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ID Date Author Type Category Subjectdown
  3677   Fri Oct 8 10:38:03 2010 steveConfigurationSAFETY2W laser shutter is closed

Quote:

The 2 W Innolight shutter is closed and enclosure door removed. Beam path blocked. Do not change this condition.

The PSL output beam guide was upgraded from 2" to 8" OD . It is green ready. Shutter is open.

Attachment 1: P1060905.JPG
P1060905.JPG
Attachment 2: P1060910.JPG
P1060910.JPG
  2883   Wed May 5 16:58:21 2010 KojiUpdatePSL2W hooked up to the interlock service

Ben, Steve, and Koji

Ben came to the 40m and hooked up a cable to the main interlock service.
We have tested the interlock and confirmed it's working.

[Now the laser is approved to be used by persons who signed in the SOP.]

The RC, PMC, and MZ were unlocked during the interlock maneuver.
Now they are relocked.

  2837   Sat Apr 24 15:05:41 2010 KevinUpdatePSL2W Vertical Beam Profile

The vertical beam profile of the Innolight 2W laser was measured at eight points along the axis of the laser.

These measurements were made with the laser crystal temperature at 25.04°C and the injection current at 2.091A. z is the distance from the razor blade to the flat black face of the front of the laser.

The voltage from a photodiode was measured for the razor at a number of heights. Except for the first two points, one scan was made with the razor moving down and a second scan was made with the razor moving up. This data was fit to

y = a*erf(sqrt(2)*(x-x0)/w) + b with the following results:

z(cm) (±0.1cm) w(mm) chi^2/ndf
3.9 0.085 ± 0.006 77.09
6.4 0.130 ± 0.004 12.93
8.8 down 0.145 ± 0.008 66.57
8.8 up 0.147 ± 0.008 18.47
11.6 down 0.194 ± 0.010 64.16
11,6 up 0.214 ± 0.009 27.23
14.2 down 0.177 ± 0.008 49.95
14.2 up 0.183 ± 0.007 29.85
16.6 down 0.205 ± 0.006 18.35
16.2 up 0.203 ± 0.007 17.16
19.2 down 0.225 ± 0.007 18.92
19.2 up 0.238 ± 0.011 25.56
21.7 down 0.292 ± 0.006 11.30
21.7 up 0.307 ± 0.008 11.85

The values for w and its uncertainty were estimated with a weighted average between the two scans for the last six points and all eight points were fit to

w = w0*sqrt(1+(z-z0)2/zR2) with the following results:

chi^2/ndf = 17.88

w0 = (0.07 ± 0.13) mm

z0 = (-27 ± 121) mm

zR = (65 ± 93) mm

It looks like all of the data points were made in the linear region so it is hard to estimate these parameters with reasonable uncertainty.

Attachment 1: vbp.jpg
vbp.jpg
  3041   Wed Jun 2 22:58:04 2010 KevinUpdatePSL2W Second Reflected Beam Profile

[Koji, Kevin]

The profile of the Innolight 2W was previously measured by measuring the reflected beam from the front surface of a W2 window (see entry). To investigate thermal effects, Rana suggested also measuring the profile of the beam reflected from the back surface of the W2.

I used the same setup and methods as were used in the first measurement. The mirror was moved so that only the beam reflected from the back surface of the W2 was reflected from the mirror. This beam was reflected from both the front of the mirror and the back of the mirror. An extra beam dump was positioned to block the reflection from the back of the mirror.

This measurement was made with 2.004 A injection current and 25.04°C laser crystal temperature.

The data was fit to w = sqrt(w0^2+lambda^2*(x-x0)^2/(pi*w0)^2) with the following results

For the horizontal beam profile:

reduced chi^2 = 5.1

x0 = (-186 ± 6) mm

w0 = (125.8 ± 1.4) µm

For the vertical beam profile:

reduced chi^2 = 14.4

x0 = (-202 ± 11) mm

w0 = (132.5 ± 2.7) µm

In the following plots, the blue curve is the fit to the vertical beam radius, the purple curve is the fit to the horizontal beam radius, * denotes a data point from the vertical data, and + denotes a data point from the horizontal data.

The differences between the beam radii for the beam reflected from the front surface and the beam reflected from the back surface are

Δw0_horizontal = (12.8 ± 1.6) µm

Δw0_vertical = (8.5 ± 2.9) µm

So the two measurements are not consistent. This suggests that the passage through the W2 altered the profile of the beam.

Attachment 1: profile_2nd.png
profile_2nd.png
  3725   Thu Oct 14 23:33:45 2010 SureshUpdateIOO2W NPRO laser output power versus temperature

Steve measured an apparent power drop in the 2W NPRO output from 2.1W to 1.6W(elog entry no 3698) at 2.1A of diode current in the laser (elog entry:  2822).  It was later noticed that the laser temperature was set to about 45 degC while the initial calibration was done at 25 deg C.  

It was felt that the recent power drop may have something to do with the increase in the operating temperature of the laser from 25 to 45 deg C.  Therefore the laser was returned to 25 deg C and the power output was remeasured and found to be 2.1W as it was at the begining(elog entry:3709)

It was also noticed that returning the laser to 25 deg. C resulted in a loss of efficiency in coupling to the PMC.  We suspected that this might be due to multimode operating conditions in the laser at particular operating temperatures.  In order to see if this is indeed the case the laser power output was observed as a function of temperature.  We do notice a characteristic saw-tooth shape which might indicate multimode operation between 39 and 43 deg C.  It is best to verify this by observing the power fluctuations in the transmitted beam of the stabilised reference cavity.

 

tempscan.png

 

The measurement was made by attenuating the roughly 2W laser beam by a stack of two Neutral Density filfers and then measuring the transmitted light with the PDA36A photodetector.  This was because both the power meters used in the past were found to have linear drifts in excess of 30% and fluctuations at the 10% level. 

 

 

Attachment 2: Scan2010.zip
  3726   Fri Oct 15 00:15:52 2010 KojiUpdateIOO2W NPRO laser output power versus temperature

From the plot, you observed the reduction of the output power only by 1% between 25deg to 45deg.
This does not agree with the reduction from 2.1W to 1.6W.
Is there any cause of this discrepancy?

Quote:

 

tempscan.png

 

The measurement was made by attenuating the roughly 2W laser beam by a stack of two Neutral Density filfers and then measuring the transmitted light with the PDA36A photodetector.  This was because both the power meters used in the past were found to have linear drifts in excess of 30% and fluctuations at the 10% level. 

 

  3730   Fri Oct 15 21:25:23 2010 SureshUpdateIOO2W NPRO laser output power drop question

  The power meter used in the measurements of elog entries 2822, 3698 and 3709 was the Ophir PD300-3W.  This power head has several damaged patches  and a slight movement of the laser spot changes the reading considerably.  To verify I checked the power out with another power meter (the Vector S310) and found that there is no significant variation of the power output with the temperature of the laser.  And the power at 2.1A of diode current is 2W with 10% fluctuation arising from slight repositioning of the laser head.  There are regions of the Ophir PD300 which show the laser power to be about 1.9W.

  3491   Mon Aug 30 23:21:36 2010 ranaHowToPSL2W NPRO Mount designed with emachineshop.com software

To test out this website - emachineshop.com, Jenne and I are designing some of the mounts for the new beam height.

LaserMount.png

It took me a few hours to figure out how to do it, but the software is easy enough for simple stuff. This is a brass mount with M4 clearance holes which are countersunk and a lip so that it can be dogged down to the table.

  3503   Wed Sep 1 08:36:59 2010 KojiHowToPSL2W NPRO Mount designed with emachineshop.com software

1. I can not see whether the attaching surface is flat or not.
It should have ~1mm step to avoid "the legs" of the laser at the four corners.
Otherwise we will have ~0.5mm space between the block and the laser
and will squish this gap by the screws => cause the deformation of the block and the laser.

2. The countersinks for the M4 screws can be much deeper so that we can use the existing M4 screws.
In any case, the long M4 screws are not rigid and also not common.

Quote:

To test out this website - emachineshop.com, Jenne and I are designing some of the mounts for the new beam height.

LaserMount.png

It took me a few hours to figure out how to do it, but the software is easy enough for simple stuff. This is a brass mount with M4 clearance holes which are countersunk and a lip so that it can be dogged down to the table.

 

  3042   Thu Jun 3 00:47:17 2010 KevinUpdatePSL2W Beam Profile of Second Reflected Beam

[Koji, Kevin]

The profile of the Innolight 2W was previously measured by measuring the reflected beam from the front surface of a W2 window (see entry). To investigate thermal effects, Rana suggested also measuring the profile of the beam reflected from the back surface of the W2.

I used the same setup and methods as were used in the first measurement. The mirror was moved so that only the beam reflected from the back surface of the W2 was reflected from the mirror. This beam was reflected from both the front of the mirror and the back of the mirror. An extra beam dump was positioned to block the reflection from the back of the mirror.

This measurement was made with 2.004 A injection current and 25.04°C laser crystal temperature.

The data was fit to w = sqrt(w0^2+lambda^2*(x-x0)^2/(pi*w0)^2) with the following results

For the horizontal beam profile:

reduced chi^2 = 5.1

x0 = (-186 ± 6) mm

w0 = (125.8 ± 1.4) µm


For the vertical beam profile:

reduced chi^2 = 14.4

x0 = (-202 ± 11) mm

w0 = (132.5 ± 2.7) µm


In the following plots, the blue curve is the fit to the vertical beam radius, the purple curve is the fit to the horizontal beam radius, * denotes a data point from the vertical data, and + denotes a data point from the horizontal data.

Attachment 1: profile_2nd.png
profile_2nd.png
  3030   Wed Jun 2 03:24:22 2010 KevinUpdatePSL2W Beam Profile

[Rana, Kiwamu, Kevin]

The Innolight 2W beam profile was measured with the beam scan. A W2-IF-1025-C-1064-45P window was used to reflect a small amount of the main beam. A 5101 VIS mirror was used to direct just the beam reflected from the front surface of the W2 down the table (the beam reflected from the back surface of the W2 hit the optic mount for the mirror). A razor blade beam dump was used to stop the main transmitted beam from the W2. The distance from the laser was measured from the front black face of the laser to the front face of the beam scan (this distance is not the beam path length but was the easiest and most accurate distance to measure). The vertical and horizontal beam widths were measured at 13.5% of the maximum intensity (each measurement was averaged over 100 samples). These widths were divided by 2 to get the vertical and horizontal radii.

The mirror was tilted so that the beam was close to parallel to the table. (The center of the beam fell by approximately 2.1 mm over the 474 mm that the measurement was made in).

The measurement was taken with an injection current of 2.004 A and a laser crystal temperature of 25.04°C.

This data was fit to w = sqrt(w0^2+lambda^2*(x-x0)^2/(pi*w0)^2) with lambda = 1064nm with the following results

For the horizontal beam profile:

reduced chi^2 = 4.0

x0 = (-138 ± 3) mm

w0 = (113.0 ± 0.7) µm

For the vertical beam profile:

reduced chi^2 = 14.9

x0 = (-125 ± 4) mm

w0 = (124.0 ± 1.0) µm

In the following plots, the blue curve is the fit to the vertical beam radius, the purple curve is the fit to the horizontal beam radius, * denotes a data point from the vertical data, and + denotes a data point from the horizontal data.

Attachment 1: profile.png
profile.png
Attachment 2: errors.png
errors.png
Attachment 3: Layout.jpg
Layout.jpg
  3032   Wed Jun 2 04:27:02 2010 KojiUpdatePSL2W Beam Profile

This is what I already told to Kevin and Rana:

A direct output beam is one of the most difficult measurements for the mode profiling.
I worried about the thermal lensing.

Since most of the laser power goes through the substrate (BK7) of the W2 window, it may induce thermal deformation on the mirror surface.
An UV fused silica window may save the effect as the thermal expansion coefficient is 0.55e-6/K while BK7 has 7.5e-6.

In addition to the thermal deformation issue, the pick-off setup disables us to measure the beam widths near the laser aperture.

I rather prefer to persist on the razor blade then use the pick off between the blade and the PD.

I also confess that the description above came only from my knowledge, and not from any scientific confirmation including any calculation.
If we can confirm the evidence (or no evidence) of the lensing, it is a great addition to my experience.

Quote:

[Rana, Kiwamu, Kevin]

The Innolight 2W beam profile was measured with the beam scan. A W2-IF-1025-C-1064-45P window was used to reflect a small amount of the main beam. A 5101 VIS mirror was used to direct just the beam reflected from the front surface of the W2 down the table (the beam reflected from the back surface of the W2 hit the optic mount for the mirror). A razor blade beam dump was used to stop the main transmitted beam from the W2. The distance from the laser was measured from the front black face of the laser to the front face of the beam scan (this distance is not the beam path length but was the easiest and most accurate distance to measure). The vertical and horizontal beam widths were measured at 13.5% of the maximum intensity (each measurement was averaged over 100 samples). These widths were divided by 2 to get the vertical and horizontal radii.

The mirror was tilted so that the beam was close to parallel to the table. (The center of the beam fell by approximately 2.1 mm over the 474 mm that the measurement was made in).

The measurement was taken with an injection current of 2.004 A and a laser crystal temperature of 25.04°C.

This data was fit to w = sqrt(w0^2+lambda^2*(x-x0)^2/(pi*w0)^2) with lambda = 1064nm with the following results

For the horizontal beam profile:

reduced chi^2 = 4.0

x0 = (-138 ± 3) mm

w0 = (113.0 ± 0.7) µm

For the vertical beam profile:

reduced chi^2 = 14.9

x0 = (-125 ± 4) mm

w0 = (124.0 ± 1.0) µm

In the following plots, the blue curve is the fit to the vertical beam radius, the purple curve is the fit to the horizontal beam radius, * denotes a data point from the vertical data, and + denotes a data point from the horizontal data.

 

  566   Wed Jun 25 12:25:28 2008 EricSummaryCameras2D Gaussian Fitting Code
I initially wrote a script in MATLAB that takes pictures of the laser beam's profile and fits them to a two dimensional gaussian in order to determine the position and width of the beam. This code is now (mostly) ported to C so that it can be imbedded in the camera software package that Joe is writing. The fitting works fairly well for pictures with the beam directly incident on the camera, and less well for pictures of scatter off the end mirrors of the arms, since scatter from defects in the mirror have intensities much greater than the intensity of the beam's gaussian profile.

The next steps are to finish up porting the fitting code to C, and then modify it so it can better handle the images off the end mirror. Some thoughts on how to do this are to use a fourier transform and a low pass filter, or to simply use a center-of-mass calculation (with the defect peaks reduced in intensity), since position is more important than beam width in this calculation. The eventual goal is to include the edge of the optic in the picture and use the fit of the beam position in comparison to the optic's position to find the beam's location on the mirror.
  12801   Sun Feb 5 21:56:50 2017 LydiaUpdateIMC29.5 MHz stabilizer box replacement

Since the "stablizer box" doesn't really need to stabilize, it just needs to amplify, I decided to replace it with an off the shelf amplifier we already had, ZHL-2. I worked on getting it set up today, but didn't connect anything so that people have a chance to give some feedback. 

  • The gain we expect is 18 dB, and the maximum output with 1dB of compression is 29 dBm. To avoid compression, I'm aiming for ~26 dBm output, so ~8 dBm input. We measured the output of the source to be 12.8 dBm before, so I attached a 5dB attenuator to the input side of the amplifier. 
  • Across the 24V power input and the ground pin, I soldered a 100 uF, 50V electrolytic capacitor and a .27 uF, 50V metal film capacitor. Note that unlike the other similar amplifiers we have, the ground and +24 pins are separated (see image on datasheet). I wasn't sure if that changed what to do so I just found comparable caps to the ones that were there on another model. 
  • I twisted and soldered wires to the +24 and ground, making sure they were long enough to reach the clips where the power from the Sorensens gets split up. I placed the amplifer in the rack on top of the RF distribution box and ziptied the power cable in place. 
  • I connected a splitter to the output of the amplifier. Should I use a 10dB coupler instead, to maximize the power to the EOM?

So, I think the remaining thing to do is to connect the splitter to ASC out and to the line to the EOM, the +24V supply to the amplifier, and the 29.5 MHz input to the attenuator. I wanted to wait on this to get confiration that the setup is OK. Eventually we can put all of this in a box. 

Also, I noticed that in the clear cabinet with the Sorensens next to this rack, the +24 V unit is not supplying any voltage and has a red light that says "OVP." 

  12807   Tue Feb 7 12:01:10 2017 LydiaUpdateIMC29.5 MHz stabilizer box replacement

I tested the amplifier with the Agilent network analyzer and measured 19.5 dB of gain between 29 and 30 mHz. The phase only changed by 1 degree over this same 1 MHz span. Since everything seems to be in order I'll hook it up this afternoon, unless there are any objections

Attachment 1: RF_amp.pdf
RF_amp.pdf
  12809   Tue Feb 7 17:00:55 2017 LydiaUpdateIMC29.5 MHz stabilizer box replacement

I set everything up and connected it as shown on the block diagram attached to the previous entry, with the exception of the DC power. This is becuase there is no place open to connect to on the DIN rail where the DC power is distributed, so the +24V power will have to be shut off to the other equipment in 1X1 before we can connect the amplifier. (The amplifier is in 1X2, but the DC power distribution was more accessible in 1X1.) I also added 3 new +24 V clips with fuses despite needing only one, so next time we need to connect something new it's not such a hassle. 

The RF distribution box where the 29.5 MHz signal originates should not be turned on until the amplifer has DC power. Since we may have a power interruption tomorrow, the plan is to wait until things are shut down in preparation, and then shut off anyhting else necessary before connecting the new clips on the rail to the existing ones. 

  12816   Fri Feb 10 02:14:10 2017 gautamUpdateIMC29.5 MHz stabilizer box replacement

Lydia finished up installing the new RF amplifier, and will elog the details of the installation.

I wanted to try and measure the IMC OLG to compare against my Simulink model. So I went about performing a few checks. Summary of my findings:

  1. The amplifier seems to be working fine. I checked powers at the input, output to EOM and output to distribution box (that serves the various LOs) first with a 30dB attenuator at the input, and subsequently with the design choice of 5dB attenuator at the input. Everything seemed in order.
  2. I installed a 30 dB attenuator at the MC REFL PD input to the demod board since my (rough) calculations suggested that our modifications would have resulted in the RF beat power between carrier and sideband increasing in power by ~27dB.
  3. I then opened the PSL shutter and tried locking the IMC - with manual tweaking of the various gains, I was able to lock.
  4. But getting to this point took me a while so I couldn't get an OLG measurement in.

TBC tomorrow, I'm leaving the PSL shutter closed and the RF source off for tonight...

  12817   Fri Feb 10 11:41:43 2017 LydiaUpdateIMC29.5 MHz stabilizer box replacement

To install the replacement amplifier, I did the following:

  • Mounted the amplifier in a 2U chassis, with a metal plate between the amplifier and the bottom of the box. The plate is separated from the box and the amplifier with 2 sets of Nylon screws. I did it this way to make use of the holes that were already in the chassis bottom and just drill holes into a plate instead. 
  • Cannibalized mounting brackets and back panel from old ALS Beatbox. The back panel has an on/off switch and a 3W3 feedthrough for power. 
  • Made a power cable to reach from the 1X1 fuse blocks to the back panel of my box. Goes up through the top of the rack and then back down. 
  • Installed the chassis in the rack. The lid is currently off and there is no front panel yet. 
  • Changed the +5dB attenuator to +30 to be able to check things first before supplying a way stronger signal. 
  • Installed 4 new +24 V fuse blocks on the adjacent rack (1X1). 
    • Put the new fuses on the DIN rail and wired them together. Connected the new power cable to one of them. 
    • Blocked PMC transmission and made sure all RF sources in 1X1 and 1X2 were turned off
    • Turned off the + 24 V and -24 V Sorensens, trying to keep them fairly balanced as I turned them to 0. 
    • At this point Rana suggested I turn off the other DC power supplies in the rack, which I did.
    • Connected the new fuse blocks to the existing +24 V ones. Note that they are not contiguous but they follow the color code and will be labeled. 
    • I'm only using one of the new +24 outputs, but I made more for future use to minimize the number of times we have to turn the power off. 
  • Connected the output of the amplifier to the EOM, and the coupled signal to the distribution box (which splits it and sends it to the demod boards). 
  • Turned on the power switch and checked that the amplifier was in fact getting 24 V. 
  • Connected the input from the 29.5 MHz source and measured the power coming from the amplifier. I measured -12 dBm instead of the expected ~0 dBm, but Gautam was able to see the expected power later, so maybe something just wasn't connected right.
  • Double checked the power coming into the amplifier, which was consistent with earlier measurements at about 12.8 dBm. 

 

Still to be done:

  • Label/relabel several things (fuse blocks, back panel, etc) 
  • Current label on +24 Sorensen needs to be updated
  • Order front panel and install
  • Install power indicator lights on front and back 
  • Readjust gains (analog and digital) to use full signal output and measure (hopefully) improved WFS performance
  • Insert bi-directional coupler and measure modulation depth and reflections from EOM
  12819   Fri Feb 10 13:24:28 2017 ranaUpdateIMC29.5 MHz stabilizer box replacement

To remind myself about how to put filter caps on the mini-circuits RF Amps, I looked at Koji's recent elog. Its mostly about op-amps, but the idea holds for us.

We want a big (~100 uF) electrolytic with a 50V rating for the +24V RF Amp. And then a 50V ceramic capacitor of ~0.1 uF close to the pins. Remember that the power feed through on the Mini-circuits case is itsself a capacitive feedthrough (although I guess its a ~100 pF).

Later, we should install in this box an active EMI filter (e.g. Vicor)

  12755   Wed Jan 25 15:41:29 2017 LydiaUpdateIMC29.5 MHz modulation depth measurement plan

[Lydia, gautam]

To measure the modulation depth of the 29.5 MHz sideband, we plan to connect a bidirectional coupler between the EOM and the triple resonant circuit box. This will let us measure the power going into the EOM and the power in the reflection. According to the manual for the EOM (Newport 4064), the modulation depth is 13 mrad/V at a wavelength of 1000 nm. Before disconnecting these we will turn off the Marconi.

Hopefully we can be gentle enough that the EOM can be realigned without too much trouble. Before touching anything we'll measure the beam power before and after the EOM so we know what to match after.

If anyone has an objection to this plan, speak now or we will proceed tomorrow morning.

  12756   Wed Jan 25 17:30:03 2017 KojiUpdateIMC29.5 MHz modulation depth measurement plan

I'm afraid that the bidirectional coupler, designed to be 50ohm in/out, disturbs the resonant circuit designed for the EOM which is almost purely capacitive.

One possible way could be to measure the transfer function using the active FET probe from the triple resonant input to the output with the EOM attached.

Another way: How about to measure the reflection before the resonant circuit? Then, of course, there is the triple resonant interface circuit between the power combiner and the EOM. This case, we will see how much power is consumed in EOM and the resonant circuit. Then we can use the previous measurement to see the conversion factor between the power consumption to the modulation depth. Kiwamu may give us his measurement.

  12758   Wed Jan 25 19:39:07 2017 gautam UpdateIMC29.5 MHz modulation depth measurement plan

Just collecting some links from my elog searching today here for easy reference later.

  • EOM datasheet: Newfocus 4064 (according to this, the input Impedance is 10pF, and can handle up to 10W max input RF power).
  • An elog thread with some past measurement details: elog 5339. According to this, the modulation depth at 29.5 MHz is 4mrad. The EOM's manual says 13mrad/V @1000nm, so we expect an input signal at 29.5MHz of 0.3V(pk?). But presumably there is some dependance of this coefficient on the actual modulation frequency, which I could not find in the manual. Also, Kiwamu's note (see next bullet) says that the EOM was measured to have a modulation depth of 8 mrad/V
  • A 2015 update from Kiwamu on the triple resonant circuit: elog 11109. In this elog, there is also a link to quite a detailed note that Kiwamu wrote, based on his analysis of how to make this circuit better. I will go through this, perhaps we want to pursue installing a better triple resonant circuit...

I couldn't find any details of the actual measurement technique, though perhaps I just didn't look for the right keywords. But Koji's suggestion of measuring powers with the bi-directional coupler before the triple resonant circuit (but after the power combiner) should be straightforward. 

  12767   Fri Jan 27 21:25:11 2017 LydiaUpdateIMC29.5 MHz modulation depth

[gautam, Lydia]

We set out to measure the 29.5 MHz power going to the EOM today but decided to start by looking at the output of the RF AM stabilizer box first. We wanted to measure the AM noise with a mixer, so we needed to know the power it was giving. We looked at the ouput that goes to the power combiner on the PSL table and found it was putting out only -2.0 dBm (~0.5 Vpp)! This was measured by taking a spectrum with the AG4395 and confirmed by looking on a scope.

To find out if this could be adjusted, we found an old MEDM screen (/opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/medm/c1lsc/master/C1LSC_RFADJUST.adl) and moved the 29.5 MHz EOM Mod Index Adjust slider while measuring the voltage coming in to the MOD CONTOL connection on the front of the AM stabilizer box. Moving the slider from 0 to 10 changes the input voltage linearly from -10 V to 10 V measured with a DMM at the cross-connects as we couldn't find an appropriate adapter for the LEMO cable. The 29.5 MHz modulation only appeared for slider values between 0 and 5, after which it abruptly shuts off. However, changing the slider value between 0 and 5 (Voltage from -10 to 0) does not change the amplitude of the output.

This seems like a problem; further investigation into the AM stabilizer box is neccessary. This DCC document outlines how to test the box, but we can't find a schematic. Since we don't have any mixers that can handle signals as small as -2 dBm, we gave up trying to measure the AM noise and will attempt to measure that and the reflection power from the EOM + resonant circuit once this problem has been diagnosed and fixed.

GV: After some digging, I found the schematic for the RF AM stabilization box (updated wiki and added it to the 40m document tree). According to it, there should be up to +22dBm of RF AM stabilized output to the EOM available, though we measured -2dBm yesterday, and could not vary this level by adjusting the EPICS voltage value. Neglecting losses in the cabling and the power combiner on the PSL, this translates to a paltry 0.178Vrms*0.6*8mard/Vrms ~ 0.85 mrad of modulation depth (gain at 29.5 MHz of the triple resonant circuit taken from this elog)... I think we need to pull this 1U chassis out and debug more thoroughly...

 

  12768   Sat Jan 28 01:25:51 2017 gautamUpdateIMC29.5 MHz modulation depth

Some more details of our investigation:

  1. Here is a spectrum of the signal to the power combiner on the PSL table, measured on the output of the RF AM Stabilization box.

    Perhaps these sidebands were the ones I observed while looking at the input to the WFS demod board.
  2. The signal looked like a clean sinusoid when viewed on an oscilloscope with input impedance set to 50ohms. There were no sharp features or glitches in the time we observed, except when the 29.5 MHz MEDM slider was increased beyond 5, as noted by Lydia.
  3. We couldn't find a schematic for this RF AM Stabilization servo, so we are not sure what RF output power to the EOM we should expect. Schematic has since been found.
  4. I measured the power level at the input side (i.e. from the crystal) and found that it is ~12dBm, which seems reasonable (the front panel of the box housing the 29.5 MHz oscillator is labelled 13dBm). The schematic for the RF AM stabilization box says we should expect +10dBm at the input side, so all this points to a problem in the RF AM stabilization circuit...
  5. There is an attenuator dial on the front panel of the said RF AM stabilization servo that allows one to tune the power to the LO input of the WFS. Right now, it is set to approximately 7dB of attentuation, which corresponds to -12dBm at the WFS demod board input. I did a quick check to see if turning the dial changed the signal level at the LO input of the WFS board. The dial moves in clicks of 1dB, and the RF power at the LO input of the demod board increased/decreased by ~1dBm for each click the dial was rotated (I only explored the region 3dB-11dB of atttentuation). So it should be possible to increase the LO level to the WFS demod boards, is there any reason we shouldn't increase this to -8bBm (~0.25Vpp into 50ohms, which is around the level Koji verified the mixer to be working well at)?
  6. There were a couple of short ribbon cables which were just lying around on top of the cards in the eurocrate, Koji tells me that these were used as tester cables for checking the whitening filters and that they don't serve any purpose now. These have been removed.
  7. Added a button to IMC MEDM screen to allow easy access to the MEDM screen with slider to control the 29.5MHz modulation depth - though as mentioned in Lydia's elog, at the moment, this slider has no effect on the 29.5MHz power level to the EOM...
Attachment 1: IMC_mod.pdf
IMC_mod.pdf
  2801   Thu Apr 15 14:47:28 2010 steveUpdateElectronics25MHZ oscillation of HP4195A

The 1979 vintage RF spectrum analyzer HP4195A  sn2904J01587 shipped out  for repair today to http://www.avalontest.com

It has a 25 MHZ oscillation when you go  below 150 MHZ in your sweep....atm1 with the larger amplitude shows this 25 MHZ

Atm2 is displaying  full sweep-sign scans from 1 to 500 MHZ.....here one can clearly see the three segment of the scan:

1, large amplitude 25 MHZ oscillation dominating the spectrum up to 150 MHZ

2, the mid section from 150 MHZ  to 300 MHZ with medium size amplitude is normal

3, from 300 MHZ to 500 MHZ the amplitude is decreasing.......showing the disadvantage of using a 300 MHZ oscilloscope

 

 

 

Attachment 1: P1060246.JPG
P1060246.JPG
Attachment 2: P1060249.JPG
P1060249.JPG
  16211   Thu Jun 17 22:19:12 2021 KojiUpdateElectronics25 HAM-A coil driver units delivered

25 HAM-A coil driver units were fabricated by Todd and I've transported them to the 40m.
 2 units we already have received earlier.
The last (1) unit has been completed, but Luis wants to use it for some A+ testing. So 1 more unit is coming.

Attachment 1: P_20210617_195811.jpg
P_20210617_195811.jpg
  12660   Fri Dec 2 16:40:29 2016 gautamUpdateIMC24V fuse pulled out

I've pulled out the 24V fuse block which supplies power to the AOM RF driver. The way things are set up on the PSL table, this same voltage source powers the RF amplifiers which amplify the green beatnote signals before sending them to the LSC rack. So I turned off the green beat PDs before pulling out the fuse. I then disconnected the input to the RF driver (it was plugged into a DS345 function generator on the PSL table) and terminated it with a 50 ohm terminator. I want to figure out a smart way of triggering the AOM drive and recording a ringdown on the scope, after which I will re-connect the RF driver to the DS345. The RF driver, as well as the green beat amplifiers and green beat PDs, remain unpowered for now...

  623   Wed Jul 2 13:56:10 2008 Rob, Yoichi, JohnUpdateLocking24.5 Hz resonance
Work continues on trying to reduce the CARM offset using dc signals from PO_DC. Got up to arm powers of
~35 last night.

We found that progress was stymied by an oscillation around 24 Hz. This oscillation was clearly visible
in the intensity of the light at REFL, PO and TrX.

Initially we suspected that this oscillation was due to an instability in the CARM loop. We attempted to
solve the problem by tuning the crossover frequncy of the AO and MC_L paths and shaping the MC_L loop to
reduce the impact of the 24 Hz noise.

After some quick tests we found that the 24 Hz signal was present even when dc CARM was used. It appears
that the peak is in fact due to a SOS mechanical resonance. We currently suspect a roll mode.

We're going to check that PRC, MICH and DARM have filters to attenuate the 24 Hz line. We'll also look at the
SUS_POS bandstop filters to see where they are centred.

The ISS was behaving strangely again. Constantly saturated at 5dB of gain. Someone needs to look a this.
Attachment 1: locking080702.png
locking080702.png
  6359   Mon Mar 5 20:31:33 2012 KojiUpdateLSC22/110MHz path for POP

This a kind of self record...

We need an RF setup at POP to extract 22 and 110 MHz components separately.

I am planning to work on this in the daytime on Tuesday.

  6366   Tue Mar 6 22:23:04 2012 KojiUpdateLSC22/110MHz path for POP

 

 As par Kiwamu's request, RF filters for POP22 and POP110 were installed. They are not really nice. We need to replace it with more fancy electronics.
More to come later.

 

  6374   Wed Mar 7 15:56:36 2012 KojiUpdateLSC22/110MHz path for POP

The RF separator installed comprises of the Minicircuits filters cascaded as in the figure below.
This has one input and 4 output ports for 11, 22, 30-60, and 110MHz signal.
As seen in this entry #6167, we have 22 and 110MHz signals together with 11, 44, 66MHz signals.
They may be demodulated via a harmonic characteristic of the mixers. (Remeber mixers are not multipliers.)

RFseparator.png

 Of course the big concern is the impedance matching for those signals as usual.
The 2nd attachment shows measured impedance of the circuits with all of the ports terminated.
From the complex impedance, we can calculate the reflection coefficient. The 44 and 110MHz
components look correctly matched while the others seems largely reflected.
This certainly is not a nice situation, as the reflection can make the amplifier next to the PD unhappy
(although the reflected power is tiny in our case).

In our case more eminent problem is that the amplitude of the 22MHz signal can vary depending on the cable length by
factor of 10 in amplitude. (c.f. VSWR on the 2nd attachment.)

The transmission to each port was measured. The separation of the signals looks good. But the attenuation of the
targetted signals (i.e. insertion losses) are qulitatively consistent with the impedance. Again these losses are depend
on the cable length.

 

 

Attachment 2: impedance.pdf
impedance.pdf
Attachment 3: transmission.pdf
transmission.pdf
  8192   Wed Feb 27 20:50:41 2013 ManasaUpdateLSC22/110MHz path for POP

[Yuta, Manasa]

Modified POP path.

1. Removed temporary POP DC and the BS 50 (elog)
2. Introduced a 95% BS after the POP steering mirrors (95% of the signal goes to PD10CF used for POP22 and 5% goes to POP camera)
3. Output of PD10CF goes to the LSC rack through POP110 heliax cable.
4. The PD output at the LSC rack  goes through a DC block to separate DC from RF.

POP.png

We could not find a power supply slot for the amplifiers on the LSC rack. We had to put a temporary power supply in contradiction to our 'no temporary power supply' policy.

  8397   Tue Apr 2 23:14:02 2013 ranaUpdateLSC22/110MHz path for POP

Quote:

We could not find a power supply slot for the amplifiers on the LSC rack. We had to put a temporary power supply in contradiction to our 'no temporary power supply' policy.

 After 1 month, its hard to imagine that this could not have been fixed by putting in a proper fuse and fuse block. I will remove this tomorrow if I still find it this way in the bottom of the rack.

There are also 2 Sorensen switching supplies in the bottom of the LSC rack (with all of our sensitive demod boards). These should also be moved over to the old 'digital' LSC rack tomorrow for the post meeting lab cleanup.

Use fuse blocks with fuses with appropriate ampacity.

  2925   Wed May 12 23:31:17 2010 AlbertoUpdate40m Upgrading216 MHz resonance in the POY11 PD killed
It turned out that the resonance at 216 MHz in the 11MHz PD that I showed in the elog entry 2902 was casued by an instability of the of the MAX4107 opamap' feedback loop.
As the datasheet of the opamp shows, the close-loop gain has a peak at about 200-250MHz, in presence of even small capacitive loads.
In my case, perhaps either the capacitance of the BNC cables plugged to the RF output of the PD box, or the shunt capacitance of the circuit parts after the opamap (traces and resistors) might have introduced capacitance at the output of the amplifier.
 
LISO had failed in predicting the resonance because it has only ideal transfer functions of the opamps. In particular the open-loop gain of the opamaps in the library is just a function with a simple pole.
 
At RF frequencies the output impedances of the opamp starts having a non-negligible inductance that interacts with the load capacitance, generating a typical LC-circuit resonance.
 
In cases like this, such effect can be mitigated by introducing an "isolating" resistor at the output of the opamp.
 
So I did that and modified the circuit as in this simplified schematic here:
 
POX11.png
 

The choice of 100 Ohm for the isolating resistor was mainly empirical. I started with 10, then 20 and 50 until I got a sufficient suppression of the resonance. Even just 10Ohm suppressed the resonance by several tens of dB.

2010-05-12_POY11_CalibratedOpticalResponse0-500MHz.png

 

In that way the gain of the loop didn't change. Before that, I was also able to kill the resonance by just increasing the loop gain from 10 to 17.  But, I didn't want to increase the closed-loop gain.

One thing that I tried, on Koji's suggestion, was to try to connect the RF output of the PD box to an RF amplifier to see whether shielding the output from the cable capacitance would make the resonance disappear: It did not work.

  2926   Thu May 13 05:06:43 2010 ranaUpdate40m Upgrading216 MHz resonance in the POY11 PD killed

 

 This idea was tried before by Dale in the ~1998 generation of PDs. Its OK for damping a resonance, but it has the unfortunate consequence of hurting the dynamic range of the opamp. The 100 Ohm resistor reduces the signal that can be put out to the output without saturating the 4107.

I still recommend that you move the notch away from the input of the 4107. Look at how the double notch solution has been implemented in the WFS heads.

  13544   Fri Jan 12 20:35:34 2018 Udit KhandelwalSummaryGeneral2018/01/12 Summary
  1. 40m Lab CAD
    1. Worked further on positioning vacuum tubes and chambers in the building.
    2. Next step would be to find some drawings for optical table positions and vibration isolation stack. Need help with this! 
  2. Tip Tilt Suspension (D070172)
    1. Increased the length of side arms. The overall height of D070172 assembly matches that of D960001.
    2. The files are present in dropbox in [40mShare] > [40m_cad_models] > [TT - Tip Tilt Suspension]
  12055   Wed Mar 30 16:40:24 2016 ericqUpdateLSC2016 vs 2010

I haven't found any data files for the DARM spectrum of the previous generation of 40m, but with some GIMP-fu, I have plotted Monday's spectrum (green) on top of one of the figures from Rob's thesis.

  9730   Mon Mar 17 10:50:58 2014 steveUpdatesafety2014 annual crane certification

Quote:

Quote:

 

 We had our annual safety inspection today.  Our SOPs are outdated. The full list of needed correction will be posted tomorrow.

 

The most useful found was that the ITMX-ISCT ac power is coming  from 1Y1 rack. This should actually go to 1Y2 LSC rack ?

 Please test this so we do not create more ground loops.

 Annual crane inspection is scheduled for 8-11am Monday, March 17, 2014

 

The control room Smart UPS has two red extension cords that has to be removed: Nodus and Linux1

 KroneCrane Fred inspected and certified the 3 40m cranes for 2014. The vertex crane crane was load tested at fully extended position.

Attachment 1: 2014craneCert.jpg
2014craneCert.jpg
  4651   Fri May 6 10:20:00 2011 steveSummarySAFETY2011 safety audit

The emphasis of this annual safety audit  was on  safe  electrical housekeeping on March 3, 2011

Safety audit correction list for the electric shop:

1, install breaker panel door in room 101
2, install conduit- AC out let in the east arm for USB camera table and
    south arm for maglev- external fan
3, replace AC cord to south end work bench and door alarm
4, trace breaker of 1Y4

Requested completion date: 3-28-2011 at estimated cost $1,500.
 
All recommendations  for improvement were done by April 1, 2011
 
We thank the participants for making the 40m a safer  place to work.
 
 
 
 
Attachment 1: sa2011done1.pdf
sa2011done1.pdf
Attachment 2: P1070448.JPG
P1070448.JPG
  1620   Fri May 22 01:27:14 2009 peteUpdateSUS200 days of MC3 side

Looks like something went nuts in late April.  We have yet to try a hard reboot.

Attachment 1: mc3_side_200days.png
mc3_side_200days.png
  547   Fri Jun 20 01:38:55 2008 ranaUpdatePEM20 day Weather
Yoichi showed me that its possible to make PNG images from PS using GS:
gs -sDEVICE=png16m -sOutputFile=foo.png bar.ps
Attachment 1: test.png
test.png
  10899   Wed Jan 14 02:11:07 2015 ranaSummaryTreasure2-loop Algebra Loopology

I show here the matrix formalism to calculate analytically the loop TF relationships for the IMC w/ both FSS actuators so that it would be easier to interperet the results.

The attached PDF shows the Mathematica notebook and the associated block diagram.

In the notebook, I have written the single hop connection gains into the K matrix. P is the optical plant, C is the Common electronic gain, F is the 'fast' NPRO PZT path, and M is the phase Modulator.

G is the closed loop gain matrix. The notation is similar to matlab SS systems; the first index is the row and the second index is the column. If you want to find the TF from node 2 to node 3, you would ask for G[[3,2]].

As examples, I've shown how to get the FAST gain TF that I recently made with the Koji filter box as well as the usual OLG measurement that we make from the MC servo board front panel.

Attachment 1: FSSloop.pdf
FSSloop.pdf FSSloop.pdf
Attachment 2: FSSloop.png
FSSloop.png
  16464   Thu Nov 11 00:11:39 2021 KojiSummarySUS2" to 3" sleeve issue

Yehonathan and Tega found that the new PR3 and SR3 delivered in 2020 is in fact 3/4" in thickness (!). Digging the past email threads, it seems that the spec was 10mm but the thickness was increased for better relieving the residual stress by the coatings.

There are a few issues.

1. Simply the mirror is too thick for the ring. It sticks out from the hole. And the mirror retainers (four plastic plates) are too far from the designed surface, which will make the plates tilted.

2. The front side of the mirror assembly is too heavy and the pitch adjustment is not possible with the balance mass.

Some possible solutions:

- How about making the recess deeper?
In principle this is possible, but the machining is tricky because the recess is not a simple round hole but has "pads" where the mirror sits. And the distance of the retainer to the thread is still far.
And the lead time might become long.

- How about making new holes on the ring to shift the clamp?
Yes it is possible. This will shift the mirror assembly by a few mm. Let's consider this.

- How about modifying the wire blocks?
Yes it is equivalent to shift the holes on the ring. Let's consider this too.

1. How to hold the mirror with the retainer plates

[Attachment 1] The expected distance between the retainer plate and the threaded hole is 13.4mm. We can insert a #4-40 x L0.5" stand off (McMaster-Carr 91197A150, SUS316) there. This will make the gap down to 0.7mm. With a washer, we can handle this gap with the plate. Note that we need to use vented & silver plated #4-40 screws to hold the plates.

[Attachment 2] How does this look like when the CoM is aligned with the wire plane? Oh, no... the lower two plates will interfere with the EQ stops and the EQ stop holders. We have to remove them. [Attachment 3]
We need to check with the suspension if the EQ stop screws may hit the protruded optics and can cause chipping/cracking.

2. Modifying the wire block

[Attachment 4] The 4x thru holes of the wire block were extended to be +/-0.1" slots. The slots are too long to form ovals and produce thin areas. With the nominal position of the balance mass, the clamp coordinates are y=1.016 (vertical) and z=-2.54mm (longitudinal).
==> The CoM is 0.19mm backside (magnet side) and 0.9134 mm lower from the wire clamping points. This looks mathematically doable, but the feasibility of the manufacturing is questionable.

[Attachment 5] Because the 0.1" shift of the CoM is large, we are able to make new #2-56 thread holes right next to the original ones. The clamp coordinates are y=1.016 (vertical) and z=-2.54mm (longitudinal).
==> The CoM is 0.188mm backside (magnet side) and 0.9136 mm lower from the wire clamping points. With the given parameters, the expected pitch resonant frequency is 0.756Hz

My Recommendation

- Modify the metal ring to shift the #2-56 threads by 0.1"

- The upper two retainer plates will have #4-40 x 0.5" stand off. Use vented Ag-coated #4-40 screws.

- The lower two are to be removed.

- Take care of the EQ stops.

- Of course, the best solution is to redesign the holder for 3/4" optics. Can we ask Protolab for rapid manufacturing???


Why did we need to place the mass forward to align the 1/4" thick optic?

We were supposed to adjust the CoM not to have too much adjustment. But we had to move the balance mass way too front for the proper alignment with a 1/4" thick optic. Why...?
This is because the ring was designed for a 3/8" thick optic... It does not make sense because the depth of the thread holes for the retainer plate was designed for 1/4" optics...

When the balance mass is located at the neutral position, the CoM coordinate is

x 0.0351mm (x+: left side at the front view)
y 0.0254mm (y+: vertical up)
z 0.4493mm (z+: towards back)

So, the CoM is way too behind. When the balance mass was stacked and the moved forward (center of the axis was moved forward by 0.27"), the CoM coordinate is (Attachment 6)

x 0.0351mm
y 0.0254mm
z 0.0011mm

This makes sens why we had to move the balance mass a lot for the adjustment.

Attachment 1: Screenshot_2021-11-11_001050.png
Screenshot_2021-11-11_001050.png
Attachment 2: Screenshot_2021-11-11_010405.png
Screenshot_2021-11-11_010405.png
Attachment 3: Screenshot_2021-11-11_010453.png
Screenshot_2021-11-11_010453.png
Attachment 4: Screenshot_2021-11-11_012213.png
Screenshot_2021-11-11_012213.png
Attachment 5: Screenshot_2021-11-11_011336.png
Screenshot_2021-11-11_011336.png
Attachment 6: Screenshot_2021-11-10_235100.png
Screenshot_2021-11-10_235100.png
  16296   Wed Aug 25 08:53:33 2021 JordanUpdateSUS2" Adapter Ring for SOS Arrived 8/24/21

8 of the 2"->3" adapter rings (D2100377) arrived from RDL yesterday. I have not tested the threads but dimensional inspection on SN008 cleared. Parts look very good. The rest of the parts should be shipping out in the next week.

Attachment 1: 20210824_152259.jpg
20210824_152259.jpg
Attachment 2: 20210824_152259.jpg
20210824_152259.jpg
Attachment 3: 20210824_152308.jpg
20210824_152308.jpg
  16364   Wed Sep 29 09:36:26 2021 JordanUpdateSUS2" Adapter Ring Parts for SOS Arrived 9/28/21

The remaining machined parts for the SOS adapter ring have arrived. I will inspect these today and get them ready for C&B.

Attachment 1: 20210929_092418.jpg
20210929_092418.jpg
  820   Mon Aug 11 00:58:31 2008 ranaUpdatePEM2 years of temperature trend
The PSL RMTEMP alarmed again because it says the room temperature is 19.5 C. Steve said in
an earlier log entry that this is a false alarm but he didn't say why he thought so...

I say that either the calibration of the RMTEMP channel has drifted, the setpoint of the HVAC
has shifted, or there's a drift in the RMTEMP channel. I don't know what electronics exactly
are used for this channel so not sure if its susceptible to so much drift.

However, since the Dust Monitor (count_temp) shows a similar temperature decline in the
last two years I am inclined to blame the HVAC system.

The attached plot shows 2 years of hour-mean trend.
Attachment 1: Untitled.png
Untitled.png
  821   Mon Aug 11 09:39:29 2008 ranaUpdatePEM2 years of temperature trend
Steve and I went around and inspected and then adjusted the thermostats and humidostats.

All the thermostats were set at 70F in 2005 by Steve. We adjusted the ones on the arms up to 72F
and set the one on the wall west of the framebuilder up to 74F (this area was consistently colder
than all the others and so we're over-correcting intentionally).
  5783   Wed Nov 2 10:41:47 2011 steveUpdateGeneral2 spare heliax at the LSC rack

They were traced and labeled. One goes to 1X2 and the other to AS-ISCT. They are Andrew Heliax 1/4" od. made by CommScone,  model number FSJ1-50A

  3622   Wed Sep 29 16:56:36 2010 yutaUpdateVAC2 doors opened

(Steve, Koji, Joe, Kiwamu, Yuta)

Background:
 The vent was started on Monday, and finished on Tuesday.
 We were to open the doors on Tuesday, but we couldn't because the vertex crane got out of order.
 Now the crane was fixed, and so we opened the doors today.

What we did:

 We opened the north side of the BS chamber and the west side of the ITMX chamber.
 Now, the light doors are put instead.

  2744   Wed Mar 31 16:55:05 2010 josephbUpdateComputers2 computers from Alex and Rolf brought to 40m

I went over to Downs today and was able to secure two 8 core machines, along with mounting rails.  These are very thin looking 1U chassis computers. I was told by Rolf the big black box computers might be done tomorrow afternoon.  Alex also kept one of the 8 core machines since he needed to replace a hard drive on it, and also wanted to keep for some further testing, although he didn't specify how long.

I also put in a request with Alex and Rolf for the RCG system to produce code which includes memory location hooks for plant models automatically, along with a switch to flip from the real to simulated inputs/outputs.

 

ELOG V3.1.3-