Oct. 5, 2015 ETMY He/Ne replaced by 1103P, sr P919645, made Dec 2014, after 2 years
Jan. 24, 2017 ETMY He/Ne replaced by 1103P, sr P947049, made Apr 2016, after 477 hrs running hot
Jan. 26, 2017 RIN test stared with P947034, made Apr. 2016
Apr. 10, 2017 purchased two 1103P from Edmund: sr P964438 & sr P964431, made 02/2017
Why ITMY UL can not see this earth quake? SRM and PRM are misaligned. ETMX is still not well.
We have to remember to check OSEM - magnet alignment when vented.
Sus dampings recovered. ETMY oplev needs to be recentered.
Ruby wire standoff received from China. I looked one of them with our small USB camera. They did a good job. The long edges of the prism are chipped.
The v-groove cutter must avoid them. Pictures will follow.
Atm 1 & 5, showing the ruby R ~10 mm as it is seated on Al SOS test mass
Atm. 2, 3 & 4 chipped long edges with SOS sus wire OD 43 micron as calibration
Bluebean Optical Tech Limited of Shanghai delivered 50 pieces red ruby prisms with radius. The first prism pictures were taken at June 5
and it was retaken again as BB#1 later
More samples were selected randomly as one from each bag of 5 and labeled as BB#2.......6
The R10 mm radius can be seen agains the ruler edge. The v-groove edge was labeled with blue marker and pictures were taken
from both side of this ridge. The top view is shown as the wire laying across on it.
SOS sus wire of 43 micron OD used as calibration as it was placed close to the side that it was focused on.
The V-groove ridge surface quality was evaluated based on as scale of 1 – 10 with 10 being the most positive.
Remaining thing to examin, take picture of the contacting ridge to SOS from the side.
1103P, sn P893518 of 2013 vintage is dead at the sus fiber demo
July 19, 2017 1103P, sn P964438 as new installed at the south end for the glass fiber illumination. Turn laser off when you are done.
The $1000 HeNe should not be used for illuminating fibers.
You should purchase these (total price per laser less than $6):
Also ordered 1 ea.
IR 780nm 3mW
HeNe 1103P 2mW Recertified
I had done some modeling and measurement of some of these noises while I was putting together the initial DRMI noise budget, but I had never put things together in one plot. In Attachment #1, I've plotted the following:
Attachment #2 has an iPython notebook used to generate this plot along with all the data.
Edit 28 Jul 2.30pm: I've added Attachment #3 with traces for different assumed values of the series resistance on the coil driver board - although I have not re-computed the Johnson noise contribution for the various resistances. If we can afford to reduce the actuation range by a factor of 25, then it looks like we get to within a factor of ~5 of the seismic noise at ~150Hz.
See Attachment #1, which is full (2048Hz) data for a 3 minute stretch around when I saw the MC1 glitch. At the time of the glitch, WFS loops were disabled, so the only actuation on MC1 was via the local damping loops. The oscillations in the MC2 channels are the autolocker turning on the MC2 length tickle.
Nikhil and I tried the usual techniques of squishing cables at the satellite box, and also at 1X4/1X5, but the glitching persists. I will try and localize the problem this weekend. This thread details investigations the last time something like this happened. In the past, I was able to fix this kind of glitching by replacing the (high speed) current buffer IC LM6321M. These are present in a two places: Satellite box (for the shadow sensor LED current drive), and on the coil driver boards. I think we can rule out the slow machine ADCs that supply the static PIT and YAW bias voltages to the optic, as that path is low-passed with a 4th order filter @1Hz, while the glitches that show up in the OSEM sensor channels do not appear to be low-passed, as seen in the zoomed in view of the glitch in Attachment #2 (but there is an LM6321 in this path as well).
Happened again just now, although the characteristics of the glitch are very different from the previous post, its less abrupt. Only actuation on MC1 at this point was local damping.
There must be some bad connection
I have squished cables in all the places I can think of - but MC1 has been glitching regularly today. Before starting to pull electronics out, I am going to attempt a more systematic debugging in the hope I can localize the cause.
Some possible scenarios (assuming the free swinging spectra look alright and the various resonances are where we expect them to be):
MC1 has been in a glitchy mood today, with large (MC-REFL spot shifts by ~1 beam diameter on the CCD monitor) glitches happening ~every 2-3 hours. Hopefully it hasn't gone into an extended quiet period. For reference, I've attached the screen-grab of the MC-QUAD and MC-REFL as they are now.
GV 9.20PM: Just to make sure of good SNR in measuring the pendulum eigenfreqs, I ran /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/scripts/SUS/freeswing MC1 in a terminal . The result looked rather violent on the camera but its already settling down. The terminal output:
The following optics were kicked:
Thu Aug 10 21:21:24 PDT 2017
Attachment #1: Free swinging sensor spectra. I havent done any peak fitting but the locations of the resonances seem consistent with where we expect them to be.
The MC_REFL spot appears to not have shifted significantly (so slow bias voltages are probably not to blame). Now I have to look at trend data to see if there is any evidence of glitching.
I'm not sure I understand the input matrix though - the matrix elements would have me believe that the sensing of POS in UL is ~5x stronger than in UR and LL, but the peak heights don't back that up.
Attachment #3: Second trend over 5hours (since frame writing was re-enabled this morning). Note that MC1 is still free-swinging but there is no evidence of steps of ~30cts which have been observed some days ago. Also, from my observations yesterday, MC1 glitched multiple times over a few hours timescale. More data will have to be looked at, but as things stand, Hypothesis #3 below looks the best.
About 30mins ago, I saw another glitch on MC1 - this happened while the Watchdog was shutdown.
In order to further narrow down the cause of the glitch, we switched the Coil Driver Board --> Satellite box DB(15?) connectors on the coil drivers between MC1 and MC3 coil driver boards. I also changed the static PIT/YAW bias voltages to MC1 and MC3 such that MC-REFL is now approximately back to the center of the CCD monitor.
The coil driver electronics for MC1, upstream of the Satellite box, was what was previously MC3 electronics.
Attachment #1 shows that there were no glitches in MC3 sensor channels (which are now physically connected to what was previously MC1 coil driver electronics).
Attachment #2 shows the second trends for a 12 hour period for MC1 and MC3 sensor channels. The MC3 channels look well behaved, but there are frequent glitches (at least 9 in the last 12 hours ) visible in the MC1 channels.
So to recap:
I need to confirm that the output of the coil driver board goes straight to the Sat. Box, but if there are no intermediate elements, the problem is either in the cable from coil driver to sat. box, or downstream of the Satellite box - i.e. vacuum feedthroughs or the suspension itself? The size of the glitches is roughly the same in all 4 face channels (~60-80cts pp).
GV addendum 14 Aug 2017, 10.30am: Attachment #3 shows the second trend for the MC sensor channels over the weekend. While there were many on Saturday, it seems that Sunday was quieter.
To add to Gautam's entry: we swapped the cables at the coil driver side (these are the ones that go from coil driver to sat box). In this state, damping is not useable since the MC1 servos would drive MC3.
~70 counts in the sensor means ~70 microns of motion. Since the watchdogs are off and the coil drivers are swapped, this can't be laser beam getting in to the sensors.
WE have to consider that these are some real strain release type events happening in the suspension wire or wire standoff, so may require a vent to inspect and possible repair MC1.
We used to have similar suspension excursion at ETMX. This was the motivation to replace the stand-offs from Al ones to ruby ones. Did the replacement solve the issue at ETMX?
I don't think we can say for sure. I was just talking to EricQ about this, he said the glitches were often seen when changing the alignment offsets when aligning the arm. I am pretty sure I have seen the ETMX alignment change abruptly since the Ruby Standoff replacement (the Oplev spot just slides across the MEDM display rapidly), but I can't find an elog where I've put in details. I also haven't done a whole lot of work with the arm cavities where I would have noticed this problem. There is this test that Eric did, and it didn't throw up any red flags. But the suspension can be well behaved for weeks at a time before this problem pops up again.
There was also the flaky power connection to the timing card on the ETMX expansion chassis which was fixed only recently, after which there has been no systematic investigation of the status of ETMX.
If it is true that these events are caused by strain building up in the suspension wire, I wonder how we can take systematic steps to avoid it. From what I remember of the SOS assembly procedure, the (unglued) standoff is slid along the optic with the wire under slight tension until the wire slips into the groove on the standoff. Then the tension in the wire is adjusted till the optic is pitch balanced and at the desired height. But it is easy to imagine imprinting some torsional stresses in the (40 um?) wire during this process of looping it around under the optic and placing it in the groove. But perhaps this mechanism makes a negligible contribution to the effect we are seeing, and some other mechanism is responsible in this case.
Now that all the CDS overview lights are green, I decided to switch back the coil driver outputs to their original state so that the MC optics could be damped and the IMC relocked. I also restored the static PIT/YAW bias values to their original values.
MC1 has been quiet over the last couple of days, lets see how it behaves in the next few days. In all the glitches I have observed, if the IMC is locked and WFS loops are enabled, the loops are able to correct for the DC misalignment caused by the glitch. But the mcwfs off script is currently set up in such a way that the output history is cleared between IMC locks. I made two copies of the mcwfson/mcwfsoff scripts, called mcwfsunhold/mcwfshold respectively. They live in /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/scripts/MC/WFS. I've also modified the autolocker script to call these modified scripts, such that when the IMC loses lock, the WFS servo outputs are held, while the input is turned off. The hope is that in this configuration, the autolocker can catch a lock even if there is a glitch on MC1.
I haven't tried locking the arms yet, but I think other IFO work discussed at the meeting (like arm loss estimation / cavity scans etc) can proceed.
Seems like this modification didn't really work. There were several large MC1 glitches, and one of them misaligned MC1 so much that the IMC didn't relock for the last ~6 hours. I re-aligned MC1 manually, and now it is locked fine.
that's why the Autolocker clears the outputs; we don't want to be holding the offsets from the last ms of lock when it was all messed up; instead it would be best to have a slow (~mHz) relief script that takes the WFS controls and puts them onto the MC SUS sliders. This would then re-align the MC to the input beam rather than the input to the MC. Which is not the best idea.
Seems like this modification didn't really work.
They are synchronised tiny glitches. They are not mechanical.
It is unclear when this was last done, and since I modified the coil driver electronics for the ITMs and BS recently, I figured it would be useful to get this calibration done. The primary motivation was to see if we could resolve the discrepancy between the current ALS noise (using POX as a sensor) compared to the Izumi et. al. plot.
Because we are planning to change the coil driver electronics further soon anyways, we decided to do the calibration at a single frequency for tonight. For future reference, the extension of this method to calibrate the actuator over a wider range of frequencies is here. The procedure followed, and the relevant numbers from tonight, are as follows.
Once these calibrations were updated, we decided to control the arms with ALS, and look at the POX spectrum. Y-arm ALS wasn't so stellar tonight, especially at low frequencies. I can see the GTRY spot moving on the CCD monitor, so something is wonky. To be investigated. But the X arm ALS noise looked pretty good.
Seems like updating the calibration did the job; see the attached comparison plot.
Last night, while we were working on the ALS, I noticed the GTRY spot moving around (in PITCH) on the CCD monitor in the control room at ~1-2Hz. The operating condition was that the arm was locked to the IR, and the PSL green shutter was closed, so that only the arm transmissions were visible on the CCD screens. There was no such noticable movement of the GTRX spot. When looking at the out-of-loop ALS nosie in this configuration (but now with the PSL green shutter open of course), the Y arm ALS noise at low frequencies was much worse than the X arm.
Today, I looked into this a little more. I first checked that the Y-endtable enclosure was closed off as usual (as I had done some tweaking to the green input pointing some days ago). There are various green ghost beams on the Y-endtable. When time permits, we should make an effort to cleanly dump these. But the enclosure was closed as usual.
Then I looked at the in-loop Oplev error signal spectra for the ITMY and ETMY Oplev loops. There was high coherence between ETMYP Oplev error signal and GTRY. So I took a loop transfer function measurement - the upper UGF was around 3.5Hz. I increased the loop gain such that the upper UGF was around 4.5Hz, with phase margin ~30degrees. Doing so visibly reduced the angular movement of the GTRY spot on the CCD. Attachment #1 shows the Oplev loop TF after the gain increase, while Attachment #2 compares the GTRX and GTRY spectra (DC value is approximately the same for both, around 0.4). GTRY still seems a bit noisier at low frequencies, but the out-of-loop ALS noise for the Y arm now lines up much more closely with its reference trace from a known good time.
Y-arm ALS wasn't so stellar tonight, especially at low frequencies. I can see the GTRY spot moving on the CCD monitor, so something is wonky. To be investigated.
MC1, MC2 and MC3 damping turned off to see glitching action at 9:57am
There was a pretty large glitch in MC1 about an hour ago. The misalignment was so large that the autolocker wasn't able to lock the IMC. I manually re-aligned MC1 using the bias sliders, and now IMC locks fine. Attached is a 90 second plot of 2K data from the OSEMs showing the glitch. Judging from the wall StripTool, the IMC was well behaved for ~4 hours before this glitch - there is no evidence of any sort of misalignment building up, judging from the WFS control signals.
I re-enabled the MC SUS damping and IMC locking for some IFO work just now.
The signal path for the ASDC signal is AS55 PD --> D990543 (interface board) --> D990694 (whitening board) --> D000076 (AA board) --> ADC Ch 31. Everything in this signal chain should be able to handle signals in the range +/- 10V, which should correspond to the full range of our +/-10V, 16bit ADCs. But the ASDC signal seems to saturate at ~2000 counts (i.e. turning up the analog whitening gain doesn't make the signal get any bigger than this). I investigated this a little more today.
So the problem lies somewhere downstream of the D990694. There are other anomalous behaviours of this channel - e.g. engaging the analog whitening filters changes the DC offset of the signal. I am going to pull out this board to check it out.
Why does this matter? I want to calibrate the ASDC level (and eventually the other PD DC signals as well) into Watts. This is useful for IFO diagnostics, noise budgeting the shot noise level etc.
According to the AS55 schematic, the DC transimpedance is 66.7 ohms. I claim that the DC power on the AS55 photodiode during a DRMI (no arms) lock is ~1mW. The C30642 photodiode (InGaAs) responsivity is ~0.8 A/W. So I'd expect ~50mV to be the signal level into the ADC (assuming gain of all the other electronics in the signal chain at the start of this elog is unity). This corresponds to ~163 counts (since the ADC conversion factor is 2^16 counts over 20volts). The DC signal level I observed is ~200 counts. So things seem roughly consistent.
*Note: Despite my above statement, I don't think it is true that the AS110 PD has more light on it - the BS splitting the light between
AS55 and AS110 PDs is a 50-50 BS, and using the crude method of putting an Ophir power meter in front of both PDs and
monitoring the power while the Michelson was swinging around freely showed roughly the same maximum value.
We've been talking about increasing the series resistance for the coil driver path for the test masses. One consequence of this will be that we have reduced actuation range.
This may not be a big deal since for almost all of the LSC loops, we currently operate with a limiter on the output of the control filter bank. The value of the limit varies, but to get an idea of what sort of "threshold" velocities we are looking at, I calculated this for our Finesse 400 arm cavities. The calculation is rather simplistic (see Attachment #1), but I think we can still draw some useful conclusions from it:
So, from this rough calculation, it seems like we would lose ~25% efficiency in locking the arm cavity if we up the series resistance from 400ohm to 1kohm. Doesn't seem like a big deal, becuase currently, the single arm locking
If you go through this thread of elogs, there are lots of pictures of the SOS assembly with the optic in it from the vent last year. I think there are many different perspectives, close ups of the standoffs, and of the OSEMs in their holders in that thread.
This elog has a measurement of the pendulum resonance frequencies with ruby standoffs - although the ruby standoff used was cylindrical, and the newer generation will be in the shape of a prism. There is also a link in there to a document that tells you how to calculate the suspension resonance frequencies using analytic equations.
I've been observing this for a few days: ETMX's DC alignment seems to drift by so much that the previously well aligned X arm cavity is now totally misaligned.
The wall StripTool trace shows that both the X and Y arms were locked with arm transmissions around 1 till c1psl conked out - so in the attached plot, around 1400 UTC, the arm cavity was well aligned. So the sudden jump in the OSEM sensor signals is the time at which LSC control to the ETM was triggered OFF. But as seen in the attached plot, after the lockloss, the Oplev signals seem to show that the mirror alignment drifted by >50urad. This level of drift isn't consistent with the OSEM sensor signals - of course, the Oplev calibration could be off, but the tension in values is almost an order of magnitude. The misalignment seems real - the other Oplev spots have stuck around near the (0,0) points where I recentered them last night, only ETMX seems to have undergone misalignment.
Need to think about what's happening here. Note that this kind of "drift" behaviour seems to be distinct from the infamous ETMX "glitching" problem that was supposed to have been fixed in the 2016 vent.
I should've put in the SUSPIT and SUSYAW channels in the previous screenshot. I re-aligned ETMX till I could see IR flashes in the arm, and also was able to lock the green beam on a TEM00 mode with reasonable transmission. As I suspected, this brought the Oplev spot back near the center of it's QPD. But the answer to the question "How much did I move the ETM by" still varies by ~1 order of magnitude, depending on if you believe the OSEM SUSPIT and SUSYAW signals, or the Oplev error signals - I don't know which, if any, of these, are calibrated.
Best to just calibrate the ETM OL in the usual way. I bet the OSEM outputs have a cal uncertainty of ~50% since the input matrix changes as a function of the DC alignment. Still, a 30 urad pitch mis-alignment gives a (30e-6 rad)(40 m) ~ 1 mm beam spot shift. This would be enough to flash other modes, but it would still be easy to lock on a TEM00 like this. I also doubt that the OL calibration is valid outside of some region near zero - can easily check by moving the ETM bias sliders.
What we still don't know is if this is due to Johannes/Aaron working at the ETMX rack (bumping some of the flaky coil cables and/or bumping the blue beams which support the stack). Adding or substracting weight from the stack supports will give us an ETM mis alignment.
I've often gotten confused by the labeling on the SUS MEDM screens about the coil "Vmon" fields - they're labelled as "30 Hz HPF", and indeed this is one of the many readbacks available on the coil driver board. But the actual EPICS channel that is being displayed in this field is from the "EPICS VMON" monitor point on the coil driver board. It has a gain of 1/2, so the actual voltage going to the coil is twice the channel value. Today, I fixed the SUS master screen to avoid this confusion - new labeling is shown in Attachment #1.
The ETMX Sorrenson power supply -15V was running at -13.9V
Seems like there was a 5.3 magnitude EQ ~10km from us (though I didn't feel it). All watchdogs were tripped so our mirrors definitely felt it. ITMX is stuck (but all the other optics are damping fine). I tried the usual jiggling of DC bias voltage but ITMX still seems stuck. Probably a good sign that the magnet hasn't come off, but not ideal that I can't shake it free..
edit: after a bit more vigorous shaking, ITMX was freed. I had to move the bias slider by +/-10,000 cts, whereas initially I was trying +/-2000 cts. There is a tendency for the optic to get stuck again once it has been freed (while the optic's free swinging motion damps out), so I had to keep an eye out and as soon as the optic was freed, I re-engaged the damping servos to damp out the optic motion quickly.
Satellite amplifiers labeled with date. Old labels left on.
The stack weight measurement is going on at EX. ETMX watchdog is shutdown. Area is off limits over the weekend until the test is finished.
Not related to this work, but the dog clamps used on the EX table have to be re-positioned such that the clamping force is better distributed. The 2" beam splitter mount used to pick off a portion of the EX NPRO beam to the fiber has to be rotated. Also, there was a M6.9 EQ in Hawaii while we were doing this work it seems..
We tried to estimate what the load cell measurement should yield. Here is the weight breakdown (fudge factor for Al table is to try and account for tapped holes):
I'm working near 1X5 and there is an SR785 adjacent to the electronics rack with some cabling running along the floor. I plan to continue in the evening so please leave the setup as is.
During the course of this work, I noticed the +15V Sorensen in 1X6 has 6.8 A of current draw, while Steve's February2018 label says the current draw is 8.6A. Is this just a typo?
Steve: It was most likely my mistake. Tag is corrected to 6.8A
I'm still in the process of electronics characterization, so the SR785 is still hooked up. MC3 coil driver signal is broken out to measure the output voltage going to the coil (via Gainx100 SR560 Preamp), but MC is locked.
The ITMX oplev still clipping
The ITMX oplev beam is clipping. It will be corected with locked arm
To obtain a colored version with good contrast of the grayscale image of scattering of light by dust particles on the surface of test mass, got using GigE camera. The original and colored images are attached here.
Seems like as a result of my recent poking around at 1X6, MC3 is more glitchy than usual (I've noticed that the IMC lock duty cycle seems degraded since Tuesday). I'll try the usual cable squishing voodo.
gautam 8.15pm: Glitches persisted despite my usual cable squishing. I've left PSL shutter closed and MC watchdog shutdown to see if the glitches persist. I'll restore the MC a little later in the eve.
Per discussion today eve, barring objections, I will do the following tomorrow morning:
I finished the re-soldering work today, and have measured the coil driver noise pre-Mods and post-Mods. Analysis tomorrow. I am holding off on re-installing the board tonight as it is likely we will have to tune all the loops to make them work with the reduced range. So ETMX will remain de-commissioned until tomorrow.
I decided to take a quick look at the data. Changes made to the ETMX coil driver board:
I also took the chance to check the integrity of the LM6321 ICs. In the past, a large DC offset on the output pin of these has been indicative of a faulty IC. But I checked all the ICs with a DMM, and saw no anomalies.
Measurement condition was that (i) the Fast input was terminated to ground via 50ohm, (ii) the Bias input was shorted to ground. SR785 was used with G=100 Busby preamp (in which Steve installed new batteries today, for someone had left it on for who knows how long) for making the measurement. The voltage measurement was made at the D-Sub connector on the front panel which would be connected to the Sat. Box, with the coil driver not connected to anything downstream.
Summary of results:
[Attachment #1] - Noise measurement out to 800 Hz. The noise only seems to agree with the LISO model above 300 Hz. Not sure if the low-frequency excess is real or a measurement artefact. Tomorrow, I plan to make an LPF pomona box to filter out the HF pickup and see if the low-frequency characteristics change at all. Need to think about what this corner freq. needs to be. In any case, such a device is probably required to do measurements inside the VEA.
[Attachment #2] - Noise measurement for full SR785 span. The 19.5 kHz harmonics are visible. I have a theory about the origin of these, need to do a couple of more tests to confirm and will make a separate log.
[Attachment #3] - zip of LISO file used for modeling coil driver. I don't have the ASCII art in this, so need to double check to make sure I haven't connected some wrong nodes, but I think it's correct.
Measurements seem to be consistent with LISO model predictions.
*Note: Curves labelled "LISO model ..." are really quad sum of liso pred + busby box noise.
My main finding tonight is: With the increased series resistance (400 ohm ---> 2.25 kohm), LISO modeling tells me that even though the series resistance (Johnson noise) used to dominate the voltage noise at the output to the OSEM, the voltage noise of the LT1125 in the bias path now dominates. Since we are planning to re-design the entire bias path anyways, I am not too worried about this for the moment.
I will upload more details + photos + data + schematic + LISO model breakdown tomorrow to a DCC page.
gautam noon 21 June 2018: I was looking at the wrong LISO breakdown curves. So the input stage Op27 voltage noise used to dominate. Now the Bias path LT1125 voltage noise dominates. None of the conclusions are affected... I've uploaded the corrected plots and LISO file here now.