10% seems like a pretty bad coupling efficiency, even for a single lens. I know that the NPRO itself isn't so elliptical as that. Where is the other 230 mW going? random scattering?
Given that this is such an invasive process and, since its so painful to lose a whole night of locking due to end table business, I suggest that you always measure the out-of-loop ALS noise at the end of the end table work. Just checking that the green laser is locked to the arm is not sufficient to prove that the end table work won't prevent us from locking the interferometer.
We should insist on this anytime someone works on the optics or electronics at EX or EY. Don't have enough time to do an out-of-loop ALS spectrum? Then don't work at the end tables at all that day. We've got PZT alignment and mode matching work to do, as well as the rebuild of the EX table enclosure, so this is a good discipline to pick up now.
I've fallen down the rabbit hole of trying to reconcile our desire for newer versions of the Numpy and Scipy python packages with the use of our handy cdsutils tools.
Avoid rabbit holes! What I did at LLO which works is to install an Anaconda in some shared directory and then just make an alias which puts that directory at the head of the path when running the more advanced SciPy installs. It works fine and cannot interfere with our usual operation since its only sourced when running peak find.
I think 'saturation' here is a misleading term to think about. In the RF amplifiers, there is always saturation. What we're trying to minimize is the amount of distorted waveforms appearing at 3f and 15f from the other large peaks. Usually for saturation we are worried about how much the big peak is getting distorted; not the case for us.
I modified the MC2 trans optical setup a little bit: the reflection from the QPD was not dumped and so it was hitting the wall of the black box.
I angled the QPD slightly and moved the dump so that the reflection hit it. The leakage through the 50/50 steering mirror for the QPD was already being dumped and I made sure that that one stayed dumped on its razor dump. After doing this we turned off the WFS and re-aligned the MC2 trans beam onto the QPD to zero the pit/yaw signals.
In order to do high quality huddle subtraction, we need to align the seismometer axes to high precision. We would need 1000x subtraction to see the instrument noise floor, but are likely to only get 100x. For that we need to align the axes to 0.5 deg (or do a Wiener coordinate transform with the data). To do this, we need to use a high quality bubble level and eventually iterate after trying out.
We should strain relieve the seismometer cables on the slab. It should be a tight clamp so that acoustic vibrations on the cables are terminated at the clamp and don't get to the seismometers. The clamp can be attached to the slab using some strong epoxy.
I modified the /cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1psl/psl.db file to adjust the records for the FSS-FAST signal (to make it go yellow / red at the correct voltages). This was needed to match 5V offset which Koji added to the output of the FSS board back in August.
I also manually adjusted the alarm levels with caput so that we don't have to reboot c1psl. Beware of potential tiimebomb / boot issues if I made a typo! psl.db update in the SVN (also, there were ~12 uncomitted changes in that directory....please be responsible and commit ALL changes you make in the scripts directory, even if its just a little thing and you are too cool for SVN)
All of the QPDX matrix fields had a missing underscore in them. So I committed all of the c1asc screens to the SVN (because no one but me and Jamie seems to be able to remember to do this).
Then I did find/replace on the QPDY screen and saved it over the QPDX screen and committed the new thing to SVN as well. Values are now accessible.
16 bit. There aren't any 14-bit ADCs anywhere in LIGO. The aLIGO suspensions have 18-bit DACs.
The Y-End gains seem reasonable to me. I think that we only use TRX/Y as error signals once we have arm powers of >5 so we should consider if the SNR is good enough at that point; i.e. what would be the actual arm motion if we are limited only by the dark noise?
I seem to remember that the estimate for the ultimate arm power is ~200, considering that we have such high losses in the arms.
Found that the PMC gain has been set to 5.3 dB instead of 10 dB since 9 AM this morning, with no elog entry.
I also re-aligned the beam into the PMC to minimize the reflection. It was almost all in pitch.
What we want is to have the high and low noise spectra on the same plot. The high noise one should be triggered by a high PC DRIVE signal.
I've updated the scripts for the MC auto locking. Due to some permissions issues or general SVN messiness, most of the scripts in there were not saved anywhere and so I've overwritten what we had before.
After all of the electronics changes from Monday/Tuesday, the lock acquisition had to be changed a lot. The MC seems to catch on the HOM more often. So I lowered a bunch of the gains so that its less likely to hold the HOM locks.
A very nice feature of the Autolocker running on megatron is that the whole 'mcup' sequence now runs very fast and as soon as it catches the TEM00, it gets to the final state in less than 2 seconds.
I've also increased the amplitude of the MC2 tickle from 100 to 300 counts to move it through more fringes and to break the HOM locks more often. Using the 2009 MC2 Calibration of 6 nm/count, this is 1.8 microns-peak @ 0.03 Hz, which seems like a reasonable excitation.
Using this the MC has relocked several times, so its a good start. We'll have to work on tuning the settings to make things a little spicier as we move ahead.
That directory is still in a conflicted state and I leave it to Eric/Diego to figure out what's going on in there. Seems like more fallout from the nodus upgrade:
controls@chiara|MC > svn up
svn: REPORT of '/svn/!svn/vcc/default': Could not read chunk size: Secure connection truncated (https://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:30889)
In the plot it is shown the behaviour of the PSL-FSS_SLOWDC signal during the last week; the blue rectangle marks an approximate estimate of the time when the scripts were moved to megatron. Apart from the bad things that happened on Friday during the big crash, and the work ongoing since yesterday, it seems that something is not working well. The scripts on megatron are actually running, but I'll try and have a look at it.
I reset the threshold to +6666 counts (the aligned MC transmission is ~16000 for the TEM00 mode) so that it only turns on when we're in a good locked state.
Koji and I noticed that there was a comb* of peaks in the MC and FSS at harmonics of ~37 kHz. Today I saw that this shows up (at a much reduced level) even when the input to the MC board is disconnected.
It also shows up in the PMC. At nominal gains, there is just the 37 kHz peak. After tweaking up the phase shifter settings, I was able to get PMC servo to oscillate; it then makes a comb, but the actual oscillation fundamental is 1/3 of 37 kHz (some info on Jenne from elog 978 back in 2008).
Not sure what, if anything, we do about this. It is curious that the peak shows up in the MC with a different harmonic ratio than in the PMC. Any theories?
Anyway, after some screwing around with phase and amplitude of the RF modulation for the PMC from the phase shifter screen**, I think the gain is higher in the loop and it looks like the comb is gone from the MC spectrum.
Another clue I notice is that the PCDRIVE mad times often are coincident with DC shifts in the SLOWDC. Does this mean that its a flakiness with the laser? While watching the PCDRIVE output from the TTFSS interface board on a scope, I also looked at MIXER mon. It looks like many of the high noise events are associated with a broadband noise increase from ~50-140 kHz, rather than some specific lines. Don't know if this is characteristic of all of the noisy times though.
* this 'comb' had several peaks, but seem not be precise harmonics of each other: (f3 - 3*f1)/f3 ~ 0.1%
** I think we never optimized this after changing the ERA-5 this summer, so we'd better do it next.
I wonder if the variable bump around 100 kHz can be something about the NPRO and if the bump we see is the closed loop response due to the Noise Eater.
This plot (from the Mephisto manual) shows the effect of the NE on the RIN, but not the frequency noise. I assume its similar since the laser frequency noise above 10 kHz probably just comes from the pump diode noise.
I went out to the PSL and turned off the NE at ~4:53 PM local time today to see what happened. Although the overall PCDRIVE signal looks more ratty, there is no difference in the spectra of ON/OFF when the PCDRIVE is low. When its noisy, I see a tiny peak around 1 MHz with NE OFF. Turned it back on after a few hours.
For tuning the phase and amplitude of the mod. drive:
- since we don't have access to both RF phases, I just maximized the gain using the RF phase slider. First, I flipped the sign using the 'phase flip' button so that we would be near the linear range of the slider. Then I put the servo close to oscillation and adjusted the phase to maximize the height of the ~13 kHz body mode. For the amplitude, I just cranked the modulation depth until it started to show up as a reduction in the transmission by ~0.2%, then reduced it by a factor of ~3. That makes it ~5x larger than before.
* PMC + MC were unlocked when I came in.
* I fiddled around some more with the mcup/down scripts to make locking snappier. The locking was breaking the PMC lock often, so I re-enabled the MC servo board output limiter during acquisition. It is disabled in the MC UP script.
* Re-measured the MC OLG. Still OK.
* Measured the PZT / EOM crossover (aka the FAST / PC crossover) using the connectors on Koji's summing box. With the FAST gain at 18 dB, the crossover is ~10 kHz. Looks way to shallow. Plots to follow.
* I finally discovered today that the PMC PZT stroke is what's causing the main mis-alignment of the beam going to the IMC. By relocking at a few positions, I could see that the IOO QPDs have steps when the PMC relocks. So the IO beam wander is NOT due to temperature effects on the optics mounts of the PSL table. I wonder if we have a large amount of length to angle coupling or if this is the same as the OMC PZTs ?
P.S. I found that someone is using a temporary bench power supply to power the summing box between the TTFSS and the Thorlabs HV driver...whoever did this has ~48 hours to hook up the power in the right way or else Koji is going to find out and lose it and then you have to wear the Mickey Mouse hat.
The first attachment shows the OLG measurements with 2 different values of the fast gain (our nominal FG is 18 dB). You can see that the higher gains produce some crossover instability; when tuning the gain we notice this as an increase in the PCDRIVE rms channel.
The second attachment shows the measurement of the 'crossover'. Its really just the direct measurement of the IN1 / IN2 from the FAST summing box, so its the crossover measurement where the OLG is high.
A few things that I have neglected to ELOG yet:
scripts/offsets/LSCoffsets is a new script that uses ezcaservo to set FM offsets of our LSC PDs. It still warns about large changes, and lets you revert. It reads the FM gain to pick the right gain for the ezcaservo call.
We never, ever want to use ezcaservo to do this. IN fact, we twice have already deleted scripts where people have implemented these (sometimes) unstable servos. Also, since this change had never been committed to the SVN, I just deleted it and updated from the SVN to get back the script that doesn't use any servos.
I'm going to periodically delete locking scripts that are not committed to the SVN since anyone who is too lazy to use the SVN probably can't write code worth using.
The attached PDF shows the Mathematica notebook and the associated block diagram.
In the notebook, I have written the single hop connection gains into the K matrix. P is the optical plant, C is the Common electronic gain, F is the 'fast' NPRO PZT path, and M is the phase Modulator.
G is the closed loop gain matrix. The notation is similar to matlab SS systems; the first index is the row and the second index is the column. If you want to find the TF from node 2 to node 3, you would ask for G[[3,2]].
As examples, I've shown how to get the FAST gain TF that I recently made with the Koji filter box as well as the usual OLG measurement that we make from the MC servo board front panel.
Why AS55/(TRX + TRY) instead of just TRX? Isn't (TRX+TRY) controlled by CARM?
(question is secretly from Kiwamu)
This is good news. It means that the driver probably won't limit the response of the loop - I expect we'll get 20-30 deg of phase lag @ 100 kHz just because of the acoustic response of the AOM PZT + crystal.
Here is a lock loss from around 11 PM tonight. Might be due to poor PRC signals.
This is with arm powers of ~6-10. You can see that with such a large MICH offset, POP22 signal has gone done to zero. Perhaps this is why the optical gain for PRCL has also dropped by a factor of 30 .
This seems untenable . We must try this whole thing with less MICH offset so that we can have a reasonable PRCL signal.
No elog response from outside and no elogd process on nodus, so I restarted it using 'start-elog.csh'.
The nonlinearity in the LSC detection chain (cf T050268) comes from the photodetector and not the demod board. The demod board has low pass or band pass filters which Suresh installed a long time ago (we should check out what's in REFL33 demod board).
Inside the photodetector the nonlinearity comes about because of photodiode bias modulation (aka the Grote effect) and slew rate limited distortion in the MAX4107 preamp.
With the Y Arm locked, we checked that we indeed can get loop decoupling using this technique.
The guess filter that we plugged in is a complex pole pair at 1 Hz. We guessed that the DC gain should be ~4.5 nm count. We then converted this number into Hz and then into deg(?) using some of Jenne's secret numbers. Then after measuring, we had to increase this number by 14.3 dB to an overall filter module gain of +9.3.
The RED trace is the usual 'open loop gain' measurement we make, but this time just on the LSC-MC path (which is the POY11_I -> ETMY path).
The BLUE trace is the TF between the ALS-Y phase tracker output and the FF cancellation signal. We want this to be equal ideally.
The GREEN trace is after the summing point of the ALS and the FF. So this would go to zero when the cancellation is perfect.
So, not bad for a first try. Looks like its good at DC and worse near the red loop UGF. It doesn't change much if I turn off the ALS loop (which I was running with ~10-15x lower than nominal gain just to keep it out of the picture). We need Jenne to think about the loop algebra a little more and give us our next filter shape iteration and then we should be good.
The filters were already in the damping loops but missing the MC WFS path. I checked that these accurately cover the peaks at 16.5 Hz and 23.90 and 24.06 Hz.
In the drawing, the FF path should actually be summed in after the Phase Tracker (i.e. after S_ALS). This means that the slow response of the phase tracker needs to be taken into account in the FF cancellation filter. i.e. D = -A_REFL * P_ALS * S_ALS. Since the Phase Tracker is a 1/f loop with a 1 kHz UGF, at 100 Hz, we can only get a cancellation factor of ~10.
So, tonight we added a 666:55 boost filter into the phase tracker filter bank. I think this might even make the ALS locking loops less laggy. The boost is made to give us better tracking below ~200 Hz where we want better phase performance in the ALS and more cancellation of the ALS-Fool. If it seems to work out well we can keep it. If it makes ALS more buggy, we can just shut it off.
Its time to take this loop cartoon into OmniGraffle.
Depends on the plots of the whitening I guess; if its low freq sat, then we lower the light level with ND filters. If its happening above 10 Hz, then we switch off the whitening.
Went to zero CARM offset on ALS; transmission QPDs are still saturating :(
Maybe we need to switch off all whitening.
I wonder if DRMI can be locked on 3f using this lower 55 MHz modulation depth. It seems that PRMI should be unaffected, but that the 3*f2 signals for SRCL will be too puny. Is it really possible to scale up the overall modulation depths by 3x to compensate for this?
Following this entry, I have made the same change in the controls account on rossa:
In the ~/.grace/gracerc file (create one if it doesn't exist), put in a line which reads:
PAGE LAYOUT FREE
Now we can scale our dataviewer live and playback plots by stretching the window with our mouse. The attached screenshot shows how I filled up one of the vertical monitors with a DV window for arm locking.
Might have to also get the OL screens that go with this new code to see, but the calibrations don't go into the matrix, but rather into the OLPIT/OLYAW filter banks which follow the division, but before the servo filter banks.
The Schnupp asymmetry is definitely not an important parameter (no need for Koji to explode). It only serves to give us a bigger Q phase signal slope, but is not significant for the I phase signals.
The main anomaly is that the REFL33 optical gain (W/m) seems to have been reduced so much by the phase and amplitude adjustment of the 55 MHz modulation signal. One guess is that the true 3f signal is being made not by the (2*f1 - (-f1)) beat, but by some higher order beat. In addition to the usual RF fields produced by the 2 modulations, we must consider that the sidebands on sidebands produce intermodulation fields just after the EOM and so the fields with which we interrogate the PRMI are more complicated.
Jenne's Optickle calculation today should show us what the sensing matrix contribution is from each pair of fields, so that we can have a sensing matrix signal budget.
I have adapted one of Evan's python scripts into an ipython notebook for calculating our PRMI sensing matrix - the work is ~half done.
The script gets the data from the various PD channels (like REFL33_I) and demdoulates it at the modulation frequencies. At the moment its using just the sensing channels, but with the recent addition of the SUS-LSC_OUT_DQ channels, we can demod the actuation channels as well and not have to hand code the exc amplitudes and the basolute phase. Please ignore the phase for the moment.
The attached PDF shows the demod (including lowpass) outputs for a 2 minute stretch of PRMI locked on f2. Next step is to average these numbers and make the radar plots with the error bars. The script is scripts/LSC/SensingMatrix/PRMIsensMat.ipynb and is in the SVN now.
** along the way, I noticed that the reason this notebook hasn't been working since last night is that someone sadly installed a new anaconda python distro today without telling anyone by ELOG. This new distro didn't have all the packages of the previous one. I've updated it with astropy and uncertainties packages.
I've fixed the Radar plot making part, so that's now included too. The radial direction is linear, so you can see from the smearing of the blobs that the uncertainty is represented in the graphics due to each measurement being a small semi-transparent dot. Next, we'll put the output of the statistics on the plot: mean, std, and kurtosis.
Just in case there was some confusion, the champagne on my desk is not to be opened before I get back, no matter how many signals are transitioned to RF.
In the attached plot you can see that the MC REFL fluctuations started getting larger on Feb 24 just after midnight. Its been bad ever since. What happened that night or the afternoon of Feb 23?
The WFS DC spot positions were far off (~0.9), so I unlocked the IMC and aligned the spots on there using the nearby steering mirrors - lets see if this helps.
Also, these mounts should be improved. Steve, can you please prepare 5 mounts with the Thorlabs BA2 or BA3 base, the 3/4" diameter steel posts, and the Polanski steel mirror mounts? We should replace the mirror mounts for the 1" diameter mirrors during the daytime next week to reduce drift.
This has been done before:
Arm length measurements and g-factor estimates in 2012, but only with an accuracy of ~30 cm. However, Yuta was able to get many FSRs somehow.
MC Refl alignment follow up: the alignment from last night seems still good today. We should keep an on the MC WFS DC spots and not let them get beyond 0.5.
According to the official rules, we only need 8 seconds to declare it "locked".
I wonder if the double cavity pole compensation filter for CARM was on for all the attempts yesterday? IF it looks like it will not saturate, it would be more stable to have the whitening on for REFL11 / AS55. Since on Friday, I set the REFL165 demod phase just by minimizing the MICH control signal with the arms on resonance, we ought to check out the PRMI degeneracy with the ETMs misaligned.
Speaking of signal mixing: Although we weren't able to get the carrier term cancelled in the 3*f1 signals by the relative mod phase method, I wonder if we can do it by mixing the 3*f1 and 3*f2 signals in the input matrix. Might help to keep the PRMI more stable, if that's an issue.
P.S. I have done some scripts directory / SVN cleanup. Adding some directories that were not in (like lockloss) and then removing stuff from the repo using 'svn rm --keep-local filenames' for the image and data files.
Since the DARM_OUT signal is only 500 counts_peak, I don't see why AS55 whitening needs to be switched on. Maybe in a couple weeks after the lock is robust. In any case, its much better to do the switching BEFORE you're using AS55, not after.
Another thought about the mystery PCDRIVE noise: we've been thinking that it could be some slow death inside the NPRO, but it might also be a broken and intermittent thing in the MC servo or MC REFL PD.
Another possibility is that its frequency noise in the old oscillator used to drive the pre-PMC EOM (which is the Pockel Cell for the FSS). To check this, we should swap in a low noise oscillator for the PMC. I have one for testing which has 36 and 37 MHz outputs.
The oplev situation still seems unresolved - notice this DTT. I guess there are still inconsistencies in the screens / models etc.
Could use some some investigation and ELOGGING from Eric.
So, was there real shifting in the ITMX alignment as seen in the DV trend or just mis-diagnosis from the ETMX violin mode? Or how would the ETMX violin mode drive the ITMX with the LSC feedback disabled?
The rsync job to sync our frames over to the cluster has been on a 20 MB/s BW limit for awhile now.
Dan Kozak has now set up a cronjob to do this at 10 min after the hour, every hour. Let's see how this goes.
You can find the script and its logfile name by doing 'crontab -l' on nodus.
This is a very cool result. I'm surprised that it can work so good. Please post what frequency dependent weighting you used on the target before running the Wiener code.
I think its important to tune it to keep the low frequencies from getting amplified by a factor of 10 (as they are in your plots). The seismometers are all just noise acting like thermometers and tilt sensors below 0.1 Hz. Temperature and tilt do not couple to our interferometer very much.
It also seems weird that you would need 20th order filters to make it work good. In any case, you can always split the SOS up into pieces before making the digital filters. For LLO, we used 3 buttons in some cases.
Before locking for the evening, I wanted to try again implementing the Wiener filters that I had designed back in Jaunary (elog 10959).
Unfortunately, this kind of trend plot is not detailed enough to know if something has gone bad in a quantitative way. But at least we can tell that the suspension wire didn't break.
+1 to both Evan and Zach for prompt info and +2 to you for getting more stuff than you started looking for. -2 karma to whomever had swiped them and hoarded without signing. You should put a 40m sticker on both of them. Make sure to check / use fresh batteries. The Busby box is BJT based and works on low impedance sources, the Rai box works on anything, but (I am guessing) has less CMRR.
The Rai box was in the Cryo lab, and the Busby box was in the TCS lab. Neither had been signed out. Lame. Anyhow, thanks to Evan and Zach's memories of having seen them recently, they have been returned to the 40m where they belong. (Also, I grabbed a spare Marconi while I was over there, for the phase noise measurement).
It doesn't work with the lens in there, but it seems pretty close. Please leave it as is and I'll play with it after 5 today.