We measured the TF of the X-arm laser PZT using the Moku so we can begin fitting to that data and hopefully creating a digital filter to cancel out PZT resonances.
We calculated the DFD calibration (V/Hz) using:
Vrf = 0.158 mV (-6 dBm), Km = 1 (K_phi = Km*Vrf), cable length = 45m, Tau = cable length/(0.67*3*10^8 m/s) ~ 220 ns.
We've taken some preliminary data and can see the resonances around 200-300 kHz.
Next steps are taking more data around the resonances specifically, calibrating the data using the DFD calibration we calculated, and adjusting parameters in our model so we can model the TF.
Some more measurements of the PZT resonances (now zoomed in!) I'm adjusting parameters on our model to try and fit to it by hand a bit, definitely still needs improvements but not bad for a 2-pole 2-zero fit for now. I don't have a way to get coherence data from the moku yet but I've got a variety of measurements and will hopefully use the standard deviation to try and find a good error prediction...
I have now added code/data to my github repository. (it's the little victories)
Here is an update of how fitting the resonances is going - I've been modifying parameters by hand and seeing the effect on the fit. Still a work in progress. Magnitude is fitting pretty well, phase is very confusing. Attempted vectfit again but I can't constrain the number of poles and zeros with the code I have and I still get a nonsensical output with 20 poles and 20 zeros. Here is a plot with my fit so far, and a zip file with my moku data of the resonances and the code I'm using to plot.
The machine shop looked a mess this morning, so I cleaned it up. All power tools are now placed in the drawers in the machine shop. Let me know if there are any questions of where anything here is placed.
Took finer measurements of the x-arm aux laser actuator tranfer function (10 kHz - 1 MHz, 1024 pts/decade) using the Moku.
I took finer measurements using the moku by splitting the measurement into 4 sections (10 - 32 (~10^4.5) kHz, 32 - 100 kHz, 100 - 320 kHz, 320 - 1000 kHz) and then grouping them together. I took 25 measurements of each ( + a bonus in case my counting was off), plotted them in the attached notebook, and calculated/plotted the standard deviation of the magnitude (normalized for DC offset). Could not upload to the ELOG as .pdf, but the pdf's are in the .zip file.
Next steps are to do the same stdev calculation for phase, which shouldn't take long, and to use the vectfit of this better data to create a PZT inversion filter.
Salvage these (and any other things). Wrap and double-pack nicely. Put the labels. Store them and record the location. Tell JC the location.
As marked up in the photos.
Attachment 5: The electronics units removed. Cleaning half way down. (KA)
Attachment 6: Moved most of the units to 1X3B rack ELOG 17125 (KA)
Attachment 5: RF delay line was accommodated in 1X3B. (KA)
Behind the X arm tube
The analog electronics units piled up along the wall was moved into 1X3B rack which was basically empty. (Attachments 1/2/4)
We had a couple of unused Sun Machines. I salvaged VMIC cards (RFM and Fast fiber networking? for DAQ???) and gave them to Tega.
Attachment 3 shows the eWastes collected this afternoon.
BHD Optics box was put into the x-arm last clean cabinet. (attachment 5)
OSEMs were double bagged in a labeled box on the x-arm wire racks. (attachment 1)
SOS Parts (wire clamps, winches, suspension blocks, etc.) were put in a box on the x-arm wire rack. (attachment 3)
2"->3" optic adapter parts were put in a box and stored on the xarm wire rack. (attachment 3)
Magnet gluing parts box was labeled and stored on the xarm rack. (attachment 2)
TT SUS with the optics were stored on the flow bench at the x end. Note: one of the TT SUS was found unsuspended. (attachment 4)
InVac parts were double bagged and stored in a labeled box on the x arm wire rack. (attachment 2)
Attachment 2: The custom cables which were part of the intermediate setup between old electronics architecture and new electronics architecture were found.
A copy of these cables are in use for MC1 right now. These are spare cables. We put them in a cardboard box and marked the box appropriately.
The box is under the vacuum tube along Yarm near the center.
The cables in USPS open box were important cables that are part of the new electronics architecture. These are 3 ft D2100103 DB15F to DB9M Reducer Cable that go between coil driver output (DB15M on back) to satellite amplifier coil driver in (DB9F on the front). These have been placed in a separate plastic box, labeled, and kept with the rest of the D-sub cable plastic boxes that are part of the upgrade wiring behind the tube on YARM across 1Y2. I believe JC would eventually store these dsub cable boxes together somewhere later.
DB9 Cables have been assorted and placed behind the Y-Arm. Long BNC Cables and Ethernet Cables have been stored under the Y-Arm.
We held the lab cleaning for the first time since the campus reopening (Attachment 1).
Now we can use some of the desks for the people to live! Thanks for the cooperation.
We relocated a lot of items into the lab.
We still want to make some more cleaning:
- Electronics workbenches
- Stray setup (cart/wagon in the lab)
- Some leftover on the desks
- Instruments scattered all over the lab
- Ewaste removal
[Paco, Tega, JC, Yehonathan]
We followed the instructions here. There were no major issues, apart from the fb1 ntp server sync taking long time after rebooting once.
We noticed that ETMY had to much RMS motion when the OpLevs were off. We played with it a bit and noticed two things: Cheby4 filter was on for SUS_POS and the limiter on ULCOIL was on at 0 limit. We turned both off.
We did some damping test and observed that the PIT and YAW motion were overdamped. We tune the gain of the filters in the following way:
These action seem to make things better.
[JC, Tega, Paco ]
I would like to mention that during the Vacuum startup, after the AUX pump was turned on, Tega and I were walking away while the pressure decreases. While we were, valves opened on their own. Nobody was near the VAC Desktop during this. I asked Koji if this may be an automatic startup, but he said the valves shouldn't open unless they are explicitely told to do so. Has anyone encountered this before?
I don't know what was wrong with the past setup but the 950nm laser (QPHOTONICS QFLD-950-3S) just worked fine up to ~300MHz with basically the same setup.
A 20dB coupler picks up a small amount of the driving signal from the source signal of the network analyzer. This was fed to CHR. The fiber-coupled NewFocus PD RF output was connected to CHA.
The calibration of the response was done with the thru response (connect the source signal to the CHA via all the long cables).
Attachment 1 shows the response CHA/CHR. The output is somewhat flat up to 20MHz and goes down towards 100MHz, but still active up to 500MHz as long as the normalization with the New Focus PD works.
The structure around 200MHz~300MHz changes with how the wires of the clips are arranged. I have twisted and coiled them as shown and the notch disappeared. For the permanent setup we should keep the lines as short as possible and take care of the stray capacitance and the inductance.
Attachment 2 shows the setup at the network analyzer side. Nothing special.
Attachment 3 shows the setup at the laser side. The DB9 connector on the Jenne's laser has the negative output of the LD driver connected to the coax core and the positive output connected to the shield of the coax. Therefore the coax core (red clip) has to be connected to Pin 9 and the coax shield (black clip) to PIn 5.
I am currently working on getting the driver reinstalled on Donatella for the sensoray. An issue keeps arising that will not allow me to run "make" successfully in the unzipped driver folder. Will continue to remedy this.
This is why there is no light showing up on the device while plugged in. The computer does see the device, but does not show its model due to the inability for it to communicate without the driver.
I am borrowing the fiber illuminator / fiber tester / VisiFault for the OMC lab. It has been stored in the top drawer at the center work bench.
I have made little progress in getting the sensoray driver installed on Donatella. I have confirmed that it is indeed the reason why none of the hardware is working. I am now working through changes on a virtual machine that is running Scientific Linux to find something that may work. If no progress is made soon, I will ensure that software for a replacement video encoder is able to be installed before requesting we order one.
I have been looking at various replacements for the sensoray, and have found that the majority of new usb video encoders don't have drivers anymore and now just work through being embedded with video-capturing software. This means that the hardware must be used with a compatible video player such as VLC or OBS. VLC can natively be run with terminal commands, and because OBS is open source, there are packages that can be downloaded to use terminal commands to control the software as well. I am not sure to what extent the usb video encoder can then be controlled with these commands, but this seems to be the easiest method so far. I will finish picking which new unit we should purchase tomorrow, and order it through JC.
WFS Whitening and Demod boards were scavenged. ' iLIGO WFS cards are in big plastic boxes placed on the north wall around Section Y5 or Y6 (not under the arm). The WFS head PCBs, empty WFS housing, WFS components, I/Q demod components are at SectionY10 under the arm tube. ' - Koji . I have taken pictures of the boards and will upload them to the DCC once I find a way to add a Serial Number . (I will upload this to the eLog as a HowTo) The next step is to search for at least 2 extender boards to troubleshoot these board and find if there are any issues. We may have replace some components and retune the boards. Attachment #1 is an example of the WFS Whitening Filter and Attachment #2 is and example of the the WFS Demod Board.
If you use the Camera DO NOT remove the strap. I have also purchased lens caps for the camera, so after usage PUT THE LENS CAP BACK ON.
I have confirmed the ability to install the sensoray drivers on Debian 11 in a virtual machine environment. I will do testing with the sensoray device on this tomorrow and if all works, begin working on code for capturing images. I will then test this out on Donatella once Tega finishes installing Debian across all computers in the coming week or so.
Electrical Shop came in today to replace the lightbulbs around 40m. I supervised the entire visit, inside and outside the lab area. I was sure to use the ladders which were already inside the lab area. Although, while I was crawling under the MC beam tube, I came up too quickly and bumped it. This may have caused MC to become misaligned. Anyways, Yehonathan and I are realigning now.
Electrical came by today to see the lights. The issue may be the switches, but they will come by tomorrow to solve the issue. A couple light bulbs were noticed to be out, but they no longer have incandescent lights. . . only LED. I figured this would be preffered because of the reduction on noise. I would prefer to go ahead and ask to change all the incandescent bulbs to LED bulbs. Are there any objections to this?
One of the main draw backs of the measurement was the polarisation was not aligned properly in the setup. So, then the next step was to identify the polarisation at different locations in the beam path and to maximise the polarisation to either S or P component.
So, we introduced HWP at the input beam path after isolator as shown in attachment #1. Also, the polarisation was tested at positions P1, P2, P3, and P4 shown in attachment #1 by placing a polarisation beam splitter at these locations and then by observing the transmitted (P component) and reflected light (S component) using power meter.
The observations at different locations are as the follows
These observations show that the P and S components are almost equal, and this is not a good polarisation arrangement. At this point, we also had to check whether the incoming beam is linearly polarised or not.
To test the same, the PBS was placed at position P1 and the P and S components were observed with power meter as the HWP is rotated.Attachment # 2 shows the results of the same, that is the variation in P and S component as the HWP is rotated.
This result clearly shows that the input beam is linearly polarised. The HWP was then adjusted such that the P component is maximum and coupled to the MZI. With this orientation of HWP, the polarisation observed at different positions P1, P2, P3, and P4 are as follows.
This shows that the polarisation is linearly polarised as well as it is oriented along the P direction (parallel to the optical table).
We have the polarisation maintaining fiber (PM 980) as the delay fiber. The polarisation of the light as it propagates through a PM fiber depends on how well the input beam is coupled to the axis (slow or fast) of the fiber. So, the next task was to couple the light to one of the axes of the fiber.
The alignment key on the fiber is a good indication of the axis of the fiber. In our case, the alignment key lines up with the slow axis of the fiber. We decided to couple the light to the fast axis of the fiber. Since the incoming beam is P polarised, the output fiber coupler was aligned such that the fast axis is parallel to optical table as possible.
A PBS was then introduced after the fiber output collimator . There is a HWP (marked as HWP2 in attachment 1) in front of the input coupler of the fiber as well. This HWP was then rotated and observed the P and S component from the PBS that is now placed after the output coupler with a power meter.The idea was , when the light is coupled to the fast axis of the fiber, we will see the maximum at the P componet at the output
Attachment # 3 shows the observation.
In this way I tried to find the orientation of the HWP2 such that the P component is maximum at the output. But I was not succeeded in this method and observed that the output was fluctuating when the fiber was disturbed. One doubt we had was whether the fiber is PM or not . Thus we checked the fiber end with fiber microscope and confirmed that it is PM fiber.
Thus, we modifed the setup as shown in attachement # 4.The photodetector (PDA55) was monitoring the S component and the output of the detector was observed on an oscilloscope. We rotated the HWP2 such that the S component is almost minimum. At the same time, we were disturbing the fiber and was observing whether the output is fluctuating. The HWP2 angle was tweaked around the minimum of S component and observed the output with disturbing the fiber. This way we found the orientation of HWP2 such that the light is coupled to the fast axis of the fiber and the output was not fluctuating while we disturb the fiber. We tested it by heating the fiber with a heat gun as well and confirmed that the output is not fluctuating and thus the light is coupled to the fast axis of the fiber.
The alignement was disturbed after the replcement of the beam splitter. We tried to get the alignment back . But we are not succeeded yet in getting good interfernce pattern. This is mainly because of poor mode matching of two beams. We will also try with the spooled fiber.
just main points, anajli is going to fill out the details.
To rule out mode-matching as the reason for non-ideal output from the MZ, I suggested using the setup I have on the NW side of the PSL enclosure for the measurement. This uses two identical fiber collimators, and the distance between collimator and recombination BS is approximately the same, so the spatial modes should be pretty well matched.
The spooled fiber we found was not suitable for use as it had a wide key connector and I couldn't find any wide-key FC/PC to narrow-key FC/APC adaptors. So we decided to give the fiber going to the Y end and back (~90m estimated length) a shot. We connected the two fibers at the EY table using a fiber mating sleeve (so the fiber usually bringing the IR pickoff from EY to the PSL table was disconnected from its collimator).
In summary, we cannot explain why the contrast of the MZ is <5%. Spatial mode-overlap is definitely not to blame. Power asymmetry in the two arms of the MZ is one possible explanation, could also be unstable polarization, even though we think the entire fiber chain is PM. Anjali is investigating.
We saw today that the Thorlabs PM beam splitters (borrowed from Andrew until our AFW components arrive) do not treat the two special axes (fast and slow) of the fiber on equal footing. When we coupled light into the fast axis, we saw huge asymmetry between the two split arms of the beamsplitter (3:1 ratio in power instead of the expected 1:1 for a 50/50 BS). Looking at the patch cord with an IR viewer, we also saw light leaking through the core along it. Turns out this part is meant to be used with light coupled to the slow axis only.
At some point I'd like to reclaim this setup for ALS, but meantime, Anjali can work on characterization/noise budgeting. Since we have some CDS signals, we can even think of temperature control of the NPRO using pythonPID to keep the fringe in the linear regime for an extended period of time.
If I understand correctly, the Mach-Zehnder readout port power is only a function of the differential phase accumulated between the two interfering light beams. In the homodyne setup, this phase difference can come about because of either fiber length change OR laser frequency change. We cannot directly separate the two effects. Can you help me understand what advantage, if any, the heterodyne setup offers in this regard? Or is the point of going to heterodyne mainly for the feedback control, as there is presumably some easy way to combine the I and Q outputs of the heterodyne measurement to always produce an error signal that is a linear function of the differential phase, as opposed to the sin^2 in the free-running homodyne setup? What is the scheme for doing this operation in a high bandwidth way (i.e. what is supposed to happen to the demodulated outputs in Attachment #3 of your elog)? What is the advantage of the heterodyne scheme over applying temperature feedback to the NPRO with 0.5 Hz tracking bandwidth so that we always stay in the linear regime of the homodyne readout?
Also, what is the functional form of the curve labelled "Theory" in Attachment #2? How did you convert from voltage units in Attachment #1 to frequency units in Attachment #2? Does it make sense that you're apparently measuring laser frequency noise above 10 Hz? i.e. where do the "Dark Current Noise" and "Shot Noise" traces for the experiment lie relative to the blue curve in Attachment #2? Can you point to where the data is stored, and also add a photo of the setup?
My understanding is that the main advantage in going to the heterodyne scheme is that we can extract the frequecy noise information without worrying about locking to the linear region of MZI. Arctan of the ratio of the inphase and quadrature component will give us phase as a function of time, with a frequency offset. We need to to correct for this frequency offset. Then the frequency noise can be deduced. But still the frequency noise value extracted would have the contribution from both the frequency noise of the laser as well as from fiber length fluctuation. I have not understood the method of giving temperature feedback to the NPRO.I would like to discuss the same.
The functional form used for the curve labeled as theory is 5x104/f. The power spectral density (V2/Hz) of the the data in attachment #1 is found using the pwelch function in Matlab and square root of the same gives y axis in V/rtHz. From the experimental data, we get the value of Vmax and Vmin. To ride from Vmax to Vmin , the corrsponding phase change is pi. From this information, V/rad can be calculated. This value is then multiplied with 2*pi*time dealy to get the quantity in V/Hz. Dividing V/rtHz value with V/Hz value gives y axis in Hz/rtHz. The calculated value of shot noise and dark current noise are way below (of the order of 10-4 Hz/rtHz) in this frequency range.
I forgor to take the picture of the setup at that time. Now Andrew has taken the fiber beam splitter back for his experiment. Attachment #1 shows the current view of the setup. The data from the previous trial is saved in /users/anjali/MZ/MZdata_20190417.hdf5
From the earlier results with homodyne measurement,the Vmax and Vmin values observed were comparable with the expected results . So in the time interval between these two points, the MZI is assumed to be in the linear region and I tried to find the frequency noise based on data available in this region.This results is not significantly different from that we got before when we took the complete time series to calculate the frequency noise. Attachment #1 shows the time domain data considered and attachment #2 shows the frequecy noise extracted from that.
As discussed, we will be trying the heterodyne method next. Initialy, we will be trying to save the data with two channel ADC with 16 kHz sampling rate. With this setup, we can get the information only upto 8 kHz.
We repeated the homodyne measurement to check whether we are measuring the actual frequency noise of the laser. The idea was to repeat the experiment when the laser is not locked and when the laser is locked to IMC.The frequency noise of the laser is expected to be reduced at higher frequency (the expected value is about 0.1 Hz/rtHz at 100 Hz ) when it is locked to IMC . In this measurement, the fiber beam splitter used is Non PM. Following are the observations
1. Time domain output_laser unlocked.pdf : Time domain output when the laser is not locked. The frequency noise is estimated from data corresponds to the linear regime. Following time intervals are considered to calculate the frequency noise (a) 104-116 s (b) 164-167 s (c) 285-289 s
2. Frequency_noise_laser_unlocked.pdf: Frequency noise when the laser is not locked. The model used has the functional form of 5x104/f as we did before. Compared to our previous results, the closeness of the experimental results to the model is less from this measurement. In both the cases, we have the uncertainty because of the fiber length fluctuation. Moreover, this measurement could have effect of polarisation fluctuation as well.
3.Time domain output_laser locked.pdf :Time domain output when the laser is locked. Following time intervals are considered to calculate the frequency noise (a) 70-73 s (b) 142-145 s (c) 266-269 s.
4. Frequency_noise_laser_locked.pdf : Frequency noise when the laser is locked
5. Frequency noise_comparison.pdf : Comparison of frequency noise in two cases. The two values are not significantly different above 10 Hz. We would expect reduction in frequency noise at higher frequency once the laser is locked to IMC. But this result may indicate that we are not really measuring the actual frequency noise of the laser.
I borrowed the HP impedance test kit from Rich Abbott today. The purpose is to profile the impedance of the NPRO PZTs, as part of the AUX PDH servo investigations. It is presently at the X-end. I will do the test in the coming days.
EDIT: After discussing with Koji and checking the existing M2ISS PDs I put the two C30642G back and took two C30665GH (active diameter: 3mm) diodes. Only one of this type remains in storage.
I removed two C30642G photodiodes from the stash for the new M2ISS hardware and updated the wiki page accordingly.
I've taken a PI Piezo Actuator (P-810.10) from the 40m collection. I forgot to note it on the equipment checklist by the door, will do so when I next drop by.
Borrowed Zurich HF2LI Lock in Amplifer to QIL lab Wed Apr 24 11:25:11 2019.
I borrowed one Marconi (2023 B) from 40 m lab to QIL lab.
ZHL-3A (2 units) —-> QIL
Arnaud has taken 1 TT suspension from the 40m clean lab to Downs for modal testing. Estimated time of return is tomorrow evening.
vanna --> QIL.
gautam 20190804: The GPIB module + power supply were returned to me by Duo ~5pm today at the 40m.