165 using function generators and oscilloscope. I checked the frequencies at 1,10,100,1K,10KHz of the demodulated signals. They are fine and ready for 3f signal extraction.

 

  5388   Mon Sep 12 18:40:35 2011 KeikoUpdateLSC3f demodulation board check

LSC-REFL33-I-IN1(IN2, OUT) and LSC-REFL165-Q-IN1(IN2,OUT) channels are back!

We disconnected and connected again the AA filters then the channels are fixed. Apparently the AA filters just before the digital world were somhow charged and not working... Thank you Kiwamu!

Quote:

Wait. I am checking the whitening filters of the 33 and 165 demodulation boards.

Also, LSC-REFL33-I-IN1(IN2, OUT) and LSC-REFL165-Q-IN1(IN2,OUT) channels may not be working??

 

  5394   Tue Sep 13 15:00:25 2011 KeikoUpdateLSC3f demodulation board check

Whitening filters for the REFL33 & 165 demodulated channels were measured and confirmed that they are working. They can be turned on and off by un-white filter switches on the MEDM screen because they are properly linked. The measured filter responses are showen below. (Sorry, apparentyl the thumbnails are not shown here. Please click the attachments.) 

WF33.pdf

WF165.pdf

Attachments: (top) Whitening filter for REFL33 demodulation board. (bottom) Whitening filter response for REFL 165 demodulation board.

  5399   Tue Sep 13 23:08:51 2011 KeikoUpdateLSC3f demodulation board check

Keiko, Jamie , Kiwamu

The I and Q orthogonalities of REFL33 and 165 demodulation board were measured by "orthogonality.py"  Python package scipy were addied on Pianosa to run this code. Please note that "orthogonality.py" can be run only on Pianosa.  

The results were:

REFL165

ABS = 1.070274, PHASE = -81.802479 [deg]

if you wanna change epics values according to this result, just copy and execute the following commands

ezcawrite C1:LSC-REFL165_Q_GAIN 0.934340 && ezcawrite C1:LSC-REFL165_PHASE_D -81.802479

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

REFL33

ABS = 1.016008 PHASE = -89.618724 [deg]

if you wanna change epics values according to this result, just copy and execute the following commands

ezcawrite C1:LSC-REFL33_Q_GAIN 0.984244 && ezcawrite C1:LSC-REFL33_PHASE_D -89.618724


Fig.1 and 2  are the resulting plots for 33 and 165 MHz demod baoards, respectively.You should look at the 3Hz in x axis, as the demodulated signal frequency was set as 3 Hz.REFL33-modified.png

Fig. 1 REFL33 I and Q orthogonality at 3 Hz.

REFL165-modified.png

 

Fig. 2 REFL165 I and Q orthogonality at 3 Hz.

 

 

 

  5412   Thu Sep 15 01:06:20 2011 KeikoUpdateLSC3f demodulation board check

In addition to REFL 33 ans 165, I checked the orthogonality for the other existing three channels.

 

AS11

ABS = 1.025035  PHASE = -93.124929 [deg]

REFL11]

ABS = 0.920984  PHASE = -88.824691 [deg]

REFL55

ABS = 1.029985 , PHASE = -90.901123 [deg]

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

The demodulated signal was set as 50 Hz (for example LO 11MHz and RF 11MHz+50Hz from function generators.) These AS11, REFL11, REL55, REFL33m REFL165 are the current available channels in terms of the connection to the data system from the demodulation board. I am going to estimate the error next.

Quote:

REFL165

ABS = 1.070274, PHASE = -81.802479 [deg]

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

REFL33

ABS = 1.016008 PHASE = -89.618724 [deg]

 

  5440   Fri Sep 16 21:26:12 2011 KeikoUpdateLSC3f demodulation board check

The demodulation phases and gains for the all existing channels, AS11, REFL11,REFL55, REFL165, and REFL33, were adjusted by the command "ezcawrite" commands. 

Scripts are: 

REFL165 ezcawrite C1:LSC-REFL165_Q_GAIN 0.934340 && ezcawrite C1:LSC-REFL165_PHASE_D -81.802479

REFL33

ezcawrite C1:LSC-REFL33_Q_GAIN 0.984244 && ezcawrite C1:LSC-REFL33_PHASE_D -89.618

REFL11

ezcawrite C1:LSC-REFL11_Q_GAIN 1.173418 && ezcawrite C1:LSC-REFL11_PHASE_D -442.882697

AS11
ezcawrite C1:LSC-AS11_Q_GAIN 0.975576 && ezcawrite C1:LSC-AS11_PHASE_D -93.12492

AS55

ezcawrite C1:LSC-AS55_Q_GAIN 0.999164 && ezcawrite C1:LSC-AS55_PHASE_D -89.300986
  9976   Tue May 20 16:48:52 2014 ericqUpdateLSC3f Stability

So, I really should have done this as soon as Manasa measured the arm lengths... I've updated my MIST model with the real arm lengths, but still am using assumed identical losses of 75ppm on each mirror. (I've tried measuring the arm losses for real, but got numbers in the hundreds of ppms, so I need to reexamine things...) 

Here's a simulation of the fields in a perfectly locked PRC when CARM is swept (Normalized to input power = 1). 

CARMsweepPrcFields.pdf

More importantly, here's the latest simulation of MICH vs. PRCL demodulation angle separation in the 3F signals. It seems that we may be getting burned by using REFL33 for the PRC lock. REFL165, on the other hand looks much more robust. We should try this out. 

3fs.pdf

(Some of my previous simulations incorrectly implemented MICH excitations; I only moved the ITMS, not the ETMS along with them, so some other stuff slipped in... )

  9977   Tue May 20 22:42:28 2014 ericqUpdateLSC3f Stability

 Here's the angles of MICH and PRCL from the my earlier plot by themselves; this shows that the individual demod angles in REFL165 aren't changing much either. 

PRCangles.pdf

  5401   Wed Sep 14 01:19:20 2011 AnamariaConfigurationLSC3f PD Install in Progress

I have reconfigured the refl beam path on the AP table to include REFL33 and REFL165. Would be done if we hadn't prepared P BSs instead of S, which required some serious digging to find two others. And if someone hadn't stolen our two 3m SMA cables that Keiko and I made on our previous visit and I had left with the 3f PDs. I don't expect them to reappear but if they do, it would be grand.

Note: Refl beam from ifo looks a bit high, ~1cm on the lens 20'' from output port. Not sure what that means about ifo alignment change, I've left it as is. When we know we have a good alignment, we should be able to easily realign the beam path if necessary. If it remains the same, we might want to change the lens height.

Done:

1) REFL11 and REFL55 are now hooked up and aligned in a low power beam. (I set the power as low as I could by eye to not risk burning the PDs during alignment)

2) The required BSs and REFL33 and REFL165 are in place, powered.

3) I have set them in a configuration such that the beam is the same distance from the main beam, to adjust beam size easily for all 4.

4) Camera has been moved from main beam to behind a steering mirror, ND filters removed, centered on camera.

To Do:

1) Find one more longish SMA cable.

2) Align beam on REFL33 and REFL165.

3) Check beam size carefully. (I get a plateau on the scope, and I can "hide" the beam on the PD, but it could be better. The path has become longer by ~5-8inches.)

4) Adjust power.

5) Redo layout diagram, post in wiki.

  10698   Tue Nov 11 21:41:09 2014 KojiUpdateLSC3f DRMI sensing mat

Sensing matrix calculation using DTT + Matlab

Note: If the signal phase is, for example,  '47 deg', the phase rotation angle is -47deg in order to bring this signal to 'I' phase.

Note2: As I didn't have the DQ channels for the actuation, only the relative signs between the PDs are used to produce the radar chart.
This means that it may contain 180deg uncertainty for a particular actuator. But this does not change the independence (or degeneracy) of the signals.



=== Sensing Matrix Report ===
Test time: 2014-11-11 08:14:00
Starting GPS Time: 1099728855.0
 

== PRCL ==
Actuation frequency: 621.13 Hz
Suspension (PRM) response at the act. freq.: 5.0803e-14/f^2 m/cnt
Actuation amplitude: 20.3948 cnt/rtHz
Actuation displacement: 1.0361e-12 m/rtHz
 
C1:LSC-AS55_I_ERR_DQ 4.20e+10
C1:LSC-AS55_Q_ERR_DQ -1.91e+11
==> AS55: 1.95e+11 [m/cnt] -24.58 [deg]
C1:LSC-REFL11_I_ERR_DQ 3.17e+12
C1:LSC-REFL11_Q_ERR_DQ -8.04e+10
==> REFL11: 3.17e+12 [m/cnt] -18.20 [deg]
C1:LSC-REFL33_I_ERR_DQ 4.15e+11
C1:LSC-REFL33_Q_ERR_DQ 4.28e+10
==> REFL33: 4.17e+11 [m/cnt] -137.11 [deg]
C1:LSC-REFL55_I_ERR_DQ 1.90e+10
C1:LSC-REFL55_Q_ERR_DQ -9.91e+09
==> REFL55: 2.14e+10 [m/cnt] -58.58 [deg]
C1:LSC-REFL165_I_ERR_DQ -1.16e+11
C1:LSC-REFL165_Q_ERR_DQ -3.14e+10
==> REFL165: 1.20e+11 [m/cnt] 45.20 [deg]
 
 
== MICH ==
Actuation frequency: 675.13 Hz
Suspension (ITMX) response at the act. freq.: 1.0312e-14/f^2 m/cnt
Suspension (ITMY) response at the act. freq.: 1.0224e-14/f^2 m/cnt
Actuation amplitude: 974.2957 cnt/rtHz
Actuation displacement (ITMX+ITMY): 2.0007e-11 m/rtHz
 
C1:LSC-AS55_I_ERR_DQ 2.55e+12
C1:LSC-AS55_Q_ERR_DQ 4.51e+12
==> AS55: 5.18e+12 [m/cnt] 113.51 [deg]
C1:LSC-REFL11_I_ERR_DQ -4.84e+10
C1:LSC-REFL11_Q_ERR_DQ -4.07e+09
==> REFL11: 4.85e+10 [m/cnt] 168.06 [deg]
C1:LSC-REFL33_I_ERR_DQ 2.06e+10
C1:LSC-REFL33_Q_ERR_DQ -9.39e+09
==> REFL33: 2.26e+10 [m/cnt] -167.51 [deg]
C1:LSC-REFL55_I_ERR_DQ 2.52e+09
C1:LSC-REFL55_Q_ERR_DQ -1.02e+10
==> REFL55: 1.05e+10 [m/cnt] -107.09 [deg]
C1:LSC-REFL165_I_ERR_DQ -1.79e+10
C1:LSC-REFL165_Q_ERR_DQ -5.50e+10
==> REFL165: 5.79e+10 [m/cnt] 102.02 [deg]



== SRCL ==

Actuation frequency: 585.13 Hz
Suspension (SRM) response at the act. freq.: 5.5494e-14/f^2 m/cnt
Actuation amplitude: 1176.3066 cnt/rtHz
Actuation displacement: 6.5278e-11 m/rtHz
 
C1:LSC-AS55_I_ERR_DQ -9.90e+10
C1:LSC-AS55_Q_ERR_DQ -1.18e+11
==> AS55: 1.54e+11 [m/cnt] -76.89 [deg]
C1:LSC-REFL11_I_ERR_DQ 2.96e+08
C1:LSC-REFL11_Q_ERR_DQ 4.78e+08
==> REFL11: 5.62e+08 [m/cnt] 41.42 [deg]
C1:LSC-REFL33_I_ERR_DQ -2.93e+09
C1:LSC-REFL33_Q_ERR_DQ 1.23e+10
==> REFL33: 1.27e+10 [m/cnt] -39.63 [deg]
C1:LSC-REFL55_I_ERR_DQ 3.71e+09
C1:LSC-REFL55_Q_ERR_DQ 2.78e+09
==> REFL55: 4.63e+09 [m/cnt] 5.86 [deg]
C1:LSC-REFL165_I_ERR_DQ -1.80e+10
C1:LSC-REFL165_Q_ERR_DQ 2.68e+10
==> REFL165: 3.23e+10 [m/cnt] -26.02 [deg]
 


Demodulation phases of the day

    'C1:LSC-AS55_PHASE_R = -53'
    'C1:LSC-REFL11_PHASE_R = 16.75'
    'C1:LSC-REFL33_PHASE_R = 143'
    'C1:LSC-REFL55_PHASE_R = 31'
    'C1:LSC-REFL165_PHASE_R = 150'

  10701   Wed Nov 12 03:22:23 2014 JenneUpdateLSC3f DRMI sensing mat

Koji pointed out something to me that I think he had told me ages ago, and Rana alluded to last night:  Since I'm not tuning my "demod phase" for the sensing matrix lockins, unless I happened to get very lucky, I was throwing away most of the signal.  Lame.  

So, now the magnitude is sqrt(real^2 + imag^2), where real and imag here are the I and Q outputs of the lockin demodulator, after the 0.1Hz lowpass.  (I put in the low pass into all of the Q filter banks).  To keep the signs consistent, I did do a rough tuning of those angles, so that I can use the sign of the real part as the sign of my signal.  When I was PRMI locked, I set the phase for all things acutated by MICH to be 79deg, all things actuated by PRCL to be 20 deg, and when DRMI locked set all things SRCL to be 50deg. 

After doing this, the phases of my sensing matrix output matches Koji's careful analyses.  I don't know where the W/ct numbers I was using came from (I don't think I made them up out of the blue, but I didn't document where they're from, so I need to remeasure them).  Anyhow, for now I have 1's in the calibration screen for the W/ct calibration for all PDs, so my sensing matrices are coming out in cts/m, which is the same unit that Koji's analysis is in. (Plot for comparing to Koji is at end of entry).

While reducing the CARM offset, I left the sensing matrix lines on, and watched how they evolved.  The phases don't seem to change all that much, but the magnitudes start to decrease as I increase the arm power.

For this screenshot, the left plot is the phases of the sensing matrix elements (all the REFL signals, MICH and PRCL), and the right plot is the magnitudes of those same elements.  Also plotted is the TRX power, as a proxy for CARM offset.  The y-scale for the TRX trace is 0-15.  The y-scale for all the phases is -360 to +360.  The y-scale of the magnitude traces are each one decade, on a log scale.

SensMatVsPower_UpToArms10.png

Bonus plot, same situation, but the next lock held for 20 minutes at arm powers of 8.  We don't know why we lost lock (none of the loops were oscillating, that I could see in the lockloss plot).

PRMI_arms8_20minutes.png


Here are some individual sensing matrix plots, for a single lock stretch, at various times.  One thing that you can see in the striptool screenshots that I don't know yet how to deal with for the radar plots is the error bars when the phase flips around by 360 degrees.  Anyhow, the errors in the phases certainly aren't as big as the error boxes make them look.

PRMI just locked, CARM offset about 3nm, CARM and DARM on ALS comm and diff, arm powers below 1:

SensMatMeas_11Nov2014_PRMIarms_ArmPowSmall.png

PRMI still on REFL33 I&Q, CARM and DARM both on DC transmissions, arm powers about 4:

SensMatMeas_11Nov2014_PRMIarms_ArmPow3pt8.png

CARM offset reduced further, arm powers about 6:

SensMatMeas_11Nov2014_PRMIarms_ArmPow6.png

CARM offset reduced even more, arm powers about 7:

SensMatMeas_11Nov2014_PRMIarms_ArmPow7.png


For this plot for comparing with Koji's analysis, I had not yet put 1's in the calibration screen, so this is still in "W"/m, where "W" is meant to indicate that I don't really know the calibration at all.  What is good to see though is that the angles agree very well with Koji's analysis, even though he was analyzing data from yesterday, and this data was taken today.  This sensing matrix is DRMI-only (no arms), 1f locking.

SensMatMeas_11Nov2014_DRMI_fixedMags.png

Bonus plot, PRMI-only sensing matrix, with PRMI held using REFL 33 I&Q:

SensMatMeas_11Nov2014_PRMI_fixedMags.png

 

  10696   Tue Nov 11 03:48:46 2014 JenneUpdateLSC3f DRMI

I was able to lock the DRMI on 3f signals this evening, although the loops are not stable, and I can hear oscillations in the speakers.  I think the big key to making this work was the placement of the SHP-150 high pass filter at the REFL165 PD, and also the installation of Koji's 110 MHz notch filter just before the amplifier, which is before the demod board for REFL165.  These were done to prevent RF signal distortion.

DRMI 3f:   With DRMI locked on 1f (MICH gain = 1, PRCL gain = -0.05, SRCL gain = 2, MICH = 1*REFL55Q, PRCL = 0.1*REFL11I, SRCL = 1*REFL165I), I excited lines, and found the signs and values for 3f matrix elements.  I was using the same gains, but MICH = 0.5*REFL165Q, PRCL = 0.8*REFL33I and SRCL = -0.2*REFL165I.  Part of the problem is likely that I need to include off-diagonal elements in the input matrix to remove PRCL from the SRCL error signal. 

With the DRMI locked on 1f, I took a sensing matrix measurement.  I don't think we believe the W/ct of the photodiode calibration (we need to redo this), but otherwise the sensing matrix measurement should be accurate.  Since the calibration of the PDs isn't for sure, the relative magnitude for signals between PDs shouldn't be taken as gospel, but within a single PD they should be fine for comparison. 

As a side note, we weren't sure about the MICH -> ITMs balancing, so we checked during a MICH-only, and with the locking apparatus we are unable to measure a difference between 1's for both ITMs in the output matrix, and 1 for ITMX and 0.99 for ITMY.  So, we can't measure 1% misbalances in the actuator, but we think we're at least pretty close to driving pure MICH. 

We kind of expect that SRCL should only be present in the 55 and 165 PDs, although we see it strongly in all of the REFL PDs.  Also, PRCL and SRCL are not both lined up in the I-phase.  So, I invite other people to check what they think the sensing matrix looks like. 

  • The excitation lines (and matching notches) were on from 12:14am (
  • Nov 11 2014 08:14:00 UTC / GPS 1099728856) to 12:20am (
  •  
  • Nov 11 2014 08:20:00 UTC / GPS 
  • 1099729216) for 360sec. 
  • MICH was driven with 800 counts at 675.13 Hz, with +1*ITMY, -1*ITMX. 
  • PRCL was driven with 1000 counts at 621.13 Hz with the PRM. 
  • SRCL was driven with 800 counts at 585.13 Hz using the SRM. 

All 3 degrees of freedom have notches at all 3 of those frequencies in the FM10 of the filter banks (and they were all turned on).  During this time, DRMI was locked with 1f signals. 

DRMI sensing matrix:

 SensMatMeas_10Nov2014_DRMI.png

Earlier in the evening, I also took a PRMI sensing matrix, with the PRMI locked on REFL33 I&Q.  Watch out for the different placement of the plots - I couldn't measure AS55 in the DRMI case, since cdsutils.avg freaked out if I asked for more than 14 numbers (#PDs * #dofs) at a time.

SensMatMeas_10Nov2014_PRMI.png

Rana, Koji and I were staring at the DRMI sensing matrix for a little while, and we aren't sure why PRCL and SRCL aren't co-aligned, and why they aren't orthogonal to MICH.  Do we think it's possible to do something to digitally realign them?  Will the solution that we choose be valid for many CARM offsets, or do we have to change things every few steps (which we don't want to do)? 

Things to work on:

* Reanalyze DRMI sensing matrix data from 12:14-12:20am. 

* Make a simulated scan of higher order mode resonances in the arm cavities.  Is it possible that on one or both sides of the CARM resonance we are getting HOM resonances of the sidebands? 

* Figure out how to make DRMI 3f loops stable.

* Try CARM offset reduction with DRMI, and / or PRMI on REFL 165.

  10668   Wed Nov 5 01:58:54 2014 ericqUpdateLSC3F RFPD RF spectra

Given the checkout of the aLIGO BBPDs happening (aLOG link), wherein the PDs were acting funny, and Koji has made some measurements determining that intermodulation/nonlinearity of circuitry can corrupt 3F signals, I've made a similar measurement of the RF spectra of REFL165 when we're locked on DRMI using 1F signals. Maybe this could give us insight to our bad luck using REFL165...

In essence, I plugged the RF output of the PD into an AG4395, through a 10dB attenuator and downloaded the spectrum. I also did REFL33 as a possible comparison and because why not. The attached plots have the 10dB accounted for; the text files do not. 

REFL165 (Exposed PCB BBPD):

REFL165_DRMIspectrum.png

(What is all that crap between 8 and 9 fmod?)

REFL33 (Gold Box resonant RFPD):

REFL33_DRMIspectrum.png

  10669   Wed Nov 5 11:09:44 2014 KojiUpdateLSC3F RFPD RF spectra

If you look at the intermodulation at 14 (4+10) and 16 (6+10), 15 (5+10) would make any problem, thanks to the notch at 1f and 5f.

BUT, this absolute level of 165MHz is too tiny for the demodulator. From the level of the demodulated signal, I can say REFL165 has
too little SNR. We want to amplify it before the demodulator.

Can you measure this again with a directional coupler instead of the direct measurement with an attenuator?
The downstream has bunch of non-50Ohm components and may cause unknown effect on the tiny 165MHz signal.
We want to measure the spectrum as close situation as possible to the nominal configuration.

90MHz crap is the amplifier noise due to bad power bypassing or bad circuit shielding.

I have no comment on REFL33 as it has completely different amplification stages.

  10673   Wed Nov 5 22:25:42 2014 ericqUpdateLSC3F RFPD RF spectra

 

Now that I have followed the chain, the PD signal is indeed being amplified at the LSC rack. It goes into a ZFL-1000LN+ amplifier (~23dB gain at 165MHz and 15V supply), followed by a SHP-100 high pass filter, and then enters the RF IN of the demod board. 

I repeated the measurement in two spots.

First, I took a spectrum of the RF MON of the REFL165 demod board during DRMI lock; this was input-referred by adding 20dBm. 

Second, I inserted a ZFDC-10-5 coupler between the high pass and the RF input of the demod board. This was input-referred by adding 10dBm. 

REFL165_demod_DRMIspectrum.png

My calibration isn't perfect; the peaks above the high pass corner seem to be different by a consistent amount, but within a few dBm. 

Thus, it looks like the demod board is getting a little under -40dBm of 165MHz signal at its input. 

  10675   Thu Nov 6 01:58:55 2014 KojiUpdateLSC3F RFPD RF spectra

Where is the PD out spectrum measured with the coupler???

  10679   Thu Nov 6 11:49:58 2014 ericqUpdateLSC3F RFPD RF spectra

Quote:

Where is the PD out spectrum measured with the coupler???

 The "coupled" port of the coupler went to the AG4395 input, the output of the Highpass is connected to the "IN", and the "OUT" goes to the demod board. 

  10682   Thu Nov 6 14:41:49 2014 KoijUpdateLSC3F RFPD RF spectra

That's not what I'm asking.

Also additional cables are left connected to the signal path. I removed it.

ELOG V3.1.3-