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ID Date Author Type Categoryup Subject
  10172   Thu Jul 10 01:02:13 2014 ranaUpdatePSLmore PMC science

Increased gain and SNR in PMC LO monitor circuit.

  1. R20: 499 -> 50k Ohms (increases gain by 100)
  2. Used Marconi to drive the LO input and readout C1:PSL-PMC_LODET
  3. Fit this function and loaded it into the psl.db file. The old Kalmus way used LOGE, but I wanted to use log10, so I did. The sensor is only useful in a narrow band. Since the signal is so low at low levels, I just fit to the highest 4 points because I was too lazy to do proper weighting. Do as I say, not as I do.

Plot with data and fit attached.

** N.B.: in order to update the calibration without rebooting, I used the following command: z write C1:PSL-PMC_LOCALC.CALC "2.235*LOG(B)+12.265". This allows us to update EPICS CALC records without rebooting the IOC.

Attachment 1: PMCloCal.pdf
  10173   Thu Jul 10 02:09:20 2014 JenneUpdatePSLFSS Fast gain set

I have put in a new nominal value for the FSS fast gain:  21.5 dB. 

There is an oscillation peak in the MC error point spectra around 41.5 kHz if the FSS gain is set too high.  I used the 4395 to have a look at the MC error point, and saw that if I set the FSS fast gain any lower than about 18 dB, the peak wasn't getting any smaller than -41 dBm.  If I set the fast gain any higher than about 26 dB the peak wouldn't get any larger than about -34 dBm. 

However, if I set the gain to 19.5dB, the PC RMS drive is consistently above 2 V, which isn't so good.  If I crank the gain up to 27 dB or more, the PC RMS will stay below 0.9 V, which is great. 

As a compromise, I have decided on 21.5 dB as the new FSS fast gain.  This puts the oscillation peak at about -39.5 dBm, and the PC RMS around 1.6 V.

I changed the nominal gain by ezcawrite C1:PSL-STAT_FSS_NOM_F_GAIN 21.5.  This sets the nominal value so that the FSS screen's fast slider doesn't turn red at the new value.  And, since the MC autolocker reads this epics channel and puts that into the gain during the mcup script, the MC autolocker now uses this new gain.  For reference, it used to be set to 23.5 dB.

  10203   Tue Jul 15 17:34:01 2014 manasaUpdatePSLproposing AOM re-alignment

I am going to tweak the alignment of the beam into the AOM (before the PMC) tomorrow morning. If anybody has any objections to this, please raise a red flag.

Proposed alignment procedure:

1. Reduce PSL power to say 10% 

2.  Since the AOM is not on any sort of a mechanical stage, I will have to just play around carefully until I see a maximum power rejection into first order.

I am assuming that moving the AOM is not going to affect the input pointing because all these activities are happening before the PMC. So as long as I have the output beam from the AOM aligned to the PMC at the end, everyone should be happy.

  10216   Wed Jul 16 15:26:48 2014 SteveUpdatePSLPSL Innolight controller fan is dying



Also, while I was working on the PSL table, I heard noise that sounded like a bearing rolling around.  I suspected the HEPAs, since the one on the north east corner of the table has a problem when it's turned up high (we've known about this for a long time), however turning off the HEPAs didn't affect the noise.  The noise is strongest near the back of the PSL controller on the shelf above the table, and the PSL controller box is vibrating.  So, I suspect that the fan on the PSL controller box is about to give out.

EDIT:  To clarify, I mean the Innolight's controller.

 The bearing is chirping in the back of the 2W Innolight laser controller. It is loud enough to hear it. I placed 4 soft  rubber feet under the controller to avoid shaking other things on self.

The HEPA filter bearing becomes noisy at 50V

 Keep it at 20V for low noise

 The fan is dying. It is changing speed erratically and stops for short time periods. It is very likely to stop rotating soon. It will halt all operations in the lab. We can not see the PMC-T power because Manasa is working on

 AOM alignment.


  10219   Wed Jul 16 19:38:37 2014 manasaSummaryPSLAOM alignment issues and removed from beam path

AOM removed from the beampath and PMC relocked. 

AOM alignment:

1. Measured the initial power after PMC as 1.30W and reduced it down to 130mW.
2. Checked the power in the AOM zero order transmission before touching it. For 0-1V modulation input, the power dropped from 125uW to 98.3uW.
3. Steered the mirror right before the AOM to increase AOM zero order transmission and then carefully moved the AOM around to obtain maximum power attenuation. I repeated this a few times and the maximum attenuation that I could obtain was 125uW to 89.2uW (~30% attenuation).
Although this is not the right way to align the AOM, we do not have much options with the current setup as there is not enough separation between the zero order and first order beams and the AOM is on a fixed rigid mount.
4. I tried to dump the first order beam from the AOM and it wasn't satisfactory as well. There is barely any separation between the zero order and first order beams.

PMC relocking:

1. SInce the alignment to the PMC was disturbed by moving the AOM and the steering mirror in front of it, the PMC alignment was lost.
2. I could not relock the PMC at low power or high power. Rana had to come to rescue and fixed the alignment so that we could see flashes of PMC on the trans camera (This was done by aligning refl beam to the PMC REFL PD while giving a triangular ramp to the PMC PZT voltage).
Also I should not have tried to lock the PMC at high power as I could have been steering the beam at high power to the edges of the PMC mirrors that way and burning stuff easily.
3. Before fine tuning the alignment, I decided to remove the AOM from the beam path as there needs some work done on it to make it useful.
4. I removed the AOM from the beam path and relocked the PMC. 
5. PMC is relocked with 0.79 counts in TRANS and I measured the power after PMC 1.30W

Attachment: picture showing AOM removed from the beampath.

Attachment 1: AOMremoved.jpg
  10220   Wed Jul 16 21:23:35 2014 ManasaUpdatePSLPSL Innolight controller fan is dying

[Koji, Manasa]

The air flow from the dying fan was kinda weak and we decided to give a help with an external fan.

Koji brought a fan taken from a junk found at EE shop in W.Bridge.
The fan has been tied to the cage of the existing fan using cable ties to provide air circulation.
So even if the existing one dies anytime, we still don't super-heat anything.
The power supply for the fan rests next to the controller. 

The air from the fan ventilation was hot, and now with the additional fan this hot air is actually sucked
out with stronger flow. So this is relieving for now.

Attachment 1: IMG_1659.JPG
Attachment 2: IMG_1658.JPG
  10231   Thu Jul 17 17:19:25 2014 SteveUpdatePSLPSL Innolight controller fan is dying with extra fan


[Koji, Manasa]

The air flow from the dying fan was kinda weak and we decided to give a help with an external fan.

Koji brought a fan taken from a junk found at EE shop in W.Bridge.
The fan has been tied to the cage of the existing fan using cable ties to provide air circulation.
So even if the existing one dies anytime, we still don't super-heat anything.
The power supply for the fan rests next to the controller. 

The air from the fan ventilation was hot, and now with the additional fan this hot air is actually sucked
out with stronger flow. So this is relieving for now.

     PMC transmission as an indicator of laser controller with extra fan solution: 8 and 1day plot

Attachment 1: fanadded.png
  10295   Wed Jul 30 09:51:18 2014 SteveUpdatePSLPSL Innolight controller fan is noisy



 The bearing is chirping in the back of the 2W Innolight laser controller. It is loud enough to hear it. I placed 4 soft  rubber feet under the controller to avoid shaking other things on self.

The HEPA filter bearing becomes noisy at 50V

 Keep it at 20V for low noise


Hello Steve, 

I’ve received some fan pictures from our manufacturing center. Your system will have one of the two fans pictured. Please contact manufacture company   for more information.




Best Regards,

Agustin (TJ) Tijerina

Commercial Product Support Center

Coherent, Inc.

5100 Patrick Henry Dr., Santa Clara, Ca. 95054

Product Support: (800) 367-7890



 Finally we got it!

The fans are ordered.

  10315   Fri Aug 1 00:51:07 2014 KojiUpdatePSLFSSSlowServo update

FSS Slow set point to be zero

op340m:FSS>cat FSSSlowServo
#!/usr/bin/perl -w

# PID Servo for PSL-FSS (Slow)
# Tobin Fricke 2007-01-09

use strict;
#use Scalar::Util qw(looks_like_number);

sub looks_like_number {
    return ($_[0] =~ /^-?\d+\.?\d*$/);  #FIXME

use EpicsTools;

# Parameters
my $process  = 'C1:PSL-FSS_FAST';
my $actuator = 'C1:PSL-FSS_SLOWDC';
#my $setpoint = 5.5;
my $setpoint = 0;
my $blinkystatus = 0;

op340m:scripts>/opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/scripts/PSL/FSS/FSSSlowServo > /cvs/cds/caltech/logs/scripts/FSSslow.cronlog &

  10429   Mon Aug 25 15:49:44 2014 SteveUpdatePSLHEPA turned on

The PSL HEPA was off. It was turned on and it is running at 30VAC now.

  10508   Tue Sep 16 10:47:52 2014 SteveUpdatePSLLaser turned on

 Our janitor turned off the laser accidentally. 

  10509   Tue Sep 16 14:26:45 2014 ericqUpdatePSLLaser turned on


 Our janitor turned off the laser accidentally. 

 The PMC wasn't locking very happily after this. I tweaked the pointing onto the PMC REFL diode, to make sure it was centered, and touched the alignment into the PMC. I also reset the FSS Slow output to zero. It took a little while for the laser to settle in, for some reason, but the transmission is up at 0.80 now. 

Tweaked MC2 pointing to get the MC transmission high enough to let WFS kick in, which nicely got the rest of the MC alignment done. After that, I offloaded the WFS into the MC suspensions. 

Lastly, I ran the command that Rana posted in ELOG 10391, to set the FSS input offset (From -0.18 to -0.06)

  10510   Tue Sep 16 16:03:36 2014 KojiUpdatePSLLaser turned on


 Our janitor turned off the laser accidentally. 

 Didn't you take this opportunity to replace the cooling fan of the innolight controller?

  10588   Thu Oct 9 13:29:14 2014 JenneUpdatePSLPower outage II & recovery



 IFO vacuum, air condition and PMC HV are still down. PSL out put beam is blocked on the table.

 PMC is fine.  There are sliders in the Phase Shifter screen (accessible from the PMC screen) that also needed touching. 

PSL shutter is still closed until Steve is happy with the vacuum system - I guess we don't want to let high power in, in case we come all the way up to atmosphere and particulates somehow get in and get fried on the mirrors. 

  10658   Fri Oct 31 15:34:47 2014 SteveUpdatePSLPSL HEPAs are running again


The PSL HEPA stopped working while it was running at 80%. I have closed the PSL enclosure.

Steve is working to fix this.

 The Variac burned out and it was replaced. Each unit was checked out individually. HEPA -north is still noisy at full speed.

Attachment 1: HepaVariac.jpg
  10724   Mon Nov 17 23:04:51 2014 JenneUpdatePSLAligned PMC

I aligned the beam into the PMC, mostly in yaw.  Don't know why it drifted, but it was annoying me, so I fixed it.

  10777   Thu Dec 11 09:11:18 2014 manasaUpdatePSLPSL FSS Slow actuator

I am not sure if people have been noticing it lately; but the slow actuator on the PSL FSS has been railing up quite often these days. I found it at >0.8 and as high as 1.5 on certain occasions before resetting it to nominal zero.

It could be because the PMC alignment needs to be tweaked. The night crew should consider doing this before starting to lock.

  10800   Mon Dec 15 22:40:09 2014 ranaSummaryPSLPMC restored

 Found that the PMC gain has been set to 5.3 dB instead of 10 dB since 9 AM this morning, with no elog entry.


I also re-aligned the beam into the PMC to minimize the reflection. It was almost all in pitch.

  10848   Tue Dec 30 17:26:23 2014 ranaUpdatePSLRelaxation Osc and the NPRO Noise eater

I wonder if the variable bump around 100 kHz can be something about the NPRO and if the bump we see is the closed loop response due to the Noise Eater.


This plot (from the Mephisto manual) shows the effect of the NE on the RIN, but not the frequency noise. I assume its similar since the laser frequency noise above 10 kHz probably just comes from the pump diode noise.

I went out to the PSL and turned off the NE at ~4:53 PM local time today to see what happened. Although the overall PCDRIVE signal looks more ratty, there is no difference in the spectra of ON/OFF when the PCDRIVE is low. When its noisy, I see a tiny peak around 1 MHz with NE OFF. Turned it back on after a few hours.

  10849   Tue Dec 30 20:35:59 2014 ranaSummaryPSLPMC Tune Up
  1. Calibrated the Phase Adjust slider for the PMC RF Modulation; did this by putting the LO and RF Mod out on the TDS 3034 oscope and triggering on the LO. This scope has a differential phase measurement feature for periodic signals.
  2. Calibrated the RF Amp Adj slider for the PMC RF Modulation (on the phase shifter screen)
  3. The PMC 35.5 MHz Frequency reference card is now in our 40m DCC Tree.
  4.  The LO and RF signals both look fairly sinusoidal !
  5. Took photos of our Osc board - they are on the DCC page. Our board is D980353-B-C, but there are no such modern version in any DCC.
  6. The PMC board's Mixer Out shows a few mV of RF at multiples of the 35.5 MHz mod freq. This comes in via the LO, and can't be gotten rid of by using a BALUN or BP filters.
  7. In installed the LARK 35.5 MHz BP filter that Valera sent us awhile ago (Steve has the datasheet to scan and upload to this entry). It is narrow and has a 2 dB insertion loss.

For tuning the phase and amplitude of the mod. drive:

- since we don't have access to both RF phases, I just maximized the gain using the RF phase slider. First, I flipped the sign using the 'phase flip' button so that we would be near the linear range of the slider. Then I put the servo close to oscillation and adjusted the phase to maximize the height of the ~13 kHz body mode. For the amplitude, I just cranked the modulation depth until it started to show up as a reduction in the transmission by ~0.2%, then reduced it by a factor of ~3. That makes it ~5x larger than before.

Attachment 1: 17.png
Attachment 2: PMCcal.ipynb.xz
Attachment 3: PMC_Osc_Cal.pdf
  10885   Fri Jan 9 19:18:51 2015 JenneUpdatePSLPMC realigned

A few hours ago I tweaked up the alignment to the PMC.  It was really bad in pitch, and the transmission was down to about 0.711.

  10909   Thu Jan 15 19:01:30 2015 ericqUpdatePSLPMC realigned

PMC realigned again... The transmission was down to 0.70, and the MC was having a hard time trying to autolock.

  10913   Fri Jan 16 18:09:09 2015 JenneUpdatePSLPMC autolocker not running?

Have we been running the PMC autolocker lately?  I can't remember, and I also can't find where it might be running.  It's not on megatron, either in the crontab or Q's new /etc/init place.  It's also not on op340m. 

Anyhow, what prompted this was that the PMC transmission has been incredibly fuzzy today.  On the StripTool it looks like it was fine until about -7 hours ago, when it lost lock.  Then Diego relocked it around -3 hours ago, and it's been fuzzy ever since. It was unlocked again for about 15 minutes about 45 minutes ago, and when I relocked it, it was even more fuzzy.

The FSS slow is almost exactly zero, the PMC's PZT is not at the edge of the range, the FSS PC drive RMS has been both high and low, and the PMC fuzz level has just been consistently high.  I was checking the parameters in the PMC phase shifter screen, and looked up the autolocker to see what the nominial values are supposed to be. 

For the RFADJ value, the autolocker sets it to 2.0, and after it locks increases it up to 4.5.  I found the value at 2.0, and the autolocker isn't running, which made me wonder if the autolocker died sometime after it set the value low, but before it could detect lock and reset the value to high.  (Actually, after lock it sets the value to whatever is in the channel C1:PSL-STAT_PMC_NOM_RF_ADJ, which is 4.5).

Anyhow, I manually set the RFADJ value to 4.5, and the PMC transmission immediately improved. 


EDIT, 8pm, JCD:  Rana reminded me that he attached a screenshot back on 30Dec2014 (http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/40m/10849), which I had ignored earlier because the parameters weren't written in text.  My bad.  Anyhow, after the New Year's tune-up, the RFADJ should be 6.0.  I have set it so, and also changed the C1:PSL-STAT_PMC_NOM_RF_ADJ chan to be 6.0.

Attachment 1: PMCfuzz.pdf
  10950   Wed Jan 28 17:32:26 2015 KojiUpdatePSLPMC aligned

PMC aligned.

PMC Trans increased from 0.740 to 0.782

IMC Trans increased from 16200 to 17100

  10986   Sat Feb 7 13:34:11 2015 KojiSummaryPSLISS AOM driver check

I wanted to check the status of the ISS. The AOM driver response was measured on Friday night.
The beam path has not been disturbed yet.

- I found the AOM crystal was removed from the beam path. It was left so.

- The AOM crystal has +24V power supply in stead of specified +28V.
  I wanted to check the functionality of the AOM driver.

- I've inserted a 20dB directional coupler between the driver and the crystal.
  To do so, I first turned off the power supply by removing the corresponding fuse block at the side panel of the 1X1 Rack.
  Then ZFDC-20-5-S+ was inserted, the coupled output was connected to a 100MHz oscilloscope with 50Ohm termination.
  Then plugged in the fuse block again to energize the driver box.

  Note that the oscilloscope bandwidth caused reduction the amplitude by a factor of 0.78. In the result, this has already been compensated.

- First, I checked the applied offset from a signal generator (SG) and the actual voltage at the AOM input. The SG OUT
  and the AOM control input are supposed to have an impedance of 50Ohm. However, apparently the voltage seen at the
  AOM in was low. It behaved as if the input impedance of the AOM driver is 25Ohm.
  In any case, we want to use low output impedance source to drive the AOM driver, but we should keep this in mind.

- The first attachment shows the output RF amplitude as a function of the DC offset. The horizontal axis is the DC voltage AT THE AOM INPUT (not at the SG out).
  Above 0.5V offset some non linearity is seen. I wasn't sure if this is related to the lower supply voltage or not. I'd use the nominal DC of 0.5V@AOM.

  The output with the input of 1V does not reach the specified output of 2W (33dBm). I didn't touch the RF output adjustment yet. And again the suppy is not +28V but +24V.

- I decided to measure the frequency response at the offset of 0.53V@AOM, this corresponds to the DC offset of 0.8V. 0.3Vpp oscillation was given.
  i.e. The SG out seen by a high-Z scope is V_SG(t) = 1.59 + 0.3 Sin(2 pi f t) [V]. The AOM drive voltage V_AOM(t) = 0.53 + 0.099 Sin(2 pi f t).
  From the max and min amplitudes observed in the osciiloscope, the response was checked. (Attachment 2)
  The plot shows how much is the modulation depth (0~1) when the amplitude of 1Vpk is applied at the AOM input.
  The value is ~2 [1/V] at DC. This makes sense as the control amplitude is 0.5, the applied voltage swings from 0V-1V and yields 100% modulation.

  At 10MHz the first sign of reduction is seen, then the response starts dropping above 10MHz. The specification says the rise time of the driver is 12nsec.
  If the system has a single pole, there is a relationship between the rise time (t_rise) and the cut-off freq (fc) as fc*t_rise = 0.35 (cf Wikipedia "Rise Time").
  If we beieve this, the specification of fc is 30MHz. That sounds too high compared to the measurement (fc ~15MHz).
  In any case the response is pretty flat up to 3MHz.

Attachment 1: AOM_drive.pdf
Attachment 2: AOM_response.pdf
  10988   Sun Feb 8 21:54:50 2015 ranaSummaryPSLISS AOM driver check

This is good news. It means that the driver probably won't limit the response of the loop - I expect we'll get 20-30 deg of phase lag @ 100 kHz just because of the acoustic response of the AOM PZT + crystal.

  11127   Tue Mar 10 14:47:05 2015 manasaUpdatePSLPMC relocked

PMC was locked in a bad state. FSS slow actuator adjust was at ~ -0.7 and PZT voltage at ~45.

So I set these right by moving the appropriate sliders and relocked it. FSS slow actuator adjust brought back to zero and PZT voltage ~115. PMC trans after relock is 0.789.

  11141   Fri Mar 13 23:49:28 2015 ranaUpdatePSLRelaxation Osc and the NPRO Noise eater

Another thought about the mystery PCDRIVE noise: we've been thinking that it could be some slow death inside the NPRO, but it might also be a broken and intermittent thing in the MC servo or MC REFL PD.

Another possibility is that its frequency noise in the old oscillator used to drive the pre-PMC EOM (which is the Pockel Cell for the FSS). To check this, we should swap in a low noise oscillator for the PMC. I have one for testing which has 36 and 37 MHz outputs.

  11373   Wed Jun 24 08:05:43 2015 SteveUpdatePSLlaser turned on

The laser went off around 11am yesterday. It was turned on

Attachment 1: laserWasOff.png
  11560   Wed Sep 2 23:50:00 2015 ranaUpdatePSLPMC LO dying

Let's order a pair of 35.5 MHz Wenzel for this guy and package like Rich has done for the WB low noise oscillators.

WE're only sending 6 dBm into it now and its using a 13 dBm mixer. Bad for PMC stability.

Also, if anyone has pix of the servo card, please add them to the DCC page for the PMC.

Attachment 1: PMCLO.png
  11739   Mon Nov 9 09:27:44 2015 SteveUpdatePSLMC is not happy

I just turned off the PSL enclousure lights.

Attachment 1: ioo8d.png
  11756   Thu Nov 12 09:41:02 2015 SteveUpdatePSLPMC

The PMC is not happy and the ITMX UL OSEM is moving too much


Attachment 1: PMC_ITMX.png
  11763   Fri Nov 13 22:32:54 2015 KojiSummaryPSLPMC LO degraded, usual ERA-5 replacement, LO recovered

[Yutaro, Koji]

We found that the PMC LO level was fluctuating in a strage way (it was not stable but had many clitches like an exponential decay), we suspected the infamous PMC LO level decay. In fact, in June 2014 when Rana recalibrated the LO level,  the number on the medm screen (C1:PSL-PMC_LO_CALC) was about 11dBm. However, today it was about 6dBm. So we decided to jump in to the 1X1 rack.

The LO and PC outputs of the PMC Crystal module (D980353) were measured to be 6.2dBm and 13.3dBm. Rana reported in ELOG 10160 that it was measured to be 11.5dBm. So apparently the LO level decayed. Unfortunately, there was no record of the PC output level. In any case, we decided to pull the module for the replacement of ERA-5 chips.

Once we opened the box we found that the board was covered by some greasy material. The ERA-5 chip on the LO chain seemed unreasonably brittle. It was destryed during desoldering. We also replaced the ERA-5 chip in the PC chain, just in case. The board was cleaned by the defluxing liquids.

Taking an advatage of this chance, the SMA  cables around the PMC were checked. By removing some of the heat shrinks, suspicious broken shields of the connectors were found. We provided additional solder to repair them.

After the repair, the LO and PC output levels became icreased to 17.0dBm(!) and 13.8dBm, respectively. (Victory)
This LO level is way too much compared to Rana's value. The MEDM LO power adj has little effect and the adj range was 16dBm~17dBm. Therefore we moved the slider to 10, which yields 16dBm out, and added a 5dB attenuator. The measured LO level after the attenuator was measured to be 11.2dBm.

Locking of the PMC was tried and immediately acquired the lock. However, we noticed that the nomoinal gain of 10dB cause the oscillation of the servo. As we already adjusted the LO level to recover the nominal value, we suspeced that the modulation depth could be larger than before. We left the gain at 0dB that doesn't cause the oscillation. It should be noted that the demodulation phase and the openloop gain were optimized. This should be done in the day time as soon as possible.

When the PMC LO repair was completed, the transmission of the PMC got decreased to 0.700V. The input alignment has been adjusted and the transmission level of 0.739V has been recovered.

The IMC lock stretch is not stable as before yet. Therefore, there would still be the issue somewhere else.

Attachment 1: PMC_LO.png
Attachment 2: IMG_2093.JPG
Attachment 3: IMG_2091.JPG
Attachment 4: IMG_2095.JPG
Attachment 5: IMG_2096.JPG
  11765   Sun Nov 15 22:43:48 2015 KojiSummaryPSLPMC LO degraded, usual ERA-5 replacement, LO recovered

I think the IMC locking was somewhat improved. Still it is not solid as long time before.

Before the PMC fix (attachment 1)
After the PMC fix (attachment 2)

To do
- PMC loop inspection / phase check / spectral measurements
- PMC / IMC interaction
- IMC loop check

Attachment 1: C1-MULTI_E6875C_TIMESERIES-1131408017-86400.png
Attachment 2: C1-MULTI_E6875C_TIMESERIES-1131580817-86400.png
  11768   Mon Nov 16 19:05:59 2015 KojiSummaryPSLPMC servo circuit review, follow up measurements

PMC follow up measurements have been done. The servo circuit was reviewed.

Now the PMC, IMC, X/Y arms are locked and aligned waiting for the IFO work although I still think something is moving (ITMX?)
as the FPMI fringe is quite fast.

  11769   Mon Nov 16 21:32:49 2015 KojiSummaryPSLPMC servo circuit review, follow up measurements

The result of the precise inspection for the PMC servo board for the 40m was done.

The record, including the photo of the board, can be found at https://dcc.ligo.org/D1400221-v2

- I found some ceramic 1uF caps are used in the signal path. They have been replaced with film caps by WIMA.

- In later measurements with the openloop TF measurement, it was found that the notch frequency (14.6kHz) was off from the a sharp PZT resonance at 12.2kHz.
I replaced the combined caps of 1220pF to 1742pF. This resulted nice agreement of the notch freq with the PZT resonant freq.

Past related elogs:

SRA-3MH mixer installed in 2009: http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/40m/1502

R20 increased for more LO Mon gain: http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/40m/10172

  11775   Tue Nov 17 16:21:10 2015 KojiSummaryPSLPMC servo circuit review, follow up measurements

I'm still analyzing the open loop TF data. Here I report some nominal settings of the PMC servo

Nominal phase setting: 5.7
Nominal gain setting: 3dB

After the tuning of the notch frequency, I thought I could increase the gain from 5dB to 9dB.
However, after several hours of the modification, the PMC servo gradually started to have oscillation.
This seemed to be mitigated by reducing the gain down to 4dB. This may mean that the notch freq got drifted away
due to themperature rise in the module. PA85 produce significant amount of heat.

(The notch frequency did not change. Just the 22kHz peak was causing the oscillation.)

  11780   Wed Nov 18 16:51:58 2015 KojiSummaryPSLPMC servo calibration


The PMC servo error (MIX OUT MON on the panel) and actuation (HV OUT MON) have been calibrated using the swept cavity.

Error signal slope in round-trip displacement: 2.93e9 +/- 0.05e9 [V/m]
HV OUT calibration (round-trip displacement): 5.36e-7 +/- 0.17e-7 [m/V]
PZT calibration (round-trip displacement): 10.8 +/- 0.3 [nm/V]
=> corresponds to ~2.5 fringes for 0~250V full range => not crazy

Measurement condition

The transmission level: 0.743V (on the PMC MEDM screen)
LO level: ~13dBm (after 3dB attenuation)
Phase setting: 5.7
PMC Servo gain: 7dB during the measurement (nominal 3dB)


- Chose PMC actuation "BLANK" to disable servo
- Connect DS345 function generator to EXT DC input on the panel
- Monitor "MIX OUT MON" and "HV OUT MON" with an oscilloscope
- Inject a triangular wave with ~1Vpp@1 or 2Hz with appropriate offset to see the cavity resonance at about the middle of the sweep.
  The frequency of the sweep was decided considering the LPF corner freq formed by the output impedance and the capacitance of the PZT. (i.e. 11.3Hz, see next entry)


- 4 sweep was taken (one 2Hz seep, three 1Hz sweep)
- The example of the sweep is shown in the attachment.
- The input triangular wave and the PDH slopes were fitted by linear lines.
- Spacing between the sideband zero crossing corresponds to twice of the modulation frequency (2x35.5MHz = 71MHz)
- The error signal slope was calibrated as V/MHz
- FSR of the PMC is given by google https://www.google.com/search?q=LIGO+pmc.m
  => Cavity round trip length is 0.4095m, FSR is 732.2MHz
- Convert frequency into round-trip displacement

- Convert HV OUT MON signal into displacement in the same way.
- The voltage applied to the PZT element is obtained considering the ratio of 49.6 between the actual HV and the HV OUT MON voltage.

Attachment 1: PMC_err_cal.pdf
  11781   Wed Nov 18 16:53:17 2015 KojiSummaryPSLPMC PZT capacitance

The PMC PZT capacitance was measured.
- Turn off the HV supplies. Disconnect HV OUT cable.
- Make sure the cable is discharged.
- Measure the capacity at the cable end with an impedance meter.
=> The PMC PZT capacitance at the cable end was measured to be 222nF
Combined with the output impedance of 63.3kOhm, the LPF pole is at 11.3Hz

  11782   Wed Nov 18 17:09:22 2015 KojiSummaryPSLPMC Servo analysis


The PMC servo was analysed. OLTF was measured and modeled by ZPK (Attachment 1). The error and actuator signals were calibrated in m/rtHz (Attachment 2)

Measurement methods


- The PMC servo board does not have dedicated summing/monitor points for the OLTF measurement. Moreover the PZT HV output voltage is monitored with 1/49.6 attenuation.
  Therefore we need a bit of consideration.

- The noise injection can be done at EXT DC.
- Quantity (A): Transfer function between HV OUT MON and MIX OUT MON with the injection.
  We can measure the transfer function between the HV OUT (virtual) and the MIX OUT. (HV OUT->MIX OUT). In reality, HV OUT is attenuated by factor of 49.6.
  i.e. A = (HV_OUT->MIX_OUT)*49.6
- Quantity (B): Transfer function between HV OUT MON and MIX OUT MON without the injection.
This is related to the transfer function between the MIX OUT and HV OUT. In reality, HV OUT is attenuated. 
  i.e. B = 1/((MIX_OUT->HV_OUT)/49.6)

- What we want to know is HV_OUT->MIX_OUT->HV_OUT. i.e. A/B = (HV_OUT->MIX_OUT*49.6)*((MIX_OUT->HV_OUT)/49.6) = HV_OUT->MIX_OUT->HV_OUT


- The MIX OUT and HV OUT spectra have been measured. The MIX OUT was calibrated with the calibration factor in the previous entry. This is the inloop stability estimation.
  From the calibrated MIX OUT and HV OUT, the free running stability of the cavity was estimated, by mutiplying with |1-OLTF| and |1-1/(1-OLTF)|, respectively, in order to recover
  the free running motion.

OLTF Modeling

Here is the model function for the open loop TF. The first line comes from the circuit diagram. The overall factor was determined by eye-fit.
The second and third lines are to reproduce the peak/notch feature at 12kHz. The fourth line is to reproduce 28kHz feature.
The LPF right after the mixer was analyzed by a circuit simulation (Circuit Lab). It can be approximated as 150kHz LPF as the second pole
seems to come at 1.5MHz.

The sixth line comes from the LPF formed by the output resistance and the PZT capacitance.

The seventh line is to reproduce the limit by the GBW product of OP27. As the gain is 101 in one of the stages,
it yields the pole freq of ~80kHz. But it is not enough to explain the phase delay at low frequency. Therefore this
discrepancy was compensated by empirical LPF at 30kHz.

function cmpOLTFc = PMC_OLTF_model(freqOLTFc)

cmpOLTFc = -7e5*pole1(freqOLTFc,0.162).*zero1(freqOLTFc,491)... % from the circuit diagram
    .*zero2(freqOLTFc,12.5e3,100)... % eye-fit
    .*pole2(freqOLTFc,12.2e3,6)... % eye-fit
    .*pole2(freqOLTFc,27.8e3, 12)... % eye-fit
    .*pole1(freqOLTFc,150e3)... % Mixer LPF estimated from Circuit Lab Simulation
    .*pole1(freqOLTFc,11.3)... % Output Impedance + PZT LPF
    .*pole1(freqOLTFc,8e6/101)... % GBW OP27
    .*pole1(freqOLTFc,3e4); % Unknown



Attachment 1:

The nominal OLTF (Nov 17 data) shows the nominal UGF is ~1.7kHz and the phase margin of ~60deg.

The measured OLTF was compared with the modelled OLTF. In the end they show very sufficient agreement for further calibration.
The servo is about to be instable at 28kHz due to unknown series resonance. Later in the same day, the gain of the PMC loop had to be
reduced from 7dB to 3dB to mitigate servo oscillation. It is likely that this peak caused the oscillation. The notch frequency was measured
next day and it showed no sign of frequncy drift. That's good.

We still have some phase to reduce the high freq peaks by an LPF in order to increase the over all gain.

Attachment 2:

The red curve shows the residual floor displacement of 2~10x10-15 m/rtHz. Below 4Hz there is a big peak. I suspect that I forgot to close
the PSL shutter and the IMC was locked during the measurement. Then does this mean the measured noise corresponds to the residual laser
freq noise or the PMC cavity displacement? This is interesting to see.

The estimated free running motion from the error and actuation signals agrees very well. This ensures the precision of the caibration in the precious entries.


Attachment 1: PMC_OLTF.pdf
Attachment 2: PMC_DSP.pdf
  11793   Fri Nov 20 15:44:12 2015 KojiSummaryPSLAdded 17.5kHz LPF to the PMC servo

As a final tune of the PMC servo, I've added 1nF cap at the error signal amplification stage. The diagram has been updated and uploaded to DCC. https://dcc.ligo.org/D1400221

It should be noted that this modification yielded the error signal to have 17.5kHz roll off.

The openloop TF after the modification has been measured. (Attachment 1)

With the new nominal gain of 9dB, almost the same gain margin for the 28kHz peak has been realized.
=> We have 6dB (factor of 2) more gain at low frequency. Currently, the feature at 8kHz causes the oscillation when the gain is further increased.

Here is the model function for the OLTF.

function cmpOLTFc = PMC_OLTF_model(freqOLTFc)

cmpOLTFc = -9.5e5*pole1(freqOLTFc,0.162).*zero1(freqOLTFc,491)... % from the circuit diagram
    .*pole1(freqOLTFc,17.5e3)... % Newly implemented input filter => GBW pole was replaced with this
    .*zero2(freqOLTFc,12.5e3,100)... % eye-fit
    .*pole2(freqOLTFc,12.2e3,6)... % eye-fit
    .*pole2(freqOLTFc,28.8e3, 12)... % eye-fit
    .*pole1(freqOLTFc,150e3)... % Mixer LPF estimated from Circuit Lab Simulation
    .*pole1(freqOLTFc,11.3)... % Output Impedance + PZT LPF
    .*pole1(freqOLTFc,3e4); % Unknown

The free-running round-trip displacement (roundtrip) / frequency noise is shown in Attachments. There we compare the spectra with and without IMC locked.

i.e. When the IMC is not locked, we are measuring the laser frequency noise with the sensor (PMC cavity) that is noisy due to the PMC displacement.
When the IMC is locked, the laser frequency is further stabilized while the sensor (PMC) noise is not changed.

- Without IMC locked

Can we see the laser freq noise? It seems that it is visible above 100Hz.
The red curve is the measured noise level. The NPRO (although it is LWE NPRO) noise level from S. Nagano's thesis (see our wiki) is shown there.

- With IMC locked

When the IC is locked, we see the increase of the noise between 1~4Hz. It means that the IMC is not only noisier than the laser, but also noisier than the PMC cavity.
Sounds reasonable. And the PMC is capable to handle this motion.

The reduction of the frequency noise is seen from 100Hz to 30kHz.

The interesting point is that we can see the noise increase above 30kHz when the IMC is locked.
I believe that the phase correction EOM is shared with the PMC modulation. i.e. PMC sees the corrected laser frequency.

We expect that the frequency noise is reduced at this frequency. But in reality not.

In addition, there is a sharp peak at ~35kHz. I wonder If this is caused by the IMC servo. It is worse to investigate.

Attachment 1: PMC_OLTF.pdf
Attachment 2: PMC_noise_comparison.pdf
  11900   Wed Dec 23 15:43:02 2015 ranaSummaryPSLPMC FSS IMC RF summing box

The EOM upstream of the PMC is used as the phase corrector for the FSS/IMC servo. It is also used to apply the 35.5 MHz PDH RF sidebands for the PMC locking. There is a Pomona box which is used to merge the two signals onto a single cable for the EOM.

Does this circuit make sense to anyone?

Attachment 1: PMCFSSsummingBox.png
  12169   Fri Jun 10 18:16:59 2016 varunUpdatePSLRealignment of pre mode cleaner

The mode cleaner was misaligned probably due to the earthquake (the drop in the MC transmitted value slightly after utc 7:38:52 as seen in the second plot). The plots show PMC transmitted and MC sum signals from 10th june 07:10:08 UTC over a duration of 17 hrs. The PMC was realigned at about 4-4:15 pm today by rana. This can be seen in the first plot.

Attachment 1: pmctrans_mcsum_signals.png
  12170   Mon Jun 13 09:08:17 2016 SteveUpdatePSLPMC slow drift

The PMC transmission slow degration or it's input beam is not stable.


Attachment 1: PMCslowDrift.png
  12192   Thu Jun 16 18:08:57 2016 JohannesUpdatePSLBefore the AOM installation

There was only one razor blade beam dump labeled for atmospheric use left, but that's all we need. Steve is working on restocking. I placed the modified AOM mount on the PSL table near its intended location (near the AOM where it doesn't block any beams).

Things to keep in mind:

  • The laser power needs to be turned down for the installation of the AOM. Current laser settings are: Crystal Temperature: 29.41 C, Diode Current: 2.1 A.
  • The AOM driver must not be left unterminated when turned on (which it currently is and will be).
  • The HEPA filters are currently running at ~50%. While the PSL enclosure is open for the work we'll set them to 100% and lower them after a job well done.

The setup:

The AOM has a deflection angle of about 20 mrad, which requires about 10cm of path for a separation of 2mm of the two beams. I need to survey closer and confirm, but I hope I can fit the beam dump in before the PMC (this of course also depends on the spot size). Alternatively, the PMC hopefully isn't resonant for anything remotely relevant at 80MHz offset, in which case we can also place the beam dump in its reflection path.

So this is the plan:

  • Determine coupling efficiency into PMC for reference
  • Turn down laser power
  • No signal on AOM driver modulation input
  • Mount AOM, place in beam path, and align
  • Correct alignment into PMC?
  • Secondary beam detectable? Adjust modulation input and laser power until detectable.
  • Find a place for beam dump
  • Confirm that primary beam is not clipping with PMC
  • Turn up laser power
  • Determine coupling efficiency with restored power to compare

Any thoughts? Based on the AOMs resting place I assumed that it is supposed to be installed before the PMC, but I'm actually not entirely sure where it was sitting before.

  12196   Fri Jun 17 22:36:11 2016 JohannesUpdatePSLAOM installation

Subham and I have placed the AOM back into the setup right in front of the PMC.

Steps undertaken:

  1. The HEPA filters were turned off for some reason. They were turned back on, running at 100% while the enclosure was open.
  2. Before the installation, after initial realignment, the PMC TRANSPD read out 748 mV.
  3. The laser injection current was dialed down to 0.8 A (just above the threshold, judging by PMC cameras.
  4. AOM was attached to the new mount while staying connected to its driver. Put in place, a clamp prevents the cable from moving anywhere near the main beam.
  5. Aligned AOM to beam, centering the beam (by eye) on front and back apertures.
  6. We then applied an offset to the AOM driver input, eventually increasing it to 0.5 V. A secondary beam became clearly visible below the primary beam.
  7. In order to place the razor blade dump (stemming from a box, labeled "cleaned for atm use") before the PMC, where the beam separation was about 3 mm, to make sure we can hit the edged area, we had to place the dump at an angle, facing up.
  8. Keeping the 0.5V offset on the driver input, with the lights off, we increased the laser diode current in steps of ~200 mA to its original value of 2.1A, while checking for any IR light scattered from the beam dump. Not a trace.
  9. At original current setting, we realigned the beam into the PMC, and obtained 743 mV on the TRANSPD in the locked state.
  10. Closed off PSL table, dialed HEPAs down to 50%



Attachment 1: aom_new_mount.jpg
  12198   Mon Jun 20 08:26:56 2016 SteveUpdatePSLAOM pictures

Good job Johannes and Subham.


Attachment 1: AOMinplace.jpg
Attachment 2: inplaceAOM.jpg
Attachment 3: AOMin.png
  12573   Wed Oct 19 18:32:25 2016 rana, yinziUpdatePSLRefCav thermal control: heater is dead

We wanted to re-activate the Heater for the reference cavity today to use it as a testbed for PID autotuning and the new heater driver circuit that Andrew is working on for the coating thermal noise experiment.

Unfortunately, it seems that the large power supply which is used for the heater is dead.sad Or maybe I don't remember how to use it?

The AC power cord was plugged in to a power strip which seems to work for IO chassis. We also tried swapping power strip ports.

We checked the front panel fuses. The power one was 3 Ohms and the 'bias' one was 55 Ohms. We also checked that the EPICS slider did, in fact, make voltage changes at the bias control input.

Non of the front panel lights come onfrown, but I also don't remember if that is normal.

Have those lights been dead a long time? We also reconnected the heater cable at the reference cavity side.

  12627   Fri Nov 18 17:52:42 2016 gautamUpdatePSLFSS Slow control -> Python, WFS re-engaged

[yinzi, craig, gautam]

Yinzi had translated the Perl PID script used to implement the discrete-time PID control, and had implemented it with Andrew at the PSL lab. Today afternoon we made some minor edits to make this suitable for the FSS Slow loop (essentially just putting the right channel names into her Python script). I then made an init file to run this script on megatron, and it looks to be working fine over the last half hour of observation or so. I am going to leave things in this state over the weekend to see how it performs.

We have been running with just the MC2 Transmission QPD for angular control of the IMC for a couple of months now because the WFS loops seemed to drag the alignment away from the optimum. We did the following to try and re-engage the WFS feedback:

  • Close the PSL shutter, turned off all the lights in the lab and ran the WFS DC offsets script : /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/scripts/MC/WFS/WFS_DC_offsets
  • Locked the IMC, optimized alignment by hand (WFS feedback turned off) /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/scripts/MC/WFS/WFS_DC_offsets
  • Unlocked the IMC, went to the AS table and centered the spots on the WFS
  • Ran WFS RF offsets script - this should be done with the IMC unlocked (after good alignment has been established) /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/scripts/MC/WFS/WFS_DC_offsets
  • Re-engaged WFS servo

GV addendum 23Nov2016: The WFS have been working well over the last few days - I've had to periodically (~ once in a day) run the WFS reflief script to keep the outputs to the suspension PIT and YAW DOFs below 50cts, but the WFS aren't dragging the alignment away as we had noticed before. The only thing I did differently is to follow Rana's suggestion and set the RF offsets with the MC unlocked as opposed to locked. I've added a line to the script to remind the user to do so... Also, note that EricQ has recently cleaned up the scripts directory to remove the numerous obsolete scripts in there...


  12628   Sun Nov 20 23:53:38 2016 awadeUpdatePSLFSS Slow control -> Python, WFS re-engaged

I made a very slighly updated version of Yinzi's script that pulls the channel names and actuator hardstop limits from an external .ini config file. The idea was to avoid having as many versions of the script as there are implimentations of it. Seems like slighly better practice, but maybe I'm wrong. The config files are also easier to read. Its posted on the elog (PSL:1758) with lastest on the 40mSVN .../trunk/CTNLab/current/computing/scripts . 

If you're working off her first implimentation 'RCAV_thermalPID.py' then there is an indent issue after the if statement on line 88: only line 89 should be indended. If you deactivate the debug flag then the script fails to read in PID factors and dies.


[yinzi, craig, gautam]

Yinzi had translated the Perl PID script used to implement the discrete-time PID control, and had implemented it with Andrew at the PSL lab. Today afternoon we made some minor edits to make this suitable for the FSS Slow loop (essentially just putting the right channel names into her Python script). I then made an init file to run this script on megatron, and it looks to be working fine over the last half hour of observation or so. I am going to leave things in this state over the weekend to see how it performs.

We have been running with just the MC2 Transmission QPD for angular control of the IMC for a couple of months now because the WFS loops seemed to drag the alignment away from the optimum. We did the following to try and re-engage the WFS feedback:

  • Close the PSL shutter, turned off all the lights in the lab and ran the WFS DC offsets script
  • Locked the IMC, optimized alignment by hand (WFS feedback turned off)
  • Unlocked the IMC, went to the AS table and centered the spots on the WFS
  • Ran WFS RF offsets script
  • Re-engaged WFS servo



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